World hog and pork prospects

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Material Information

Title:
World hog and pork prospects
Physical Description:
v. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics. -- Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Publisher:
Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Division of Statistical and Historical Research
Place of Publication:
Washington
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Swine -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Pork industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
- HP-83 (Oct. 1936).
General Note:
Reproduced from typewritten copy.
General Note:
Description based on: HP-8 (July 9, 1930).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 026660448
oclc - 30588199
Classification:
lcc - HD9435.U5 A25
System ID:
AA00013004:00006

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Succeeded by:
Hog situation


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Full Text

A'36.43: /3
U.. i11'.. ..

Buruau of Abriculturl Lcuni.r.,ics .. -
;/Ishinji tul]
UL; REPOSITORY



'./O;:LL HOG AI:? POJ: O JP.?:C'"T.



=UL..L.I..Y

Incroast-;. conputition frr!! 'jl-r.lixrk ;.an. GL-rrniny ancz a continuuu re...ucc~-

foreign derqmnk wofuru the outstncing f'ortur's (f the i'c.rtign r.iarkts for

American cure pork during Octob,,r :nid ]IToiviribour. Availablj ;viL,,Incu ii.Jicat,.s

that pork production in Europ. inciuLntal tuL thu recent u1i:rarJ trenui rf' hog

numbers has nut yet roduco. its L'uak,. D)or.nirk is piecing, r'rcorl :n*-unts rf

bacon on'thu British markets, the- leading; furcign outlet for Ai.i:rican cure

prok; tand prices on thu D.anish prov.uct havc (lU:cline31 t.: -a luv.jl comparable

to that of thu pro-,,-r p)urilod!. og prices in Gurnany have sh,a.;n :. tendency to

weaken after a p-:rioJ oi' firrnm.ss ;:urinf: II:,v-rib r. The volu,:u :f' hg inrk('t-,

ings and slaughter are l;.rgLr th;ni last y :;r, but havi: not yet ruache the

1928-29 luvols which h weru bul w ths f thhsu p' th tik yuar, lj27-28. HLg numbers

in thu TNotherlan..& ,uIre esti:.iateu. ,I Suptumbter 1 to be 10 tu 1b pur c .it large-r

than a year oarli;r, but the incruaseO; nroic uctiuio has not yet been r- luct in

exports.


Exports Of pork an.. pork pro,.ucts iron the Uni t,,. Stiate:s wv.re -lat.:rirally

Sruoeuce curing October. British iipt.rts of Akv-rican bacon iaure ribn(rnially snall.

Takings of hanm an(. should,. rs were ;ilso r:', uc. s(c'o.iohat, but the: prices u:n

these products r-:raine close tc last years levels. In c-.ntrast t, these

reductions exports of lard frc'r thu Unite.; Sta.tes ti Great Britain were simncwhat

larger than curing tlh previ-us r*iuth. '.ipirts -f ;c.i,-rican UacC.n !i- lar-. by

QGormany were sharply ro-iucuLi during Oct..bur, but prriceis ring NIv.ribjr iueclinjd

in both countries.







HP-13 -2-

Slaughter supplies in the Unito.' States made seasonal increase

during Novenber, but continued to run woll under those of a year earlier.

Hog prices declinJd to the lowest level since M'arch, 1928, and prices of

pork indc pork products ;rere lovuer than in October. Fee.i prices fuclineoi

during Novonbur despite the re.;uced supply of food grains. The relatively

low level of fuel: prices is resulting in a more nornal distribution of

marketing than was expected earlier in the season.

HofI unbers

Reuprrts fro:i the inpurtant foreign producing countries incicato a

continue increase in hog numbers. The most rudCnt estimates show increase

in hog numbers in Gernany, Dennark, k.thurlans, and Irish Free State,

whereas ;lecruases are inu icate in Can:da and United Kingdon. Numbers in

thO Unitue' States are below those of a year ago.

Continued expansion of hog production this fall in important

European countries is indicated by recent reports showing that the number

of brood soaos held in 4 (a/) important countries ;as 3,328,000 or 22 per

cent over the sane c'ates t.f 1929. The number of 's.aws in farrow in the

Netherlands on September 1, 19J0, is reported as 6 per cent less than on

June 1, .,hon the number was reported as 20 per cent above last year at the

sane tine. The unfavorable developments in the hog fuou. relationship,

especially in Grrr.rany whure hg, prices have been making relatively greater

declines than feet: prices, nay ton... t: check expansion somew'ha.t.

(a/) Gerrin.ny, ?'nnmark, Irish Free Sta:te, Unite~ King-.:c (Great Britain an%.
Northern Iruland).











-- 4








Io .;::iibjcr' s in '..e samne 4 import.--.t co-.:ntries mentioned ;bove '-:.ve
reacnel :;.-'2,0 ',C00 accoriin,, to latCtzt eA ti,.-tCs, an ina.:- '.:;c ,f 19 er c.-.t
over t;:e s.:.ie dates of 1929, Fi,urcs for tic ieth' rl ,'>a:s :1i-e not in-clu.,ii
owing to t :e laclk of annual estim...tes, :ujnbers in that country, as
ascertained b:' t:.e 1930 census were 1,990,000, an incre.ric of 31 .cr cent
over 1921.

By September 1, 1530 total hog n':-unbers had incrcasud 10 -'pr cent
compared wvitn June according ; to the gove-nir.rnt estimate for that : ute quoted
by the InteirnLtion-.l Institute of Agriculture -.t Fo.e, even t'.oug te hog
incre-.se was considerably less than *lrinj the previouss quarter. T'.he inrnber
of farrowing sows on Se.-teinber 1 co-.::.ared with l.-.t year *'.d increase 15
per cent; suck1linn pigs the same; pigs over 6 weeks to 132 pounds 10 to 15
per cent; ho.s 132 to 220 pounds 10 per -cnt, while ho-s over 220 pounds
increased only. slightly. In the ::etherl,',nd. as in Gerrrmany the hog-fecd ra.to
is not as i'Lvcrable as in 1909. Eszii:'t'-d percentage increases by clE..-,es
show that ihos have been on the increase in that country since Lay, 129.
Periodic reports from that date up to June 1, 1930 indicated increases of
from 10 to 30 oer cent in brood sows for the different periods over the
preceding ear with increases in other classes ran.gin from 5 to 15 per cent.
See Table, page i7.

The latest quarterly estimate available for C-er6ian;l is that of
September 1, l.30, which i:ives the number of ho.s as 23,414,000 com:,ared with
19,601,000 at the same date of 129, constitutii-g a record for that cou-try
for present boundaries. The niv.u.ber on DeceLber 1, 1913 for form.c-r bou.ndarits
was 25,659,000 .*'-ile the estimate for -3resent boundaries for the sanie date
was 22,533,000.

Hog nrilbers in the United States on Janw...r 1, 1930 had fallen to
52, 600,000, a decrease of 8 per cent compared with 1929. Both the fall pi;
crop this -c:,r ejd the spring crop of 1931 were expected to show reductions
due to tn-. s',ort corn crop and the unfavorable corn hog ratio. 11o estimate
is as -;t available for Canada for 1930. T.he decrease of 1 per cent in
Ontario, thU- most important ho. raising province, however points to a
further decrease in Canadian numbers. There has been a decreasing. tendency
in Canadian ho,,s since 1927, when the nLunber reported was 4,695,000, to
4,382,000 in 1929.

In Argontin., one of the potential hog producing countries of the
Southern H,':,is:phere, numbers as of June 1930 reached 3,764,000 against
1,437,000 in 1922 and 2,901,000 in 1914, while in Ncw Zeali nd ho u ;unbeirs
conti-nued t.-- decline be-:.n last ;.'Lar nu-,'b:-ring only 43,000 in 1930, a
decrease of 12 :er cent cormnared with 1929.


HP-13


-3-






HP-13 -4-

HOGS: Number in principal pork exporting ab d importing countries,
average pre-wer, years 1921-1930


Number in princilrl pork ex:porting countries a/


Year


Average
pre-ewr c ...:

1921............
1922...........:
1923...........
1S24...........
1925...........
1926...........:
1 92?...........:
1928...........
1929...........:
1930...........


United
States
Jan. 1


Thou- :
sands :

53,300

58,602 :
59,559
69,044 :
66,361 :
55,568
52,148
54,788
60,617
56, 80
52,600


:I : Irish :
iNe taer-s
Denmarrk :e r- Can.ca: Free : Sweden :Total
July ads Jue : State : June b/
laey-Juie
-* -J: June :
Thou- : Thou- : Thou-: Tou- : Thou- : Thou-
sands : sands : sands: s;?ids : sands: sends

2,715 : 1,305 : 3,350 : 1,041 : 1,023 :. 60,411

1,430 : 1,519 : 3,905 : 891 :d/1,011 : 64,828
1,8?9 : : 3,916 : 93.3 : : 66,312
2,5.5 : : 4,405 : 1,185 : : 77,490
2,868 : : 5,069 : 987 : : 75,285
2,517 : : 4,426 : 732 : 1,100 : 63,243
3,122 : : 4,360 : 884 : : 60,514
5,731 : : 4,695 : 1,178 :e/1,369 : 64,392
3,363 : : 4,497 : 1,183 : : 69,660
3,616 : : 4,382 : 945 : : 65,823
4,928 : 1,990 : : 1,044


Number in principal


pork i;mnorting countries


SUnited: Germany FranceCzecho-:Austria Italy Total
Dec. f/: Dec.f/slov a Dec. / '4.r.-Apr b/
SJune Dec. fi
: .


Average
pre-wor c/

1921...........
1922...........:
1923...........:
1924...........:
1925...........:
1926...........
1927........... :
1928...........:
1929...........
1930........... :


2,754 : 22,533
*


2,756
2,568
2,993
3,567
2,911
2,504
3,124
3,396
2,701
2,663


: 14,153
: 15,818
: 14,678 :
:i/17,308:
: 16,895 :
: 16,200 :
: 19,424 :
: 22,899 :
: 20,106 :
: 19,920 :


7,529 : 2,516 : 1,932 : 2,685 :
: : :


4,941
5,166
5,196
5,405
5,802
5,793
5,777
6,019
6,017


2,201 : 1,326 :H/2,509

:h/1,473:


2,539 : :/2,850


Compiled from official sources.
a/ Countries arranged in order of importance as exporting or importing coun-
tries. b/ Total countries reporting each year, )re-war 1921-1929. c/ Average
for 5 years iiunediately preceding war wherever available. Otherwise for any
years or year within this period, unless otherwise stated. In countries
having changed boundaries estimates are for one -ear only of numbers within
present bo-'nddries. d/ Census 1920. e/September. f/Estimate for countries
reporting as of December have been considered as of January of the following
year. /Estimz.te for present boundaries for 1918. h/1March. i/October. No
estimate available for December 1923. j/Unofficial.


32,816

21,850
23,552
22,867
26,281
25,608
24,497
28,325
32,314
28,824


I


-- ---


--


-I







HP-13 -5-

BROOP SOi'S: 1i'.in.:r in pri ncipr.-l pork andc hoe;: exporting and imiporting
countries reporting, pre-wLr -id 1225 to 1?30

: I.onth : : : :
Country of : : 195 : 1?2G : 1927 : 1928 : L9.9 : 1130
: estimate: :t,


Exportini, Co-'.1 uries: :
United St;r.-es ......:
Denmark, sows 4
months and over... :
Canada..............:
Irish Frec SEcte....:
Swed-en, boars & sows:
Poland.............. :
Hungary..............
Hew Zsaland.........:
Rum ania.............:
Yugoslavia..........:


Importing Counatries: :
England and. LI7-ls...:
Scotla-nd............:
North Irclci-d.......:
To tal............:
Genna1y :
Six months to 1
year..............
1 ycr cid over....:
Totzl ...........:

France ...............
Belgium..............:
Norway ...............
Finland, so:ws over
6 months............:


:Thou- : Thou-: Thou-: Thou-: T:.ou-:
: sands : s; .nds: s-nds: sn-ds: s nds:

Jan. 1 : :10,08.:10,286:10,,55:10,587:


July
June
June
Juiu c

July
J an.
Dec.
Jan.


June
J'uie
June


June
J wae


Dec. b/


Dec.
Dec.
Jun .


233

103
128


332
18


53:
75:


602:
60:
1,042:
685:


316:
16:
11ii:


391::
369:
3


547:
64:
1,017:
692:


301:
18:
16:


326: 344:
577: 551:
124: 115:
135:
:a/ 761:
531: 579:
69: 3C
1,056: 1,066:
694: 662:


39.:

25:


: : 33: 335: 445:


F1.ou-:
s. ids:

10, 00:

134:
537:
56:


534:
75:
:7'5


T.i'.'U-


'., 12

5.3

111


380: 307: 315
22: 16: 17
22: 17: 20
42-4: 340: 352


462: 491: 625: 504: 556:c/ 663
___ 813: 882: 1,126: 1,218: 1,0 3:cA,179
: 1,275: 1,373: 1,751: 1,722: 1,619:c/i,541

:d/907 : 779: : 77 776: 785: 790:
1 24: 129: 127: 130: 130: 137
S41: 41: 3 :::


Sent. :


39:


40:


43:


43:


Compiled from, official sources.
a/ Ten .,iont'.s -.d over.
b/ Esti -.-t.s rleorted r.s of Decc1.iber '.:e be.. considered .s of Ja. .:;_, 1 of
foilo'.in, :-"rr.
c/ For quj.rb rl' y es i,.i.ts u: to S: .te:b..:r 1, 13-0 seG Table .eg-e i
d/ Excluci in: Ai sace-Lorraine.








-6-

HOGS: Slaughter in specified countries, average pre-war and annual,
1914-1929


: : : :.Ingland :Scotland:Ireland :
: United :Germany :Denmark : & u/ales:sold off:purchas-:


: States,:inspect-:in expt.:sold off: farms


:Federal : ed :slaugh-
:ilnspect-:slaugh- tur
: ed : ter : houses


Average
pre-war bJ:

1914......:
1915.......:
1916......:
1917......:
1918......:
1919.......:
1920......:
1921 ......:
1922......:
1923......:
1924 ..... :
1925......:
1926 ......:
1927......:
1928......:
1929.......:


Thou-
sands


31,759

32,532
38,381
43,084
33,910 :
41,214
41,812
J8.019
38,982:
43,114
5J3,334 :
52,873:
43,043
40,656 :
43,63P :0
49,795
48,445


Thou-
sands


16,406 :

./
a/ :
/ :


c/
1,368 w
3,024 :
6,825 :
6,923 :
5,830 :
10,527 :
12,090 :
13,072 :
17,279
19,391 :
17,189 :


Thou- :
sands


2,503 :


2,858
2,594
2,b42
2,479
324
456
930
1,641
2,215
3,414
4,024
3,766
3,838
5,098
5,673
4,994


: farms for
:for a/ :slaugh-
:slaughter- ter a/:


Thou-
sands


3,487:

--,,-


2,700:
S3,471:
: 5,229:
: 3,691:
: 4,500:
S3,588:
3,074:
: 3,680:
: 4,109:
:d/ 3,245:


Thou-
sands


--- m

146
S173
176
245
242


ed by
Irish
bacon
curers


-*Tether-
:land


:Canada:receipts
: : at 21
: :markets
*


Thou- ...Thou-: Thou-


: sands


1,282:







874:
898:
1,030:
926:
955:
: 1,110:
911:
910:
: .1,050:
: 1,264:
:d/ 1,142:


sands: sands


4,280: 875

: 1,085
-- : 842
--- 850
--- 600
--- : 217
5,526: 422
4,834: 648
5,297: 1,362
5,382: 865
6,056: 906
6,625: 1,068
5,720: 1,045
5,636: 1,025
5,965: 1,152
5,880:.1,068
5,747:


Compiled from official sources and c:.bled reports from
abroad.
a/ For years ended Hay 31 following.


agricultural commissioners


b/ Average for 5 years immediately preceding ,var period if available, other-
wise for any year or years within that period unless otherwise stated. In
countries having changed boundaries, the figures are estimates for 1 year only
for numbers within present boundaries,
c/ Hot :.vailablo for present boundaries. For former boundaries, the numbers
slaughtered are Lts follows; in thousands 1914, 19,441; 1915, 13,293;
1916, 6,348; 1917, 5,795; 1918-, 2,430.
d/ Unofficial estimate in total sliughtcr in the United Kingdom and Irish Free
State based on rothods of ostim: ting published in the agricultural Output of
England and Vales 4,890,000 in 1929-30 compare with 6,178,000 in 1928-29.


HP-13


Year


_ __ __ __ _~___ I


__ __ __


_1_1 __ _~


"-


*






HP-13 -'-

HOGS: Sl..,,tcr in Uait'e. Su. t .,, .0 Den..'', nii Can',id.,
'" months, scaisons Octioobcr Sc .te..: .r, 1 -Jo-.'j to 1..::30-31 -,

United States : GCer.,n,' t :De-ma .r' : Co.ac n.
lonth : In-grected. : 36 poi.-ts .. : report ses __In.:0
:I9^-:I'352 -:.1950- -1iJ68-. i929-:1530- :1928-: ..29- -:190-. iJ-:1J"'-:1, 0-
:1S.19 :1930 :1931 :1C99 :1930 :1931 :1929 :1.0 :1:31 :Ly3q :1300 :1931
: ..o-: T-ou-: Tiou-: T-o-:Thou-: Tho .-: .oa- :2 .o: :a-: iou-: T. .ju- : Trou-
S'-.rid.s: sclnds: sands: s; .ds: s:e:ds: sr nds: s nds: :s d.: s-~.d : s- tI: .si ..is:: s ;-ds


Oct.....:5,713:3,657:3,
Nov.....:4,455:4,499:
Dec.....:5,762:5,083:
Jan.....:5,738:5,001:
Feb.....:4,478:4,034:
Mar.....:3,345:3,392:
Apr.....:3,761:3,480:
May.....::3,7 8:3,823:
June....:3,756:3,689:
July....:3,5'7:3,187:
Aug.....:3,1S0:2,724:
Sept....:3,104:2,773:

Total .:
for
Season 48,957:45,542


492: 445:
402:
: 407:
: 678:

411:
S395:
S 3 1:
333:
340:
325:
343:


:


356
356
382
351
335
373
374
371
344
361
344
427


:4,54?:4,374


:416: 494: 50. :
: : 39O: 39%:
: : 442: 48 :
:02: 43 :
: : 343: 407:
38 -' : 44.j:
S : 429: 523:
: : 435: 432:
S : 35 : 47T:
:432:b/423:
: : 392:b/456:
422:b/506:

.: : :


-,43:5, 495:


: JOG: 0?:
2 32: 254:
:239: 221:
: 249: 207:
203: 168:
S 15: 168:
203: 162:
187: 174:
131: 159:
: 139: .127:
S161: 124:
S14.: 140:


:2,361:2,0 1:


a/ Season acc,:-.;ted as .ost re')resent.'.Live jor cne United S6aces.
b/ Adj-.isted from weekl, .- iires supplied by Siar Tidende


United States

A more favorable relapionshi'o between feed' and ho: prices, and a sti:..al.te'
interest in feedi-.t, were reflected ini United S rates io;., i,-rkets dlrinl; lovem-
ber. Live weio.ts were about normnpl and :iarketings continued rel.-tively smiill
despite the reduced feed grain su~jl;. Dzrinn; recent months prezedir. 'ovem-
ber, live weig:-ts were rxul_-ing below the 5- ea.r aver-S e a;"d., in co.itrz.ot to
the preaii.w.s p.-ii for ttt nc v.avier wCeig.ts i-i.. '. os- ni, '.t.i., li .it sold
during i;rovembr at nearly the sajria level a.s ne.vy ho,_. T'ie price rIo.-.:ior.s:-ip
of the va.rio'.s weights was about the sc.e as '.:-- M a c-rr .erlicr.

-o )rices at .'ic.Jo declined froii .-'.0 duri.. th.ie first w,.ek: of
November to .n average of $.11 during ; th.e tl'ird wee:, trie lowest w;v.e.'-1
avera.:c sincc in 'r:rc;. 1i'2. Prices made i, Lli,.-t adv.-;ce c..nrin, t.'c last week
of the ,oInt..;. cd remained about steady du'rini the first week of Doceiiber. T.e
average for ::ovcebcr wc.s $8.55 as -gainst $9.34 in October and $9.06 in





i__ -. .






HP-13


november 1320. Federr.ll;' inspected -,o.; sl-augnter a;no'untin, to about
4,024,000 heo.d was 10.6 per cent less than that of iov~ciber 1929. Tie number
of hogs slaughtered under Federal inspection during the first two months
of the current marketing year (October and November) was 10 per cent less
than during the corresponding months of last year. In October, the average
live weight of hogs slaughtered was 3 per cent less than that of a year
earlier. Figures from the principal markets indicate that average weights
durin- November were almost equal to those of iTovemnber 19293

Corn :.rices ave.rged lower in. november. No. 3 Yellow at Chicago
averaged 70.9 cents as compared with 82 cents for October and 87.6 cents
for november 1329. The corn-hog ratio in the Comr Belt States, as indicated
by 15th-of-the-month farm, prices was 13.9 in lidvember as compared with 11.7
in October and 11.3 in-,ovember 1929. It was the most favorable ratid for
the nonth since 1926 but the price relationship on the 15t" of te 'rhonth was
more lavorjale to feeding than it was for the month as 2. whole. The level
of feed pricess during the coming winter is expected to have more than the
usual influence in the distribution oi marketi-ngs, due to the reduction in
the feed grin supply. If the present corn-hog ratio continues, it is
likely to result in a more normal distribution than -if corn prices advance
relative to ho., prices.

Tie reduction in the corn supply is bein,; partially offset by the
feeding of wheat. About 236 million bushels of wheat will be fed during
this croeo year compared with 90 million busnels last year, if intentions of
fanners ?nd others are carried out as expressed on lTovember 15 'in answer to
a survey made by this Bureau. The relation of wheat prices to the prices of
other feed grains will largely determine the extent to which tnese inten-
tions will be carried out. The very low level of whec..t prices djri-n. recent
months has permitted the feeding of wheat to an advantage as well as being
an important actor in the decline in corn prices.

Wilolesale prices of pork and pork products made a seasonal decline
in November, with the more valuable cuts of fresh pork showing the greatest
reductions. Loins, 10-12 pounds, averaged $16.86 at Chica.o as compared
with $22.96 ih October and $18.95 in iovtumbjr 1932, wherc-as 8-12 pound
skinned shoulders averaged $13.14 as against $15.23 in October and $14.86
a year earlier. All cuts of frcsn pork at wholesale sold at lower levels
than in iTovcmber 1929. Cured pork prices wore generally lower. At Chicago,
hans, picnics and dry salt backs declined only moder.r-tely, but bacon was
$2.00 to )4.00 lower than in October, whereas rat Hoew York declines were
moderate for :.ll kinds of cured pork.

Refined lard prices at Cn.icajo avaragad $12.31 compared. wit'. $13.94
in October cnd $12.21 in iTovembLr 1929. Rcflcctin, the reduction in live
weight of hogs marketed, lard production psr hundred pounds live weight
of hogs in S-eptemdber and October was 10 per cent s:Lller tnan that of a year
earlier. Exports of lard, (excluding n:eutr.l lard) during October amounting


-8-








HP-13


to 41,396,000 pounds, were 11 ?er cent ;.rgcr than tnose of Septenber,
but were 41 %.er cent under those of a yenr earlier. The ;most pronounced
reduction in quantities taken occurred in G,:n-tr~y .i;.-? TtnerloTnds, wnere-
as takings by United Kiandom were 18 per cent larger tnan in November
1929. Stocks in storage on 1'ov.n-ber 1, amountin:- to 36, 000,000 po.uids,
were the smallest for that date since 19.5 ani were 64 per cent s'.aller
than t-Lose of Novei.iber 1, 1929.

Increased competition in foreii-r markets re-iuced domestic -roduc-
tion, ild c weakened demand in uarope were reflected in pork exports
during October. Exports of por: and pork products, excluding lard, '*ere
23 per cent smaller than in September and 53 per cent below those of a
year earlier. Bacon exports, amnourntin to 3,268,000 pounds, were 34 per
cent smaller than in September -nd 67 per cent sin.ller than in October
1929. Ex)orts of hams .Ad shoulders amounted to 5,259,000 pounds and
were 30 per cent under those of a year earlier. The most drastic reduc-
tion in tekin,s of hamis and shoulders was in Canada. Their purchases in
October were only 174,000 pounds as -compared to 1,063,000 in September.
The new import duties on cured pork were an important factor in reducing
the t.:kinus of American products, which have paid 3.25 cents per pound
since Septenber 16 against the old rate of 2 cents. Takings by United
Kingdom were 31 per cent under those of a year earlier. Storage holdings
of pork on November 1, amountin,, to 356,000,000 pounds were t.e smallest
for that date since 1917 and were 27.5 per cent below those of November
1, 1929.


UNITED STATES: Total bacon exports, by months,


1925-26 to


I~onth ,
*


1I25-26


1926-27


1.:27-28


1930-31


1928-29


1929-30
e


1930-31


Oct..........:
Nov..........:
Dec..........:

FebJ..........:
FebMar..........:
Mar..........:
Apr ..........:
May.......... :
June.........:
July.........:
Aug..........
Sept.........:


1,000
pound s

13,166
13,562
16,405
21,142
14,980
13,597
11,570
12,225
9,472
7,670
12,131
14,370


Total.....: 160,790 :


1,000
pounds

11,742
8,507
9,601
10,015
9,642
8,567
7,417
7,652
10,301
9,270
7,864
11,620

112,398


1,000
poun.ls
pounIs

7,709
6,013
9,347
11,660
10,921
15,106
10,073
9,692
9,620
11,648
10,945
6,31


I, OrC
pounds

4,973
6,716
9,593
13,014
11,286
10,985
10,225
14,3 5
12,761
10,930
13,171
10,238


: 119,615 : 128,357


: ,UU : 1,UUU
: pounds :pounds

: 9,858 : 3,268
: 11,452
S 9,868
: 13,324
12,184
:12,249 :
S 7,979 :
S 6,553 :
S 6,413 :
: 5,339 :
S 6,900 :
: 4,973 :

:109,092 :


Compiled from te Mon. Su:mary of Foreig Commrco of the United Sas.
Comoi~led from the ont...-2, Su:una-i of Foreign Coinp.2rce of t'le United S--aCs.


~_


_"


^''^








HP-13


U1:ITED STAT-S: Total exports of he-is ind shoulders, by
months 1925-26 to 1930-31


Month


1925-26


1926-27


1927-28 1928-29: 1929-30 1930-31
*


:1,000
: pounds
Oct..........: 14,494
Nov..........: 16,243
Dec..........: 19,827
Jan..........: 21,000
Feb..........: 1 ,105
Mar...........: 18,117
Apr..........: 18,059
May..........: 16,682
June.........: 13,218
July..........: 13,512
Aug..........: 15,972
Sept.........: 11,425


1,000
pounds
10,847
13,105
12,675
9,873
9,511
9,253
10,007
13,092
13,471
13,158
8,215
11,123


1,000 :
pounds *:
7,632 :
7,374 :
9,905 :
10,005 :
10,976 :
12,222 :
11,258 :
11,390 :
13,754 :
13,557 :
13,402 :
6,681 :


Total.....: 197,654 : 134,330


: 123,156 :


120,531 : 125,107 :


Compiled from the Monthly S'ranarj of Foreign Commerce of the United States.


UTITED STAITS: Total-- l-ar-dexports, by months, 1925-26 to
1930-31


.:ontb :1925-26


: 1,000
: pounds
Oct..........: 44,745
Nov........... 39,979
Dec..........: 68,840
Jan.. ..... 76,670
Feb........ .: 65,356
Mar..........: 64,259
Apr..........: 63,160
May..........: 58,154
June.........: 56,482
July.........: 45,873
Aug..........: 54,273
Sept.........: 61,577


1926-27


1,000
pounds :
46,988
43,488
62,680
59,842
49,880 :
53,040
67,345
64,418
66,404
46,972 ;
50,816 :
59,736 :


Total.....:


69",368 :


671,609 :


708,593


: 809,045


: 747,432 :


Compil.-d from the Monthly Sumirmary.of Forein


1,000
pounds
5,259


1,000
pounds
4,747
7,637
8,518
11,187
7,680
11,140
13,857
11,246
12,571
12,621
10,849
8,478


1,000
pounds
7,580
11,656
6,957
9,461
9,213
10,790
12,416
13,845
12,158
13,779
10,820
6,432.


1930-31

1,000
pounds
41,396


1927-28


1,000
pounds
50,355
49,636
62,855
70,660
79,872
79,929
56,554
55,540
53,436
52,940
50,658
46,158


1928-29

1,000
pounds :
59,865
67,716
86,358
89,932
65,924
70,572
59,144
64,192
67,252
64,274
55,487
53,329


1929-30


1,000
pounds
70,698
83,257
80,053
73,291
65,953
66,533
50,0-45
62,562
56,666
51,670
49,287
37,417


~---------------


-~---


--


--


- -


' '~~


-10-


Com.inrce of the United States.








H-P-1 -11-

C:n.nd:_

It seurs p)rob:.ble that thu June l1J0 livestoc,: returns for C..nada
will show soru reduction in hog numbers co.1paru, with th 4,3'2,000 reported
a year ago. Thu number in the province of Ontario, which supports 2/5 of
the total in Canada sho'ued a fourth, r decrease of 1 pter cent to 1,662,000
on June 1, 1930 which w-s the low, ust number reported since 1922, The numbers
have bten decruasing since 1927 vihLn 1,003,000 -arc estimate d to be in th-.t
Province. Brood sov/s w~ore ustimatLd at 172,251 'li June, lj3'0 agL.inst
172,739 a yc:.r af:o. The province of Ontario mrrkuts mndrc hogs than nmy othLr
province in C.n;.da, the number ship!L. in 1929 amounting to 1,307,000,
979,000 of -.hich went directly to packurs L.nd 327,000 to stock yards.

SThu total numb.:r of hots graded(; at stock : yards and ut actingg plants
in Cand.da from thu beginning of thu yuer to I;ovjnber 20, 193 vias 2,05,6,000
a decrease of 16 pur c,.nt compared with thu precedcing y1rcr. Of the above
number 731,000 or 36 per cent .wiru classod as bicor, hogs and 15 per cent
as soluct bacon hogs, ovur 50 pur count of the latter buying grridod at Ontario
packing plants.

Up to !Iovonbor 20, 1930 only 792,00b" hogs had b.:cn sold at stock
yards this yuar a decrease of 14 per ct.nt compar.;: luith the correspoirding
period of 1929, the numbL:r billed through' bt inLg bout twice as large' as
last year. Thu avur:.gu price for select bacon hogs at Toronto for the weok
endd. ITovember 20 was 111.44 per 100 pounds comipa-rcd .with j1.50 the
preceding wuok nd Q12.19 last year at the sumu date. The high price for
the vteek in the East was '11.75 for selects wvighed off cars, states the
Dominioh Livestock Branch, while only 9.975 was obtaiilbd at :;csturn yards
for selects fed and waterec'. The strong doiand in the wust for lights and
fuoders' produced a price pronium and as high as Q10 per hundred vias paid on
Vinnipog yards.

Inspected slaughter of hoes for the.first 9 months of thu year
amounted to 1,428,000 or 16 per cent las than for the sL-~o period of 192).
Last year tho total number of hogs killed in Canada was 5,747,000 or 2 per
cent below 1928. Exports of live hoEs for the first 9 months this year
numbered only 1,993 of which number only 95 canr. to the United States against
1,730 for the same period of 1929, Txports of live hogs to this country
reached 195,000 in 1927, Both bacon and pork t.exorts from CanA..d to all
countries has been considerably below last ye..r, ba.con exports principally
to the United Kingdom falling f6 pur cent to 12,083,000 pounds and pork 44
per cent to 4,718,000 pounds,






HP-13


CA!IADA: Hog movement first 9 months of 1930 with comparisons.


Unit


: First nime months


1929


Gradea at stock yards and packing plants :
Total................ ............., *.. ::
Select bacon hogs....................:
Bacon hogs............... ........ ....
Sold and billed through stockyards, total:
Sold at stockyards.................
Billed through stockyards ..........:

Inspected slaughter

Aver;Lgu price, Toronto, Suet..


Thousands


All grades................ ....... ...:Dollars per 100 lbs:
Soluct bacons....................... ":
Bacons..............................
Exports
Live hogs, total ...................: Humber
To United States ..................... "

Bacon, total. ....... .......... ...: 1,U'O pounds
To United Status ...................: "
To Great Britain....................:.


Pork total..........................:
To United Status.....................:
To Great Britain.................... :


1,954
328

913
753
160

1,690


12'.10
12.66
12.71

3,431
1,730

22,242
1,796
20,003

8,495
3,273
3,486


S 1930


1,714
261
593
1,030
652
378

1,428



12.15
12.73
12.21

1,993
.: ;95

12,083
1,055
10,714

.4,718
1,134
1,538


Live Stock markIt'and Meat Tradoe hvie.v, 1930.
/ Bacon and butch,'r grades became eff-ective Suptumb r 16, 1929-
and stop grades wore discontinuua on same date.


and thick smooth


United Kingdom

The loss of strength in the British cured pork market late in November
brought the Liverpool av rage price of IDnish Wiltshire sides down to 0;16.29 per
100 pounds for the week undea Decumber 3, according to agricultural Commissioner
Foley at London. INt figure indicates a price 1-jvul easily comparable with that
of the pre-wvar period. Current quotations aru about ;j8.00 undur those of last
year. After a lapse of several wnuks, (p stations on Anim rican groen bellies have
again appeared ,with roaucua supplies kL ving the price slightly above a year ago.I
American hams the market remains steady but the prevailing prices have been a
little below last year's levels,


Item


----


-- ---


-12-


- --- -- -- -- -





The current :iuaknuss in lard prices, following thu stronger tone of
September and October, placed the Liverpool quotation for the w-.rk und(e1 TXc-
embor 3, at Q11.73 for 100 pounds. At prest;nt, pric,.s are running b.:lo-r those
of last year. Lard imports in Octob,-r irre l'.rg.:r than for sL-v--r.:l months past,
the figure of nearly 23,000,000 pounds being unusually high ftr October. Thu
bulk of the British lard imports come from tht United. Stat' s. Lr.r stocks at
Liverpool as of Ductumbb.r 1, also w'cre up to reach 1,299,000 pounds, but that
figure was considerably smaller than the usual volum, of stocks on th.t dr.to.

Thu seasonal upturn in dom'.stic pork production was reflcted in October
market receipts of fat pigs going higher than for any :.onth since October 1929.
The same is true of supplies of British and Irish fresh pork at London Ci ntral
Markets, with the added feature of that figure b, ing larger than a yLer earlier.
Supplies for November, however, wuro Conr. sor: ::hat frol thi( prcctaing ronth and
a year ago to reach 7,121,000 pounds. Supplies from othur sources also were
down from Octobur levels, but the 674,000 pounds so classified reuprose n:tcd a
heavy increase over figures for INovumbeor 1929, jia Zcealand, Argentina, :tnd the
United States divide the bulk of that tradu bet.(i:on thore. The curing of hogs
in Irish bacon factories continues somo..hat bulo.r last year's luvels.
UNIITED) K1IIGDOI: Bacon imports from the United Sta.tus, by
months, 1925-26 to 1930-31

Month 1925 26:1926 27:1927 28:1928 29:1929 30:1930 -31

S1,000 ,: ljUO- : ,00 :- 1,0J : 10,UUU : 1,OU
: pounds : pounc-s : pounos : on : poun.s : pounds
Oct................: 11,947 : 10,032 : 5,970 : 2,780 : 3,463 : 967
Nov..............: 9,962 : 7,530 : 3,213 : 2,651 : 4,114 :
Due...............: 15,889 : 7,068 : ,457 : 2,878 : 5,672 :
Jan...............: 16,237 : 8,62i : 4,696 : 7,477 7,124 :
Feb................: 17,226 : 7,569 5,b41 : 6,467 : 7,038 :
Mar................: 15,427 : 7,896 : 7,489 : 6,064 : 9,41
Apr................: 11,951 : 5,24 : b,550 : 3,821 : 5,406 :
May................: 10,758 : 4,122 : 6,564 : 10,480 : 4,5.6 :
Juno........ ......: 7,995 : 5,037 : 4,650 : 7,043 3,754 :
July............... : 9,30 : 7,705 : 5,530 : 6,775 : ,388
Aug................: 7,386 : 7,79 : 7,389 : 6,437 3,286 :
Sept............... : 12,142 : 5,494 : 4,509 : 3,242 : 2,261 :

Total.......: 146,350 : 83,790 : 64,558 : 66,136 : 60,383 :

Compile4 from Trade ani Navigation of the Unitud Kingdor.


HP-13


13--


Total British imports of baoon for I:ov.:mb.r, :.t nuorly 95,00u,000 pounds,
were unusually large, and about 24,000,000 pounds h record figure of 70,906,000 pounds was registered in rL'cuipts from DSnm:rk,
Receipts from that country alont; in October, 1930, :( r(, n.,early as l:.rer as
reoooipts from all sources a yuer e:trli.r. A fair volume *-.as rco.-iv-d from the
Irish Free Statu and Nuthurlands, but thr. United Sta;tus and Ctn.~ida together sent
little mor.u than 1,000,000 pounds. Total ham imports, most of whichh comrn from
the United States were down to loss than 6,000,000 pounds, an unusually low
figure. Stocks of hams, bacon and shoulders 't Liv. rpool doclinc-,e nor. than
seasonally during I1ovt-mb r to reach 942,000 pounds on Duconmbr .1, th- l.ovwst
since Docember 1, 1925.







SUTIC'ID KlIGDOM:


-14- --
.Bacon -Imports from DXnmark, by
1925-26 .to 190-1 .


1925-26 1926-27 .1927-28


months,


: 1928-29.. 1929-30 3.1930-31
* *_ .*


: 1.,00
: pounds


Oct.... .... ..... :
Nov. ..............:
Dec. ...........e. a...:
Jan.... .... ........:
Fob.. .. .....

A r .................:
Mar.. ..............:
Ja .r .. .... ... .
June....... ...a ....:.
July...............:
Aug.................:
Supt...............s :


31,690 :
29,306 :
40,377
31,207 :
30,472 :
36,205 :
30,468
30,474 :
29,770 :
34,266 :
36,712
34,601


1,000
pounds

34,557
38,931
40,194
'1,803
42,,360
47,526
42,993
44,205
51,795
50,710
46,941
48,143


: 1,000
: pounds

S50,090
50,257
S52,244
54.,975
53,942
:54,675
52,745
S51,109
51,636
S44,562
48,924
42,633


.1,000 :
pounds :


50,703
48,063
45,580
48,717
41,508
41,985
44,031
46,758
41,886
4'6,570
48,121
48,350


1,000 : 1,000 .
pounds : pounds


47,486
48,525
5',490
48,406
44,439
51,870
46,204
56,206
54,456
55,213
55,066
59,751


Total.......: 395,548 : 530,234 : 609,792


: 552,272 :.621,112 z


Compiled from Trade and ITavigation of the Unitedi


Kingdom.


UNITED KINGDOF: Total bacon imports, by months,
1925-26 to 1930-31


1928-29 : 1929-30 .1930-31
:1303


1,000
pounCs

82,378
79,297
76,771
88,092
68,612
68,923
73,126
87,845
71,894
80,360


:1,000 : 1,000
Pounds : pounds

72,402 : 95,809
: 74,868 :
S85,603
:74,801
: .73,721 :
:. 84,631 :
75,096 :
S84,615 ,
. 85,277
S85,457 ,


F2,290 : 84,758
73,505 : 88206


Total.......:


817,796 : 931,011 : 997,179 :


933,095 : 967,435 :
e.


Compiled from Trade and HNavigation of the


HP-135


Month


month


.1925-26


: 1,000
: pounds


1926-27


1,000
pounds

73,275
76,138
78,867
75,371
.69,874
82 ,487
71,277
76,630
88,348
84,105
74,480
80,159


66,983
60,259
81,951
66,329
65,935
71,126
64,527
60,794
61,431
71,8z1
69,497
77,123


1927-2P


1,000
pounds

85,552
79,579
80,679
82,344
85,153
87,041
83,815
88,759
86,387
79,212
86,862
71,796


Oct ............. .. :
Nov........ ... .. ..:
Dec..............;.'.:
J n. ............. ..:
Fob ...............
Mar................:
Apr........ ...... ...
May................:
Juno...............:
July...............:
Aug..... ..........:
Sept...............:


_ __


--- -- ~----


-


- ~- --


United Kingdom,


1








HP-13


UNITED KINGD'DM:


Total ham imports, by months,
1925-26 to 1930-31


1925-26 1926-27 1927-23 1928-29 1929-35


: 1,000
: pounds


Oct. ..............

Jan...............:
Fob ...............
1Mar. ... ... .. ...
Acr. .. ...........
JCun ..............:

July..............
Aug...............:
Sept..... *........ :


Total......*


9,479
11,613
13,40,
13,615
13,066
12,516
12,252
12,076
10,945
10,482
10,451
11 ,949

141,3-8


1,000
pounds

6,929
8,762
11,318
8,847
6,513
6,910
6, 23
9,208
12,.10
12,04
8,282
8,902


: 106,638


*1.OO
Spouncds


7,802
: 5,836
7,817
6,896
9,062
9,264d
: 7,993
9,334
10,782
: 11,<0,
: 13594
7,505


:107,289 :


: 1,0O0
: pOUllds

: 6,484
: 6,782
:: 7,339
S 8,788
S 0,232
: 6,828
8,981
:14-,136
S10,499
S12,042
S12,073
S 8,073


110,257


Compiled, front Tradu :;nd U;iviga.tion of


thu Unitud Kingdom.


IJIIT1;D KIUu DDO:: Total l-ird im- orts,
1925-26 to 1930-31


by months,


1925-26 1926-27


1927-28


1920-2 1929-i30 190J-31


: 1,000
: pounds


Oct...... ..... ... .:
ov ...............
DIeC........ ...... :
JiAn ..... ... .
Pub...............:
Mar...... .........:
Apr...............
May............... :
JuneU..... .........:
July ..............
Aug ... ... ...... ...:
S pt ........ ...... :


16,811
19,6 4
21 ,'0J
20,848
2., 261
2J,753
28,172
10,83
20,953
23,074
19,1-8
25,361


1,000
pounds


21,569
12,770
1J,772
21,6o5
19.,136
20,989
27,032
2- ,26'
28,564
26,006

17,571
22, 60


1,0O0
poun,'s

17,360
21,058
22,19 '
27,794
20,1421
0J,8 0
23,001
24,398
19,596
24,667
21, .4
1J,J46


1,000 : 1,000
pounds : poun' s


18,079
21,551
17,460
05,923
29,752
22,234
.1,612
26,479
20,498
25,977
21,204
16,699


21,844
24,004
27,160
27,559
25,187
24,810
18,218
20,772
21,078
31,0801
20,438
12,976


Total...... :


262,281 :


255,638 : 277,756


S277,688 : 275,847 :


an:1d! 1T.vi;gtion of thu United Kin;gdom.


I:onth


1930-31


1,000
poun.ls

5,792


1,000
pounds

8,105
8,125
9,347
7,920
7,969
8,601
9,539
12,298
10,903
14,391
12,021
7,236


: 116,558 :


Month


: 1,000
: pounds

S22,897


__


__


I


__


_ ______


_ ~__ I~


_ __


-15-


Compiled from Trade


""







HP--13 -16-

Continoital furoe,

onmark ..

'October 'as another recordd month in Tjanish bacon expof'ts"; preliminary
returns placing the total outward mnovonmnt" at about 6,00,000,00 pounds. That
figure vas about '19,000,00O0 pounds larger--thian the exports of October, 1929,
and -some 23,000,000 pounds above the aviraig for thu pork seasons 1924-25 to
1928-29. The hog census figures .as of July 15, 1930, indicated a record
number :of hogs on hand to aupporit the heavy export movement, most of v'hi6h is
going to British:mr:rkuts. In ton ycrers th.: number of hogs in Donmark has
more than triled. .

F* DTL:,iEc: lumber of hogs acQord'ing to deotniled classification
1921-1930

: Sow's 4 : Pigs Pigs Fat hogs : Boars
Date July 15 : months : undr 2.: 2 4 :ovter 4 over .otgal
:ancl ovLr months months months 4 months hogs

:Thousands; Thousand s :ThoThands :Thous:.nis: Thousan s :Thousands

1921.........: 178 : 429 492 : 322 9 : 1430
1922.........: 254 : 62- : 630 : 379 12 : 1,899
1923.........: 320 : 855 1,093 572 : 15 : 2,855
192' ......... :' 29 881 :. : 1,0D77 ..'15.. .- 15 : 2,86S
1925 .........: 290 : 780 : 878 : 555 14 : 2,517
1926.........: 391 : 1,010 : 1,055 : 648 : 18 : 3,122
1927......... 396 : 1,170 1,30 795 : 20 : 3,731
1928.........: : 1,011 : 1,256 733 : 18 : 3,363
1929.........: 34 : 1,103 : 1,285 : 775 : 19 3,616
1930........: 588 : 1,672 : 1,622 : 1,023 : 24 : 4,928


Compiled fror' official 'sources. *


Nethurlaudsc
.' i | .. .
Bacon exports from the Hotherl:.nus, as ruflcctoe .in British imports
frori that source, continu- to run behind those of last y,:.r. .British import
figures for October sho;. 6,367,000 pounds ns having com .from I th.rlands,
against 6,729,000 pounds in Octobi.r, 1929. Unhid-r the, ,pr.si-nt system of
measuring the position of the lT(thurlan.'s hog industry, .ho'wQvcr, thure was a
10 to 15 per count incro:se in most ma-rkutable .ho;s on Stiptombor 1, 1930, as
against a y.uar earlier. .









'elk.








HP-13 -17-

IPrTRL.A\DS. 2stimatod porcontat.es of increase of hogs on
specified dates in 1930 compared with preceding year



: Sows : Farrows : Pigs ovur: Hogs : Hogs over
Date in : under :6 wouks to:1J2 to 220: 220 pounds
: farrow 6 vwuiks :1J2 pounds: pounds

: Pr cunt : Por count : Pr count : Prr ctnt : P'r ct nt

March 1, 1930 :+ 30 :+15 to 20 : + 10 : + 5 : slight increase

Juno 1, 1930 + 20 :+15 to 20 : + 15. :+10 to 15 : +5

Sept. 1, 1930 + 15 + 15 :+10 to'15 : +10: slight incr.jasu


Based on reports furnished by Livestock Extjnsion ,gents and forwarded by
Agricultural Connissiontsr L. V. Stucro. Plus sign.indicates incru;aso;
minus sign, ducroasu. In the future hog reports will bu issued quarterly,
i.e., March 1, June 1, Scpt-:mbur 1 ,nd Documbur ,. instead of February 1.


Gtrmanj

Thu somewhat suasonail easing of hoc prices in Germany la:tu i
Novumbur resulted in.a;n avi rgu for the weuk.ondt:d Luc;raibur 3, of -12.53
per 100 pounds for heavy hogs in thu Berlin markiut, accordingg to agricultural
Conimissionor Stuoro at Berlin. That figure was about 12.80 bulov the
avurg gu for the corresponding wve(k a year ago. vco.-ipts at 14 markets during
November averagud slightly lower than ih Octob-.r but -Lorel; .vull aliJad of
figures for ilovt:riber, 1929. Receipts during OctobLr :lso .were a little
lower than a ronth u:,rliur, but, at 310,00 head ;Jre l:-.rgur than a your ago.
A similar situation aippearud in slaughter totals for d56 centers. In the
foodstuffs markets, October avur:.gus sho.aud a duclinu of 25.6 pjr count
below the Octobur 1929 avuraget in.fuou potatoes at Breslau and a. slight drop
below a year ago for barley :.t Leipzig.

The ruc.,nt .Juakuning in lard vuluus at H:oiburg reduced th.-; ivrag:i
for the weC-k endt.d TDcumber 3 to ,.12.81 pur 10U pounds, Tir. Stuuru reports.
That figure was only slightly higher than a yuar ago, and considerably
undur the December averagu for all recent years uxc.-pt 1929. Prulirinary
returns on total lard imports for.Octob.r, :iost of which conei fror- the
United Status, showed a slight advance ovur Supt ubur iWiports. Thu current
figure of 14,330,000 pounds, howuevur, u.-s 30 per count srIiLilur thlI; the
October 1929 imports and exceptionally vlu, for Octobur.. Total bacon i.iports
also wcre up slightly as against recent months to ruech 1,7.6,000 pounds,
but that figure also was relatively lo;w. In studying thb Euuropean pork
situation, .Ir. D i;son found evidence tending, to shIuo; a fairly close
correlation butwucen the slauhtLr of hogs in. G. rr .ny, aniJ the total
imports of all pork products, including lard during r.ctnt yue.rs.




HP-1- -18"

Since the publishing of the Supturmbr 1 hog returns indicating
further inoru&sus in hoj; numbujrs this .fPil, tho govtrnmrtant commission
dstLblishud by thu Ilinistry of ;.griculturu for thut practical application of
the results of thu frequent hog cunsusus, h-.s .bcon advising hog raisers to
lower thu average wight. of thu hogs nm.rkutcd E.s buing thu only way to avoid
excessive supplies and a huavy f.ll in prices, status th,.: International
Institute of ,Lriculturu.


GIIr:IIUY: ITumbr of young'pigs, brood soos and total hogs on
specifiud d-at..s,'1914, 1927-1930


VniniO nigs'


- rIrnna c rM.s


S- Total
: Undr : right : Six :One yd;r. : : hogs
: oight :w ouks .to :months to:and ovur : Total ::
V: OL.CS :,wix mnonthe:one year : :


: Thousands: Thousa nds :Thous4nds: Thousands :Thous O nds -.Thousands


.: 14,825 714 : 1,531 : 2,245 22,118


4,379
4,9J6
4,003
4,160
b ,73
4,412
5,012
5,091
6, lB


9,910
9,557
8,487
8,099
8,290
8,679
8,555
9,178
9,805


504-
707
556
671
652
663
722
676
811


1,218
1,150
1,063
1,145
1,208
1,178
1,229
1,J56
1,466


1,722
1,857
1,619
1,816
1,860
1, 41
1,951
2,232
2,277


S22,899
20,187
20,106
S16,794
19,604
19,920
18,649
19,804
: 23 ,14


Compiled from Doutschur Ruichsanzuigur, Viurtul Jahrshojftc and cables from
Agricultural Conrission.-r :it Burlin.


G'"~RaITY: Tot: l bacon imports, by months,


Month


1925-26


S1926-27


: 1927-28


1925-26 to 1930-31


S1928-29


:1929-30 :1930-31


: 1,OJU
: pounds


Oct...........
ITov ...........
Dueo........... :
Jan........,..:
FAb...........:
MJ r. .. .... .
Apr...........:

Junu.......*..:
July..........:
Aug...........:
Sept.......... :


2,44.
959
1,265
1,911
2,021
1,745
1,775
1,758
1,947
1,452
1,877
1,999


1,00u
pounds

2,025
2,118
2,007
1,595
1,493
1,127
867
847
778
606
474
912


: 1,000
Sounds

S 1,019
945
913
905
S 1,213
625
418
3 22
602
421
3 83
523


1,000
pounds

817
811
1,050
1,302
769
908
765
795
687
1,102
953
1,023


1,000 : 1,000 .
pounds : pounds

1,839 :a&/ 1,736
1,560 :
1,111 j
1,377 :
1,607 :
2,239 :
1,795 :
1,139
90;7 :
882
1,432 :
986


Total....:


21,151 : 14,849


8,289 : 10,982


Monatlicho Niachwuise ubosr don aus/artigen Handel


Date of
census


Juno 2,
Dec. 1,
Juno 1,
Duo. 1,
Juno 1,
Supt.l,
Dec. 1,
Mar. 1,
June 1,
S. pt.1,


1914.
1927.
1928.
1928.
1929.
1929.
1929.
1930.
19J0.
1930.


.1


: 16,904 :


- --


---- ------ -- --


~ ~---


Duutschlcnds ,/r ru limi nary


~2"'-'-"... -i-'.F-'- -i-~i~L~i--~=~ZTr -~i~l~.. -.-" ;.; -- LIl_r---l-;;~- -- _~ -I__a_~_~%l__;=_'~-~t-~-~01~--9P- -YII~~I~....~IY ....l~i*i~~E-







GER:A'JTY: Iinorts of lard from the United Statr:s, by i.-ontns,
1925-26 to 1930-31


;.onth : 1925-26 : 1926-27 : 1927-2 : 198-29 :1929-30 :1930-31

: 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 : 1,000 :1,000 : 1,000
: pounds : po ounds p: pounds : Louds : pounds

Oct...........: 21,339 : 21,387 : 20,533 : 13,240 : 20,480 : 14,364
Nov...........: 5,336 : 21,715 : 14,437 : 15,.793 : 18,831
Dec...........: 8,525 :17,216 : 12,192 : 19,373 : 21,081
Jan...........: 19,559 : 20,818 : 16,159 : 24,841 : 24,367
Feb...........: 24,964 : 16,044 : 16,375 : 13,688 : 15,686 :
Mar...........: 24,098 : 17,176 : 22,305 : 17,66 17,364
Apr...........: 21,396 : 23,511 : 18,546 : 22,848 : 17,886
May............: 16,732 : 16,353 : 14,311 : 19,640 : 14,545
June..........: 18,443 : 19,307 : 14,555 : 13,528 : 13,669
July..........: 17,125 : 24,817 : 13,711 : 14,233 : 13,591
Aug............: 17,143 :13,324 : 13,829 : 13,080 : 12,961
Sept..........: 17,619 : 14,760 : 14,760 : 13,085 : 12,716

Total......: 212,529 : 226,428 : 191,713 : 201,015 :205,177 :

Monatliche Ilachweise uber den Auswartigen Handel Eeutschlands.

Southern Hemisphere

New Zealand

There w.s a considerable reduction of exports of frozen pork from New
Zealand during the season October 1, 1929 to September 30, 1930, compared
with the preceding season,according to reports of the New Zealand M eat Pro-
ducer's Board. In 1929 New Zealand furnished about 57 per cent of imports of
that kind of meat in the United Kingdom. Exports for the season just closed
totaled only 133,000 carcasses compared with 170,000 the preceding season a
decrease of 22 per cent. The reduction appears heavy considering tne demiaind
overseas, the necessity of raising hogs in conjunction with dairying and
the pork export bounty, states Consul Gotlieb. The bulk of the pork exported
from New Zealand finds a market in the United Kingdom where domestic pro-
duction as indicated by receipts of fat pigs at representative markets and
supplies at London Central markets is considerably below last year. Ho.gs
numbered only 488,000 in New Zealand in 1930, continuing the decline noticed
since 1928.
Argentina a/
Indications are that this year hog slaughter in Argentina will show
a reduction for the first time since 1924. Slaughter for the first nine months
of 1930 at iaching plants and Liniers market, Buenos Aires, reached only
582,000 head, a decrease of 10 per cent com:nared with the smne period of 1929.
While there ap ears to be no satisfactory explanation available for the
decreased hog slaughter this year, according to a recent statement by a
a/ Due to recent interest in potential pork production in Argentina, the
following rather detailed observations recently made available are re-;-rded
as being timely.


HP-13


-19-





HP-1 -20-

rJprsF.Lunyr:.tivL of a jp'omin,:nt arirican packing pl:.nt in ,.r. ntin;i., t,>o factors
may haLv- co.ibinud to ruducu thu supplies avail;abli. Oui of these is thu
fact that the alfalf.i crop *.as short and corn high .Lnd thu othur f Actor thu
heavy losses of pigs on account of diseaseu. Thu lattur factor, honovt.r, is
not unusual.

Corn avrag:.,Ld around 91.44 cunts per bush,.1 in 1929 while, it -.-Ls only
70.41 in 1928. It is :;g&ain getting chin-p:.r, no-; b,.ing .bout 65.7 cents
which '.ill.no doubt rncouraga the brooding :.nd fct-ing of hogs. Losses of
hogs as a result of disease is reportoa as very h,-evy, -:rhich accounts for the
small number sla.ughtured in comparison uaith the total number in the. country
which was returned as 3,764,000 in the 190J census :.g..inst 2,901,000 in 1914.
Denmark with approximately b,0JO,000 hogs, according to th,: lat.:st c-nsus
kills about b,U'O0,OjO a year. In addition to losses b.Jforu. mrrkrti-ng thdre
are heavier losses in the finish:.a ?:nimrnls through cond:mnin.tion .7hun thc'
government inspects thu killing .stablishmn.nts, status th, s;m'. source.

An important factor affecting tn:r foreign trr.dc in ,rgL.ntine frozen
pork is soft oily fat .jhich is described in J.urop: asi having a-"fishy
flavor". This is usually found in poorly finished hogs, st:ttus thu Aimurigan
meat packing conmp:nT7 expert, although in sorm cases it is evid.int in. the
very bust anin ,;ls. Onu way sugges.tud for thd ulin int.tion of this condition
is not to feed fish or fish meal, oil c.kues, etc., to hogs. Thu follo:iine
reasons wore given for Arg .ntina, a country n-ttur:.lly ,ndo'/;u .7ith facilities
such as good climate and an abundant surplus of grain, not .producing a
large proportion of the pork r,.;cuiri.nonts of importing countries:

(1) : ~1arge majority of poor blooded 'S;ni(':tis- ..
(2) Lack of quality on account of iniyropur handling a.na poor finish.
(3) Losses duu to dist'as,, both in r..;Lring nd ultint:.t.lyv w-hen
killed :ind insot cted at the killing ust .blishmints.
(4) Unuven supply du, to light receipts, in fact, scarce -ly no
exportable surplus during the sumnrmr months.
(5) Pr:Lctic,.lly all of the .Tell finisheij hogs h.er,: 'ru too fat to
meet Unitue KinLdom bacon ruquirur m.-ts. Thu lean onus are
mostly unfinishua aind lack quality, huncu the number suitable
for bacon typl) is not sufficiiint to do :; ru-;ul..r business and
au .re obliged to confinu our cutlet to cuts.


The docrease in slaught, r this year took plact: .:ntir)ly in freezing
plants where for the first 9 months of 1930 only 306,000 hogs Trr!re killed -
a decrease of 20 pir c.:nt connareaf with the sanm period of 1929. Thu '
fact that pork production at the sameI plants has docreased only 10 per
cent to 49,958,000 pounds during thte s;ri period points to c. htavi,:r average
dressed weight per animal. Of the abov: quantity 17,921,000 pounds was
reported as prepared for export or about 17,000 pounds r.ore than in 1929, the
remaining quantity being propar:c for domestic consumption.






HP-13


Since th, British ,u:f.rntin:t aigrinct the iriportation of fr'.-h 'i. at
from thu Contin, ut of "uropu .,*,nt into uffuct in 1926, ,.r(. ntini .1 11 .s
the United StLat,'s ::nd lk.i. ..::l;,land has ,ho.na increasing int.-rt st il the fiozt.n
pork trac'e. British iriport figures for tlhe first 9 rionths of 1JJO show that
of thu 25,72:,UU0 pounds of frozen pork importuc 4 p,.r c. nt ca;. from
Now Zea.al:nd, 31 p,:r cent from thu Unito:C St:at:s r.nd 18 p. r c. nt from
Argentina. Buforo the. r uir:.ntint .rtint into .fft ct Grea.t Drit..in i-,,ortL,1
considerable ouantiti(es of fr,'sh -pork fro'i the-. I Tth. rl:lnJs. In thL. :.rly
years of thi warr moving to the shortage of GrO'.estio suppli,.s in th. Unitu,
Kingd.on and to the cQ!ssation of imports of fr-.sh pork iron the Continciut, the
demand for frozen pork incrtanse considl'.-rbly rw~ichingi r. pe.a-. in 1916 when
imports into the: Unit.ju Kinidomr amount,: to ov ,r 32,000,0J0 poun,:-s, 86 pl--r
c-nt of -which ;was su:pliud by the: United St.,t.!s ;:.nc the r main2 r by China
and Argrnntina;, st:.tes th: British govurnn nt "Report on the Pork and Bacon
Tradee.

Fror. 1916 to 1918 the United Status ..iv rto. its :.tt, nation to b; con
and Argoutina took first place as an -.xportur of frozen pork to the Unite..
Kingdom. In 1923 thu United St.atus again ruga:inud its :iscand'.ncy maintaining
it for thu subsequent thrcE- yuors in spitet of annually :irinishl...: supplies
while imports fror.u irg' ntin:. full off ainost coipl.. tly until 1926 .%hun the
industry in th .t country was rhevivud :qagin. By 1927 imports from Ir-/.:
Zeal-nd had assumed first place. In 1929 the m.ar time puak /was U:xceu.'Ud,
imports for that yeair reaching 33,000,000 pounds, b7 p'-r c.nt coming from
Now Zeal. nm, 24 per c:nt from Argentina and only 16 per ctnt from the Unitue
States. Slaughtur in frouzin{; companies iln Lrg.ntinia utinulatuJ by thi tr,..-
with Groazt Britain, ;and also onuostic :urm;rlnd ihicrLuased fron 1JU,000 in 1925 to
431,000 in 1929. Slaughtur at Linit rs market, Buenos Air.:s also incr,.s:d
considerably during thu s;anu period, i.u., from 253,030 to 338,OjO.

Thu total number of hog's purchasee: by fre( zing coripa-nies in Argiu'ntina
during thu first 9 months of 1930 .;is 309,000 against 312,000 for the s-ime
period of 1929, 68 per cent of which v:.re purchase.' directly fror frmns
against 55 per cent in 1929, according to a rl. :,s<.. of the: ArE..ntin, IRTat
Control Board. Only 96,000 -.~eru purchased .t the Liniers :mark. ts in 1930
against 169,000 in 1929. The aver:.gu pricu J/' pur pounds liv. -.r.iuht paid
by freezing companies during tht first 3 qu;,rt, rs of 1930 viwas lo.,/-r than a
year previous being 7.64 cants in 1930 a.g6.inst 8.42 in 1929. ThL vIt rage
live rouiCht of hogs for thu saun porio a;:,s hravitr, or 212 pounds r.gainst
194 pounds a year oarli.r. The .v.r. ',, live :,eight of suckling !igs this
year was 22 pounds and. the price: p,:r ,oundI 1U.8 c(-nts against an :LV. r:Lag
weight of 24 pound's last ye0r a.ndl an av. r:.{: price pio'r pound of 10.6 conts.


a/ Although the quotation in ,,rgentinu ::onlt. was higher in ltJ than in
1929 thu actual prico ahun convert'ei into Uniteu StLtus lon y was low0er. This
wPas due to thu lovwi.r ,exch.angeu valu. of r.rgf:ntin.; rnonev in 1930.


-21-















i1


o iim




HP-13 .-
HOGS -K D F '.2 ?:-.uULTCTS: Indics o: )or1ei. s0.. a .,liL u1.d ic,...nd

: : O 't.
Co aitr : : 1 .-1O : 1 '- 9 : .: :
1C''7 19 8 19,9 1930
and item : : tol 13- l4: tulS-2: 1
S.' r o : av.r-C- : : : :
:.__ : avcr !uc : -vr- __ .... .... ....


UNITED KINI4DO: :
Production -
Fat pigs, cer-
tain narkc's....: 10O)'s:
Supplies,
domestic fresh : 1000
pork1, London....: po'-lds:
Imports -
Bacon -
Denmark......... "
Irish F. Stat. .: "
United St.tes...: "
Canada.......... "
Others.......... :
Total.........: "
Ham, totel.......: "
Lard, total......: "
DENMA RK :
Exports -
Bacon ........... "
CANADA:
Slaughter -
Hogs, inspected :000's:
GERMANY: :
Production -
Hog receipts
14 cities.......:
Hog slaug.iter
36 centers......: "
Imports : 10C0
Bacon, total.....: po-nds:
Lard, total......: "
UNITED STATES:
Slaughter -
Hogs, inspected :1000's:
Exports -
Bacon : 1000
United Kingdom o : ,ou.:ds:
Germany.........: "
Cuba............: "
Total.........: "
Hams, sho.ldcrs :
United irnidom : "
Total .........: "
Lard -
United Kiii.om : "
Germany.........: "
Cuba............:
Nethcrlanids..... : :
Total.........: "


53 :


20,

i4,
1,
4,
41,
6,
26,


1


380

312
790:
914
405
322
821






141


379

282:
.8,871


2,421


9,453
132
627
.4,175:

9,018
.0,9865

9,689
1,515
2,810
2,590
13,825


1


1


1


62


6,747


40,335
6,261 :
8,439
6,979
12,237
74,301
7,979
18,836


39,596


219


2


1


274

335

2,470
?0,434


3,294


4,726
1,4?1 :
1,728
1,750

9,857
.1,932 :


1


15,757
12,942
6,661
2,587
52,553


62:


8,342:


50,0-0:
3,719:
5,97'
5,215:
17,559:
5, 52:
7,E.02:
17,360:


46,129:


208:



364:

419:

1,019:
20,533:


2,969:


2,616:
837:
1,6473:
7,700:

3,113:
7,632:

14,222:
15,259:
8,2541:
1,880:
50,355:


77:


9,928:


50,703:
7,936:
2,780:
2,340:
18,619:
82,378:
6,484:
1&,079:


45,295:


200:



353:

445:

817:
13,240:


3,713:


1,604:
03:
1,064:
4,3973:

3,5390:
4,747:

13,095:
14,424:
6,260:
2,439:
59,865:


72:


7,838:


47,486:
6,129:
3,463:
1,624:
13,700:
72,402:
8,105:
21,844:


45,310:


207:



295:

357:

1,839:
20,480:


3,857:


2,565:
760:
1,803:
9,858:

5,767:
7,580:

19,965:
18,270:
3,494:
3,545:
70,69S:


CE


7,97?2


70,906
3,657
967
172
20,107
95,809
5,792
'2,897


63,687


160



310

41i

1,728
14,364


3,492


1,114
128
677
3,268

4,004
5,259

23,554
2, 90
3,923
626
41,396





-24-


HOGS -.1ar PO,.7K 'O.DJCTS: foruign annd omnt.stic av.er:


100 pounds for thu month ind.icateid, :.n: stocks .-t th- ond of
each 'IL-nth


Iteur


:
: 1V09
: aV


Dol


Prices -
Hugs, Chicago,
b;isis p;aickrs'
anl shippers'
quut;ti oIs..... ...
Corn, Chicago,
ITu. 3 Yulluw. .......
Hugs, hu!v;r,
Berlin, live
wi ight ......... ....
Put4t)iuS, Bruslau
feuding............
Barloy, L,!ipzig .....
Lard -
Chicagou ............
Livurpool.,........
Hamiburg............
Cured purk -
Livurpool -
An;jricn.t short
cut greun hi;ais...
Ari.rrcanu gruon
bullies...........
ltiiish Wiltshiru :
sidu ........ ....:
C:i ncian g{ruun
sidus............ .


Stocks -
Livjrpoul -
Hamns, bIcucn aind
shouli,,:r s. ........ .
Lard, roifinr l ...... :
United Status -
Procosued pork Co/ :
Larm. in cold
sturago ........... :


1,
po


ct.
-1913 :
t:r.L.u

lars





7.93

1.12


12.27

.31
1,70

11.20
12.50
25..37


1i.30






14.87.
,000
1. : S




:I
a

I


Oct.
1925-1929
vdi rige


I-. 1 l


LJ


-__


Oct.
1929


n-fl,--.-.


d ars axuls





10.67 9.38

1.55 1.70


16.82 18.54

.49 .35
2.20 2.00

15.51 :13.17
14.95 12.56
15.52 : 13.35




25.19 22.55

22.81 18.93

24.33 : 24.39 :

22.71 : b:
1,000 :1,000
pound s j pounds :


3,761 : 2,642:
6,790 : 6,287.

J7,982 : 491,402:

73,010 : 99,84b5


: Supt.
: 1930


Dollars: D





9.76

1.68 :





.32
2.00

14.25 :*
13.17
13.PB




21.12

20.10 :
I
19.44 :

19.56
1,J00 :
pounds:



3,394
952:

447,427:

59,732:


Oct.
1930.


olI 'we


9.34

=iNs'


1 : .

-t

1.W .-






:: ..".
'1







.,


bS
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