World hog and pork prospects

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Material Information

Title:
World hog and pork prospects
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics. -- Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Publisher:
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Place of Publication:
Washington
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Swine -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Pork industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
- HP-83 (Oct. 1936).
General Note:
Reproduced from typewritten copy.
General Note:
Description based on: HP-8 (July 9, 1930).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 026660448
oclc - 30588199
Classification:
lcc - HD9435.U5 A25
System ID:
AA00013004:00011

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Succeeded by:
Hog situation


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Full Text

U IIITED STATES DEPARTi..iTT OF 1G;RICJUL2URE
Bureau of :..gi.,.. t:1'.l .loonom.c *
i ans:ingt "ion

HP-18 :ay. 1 ,1 EPOSITORY

'.ORLLb TiOC ..iD PO-L. r.?03PO?;'S



SUIULURY


Hog prices in both the Uiited St.-aes ndl. _'ope c o.ntin.iLed to

decline during A'.pril. During the first seven months of the current

hog marketing year, A.;erican marlzet supplies of -icAs '::ore so.no:i.Wat

under those of last season during the sa.ie -eriood, .ilthou'h, the-y were

larger from January to April. Indications -:r'* tha-t for the next five

months hog slaughter in the United St:ates will be under that of last

year. There is little evidence, however, of any i.;iprovor.:ent in either

domestic or foreign demand for American pork products during that period.

European hog nwubers and slaughter figu-ros continue at aigh levels.

Present prospects are for a continuation of the present 1 toc

number of hogs in the principal producing; countries of Tiurop during 1931.

ihile Demniark has apparently re-ched a pcal- in the hoj :, r-oduction cycle,

Germany., the IHothorlands, and. Poland .11 5 ive indications of 2 further

increase in numbers although production !:iad short, some decline during the

last part of 1931. In spite of the decline in h:og prices, the production

of hogs in most European countries has not boen discour"..;jd to any consider-

able degree except possible in western Germanzy.

United St:.tes exports of pork products continue. to decline, despite

the dowrinvard trend in prices. In practically al! export lines, the totals

for the six months ended ;.;arch 31 acre rmatorially uwder siLril:.r totals for

last year. In the British cured pork -:ark::t, bacon aid 'ham prices,

particularly the latter, continued weak during April, Europc:an supplies,

pc. opoilly Danish,. ronain at record figures.




HP-S1 -2-

Lard prices in both the United Kingdom and continental markets

were easier during April than in j1arch. March imports of lard into

British and German ports from the United States were well maintained, but

the totals for the first six months of the season were under 1929-30 figures.

An additional amount of competition is developing from European lard

producing countries, notabl-y Denmark.

Fresh pork prices in the United States were stronger during the

latter part of April. At the end of the month, light loin prices were close

to the 1930 level, but prices of other cuts wore still well below those of

a year earlier. The prices of lard and cured pork in the United States

during April averaged about the same as those in March.

Hog numbers

A comparison of the number of hogs in 16 countries -ain 1930 with
an average for the years 1927-1923 when numbers in most countries reached
their highest point in either one or the other of those years, shows that
in 1930 the number was 111 million or only 3 per cent below the high point
of 1927-1928. Including Russia, where numbers in 1930 were estimated at 3
only 13,200,000 compared with 20,500,000 in 1929, the docroeso was about
10 per cent. In 12 -/.European countries alone, exclusive of Russia, the
number in 1930 was 49,170,000 and had practically reached the average for
the years 1927-1928. Latest reports of numbers in 1931 in important
European hog producing countries indicate that the high point reached in
most countries in 1927 or 1928 will be exceeded in 1931.

There has boon a decline in hog numbers in the United States since
1928 and on January 1, 1931, the number was only 52,323,000, a decrease
of 2 per cent compared with 1930 and 14 per cent compared with 1928.
However, brood sows as of January 1, 1931, 'cre estimated at 10,044,000,
an increase of 1 per cent over 1930, but 7 per cent loss than the number
reported as of January, 1927. Canada also reported fewer hogs in June,
1930 than a year earlier, the number being estimated at 4 million, a
decrease of 9 per cent. This was the lowest number reported in that
country sinco 1922. Brood sows in Juno were reported at 507,000, a decrease
of 6 per cent below 1929 and 12 per cent below 1927, the highest point reached
in recent years,

Hog numbers in 3 important European producing countries, i.e.,
Germany, Denmark, and the Nctherlands are estimated at approximately
29 million, according to latest reports for 1931, an increase of 10 per cent
compLared with estimates for last summer. __
fJ Canada, United St-tes, Argontina, United Kingdom, Irish Free State, Denmark,
Holland, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Czochoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Poland,
and Estonia. _/ United Kingdom, Irish Free State, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgin r
Italy, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Poland, Estonia and New
Zealand.




HP-18


A well-knonm Gera.n 3.uthority on the .o:, situa'.tion in that country
forecasts that the peak of hei present cycle in Germany will be reached by
September 1931. The number of brood sow.s of six months to one year showed
a decrease of 2 per cent on M]arch 1 cotmpared. :.ith the preceding year, while
the number of such sows in farrow decreasal .8 per cent, indicating a
tendency to restrict breeding operations. On. the o-l.lr hand, brood sows
over one year increased 23 per cent. Pigs i .- slaughter of six monthss to
one year increased 17 per cent, b'..t slaughtj-_ pigs over one year showed
a reduction of 7.6 per cent from a year ago. A study of the quarterly
estimates of different classes of ho;s in C-cnrany for the last two years
forecasts a slowing up in brcedi-" operations as indicated by a less rapid
increase in pigs under eight vwe.a:. and of breo.l ing so:ws of one s'ar and over,
as well as by an actual decre se in the per cent of breeding pigs six :.onhs
to one year, states Assistant agricultural l Co.uiissioner D. F. Christy, at
Berlin.

The number of hogs in Denmark in Janua.ry, 1931, was estia..i-ted at
5,232,000, the largest nurter --et reported for that coiuitr. Although there
is no previous estimate of the same date to compo.re it with, a comparison
with the niur.ibor in July, 1950, shi/s an irLnc'se of 6 per cent. Sous of
four months and over showed a dccrcase of 1 per cent to 581,000 co.n-xured with
the number in July, w-io;n the nur.'icr in tA.-t cou-itr- -wC.s the highest on- record.
Slaughtering '. -ini the months, July to ;iarch 50, reached 6,645,000, an
increase of almost 70 per cent over tic s.v.ie period of 1929-30 and. also an
increase of over 60 per cc-nt over teo sa pe jriod of 1927-28. The decrease
in the number of sows mentioned above indicates somi-chat lighter rnanr:ting
during the latter p..rt of 1931 .nd early 1932.

Hog numbers in the Ho therlands in Juno, 1930, were estimated at
2,018,000, according to the census. Of this number, 242,000 were reported
as brood sous; 472,000 as pigs undcr six .'ookls; *40,00D, hogs up to 152
pounds; 263,000, hogs of 132 to 220 pounds; -n.d 101,000 over 220 pounds.
An ostimnate of th:c lothcrl.'nds Dopa-rtncent of Agriculture showing devolop-
ments in hog numbers since Juno, 1950, in percentages permits us to give an
estimate for 17archi 1, 1531, '.'i-ich shows brood sows at 232,000, a decro..sc
of 4 per cent compared with June, 1930, and .? very slight increase over
MLarch, 1930. Other classes of : o-gs as of iarch, 1951, shov increases ranging
from 0 to 10 per cent over :,arch of 1950, ic.,, farrovs under six wooks
increasing 5 per cent; hogs over six wccl:s to 132 pounds, 5 to 10 per cent;
hogs 132 to 220 pounds, 10 per cent and those over 220 pounds, rclmaining
about the same. The increases in so.us in farrow and young pigs ar'o
considerably smaller than those reported a year earlier, whereas the increase
in hogs of slaughter weights are slightly higher, espo ci,-.ly those of 132
to 220 pounds. It is believed that while production is apparently close to
the peak of the cycle, no ma.-trial reduction in hog numbers can be c::pected
in the near future unless the ho.g-food ratio bocoli.s considerably nore
unfavorable than at present.

Hog numbers have also boon declining. in Il'u; Zce.land, the most
important exporter of frozen pork to the United ;Cingdoi'. In 190J' the nr.l-bor
of hogs in that country was reported a.s only 488,000, a decr,.:se of 12 pir
cent compared with 1929 rnd 17 per cent co:..parc-d with the high point reo.ched
in 1928. In Argentina, where the pork export trade has shown evidence of
recent developments, hog numbers were reported at 3,769,000,according to the
census of July, 1930, compo-rcd w-ith 1,437,000 in Decemoer, 1922, and
2,901,000 in July, 1914.


-3-





HP-18


HOGS: Numbor in principal pork exporting c.nd importing countries,
average pro-war, 1921-1930


Year


Average
pro-wvar


1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931


*

*
a

S
*
*
*
.*


Number in principal pork exporting countries /
:- :nr : -0 por expotin comitroo
United: : : : Irish :
Unit rark :Hother- : Canada : Free : Sweden : Total
.Stt July lds : June : State : Jun : /
J~n. 1 I: ay-Juno
S-: : : :J2 June : :
:Thlo- :Thou- :Thou- :Tho -u- :'Th-u-- :Thou- :Thou- -
:slands :sands :sands :sands standss :sands :sands

/ : 53,300: 2,715: 1,305: 3,350: 1,046: 1,023: 60,411

S: 58,602: 1,430: 1,519: 3,905: 891:_/ 1,011: 64,828
S 59,559: 1,899: : 3,916: 938: 66,312
S: 69,044: 2,855: : 4,405: 1,186 : 77,490
S: 66,361: 2,868: : 5,069: 987: : 75,285
S: 55,568: 2,517: : 4,426: 732: 1,100: 63,243
S: 52,148: 3,122: : 4,360: 884: : 60,514
S 54,788: 3,731: : 4,695: 1,178:o 1,369: 64,392
S 60,617: 3,363: 4,497: 1,183: :69,660
S 57,410: 3,616: 4,382: 945: : 66,553
S 53,238: 4,92 :f/ 2,018: 4,000: 1,052: 65,210
S: 52,323:5g / 5,232: 3: : :

number in principal pork importing countries

SUnited :Grmany FrancoCZoho- *:Austria : Italy Total
; Kingdom: ,: slovJ:ia: :
Juno :Dec. hL/ Dcc. / Dcc. /:Dc. h/-HarApr ;
Doc Li/


ar c/


* S I

* 5 S
* 9 9
* 9 9
* S 5
* 9 9
* 5 9
* 9 6

* 9 6 *
9. 6 9 :
. :
. :
. :
. :
. :
. :
. :
. :
. :
... :


2,754: 23,533: 7,529: 2,516: 1,932: 2,685: 32,816

2,756: 14,153: 4,941: 2,201: 1,326:i/ 2,509: 21,850
2,568: 15,818: 5,166: : 23,552
2,993: 14,678: 5,196: :J/ 1,473: : 22,867
3,567:/17,308: 5,405: : : : 26,281
2,911: 16,895: 5,802: : : : 25,608
2,504: 16,200: 5,793: 2,539: :/ 2,850: 24,497
3,124: 19,424: 5,777: : : : 28,325
3,396: 22,899: 6,019: : : : 32,314
2,701: 20,106: 6,017: : : : 28,824
2,664: 19,944: :f/ 3,088: :f 3,157:
: 23,355: : : :


Compiled from official sources.
a Countries arranged in order of importance as exporting or importing countries
/ Total countries reporting eoch year, pro-v.ar 1921-1929. c/ Avorage for five
years immediately preceding wvar vwhrevor available. Otherwise for any years or
year within this period, unless otherwise st-ted. In countries having changed
boundaries estimates -.re for one year only of numbers within present boundaries.
d/ Census 1920._/Sjpt-crbr f Cnsous .g January 1, 1931. h/Estimato
for countries reporting as of Docember h've been considered as of January of
the following year. i/ Estimate for present boundaries for 1918. j/ H rch.
k/ October. No. estimato av.ilablc for December 1923. / -Unofficial.


Average
pro-w


1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
19530
1931


-4-





HP-18


BROOD SOVIS: Numrber in principal por!: ,r.-.i lho; e:J;ortin; and importings
countries reporting ;re-v::ir and 1925-1931

o r: onth :: : ::: : : 1 1

: estinate:ar : : : :
: Thou--: T-hou- : ThcLl- .'.o- T.' .- Tj- : Thou- Thou-
S:sands s-nds :saLnd)Ci .l.n'is : saidis :ssands :sads: srands
Exp ortin : : :


Countries:
United States :Jan. 1 :
Denmarl, so-ws 4:
months and
over :July :283
Canada Juude
Irish Free
State :June : 108
Sweden, boars :
and sows :June :128
Netherlands :iLay-June:
Poland .
Hungary :July
New Zealand :Jan.
Rumania :Dec. c/:.
.Yugoslavia :Jan.

Importing :
Countries: :
England e '.alns: June :- 332
.Scotland ..:June 18
North Ireland :June : -
Total :June : -
Germany
Si:: months to:
.aheyear :Dec. c/:
One year
and over .
Total .
France .:Dec. c/:9~i
BelgiuZ.: :Dec. c/:
IIor:..a: .:Jule
Finland, so'.s :
over si:: :
months :Sent.


:1),







:1I












9
:


: : : 1: : 1- 044
,)83:10,2. Y6:i,, 35 :..: ,, ., .: --, 4


290:
533:

75:





602:
60:
042:
685:



16:
16:
16G


391 :
56 ;


93:





547:

1,017:
' 692




301:
1:.


3- :'6 :
5t7:
577

124:




59:

69:






393:
27:


344:
551
bb:
l15:

135:

',61:
579:
82
,006
362:




300:
22:


434:
537:

96:






75:
75.




307:
1G:


588: aj
507":





242
111:





497:
2:
4 J I-4 '7







315:
18:


531


11: 1: 25: 2 17: 20
: 343: 335: 445: 424: 340: 53


4:2: 491: 25 534: 556: SS: d 673

.813: 882 ,12": 1,218 1,063 1",170 -1,496
: 1,275: 1,"373: 1,753: 1,722: 1,,'9:1,41S 169
779: 777: 7: 7 5: 0: : -
124: 129: 127: 130: 1.30: 137: 141
41 41: 39 : : 46: -
: : 4 : 3 : : : :
: 1 : U : : 1 :
: 39: 40: 4.-: '-3: : : -
:~Ir 7
: : : : .0


Czechcslo'a.:ia:Dec.&C Fy: : 305: -: : : : 446: -
Compiled fro,.i official sources.
a Januarr 31.
b Ten months andi over.
c Estimates reDorted as of Lece..iber have been considered 'as of January 1 of
following year.
d See table page 24 for :arch 1931 estimate.
SExcluding Alsace-Lorraine.


-.5-




HP-18


IHOGS: Slauwhter in specified countries, average pra-war and
1914-1930

S: : : :Enla:d : Sc.otlanriIreland


:United :Germ-ian :Derjnark
:States :inspect-: ij;
Year :Foderal :ed
:inspect-- slaugh- :slauh-
:ed :ter :ter
S: :houses
:Thou- :Thou- : Thou-


:I: Wales : sold. oi'f: prchas-: :Nether-
:sold off:farms :ed by : :land
:farms .:for :Irish :Canada: receipts
:for :slatuh- :bacon ::at 21
:slaughter:ter a/ :curers : :markets
: Tho : ou :- :h :Th-
IThIou- :ThBou- 1hou" -.Thou.- :Thou-


Average
pre-war b/:

1914 :
1915 .
1916 .
1917 .
1918 .
1919 .
1920 .
1921 .
1922 .
1923 .
1924 .
1925 .
1926 .
1927. .
1928 .
1929 .
1930. .


sands :s


31,759 :

32,532 :
38,381 :
43,084 :
33,910 :
41,214
41,812 :
38,019 :
38,982
43,114 :
53,334 :
52,875 :
43,043 :
40,656 :
43,633 :
49,795 :
48,445
44,265 :


iands :sands


16,406 : 2,503

o. : 2,858
2 : 2,594
: 2,542
c/ 2,479
c/ : 324
1,368 : 456
3,024 : 930
6,825 : 1,641
6,923 : 2,215
5,830 : 3,414
10,527 : 4,024
12,090 : 3,766
13,072 : 3,838
17,279 : 5,098
19,391 : 5,673
17,252 : 4,994
17,994 :e/5,500


: sands


;sands :sa

: :


3,487


2,70 -
3,471
: 5,229 :
: 3,691
S4,500
S3,583 :
S3,074 :
: 3,680 :
: 4,109 :
:1/3,245
:f/3,174


nds :sends :sands

282 0: 875
1,282 : 4,280: 875
*


- : :S
- : :
- : :S
- : :
- ; -
: 874
146 : 898 :
173 : 1,030 :
176 : 96 :
245 : 955
242 : 1,110 :
911
: 910:
: 1,050
: 1,264
d/ :d/1,142
: 1,037 :
:


:1,085
: 842
: 850
: 600
: 217
5,526: 422
4,834: 648
5,297:1,362
5,382: 885
6,056: 906
6,625:1,068
5,720:1,045
5,636:1,025
5,965:1,152
5,880:1,088
5,747: -


Compiled from official sources and cabled reports from Agricultu-ral
Connmissioners abroad.
a/ For years ended ILay 31 following.
b Average for five ;-ears immediately preceding war period if available, other-
wise for any year or years within that period unless otherwise stated. In
countries havi-ng hanged boundaries, the figures are estimates for one year
only for numbers within present boundaries.
c/ Not available for present boundaries. For former boundaries, the numbers
slaughtered aro as follows; in thousands 191.4, 19,441; 1915, 13,293; 1916, I
6,348; 1917, 5,795; 1918, 2,430.
d/ Unofficial estimate of total slaughter in thl United Kin.gdom and Irish
Free State based on methods of estimating published in :'ne AJrizultural
Output of ;iEnland and rJales, 4,890,0u0 in 1929-30 compared with 6,178,000
in 192e-29.
e/ In cooperative slaughter houses alone compared with 4,500,000 in the same
establishments in 1929.
f/ Unofficial estimate based on method of estimating outlined in The
Agricultural Output of England and Wales 1925.


_ C __


__ ~IC__U~


-6-a




ZL- .U1


HOGS: Slaughter in United States, Germany, Denmork, and C-,iarda,
by months, seasons Octob.r-Septe.iber, 192'-29 to 1330-3i a/


S United States Gerranry at ZDe..Iar::k : C. r..s
Month: in .ected n 36 point ; export ..,.s s i n ,L'c t'l
:1-?l 8- :1 .29- :1930- :1923-:;'] : :.930-:K : ."1 .: 1.30-:. '8-:1) 'C'-: 1930-
:1 29 :1930 :1931 :1929 :1930 :1P 31 :]' :9 :1.., :19 1 :19'19 :1.:0 :1931
SThou- : To- : Thou- : Tnou-: Ti.o--: T.ou-: Ti.ou-: Tuou- Thou-: T.:o.-: To'.l-: Tou-
: sPns : sands : sands : sand: sands: sands: sends: slds: saids: s.uinds: sJ.i: Flnds

Oct. : 3,713: 3,57: 3,492: 455: 357: 418: 494: 501.:/596: 203: '07: 160
Nov. : 4,4: 4,499: 4,024: 411: 356: 278: 398: 95j5: 598: 2: 2-: 168
Dec. : 5,782: 5,083: 4,647: 407: 382: 452: 442: 432: b/.655: 239: 1: 170
Jan. : 5,738: 5,001: 5,362: 388: 351: 391: 402: 4 38:b, 653:. 249: O07: 166
Feb. : 4,478: 4,i34: 4,142: 367: 335: 405: 348: 407:b/ 59: 208: 163: 161
Mar. : 3,645: 3,392: 3,523: 411: 373: 503: 384: 442:b/638: 215: 16%: 154
Total : : : :
six : : .
months: 27,E11: 25, .: 25,190: ,439:2,154:.,447: 2,468:2,671:, 4c:1 ,3SS: ,..0 : 979
Apr. : 3,761: 3,4O0: : 395: 374: : 402: 529: 2 0. 1-2:
May : 3,7r8: ,,823: 391: 371: : 435: 432: 187: 171:
June : 3,756: 3,689: : 33: 344: : 358: 478: : 161: 1.?:
July : 3,597: 3,187: : 340: 361: 432:c/-423: 159: 1
Aug. : 3,130: 2,724: : 325: 34: : 399:/456: : 11: 12-:
Sept. : 3,104: 2,773: 346: 351: : 422:c/506: : 1- : 13:
Total : : : : : : :
for .
season:43,957:45,542: :4,569:4,29 : : :4, 9:5,495: :2,331:2,091:

a/ Season accepted as most representative for thle United States.
/ Adjusted frq.i1 weekly figures published in Landbrugsraadets Middelelscr since
October 2, 1930.
c/ Adjusted frorn weekly:; figures sup-plie. by;, Smor Tidende.

United States

Hog pricess in the lUnited States declined during; A;:.ril, reac:chini -.t t.i o end
of the io.10t t.'l winter low point est-blished in late Febru.ar;-. Aft:r n..1v-cing
moderately '.lri:L5 the week ended A'-ril 4, prices declined. steadil.- aL t.a.c Lc'verage
price at :.-ica.o for the week- ended :,. 2 was 36.91 per 100 pou ndi a.s co '.:arcd
with $7.64 a ..;onth earlier, $S.90 in tie corresponding. : wcu:k in 1930, and ..0? the
winter low -,oint established during thL last we k in February. Tnh Chiic. _. average
for thne n.o:'.tI ws $7.26 a:; against $7.46 in >arch anl $10.00 in Aoril 1910.

Insp jcted slauhter during April, ijnounti,-n to 3,4B6,000 ihe..d .:.-as 5 about the
same as t.act of An'iril, 1930 beinm, onlr.- .2 of one pe-r cent larger tien tiat of
April 1930. T.L average live weight of hogs slaughtered continued .ir" r than
that of ao. ;-c.r earlier altho-:.gh a seasonal reduction occurred d':rin- i L. I-..-t half
of the mnoa-it. ie:ore was little ch.;ne during April in the oremiujn nail for
light weight ho s.

The marl:ct movmerInt of the 1930 fr.ll pig crop is now well un.drr wy.. A1.-
a though slau~.ntcr from week to weLk has boJn irregular, the trLnd has b:.-,n upward
since mid-i;arch when the seasonal low point was apaarntly reached and tn-. f.-.ll


-I-f





HP-18


pig crop began to move to market. The movement is somewhat earlier than usual
this spring due in large part to the .nild weather which prevailed and the liberal
feeding given during the winter months in the Corn Bolt Statos.

Corn prices fluctuated within narrow limits during -pril, but averaged
lower than in March. Uo. 3 Yellow at Chicago ..r!cragod 58.3 cents per bushel for
the month against 59.8 cents per bushel during .I-rch and 82 cents per bushel
during .pril 1930. The relationship bet.weon hz: prices and .corn pricos continued
favorable to hog producers during the month, the ratio based -on Chicago prices
amounting to 12.4 or tha same as in March.

Hog slaughter in each of th3 last four months vws 1 rgor than in the cor-
responding month last year. _Ithough slaughter during the three months Octobor-
December was 9 par cent smaller than a yo.r earlier, the total slaughter for
the winter marketing season October 1, 1930 to .ipril 30, 1931 was only 2.3 per
cent smaller than that of the corresponding period of a yoer earlier. The
seasonal increase in mrxkctings will probably continue throughout the month-of
May. For the remaining five months of the current marketing year, however,
slaughter is oxpacted to be somewhat smaller than during the samo period a year
earlier. The number of hogs slaughtered under Federal inspection since October
1, the number of hogs on f rms January 1 and the relationship botwaoon the corn-
hog ratio and subsequent mrk'jtings indicate that' inspected slaughter from May
to September inclusive is-likoly to be from'3 to 6 per cant loss than that of
the corresponding period in 1930. The amount of the reduction, howovor, will be
influenced considerably by the number of hogs carried over to be fed out on the
1931 corn crop.

Fresh pork prices declined during the first half of April but advanced
sharply during the second half of the month. During the week ended May 2 light
loins at Kew York reached the 1930 level but heavy loins, shoulders and other
fresh cuts were o:-ell bolo-w the averages of a yoer o:urlicr even though above
those of the corresponding wook in March. Ton to twelve pound loins at Now
York avorag~d $18.10 during April as compared with $17.90 in March rmd $22.98
in 'pril 1930. Ton to fourteen pound hams averaged $18.50 as cor-ared with
,17.00 in larch and $22.92 in -pril 1930. Follo-ring the declines during March,
cured pork prices remained practically unchanged during Aril. T.volvo to four-
teen pound regular smoked hams averaged $12.95 at Now York as corn:prcd with
$20.00 in March and .$5.24 in --pril 1930. Sweet pickle cured bacon, eight to
ten pounds avoragsd $19.50, the same as in March and compared with $22.12 in
-pril 1930. Lard prices v:-:ro somocw-iit 'oaker Curing the first half of ,.pril
but advanced moderately during the latter part of the month. Refined lord at
Chicago averaged 10.00 during -,pril, the same as in Mlarch, but !$1.65 lower
than in -'pril, 1930.

furth-r reduction in the foreign outlet for --morican pork was in evi-
dence during March. Total exports of pork products '.-ore 11.8 per cent undor
those of Fobruzry and 24.8 per cent mudor those cf MLkrch 1930. 3con. exports
amounting to 3,C13,C00 pounds i.ero 18.5 per cent under those of February and
about one-third of the movement during :.1arch 1930. Shipments of bacon to United
Kingdom -".ro the smallest since October 1930 and ;wre 11.7 par cent under those
of Febru .ry. Bacon o:-ports to Cuba were about the same as a month earlier and
slightly larger than in March 1530. Takings by Germany showed an increase over
February but wore still unusually small compared with recent years.





HP-18


The bacon export trade during the first half of the current marketing
year reflects the severe competition frcm European hog producers particularly
Danish, and reduced consumer dcmrnd in Eurcpo. Total exports for this period
amounted to. 25,155,000 pounds as against 68,935,000 pounds in the corresponding
Period of the 1929-30 marketing year and the 5-yoar av-erago of 67,438,000 pounds.
SThe reduction luring this period amourtod to 57.5 per cent in the United
Kingdom, 93 per cent in Germany and 29 per cent in Cuba.

Exports of hams and sh-uldors amounting to 6,829,000 pounds showed a
seasonal incroaso over Fobruary but wore 36.7 per cent smaller than those of
March 1930. Takings by United Kingdom increased 82 per cent over February,
but wore still urder the 1930 level. sportss to Cuba wv.'e more than twice as
largo as in Fobrurary and 80 per cent larger than in March a year earlier The
total mjvemrnt of hams and shoulders for the first half of the current marketing
year amcrunting to 40,835,000 pounds showedJ a much smaller reduction than that
of bacon, being 26.7 per cent smaller thin during the first half of the 1929-30
year and about 40 por cent under the 5-year average. exportss to United Kingdom
wore about one-third as largo as those -f a year earlier and oxvprts to Canada
wore reduced 39.5 per cent. Takings by Cuba wore about the same as in the
first half -f the preceding marketing yoar.

Lard exports fell off in .lIarch after attaining the 1930 level during
January.and February. The March movement was about 15 per cent smaller than in
February and 12 pr. ccnt under that cf :Iarch 1930. T~e movement to United
Kingdom was maintained at the Fobru:.'r levol and was 27.5 per cent larger than
a year earlier. Exports tc Germany, ho).'ver, were 24 per cent smaller than in
February, about the same as th:se of :arch last year. *r reduction of 1,000,000
pounds in the m-vomont to Cuba from that If a month earlier ws' about offset
by increased movement to the io thorlanIs. Lard exports for the first six
months of the current marketing year amounting to 325,099,000o pbouds Were 26
per cent smaller than in the corresponding period. a year earlier. Takings
by United Kingdom wore 10 per cent larger than as year earlier but in Germany
they wore reduced 44 per cant. ,larkod reductions also occurred during this
period in the movement to Cuba and. the Hcathorlands.

The effects of the business depression, dccli'no in the general 'price
lovel and reduced foreign demand in the h.g and perk situation in the United
States during the first half of the current m.Lrkoting yoar is reflected in
the statistical summary of pork production and distribution 'luring this period
compared with that of corresponding period a year oirlior 's 'shown in page 11.
The number of hogs slaughtered .during the period was 2.6 per 'c'nt less than a
ycar earlier. Due t- the heavier weights, ho-.7cvr, totiai dressed weight of
hogs slaughtered -.-as only ab-ut 1 per cent loss. Alding storgno holdings
October 1, 1930, and imports, the amount available for consumption and export
was 5.7 per cent less. But exports wore reduced 32 per cent and consumption
4.4 per cent oven though hog prices ::.re 17.2 per cent lower than in the
precoding year. ..s a result of the reduced outlet at hcro aindabroad, the
amount .of pork products in storage on .Ipril 1 was 7.4 per cent larger than
on .-pril 1, 1930.

Lard production during the six-months period decreased roeltivoly more
1: than the number of hogs slaughtered oven though hogs woro marketed at heavier
weights. Packers apparently ccvortod a larger proportion of their hogs into
cured products. Lard production per 100 pounds live weight of hogs was 6.4








HP-18 -IJ-

per cent less than a year earlier and total lard production decreased 7.4 per
cent. Lard exports declined about 26 per cent and domestic consumption fell off
about 3.4 per cent. Lard in storage on -pril 1 was 25.3 per cent less than on
April 1, 1930.


UNITED STATES: Statistical summary of hog and pork situation, first half
of marketing year, October 1 March 31, 1930 and 1931

: 8 Oct. Mar.
S: : 1930-31
: : : : as per-
Item : Unit : 1929-30 : 1930-31 : centage
: : : of
: :: : 1929-30


Hogs
Inspected slaughter ..............: number
Carcasses condemned .............: "
Average live weight ..............a pound
Average dressed weight ...........: "
Total dressed weight (carcass,
excluding condemned)..... .... .:1,000 11
Storage. Oct. 1
Fresh pork .......................: "
Cured pork ....................... "


Lard m........ ..m ....e ...mm:
Total .......................:
Imports, pork ;.....................:
availablee for consumption a/ ......
Exports
Pork ...........................


:25,866,447
: 68,961
S 227.18
171.14


bs:

II

II
I.
11


I'
I,


Lard .. s.... .. ................: "
Total ............... .. ..9 : :
Storage, .'pr. 1 :
Fresh pork ....................: "
Cured pork ....................... "
Lard ................. ....... ..: "
Total .....................: "
.Lpparcnt consumption 1/ ...........: "
Lard
Production-
Per 100 pounds live weight......: pound
Total ............... ....... ... :1,000 lbs:
'pparont consumption ...........e...: ":
Hogs, average cost for slaughter ...: dollar :


a,
b/


:25,188,782
: 65,848
: 229.16
: 173.32


4,410,800 : 4,364,145


119,204
481,294
153,690
754.188


92,305
355,122
59,732
507.159


:Per cent

S97.38
S95.49
: 100.87
S101.27

:98.94

S77.43
S73.78
38.87
67.25


2,825 : 2.214 : 78.37
5,167,813 : 4,873,518 : 94.31

169,075 : 90,503 : 53.53
448.173 : 330,699 : 73.79
617.248 : 421.202 : 68.24

206,417 : 269,599 : 130.61
546,579 : 573,943 : 105.01
105.067 : 78.456 : 74.67
858.063 : 921.998 : 107.45
3,692,502 : 3530,318 : 95.61


15.38
899,65C
500,100
9.65


14.40
832,775
483,352
* 7.95


93.63
S92.57
S96.65
:82.38


Total drossed weight + imports + storage October 1.
.vailablo for consumption (exports + storage .pril 1).


.


*
:*
:*
*


I
I






HP 18


UITITED ST..TES: Numbor of hogs slaughtorod under Fodoral inspection,
by months, 192t-26 to 1930-31


bonith : 1925-26 : 1926-27 : 1927-20 : 1928-29 : 1929-30 : 1930-31

: Thousn houss: T houssnds: ousnds Thousands: Thousands : Tous hands


Oct. :
l1ov. ..
Dcc. ..:
Jan. ..:
Fob. ..:
i-ar. .. :
upr. ..:
:nLy ...
Juno ..:
July ..:
-.ug. ..:
Sept. .


Total.


S3,314 :
3,646 :
4.533 :
4,501 :
3,351 :
3,562 :
3,105 :
3,131 :

3,127 :
2,834
2,616


41,150


2,976 :
3,610
4,394 :
4,514
3,395
3,837
3,330
3,766
4,253
3,431
3,050 :
2,534


43,090


2,969 :
3,688 :
4,869 :
5,479 :
5,780 :
5,140 :
3,446 :
3,884 :
42,078
2,984
2,545
2,508 :


47,370


3,713 :
4,455
5,782 :
5,738 :
-1,478 :
3,645
3,761
3,798
3,756
3,597
3,130 :
3,1C4 :


48,957


3,857 : 3,492
4,499 : 4,024
5,083 : 4,647
5,001 : 5,362
4,034 : 4,142
3,392 : 3,523
3,480 : 3,488
3,823
3 ,689
3,187 :
2,724 :
2,773 :


45,542


UNIJED ST.TES: .vorago livJ w;oiht of hogs slaughtered,


by months,


1925 1931


Lonth :1925 : 1926 : 1927 :1928 : 1929 : 1930 : 131

Pounds : Pounds : Pounds : Pounds Pons : Pounds : Pounds

Jin. ..: 212.1 : 2.8 :226.9 : 225.0 : 225.4 : 229.3 235.6
Feb. .. 215.7 : 234.0 : 232.3 : 230.9 : 27.9 : .31.0 234.2
Mar. ..: 219.3 : 23.1 : 235.6 9.5 229.5 : 230.2 : 230.2
2.pr. .. 225.0 : 240.3 3 5.2 5. : 25.5 : 29.8 : 228.2
i ...: 228.5 : 238.1 235.4 : 230.3 : 2.3 : 229.9 :
Jue ..: 230.0 : .46.1 : 238.2 : J31.9 : -39.6 : 239.5 :
July .. 211.1 : 258.1 : .51.2 : 241.3 : 250.0 : 249.9
u.;. ..: 245.8 : 259.0 : 253.8 : 243.3 : J49.3 : 245.2
3ut. 239.0 : 239.7 : 240.4 i 233.0 : 238.3 : 330.8 8
Oct. ..: 229.2 : 215.9 : 225.9 : 26.6 228.8 : 221.9 :
N'ov. .. 221.6 : 212.3 : 218.3 : 223.6 : 20.1 : 220.5 :
Doc. ..: 224.6 :217.5 : 217.6 : 222.9 : 223.6 : 26.5 :


225.5 235.1 233.3 229.3 231.7 231.2
S S


Conpilod from slaughterhouse reports.


- --







HP-18


UI.:ITED ST:nS3: Total bacon exports, by months, 1925-26 to 1930-31

Month :1925-26 1926-27 1927-28 : 1926-29 1929-30 :1930-31

S11,000 1,000 : 1,000 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000
: pounds :pounds : pounds : pounds pounds : pounds

Oct. .........: 13,166 : 11,742 : 7,709 : 4,973 : 9.,858 : 3,268
IIov. .........: 13,562 8,507 : 6,012 : 6,716 : 11,452 : 3,446
Dec. .........: 16,405 : 9,601 : 9,347 : 9,593 : 9,868 : 4,474
Jan. .........: 21,142 : 10,015 : 11,660 : 13,014 : 13,324 : 5,253
Feb. .........: 14,980 : 9,642.: 10,921.: 11,286 : 12,184 : 4,801
Mar. .........: 13,597 : 8,567 : 15,106 : 10,985 : 12,249 : 3,913
Apr. .........s 11,570 : 7,417 : 10,073 : 10,225 : 7,979 :
May ..........: 12,225 : 7,852 : 9,692 : 14,395 : 8,553 :
June .........: 9,472 : 10,301 : 9,620 : 12,761 : 6,413 :
July .........: 7,670 : 9,270 : 11,648 : 10,950 : 5,339 :
Aug. .........: 12,131 : 7,864 : 10,945 : 13,171 : 6,900 :
Sept. ........: 14,870 : 11,620 : 6,881 : 10,286 : 4,973 :
Total ... 160,790 : 112,398 i 119,615 128,357 2 109,092

Compiled from the monthly y Summary of Foreign Commerce of the United States.




UI:TD S2TAT2S: Total exports of hams and shoulders, by months,
1925-26 to 19.0-31


Month : 1925-26 2 1926-27 2 1927-28 2 1928-29 2 1929-30 2 1930-31
:1,00u : 1,000 : ,uO :100 1,000 : 1,000
: pounds pounds ponuds : pounds pounds : pounds

Oct. .........: 14,494 : 10,847 : 7,632 : 4,747 : 7,580 : 5,259
Nov. .........: 16,2'3 :13,105 : 7,374 : 7,637 11,656 : 10,089
Dec. .........: 19,827 : 12,675 : 9,905 : 8,518 : 6,957 : 5,825
Jan. ..,......: 21,000 : 9,873 : 10,005 :11,187 : 9,461 : 7,295
Feb. .........: 19,105 : 9,511 : 10,976 : 7,680 : 9,215 : 5,538
Mlar. .........: 18,117 : 9,253 : 12,222 : 11,14U : 10,790 : 6,829
Apr. ....... .. 18,0O9 : 10,007 : 11,2b8 : 1, 857 : 12,416 :
May ..........: 16,682 : 13,092 : 11,590 : 11,246 : 13,845 :
June .........: 13,218 : 13,471 : 13,754 : 12,571 : 12,158 :
July .........: 13,512 13,158 : 13,557 : 12,621 : 13,779 :
Aug. .........: 15,972 : 8,215 : 13,.02 : 10,849 : 10,820 :
3opt. ........: 11,425 11,123 : 6,681 : 8,478 : 6,432 :
Total ... 197,654 '134,330 128,156 120,531 125,107

Compiled from the monthly y Summary of Foreifn Commerce of the United States.


-12-





HP-16


UIMJlTD STT:E: Total


lard exports, by months, 1925-26 to 1930-31


:.onth
:
:
*-


Oct ......... .
pOV .. :
Mec. ....... :
Jan. .........
Feb. ........
ebr. ......... :


May .......... :
June ......... :
July ......... :
Aug ......... :
Sept. ........ :

Total ...
~,c,*


1925-26

l,uO
pounds

44,745
39,979
68,840
75,670
65,356
64,259
63,160
58,154
56,4682
45,873
54,273
61,577

699,368


1927-26


1926-27

1,000 :
pounds :

46,988 :
43,40b
62, 630
59,842
49,880
53,040
67,345
64,418
66,404
46,972
50,816
59,736
671,609


1928-29

1,000 :
pounds :

59,865 :
67,716
86,358
89,932
65,924 :
70,572
59,144
64,192
67,252
64,274
55,467
58,329
C09,045


Compiled from the MIonthly Summary of Foreign Commcrce of


the United Stt=-s.


Canada


The immediate outlook for Canadian hog markets is for somewhat
erratic trading, with supplies fluctuating rathe.-r sharply up and dovin, states
the Canadian Govrnmmnnt livestocc.- r -port for the w2:ck .,nded April 30. During
the last w:.;k of April hcvi _r r'c 'ipts of hogs at 2oronto unu wcrk-r western
markets c-usod a 75-cent decline pe-r 100U pounds a.t Toronto. The price of
bacon hogs off c-rs ut Toronto w.s ;8j.uO pj.:r 100 pounds compre,.- with p8.75
the preceding weok.

althoughh hog prices at Toronto fluctu.ted, consiaer-ly during April,
the -ver_4e for th, month wa.s nigh.,r thai. for ;2.rch. 2h' vwu.kly Lavr-- pricc
at Toronto for the four we-.ks ,indr-d npril 30 wa-s 89.50 pe:-r 100 pounds for
bacon hogs compared with th-i monthly av,:rgr* of ..,7.92 for :Ltrch 1931 _nd
$13.00 for April 1930. Prices declined from Scptclmbl r 1930 to I:.rch 1951,
April being tno first month to show ..n incr,'-'se'. The tot..l number of hogs
gra..ded at stock y.rds and pa-ckinr pr. nts 'in C-.nad.., :.s -djustcd from weekly
reports, was 212,000 in r.pril 1931 comp,.r.d with 207,000 during thn month
of lMarch. Of the u.bovs number, approxim:,.toly 76,00u wera gr:ded Lt Ont-rio
stock y:,rds -and pckir.g pl-nts in April comp..red with ,.Lout 73,000 in i.: rch
and 75,000 in April 1930.


19350-31

1,000
pounds

41,396
42,552
45,114
68, 882
68,760
58,395


---------


I-~--


1929-30

1,000
pounds

70,698 :
63,257
80,053 :
73,291
65,953
66,533:
50,045
62,562 :
56,666 :
51,670
49,287
37,417
747, 32
C7 r, *')
I r I ,'tt.L


1,UOu
pounds

50,355
49,636
62,355
70,660
79,872
79,929
56,554
55,5t0
53,436
52,940
50,658
46.158


.


708,593





HP-18


C,2IADA: Uov,,mcnt of' hogs, pork .mnd bLccn, J..nu..rj-1I:rch, 1928-1931


Jun.-Mar.


Item : Unit :


Graded at stockyards .nd me.t :
packing plants, tot..l C:nada ..:thous..nd:


S'.-l..ct b-con hogs ........ :
Bacons ...... ........ :
Butchers ....... .... ... ...:
Graded at stockyards and moet
packing plants, Ont.rio .......:
Sold and billed through stock- :
y:;rds, tota-l ................ ..
Sold at stockyards ........:
Billed through stcckya.rds .:

Slaughter: Inspected ..........:


I,
Il
U,

9I *






II
II:

II:


Cola storgf-? holdings, pork,
Apr. 1 .................. .. ... :1000 lbs.

Price per 100 pounds: Monthly :
average, Toronto, ,,arch
All grades ................: dollar
Select bacons ....... ..... : "
Bacons ............... : :

Exports:
Live hogs, total ..........: number


To United States .....e....
Bacon and hams, total .....:


To United States
To Great 3ritain
Pork, total .........
To United St-tes
To Great Britain


10


.. ..:



eg...:
* ** *


Imports:
Bacon and hmns, total .....:
From United States ...a
Pork, tot l ...........e. .:
From United Statos ...:


)00 lbs.:

U, 99 g
9. :9
IIt t :
1 t :
91 IIt




II 11 g



a
1 tI)
*I (


Jun.-Mar.


1931


1928



843:
139:

:
.:

354:

363:
304:
29:

766:


53,652:




9.41:
9.94:




14,144:
14,085:
11,383:
1,314:
9,862:
2,399
940:
845:


1,275:
1,272:
50 :
502:


Dominion Livestock Branch :I.r' Mrtrket anid :;CeLt LTr.d.. R.;vi -w :'nd Annul-l of s5.;4 -public.tion, 1929.
a/ B:.con and butcher gr-dos bcc:ne off. ctivc Septembor 16, 1929.
b/ Bacon prico plus Yl.00 premium.


1929 :



765:
124:

-/:
L:


294

357:
293:
64:

672:


44,743:




11.75
12.19:




272:
219:
6,702:
803:
5,759:
1,637:
851:
383:


1,385:
1,384:
133:
133:


1930



6.05:.
.89:
198:
231:

230:

405:
249 :
156:

543:


36,236:




13.35:
14.00:
13.50:


117:
36:
4,632:
474:
4,069
2,130:
422:
975:


2,251:
2,251:
2,817:
2,817:


~,94
86-
224
217

197

410
252
158

481


22,936




7.90

7.92


203
168
2,013
289
1,582
1,114
276
73


24
18
1,475
1,475


-14-J





HP-18


-15-


The monthly government report for 1:. rch shows that during the first
three months of 1931 the number of hogs slaughtered under inspection in
Canada was only 481,000, a decr).-so of 4 per cent compared with the snme
period of 1930. Th.-ro hs boon : progressive decline in slaughter since 1926
when 766,000 w,-jr slaughtered during th-i sa.me throe months. Sales tt'stock-
yards during the smoe three months of 1931, however, amounted to 252,000, a
slight increase over the s-me period of 1930. The total number of hogs
graded at stockyards and p.-ckig plants combined during the first three months
of 1931 was only 594,000, or fewer thln for the same period of the throe
preceding yc-ars. The monthly ver.-g price of all grades of hogs &t' Ti.ronto
in 2March 1931 was s7.90 per 100 pounds or 41 per cent below ;:rch 1930 and
27 per cent below the aver..ge for the three prcce-ding yeors.

Cold storage holdings of pork on April 1 were light compared with the
same date of the preceding four yecrs. Although imports of pork from the
United States during the first throe months cf 1931 were consider-bly greater
than the exports to the United States, they were only about half the quantity
imported in 1930 for the corresponding pe.-ricd. Bacon exports to the United
St,-tes for the first three months of this yeL.r amounted to only 289,000
pounds ccmpL.red with 474,000 pounds last y:-.r and considerably larger
quantities in preceding ye.rs. Live hog exprts from Canada to the United
Statos have practically ce-sed during the 1.st three years. For the first
three months of 1931 they amounted to only 203 cromp).red with 117 in 1930. rcr
the last three years, hog exports to. the United States for the first quarter
of the your ha-vo not exceeded 300 whereas in 1928 they amounted to 14,000 for
the same period. Tot.l -nnu1i exports reach-ed 215,000 head in 1914; 195,000
in 1927 und 20,000 in 1928.

United Kingdcm

The soascn-l strengthening cf curec, pork prices during April brought
the Livorpool aver-4re for Americ-n groon bellies up to 413;99 per 100 pounds,
according to Agricultural Attache' FPc.lCy at London. That figure was '3.88
below the April, 1930, av.r-ge .nd the l\ue:t for that month since 1924. In
Dunish ';iltshire sides the s'>as..n~l upturn placed the April average-at 416.34,
being 7.56 below a yojr a-rlier and only l1.3?4 L.bovo the pro-war aver-g.o.
In American short cut green h-ms, ur. incruese of 61 cents over 1March figures
brought the April Lverage up to .417.03, a point U5.21 below last year and the
lowest April avra-ge since 1924. Cured pork stocks on ";-y 1 at Liverpcol
stood ;t 4,504,000 pounds, an increase cf 552,000 pounds above a month earlier
but 2,199,000 pounds below a ye.-r ago.

Bacon imports intc the United :ingdom for ;:Irch reCchod 93,406,000
pounds, the smallest since last 'uovomber, but the highest :Lrch import cn
record. From October 1 to :,rch 31, tot..l bacon imports for the 190--31
season exceeded those cf the 1929-30 so-son by 25.1 per cent. A drop in
the Ncvembor levels ccoounted for the bul.c of the decline in the total
import figure. Receipts from all important sources we're scmrno:ht below
the February level, but most Eurcpean sources sent larger quantities than
in March, 1930. The incre-so in receipts from Donm-ri: this season cve-r
last amounted to 40 per cnt by 2. rch 31. Bacon imports from the United State
were dowr. to 2,067,000 pounds in .::rch, the IcvWest since last Lovomber and
also voll belo; the March, 1930 figures. Imports from Canada continue very





'I


HP-18


-16-


smll.. The i:tlherl nds dontinueo to supply more b-con than last yo-r. Ham
imports, mostly from the United States, continue to run behind those of last
seasCn.

The ousier l.-rd prices pparent during April brought the Liverpc.ol
average down to -10.22 per 100 pounds, .:r. Foley reports Thscurrent figure
is 27 cents below the iM..rch average, is L~Iso lower than the April avor-go
for c.ny post-war your and .1.48 under the pro-wa:r avr-r~.g for thL.t month.
The IMay 1 stocks of lird at Liverpool tctalod 2,063,000 pounds, a reduction
from the proceding mcnth, and also under last year's figures. Tot.l British
imports cf lard in .Iarch were under the rFbbruary figures, but exceeded those
of March, 1930 and 1929. During the past two months British imports of ldrd
for the current su,-sun have recovered their slight lo,.d over the 1929-30
imports.

Domestic British and Irish pork production continues to expand slowly.
Up to !,.;rch 31, the season s total of fat pigs offore', a.t representative
British markets was 3.6 p3r cent larger than last season. Supplies of
British and Irish pork for the season tc April 30 i:ere 13.6 per cent larger
than last year.


UYITE.D KIIGDOIM: Bac cn
by months,


imports from the United States,
1925-26 to 1930-31


Mlcnth : 1925-26 :1926-27 : 1927-28 1928-29 1929-30 : 1930-31

: 1,000 1, : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000
Spcunds : pounds : pounds : pounds : pounds : pounds

Oct. .........: 11,947 : 10,032 : 5,970 : 2,780 : 3,463 : 967
Nov. .........: 9,962 : 7,530 : 3,213 : 2,651 :. 4114 : 2,103
Dec. .........: 15,889 : 7,068 : 3,457 : 2,878 : 5,672 : 3,370
Jan. ..........: 16,237 : 8,624 : 4,696 : 7,477 : 7,124 : 2,832
Feb. ........: 17,226 : 7,569 : 5,541 : 6,467 : 7,038 : 2,394
Mar. .........: 15,427 : 7,896 : 7,489 : 6,084 : 9,341 : 2,067
Apr. ..........: 11,951 : 5,234 : 5,550 : 3621 5,406
Iayu ..........: 10,758 4,122 : 6,564 s 10,480 4,536 :
June .........: 7,995 : 5,037 : 4,650 : 7,043 : 3,754 :
July .........: 9,430 : 7,705 : 5,530 a 6,775 : 4,388 :
Aug. ....*.....: 7,386 : 7,479 : 7,389 : 6,437 : 3,286 :
Sept .........: 12,142 : 5,494 : 4,509 : 3,242 : 2,261 :


Total ... 146,350 83,790 64,558 66,13 60,383

Compiled from Trade ran ILavigaticn cf the United Kingdom.








HP-18


UI:ITED XIi:GD0;: Bccr. im;iprts fr'.im Dn m .r.c, b, m. nths,
1925-26 to lJ;0-31


1923-26 :


: 1227-20 192'-. : 1929-<0
1*29-0


193,0-31


Oct. .......:
Ncv. ....... :

Jan. *......:
Feb. ....... :
.uar ...... s a
Apr. ........

.lay ........ :
June .......:
July .......:
aiug .,.... :
Sept. ...... :


Total .1
S~Et.*


1, UUu



31,690
29,306
40,377-
31,207
30,472
36,205
30,, 68:
30,,?7,
2J,770
3-r, 266
36,712
3 -,601


3j5, 5 8


: ) ur. Is




2 6
: 13 ,5.7
: 38,C1 l
: 40,194
: 41, 803
* 42, *t42
: 7,526

: ,205
: 51,7J5"
: 50,710
: -.6,9-11
-: 8 ,-13


5L''0,23


: 1,JOO


r'.urun3 :

50,090
50,257 :

54,975 :
52,942
54,675
52,7-.-5
51,103 :
51, 6 :
-_ ,562
6,92- :
b 4, .

6 -J, 5
609,792


L LU : 1,UUO


C J


JL .. : n&2

50.70.; : 7,486
48, J.- : -8,525
45,.-Ou 5 ,4 .'0
8,71:7 : 8,-06
"l,u09 : 4c,4.,J7
l, JL : 51,87-
4'r,u 1 ,, : ,6,20
--*,,0? 0 : 5u,:06
1,rP^6 : 5.T, 256
-.6,l70 : 55,21.3

-,8,.50 : 5',751


552,272 i1,112


Compiled from 2r u, und


IhUitezd ;ingdLm.


U'U2EtJ ::1cGDO::: Tct-.l bacL. impL.rt3, bj m~.nths,
1i25-26 tc 1J30-31


t.2nth 1325-26 1326-L7 1'.7-28 lj'28-2J 1 23-30 1 )Zu-Zl
S. *._ 6
: 1,UOU : 1,UOu : 1,UL : ,000: 1, Iu : 1,UUO
: p;ur..s : p.L1UI.s : un : u .._s I ) u-.. 3 i.c curn s

Oct. ........: 66,38' :. 7;,275 : 6b,52 : btL,78 : u2,t2u 35,809
Lcv. ........ : 60,U L : 76,128 : 7J,57J : J' ,:7 : 7-,868 : 66,-L1
DJ c. .... .... 81,251 : 78,867 : u, 67J : 7 ,771 :. 5,6'ul : 11 2, 2j




.pr. ........:: 6&-,527 71,277 8.,61 7,12 : 77 ,U,)
S .... ...: 6u, ?-. 76,,.u r: t3t : b ,b 8 ,6
Jub.?. ........: : 6 : 6,.06, 7 : 71.,: r, : 8 ,77
July ........: 71,8-1 : Sr,1u5 : 7 ,212 : 6c,J:6 : 85,-.57
ug. ........ : 6 J7 7 b : 86,t 62 1 : L2, 0 ,,7' 8
Spt. .......: 77,123 680,15bJ 71,76. 7 ,5uL : 68,2c.


T t..1 ..: 817,7J3 J. ,0'.l :)j7,17J K .', J7,- c : 5

Compilou from Trd ci _.n .vi:g.ti.-r T -rf the T'lit .' ;:ir;fng(.m.


;I.n th


70,906
61,4,3:
81,2.34
66,619
67''r ,
*65,505


-17-


27


;:.~viEf-tiL2~ L1' tl..if


*







T- 18-


UNITED KIN2DOI: Toteal ham imports, by months,
1925-26 to 1950-31


:1925 26:1926 -


1,000
: pounds


Oct.
HTov.
Doc.
Jan;
Feeb;
"ar.


S............:
... .
..o,..,.:....o.:*
. . .. :
.*.. *


Apr. ................ :
May .... .......... :
June ........... .... :
July ................ :
A\g. ................:
Sept. ............. :


Total ......:1


9,479
11,613
13,404
13,615
13,066
12,516
12,252
12,0.6
10,945
10,482
10,451
11,449


1,000C
pounce

6,929
8,762
11,318
9,847'
.6,512
6,910
6,523
9,20E
12,410
12,034
8,282
8, S02


27:1927 28 1928 291929 501930-.

: 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000
s : ,)ouxn' s : ;jouns : poun.-s :.Soundas

: 7,802 : .6,484 : 8,105 : 5,792
: 5,836 : .6,782 : 8,125 : 5,755
: .7,817 : 7,339. : 9,347 :10,111
: ,6,896 : 8,788 : 7,920 : 7,101
S.9,062 : 8,232 : 7,989 : 6,507
: 9,264 : 6,828 : 8,601 : 5,337
: 7,993 : 8,981 : 9,539 :
: 9,334 : 14,136 : 12,298 :
: 10,782 : 10,499 : 10,983 :
: 11,404 : 12,042 : 14,391 :
: 13,594 : 12,073 : 12,024
: 7,505 : 8,073 : 7,236


41,348 :106,638 :107,289 :110,257


:116,558


Compiled from Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom.

UNITED KIN.-LO:': Total lard imports, by months,
1925-26 to 1930-31

:Ionth : 1925-26 : 1926-27 : 1927-28 : 1928-29 : 1929-30 : 1930-31
.
,- S S__ *____________ __ S


Oct ............
Nov ...........
Dec .............
Jan. ........... :
Feb ............
car. ...........

r ............. :
June .......... 3
July ............
Aug. ...........:
Sept. ...........:

Totl ....


1,000 :
pounds :

16,811 :
19,654 :
21,403 :
20,848 :
24,261 :
23,753 :
28,172 :
18,843 :
20,953 :
23,074':
19,148 :
25,331 :


1,000
rounds

21,569
12,710
13,772
21,665
19,136
20,989
27,032
24,264
28,534
26,006
17,571
22,360


1,000
pounds

17,350
21,058
22,351
27,794
28,421
33,840
23,031
24,398
19,596
24,667
21,844
13,346


1,000 :
pounds *:

18,079 :
21,551 :
17,480 :
35,923 :
29,752 :
22,234 :
21,612 :
26,479 :
20,498 :
25,977 :
21,204 :
16,899 :


1,000
-oounds

21,844
24,004
27,160
2/,559
25,187
24,810
18,218
20,772
21,078
31,801
20,438
12,976


1,000
rounds .

22,897
27,751
27,270
21,459
32,576
26,608


Compiled from Trade and Kavigation of the United Kingdom.


262,281 : 255.638 : 27?.756 : 277.688 : 275.847 :


~


_~I


-18-




HE-18 -19-

Con-.inoa 'P1 F'-rorle

Countries irioortant in .ri tis i i'rL't'et suZlies

Dernmarnk

The small decrease in niu1ib-rs of ."' nJ ;.. rcn pigs in D, nfmr1: as
of January, 15 ini.icatcs c slov'.':' a,: in :- -ro:'.;.ction, according to the
quarterly Continental E:rooean ho s.:rvc:y .r A.ril, 9lil, from Assistant
Agricultural Conmm.ission r C'!risty at Berlin. EHo :-fee- ratios were less
favorable, but not E:?nerall;- uncrofit'blc ir. DrL. rc. early in A.~ril. A
bacon-corn ratio in ":ronen o i 100 .-ilo.ro a.i S-:s.-'-w; that on March 20 there
'.as a ratio of 10.1 against t;:: more favorite 1c .3 ratio of a year earlier.
This situation rcs 'lt:d from;: a more ra-)-,. "all .: bacon prices than in corn
prices over the intervening 12 months.

A choc: on c:roansion of pro: icti:n., -:oh:..vr, has- been felt as a
result of the drastic -;rice. fK'clinCs L&nd of incrOasct c.o-:Yetition in
British ,.ar_:cts fr.ii other continental s'ur:: s. 0fferin-gs of considerable
size have b:cn forthcomiin frio:n IT-thu;rlands Oa; _oland,' ospcially, The
British marat.'ct situation is ri:jortce& as having intcasifiied Danish interest in
developing alternate r.iar_.ots. Partic .lar a tt.nti-ir. h... boon givon the
-.-.rman market.

Preliminary figuros on Danish Jacon crports for :Irzh shov'. a total
o-.tward niovc,.icnt of 65,156,000 -oun; ,, a light increase over Fobrvuary,
exports, and a continuation of Lh; record monthly cxports epeorioncod
during the current s.acon. The IIarch cx-:orts, ho ever, 'v'rc smaller than
th.: movement in October, 1930, and in Deccicbr an. January, 1950-31.

DEliAZ: IT.mber of hoSe, .by classes, 1921-1931

Sows 4 monthss : Pig : Tat hos : Boars
Date: old an,- over under : 2- 4 : over 4 : over : Total
J-.lJ 15:In 7arrov: Total : 2 ir.onths: months : months :4 months : h..
Tho.uands: T:-ousands: Thousands :Thousjnds:Th -us;n;:'T, .;an.c : Th ouand.s

1921...: 123 : 178 4: 42 32 9 1,430
1922... 17 254 : .24 : t60 : 379 : 12 : 1,899
19.3...: --- : 330 : 855 : 1,0C3 : 572 : 15 : 2,855
1924...: 207 : 24 : 861 : 1,W7 : 615 : 15 : 2,868
1925...: 208 : 290 : 730 : .37 : 555 : 14 : 2,517
1926...: 27 : 391 : 1,01 : 1,055 : 648 : 18 3,122
1927...: 278 : 396 : 1,170 : 1,50 : 795 : 20 : 3,731
1928...: 243 : 244 : 1,011 : 1,256 : 733 : 18 :- 3,563
1929...: 310 : 434 : 1,103 : 1,285 : 775 : 19 : 3, 13
1930...: 395 : 586 : 1, 70 : 1,6100 : 24 : 4,20
1931...: : : :
Jan.31: 390 : 581 : 1,647 1,757 1,190 : 27 : 5,232


Compiled from. official so rccj and caole fro;a A'riculit ral Attach.; L. V.
Store and Sta.tistic'-: Eit:rr-;tnin :r, bc. ., 1 ?1.





HP-18


Month :1925-26 :1926-2? 1:227-29 :1928-29 :19-9-30 : 1930-31
_* S S :* S


: 1,000
: pounJ.s


Oct. .............. :
fIov. ............:
Dec. ............ .
Jan. ............ :
Fob. ............. :
liar. ........... :
April .......... :
llay .............:
June ............:
July ............:
Aug. ............ :
Se t. ............ :


35,526
31,316
32,921
32,783
33,103
36,789
31,370
29,094
33,810
33,542
34,879
34,274'


Total .....:329,407


Varooms&tning :. od. Udlandot.
a/ :?roliminarv.


: 1,000
: .'oun-ids

:37,850
: 38,943
: -2,952
:44,572
:42,179
:49,449
:39,303
: -9,555
: 49,691
:47,279
: 47,009
: 47374

:536,166


: 1,000
: "o0;?n..:3

: 4,129
: 45,9.99
:56,405
:54,002
:50,310
:56,028
:50,382
:52,009
:50,332
:46,680
:46,941
:45,481

:600.998


: l,OuO
: )oi.rods

:45, 95
: 49,319
: 48,652
: 40,830
:41,472
: 42,079
:45,648
:49,160
: 41, 73
: 43,857
: 49,004
: 49,442

:546,531


S-. nfl/"


: JUU
: pounds

45,310
51,819
:48,165
51,543
43,310
51,301
46,615
57,154
51,050
53,403
56,432
61,539

:617. 641


S1,000
Sounds

67,869
:64,822
70,486
S72,424
64,921
:a65,156








: 405.678


Hog production in the ITcthcrlands appears to bo ndar the po-n of the
cyclo, according to Mr. Christy at Berlin. Continued h'.avy production is
xc)cctd during most of the current season, U-o to Aril 7 the hog-fcod
ratio was still rclativcly- favorable. The March 1 hog census, ho-cover,
indicates that the vario-s classes of hogs made a relatively smaller gain
over the March 1, 1330. figurcs,than did the 1930 returns over those of
March 1, 1929. The Ministry of Agriculturc for the Nethcrlnnds reports the
following developments in hog numbers since June, 1930. All figures are
expressed in nprcentages of June, 1930, returns:


Farrows Figs of less Hogs of 132
So's in farrow:undor 6 -:ce-s: than 132 lbs. : to 220 pounds
June 1930 ......... 100 100 100 100
Sept. 1930 ......... 4 111 108 129
Dec. 1930 ........ 105 89 114 123
!ar. 1931 ......... 96 121 112 118


-20-


DEIrhAK: Total bacon exports, 1925-26 to
1930-31


I


'---


- ---





2I-- 18


I':;KRLAiDS: umrnb r of 'hos accorcin, to censuses,
1910, 1921, and 1930


: : iga ~~ o 1 : Ho-
Censuses :3rccing : un-.cr o : to 1c, to i''0 :o'-r 22 : Total
: so s : ooks : c d'l. ds o12.'ncd s .: o...n..s : Lir"S
:T.-.o ..sT.dds: IhouS,.1ds :Th. usan -in : T *.z-..i s : Th us es r. : T> *usznds

May--Junc : : : : : :
1910 .....: : 27 : : 1,260
:lay-June : : :
1921 ....: : 371 : 1,14.3 1,519
!ay-J.m : : : : :
1930 .....: 2-2 : 2 -1-0 : 540 : 101 :2,018
!ar. 1931 : : : : : :
(est.)./ : 32 7: 71 : 1,057. : 4 0 2,286

Vcrslla ovcn don Land]bo-i in T-.dcrland 19?2, Co.unicrci_:l Attaclh J. F. Van
".'ic-kcl, Jiv.Y.La, 16, 1931.
a/ Estimates bas.d on pcrc nt-ge incroasc over Ju-ic 193?.0 bnum.b2rs as furnished
by; Asst. Agricultural Co,2missioncr.Christy.


i ZTERLA I S: Estira.ntc.d -pcrccnta.scs of incr,:as3 of'
-J,is on scpcificd .-.itos in 1L30 .?nd 1 13
co..Poarcd .;it"'L prc; di: 'cr

:Sow;s : Faro s ":?i,.s over : Ho^H : EOs
Dato : in : undcr : ..cks to:132 to'2-0: over
:____ farrowu : : 0c':s :1 2 c-.u',d: :,,-,uiis :22 m--or.is
Scr cent : P..r cent : ?'r c::t : r -. t : ?-r c~jnt

i'ar. 1, 190 ....: + 30 :+ 15 to 20: + 10 : + 5 :sli:)ht incrca


June 1, 1930 ....;


+ 20 :+ 15 to 20:


+ 15 ':+10 to 15 :


Sept. 1, 190 ...: 15 : + 15:+10 to 15 : + 10 :

Dec. 1, 1930 ....:+10 to 15 :+ 10 to 15: + 15 :+30 to 40 :

i4ar. 1, 1931 ....: sli ht :+ 5:+ 5 to 10 : 10
~ 9 9 9


+ 5


slight incra.so

+ 10

little cbu ...


9 9 9 9
Based on r-ports fur;-ishcd b; Livostoc.-.:.:t2--nsion A:cnts and forwardcd by
Agricultural Attach' Stocrcr and ..slt. .'.'rice-lt .r*l Coianissioncr Christy.
Plus sigi indicates incrcnsc; minus sign, dccrrnse..


-21-


Ie





H?-18


Bacon production in Poland has made considerable progress, Mr.
Christy reports. A firmer footing a-parently has been secured in the
British market, where competition is being offered Danish and Netherlands
bacon, as well as that of the United States and other countries. At present,
however, Polish hog -ro,,ucers are meeting less favorable marketing condi-
tions, with prices declining and feed costs advancing. The disposition of
Polish hogs in neighboring; countries is objectt to an increasing amount of
restriction which may tend to divert additional numbers to the United
Kingdom in the fori. of bacon. In 1930 about 50 Dc.r c-nt of the Polish live
hog exports went to Czechoslovakia, but recent Czech tariff provisions have
materially reduced that outlet. In France, more stringent-sanitary
regulations are scid to hamper the expanding movement of Polish.pork
products. The Austrian market is still o-en to Polish hoss, but -ith keen
competition from A:strian producers.

POLAND: Exports of slaughter hogs and of bacon, by
months and countries, 1930 and 1 31

: _Hogs Bacon
Yar : : : ; :
and : Austria : Czccho- : ?erma y : Total : United : Total
month : :slovakia : :I Kin~gdom :
S1,000 :1,000
1930 : ITumber N : bor : Nuabr : Nbmber : rounds : pounds

Jan. ..........: 16,848 :29,542 : 558 :46,966 : 1,963 : 1,963
Feb. ..........: ,3,554 :44,134 : 446 : 58,134 : 3,334 : 3,423
Mar. ..........: 32,413 : 31,592 : 335 : 64,340 : 3,854 : 3,856
Apr. ..........: 22,560 : 16,354 130 :39,044 : 4,776 : 4,780
May ...........: 21,457 : 17,834 : 2 : 39,293 : 4,714 : 4,714
June ..........: 27,793 :23,512 : 60 : 52,083 : 3,574 : 3,574
July ..........: 27,547 :28,835 : 58 : 56,440 : 5,181 : 5,181
Aug. .........: 29,351 28,831 : 2,246 : 60,428 : 3,995 : 3,995
Sept. .........: 30,708 :35,951 : 2,543 : 9,312 : 4,.42 : 4,442
Oct. ..........: 32,614 :45,908 : 2,641 : 81,163 : 5,766 : 5,766
Nov. ...>......: 28,510 34.,439 : 3,302 : 66,285 : 5,509 : 5,509
Dec. ..........: 48679 2,297 : 2,383 77,359 : 6,553 : 6,553
Total .....:343,034 : 363,239 : 14,804 : 720,847 : 53,661 : 53.756
1931 : : : :
Jan. ............0 40,758 : 4,700 : 1,569 : 47,027 : 8,495 : 8,496
Assistant Agricultural Commissioner D. F.: Christy, Berlin.


' many

Total hog numbers in T7ermany as of March 1, 1931, reached 21,800,000
head, according to Mr. Christy. That figure was 16.8 per cent greater than
a year earlier, when March returns wcre first made. All age classes of
C-crman hogs showed increases over corresponding ficuros for 1930. When
compared w-ith the Jan:uary, 1931 returns, the only two ago groups to show an
increase are those of young pigs under 8 wooks and pigs 8 wccks to 6 months
old. The increases in those classes together with the number of brood sows
in farro'v, arc regarded as s-fficient to insure an additional increase in th,
total number of hogs in _?-r iany botwvon now and Sptcmb..r 1. The record


-22-







HP-18


rcrman potato harvest oi' 1J30 is held~ as the lOadin; factor present in
-crman breeding operations despite the steady decline in hog prices. In
eastern C-crmany es-ecially, 'here potatoes are a more important crop than
in western -crrmany, the fattening of hogs vwas still profitable up to early
April. MIr. Christy rc--orts, -ith por1.- being re.gardcd as the only extensive
outlet for surplus potatoes. Statc.: ints from th.. Breslau potato no.rhets,
however, indicate that -riccs had a tendency to advance slightly during March.

On the oth.r hand, the higher -rices of barley and corn and the sharp
reduction in rye stocks have been factors in inlJ:in; the food grain-hog ratio
less favorable. March re,-orts froi. L--i-)zic indic-.te a continued upward move-
ment in barley prices. Northvwst:rn 'er.-any has been especially affected,
since the hog -produccrs in that area ie-ocnd almost entirely on grain feeding.
As a result, there has boon a tendency toward shifting the intensity of hog
production into the eastern areas. '!nile total hos, in e-rmany increased 17
per cent during 1950, the increase in astern or~any w.rs 24 per cent and
only 6 per cent in northwestern r-ormany. xW-_anwhilc, the declining value of
all European hogs brought the Berlin average price of heavy hoLc for April
down to $9.39 p;.r 100 pounds. That figure was about $4.75 below the April,
1930, average and the lowest for any month since July, 1923. Effective Hay
10, the .-orman ir.rmort duty on live hogs .as raised to $4.52 per 100 pounds
(40 marks cpr 100 kilograms). The former rate, in effect since Airil 14, 1930,
was $2.92 per 100 pounds (27 marks per 100 _:ilograms).

Proliminar;/ figures for April indicate that hog receipts at 14
"':rman markets werc heavier than for any month since the heavy marketing
period of the 192'-23 season. Hog slaughterings at 36 centers for Harch
reached the record monthly figure of 5C0,000 head. The season's total
slaughter to Ma:rch 31 show's a gain of 18.8 pur cent over last year. Dcspite
the heavier domestic ?crmnn porr: production, ho:.'cvcr, bacon imports for the
current season continue to exceed those of last year, the supplies corning
largely from Netherlands and Dcnmark. The seal-on's total bacon imports to
March 31 ecre 26.9 -or cent larger than the correspondin' imports of last
season. In the Hain'iurg lard market, the April -vorago returned to the lower
levels of early 1130 to reach $10.21 per 100 --ounnL.s. That fi-.urc was about
$1.00 under the April, 1930 average and ncorly ;2.00 under the pro-var avr.ra;o
for April. March lard imports again ,aadc a fair volume, and were larger than
im-orts for that month in either 1-30 or 1.29, The season's total, ho'-evor, i!
still about 21 per cent bclowi last season's comparable figure.

Lard imports into cermany from Dcnunark are assumning-greater importance,
according to Consul '-cncral John E. Kohl at Hambu.rg. Imports from that
country in March, 1l31, reached 4,090,000 pounds against 2,0 5,000 pounds for
March, 1930. The 1'31 im-oorts from D,-~nark -.:rcre sold at -rices some 10 per
cent bclo/ quotations on American lard, Cons'.:l Kohl reports. He quotes a
"crman provision trade publication, ho-'cvcr, to the effect that erman
consumers have a tendency to favor the Danish product on the ground of a 1,iore
satisfactory flavor. The c-erman .*.ritcr holds corn feeding of Amr.rican hogs
resoonsiblc for the unpopular flavor. He states fourth .r that -orman lard
marors flavor their product to plcasc consuicrs1 taste *nd that D'n-ish
exporters ar-2 taking similar steps 'With their product.


-23-





E- -18


-.ER2AiIY: Number of hogs according to dotniled classification,
specificd dates 1914, 1927-1931


:Youn ni is :6 months to 1 year :1 yco.r and over
8 : riding : : Brooding : Total
DItc of :Under : : cks: so;ws _:Total : so-ps : Total: hogs
censu : 8 : to 6 : In : In
__: '-cc :months:f.rro -:Total : :fL.rro7:Tot.l : :
:Tho s- :Thous- :Thous- :Tus- : hous- :Thous-:Thous- :Thous-: Thous-
:a.nds handss handss :?nds :ends : nds :rnds :2nds handss


June 2, 191- : 14,85 :
Dec. 1, 1927 : 4,379: 9,910:
June 1, 1928 : 4,336: 9,557:
Dec. 1, 1928 : 4,003: 8,487:
June 1, 1929 : 4,160: 8,099:
Scot. 1, 1929: 5,573: 8,290:
Dec. 1, 1S29 : 4,412: 8,679:
liar. 1, 1930 : 5,012: 8,555:
June 1, 1930 : 5,091: 178:
Sept. 1, 1930: 6,522: 9,809:
Dec. 1, 1930 :.5,440:10,003:
'ar. 1, 1931 : 5,750:10,231:


455:
574:
4 :

368:
25:
:


714:
504:
707:
556:
671:
652:
663:
722:
876:
812:
673:
706:


5,751:
4,149:
5,129:
3,060:
41,288:
4,599:
3,487:
3,842:
5,125:
5,4'I1:
3,939:


792:
'15:
861:
939:
927:


1,531:
1,218:
1,150:
1,063:
1,145:
1,208:
1,178:
1,229:
1,356:
1,467:
1,496:
1,517:


:22,118
2,858:22,899
1,545:20,187
2,487:20,106
1,475:16,795
1,653:19,604
2,234:19,944
1,595:18,649
1,694:19,805
1,967:23,423
2,451:23,365
1,870:21,790


Compiled from Doutci icr Roichsanzcigcr, Vicrtcljahrshcfto and cables from
Agricultural Attache at Berlin.


-2L2ANY: Tot.l imports of 1..rd, by months, 1925-26 to
1930-31
_____________________ ____________________ _______________ ____________________________


e [o nth


1~-25-26


1926-27


1i27- 8 :


1929-30


: 1930-31
* "~~"
v u


Oct. .......
Iov. ........
D-c. ........
Jan..........
Feb. ........
Mar. .......
Apr. ........ :
May ......... :
June ........ :
July .......
Aug. ...... :
Sept. .......


1,000


21,389
tJ, '330
8,525
19,559
24,964
24,098
21,393
16,732
18, 443
17,125
17,1-13
I't, 819


1,000
pounds

21,387
21,715
17,216
20,818
16 04-
17,176
23,511
16,353
19,307
24,017
13,324
14,760


1,000
Oour ds :

20,533 :
144,37 :
12,12 :
16,159 :
16,375 :
22,305 :
18,54
14,311
14,555 :
13,711 :
13,829 :
14,760 :


1,000
-oouncds

13,240
15, 93
19,373
24,841
13,688
17,686
22,848
19,640
13,528
14,233
13,080
13,065


1,000
pounds

20,480
13,831
21,091
24,367
15, 86
17,364
17,886
14,545
13,669
13,591
12,961
12,716


1,000
: pounds

14,364
9,704
10,254
16,155
20,042
:a/22,487
:;


Total ....: 212,529 : 226.428 : 191,713 : 201.015 : 203,1',? :
Monatliche N-ch-:;ciso bocr don Auswarti.':n Handol Dcutschlrnds. a/ Proliminary


---~


----


-24-





-25-

r-K.ANY: '-otal bacon imports, by r.nths, 1925-26 to 1..0-Jl


.:ionth : 15-26 : 26- : 1927-2 : 1-92-:n : 17-30 : 193031
: i : I .
-o :__ __ : l i *. 1 9** _____-5^_


Oct..
Nov.
Dec.
Jan.
Fob.
Mar.
Apr.
May.
Juno
July
Aug.
Sepot.


..,......
........
*......




...........
.....,..,
......1
........
IiIIii



iiiiii


:1,000
: ..3unds

S2, 42
: 95
1,265
:1,911
:2,021
1,745
: 1,775
:1,758
1,947
1,-.52
1,877
1,999


1,000
pounds

2,025
2,118
2,007
.1,595
1,493
1,127
857
847
778
606
474
::12


1,000
--ourds

1,019
945
913
905
1,213
32 5
418
322
602
421
383
5:


Total ....: 21,151,,1 : 1 .84 : 8,289
H"onatlichc Nach'.'oise u.bcr den aus'Jartigcn I


1, 0' C
:.:,v.\nd

517
811
1,050
1,302
769
908
735
795
687
1,102
953
1,023


10.982 :


1 .J' ) : .L. )
p;c.:.ds Jou I!

1,833 : 1,728
1,5.30 : 1,391
1,111 : 1,715
1,577 : 2,052
1, 50 : ,566
2,.-39 :a/2, -SO
1,795 :
1,139 :
937 :
882 :
1,432




16.904 :


landcl Dcutschlands.


Ja/ Prcliiinary.


About 11 npc. cent more fat hogs -.-ill be sent to market in Hungary from
April 1 to July 1, 1931 than in the corresponding 1920 period, according to
the Belgrade, Yu:oslavia, .ffiico of the For. ign ..Aricultural Service. The
volume of cxoorts de-ocnds u;on th.. successful c-rc.lusion bt'.weetn H-unary and
Czcchosiova-:i. of a no"' commercial treaty. The latter c- .jntry took- about half
of the hogs cmxortcd from Hungary in 1929 -nd 1930, :.-ith A..:tria ta.:ing most
of the rem-iainder. Hungarian emoorts of fat hogs (over 150 pOur..is) t-.s all
countries for the period, April June, 1930, reached nearly 45,000 h.:ad.
With a favorable outcome of the treaty negotiations, it is re-ported that
that figure could be increased by about 5,000 head. Hungarian o:rportc of
all live hogs totaled 248,500 head for 1930 against 272,663 in 1-29.

Other European countries

Consul Kehl reports also that Anerican lard is rt a disadvantage,
princi-al-ly as to price, in Poland, Czechosl]ova:ia Austria, and Hunar-y.
In Belgium there is little business in M.ackrican pjr!k pro- cts, according
to Consul W;. S. Reinec1-: at Antwr-o. S.ssage has enjoyed a better demand
than most other An.:rican -roducts in recent weck!s. In Lit.nuania hog
numbers increased to 1,136,000 for 1i30 against 9-44,0C0 in 1929 and 1,0.0,000
for 128, states Consul H. S. u.llerton at Kovno.

Mexico
Hog raising on a large scale is being considered in the State of
Chihuahua, Hexico, according to Consul F. H. Styles. The good prices paid
for imported pork products have stimulated interest in domestic production.


HP-18


1 282


.


s





HP-18 -26-


Plans arc under way for a cold storage plant at Torreon.' Both Mexican and
Armrican ranchers in Chihuahua are interested in the new.project.

Brazil

A now packing house, primarily for nork products, has been completed
recently at Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Consul C. R.-
Nasmith reports. The new plant is designed for contributing supplies of- .
cured pork and lard to the E.ropoan trade. Stocks of pork products are
no-, relatively larger in that port of Brazil, but an exchange situation ..
favorable to buyers is expected to assist exports. Hog numbers in'Rio .
Grande do Sul increased to 5,933,000 in 1929 from 5,643,000 in.1925. Lard-
production in local refineries rose from 105,757,000 pounds in 1925 to ,:
173,734,000 pounds in 1930. Lard exports from:the State reached 70,465,000
pounds in 1'30 against 91,565,000 pounds in 1929. Of the 1930 exports,
842,000 pounds -"cnt to foreign countries against 792,000 pounds in-1929.
There is some question as to the competitive quality of Brazilian lard,
the Consul re'-orts.







*"i.."





P-?- 18


HO'-S A~i 5ORl -J:PODY.'CTS: Indices of f-ircign suplies ani demand

: : Mar.
Country : Unit : 1909-10 : 1924-25 : : :
- -..1 itcin :to lC12-1 i :tc 1928-2 192?-28:1928-2: ;1929-30: 190-31


iI :EDKH X


UITI'j'ED KII'DOIl: :
productt ion -
Fat pigs, cor-
tain marketss. :1000 s:
Suppliecs,
domestic fresh: 1000
jorl', London.. :-pounds:
Imoorts :
Bacon -
Denmarkl......: :
Irish 7. St.te "
United States: "
Canada ......: "
OthBrs ......: "
To tal......: "
Ham, total... .: "
Lard, tot-l...:
DE L'JRK : : :


E.x-orts : :
Bac on. .......... "
C L- r.: :
Slaughter -
Hogs, inspected:1000's:

Production -
Hog receipts
14 cities......: "
Hog slaughter
36 centers.. .. "
Imports : 1000
Bacon, tottal...: pounds:
Lard, total....: "
UNITED STATES:
Slahter : :
Hogs, inspected:1000' s:
Exrorts -
Bacon : 1000
United Kingi.dc:i pounds:
V-ormany....... :
Cuba..........: "
Total .......: "
Hams, shoulders
United Kingd'n : "
Total........: "
Lard -
United Kingdom :
Germany ........: "
Cuba.... ......: "
cNthcrlands....: "
Total ........ : "


average :















20,3'6
256,3-18
4,415
115,615






874






2,237

1,475 :
105,362






68,3 :
1,045 :
3,801
92,954 :

68,59,1
79,265 :

89,430 :
76,146
18,216
21,218 :
250,009


i,*-
1,-1-61 :


1


1,476:


1,536 : 2,240:

2,038 : 2,725:

0,106 : 5,320:


113,311


1



*i


1,3453:




1,8-.3:

2,429:

5,657:


1,247:



1,678:

2,154:

9,733:


:102,001:104,621:117,80o :


979




1,855

2,560

12,412
2, -32


25,967 : 27,225: 27,811: 25,866: 25,190


35,407 : 19,606: 20,399: 30,190: 12,821
5,099 : 5,767: 2,663: 4,175: 304
10,869 : 9,931: 7,587: 7,947: 5,654
75,371 : 60,756: 56,567: 68,935: 25,155

70,41 : 4S,051: 39,?57: 44,024: 32,209
85,024 : 58,114: 50,909: 55,657: 40,835

.14,898 :130,811:.131,025:131,031:144-,356
99,125 : 90,990:112,229:109,621: 61,192
41,883 : 43,636: 2,.31: 39,815: 24,125
3,374 : 22,004: 23,246: 27,350: 15,561
579652 :393,307: 440,367:439 785 :325 0-9


I -


--


v.


-27-


avorago : : : :_



Z46 : 366: 408: 355: 368


35,279 : 52,345: 51,27: 39,565: 44,139


250,889 :31,183:273,553:294,216:413,203
30,160 : o0, ,61: :;7,0 1: 24-,411: 15,465
57,716 : 30,36 28,.37: 36,752: 13,..3
39,767 : 20,45: 10,298: S,918: 1,513
75,024 :102,353 111,791:101,729:133,502
45-,556 :500,348:=34,0':.34t.6026:382,716
60,079 : 46,377: .4,45: 50,037: -0,303
132,506 :150,824:145,019150,534:15t,561


250,965 :308,873: 67,64': 91,-i-i8:40C,678





nIII3 1262 0886il5ll 039lll 11IIIIII
3 1262 08865 0329


HOGS AN)D PORK PRODUCTS: Foreign and domestic average prices per
100 pounds for the month indicated, and stocks at the
end of each month

: 1ar. : *iar. : ar. : Feb. : i


Item : 1909-1913 : 1925-1929 : 1930
: average : average :__
: Dollars : Dollars : Dollars :
Prices : : :


1931


Dollars : Dolla


Hogs, Chicago,
basis packers'
and shippers'
quotations .
Corn, Chicago,
No. 3 yellow .
Hogs, heavy,
Berlin, live
weight .
Potatoes, Breslau
feeding .
Barley, Leipzig..
Lard-
.Chicago .
Liverpool .
Hamburg .
Cured pork -
Liverpool -
American short
cut Green hans
American green.
bellies .
Danish Wiltshire
sides. .
Canadian green
sides .



Stocks-
"r _. .... .


S
:*
:*


* V UU


U
*


8.02 : 11.31 : 10.17 : 7.06 7.46

S 1.04 : 1.61 : 1.43 : 1.09 1.07



: 11.35 : 14.03 : 14.99 : 10.66 10.1i

: .39 .56 : .32 : 6 .2
1.75 : 2.37 : 1.65 : 2.11 : 2.22

10.60 : 14.83 : 12.12 : 8.94 :1000
11.80 : 15.32 : 11.80 : 9.78 : 10.49
13.89 : 15.72 : 11.93 : 10.42 11.10




13.80 : 22.72 : 21.68 : 17071 : 16,4

S20.24 17.94 13.88 3.01

14.70 : 2320 : 24.8 : 13.58 : 13,8
: : : 2 8: : .8

14.14 :a/ 22.20 : 23.55 : b

: 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 1,000 : 1,000i'
: pounds : pounds : pounds : pounds : pou
: : : : :'


Liverpool-
Hams, bacon and :
shoulders 9,589 : 6,681 : 5,226 : 3,9
Lard, defined .: 3,742 : 3,781 : 1,673 : C,4
United States : : :
Processed pork'c: : 822,859 :752,996 853,408. :843,5
Lard in cold : : 2
storage .. .: : 135,859 : 105,067 : 74,977 : 78,4


a/ Three-year average only.
SNo quotation.
j Dry salt sured and in process of cure; pickled, cared, and in process o
cure, and frozen. .


0- --


. ... .. i- u


HP-18


-28-


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