World hog and pork prospects

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Material Information

Title:
World hog and pork prospects
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics. -- Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Publisher:
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Place of Publication:
Washington
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Swine -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Pork industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
- HP-83 (Oct. 1936).
General Note:
Reproduced from typewritten copy.
General Note:
Description based on: HP-8 (July 9, 1930).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 026660448
oclc - 30588199
Classification:
lcc - HD9435.U5 A25
System ID:
AA00013004:00009

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Hog situation


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
-- r L L
AJ? 3 1.Qj1ET DE PT
UNITED STATES DEPART:"1.7ET OF AGRICULTU, RE
Bureau of Agricultural Economics .... --
ash i n ;- ton I
.. "i' : "P i-,ITC R I
HP- 16 ;'r rCT '-'-- -- -- ---
"TORLD HOG A:ND PORT: PF.OSPECTS



SU?..A.RY

Prices of hogs and of many pork! productss declined during February; to

pre-war levels and further in both the United States and E1rope. In -nmark,

Germany and 1:etherlands there are indications of record ho, numbers on ''.".ad

early in 1931. European ho- slaughter, notably in Denmark!, nas beF, ,1.i-

usually heavy in recent weeks, with the res.l.ting large pork sup).-ies

meeting a relatively light demand. A tendency' toward rising Zuro-iean feed

prices together with the very low hog prices prevailing su-gests some like-

lihood of an earlier movement to market in the near future -jnd probably ,

curtailed European breeding operations next sprin- and fall. In the United

States, however, a continuation of the favorable relationship between feed

prices and hog prices prevails as a result of further declines in corn prices.

In the United States a seasonal reduction in the number of ho.s in

marketing channels is meeting a weaker demand. Slaughter in February, while

smaller than in January, was larger than that of February, 1930, wit.: prices

materially below the 1730 level and also under the pre-war positions. Price

declines were general in fresh pork cuts and lard and in most cured cuts

durin.- February in domestic markets. Export prodLcts met a downward price

tendency in the leading European markets.

Domestic stocks of lard and pork increased during January. On February

1, pork stoc.:s were considerably hi-gher than a year earlier. Lard stocks,

while still under last year's figures, were larger than on Janu,.ary 1. 3S:,e-

what similar conditions are noted for turope, particularly the United ::ingdom.

Exports of both pork and lard from the United States during January remained





HP-13


at lover levels than last season's movement, but lard exports made a sharp

increase over those of the previous Ionth. British tak-ings of bacon are

retatde.d by; the heavy continental supplies, notably Danish, reaching that

market, w.:ile continental "o'oduction has practically closed the Germma

market to the Armerican product. United States ham exports also are material-

ly redaucd, although the reduction is les- than that of the exports of

other A;icric,-u pork .roducts. In lard, the United Kingdom continues to tcke

about t-.:c sual qu.awtitics from the United States, but exports to -cr"mn-

are .a:.tcriail.y reduced.


Hog numbers

.og- numibcrs in Germnany at the beginning of 1931 reached 23,400,000
and. ex:cceded the number on hand at the same time of the preceding year by
17 per cent, but remained at practicallyy the soame level as reported in
Sspt :-.bcr, 1S30. In Denmark the number on Jornuary 31, 1931, reached
5,232,0^0, an increase rf 6 per cent over the figures for July 15, 1930. No
previous estinutes as of January 31 are available for Denmark. In the
inethnrland.s hoc nucrbrs in June, 1930, reached 2,018,000, according to the
census for that date, and since that time have been increasing, accord-
ing to quarterly estimates showing percentage changes in each class of animal.
Hog u.nmb.rs, according to the census of 1921, reached only 1,519,000 that
year wit- t.Ce pre-war estimrntec reported as 1,505,000.

Owin.; to the fact that the ho- feed r.tio is becoming i:-crc.asiA:ly
un.-i':-or-ble in all Eurocrn countries, a sh-..rp curtailment in breeding
oper:.-.ions, csnecially in the importr t hog feeding sections of north-
westtr.- Gcrm-rrLT mar be expected during the nuxt few months, accordi-ng to
Agri:-.tl t..r.-.l -ttacihe Steere. On the other irnd, in eastern Ger:a;ly,
Pol -n.' r:-.d cDnmar!:, despite the fact that the recession in hog prices is
fr-st outstrip-ein; the drop in feedstuffs, it appears that hog feeding is
still the best outlet man; fr-rmers hdve, as prices have fallen to a very
low lev.l L.or riot:-toes in east rn aermliy,, pota.tocs and barley in Poland,
and barlyc- -nd corn i,. Denmark.

As ,. con-trast to th.e heavy numbers reported in Germany, Dcnmark er'd
the ..ath.zrl-,ds there have been decreases in the United St:ttes, Ca.na-da
a.nd t.c Un.itcd Kingidom, while Irish Free: State showed -n increase in June


-2-





-3-


1950 ov.-:r th:c preceding -e.r. "'nj nm1c -.rs in the United States on J _,:'r.
1, 1931 :..ad declined to 52,32',0:'0, a decr -se of about 2 per cent com-
pared with 1'30 and oper cent compared '"ith 1.29, In C.n.di-.d th- number
in June 1IS0 was 4,000,000 trh: lowest nuriabe reported since 1223 i:-ib,-rs
in Lte Uir. ted. in-dorn lhav.e beer. declini:yn since 1.'2- ad in June 1530
rea.c.:ed 2, 36,020 the lowest number re )ort:-. since 1926. There 'was an in-
crease i:'. I;-i.h Free St.-te ho',wever, to 1,0.32,0703 in June 1930'co.,.,:.:'ed
wita ;-23,Q C in 1929.

TnI an-.,l'er .of brood. sows at th-e be ,ininn. of January Iq.31 showed
increses over t-hoe of a .-ear earlier in the United States ad Q eriai&ny
an-d t.; : "ct.:rl,?ds, t.-he nurq-lbr in the United. Stattes:being 10,044,000 an
incr:u.sc of 1 :ir cent over t ,. s:-.j- period of 1930 while the nur.ib.r in
G.-rmany, '.w,-s 2,169,000 or 10 pCr,cent over the protcdi:;,; year althoui:- below
the nm.urocr reportedd in Sept nib,.:r 1930. Although actual figures arc not.
availc.bl j for the i'cth2rlands -nnually the n:fi.ber of.brood sows reo-orted
in the !:cL'-June 1330 census fi _;ucs were 242,000 and since that time a.pcr-
centz, cincrcase-of 15 .)er cent was shown as of September 1930 and a.still
furt,.:r inicrc.-.e of 10 to 15 per cent on December 1, .1350. In D.n:r::
the :..o'.bcr of brood sows on J-u-:.ry 31, 1 '31 wa.s 561,000 or slightly below
the 55S,000 reported on July 15, 1930 although a'ove-the 434,000 rep-orted
in July 1i2c.

Hc_ num.bbcrs in a/ fourtc.:n countries reporting, exclusive of Russia,
amou-.nted to 95,000,000 in 1930 a decrease of 4 per cent cor":pared wit- 1'--2
and 10 -.r cent conmp:ared with 1928. Including Russia, where there was a
reduction of 40 per cent to 12,183,000 in 1930, due to the heavy sl.u-hter
of ioxs by peasants as a protest against enterin' the collective farms, the
dccreJase wvs still greater or 10 per cent compa:rcd with 1929. However,
Russia is not ot present of particular importance in international trc.dc.
The sanllcr numbers in the United St2tes is res-ionsible for most of the
dccrc:-se as most European countries showed an increase, the total for nine
b/ -uropcc.n countries re.-ortin,;, being 34,5-1,000 in 1930 com--&-red with
33,9-4.,000 in 1929. Brood sows in 1930 in c/ eleven countries including
the United States numbered 14,020,000 or 1 per cent less th:n in 1929. -In
the ci.Lht njropean countries however, the niurber wns'3,527,000 an increase
of 11 per ccnt over 1929.


a;/ Ca.-.r.rl.., U:L.icd St-.tc.s, Zn`gl-nd*'d anI Wales, Scotland, Horthern Ircland,
Irish .r.' c St tc, DeJ.mork, 'cl..i:mn, 3crmc.n.:, Hu-i nr;, Ruin-i:nir., Cr.oscn,
Formosa., ?.;' Ze.land.

b/ Zgld r.-d 7:'Lcs, Scotlr.nj, -orthcrn Irel:-nd, Irish Free State, Denmark,
Belgium, Germ,:ny, iun,.r.; .-nd Ru'r-unia.

c/ United Statcs, Canada, iKcw :.er-.i-.d, Denmark, Irish Fre. Str.t, .11':i .r.y,
Engl..i-d .nd Urlcs, Scotlar.nd, i:orth-.en Ireland, Germnny, Belgium.




HP-16


:-umber in principal pork exporting countries /

Yo.r United : : thor-: Irish :
St-tes : Denmark: :l C-ud.o. : FrOe : Swodci : Total
Jn. 1: July : JIln : State : Juo : b
Jan. 1 "a/._ .-J_"
Jsune :


Ave'r -c :
prc-wr.r c/... :

1921...........:
1922...........
19 .3 ...........:
1924 .......... :
1925...........:
1926...........:
1927...........:
1928 ...........:
1929...........:
1930...........:
1931...........:


Tilou- : Tlou-
s.'.n s : s .nds

53,300 : 2,715

58,602 :1,430
59,559 : 1,899
69,044 : 2,855
663,G1 :2,868
55,568 : 2,517
52,148 : 3,122
54,78 : 3,731
60,617 : 3,363
57,410 : 3,616
53,233 : 4,920
,5,323 :f/5,232


Tho"i- :
sn& ds :

1,305

1,519









2,018
:


Thou-
san.:ds

3,350 :

3, 05 :
3,916 :
4,405
5,069
4,426
4,360
4,695
4,497 :
4,382
4,000


Th.ou- : Tnou-
s-,.ds : s _nds

1,046 : 1,023

391 :d/1,011
938 :
1,186
987
732 : 1,100
884
1,178 :0/1,369
1,183
945
1,052


17uimber in. :jrincinal


por: irmorting countries


: United. : :
7 crmniy Fi
:.in.dnm :Gc / :
: d Dec. g/ :D
: June :


ranco


:Czeco- : tri
: slov:ir : .
:Dec.c. :
:Dcc. g/ :


Ital~~
Mar.-A.pr


Avcr-gc :
":r -w .r c/ :/

1921...........:
1922...........:
1923...........:
1924...........:
1925...........:
1926......... .. :
1927 ...........:
1928.. ........ :
1929...........:
1330 ...........:
1931 ........... :


2,754 : 22,533

2,756 :14,153
2,568 : 15,818
2,993 :14,678
3,567 :j/17,300
2,911 : 16,895
2,504 : 10,200
3,124 : 19,424
3,396 : 22,892
2,701 : 20,106
2,664 : 19,920
: 23,363


7,529

4,941
5,166
5,196
5,406
5,802
5,793
5,777
6,019
6,017
:
:


2,516 : 1,932

2,201 : 1,326

:1/1,473


2,539


Compiled oi.i official sources.


/ C tri'ics r.rr-ged imn order of importice -.s ex-torting- or importing cou.itriel
b/ Tot-! co_.-tries reporting o.c; yea"r, ore-wa.r 1921-1929. c/ Average for 5
ye.rs inl..di-..tcly preceding w..r wherever r,.villable. Otherwise for rzly years or
year within this period, unless otnurwise stated. In countries having cnhcn:ecd
boundi.rics cstii.i.ts are for one yce.r only of numbers within present bou idrries,
d/ Censu.s 1920. c/ Se-otmber. f/ J-1uary 1, 1931. g/ Estimate for countries
reportin- c.s -f Lcccmber have bc-n c)nsiderod a.s of Jenanry of the following
ye-:-. .- stirie-.tc for present bou.id-ries for 1918. i/ :.'rch. j/ October. :o.
estiinrtc cv-iiable for Decor:,bor 123. k/ Unofficial.


-4-
IOGS: -umbjer i: principal pork exporting and importing countries,
c.v.:rr.;o prc-wcr, years 1921-1930


Thou-
s rn ds


60,411

64,828
66,312
77,490
75,285
63,243
60,514
64,392
69,660
36,353
33,210


Tot-l
b/


2,683

:12,509





:k/2,850


32,816

21,850
23,552
22,867
26,281
25,608
24,497
28,325
32,314
28,824


~--- --------I-~---


-----


---~


"I::"...,!.,:.


:


N.


m.






HP-16


-5-
3700D SO1.:S: Dinber in princior-.1 porl: ?in3 io., exi'orti ., ?N il ,1lorti;.
countries reortigi, *'re-war end. i-.? to 1t30


r: on th :
Co'uitry : of :Pre- : 1925 : 1-6 : 127: 19.78: 192: 10: 131
:ecti:t.te: war :
S: T'C. a-: T an'.i-: iL o-: .- .-: T-ou-: Th. : .- o -: .)u-
sands: sad s:.3 snd .s: s -:ds-: sands: sa' ds s-i s: hands
xporting : : : :
Countries: : : : : : : : :
United States : Jan. 1 : :10,013S:10,P. 1:0,8:.: 10,5,:7:10,412: ,. 240,044
Deninmrr-,sows 4: : :
mont-.3s -.id :
ov-r........: July : 283 : : 391: 3'6: 344 434: -':: :... 561
Cana.da .........: Jmne : : 53: 69: 57: 551: 537: C7: -
Irish 7ree : : : :
State.......: Jane :108 : 3: 93: 12-: 115: ': 1i : -
Sweden., o.r : : : :
& sows.......: Jue : 128 : : 1 : :
".et'herioa_.is...: ;,'-J e: : : : : : : -l:
Poland........: : : : : : / 761
Hun-ar; ...... : Jul : : 60': 547: 531: 579: 54: 47:
7ew Zeal and... : Jac. : : 60: 64: 69: o2 75 2: -
Rua'in-ic ........: Dec. c : ; 1,042: 1,017: 1,0C L: 1,066: 27 : : -5
Yu Josiavia...: Jan. : ?. 6'5: 692: 694: 66-: -

Importing :
Co tries: : : : : : : : :
England -'e.ales JLuie : 332 : 316: 301: 393: 380: 307: 15:
Scotland......: June : : 16: 1: 27: 22: 16: 1
i:orth Irel-?.d.: Jue : : I: 25 17: 30:


Tot.l ...... :
Germanly
Si:: noint.s,' to:
1 ye .r......:
1 e?.r :.:: :
over........:
Tote.1......:
Frnxce........ :
Bel ix.m ..
elorwi .......
FinTlzA,, so.ts :
over 6 months:


Jtue


: : 343: 35: 445:


424: 340: 35:


: : : : : : :
: : : : : :
Dec. c/: : 462: 491: E25: 5041: 556: .5.35: 673
: : : : : : :
____: : 813: 2 ___ .1,126: 1, 216: 1,063: 1,1> : 1,496
S75: 1,373: 1,751: 1,7 S 22: 1, : 2,169
Pec. c/: /C 7: ??r 777:- 776: 73: 70:
Dec. c/: : i24: 129: 127: 130: 150: 1.7: -
n : : 1: 4 : 3 : -

Sept. : : 53?: 40: 43: 43: -


Compiled fro.i official sources.
a/ J5 caL-.r7' ,1.
D/ Ten ;nmot-.1t.s rnd over.
c/ astii.n.tes reported rs of Dece:.Lbe:- rave been considered as of J:i:.r:"- 1 of
follov.ing y.ear.
d/ 2;:c'luding Alsr.ce-Lorraine.






-6-

iOC-S: Slaughter in sDecified countries, cverrae pre-wcr ayd annual,
1914-1 929


: : : :2n land :Scocland:Ireland .
S: united :Germany. :Denr.iar- :& Vl es : sold off:purchas-:


Y'ar : States,:inspect-:in cxpt.:sold off: fmnns
:_-derral : ed :sle.ugh- : farms : for
:ins-.ect-: slaugh- : ter : or -J :slaugh-
: ed ter : houses slaughtere ter ./


:ed by
: Irish
: bacon
: curers


:Crxnadca: land
: :receipts
: :at 21
: : .mc.rle ts


Aver.2e
pre-w,?.r b/:

1914......:

1916......
1917......:
1919......
19193......
1920......
19201.
1921.....
1922......:
1923......
1924.....
1925......:
1926
1927......:
1923......:
1929......
1930......


T.iou-
is :rds






3C,331
45,034
5 3,910
41,214
41,812 :
3E,019 :
3E ,92 :
43,114 :
53,234 :
52,873 :
43,043 :
40,656
43,633
49, 795
4:3,445 :
44, 265


Tiio'i- : Tho'-
sCnds : sands


16,406 : 2,503

.c/ : 2,58
c/ : 2,594
c/ : 2,542
c : 2,479
c/ 324
1,368 : 456
3,024 : 930
6,825 : 1,641
6,923 : 2,215
5,830 : 3,414
10,527 : 4,024
12,090 : 3,7,6
13,072 : 3,838
17, .79 : 5,096
19,391 : 5,673
17,189 : 49?4
:c/5,500


: Thiou-
s-inds


S3,487








: 2,700
3:471
S5,229
3,691
4,500
: 3,588
S3,074
3,630
: 3,69
:/3 4,10
:4/3,245


Tnoa- : Tiou-
sands : sad.s


1,282







S 874
146 : 98o
173 : 1,030
176 : 626
245 : 955
242 :1,110
S 911
910
1,050
1,264
d/ :d/1,142
1,037


T.ou-: Thou-
s alds: sands


4,2 0: 875

: ,085
--- : 842
--- : 850
--- : 600
--- : 217
5,536: 422
4,334: 648
5,297: 1,362
5,382: 865
5,056: 906
6,625: 1,068
5,720: 1,045
5,636: 1,025
5,965: 1,152
5,880: 1,068
5,747:


Compiled ,'fror; official sources and ca.tbled reports from
.broc.d.


Agricultural Conii. ssioners


a/ For years cndcd I:- 31 following.
b/ Avzr-.c for 5 years irmr,e'.ittely preceding war period if available, other-
vise for an -'.r or .'c.rs withinn that period unless otherwise stated. In
countries .vin; chn.-n d boundaries, the figures are estildIatLS for 1 year only
for nui.iberc v..it'hin .)rcsont bound.rics.
c/ o.t c .ailr.'lc for )resnt boundaries. For form-r boundaries, th.:: nuicbers
sla4--.tCr-d ?.r -r s follows; in thousands 1914, 19,-4; 1915, 13,293;
1916, 6,3-3-.; 1917, 5,795; 1918, 2,-130.
d/ Unofficial estimrtc of total slauihtcr in thn United X:inr-dom and Irish Free
State b.3zc o.-n -icthiods of estii.-ti.i published in tiel agricultural Output of
En6lrn1d ?:-u .'loes, 1,390,000 in 1929-30 com:.-red with 6,178,000 in 1923-29.
c/ in coope'r.tive slo.ahtcr houses alone compared with 4,590,000 in tlhe s5ame
est..blisl c!:.ts in 1929.


HP-16


_ __~_


:-. ether-


m,_


m







HP-16


HOGS: Slaughter in United States, Germany, Denmark, and Canada,
by months, seasons October-September,1928-29 to 1930-31 a/

SUnited States Cermany at L: n;n.rk Canada
Inspected 36 points :export houses inspected
Month : I ...--- .
:1928- :1929- :1930- :1928-:1929-:1930- 1928-:1929-:1930-:1928-:1929-:1930
:1929 :1930 :1931 :1929 :1930 :1931 :1929 -1930 :1931 :1929 :1930 :1931

:Thou- :Thou- :Thou- :Thou-:Thou-:Thou-:Thou-:'hou-:Thou-:Thou-:Thou-:Thou-
:sands :sands :sands :sands:sands:sands:sands:sands:sands:sands:sands:sands

Oct. : 3,713: 3,857: 3,492: '55: 356: 418, 494: 501:c/596: 200: 207: 160
Nov. : 4,455: 4,499: 4,024: 402: 356: 384: 398: 395:c'598: 222: 234: 166
Lec. : 5,782: 5,083: 4,647: 407: 382: 452: 442: 4b8:c/6L5: 2'9: 221: 170
Jan. : 5,738: 5,001: 5,362: 388: 351: 396: 402: 438:c/650: 249: 207: 166
Total : : : : : : .
four : : :
months: 19,688: 18,.40: 1,525: 1,62: 1 ,45: 1,650: 1,736: 1,822: 2,499: 920: 869: 664
Feb. :4,478: 4,034: 367: 335: : 348: 07: : 208: 168:
Mar. : 3,645: 3,392: : 411: 37: : 384: 442: :215: 16b:
Apr. : 3,761: 3,480: : 395: 374: : 429 529: : 208: 162:
May :3,798: 3,23: : 391: 371: : 15 32: : 187: 17':
June : 3,756: 3,689: : 333: 344: :358 478: : 161: 159:
July : 3,597: 3,187: : 340: 361: : 432:b/23: : 159: 127:
Aug. : 3,130: 2,724: : 325: 344: : 399: b/56: : 161: 124:
Sept. : 3,10 : 2,773: : 3 a3: 27: : 22:b /506: 1: 2: 1-0:
Total : : : : : :
for: : : : : : :
Season: 8,957:45,542: : ,57: ,37-: : ,93 3:5,.95: :2,361:2,091:

a/ Season accepted as most representative for the United States.
b/ Adjusted from weekly figures supplied by Smor Tidende.
c/ Adjusted from weekly figures published in Landbrugsraadets Middleleser
since October 2, 1930.

United States

Hog prices in the United States continued-to decline durir. February
in spite of a seasonal reduction in market supplies. Prices have been
declining since September, 1930 and the weekly average for the last week in
February at Chicago was -6.89, or ,j3.87 lower than during the corresponding
week of 1930 and as low as the low point reached in 1922. The February aver'.gc
at Chicago was '7.06 as compared with Q7.65 in January and 410.67 in February,
1930. A seasonal decrease in marketing occurred during the last half of
the month, but inspected slaubhtLr in Febru-ry was 2.7 per cent more than that
of a year earlier. lHevy weight hogs continued to reprsenct a lrgc pro-
portion of thJ totl- supply but duri-ng the latter part of the month
the proportion declined slightly and the price, of huavy hogs advanced


-7-





HP-16


while libht weight hogs continued to 'decline, thereby reducing the price
spread between the heavy and light weights. The average spread for the
month, however, was greater than in January being about l.00 per hundred
pounds in favor of the lighter weights.

The February price decline was a reflection of a further reduction
in consumer demand for pork products. Unusually mild temperatures for
this time of year, lower prices of other meats and of eggs, and a further
decline in the general level of all corrmodity prices were the principal
factors contributing to the weakened demand. Corn prices also declined
during February. :Jo. 3 Yellow at Chicago average 60.7 cents as against 65.4
in January and 82 in February, 1930. As a result of the price decline in
both corn and hogs, the price relationship between the two commodities
continued favorable to hoC feeding. The February corn-hog ratio for the
North Central States based on 15th-of-the-month fari.i prices averaged 12.8,
or the same as in January.

The number of ho&s slaughtered under'Federal inspection during the
first five months of the current marketing year (October to February)
amounted to 21,666,000 head, a decrease of 808,000 head or 3.6 per cent from
that of the corresponding period of the 1929-30 marketing year. The delayed
market movement resulted in a 9 per cent reduction during the October-to-
December period from that of a year earlier and a 5.2 per cent increase
in January and February. The seasonal peak in marketing was apparently
reached in mid-January. With prospects for a continued seasonal reduction
in supplies, some advance in hog prices during March and early April seems
likely.

Prices of all cuts of fresh pork declined during February. At New
York, the smallest declines weru on loins. Eight to twelve pound loins
declined -bout 30 cents while the heavier loins declined 60 cents. Prices
of hams and shoulders were from '4.25 to Q.50 below those of a-year
earlier and othur cuts were 4-.00 to '6.50 below the February, 1930 levels.

A slight price adv-nce was madu during February on regular ho. 1
smoked h.ms at Hew York, but a.ll other cuts of cured pork declined, the
amount ranging from 20 cents to 41.00. DecliiLs since February 1930 range
mostly from '3.00 to ;4.50, the uxceptions being an 80 cent to i1.50
decline on sweet pickle cured con -.nd dry salt b cs and a 45.75 decline
in the prices of smoked pier'..:,. Lard prices/es: .bfiske a new low for
the post-war period. Refined 1-rd at Chicago -.veragd 8.94 as compared
with $9.62 in January and 412.38 in Febru.-ry, 1930. Lard substitute prices
are slightly under lard prices, but the; are higher relative to lard
prices than they have been since in July, 1930.


-8-







HP-16


Pork and l-.rd exports m..de a se-.son-.l incrc'.sc during J .nuAry, but
continued to remain wdll b>lo'. the mov-ment of :. e-.r c..rlier .nd the 5-yCar
average. Total exports of hamis, shoulders, b-.con and l.rd during thL first
four months of the currant mirk.'tinE yj,.r '.,rco 37 per cuirt l.ss th a th-t of
the corresponding period in the 1929-30 mrk.ting yjar. Thu gr-atLst
reduction w..s in b.con exports, which w uru 63 per c.,rt below th- 1929-30
level and ruflicts the incr;--sd competition from Dernn:.rk. Th. Jrinu'ury
movement of bacon to United Kringdom v;.s -bout 58 p.r c.nt btlo.v th..t of a
year earlier, ...nd for thu first four months of the. current y-,,-r, tht
reduction .nmountud to 51.5 per cnt. T .kinEr of b.,con by Germany continues
to be a negligible, qu:.ntity. Thu Octobtr-tc-Janurry mrn.cvi.=nt uct..lld only
156,000 pounds as c!impn.red to 2,447,000 pounds in th .-'.IL period during
1929-30.

The export trade cf h..ms ..nd shoulders h-s held up much better than
that of other pork products, but w .s roducud during tht l-.st four months
about 30 per cunt frin th..t ..f y.-.r ua.rlior. Thu ..nu.ry mv-. innt,
amounting tJ 7,295,000 pounds w .s 25 pr cunt l..ss th n that Jf Janu.ry, 1930.
The incre .s' ; ver Duc,;mber jf about 20 p;r cnt v-.s mostly suasL n.. Expurtb
tc United Kingdum were -nly 13 per cent urndr th.se jf .L y-r prcvi.us, but
exports to Can:Ld.i c.,ntinuud a:t the unusually 1,1 l.v.l whiich h..s prev..iied
since tht beginning f the. curr.;aLt m..rklting y .r. Th' rnuvLm.at .f porK tj.
Cuba during J,.nu-.ry viws n..t r..::tly diff,-ernt fr.m th .t .f y: r c..rlicr.

Total lard. xp-rts in J.nu.-ry ..m-unting t. 66,S82,000 p unds wr,.
about 53 p.r cent larger th-., iLn Dc.aib-r, ..:d thu l..rgust since Janu:ry,
1930 when 73,291,000 pounds wr. e-xp..rtud. All -f thi. princip..l i.np:rting
countries except NJthorl-.nds t ..k l.a'rg-r qu.-.ntiti,.s th..n in DIcc'mb.r. Exp-rts
to United Kingd.rm '.*er, ab.ut twic. as l..rg. .s in Docemb'r nd 15 p-r cant
larger th'.n in J .nu.ry 1.st yc-r. The m.vum-n t t; uth.r j)untri.s was
smillvr th..n ycur tearlic.r, thL r-ducti.-n .-m:.unntin. t- 9.6 per crnt in
Germany, 16.5 in Cuba, .and 39.5 per cent in licthrl.nds. Tot:.l lrd
exports fr:m Oct.bcr tu J..nuary inclusive ",ur' 35.5 per cunt btl'.: th.-s ..f
the curresp..nding period :n y..r c:rlir.

St ragu stcks of p .rk -and l.rd ..ccuaul-.td at :.-i unusu.:lly r..pid
rate during J-.nuary. On Janu..ry 1, str'-.oe st-cks were sm-llr than th.so
of a ye:.r earlier by the cquiv..lcnt *jf -b.ut 800,000 h:.gs. On Fubru:.ry 1,
stocks were la.rger th .n ye.r e.:.rli.r by an equiv:'.lnt r.f -.bb.ut 31,000
hogs. Park st-cks ran.unting t, 721 miili.on p.uinds, V.er -Lb.ut 5 per count
ab;ve th.se -f Febru.ry, 1930 -.nd 8 p.er cent -,b .ve thL b-yo:.r Fubruiry 1
-verage. L-rd stocks, h~wev.r, were 32 per c.nt b,.l.w; th.sc ~f -. yt-.r
earlier "and 30 per cent under the 5-y-ar 'obru.ry 1 ~vur.gu, in spite jf
a 22 per cent incred.se in h.:ldings during J-.nu.ry.


-9-








HP-16


UNITED STATES: average live weight of hogs slaughtered, 1925-1931


,ionth 1925

: Pounds:


Jan .... .:
Feb....... :
Mar .......:
Apr.......
May .......
June......:
July......:
Aug..
Sept......
Oct......
Nov.......
Dec.......:

Average...:


212.1 :
215.7
219.3
225.0
228.5
230.9
241.1
245.8 :
239.0 :
229.2
221.6
224.6

225.5


1926 1927 1926 1929 1930 1931

pounds: Pounds: Pounds: Pounds: Pounds: Pounds

232.8 : 226.9 : 225.0 : 225.4 : 229.3 : 235.6
234.8 : 232.3 : 230.9 : 227.9 : 231.6 :
239.1 : 235.6 : 229.5 : 229.5 : 230.2 :
240.3 : 235.2 : 225.5 : 229.8 : 22J.2 :
23b.1 : 235.4 : 230.3 : 232.3 : 229.9 :
246.1 : 238.2 : 231.9 : 239.6 : 239.5 :
258.1 : 251.2 : 241.3 : 250.0 : 249.9
259.0 : 253.8 : 245.3 : 249.3 : 245.2 :
239.7 : 240.4 : 233.0 : 238.3 : 230.8 :
215.9 : 225.9 : 226.6 : 226.8 : 221.9
212.6 : 218.3 : 223.6 : 220.1 : 220.5
217.5 : 217.6 : 222.9 : 223.6 : 226.5


235.1 :


23.3 :


229.3 : 231.7 : 231.2 :
*


Compiled from slaughterhouse reports.


TUITED STATES: Total bacon exports, by months, 1925-26 to 1930-31


Month


1925-26


S1,000
: pounds


Oct....... :
Nov.......
Dec.......
Jan.......
Feb .......
Mar .......
Apr.......
May.......
June.....:
July......:
Aug ....... :
Sept ......


13,166
13,562
16,405
21,142
14,980
13,597
11,570
12,225
9,472
7,670
12,131
14,870


1926-27


1,000
pound s


11,742
8,507
9,601
10,015
9,642
8,567
7,417
7,852
10,301
9,270
7,b64
11,620


1927-28


1,000
pounds


7,709
6,013
9, 347
11,660
10,921
15,106
10,073
9,692
9,620
11,648
10,94t5
6,881


Total..: 160,790 : 112,398 : 119,615


S1928-29 : 1929

S1,000 1,0C
Sounds : ponlr


4,973
6,716
9,593
13,014
11,286
10,985
10,225
14,395
12,761
10,950
13,171
10,288

128,357


1930-31


10 1,000
ids : pounds


9,856
11,452
9,868
13,324
12,184
12,249
7,979
8,553
6,413
5,339
6,900
4,973


3,268
3,446
4,474
5,253


: 109,092


Compiled from the Monthly Sum-nary of Foreinr Commerce of the United States.


-- -----I---~ I-~


-~---'


- -






HP-16


ULITED ST:TES- Total exports of ha:as ;nd shoulders, by months
1925-26 to 1930-31


ilonth


1'?b-526


19 --27


1927-28


19 28-29


: 1,000
: pounds


Oct .......
Nov.......
Dec.......
Jan.......
Feb.......:
Mar. .......
Apr.......
May......
J.:ay. .
June ......:
July......:
Aug.......
Sept...... :


1 ,494
16,243
19 ,27
21,000
19,105
18,117
18,05?
16,682
13,216
13,512
15,972
11,425


1,000
pound s

10,847
13,105
12,6?5
9,873
9,511
9,255
10,007
13,092
13 ,'71
13,158
8,215
11,123


1,000
pounds

7,632
7,374
9 ,905
10,1 05
10,976
12,222
11,258
11,390
13,7b4
13,5b7
13,402
6,681


: 1,000
:pound s

:4,7 7
7,637
8,518
: 11,187
7,660
11,140
:13,557
: 11,26
:12,571
:12,621
:10,849
6,478


Total..: 197,651 : 134,330 : 128,156 :120,531


: 1,000
Pounds

: 7,580
S11,656
: 6,957
9,461
9,213
1 0,790
S12,416
13,845
12,158
S13,779
1 0,820
: 6,432


: 125,107 :


Compiled from the monthly Suwmmary of Foreign Co.L:rce of the United States.


UNITED ST .2 S-: Total lard exports, by months, 1925-26 to 1930-31


Month 1925-26


: 1,000
: pounds


Oct......
Nov.....
Dec......
Jan......
Feb ......
ar ......
Apr .......
May......
June.....
July.....
Aug......
Sept.....


4- ,74 5
39,979
68,840
76,670
65,356
64,259
63,160
58 ,154
56,482
45,873
54 ,273
61,577


Total..: 699,368


671,609


708,593


809,045


747,432


Compiled from the l'Ionthly S. mmary of


192.9-30 :1930-31


1,000
pounds

5,259
10,089
5,825
7,295


1926-27


1,000
pounds

46,9bo
43,488
62,680
59,842
49,680
53,040
67 345
64,418
66,404
46,972
50 ,16
59,736


1 1*27-28


1,000
pound s

50,355
49,636
62,655
70,660
79,872
79,929
56 ,54
55,540
55,4:6
5;;,940
50,658
,6b,150


: 1930-31


1,000
pounds

41,396
42,552
45,114
68,882


1928-29

1,000 3
pounds s


59,665
67,716
86 ,368
89,932
65,9242
70,572
59,144
64,192
67,252
64,274
55,- 87
58, .29


1929-30


1,000
pounds

70,698
83,257
80,053
73,291
65,953
66,533
50,045
62,562
56,666
51,670
49,287
37,417


_ _~_1~1_~_~1 __1


- --- --- --


-~-----


-11-


I'orcign Commiirce of the United St-tes.







Canada

There was another decline in Canadian hog prices during the last week
of February, according to a Canadian Government report. Prices in the
'West made new low levels when at 'Vinnipeg the market closed that market at
$5.75 per 100 pounds for bacons after going down to W5.50. Calgary closed
at $5.35, and Edmonton at 45.25. Toronto closed weak at 46.50 f.o.b., or
'7.25 off cars. Selects sold at the usual 11.00 per head premium over bacon
on all yards. During the month of January the avCerage monthly price for
bacons at Winnipeg was 48.70; at Calg.ry, 48.5'; and at EdmontJn, 8.41, while
bacons at Toronto during January averaged S10.19. The average price for
bacjns at Torontc in J-.nuary, 1930, was Q13.31. Prices at Toronto have
been declining steadily since February, 1930, when the aver-.ge monthly price
f:,r bacons was q14.09 and that for select bacons V14.58.

g marketings during the first eight weeks ,f 1931 were cLnsiderably
bel-w the same period :f 1930. The number marketed, as represented by
the number graded at stockyards and packing plants. The number ,f h.gs
s:ld at stockyards during thu first eight wooeks f 1931 was 169,000 c-mpared
with 178,000 during the same period of 1930. The month of January was also
cha.ra.cterized by sh-.rt supplies. Slaughtering during J:.nu.Ary was also below
a year earlier, the number of h..gs killed buing 166,000 compared with
207,000 in January, 1930. Canada imported considerably less bacon, hams and
pork during January, 1931, than in the saimu month 5f 1930, the total quantity
being 359,000 pounds compared with 1,249,0JO pounds in the same month -f 1930.
All of the pDrk and almost half the bacon and h:,ms cra.m from the United
States, whercIs last year all the pork, baccn, and h-ms came from the same
country. At the sanme time exports 5f hog products als. fell off, amounting
to only 1,036,000 pounds _r less than half the experts in January, 1930.

t.g numbers in Can'da, estimated at ,000,000, are n-w :.t the lowest
point reached sincu 1922, while the number .f brjod sows has been decre'.sing
since 1926, declining fr.m 569,000 th.:.t year to 507,000 in 1930. Inspected
sl-ughter Lf hjgs fjr 1930 reached unly 1,926,000 and wL.s 18 per cent below
1929 and 24 p.r cent below the aver .gu f-r 1927 "nd 1928. Cold storage
holdings :f perk at tht end .f Decumber amounted to 17,582,000 pounds, a
decrease Jf 37 per cent compared with 1929.

Crnadian experts of live h-gs to the United States declined from
195,000 in 1927 t. 21,000 in 1928, 2,000 in 1929, and less than 200 in
1930. The s-me tendency is shown in bLac.n and p.rk. Total exports .f
b-ccn ?nd pork have declined sharply during the past ftur ye-rs. un the
other hand, imports of ba.cun and p-rk fr.m the United States have increased
c'nsid-r-.bly. Bac n and ham iimprts from the United States have
increased from 2,0j0,000 pounds in 1927 to about 10,000,000 in 1930, while
pork imports incre...sad frmr 9,000,000 pounds tj 14,000,000 pounds in 1929.
Imports for 1930 are estim-ted tt be slightly below the 1929 totals.


-12-


HP-16







- 13 -


C.-T.D_..~: .0 ..-~. .',t : :iC 3, _, o.., -


Ito m


Graded at stock v-.rds .nJ m,:nt pack-'
ing plants, tot 1 C-.n.d: .........
Select bacon hogs ............
3acons ........... ..........
Butchers .....................
Graded :.t stock yards -.nd moat pack-:-
ing *)lnts, Ontario ..............
Sold and billed thru stock vards,tot:.l
Sold at stock y-.rds ..........
Billed thru stock yards .....


Slaughter: Inspected ..............


Cold storage holdings, pork Dec. 31.

Price: Monthlr ::verage,
Toronto, Dec.
All grades ..... ....... .. ... ...
Select. bacons ...... .........
300cons ... ... ................

Exports:
Livo hogs, total ..........
To United States ......... .....

3:-con and hamis, to t il ..........
To United St-.tos ..............
To Groat Britain ..............
Pork, tot1 ... .... ....
To United St'.tos .............. :
To Great Britain ............

Imports:
3acon and hans, tot-.l ............
From United t s .............
From United Kingdom ............
Pork, totn:1 .....................
From United 3t:teo ............. :
Fromn United %[in do:. .. ..........


unit i927


'.ou-


C,











3,


*^ P
100





.n


1,0
lu
'


;..nds
' :

/


2



,CC: :
,00n


2,845
482




1,375 :
1,205
1,113
87


2,540


:5 yr. :.':
: 29,049

or :
Ibs.: :
8.60
: 9.11


US- :
us-
d s : 197
195
00 :
s. : 58,012 :
4,163
53,059
: 24,570
: 15,52 :
6,62--


1,835
1.744 :


90
8,872
8,371
1


Dominion Livestock 3r..nch :.-:rkeot Intelligence 3or-.'ica,


Dec miber,


198



,640 :
479 :

:

1 ,.98
1,208 :
1,090 :
113


:,r47







9. 60
10.22




2, :
21

41,339
3, 4-8 9
37,079
11 ,C15
7,393
1,879


2,769 :
2,767
1 :
11,206
11,202


Market -.nd :.;:ct Trde 2?cvic-.:r nd u.nnu.-l of s-:m pubjlic'tion, 1929.
a 3acon and butcher grades bec.-m. offloctivo Scptomber 16, 1929 .nd. thick smooth
and shop grades '.:ore discontinued on s:eo dat2. b/ Loss th.n 200. c/ Unofficial
estima-to for your b-sod on incro:-se for first 7 months over the same period of 1929
j/ Loss than 200 pounds, j/ Approxi &toly 500 pounds.


HP-16


1929 1



) 23" "
2,?23:
442:






1,061:
325:


2,353: 5


28,066: 1




11.82 :
12.46 :
11.94 :


2:
2:b/

28,773: 1'
2,3.34:
25,623: 1
10,185:
3,632:
4,0 41:


L930



",3-f.
361
838
776

925
,372
904
468


1,926


7,582



L0.45
10.96
10.45






4,796
1,347
3,011
5,680
1,486
1,585


6,355:c/10,077
6,853:c/10,074

13,945:c/13,248
13,935: /13,238


1930, Livestock
1930, Livestock


:*
*
:*
*


=1






HP-16


- 14 -


United Kigdom

The sharp decline in cured pork prices during February brought the
Liverpool average for American green bellies down- to $13.88 per 100 pounds,
according to Aricultural Attache Foley at London. T:lat figure was $4.40
under the February, 1930, average and a new low point for the post-war
period. 01 D.":ish Viltshire sides, also, a new low level was reached at
$13.58, more than $10.00 under a year ago and 62 cents under the February
average for the years, 1909-1913. Canadian green sides have not been quoted
since last October. ThM February break in ham prices brought the Liverpool
average for American short cut green hams do:n to $17.71. That point was
$5.27 under the Fobruory, 1930 level and marked a noe post-war low average
for any month, but w.as still $4.71 above the pre-war average. Cured pork
stocks on 1March 1, 1931, _.t Liverpool stood at 6,449,000 pounds, an increase
of 1,366,000 pounds abovo stocks of a year ago.

Bacon imports totaled 95,273,000 pounds for January, a decline from
the record December imports, but still unusually largo for the first month
of thu calond:.;r year. From October 1 to January 31, tot:.l bacon imports
exceeded those of the 1929-30 season by about 27 nor cent. As has been
usual this season, practically the w:hoLo of the additional Ja.nuary supplies
came from Denmark, imports from that country reaching 66,819,000 pounds.
The increase over last season up to January 31 in receipts from Denmark
amounts to ..bout 41 per cent. A figure of 2,832,000 pounds is registered
for British i:.iports during January of bacon from the United Statos, an un-
usually small --mount for that month. Receipts from the United States so
far this season show a decline of about 54 per cent below those of last sea-
son. So f:.r this season, the United States has contributed only 2.3 per
cent of the total i:.ports of bacon into the United Kingdom against 6.6 per
cent last season. Current receipts from Canada are negligible, with supplies
from Irish Free State also reduced. Imports from ethorl.ands are larger than
last year. Ham i 'ports, mostly from the United States, .re running behind
last year's figures.

The universal decline in lard prices during February carried the
Liverpool average for the month down to 49.78 per 100 pounds. In addition
to being $2.44 under th- February, 1930, avorago, the current figure is the
lowest for any post-war month and is $1.82 under thu pro-.war average for
February. The ,:arch 1 stocks of lard at Liverpool wore the highest since
September 1, 1930. The figure of 1,673,000 pounds, however, was not quite
half as large as the stocks of a year ago. January w-.s the first month
of the current season in which total British lard imports fell bolow the
corresponding month of last year. The 21,459,000 pounds imported in January,
principally from the United States, .wa.s the smallest for any January since
1926. The reduced current imports placed the total for the current season
to J.anurry 31 slightly under the total for the corresponding period of
lnst season.

Domestic hog m:.rkotings in Gr-.t Britain for the current season
to January 31 sho'. an advance of 1.5 per cent over a yCer ago.






HP-16


-15-

'lTITD ;INJD3::: 3-.con im..orts fro::7 tLh UnitUd St tcs, ':.y
months, 1'25-25, to 1930-31


.:onti 1925 -26 1926 27 1927 28 1926 29 1929 30 1930 -31

1,000 1,0 100 : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,00 : 1,000
: .ounds ): olnd' : .nunds : ,,nunds n: pounds : pounds
Oct. ............. .. 1,947 10,032 : 5,970 : ,780 3,463 : 7
ITov. .............. 9,962 7,530 ,213 .-, 51 : 114 : ,103
Dec. ........ ....... 1 ,89 : 7,06 : 3,457 : .,87 : 5,672 : 3,370
Jan. ............ : 16,2 37 8,624 ,696 7,477 : 7,124 .: ,832
Fob. ........ ..... 17 ,226 7,569 5,541 ; j,467 7,038
r. ... ........... : 15,427 : 7,895 7,489 : o,C 4 < ,341
A r. ............. 11,951 : 5,234 : ,530 : ,21 : ,406
2Iu; ............... 10,758 : ',12 : ,,564 : 10,480 : 53 :
June .............. 7,995 : .),C37 : 4,650 : 3,754 :
J .............. : ,430 : 7,705 : 5,530 : 6,77" : 4,388
Aug. ............. : 7,386 : 7,479 7,389 : 6,437 3,286 :
Sept. ............. : 12,142 : 5,494 : 4,509 : 3,242 ,261

Total .... : 146.350 : 83.790 : 64,558 : 66.16 : 60.383


Compiled from Trade


and Uavigation of the United in-r'dom.a
and navigation of the United H'ii-:-dom.


UTiITED K1:1,3DO:: 3acon imports fro-!i Denmark, ;o. months,
1925-.26 to 1950-31


:1925 26 1926 27:1927 28:192S 29:1929 30:1930 31

1,000 : 1,OCC : 1,00C : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000
: pounds : Qouads : ouJs : ours : pounds : pounds
:


'IOct.
Oct. ..............
4 Nov. . .
Dec. .............
Jan. .............
Feb. .............
'.ar. .............
]pr. .... ....... .
L,[ay .............
June ..... ...... ..
Jul, .............
Aug ..............
Juept .............


Au. total .....

I"otel ****


31,690
29,306
40,377
31,207
30,472
36 ,205
30,468
30,474
29,770
34,266
36,712
34,601


34,557
38,931
!40,1. 4
41,303
42,436
-47,526
42,993
44,205
51,795
50,710
46,941
*C8 ,143


50,090
.50,257
52, 44
54,9 E75
53,9412
54,675
52,745
51,109
51,636
*,-; ,562
4 ,921
4. ,633


50,703
4 ,0C63
45,580
4 ,717
41,508

4-4,31
46,753
41,8s;s
46,570
4 ,121
48,2 750


47,486
48,525
53,490
48,406
44,439
51,870
46,204
56,206
54,456
55,213
55,06 -
59,751


: 395,548 : 530,24 : 309,7.2 : 552,272 : 621,112


Compiled from Trade and ITavigation of the United Ki-indor:.


ilon th


70,906
61,4'33
81,294
66,819






- 16 -


UNITED XINGDOM.: Total bacon imports, by months,
1925-26 to 1930-31


Month


Oct.
Nov.
Dec.


..g..g....g.Ca
*. CSO.. *.. .. ..


Jan. .......... .
Feb. ..............


..ar.
.p r.


.eeo.eme......
SC...*.e.....g


Ma-/ .SC. S. C.....
June ..............
July ..............
-.u ..............
Sept. ........ .... .


1925 26:1926 27:1927 28:1928 29:1929 30:1930 31

1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 1 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000
: ou:nds : pounds : rounds : pounds : pounds : our nd

66,983 : 73,275 : 85,552 : 82,378 : 72,402 : 95,809
60,259 : 76,138 : 79,579 : 79,297 : 74,868 : 86,316
81,951 : 78,367 : 80,679 : 76,771 : 85,603 : 112,267
66,329 : 75,371 : 82,344 : 88,092 : 74,801 : 95,273
65,935 : 69,874 : 85,153 : 68,612 : 73,721 :
71,126 : 82,467 : 87,041 : 68,923 : 84,631 :
64,527 : 71,277 : 83,815 : 73,126 : 75,096 :
60,794 : 76,630 : $8,759 : 87,845 : 84,615 :
:61,151 : 88,348 : 86,387 : 71,894 : 83,277 :
71,841 : 84,105 : 79,212 : 80,360 : 85,457 :
69,497 : 74,480 : 86,862 : 82,290 : 84,758 :
77,123 : 80,159 : 71,796 : 73,505 : 88,206 :
* C C C


Total ......


817,796


: 931,011 :


997,179


: 933,093


: 967,435 :


Compiled from Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom.



UNITED KINGDO:: Total ham imports, by months,
1925-26 to 1930-31


!MQonth


'1925 26 1926 27:1927 28'1928 29 1929 30 1930-31


: 1,000
: Pounds


Oct.
Iov.
Dec.
Jan.


g.ooreOgg.....:C
..............*
*
I *
~ 0 *


Feb. ..............
Mlar ... ............ :

May ............... :
June ..............
July ......g ....
Aug. ...... ...... .
Sept. ............. :


9 ,479
11,613
13,404
13,615
13,066
12,516
12,252
12,076
10,9i45
10,432
10,451
11,449


1, 000
pounds

6,929
6,762
11,318
8,847
6,513
6,010
6,523
9,208
12,410
12,034.
8,282
8,902


1,000
pounds

7,802
5,836
7,817
6,896
S,062
9,264
7,993
9,334
10,782
11,404
13,594
7,505


1,000
pounds

6,484,
6,782
7 ,339
8,788
8,232
6,828
8,981
14,136
10,49Q
12,042
12,073
8,073


1,000 : 1,000
pounds : pounds

8,105 : 5,792
8,125 : 5,755
9,347 : 10,111
7,920 : 7,101
7,989
8,601
9,539
12,298
10,983 :
14,391
12,024 :
7,236


141,348 : 103,638 :


107,289 :


110,257 :


116,558 :


Compiled from Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom.


Total


- I'--


- --~---- --'--


- I-~---


-


HP-16






HP-16 17 -


U2,ITED ,IN"jD3:.i: Total lard imports, bo :ont is,
1525-26 to 1'30-31


montht h 125-26 1 26-27 1.27-2t- 192l--2 1, -30 1130-31

S1,000 : 1,000 : 1,060 : 1, C0C : 1,000 : 1,000
: pounds : pounds : joUdi : j)ounds : ounds : pounds

Oct. ........... .. : 16,811 21,56 : 17,360 : 13,07C : 21, .1.1 : 22,89 7
S Nov. ............. : 1 ,55 : 12,710 : 21,C.5 : 21,51 21,00- : 27,751
Dec. ............. : 21 03 : 13,772 22,351 : 17 -50 : 27,10 : 7,27C
Jan. ............. 20,3-10 : 21,665 : 27,70- 35, ,2 : 27 ,55 : 21,459
Feb. ............ 2-,261 : 136 : 2 ,..21 : 2 ,752 : 5,lc7
Mar. ............ 2 ,753 : 20, S : 3 ,640 22 ,23- 2-4,10
Apr. ............. : 25,172 : 27,0:2 : 2 ,081 : 21,61' : 1S,21
:jay ...........:. 13,5,3 : 24,26 : 2 26 -7 : 20,772
June ... ........ : 2 53, 3 20: ,56 : : 20,1.: 21,0"
Jul ............. -,,074 : 26,0C6 : 2-1,667 : 25,'077 31,CI :l
--g. .............. ,1 : 17,571 : 21,t.1 : 21,20. : 20, 4 0 :
Supt. ............ : 25,361 2: 2,560 : 17,34 : 16,3 : 12,76


Total s.... : :.62,21 : ,55,63J : 277,756 : 277,633 : 275, 7,


Corniled from Trade Ian, navigation of the United Xingdom.


or.t in. nt .1 'Ero"c

Ddnmark

og3 numbers in Denzmark on Junuary 31, 1 31 -'cro t'ro lar-ost on record,
reaching 5,232,0CC co-:rmpred with only .,,..:C,0c0 on th. 15th of July .receding,
according to a cablo from .ri ici 1c r i..ttache Stooro at Derlin. .- this is
the only ostimato avail:.blo for Janu.r:.: 31, con.)r.risons h-.vo boen mad- w.vith
the Jtly 15 fipuros for previous yoers. The number of sous -.nd "oung hogs
on Jnurry 31, this year, shoVred docroesCs cnom,'rod 'ith those reported on
July 15. On the other hand, other classes of hogs ro-.chad unusually high
levels. This :.dv:nc in hoPg iuW3'j.rs occurred notv.ithst ..idianr r-cord slaughter
sinc-: July. From J.ily 1 to December 31, 1.30, hog sl~anghtcrri in export
houses is provision-ill' ostim':ted at 3,23-,000, '.n incroc.se of 23 per cent
over the samn period of 1;_29. For th: mronth: of J.nuary, l'1l1, it Is -sti-
mTated th..t th, nu'.bor kiillred r-ach-d jroXi"Lt ly 650,000, hor'.;' increase
over the offici".l ostir.to for J nuar', 11';0, but 3liihtlv below. slrughtor
in Dec:nbor. Tot.-l b.acn -xports fro '. cijin:rk luring J nu r' .rrc plr.-c:d by
proliminarv returns ...t 56,-.32,CCL pounds. Tha-t fi.j:r' .' some -,0L0,C00
pounds under the Dccyr.bor o::,orts, but about 5,0C0,0CC pounds 1 .rgor than a
vzar o:rlicr. The Ja.n-uar;, firuro cfitinu-.L the current sjnson's record for
unusually hI1av-' bacon exports from :onfn'.rk.






HP-16


- 18 -


DEN:.LRI: Number of hogs, by classes, 1921-1931


: Sows 4 months : Pigs ; Pigs :Fnt hogs : Boars :
Dato : old and over : under : 2 4 : over 4 : over : Total
July 15 :In Farrow: Total :2 months : months : months :4 :months : hogs
: Tous rnds: Thousainds: Thousmd s :Thgousa:nds: Thousand s: Thousand s: Thousands
.


1921..... :
1922.....:
1923..... :
1924......:
1925.....:
1926......:
1527..... :
1523.....:
1925 ..... :
152...... :
1931...... :
J...n. 31 :


123
179 :

207 :
208 :
278 :
276 :
243
31 :C
395

35C


170 :
254 :
320
290 :
29 :
351
391 :
396 :
344 :
434 :
586

501


429 :
624 :
855 :
861 :
780
1,010
1,170 :
1,C11 :
1,103 :
1,670

1,647 :


492 :
630 :
1,053 :
1,C77 :
678 :
1,055 :
1,350 :
1,256 :
1,235 :
1,061 :

1,707 :


322 :
379 :
572
615
555
640 :
755
795 :
733
775
1,020

1 ,10 :


9 : 1,430
12 : 1,899
15 : 2,855
15 : 2,868
14 : 2,517
18 : 3,122
20 : 3,731
1G : 3,363
19 : 3,616
24 : 4,920

27 : 5,232


-9
Compiled from official sources and cable from Agricultural Attache L. V. Stooro.,
and Statisticko Efterrctningor, Feb. 4, 1931.



Nothorlands

Exports of bacon from the Motherlands continue to exceed those of last
season, as reflected by imports from that source into the United Kingdom, the
chief buyer. British irrports of Netherlands bacon, totaling 7,336,000 pounds
in January, wore under the Decembor volume, out helped place the sonson's
total to J.nuary 31 at a point about 0 per cent above the corresponding
1129-30 total.

IUZ{TE2L.AKIDS: Estimatod pnrcontages of incrcaso of hogs on
specified dates in 1.3C coma-red with preceding year


Date


March 1, 1930

Juno 1, 13C

Sept. 1, 1030

Doc. 1, 1 3C


: Sows F: rrows :Pigs over : Hogs
in under :6 wooks to:132 to 220:
: farrow : 6 wooks :132 pounds: pounds_ :
: Per cent Pr cent : Pr cent : Per cent :

+ 30 :+15 to 2C: + 10 : + 5

+ 20 :+15 to 20 : + 15 :10 to 15

+ 15 :+ 15 +1C to 15 : + C :

:+1C to 15 :+1C to 15 : + 15 :+3C to 40 :


Hogs over
220 pounds

cPr cent


slight increase

+ 5

slight increase

+ 1C


forwardod by
increase; minus


Bs.ud on reports furnished by Livestock Extension -gonts and
Agricultural Commissioner L. V. Stooro. Plus sign indicates
sign, docrease.


- ~------- -- -


- --





HP-16
-19-
Germany

There was practically no changee in the total number of hogs reported
on hand in Germany on December 1, 1930, as compared with the quarterly esti-
mates of September 1, the number re..aining at the record figure of 23,400,00,0
The number as reported this year on December 1 is an increase of 17 per cent
over the number on the sane date of 1929 and exceeds the previous high re-
cord reported on December 1, 1927, by 2 per cent.

Some tendency toward restricting breeding operations during the
next few months is shown by a reduction of 5 per cent in total brood sows
to 2,139,000 and a reported smaller number of pigs under 8 weeks, which
show a decrease of 17 per c.nt to 5,440,000 compared with the record figures
reported as of September 1, 1930. Brood sbws off six months to one year on
December 1 numbered only 673,000, or 17 per cent below the September estimate,
and wore only 2 per cent above that of December 1, 1929. Sows of one year
and over, on the other hand, exceeded the number reported in the September
estimate by 2 per cent, reaching 1,496,000.

The decline in Continental European hog values carried the February
average for h.avy hogs at Berlin down to $10.66 per 100 pounds, according
to Agricultural Attache Stecro at Berlin. The February average was about
$6.00 below the fi.uro of a year earlier and marks a now low point for
the post-war period, in addition to being nearly 75 cents under the pre-war
average for February. The Berlin average for January, 1931,was $12.05.
That figure was some.;hat low.r than the December avorago, but both feed
barley and feed potato prices were high.:r in January than a month earlier.
Potato prices through January were lower than last year, but the Leipzig
average of feed barley for January, 1931, was 10.5 per cent higher than in
the corresponding -onth last year. The indicated price movcments su port
the suggestion of considerable reduction in European hog breeding operations.

February receipts of hogEs .t 14' G-ermr.n nmrkets averaged close
to the January level when the total was 285,000 head. That figure was
somewhat seasonally smaller than in December, but larger than last year
as was the season's total to January 31. Slo.auhter at 36 points during
January reached 396,000 head, according to prcliminn-ry figurcs cabled by
Mr. Stecro, and indicate so.m seasonal decline. Slaughter from October 1
to January 31, however, was 14 -or cent heavier than for the sir.Om months
of the 1929-30 season. In spite of the increased doiacstic production in
Germarn, total bacon imports during January increaeod over the r-: --'ding
month and a year ago to roach 2,149,000 pounds. That increase place the
current season's imports 26 per cent ahead of last season, practically
all of the imports coming from the Nothorla.ds.




HP-16
-20-

In keeping with the general decline in lard prices, the February
avcragc at Hamburg fell to $10.42 per 100 pounds. That figure ras nearly
$2.00 under the February, 1930, average, ind stands as a now low point
for the post-var period. The February average also indicated a decline of
about $3.50 below '.he -ore-war rvrage for that month. Preliminary returns
place the January imports of lard into Gcrmany at 16,094,000 pounds, the
bulk of it cordin- from the United States. That figure is larger than
for any former month of the current season, but is the smallest J?.nuary
total of the post-war period. Total lard imports from October 1 to
January 31, 1930-31, were about 40 per cent si.allcr than imports for the
corrcspo.iding 1928-193C period.

Consumption of pork and pork products in Germany for the first
three quarters of 1930 s.mounted to 2,673,000,000 pounds, or approximately
the same as for the same period of 1929. Domestic inspected production
during the above period amounted to 2,500,000,000 pounds or only 1 per
cent above th: s-me period of 1929, and 7 -cr cent bclow that period of
1928. Total imports of pork a.nd nork products during the first 3 quarters
of 1930 fell off 5 per cent to 185,000,000 pounds, while exports, principally
of fresh pork, wcrc over twice as hoarvy as for the same period of 1929,
reaching 11,870,000 pounds. The heaviest reduction in imports was in lard
which decreased 6 per c nt to 142,858,000 pounds. The bulk of the lard
imports into Germany crnoe from the United Statcs. There was also a decrease
of 9 per c-nt in fresh pork imports, mostly from surrounding European
countries.

GEEIANY: 1'Tunbor of young pis, brood sc:s and total hogs or-
specified dates, 191, 1927-1930

:Younqpg pigs : Brood sows
Date of : Under :Eight :Six : One :
census : eight :wecks to :months : year : Total : Total hogs
: wecks :six :to one : and
: :months :yeur : over : :
:Thousands :Thousands: Thousands :Thousands: Thousands: Thousands

June 2, 1914...: 14,825 : 714 : 1,531 2,245 : 22,118
Dec.l, 1927 ...: 4,379 :9,910 : 504 : 1,218 : 1,722 : 22,899
June 1,1928 ...: 4,936 :9,557 : 707 : 1,150 : 1,857 : 20,187
Dec.1, 1928 ...: 4,003 :8,487 : 556 : 1,063 : 1,619 : 20,106
June 1, 1929...: 4,160 8,099 : 671 : 1,145 : 1,816 : 16,794
Sept. 1, 1929 .: 5,373 :8,290 : 652 : 1,208 : 1,860 : 19,604
Dec. 1, 1929 ..: 4,412 8,679 : 663 : 1,178 : 1,841 : 19,920
Mar. 1, 1930 ..: 5,012 :8,555 : 722 : 1,229 1,951 : 18,649
June 1, 1930 ..: 5,091 :9,178 : 876 : 1,356 : 2,232 : 19,804
Scpt.l, 1930 ..: 6,518 :9,805 : 811 : 1,466 : 2,277 : 23,414
Dcc.1, 1930 ...: 5,440 : 10,002 : 673 : 1,496 : 2,169 : 23,363

Compiled from Dcutschcr Reichs'-nzci-cr, Vicrtcl Juhrshcftc nnd cables from
A ricultural Attatho At Lerlin.



..!.!M





HP-16


Month


Oct ......
Nov. .......
Dec. .......
Jan. ........
Feb. ........
Mar. ... .
Apr. .......
May ........
June .......
July .......
Aug. .......
Sent. .....


1925-26


1,000
pounds

21,389
5, 336
8,525
19,559
24,964
24,098
21,396
13,732
18,443
17,125
17,143
17,819


19S6-27


1,000
pounds

21.387
21,715
17 216
20,818
13,044
17,176
23,511
16,353
19,307
24,817
13,324
14,760


1927-28 : 1938-29

1,000 : 1, 000
cou'cnds : Doo.unds


20,533
14,437
12,192
1i, 159
16,375
22,305
18,546
14,311
14,555
13,711
13,829
14,760


Total ....: 212,529 : 226,428 : 191,713
Monatliche Nach'weise uiber den Ausw'artigeen


GERAUiY: Total bacon imoort


15,240
: 15,793
19,373
24,841
13, 588
17,686
22,8 ,8
:19,640
13,528
14,233
-13,080
13,035


201 .':15


: 39.9-30 : 1930-31

: 1,000 : 1,000
: pounds : poundss

: 20,480 : 14,364
: 18,831 : 9,704
21,081 : 10,254
:24,367
: 15,686 :
:17,364 :
: 17,886 :'
:: 14,545 ':
: 13,669 :
: 13,591 :
: 12,961 :
: 12,716 :


: 203.177 :


Handel Deo;tschlands.


s, by months, 1925-26 to 1930-31


Month




Oct. ........:
Nov .........
Dec. .........
Jan .......
Feb. ........:
Mar ..........
Apr. ..
May .........
June ........
July ........
Aug .........
Se t. .......:


Total .....


1925-26:1926-27


1,000
nouonds

2,442
959
1,265
1,911
2,021
1,745
1,775
1,758
1,947
1,452
1,877
1,999


21.151 :


: 1,000
: pounds

2,025
2,118
: 2,007
S1,595
S1,493
: 1,127
S 867
S 847
S 778

S 474
S 912


14.849


:1927-28

:1,0,r0
: pounds

:1,019
945
913
905
:1,213
625
418
322
602
421
383
523


: 8.289


Monatliche Nachweise uber den ausviwrti_,en


:1928-29 :1929-30 : 1930-31

: 1,C0. : 1,000 : 1,000
: pounds : pounds : noLunds

: 817 : 1,839 :1,728
811 : 1,560 : 1,881
:1,050 :: 1,111 1,715
: 1,302 1,377
769 1,607 :
: 903 : 2,239 :
: 765 1,795 :
795 : 1,139 :
687 : 937
: 1,102 : 882
S 953 : 1,432 :
: 1,023 : 986


S10,.982_ 10.904 :
Handel c-utschlands. a/ Prcliniinary.


-21-

GERIANY: Total i;-aorts of lard, by months, 1925-26 to
1930-31


_~_~_




HP-16


HOGS AITD PORK PRODUCTS: Indices of foreign supplies and demand


Oct. Jan.


Country and
item


;1909-10 :1924-25 :
Unit :to 1913-:to 1928-:1927-28 :
: 14 av. : 29 av. :


1928-29:
0


1929-30: 1930-31
1929-30: 1930-31
:


UNITED KINGDOM: :
Production-
Fat pigs,cer-
tain markets.. :1000's
Supplies,
domestic fresh: 1000
nork,London...: pound,
Imports-
Bacon-
Denmark ......: "
Irish F.State.: "
United States.: "
Canada .......: "
Others .......: "
Total ...... "
Ham, total ....: "
Lard, total ... "
DEI,-MARK:
Erports-
Bacon .........: "
CANADA:
Slaughter-
Hogs,inspected.: 1000'1
GERMA.iTY:
Production-
Hog receipts
14 cities ...: "
Hog slaughter
36 centers ...: "
Imports- : 1000
Bacon,total ...: pound!
Lard, total ... "
UNITED STATES: :
Slaughter-
Hogs,inspected.: 1000'
Exorts-
Bacorr- : 1000
United Kingdo .: pound
Germnany ......: "
Cuba ......... "
xotal ......: "
Hams, shoulders-:
United Kingdom: "
Total .....: "
Lard-
United Kingdom: "
Germany ......: "
Cuba ......... "
Netherlands ..: "
Total ......: "


*


*
3 9
*
S
S
:






*
*

S

0
*
3 :










6
*
S

*
S
*
C

S
0,
*
*
S
: S

*
6
:e
*
*
*

*
S
S
S
C
*
*
*
*
:*
:*
:





s :
:*
*
:*
:*
:*
*
*
s*:
:*




s :

: ,




: :




3 :


227:






79,193:

61,449:
12,520:
14,259:
167,421:
28,238:
77,367:






603:






1,486:

1,110:
69,965:


12,162:


45,422:
828:
2,495:
62,797:

43,978:
50,982:

56,277:
46,157:
11,806:
13,684:
157.612:


241:


25,709:



163,731:
22,646:
35,479:
28,133:
50,937:
303,926:
38,588:
83,626:


165,561:


1,006:




1,073:

1,334:

7,360:
72,653:


17,780:


22,098:
3,762:
7,549:
48,729:

44,350:
5..,263:

74,412:
63,074:
28,371:
15,616:
249.157:


- ~-- ~ -- -------


251:


.37,086:


207,566:
23,243:
17,336:
14,296:
65,713:
328,154:
28,351:
88,563:


202,535:


981:




1,476:

1,783:

3,782:
63,321:


17,005:


10,363:
2,845:
6,490:
34,729:

27,533:
34,916:

78,614:
50,186:
28,419:
11,540:
233,506:


290:



38,645:


193,063:
27,738:
15,786:
8,418:
81,533:
326,538:
29,393:
93,033:


184,096:


920:




1,262:

1,651:

3,980:
73,247:


19,688:


11,360:
1,292:
5,179:
34,296:

24,293:
32,089:

87,301:
78,631:
30,472:
17,433:
303. 871:


258:



29,097:



197,907:
19,368:
20,373:
6,850:
63,176:
307,674:
33,497:
100,567:


193,837:


911:




1,135:

1,446:

5,887:
84,759:







2-,447:
5,406:
44,502:

28,420:
35,654:


90,628:
81,258:
26,844.:
17,844:
307.299:
5,06
44,50:










84,7529:


254


31,306



280-,452
11,790
9,272
1,624
86,527
389,665
28,759
99,377


269,609


664




1,1921

1,650;

7,3768
50,2591


17,525


8,733
1561
3,170o
16,441

23,585%
28,468'

95,381
28,167:
15,153
7,091
197.944W


-- -


a a


v v i .





HP-16


HOSS AND PO K ?iDDUCTS: Forcign and domestic average -ric.:.s "ocr 100


pounds for the month indicated, and stocks -at


the end of each m-onth


Item


: Jan.
:1909-1913
Average
: Dollars


SPrices-
Hogs,Chicago,basis
packers' and
shiPners'quotations:
Corn, Chicago, No.
3 Yellow ..........:
Hogs, heavy, Berlin,:
live weight .....:
Potatoes, Breslau
feeding .........
Barley, Leipzig ....
Lard-
Chicago ..........
Liverpool ........:
Hamburg ..........:
Cured pork-
Liveroool-
American short
cut green hams..:
American green
bellies ......:
Danish Wiiltshire :
sides .......:
Canadian groen
sides .......:

Stocks-
Livcrnool-
Hams,bacon and
shoulders .......:
Lard, refined .....:
United States-
Processed pork d..:
Lard in cold
Sstorago .....:


: Ja
:192:
: nve
S:Dol


7.26 :

1.'0 :

11.52

.32 :a
1.74 :a/

10.28
11.50 :
15.48



13.70



14.10 :

13.17
1,000 : 1
pounds : 2


n. :
5-1929
erage :
llars



10.37 :

1.64 :

14.87 :

.61 :
.31
2.49 :

14._5 :
15.29 :
15,84 :



24.71 :

21.- :0

22.40 :

20.22 :1


,000


Jar

Dol


: 1,t
: tcol


6,857: 2,
3,762: 3,

683,564:687,

94,200: 92,


106

171


521

51


i.1930 :Dec

.lars : De



9.78 :

1.52 :

17.53 :

.37
1.90 :

11.45 :
11.95 :
12.18 :



22.11 :

18.82 :

23.30 :

23.46 :
00 : 1,C
uLds : _oL


207 2
185 : 1


1


.1930 :Jan.193

llars : dollars



7.92 : 7.65

1.23 : 1.16

12.48 : 12.05

.24 : .26
2.08 : 2.10

10.70 : 9.62
11.25 : omina
12.29 : 10.87



21.21 : 20.37

19.69 : 16.13

15.05 : 14.83
:
c : cL
)00 : 1,000
j.nds : rounds


,433 : 3,670
,068 : 972

,192 : 721,358

,4Z4 : 32,350


------------0-------------


a4 Four-year average only. b/One wcak only. cJ No quotation.
/ Dry salt cured and in process of cure; ?ic':lcd, cured, and in -:rocess
of cure, and frozen.


-23-


1l




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 11111111 262 088 II5 0774 lil i l 111111 1111111111j
3 1262 08865 0774










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