Milk production on farms and statistics of dairy plant products

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Title:
Milk production on farms and statistics of dairy plant products
Series Title:
<1956>-1959: Da
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Crop Reporting Board
Publisher:
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:
Frequency:
annual
regular

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Subjects / Keywords:
Milk trade -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-1959.
Issuing Body:
Issued 19<49-1953> by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics; <1954-1956> by the Agricultural Marketing Service; <1958>-1959 by the Agricultural Marketing Service, Crop Reporting Board.
General Note:
Description based on: 1949; title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 028035476
oclc - 18145303
lccn - sn 92034070
Classification:
lcc - HD9282.U3 A35
System ID:
AA00013014:00001

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Milk production and dairy products


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MILK

ON F


F.B 24 1954


PRODUCTION


ARMS


and Statistics of
Dairy Plant Products


1953


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
Washington, D. C.
February 1954


b "
i*









MILK PRODUCTION ON FARMS AND STATISTICS 07 DAIRY PLANT PRODUCTS, 1953


Contents -




Summary ........ ..... ... .. ............... .......... .......... 1

Milk production on farms
Discussion.... ...... .. ............. ....... .............. 3
Annual milk cows and milk production
U. S. 1925-39 av. and 1940-53............................ 4
By States, 1953-53....5................................. 5
Monthly milk production
U. S. 1942-51 av. and 1952-54.......................... 4
By States, 1942-51 av. and 1952-53........................ 6-8
Milk cattle for breeding and replacement purposes, Jan. 1
U. S., Number and number per 100 cows, 1920-54........... 9
By States, number, 1943-52 av. and 1953-54............... 10

Per capital milk production and consumption of dairy
products, United States..................... .......... .... 11


Manufactured dairy products
Discussion....... ............. ..... .......... ... ...........
Butter........................... ........................ .
Cheese.................... ................... .............
Ice cream and sherbet.... ..... .... *.. ...............
Evaporated and condensed milk.......................... .
Dry milk products............... ................ ........
Manufacturing milk prices..............................

Fluid milk market statistics
Discussion.........*...... ......... ....... ........ ........
Fluid milk prices
To producers.............. ..... ........ ............... ..
To consumers..........................................
Fluid milk market sales and receipts
Sales.. ..................................................
Receipts.......... .................... ..... ... ........
Sales of butterfat in milk and cream
Ratios, 1950, 1951, 1952............................
Percentage change, 1948 and 1952.......................


12-14
15-16
15, 17-22
15, 16, 21, 22
25-28
29-35
23-25


37-39

36, 37
40, 41

42
43

44
45




UITITED STATES DETARTiIEPT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
.- :' : ; : .. Febru iy' 12, 1954
M ILK PRODUJCTIOIT ,O FARI4S AND e 1 9 5
-STATISTICS OF DAIRY LANTr PRODUCTS, 1953

SUMTARY..

iilk production on United States farms in 1953 totaled 121 billion pounds,
exceeding that in any previous year, and 6 billion pounds greater than in' 1952,
according to estimates just released by the Crop Reporting Board. Output was
Especially heavy during the early and& late months of' th'e yePsr, buit was" ohly" about
average during the summer months. Milk production per cow inr 1953 pushed to anew
high'record of 5,447 pounds, nearly one-fifth higher than a decade earlier, Milk
cows on farms during 1953 numbered 2X,256!thousand head,' 3 percent more than in
1952, and-the largest annual nuinber sihce 1948,:but still. 13 percent belowthe 1944
peak.
*On January 1, 1954, there were-3 percent more cows.:arnd heifers 2 years old and
over kept for milk. than a year earlier, percent more.yearling heifers, -nd 2 per-
cent more heifer calves, .':umbers of both heiferb and heifer calves per 100 milk
cows; continued relatively high. The total value of milk cattle kept for breeding
and replacement purposes on January 1, 195L,,.was. 4.5 billion dollars, about 40 per-
cent less than the peak'value 2 year earlier when values per head, were much higher.
Civilian per caoita consumption of fluid milk and cream, and condensed milk products
stayed about steady in 1953, while cheese, ice cream, evaporated milk, and nonfat
dry milk solids dropped off slightly, but were still at moderately high levels.
Butter consumption per capita continued ohly about one-half that of two decades
earlier.
S. Creamery butter product-ion for 1953 was 20 percent higher than that of 1952 and
.the, highest -since, 1944. Record hig production of-American cheese was reached for
1953 C Gream chee-sei production was. record high in 1953 and Swiss cheese was second
only to- 1952 output,. -Total nonfat dry milk solids also established a new high
record .and exceeded output in 1952 by 39 percent. Ice cream production during 1953
gained I3percent from 1952 and.was the.third highest of.record. Evaporated whole
milk output. was the lowest: since 1940 while canned condensed whole milk was the
lowest since 1939c .While dry whole milk production rose 4 percent from 1952 to 1953,
it was still below any other year's output during the past decade. Although manu-
facturers' stocks of evaporated, condensed, and dry milk items were generally well
above average in the early part of 1953, by the last of the year they were near or
below normal' .
In fluid milk markets in 1953; Class I. milk prices :averaged $5.15 per hundred-
weight for milk of 3.5 Dercent fat-'content, This was 31-c'ents lower than in 1952
but nearly-the same as inr 1948 and 1951;" In December, the-average Class I price
was 45 cents lower than in December 1952, 'Retsail prices for standard milk delivered
tb homes' in:'25 ma~ob cities averaged 23'1 cents per quart, 0.1 cent per quart less
than in 1952 but otherwise the higIest of record. During Octobez, November, and
December this pruce was 0(5 cent per quart .le 's than in the same months in 1952Z
Daily sales of fluid whole milk in 30 Federal Order markets in 1953 were 3 0. percent
..larger ,than in 19.2, Daily .sales of butterfat .in cream in 28 Federal Order markets
in 1953. we're one percent smaller than in 1952. Daily sales of skim-prpoducts in 1953
.were' bpont 6 percent larger than in 1952. Daily receipts of milk from regularly
approvedd producerss in this group.ef 30 fluid milk market's were 10.,7 percent larger
than in 1952, The number .of producers increased 2,9 percent and production per
producer .increased .8 percent. from 1952. .' '
The following Agricultural Statioians are responsible for the preparation of this Teport,
Milk oows and.milk production, John L. Wilson, Herbert M. Walters, and Charles W. LeGrande;
Manufactured dairy products, W. D. Bormuth, I. "E. Wissinger., and R.'E. Mattesdn; Fluid milk
markets, P. E. O'Donnell and Lawrence W. Haynes. The work was under the direction of B.H. BenDett,
Chief, Dairy Statistios Branch,




MILK PRODUCTION0 OTN ARMS"


Milk production on United States frims in 1953 totaled 121,219 million pounds,
on the basis'cf estimates for individual St.tes. Thp 1953 total is 5 percent more
than the 115,197 million pounds for 1952,. and represents tn.ell-time high. The
previous record was the 119,828 million pounds produced in 1945, During the half
dozen years Drior to 1953, milk production h-d been relatively steady pt a level not
fpr from 116 billion pounds,
Record high off-season milk floor in lQ. 53

Monthly milk prodactibn in~f953 W.Pa chr -ct.erized by. continuation of the record
high level off-se-ason'milk. flow appearing in lat' 1952 .Output by months in 1953 was
at a record,high level in the first four and the 'ast three months of the year, ex-
ceeding the previous record for the month b3.' much a, 6.oercent in November and
December 1953. B, Relatively heaty"milk flow 'in the: low production months was aided by
mild winter wether over mout or the country, record' or near record quantities of
grain end concentrates fed per milk cow, and a continued shift toward fell end winter
freshenings. Production of milk on United States farms in 1953 exceeded P year
earlier in all months"with increases ranging from 2:to 8 percent, Compared with' the
10-year average, 1953 production In the"Jenupry.-April period wns up 5 to 6 percent
and in Tovember end December, 9 ond 13 pe.rcdnt, .respectively. .In other:months, the
increases were mtbch less and, in July, output es beloir verapeo; partly as a result
of the-drought in sodme-sections -of the country, Monthly milk production estimates
for .the' United States re' sho'wnn in Table 2,,.~nd those-for, the 3.1 States that are
currently availble'in Table 4,'
The milk producedin' 1953 represents the. output of 22,25.6 thousand, milk- cow
producing,. at an nnnn'ael average rGoe of 5,447 pbtnds each. The number of milk CQws or
farms during 1953 was some 3 percent greater then in 1952, the first substantial
increase in annual average numbers since 19LL.. HIilk cow numbers were oh a steady
downward, tren-d from thb late World War, II years to about the.beginning of 1952, then
turned up moderatel~ nd have continued on the upgrade since that timer The 1953
numbers: exceeded those p year earlier' i'. ll but a.few.Stptes, Chiefly in the Greeat
Plains are'- Irn most of the principal mi.lk.producing Stptes, milk-cow numbers' n-
creased by 2 to 4 percent over those in 1952., :Wisconsin with 2,26& thousand milk
cows in 1953 had the most or ay States, .followed by-Minnesot -with 1,370 thousand,
New York with f14 34 thousand, end Iowa',.ith 1,07.4 thousand.,.:
Production per cow again breaks record .. -
Milk-production. per cow on Uni'ted States farms during 1953 averaged 5,447 poundss,
exceeding by about 2 percent the previous high of 5,329 established in 1952. !ilk
production per cow has increased rather steadily .over a long period of yeer,- -and.
the 1953 -level was bout one-third above the 3O-year low pointt of. 4,033 pounds per
cow in 1934, Production of milk fat per cow in1953 PverPged:214 pounds, compared
with 209 pounds in 1952. For- individual Stptes, 'milk production per cow in 1953 was
at. reco-rd high levels in most States other than In the. South wrhere.drought affected
milk flow: California with 8,030 pounds led all States in milk output per cow,.
followed by New Jersey with 7,420 pounds, Rhode. Islnd with.7,300, end Wisconsin with
7,050. ".
Total milk production in 47 of the 48 States exceeded that i'n 1952. Increases'
of 8 percent or more were recorded i,. Idaho, Californiai 'northern New England,
Tennessee, and Missiapippi., MosBt other southern States, recorded from 3 to 7 percent
increases, end in most of. the Grea.t Lakes. -nd To'rth Central States, production was
up 4 to 6 percent. The smallest increaises-as-combered with year ago -are recorded
in the Eastern Rocky Mountain area. Wisconsin, as usual,' was the first ranking State
in total milk production with almost 16 billion pounds, of milk, fgllow.ed by New York i
with 9 1/3 billion, Minneoot. with about 8~ billion,' California with 6* billion,
and Penncylvania and Iowa with .almost 6 billion. ..
S. 2




Milk cattle for breeding P-n replacement continue to incre se

Cows and heifers 2 years old and over kept for milk on farms on January 1, 1954,
totaled 24,735,000 head, or zij.rly 3 percent more than on January 1, 1953. This is
the second ye.r of increase in the iaption's cows kept for milk since- the doujnwrd
trend that started late in World War II reached a low. of 23,369,000 head on
January 1, 1952, Increases in numbers from a year ago occurred in all regions of the
country, renginp from 2 percent in the North Central region to 4 percent in each of
the South Atlantic and the Western regions. The North Atlantic and South Central
regions both shored increases of 3 percent since Janu-ry 1, 1953. Among the indi-
vidual Stptes, Kansas, Texas, and FTew Mexico, showed decreases in the number of cows
end heifers 2 years old and over kent for milk,-and Iowa, South Dakota, Oklahoma,
and Tyoming showed no change. All other States showed increasps from a year earlier
ranging up to 10 percent in Idaho and 7 percent in Maryland ITumbhers in Alabama,
MIaine, and Tevada each increPsed 6 percent,

The number of milk'heifers 1 to 2 years of age being kept for milk cows on
January 1, 1954, estimated at 6.032,000 head, waP up 1 percent from a year Pgo0
Heifer calves kept for milk cows totaled 6,820,000 head, or 2 percent greater than
the number on hand on January 1; 1953. This yepr's heifer calf crop saved for milk
cow replacements is the lPrgest since the record high of 7,201;000 head on January 1,
1944. There were 247.4 milk heifers 1 to 2 years old per 100 milk cows on January 1,
1954, exceeded only-in 1952 and the record high of 24.8 head on January 1, 1953. Milk
heifer calves under 1 year old per 100 milk cows, at 27.6, declined only slightly
from a year. ago. The number:of cows and heifers '2.years old and over eliminated front
the Natipons irilk cow herds during 1953 was totaled at..5,333 thousand heed. This war
7 percent more than the number culled, died, or slaughtered during 1952,-but less
than in any other year since 1942, The aggregate vplue of dairy stock on frrms
Ps of January 1, 19l4 is estimated at T4,489,0^,000, down 26 ner!Pnt from
the totrl vF-1e of dairy aniemls eP of January 1, 1953, hut it-was slightly
Ptove the 1943-52 average.

Low per capita milk output reflect declining butter'consumnotion

In 1953 there were 13.9 milk cows per 100 people in the United States, the
second sm llest number in 30 years of record, and about 30 percent less than the
high point 20 yeprs ago. Iiik production per capital in 1953 was 759 pounds, the
third lowest of record, and about one-sixth below the peak reached in 19U2. The
civilian per capital consumption of butter in 1953 averaged 8.6 pounds, the same as
in 1952, but only about half that 2 decades ago. Civilian per capital consumption of
most dairy products other than.bubter was moderately highin 1953 but not at record
levels. For fluid milk and cream, per capital consumotion.at 352 pounds in 1953 was
steady with little change in the past 5 years, some 12 percent below the war-time
peak, but moderately higher than in immediate prewar yeprs.: For total cheese, a
1953 per capital consumption of 7.0 pounds was lower than in any of the four preceding
years, but higher than in any year prior to,1949. The per capital consumption of
evaporated milk, at 15-3 pounds,.was the lowest since 1944, but was only 15 percent
below the record high reached in 1948. For ice cream, the oer capital consumption of
3.5 gallons in 1953 was a little below that of recent years, and considerably below
the immediate postwar peak, but was about l- times as high as immediately prior
to World 'lr II, For nonfat dry.milk solids, per capital consumption receded from
4.6 pounds in 1952 to 4.2 pounds.in 1953, but was about double the level 15 years
ago. The milk eouivnlent of combined consumption of all dpir products, computed on
basis of fat utilization, was 682 pounds, the lowest in a 45-year record, but grePt]y
influenced by the sh-rp decline in butter c6nsumotion in recent years.


- 3 -




Table l.-Milk


: Number of
: milk cows
: on farms

Thousands


cous and milk production on farms, United States,
-1925-39 average pnd 1940-53


S Production per a Total milk production
milk cow 2 on farms _
S _S Amount per
Milk : Milkfat Quantity : Amount per
: nd M. b caitau
Puuads Mil._Ibo Pounds


1925-39 av. .22,952 4,379 172 100,369
1940 23,671 4,622 184 .109,412
1941 24,288 4,738 188 115,088
1942 25,027 4,736 188 118,533
1943 25,451 4,598 183 117,017
1944 25,597 4,572 182 117,023
1945 25,033 4,787 190 119,828
1946 24,089 4,886 194 117,697
1947 23,329 5,007 199 116,814
1948 22,336 5,044. 200 112,671
1949 22,024 5,272 209 116,103
1950 21,944 5,314 210 116,602
1951 -21,616 5,313 210 114,841
1952 3/ 21,615 5,329 209 115,197
*1953 22,256 -,4 214 121.21
I/ Average number on farms during year excluding heifers not yet fresh.
/Excludes milk sucked by calves and milk produced by cows not on farms.
a! Revised.
SPreliminary,


808
828
863
879
856
846
856
832
810
768
778
769
744
734
252


Table 2.-Monthly milk production on fprms, United States,
1942-51 average, Pnd 1952-54


Month


*


January
FebruPry
March .
April
May .
.June
July
August
September
.October .
Novemberr
.December


Average
- 19_42-i1. 1

Mi. lbs ,
8,298
8,130
S9,610
S10,389.
12,338
12,393
S11,660
10,593
9,185
8,555
7,655
7,908


- 1952 / : 1953 2/
1952 j./ 1953 9/
- - -


Mil. Ibs1
8,151
8,155.
9,430
. 10,148
12,073
11,896
11,027
10,265.
9,131'
8,660
7, i:
8,377'


Mil. lbs.
8,800
8,555
10,191
10,910.
12,637
12,449
11,603
S10,624
.9,306
S8,878
8,359
8,907


Percent of
Average 1925


lo6
105
o106
.105
102
100
0oo
100
101
104
109
113


1954 2/


Mil.lbs.


108 9,172
105
108'
108
105
105
105
103
102
103
lo6
106


Tear


116,713


115,197 121,219


104 105


- Revised.
2J Preliminary


-, 4 -


Year


Percent
of 1953


I -- --- -- LC r~- i -- -- ~- -- -r -- "- -- '




Table 3.-Milk cows and milk production on farms, by States, 1952 and 1953
Stae Milk cows Milk production Total milk production
a : eon farms l/ Eer cow / on forms 2
a n d I- ---* -"* -- -l. l^ -- -* --- ** *- *** ^ -l l* -l- -W -- ----- **it > k -- MU -- W- .nl lllltl -* -- U


DIvision 1952 3/ ,1953 I
Thousands


1952 2/ 1953 V
Pounds


1952 3/ 19 53 953 _
Million pounds Percent


Me, 110 116 5,650 5,870 622
N. H. 6o 63 5 750 6,000 345
Vt 258 275 .5,900 6,050 1.522 1,
Mass. 119 122 6,580 6,700 783
R, I. 19 20 7,100 7,300 135
Conn. 108 110 6 450 6,600 697
N. Y, 1,310 1,354 6,840 6,900 8,960 9
N. 'J, 153 155 7,440 7,420 1,138 1,
Pa,. 899 330 6,380_ 6 20 _5,726 .
N- Atlr 3, 1036 ,145 6567_ 6, 638 _1993_8 20,
Ohio 929 953 5,800 5,990 5,388 5,
Ind. 636 -650 5,670 5,820 3,606 3
IIio 856 874 5,800 5 940 4,965 5
Mich. 842 866 6,470 6,500 5,448 5,
WiSo 2, 202 2,268 6.920- 2,050 5 15.222_ _15
E ._ L Cent ,470_ ,6-1'. 63L0 6;470 .. 24629_. 36
Minn. 1,313 1,370 6,160 6,270 8,.088 8
Iowa 1,059 1,074 5,360 1,520 5,676 5
Mo. 942 974 4,20 4,310 3,994 4
N, Dak, 369 379 4.,670 4,700 1,723 1
SI' Dak, 311 314 4,170 4,360 1,297 1,
Nebr 431 -434 4,880 5030 2,103 2
Kans 533 .320 4650 29 2,
W_, !. Cent. 4 o58 ..074- _08,5_ .5 224 25,210 26
Del., 37 39. 5,350 5,350 198
Md. 233 244 5,620 5,700 1,309 1
Va. 424 434 4,480 4,660 1,900 2
W. Va. 205 209 3,850 3,840 789
N. C, 367 382 4,400 4,490 1.615 1
S. C. 153 158 3,760 3,770 575
Ga. 338 348 3,480 3,500 1,176 1
Pla, 140 146 4_ 35_ 4,170__ 609_
S. Atl 1 892 96_0 4307. 4,84 1 1 8
Ky. 598 625 3,900 3,950 2,332 2
Tenn. 637 668 3,630 3,730 2,312 2
Ala., 384 405 3,400 3,400 1,306 1
Miss, 524 548 2,670 2,790 1,399 1
Ark. 400 420 3,040 3,100 1,216 1
La. 307 325 2,500 2,480 768
Okla. 497 500 3,520 3,760 1,749 1
Te- .261 62 _3.290. ,190 _3,162 .
so.Cent. 41 08 4,53 _33o6 ,.1 _14244, _1
Mont- 103 103 4,980 5,140 513
Idaho 189 210 6,300 6,440 1,191 1
WvyoU 43 42 5,170 5,130 222
Colo, 160 164 5,400 5,430 864
N, Mex, 50 49 4,200 4,450 210
Ariz. 47 48 5,900 6,100 277
Utah 101 105 6,550 6,6oo 662
Nev. 13 14 6,300 6,200 82
Wash, 245 255 6,850 6,920 1,678 1
Oreg. 202 207 5,850 5,940 1,182 1
COlif.- 29 816 660 8.030 .024 6
West 1, 2. 01 667 l_8 12.,955 .l
U. -3-5 21-Z9 51 g29 42;- I 1- 2
/.-, rrc number on farms during .-err, heifers that heve not freshened excluded,
,Exclu milk sucked by crlves and milk produced by1 cows not on forms.
5/Revised. j4 Prelimoinarys


681 109
378 .110
,664 109
817 104
146 108
726 104
,343 104
,150 101
,971 104lo
,876 104.7_
,708 o106
,783 105
,192 105
,629 103
,98q 10o5_
,101 '_104.7_
,590 106
,928 104
,198 105
,781 103
,369 106
,183 104
S46o _106

209 106
,391 106
,022 106
803 102
,715 106
596 104
,218 104
638 _105_ _
,592 15.2_
469. 106
.492 108
,377 105
,529 109
,302 107
806 105
,880 107
,26.1 _103_
.116 _1o6. _
529 103
,352 114
215 97
891 103
218 104
293 106
693 105
87 106
,765 105
,230 104
,52 108
825_ 10647
219 105.2 .


-




Tablb 4.-Hilk production on failed by monwtha, seleotedf States,. 1942-51 averages
1952 and 1953,

S- --. -. -. I 1 -- 5 _
Y Jana Feb. t ifar, : Apro: lay J.ul' : Jdly : Aug. -Sept..: Oct.: Nov. '- Deo. :Year
i 1 l-i p o u n s a
9Mf JERSEY
1942-51 av, .85 80 92 93, 104 Y7 91 91 86 84 79 83 1,066
1952 :93 90 99 100 112 10 92 95 91 90 85 91 1,138
1953/ 95 88 102 102 112 101. 94 96 90 89 87 94 1,150

PEi'IISYTVA1IA
1942-51 av. 397 379 .448 468 532 511. 480 464 434 419 378 389 5,298
1952 ,442 432 493 507 571 527 492 483 464 457 420 448 5,736
1953 I/ 470- 441 524 537 603 553 516 494 463 462 438 470 5,971
.OHIO.
1942-51: av. 352 332 396 432 535 540 515 482 438 411 354 344 5.1321
1952 372 352 413 444 560 550 518 496 457 436 393 397 -5,388
1953 / 415 384 456 482 587 573 542 523 478 444 404 420 S.708

INDIANA
1942-51 av, .258 249 283 2T9 370 373 365 346 :;X3 296 254 250 3,658
1952 245- 49 274 294 387 380 355 337 312 282 -245 246 -3,606,
1953 1/ 261 259 313 321 402 393 368 347 332 289 .258 260 9,783,

ILLINOIS
1942-51' ave 399 390 447 467 563 554 516 484 427 405 364 376 .5,391
1952 342 360 406 412 502 499 471 457 417 387 342 370 4,965
1953 1/- 381' 372 440 444 530 520 490 451 403 390 369 402 5,192

MI.ICHIGAN
1942-51 a. ,386 376 434 456 540 558 518 485 440 412 359' 365 5,328
1952 380 384 438 450 534 561 515 496 464 441 386 399. 5448
1953 1'" 413. 397 463 480 557 571 522 510 465 441 396 414 5,629

WISCONSIN
1942-51 av. 1,040 1,060 1,294 1,399 13.658 1,675 1,471 1,253 1,049 961 852 945 14,657
1952. 1035 1,122 1,350 1,410 1,712 1,750 1,515 1,310 1,112 1,024 902 1,030 35.272
1953 1/ 1,176 1,181 1,442 1,533 1,757 1,760 1,539 1,331 1,123 1,043 964 1,1.40 15,989

; i.iI'ESOTA
1942,-51 ave. .91 688 807 801 916 938 806 646 517 494 505 611 8,421
1952 .62 660 758 770 913 887 737 594 487 480 5.19 "662 8.,088
1953 L .724 722 841 843 925 934 773 597 497 499 550 685 8B590


194a-51 av. 467 455 538 555 707 705 661 590 486 460 413 431 O468
1952 384 379 441 460 605 616 585 530 457 432 382 405 5,676
1953- V1 431 406 483 502 .639 640 606 539 448 430 391 413 5,928

MISSOURI
1942-51 ave 250 242 286 337 425 424 416 401 355 323 265 254 3,977
1952 250 243 287 334 423 409 401 411 373 324 271 268, :3,994
1953 l/ 261 253 311 370 46') 447 423 403 356 336 288 290 4P198

/ Preliminary.




= ,- 1- '






,..-:-, i t,





Table 4.-M,;ilk production ja farms, by roiths, selected States, 1942-51 averaor,
.-952 and 1953 continuedd)


S. t : : S :0 :
' Jan. : Feb, ar. t Apr. : May : June uly : Aug. :Septu: 0Oto: Nov". Deo.- Year-

M l1 : lio d ou
M11i ou uunds


1942-51 av. 115 124 148 163
1952 97 132 134 151
1953 ./ 109 117 141 1.


1942-!,1 av, 104 107 125 136
1952 83 85 102 11G
1953 1/ 88 93 110 118


194?-51 ar; 173 175 201 221
1952 1.43 151 173 *S5
1953 :147 151 179 194


1942-51 av. 203 ?05 233 252;
1952 169 167 188 210
1953 1/ 172 168 201 223


3.942-51 av 120 112 1 12 42
1952 132 125 142 155
1953 1/ :'142 33 154 167


IJCRTi DAE.CfTA
215 249 234 196 146 121 102 106 1,920
195 212 203 178 135 108 95 103 1; 723
201 226 211 173 129 108 101 110 1,781
SCOTH DXJOTA"
179 397 182 148 116 98 86 92 1,570
145 157 147 121 100 87 78 82 1,297
152 163 154 126 102 91 85 87 1,369
ElBRASKA
275 284 267 232 184 162 148 156 2,481
226 233 222 198 161 146 129 136 2,103
233 242 233 197 165 159 140. 143 2,183

KAOiSAS
312 295 274 257 213 199 190 193 2,836
248 231 212 213 184 173 164 370 2,329
260 246 231 222 187 179 3181 190 2,460

VIRGIMIA
172 17/ 180 180 165 154 132 126 1,787
183 177 173 182 176 166 146 143 1,900
199 196 192 189 179 173 15. 149 2,022


1942-51 av, 55 51
1952 54 53
1953' / 57 .53


VJESI VIRGIr:TA
82 87
76 80
79 83


81 74 70 59 54
76 70 66 57 55
74 69 68 58 57


1942-51 a-v 108 101 115 127
1952 120 115 122 136
1953 1] 124 117 130 .144


NORTH CA.OL'ITnA
141 140 346 144 131 124 112 110 1,498
150 145 146 151 144 136 125 125 1i615
159 157 164 162 149 141 133 135 1,715


1942-531 ave. 42 40
1952 43 41
1953 1/ 43 41


46 .- 49
46 51
48 51


SOUTH CAROLI.
53 53
55 53
55 55


55 50 47 42 43
53 49 46 42 42
55 52 50 45 45


1942-51 av. 84
1952 88
1953 / 88


GEORGIA
80 94 100 108' 106 3.09 107. 99 92 83 85 1,148
87 96 106 108 103 102 102 103 98 91 90 1,176
84 100 107 111 109 108 109 107 104 95 96 1,218


KEINTUfCY
3942-51 av. 137 132 152 3.81 232 240 250 244 214 188 152 138 .2,261
1952 147 145 167 192 246 247 239 238 216 191 1.57 147 2,332
1953 1/ 153 153 175 203 256 263 265 261 224 197 163 156 2,469

- --Preliminary-
2! Preliminarya,


823
789
803


575
575
596


- 7 -




Table 4cMilk production on farnns by mcuths, selected States, 1942-51 averages
1952 and 1953, (oontinueLA)
------------- -- ---n--.-. ---- ----- ---- ---- ---- ---- e- -
; Jan, : Feb, : 'ar6o : Aprt: .y : Jua .July A '4. %Sept. 0oot. Nov t&Deo. :Year
....- -.. .....-I^..... .^. -1T .. T T W. .


1942-51 av, 141 136
1952 151 145
1953 / 161 15


161. i18
169 200
183 218


228 .28 226 23
235 225 226 227
2,6 247 255 25"


-A. ABAMA
1942-51 .vo 93 86 101 131 12 125 2 130 124
1952 91 93 109 116 126 125 124 118
1953 3/ 100 98 .08 12.8 134 133 134 126

TSSISSIPPI
1942-51, ava 89 88 IC0 I'.-, 1, l 146 148 137
1952 94 94 111 3.128 149 138 135 1i1
1953 y 100 100 122 145 161 148 148 145

CKLAHCXA
1942.-51 ave 152 159 18 2.13 260 249 241 220
1952 129 132 145 1360 197 181 167 163
1953 7, 176 132 160 176 208 185 178 173


S942-51 Wvr. 256
3.952 222
1953 / 243


259
223
23-


1942-51.ar. 42 42
1952 34 34
1953 1/ 35 35


TIEiAS
307 3.5 387 330 S77 342
263 3C2 332 307 290 267
292 323 315 293 297 280


49 55
38 43
40 45


1942-51 avo 89 86 103
.952 .81 82 93
1953 1/ 88 86 104

1942-51 av. 51 49 55
1952 $ 51 5 55
1953 I/ 55 52 58


MCTA TA
70 76
55 57
54 58


208
21.5
227

12
10G
113


116
116
133


180
134
145


305
250
266


72 62
54 48
57 50


IDAHO
114 135 135 129 11.8
105 124 12, 117 108
117 137 137 :.33 328


UTAH
67 67
61 67
67 68


63 56
63 55
65 59


178 150 144 2,232
190 367 162 2,312
196 173 170 2,492

105 96 94 1,304
1.02 97 99 1,30b
112 103 98 1,377

105 93 89 1,306
107 97 98 1,399
1.20 103 104 1I529

163 142 138 2,306
125 109 108 1,749
137 129 129 1,880

286 257 249 3,751
247 226 ,.33 3,3.62
253 228 233 3,261

49 40. 40 650'
39 34 35 513
40 36 36 529


102 97 85 86 1,278'
96 95 86 86 1,191
113 110 101 98 1,352

49 49 45 48- 659
49 50 48 53 662
51 52 50 54 693 1


WASHINGTO13
1.942-51 av. 127 123 146. 168 203 10j 186 170
13952 123 138 139 154 182 3.67 153 147
1953/ 126 120 145 359 185 179 168 157


1942-51 avo 81 78
1952 73 73
1953 1/ 74 74


OREGCN
101 125 150 148 140 122
92 113 334 129 1?2 109
96 116 137 133*. 129 112


148
134
142


105
95
99


140 123 122 1,854
131 115 116 1,678
139 1.23 122 ls765

97 85 81 1,313
88 78 76 1,182
93 84 83 1,230


CALIFOR'IUA
.942-51 av. 426 407 496 535 564 535 529 501 452 444 414 416 5,711
1952 447 447 516 5.4 5/r 554 353 3J4 490 490 45C 455 6&074
1953 ;/ 463 458 550 585 629 606 60? 587 532 523 50' 504 6,552

I/ Preliminary.





Table $.-Milk cattle for breeding and replacement purposes on.farms,
United States, Janupry 1, 1920-54


- : :Cows and-: : Heifers : Heifer calves :Value of milk:
:/ heifers 2 : 1-2 years : under year :' cattle for :


Year : years old : kept for : kept for
Sand over : milk cows : milk cows
-:kept for milk: 1,000 :No. per T 1,000 :No. per :
: 1,000 head ; head :100 cows: head :100 cows:


breeding and:
replacement:
purposes i_
Mil. dol, :


Cows and
heifers'
eliminated
during year 2/
1,000 : Noper
head :100 cowo


1920 21,455
1921 21,456
1922 21,851
1923 22,138
.1924 22,331

1925 22,575
1926 22,410
1927 22,251
.1928. 22,231
1929 22,440

1930 23,032
1931 23,820
1932 24,896
1933 25,936
1934 26,931

1935 26,082
1936 25,196
1937 24,649
1938 24,466
1939 24,600

1940 24,940
1941 25,453
1942 26,313
1943 27,138
1944 27,704

1945 27,770
1946 26,521
1947 25,842
1948 24,615
1949 23,862

1950 23,853
1951 23,722
1952 23,369
1953 24,094
1954 24,735

lJ_ Includes an
not shown,


4,416
4,166
3,973
4,159
4,154

4,177
4,111
4,110
4,197
4,450

4,851
4,962
5,020
5,250
5,382

4,995
4,772
4,899
4,808
5,122

5,525
5,676
5,889
6,067
6,352

6,307
.5,758
5,524
5,550
5,327

5,394
5,510
5,719
5,974
6,032


20.6
19.4
18.2
18.8
18.6

18.5
18.3
18.5
18.9
19.8

21.1
20.8.
20.2
20.2
20,0

19.2
18.9
19.9
19.7
20.8

22.2
22.3
22,4
22,4
22.9

22.7
21,7
21.4
22.5
22,3

22,6
23.2
24,5
24.8
24.4


4,380
4,174
4,367
4,358
4,390

4,306
4,335
4,439
4,662
5,012

5,199
5,189
5,449.
5,674
5,675

5,280
5,484
5,305
5,500
5,904

5,967
6,254
6,635
7,035
7,201

6,772
6,270
6,317
6,004
6,081

6,208
6,374
6,549
6,676
6,820


20,4
19,5
20.0
19.7
19.7

19.1
19.3
19.9
21.0
22,3

22.6
21.8
21.9
21.9


20.2
21.8
21.5
22.5
24.0

23.9
24.6
25.2
25.9
26.0

24.4
23.6
24.4
24.4
25.5

26.0
26.9
28 0
27.7
27.6


2,098
1,566
1,263
1,285
1,322

1,297
1,450
1,563
1,951
2,278

2,315
1,640
1,176
909
871

.941
1,501
1,501
1,608
1,683

1,777
1,941
2,570
3,389
3,519

3,407
3,663
4,618
5,055
5,764

5,285
6,613
7,539
6,103
4,489


4,415
3,771
3,686
3,966
3,910

4,342
4,270
4,130
3,988
3,858

4,063
3,886
3,980
4,255
6,231

5,881
5,319
5,082
4,674
4,782

5,012
4,816
5,064
5,501
6,286

7,556
6,437
6,751
6,303
5,336

5,525
5,863
4,994
5,333


20.6
17.6
16.9
17.9
17.5

19.2
19.1
18.6
17.9
17.2

17.6
16.3
16.0
16.4
23.1

22.5
21.1
20.6
19.1
19.4

20.1
18.9
19.2
20.3
22,7

27.2
24.3
26.1
25.6
22.4

23.2
24.7
21.4
22.1


allowance for breeding and replacement bulls for which numbers are


2/ Cows and heifers 1 year old and over at beginning of year lesp coei 2 years old
and over at end of year. Includes mainly animals culled out, death losses, and
farm slaughter.


-.9 -





Table 6.-Ccws, heifers, and heifer calves kept for milk on faris, *JaTuary 1,
by age groups; 1943-52 average, and 1953-54
: Cows and heifers 2 years s Heifers 1 to 2 years old i Heifer calves under 1 year
State : old and over kpt for milk _kept for milk cows ke t for maK oiws
and 1943-52 1953 54 : 1943-52". /: 1943-52:-- 5 19547
Division average 1 : average .195 .1954' i averageai 1953 1954
--- -'-------- ----.-rrr. -- r- ----------------------- -- .-- -
1.i000. 1,000 o 1 000 10" oob o 1 00o o 1 0 1 1, 1,000
1i0......... %_0 *. ---
Me.. L24 125 132' 34 43, 45 38 .46 47
N. H, 72 70 73 18 2Q .; 20, 19 21 20
Vt* 295 302 '317' : 59 71 76 64 78 74
Massa 2 1345 '130 2 1 2 22 25 26 24 28 28
R. Io 21 20 21 2 3 3 3 4 4
Conn, 123 120 122 21 2 29 24 29 28
N. Yo .1,420 1,453 19497 285 352 366 301 s-, 374 350
N, J 155 156 158 24 28' 28. 2 28 27
Pa. 966 989 1,029 233 281 287 24- '292 301
-- I---------------- I r--- 5 ------------- ------- rr r I --
N. Atl 3s310 3,365 3,480 599 849' 880, 743 900 -879
iOho"- 7- 26 U77 'is ~ 2 ~- S 28" 777 -284 28-
I6d. 769 671 584 163 145 140 176 155 157
Ill. 1,082 931 940 278 270, 268 325 '315 331
Mioh. 997 963 982 245' 273 284 271 295 293
Wis. 2 480 2,528 2,604 518 599 621 T 542 6 50 625
E. N. Ceutd ,6.,397 6,112 6,260 1,454' 1 553 1,58," 1,585 1:.699 1,689
iKnt"- 7-" .IIT4~ T-'" 1;4US T -~8" 347 -87- 4i2,W49".~" 40446-- 4" 6r'
Iowa 1.328 14145 1,145 294 275' 270 315 290 287
Md, '1,015 1,014 1,044 2C2 205 193 232 220 260
N. Dak, 496 422 430 113 90. 90 140 117 141
S.. Dak. ':. 443 354 554 120' 89 93 158 140 155
Nebr. 559 .450 455 140 116 114 158 140 151
KaLs. 696 .. 574 568 152 135- ,126 177 1 .48 152
V1. N1 Cent.' 6,180 5,442 5,538 1,410- 1,326 1,315 1 586 -1..501 1,607
e -." -36 --4 --. 4 -- 1 -
Md 231 257 275 50 64 65 54 66 61
Va. 467 484 494 90 111 107 105 123 113
IV .Va, 236 226 231 43' 45 46 46 50 49
N. C. 378 391 411 76 95 93 88 '98 102
S.'C. 174 168 176 40 40 .' 38 46 46 50
Ga. 380 '387 395 103 105 107 117 117 127
I 139 -158 164 43 58 62 56 70 67
S. Atle 2,043 2,112 24189 453 529 529 520 581 580
Ky ----- 646 6 81 708- 105 116 -117 11- 1 2"' 133
Tenn. 655 701 736 121 133 139 136 151 152
Ala .431 444 471 132 133 140 156 160 175
Miss 579 594 624 124 136 150 144 160 165
Ark-. 478 462 485 122 114 108 142 130 145
La. 340 349 366 85 75 82 99 95 100
Okla. 728 558 558 185 138 129 241 186 196
Tex., ',312 1,085 1 .052 281 266 232 324 270, 270
S. Cent. 5,168 4,874 5,000 1,154 1111 1,097 13 r55 1,284 1T,336
oxt- ---- 4- ^, a- -a a- ,a o -- a -a a-a a,4- --24 a- -3 -"a
Mo 144 11o 112 32 24 I 25 46 -34, 39
Idaho 241 231 254 61 67 72 77 80 88
Wyo. : 61 48 48' 15 15 14 16 15 15
Colob. 217 182 187 50 48 48 62 58 60
N. Mex. 65 53 50 15 13 11 17 14 12
Ariz. 49 51 52 13 12 13 14 14 14
Utah 114 111 115. 28 29. 34 34 38 38
Nev. .-, 19 16 17' 6 8 9 10 11 11
.lash. 326 280 291 76 68 70 93 85 90
Oreg. '251 233 242 62 62 64 76 76 80
Calif. 853 874 900 223 260 270 245 286 282
West. 2,342 2,189 2 268 581 606 630 691 7"11 729
U. S. 25,440 24,094 24,735 5,751 5,974 6,032 6,481 6,676 6,820
/Prelim.inary .. -, _,. -. _


.I t


- 10 -




Table 7.-Per cepit* milk production end consumption of dairy products,
United Stotes, 1915--53

: i Milk .... .ptrjapita e.ostimp,.tioa. of _Jialtryp.odtuoe.ta. 2/-
Milk. .prodc- :Fluid ..: t.onfet: otal
Year cows ton milk :Cbee- : cO : Dr : dry : Ice :milk
per 100 ; Butter, orated enrei whole:
per 100 er. a nd .. milk ~orem: equiv.
:people c. t ream: ml ml ml :
.c* citaLI rcam ...l 7L/


1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926'
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936.
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
l/ r'rm


4/



.I.


18.8
18.6.
18..2
17,8
17.6 .
17.8 8
181ol
18,6
19.3
200
19.9,
19.0
18.5
18.1
17o9
17,8
17.9
18,2
18.6
18,6
18.5
17.9
17-.0
16.2.
15.2
14,8
14.5
14,0
13.8
13,9


Pounds

61
*6/






782
783
795
800
795
813
814
831
832
834
804
795
800
.791
815
816
828
863
879
856
846
856
832
810o
768.
778
769
744
734
759


Pounds
*318
315
323
361
335
3L-8 -
346
342
328
336
337
338
336
337
340
33'
335;
339
337
322
326
330
331
329
332
331
334
354
371
381
399
389
.369
355
352
349
352
352
352


Pound
17.0
17,1
15.5

14.6
16.0
16.9
17.6
17.,6
17.8
18.1.
18.0
17.3
17-3
17:3
18.0
18-.2
17.9
18.3
17t 3
16..56
16=6
16.4
17.2
16,7
15,8
15.7
11.7
11,8
10,8
10.4
11-.1
9.9
10,4
10.6
9,5
8-6
8,6
.8.6


Pounds
4.,1
3.8
3.7
3.9
4,2
4.0
4, Z
4.2
4.5
4.6
4,6
45,
4.4
4.6
4,6
4.5
4.4
4,5
4.8
5,2
5.,4
5.5
5-8


5.89
6,,3
4.9
4,8
6,6
6,6
6,8
6,8
7.2
7.6
71l
7.5,.
7. '


Pounds
3 3
3 5
3. 8
4.7
6.3
7.1
7o7
8.2
8.8
9,4
9,0
95.
923
1041
11.0 0
11.1
11-4
12,2
12..2
13.3
14.5
13-9
14.8,
15..4
16.1.
17.3
16. 6
16.3
16,9
13.6
16.1
16=8
17,9
18l
17.6.
17o9
16,0
15 5
15,3


Pounds
6n1
5.9
5,5
5-4
3.4
1.4
2 1
2 5
2:5
2 2
2.5
2,2
2.2
1.9

2,3
1.9
l.6
1.4
1. 5
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.8

19
1.7
1.9
1,9
1.5
2.1
1,7
1.9
1.9
2,0
1,9
1.9


s


Pounds Galons Pounds


Pound
5-1
I/




,i
1

.1
ol
I.
.1
.1

.1

01
ol

.1
.1
ol




12
.1
.1





.4
l3
15
l4
.3
,2
.4




.3
.4


.3
.3
.4
.2


milk production in relation to census. July 1 population including armed


forces overseas.
Revised series; Data for 1941--5;" are civilian. consumption only.
All. cheese except full skim, cottage, pot .nd. bakers.
Case and bulk-
Less then o05,
Not available..
Whole milk equivalent, fat solids basi,.

11 -


6].

2* 2
2
.2


,47
1.4
,4
1.5
.7


1.93






2,l
21,4



21,42
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.9








29
2.1
. 2.1
2,2
2.4
2,5
. 2.5
2.1
1.5
1c9
3..2
.2, 9
3.3
3,.2
3.6

4.6
4.2


18
"91
1.0
1.3
1.4
1 6
1.6

1.9
119
2,0
2.0.
2,1
2 1
2,3
2,0
1.8
1.3
1,3
1.5
1.7
2,0
2.2
2.2
2.3
2.4
2,9
3.3
2.8
3.1
3.4
5.- 0
4.3
3.9
3.7
3,6
3,6
S.3,7
3.5


739
737
718
716*
724
726
757
772
777
785
790
806
801
793
800
808
826
820
803
803
789
782
7.86
785
813
807
791
821
740
.752
777
775
758
714
724
731
707
694
682


,,,,,,,,, I,,,-,,, i


I .




P2iOUCTIOTF, STOCS:S, \iD PrI'z 'OF ;tA1,7FACTLU~ :D DAIRY' P.O.:UCS,: 1953
In 1953, production of Amoerlcan choose, tot.l chcco.-, cr-:PI cheese, ndi total
nonfat dry milk solids -ore e .ch the highes, of record. Most mknnufrctured d.iry
products showed g-ins in production n front 1953 to 1953 e::cept for a few minor types
of choese, _.acrh as S-,iss, Blue Mold and iarclassified varieties. Declines in pz-o-
duction .:ert also shown by evaporated whole milk and canned con.ensed "hcle milk.,
Creamerj butter production for the IUited States during 3953 is estimated at
1,424,940,000 pounds, highest since 1944, a gain of 20 percent from the previous
year and. 9 percent from the 1947-51 average. Production during 1953 sws sub-
stantially higher during all months of the yerir than-that of a yea: earlier. The
three lepoding Statcs-iiinnesota, Wisconsin rnd Iowa-producod 46 percent of the
United States total of creamery butter. Wisconsin. whichh o.dinDrily ranks third in
production was second in 1953 with 206,805,000 pounds, whichh is the highest pro-
duction for that State on record, By regions, production changes from 1952 to 1953
ranged from a gain of 12 percent in the :Test Iloith Centrnl'-region to as high as 47
percent in the North Atlantic region,
Total chee:-e production for 1953 was 1,397,940,0000 pounds, highest in 35 years
of record and a gain of 11 percent both from a year e-rlier and the 5-year average,
Changes in output from the same month a year earlier ranged from only a fractional
decrease in October to a gain of as much as 2G percent in Januaryr
American cheese production in 1953 for the Una.icd States was 974i24,000. pounds,
highest of record, a gain of 15 percent from a year earlier and 9 percent from the
1947-51 average. Wisconsin's production at 4A3,060,000 pounds for 1953 represented
45 percsnn of the ITation s total and exceeded the production of any ether State by
a large mp.rgin. Changes in production from 1952 by regions rnnged from a decrease of
17 percent in the Uorth Atlantic area-the only one s'-bo'ing a decline-to a gain of 81
percent in the South Atlantic area Output in the.East iorth Central region was ap
11 percent and in the Vest Forth Central 27 percent,
The 1953 output of Swiss cheese was 105,490,000 -pounds, the highest in '36 ycers
of record except for 1952, a decline of 2 percent from a yenr earlier, but a gain of
37 percent from the 1947-51 average. Production of Brick and Muns'ter chee s in 1953
was 36,160,070 pounds, the highest since.1936, a gain of 7 percent from year earlier
and 24 percent from the 5-year average. Limbarger cher:se production wis 6,640,000
,ounds, highest since 1949. a gain of 9 percent from a year earlier, bat n. decline of
5 percent from the 5-year average. The i:cco-'d high production of cream cheese in the
United States during 1953 was 74,270,000 pounds which is 4 percent higher than a year
earlier and 32 percent up from the 1947-51 average. Neufchatel cheese production was
6,450,000 pounds, highest since 1946, a .gain of 11 percent from a year earlier and
60 percent from the 5-year average. Output of Italian cheese was 63,890,000 pounds,
third highest of record, a gain of 5 percent from a year earlier and 25 percent from
the 5-year average- Blue Mold cheoie production at 9,350,000 pounds was 14 percent
higher than that of the b-year average, Production of unclassified varieties of
cheese totaled 21,4150,000 pounds, a decline of 10 -,ercent from a year earlier and 17
percent from the 5-year average,
Output of ice cream during 1953 is estcatod at -606,550,000 gallons, third high-
est of record, a gain of 3 percent from 1952 and 5 percent from the 5-year average.
Changes in ice cream -production by regions from 1952 to 1953 ranged from a decline of
6 percent in the Mountain area to a gain of 5 percent in the East ITorth Central region
The only other region sho,..ing a decline was the Pacific area where a 2 percent de-
crease occurred. Ice cream production in Pennsylvania was the second highest of
record at 74,420,000 gallons exceeded only in 1946 when 79,494,000 gallons uns pro-
duced, Most of the individual States where estimates of ice cream production have
been made for 1953 registered gains from 1952. Exceptions, however, are Massachusetts
IJev York, Illinois, Missouri, North and South 3Dkota, District of Columbia, West
Virginia, Texas, Colorado, Washington, and Oregon "hero declines were shomn, Sherbet
production during 1953 continued to register a sharp gain from a yenr earlier, At
31,630,000 gallons, production rose 23 percent firo. 1952 and 114 percent from the
12 -




1947-51 average. Production of sherbet was higher than that of the preceding year
in all'months, and gains ranged from 15 percent in July to as high as 52 percent
in March.
evaporated whole milk production during 1953 totaled 2,556,100,000 pounds, low-
est since 1940, down 10 percent from a year-earlier and 16 percent from the 1947-51
average. During January 1953, production was higher than that of the same month a
year-earlier but during the remainder of the year production ranged from a decrease
of 1 percent in March to as much as 30 percent in September, Output of sweetened
condensed whole milk, case goods, was. 42,410,000 pounds during the year of 1953,
lowest since 1939, down 22 percent from a year earlier and 59 percent from the 5-
year average. In most months production was sharply lower than that of a year
earlier, but in May production was 29 percent above, Other months ranged from
a fractional decline in April to as high as a 61 percent decrease from the same
month a.year earlier :during December.
Manufacturers' stocks of evaporated milk were considerably above the 5-year
average during the first half of 1953* During the latter part of the year, how-
ever, stocks were near average or below in most cases. At the end of the year
stocks were 262,913,000 pounds, a decline of 31 percent from those of a year earlier
but.aa gain of 8 percent from the 5-year average for the date. Manufacturers' stocks
of canned condensed whole milk were sharply higher than both the average for the
date and a year earlier during the early months,of 1953. In the latter part of
1953, however, stocks were sharply lower than either a year earlier or the corres-
ponding average for the date for 1947-51.
Manufacturers' selling prices.of evaporated whole milk averaged $6.92 per case
of 48 14-oz. cans during 1953, This is.43 cents less than the all-time record
annual high of 1952. During the early months of the year prices were at much the
same level as those of a year earlier but as the year progressed the prices dropped
substantially'below the same month a year earlier. For December, prices averaged
$5.82 per case whichh was a decrease of 51 cents from December 1952.
,The 1953 output of total nonfat dry milk solids was the highest of record. At
1,200,340,000 pounds, production rose 39 percent above a year earlier and 55 percent
above the 1947-51 average. Changes in production from a year earlier by months
ranged from a gain of 22 percent in May and June to as high as 74 percent in Janu-
ary. Gains from a year earlier were particularly marked during January,. February,
October, November, and December., Production of spray-dried nonfat milk solids was
likewise at. a record level and, at 947,050,000 pounds, was 42 percent higher .than
that of 1952 and 79 percent above the 5-year average. Production of roller-dried
nonfat milk solids was 253,290,000 pounds, highest since 1950, up 28 percent from
a year.earlier and 3 percent from the 5-year average. Output of dry skim milk for
animal feed during 1953 was 25,985,000 pounds, a gain of 3 percent from the pre-
ceding year and 47 percent from the -5-year average, Dry whole milk production at
105,345,000 pounds for 1953 was 4 percent higher than that for 1952, but was still
lower .than for any other year in the past decade. Production by months was sharply
lower than that of a year earlier during April, May, and June. The margin over a
year earlier rose to as high:as 61 percent in November. Dry buttermilk production
,'as 49,385,000 pounds, highest since 1945, up 5 percent from 1952 and 7 percent from
the 1947-51 average. By months, production was sharply higher than that of a year
earlier during the early months of the year but during the latter half of the year
was lower in all months except December -'hen a 2 percent gain was shown.
Stocks of total nonfat dry milk solids were sharply higher than those of a year
earlier during the early months of 1953, During the latter months of the year,
however, holdings were considerably lower than those of a year earlier. On December
31, stocks were 74,094,000 pounds which represented a decrease of 42 percent from
those being held by manufacturers a year earlier. Stocks of dry whole milk at the
end of each month during 1953 were lower than those of the same date a year earlier
in all cases. The decrease was only slight duringg the early months of the year but
by December the decline was 33 percent. Stocks of dry buttermilk held by manu..
(Continued on page 14)
13 -




factu:ers were sha.r-ly higher than those of a year earlier during the early months
of 1953 but dropped to a point much below those of a year earlier by December 31,

Se3ling prices of total nonfat dry milk solids averaged 15,18 cents for 1953,
a decrease of more than 1 cent from the ~ecu -d high level of 1952. The average
price received by r.inufacturers for spray process nonfat dry milk solids was 15,70
cents ..hich represented a decline of 0,8 cent from the 1952 annual all-lime high
Prices received by manufacturers for roller-dried .or-fat milk solids averaged
13,13 cents for 1955, a decline of more than 2.1 cents from the average for 1952,
SellinC prices of dry whole milk in 1-21 lbb packages averaged. 47,29 cents for
the yer of 1953, a decrease of 2a cents from-the 1952 average and more than 3
cents from the 1951 average, In 5 1bo packages prices of dry whole milk averaged
41-28 cents per pound, a decline of 3 3/4 cents from 1952, In all other packages,
including barrels and drums, prices averaged 35,39 cents, which is a decline of
more than 4?- cents from 19523 Dry whole milk in all packages averaged.41o50 cents
per pound for 1953, a decrease of more then 3, cents from the average in .1952.

The 1953. annual average price paid by dairy plants for manufacturing milk was
$3.55 per hundredweight, which is the lowest since 1950. This price is 55 cents
under the annual average for 1952, By months, prices during 1953 were sharply
lower than those of a year earlier. The decreases ranged from 35 cents in January
to a high of 78 cents in September and October. By December, however, this decline
had moderated and wvas only 46 cents. The mpnuf,.cturing milk price series is
developed by weighting the prices paid for milk used.in the production of butter
and by-products, American cheese and evaporated milk, The individual series from
which this manufacturing milk price is developed is shown in Table 25 5,

The average )rice paid for milk used for butter and by-products for 1953
by months was lo'cer in every cse than that of a year earlier. During 1953
the average price of milk used for butter and by-products per pound of milkfat
ranged from 90 cents in August to as high as 97 cents in January, These -orices
were uniformly lower than those of the same month a year earlier and declines
from a year earlier ranged from 8 cents in December to 14 cents in Augusto
Prices paid for milk used in American cheese were lover in every month of the year
than they were in the corresponding month in 1952, The prices.per hundredweight
ranged from $3,23 to $3.80, The average price for milk per pound of milkfat by
months-ranged from 87 cents in June, July, and August to as high as 97 cents in
January. These prices for 1953 were all lo"er than those of a year earlier and the
declines ranged from 7 cents in January to as high as 18 cents in.September. Based
on actual butterfat test, prices paid farmers for milk used by condenseries in 1953
ranged from $3,31 per hundreds"eight in June to as high as $4,09 per hundredweight
in January These prices by months were all sharply lower than those in the
corresponding month a year earlier. The price for milk used in canning per pound
milkfat ranged from 85 cents in July and August to as high as 98 cents in January,
Comparing these prices with the corresponding month a year earlier declines were '
shown in all the months and ranged from 9 cents per pound of butterfat in January
to as high as 20 cents in August and Septembero


- 14 -





Table 8.-Produotion of creamery butter, American cheese and ice cream 1952-1953
t Creamery butter- American cheese i Ice cream
.S.ate s 1952 : 1953 1952 1953 1952 1953
'Enumeration: Estiiate : Enumeration: Estimate tEnumeration:Estimate
Thous nd ponts Thousand gall on
Vermont 1,270 2a4 j I / .. -- '
N ossaohusetts 'I 22";026 21,65
New York 19 19 i 33;405 3 .36,974 31,240 60,747 59,810
New Jersey l / 1 i/ i 13,146 14,905
Pennsylvania 10,45 : 10 90 69,708 74,420
Other N. A. States 483 535 5iB27 4470 57880
N. ATLANTIC STATES' 31-923 46,870 42)801 35,710 13 144 188,580
Ohio 46,645 67,555 18,653 23,715 36 662 37.870
Indiana 29'r.056 40p950 25,072 .30,700 19. 244 21,320
Illinois 49,892 60,910 38,255 53,980 32,394 30,485
Michigan 489483 55;180 28,720 31,680 28,356 31,280
Wisoonsin 161,561. 206,805 416,313 443,060 17,696 20,370
E. N. CENTRAL STATES 3358637 431,400 527,013 5839135 134,352 141,325'
-- --- -,. -U -----------------------
Minne s ota 247 656 270,525 i 47,415 56 600 14,544 14,655
Iowa 1731785 185x020 10,716 14,775 11,056 11,360'
Missouri 48,373 66,730 629028 80,685 16-348 16.225
North Dakota 44 658 51P020 4,2
e.,, ... r, &. U "/ I A / ty n 2 ,4,591 70


Nebraska 71,269 78,320 5 / j 5694 6 110
Kansas 373?77 47,350 77790 9795 6840 7090
Other W. No Central States 2,059 3,000 .
_ . .- o- 4 "
W. No CENTRAL STATES 653,322 731,980 130,008 164,855 599073 59,710
District of Columbia -- 6,906 6>270
Delaware 3 3/
Maryland 21819 2r615 3/ 3 8', 976 .ST525
Virginia 7,159 8,330 10,519 10,860
West Virginia 340 890 / / 5521 5,495
North Carolina 1,264 2,090 13,507 13,620
South Carolina 3/ 3 3/
Ge orgia '/ 3 3/ 7"754 9,255
Florida I 11,215 11,930
Other 8, A. States 704 715 4 4.214 4,,240
S. ATLAN'IC STATES 12,286 14,640 29008 39640 68,612 71,195
Kentucky -15,660- '179660 26,089 33,195 1! f4/
Tennessee 9p486 13,085 33 003 42,090 11 899 12765
Alabana .4/ 4/ 29535 3270 .7,155 8,165
Mississippi 3,345 5g720 11,561 15,765 .4/ 4/
Arkansas 4p331 4 465 11, 318 15,630
Lcuisana 4/ 4 76 165 30 505
Oklahoma 25045' 29 460 4,642 6,320 .6,280 6, 850
Texas 66137 8145! 3,811 59080 ,22*155 19,000
------------------------------------- -. -I1- -!.------------------- --- U-- i 10887^ l1,8!5.
Other S. C. States 319.4 275 I10 887 11,83.5
S. CENTRAL STATES 64 323 78,8'10 93,035o 121,515 65, 706 67,120
ft- --P -- ------- -- ----------C V
Montana 5 962 6,605 2,811 3895 5/ 5/
Idaho 18,329 24,860 18,053 1 21365 .
Wyoming 2,061.. 2 8595 5/ 5/ /
Colorado 13p405 17,415. 5/ I / i 5 546 885
New Mexico 5/. 5 5
Arizona ..
Utah 47465 6"7200 5s478 79345;/
Nevada 5/ 5/
Other Mt. States 17456 17820. 419 770 13 127 1 30
MOUNTAIN STATES 45,678 59,495, 26 p761 V 33,375 19,203 18,115
------------- C e C -. -'7 "i -- -Ei9 -- -. -6 C 3^7 --------------5
Washington 15,223 16790 2,929 3,595 91603 9,195
Oregon 13,103 1 16,755 21,669 i 23,925 6,513 5,850
California 16,675 28V200 1 3,594 I 4,490 i 45D370 45,460
-" -- C- C- -------- C --- ---
PACIFIC STAES 45,001 61,745 28 192 32,010 1 61,486 60,505
UNITED STATES 1,188,170 1,424,940 849,818 974,240 iij 591576 606#550
r/Other North Atlantio States under oreamnery bu-ttr il'uide Maine Massachusetts, New Hampshire
and New Jersey; under Amerioan cheese include Maine# Vetmont, and Pennsylvania; under ice
oream include Maine, New Hampshirep Vermont# Rhode Island, and Conneoticut,
2/ Included under Other West North Central States. 3/ Included under Other South Atlantio States.
4/ Included under Other South Central States.. 5/-noluded under Other Mountain States.
15 -





nrble 9 .-Proeiictio, of bro:."nny butter (including whey butter),
United. States,.1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, and 1953


Month Averge
1947-51 I/


1951 ./ : 1952 1/
0**


1953 _Chanee in 1953_from.
153 -/ 1947-51 av. : 1952


Thousand pounds Percent
January 91,537 85,563 78,712 106,000 + 16 + 35
February 88,985 80,914. 78,767 102,960 + 16 + 31
March 105,560 9 92.239 91,487 122,585 + 16 + 34
April 114,621 101,830 102a526 133,995 + 17 + 31
May 146,623 132,619 134,962 156,550- + .7 + 16
June 150,537 141,240 127,981 157,010 + 4 + 23
July 136,982 130,452. 117,731 138,085 + 1 + 17
August .121,179 119,020 i 105,738 119,645 1 + 13
Sen'tember 101,001 '93,638 92,125 96 730 4 + 5
October 92;608 86,633 87665 92,375 0 + 5
November 77,255 68,436i '75,884 90,765 + 17 + 20
December 81,294 70,397 94,592 108,240 +-33 +- 14
o--- -- -------- ---- -- ---r ---- -- -- --- -- ---- -----
Total _1,.308,182 1,202,981 1,188,170 1,424,940 + 9 + 20.
- -
l/ Enumerations.
2/ Estimates,





Table 10.-Production of ice cream, United States,
1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, and 1953


S- '.Average
Month 1947-51 1/
-:7


January
February .
March
April 'I -
May V
June
July
August
September
October


32,516
33,043
42,022
S47,221 ..
-58.,150
65,722
70,511
68,774
52,608
42,249


* 19* 5
* 9


1951 1/- 1952 /

Thousands gallons


33,269
32,434
41,740
44,416
588750
S62,569
68,710
.67,342
.49,668
44,402


36,760
.38,197
40,711
48,922
56,595
.. 65,993
-73,813
62,705
S53,123
43,596


9
9 0


.


1953 2/


37,045
38,040
S45,705
48,070
56,530
67,750
73,130
*62,690
56,730
46 ,'240


November 34,132 -.34,064 35,332 37,
December j 30,685 31,485 35,829 37,
47.. 1 --
Total 577,633 568;849* 91,576 606
SE'numeratton s t s.
2/ Es'tinmates. ,


365
255
,550


SChPane in 1953 from
1947-51 av. : 1952
Percent
+ 14 + 1
+ 15 0
+ 9 + 12
+ 2 2
3 0
+ -3. 3
.. .. + 4 1
9 0
+ 8 7
+ 9 + 6
+ 9 + 6
+ 21 + 4
+ 5- + 3
+ 1





* .





.Table 1. -Production of "otol .Ghecse, Uniied& ''oteq
1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, .and 1953*


Month Average : 1951 -: 1952 1/
1947-51 : .1
Thousand pounds
January .73,122 72,804 69,151
February 74,023 72,198 69,990
March 93,366 92,213, 85,034 1i
April 106,434 101,374 100;362 1
May 137,145 134,011 136,171 1
June 141,447 142,667 137,848 1
July 124,017 125,319 117,733 1
August 108,789 111,510 110,116 1
September 91,488 94,046 96,953
October 81,947 83,635 87,798
November 66,671 65,034 76,630
December 68,257 66,493- 82,602
Total 1.,166,706 1161,304. 1,170,388 e1,2
* Excules cotte an TulTl smi Ameri 3 cahenT numeratonsis


1953 Chane in 1953 from
^-*- 9 5^T 7- 1- 9527-
YercenT
87,025 : +19 +'26
84,975 +15 +21
05,285 +13 +24
18,535 +11 +18
49,075 + 9 + 9
51,415 .. + 7 .+10
28,460 + 4 + 9
14,330 + 5 + 4
97,500 + 7 +.1
87,775 + 7 0
82,390 +24 + 8
91,175 +34 10
97,940 + 11 +11
EstnatTeso


Table 12.-Production of American cheese, United'Sttates,
1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, and 1953*


Month Averiage 1951
SMonth 1947-51 l 1951 :/ 19524 1
Yh.Thousand pounds
January .I 52.370 49,700 46,161
February 53,884 50,182 46,312
March 68,435 65,443 57,666
April 82,019 76,852 72,512
May 110,478 106,415 105,374
June 115,765 115,466 108,168
July 101,808 102,034 91,079
August 87,620 88,859 83,150
September 71,054 71,698 71,580
October 60,748 59,761 61,869
November 46,559 43,362 51,781
December 46.968 43,686 :54,166
Total 897,708. 0 873,458 -849,818
- T'hoTe mTl ch ees-ie i crui eChedar CJoTb ase urd
ES umerations.
SEstimate's. .


1932/ : Changein 1953 fr6m
-193T4- :5 r995v-j2--
.. .. ... .. Percent"
58,375 tll: +26
59,935 +11 +29
78,875 +15 +37
92,625 +13 +28
118,645 + 7 +13
121,645 + 5 +12
102,000 0 12
88,730 + 1 + 7
72,450 + 2 + 1
61,505 1 1
56,230 +21 + 9
63,225 + 35 j + 17
974,240 + 9 +15
ac-kW, onterey, and .rCnular-cieese.


Table 13.-Product.ion oof Swiss cheese,. United States,
1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, and 1953


Month Average
Mont ; 1947-51 :


January 4,494
February 4, 638
March 6,574
April 7,555
May 9,718
June 10,006
July 8,966
August 7,968
September 6,986
October 6,357
November 4,962
December 4,745
Total 82,969
T/ umerations.
2/ Estimates. '


1951 1/ .1952 i* :.. 3/ Change in 1953 from
- 1951 1- .1952 -/ -- :-- -1 95-
Thousand pounds T percent
5,773 5,415 I" 8,700 ;'.+ 94 + + 61
5,720 5,748 i *.. 6,370 :1+ 37 +' 11
7,601 7,404 5,280 .- 20 29
8,313 8,487 6,280 -17 26
9,980 12,194 '10,750 +11 12
10,518 12,197 11,240 +12 8
9,572 .11,494 10,700 '+19 -' 7
8,841 11,157 10,730 + 35 4
7,790 9,466 9,910 + 42 + 5
7,231 8,461 8,940 + 41 + 6
5,400 7,546 8,250 + 66 + 9
5,310 8,463 8,340 +76 -' 1
92,049. 108,032 2 105,4.10 + 27 2
-__ 1t -- ^ --.- -r-K--*--*- --- ll 4 ._ r -,I- --- --- -^ --H -- --- -- -- -- WW1*.- f --- -- 1- -


- 17 -


I




Table 14,-Production of `.rick and Ilunster cheese, United States,
1947-51 averteo, 1951, 1952, and 1953


Average C change in 1953 from
Average 1951 l 1952 f 1953 / -I -- -
1947-51 : 947-51 av. 1952


January
February
in rch
April
;!ay
June
July
August
Septenber
October
To veinber
December


Totol .

JE nunmrat
2?tinate


2,650
2S465
2,732
2,530
2,732
2,669
2,119
1,9P22
1,869
2.237
2,445
2,718


Thousand pounds


3,068
2,530
2,649
2,221
2,862
34180
2,5?26
8,161
2,32A
2,694
2,848
2,817


---- -
29,088 I 31,880
-- -- -I -- -- Ir~rI


i


i


3,070
3,60
2,960
3,060
3,380
3,160
2:730
2,620
2,590
3,230
S3,490
3,110
- -- S


--pUj --~ --- ----


+
+
+
+
+
+
+
4-
+
+
+4
+-
+


Percent
16 +
12 -
8
21
24 +
18 +
19 +
36 +
39 +
44 +
43 +
14 +


2,571
:2,776
2,954
3,077
3,092
3,109
2, 81
2,5617
2,273
2,865
S2,859 ..
3,017

-1 o 1


lonii
Bo -


Table 15t-Prcduction of Limburger cheese, United States,
1947-5.1 average, 1951, 1952, and 1953


Sionth


-A,- ---- -


1947-51 I/ 3
*


1951 i/ '
I


- ---- --- 0 ------


January
February
March
April
May
June.
July
August
September
October
l:ovey'ber
Decenoer


1952 1/ 1
-------*


)53 /
- -' Sl -


Th'onsand -ounds


5491
563
715
635
701
644
541
499
506
592
505
517


Total 5,967 I
- -i --------<--i -
SEnumerations o
2/ Estina.toso


433
443
579
535
660
587
627
640
557
572
445
461


559
424
521
492
619
. 515
.473
557
529
557
458
387


SII-


6,539 6,091
--- --- --


430
390
490
560
640
680
S 610
620
S 570
580
520
550


-I _


SChange in'1953
g1947-51 aVo


from
1952


Percent


-22
31
31
12
9
+ 6
+.13
+ 24
+ 13
2
+ 3
+ 6
-."O ---.


6,640 _I_ .


-23
- .8
- 6
SiA


I 1
+ 3
+ 32
+ 29
+ 11

+ 4
5 I&
+ 14
+ 42

,+ 9


- 18 -


Month


19
1
0
1
9
2
2
3
14
13
22
3


Ii


+ 24
--Aw---


I 7


mI


I





Table 16.-Produ6tion of Cream cheese, United States,
1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, and 1953


- --- --- a -


Month i
~~~,1


January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December


I


Total

l/ Enumerat:
J/ Estimate!


: Chance in 1953 from
1951 I/ 1952 i : 1953 Z/
S. 1947,-51 av, : 1952
S------- --- ----
Thousand pounds Pe-cent
6,029 6,943 1 7,420 + 35 + 7
5,647 6,457 6,440 + 29 0


Average
1947-51 /j


5,4 7
5,006
5,517
4,969
5,194
5,179
4,427
4,565
4,556
5,186
5,251
5,454

60,791

ions,
SI


6,667
6,007
5,613
5,611
4,519
4,671
5,393
6,194
6,170
7,096


60021
5,405
5,975
5,907
4,654
5,012
5,364
6,653
6,081
6,529

69,277


6,990
6,190
5,910
5,850
4,760
4,990
5,870
6,300
6,470
7,080

74,270


+22 + 4
_~e2 _1_~4


Table 17.-Production of UIeufchatel cheese,.United States,


SAverage
Month 1947-51 l/
-- -------


January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December


Ii


375
304
392
323
349
371
296
306
324
334
321
341


Total 1 4,036
SEnumerations.
3/ Estimates.


--I1


1947-51 averoae, 1951,

19- -- / -19-- :-
1951 1/ : 1952 1/
--__ *-_ .- -- _*-_


Thousand pounds
354
327
390
353
426
469
318
304
321
340
331
353
-V-C- --C-


4,286
--r--~-- 1


301
500
579
491
464
562
431
463
406
412
448
453

310 L


1952, and 1953


SChanag in 1953 from
1953 2/ _1947-51 av. : 1952

Percent
780 +108 + 30
650 +114 + 30
730 + 86 + 26
620 + 92 + 26
560 + 60 + 21
510 +37 9
460 55 + 7
570 + 86 + 23
440 + 36 + 8
390 + 17 5
370 + 15 17
370 + 9 18
6,450 + 60 +
6,450 +60 + 11
-. -. .


-I-


71,341


5,9


- 19 -




Table 18.-Production of Italian cheese, United States
1947-51 average, 1951, 1952 and 1953 '


- - --.- -


1951 / 1952 1/ 1953 2/
Thousand poun
Thousand pounds


4,855
4., 994
6,953
5,590
5,485
4,453
3,683
3,650
4,039
4,212
4,277
5,024


57,215


4,562
4,980
6,012
6,352
5,545
4,766
4 1349
4,746
. 4564
* 4,629
*'4,471
5,899


60'875


5,320
5,470
6,710
; 6,100
5,980
6,660
I. 5,050
S4,290
3,9c0
: :4,420
S4,760
39,170

[ 63,890


January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December


Month AveraGo
: 1947-51 J

---"T""


4,186
4,233
5,805
5,264
4,693
3,900
3.400
3,488
3,636
3,791
3,918
4,779
** .* -m**


:I .


Total 51,093

1/ Enumerations,
2/ Estimates,


Chang.e_i. 1953_ fro -
1947-51 avy a 1952


+ 27
+ 29
+ 16
+ 16
+ 2?
+ 45
.. + 49
:+ 23
.+ 9
.+ 17
+ 21
:+ 29
*~ -..'m s


* 25


Percent
+ 17
+ 10
+ 12
4
+ 8
+ 19
S+ 16
10
S 13
S.- 5

.+ 5

+ 5


Table 19o-Production of Blue Mold
1947-51 average, 1951,


cheese, United States,
1952 and 1953


Month


9I -5 l


January
February
March
April
May
June
July
Augus t
September
October
November
December


- -- -" .- -- -- -
A _- 0 0 9 *


Average
1947-51 1/


784
753
803
825
894
785
576
509
505
562
574
_654


Total 8
- -- -. -
1/ Enumerations,
2/ Estimates.


*. 195

S

1i


,224


1 1/ .19.52 1/

Thousand -poinds
640 554
600 712
540 926
350 890
409 1,140
365 1;021


330
332
367
449
521
548


5,451


956
S1,C69
917
807
859
1,032
1 0,883


' 1953 at


I

. i

I

~I


..930
860
1,000
900
810
670
650
630
560
710
800
830


9,350


-J


Change in 1953 from
1947-;51" av;- 1952
--i C** -


+ 19
+ 14
+ 25
+ 9
- 9
-i15
+ 13
+ 24
+ 11
+ 26
+ 39
+ 27
+14


SPercent
+ 68
+ 21
+ 8
+ 1
29
34
32
41
39
12
I- 7
20
-- ... .- ... -


- 20


I


-- -_1-- -- -- _-


-i-e






Table 20o-Productlon of -all other varieties of cheese, United States,
S1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, and 1953*


-A 7


Mo th Average
ont .1947*51 1/


January
2Foebroary.
March
-April
May
June
July
August
September
October
Novemnbcr
December


1951 I/ t


1952 /


- -.


,227

2,393
2,314
2,387
2,127
1,834
1,912
2,052
2,140
2" 313
2,082


Total 25,
includes. Par'S
1/ 1 Enumeration s,
/' Estimates


835
-Skim


199hous52n_ pndvcs


1,952
1,755
.2,037
1,755
1,799
1,722
1.575
1,711
1,586
1, 723
1 I769
1.765
21,149
American


2,081
2,305
2,054
2,130
1,899
1,751
1,756
. 825.
2,,004
2,038
S2,089
23 717


nhange- ia I19a53
*15Z 2/ s 1947-51 ave


1952
1952


- --- --- --- ---------


2,200
2,100
2,250
2,200
S2;, 400
2,000
1,500
1 ,150
1,150.
1,700
-.1,500
1 .500
S21, 45
21, 450


Percent
- 10
- 4'
- 6
-5
-, 6

- '6
- 20
- 40
- 44
- 21
. 30 .
- 28
- 17


+ 12
+ 1
- 2
+ 7
+ 13
+ 5
- 14
- 35
- 37
- 15
- 26
S28-
-10


Table *21-,Production of sherbet, United States,
1947-51 average, 1951, 1952, 1953


- -- -- ------ -- --- ---- -, --------- --- --


nth' Average
Mont.11947-51 1/


January :
February
March
April
May
June
July
Augus t
,.September
October
N. November
December

Total .


- WI


1951 I/


: 1952 I/


o-------------


541
583
855
1,083
1,585
1,951
2,167
2,076
1,469
1,059
776
.608
. 14.,753


1/ Enumerations.
2/ Estimates,


Thoasani pounds
806 965
829 1,152
1,246 1,372
1 426 1,989
2,305 2,703
2,673 3,705
3,085 4,254
2,952 3,190
1,893 2,359
1,500 1,654
968 1,185
786 1,112
-0--- -,-- 40
20,469 25,640
- a -


1953 ;



1,290
1,520
2,090
2,320
3,260
4,680
4,900
S3,720
3,000
2,090
1,450
1,310

31 ,630


: Change in 1953 from
---------------------------------- --- ------
1947-51 av, 1952

Percent
+138 + 34
+161 + 32
; 144 + 52
+114 + 17
+106 + 21
+140 + 26
+126 .+ 15
+ 79 + 17
+104 + 27
+ 97 + 26
+ 87 + 22
S +115 + 18
+114 4 23


- 21 .


:
, f


.-


~,,,,y L -* L -. I -L L-l- -- I


V V


"'


-t


. a


i




Table 22,-Aveafe buttcrfat content in ice cream,
United( StacJ.s3 monthly, 1943-1953
-- --- -
: : a : t T: $s Unw weighted
Year Jan. I ?ab.: Mar. Apr. YMy Juno July Aug* Sept. ot, Nov. Deo. Average
v r g


1943,j --
194 s ---
1945* --
1946 11.8
1947 11.8
1948 11.9
1949 11 8
1950 11.8
1951 11.8
1952 11i8
1953 '11.7
* Dait for


P e r o'e n t
--- --- --- 10.8 -- --- 10.6 ---
-- 1 -- io -- 10.6 ---
10.6 010.3 I 6-- --
S11.9 i11.8 11.71 11.6 11.6 11.6 11,7 ..,8'
11.8 ll.9 1 12c 12.0 l 11o9 11 9!
S11.9 |11S 1.,7 11.6 11.5 11.4 11 4 11,4.
116 11C 11.: 11.6 I 11 6 11,6 1,6;
I l1=7 '17 lla? 1 1 7 ?6 11 6 116 6 1 1
11,7 117 l 11<75 1 115 11.5 2" .d:
11-6 11,6 11.6! 115i 31.6 11e5 116 11.6
11?7 11.11|6 I1,6 11.71 11-.5 ll5 5 115 11 61
194?o 1.44_, and 1945 obtainedd th-roa t; special v.rv-y?,


11,6
11:9
11.5
11.6

1116
11.,6
11.7
11c6
llc6


10.6


11-7
12.0
11.7
11.6
11.8
11-07
11E6
11 _.6


11.8
120
11.7
117
11.i
11 8
11,81
11.71
3.1 714


11.72
11.92
11.62
11.62
11.69
3.1.64
11.62
ii 61


Table 23 -Weekly receipts of American cheese (Thousand pound.) i/


'Week At Wisconsin : At Untled States !\eek
end' g j V arehcuser Ware lo'oeo b ending :
i 3 I2 J c53 2 1952 F: 1953 2/
an, 10 ,607i 5521 6,104 7865 July 4
17 4,716 5,914 7,126 8466 11
24 5,056 5,865 6,913 7,980 1i
31 4:794 6 149 6,937 8,3311 25

Feb. 7 4.738 6;043 6,575 8,205 Aug. 1
14 5,197 6,081 6,907 S,474 8
21 5 237 6O127 7,288 8,499:I 15
28 5,349 6,514 7,412 9,341 22
!i 2


Yar, 7
14
21
28

Apr. 4
11
18
25


Vay 2
9
16
23
30

June 6
13
20
27


5,278
5,329
5,452
5,761
6,038
6,297
6,572
6,512

6.895
6,924
7,205
7t654
8,449

9,467
10,136
10,049
10,512


i


6,782
5,962
7,275
.~'694

8o200
8;044
8,250
8 ,697


80651
9,019
8,981
9,682
9p852

11,036
11,417
11,422
11 1C9


7,305
6 ;978
7 296

8,13G
6 49=-
9,084
9 119

9,698
10,297
10,751
11 732
12.,805

13, 946
14;890
14,523
15,257


9,444;
10,044!
10,092 '
11p0371

llo560
11,563 1
11r733
12;814


12,7501
13,464
13,522
14,5071
15,161

16,135
16,401
15,791
15,339


Sept.5
12
19
26

Oct. 3
10
17
24
31

Nov. 7
14
21
28


Dec. 5
12
19
26

Jan. 2

Total


-i


At wJisconsin At United States
Warehouses warehousess
-t- -
152 1953 1952. _1953
----,iI f-- IiI- :i15
10,075 100726 14,532 I 14,735
9,302 10,130 13,602 14,112
9,326 9,983 13 459 14,222
8,611 9,335 12,622 13,750

8,398 9o025 12,367 13,085
7,986 8,621 11i563 12s456
7,905 8,422 11,247 12,367
7,6,2 8, 351 11:030 11,835
7,686 8,664 10,906 12,127

7,325 8,277 10,968 11,727
7,029 7,553 10,825 10,865
7,130 7295 10,734 10,585
6.,996 7,384 10;228 10,396

6,415 7,248 9,812 10,330
6,055 6,749 9,348 9,888
5,972 6,269 8,799 8,929
5,896 6,404 8,663 8,821
5,574 6307 08103 3,696

5,591 5967 7,887 8090
5,328 5,827 7,411 7,933
5,317 5825 7:451 7,955
5,092 5,750 7,258 7,834


4,822 60966 6 989 8,260
5,141 62185 7,239 8,200
5,197 6,456 7,548 8,s477
5,236 6,484 7,209 8,344

4:928 6,744 i 6751 9,071
-- -- -------.-.-- ---- -----


43 6,181 403,465 97,630 57 0


29


These data do not include reoeipts at all warehouses, Proportion of total production repre-
seted by receipts in isconsin is uch higher than in the rema'nder of the oountry.
Dates shown are for 1953, The comparable weeks of 1952 ended five days earlier in January and
February, thence six days earlier on account of the extra day in February 1952 due to Leap Year.


- 22 -




Table 24,-Manufacturing Milk Prices and Butterfat Test by Months,
United States, 1948-1953 1/

S 1948 : 1949 : 1950_ 1951 Y2 : 1953
Month: Avwr. .~: "'Av.pr. : Av.pry : :" ~Avpr. Av.prr. : : f A.pr.
per Fnt : per : Fet per :t pe :Fat per : Fe : per :Fat
:100 Ibs.: test :100 Ibs.: test :100 lbs:, test 100 lbs. test :100 lbs.: test 100olbs.:test
1- s. ~"c 5oTs. 'FcT oTs- -c."" Ts "' ef." oTs. cT 'F' "t.
ay- -_ _- -
Jan. 4.59 4.00 3,43 3.99 3,1 4.01 3.95 3.99 4.24 4,01 3,89 4,00
Feb, 4.39 3.91 3.19 3.89 3.17 3,90 3.93 3,91 4,18 3.89 3.71 3.90
Mar, 4.11 3.81 3.02 3.81 3.08 3.85 3.84 3.83 4,04 3.83 3.56 3.83
Apr, 4.12 3.75 -2.90 3,77 2.99 3,81 3.71 3,79, 3.89 3.77 3,42 3.80
May: 4.24 -3.79 2.90 33,78 2.96 3.81 3.72 3,79 3,84 3.78 3.35 3.80
June 4,30 3.77 2.88 3,78 2.94 3879 3.70 3;78 3.79 3.75 3,28 3.76
July 4.50 3,83 2.92 3.83 2.98 3.85 3.69 3,83 3,88 3,81 3,33 3.81
Aug. 4.51 3.93 3.08 3.92 3,11 3.94 3,77 3,93 4,07 3.90 3,39 3,89
Sept, 4,41 4,07 3.25 4.11 3.31 4.09 3.90 4.08 4.31 4,07 3,53 4,08
Oct. 4.08 4.27 3.38 4.23 3.47 4.20 4.11 4.25 4.47 4.24 3.69 4.15
Nov, 3,85 4.24 3.41 4.24 3.57 4,21 .428 4,29 4,40 4,23 3,74 4.16
Dc. 3,78 4.11 3.34 4.14 2/3.79 2/4.15 4.32 4,16 2/4.13 4.14 3/3.673/4.09
Av, 4.24 3,96 3,14 396 1/3.22 3,97 3.91 3,97 4.10 3,95 3/3,55j/.93
- __ L ,L _, J.- ,
1/ Represents a weighted average of the prices of milk for butter-powder, American
cheese, and evaporated milk. Individual series are shown in Table 25,
2/ Revised.
3/Preliminary.



Table 26,-Average Prices Reported Paid by Manufacturing Plants for Milk
Used in Various Manufactured Dairy Products, 1951, 1952, and 1953
: BUTTER AND BY-PRODUCTS 1 EVAPORATED MILEi 2!-
"--I ., -ii vs -, -. -- -^ u iqA E C E. "
95Average price 153 3/-: ; Average price .. _195.Q .J/
Month : er 10 iba,._ :?Av. pr.: Month :_ SeQ 10.0 l _b :sAvpr.
: : : :Av. fat:per 1.: : :Av. fat:per lb.
195,1. 1 .9521953 3 test ,B F. : 19515 1952:1953 _3_ testo B. F
Dollars Pct Dols." Dollars Pot. Dols
Jan. 3.76 4,17 3.79 3.90 .97 Jan, 4.08 4,45 4.09 4.18 .98
Feb. 3.74 4.16 3.68 3.82 .96 Feb. 4.09 4.42 3.87 4,05 ,95
Mar. 3,67 3.91 3,56 3.75 .95 Mar. 4.05 4.31 3.68 3.98 .93
Apr. 3. 2 3,77 3.45 3.73 .92 Apr. 3.96 4.13 3,49 3.92 .89
May 3.65 3.72 3,40 3.73 ,91 May 3.88 4.04 3,37 3,91 .86
June 3.61 3,70 3,36 3.71 .91 June 3.85 3,96 3,31 3.87 .86
July 3.58 3.82 3.41 3.76 91 July 3.87 4.03 3,34 3,92 .85
Aug. 3.64 3,99 3.45 3.82 .90 Aug. 3,91 4,21 3.41 3.99 .85
Sept. 3.80 4.16 3.58 3,93 .91 Sept. 4.08 ,4,45 3.57 4,15 .86
Oct. 4.01 4.23 3,73 4,05 ,92 Oct. '4.26 4.64 3.73 4.30 .,87
Nov. 4,13 4,14 3.70 4.03 .92 Nov. 4.47 4.63 3,80 4032 .88
Dec. 4,23 3/4.00 j/3. 66 4/3,99 4/.92 Dec, 4.51 4.373.76 4/4,28 4/.88
1/ Revised prices 'by states by months will be published by the Chicago Dairy Office
in the January issue "Milk Prices Paid at Creameries and Cheese Factories"
published February 26, 1954.
a/ Revised prices by states by months will be shown in the January issue of the
"Evaporated, Condensed, and Dry Milk Report" published March 1, 1954,.
3/ Revised.
] Preliminary,


.- 23 -




I-ble 25 (Coat'd., I -.'-or gt. Tricrs ReportLd P-iid by :r.uufrctiuring Pl-nts for t1ilk Used
in '.'rrics-'Mr-ufrcturcd Dcir:. Products. 1051 ln52. rnd 1953

Cheese by Vrrietics


STcttl Cheese
. v r^ g.C r ..... : ,,53. T/ .-
S pc-per 1 00 lbbs .:tv7 T 7 .-- .vo -,pr --';
1"5T 7 Tr2 'T3'lAT : test 'r,.C Ib B F.:
I1. Io-r s 'c, c 'DlI "* T
3t94 -4,1C 3,78 3.?7 I 9 I
3,92 1,02 33.62 '6 380. I .95
3 .'? 3.031-3 3,77 i .3 !|
3:59 3'1 3e36 3-73' '
3,62 3, 77 3. 0 372 89
3161 3S71 3.23 3,693 Q^
3Sb9 3072 3c27 37? -88
3c6?9 3 98 3o33 3019 .88
,78 424 3 147 3,.90 .,89
400 ';;O 40 3,63 400 | ,913
4.16 4, 3.70 4:03 92
4,19 1 C5 2/3,61 /3, 97 io91
1 -.__ -" -L_


-- --- --- -- -
S' .mcricrn'Ch'eese
';-r- c.r.cr- pr:c. ; 7 -- "_-
Mcr.th': ., r 1C CO1b3, :' .v., ft Av. D,- t
S19o1 1T .TC"3 test .per lbB.l
SDoillrs VF cE-. -T DoTs7
Jrn, 3., 5 1,10 3.80 32,2 ,97
Feb. 3.93 4.00 ?,63 3,84 .95
Mrer, 379 3,01 3.48 3,79 92
Apr 3.60 379 336 336 ,7 89
M.-y 3,65 3.77 3,31 3,77 .88 .
June 3:64 3072 3,23 3072 ,87
July 3:62 '3:80 3,?8 3,77 ,87
Aug, 3:74 4-,01 3-34 3,85 ,87
Se2t j 3 82 4, 28 3.48 3,9"7 _8. P
Oct- 4,05 4:1,5 3,64 408. I .89
.c-,. 4,21 1 4.35 ,72 4111 ,91J
DIc- 4.20 I4,,'3 23.61 2/4,02 .90 *


.. Swiss 1 r.ck .nd Munster
., verr.g_ -rce.. : 953 .e ce 53 :
Month ur 1O lbs ; ZvTT TR ~ : pr, Month p_ .e- 00 ] bs._ ,-v," T v,".7;"
1..51 :1 953 1: test :per oI.BF :1 1 :19?2 1953 test :per lbB.
-L-------l'rl rs Pct----- J--- l-Tol s "Pctt -et Th l.
Jan, 370 3,94 3c64 3.6G ) 99 Jrn, 373 379 3..65 3;64 1.00 .
Feb, 3.72 3.92 3,46 3,57 ,97 Feb, 3.74 3,76 3,41 3,50 .97
Mar. 3,58 3.89 3.2' 3,48 093 M-r 3.60 3,77 3,26 3 48 .94
Apr. 3,36 3.76 3:15 3,42 :92 Apr 3 32 3,72 3.26 3,54 .92
May 3t35 3 t09 3,10 3, 41 91 M1y 3,41 3.71 1 3-. 3. 5 ,01
June 3,34 .3,.59 3,06 3,37. 91 June 3,42 3,57 3313 3.42 .92
July 3,30 369 3,12 3,43 ,91 July 3-31 3.63 3-13 3.45 .91
Augc 3 5 3,791 319 3,47 ,.92 Aug 3,36 3.81 3 ,20 -3.52 ,91
S.ptc 3.45 3,97 3,28 3.56 ,.92 Septo .3.- i8 .C-4 .-3.34 3.66 .91
Oct. 3.-74 4,C '3,43. 3,62 2 ,95 Oct 3.6' 4. 'G .3 .55 .3,84 .9,
30. .95 1]c.v &72
Siuov. 3.'82 ,10 I 3,51 "1 3,70 <95 ]iov, 3.72 4.12 : 3.53 3.81 .93
Dec ,4,00 J/402 2/3,45 2/3,69 ./93 Dec, 3 62 _3.92 347 2/3.79 2 .92


A -.

: .: Limc l're: Ar ; ". l'li.c L ,"
:- _-'-X c T- It y .^ A rice ; -_ '95L _""
Mcnth -.10r lb-._ :.,.f at- Av -pr Month per .100 lbs, :Av: fnt. Av. pr.
S 1951 : 135 1953- 17 test :por 1bBFF.: T 15i5-!1rWI!/ t.'st per lb.Bo.
DollT P ct T ET r s -P -ols._
'J.,n. 3.70 3|82, 3,67 3o61 1,02 Jan.m 41, 10 14.26 3.92 3,80 1,03
Feb, 3,77 3,74 3.41 3.- C. Fut. 4,09 4.17 3,83 3.77 1.02 r
M. 3.61 3c7C 3,26 3v41 M1r. 3 3.91 4,08 3.72 3.71 1.00
Apr 3,33 3,52 3o13 3,0 92 Apr. 3.77 3.91 3. 5 3.63 ,98
: ay 33C 3.5 3,08" 3,-:-0e. 1 .91 0 M-v 3,77 S 3re5 3.55" 3.65 .97
Jr.. 3,4C 3,48 3-05 3.49 87 June 376. 3q84 3,53 3.67 .96
J -ly 3 31 38.. 1 3,10 53 July 3.69 3, 3,55 3.71 9.6
Ag,' 3.43 3,76 3.18' 3.63$ .8 .6 ug,; 3,78 i ,' 3,68 i 3.79 i 7
S.t, 3,52 3.' 3,34 3.76 6 89 Set 3.815 4.: 2 3.e !8 3 8 ,99
Cci 3.."*.. 4,14 3.47, 3,80 1 -,91 cot, 406 ,4 4.2 3,95 1, 3-95 1.00
ov. 3.86 4,1E1 3.5.3 3 80 .93,, ov, 14144. 4. 6 1.395 3,96 .00
Lee. 3'.93 /3..96 2 3,42 4 2/3.78 '9P j3ec, 431 &4.17 23,67 3-' 2.9
--T Revi--c---' --- ------
Proliminary,
Recised prices by states by mornhs will be published by the Chicrgo Dniry Office in the Januaw.
issue "Milk Pric:es Phid at. Cre.nc.ries :rnd Cheese 'Fctories'! published Februrry 2; 1954.




24 .


Montb







' July
'Feb.


June
" ug.
S"pt,
Oct.-
' Novo
* Dece




Table 25.-(Cont'd,) Average Prices ReTorted Paid by Manufacturing Plants for Milk UJsed
in Various Manufactured 'airy Products, 1951, 1952 rnd 1953

Cheese by Varieties
-- l- -e'-r D~T O ~~ -~ ~:~ ~ -TaT fe i 1TaneouF Tp gesr -
: Average price : : : verape price :
Month : er 100 lbs. : 1.53 : Month : r 100 lbs. : 1953 1/
*: : .A.-t : Av. pr : : ~ ;Avt :v ;t~:.Ar.
S1951 : 1952j1953 1: test_ :er lb. B.F. : :1951 : 1152:19531: test : lbB.F.
Dollars Pet. Dols. ll'trt- Pct ls
Jan. 4.17 4,38 3a87 3-99 .97 Jan, 3.90 4i (0 3.75 3,77 .99
Feb. 4.11 4.30 3.69 3.809 95 Feb. 3.99 4,65 3.60 3.69 ,98
ar. Z.97 4,21 3.58 3.84 .93 Mar, 3,74 3,99 3.48 3.65 .95
Apr. 3.R9 4.08 3.48 3.79 ,2 Apr. 3.55 3.85 3.35 3.58 .94
M y 3.O9 3.98 3.42 3.81 .90 eay 3.53 3,77 3.26 3.54 .92
June 3.91 3.:0 3.36 3.82 .88 June 3,52 3,68 3.21 3.51 .91
July 3.87 4.00 3.39 3.82 89 July 3.46 3,76 3,24 3.55 .91
Aug. 3.96 4.16 3,44 3.90 .88 Aug. 3,53 3,89 3.31 3.60 .92
Sept. 4.01 4.39 3.58 4.03 .89 Sept, 3.64 4.12 3.43 3.71 .92
Oct. 4.26 4.53 3.68 4,08 .90 j Oct. 3.q7 4.27 3.59 3. 0 .94
!Tov. 4.41 4.47 3.77 4,13 .91 1ov. 4.04 4,24 3.65 3.86 .95
Dec. 4.47 j/4.18 4/3.67 2/4,06 2.0 Dec. 4.18 1/4.08 J/3.60 2/3,84 2/.94
T ,RevTsod--. -
SPreliminary.


Table 26 ,-MInufacturers' Selling Prices of Tvappcrpred Whole Milk per Case
of 48 14--oz, cans in Carlots, United States, 1931-53


Year : Jan. : Feb, : Mar. : Apr. : May : June : July
"" -._-. ol" la rs per case
1931 3I 3.38 3.24 3.18 3,16 3.03 3.00 2,85
1932 2.81 2.79 2.55 2.58 2.34 2.30 2.09
1933 2.44 2.38 2.08 2.21 2,47 2.51 2,53
1934 2.56 2,57 2.54 2,56 2.54 3.54 2.53
1935 2.67 2.83 2.82 2,83 2,83 2,80 2.62
1936 2.93 2.93 2,91 1.96 2.96 ?.95 3.17
1937 3.11 :.99 .96 2.98 29 97 2,97 3.01
1938 3.06 3.06 2.99 2.85 2.82 '2o.O0 2,77
1939 2,70 2.69 2.68 2.67 2.68 2.67 3.68
1940 2.93 2.91 2.90 2.82 2.77 2.82 2.85
1941 2.96 2.95 2.95 3.04 3.18 3,29 3.42
1942 3,67 3,64 3.62 3.55 3,52 3.4- 3.49
1943 4.15 4.14 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.15
1944 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.15
1945 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.15 4,15 4.15 4.15
1946 4.15 4.15 4.15 4.14 4.21 4.54 5.09
1'47 5,86 5.72 5.64 5,42 5.23 5.18 5.19
1948 5.83 5.9') 6.00 6.08 6.41 6.48 6.61
1949 5.81 5.6G6 5,45 5.18 .5.05 5.09 5,12
1950 5.10 5.10 5.10 5.10 5,10 5.09 5,10
1951 6.06 6.15 6,16 6.16 6.16 6.14 6.12
1952 6.25 6.34 6.38 6.39 6.32 6.30 6.33
1953 6.27 6.21 i 6.12 5.96 5.92 j 5.79 5,76
,Prevous to Februay 1931, 1-o. c_5s7


: Aug. : Sept.: Oct. : Nov. : Dec. : Av.


2.75
2.12
2,54
2.53
2.58
3.20
3.06
3.71
2.68
2.86
3.56
3.50
4.15
4.15
4.15
5.32
5.20
6.71
5.11
5.29
6,09
6,38
5.81


2.7
3,1
2.E
2,3.
2.F
3.1
3,0
2.7
?,7
2.8
3.6
31.
4.1

4.1
5.,
5.2
5.0
53.C

36.0
6.3
5.7


'9 2.85 2.85
.6 2.18 2,17
5 2 2.57 2.56
54 2,53 2.53
59 2.59 2,73
9 3.20 3.15
)6 3,07 3.07
'0 2. 2.68
79 2.89 2.93
6 2.85 2.91
5 3,67 3.67
36 3.75 3.73
.5 4.15 4.15
.5 4.15 4.15
.5 4.14 4,14
[6 5.79 5,88
24 5.31 5.52
6 6.26 5.941
8 5.08 5.09
7 5,37 5.39
)6 6.05 6.08
59 6.40 6.39
'9 5.80 5,85


2.85 2.99
2.42 2.37
2.55 2.45
2.53 2.54
2091 2.73
3.12 3.06
3.07 3.03
2.69 '.82
2,94 2.75
2.98 2.87
3.67 3.33
3.85 3.62
4.15 4.15
4.15 4.15
4.14 4.15
5.88 4.90
5.70 5,43
5,95 6.24
5.09 5.23
5.63 5.23
6.19 6.12
6.33 6.35
5.82 5.32


Table 27.-Mienufac:turers' Aver--,-' Carlot Selling Prices of Evaporated
.Jhole Milk in Cases of 48. lI'-cz. cans, by Geograbhic Divisions, 1953 _1
Div. g Jan, : Feb. : Mar. : Apr, : May : June : July : Aug. : Sept,: Oct. : Nov. : Dec, : Av.
- -s~p-- -c-- -se ---- -- ---~- -- ~ -- ~--- ---- ---- -----
DollrJs per case
N. E. 6,27 6.23 6,10 5.94 F.32 i 5.75 5.73 5.79 5.77 5,79 5,83 5.81 5,90
M. A. 6.24 6.17 6.08 5.91 5.87 5.73 5,71 5.76 5.75 75 55 *5.81 5.78 5.88
S. A. 6.28 6.21 6.13 5.96 5.93 5.78 5,74 5.79 5.79 5,80 5.84 5.84 5,92
E.1.C. 6.16 6.10 6.01 5.84 5.78 5.67 5.66 5.72 5,70 5.71 5.F.n 5.72 5.82
W.N.C. 6.25 6.20 6.11 5.94 5.90 5.78 5.74 5.79 1 5.78 5.78 5.82 5.83 5.91
S. C. 6.32 6.2F 6.20 6.02 5.99 5.4 5581 5,86 5.84 5,85 5.89 5.88 5.98
N. VW 6.39 6.34 6,26 6.14 6.10 A.00 5.97 6.00 5,93 5,94 5,95 5.95 6.08
S. W- 6.41 6,37 6.27 6.15 6.14 6.01 5.96 5.99 5.94 5.94 5.96 5.93 6.39
-6T,- T er -- -
/ M anufacT.'urers' prTces-are B'ase-d upon fhe reot iae by manuTaturrs coverinactg ace'tual aT es
of goods delivered at manufacturers' distribuin- points en the basis of csh or short-time
credit
Revised, n











Table 28.--ililk purchased by condenseries, number of producers from which purchased,
and average daily purchases per producer, United States, 1931-53 1/


Milk purchased by condenseries

Year Jan. F.eb. Mar. Apr. May June J uly Au'g.

1,000 Pounds


.-- T t. No. --ec --. --Tol-
I Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. T total


248;004
| 238,636
S246,580
S266,698
i 227232

241,616
278 849
27:,154
283,861
S295,586

334,163
S447,101
S396,675
406,364
468,471

S416,525
405,144
384,051
420,877
410,721

385,171
375,686
448,468


S-246,576
S243,553
236,024
257,;562
'237,559

232,888
272,659
277t220
272,144
i304,676

i 323,702
445,407
391,931
.417,153
"454,906

4C8.541
400,739
S395,152
426,564
419,054

378,799
389,804
435,786


286,094' 321,665-
271,737 301,446
2799284 315,599
300,943 338,768
279,11i8 325,298-

282,554 324,917
314,483 356,211
333,60a 392;853'
331,892 367,411
3689874 396,315


1931
1932
1933
1934
1935

93 35
1937
1938
1939
1940

S1941
1942
1943
1944
1945

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1951
1952
1953


*4435 981'
593,305.
530,947
576,207
684,775

604.255
574,591.
578,137
600,137
565,208

539,280
542,589
612,143


384,819.
369,353
372,272
416,845
412 037

425,075
455,418
506066-
474,104
494,343

*581,520"
729,127
663,457
735,851
'826,235

731,706
396,264
.753;263
764,783
703,861

716,779
701,798
740,759


.376,037-
372,116
391,946
369,657
442,369

443,872
453,~56
498-,330
478,381
520,791

574,954
686,789
687,622
737,909
" 832,325

726,405
752,515
747,230
738,942
727,623

713,798
701,237
741., 614


. 316,740
323,164
348,803
402,063
* 395,870

384,335
415,538
458,47,7
433,237
472,128

* 543,133
628,509
632,114
675,940
790,-681

661,960
696,030
683,663-
679,022
677,570

'671 935'
653,832
693,516


264,867
280,157
315-,569
362,213
354,041

344,819
355,929
408,430
393,320
427,009

521,083
568,871
557,965
602,052
690,987

583,018
593,252
636,662
631,829
612,253

612,727
614.390
640,329


223,704
240,692
270,371
305,648
292,499

327,339
309,335
346,401
331,944
372,119

462,482
474,572
475,120
530,406
570,394

485,594
518,448
526,127
532,070
512,037

503,112
532,769
526,216


237,165
229,220
. 257,154
291,616
255,827

. 332,487
280,557
317,793
293,332
343,550

429,355
S425,348
411,305
481,504
489,168

420,338
456,978
478,963.
449,157
455,360

440,682
463,651
469,995


214,323
207,473
205 ,430.
227,150
209,388

274,354
238,137
251 ,183
2'2,742
292,280'

395,107
3595519-
358,002
422,996
409,158

361,599
363,811
404,697.
390,798
376,171

349,224
399,302
425,363


223,287
224,345
,238,346
220,694
211,956

.275.782
257,162
267,318
279,133
'311,697

423,401
-353,294
375,032
434,587
398,774

376,953
364,298
. 408,010
397,489
374,027

360,164
414,187
t439,671


3,343,281
3,301,892
3,479,378
3,759,957
3,644,194

3,890,048
3,998,034
4,346,828
4,201,501
4,599,368

5,422,482
6,253,924
5,956,719
6,524,705
7,208,121

6,287,433
6,326,541
6,484,277
6,549,515
6,335,880

6,155,194
6,249,597
*6,710,532


./ Milk puro-ases at plants (or their receiving stations) which have canning equipment, and
Form.. In. soe periods a part or all of the milk received at such plants may be used for
canned milk. .
* Preliminary. -


which report on the monthly Evaporated Milk
purposes other than the manufacture of


- *


* S


386,591
532,082
476,549
503,736
582,237

510.,539
504,471
488,322
517,847
501,995

483,523
460,352
536,572


*






Table .2(CoCnt d.).-.ilk purchased by oondenseries, number of producers from which
purchased and average daily purchases per producer, United States, 1931-53 l/


Year Jan. Fob.


N ;umber of 'producers

Mar. Apr. ty-. June I July

Thousands


Au.I Sept.


Oct. cve 1 Dec. ctr. :T'v,'r Dec. i Averag*
I, -,


1931 80 1
1932 73
1933 74
1934 8
1935 i,81
1935 !..81
1936 :,BY
1937 i04
1938 111..
1939 106
1940 i 1071

1941 116
1142 154
1943 1141'
1944 141
1945 149

1946 14i .
1047 133-
l,48 136.
1949 152
1950 141

1951 135
1952 135
1953 143


eO
75
76
83.
84


86 89
102 i 104
110 -112'
105 103
107 109

li.8 115
'153' 156
136 136
137 140
145 146

139 140
131 1 135
134 135
148 143
143 141

138 133
130 .130
141 141


1.


81
76
79
88
92
93
106
119
108
1131

121I
161
141
146
151
144
139i
142!
151
142

138.
1361
146 j


S83
81
'83
93
99

102
114
126
114
118

19
164
148
154
156

149
151
154
161
152

149
'146
152


83
83
85
82
102

104
117
128
116
124'

137
165
152
159
159

150
158
160
167
159

154.
153
157


80
83.
.84
95
101
103
117
127
116.
126

140
160
153
160
160

150
160
1I32
1g6
151
156.
156
157


106
114
125
117
'12?

143
157
152
159
158
148
158
162
165
160

157
156
S156


76
79'
08
93
95
108.
114
122
116
127

148"
.153
150


75
77
88
93
93

109
114
119
113
126

153
148
148


;160 158
i 1560 153

S147 145
156'5 151
163 166
i16'2i 159
159 155

154.. 152 I
S1541 .15-
I 155 151


74. 73 79
76 75 78
85 83 82
86, 866 88'
90. 6 92

-109 107 100
112 11 .. 111
109 109 118
112 -110 111'
121 119 119

114 153 136
144 f. 139 154
144 141 145
155 149 152
147 145 '152
142 .138 144
147. 141 147
167 :161 154
154 .148 156
150 .141 150
146 1 41 146
151 '147 140& '-
147 *142. 49


Average d3ily purchases per producer


Pounds


1931 1;00.4 111.2 119.3 133.0 150.01 151.5' 127.0 109.2.1 98.3' 101.9 96.5 98.5 115.3'
1932 I104.7 113.4 117.1 128.61 147.4 147.81 125.0 111.'61 101.9 95.5 91.2 9-.8 115.2
1'133 i107.6 113'.4 118.6 134.2 144.4 154.31 134.2 120.2,-. 102.8 94.3 80.7 2.6 i1165.4
1934 105.4 114.2 116.8 12o.7 144.4 150.9 136.0 124.31 109.4 101.3 8E.0 85.5 117.1
1935 90.4 104.8 105.9 18.2 134.0 144.3 125.8 115.3 102.61 88.3 77 79.6. 107.3

1936 90.1 97.0 1024 116.7. 133.8 142.71 120.1 105.2 101.2! 98.5 83.8 83.2 i105,2
1937 86.9 95.5 97.6 111.5 128.7 132.1 115.0 100.7 90.4j 79.4 70,9 74.7 98.6
1938 81.1 90.0 96.1 110.01 129.6 1;29.8 116.5 108.91 94.61 86.1 79.9 79.1 100.1
1939 86.4 92.6 103.9 113.4 134.2 137.5 120.5 .108.4i 95.4 83.7 78.2 81,8 103.0
1940 89.1 98.2 109.2 116.9 135.1 140.0 120.9 108.51 97.7 88.0 80.5 84.51105.7

1941 9249 .98.0' 108.4 123.1. 145.4 139'.9 125.1' 117.5 104.3 90.5 85.5 89.3 1100e
1942 93.6 104.0. 110-0 122.8 143 .4 138,9 126.1 116b9 103.4 '92-7 83..2 84.3 110.0
1943 90.8 102.9 113.0 125.5 144.6 150.8 133,3 118.41 105.6 89.6 182.9 85,8 111,9
1944 93.0 105.0 116.1 131e6 154.1 154.7 135,3 122.1 110.5 98.3 91;0 94.1 117.2
1945 IQI.4 1144S 128.6 151.2 170.9 174.5 159.4 141.1 121.9 103.1 92,8 88.7 129,0
1946 95.3. 105.0 117e6 139.9 158.4 151.4 142.4 127.1; 110.1i 93.5 84. 88.1 118'.6
1947 98'3 109.3 120.5 137.8 148.7 158.8 140.3 121.1 110.81 97.5 82.5 83.4 117.4
1948 91.1 101.7 116.7 135.7 157.81 155.7. 136.13 126.8 107.6 93.1 80.8 81.7 115.4
1949 89.3 1102.9 110.8 132.5 153.21 147A5S 132.0 123.5 109.5 91.1 84.6 86.5 114.1
1950 94.0 104,7 114.8 :132.7 149.4 $2.5i 135..8 .123.4.1 107.3 94.8 83.61 85.6 114.9
1 2.0 98.0 13035 5"
S98001170 30.3 52 1545 I1389 125.9 108.9. 93,5 79.7 .82.4 114.7
1952 89*8 103.4 1114.2 133.0 155.11 152.8 135.2 1 127.0 '115..3' 97.8 80,1 90.9 117.0
153 101q2 1.0.4 M122cB 139.8 157.2 157.5 142.5 .-132.4 113.2 100.4 96.5 *99.9
ji apurch pns t r reoeiiig stations) wich hae cainarig equipmentnt, and ) which
report on the' monthly Evaporated Milk Form. In some periods a part or all of the& milk received
at suoh plants may- be used for purposes other than the manufacture of canned milk'.
* Preliminary


1


~ ,':


- -- 1:


I






Month


January
February
Yaroh
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Total


Table 29.-Production of Evaporated and Sweetened Condensed Whole Milk
(Case Goods), United States, 1947-51 Averae, 1951 1952 and 1953 .
Evaporated Milk

1947-51 e / 1951 1952 1953 47-51 A.% 1952
----------------------- -----------------Prn -^T- --
Thcusand pounds ~ ~ erten
177,052 180,763 156,020 169,000 t*o4 + 9
187,944 189,706 162.039 158,400 -16 2
250,847 257,523 204,547 202,200 -19 1
294,273 288,752 261,590 243,500 -17 7
392,095 390,438 370,313 323,000 -18 -13
386,075 372,893 349,502 327,900 -15 6
331,920 314,743 271,352 262,400 -21 3
287,019 264,797 276,933 228,500 -20 -17
228,277 195,594 242,235 170,000 -26 -30
192,990 168,810 206,121 162,200 -16 -21
146,220 131,271 166,123 152,500 + 4 8
150,400 141,096 172,807 155,700 4 4 -10
3,025,112 2,896,386 2,839,682 2,556,100 -16 -10
-- -- --4 --- t- -1-0


Sweetened Condensed l.ilk


January 7,364
February 7,576
March 8,715
April 9 9 634
May 9.465
June 9,126
July 8,955
August 9,930
September 9*429
October 8,474
November 6, 684
December 7,215
Total 102P567
revised estimates.
rj Revised estimates.


4,962
4,401
4.,102
4,398
51690
65195
4,841
4,347
4,;.80
5,205
4,62)
6,191

58se933


tousand pounds
6,392
5P968
7,318
4,447
4,146
4,523
3;482
3,614
3,218
3,491
3,279
4 560
54 438


Per
5,025 -32
.4,250 -44
4,275 -51
4,425 -54
51285 -44
3,775 -59
2a710 -70
2;390 -76
2,300 -76
3.:,000 -65
3,175 -52
1,800 -75
42,410 -59
_ _I,


ent- -


-21
-29
-42
0
+27
-17
-22
-34
-29
-14
-3
-61
-22
- --- -


Month
-----
January
February
March
April
May
June
July.
August
September
October
Novelmer
December


Table 30 -lanufaoturers' Stocks of Evaporated and Sweetened Condensed
Whole lIilk (Case Goods) at End of Month, United States, 1944-1953

- ---------------- ------- -- --
1944 1945 946 1947 1948 949 1950 J 1951 1952 93
Th--------ousand p----ounds
Thosand ounds


168,186
147,285
150,333
180; 640
240,577
307;456
"321,083
292,135
272,272.
25d,722
190,465S
243,294


131,745
122,546
107,702
154, 83
2060309
209p 952
204,368.
193,154
172P565
131,226
899845
71,762


- - -.I


54,098
46,261
586946
80,689
150,579
220,331
229,279
211,680
202,775
171 ;026
148,210
129,464


130,736
117,497
118,926
148,830
278;814
439,005
501,.177
474,240
379,712
284,061
223,940
158,551


95,433
73,267
63,117
79,563
178,654
337,507
444,015
513,665
621,948
622,624
542,810
424 6.1.9


297,591
206,464
177,077
189,735
298,661
379,000
454, 210
477,812
484,246
426,836
3339264
243 ,491


Sweeteae Co:idenfeda il1k
Thousand pounds


151,401: 88,
101,470: 82,
85, 216 92,
117,081149,(
222.;3001;83,'
343;988 1 26,
340,96? 524:
349 397' 43
388,620 501,
383,163. 448,9
316,665 357,a
159,559 225.


- *-


951 140:625 313,794,
423 74,266 262,904
255 76,443 237,03*
041 112,2S2 262,604
708 264,340 365s23t
/47 392,212 475,333,
514 417,109 511,663
438 480,266 524,007
412 508,805 481,196
008 1 493,073 410,255
311 447;175 339,808
988 _382,453 262,913


- a a----------- a -


January
February
March
April
May .


6,248
6,134
8,652
8:430'
12,968


7,328
6,559
7,951
'119299
13,012


4,991
5,044
4,415
5,551
7,748


June 15,u3Z 11868U 9,61
July 12,811' 13,987 11,11'
August '10,825 14,310 10,82(
September 9584 11,753 12,54
October 7,404 7,842 11,37
November 7,125 7,261 8,70
De oeLer 6,725 5,357 5;23
i Revised to inolud, late reported
& Preliminary.


7
9
5
7
7
1
0


4,923
4,346
5,450
5,279
6,387
7,196
9,477
10,561'
11,422
9,238
8,501
9,362


-r ---I -r


8,682
9,124
8,622
8,777
11,619
12,615
13,165
14,275
155645
13,408
14,824
12;576


8,002
8,694
89341
9,290
9,066
10,027
8,309
8;559
S6.758
6,925
5,795
7,386


- 28 -


5,2491
5.951
6,757
7S596
7,650
9p733
7,168
.9,409
9,296;
10,494
6,883


7,607
,8,668
9.455
'8,298
8 ,627
8,796
7,0 05
'7,171
5,878
6,957
8,777
9,185


6,585
7,388
8,237
7,726
8,339
9,540
7,975
7,482
8,354
7,190
7,519
8,320


8,662:
10,154
9,489
7,849
8,688
9,579j
7,041
6,066
5,123
5,248
6,047
*4,897


- a a -0 a -a


1


TI


._~_I.


Ien


Im
1


I





Table 31.-Manufacturers' Sales of Ncnfat Dry Milk Sol.ds, Dry Whole Milk and Buttermilk,
United States, 1944-53 i/

Spray-Dried Nonfat Milk Solids


Month : 1944 : 1945 : 1946 : 147 : 1948 i 1949 : 1950 : 1951 :
I--Thousand pounds
1. Thousand pounds


1952 : 1953


24,491
23,059
28,678
33,681
33,893
36,358
an ~AA


able a-t4Lf,01 I 9f-T
29,502 38,964
25,86'3 26,122
25,047 25,668
21,002 23,577
20,505 18,643


24,708
19,567
33,065
42,318
46,889
56.789
54,506
42,723
42,794
30,102
22,781
24,349


26 632
25,421
23,541
38,345
40,150
47,526
36,857
32,344
32j035
38,961
38,610
39,639


34,798 46,454
30,956 45,098
47,723 52,652
65,331 50,049
61,814 61,049
61,541 66,935
59,396 68,284
47,552 57,413
55,596 41,974
49,373 35,692
41,022 34,338
S38,764 33,357


Jan.
Feb.
Mar
Apr*
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov:
Deo.



Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept*
Oct.
Nov.
Deo.


19,441
19,512
26,341
30,424
31,065
37,772
42,539
32,532
20,876
21,139
S15,584
S15,883


16,432
13,656
15,821
16,616
24,851
20,378
19,723
18,805
14,282
12,792
12,678
13,635


'Th ougainS -jpoun'ds
15,553 16,579
15,142 14,807
20,992 14,214
29,423 24,789
33,580 32,107
39,491 33,371
49,129 28,249
30,137 18,203
27,485 19,467
19,547 19,341
13,970 18,365
15,431 15,132
i_ J


14,238
10,548
19,946
24,222
31,359
36,828
35,550
24,783
25,634
20,552
15,534
17,111


Dry Whole Milk
Thousand pounds
16,667 11,259 12,373
12,440 12,012 7,215
10,414 10,348 8,848
9,448 11,454 11,531
10,870 14,071 9,381
16,162 15,411 8,629
18,514 15,158 8,711
15,952 15,710 8,875
14,043 10,806 8,510
13,903 9,106 7,937
14,395 10,357 7,835
11,551 14,000 10,389


18,482
15,166
20,580
21,700
30,652
30,496
27,196
23,507
14,813
12,404
9,693
9,051


8,229
7,147
8,796
8,235
8,884
.8,022
8,684
10,734
11,118
9,819
9,533
9,336


I
Dry Buttermilk
Thousand pounds
Thousand p ounds


3,057 4,263 -
S2,862 3,104
3,607 2,502
- 4------------ L


3,004
2,672
2,992
2,933
3,231
3,617
3,440
2,931
2,817
2,898
2,270
2,192


Sales by reporting firms.


2,914
2,465
3,724
4,152
4,505
4,329
4,848
3,599
3,271
2,758
2,256
2,131


2,424
l,f54
2,208
3,082
3,199
4,200
3,450
2,899
2,373
2,138
1,809
1,720


rised to include


2,254
2,215
2,655
2,833
3,376
4,538


2
2
3
2
2
3


3,444 3
3,603 3
3,019 2
2,273 1
2,444 1i
2,690 1
late reports.


22,209
19,214
27,022
24,974
29,982
33,452
3A fV it


Not
avail-
-i^-I


38,144
34,802
41,172
40,456
465989
53,799
49;803
52,217
45,246
46,324
41,613
39,479


42,967
43,326
46,669
50,284
51,842
56,560
55,883
47,880
45,976
47,872
39,480
43,931


55,705
62,847
83,454
97,574
85,529
91,887
93,968
72,187
66,534
47,640
52,494
64,558


Roller-Dried Nonfat Milk Solids


Jan*
Feb.
Mar*
Apr.
Iay
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.


26,060
26,012
32,483
32,793
45,461
56,183
54,064
52,554
37,946
27,945
18,735
16,557


15,620
15,270
22,200
21,321
26,321
27,650
22,517
26,373
21,152
15,523
13,210
14,357


Not
avail-
able


11,733
14,364
10,596
12,386
15,087
16,370
16,934
15,452
14,712
15,656
15,116
11,817


10,206
9,051.
10,446
12,353
17,200
20,136
15,314
13,125
11,485
10,169
8,505
8,892


10,454
10,041
10,662
11,849
11,000
10,287
9,481
6,360
6,824
6,645
7,058
6,913


11,385
9,933
11,741
14,556
17,551
18,196
16,691
13,070
11,696
10,506
8,799
10,675


6,738
7,390
8,852
7,328
8,344
9,328
6,761
6,663
7,241
7,005
7,000
6,554


10,186
13,338
13,807
19,387
22,296
30,306
30,365
23,455
20,718
13,974
11,157
13,572


6,426
8,213
7,611
7,665
7,252
8,658
9,403
9,437
9,639
7,05,6
7,080
7,245


2,654
2,931
3,782
3,826
4,136
4,912
3,646
3,247
2,573


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.


4,554
4,572
6,351
5,858
5,821
6,103
5,417
5,332
4,678


,329
,226
,657
,821
,746
,584
570
,336
,121
,995
,674
,638


1,920
2,002
1,788
1,979
2,380
2,531
2,530
2,211
1,865
2,014
1,920
2,224


1,970
2,178
2p3C0
2,300
2,556
2,399
2,994
3,196
2,263
2,560
1,620
1,522
2,272


2,499
2,053
2,377
2,820
3,170
3,077
3,163
2,997
3,608
3,375
2,819
2,710


~~'"'"


ReT




Table 32--Produotion of Spray and Roller-Dried Nonfat Milk Solids,
United States, 1947-51 Average, 1951, 1952, and 1953


: Average
1 1947-61 t
- -


1951 / i
Thou sa


Spray
1 t Chanie in 1953 from
1952 1953 2/ 947-51 Iv- 7 ~1-
n d D o u n d s Percent


January
February
Maroh
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Total


35,212
36,480
47,269
55,220
67,577
68,318
57,019
44,143
33,562
28,670
24,747
32,301
530,518


3
3
S 4
5
7
7
6
5
3
2
2
2
54


4,635 34,430 54,500 + 83
3,692 38,763 66,600 + 83
3,710 53,533 86,850 + 84
4,557 65,889 96,500 + 75
2,958 90,635 112,000 + 66
8,247 85,571 105,300 + 54
3,561 68,696 89,650 + 57
1,058 56:542 75,400 i + 71
5,859 41,468 56,900 + 70
8,751 37,166 55,750 + 94
0,979 37,266 59,000 +138
8,370 55,117 78,500 +143
38 ---- -- 50--6 -----0 --
P6,38_ 665,076- 947050 + 79


Roller


January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Total


14,585
15,261
21,957
28,074
38,058
38,592
26,486
18,46.3
13,356
10,729
8,130
11,466
245,157


11
16
2t
29
17
1
8



151


Thousand p o u nds
,T786 10,342 13,350
>)963 12;441 14,600
,004 16,784 24,400
i,083 20,388 33,000
5,640 35;823 42,750
),266 32:314 39,000
v,552 18,188 25,100
2:947 15,317 16,500
3430 10,638 10,150
7,306 8,490 9,400
1,522 6;582 9,290
,590 10,996 15,750
5,089 198,303 253,290


; ; a11 0-- 1- -
Total S ra and Roller
Thousand pounds


January 49,797 42,421 44,772
February 51,741 40,655 51,204
Maroh 69,226 54,714 70,317
April 83,293 70,640 86,277
May 105,635 99,6C8 126,458
June 106,913 107,513 117,885
July 83,505 81,113 86,884
August 62,600 641,G5 71,859
September 46,919 44,289 52,106
October i 39,399 36,057 45,656
November 32,877 25,501 43,848
December 430767 35,960 66,113
Total 775,675 702,476 863,379
17 Enumerations. 27 Revised estimates.


77,850
81,200
111,250
129,600
154:750
144,300
114,750
91,900
67,050
65,150
68,290
94,250
1,2C0,340


Percent


-8
-4
+11
+18
+12
+ 1
- 5
-11
-24
-12
+14
+37


+29
+17
+45
+62
+19
+21
+38
+ 8
-5
+11
+41
+43


+ 3 +28


Percent
+56 +74
+57 +59
+61 +58
+56 +50
+46 +22
+35 +22
+37 +32
+47 +28
+43 +29
+65 +43
+108 +56
+115 +43
+ 55 +39


Table 330-Produotion of Dry Skim Milk fr Animal Feed,
United States, 1947-51 Average, 1951, 1952, and 1953
- A A 'I n ------ --------------------
~L~r *. 1flc 92


Month 1947-51

January 1,021
February 1,080
March 1 1,496
April 1,021
May i 2,438
June 2,633
July 2,141
August 1,575
September 1,096
October 873
November 686
December i 780
SJCTQtal7 17,648
- 17 Enumeratlonis 27


1/ 1951 1/ 1952 1/ 1953 / 1947-"A
Thousand'ndpoun s Per-nt
984 1,502 1,300 + 27
1,065 1,313 1475 + 36
1,245 1,866 2,135 + 43
1,319 2,561 3020 + 66
1,820 3,242 3,725 + 53
2,117 3,319 3,340 + 27
1,587 2,690 2,100 2
1,379 2,248 2,000 + 27
898 1,851 1,650 + 51
777 1,635 1,690 + 94
526 1,498 i 1,570 +129
582 1,581 1,980 +154
14,299 25,306 i 25,985 + 47
Revised iestia te- -


-13
+12
+14
+18
+15
+1
-22
-11
-11
+ 3
+5
+25
+3


Month


+87
+72
+62
+47
+24
i +23
+31
+33
+37
+50
S +58
+42
+42


I ~~ VUI
1~52'
,,,,


I .VCjeaC


L




a'blc 34.-Ttrod-..clOn of1 iy fa,1 .O M1J.'lk
United States, 1947-51 Average, 1951, 1952, and 1953


Month


January
rebruary
March
April
May
Juane
July
Aagust
September
October


November
December
Total


Average
1947-51
-,,


103 332
9,164
10,598
11-,006
14;253
14,04L1
13,538
11,591
9,962
9,100
6,683
7.- 6649
1 7 932


Spray


1951 s 1952
Thou.'s.nd potn.ds


11;464
11J,.208
13.289
13 294
- 1404 9
13,608
12,544
8,1?3
S 6,488
5 465
4,573
5. 782
S1205o852


6,829
6,850
8 2621.
9,718
10,453
12 843
8,989
8,717
5,859
5,423
4,899
6,066
94,?767


-m
SCr~.ge -in_ 1953 from
1953 s 19:.7-51 av- 1952


6,600
6,700
.86700
8,700

8-675
9,400
9,250
7. 350
7,700
7,400
S,230
96,205


SPercent
36 I 3
* -27 2
-18 1
-25 j .-15
-38 -15
-38 -30
-31 4 5
-20 + 6
-26 1 +25
-15 1 +42
+11 +51
- 6 +19
-25 V +,2


Roller
Thousand. pounds


January
February
March
April
lMay
June
July
Aug ~st
Septenbo r
October
Uov ember
December
Total
t-- ---


1,260
1 ,452
1,312
1, 429
1,335
1,135
1,374
1,i356
1,253
1,391
996
1,078
15,371


900
700
S1,050
1.100
900
1,150
S1,325
1,200
850
540
75
375


415
420
540
545
785
820
750
950
375
450
340
575


10,165 6,965


Percent
935 -26 +125
625 -57 +49
100 -92 -81
450 -69 ..17
550 59 i -30
700 -38 -15
650 -53 -13
800 -41 -16
1,270 + 1 +239
1,300 7 +189
1,020 .+ 2 +200
740 -31 + 29
, 9,140 -41 + 31
-~~- --


- .0--------------*


January
February
March


June
July
August
September
October
November
December
Total
J Revised
8/ Data 19E


11,592
10,616
11,910
12,435
15,588
15,176
14,912
12,947
11,215.
10,491
7,679
8,742
143,303


Total Spray and Roller 2/
Thousand potLnds
12,364 7,244 7,535
11 908 7,270 7,325
14,339 9,161 8,800
14.394 10,263 8,750
15,864 11,238 9,450
14,758 13,163 9,375
13,869 9,739 10,050
9,373 9,667 10,050
7,338 6, 234 I 8,620
6,005 5,873 9,000
4,648 5,239 8420
6,157 6,641 7,970
131017 101,732 i05,345


- ---- -
Percent
-35 + 4
-31 + 1
-26 4
-30 -15
-39 -16
-38 -29
-33 + 3
-22 +4
-23 +38
-14 +53
+10 +61
9 +20
-26 +4


estimates
1, 1952, and 5-year averages are enumeratiorso


I
i










s.
~i.


1


1
i


;r ~ -.~.~ -.- -. -- -.,,,


L ,


j





Table 3.~o-Manufacturdrs' Selling Prices in Carlots of Nonfat Dry Milk Solids
for Human Consumption, Chicago Aree (Minnesota, Wisconsin Illinois,
Indicae, end Michigan) 194.'-1'453 (F.O.B. factory)
Spray process


Year Jan,. Feb*, Mlcr : Aprt;


14.59
14,60
14.73
14.18
14.12
13,93
12,37
12,71
15.22
16.90


14.59 14.57
14.63 14.69
14.76 14.83
12.84 10,55
15.17 15o27
11,71 11.77
12.23 12.23
13.18 13,56
15,53 15.53
16.691 16,79


14.60
14,48
14,68
10.00
14.68
11.94
12.31
14,85
16,43
161 I


Roller process
Cents per pound
1944 12.68 12.67 13,81 14,02 14,18 1417 14,00 14.04 13.87
1945 13,32 13.10 12,94 13.:34 13.37? 13.81 13,70 13.76 13.59
1946 13.64 14.02 13.85 13.85 13.91 14.00 13.95 14,03 14.07
1947 13.06 12,36 9,46 870 8.45 8o50 8,65 8.67 8,99
1948 13,98- 14.05 13.84 13.32. 13.27 13.36 13.86 14.06 14.27
1949 12.50 9,43 9,90 10o29 10072 10=85 10.83 10.79 11.31
1950 10-05 10=29 10.23 10o31 10.24 10.16 10.14 10.15 10.13
1951 10.91 11.42 11.72 12.54 13.00 13.01 13.10 13.22 13,25
1952 14,41 14,29 14.76 14.83 14:86 14.58 14.48 14.73 14.90
1953 14,35 13.27 13.80 .13.25 .12.76 12.91 1 2..49 12.53 i12.87
* Fiscal month from 26th of preceding month through 25th of current month.


13.72
12.51
14,07
9.58
14.29
1133
10,17
13.64
15.19
12.73


13.44 13.07
12,37 13.00
14.10 14.02
11.16 13.49
14,23 14.28
11.24 11423
10.55 10.87
13.92 14.02
14.70 14.84
13.13 13.09


Table 36.-Production of Dry Buttermilk, United States,
1947-51 Average, 1951, 1952, end 1953


Month

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
"October
November
December
Total


- -- --


S average : : :
: 1947-51!1 : 1,951 I_ 1952 1 /
Thou s an d p ou n d s
3,51 3,368 3,316
3,509 3,392 3,027
4,359 4,C24 3,747
4,431 3,984 4,458
5,324 5,083 5,532
5,371 5,455 5,149
4,606 4,851 4,752
3,726 4,146 3,955
3,076 3,317 3,334
2,753 2,749 2,917
2,534 2,362 3,153
2,978 2,736 3,727
46, E 5 45,467 47067


1 'Enumerrtions,
]R/evised estimates.


1953 2

4,100
3,775
4,800
5,000
5,600
5,700
4,535
3,700
3 ;:100
2,500 .
2,775
3,800
49,385


: Change in 1953 from
T T711Av. l5;
Percent
S+16 +24
.+ 8 +25
+10 +28
+13 +12
+.5 +1
+ 6 +11
-2 5
1 6
+ 1 7
-. 9 -14
+10 -12
+28 +2
+ 7 5


Table 37.-Menufecturers' Stocks of Dry Elttermilk, United States,
1944-53

S' l S. c *N. o.
S *n e *c r5 .-
Ay Aug. Se pt :ct Nov ec
Yea~r Jan.,; Feb. M arat, '1 -pr. r My June *-July Aug. Sept.: Oct. Dec.


-- w--- --- -- --. -- --- -- -- -- -- -- W -- -- -- -- -- *-- -- -- -- -- -- -- W m --- -w --
T h o u s and p o u n d s
1944 3,690 4,279 5,485 5,966 7,?59 8,411 9,167 9,925
1945 10,706 10,033 7,533 .6,180 6,633 6,293 5,984 5,407
1946 1,560 1,541 1,542 ..1,794 2,261 2,760 3,272 4,076
1947 4,971 5,389 5,407'" 5,137 5,720 6,8?5 7,415 7,529
1948 4,096 4,328 4,635. 4,346 4.306 4,224 5,521 6,?34
1949 6,750 6,817 7,096 7;51" 8,033 8,892 8,455 7,161
.1950. 4,157 3,974 3,671 4,031 4,871 5,831 5,956 5,470
1951 5,218 5,427 5,117 7117 8,130 7,'452 8,489 9,549
1952 6,595 6,836 6,410 7,273 10,592 1?,784 13,541 13,645
19531 11,324 12,017 112,223 14,323 15,142 15,055 15,440 15,027
SeIf vi fsed To'incTue t repo orto"


10,734
4,640
4,595
6 ,.012
6~056
6,485
5,019
9,958
12,796
12,690


10,911
2,713
4,510
6,093
6,186
5,793
3,935
9,266
12,157
10,765


11,2781
1,873
4,455
4,814
5,994
5,392
2.980
8,235
12,155
9,516


11,318
1,781
4,816
4,573
5,972
4,669
3,474
8,090
11,832
8,735


1944
1915
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950o
1951
1952
1953


hey June : July i Aug. -1 Sept. : Oct. i Nov. : Dec.
Cents per pound
14.61 14,58 14.66 14.58 14.60 14.60 14,61 14.5,
14.58 14,58 14.62 14,45 14.49 13.92 13,76 14.2
14.60 14.68 14c65 15.00 14.93 15.11 15.08 14.9
9M76 9.81 9.86 9.92 10.30 10.87 12.27 1-.1'
14.88 14.P6 15,65 15.69 15.62 15.66 15.53 15.6(
12.11 12a06 12,04 11,86 12.52 12.52 12,55 12.6
12.28 12023 ?2.34 12.31 12,27 12,24 12,18 12.3
14.92 14,83 14,89 14.97 14.95 15.01 14.97 15.0
16,64 16,68 16,59 16.90 16.81 16.79 16.87 16.6
15.44 15-46 15.39 15.49 15.11 15.24 15.20 15.3


3
2

7

6'
2
9
4


~I
I~







.Moni

* Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Ap*
May
June
JiilnE
Aug.
Sep1
Oot<
Nove
Dso.


Table 38-M4anufaoturers' Stocks of Spray-dried Ncnfat Milk Solids
at End of Month, United States, 1944-1953

tb : 1944 s 1945 j- 1946 '1947 '. 1048 : 1949 : 1950 .' 1951 : '1952 1953 1/
T h o usa n d'&p u n d s
S13,029 15,296 i ?,3"13. 29,074 10,591 36,623 i30,622. 18,225i 24,697 103,248
15,391 17,334 8,200 40,207 13,016 44,846 130,408 19,727i 18,910. 101,766
4 19,917 18,115 12,066 52,664. 19,904 *50,148 35,230 22,250 26,387 100,327
26-. 278 23;445 17,977 47,955 22,567. 47,087 45,550 36,858 42;456 86;073
27;609 30,514 34,189 63,548 35,108 57,771 54,688 60,925 82,186 !100,949
'2,486, 32,403 40,406 .64,808 43,536 64,427 50,258 87,933 112,295 101,837
Si 29,541 2',084 40,376 57 230' ..52,809 60,933 54*048 104,646 124,474 88,62
S. 26,870. 20,409 i34,707 45,896. *. 59,035 64,847. 40,014 103,176 128,273 80,057
t.; 23,5C9 16,190 32,353 i 29,563 52,481 55,453 29045 .90,959118,322 61,446
18,686 11,616' 25,120 21,059 46,697. 38.,899 22,333 68,306 1p2,535 51,717
S15,221 [ 6,987 18,726 .'12,449 34,757 32,481 16,937 .47,245) 95,207 55,844
S16,571 8,75 24,04 9,932 30437. 33,318 15,931 35,2141 99,679 63,200

----------..---------------_-_-_--.----- -- .. --
Revised to .ncluu late reports.


Table 39,-Manufp.oturers' Stocks of Roller-dried Nonfat Milk Solids
at End of MIonth, United States, 1944-1953


--------- --- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -
Moz.th 1944 1945 : 1946 .- 1947 e 1949 % .1949 c 1950 ( 1951 c 1952 a 1953
9.. Thousand pou-ns
j ** :*'1T h o u s a n d' o u- n B A B
Jano .; i. 11,604: 22,609 5,i547 7996 --439 37S1 13,317 4,648 4,991 29,248
Feb. 14,044 1 23,321 6,454 22,307 5,466; 18,646 14,661 4,222 5,541 27,291
ar 20,998 26,514 9,952 28,034 I 12,549i 22,637 17,776 4,865 8,275 32,832
Apr. 1 29M939 38,897 17,419 29,351 16,993 28,349 24,807i 7,375 12,357 43-,024
May ."I .38,468 51,825 :37,070 37,984 27,840 38,504 27,895 15,532 26,390 53,07?
June 1 42,056 54,649 t45,572 46,347 1. 36,977J 41,019 33,005 '22;4751 38,298 55,055
July .: 46.678 I 50,276 140,226 34,374 I 37,933 37,196 28,674 23,969 37,676 43,188
Aug. .37,509; 34,981 32,747 28,193 i 38,941 32,354 19,0031 22,164 39,155 34,575
Sept, 34,436 I22,585 128,512 19,380 32,965' 24,995 13,400 18,909 35,440 22,975
Oot 29,620 12,457 20,906 13,813 I 26.417.i '18,127 9,131' 13,913 32,642 -16,208
Nov. 22,596 6,744 15,474 8,088 16,300 : 15,310 6,561 9,303 29,346 12,049
Deo. 21,463. 5,678 .14,894 4,939 13938j 15,404 l 6,0991 7051 28,036' 10,894
Ii I .[_ l -. i
1/ Raised to include late reports.


Table 40.-Manufaoturers. Stocks of Total Nonfat Dry Milk Solids
at End of ionth, UVited. States, 1944-1953 1/


Month 1944 i


*. 24,633
29,435
40,915
'. 56,217
. 65,0177
74,542
76,219
S64,379
57,945
48,306
37,817
38,034


.1945 1946':, 1947 .: 1948 1949 .: 1950 ., 1.951 1.952 :
T h ou s a nd p o.u n d. a
37 905 12,860 .47070 1,00 5013939 22,873 29,688
40,655 14,654 62,514 .'18,482 63,492 j45,069 23,949 '24,451 *
44,629 22,018i 80,698. 32,453 72,785 53,006 27,125 34,662
62.342 35,396 77,306 139,560 75,,436 70,357 44,233 54,813.
82,339 171,259 .101,532 62,948 96,275 82,583 76,457 108,576
87,052 85,978 11,155 860,513 '105,446 93,263 110,408 150,593
77,360 '80,602 91,604 90,742 i 98,129 82s722 128,615 162,150
55,390 67,454j 74,089 97,976 97,201 59,017 .125,340 167;428
38,775 60,850 48,943 i85,446 80,448 42,445 109,868 153,762
24,073 46,026 34i872 73,114 57,026 31,444 82,219 135,177
13,731 '34,200 20,537 51,057 47,791 23,498 56,548 124,553,1
14,431 38,937 14,871 44,375 48,722 22,030 I 42,265 127,715
-_ "


SExcludes dry skim milk for animal feed.
SRevised to include late reports.


- 33 -


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Got.
Nov.
Dec.


1953 2j

132,491
129,057
133,159
129,'097
154,021
16,892
131,826
114,632
84,421
67,925
.67,893
74,094


~111----~-


_I___ __i


1 i 1 l I





Table zi.-..ian,. dutu.ger-s' :'oc.:s of Dry :lhole Milk at End of .Ionth,
MUiAted 'S takes, 1944-1953 1/

Month i944 : .1945 : 1946 a 1947. 1943 :' 1949 : 1950 : 1951 : 1952 : 1953 2/


12,321
10862
13,191
16,492
20,528
23,476


16,489
16,456
14,849
18,602
21;805
23,019


9,218
9,303
10,753
14,549
36,329
22 783


Thousand pound
17,545 12 173 '16,251 -9,738
15,974 12,487? 14,834 9:,157
17,274 1 12,519 15:479 9,792
13p229 14;7719 14,124 9,800
22,302 I 20,307 16,135 10,307
24,567 23316 17,377 13,219


10,737
10,868
14.70'3
15,792
19,181
22,240


16,769
14,6035
13,344
14,518
16,761
19P287


15,412
12;794
13,211
13,402
14,907
14,428


July 23,076 22,617 I 25,403 22,652 5 27 692 19.059 13,935 24,130 I 21,385 13;560
Aug. I 20,407 1 9,543 t 26,007 20,790 29,613 17,788 13,630 26,325 23,963 14,110
Sept. 20,112 13,207 26,408 18,229 29,097 18,271. 12,503 25,511 1 22,273 11,512
Cct. 17,681 12,220 23,133 28,620 30,713 15,666 13.284 23,288 1 20,212 11,716
Nov. 13,814 12,020 19,131 15,364 25,967 14,180 11,644 19,612 ; 17,009 11,316
Dec 15,299 254 17,7 122 12,496 1 18,491 11,105 10,231 17,917 { 15,181 10,220
__.-_i- ^_i.- --J rj y--- -4- -i __ __*_
---------------------- ------------
1/ Includes packaged goods 2/Revised to include late reports.

Table 4a2-Manrfact-urers' Sellirg Prices of Nonfat Dry 1ilk Solids, United States,
1946-1953


S~ray Prooes
Jan. : 7eb. : Mar. : Apr. : May: June : July 'Augg. Sept. t Oct. : Nov. Dec. : St.
----------- ------- -"'Cn-s- per "'~ Ti ~ -- -
14777! 14.811 14,861 14.811 14.85. 1476 76 146 14.81 15.02 14.92: 15.00; 14.93 114.86
13.32 11.73 10.41 1.04. 9.80, 9.90 9.93:10.07 10,64 11.41 12,70, 14.21 11.18
'14,80 15c24: 15,241 14.79' 14,95. 15,32 15.7116.45 !15.34 16.22[ 16.361 15.48 115.58
13.61. 11.831 11.96; 12419 12.24 12.15 12.21112.26 12.54 12.65, 12.51 12.50 112.40
12.09 12.311 12.251 312.321 12.25 12.30 12.32 12.30 i12029 i 12.501 12.781 13.04 12.40
13.391 13.561 14400 14.81i 14.99 15.00 15.11 14.96 1520 i14.92 15.19' 5.30 14.70
15.381 15.73' 16.05 16.54: 16.66 16.69 16.90 16.82 16.91 16.82 1686 .69 :16.50
16-551 16.37 16.14j 15,76 15.46 15.37 15.29 15,33 15.37 15.56; 15.51i 15.67 115.70


SRoller process ----- -- --
Cents per oound
1946 13.96; 13.941 13.971 14.02 14.12; 13.92 14145 14.00 114.331 14.261 14.25! 13.99 14.10
1947 12.73[ 10.93! 9.381 9.81 8.91 9.07 8.90 9.06 9.61 10.51 11.98' 13.82 10.39
1948 14,29 14.37 13.91; 13.55 13.641 14.07i 14.32 14.62 14.67 1 14.78 14.81; 14.12 14.26
1949 11.85 10.44 10,24 10.44 10.82 10.73i 10.83 10.82 11.18 i 11.31 11.25; 11.16 10.92
1950 10.58 10.41S 10.42 10.37 10.34 10.341 10.2310.40 10.59 10.92, 11.16 11.53 10.61
1951 11.791 12515 12040 13.10 13.22 13.331 13.4313.62 13.74 13.90' 14.31i 14.30 13.27
1952 14.551 14.93 15.23! 15.30 15,04 15.12 15.21i15.50 15.65 : 15.68: 15.42: 15.40 115.25
1953 14.85! 14.011 13.55i 13.03 12.65, 12.50 12.50 12,45 12.49 12.84' 13.40! 13.29 113.13
S------- -. ---- ---. -- ----- ------ I --


---.--.----- --- ..pTotal Nonfat Dry Milk Solids
Cents per pound
1946 14.421 14.42i 14045i 14z44i 1451 14.33, 14.60 14.45 i14.71 14.63i
1947 13.101 11,40' 1003! 9.95 9.43 9.56: 9.46. 9.65 i1024 11.05
1948 14.61 14.93 14,75 14.34 14.39 14.79i 15.13 15.80 !15.70 15.75|
1949 13.10: 11-50 11,48; 1172 11.78 .11.62' 11.70'11.77 132.111 12,26
1950 11.60 1184 11-73 11.76 11.61 11.71 11.72i11.77 11.85 12.09;
1951 13.061 13.28 i3o69g 14.42 14..53 14.57: 14473 14470 !14.93 14.74;
1952 15.21 15459 15.90 16!27 16.27 16.33! 16.52 16.54 .16,67' 16.61
1953 16.291 15-96 15.77i 15.321 14.91: 14.681 14.62;14.64 A14.70 14:931


~----4


- --- --- --_- --- ___


-.1


14.71i 14.50
12.43! 14.06
15.871 15.11
12:221 12.11
12,44 12,72
15-04; 15.12
16.60! 16.44
15.15; 15.25


Skim Milk for Animal F~ u
.Cents per pound


1946 8.80 9.25: 9.24j 9.49i 9.49 9,44 '9-62 10-25 9.89
1947 9.621 8.12; 7.68 7.65 7.181 7.11 6.73: 7:06 7.39
1948 10.16! 9,83 10i60o 10.46 10.82 11.09 1132,11.52 11.59
1949 9.83 9.08! 911i 8,74 8.64 8.57 8.62 8.35 8.65
1950 8.51i 8,50; 8.36 8.73 8.72' 8,16 8.67 8-35 i 8.64
1951 10.04 10.26 10..55 10.54i 1063 10.40 10.63 10-43 110.56
-52 ,11.28 122 1246 1233 1307 1233 1.46 12;58:12.50 12.40
1553 13.091 10.37 10 1096 1016 8.99 8.07 7,35' 8,12 8,53
SExludes spray-dried nonfat milk solids sold in retail packages.
I/ Excludes spray-dried nonfat milk solids sold in retail packages.


9,92i
7.921
11.821
18.31;
8.98!
10.77
12.411
9.16


9,94
8.57
11.78
8.12
9.46
10,77
12.25
9.82


10.14 9.62
9.18 7.85
11.57 11.05
8.43 8.70
9.79 ; 8.74
11.10 :10.56
12.16 !12.34
10.19 I 9.57


- 34 -


Jan.
Feb.
Mar.1
Apr.
Miy
Jaa-,


1946
1947 -
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
19531/
---9- "


14.51
10.86
15.10
11.95
11.91
14.40
'16.25
'15.18


- -I-
I


I


~---~~~-I-~


----!-


----L


--- 1- -- I I C




Table 43.-Manufaoturers' Selling Prices of Dry Whole Milk, United States, 1947-1953

1 -. 2-| pcuni pac'lages -
Yea- Jan. Feb ar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept.| Oot. Nov. Deo. v.
e n t s p -eoP r P o E. n d
1947- 48.62 47.41 i46578i 44,?4 4,.80; 45.17,4875 49.03 49.52
1948 49.78: 51.02 53.95 52.43 55e50 I 55.511 54.961 57,501 58.F8 55.63 44.34 50.57 53.31
1949 45.57 .53.491 51..23 '44,84 46.99 47.311 44.50- 44.58 43.03 45.50 415.80 50.53 47.20
1950 4571 43-33i 43,09! 43,84 '-3.00 42,34' 43.87 42.82 43 .10 43.98 46.52 45.24 43.99
1951 48.30 49.98 51.54 50-58 55.28 52.51 47.19 53,96i 50.41147.84 48.46 149.33 50.45
1952 49.95' 49.01; 48.73 50.59, 48,93 49.32 49.00; 47.73 50.11 50.10 -49,33!51.64 49.54
1953 51.041 4953 47.42 47.18 48 41 45. 61 45.871 43.751 46.71 49.69 45.08147.17 47.29

:~ ; ; 4 ,j 7 7 7: I- y 1--
47 41.791 41,50 40.651 3967 39o46 42.57 42.24 43,5444.19
1948 4800' 45.72 47.48 45.63 49. i .28 4925 50s.76 5110 5097 52.20 i 45,06 46.57 48.51
1949 43'.61! 44.72: 43.50! 4509 45,09 41.891 39,06 41,72 413;.07 42.56 ; 4516 44.87 43.20
1950 41.65! 39,86' 40.41i 38,47 39.24 42,54i 38.881 59.54 39.08 38,71 3940 39.38 39.77
1951 41.52! 43.351 45.101 43.69 45,05 46.21 43,14 45,49 48,20 43'.71 45.91 44.20 44.69
1952 43,171 43.52' 47.-32' 46,041 45.10 '44,23 44.17 45 52 4,91 45.02 45,00 46.43 45.04
1953 44,04 44.97 42-46 .39.65! 41.95 38,92i. 39.23:39236 408 1,.2 4.74041.-8 -4 L18
All other pazacla es inoluding barrels and dryms$
1947 3539' 35.29 32.43T 35.42 38.27 40.53:39.64 39.49 42.98
1948 2',93 42.8.3 41.46i 43.031 43-00 44,05i 44.41 46.20 43-84 41.33 41c20 41,89 43.01
1949 34.351 35j,44' 34.321 3501i 35.71 3 ,41' 3.74 3 a1.1 33.68 33,96 33r03 33,72 33.79
1950 34-41 34.0^ 32.71 32,231 32.40 32.190 32.78! 33,55 34 50 35,51 35.57 37.11 33.98
1951 36.40; 37,24i 37,40 36,91i 38,48 36541 33.75i 35-67 37.96 37,98 39.71j 39.29 37.53
1952. 40.10: 40,34i 41.214 40.46i .40.03 390.34 38.701 38.87 40,09 41.564 40.69138.98 40.03
1953 37.79 37;39' 37.621 36.789 35.34 33.71 34,41 33.43 34.71133.42 35-09 35.02 35.39
,. Total whole milk
1947 44:36- 41.<90; 41.77T 41 451 41.13 35, 49i 38490- 39.96 41 -8142.14i 41.99 44.97 41.14
1048 45.90 45.32 45.60' 46.17 47.45 49.70; 49,081 50.20! 51.32 47.741 42.87 46.17 : 47.31
1949 41.06 42.27i 41.58s 40.,46 41.55i 39.53' 38-85 30,61 38.22:38.5 40.20 4112 40.25
1950 39.52 37.273 36.281 3,.68| 36.78i 36.;46 37,071 360-90i 37.67:37.62 38.58 39.28 1 37.51
1951 41;87 43.97i 45.071 43,18 45.69 45.54 42.12J 44.07 ..43,59 43.23 45131 46.19 44.15
1952 43.87 44.457 45..04 45.41 44.16 43.681 43951 44.27 45.22i45.35 44.92145.87 44.77
1953 43.94 44,041 42-79 41.48 42.63' 39.741 40.021 39.54 41.62 40.46 40.47141.22 i 41.50
Table 44 -I' anufaoturersl Selling Prices of Dry Buttermilk, United States, 1946-53


Yea, Jan. Feb. ar.


1946 14o23i
1Q47 13.14!
1948 14.17'
1949 13.16;
1950. 11o33;'
1951 13.071
1952 i14-03I
1952 : 14,55i


13.58!
10.65!
15.04j
1.110
11.29
12*94
14.78
13076


Apr.. May 3


13.97! 14.03' 13.79
9.991 9.45 9.53!
15e28l 130711 14,23i
10*23 10.59 10:22;
llc201 11.53 10,50!
11.89: 13,58 13.701
15.301 14887 15<08!
14,:11 14,32 14.29i


Huna& food
S t *ug :
June July Aug.
Cents per poun.


.381 14 15 14.171
9.,33 9.65 9.47
4,52 15.46i 16,26
9.69 10.421 9.85
.1l34 10,55' 11.28
.4,05 13.54' 1~3.61
5.12 15.46! 15e04
3.35. 13.26 j 1295
Animal feed


Sept, go't. Tov Deo.


14.31 14.86 .14.47 14.22
9.99;11.191 12,25113.92
16.19i !6,44 16.27 15.7l1
10.78i10,75 10,80 10.99
180267 1267 12.56 12.74
13.80'14,40 13,56113.91
15.32i15o32; 15eo0015.17
1.2,02 13.10 13 .95 13.99


1946 8.79' 9.16 9.01
1947 8 8.87!- 8. 51. 8P01
1948 9.89' 10.14 10.45*
1949 10,42! 9.42 8.58
1950 7.98 8.17 9,04
1951 10.00 10.15 10.08
1952 11.47 11.61 11.41
1953 10.94 10.60 8.67,
I- --- W._- --__-


6,912 9.001 8.481
7264; 7,031 7.631
10334 10.63! 10.56 1(
8.48 8.21! 7.95i (
8.09: 8.381 8412 1
10.21 10019 10.16 1(
11.69 11.29! 11,281 13
8.32 7.071 6.38' .
Total butter


ill 9o40
.78 7.60
,841 11.08
-11 7.75
0l091 8.29 I
0,14: 10.15
.58 1 11.29
.92! 673 ;


9.82i 9.39
7.701 7.98
11.07 11.251
7.-5 7,95'
8.60| 9.141
10.38 :10481
1134 11.06
7.04 7,59'


* 9.62, 9.18 | 9-16
8c64: 9.16 8.05
10.98110.72 10.68
* 8067 ?798 8.40
9443i 9.81 8-60
10.48 10.86 10.27
11.41 10.93 11036
7.84! 8.24 8.03


rilk


1946 1ll82. 11ol4 11; 35 11.11
1947 11.12 9.56 8.861 8.48
1948 12.31 12.83 12.78i 11.79
1949 11.90 10.36: 9.441 9.36
1950 9.59 9.64 9.93' 9.50
1951' 11.48. 11.61 13*83 11.70
1952 12.88 12.95 13.46 13.35
1953 12.34 11.43 11.72 12.43


LO 74
8.131
L2.571
8.921
9.33
1. 691
L2.711
11i.69,


1

1

1
1
1


0.59 11.09 '
8.39 '8.62
2.95 13,32
8.70 9.37
9.30 9.26:
1.45 11.32
2.93 13.73 ,
0.07 U1.29 i


11.65 12.05 12.01 12.55 11,85 11.50
8.50 8,88 9.59 10.91 i1.72 9.40
13.67 13.33 13.84 13.73 12.78 12.99
8.74 9i40.i 9.09 9.36 9.57 9.52
9.72 10.08 i0.80, 10.95 11.28 9.95
1100 l,181 12.201 12.09 12.16 11.86
13,27 1301 12.81 13.16 12.96 13.10
9.83 10.36 11.1 11.58 11.66 1 11.30
..' -


AvL,.

14.13
10.71
15-27
10.72
11.60
13.50
15,04
13.64


___~


1

1

1
1
1
1


- -" -


9

3
3
L
J
7
5




Table 45-;-2. Deaers' Aver.-ge BLuying Prices for Standard Grade Milk Used for
City 'Ditribuiion as HIil: ain C'qrn,. United Sta3., 'by months, 19?5-F3
(Ppr hun'recd~'eight of 3.5 milVr .fob; loiol .h!pning noint.s or country p-lants)

Year Jan.o: '-eb., ar, Anr r May JJune July ,Sep, ct Dec. Av
S. -Ov D -----------
Poll~rs


1930 .,61,
1031 9.47;
1932 1,96
1933 1.55
1934 1.81!

1935 2,.05
1936 2,04
1937 2,32~
1938 2,351
1939 2,23)

1940 .25
1941 i 2,26.
1942 2,73;
1943 3,QOi
1944 3,24'

1945 3,261
1946 3,27?
1947 4.94;
1948 5,091
1949 5,416;

1950 4,65'
1951 4,99;
195- 5.44'
1953_5 _5,_5
* Revised


1925
1926
1927
1928
1929


2, 70

2c 86

2 39
^cBSIl
Zo .P4
o o'"i


2.72,

2,79:
2,83'

2.84'
2,89

2.78i
2,371
1,88
1.50i
1:80!
1.-80


2,330
2.o33
2,321
2.21

2,25
2,26
2,74;
3.07T
3,24

3.26t
,, 74
4e74'
5, 10
5,04

4.63i
5 ,07
5,49'
J'_q


Table46.-L'elcrs' Buying Prices for Standrrd Grade Milk Used for City Dis'ribution
as Milk and Cream (3,5 n fat 'basis): per hunidrwoeight for delivery F.0*,B
Local Shippin- Point or Country Plant, by months, 1953'
Div, Jan,, 2'eb,, Mlar,. Apr,, May June, July. Aug..Sept,. Oct,. Nov,. Dec., Av,
Do ll a r a
N. E, *5.85 5.84:*5.52 4,92i 4,91 *4.92 "*527 5.36 5,68 5,84: 5,84L 5,84 5.48
M. A. *5,89 *5,86; 5.82 5.59 5.36; 5,36j*5,39 5,51 *5,57:*5.601 5.61 5.62 5.60
EN,C4*4,80 *4.57;*4.46 *4,29 4.14 4,06i 4,26: 4.32 4,41; 4,46I 4,19. 4,74 4,38
rN.C, *4.73 *4,60*14.50 *4,30i 4.21, 4,15 4.27 4030 4o35 4,391 4,44 4.33. 4.38
S, A. *6.21 *6,19 *6.18t *6.17i*6o09 6.01 *6,04 *6.02 *6,06i*6"10 *6.13 6,12 6.11
E.S.C4*5,59 *5,58 *5.06"*4.7? *4867;*4867r4*4,68 *4,7*5 5.02i 5.081*5.14 5.14i 5,01
V,S,C 6,39! 6.158 6.05. 5,77 5,43; 5.,17i 5,:36 548 5,46' 5,47! 5.60 5.59i 5,66
Mount 5.50 5,49 5.43'*5,40*5.23 5,22i*5.19 *5,19 *5.20 5.?2i 5.18 5,14 5.28
Pac._ _5A49_5, 39 5.36' _5,091 _5,04 _5~.04 ,504 _504 54 .041 _5,05 _5.06. 5,o2 .5,4 4
* Revised,


S.68 2.64 2,56 249, 2,57. 2,64
2.52 S,77 2,68. 2,63 2,65 2,70
2.73 2.v 2.67 2,67 63 2.64 2%,70
2..80; 2,?4 2,68 2 66' 2,68 2.751
2,84 2.78 2.'e6 2,70 2.77' 2,?8;

2.77, 2 2 9,65: 2.61; 2.60 2,63
2..33 2.25: ,.16 2,15i 2.14J 2,181
1,80j 1.761 1,71, 168 1,63, 1i64
1,461 1.471 1,45 1,49' 1.57: 1.67:
1.79 1,81 1,81 1.821 lc86' 1,911

2.09| 2.0? 2,07i 2.06 24 2,03
2,04' 2,03 2,02 2.01 2,06; 2. ?,
2,33i 2.31: 2,29' 2,28 2,30: 2,31!
2,313 2,29' .226 2,23 2.23 2,?2
2.201 2C15 2.11' 2:0 2 2,10' ,12i

2,25, 2,23 2,18 2,18 2.18 2,18:
2. 26 2,./ 2,27: 2,29; 2,32 2o,4,
2,75i 2 o75 2 5: 2,75 2 2o?5 2,76
3,09! 3.14 3.16 3..18 319 3.20l
3,24 3o24- 3,24: 3,2-' 3,24 3.24i

3.261 3,25 3,275 3.,5 3625 3.25
3,29! 3,30: 3.?2 3,47I 4,00: 4,21:
4,68 4,61 4,46 4,1ii 4,49! 4.60!
5.091 5.07i 5,03! 5.041 5.16' 5.29!
4.89! 4,67 4.58 4,56| 4,61. 4,66

4,57; 4,36 4.31' 4,29 4,39 4.52,
5,09' 5,051 5.01! 4,93i 5,05 5,12'
5.47 5,23' 5 26: 5,.2 5,33. 5,43,
527! 5,05 4 92 4 87' *4 99 *5O 0
t_4 87! *!4


2, 72
2,72,
2.70
2,78
2.84'

2.71;
2.16:
1,67'
1,72'
S1.97j

2.03'
2,266
2 32l
2,22
2,15'

2,,18

2,82-
3,22
3,25|

3 26P
4,43'
4,71
5.32
4,71

4,62
5 ,20
5,54,
5 _S1


2"78
2,76
2.83'
2,85







2,03:
2.28'

2,23
2.19:1.

2c20;
2.60
2,85
3,23'
3. 251

3,265
4.62;
4,87;
5,30;
4,74;

4,79|
5,30!
5,.65
5.20


2 83 2,901 2.69
2,79 ?2.95 2.76
2,/9 2.82; 2.73
2.88 2.90: 2,78
2, 9 ".88' 2,82

2.68 2.62! 2.69
2.10 '.00 2,.20
1.64. 1.57 1.72
1,79' 1.80' 1.60
2c03 2.04 1,89

2,03 2.03 2,05
2,C29: 231; 2.13
2,34 2,35 2.32
2.23! 2,23I 2.26
2." "2, 2,17

2.21? 2.?4. 2.21
2,66i 2,70. 2.40
2,931 2.95 2,79
3o?31 F,23 3.16
3,"2 3.26 3;24
i
V|7 3.,,?7 26
4.8" 4,96 3,92
4,97: 5.02 4-71
5.271 5.25 5,17
4.75; 4,75 4,76

4,84 4,.88 4,57
5,.38, 5.43 5,14
5.691 5,63- 5,46
5,23 5,i18l _5,15




FLUID MILY AND CR!AM -iIAREiF T STATISTICS


Class'I prices 'decline
.The milk dealers' average buy iin' price for Class I milk in 1953 in more than
]25 markets was the third highest of record., ece.-ded only by 1956 and 1948 The
average price of $5t.15 per hurdredweight in 1953 was 31 cents lo.,-er than 1952 biut
at nearly the same level as in 1948 andt 1951. .1t wvs 13 cents per hundreAdweiht
higher than the 1948.-52 averagee, 'ith the sole exception of January, the monthly
prices in 1953 were lover. than in 195',. The January 1953 price w.as 6 cents per
hundredi-reight above JRnuary 1952 but the October and December 1953 prices were 45
cents per hundredvieight 1,wver than in 1951o The decline during 1953 ,-as sharpest
in the early months of the year,-

Averace prices for 1953 wui e lower than in. 1952 in all reP.ons eveept the Sout?
Atlanrtic-which were 4 cents per hund Ledweieht hirero The largest decline occurred
in the 'est South Central States which averaged 57 cents per hundredweight less
than 1952, The next largest price decline occurred in the East North Central Stater
which averaged 48 cents per hundredweight lower and ai New England and the East
South Central States which were both 44 cents per huid.-edseirght less than 1952,
(ContirLnad on. page 38)

Sable. 47-Milk Dealers! Average Buyi.n Prices "by Geographio Divisions, for Standard
Grade Milk Used for City Distribution ab Ilh.1k and Cream, 1922-53
(Per hindred eight 'of 3 5% milk f oob. local, shipping points or country plants)

".ear New. I iddle Y E -N.4 A 7 .t N 7 So.th V E. r S : h t6 S.
r England: Atlantic sCeatral' Central: Atlanti- )Centra.1 :Ce.ral :Iountain :Pacifio U.S.
Dollars rs


2,45
2.79
2,54
2.70


2,70
2.86
.1 .89
3.02
2.94

2r37
1.71
1,76
i 219
2 31

2.4?
2,65
2t54
2-40
2156

2,72
3.13

3o42
3.42
3.43

4,14
4,95
5u42
I 516
4.69

5C50
1 5.68
I 5.60


I.













'1


1-94
2.53
2.49
2.49

2.51
2,54
2.57
2.47

1.96
1.48
1c35
., i<65 }
1.79

2z14
20064
2.06
1,91
1.96

2o21
2c54
2.92
3002
3,04

3.63
4.19
4.72 !
3.93
3.79

4,49
4c86 1
4-38 1


1,92
2.35
2.19
2,18

2.21
2.25
2.32
2.36
2.20

1.84
1.49
1,27
1.57.
1.78

1.866
2.04
1.95
1,84
1*87
2.01
2.33
2.73
2c80
2.8:

3948
4,08
4 58
3 e8
3.77

4.34
4.78
4.*38


3,07
3,34
3.50
3A46


3,80
3.55
3.50
3,46
3.28

2.76.
2.23
2 11
2.36
2.46

2,55
2.78
2079
2-73
2,74

2:90
3c23
3o58
3.73
3,77

4:45
5.37
5.71
5.63
5.52

5,94
'6.07
6.A13


1,94
2-42
2.73
2,50


S247
2.47
2.58
2.48
2o35

2,03
i .58
1,51,
1.84
1.92

2,05
2# 2424
i 209
2403
2,13

2.34
2.,87
3.29
3c40
3.44

S403
4080
S5,23
4.64
4,47

5,06
5,45
_- 501


2728
2.70
2o56
2.59
2.63
2.38
2.46
2,49
2.34

1.79
1.43
1.32
1.68
1.97

lo96
2.07
2.00
1.97
1.92

2,09
2.66
3o22
3.31

3090
4.81
5.32
5018
5.01


1922
1923
1924
1925 ,

1926
1927
1928 .
1929
1930

1931
1932
1933
1934
i9'5 I
19536

1937
1938
1939
1940

1941
3942
1943
1944
1945

1946
1947
1948
1949
1950

1951
1952
1953 j


2.02
2.37
2.36
2.45

2.40
2,39
2.41
2,44
2,25

2,09
1.76
1.51
1.63
1-78

1.85
2.06
lr98
1.82


1.96
2,25
2.66
2.87
2389

3o51 -
4o37
4,69
4c74
4465

4.99
5,41
512&


2.41

2.70
2.71.


2.69
2.61
2,52
2.52
2,40

2.05
1.72
1,55
1,69
1.78

1.88
2r05
1 95
1.91.
1.3 I

2.20
2.70
3.13
3,10
3.13
3.14

3.78
4.66
4.91
4,60
4.29

4.93
5.41
5.Al1L


2.31
2.71
2,63
2.69

2.76
2.73
2.78
2.82
2.69

2.20
1.72
1,60
1.89
2.05

'213
2,32
2.26
2.17
2,21


2,40
2.79
3.16
3 24
3,26

i 3.92
i4.71
5.17
4.76
S4.57

5.14
5.46
J15.15-


3,02
3.30
312
3.32

3,38
3,52
3.62
3.71
3- 69

2c79
2.26
2.23
2.58
2.74

2.66
2c76
2-81
2.80
2.82

3.00
5342
3A68
3.74
3.75

4i56
5,32
5 96
5 :64
5.30

5.79
5.92
5 .48


573
6,23
L 56-_ _





(Continued from oage ,7)


Decreases from 1952 averaged 40 cents per hundredweight in the West !Torth Central
States and 27 cents per hrundredweight on the Pacific Coast, Smallest declines
were 13 cents -er hundreCd.eight in the Mc.intain States and 8. cents per hundred-
weight in the middle Atlantic States,
Changes.during the year in Class I prices also varied by regions, Declines
from January to December were recorded in all regions. The largest decrease in
average prices from January to December i,-s reported from the We-t South Central
States where an 80 cent oer hundredweight dron occurred. The next largest declines
were: East North Central 46 cents per hundredweight, East South Central 45 cents
per hundredweight, and Pacific 42 cents per hurdredweight, The 'est North Central,
Mountain, and Niddle Atlantic regions respectively showed declines from January to
December of 40 cents, 36 cents, and .27 cents per hundredweight, respectively. The
smallest regional decline waq reported from Kew "Enland which ir. December 1953 was
one cent per hundredweight below January,

Home delivered prices decline
Retail prices of standard grade milk delivered to homes in 25 major cities in
1953 averaged 23,1 cents per quart 0.1 cent per quart less than the 1952 average,
In January 1953, this average rice was 0.5 cent per quart higher than in January
1952: By March 1953, it was at the same level as in March 1952 and then declined
in relation to the same month in 1952 until October when it was 0,5 cent per quart
lower, This relation held during ITowember and December,, Fifteen of the 25 markets
recorded a lower average price for home delivered milk in 1953 than in 1952. Two
markets showed no change from 3952 and 8 markets showed increases, The Cleveland,
Ohio, market showed the lar7e':t decline from 1952 -- 2,1 cents per nuart, Dallas,
Texas, was next with a one cenr decline, Boston, Louisville, and Indianapolis
each showed a decline of 0.8 cent per quart from 1952 levels Portland, Ore-.,
and San Francisco: Calif,, hdL the same annual average price in 1953 as in 1952.
The New Orleans market showed the largest increase in annual avsaage price from the
1952 level with a ;-ain of 1,.1 cents -er quart. Next in order were Pittsburgh with
an increase of one cent per quart, Jacksonville, Fla., .,.ith 0,-9 cent per quart and
Denver with 0..8 cent per quart. The remaining increases ranged between 0,6 cent
and 0,,1 cent ner quart, During the year, price changes for standard .grade horie
delivered milk in this group of cities wlrere mixed. Declines from January to Decem-
ber occurred in 11 markets, 6 markets showed the same price in December as in
January and 8 markets showed increases. The largest declines during the year
occurred in Louisville and Dallas both of which .ere down 2 cents per quart, The
Seattle price declined 1L cents per quart, and 1 cent per quart declines ,ere re-
ported from Cleveland, Indianapolis, Detroit, Minneapolis, Salt Lake City, and Los
Angeles, Three markets were unchanged throachout the year Milwaukee, Derver,
and Portland, Ore, The largest increase occurred in New York City which was 2 cent
per quart higher in December than Januaiyr In Jacksonville, Fla.., and Kansas Gity,
Mo,, the Decem.ber price was one cent higher than the January price.

Sales and recei-nts higher
Combined daily sales of fluid whole milk in 30 Federal Ord.r markets during
1953 (Table 51) were 3,0 percent larger than in 1952, This compares with an in-
crease of 2.2 percent from 1951 to 1952 for a smaller sample of markets, An in-
crease in sales of fluid whole milk in 1953 over 1952 of 3,3 percent occurred in
nine of these markets for which no significant quantities of out-of-area sales were
included. Combined daily sales of butterfat in cream in 28 Federal Order markets
in 1953 (Boston and Springfield, Mass, excluded) were 1 percent smaller than in
1952,. This decrease in sales was considerably smaller than the 3,2 percent decline
in sales which occurred between 1951 and 1952 in a smaller sample of Federal Order


- 38 -




markets In a group'of six of these markets for which no significant quantities of
out-of-area sales were included, daily sales of butterfat in cream in 1953 were also
one percent smaller than in 1952s
Combined daily sales of skim milk items in 28 Federal Order markets in 1953 were
almost.6 percent larger. than in 1952. A group of eight of these markets for which
no significant quantity of out-of-area sales were included reported an increase of
8,3 percent in sales in 1953 above 1952, This compares with a gain of 5,5 percent
between 1951 and 1952 for a slightly different sample of markets
Daily receipts of milk from regularly approved.producers in 30 Federal Order
markets were 10?7 percent larger in 1953 than in 1952, The number of producers
regularly shipping to these markets was 2,9 percent larger than in 1952 and daily
shipments of milk per producer were 8 percent larger than in 1952o

Changes in composition. of fluid sales
Table 53 shows aggregate sales of butterfat in the form of fluid whole milk and
fluid cream (including milk and cream mixtures) and ratios of sales of butterfat
in cream to butterfat in milk and cream in 23 Federal Order marketing areas for
each of the years 1950, 1951, and 1952c The weighted average ratios for this period
show a continuing decline as they have done since 19470 The ratios, expressed as
percentages, for the entire six-year period are shown below:
1947 21,7 1950 19e4
1948 20,4 1951 18,3
1949 19,8 .1952 176
Over this six-year period, there has occurred a 19 percent decline in the ratio of
sales of butterfat in cream and milk and cream mixtures to total sales of: butterfat
in fluid whole milk, cream, and mixtures,. All of the markets, except Philadelphia,
have shown declines in the ratio of butterfat in cream to total butterfat in fluid
whole milk and cream The Philadelphia market has shown little change either way
since 1947. In that year, the ratio for the Philadelphia marketing area was 14o5
percent and in 1952 it was 14,7 percent, All of the markets shown in Table 53 except
Cincinnati and Worcester showed ratio declines from 1950 to 1951 and all except
Philadelphia showed ratio declines from 1951 to 1952. The ratios continue to show
positive correlation with latitude The highest absolute ratios in 1952 occurred
in Minneapolis-St, Paul, Boston, Sioux City, Iowa, Chicago, Duluth-Superior and
Omaha-Council Bluffso The lowest ratios were in New Orlena,s Louisville, and Nashv.ll
Table 54 shows for 22 Federal Order markets in 1948 and 1952 the quantities of
butterfat contained in fluid whole milk, fluid cream and mixtures, and fluid skim
and part-skim products, For the group of markets taken together a substantial in-
crease occurred between 1948 and 1952 in the quantity of butterfat sold in fluid whole
milk. A decline of nearly 7 percent occurred in the quantity of butterfat sold as
fluid cream and milk and cream mixtures. A very large.increase, 39 percent, occurred
in the quantity of fat sold in the form of fluid skim and part-skim products but the
sbcolute quantities involved were small compared with the quantities of fat in whole
milk ard in cream, Substantial differences occurred among the markets in changes in
sales of fat in the various fluid products, Only two markets, Boston and Fall River,
',asso, showed a decline in the quantity of fat sold in fluid whole milk between 1948
and 1952) and the decline in. Boston was only one percent. The Philadelphia market
showed no change. It is an interesting coincidence that both of these large markets
had the same daily sales of fluid whole milk as product in 1952 as in 1948" The
figures, not shown in the table, are 1,882,000 pounds for Boston and 1,911,000 pounds
for Philadelphia,
All of the other markets in Table 54 showed more fat sold in fluid whole nilk in
.)52 than in 1948s Some of the increases are very impressive ranging as high as 43
(Continued on page 46)


- 39 -







'Iable 48- Average retail prices of milk delivered to homes in 25 cities J/ /
Yearly, 1931.- -1953
(Cents per single quart)


--- -- ----- --' -
City 1 931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938i 1939 1940 I 1941: 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 19491950'1951 1952,
---j -- -. --4--- -" --.-! ---- .. .. -4 -- -! -O- -
Boston, -ass 2.8 10.5 11.1 .1132.4 12.4 12.5 13.0 13.2 13.2 13.7 15.0 -15.7 16.0 16.0 18.2 20.2 22.622.2 21.6!23.0 23.9
Hartford,Conn. 14.8i 12.5112.4 14.0 13.2i 13.3 14.014.0 14.0 14.0.0 14.8 16.0 :15.016015.01.018.1 20.2 22.1 22.7 21.1 23.8 24.5
Jew York, i.Y. !14.7 11.9 11.1 12.5 13.0 13.0 12.6!13.1t 13.5 14.8 115.7 19, 17.1 17.0 17.0.19.5 21.1 24'.0 23.0 20.9'24.0 24.41
Philadelphia.Pa. 11.7 10.0; 9.9 lli0 11.0 11.2 12,0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.4! 14.0 14.0 14 014.0 16.7 19.1 20.8 20.5 20.122.5 23.51
Pittsburgh,'Pa. 11.7; 9.0 9.21 10.,411.0 11.4 i13.013.0' 11.7 12.5 13 3 14.0j 15.5 15.5 15.5 17.6 19.7 20.8 20.920.0122.1 23.6
Ealtimore, i.d. (12.5 11.3 10.7 11.0 12.0 12.1 13.0 13.0 12.8 11.8 13.2 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0:15.5 l?.0|20.7i20.6 20.6!22.7 23.5!
,'ashir,iton,D.C. 14.1 13.3:13.01 13.0 13.0 13.2 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.3 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 17.2 19.8 2(.8 20.2 20.8 22.7 23.7
Jacksonville, i 4! I 5 '
Fla. !15.8 -12-8 13.4 1442115.0 15.1 15.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 15.3 18.0! 18.4 19.0 19.0 20.6 22.3 25.8 25.2124.7 26.0 26.01
Cleveland, 0. |10.4 8.7 8.9 10.5 10.2 11.2 12.0 11.3 10.7 11.2 12.5 14.0 14.9 15.0l5.0 17.11 17.7 20.2 17.8117.8 20.8 22.0
SIndianapolis, # I 1 2 I | i 1 .
Ind. i10o2 9=4 8.7 9.1 10o0' 11.4 12.0 12.0 11.4 11.4 12.6 14.0; 14.0!14.0 14.0 15.8j 17.9 20.0 18.7 18.9 21.2 22.6
Chicago, Il 113.0 11.2 9.8 9,6 10.7f 11.4 12.4 12.3 11.8 13.0 14.0 15.4 13.5116.516.5.18.9 21.0 22.5.21.1 21,3 23.6' 25-3
.Detroit, iich. ill.6 9i 2 92.3 10.5 11.8 12.0 12.8 11.8 10.1 11.0 11.9: 14.0 14.9 15.0 15.0 16.5 18.320.0i18.8 1'~.5'21.5 22.6.
-'-ilwaukee, Vis. 9-9 8.3 8.4 9.3j10.0! 10.8 12.0 12.0 10.9 11.0 12.0 i118 12.8 1.0 13.Oi15.1 16.8!19.4'17.0'16.6 19.21 21.1
Sinneapolis. i
Sinn. 9.9 8.1 7.0 9.210010 0.4 11.0 11.0 11.1 10.5 12.1 12.2 13.0 13013.0 15.1 18.2 19.9i189,lj 17.5119.8 21.2
Kansas Citybo. 12.21 10.2:10.0 11.1I11.51 11.8 13.0 13.0 13.0 11.7 12.23 13.1 14.7 115.015.0 1.8i 18.0 20.1 16..-3 1l.7 i21.2 22.5
maha, Nebr. 10.0 8.5. 8.2i 951100.0 10.4 11.2 10.8 10.3 11.0 11.3 12.91 13.0 13.0 13,0 15;5 17-5119.3 18.8118.7i20.3 21.4
L-ouisville, E 11.3 10.0|10.3 11.2 11.8 12.9 13.7 13.3 12.7 12.8 14.1 15.0; 15.816.0 16.0i18.0 19.8 21.720.8.21.2 23.3 24.6
iew Orleans,La. *12..7 10G.711.0! 10.5111.0 11.6 12.2 12.0 12.2 13.0 14.2 15.5. 15.4115.5 15.5!17.5i 20.6 22.4'22.5 23.1-24.1 25.1
Dallas, Tex. il~l9 9 9.2 i f t
Dallas Tex. 10.9 9.2i 10c2 3.0 1 0 llO.Oj11.0 10.8 11.0 11.8 14.0! 14.815.0 15.0;16.8 19.2121.5 21,2 20.3 23.0i 25.2
Denver, Colo. 10.0 10.0 10.0: 102 11.01 11.0 11.2 12.0 11.8 12.0 12.2 13.0! 13.0 13.5 13.5 15.5 18o2,19.5,20.0i20.2 22.1 23.2
Salt Lake City, i 1
a Utah 10, 9.0 9.4 10.0 10.li 10.6 11.0!10.6 10.7 10.0 10.3 12.2' 13.0 13.0113.Oi14.8 17.1j18.5 19.0 18. 20.2 21.7
scattl e. Was 10.7 9.5 10.1 10.2 9.8 10 11.010.4 3 11.0 11.9 14.01 14.0 14.0114;0116.1 19.3 20,0 18.6!18.4 20.3 22.0
Portland, re. 110.3 9.1 9.0 10.2 10.5 11.1 12..0 11.3 11.0 11.0 12.2 :14.0 14.0'14.0:14.0:15.7 17.89.6 20.0 19.6 21.9 22.0
San Francisco, 1 I 1 18.72. .7
Calif. 111.8 12.011.3 12.0 12.1 13.0 13.0 13.0 12.3 12.2 13.6 14 155 15.5 15.517.1 18.720.219.8 19.1 2. 22.
Los Angeles, i i i I 9
Calif. 12.8 10.610.6 10.911.2' 10.9 12.011 115 11.6 1. 135 14.514. 14. 2 8.3 19.91199 19.020.7 226
----------_-- --, I -_- -__ -+ -! ,2.0:1108: 11,5 I 11.6 1
ARAE .8j 10.2i 10.1 10 ;.9 11.3 11,47 12.412.3' 12.012.1 13.0 4.3 14.8 14.9 16.9! 19.0 20.922 19.9.22.0 23.2
----------_ _-- i 91--.3 -1 .- -1 4 -- I--4--J
2T Selling prices are for 'that quality of milk commonly sold in specified markets.
./ The prices listed are the latest reported to the Agricultural marketing Service up to and including the tenth of the month.


1953


23.1


23.1
24.2
25.0
23.4
24.6
23.9
24.2
26.9
19.9
21.8
25.0
22.1
21.0
21.1
21.2
21.1
23.8
26.2
24.2
24.0
21.4
20.9
22.0
22.6
22.8




Table 49,-Average Retail Price of ":ilk Delivered to
gomes of Consumers in 25 Cities, by Months, 1933-53 /2
F- -------------e t. N--ov. De- Av
raoh Ifft A ^, l : TW,,& t N, A,, A, Tt. Tcht. Nov. Dec.- Av.


C- Cit.
Boston, Mass.
Hartford, Conn.
New York; 'N. Y.
Philadelphia, Pa
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Baltimore s.Mda
Washington, D. C
Jacksonville, Fl
Clevelanda Ohio
Indianapolis, In
Chicago, Ill.
Detroit, Mich.
Milwaukee, Wis
Minneapolis.4 Mid
Kansas Cityj Moe
Omahas Nebro
Louisville, Kyo
New Orleans, Lao
Dallas; Texas
Denver, Colo .
Salt Lake City,
Seattle, Washe
Portland, Oreg.
.San Franoisco,Ca
Los Angeles, Cal


Table -50.-Prevailing-Retail Price: of Milk Delivered to Homes
of Consumers by Individual i1airkets, 1953 1/
'(Centi per single quart) '
i: n.:o Febu M ar.:_ Apr.._ay ,June :J Au tSept. OSt. : Nov.: Dee.- Av.
232323 .- .i 22- 121-" 21- 21 -- 22- 22j2 23-. 24- 24- 24-
'24 24 23 22 22 22 22-1 23 24 24- 24i i24 23.1
S24- 24-i I
224i 24t I24 23 23 23 24 24 24 24 24 24 24.2
S242 i241 24 124 23 23 24 2 54 26 26 27 26 2540
24 24 124 22- 22 22 23 23 23 24 24 24 i23.4
25 25 25 24 24 24 '24 24 25 25 25 25 24.6
23- 23- 24 :24 24 24 24 i 24 24 4 i24 24 23.9
. 24. 24 24 2 2 4 4 24 24 24 24- 24 24-2 24 24 24.2
a. 26. i27 27 27 27 27 7 27 27 27 27 27 27 26.9
22 !.20 20 19 18 18 19 20 20 21 21 1 21 19.9
d. 23 2 22 22 22 21 121 1 22 22 22 22 22 21.8
125 24 .24i 224 2 24 24i 25j 25-i 25 2 25 25 25 '25.0
24 22 24* 2 2
i23 22 22 .22 22 22 22. 22 22 22 22. 22 22.2
21 2 1 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21.0
n, 22 22 21 21 21 20 21 21 21 21 121 21 21.1
21 .21 21 21 21 21 20 21 21 22 22 22 21
21* i2 21 21 21 21 21 21 2 121 :21 21 21.1
25 125 24 124 24 24 24 24 23 23 23 23 23.6
26 '26 26 '26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26.2
26 ,26 25 :25 23 4 24 3 24 24 24. 24.
2 ;24 24 124 24.0,
24 i24 24 244 24 24 24 24 24 24 24.0
Utah, 22 :22 122 '22 22 21 21 '21 21 21 21 21 21.4
i22 i21 ;21* :21li 20* '20* 201 i 20* 2 20* 120* 20i 20i 20.9
S22 22 122 22 22 22 22 22 2 2 22 22.0
,lif. 23 23 123 22i 22- 22. 22 1 22 2 22 22-1 22.6-
if. 23* 23* ;23t 22 22- 22 22 22 22 22a 2i 22i 22.8
2 --2--- ------ ----------. -- ---- -- -----


,I. The prices listed are the latest reported to Agricultural
.and including the tenth of the month.


Marketing Service up to


1 41 -


Year Jan -


-. -- -'- -- pr y y ---
Cents Der .single quart
1933 -9o7 9*6 -9,5 1 9.6 9.4 9-8 10.1 1 0.5 -10.6 -10.6 -10.7 10.7 10.1
1934 10.7 10*6 10.6 10.5 10.6 i 10.6 10.8 10.9 1loO 11.3 11.3 11.4 10.9
1935 11.4 11,4 11.6 11,4 i11,4 I 11.4 11.3 11.2 11.2 11.2 11,2 11.3 11.3
1936 11.4 11.5 11,4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.9 12.1 12.1 12.3 1 12.4 11.7
1937' 124 124 12.4 124 12.3 123 123 24 12.5 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.4
124 1214 1,4 1 1231 i 1 2. .
1938 12.51 125 125 12.5 12.3 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.2 12.3
1939 12.2 12.1 12.1 11.8 117 11.7 11.7 i11.9 12,0 12.2 12.2 12.4 12.0
1940 12.3 12.4 12.4. 12.2 12.1 12.1 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.2 12.1
1941 12.3 12.3 .12,4 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.8 13.1 13.6 13.7 13.9 14.1 13.0
1942 14.2 14.3 14.3 14.3 142 142 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.2 144 14.4 14.3
I I I i
1943 14.5 14.6 14.6 14,8 14.8 14,8 14,8 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.8
1944 14.9' 14.9 14c9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.19
1945 14.9 1'14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 149 149 149 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9 14.9
1946 14.9 14,9 14,9 14.9 !15.0 15.7 i 179 18.3 18.5 191 19.3 19.5 15.9
1947 19.4 18.9 18.8 18.7 18.4 18.2 18.5 18.6 19.1 19.4 20.0 20.1 J 19.0
148 20.4 1 20.5.1 20.5 20.5 i20.3 20.5 20.8 21,2 21.6 1 21.6 i 21.6 21.4 20.9
1949 21.1 21.0 20.6 -20.0 19.8 198 19.9 20.0 19.9 20.2 20.2 20.1 20.2
1950 20.0 20.0 19.7 19.3 19.2 19.2 19.4 19.88 20.0 i 20.6 20.8 21.0 i 19.9
1951 21.4 21.6 21.7 217 .7 21.7 21.7 ;. 21.9 22.11 22.2 22.4 22.7 22.8 2;2.0
1952 23.0;'i 23.1 1 23,2 23,0 22.9 22.8 23,.0 23-2 23.4 237 23.8 23.7 23.2
1953 23.5 23.3 23,2 i22.9 j22.7 22.6 22.8 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.2 1 23.1
I/ Selling prices for that quality of milk most omionaly sold in markets shown in table below..
3/ The prices listed are the latest reported to Agricultural Marketing Service up to
and including the tenth of the month.




Tcble 51 -.-Average Daily Sales of Whole kilk, Skim Milk and Butterfat in Fluid Creamp
in Certain Federal Order Areas 1/ for 1951, 1952, and 1953
Whole milk Butterfat in fluid cream 2/ Skim milk items 3/
Marketing percent -- ---
are rent Percent Percent
Ara 1951 1952 1953 4_/ 5 f 1951 1952 1953 4/ 1953 of 1951 17/1952 1953 4/1953 of
.. e- .. 195 L 1.5 1952 -
1,000 lbo Pot. 1,000 lb. Pot. 1,000 lb. Pot.
Boston, Mass. 5/ 1,858 14/1,882 1,899 101 21.2 202 NoA. 56.8 1 58 Ib 54.21 I9
Chicago, 111. _/ 4,856 PY/4,955 5,069- 102 48.0 14/46.5 1 45.8 98 327.4 366.0 394,7 108
Cincinnati, Ohio / 565 14/608 644 106 31 -4/3<.2 3.1 97 698 750 81.6 109
Cleveland, Ohio 238 ,281 1,385 108 9.8 9.7 9.7 100 102.0 111 109.1 98
Columbus, Ohio 396 414 460 111 2.5 2.4 2.4 100 37.2 40.7 41.2 102
Dayton-Springfield., Ohio 432 444 479 108 2.3 2.1 2.2 102 4107 45.0 52.2 116
Detroit, Mich 5/ 2,623 2,778 106 190 19.4 103 223.1 254.5 114
Fall River, Mass. 5 110 I4/110 112 101 :7 14/6 .6 103 5.6 5.6 5.2 94
cFrt Wayne, Ind. 5 124 127 132 104 o7 v6 .6 94 10.5 102 11.1 109
Kansas City, M-o.-Kans. 5/ 558 581 629 108 3.4 3o3 3.2 99 55.5 58.4 60.7 104
Lnoxville Tenn, 104 106 102 I3 .3 100. 22.2 21.2 96
Louisvillev Ky. 458 14/458 475 104 1.6 1o6 1.5 97 41.4 42.7 44.5 104
M.ilwaukeep Wis. 825 844 902 107 5.5 5.3 5.5 104 60.5 65.9 66.3 101
iinneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 1,005 14/1y034 1,035 I 100 11.7 11.3 i 10.5 93 66.9 74.0 77.1 104
Nashville~ !enn. .246 268 284 106 1. 1 1. 11 98 I 56,5 .59.1 62.5 105
I:ew Orleans, La. 5/ 433 453 463 102 1.5 1.5 i 1.5 100 25.3 30.0 34 4 114
New York, N. Y. 7/8440 7/14/8,533 7/16A,599 101 8/62.1 8/60.6 /60o.4 100 9/ 9/ 9/
l north Texas -953 968 102 4.9 4.7 96 .3 13.8 137.8 103
SCnaha-Coun.Bluffs,Nebr.-Ia.5/ 248 14/252 260 103 2.2 2.1 2.0 97 22.4 26.6 29.4 110
rPhiladelphia, Pa. 5 1,9151 -,911 1,928 101 11.5 14/11.4 11.4 100 106..7 113.6 119.4 105
q Puget Sound, .4ash. 983 1,010 103 7.5 7.6 101 84.9 87.1 103
Quad Cities, Ill.-Ia. 229 232 232 100 1.9 14/1o9 1.8 96 18.4 24.6 32.3 132
St. Louis ;i.16, 890 934 974 104 6.0 5.9 5.8 99 77o2 83.1 86.8 104
Sioux City, IAo 70 72 75 104 .7 .7 e6 95 6.6 6e7 6.6 98
Springfield, Mass 5/ 375 14/372 398 104 2.3 2.3 N.A. -
South Bend-LaPorte-'nd., 176 -185 187 102 1.0 14A1.1 1.0 95 14.8 l4S. 15.8 107
Toledo, Ohio 373 398 414 107 3.0 2.9 2.9 100. 40.4 40.9. 43.3 106
Topeka, Kans. 75 83 86 103 .5 .5 .4 83 5.4 5;7 6.4 97
ulta-M.uskogee,, Ckla. /186. 14/239 252 105 11 /1l 14/1.2 ,.2 100 1/211 26.3 25.3 96
Wichitas Kans. 158 177 12/195 110 1.2 1.2 2.2 96 1688 18,6 12/17.9 96
ICTAL 14/31,510 32,440 103.0 210.3 208 .3 99.0 17A868.4 1,978.5 105.9
---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- -----.- -- --" -- 1- -- --..- --- 90
Sub-group total 15/ 26,239 26,847 27,578 10297 L3A83.0 13/178.6 176.3 98.7 1287.1 L1,404.4 77 1 2
1fProducts sold oi ronitis a osttli-ej "J'5kjtareai' Inoluid"exicep wh--re lnole. 'aTes 3y nndlei-s su7leZte to another Fedeiral Order are
not always included in data for market in which distributed. 2/ Includes sweet and sour cream and milk and cream mixtures containing 6 per-
cent or more butterfat. 3/ Includes fluid items such as plain and flavored skim milk and buttermilk which do not meet the butterfat content
requirement for whole milk and flavored whole milk 4/ Preliminary. 5/ No significant quantities- of outside sales included. 6/ Represents
total sales of packaged milk. Also bulk milk sales within the marketing area. Z/ Includes all whole milk shipped into the marketing area.
8 Does not include storage cream sold for fluid use. 9/ Series discontinued because not representative of consumption in market. 0/ Includei
all sales outside the marketing area. 1/ Muskogee, Ckla., not included. 12/ Does not include sales of one non-handler. 13/ Sales data for
the Boston and Springfield, Mass., areas excluded-for purposes of comparison. 14 Revised. 15/ Sales data for the Detroits-T ioh., Knox-
ville, Tenn., North Texas, and Puget Sounds Wash., areas excluded for purposes of comparison. 16/ Adjusted to 31 day month basis to compensate
for cessation of deliveries during October 25-30. Actual Octdber New York milk sales 7,709,000 lbs.; actual October total sales 33,317,000
lbs.; actual October New York fat in cream9 49,094 lbs.; actual October total fat in cream 196,872 lbs. 17/ Revised except for Detroit; Knox-
Ville; North Texas; Puget Sound and Topeka. "Computed from unrounded figures.
,1i




Table 52c-A-'erage Daily Receipts of Milk from Producers, Number of Producers, and Average Daily Receipts per
Producer in Certain Marketing Areas Under Federal Crders for 1951, 1952 and 1953


Average
Daily Receipts of Milk Number of Producers
from Producers
PeMakeoent PPcrcent
1C51 1952 19531 1953 of 9511952 1953 1953 of
1952 1952
.1,000 Ib, P',. Number Pot.
Bostong M ss- 3.966 2/4017 4/23 110 12,768 12,552 12,855 102
Chicago,. I110 10,136 -10, 391 12,0C4 115 .23,245 2/22,723 23,899 105
Cinoinnati:, Oido 952 2/1,:0C 1,145 113 5,208 5;097 5,224 102
Cleve2and; Ohio 1,853 V/2263 2,442 108 6,985 8,175 8,219 101
Columbus, CLO 598 617 721 117 2,114 2,138 2,230 104
Dayton-Spr3ngfle&.i OiL.,o 644 2/6c7 788 113 2,444 2,459 2,545 103
Uetroit, i.tich -' l f912 4..359 I 1 l2.3A6 12,822 104
Fall. Ri.ver.. Ma.s, 150 I 2/1.5( 151. 101 362 2/343 3-1 97
Fcart Waynie, TInd. /2 250 297 294 99 1,109 T,278 1,163 91
Kansas City., Mo--'ans'- 820 843 1,012 120 2s777 2/2,802 3,079 110
Knoxvinle, Tenn, 2411 274 114 619 668 108
LowiW n l /- Ky- 647 667 754 113 2p068 2,096 2,269 108
: i.lrau!ee. Wig, i 1,136 2/1J175 1,301 111 3,056 3p014 2,963 98
iinneapolis-St. PaulS~l .x3/ _j 861 !/1920 2,113 110 5,874 2/5,835 5,708 98
SIae~sJd.L1e. Tena 359 384 461 120 1,038 "1,151 1,306 113
SNIw. Cr-eana, Lao 623 2/56-I 714 108 2,766 2/2,757 2,821 102
"Cew York, N. Yo 18,911I 2I/r,448 20 690 106 49,732 2749;204 49,828 101
| North Texaa 1,507 1,777 118 2,776 3,187' 115
Cmaha-Coun.Bluff ;A.-Ia/ 366 2/387 484 125 1,58 2/1,544 1,710 111
Philadelphia,. Pao 3,060 T,065 3,130 102 8o772 2/8,365 8,033 96
Piuet So;d:. Wash, 1,648 1894 115 3;407 3,601 106
Cuad Cities, Ill,-Iaa 362 402 509 127 1,152 1,020 1,165 114
St, Louis, Moo 1, 212 1,258 1,428 113 3,907 3 992 4,190 105
SioUx City, Ia. 11f 147 179 122 498 2/?38 582 108
Springfield, :ass- 496 2/510 546 107 1 492. 2 ,478 1,4;3 101
South Bey.*d-LaPortsp IndL. 236 268 319 119 790 2'848 932 110
Toledo, Chio 457 477 580 122 1,8531 I871 2,003 107
Topeka, Kas 108 2/1221 148 121 399 456 495 109
:ulsa-,:uskoge~ CL..- ,'* i 2/306 I /421 523 124 7/782 2/1120 1,259 112
Wonita, Tarjso/ 258 2951 g. 89 132 "877 9151 1,028 112

1.-I 2/59,212 5,554 110.-7 2/162,919 167,608 102.9

ub-rcup total 649882 510457,250 110,3 143.54 143,771 147330 102.5

1/ All data are preliminary. 2/ Revised, 3/ includes producer-handlersc 4/WVeighted average.
/Does not include rec;eits ?6 one nou-hian'ler- 6/ Receipts data fcr the 7etroit, M.i.ch-9
Inoxville, Teazn, North Teya r and Pu:get Souadp 'Jusi., markets excluded for purposes of oxparison.
7_ Muskogee, QlaU, not iucJuded,


-I -- C-. II C
Average Daily Receipts
per Producer


--1951 1952 1953 ]."
-
Pound
311 320 344
436 ./457 502
183 198 21.9
265 277 297
283 289 323
264 283 310
317 340
414 2/437 456
225 232 253
295 301 329
399 410
313 318 332
372 390 439
317 2/329 370
346 334 353
225 2/241 253
380 395 415
543. 558
229 2/251 283
349 2/366 390
S484 526
314 394 437
310 318 341
231 2273 308
332 5/345 366
303 2/316 342
247 255 290
271 2/268 299
7/391 Y376 415
294. 322 378

/63 4,391

4/347 4/361 4/389
-.II ~ I -L


III-- -C
Percent
1953 of
1- 952

108
110
111
107
112
S110
107
104
109
109
105
104
113
112
106
105
105
103
113
107
109
111
107
113
106
108
114
112
110
117

108


108







Table 53.-ratio of Fluid Cream Sales to Total Sales of Fluid Ivhole Ailk
and Cream Expressed in Butterfat terms in 23 Federal
Order -iarkets, 1950, 1951, and 1952

S1950 1951 -1952
TotaT otal Total- -
u- butter- i b utter- butter-
:'arl:et Buitter-! Butter- fat in Ratio of Butter- EButter- fat- in Ratio of- Butter-' Butter- fat in Ratio of ..
fat in' fat in fluid butterfatl fat in fat in Ifluid butterfat fat in I fat in fluid butterfat
fluid fluid w hole in cream fluid fluid whole in cream fl-id fluid whole in cream
cream wIhole milk & to total cream whole milk & to total oream whole I milk & to total
S1/ milk _cream butterfa I _Mrilk cream -butterfat /_ milk cream butterfat
IiC.O Pou:ds 1 Percent 1000 Pouncs Percent 10CO Pjounds Percent
Eoston, Mass. 8,102 25,441 34,543 23.5 7,743 26,239; 33,982 22.8 7,410 26,618. 34,028 21.-
Chicago, 11. 2i 4/ j 18,711 61,856 80,567 23.2 i6A/7,542 63,250 j/80,792! 6/21.7 17,0051 63,290 80,296 21.2
Cincinnati, Ohio 3 j 1,127 7,577 8,704 12.9 ;i 1,189 7,8721 9,061 13.1 1,158 8,112 9,270 12.5
Clcvelarnd, Ohio 3,649 15,J30 19,479 18.7 3,580 16,473 20,053 17.9 3,553 17,106 20,659 17.2
Columbus, Ohio 3/ 1 43 5,188 6,131 15.4 i1 911 5,476 6,387 14.3 877 5,744 6,:21 13.2
Dayton-Snringfield, Ohio3/ 856 5,703 6,559 13.1 853 6,032j 6,~65 12.4 778 5,191 6,9691 11.2
Juluth-Superior,.-inn..50is. 504 1,950 2,554 23.6. 509 1,931 2,440 20.9 451 1,804 2,345 19.2
Fort ayne, Ind. 257 1,590 1,847 13.9 I 242 1, '43 1,885 12.8 221 1,680 1, 01 11.6
Sansas City; io.-Kans. 1,394 7,293 8,687 16.0 1,239 7,240 8,479 14.6 1,192 7,570 8,762 13.6
Louisville, Ky. 3/ 591 5,884 6,475 9.1 601 6.,276 6,877 8.7 587 6,411 5,998 8.4
I iineapolis-St. Paul, iinn. 4.393 12,668 17,061 25.7 4,266 13,083 17,349 246 4,138 13,404 17,542 23.6
i'ew Orleans, La. 573 5,961 6,534 8.8 550 '5,998 6,548 8.4 550 6,3181. 6,868 8.0
SOQraha-Council Bluffs,.*ebr.-Ia- 856 3,272 4,128 20.7 i 816 3,346 4,162 19.6 786 7/3,741 /4,6271 7/19.1
Pklahcma.City, Ckla. 5/330 5/2,071 5/2,401 5/13.7 432 3,067 3,499 12.3 54 3,494 3948 .5
Philadelphia, Pa. 3/ 5,472 30,291 35,753 15.3 5,339 31,110 36,449 14.6 5,340 31,071 36,411 14.7
St. Lcui, /io. "/ !~ 2,397 12,135 14,532 15.5 2,532 13,179 15,71 16.1 2,473 14,477 15,953 14.6
Sioux City, Ia. 273 867 1,140 23.9 259 885 1,144 22.6 244 903 1,147 21.3
Soirngfield, Mass. 877 5,020 5,897 14.9 840 5.s031 5,871 14.3 827 5,118 5,945 13.9
Toledo, Ohio 1,121 4,523 5',44. 19.9 i 1,096 4,888 5,984 18.4 1,046 5,192 51 5,238 16.8
Topeka, Kans. 170 900 1,070 15.9 178 966 1,144 15.6 181 1,088 1,269 14.3
Wichita, Kans 431 1,737 2,168 19.9 451 1,962 2,413 18.7 454 2,196 2,650 17.1
-orcester, Lass. 720 3,674 4,394 15.4 738 3,671 4,409 16.7 592 3,629 4,321' 16.0

101 54,188 225,513 279,701 19.4 ;/52,270 -232,927 285,19.7 /18.3 502857 238,835 289,692' 17.6
-l Includes sweet and sour cream and milk and caeam mixtures containing 6 percent butterfat or more.
2 Sales data are not se:reate'd 'by ha-ndlers in"terms of inside or outside the "i.iarketing Area". The sales, data as shomn here represent
total route sales by Chicago and S-.burban Chicago"Handlers.
/ Total sales, both in and outside marketing area.
/ Exdluds bulk' interhandler sales outside the -arketing area but includes distributors' route sales outside the marketing area.
5/ r-ay-December. 6/ Revised. 7/ Inoludes Lincoln, Nebr.


Compiled from reports of Federal iilk ..iarket Administrators to the Dairy Division, Agricultural Marketing Service.






Table l-I.-Sales of-butterfat
: marketing areas in


in fluid products in certain Federal order
1948 and 1952 with percentage changes


Butterfat in .*:'Butterfat in skim an i i

.rket 195 1 948 '48 1952 1 1948 194
.1948 1948 1948

1,000 lb-- Percenl. 1,000 lb. Percent

Boston, Mass. 26,518 26,759 99 288 191
YFall River, Mass. L 510 1,633 92 -'53 i 46 115
Philadelphia, Pa. 25,504 25,550 1 100 708 760 93
Cinoinnati, Ohio 8.2 7,345 t110 404 262 143 1/
Cleveland, Ohio 17106:7 15,087 .113 605 354 171
Cclumbus, Ohio 2/ 5744 4,923 117 -1 193 -1401 138
Dayton-Spr.igffiia.: Ohio 2/ 6191 5404 115 306 215 142
oledo, Ohio 5,192 4,298 121 349 2361 148
Ft. Wayne, Ind. : l ',1"0 1,502 112 0. 441 35 126
Sotth Bend, Ind. 2397 j 2,211 108 "-I 86j I 60 143
::pls-St. Paul, r-inn. 1:],404- 112,214 110i "1 159 132 120
Quad Cities, Ill,-la. 2/ 3,323 2,404 138 i 71 18 394
DWfubue, la. 598: 530 113 .8 .5 150
Siouix City, la. 903 792 114- i 9 6| 150
"'Cntata-Counoil Bluffs, Nebr.-ia. 3/3,345 3,077 3/109 3/61 46 3/133
Copeka, Kans. 1- ,088 825 132 8 5 160
Wichata, Eans. 2-,196 1,534 143 3i 39- 22 177
Kansas City, IMo.-Kans. 7,570 6461 117 122 87 140
St. Louis, lMo. il,e839 10,299 115 12/373. 2/191 2/35 2/
Lou-.. illa, Ky. 6,272 5,473 115. i- 140 116 121
lIashville., Tenn. 2 3,58 2.557 140 110 12 87
-83110 1-2,506 18.5
Few Cvlean-, La. "' 318 5,508 115 190 81 235


Total 161;49 147,387 109.5 4,326 3,114 138.9 3


Butterfat in cream
an.3jg l xtue i


952 1948

1,000 Ib.

7,410 8,586
224 220
3,029 3,854
1,158 /1,188
3,553 3,458
877 917
778 872
1,046 1,119
221 253
382 429
4,138 4,364
722 611
143 125
244 254
3/816 836
181 168
454 411
1,192 1,398
2,475 2/2,201
571 623
336 352
550 614
I


iY39 Go
1948
Percent

86
3.02
79
1/97
-103
96
89
93
67
89
95
118
114
96
3/98
"108
110
85
2/112
S92
95
90


0,50.2 32,853 92.8


Total butterfat in

1952 1948 1948
I-- ~00 _l Percent


34:316
1,787
30,241
9,674
21,254
6,814
7,275
6,587
1,945
2, 56
17,702
4,117
749
1,156
3/4,223
1,277
2,689
8,883
14,187
6,983
4,034
7,058


35,496
1,899
31,154
8,817
18,898
5,981
6,491
5,653
1,789
2,700
16,710
3s033
560
1,052
3,959
998
1,967
7,947
12,690
6,212
3,036
6,202


I196,327 1 3,354


97
94
97
110
i13
114
112
117
109
106
106
136
113
110
3/107
7 128
S137
112
116
112
133
114


107.1


1I Sales of butterfat in cream and mixtures are total sales by handlers.
Total sales by handlers.
1951 to avoid including sales =ade in Lincoino. Nebraski, a.'ded to the area in September 1952.


Compiled from reports of Federal .ilk I.iarket Administrators.


I I___ __


~


~_




U. S. Department of Agriculture Penalty ULINIVERITy OF FLORIDA
Washington 25, D. C. P IS 1111l11111 llIlli111111
3 1262 08860 8491
OFFICIAL BUSINESS

AMS-M P,D.P.-2/54
Peinit No, 1001






U S D ,. Library Agr. Exp. Stat.
itt: -i i K. Cresap. Lib.
Libra.,y-:09 Horticulture Bldg
5.53 GainaivilLe, Fla








-----------------------------------------------------------
,(Continued from page 39)
percent for Wichita, Kans., and 32 percent in Topeka, Kans, Very large increases.
were also reported for ITashville, Tenn,, and'Quad Cities, Ill,-Ia., but in both of
these markets the data show total sales by handlers rather then sales in the mlrket-
ing area. In about two-thirds of the areas showing increases the gains fell within
the range 10 to 20 percent. Seen markets showed gains between 1948 and 1952 in
the quantity of fat sold as fluid cream and milk and cream mixtures, but all of the
remaining 15 markets showed declines In 9 of. these 15 markets, the declines were
10 percent or less.

Only two markets, Philadelphia and Nashville, reported a decline in sales of
fat in skim and part-skim products between 1948 and 1952. Trelve of the remaining
20 markets reported gains of'40 percent or more and two markets showed-increases
of more than 100 percent. Only'three markets, Boston, Philadelphia, and. Fal River
in the group of 22, reported declines in total sales of fat in. all fluid products.
The other 19 markets reported gains of 6 percent or more. Thirteen reported gains
of more than 10 percent and four reported gains of more than 20 percent.




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