Vegetable situation

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Title:
Vegetable situation
Physical Description:
213 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division
Place of Publication:
Washington
Frequency:
quarterly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Vegetables -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Vegetable trade -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Vegetable trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
TVS-6 (June 1937) - TVS-218 (Nov. 1980).
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-TVS-218, Nov. 1980.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 1937-Nov. 1953 issued by Bureau of Agricultural Economics; 1954-Jan. 1961, by Agricultural Marketing Service; Apr. 1961- by Economic Research Service; Feb. 1978- by Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; Nov. 1980 by Economics and Statistics Service, each a subdivision of the United States Department of Agriculture; Nov. 1980 approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board.
General Note:
MONTHLY CATALOG NUMBER: gp 81007565

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 026013012
oclc - 08029461
lccn - 78643830
issn - 0042-3084
Classification:
lcc - HD9220.U5 U57a
ddc - 380.1/41/50973
System ID:
AA00013012:00002

Related Items

Preceded by:
Vegetable situation
Succeeded by:
Vegetable situation
Succeeded by:
Vegetable outlook & situation


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Full Text
/b .I .I /


VEGETABLE


SITUATION


TVS-127
~~__________AMS

PRICES FOR FRESH VEGETABLES
AND ALL FARM PRODUCTS


January 1958
FOR RELEASE
FEB. 4, A.M.


Prices of fresh market vegetables
have moved up over the past three
years, as supplies per person have
been a little smaller and demand has
improved. During 1956 and 1957 vege-
table prices averaged above the level
of all farm products, whereas they


had been below in other years
postwar period. During World
prices of fresh vegetables were
relative to all farm products, but fro
the mid-1920 's to the beginning of the
War fluctuated around the level of all
farm products.


Published quarterly by
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


% OF 1910-14
3001


*INDEX NUMBERS OF PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS


U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NEG.379I-SBa) BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONj


Ike


U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


III I


NEG.3791-58(1) BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECONI





TVS-127


JANUARY 1958


Table 1 .--Vegetables for fresh market: Commercial acreage,
production of principal crops, average 1949-56, annual 1957


yield per acre, and
and indicated 1958


Crop and Acreage Yield per acre : Production
seasonal, Indi- A :nddi
seasonal : Average : : Indi- :Average: : Indi-: Averag : : Indi-
group 1949-56 : 1957 coated :1949-56: 1957 : caed 1949-56 1957 : cated
: : 1958 : 195 :a 19585


VEGETABLES

WINTER
Artichokes
Beans, lima
Beans, snap
Beets
Broccoli
Brussels
sprouts
Cabbage e/
Carrots
Cauliflower
Celery
Corn, sweet
Cucumbers
Eggplant
Escarole
Kale
Lettuce
Peas, green
Peppers,
green
Shallots
Spinach
Tomatoes

Total

SPRING
Asparagus 1
Cabbage 1J
Early
Onions
Early
Late
Watermelons
Late

Total Spring
to date

Total
Spring 3/

Winter and
Spring to
date 3/


Acres


8,090
700
27,240
4,060
6,850

350
42,120
39,510
4,480
9,830
5,400
1,810
720
4,250
2,810
63,350
1,680

3,910
3,580
19,670
1I ,-


Acres Acres Cwt. Cwt. Cwt. cwt.


9,400
400
18,800
2,000
3,250

400
30,b00
30,600
7,720
9,990
13,600
2,600
900
5,700
2,600
66,900


6,200
2,900
13,250
A*? i rr


8,800
350
17,000
2,500
2,800

100
37,600
25,950
4,850
11,420
10,000
2,400
550
6,b600
2,400
68,700


5,300
2,600
12,750


39
28
32
74
44

45
160bO
128
98
432
70
72
138
126
73
136
18


35
25
33
85
44

45
156
142
93
445
65
85
150
110
68
131


40
23
27
80
42

40
157
145
83
418
60
70
125
125
76
138


315
20
862
292
296

1b
6,733
4,989
440
4,249
392
134
99
540
205
8,555
27

415
97
759


.LJU I,UUU
cwt. cwt.


329
10
620
170
143

18
4,786
4,335
717
4,442
884
221
135
627
177
8,757


552
58
671


352
8
459
200
119

4
5,916
3,764
404
4,770
600
168
69
825
182
9,485


* a,-J y cj,u f.)uu v LI 11 95 1.730 2.656 1.662
: 265,600 250,910 240,170 --- --- --- 31,165 30,308 30,131



: 138,210 155,040 2/161,840 24 23 --- 3,250 3,627 ---

:20,050 17,200 2/17,400 123 144 --- 2,447 2,485

S37,600 30,000 30,000 63 90 --- 2,212 2,700 ---
:14,940 12,900 2/16,900 135 173 --- 1,983 2,226

:86,360 103,200 2/102,000 85 72 --- 7,450 7,403


S297,160 318,340 328,140 --- --- --- 17,342 18,441


S698,193 687,730 --- --- --- --- 49,274 51,788


: 562,760 569,250 568,310


48,507 48,749


y incLuaes processing.
used for sauerkraut.


2/ Prospective. 3/ Includes asparagus used for processing and cabbage


,,,-, .


- 2 -


398
78
668





JANUARY 1958


THE VEGETABLE SITUATION


Approved by the Outlook and Situation Board, January 29, 1958


CONTENTS

Page


Summary .....................
Commercial vegetables
for fresh market ..........
Vegetables for commercial
processing ................
Canned Vegetables .........
Frozen Vegetables .........


3 Potatoes .................... 14
Sweetpotatoes ............... 17
5 Dry edible beans ........... 18
Dry field peas .............. 20
10 List of tables .............. 33-34
12
13


SUMMARY


Production of 20 commercial vegetables grown for 1958 winter-season
harvest is expected to be somewhat smaller than in 1957. On January 1 produc-
tion was reported to be down slightly. Since that date, however, heavy rains
in Florida and Texas and low temperatures in Florida have further reduced win-
ter crop prospects. Marketings of fresh vegetables in January appeared to be
more than a tenth less than in the same month last year. Among the more
important winter vegetables, snap beans, sweet corn, green peppers and tomatoes
are likely to continue in relatively light supply into late winter. Demand
for fresh vegetables is expected to continue strong. With smaller supplies in
prospect, prices received by growers for winter-season vegetables are expected
to average substantially above those of last winter.

Incomplete data indicate that the supplies of canned vegetables avail-
able for distribution into mid-1958 are moderately smaller than the heavy sup-
plies of a year ago, but substantially larger than the 1949-55 average.
January 1 stocks of frozen vegetables were record large. All major canned
items appear plentiful, with sweet corn, green peas and snap beans in near-
record supply.


- 3 -


TVS-127





JANUARY 1958


Movement of processed vegetables is expected to continue relatively
high. Winter disappearance is likely to be increased somewhat because of
smaller supplies of some fresh market items. Stocks of both canned and frozen
vegetables are expected to be smaller at the end of the current marketing
season than in 1957. Thus, should the total pack in 1958 be about the same as
in 1957, as suggested in the Departments' acreage-marketing guide supplies for
the coming season probably would not be burdensome as has been the case in
the 1956-57 and the 1957-58 seasons.

Potato supplies into mid-1958 promise to be somewhat smaller than the
burdensome supplies of a year earlier. Prices are expected to average materi-
ally above the low levels for the corresponding months of 1957. Stocks of
potatoes on hand are smaller than a year ago, and prospects are that produc-
tion during the first half of the year will be smaller.

Stocks of potatoes held by growers and dealers in the 26 fall producing
States on January 1 amounted to about 89 million hundredweight, 11.5 million
less than a year earlier. Estimated production of potatoes for winter-season
harvest, as of Jmanry was 5.7 million hundredweight, about a million less than
last winter. The crop has suffered some further weather damage since that
date. Also, indications are that production of potatoes for spring harvest
is likely to be somewhat smaller this year than last.

Sweetpotatoes appear to be in fairly light supply. During the early
part of the season relatively heavy shipments from areas which market most of
their sweetpotatoes at or soon after harvest held prices below year-earlier
levels. By mid-December, however, weekly shipments had fallen below those of
the previous season and prices were higher. With continued light supplies in
prospect, prices are expected to advance into the spring, and are likely to
average above those of a year earlier.

Total supplies of dry edible beans are somewhat smaller than supplies
in the previous season, but appear adequate to meet anticipated domestic and
export requirements. Domestic demand for dry beans may be about the same to
slightly larger in 1957-58 than a year earlier. But with smaller supplies,
substantially fewer beans may be exported than in the previous season when
large quantities of CCC stocks moved abroad under special Government export
programs. Prices received by growers, compared with a year earlier, will vary
by classes. With smaller total supplies, however, and the same average
national support rate, overall prices received by growers during the next 4-6
months are expected to average moderately to substantially above those of a
year earlier.

Supplies of dry field peas are smaller than a year earlier, but substan-
tially above the 1949-55 average, and in excess of anticipated demand. Domes-
tic demand for dry peas this season may be about the same as a year earlier,
but with a more normal supply situation in Europe export demand is expected to
be down substantially. Above average supplies available during the next few
months are expected to hold prices well under 1949-55 average levels.


- 4 -


TVS-127





JANUARY 1958


COMMERCIAL VEGETABLES FOR FRESH MARKET

Production Down Moderately
Value U In 1957

Acreage of vegetables harvested for fresh market sale in 1957 was
slightly smaller than in 1956. Tonnage was down 5 percent from a year earlier
but about 3 percent above the 1949-55 average. Compared with 1956, production
was down substantially for beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots,
cauliflower, and shallots, and down moderately for celery and spinach. Only
five crops -- asparagus, snap beans, cucumbers, eggplant and escarole -- were
in significantly heavier supply. A larger acreage of watermelons more than
offset a reduction in acreage of cantaloups, but production of both cantaloups
and watermelons was below that of a year earlier.

Demand for fresh vegetables in 1957 remained strong. Among the more
important items, prices averaged significantly lower than in 1956 for 4 crops--
asparagus, boccoli, cucumbers and onions. But prices were substantially higher
for cabbage, carrots, celery, sweet corn, and green peppers, and moderately
higher for lettuce. Despite the smaller production than in 1956, aggregate
value of commercial vegetables for fresh market amounted to about $722 million
in 1957, 2 percent more than in 1956. Prices of cantaloups were much higher
than a year earlier and watermelons substantially higher. Aggregate value of
melons amounted to about $118 million compared with $103 million in 1956.

Production Likely To
Be Down, Prices
Up This Winter

According to January 1 estimates of the Crop Reporting Board, produc-
tion of winter vegetables was expected to be slightly less than in 1957 and
3 percent below the 1949-56 average. The smaller expected production was
largely the result of damage caused by the December 12 and 13 freeze in Florida.
Among the more important crops, substantial reductions from 1957 were in pro-
spect for snap beans, carrots, cauliflower, sweet corn, green peppers and
tomatoes. Among other vegetables smaller supplies were also in prospect for
broccoli, cucumber and eggplant. As of January 1, production of lettuce,
largely in the West, and some of the hardier crops promised to be larger than
a year earlier.

Since the January 1 forecasts were prepared, however, heavy rains in
Texas and Florida and low temperatures in Florida on January 9 and 10 caused
further damage to winter vegetables. In Texas heavy rains on January 4 and 5
flooded vegetables on low ground in the Lower Valley and Coastal Bend.
Heaviest damage was reported for mature winter carrots and young tomatoes
in the Lower Valley. In Florida, torrential rains of January 2 and 3 caused


VS -127


- 5 -





JANUARY 1958


extensive damage from flooding, particularly in Dade County which had escaped
serious damage in the freeze of December 12 and 13. Below normal temperatures
and continued rains in January retarded development of new plantings and pre-
vented satisfactory recovery of the more advanced fields.

In recent weeks shipments of many tender vegetables have been curtailed
as a result of weather loss and damage, and prices of some items have advanced
sharply. Movement by rail and incomplete data on movement by truck indicated
that for the period January 5-25 shipments of winter season vegetables were
about 14 percent under those of a year earlier. Imports of cabbage from
Holland are likely to be substantially larger than the light volume of last
winter. Imports of vegetables from Cuba and Mexico are also expected to be
materially heavier than the relatively light volume of last winter. These
imports, particularly of cucumbers and tomatoes, will add significantly to
market supplies. Nevertheless, aggregate supplies of tender vegetables are
expected to be down substantially from a year earlier.. Demand for fresh vege-
tables is expected to continue strong. With smaller supplies in prospect,
prices received by farmers for winter vegetables are likely to average sub-
stantially above both those of a year earlier and the 1949-55 average. Prices
of individual items compared with a year earlier will depend largely on the
relative supplies, patterns of marketing, and quality. At least into late
winter, prices received by growers for snap beans, carrots, cauliflower, sweet
corn, cucumbers, eggplant, green peppers and tomatoes are expected to average
materially higher than a year earlier.

Prospects For
Leading Crops

Cabbage Indications are that cabbage supplies this winter will be
below the 1949-56 average. January 1 stocks of fall-crop cabbage were relatively
light, and production of -cabbage for winter harvest is expected to be consider-
ably below average.

Growers of fall cabbage, who received low prices for the 1956 crop,
cut acreage in 1957; yields were also down. As a result, production was
materially below both a year earlier and the 1949-55 average. Acreage of
Danish cabbage in New York was cut substantially, yields were sharply lower,
and production was more than a third smaller than in 1956 and almost a fourth
below average. Despite the much smaller crop, movement of New York Danish
cabbage last fall was slightly larger than a year ago. This left January 1
stocks, in producing areas, of only 434,000 hundredweight, less than half
those of a year earlier and substantially below average. With most of the
late fall crop from Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina marketed
prior to January 1, and with winter production expected to be below average,
Danish cabbage are selling at high levels.


- 6 -


TVS-127





JANUARY 1958


The great bulk of cabbage available during the first quarter of the
year will come from winter production. The mid-December cold wave sharply
reduced production prospects in Florida, particularly on acreage for early
season harvest and caused some damage to cabbage in Texas. Supplies of "new
crop" cabbage from production in Florida and Texas was estimated on January 1,
at 5.9 million hundredweight, about a fourth larger than the small crop of
last winter but more than a tenth below the 1949-56 average. However, rains
during January caused further damage, and lowered quality, particularly of
mature cabbage. With supplies of new crop cabbage expected to be substantially
below average, prices of this item during the next 6-8 weeks are likely to
average above those of most recent years.

Early reports indicate a prospective acreage of cabbage for early
spring harvest just slightly larger than in 1957. But yields may be lower
than last year when growing conditions in most States were favorable and yields
very high.

Onions.- Best indications at this time are that supplies of onions available
during the next 2-3 months may be a little smaller than either a year earlier
or average. The 1957 crop of late summer onions, a large part of which goes
into storage for marketing throughout the fall and winter, amounted to
16.9 million hundredweight a little less than a year earlier but slightly more
than the 1949-55 average. The smaller production, together with a good rate
of movement to market this fall and reported heavy losses in the central and
western States has resulted in smaller remaining supplies than a year earlier.
Stocks of sound onions in storage on January 1, 1958, at 4.3 million hundred-
weight, were about 8 percent less than a year ago and 14 percent below the
1950-56 average. Stocks in common storage were down 10 percent, while cold
storage holdings, at 408,000 hundredweight, were up 20 percent. Total hold-
ings were 16 percent less than a year ago in the eastern States, 8 percent
less in the central States, and slightly less in the western States.

No production estimate is available for early spring onions. But
tentative estimates of the Crop Reporting Board place plantings of this south
Texas crop at 30,000 acres, the same as a year ago but a fifth below the
1949-56 average. Reported acreage is considerably above last year in the
lower Valley-Raymonsville area, with most of the increase in irrigated plant-
ings. Acreages in the Coastal Bend, Laredo and Winter Garden areas are down
substantially from 1957. Plantings were delayed in Laredo, Winter Garden and
Eagle Pass, and low temperatures retarded growth of young plants in some areas.
In general, however, onions appear to be in good condition and at about the
normal stage of development. Assuming 1953-57 average yields in the various
areas, production of early spring onions would be moderately smaller than a
year ago.


TVS-127


- 7 -







Intentions reports indicate that growers plan to plant an acreage of
onions for late spring harvest 31 percent larger than last year and 13 percent
above the 1949-56 average. Substantial increases are expected in California,
North Carolina and Texas. The larger acreage is probably due at least in
part to the high prices received for the 1956 and 1957 crops. But the high
prices of 1956 resulted from the light crop, and the high prices of 1957 were
due largely to rain damage to the early spring crop in the Winter Garden area
of Texas and in North Texas. However, should yields be near the 1953-57
average, production on the indicated acreage would be much larger than a year
earlier and in excess of anticipated demand.

Movement of onions during the past few months has been fairly active
and prices have been moderately above those of a year earlier. With below
average supplies available this winter, prices are expected to average above
most recent years but may be about in line with those of last winter. The
level of prices this spring will depend largely on the volume produced and
marketed and on the seasonal pattern of harvest. Should the pattern of
harvest of the spring crops be near normal, however, prices in early spring
probably would remain fairly high. But a late spring crop as large as appears
probable would likely result in marketing difficulties and depressed prices.

Carrots-Prospective production of carrots for winter harvest on Janu-
ary 1 was down 13 percent from a year earlier and a fourth below the 1949-56
average. Since January 1, however, further losses and damage have been re-
ported for mature carrots in the Lower Valley of Texas. The reduced prospec-
tive production compared with a year earlier was due primarily to a sharp cut
in acreage.

Demand was slow last winter and the below average crops in Texas and
California were marketed at prices well below those of most recent years.
Only the relatively small volume from Arizona brought above average prices.
However, the 1957 early and late fall crops were substantially smaller than a
year ago, and prices averaged materially higher. Prices received by growers
in mid-December averaged $4.85 per hundredweight, compared with $3.50 in mid-
December 1956.

Shipping point quotations indicate that prices in mid-January were
still-well above the relatively low level of a year earlier. With substan-
tially lighter supplies available during the next two months, prices received
by growers are expected to average much higher than the low levels for the
corresponding months of 1957.

Celery-Prospective yield and production of celery for winter season
harvest were cut somewhat by low temperatures and excessive rains in Florida.
Below freezing temperatures on December 12 and 13 damaged outer leaves on
mature celery and made heavy stripping necessary. Heavy rains and low tem-
peratures in the Everglades in January also retarded development of young
fields and lowered quality of mature celery. But acreage in Florida was
substantially above the 1949-56 average, and December rains were beneficial
to the crop in California. Thus despite the weather damage, in Florida
production of winter celery is expected to be above average.


JANUARY 1958


- 8 -


TVS-127






JANUARY 1958


Shipments of celery from Florida in recent weeks have been very light,
but movement from California has been heavy, and prices have been below those
of most recent years. With above average supplies in prospect during the next
8-10 weeks, prices received by growers are expected to continue at moderate
levels.

Lettuce Acreage and production of lettuce for winter season harvest
continues to expand. Indicated acreage is slightly larger this winter than last
and about 8 percent above the 1949-56 average. Weather in the Far West has been
favorable for winter lettuce. Thus, yields for the season are expected to aver-
age a little higher due to higher yields in California. Aggregate production
is expected to be 8 percent larger than last winter and 11 percent above average.

Supplies of lettuce available in shipping areas in late December-early
January were larger than a year earlier and prices averaged materially lower.
Prices received by growers during the next 8-10 weeks will be influenced by the
patterns of harvest in the various shipping areas. With continued large sup-
plies in prospect, however, prices are likely to continue to average below
those of a year earlier.

Tomatoes Supplies of tomatoes promise to be substantially smaller this
winter than last. Winter acreage in all areas of Florida except Dade County
was destroyed or severely damaged by the freeze of December 12-13. Production
of winter-season tomatoes in Florida was estimated, as of January 1, at 1.7 mil-
lion hundredweight. This was more than a third below last winter and moderately
below the 1949-56 average. But production prospects have been further reduced,
since the January 1 estimate, by the heavy rains which drowned a large acreage
in Florida, and by cold weather on January 9-10. Most surviving acreage was
seriously damaged. Also, the wet weather prevented effective disease control
so that leaf spot and rust are a serious problem on surviving acreage.

Reports indicate that imports of tomatoes from Mexico and Cuba are run-
ning well ahead of those of a year ago. With the prospect 9f much smaller
production in this country, imports are expected to continue above those of a
year ago. But total supplies available in domestic markets will be much smaller
this winter than last, and prices are expected to average substantially above
both last year and average.

Watermelons Early reports indicate that growers in Florida and Cali-
fornia intend to have slightly less acreage of watermelons for late spring
harvest this year than last. Heavy rains in January resulted in serious damage
to the crop in south Florida. Considerable replanting will be necessary in
that section if grovers' intentions are to be realized, and the crop will be
later than normal.


TVS-127


- 9 -






JANUARY 1958


The intended acreage with 1955-57 average yields and normal abandonment
would result in the production nearly a fourth larger than the light crop of
last year, and substantially above average.

Acreage -Marketing Guides
for Spring, Summer, and Fall Vegetables

Spring The USDA acreage-marketing guide recommends for 18 spring vege-
tables a 1958 planted acreage 1 percent larger than in 1957. With average
yields and normal abandonment this acreage would result in a 1958 production
slightly larger than in 1957. A 20 percent increase is recommended in cantaloup
acreage, with the objective of 52 percent increase in production over the small
crop of 1957.

Summer For summer vegetables for fresh market, excluding melons, the
quide suggests an aggregate planted acreage 1 percent less than last summer.
With normal abandonment and yields near the average of recent years, production
or the suggested acreage would be about 2 percent less than in 1957. Increases
in acreages are suggested for early- mid- and late summer cantaloups. With
normal abandonment and average yields, production on the suggested acreage would
be substantially larger in early summer and moderately larger in late summer.
But tonnage of the important mid-summer crop would be moderately to substan-
tially smaller than a year earlier, and total summer production would be down
slightly. A 5 percent reduction in acreage was recommended for early summer
watermelons and no change for late summer.

Fall The guide for fall vegetables suggests a planted acreage 4 per-
cent smaller than in 1957. Normal abandonment and yields near the average of
recent years, on the suggested acreage, would result in a production about the
same as in 1957.

The acreage-marketing guides, giving detailed recommendations for the
individual crops, are distributed to State extension workers and other inter-
ested groups. Copies may be obtained from the Agricultural Marketing Service,
U. S. D. A., Washington 25, D. C.


VEGETABLES FOR COMMERCIAL PROCESSING

1957 Acreage for Processing Down Moderately
From a Year Earlier, Production and
Value Down Substantially

Harvested acreage of 10 crops for commercial processing in 1957 was
about 4 percent smaller than 1956 but about in line with the 1949-55 average.
Yields of several heavy volume items, snap beans, cabbage, sweet corn and
tomatoes also were significantly lower than those of a year earlier. As a


- 10 -


mTV-127





JANUARY 1958


result, production for processing was down 19 percent from the 1956 record but
was about 9 percent above the 1949-55 average. In addition to much smaller
tonnages of tomatoes, sweet corn and cabbage for kraut, production of lima
beans and beets was also substantially smaller, and asparagus slightly smaller
than a year earlier. Tonnage of cucumbers for pickles was materially larger
than in 1956, snap beans moderately larger, and green peas and spinach slightly
larger.

Prices in 1957 were substantially higher than in 1956 for cabbage for
kraut, and moderately higher for beets. But prices averaged materially lower
for asparagus, and slightly to moderately lower for other processing crops.
Total value of the 1957 crop of vegetables for processing amounted to about
$272 million, 14 percent less than the value of the 1956 crop.


Prospects for 1958


Supplies of canned vegetables appear to be moderately smaller than the
heavy supplies of a year ago, but substantially larger than the 1949-55 average.
Holdings of frozen vegetables are record large. Demand for food is expected to
continue strong, and with plentiful supplies in prospect into mid-year, a good
rate of movement is expected for processed items. Stocks of both canned and
frozen vegetables at the end of the current marketing season probably will be
moderately to substantially below the high level of a year earlier.

The movement and market tone of processed vegetables during the next
two or three months will have some influence on packer operations in 1958.
But supplies of processed vegetables in both the current and previous seasons
have been heavy, and prices paid canners and freezers for a number of major
items have been low relative to their raw product, labor and material costs.
No information is yet available as to probable acreage of vegetables for pro-
cessing in 1958. However, based on past experience and anticipated demand, it
appears that a moderate cut in acreage is needed in 1958 to avoid the risk of
burdensome supplies in the 1958-59 season. Accordingly, the Department acreage-
marketing guide suggests a 5 percent cut from 1957 in acreage of vegetables for
commercial processing. Should yields of the various crops be near the average
of recent years, aggregate production on the suggested acreage would be about
the same as in 1957, but slightly to moderately above the 1949-55 average.

Due to a much smaller pack in 1957, supplies of tomatoes and tomato
juice appear to be moderately to substantially smaller than a year earlier.
Prices at wholesale average a little higher than those of a year earlier and
are likely to show some further moderate strength. The U. S. Department of
Agriculture acreage-marketing guide suggests a planted acreage equal to 1957
with the objective of an 8 percent larger tonnage.


TV -127


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JANUARY 1958


Because of the sharply reduced pack, sauerkraut supplies are about a
tenth smaller than a year earlier and moderately smaller than the average of
recent years. Prices received by canners are a little above those of a year
ago and are likely to show some further strength. The acreage-marketing guide
recommends a 5 percent increase in total acreage for kraut over 1957, with the
objective of 10 percent more tonnage. Volume of cabbage from contract acreage
is supplemented by open market purchases of cabbage for kraut. The great bulk
of these purchases, which usually amounted to 40 to 50 percent of total packer
requirements, come from the early fall crop.

Green peas, sweet corn and snap beans are all in heavy supply and many
packers are caught in a cost-price squeeze. 'Some reduction in 1958 production
of each seems desirable to bring supplies in line with anticipated demand.
Assuming yields near the average of recent years, this would require moderate
to substantial cuts in acreage. The guide suggests a 10 percent cut in
acreage of green peas with the objective of a fifth less production than in
1957; a 5 percent cut in acreage of both snap beans and sweet corn with the
objective of 7 percent less snap beans, and 6 percent less sweet corn.

Among other processing crops, the guide recommends no change from 1957
in acreage of beets, with the objective of a 5 percent cut in production; a
5 percent increase in acreage of lima beans with a 2 percent larger production;
a 10 percent cut in acreage of spinach with a 9 percent smaller tonnage; and
no change from 1957 in acreage of cucumbers for pickles, with the objective of
a moderately smaller production.

CANNED VEGETABLES

Data on production of vegetables for commercial processing and incom-
plete information on pack, indicate that the total pack of canned vegetables
in 1957 was substantially smaller than the record 1956 pack. Among the more
important items, the packs of tomatoes and tomato juice were much smaller than
the above average packs of a year earlier, and the pack of corn was substan-
tially smaller. The 1957 pack of canned green peas was about a sixth larger
than in the previous season, and the pack of snap beans almost a tenth larger.
Among other items on which information is available, the pack of asparagus
was almost a tenth larger than a year earlier, while the pack of lima beans
was a fourth smaller.

Remaining Supplies Moderately
Smaller Than a Year Earlier,
Substantially Above Average

The smaller overall pack of canned vegetables in 1957, compared with
1956, was largely offset by substantially larger carryover stocks at the
beginning of the current season. Thus, total supplies available during the
marketing year beginning in mid-1957 were only a little smaller than the
large supplies available during the previous season. Movement of canned


TVS-127


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JANUARY 1958


goods this season has been at a relatively high level, and this together with
incomplete stocks data indicate that remaining supplies probably are moderately
smaller than a year ago, but materially above the 1949-55 average. Among
items on which recent stocks data are available, canner holdings of sweet corn
and asparagus appear to be about the same as a year ago, while holdings of
green peas are substantially larger. Data are not available on canner stocks
of tomatoes and tomato juice, but holdings of both items probably are somewhat
lighter than the heavy holdings of a year earlier. Information is not yet
available on January 1 distributor stocks.

Demand for processed items into late winter will be stimulated somewhat
by the relatively light supplies of fresh vegetables. Total disappearance of
canned vegetables into mid-1958 is expected to be at least as large as in the
corresponding period of 1957. In early January f.o.b. prices paid to canners
for tomatoes and tomato juice were moderately higher than the low levels of
a year earlier. Snap beans and corn were about the same, while green peas
were lower. Prices of a number of items are likely to show some strength as
the marketing season progresses. But with above average supplies available,
overall prices for canned vegetables are expected to remain at a relatively
low level. Stocks at the end of the current marketing year are expected to
be moderately to substantially smaller than the heavy stocks of a year earlier.
Thus, a total pack in 1958 about the same as in 1957, as suggested in the
Departments' acreage-marketing guide, would bring supplies for the coming
season about into balance with anticipated demand.



FROZEN VEGETABLES


Pack in 1957 Smaller,
Beginning Stocks Larger
Than a Year Earlier

Although 1957 pack figures are not yet available for most frozen
vegetables, indications are that the total commercial pack was moderately
smaller than the record 1956 pack of 1,522 million pounds. The pack of frozen
green peas in 1957 amounted to 293 million pounds, 67 million pounds less
than a year earlier, while the pack of cut corn at 112 million pounds was
down 6 million pounds. The 30 million pounds of asparagus packed in 1957 was
about 7 million less than in 1956. The pack statistics are also likely to
reveal smaller packs of a number of other vegetables, including broccoli,
Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower.

But the carryover stocks of frozen vegetables on July 1, 1957, the
beginning of the current season, were about a third larger than a year earlier.
These larger stocks more than offset the estimated reduction in pack.


- 13 -


TVS-127





JANUARY 1958


Remaining Supplies
Record Large

There has been a good overall movement of frozen items during the first
half of the current season. Net movement out of cold storage during December
was substantially larger than in the same month of last season. But supplies
continued heavy. Total cold storage holdings of frozen vegetables on
January 1 amounted to 884 million pounds, the largest of record for that date
and 3 percent above a year earlier. Holdings of asparagus, sweet corn,
mixed vegetables, mixed peas and carrots, french fried potatoes and spinach
were materially larger than those on January 1, 1957, and green peas moderately
larger. On the other hand, stocks of frozen broccoli and cauliflower were
substantially smaller than a year earlier, and snap beans, Brussels sprouts
and "other" vegetables slightly to moderately smaller.

Good Rate of Movement
Expected to Continue

Consumer demand is expected to continue strong in 1958. With record
large supplies of frozen vegetables and sharply curtailed supplies of some
winter-season vegetables for fresh market, aggregate movement of frozen items
during the first half of 1958 is expected to be substantially larger than in
the first half of 1957. Thus, carryover stocks at the end of the current
season probably will be smaller than the record carryover in 1956. The
market for frozen vegetables continues to expand, and processors are expected
to put up another large pack in 1958.


POTATOES

Large Supplies, Low
Prices in 1957

The year 1957 was characterized by generally heavy supplies of potatoes
and relatively low prices. The burdensome supplies in the first half of the
year resulted from the large stocks of potatoes on hand January 1, 1957, the
record output of winter potatoes, and a spring crop about 15 percent larger
than the 1949-55 average. Although production for summer harvest was below
both that of a year earlier and average, supplies were more than ample, and
about 1.3 million hundredweight were diverted to starch and livestock feed
under the USDA diversion program. About half a million hundredweight of
these qualified for supplementary payments. However, pressure on markets was
not as heavy as earlier in the season, and by mid-summer prices had strength-
ened somewhat from the spring low.

Fall crop production was about 8 percent below that of 1956 but about
13 million hundredweight above the USDA acreage-marketing guide recommendation.
Prices during the fall remained at fairly low levels.


TVS-127






JANUARY 1958


The Fall Crop; Marketing
Agreements and Orders;
and the Divesion Program

Production of potatoes for 1957 fall harvest amounted to 154 million
hundredweight. This was about 12 million hundredweight less than in 1956 but
moderately in excess of anticipated trade requirements. Marketing agreements
and orders, restricting marketing of tablestock potatoes to the more desirable
grades and sizes, are again in effect in a number of the major producing
areas. Based on the size and distribution of the 1957 fall crop of potatoes,
about 70 percent of the crop is covered by Federal marketing agreements and
orders.

To help alleviate marketing difficulties and to increase returns to
growers, the USDA in late September announced a diversion program for 1957
fall crop potatoes. The program was basically the same as that for the 1956
fall crop and was available only in States or areas which developed and sub-
mitted to the Department a marketing plan which met the requirements of the
program. Growers in participating areas receive supplementary payments for
certain specified grades and sizes of potatoes diverted into starch, live-
stock feed, or flour. The rates of payment are the same as for the 1956 fall
crop. To encourage early diversion, established rates for grades and sizes
eligible for payment were 50 cents a hundredweight through December 31, 1957;
40 cents through March 31, 1958; and 30 cents through remainder of program,
but not later than May 31, 1958.

Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon,
Washington and parts of California have been approved for participation in
the program. Total diversions under the program have been larger this season
than last because of increased diversions of culls. Diversions of potatoes
of the higher grades and specified sizes eligible for supplementary payments
have been significantly smaller. Through January 25, a total of 7.8 million
hundredweight of fall crop potatoes had been diverted under the program,
about half a million hundredweight more than a year ago. However, only
3.5 million hundredweight were eligible for supplementary payments under the
program, 1.4 million hundredweight less than a year ago. Notable is the large
diversion under the program in Idaho this season, mostly culls, compared with
a relatively small quantity diverted a year earlier.

Smaller Supplies in Prospect
Into Mid-Year

Indications are that potato supplies into mid-1958 will be somewhat
smaller than the burdensome supplies of a year earlier. Stocks of potatoes
on hand are smaller than a year ago, and prospects are that production in
the first half of 1958 will be smaller than in the corresponding period of
1957.
Total stocks of fall crop potatoes held by growers and local dealers
in the 26 fall producing States amounted to about 89 million hundredweight on
Jaunary 1, 1958. This was about 11.5 million hundredweight less than a year


TVS-127


- 15 -






JANUARY 1958


earlier, and slightly below the 1949-56 average. Production of potatoes for
1958 winter harvest in Florida and California on January 1 was estimated at
5.7 million hundredweight, compared with a record 6.8 million last winter and
a 1949-56 average of 3.8 million. However, the winter crop in Florida has
suffered additional weather damage since the January crop report. The winter
crop makes up a relatively small part of production during the first half of
the year, averaging 15 percent during the last 3 years.

Indications are that production of potatoes for spring harvest may be
somewhat smaller this year than last. Acreage for early spring harvest is
down 14 percent from that of a year earlier, and acreage of the important late
spring crop is down slightly. The early spring crop typically makes up about
10 percent and the late spring crop 75 percent of total production during the
first half of the year.

Although no production estimates are available for the spring crops,
yields near the 1955-57 average by States on the indicated acreage, would
result in at least a moderately smaller production of potatoes than last year
for both early spring and late spring harvests but probably above the 1949-56
average.

Prices Expected to Average Above
Low Level of a Year Earlier

The price of potatoes during the first half of the year will be influen-
ced by supplies available, the quality of both old and new crop potatoes, and
quantities moving into nonfood uses. However, with smaller supplies expected
to be available for distribution in the first six months of 1958, prices
received by growers are likely to average substantially above the very low
levels for the corresponding months of 1957.

Foreign Trade

Both U. S. exports and imports of potatoes are relatively small. In the
1956-57 season, exports amounted to about 3.9 million hundredweight, less than
2 percent of production. Imports were less than half as large as exports.
Most U. S. exports of potatoes go to Canada which also supplies nearly all
U. S. imports. Although foreign trade is important to certain areas, it will
have little affect on overall supplies and prices of potatoes in domestic
markets during the next few months.

The U. S. restricts the quantity of certified seed potatoes which may be
imported, as well as the quantity and minimum grades and sizes of tablestock
potatoes. Canada also has minumum grade and size restrictions on imports.

Prospects Beyond Spring

It is too early to assess the supply and price prospects for pota-
toes this summer and fall. USDA this year has attempted to aid producers


TVS-127


- 16 -







in adjusting acreage and probable production in two ways, acreage-marketing
guides and the Conservation Reserve Program of the Soil Bank.

Acreage-Marketing Guides The Department publishes acreage-marketing guides
for the various seasonal crops in an attempt to encourage farmers to hold
acreage of potatoes at such a level, that given near-average yields, production
would be about in line with anticipated market requirements. These guides
take into consideration past history, trends in acreage, yield, and competi-
tive position of the various areas, and contain specific acreage recommendations
for each State producing during a particular season. The guide for States
producing for summer and fall harvest was released in January. The guide
recommends that growers plant 4 percent less acreage than in 1957 in the early
summer States, 5 percent less in the late summer States and 7 percent less in
the fall States. The recommended acreages with recent average yields by States
would result in a total summer and fall production of about 183 million hun-
dredweight compared with 195 million in 1957.

Soil Bank Potato growers as well as producers of many other crops may put
land into the Conservation Reserve of the Soil Bank. Figures are not avail-
able on the acreage of potato land put into the program in 1957. A Department
survey of the effects of the Conservation Reserve of the Soil Bank Program in
selected areas indicates that a significant acreage of eligible land in
Aroostook County was in the program in 1957, and that some of the land had
been taken out of potato production. But participation of potato growers, on
the whole, was relatively light, and farmers continued to produce too many
potatoes.

In 1958, Maine, Illinois, Nebraska and Tennessee make up a 4-State test
of the "bid" procedure to get land out of production and reduce surpluses.
Farmers through "bids" may offer their own dollars per acre rate, provided
all the crop land on the farm is taken out of production. Under this pro-
cedure, if the Department accepts the "bids", growers may receive annual payments
up to $10,000 per year for either 5 or 10 years for taking whole farms out of
production. Growers who wish may put only a part of their acreage in the
reserve under provisions of the regular program which also continues in effect.
Under the regular program, farmers may put acreage in the Conservation Reserve
for a minimum of three years at certain specified rates of payments.

SWEETPOTATOES

1957 Production Above a Year
Earlier, But Below Average

The early December estimates of sweetpotato production in 1957, at
18.1 million hundredweight, was 7 percent above the small crop of 1956 but 11
percent below the 1949-55 average. Acreage harvested while a fourth below
average was slightly above that of 1956. Increases in acreage occurred in
Virginia, North Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas and California. Also,
weather was generally favorable for the crop and U. S. average yield was
record high.


JANUARY 1958


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- 17 -





JANUARY 1958


Among the more important States, production was moderately to substanti-
ally larger than a year earlier in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas and Texas, and slightly larger in
California. Production was down substantially in New Jersey, Georgia and
Tennessee, and down slightly in Kentucky and Louisiana.

Prices in Last Half of
Season May Average
Above a Year Earlier

During the first part of the 1957-58 season shipments were heavier than
a year earlier, and average prices received by farmers for sweetpotatoes were
down moderately. For the period August-November, U. S. farm prices averaged
about $3.35 per hundredweight, compared with $3.50 for the same period of 1956.
The heavier shipments and lower prices during the first part of the season
were due largely to the increased production in Maryland, Virginia and other
States which market most of their sweetpotatoes at or soon after harvest. By
mid-December, however, shipments had fallen below those of a year earlier and
prices improved markedly. Prices received by growers on December 15 averaged
$5.07 per hundredweight, about 75 cents more than a year earlier. Shipping
point quotations indicate that prices in mid-January continued materially
above those of a year earlier. For the week ended January 18, shipping point
prices in southern Louisiana averaged $9.60 per hundredweight for U. S. No. 1
Puerto Rican type sweetpotatoes, compared with $7.50 in the corresponding
week of 1957.

Demand for sweetpotatoes into mid-1958 is expected to be about the same
as a year earlier. With relatively light supplies and questionable keeping
quality of some of the crop, Louisiana crop prices are expected to advance
into the spring, and are likely to average above year earlier levels.


DRY EDIBLE BEANS

Supplies Smaller Than
Year Ago, But Adequate

Total supplies of dry edible beans available for distribution in the
1957-58 marketing season amounted to 17.4 million hundredweight, about 9
percent less than in the previous season, and 14 percent below the 1951-55
average. However, supplies appear adequate to meet domestic and anticipated
export demand. Dry beans have been in surplus supply in the postwar period, and
considerable quantities have been taken over under the Government price sup-
port program.

The smaller supplies this season than last resulted from both reduced
carryover stocks and a drop in production. Total stocks of dry edible beans
on September 1, the beginning of the crop year, amounted to about 1.5 million
hundredweight compared with almost 1.8 million a year earlier. Commercial and
farm stocks on September 1 were slightly larger than on September 1, 1956, but
Government holdings, at about 300,000 bags, were less than half as large.


- 18 -


TVS-127





- 19 -


Production in 1957 was also smaller--15.8 million hundredweight compared with
17.2 million in 1956.

Less White Beans, More Colored
Beans than a Year Earlier

The supply of white beans is almost a fifth smaller than last year as
a result of substantial cuts in production of both pea beans and Great
Northern. For the 1957-58 season, all white beans make up about 38 percent
of the total dry bean supply, compared with 43 percent in the 1956-57 season
and 39 percent for the period 1951-55.

On the other hand, because of record production of pintos, supplies of
colored beans as a group are moderately larger than a year earlier when out-
put of pintos was relatively low. Production of pintos, grown principally in
the Rocky Mountain States, is estimated at 4.8 million hundredweight, 43 per-
cent larger than a year earlier and a fourth above the 1951-55 average.
However, beginning stocks of this class were relatively light, which has
lessened the impact of the large production. Among other important colored
classes, supplies of both red kidney and small red beans are much smaller than
the heavy supplies of a year ago, but red kidneys are only moderately below
average. Supply of pink beans is 8 percent smaller than last season and more
than a fourth below average. All colored beans together make up about 44 per-
cent of total-supplies, compared with only 38 percent last season and the
1951-55 average of 40 percent.

Supplies of lima beans, at 1.6 million hundredweight, continued to de-
cline. The largest decrease was in baby limas. Blackeye beans, at about
800,000 bags, are in somewhat larger supply than a year earlier but near
average. California had a poor harvest season in most dry bean producing
areas. Wet humid weather damaged many unthreshed beans, particularly in the
Sacramento Valley and the Modesto area of the San Joaquin Valley. Baby limas,
pintos, small reds, red kidneys and blackeye varieties suffered some loss in
the field, and the quality of many wet beans threshed are sub-standard and
some may be unfit for human consumption.

Disappearance Likely to be
Smaller, Prices Higher than
in the Previous Season

Domestic demand for dry edible beans may be about the same to slightly
larger in 1957-58 than a year earlier. But with smaller supplies substantially
fewer beans may be exported than in the previous season, when large quantities
of CCC held beans moved out of the country under special Government export
programs.
For the most part, supplies of the various classes of dry beans appear
to be about in line with anticipated demand. But the supply of pintos is
relatively heavy, and substantial quantities are being placed under price
support. About 4 million bags of 1956 crop beans of all classes were placed
under price support, 2.9 million bags of which were delivered to the CCC.
Deliveries of 1957 crop beans are expected to be substantially less.


TVS-127


JANUARY 1958





JAMUARY 1958


Prices received by farmers for each class compared with a year earlier,
will vary according to its supply-demand situation. However, overall prices
to growers during the next 4-6 months are expected to average moderately to
substantially above those of a year earlier. Prices of pintos probably will
average lower. In mid-December prices received by farmers for dry edible beans
averaged $7.41 per hundredweight compared with $6.81 a year earlier.

DRY FIELD PEAS

Dry Peas in Heavy Supply

Considerably fewer dry peas are available than a year earlier, but
supplies are still substantially larger than the 1949-55 average and above
anticipated demand. The burdensome supplies resulted from a heavy carryover
of 1956 crop peas at the beginning of the current season, plus above average
production in 1957.

Stocks of dry peas on September 1, the beginning of the marketing year,
were much heavier than the light stocks of the preceding season and slightly
above the 1949-55 average. Production in 1957, although 30 percent below the
large crop of 1956, was 11 percent above average. This gave an estimated sup-
ply at the beginning of the season of approximately 4.2 million hundredweight,
about 600,000 less than a year earlier but substantially more than the 1949-55
average. Compared with 1956, smaller production was reported for all classes.
The sharpest drop, 37 percent, was in Alaskas and other smooth green peas.
But production of Canadas and other smooth white and yellow peas was down 28
percent, and production of "other kinds", mostly wrinkles for seed, was down
19 percent.

Domestic Demand Likely to be
Near That of Year-Earlier;
ort Demand Sharply Lower

Utilization estimates indicate that in recent years domestic food use
of dry peas has averaged 0.6 to 0.7 pound per person. This would mean an
average domestic food use of about 800,000 to one million hundredweight of
peas, the bulk of which are consumed in "split pea soup". Nonfood use in this
country has averaged 1.5 to 1.6 million hundredweight. This includes feed,
loss, seed for the crop to be harvested as dry peas, garden seed, and seed for
the commercial crops harvested green for canning and freezing, and for sale
on the fresh market.

In most recent years, domestic demand has been satisfied and most of
the remaining supply has been exported. Because of poor European crops, ex-
port demand was unusually strong in the 1954-55 season and in the early part
of the 1956-57 season.


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- 20 -








Domestic demand for dry field peas for all purposes may be about as
large in the 1957-58 season as a year earlier. Because of a more normal
supply situation in Europe, however, export demand is expected to be down
sharply from a year ago. Exports in the September-November period amounted to
only 17 million pounds, less than a third those of a year earlier.

Prices for 1957-Crop Peas
Expected To Remain At
Relatively Low Level

In early winter a year ago, heavy supplies of peas from the 1956 crop
began to weigh on the market, and prices started a protracted decline that
continued into the current season. With the harvest of 1957-crop peas, mid-
month prices received by farmers reached a 6-year low of $3.10 per hundred-
weight in October and November 1957. The above average level of supplies
during the next few months and the expectation of fairly routine export demand
is expected to hold prices well under 1949-55 average levels.

Growers Should Not
Overplant in 1958

The domestic demand for dry field peas is relatively stable and
inelastic. This means that a given change in supplies available for domestic
consumption is accompanied by an opposite and much greater change in price
per unit. Thus, with a particular level of export demand, farmers receive
more income from a moderate size crop than from a large crop. Farmers should
not produce abnormally large quantities for an export market which material-
izes only in years when the European crop suffers severe weather damage.

Wet weather at planting time appeared a big factor in acreage
reductions in Washington and Idaho in 1957. Acreage planted was down about
a fourth in Idaho and about a fifth in Washington. If weather is more normal
in 1958 farmers may be tempted to plant a larger acreage. To avoid the risk
of an additional surplus in 1958-59, however, growers would do well to hold
acreage at or below that of 1957.


JANUARY 1958


- 21 -


TVS-127






TVS-127 22 JANUARY 1958
Table 2.--Vegetables for fresh market: Commercial acreage, production, and season average price per
hundredweight received by farmers, for principal crops, average 1949-55, annual 1956 and 1957

Acreage Production Price per hundredweight

Crop 7 year 7 year 7 year :
average 1956 1957 average 1956 1957 average 1956 1957
1949-55 1949-55 199-55
: :::1995


1,000 1,000 1,000
Acres Acres Acres cwt. cwt. cwt. Dollars Dollars Dollars
Artichokes : 7,900 9,400 9,400 314 320 329 9.10 9.60 8.79
Asparagus 41,420 43,860 50,150 1,098 1,165 1,338 13.43 14.29 12.98
Beans, lima 19,860 14,580 13,200 495 356 324 8.09 8.77 8.99
Beans, snap :168,040 135,950 132,400 5,452 4,690 4,921 8.20 9.16 9.05
Beets : 7,190 5,930 4,450 747 626 506 2.61 2.65 3.18
Broccoli / : 39,420 44,200 39,170 1,947 2,356 1,914 8.41 7.79 7.35
Brussels
sprouts / : 5,580 6,400 6,250 518 755 589 9.71 8.63 7.31

Cabbage i/ :137,300 125,110 112,790 22,280 22,980 19,086 1.96 1.61 2.16
Cantaloups / 128,850 130,300 122,050 11,846 12,287 11,168 3.96 4.20 5.47
Carrots i/ 3/ 82,260 77,990 71,440 14,882 15,806 13,999 3.09 2.65 3.20
Cauliflower/ : 30,300 32,430 72.890 4,527 5,097 4,505 3-39 3.27 3.28
Celery I/ 3/ :36,030 36,010 35,290 14,090 15,898 14,943 3.78 3.32 4.04
Corn, sweet : 207,220 193,150 194,150 11,386 12,318 11,807 3.47 3.78 4.24
Cucumbers :49,280 48,650 55,120 3,720 3,764 4,284 4.94 5.61 5.07

Eggplant : 4,940 4,000 4,700 477 442 500 4.72 5.20 4.70
Escarole : 4,780 5,750 6,750 620 738 774 4.45 4.52 4.61
Garlic 1/ 3/ 2,290 2,400 2,300 149 216 196 11.85 10.43 9.24
Honey balls : 380 --- --- 33 -- -- --- --- ---
Honey dews 10,790 12,700 9,050 1,461 1,647 1,143 4.61 4.44 5.58
Kale 2,840 2,600 2,600 208 182 177 3.70 3.85 4.00
Lettuce : 210,440 228,130 233,310 29,730 34,121 33,871 4.18 4.00 4.27
Onions 1/ / : 119,850 123,700 110,710 21,642 24,439 24,107 2.64 2.74 2.53
Peas, green :18,590 9,850 8,000 590 333 288 7.57 8.89 9.66
Peppers, green : 41,730 40,240 43,940 2,532 2,719 2,745 8.11 8.89 9.66
Shallots 5,840 6,500 4,900 157 195 98 7.66 6.18 6.97
Spinach 4/ 42,260 31,960 31,530 2,057 1,787 1,664 5.62 5.91 5.99
Tomatoes : 232,060 226,930 220,950 18,709 20,045 19,651 6.65 7.83 7.64
Watermelons : 396,150 410,400 433,350 28,308 31,654 30,015 1.35 1.43 1.67
Total :2,053,620 2,009,120 1,990,840 199,993 216,936 204,942 3.67 3.72 4.10
I/ Includes some quantities used for processing. 2/ Includes Casabas, Persians, and other muskmelons.
3/Includes production used for dehydration. 4/ Includes production for processing in those states for
which separate estimates of fresh market and processing production are not prepared.









Table 3.-Vegetables-fresh, potatoes and sveetpotatoes: Unloads at 19 markets, indicated periods in 1956 and 1957, with comparisons


pressedd in carlot equivalents)


1956 :1957

S September October August :September October
Commodity
: Rail, : : Rail, : : Rail, : : Rail, : : Rail, :
Sboat, Truck :Imports: Total: boat, Truck Imports: Total boat, Truck Imports Total boat, Truck Imports Total boat, Truck imports Total
Sand : :and :and : and : : and
air : : : air : : : air : : : air: : air :
: : : : : : : : :::::::::.


Asparagus --- 1 --- I 5 -- 5 -
Beans, lima, snap
and fava --- 1,239 --- 1,239 76 1,119 -- 1,195 2 1,330
Beets : 158 --- 158, -- 181 --- 181 171
Broccoli 67 104 --- 171 121 249 --- 370 14 46
Brussels sprouts 6 53 -- 59 42 106 --- 148 1 6
Cabbage 24 1,930 --- 1,954 27 2,271 -- 2,298 14 2,094
Cantaloups and other :
melons y/: 2,446 1,930 --- 4,354 912 621 14 1,547 3,942 1,343
Carrots 447 795 3 1,245 698 938 --- 1,636 533 735
Cauliflower 56 1,212 --- 1,268 63 1,644 1 1,708 83 747
Celery 627 1,437 --- 2,064 973 1,614 --- 2,587 709 1,395
Corn, 72 2,327 --- 2,399 212 810 -- 1,022 43 3,353
Cucumbers :141 815 --- 956 43 944 --- 987 9 1,415
Escarole and endive 135 298 2 435 25 362 5 392 316
Lettuce and romaine : 2,395 2,443 10 4,848 2,743 2,800 3 5,546 2,497 2,755
Onions, dry 586 1,661 64 2,311 514 2,208 18 2,740 397 1,876
Onions, green 2/ 5 333 64 402 14 297 7 318 27 430
Peas, green 62 29 --- 91 48 61 --- 109 109 39
Peppers 18 974 1 993 299 788 4 1,091 10 1,128
Spinach 25 241 --- 266 15 432 --- 447 19 197
Other cooking greens :.. 399 7 406 --- 534 --- 534 445
Squash --- 483 5 488 15 1,197 5 1,217 599
Tomatoes 130 3,576 53 3,759 1,462 2,885 4 4,351 283 4,227
Turnips and
rutabagas 9 178 133 320 9 296 209 514 109
Watermelons 68 1,308 --- 1,376 --- 121 --- 121 601 5,880
Other vegetables
(including mixed) : 252 1,185 135 1,572 536 1,284 153 1,973 323 1,372


TOTAL ABOVE : 7,571 25,087 477 33,135 8,847 23,767 423 33,037 9,616 32,008


Potatoes
Sweetpotatoes


:4,031 6,118 1 10,150 5,164 6,308 12 11,484 4,123 7,392
: 77 994 17 1,088 64 1,317 12 1,393 8 638


GRAND TOTAL .11,679 32,199 495 44,373 14,075 31,392 447 45,914 13,747 40,038


- 1,332 3 1,435
- 171 196
- 60 39 205
S 7 18 39
2,108 20 2,024

5,285 2,991 1,573
7 1,275 423 907
6 836 86 1,193
2,104 686 1,327
4 3,400 148 2,344
1 1,425 9 1,181
316 4 335
8 5,260 2,782 2,798
68 2,341 281 1,965
4 461 29 382
- 148 82 32
2 1,140 10 1,050
- 216 13 266
S 445 534
5 604 688
43 4,553 329 3,430


3
- 1,438 22 1,233
196 189
244 69 182
57 41 74
- 2,044 8 *2,379


1 1,256
189
251
115
2,387


2 4,566 1,079 545 1,624
- 1,330 513 1,136 1 1,650
- 1,279 36 2,081 2,117
2 2,015 1,009 1,377 2,386
- 2,492 177 735 912
1 1,191 41 946 987
S 339 11 399 410
4 5,584 2,615 3,097 5,712
6 2,252 455 2,004 13 2,472
1 412 63 335 398
114 90 13 103
1 1,061 224 964 1 1,189
279 3 449 452
534 8 581 589
7 695 14 1,282 1,296
- 3,759 1,331 2,497 2 3,830


39 148 2 195 131 328 21 381 101
- 6,481 72 1,370 1,442 2 150


48 1,743 378 1,332

235 41,859 8,405 26,801

16 11,531 4,504 7,001
8 654 3 1,228


259 54,044 12,912 35,030


77 1,787 450 1,462 98 2,010

232 35,438 8,282 24,494 217 32,993


7 11,512 5,210 7,693 18 12,921
1 1,232 20 1,520 1,540

240 48,182 13,512 33,707 235 47,454


1/ Except watermelons. /j Includes shallots, chives, cipolinas, leeks, scallions, and green onions.


Markets include: Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas and Ft. Worth, Denver, Detroit, Kansas City (Missouri), Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Oakland
(California), Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, San Francisco, Seattle, and Washington, D. C.








Table 4.--Vegetables, fresh: Representative prices (i.c.l. sales) at New York
and Chicago for stock of generally good quality and condition (U. S. No. 1
when available) indicated periods, 1956, 1957 and 1958

Tuesday nearest mid-month
Market State
and of Unit 1956-57 1957-58
Commodity Origin
Nov. 13 Dec. 1 :Jan. 15:Nov. 12:Dec. 10:Jan. 14
SDol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.


New York
Beans, snap, green
Valentine
Beets, bunched
Broccoli
Cabbage, domestic
round type
Cabbage, Danish type
Carrots, bunched
Carrots, topped
Cauliflower
Celery, Golden Heart
Celery, Pascal
Corn, Yellow
Cucumbers
Eggplant
Escarole
Lettuce, Iceberg type
Onions, sweet Spanish
large size
Onions, yellow,
medium size
Peppers, green
Spinach, Savoy type
Tomatoes, green
ripe, unwrapped

Chicago
Beans, snap, green
Valentine
Beets, bunched
Broccoli
Cabbage
Carrots, topped,
washed
Cauliflower
Celery, Pascal type
Cucumbers
Eggplant
Escarole
Lettuce, Iceberg
type, dry pack
Onions, Spanish
Onions, Yellow Globe

Peppers, green,
California Wonder
type
Spinach, Flat type
Tomatoes, green ripe
and turning, wrapped


:Florida
:Texas
:California:


Bu. hamper
Pony crt. 42's
14's small crt.


:Florida : 1-3/4 bu. crt.
:New York : 50 lb. sack
:California: 4 doz. pony crt.
:California:48-1-1b. film bag


:Texas
:Florida
:California:
:Florida
:Florida
:Florida
:Florida
:California:

:Idaho

:New York
:Texas
:Texas

:Florida



:Florida
Texas
California:
Illinois


Double deck crt.
3-10 doz. 16 in.
2-2- doz. 16 in.
5 doz. crt.
Bu. bskt.
Bu. bskt.
1-1/9 bu. crt.
2 doz. crtn.

50 lb. sack

50 lb. sack
Bu. bskt.
Bu. bskt.

6x6 60-lb. crt.


crt.

crt.:
crt.:


Bu. bskt.
2 crt. 3 doz. bchs.
14's I crt.
50-60 lb. open crt.


:California:48-1-lb. film bag crt.:
:New York : Long Island crt. 12's:
:California: 2-3 doz. 16 in. crt.
:Florida : Bu. bskt.
:Florida : Bu. bskt.
:Florida : 1-1/9 bu. bskt.


:Arizona : 2 doz. heads, crtn.
:Colorado : 3" & Igr. 50 lb. sack:
:Idaho-
:Oregon : Med. 50 lb. sack


:Texas : Bu. bskt.
:Illinois : Bu. bskt.

:California: 2/ 6x6 30-lb. lug box:


5.04

3.19


.75
4.48
4.75

4.17
4.29
4.38
3.74
5.34
2.38
7.00

2.64

.92
4.56


4.25

2.75
1.25

4.50
3.00
3.85
3.40

2.50

5.85
2.30

1.15


4.60
1.35


5.43
3.32
3.23


1/1.13
5.50
4.65
3.94
3.50
4.85
5.40
8.44
4.95
2.88
4.13


5.31
3.38
3.21

2.31
I/ .96
4.38
4.36
2.70
3.88
6.25
4.50
6.25
2.78
2.19
3.60


3.68

3.58


1.38
5.46
6.13


3.81
3.63
3.20
2.73
1.94
4.00


2.97 3.75 3.09

1.27 1.55 1.60
4.83 --- 4.02
2.50 2.10 ---


9.80



5.85
2.90
2.85


4.15
2.75
4.50
8.00
4.75
3.15


8.44



4.25
3.35
2.75


4.10

5.75
6.25
2.90
2.25


2.75
3.49
3.04


2.13
4.95
6.02

3.50
4.28
2.71
5.69
2.97
1.89
2.98


10.00
4.45
3.78

3.32
2.18
5.41
7.38
3.63

5.09
5.00

6.00
3.15
3.24


3.03 3.42


1.57
3.28
2.00


1.50

2.29


--- 10.50 9.47


3.25

2.50
1.65

5.75
3.00
3.65
3.25
3.00
1.50


4.00 3.15 3.00
2.55 3.50 2.75

1.30 1.30 1.65


5.25
1.35


--- 3.35
--- 1.65

9.50 4.75


2.85
2.50
2.85


5.62

3.66
6.50
2.70
1.80

2.70
2.52

1.63


3.35
1.25

9.83


3.88
3.13


6.42

4.75

5.75
3.00

2.94
3.25

1.58


1/ Long Island. 1 3/5 bu. bskt.
2/ 85 percent or more U. S. No. 1.
/ Florida 60 Ib. crate.


- 24 -


JANUARY 1958


TVS-127


5.75 3V11.oo 1/






TVS-127


- 25 -


JANUARY 1958


Table 5 .--Vegetables, fresh: Average price received by farmers, per hundredweight
United States, indicated periods, 1956 and 1957

Average first half of month

Commodity 1956 1957

November December October November December

Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars

Beans, snap 11.00 13.00 8.30 7.80 8.50
Broccoli : 7.25 8.80 6.80 8.00 9.40
Cabbage 1.20 1.20 1.85 1.90 1.90
Carrots 3.60 3.50 4.65 4.90 4.85
Cauliflower 2.55 3.25 3.30 2.85 4.05
Celery 3.15 4.50 2.95 3.10 2.80
Corn, sweet 5.50 6.50 3.60 4.50 4.25
Cucumbers 5.00 10.40 3.70 4.20 9.20
Lettuce 8.00 6.55 5.00 3.60 3.75
Onions 1.50 1.80 1.90 2.10 2.15
Peppers, green : 9.00 16.40 4.35 8.00 11.50
Spinach 4 .75 8.00 5.70 5.50 8.20
Tomatoes 11.10 9.45 7.30 11.10 8.60








Table 6 .--Vegetables, commercial for fresh market: Index numbers (unadjusted)
of prices received by farmers, as of 15th of the month, United States
by months, average 1935-39; average 1947-49, and 1950 to date

(1910-1914 = 100)

Period Jan. : Feb. Mar. Apr. : May : June : July : Aug.: Sept.: Oct.: Nov.: Dec.: Av.



1935-39 : 114 121 133 130 125 98 87 82 81 90 103 115 107
1947-49 : 288 305 310 308 277 215 207 196 193 204 241 246 249

Year
1950 : 257 213 195 276 231 211 200 170 156 165 214 249 211
1951 : 338 346 288 333 276 215 203 197 190 211 290 343 269
1952 : 301 249 294 341 311 294 289 240 203 224 266 281 274
1953 : 263 262 249 254 251 289 246 201 192 198 224 235 239
1954 : 247 227 230 266 247 201 225 196 176 197 234 227 223

1955/ : 250 255 249 264 259 216 203 204 224 217 244 232 235
19561 : 255 267 267 244 259 290 263 204 181 208 266 263 247
1957 / : 237 236 252 294 315 283 288 248 221 221 241 240 256


I/ Revised. In addition to
1954, the following have been
2/ Preliminary.


the vegetables included in the series published prior to January
added; broccoli, sweet corn, cucumbers, and watermelons.








Table 7 .--Vegetables for commercial processing: Acreage, production, and season average
price per ton received by farmers, average 1946-55, annual 1956 and 1957

Harvested acreage Production Price per ton
Commodity :
Average Average 1 : 17 Average 1956 957
194b-55 1: :5 1946-55 1957 19-55
1,000 1,000 1,000
Acres Acres Acres tons tons tons Dol. Dol. Dol.

Asparagus 88,190 109,500 104,890 102.7 117.5 114.5 201.90 225.60 186.60
Beans,
lima : 97,800 100,440 90,670 83.7 108.0 92.6 145.30 150.10 141.80
Beans,
snap 125,620 137,810 151,640 259.4 338.6 359.0 114.70 119.00 118.20
Beets 16,520 20,720 16,940 139.1 196.9 159.9 20.70 19.20 20.00
Cabbage
for kraut 16,580 16,370 11,610 191.9 258.9 169.5 14.30 11.80 15.00
Corn,
sweet 2 453,510 449,030 438,960 1,287.8 1,710.0 1,491.5 21.30 20.30 20.10
Cucumbers
for pickles :133,440 115,960 128,780 273.9 323.2 370.1 61.40 55.10 54.30
Peas,
green : 427,260 474,020 453,790 435.3 545.4 559.9 88.90 92.50 89.70
Spinach 3/ 33,380 33,310 33,380 120.6 138.5 142.9 42.30 39.40 37.80
Tomatoes 379,920 354,880 300,220 3,162.7 4,638.3 3,287.8 27.30 25.70 25.30

Total :1,771,680 1,812,040 1,730,880 6,044.7 8,375.3 6,747.7


i/ Production and price on a "shelled" basis.
/ Corn in the husk.
3/ Averages are 1949-55.


Table 8 .--Frozen vegetables: Cold-storage holdings, December 31, 1957, with comparisons

Dec. 1956 1957
: Dec.
Commodity :average :
1952-56 :Dec. 31 : Aug. 31 :Sept. 30 Oct. 31 :Nov. 30 :Dec. 31 1/

1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds

Asparagus 15,378 21,039 33,301 32,078 29,304 26,863 23,815
Beans, lima 97,226 108,224 75,341 125,735 130,979 120,365 108,074
Beans, snap 73,596 86,212 111,287 116,570 106,283 96,165 83,600
Broccoli 39,352 51,969 29,619 36,867 44,283 43,570 42,208
Brussels sprouts :24,894 29,334 13,609 12,880 17,831 24,053 27,948
Cauliflower 19,945 29,360 15,371 18,210 22,245 23,831 22,964
Corn, sweet :71,675 82,529 58,013 125,324 116,697 104,040 91,217
Mixed vegetables 2/ 21,660 14,150 13,618 16,834 24,396 28,446
Peas, green :152,668 219,083 334,429 322,297 291,377 261,313 232,507
Peas and carrots,
mixed 2/ 15,644 9,934 8,332 13,360 17,407 16,879
Potatoes, french
fried : 2 42,034 44,206 41,940 51,189 54,325 55,400
Spinach : 36,118 35,731 52,524 45,593 44,256 44,345 39,483

All other
vegetables 143,314 115,123 81,901 85,321 108,592 116,416 111,187

Total 674,166 857,942 873,685 984,765 993,230 957,089 883,728


SPreliminary.
/ Included in all


other vegetables.


- 26 -


JANUARY 195P


TVS-127






- 27 -


JANUAH 1958


Table 9.--Canned vegetables: Commercial packs 1956 and 1957 and canners' and wholesale
distributors' stocks 1956 and 1957, by commodities, United States

S Pack Stocks
SCanner/ : Wholesale distributors _!
Commodity
: 1956 1957 :
S: Date : 1956 : 1957 : Date 1956 : 1957
: : :


Major commodities
Beans, snap
Corn, sweet
Peas, green
Tomatoes
Tomato juice 2/

Total

Minor commodities
Asparagus
Beans, lima
Beets
Carrots
Pickles
Pimentos
Pumpkin and sqtu


1,000
cases
24/2's


23,982
35,668
29,248
29,883
43,552


1,000
cases
24/2's


26,174
31,533
33,857
21,686
32,590


July
Dec.
Dec.
July
July


1,000
cases
24/2's


4,879
25,306
16,023
2,456
2,168


1,000
cases
24/2's


4,345
25,348
21,799
5,746
10,210


July
Nov.
Nov.
July
July


1,000
cases
24/2's


2,608
3,366
3,226
3,007
2,485


1,000
cases
24/2's


2,372
3,368
3,453
2,619
2,439


: 162,333 145,840 50,832 67,448 14,692 14,251


ash:


Sauerkraut
Potatoes
Sweetpotatoes
Spinach
Other greens
Tomato products:
Catsup, chili
sauce
Paste
Pulp and puree
Sauce
Vegetables, mixed

Total comparable
minor items


Grand total
Comparable items


5,422
3,395
9,691
3,075
3/21,978
3/349
5,097
3/13,981
2,902
5,063
6,409
2,224


24,678
V/12,487
6,158
12,065
3,341


5,887
2,518
N. A.
N. A.
3/25,164
N. A.
3,306
3/9,153
N. A.
N. A.
N. A.
N. A.


N. A.
N. A.
N. A.
N. A.
N. A.


Oct. 1 3,740
Aug. 1 911
July 1 1,406
July 1 512


July 1 408
Dec. 1 4/7,837


Mar. 1 1,220


July
July
July
July


49,873 46,028


:212,206


2,264
6J754
6/162
6 1,448


3,880
1,082
2,787
1,046


1,612
4/7,421


1,575



6,345
6/2,260
6/1,091
93,832


Apr.
July
July
July


July 1
Nov. 1


Apr. 1


July
July
July
July


20,662 32,931



71,494 100,379


191,868


683
508
997
400


460
737


677



1,341
N. A.
599
712
---


643
504
1,060
406


462
788


671



1,748
590
579
512


7,114 7,373



21,806 21,624


I/ Converted from actual cases to standard cases of 24 No. 2 cans by S&HR Branch of AMS.
/ Includes combination vegetable juices containing at least 70 percent tomato juice.
/ Crop for processing converted to a canned basis by applying an overall conversion factor
(pickles 68, sauerkraut 54, and pimentos 29 cases equivalent to 1 ton fresh).
4/ Reported in barrels; converted to 24 No. 2 by using 14 cases to the barrel.
/ Estimated basis, California pack.
California only.

N. A. Not Available.

Canners' stock and pack data from National Canners Association, unless otherwise noted.
Wholesale ;li.tributors' stocks from United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.


TVS-127






TVS-127


- 28 -


JANUARY 1958


Table l0.--Potatoes: Acreage, yield per acre, and production, average 1949-55,
annual 1956 and 1957


Acreage Yield per acre Production

Seasonal Harvested
Group ::Average :1956 1 57 Average : 1957
:Average : :1949-55 : 95 : 1949-55 1956 : 1957
"1949-55 : 956: 1957 : : : : :
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
:acres acres acres Cwt. Cwt. Cwt. cwt. cwt. cwt.

Winter 22.6 33.8 44.0 156.6 155.6 154.3 3,554 5,260 6,790

Spring
Early 23.7 26.1 31.6 131.4 154.1 139.5 3,110 4,022 4,403
Late 201.7 165.9 173.7 133.8 146.7 173.3 26,853 24,330 30,104

Summer
Early 124.9 100.1 101.0 80.2 94.9 89.8 9,980 9,503 9,071
Late 218.0 187.7 182.7 152.7 181.0 173.3 33,042 33,967 31,667

Fall
8 Eastern 307.0 282.2 268.3 199.1 240.1 226.8 61,179 67,756 60,848
9 Central 340.3 293.3 275.1 114.1 140.7 117.6 38,818 41,267 32,347
9 Western : 270.6 296.4 298.4 184.4 194.4 204.5 49,922 57,611 61,033
Total : 917.8 871.9 01.8 163.4 191.1 183.2 149,919 166,634 154,228

United States :1,503.6 1,385.5 1,374.8 150.4 175.9 171.9 226,458 243,716 236,268

I/ Preliminary.



Table ll.--Sweetpotatoes: Acreage, yield per acre and production
average 1949-55, annual 1956 and 1957

Acreage Yield per acre Production

Harvested
: Average 156 1957 :Average : 1956 : 1957
'Average : : 1949-55 : 199-55 :
:1949-55 1 ;5 157:
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
acres acres acres Cwt. Cwt. Cwt. cwt. cwt. cwt.

Central
Atlantic _/ 38.1 3b.9 38.4 83 88 90 3,174 3,258 3,456
Lower
Atlantic / : 111.4 71.5 71.0 51 57 61 5,080 4,108 4,339
South
Central : 205.7 160.2 159.7 49 53 57 10,172 8,434 9,086
North
Central 4/ 3.7 3.1 3.1 53 52 64 196 160 197
California 11.4 12.0 13.0 o8 80 75 773 960 975

United States :373.1 233.7 285.2 54.0 59.6 63.3 20,179 16,920 18,053

I/ New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia.
2/ North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.


Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana,
Missouri and Kansas.
1957, Preliminary.


Oklahoma, and Texas.








Table 1..--Potatoes: Price f.o.b. shipping points and wholesale price at New York
and Chicago, indicated periods 1956, 1957 and 1958

Week ended

Variety State Unit 1956-57 1957-58

Nov. 10 :Dec. 8 :Jan. 12 Nov. 9 Dec. 7 :Jan. 11
: Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.


F.o.b. shipping
points


- 29


Katahdin, unwashed

Various varieties 2



Mostly Katahdin

Katahdin



Russet Burbank 3/



Red McClure,
washed 4/
Katahdin, unwashed


South Dearfield,
Massachusetts
Rochester, New
York, (Western
and Central
points)
Presque Isle,
Maine, Aroostock
Allentown-
Lancaster,
Oxford,
Pennsylvania
Idaho Falls
Upper Valley
Twin Falls
District
San Luis Valley,
Colorado
West Michigan
points


U. S. No. 1
100 lb. sack
U. S. No. 1
50 lb. sack


U. S. No. 1
50 lb. sack

U. S. No. 1
50 lb. sack

U. S. No. 1
100 lb. sack


U. S. No. 1
100 lb. sack
U. S. No. 1
50. lb. sack


L1.85 2.28


:1/1.80

S.95



S .76

S1.06



S2.62



S2.11

S.87


--- 2.16 2.25


1.06 1.16 1.25 1.20 1.31


.82 .86 1.04


1.12 1.20 1.24 1.22 1.26



2.42 2.42 2.50 2.28 2.45



2.04 2.00 2.62 2.38 2.68

.94 1.02 1.22 1.24 1.26


Tuesday nearest mid-month

1956-57 : 1957-58

Nov. 13 iDec. llJan. 15:Nov. 12;Dec. 10 Jan. 14
Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.-


Terminal Markets


New York


Katahdin unwashed Long Island

Russets, washed / : Idaho and Oregon

Katahdin, unwed /: Maine

Chicago


: Idaho


:U.
:50
:U.
:50
:U.
:50


S. No. 1
lb. sack
S. No. 1
lb. sack
S. No. 1
lb. sack


U. S. No. 1
100 lb. sack :


1.24

2.38


3.85


1.23 1.39 1.36 1.29 1.39

2.35 2.37 2.35 2.31 2.46

1.30 1.51 1.37 1.42 1.59



3.80 3.90 3.85 3.85 3.85


Various varieties.
Mostly Katahdin.
20-30 percent, 10 ounces
2-1/8 minimum.
2 inch minimum.
21 inch minimum.


and larger.


F.o.b. and terminal market prices submitted by Market News reports of AMS.


Russets


JANUARY 1958


TVS-127







Table 13.--Sweetpotatoes: Price f.o.b. shipping points and wholesale (l.c.l. sales) at
New York and Chicago, indicated periods, 1956, 1957 and 1958


Week ended
Item State Unit 1956-57 1957-58

Nov. 10 "Dec. 8 :Jan. 12 Nov. 9 :Dec. 7 Jan. 11
Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.

F.o.b. shipping
points
Porto Rican, cured:S. W. Louisiana:U. S. No. 1: --- 3.77 3.75 --- 4.50 4.80
:50 lb. crt.:
Porto Rican, cured:S. W. Louislana:U. S. No. 2: -- 1.79 1.88 --- 2.68 2.88
:50 lb. crt.:



Tuesday nearest mid-month

1956-57 1957-58

Nov. 13 :Dec.ll 1 Jan. 15 Nov.12 Dec. 10: Jan. lh
: Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.

Terminal markets
New York
Porto Rican :North Carolina : Bu. bskt. : 3.46 4.20 4.31 3.25 4.13 4.47
Chicago
Porto Rican,
Cured : Louisiana :50 lb. crt.: --- 4.35 4.35 --- 5.00 5.64



F.o.b. prices are simple averages of the range of daily prices, compiled from Market News
Service reports. The market prices are representative prices for Tuesday of each week and are
submitted by the Market News Service representative at each market.








Table 14.--United States average prices received by farmers per hundred-
weight for important field crops, indicated periods, 1956 and 1957

Average 1956 1957
Commodity : :
Aug. 1909- JaDe. 194 : Dec. 15 : Oct. 15 : Nov. 15 : Dec. 15
SJuly 1914 Dec. 1949
Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol. Dol.


Potatoes : 1.14 2.47 1.56 1.58 1.68 1.61
Sweetpotatoes : 1.60 4.27 4.29 3.27 3.32 5.07
Beans, dry edible : 3.37 9.92 6.81 6.75 7.25 7.41
Peas, dry field --- 4.60 4.44 3.10 3.10 3.12


JANUARY 1958


TVS-127


- 30 -







Table 15.--Beans, dry, edible: Acreage, yield per acre, and production,
average 1946-55, annual 1956 and 1957 1/

States Harvested acreage : Yield per acre : Production 2/
:Average: : :Average: : :Average: 1957
an ses 1946-55: 1956 195 1946-55 196 1957 :194-55: 1956 1957
: 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
: acres acres acres Pounds Pounds Pounds bags bags bags
Maine, New York,
and Michigan : 591 623 602 910 1,104 825 5,350 6,879 4,965
Nebraska, Montana:
Idaho, Wyoming, :
and Washington : 311 277 286 1,529 1,706 1,763 4,742 4,726 5,043
Colorado, New
Mexico, Arizona,:
and Utah : 357 247 208 656 645 1,042 2,250 1,592 2,167
California: a
Large lima : 73 60 61 1,553 1,707 1,546 1,138 1,024 943
Baby lima : 57 30 17 1,498 1,863 2,029 844 559 345
Other 191 186 189 1,172 1,311 1,221 2,249 2,438 2.308

Total California 321 276 267 1,316 1.457 1.347 4.231 4.021 3.596

United States : 1,580 1,423 1,363 1,058 1,210 1,157 16,573 17,218 15,771

/ Includes beans grownfor seed.
2V Bags of 100 pounds.


Table 16 .--Beans, dry, edible: Production in selected areas, by major
types, United States, crop years 1956 and 1957

,i. : Idaho and :Colorado and: .
Michigan Idaho and :Colorado and: New York California: Total
Type : : others 1/ : others 2/ :
: 1956: 1957: 1956: 1957: 1956: 1957 : 1956: 1957: 1956: 1957: 1956 : 1957
1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
:bags 3/ bags 3/ bags 3/ bags 3/ bags 3/ bags 3/

Pea (Navy) :4,905 3,526 99 6 --- --- 104 76 --- --- 5,108 3,662
Great
Northern --- --- 1,808 1,508 -- -- -- --- -- -- 1,808 1,508
Pinto : 17 12 1,738 2,616 1,579 2,162 -- 15 14 3,349 4,804
Red Kidney : 233 131 119 43 -- 1 1,226 935 284 207 1,862 1,317
Standard
lima --- -- --- --- --- -- --- -- 1,024 943 1,024 943
Baby lima :--- -- -- --- -- -- --- 559 345 559 345
Other
varieties : 5 3 282 123 3 7 --- --- 233 138 523 271

Total 5,160 3,672 4,046 4,350 1,582 2,170 1,330 1,011 2,115 1,647 14,233 12,850

2/ Includes Montana, Wyoming, INebraska, and Washington.
/ Includes Maine, New Mexico, Minnesota, Arizona, and Utah.
3/ Bags of 100 pounds, cleaned basis.


- 31 -


JANUARY 1958


TVS-127





Table 17.--Peas, dry field: Acreage yield per acre, and production,
average 1946-55, annual 1956 and 1957 1/


Harvested acreage Yield per acre Production 2/
*
State
: 956 1957 :1956 Average : 1956 1957 : Average : 1956 1957
: 1946-55 : : : 1946-55 : 19 : 1946-55 :
i *
:1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
: acres acres acres Pounds Pounds Pounds bags bags bags

Minnesota 4 6 4 892 1,300 1,050 38 78 42

North Dakota : 6 3 2 907 1,270 1,100 64 38 22

Montana 8 5 4 1,072 1,220 1,150 88 61 46

Idaho : 99 144 105 1,184 1,400 1,150 1,167 2,016 1,208

Wyoming 4 5 3 1,278 1,280 1,600 58 64 48

Colorado 11 9 12 844 860 900 93 77 108

Washington 161 154 120 1,140 1,360 1,300 1,844 2,094 1,560

Oregon 13 8 11 844 1,500 1,500 119 120 165

California : 12 7 5 1,046 1,300 1,420 112 91 71

United States : 320 341 266 1,123 1,360 1,229 3,584 4,639 3,270
i llNI ,i ~ i i i i ,i_ L ,i i i, ,, i I H i~ imi i ,m ,i ,, ,i H i J ,,, H, i


l/ In commercial producing States.

2/ Bags of 100 pounds, clean basis.


Includes peas grown for seed and cannery peas harvested dry.





- 33 -


LIST OF TABLES

Table Title Page

1 Vegetables for fresh market: Commercial acreage, yield per
acre, and production of principal crops, average 1949-56,
annual 1957 and indicated 1958 ............................... 2

2 Vegetables for fresh market: Commercial acreage, production,
and season average price per hundredweight received by
farmers, for principal crops, average 1949-55, annual 1956
and 1957 ..................................................... 22

3 Vegetables-fresh, potatoes and sweetpotatoes: Unloads at
19 markets, indicated periods in 1956 and 1957, with
comparisons ................................................. 23

4 Vegetables, fresh: Representative prices (l.c.l. sales) at
New York and Chicago for stock of generally good quality and
condition (U.S. No. 1 when available) indicated periods, 1956,
1957 and 1958 .................. .... .... .. .............. 24

5 Vegetables, fresh: Average price received by farmers, per hun-
dredweight United States, indicated periods, 1956 and 1957 ... 25

6 Vegetables, commercial for fresh market: Index numbers (un-
adjusted) of prices received by farmers, as of 15th of the
month, United States by months, average 1935-39; average
1947-49, and 1950 to date .................................... 25

7 Vegetables for commercial processing: Acreage, production, and
season average price per ton received by farmers, average
1946-55, annual 1956 and 1957 ................................ 26

8 Frozen vegetables: Cold-storage holdings, December 31, 1957,
with comparisons ............... .............................. 26

9 Canned vegetables: Commercial packs 1956 and 1957 and canners'
and wholesale distributors' stocks 1956 and 1957, by com-
modities, United States ..................................... 27

10 Potatoes: Acreage, yield per acre, and production, average
1949-55, annual 1956 and 1957 ................................ 28

11 Sweetpotatoes: Acreage, yield per acre and production average
1949-55, annual 1956 and 1957 ................................ 28


JANUARY 1958


TVS-127





TVS-127 34 JANUARY 1958


LIST OF TABLES Continued

Table Title Page

12 Potatoes: Price f.o.b. shipping points and wholesale price at
New York and Chicago, indicated periods, 1956, 1957 and 1958 .. 29

13 Sweetpotatoes: Price f.o.b. shipping points and wholesale
(l.c.l. sales) at New York and Chiago, indicated periods,
1956, 1957 and i958 ......................................... 30

14 United States average prices received by farmers per hundred-
weight for important field crops, indicated periods, 1956
and 1957 ................ .................. .................. 30

15 Beans, dry, edible: Acreage, yield per acre, and production,
average 1946-55, annual 1956 and 1957 ...................... 31

16 Beans, dry, edible: Production in selected areas, by major
types, United States, crop years 1956 and 1957 .............. 31

17 Peas, dry field: Acreage yield per acre, and production,
average 1946-55, annual 1956 and 1957 ....................... 32




















































































































































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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
A I illlil 0illllJ 60 7lillhllAi lllilllll l111 11111l
3 1262 09060 7119


U. S. Department of Agriculture
Washington 25, D. C.


Penalty for private use to avoid
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