World hog and pork prospects

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
World hog and pork prospects
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics. -- Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Publisher:
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Place of Publication:
Washington
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Swine -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Pork industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
- HP-83 (Oct. 1936).
General Note:
Reproduced from typewritten copy.
General Note:
Description based on: HP-8 (July 9, 1930).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 026660448
oclc - 30588199
Classification:
lcc - HD9435.U5 A25
System ID:
AA00013004:00019

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Hog situation


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
G..../ L .1 LN.,, Q-0'r,- -LE
D OCV. EN,,- C D; P
UNITED STATES DEPAiRZT 'T OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Agricultur.l Economics -
drJ.sning ton
;i < QEPOSITORY
HP-36 Wovemcer' 1 PO'TORY

WORLD HOG A:.D PORK FROSiECTS

jLarterly; Suii -_ar,

Relatively large slaughter sup-clics c.d tn-e continued .ea: conm ..cr de-

mand for hol products were responsible Lor the decline in o, pIriccs ii. both

the United States and Europe during October. Prices of por: 1' 1-.r in .lo'.cs-

tic cand foreign markets also weakened durian the i.o.th.

The total dresrcod weight of hogs slauhtered under Fcderuc inja action

in the 't;:itud Statcs during the marketing, year ended September 30, 192 '."as

about 4 per cent larger then in the precedin, yo:.r. Total pork exorts for

the year were 30 per cent smaller ti., in 1930-31, the decr.-sc u:i.- i.:.c.

oreatcr in bacon exports than in case of herms rnd shoulders. L:rd c::--orts 'vere

only 1 per cent smaller than .. year earlier. The reduction ir. t.e cIxcort move-

maat to Grect Britain and .other countries was about offset by the i:-cr-.se

:i::I the shipments of lard to Germany.

Slakghter in Germany was slightly smaller than in t.c prec._ii:., .e:-r,

but D-nish hog slaughter and baco;; exports for the ye-.r :'ere tn.- l>.r,'st on

record.. Hot numbers in both of these countries r.re estin: ted to bK s.:..llor

than c. -ycr ago, and marketin,s iurin, the current l.:.ricti, y,'e-r -ar' cxLctC

to be s..aller than last year.

British imports of bacon for the ;cr ended ScptcibbL-r 30, 1.i- '*;re

lIrrgcr thon for any other similar p-rioi o.; record, bout tot;-l n.. i.. r'ts

wore -bout the same as those of a -ear ._nrlic-r. A recc:'t rL,o'ort i..' 1 t~ s

that i.- order to increase riches tc ritti .h Gov'.rn ..L at ro C .-, :' : .-'.- 'ct

baco.i ii::.orts materially during t.he .uxt mn..tns. PritLsi. .r. 1:-.orts

during_ t.'.e 12 months ended Septe;mbLr 30 werL : .cr eL.t .-':. 1r t-. '.: .. ...






HP-36


corresponding period a year earlier, but they -:cr. about tne srae as the

avera.E of tne oth.-r post-war years.

Ho.: .unb.rs

Ail indications point to fewer ho.s on hand in continental _uropccn
countries on Septaeber 1 this year th-n last, when the number '..s thu largest
on record. The reduction in nu..:bers -s '."hoi, however, waos not as gre.t
as w.s ._xp)cted. Although h th:e unfavorable ho,-fe d ratio tended to reduce
breodin,. operations, slow su~mmur m..rketings cspecir.all in Gen.1,-ny, offset
the reduction in breeding stock to some ext;et.

.o.; nu.b1bers in eight Euarapean countries 1/ in .iid-suna.cr 1952 crc now
csti.. tt-.d at '38,940,0 ~J, a ducrc-sc of 8 per cnct co:rjarcd with tao s d..ic date
o. 19.31. Brood sowvs on the sBri.e: di.te of 1932 in seven couL.tries c::cluding
Poi"-nd .La .bcred 3,385,00O a. decrease- of 10 per ccnt co:.l:..rd .it; t.c sc-.e
d,-.te 1-.st '-crr '.hen the :1iumber :. r.s 7 nor cent abOVL tiie s.").i ditc in 1930.
io esti:.-.tc of the uir'tber of brood so s for Polrnd is as yet avrilablc.
Tot- l o, nu-.:bers ii. t.at country, however, declined 20 per cent bvtwce;.
JUae 1' 51 ,:;d June 1K32, the number now being estimated rt 5,5,83,03. ned.

-er,.fc.ny is the only country. for whicn r. Soptt.i-br 1, 1932 esti C.teC is
available. This esti-mar.te shows a 5 per cent decrease in total nod numbers
co..ioared ith the record :nu,.bcrs reporting on September 1 -. year earlier.
Altho-Ji below' last Septe.;:ber's hi lh level, numbers on the same date this
year ':cr7.- lr1rer than expected, due chiefly to slow ia-.rketins daring the
suia.icr i:.ths. There was an. 8 por co.t reduction in sows in farrow com-
p.re .:ith tne sr':e ite last yer whare..s the tot.-l number of brood sows
1ecrcasd 7 ocr cent. The gre.uter reduction 'i s in sows of 6 months and over
which s,.owed a reduction of 9 per cent below; 1931 and 35 per cent below
1930. F,:r:o'.s under 8 weeks showed a 7 per celit reduction '..hile :youflt, pibS
of 8 .'ccks to C months decreased 6 per c,-nt compared v.ith the nwuber on
Seopto...jcr 1, 1931. (See table on pa,c 3). The previous peak in ho, numbers
in cr,,;.n-y w~s reached in Lecember 1927 raid .._,s followed the next ferr by
- decrc-.sc of over 3,0.)0,000 he-d or about 12 per cent. It now a.e-rs trrt
tno d6.ecC'rs, fr-r,. lr.st Decem~ber's pcar to Dece,.ibLr 1932 '.'ill be only about
one--laif .s lcrce.

Ho, nu..bers ir. Denar.r!:, Polead :nd tne j:eth.:rlands in June 1932 were
14 ocr c..ot less than on the s-.n date of 1931. A reduction of 19 per cent
in the :.l;,ber of sows in irrrow i:. Dcnr..r1: and the ;etherlrnds at tl'-.t
tir.m, indicctest si.cller total nuv.bers in these two countries on SoDteC.-ibr 1
this ;,-rr than. last. i-o estilTate of the numbers of sows in farrow is ava.il-
able for Poliand. The report from. assistant Agricultural Con.miissi.xier D. F.
Christy indicates that thi reduction reported in June vwas ..-inly in the
'o'yLi r C.. C ,roups.

I. contrast to the decreased hog numbers in continental countries it
see,..s proba.blc thn.t hog numbers in t.e British Isles on Septe.icr 1 :ere
sli_,.tly l.crer than at the seize date of 1931 .lIthouh brood sows in Juno

1/ Gernac-, Den.-..ark, ,-etherlrids, England and '1ales, Scotland, northern
Ireln.i and Irish iree State and Poland.





HP-36 -3-
1932 numbered 572,000 and were aiproximinately te.: same as at the same date of
1931. Totcl hoi numbers in the Britis:. Isles in June 193 wereee 6 )er cent
above the serc drito of 1931. Tie incrc.sse vws entirely i .igl-nd. a:.d ..rics
and Scotland. The number in northern Ireland .;id Irish Free State iccr.rsei
8 per cent to 1,342,000.

T.ac June 1932 estimate for Canada is not yet c.vcilable. L-st sur.2.r
the nu.-ber reached 4,717,000 a.-. was 16 per ce..t above nii:bers on the sm-:e
dAtc of 1930. Last lecei.:ber a nil-winter estirc.te as inic for the first
time Aiid the n,'-.ber reported was 4,263,000. Sprinig breeding oper-ti:-is were
reported t.s restricted in western provinces and there were reports of in-
usur.lly ne-vy' mortality in spring litters crusud bY severe wrCr.trer. Figures
issued by the provincial Governi.eent show a 13 per cent decre-ase i.: ho, -umb-
crs in I:.-nitoba in 1932 compared -;ith 1931. That province, however, nas
only about one-twelfth of the number of hoes in Canai,.

.'orld hoo nunbtrs in 1931 arc esti:nated by tnis bureau .t 2c9,'C 0,CL
head, ciA increase of 5 per cent r.bove tne .veraue for the years 1921i-S25,
the increase being due chiefly to the increased nuw-bers in the i"n ,ort..t
hog producing countries of Europe.

Germany: 1-inber of hobs, by classes specified i.tes 1914, 1327-1932

SYounl pigs : 6 nontns to 1 year : 1 :,ear and ver :
: : : Breeding : Total : Bra3lir. : Total:
SUnder: 8 : sows :exclud-: soW\s : ex:c lud-: To tal


Eate of census


June 2,
Dec. 1,
June 1,
Dec. 1,
June 1,
Sept.1,
Dec. 1,
:.ar. I,
June 1,
Sept. L,
Lec. 1,
.'..ar. I,
June .1,
Sept..
Lec. 1,
'ar. i
June 1,
Sept.t-,


914 ...


1 328
1928

1929



iS2

93.29





1932
i- LC'32


: 8 : weeks: : : ing
: wee:s: to 6 : In : Total: sows


: ron ths: farrow:


S ;'nds




312
405
3P3
383
435
574
442
369
42
4019
276
251

374
;2.5


:Thou-
:sands
714
S504
: 707
: 55
: 71
S652
: 663
: 722

: 6.4
674
S706
: 93

494
: 54'-

*: 08
: 517


:Thou- :Thou- :
:sands :sands
14,825
4,379: 9,310:
4,936: 9,557:
:4,003: 8,46 :
S4,160: 8,093:
S5,373: 8,290:
S4,417: 8,693:
: 5,012: 8,34:
: -,u91: ,17:
: 6,522: 1,909:
5,469:1'.,035:
3,750:10,230:
: 6,027: 10,351:
6,804:10,980:
:5,128:10,464:
: 5,014: 9,976:
S5,501: 9,832:
6,32 : 10,341:


Sand.
: boo.rs
: Thou-
:sanUds

S5,185
: 3,30
S4,520
Sd,341
3, 585
:3,E,80

2,3.9
: 4,25'

: 3,17
S3,424
: 4,7"
: ,..-'0 ,
: 3, "'2
: 3,4-t:.
:4,6c7:


: : : in
In : Tot.L: sow;s
:farrow: : a:.
: : bo rs
Tnou- : Thou- : r.-c.-
:sejals :sonis :s- nas

: : 5 1:,54

: : 1,150: 3"5
: : ,0 1 : 1,3"-:'
: ~g : 1 43: 27-
: 3 : 1,207 : 3.
: i -9 ,...L
-: I : L, *: 3

: B : 1 ,4,7: 4-.'r
' :-': : :" 2 .
: 1,-- : 1 ,.13 : :- 1

S Bub : iC ',: 4--.3

: -- ,- : -et.
: ,'0 : 5 : .- -'
: ..* : 4 : -

: o32 : 1, ,-


Co..Aiiei from LAutener Rrichsanz-i,,er, VirrtPl Ja
Ae;riccultural Attacnh at Berlin.


. !-:3 .c- f


t.C &3i. (2....lic 3 I~Ci..


: ho .s




:Thou-
JS



C 15
:20,106


:9, 944
:13l,349
:1E.~,L
rZ
23,4 23
:235442
: 2i ,9C


:23 ,b3d


4 -


























HP-35 -4-


Hos: i'umber in specified European countries in mid-suJ rner,1932
with comparisons

:i*.onth of :
Country :onth of 1930 1931 1932
estimatee : : :nousan
: : Thousands : Thousanis : Thousands


e rmany ...................
Poland ......... .......:
E enmark ...............
1 e theriands ............:
En-.-land and ',>ales ...... .
Scotland ..............
hortherIn Ireland .......
Irish 'ree State .......:
Total above .8 courn-
tries .............. :


June 1 : 19, 05 : 22,529 : _/ 21,289
June 30 : 6,047 7321 5,835
July 15 : 4,872 5,453 : 2/ 4,886
June 1 : 2,018 2,434 : 2,244
2,310 2,783 : 3,181
"143 : 162 :163
S216 : 236 :220
:" 1905.2 : 227 : 1,122


: 36,463


42,143


: .38,940


Col.iled from reports of Assistant Agricultdral Corm:iissiorier D. F.
Christy, I,.ternational Institute of Agriculture and official sources.
1/ un Septe ,ber 1, 1932 nur.ber was estimated at 24,2,O,Uu. compared with
25,348,0&0 in September 1931 and 23,423,ij00 in September 1930.
2/ Juie 20, 1932.


Brooi sows: 1"umber in specified 2uropcnh couitrins in mini-sai'I.er
1932 wit.i coioarisons

Country month h of : 1930 : 1931 *:' 932
:estir.a.te : :


: Thousands : Thousands : -Tousands
* .' ."


3erna;'y .... ........... : June 1
Denicairk ... ......... ... : J ly
etneric..nds .... ...: June
1n,-land and ales ......: "
Scotlrnl ............. .. : "
-ortnern Ireland ......: "
Iris-: Frre State ........ : "
Total above 7 cou.n-
trio s 2/............:


2,232
580
242
: 316 :
18
20
111

S 3,519


2-,356
624
21Q
402
S20
22
125

3,759


:I:

:1/


2,142;
493
179
424
20
2Q
1i0


do..;-.iled from. rp-orts of Assistant Agricultural Commissioner F. F. Christy,
IntrrnE.ti6nae. InstitutP oi Arriculture and official sources.
1/ June 20, 1932.
2/ .o annual d -ta available for Poland. On June 30, 1930 sows.l0 monthss and
over v'ere estiinate-d at 1,503,0U0 nead.


- -------------






HP-36


United States

Continued large slaughter supplies alone i with the vweak consuner
demand resisted in furt-ier declines in ro0 -rices during uctcber. The
avera-e .,rice of hos at C.,icac.o for t!E .1:ont-. :..as J- J i:,cr 1,3 Juc .Ts
as compared witn .,4.UJO in Septe.wber c :- 45.03 in uctober last yp-ar. Tic
decline '..ic.. began in late July ::as continued almost ..ithout interr: ticn
and :,rices rre now at the very low i'-vels reach. ed in late ia; ?, ab,;.t
$1.70 oelov:' tne J-uil :jeak. T'i:e ave:ae Chicago ,,rice for the eeekt e nef.
iove her 3, .'as Y3.i7 as compared with ;.1i?, the lo; .-.cint rcac.-ed t..e
last :.'er-: i i .>, .

c tober usually ,r.arks t .o f t;of s.:ift in io, mar-:etii ? ircom an
old cro) to ea ew crop basis. aitho,:_. .:rrin.= A.i s nave constituted a-a in-
creasi:: proportion n of the slau~-ter s-: .plis d.irinc recent *.'eekss t-e :ro-
portion of old crop nogs in t.ie I: ar.:tinos a .-.are.* .l ;-as been lar'ce t..-..
last y; :r. T:h.i .cs beer. d.i- leraei.l to t.e fact tr-at roL.icers ir. so..e
sections witir.eld ho,,s fror. tne a-crr:et in tc-e early surrmncr, un ..rst Po suc.-
ho gs -..- been marketed i.rin, the last 3 ,.iontns. Slaughter zader led.eral
inspection iurin, October ajnoitino to .3,605,0c'J .-ead was 10.8 per cent
larger teip; in Se JteL.ber, but it was about 4.4 ier cent smaller than i.c 'e
Scorres~on:di.., ino. t.h a year earlier. i-lost 'f the reduction in .=.a-u.::ter
sui lics a.s conmarei witl' a year earlier carm be attributed to tse fact that
October .:ad one less slauj.rter dc- tr:is yeer tnan lapt. The average ei.iiat
of ho,s .:ar:eted w5s heavier last mo.:th thai: in October a ;.ear a,,o.

Corn prices ecliLned s.-arply .irin October. The average -rice of
1,o. 3 yelloww corn at Cnica_o fcr t.:e in.o:-.t.. of 2;.7 cents .:er bl.--el ."'. t.u
lowest ,..o.tnly c.ver&ee for rimny 'years. The decline in corn prices, ..::r-ver,
was only. slightly greater than t.ur irop in no, prices, and the h' .-cor-i
price r:tio for October of i;3.f% was onrl sligrant! hi,,,her than in SenTre,.:ber
an'i in October last year.

.,holescle .rices of fresh or: riui c:rr! .aris Icclined sonr:.:'.':.;:t :..!.r-
ing October, the greatest -cline o r.-riri ir. t;.c prices of 1i..,t 10 is.
Bacon ;r.ces werF ste-ad; ti-rin, tn.e ..onrt,, b.t .rices of 0Lord 3 :et .a-c:.... : .r-
ing t.c last nalf of October.

Un tited StateF, x:-.orts of oot tn :..or.: nd i l.i d'.rin, S-_ t e-.i -" r c:'C
lar,er t:..al in ..... t. ir.. i.,cr -aze ep ou-:tl' to .- cent or : ': ...
27 ..r r c nt o ei- r IAs c. 1 ai-re 'i .. 't.-no-r ,'t .nr : t:
were l 8 r cent larrpr but ;~or': Fx .orts '.i-re 20 ;r .; t s.:..:ler. 1.e
mar::e ti.L, r enI--i S.rpt.-. ber 3., t'.'. total por.. (-x rr:'ts er :. --. -
per ce..t s. .'L -r t':an tr.o.e of t. i;-r .-: -lii,, ,car b..t t.. .... ::la. 1:rd
exports a. .o'..nt d: i t.o only I ,)rr cent. ...i ...;.rn of l I ir, .. '. ." -
ports laria,,. October wPre .. r it.ani iia .-t.c e:', but s..i :-....: -. ":
were LoJlt td.. saJrm:.


-5-





HP-36


Bacon exports in September amounting to 1,179,000 pounds were 13 per cent
larger than in August but the were less than half as large as those of September
1931. Shipments to Cuba, Italy and the United Xin':dom increased during the month
and exports to Sweden continued relatively large. Total exports of bacon for
the 1931-32 marketing -ear of 20,227,000 pounds were about half as large as
those of 1930-31, and the were smaller than for an;- other similar period on
record.

Exports of hams and shoulders amounted to 5,063,000 pounds in September
which represented an increase of 23 pEr cent ovzr the movement in August, but
was about the same as 'the exports in September a -ear earlier. Most of the
increase over the preceding m.ronth was due chief to the larger takings of these
cuts by the United I ingdor.i, o.r most irm.ortant foreign outlet for hams and
shoulders. The total exports 3o hams and shoulders for the marketing year just
ended amounting to 66,045,000 pounds were 26 per cent less than those of 1930-31'
The proportion of h-ims and shoulders in the total pork erxorts for 1931-32,
ho'.e!ver, was slightly lar er than last ar.

Lard exports in September of 45,123,000 pounds were about 10,000,000 poun4
larger thaui in .-ugust and 7,0.. 0,00 pounds laror t.-Ln in -he corresponding
month in 1931. Shi-ments of lard to ndarlr all of the i..porting countries were
larger in Septcomber t.icl in August. GCrmany was the lar est importer of America
lard during thic month. a large part of the increase in L.rd exports to this
countr-: ma, have been in anticipation of hi.jher tariff duties and the establish-
ennt of an imnoorft cuota on lard. Exoorts of lard for the 1951-32 marketing
year totaled about 558,000,000 pounds, 42 per cent of which was exported to the
United Kingdom and 29 per cent to Gcrmany. Is cocmparod with the preceding year,
German imported 56 per cz,;t more lard from the United Statecs while the United
iKingdom took 11 per cent loss.

A statistical summary of the Unitei, States situation in hogs and hog
products for the marl:-ting ear ended September 30, 1952 appears on page 8
The number of hogs slaughtered under Federal inspection for the year was 7.1 per
ccnt larger than for 1950-31, but, 'jeccuse of the reduction of 3 per cent in
average live eight of hogs 7,l&.ughtered durig-.L the ;yer, the total dressed
weight was only about 4 ,er cc.t larger. The increase in the apparent
domestic consumption of por!: and lard, however, of 5.3 per cent was 3roater than
the increase in production larg;el bc.c.us of the reduced exports of pork and
ic.rd. The cmmot.nt of lard going into domestic consumption was about 9.5 per cent
lc.rger than Ic.st year. Storaw e holdings of )or:; at the end of the marketing
,car (October 1, 1952) woic ,.bout 5 per cent larger than a year earlier, and
storage stocks of lard '.'re about 2 -cr cent 1 olr r.


-6-





Hr-36


-?-


Hogs: Slaughter in United States, German;, DenmarI, and Canada,
b.y months, seasons October Septe..ber,1929-30 to 1931-32 1/

United 3tat..s Q.rmanrn at : eenrnark : Canada
tonth: inspected : 36 -oints : erort houses : inspected
:1929- :1930- :1931- :1929-:1930-:1931-:1929-:1930-;.1c1- 1929-1930-.11-
:1930- :1931- :1932 :1930-:1931-;132 130-:1931-:1932 :190-:S31-:193
: Tho'u- :Thou- : Thou- :ou-: Thou- :ou-Th'u- 'ou-": hou- ;hou- Thou- ; Thou-: Thou-
:sands :sands :sands :sands:sands:sands:sads:sndds:ndd: nds:sands:sands:sc-.ds

Oct.: 3,857: 2,492: 3,772: 357: 418: 430: 501: 612: 583; 207 160: 247
Kov.: 4,499: 4,024: 4,218: 356: 278: 453: 395: 57?: 655. 254; 168: 259
Dec.: 5,093: 4,647: 5,387: 582: 452: 441: 488: 612: S65: 221: 170: 247
Jan.: 5,001: 5,362. 5,027: 351: 391: 409: 438; 653: 701: 207 165; 264
Feb.: 4,034: 4,142: 4,590: 335: 405: 414: 407; 537: 641: 166; 161; 240
I:ar.: 3,392: 3,523: 5,634: 373: 503: 418: 442: 539: 793: 168: 154; 23.;
Apr.: 3,480; 3,488: 3,714: 374: 423 397: 52: 07: 509: 16 172 2: 2
May : 3,823: 3,408: 3,940: 371: 42 435: 422: 562: 654: 174 158 255
June: 3,6b9: 3,251: 3,320: 544: 448: 380: 478: 583: 756; 159: 164; 248
Jul': 3,187: 2,767: 2,802: 61 401: 302: 525 622:2/589: 127: 148. 192
Aug.: 2,724: 2,500: 2,970: 344; 399: 348: 485: 600:2/589: 124: 162: 189
Sept: 2,773: 2,955: 3,252: 351: 416: 352: 595; 629:2/641: 140: 204:Z/"1-
Total: : : : : : : ---
for : : : :
season 45,542:43,559: 46,656:4,299:4,96: 4,784-: ,71b: 7,116: 7,877: 2,0391 1,977:2, 779

7 Season accepted as i.iost representative for the ULited Stutes.
2/ Adjusted fror wee.:ly figures published in Landbrugsrcadets I'eddelelser
since October 2, 1930.
3/ Unofficial estimate.

Canada

Prices of Ca.nadia. hogs were lover in October t:.a:. in So 'terecr, and for
the week ended October 27, bacon hogs at Toronto fell to the ne:- lo.v level of
;3.66 per 100 pounds. Th:e re':eding weel: the price ,-as '7.92 and for t.:e 4
weeks of October the average price 'as 3.9-8 co .ared v:.it: the average Octo'-er
price of .5.06 last year. The highest monthly avera e p-rice reached this :-e'r
was 4.59 in August.

The volume of marketing durir.,; October -ras :..allc:' th:an i&st t :.r LdurirU
the same month tut lar ;er than in October 1930. For t. e '.:eeks of Cctober
this .ear 202,000 hogs were graded \whereas last seaso:. i 7u: -I: the srr.e -ernois
,:radi-ns amou!Lted to 252,0 CU and in 190U'. tlho aRT.mouited to !', iC hIrnd.

Duri L" the narkcetin-,; year I/October 1931 to oSe tc.ier 1.." i:s'ect,'d -c.
slaughter amounted to 2,7 8,000 heud an iiirrease of 41 or cent LI;ovP !:.st
season and 33 .jer cent cove 192'u-3D.
Du.r ina JFctu'.r 1 to Septer,.ber 1 inclusive of the CLtreI'.: .r, t)h sh -'
icents of light v/oi';ht :io,;s and feudLrs as cO.fu.-ed .it, totcl :" .IliILs of ..
have increased considerable, ac':ordii;., to a li l.tr o:. C .dian Livi 'sitl '. ir'- uL .t

/ ear accoted tis ,3lost rerrosoitu: ti'.- or '..i t. u.




HP--36


U.iited States: Statistical sum .ar.: of hio and pork products situation,
October, 1931 September, 1932, xvith comparisons

..... Oct. Sept :1931-32 1931-32
: Aver -e :: :as per- :as per-
: 1926-27 : :cent ae :centa :e
Item : Unit : to :1930-51 : 1931-32 ;of 5--ear: of
S1930-31 : :average :1930-31
Ho-s : : ---- ; : -Per cent- :Per cent
Inspected slaughter:number:45,702, 93145,557,768:46,654,680: -02.08 : 107.11
Carcasses condemned: 142,765: 123,502: 144,093: 100.93 : 116.67
Lverage live weight:pound : 231.51 : 234.18 : 227.73 : 98.37 : 97.25
Average dressed .
weight .. : 175.03 : 176.88 : 171.52 : 97.99 96.97
Total dressed weight 1,000:
(excl.condeined) :pounds: 7,974,512: 7,682,591: 7,977,571: 100.04 103.84
Storage,Oct.l,begin- : :
ning of marketing year: 1,000: : : :
Fresh pork .. pounds: 103,990: 92,305: 81,559: 78.43 : 88.36


Cured pork .. .
Lard .
Total .
Imports -
Fresh pork .
Pork,pickled and
preserved .
Total ..
Available for con-
sumption 2/. .
Exports -
Pork .
Lard .. .
Total .
Storage,Oct.l, end of:
marketing year -
Fresh pork .. :
Cured por: .. :
Lard :
Total .:
Apparent consumption 3,'
Lard -
Production:
Per 100 pounds


: 433,236: 355,122: 395,528: 90.79 : 110.76
: 112,809: 59,732: 69,296: .61.43 : 116.01
: 650 035: 507,159: 544,183: 783.72 : 107.'0
; : .


I 6,475:


538:


1,578: 24.37 : 293.31


:1/ 3,790: 5,273: 4,335: 114.58 : 132.45
: 10,205: 3,811: 5,913: 57.60 : 155.16
:: :


: 8,634,813: 8,193,561: 8,527,657:


98.76 : 104.08


* .: :
282,892: 171,755: 120,559: 42.62 : 70.19
: 715,G72: 563,358: 558,441: 78.03 : 99.13
: 998,534: 735,113: 679,000 68.00 92.7 "

: : : ; :

S104,767: 81,559: '8,569: 74.99 : 96.33
: 424,566: 393,328: 418,790: 98.64 : 106.47
1 05,556: 69,296: 70,582: 66.87 : 101.86

: : 54418: : :89.46 104.

I


live weight : pound: 15.30 : 14.84 : 14.97 : 97.84 : 100.88
:1,000
Total .:pounds: 1,613,309: 1,509,510: 1,585,1601 98.26 : 105.01
Apparent consur-ption
4/. o" : 904,890: 936,588: 1,025,433: 113.32 : 109.49
Hogs,average cost for: : : : :
slaughter .. dollar: 9.36 : 7.21 : 4.05 : 43.27 : 56.17
i/ Iot reported prior to January 1,1928. P.verage shown is for three ;ears.
2/ Total dressed weight + imports + storage October 1, begirnninG of marketing
season.
3/ Available for consumption (exports + storae October l,end of marketinG
season).
4/ Production + storage October 1,beginning of season,-(exports + storage Octobex
1, end of season).


-8-









United States:


Total exports ci har.:s .an shoulders, b; .. onths,
1925-23 to 19l1-52


Ilonth




Oct.
1ov.
Dec.
Jan.
Feb.
I.,ar.
Apr.
!,ay
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Total


1925-26 1928-27

: 1,000 : 1,000
SpotLds : pouds

: 14,494 : 10,847
S16,243 : 13,105
: 19,827 : 12,375
S21,000 : 9,873
: 19,105 : 9,511
: 13,117 : 9,253
: 18,059 ; 10,007
:16,682 : 1,092
: 13,218 : 13,471
: 13,512 : 13,158
: 15,972 : 8,215
:11,425 : 11,123
: 197,654 : 13Y4,33


8


.1926-29 ; 129-50 1930-51 1951-32
S


S1927-2

: 1,000
: oo ..ld.s

: 7,.32
S7,374
: 9,905
: 10,005
: 10,976
:12,222
- 11,258
: 11,390
: 13,754
: 15,557
: 13,402
6,681
:123,156


0 1CC
. pou-.o s

7, 50
: 11i656
:6,927
: 9,461
: 9,213
10, 70
12,413
13,845
: 12,153
: 1i,7?9
: 0, 41
: 6, 32
12 5,128


: 1, 0.0
: -ouLnds

: 5,259
: 10,C39
: 5,525
S7,295
: 5,558
:6,829
S8,086
: 9,939
: 9,721
: 9,071
: 6,525
: 5,057
-: 9,342


: 1, 00
: 3orttds

S5,628
: 6,859
: 4,132
: 3,881
: 4,025
p 3,834
S5,459
: 7,51
: 7,152
: 83,1C
: 4,123
: 5,036
33 i,045


Compiled from the .ont'"'hlSu .r'' ouf 'Fo reig'n "Co,.irmerrce3 o- -' Uni'ted S''e rates.


United States: Total lard ex_,.rts, b -.onths, 1925-26 to 1931-32


i.o




0
17

J
F
I
A

J
J
A
C,


nth : 1925-26


1926-27 1927-28


1,0 1,000 : ,
poundss : pounds

ict. : 46,569 : 48,547 :
ov. : 40,918 : 44,930 :
ec. : 70,669 : 64,322 :
an. : 78,796 : 61,395 :
'eb. : 66,599 : 51,615
ar. : 65,989 : 54,814 :
.pr. : 64,919 : 69,C91
iay : 59,857 : 56,31. :
une :57,614 : 68,445
uly : 47,117 : 48,3'9 :
.utg. : 55,175 : 51,91
lept. : 62,836 : 61,282
Total : 77,'398 '" 5-91',9i :


-otunds

52,026
50, 54
64,325
72,754
82,448
o ,493
58,525
5, 255?
b5,495
54,75:';
52, 2)64
47 ,- 314
~ifrf 5:'8


1923-29 1929-50

1, 0 .. : 1, 1 C
poU:i.s : .otu. .,

60,0b8 71,814
6-,2 3 : 84,... C
8't,b28 81,550
92, 32 : 75,137
67 ,89s3 :67,0L?
72,745 : .
30,1.38 : 51,2 1
6b-,.93 : 67,.31 i
3L'., ; : 57,6 p
'6,-.40 52, .i:
9 ,',37 : .1, 19

8:27, 05-5 : 1,W -.


1930-31 : 131-32

: Z, 0 i,000
: 32u'uds OILu.dS

: 42,026 : 44, 09
: 4 ,538 365, 0C'
; 46,281 66,732
: 39,85 : 60,-43
: 69,-.9 ; 67,'2 "
:' 4A:} 773
: 15,C E ; 5 61
Si',513 41,519
; o,."'5 45, ..'
*5 ,597 "*,6;72
: *,' n 52."
.* 5, :.r, 0:6,612
.;. 331.,. : 4-
* ;r
* ', .


Compiled f ron .ont'h'ft Su. arS of Ycroi, .'*ercf c-. i '*...'it-' .t'-.te-, '


HP-3G


: 1 ..
: pounds

: 4747
: 7,j357
: 8,518
: 11,187
S7,680
: 11,140
: 1,857
: 11,246
: 12,571
: 12,321
10,649
: ,478
:120, 531









Great Britain end I'Dish Free otate

Sterling quotations on American green bellies at Liverpool were steady
during most of Octooer. '.:eaker sterlin; exchange, however, brought the gbld
average for October down to ..8.68 per 100 pounds. -The sterling rates on that
item were slightly hi her than a. gear ago on the strength of ver limited
supplies, but dollar equivalents wont below last -Iear's level. The lower
sterling prices on other cured pork lines, ::owvev.r, brought the gold average for
Danish 7Viltshires doIwn to ; 8.48, and .merican short cut ha,.s .to ;9.81. American
'iltshircs were available at ,0.14. All avera s are on the basis of ir: orter-
to-wholesaler prices for first quality.

During most of October, bacon su;jplius in British- ..ar .ats were relatively
large, according to I.leit Specialist H. .. aed at Londo... Increased continental
killings, unsatisfactor-- weather and 1c'-,or consumer bu: irg power nave combined
to force prices loter. ThQl st2erlin'. values of most linzs vere lovrer than last
:-ear. 3B October A1, the market had ste. di..: somewhat at the lover levels
established, largely on the strength of lighter continent.l killings, following
a generally seasonal increase it, such killings du.-in; thi mnont.1 ended October 21.
Increases over- the previous month Jore n,.Jtea for Danish, Dutch c;id Lithuanian
slaughter, while.decreases occurred in Poland and Juedcn. Comp-ard with a 3ear
ago, Danish killings ran slightl- lar.s;r, Swedish .nd Polish considerably smaller
-.and Dutch considerably larj-r. Arrivals hcve beeo; -.ore .c;ular than last -year.
Official mont:hly- ir:iort returns :or the season ended Sc-+itjner 30, 1932 indicate
a record total oi 1,280,0'O0,000 pounds.

The heavy incroLse in bacon i.'.:.o_-ts into Gri.t Britain from Donmark during
t.-e 1931-32 season resulted in receiots freon that source representing 69.0 per
cent of the recei-pts fro..~ all sources, ac:.inst 66.8 -,or cent ii 1930-31,according
to official monthly retur..s. "occcipts irom continental countries other than
Denrmairk, constituted about 26 ,or cent of the total imports in both 1930-31 and
1931-52. Unofficial returns indicate that in 1951-3., recci-ts from Poland had
a tendone- to exceed receipts from i:ctherlands, formerly bscond to Doninark as a
source of im,,orted bacon. Official returns olace the Netherlands share of the
1951-52 business at 3.4 per c.nt, against 9.6 per cent in 1930-51.

Total supplies of hams in October wore slightly larjoer than in Septmrber,
with receipts fror the United Stat.s up, but with smaller supplio-s from Po'land
and Canada. The lower prices, especially in the 2 weeks ended October 31,- wore
the outcome of a s.zasonall, weaker demand, accentuated 'by bad weather, together
wi.th competition from gar.mmons in c oDnoct ion \with: incr.soaed .)acon 'suppl'ics.
0ificial import returns for September indic:.ted that total ha, imports, whillo
seasonally smaller, wcrer c.bout 25 per cent larger than 'ls.ct yaor. For the car
ended September 50, 1932,' tot:hl ha..i i.orts, a.t 91,265,00-. pounds, vvre about
t..e same as list sac'son and conside'rc.bly und'r the averc' ycrs. Fo.r the first 9 months of 1932 imports fro.-i t'he Unritcd States tv.re
m.mterially smaller in 1932 than in 1931, but lar- c increases occurred -in imports
from Ca.n..d.. and Poland, espocic.lly the forr.1c country. De:nm:rk .nd Argentina
also sent more-hams in 1932 than in 1931. -


HP-56


- C-






rHP-36


The recently released report t of the Peorganization Commission for Pigs
and Pig Products" builds its reco mendEtions around ha-LS and tacon. The
Commission recommends the stabilization of total imported and dorestiz supplies
of bacon and ham at 1,195,CCO,OOC pounds, a calculated average for the years
1925-190Z. Of that fi.-ure, an allotenr.t of atout 196,000,000 pounds assigned
tentatively to British producers, as representing the 'quantity of h.cze-produoed
baco!_ ar.d hams available in recent ecars". TProvision is made for a tolerance up
or down from the figure cited. A system of import quotes, adjustable annually,
is recorner.ded to control foreign supplies. It is sug.ested'that wher. the dor-
estic quota is increased, thrt of foreign, exportinib cour.tries-should be reduced,
and that any increase iri Do:,ir.ion or Colorial quotas should be at -the expense
of foreign quotas. In treo 12 months ended September 30, 1032, -the voluw.e of
imported bacon and ham reached 1,371,426,000 Lounds.

The Lritish Government plans to reduce :orkn imports during tcl- 2 months
beginning i!overber 14, to a level 20 per cent blow t-;rt of the corresponding
period a year earlier, according to called advice from Agricultural Attache
Foley ir. London. Allocation of reductions by countries hcve not been deter-
mined.

The stronger tender.cy in sterling quotations or Americar. refined lard
at Liverpool durir:. October offset sonew'.'hat the vweaker excrhanre siturticn,
resulting ir. a gold average for the month of ,;.04 per 1CO pounds. That 'ifure
was lower than ir either the preceding month or a year ago. In sterlir.g,
October prices were higher than ir. September, 'rut urder 1951 levels. Lard
.stocks at Liverpool were seasonally s:rr.ller on ::ovember 1. Lard imports in-
creased in September largely because of increased tckings from the United Sttes.
During the last 4 years, Sept:m.tcr imports of lard have shorn a .marked decline
from August. For the 12 months er.dcd Jeptem er 30, total lard imports into
Great Britain, at 270,000,000 pourns, wert 11.7 per cer.t smnllcr thar. the un-
usually lar-e 1930-31 total, lut were aYout e ual to the average for t-.c "ost-
war seasons.

Lor.doT Central .Mrkt receipts of i.ritis!. and Iris' fre.s'. rork for
October, at more tr.rin 4,000,CC0 pounds were secso!:.,ll lar1- r, but t.-l.c c-or.'_-
sponding rcceipts for last your. Exports of live ho s fror Irelt..0 ..v.. i:.-
creased sinc-; the bounty t.ea:io effective October 12i, 1... r:.te o'. liv- pigs
is placed at 12.5 per cent of thb: declared vr:luo, 1r. Yr,,,d rt: '.orts, iowv.r,
thet the Irish countiess or. lo.ts ai.d pork -roducts aveL- ;F.d lut little ,:'f'.ct
so far upon the total pork sua plics of ti-.L. United ..ir r:o:, T .. z :..'.: ir-
creese in t!.u de t.ur.d for :,ork has :-not 1 :. sul''ic ..-.t to ,I.t.*i:. "* : i
the face of ircrearsed supply .s. !.ark.t ir,.s of' ft 1 is i- r".'- .
have sho"n. th-. -xp';ct,:d scasorni l incrcas.a iod ravi r i-- .. :r.u2. .... : .'r L.st
yusr. Fce:d, r -;igs ar: n"ovir: at al out 1' Ic s:.':. r;:-t.- last ... ': It !s
possible t.:.. t rroduc'.rs !;.ld 1 r- cl- 'ecr.ir ..i(.'s r':. i: V" 2' O C*i: :.'
1'ig Cor.',issio:. with respect to dc(r'.r t. ie u d i ::,ort d sun. l i s ...' :L. :.I ..


-1 1-






HP-36 -12-
United Kingdom: Arrivals of ;iltshire sides at London from Continenta
couritires, by weeks, 1930-51 and 1921-U2 1/

eek edd : Eanish at : At London
%7eek ended
: all ports Danish : Swedish Lutch Polish
_____- ____- --- -I -. -- Polish-,-
: Pales : ales : ales : Bals : Bales
Oct. 3-Aug.12: 3,078,969 : 1,575,70 : 10'7,231 : 143,637 368,879
Aug. 19 ..... 60,032 : 32,222 : 2,665 : 4,700 : 7,235
S..... 5,280 : 30,882 : 2,310 : 4,703 : 8,024
Sept. 2 .....: 58,594 : 31,352 : 2,727 : 4,560 : 8,597
9 .....: 59,727 : 32,224 : 2,613 : 5,349 : 9,468
16 .....: 56,52 : 29,855 : 2,898 : 6,205 : 10,392
23 .....: 15,620 : 35,729 : 2,C49 : 8,212 : 9,514
30 .....: 67,121 : 36442 :_ 2,049 : 8,170 : 11,398
Total Oct.3-:
Sept. 30, :
1931-32 ...: 3,505,195 1,904,485 : 125,442 : 185,536 433,507
Total Oct.4-:
Oct. 2, :
1030-31 ...: 35,41,232: 1,602,156 : 158,98 : 270,044 : 4/
Oct. 7 ....: 67,856 : 36,912 : 2,38 : 9,948 9,905
14 ..: 70,739 : 39,540 : 2,752 : ,546 : 8,833
21 .....: 67,28_3 : 36,478 : 2,300 : ,390 : 6,578
Total Oct.
?-21, 132 : 20V,878 : 112,930 : 7440 : 28,884 : 25,316
Total Oct. :
9-23, 1931 : 177,523 : 87,369 : 8,28' : 11, 82 : 25,931
Transmitted hy H. E. Eeed, I.'eat and ool Specialist at London, Foreign Agricul-
tural Service. 1/ London Provision Exchange. Sides ar,- packed 4 or 6 to the
rale, according to weight of sides. The most popular rale is that carrying 4
sides with the total weight ranging 220-260 pounds. 2/ Included in "others"
after May 20, 1932. 3/If any, included in 'others". 4/ Series for 1930-31
incomplete.
Hogs: iillir.gs ir important continental tacon producing countries,
ty weeks, Decemotr 9, 191-April 6, 1932 ~'

Weeck ended Denmark Methorlaonds 7oland : Sweden

: !umnt er : Eumber : !:umrntr Numt eor
July 6 .......: 134,256 15,132 : 24,817 : 6,395
13 ........: 122,378 : 15,396 : 21,334 : 6,147
20 ........: 116,648 13,36 : 22,725 : 5,600
27 ...... : 112,483 15,098 13,205 7,628
Aug. 3 ........: 117,520 17,016 : 18,606 : 8,226
10 ........: 114,039 : 17,463 : 20,490 : 7,924
17 ........: 116,22 : 17,848 : 24,534 : 7,795
24 ........: 118,418 19,365 : 22,105 : 7,728
31 ........: 116,025 : 21,09 : 26,530 : 7,65F
Sept. 7 ........: 121,323 : 5,001 25,530 7,509
14 ........: 132,263 : 29,857 : 22,745 : 7,242
21 ........: 134,030 : 32,866 : 26,804 : 6,595
29 ........: 139,108 : 35,398 : 25,937 : 7,117
Oct. 5 ........: 144,656 : 35,198 19,451 :7,794
12 ........: 136,52 : 27,748 : 14,J62 : 6,300
19 ........: 132,327 : 31,292 :12,204 : 6,097
Transmitted ly H. E. Reed, meat and wool socialist at London, Foreign Agri-
cultural Service. 1/ Unofficial. For earlier killings, see page 14 of
RP-38.







-13-


UI.ited Kir.gdom: BLcon imports from D.r.nark, r:. r-ort:.s, 126-'r to 1i'1-32


: 11 '-257 : 1927-25 : 1I2--22 : '1:29-30 : 1930-1I : 1-31- 3


: ,3CO: 1,000 O
: Lou s : pounds :
: : :


1,00 1,000: 1,'CD
pounds : rounds c: ur.,ds


Oct. .......: 34,557 50, 0' : 5C703 : 47,4F6 70,'' "i,
I:ov. .......: 38,31 50,27 4 ,02 : 4 ,525 ~1,43 ",
Dec. .......: 4 4 52,244 : 45,500 : 53,4'0 : '4 : "",4g
JanI. ....... : 41, : 54 9 5 : 4 4 71! : ,40'6 r: c, 1 : z,
,... ,. 3
Feb. .......: 42,43 53,42 : 41,50P 4- ,43 : 7,24. : ,135
Mar. .......: 47,56 : 54,A 75 :41,9 : 51 70 : C0,C5 : -, 4C
Apr. .......: 42,93 : E2,745 : 44,031 4,C4 : r3:
M:ay ........: 44 205 : E1,10X 46,75 : 5',?0 : ", : 4 ,717
Jure .......: 51,705 : 51,653 : 41, 9U : 54 : ^, : ,5
July .......: 50, 71 : 44,52 : 46,57C : ,213 : c,74 :
Aug. .......; 46, -1 48,924 : 48,121 : ,0 .- C4 : ?,C
Sept. ......: 4 ,145 : 42,633 : 4863.5 : "57,i : 7 C-__' -"

T.al.. 5302,r9.4 A,7 T"e 552,- 3

Compiled from Trade :.d :avigatior. of t,.e Ur.ited ir.gdo...


Y'r.ited Ki..gdom:


Mo n th


: P ',00.
: pc u r..'s


: 1 1,0000 : 1,000 : 1,CUc : .1, c
: pu' ds : JuI rs : r ur i- s : ou'.s : p
* : : : :


Oct .......
ov. ......
JDer ........
-r
.Tar. .......

lar. .......
Apr. .......
"ay ..



Aug. ......
:ept. ......
'eta-l. ...


: 73,275
: ;'6, 139
: 7F, ,71

*': ," 74
: '2,4=.7
: 7..77
: ";j .-


: ,r4 c


:.." ,0. 1
I r_


: ,...... : .7 ;, :7


: 0 : ," ,, :1



?: 3. O :
"',7 '7:"; ;
C' r

S (" :7 ,
*,..r '; -,

.*' ", 7. *, ,'4 ,


72,402?
74,,-'6


-. 7-.
4,0 -1

S[ c "'. '


S ,' i '


r .


f. ,, "C; : C'.' ,
,_._ : 01.5,

S "" :" : ,, c..:-,
,. -' *
-,' .
i.- ,3 -" ,
r' *-' ,' -


-


-_ *,* : -1 ,:,,

r '
ir^ ;''


O:,.pJJ,* r? G'- '': 8r .rV i : t : C.' tr d.! itii 1 v' (, ..


hP-36


,:-01. t.


: 1,000C
: .cu-.cs


Tot&l ha-ot. imports, y or. t:.s, 1_'^--" t. .. .1-?.


7 132-2- : 1 : 1 1 -1 : 1 1-


i






HP-36


United Kingdom: Total har. irrports, by months, 1926-27 to 1931-32


Ionth : 192-27 1927-25 : 1923-2 : 12-C : 1930-31 1931-32

-, 300 : 1,000 : ,000 : 1,0 0 : 1,000 1,000
: ourds : pour.ds : 1our.ds : pounds : our.ds : pounds

Oct. .....: 6,029 : 7,02 : 6,1A4 ,10 : 5,792 : 7,217
Nov ..... : I,762 : 5,836 : 6,2 : ,125 5,755 : 7,550.
Dec. .....: -1,31 7,17 ,3o : 9,3'7 : 10,111 : 8,596
Jan .....: 8,847 ,896 : ?,75 : 7,920 7,101 : 4,602
Feb. .....: 6,F3 ,022 P, : 7,989 6,507 5,146
.ar. .....: 6,10 93,264 : 6,C 2R : 8,601 : 5,337 : 6,3C
Apr. .....: j 523 : 7, 3 : P,0 : 9,539 : 7,7 5,764
I a; ......: 2,20 ?,533 : 14,136 : 12,298 : ,204 ,664
June .....: 12,410 : 010, R:2 10,0,98 53 : ,773 : ,466
July .....: 2,034 : 11,404 : 12,042 : 14,391 : 11,165 11,661
Aug. ......: ,282 : 13,54 : 12,073 : 12,024 : ,429 .. 9,091
Sept. ....: _, 02_ : 7,505 07 236 : 5, 13 : 6,978
Tctal .. 106,635 1: ,8 110,257 116,55 91,384 91,2

Compiled from Trade ard I:avigatior. of the United Kingdom.


United Kir-gc.om: Total lard imports, bty months, 1926-27 to 1031-32


Month : 1926-27

: 1,000 C,
: pour. d s

Oct. .....: 21,562
ov. ....: 12,710
Der. ......: 13,772
Jar.. .....: 21,.05
Feb. .....: 19,136
.ar. .....: 20,989
Apr. .....: 27,032
May ......: 24,261
June .....: 28,564
July .....: 26,006


Aug. .....:
Sept. .'...:


17,571
2,530


: 1c27-20


1,000
pounds

: 1 ,360 :
21,058
:22,351
27,794 :
: 28,421
:33,540
23,081
24,39 :
S19 ,596
24, 67
21,5- :
13,5346


Total ..' 255,638 27", 756 27
w *


: 192-29 1929-30 : 1930-31 : 1931-32


1,000 : 1,00C
pour.ds pour.di

1F, C9 : 21, 4-
21,551 24,00'
17, 40 : 2,16(
35,t23 : 27,.
20, 72 : 25,18
22,234 : 24,81
21,312 : 18,21
26,479 20,77
20,498 21,07'
;5,977 : 31,O
21,204 : 20, 43
16,89 : 12, 9


,275,54


1,000 : 1,000
s : pounds : pounds

22,897 17,329
S 27,751 :19,234
S: 27,270 :21,276
D : 21,459 : 28,188
7 : 32,576 : 7,323
0 26,608 1,248
8 : 25,276 .11,805
2 :23,771 :. 20,565
8 : 27,56. :25,890
1 : 28,535 : 22,221
: 25, 001. : 16,477
: 17,022. 18,556

7 322,7 77 270,112


Compiled frno- Trade -r.d "..vigation of the Ur.ited i:ir.gdom


__ _~


- --


-14-






1r -3 -.5-

Contir.ontal "ountri.s Im-ortnr.t ir. the' Eritish Cured Pork Trade

Deomark

ranish hog producers arc in an ur.fLvortile situ;ticr., :.tr. *Crist; rcrorts.
In SeptemtS-r, hog-fued ratios were th- lowest for that r.cr.t in several years.
Developmer.ts at Ottawa are viewed aprrch3nsitl:r with respect to incrmc.sed cor-
petition from Eritish Emnpiru sources, prir.2ipally ar.ada, ir thu iritish: 2ured
pork market. Fritish activities ir. plar^.ir:g the distributic:. of t.h marrket Lcr-
tweer. domestic, m.pire a:.d foreign. sources also are cause fCr cor.cerl. in Ier.rnark.
Meran.while, the ar.ficipated dccli.e ir. rmark.:tir.gs has brtgur., rut will not he
particularly offoctive for several mor.ths. From -anuary 1 to Sep'tLr."cr 3C, 1932,
Danish export slrugr.ter was 7.7 per car.t .heLvicr t'. r. for t+.c corrcson.dig
1931 period. Sir.e July 15, however, there has ee-:. a sligr.t dclire tclow 1I31
levels.

baporn exports in cSpt mtaor rescr.ed 73, .r. C''is, an increase over ot
the precedirng moth ar.d a year a'co, 'ut Velow tr.e average monthly mcvecm-.! for
the 1931-32 season. For the 12 months funded S-pterr-er 30, however, tacor. ex-
ports from Desr.ark were. 9.5 per cer.t heavier tha. ir. 1930-31, and esTEilis.ed
a:n all-time record. During. 1932-33, however, exports are expected to be smaller,
in view of the anticipated decre: so in slaughter. After rr ching a low level
arour.d the middlee of April 1932, prices of Lanish pork improved fairly steadily
until the latter part of Sept:rm.ber, .when.: a sharp dror wEs experi,-nced. F, ti.e
end of C.toter those prices, as refl-cted ir. Liverpool -uctutions or E_:nish
Wiltshire sides, had more thar lost all of the surmcer's gir.. In Jucrterlir,
the Li.r ish pork-"orn ratio was the. lowest :'or any cSptu-mLr of the rast 5 y,'. rs,
Lard exports w;7ret urusu-l..1y a.(.vy duri-:. th. first monthsof 1:~2 .

Poland

Currer.t developrrents cor.tirnue to cc".firm. the erli'r cxpe-:tatio:.s of
smaller .;og supplies in Polac.d duri:., 1 32-7, ...r. C' risty states. On une 30,
1932 there wer.J 5,F35,0C0 -.s i:, Polar.l, aglir.st 7.,3.0,COCC .0' .;.h a *':r
earlier, a decrease of 20.3 per cent. :'o details are cvai lat'L covcri',
numbers by ag, classes, 1but ir lici tions are t .E.. the I '. c .1" :n'' tirs :''. 'r..' laI-i-
ly ir the your-ger O-'u groups, sugi-esti.;ng or.sidc':ci ly sr.cl':o supplies t+is
winter a.d r.ext spring. 3 o far, however, .,dc-crras-d Polist:. 1,o- !.u:-.-:S ":r;' iot
yet reflected i- the export statistics, LEaor. ex:' :ts i 'i- I firstt .t
of 10.32 totaled .,2,344,OOC0 pcur.ds, prco ticjl' cl :of chi. ..,t. .": :'.
The -orrespor.dir. 1531 fi(urrfs were. 7,136,0sC pou: ds -:s ccr:E...; v-:it! only
1,561 ,000 pCu: is for th!e *r.tirr. ;,.i r "--, 7 : -/ '; : 1 n o e : *-x. 'rts s'
beor. ac'eT:rpl. -i:d ry a sh:. rp droi i. t .or ts ''' liv-t S:. 0.s.

Ex orts o I.a::,s r.ouT t.-i to 1" :,0-., C. pcu: is \iur t ":' :-: 1- :.c, I s
of 1932 aogai:st 11,3 P,,C00 i oui -i :'or t:-.- *iorr..i -. : "I". -
cre: sed exports of t. + pIor iu't &a so :as .. '. ;arty i 'x :.. iv \'
exports. P i is oxpor s i'c !poork dur.: t'. i i i '.'- i'1 : I ;i 4:'rx- -
mated only uLt ut oet .-t i:Lt. of t1i 'OIrr.-p ,'lli' ii .r-s. An" I I t I *'*." i'.t.
of 2C. .lot;tyz ior 100 kilo gr.... ns (L :.ts .i r ou .) i-. i ... .. : O
hae on: arnd rz:n cxport,;d tr.routl. t .. Cover:.:.. .t ho. ;c:n .Qt 1., SY! I .'1. .
State a so imS O S-'CS :.:: e;Xport dluty :, n : 1 -I'a i or ai'.il : ( :t' cI t
3cv lirnn ri-r.t sy5 tut lost -.0 p[ r c.:-.t of t t.; t V~ul. ''jn: .. to ;.. ust, i : .
or.ly some t-wo-thirds thct n:' tieL previOuLLS .,'i:1 r.





HP-36


Netherlands

The new "Netherlands Hog Central" (Varkenscentrale) is the feature of
the current hog situation in the Netherlands. The organization is an experi-
ment in Government control of production. Its aim is tc regulate domestic
prices through the control of exports. It expects to maintain a comparative
balance between export and domestic prices through the payment of an export
premium to be financed largely from the recently introduced slaughter tax.
In addition, the receipts from import duties on hogs and hog products are
paid directly to the Centrale. The slaughter tax was fixed on August 15 at
9 Dutch cents per kilo dead weight (1.63 cents per pound). As a first step
in hog production control, a complete hog census was undertaken, to be com-
pleted during October 1932. All hoCs enumerated are earmarked, and each
farmer is allotted a production quota for the coming year. It is estimated
that if total numbers are reduced to the 1930'level of head, the industry
can be put on a profitable basis.

Judged by the recent index figures for feed and pork prices, the
production of hogs in Netherlands must be considered unprofitable. Barley
prices have shown some decline since June, but corn prices have been steady.
Perk prices, which showed a considerable pick-up during June, have declined
materially in more recent months. It is regarded as doubtful as to whether
the new Centrale can have much effect upon Dutch hog prices before 1933. The
decline in hog production in Denmark and Poland should improve to some extent
the British market for Dutch hog products, but the contemplated German import
contingents would offset those developments somewhat. Bacon exports for the
season ended September 30, 1932 were considerably smaller than these of 1930-31l
British imports of Netherlands bacon during the 1931-32 period were 30 per
cent smaller than in 1930-31. British markets take the largest share of the
Netherlands export bacon.

Denmark: Total bacon exports, 1925-26 to 1931-32


Month : 1925-26: 1926-27: 1927-28: 1928-29: 1929-30: 1930-31: 1931-32

:1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000
: rounds : Dounds : pounds : pounds : pounds : pounds : pounds

Oct. : 35,526 : 37,860 : 46,129 : 45,295 : 45,31C : 67,869 : 74,611
Nov. .. : 31,316 : 38,943 : 45,999 : 49,319 : 51,819 : 64,822 : 74,592
Dec. : 32,921 : 42,952 : 56,405 : 48,652 : 48,165 : 70,486 : 77,180
Jan. : 32,783 : 44,572 : 54,002 : 40,830 : 51,543 : 72,4C4 : 76,678
Feb. : 33,103 : 42,179 : 50,310 : 41,472 : 43,310 : 64,921 : 73,108
Mar. .. : 36,789 : 49,449 : 56,028 : 42,079 : 51,301 : 68,244 : 74,712
Apr. : 31,370 : 39,303 : 50,682 : 45,648 : 46,615 : 66,325 : 79,012
May : 29,094 : 49,555 : 52,009 : 49,160 : 57,154 : 65,622 : 53,849
June : 33,810 : 49,691 : 50,332 : 41,773 : 51,050 : 62,767 : 83,189
July : 33,542 : 47,279 : 46,680 : 43,857 : 53,403 : 71',142 : 78,546
Aug. .. : 34,879 : 47,009 : 46,941 : 49,004 : 56,432 : 65,998 : 64,759
Sept.. .. : 34,274 : 47,374 : 45,481 : 49,412 : 61,539 : 65,515 : 73,784
Toal :399,407 :536,166 :600,998 :546,531 :617,641 :806,135 :883,020

Compiled from Varcomsatning med Udlandet.





HP-36 _-7

Germany

The us.al October decline in hog prices in Germany placed the month's
average for heavy hogs at Berlin at $8.64 per 100 pounds, according to abled
advices from the Berlin office of the Foreign Agricultural Service. market
receipts of hogs ran slightly heavier than in Septeimber, Feed potatc prices
have tended downward in recent weeks, but barley prices have been fir:.ier.
Prices of both feedstuffs were higher in September than a year earlier, whereas
hog prices continued materially lower than a year ago during September and
October. Slow marketing, decreased demand, the possibility of ar imrnort qucta
en )ork products, and continued large numbers of hocs feature the present hog
situation in Germany, Assistant Agricultural Commissioner Christy at BErlir.
reports. Hog marketing during 1932 have been much belcn- expectations. PFices,
although low, have nevertheless remained higher than might have been expected
had marketing followed a more normal course.

The retarded marketing resulted in'a decline of 4.9 per cent for the
12 months ended September 30, 1932 in the receipts of hogs at 14 German cities.
Most of the decline came in the last half of the season. A scme-what si-ilar
situation is presented by slaughter records at 36 centers, the total f'r tlhe
1931-32 season being 3.6 per cent smaller than the 1930-31 figure. Hog slaughter
during 1932-33 is now expected to be considerably below that of 1931-32, but
marketing during the next several months are expected tr pick up as a result
cf the large supply of hogs now on hand. The latest census results, however,
show a decrease in prospective farrowings, and hog su--lies during 1933 are
expected to be correspondingly reduced.

The total number -f hogs on September 1, 1932 was 24,175,0CC head, a
figure second to the record of September 1, 1931. Smaller marketing d-uring
the sumner of 1932 contributed materially tn the large tntal number cf hours
reported September 1. Of particular significance is an actual increase in
the number of market pigs of 6 months and over, as against similar figures for
a year ago. This year, however, the number of brood sows was 154,CC head
smaller than last year, and brood sows in farrow have shown a sir.ilnr decrease.
In view of 'th present low hog prices in Germarny, it is difficult tn explain
the 1932 decline in marketirgs. In the past, unfavorable hog prices in cor.-
parison to feed -,rices have generally caused reoducers te reduce log numbers
substantially. At no time during the last year has the hog-feed ratic beer.
considered entirely favorable, although a large potato crop has resulted in
lower feeding costs in eastern and r-orthcastern Geri.an', Points cited !by :;r,
Christy for consideration in connoc'ion with the reduced 19.2 n-r'.:ctin. s ':--e:

1. A shift in production from the grain feeding areas )f
northwestern Germany to the potatn-producirn, a.d fctdi'
areas of eastern and northeastern Germany.

2. Lor&er than average food su)--,lies from 19.-2 domestic C rcis,
which are causing famnors to feed lo: r.r and to market
heavier animals,

3. A levelling-out of the production cycle du-e, in --.rt, tc
the efforts of various public and semi-public agricult.u'ral
organizations and to official action in providing cr-.cncr
feeds. The possibility of Govcrnment support for livestock
prices has alse influenced producers.






HP-36


The prolonged and -.idespread unenplnyment apparently has made it
impossible for a certain portion of the pc ulation to purchase meat at any
price. Retail s:les of nork in Berlin for the first 6'. months of 1932 have
been estimated at 5 per cent below 1931 figures, and conditions 'there are
taken as being fairly representative of the country as a whole. Any izrovo-
mont i:- binsinaJs conditions in Germany, however, is not expected to be so
rapid as to cause a substantial increase in meat consumption.

The slight decline in Hamburg lard prices during October placed the
average for the month at $8.16 per 10C pounds. Next to the September
average, the October figure was the highest since last December, but was
still more than $2.00 under the average for October 1931. Throughout the
year 1931-32, lard has been sold in Germany at very unusually low prices,
there being more competition than usual for American lard to meet from conti-
nental sources, especially Denmark. In recent months, however, that competi-
tion has been considerably reduced. Total lard imports in September, the
last month of the 1931-32 season, advanced over both the preceding month and
a year ago. F-r the whole 1931-32 season, total lard imports were 40.1 per
cent larger. than in 193C-31, and the largest for any season since 1924-25.
The recent oropo.sal to place a contingent upon German lard imports, if
carried oiut, would have a serious effect upon the marlkt for the American
product. Latest advices, however, indicate that the contingent proposals
may be drop-od.

Consul L. L. Schnare at Hamburg reports that Government restrictions
have continued to hold the import trade in lard below the level of market
requirements. Importers have received many more orders than they can handle
under their allot;.ients of foreign exchange, and many of them exhausted their
October allotments early in that month in orders received largely in Sep-
tember. The seasonal increase in de:,and du-ring that month was supplemented
by efforts to lay in stoc-ks in antici-oation of the -ronosed monthly con-
tiigent plan. As proposed, the contingent would limit importers to 60 per
cent of th: lord imported in the nrecedirng year, without regard to the country
of origin.


-18-





HP-36


Co untry
and ite:;i

UNITED -lK L .1:
Production -
.rr- rJ:.s- ':er


a.t pit-s, cer- :
tain ::.-r.:c'ts :500' s:
Supplies, : :
domestic frosh: 100C
pork, Lo:.on. : )ui.s:
Imrnjorts -
Bacon -
Dcnmsnrk ..... "
Irish F. Stnte: "
United States :
Canada ....... :
Others ...... : "
Total ..... : "
Ham, tetal ... : "
Lard, total .. : "
DENMARK:: :
Exports -
Bacon ....... : "
CANADA:: :
Slaughter :
Hogs,ins-oc tdcr : 100 C's:
GERLIANY:
Production -
Hog rceci -ts
14 citics.... : "
Hog slarir tcr
36 et.nt.rs .. "
Imnrrts : 00
Bacon, total.. : unris:
L.rd, total... "
UIITITED ST.':S:
_31au:; t :r -
H Cgs, inc cat -:'-.'i C's:
Erx.o rts -
Bacor. : '. :
Un i t ,:' i Km. rio,. :,,-reds: s
Gor,.iari/ ..... : :
Cuba .. ..... ".
Tntnl ..... : "
Hart.s, shyl.1_rI.' s :

T t al ..... : "
Lard -
Ur.i tcd K innl.ma;: "
Gcr:.-.rlny ..... "
C'iba ...... ..
Net-herlands., : '


To .al ........


SOct. Sc t.
S1909-10 : 1924-25 : :
: Unit :to913-14:tol92-2 192-29 92 : 1929-3C : 193-5


:
:
:


*


nver'ge :











2. 50-

154,)37
42,594 :
43, RCC :
517,035
36, 675:
210, 2.57














4,43(r

2,72
198,
1. 9,8- 0 :






..;'1 *-E' 4








9,1 :




4j3d,41


"722,14


581


1


'- 32
.-I-L-


c49 .


60-4



54,639


5Dc ,4C6
54,347
104,77
'A, 3.7 :
164,341
9CC,2 18
12,7,50 :
267,076 :



5r"- 94 :4








3,215 :

4, ..r :







-I
r









I'4,1747
4,7:.7 :7






167,7r

".L. :*, .

194 ,.4'(

40,4L9


: ,--..4 :9


: -' **
: :



: *-" :


: .:" .... S

S '3, 174 :

4 ,-t :


c I,
C ,..
1,13
9, r-


'1 1

89,342'

S )C..-.:-




03, .<'


74, 7-4 :






3, 234-

933, C93 :
Pr7 r.zt *


110,C57
?77, 68 :



546,531 :1


2,361 :




3,465


4,563 :






44 ,'3: 7


--9-

Ho -s nd pork products: Indices if foreign supplies and demand


--


.---~C -L


61,1' : 72, 6


C61,112 : 814,46-
43,70 : 31,; 7 .-




967,435 :;18,52E
116,55F : 91, 384
C75,I47 : 35, "5



617,641 PO6,1-5


S,"91 1,9.A




3,379 : 3,64r.

4, CC : 4, 9?

16,9i 4 : ,, C-1
7"3,177 : 161,.-"



45 ,-4; : -: 3,
*-I.-,1


-7, 4
c r "'
15,7:'i
"' 2,:, '



:30, o0;

;.34,"6,7

,"-
p.. '," ,-


I


I


?2,473



'82,93CC
"-,378
7, 44
21,415
337,514
1280,161
91, 65
C7C,112






2 r1
83, 720














656
I-r




1 '-18
-. ,r41
r, t',3
.r .,1r




t .045

: F
37, C-5

37,4t?
154


.








-:o.-s ..nd -orl: -roducts: Foreign and domestic average 'ricos -or 100
po'umds for tlic month indicn.td, and stocks at the end of each month


Sept. :. Sept.
Item ; 1909-1913 : 1925-1929
: av erage av. ra


Sept.
1931


Aug.
19321


Sc-t.
19 2


Dollars


Prices -
liogs, Chicac0,
basis c.:ocrs
and shi ncrst
cquotations...... :
Corn, Chicajo,
No. 3 Yellow ...
H.gs, lihavwy,
Berlin, live
'weijht .. ...... .:
Potatoes, Brcslau
Feediirg ........ :
Barley, Loipzig .. :
Lord -
Chico. o ..'.. .
Liverool .....
Hamburg ........
Curad porl -
Liver .ool
Aricrican short
out 'reon hTr.rs:
Anroican :rten :n
bellics .....
Danish 7iltshiro:
sides .....
Cana.dian reen
sides .. :


Stocks -
Livcrnool -
Hams, bacon nri':
sh.uldors ...*
L.aird, refined... :
United States -
:Processed pork. 2/:
Lard in cold
store .....


Dollars


8,15 : 11.36

1.23 : 1.67


12.37 : 17.42 :

.33 .46:
1.73 : 2.16

11.24 : 15.95
12.50 : 15.59
31.14 : 16.33
*:


14.50 26.C3

23.17

16.70 : 25. C :F

15.69 i 24.70

1,000 : 1,0C, :
pounds oo: uncds

: :
: ,97C.
: 9,566

541,216

115,188 :


Dollars





5.41

.75


11.26

.22
1.68 :

9.CC
9.24
10.10 :




18.03

12.29

14.51

1/


4


1, U') :
pounds


1,545 :
3,638

74,636

69,296


Dollars





4.21

.57


9.42

.31
1.67 .

7.00
7.54
8.05 :
.


*11.93

8.16 :

10.88

I/


1,000C
poundss


2,071
3,412

578,876 :

C10,57'


Dollars





4.00

.54


8.68

.24
1.72

6.75
7.58
8.19




11.86

9.53

11.16

II


1,000
poundss




3,192

497,359

70,582


SI/ N quotation.


Dry salt cured and in process .f cure; pickled, cured, and
of cerc, and frozen.


in process


- .- -


~_ ____ _I__ __


I~~_C~


__


-20-


-- --- -- ,-- -.. --


. 2


. I











RATIO
PER CENT 01
AVERAGE

140
120
100
80
60
NUMBER
THOUSANDS

4.200
4,000
3.600
3,800

3,600

3.200
RATIO
PER CENT 01
AVERAGE

120
100
80
so
60
40
NUMBER
THOUSANDS

1.400
1.200
1.000
800
600


HOG-FEED PRICE RATIOS AND HOG SLAUGHTER
UNITED STATES. GERMANY. AND DENMARK
UNITED STATES: HOG-CORN PRICE RATIO AND HOG SLAUGHTER


0aHOG-CORN PRICE RATIO










'- -




INSPECTED SLAUGHTER
(12-MONTH MOVING AVERAGE)

GERMANY: HOG-FEED PRICE RATIO AND HOG SLAUGHTER
/ HOG-FEED PRICE RATIO






.......... .... ..* .* I. . .





INSPECTED SLAUGHTER
(12-MONTH MOVING AVERAGE)



DENMARK: HOG-FEED PRICE RATIO AND HOG SLAUGHTER


U S DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MW IuM lM u wl alWCAAA LCLM tIa


0




lNII 11111 llll lllll lll Dll 1111 lll III III
3 1282 08865 0287




'sm4









p"
: ii


























i
ii" L




Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID EM0F7YCX4_Y3DD45 INGEST_TIME 2013-02-14T16:07:32Z PACKAGE AA00013004_00019
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES