The Farm income situation

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Title:
The Farm income situation
Physical Description:
v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
semiannual, with supplement[1969-]
frequency varies[ former 1940-1968]
semiannual
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Farm income -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
FIS-1 (Feb. 1940)-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1975.
Issuing Body:
No.144-181 (Nov./Dec. 1953-Feb. 1961) issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service; no. 182 (Apr. 1961)- by: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
General Note:
Title from caption.
General Note:
Combines the monthly report on United States income from farm marketings and the report on monthly receipts from the sale of principal farm products by States.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: FIS-225 (Feb. 1975).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004885668
oclc - 01768375
lccn - 59035075
Classification:
lcc - HD1751 .F3
ddc - 338.13
System ID:
AA00012197:00003

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Agricultural outlook digest
Succeeded by:
Demand and price situation
Succeeded by:
Marketing and transportation situation
Succeeded by:
Farm income statistics
Succeeded by:
Agricultural outlook (Washington, D.C. : 1975)


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TIe


FARM INCOME


SITUATION /


FOR RELEASE
MAR. 5, P.M.
1957


-'


'tIe


FIS-162


Preliminary estimates for 1956 indi-
cate a rise of 6 percent over 1955 in
average realized net income per farm
for all farms in the United States. Pay-
ments made to farmers under the Soil
Bank and wool incentive programs, to-
gether with an increase in the volume of
farm marketing, more than offset higher
production expenses.
Increases in realized net income per
farm occurred in all but 14 States during
1956, with New Mexico, Delaware, Illi-
UNIV OF FL LIB
DOCUMENTS DEPT.
UN
SDEPOSITORY

US DEPOSITORY


nois, Maine, Arkansas, and Wyoming
registering gains of 30 percent or more.
Declines in average income in South
Dakota, Kansas, Texas, and Nebraska re-
flected reduced production of feed and
food grains, resulting in large part from
continued drought conditions. In Texas,
cotton production was also reduced sub-
stantially by the drought.
A State-by-State analysis of these
preliminary 1956 estimates is given at the
end of this report.


ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE







U. S. FARM INCOME IN 1956


Summary

Farmers' realized net income in 1956 rose to an estimated 11.8 billion/
dollars, up a half billion dollars or 4 percent from 1955. Realized net in-
came is the amount available for spending after the farmer has paid all his
production expenses. It does not, therefore, include any adjustment for the
value of changes in crop and livestock inventories.

Payments under the new Soil Bank and wool incentive programs accounted
for about 300 million dollars of the increase in realized net income. The
remaining 200 million dollars reflected increased cash receipts from farm mar-
ketings, only partly offset by higher production expenses.

In 1956, there was a net liquidation of inventories, especially cattle.
In 1955, there was a net accumulation of inventories. Net income of farm
operators after adjustment for inventory change was 11.6 billion dollars in
1956 compared with 11.7 billion in 1955.

Adding farm wages of 1.7 billion dollars and 6.5 billion of income,
from nonfarm sources to the adjusted net income of farm operators gives
19.8 billion dollars as the total income of the farm population. This was
1 percent above 1955. With the farm population showing very little change,
per capital income also rose 1 percent to $889. This was the first year since
1951 that per capital income of the farm population did not decline. Per
capital income of the nonfarm population increased 4 percent in 1956.

The annual and quarterly farm income accounts are summarized for 1956
in tables 1 and 2; table 2 also includes comparisons of changes in farm and
nonfarm incomes. These first estimates for 1956 are preliminary. It is
expected that revised national estimates will be published in July and re-
vised State estimates in September.

Farm income by quarters in 1956

Table 1 gives quarterly estimates of farmers' gross income, produc-
tion expenses, and net income in 1956. These estimates are in terms of
seasonally adjusted annual rates. Previously published estimates for the
first three quarters are revised, but the revisions involve higher levels for
both gross income and expense, by offsetting amounts, so that previously
published estimates of net income remain unchanged.

The rounded annual totals for 1956 are summarized in the last column
of table 1, but these annual totals are given in greater detail in table 2.
Because of considerable variation from year to year in the seasonal pattern
of farm marketing and in the amount and timing of Government payments to
farmers, the seasonally adjusted quarterly estimates are not as accurate as
the annual totals.


FIS-162


- 2 -







From an annual rate of 11.2 billion dollars in the fourth quarter of
1955, farmers' realized net income rose to 11.6 billion in the first half of
1956, and to 11.9 and 12.4 billion in the third and fourth quarters, respec-
tively. The increases last year reflected both higher prices and larger
marketing, together with increased Government payments in the second half
of the year.

Average prices of farm products reached their post-Korea low in the
fourth quarter of 1955. They increased considerably during the first half
of 1956 and then held fairly steady, on the average, during the second half.
The volume of marketing in 1956 was rather consistently above the previous
year.

STable 1.- Gross and net income of farm operators
seasonally adjusted at annual rates, by quarters, 1955-1956 i~

S 1955 1956
Item : : : : : : :
:Year IV : I :II III IV :Year

: Bil. : Bil. : Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil. Bil.
dol. : dol. : dol. dol. dol. dol. :dol.

Cash receipts from
farm marketings.....: 29.2 : 28.9 :29.7 30.0 30.1 30.3 : 30.0
Nonmoney income and : : :
Government payments.: 3.7 :3.6 : 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.6 :4.0

Realized gross
farm income.........: 32.9 : 32.5 :33.3 33.8 34.1 34.9 :34.0
Farm production
expenses...........: 21.6 : 21.3 : 21.7 22.2 22.2 22.5 : 22.2

Farmers' realized
net incme..........: 11.3 : 11.2 :11.6 11.6 11.9 12.4 : 11.8
Net change in farm : :
inventories ........: .4 .2 : .1 .3 3 .3 : .2

Farmers' total
net income.......... 11.7 11.4 : 11.5 11.3 11.6 12.1 11.6

to Quarterly estimates for 1956 are revised in line with revised annual
otls as given in table 2. Quarterly estimates for earlier years were pub-
lished in FIS-159 (July 1956) and FIS-156 (December 1955).


FIS-162


- 3 -







Table 2.- Farm income and nonfarm income, United States, 1955-56 I/


Item

Income totals


Cash receipts from farm marketing ............:
Government payments to farmers ................:
Home consumption of farm products .............:
Rental value of farm dwellings ................:
Realized gross farm income ..................:
Farm production expenses .....................:
Farm operators' realized net income ........:
Net change in farm inventories ................:
Farm operators' total net income ............:
Farm wages of laborers on farms ...............:
Income of farm population from farming ......:
Income of farm population from nonfarm sources.:
Income of farm population from all sources...:
Income of nonfarm population 2/................:
Total national income 2 .....................:

Average income per capital


Farm population from farming ..................:
Farm population from nonfarm sources ..........:
Farm population from all sources ...........:
Nonfarm population ..........................:
Total population .............................:

Average farm income per farm


Realized gross farm income ....................:
Farm production expenses .....................:
Farm operators' realized net income .........:
Net change in farm inventories ................:
Farm operators' total net income ............:


*
:*
:*
*


1956
Million
dollars


1955
Million
dollars

29,264
229
1,768
1,678
32,939
-21,599
11, 340
340
11,680
1,749
13,429
6,100
19,529
276,869
296,398

Dollars

606
275
1,935
1,93
1,793

Dollars

6,588
-4,320
2,268
68
2,336


I/ This table brings up to date in preliminary form
from the more detailed tabulations given in FIS-159
the series for earlier years, in most cases back to


certain selected series
(July 1956) which carries
1910.


2/ The series on income of the nonfarm population and total national income
are those developed in the Department of Agriculture for use in comparison
with income of the farm population. They are based on Department of Commerce
estimates of nonagricultural income, with appropriate adjustments to improve
their comparability with farm income. The resulting series on national income
is approximately equivalent to the Department of Commerce series on personal
income less transfer payments plus undistributed corporate profits.


FIS-162


- 4 -


29,999
554
1,752
1,674
33,979
-22,143
11,836
-250
11,586
1,748
13,334
6 150

293,121
312,905

Dollars

599
290
--889
2,010
1,862

Dollars

6,934
-4, 519
2,415
-51
2,364


I


*





FIS-162


Prices paid by farmers for production items, including interest, taxes,
and wage rates, rose almost continuously throughout the year. The result was
a steady rise in the production expense rate from 21.3 billion dollars in the
fourth quarter of 1955 to 22.5 billion in the fourth quarter of 1956. Al-
though fairly sizable, these increases in the quarterly production expense
rate were not enough to offset the higher rates for gross farm income.

Income totals for 1956

Realized net income of farm operators is obtained by subtracting total
farm production expenses from realized gross income. Realized gross income
was up 3 percent to 34.0 billion dollars in 1956, while production expenses
also increased 3 percent to nearly 22.2 billion dollars. The actual dollar
increases were approximately a billion in gross income and a half billion in
expenses. Thus, about half of the increase in realized gross farm income
carried over to realized net income.

Realized gross farm income includes the value of farm products sold or
used in the farm home during the year, plus Government payments to farmers
and the rental value of farm dwellings. The value of products sold, or cash
receipts from farm marketing, increased nearly 3 percent to 30.0 billion
dollars in 1956. Prices of farm products averaged about the same for the
whole year 1956 as for 1955, but the total volume of farm marketing was
about 3 percent larger. (See below for a discussion of 1955-56 changes in
cash receipts for individual commodities.)

Farm products used in the farm home were valued at nearly the same
average prices in 1956 as in 1955, and the rental value of farm dwellings
also showed little change. The total of Government payments to farmers more
than doubled, however, increasing from 229 million dollars in 1955 to
554 million in 1956.

Three-fourths of the increase in Government payments (243 million dol-
lars) is attributable to initial payments, beginning in September, under the
Acreage Reserve program of the Soil Bank. These payments were mostly for
corn, but they also included sizable amounts for wheat and cotton and smaller
amounts for tobacco, rice, and peanuts. Approximately 54 million dollars of
the total increase represented the first annual incentive wool payments,
beginning in July, made under the National Wool Act.

Gross income in 1956 increased more than expenses, and farmers
retained as net income about 35 percent of their realized gross farm income,
compared with 34 percent in 1955.


- 5 -





FIS-162


The increase in total production expenses was fairly well distributed
throughout the list of expense items. Farmers' expenditures on fertilizer
and seed were smaller than in 1955, but most of the other operating expenses
were higher, including purchased feed and livestock, hired labor, motor
vehicle operation, machinery repairs, and same of the miscellaneous supplies
and services. The overhead items of depreciation, property taxes, and
interest payments also continued their recent upward trends.

Realized gross and net income do not include the value of increases or
decreases during the year in farm inventories of crops and livestock. Inven-
tory changes are excluded from this calculation of net income so as to provide
a measure of the income actually "realized" and available for farm family
living during the given year. However, such changes in inventories must then
be added in, to obtain total net income of farm operators, for purposes of
comparison with nonfarm income, which includes changes in nonfarm business
inventories. Realized net income is the net value of farm products sold or
consumed during the year; total net incae is the net value of actual output
during the year.

In 1955, farmers sold or consumed 1 percent less than they produced,
building up their inventories of hogs, cotton, feed grains, and hay. In
1956, however, farmers sold or consumed about 1 percent more than they
produced, reducing their previously increased stocks of feed grains, hay, and
hogs, and also cutting back on cattle numbers for the first time in 8 years.
Thus, the net value of changes in farm inventories during 1956 was minus
250 million dollars as compared with plus 340 million dollars in 1955. Sub-
tracting the inventory decline in 1956gives 11.6 billion dollars as the
total net income of farm operators, down slightly from the comparable total
of 11.7 billion in 1955.

Net income of the farm population from farming was 13.3 billion dol-
lars in 1956. This includes the wages received by farm laborers living on
farms, in addition to the total net income of farm operators. Income from
nonfarm sources added almost 6.5 billion dollars more, bringing the total
income of the farm population from all sources to 19.8 billion dollars,
1 percent more than in 1955.

Total income of the nonfarm population in 1956 was up 6 percent from
1955. Total national income, including income of the farm and nonfarm popu-
lations combined, was also substantially higher in 1956 than in 1955.

Incane averages for 1956

The number of persons living on farms increased slightly in 1956 for
the second year in a row. The increase to 22 million, however, was less


-6-





FIS-162


than half of one percent. With total income of the farm population up a
little more than one percent, per capital income increased a little less
than one percent, from $881 in 1955 to $889 in 1956. This rise in per capital
income of the farm population from all sources was due to a further increase
in income from nonfarm sources. Income per person on farms from farming
declined about one percent.

The nonfarm population continued its upward trend in 1956, but its
total income was up even more. Consequently, per capital income of the non-
farm population rose 4 percent to $2,010.

The number of farms in the United States is estimated to have declined
about 2 percent between 1955 and 1956. Since farmers' realized net income was
up 4 percent, realized net income per farm rose 6 percent to $2,415 in 1956.
Farm operators' total net income per farm, including the inventory change,
was up only one percent to $2,364.

Cash receipts by commodities in 1956

Cash receipts from farm marketing turned upward in 1956 following a
2-year decline. The increase of nearly 3 percent to 30.0 billion dollars was
about evenly divided between the crop and livestock groups. Cash receipts
from livestock and livestock products totaled 16.2 billion dollars as can-
pared with 15.8 billion in 1955. The crop total was 13.8 billion, up from
13.4 billion in 1955. The increase for livestock was due to larger mar-
ketings which more than offset a slight decline in average prices. Market-
ings of crops totaled about the same in 1956 as in 1955, but prices of crops
averaged a little higher.

Changes in cash receipts from 1955 to 1956 varied considerably among
the different commodities and cannodity groups, depending on differential
changes in prices, quantities marketed, or both. Table 3, on index numbers
of the volume of farm marketing and home consumption, indicates what
happened to quantities marketed in 1956 in the various commodity groups. The
increase in marketing of livestock and livestock products was due to in-
creases for all three of the principal livestock categories-meat animals,
dairy products, and poultry and eggs. The unchanged volume of crop mar-
ketings reflected increases for food grains, oil crops, sugar crops, and
fruits and vegetables, offset by declines in tobacco, feed crops, cotton, and
legume and grass seed.

In the livestock group, dairy products showed the largest increase in
cash receipts. Rising nearly 7 percent to approximately 41 billion dollars,
dairy receipts were the highest ever except for 1952. The increase was due
both to larger production of milk and higher average prices.


-7-







A slight increase in cash receipts from meat animals was due primarily
to larger marketing of cattle and calves, which more than offset lower aver-
age prices. Cash receipts from hogs were nearly the same as in 1955. Prices
of hogs during the later months of 1956 did not recover sufficiently to offset
low prices in the early months, so that average prices for the year were down
enough to offset a moderate increase in hog marketing.

Sales of poultry and eggs were generally up in 1956, especially for
broilers and turkeys, but except for eggs prices were lower. The net result
was a moderate increase in cash receipts fram eggs, turkeys, and broilers, but
a decrease for other chickens. Cash receipts were up only 1 percent for
poultry and eggs as a group.

In the crop group, increases in cash receipts were most frequent among
the fruits and vegetables. The largest increase was approximately 30 percent
for potatoes, with prices averaging 22 percent higher than in 1955 and pro-
duction up 7 percent. Cash receipts from soybeans were up 15 percent, mostly
because of a substantial increase in production. Both higher prices and in-
creased production contributed to a significant increase in receipts from
corn, as a higher average yield per acre more than offset a smaller acreage.
In the case of wheat, cash receipts were up a little as increased production
more than offset lower average prices. A sizable gain in receipts from
oranges was due almost entirely to higher prices. A bumper crop of tomatoes
for processing, and higher prices for fresh tomatoes, resulted in a sharp
rise in total cash receipts from tomatoes.

A substantial increase in receipts from peaches was a rebound from the
sharp decline in 1955, caused by an early freeze in the southern States.
Other crops showing notable increases were sweet corn, cottonseed (because of
higher prices), strawberries, almonds, apples, onions, green peas, grapefruit,
and pears.

Several significant declines occurred in cash receipts from crops,
partly offsetting the increases. A reduction in both acreage and yield per
acre, with prices about the same, resulted in a considerable decline in
receipts from cotton lint. Cash receipts were also lower for tobacco and for
sorghum grain. In both cases, larger yields per acre and higher prices were
not sufficient to offset reduced acreage. Production of oats was down 23 per-
cent, reflecting both smaller acreage and lower yields, so cash receipts fram
oats were down considerably.

CASH RECEIPTS IN JANUAER 1957

Cash receipts from farm marketing in January 1957 were tentatively
estimated at 2.5 billion dollars, down seasonally from December and 1 percent
below January 1956. Prices averaged about 5 percent higher than a year ago,
but the volume of marketing was smaller. Receipts from livestock and prod-
ucts were around 1.4 billion dollars, up 5 percent from January 1956, largely
because of higher meat animal prices. Crop receipts, about 1.1 billion dol-
lars, were down 8 percent from a year ago, mostly reflecting a smaller per-
centage carry-over of a reduced cotton crop.


FIS-162


-8-








Table 3.- Index numbers of volume of farm nrketings and home consumption, by major subindxees, 19.0-56

(19167-l9-100)


Marketing : Ho cons umption Marketings : Food
: : _and home consumption :Nonfood
ear Lie- : : Live- : : ive- : : :Market-:market-
Sstock : i : stock : stock : :Market-.* and : ings
Sand : Crops :Total : and : Crop : Total : and : Crops Total : ings : ho 3/
Sprod- i 2/ prod- : : prod- : : :consumps
I ucts aI/I ucts I s I ucts i I tion :


1910 81 72
1911 81. 73
1912 s 93 80
1913 103 79
19.. 2 107 85
1915 105 87
1916 103 86
1917 102 96
1918 96 98
1919 101 106

1950 103 96
1951 107 91.
1952 109 100
1953 113 107
1951 117 102
1955 121 106
1956 h/ 127 106


77 117 126 119 81 75 80 78 82
79 113 127 116 86 76 82 81 85
88 110 126 11 95 83 90 91 93
93 112 122 115 101 81 9H 97 98
98 111 120 11L 107 87 99 102 103
98 112 115 113 106 89 99 102 103
96 114 112 113 10k 87 97 101 102
99 106 105 106 103 96 100 102 102
97 100 98 99 97 98 97 98 98
103 91 96 95 lo0 106 103 100 100
100 92 93 92 102 95 99 100 99
101 92 90 91 105 91 101 103 102
105 86 90 87 107 99 10l 106 101
110 81 85 82 110 106 108 109 106
111 78 82 79 113 101 108 111 108
115 77 81 78 116 105 112 11i 110
118 76 79 77 122 105 U15 120 116


Marketing by major commodity groups

Yee Livestock Crops
I and products :
Heat : Dairy iPoultry: I :Cotton 1 2 : Fruits:
animals. prod- and Food Feed : (1int 'Tobecco: Oil vge- nd :Sugar Seeds
S ucts eggs 'grainea crops : and crops tables nuts crops

19h0 83 87 6h 56 7l 82 70 45 79 89 109 86
19l1 83 92 70 61 69 74 65 60 81 100 99 88
1912 91 97 8h 73 7A 81 66 83 91 97 11 9A
19h3 106 97 100 66 73 77 65 105 94 86 83 81
191h6 111 99 101 78 77 89 79 81 99 96 83 81
1915 106 103 106 86 94 66 100 87 99 91 95 96
196 i101 101 101 82 85 58 99 85 108 105 106 108
1917 104 101 98 100 93 81 116 81 98 102 11n. 94
1918 96 98 96 102 86 100 93 108 101 100 91 91
1919 100 102 106 98 121 116 92 108 99 98 95 115

1950 10 102 113 81 113 79 98 111 100 98 119 168
1951 105 100 121 77 88 93 111 102 103 107 96 125
1952 :108 102 122 98 91 102 101 112 97 102 97 110
1953 s111 108 126 96 107 12 100 107 101 103 108 125
19514 115 111 130 91 116 101 106 98 102 o10 122 119
1955 :122 113 128 80 126 100 110 1l5 105 106 11 131
1956 h/ 128 117 113 81 118 98 98 15h 111 110 11L 129

Includes the "miscellaneous" group of livestock item in addition to groups shom separately below.
Includes the "miscellaneous" group of crop items in addition to groups shown separately below.
SThere are no nonfood item in the bom consumption index.
/ Preliminary eatimtes as of January 1, 1957.


Fs-i62


- 9-






FIS-162


10 -


Table 4.- Cash receipts from farming, United States


: October : November : December : January-December
source: 5 : 1956 : 195 : 1956 : 1955 : 1956 1955 : 1956
:Mil.dol. Mil.dol. Mil.dol. Mil.dol. Mil.dol. Mil.dol. Mil.dol. Mil.dol.

Farm marketing and
CCC loans 1 ............... 3,33 3,755 3,228 3,216 2,744 2,728 29,264 29,999

Livestock and products ...... 1,520 1,624 1,406 1,467 1,258 1,322 15,837 16,207
Meat animals ............. 836 945 744 806 584 615 8,171 8,245
Dairy products ........... 339 363 322 342 350 371 4,213 4,491
Poultry and eggs ......... 325 296 323 301 307 321 3,186 3,220
Other ................... 20 20 17 18 17 15 267 251

Crops .....................: 1,913 2,131 1,822 1,749 1,486 1,406 13,427 13,792
Food grains .............. : 231 238 146 152 105 11 1,955 2,027
Feed crops ............... 188 208 240 229 275 236 2,323 2,272
Cotton (lint and seed) ...: 553 625 68c 483 410 312 2,562 2,476
Oil-bearing crops ........ : 303 361 182 262 108 i41 1,136 1,236
Tobacco .................. : 217 229 110 137 209 227 1,225 1,151
Vegetables .............. : 160 186 118 103 104 92 1,761 1,963
Fruits and tree nuts ..... 150 169 165 187 142 140 1,287 1,437
Other .................... .: 111 15 175 196 133 147 1,178 1,230

Government payments ........... 15 172 21 90 29 40 229 554

Total casn receipts ........... 3,448 3,927 3,249 3,306 2,773 2,768 29,493 30,553




1 Receipts from loans represent value of loans minus value of redemptions during the month.


Table 5.- Index numbers of cash receipts from farm marketing and CCC loans,
physical volume of farm marketing, and prices received by farmers,
United States (1947-49=100)



Item : October : Novemberr : December : January-December
:19595 : 190 195: 195 : 195 : 19195 5 955 : 1956

Cash receipts from farm
marketing and CCC loans 1,:
All commooaites ............. 141 154 132 132 113 112 100 103
Livestock and products ... 112 119 103 108 92 97 97 99
Crops ..................... 178 198 1o9 163 1 138 131 10 107

Physical volume of farm
marketing:
All commodities ............. 164 177 157 157 132 128 115 118
Livestock and products ... 141 153 139 142 125 125 121 127
Crops ................... 195 208 182 176 141 131 IOo 106

Prices received by farmers:
All commodities ............ 85 86 83 80 82 87 87 87
Livestock and products .... 81 81 77 79 75 80 81 79
Crops .................... 90 94 91 97 91 97 96 98



/ Receipts from loans represent value of loans minus value of redemptions during the month.






11 -
Table 6.- Cash receipts from farm marketing, by States, October 1955-56


State and region


: 1,000 a1.

Maine .......................: 9,864
New Hampshire ..............: 5,087
Vermont .....................: 8,223
Massachusetts ...............: 10,456
Rhode Island ................: 1,471
Connecticut .................: 10,905
evw Tork ...................: 52,148
New Jersey ..................: 18,083
Pennsylvania ................: 49,592
North Atlantic Region ....... 165,829
Ohio .......................: 54,182
Indiana ......... .......... : 51,250
Illinois ...................: 87,340
Michigan ..................: j3,042
Wisconsin ...................: b8,51
East North Central Region ... 294,325
Minnesota ..............: 73,802
Iowa .......................: 15,711
Missouri ....................: 59,072
North Dakota ................: 15,282
South Dakota ................: 4:,989
Nebraska .....................: 73,770
Kansas ......................: 44,643
West North Central Region ... 467,869
Delaware ....................: 0,655
Maryland ....................: 14,359
Virginia ....................: 23,457
West Virginia ...............: 10,01o
North Carolina .............. 20,283
South Carolina ..............: 8,075
Georgia ....................: 27,251
Florida ....................: 12,387
South Atlantic Region .......: 122,483
Kentucky ....................: 22,777
Tennessee ................... 19,023
Alabama ....................: 1o,279
Mississippi .................: 12,482
Arkansas ....................: 15,896
Louisiana ...................: 10,417
Oklahama ....................: 28,491
Texas .......................: 70,647
South Central Region ........ 196,012
Montana ....................: 29,929
Idaho ...................... 10,932
Wyaming .....................: 26,173
Colorado ....................: 33,239
New Mexico ..................: 26,127
Arizona ....................: 10,133
Utah ........................: 12,936
Nevada .....................: 1,562
Washington ..................: 17,283
Oregon ......................: 9,437
California ..................: 85,77o
Western Region ............... 273,527

United States ............... 1,520,045


SLivestock and produetr Crop Total
S 1955 195 : 1955 1950 1955 : 195


1,000 dol.

9,079
4,797
8,585
10,654
1,499
10,831
54,742
17,499
49,858
168,144
58,484
53,5ct7
98,880
35,510
72,900
319,401
75,903
175,137
65,013
20,366
49,251
80,090
46,257
512,017
6,574h
14,191
24,531
10,137
21,105
8,582
28,923
14,707
128,750
25,278
20,763
17,772
13,958
Ic,913
12,493
29,623
69,468
20o,268
32,852
11,980
29,218
37,179
28,621
10,518
12,459
1,773
18,349
18,516
88,354
289,819

1,624,399


1,000 d01.

2,900
1,094
875
4,761
565
3,119
27,138
9,109
12,983
o2,604
45,579
56,300
90,607
31,796
10,362
234,644
50,277
24,395
cr4,382
74,440
18, 544
23,021
27,218
282,277
2,258
5,673
41,557
2,223
207,192
34,984
70,568
24,925
389,380
6,811
44,068
82,505
119,051
83,898
40,659
25,464
146,516
548,972
27,669
32,911
3,850
14,795
8,427
16,305
4,754
478
53,372
30,531
201,791
394,883

1,912, 760


1,000 dl..

4,043
1,084
883
5,102
ool
r'01
3,180
32,227
10,849
14,343
72,372
4o,843
71,721
129,837
37,354
12,525
298,280
55,477
31, o44
78,987
76,749
14,190
22,677
26,265
j05,989
3,873
9,348
54,857
2,568
205,802
35,943
68,638
32,880
413,909
7,147
50,873
69,745
130,962
117,939
47,125
20,451
158,871
603,113
22,o35
34,625
4,787
15,141
15,863
24,448
5,273
548
50,593
34,967
228,386
437,266

2,130,929


1,000 do1.

12,764
6,181
9,098
15,217
2,036
14,024
79,286
27,252
62,575
228,433
99,761
107,550
177,947
64,838
78,873
528,969
124,079
181,106
124,054
89,722
62,533
96,791
71,861
750,146
8,913
20,032
65,014
12,239
227,475
43,059
97,819
37,312
511,863
29,588
63,091
98,784
131,533
99,794
51,076
53,955
217,163
744,984
57,598
43,843
26,438
48,034
34,554
30,023
17,690
2,040
70,655
49,968
287,567
668,410

3,432,805


1,000 do..

13,722
5,881
9,468
15,756
2,100
14,011
86,969
28,348
64,201
240,516
105,327
125,288
228,717
72,864
85,485
617,681
131,380
206,781
144,000
97,115
63,441
102,767
72,522
818,006
10,447
23,539
79,388
12,705
226,907
44,525
97,561
47,587
542,659
32,425
71,636
87,517
144,920
134,852
59,618
50,074
228,339
809,381
55,487
46,605
34,005
52,320
44,484
34,966
17,732
2,321
o8,942
53,483
316,740
727,085

3,755,328


FIS-162


- --- -- --- -- --- -- --- -- ----- --- --







Table 7.- Cash receipts from farm marketing, by States, November 1955-5c

State and region : Lvestock aM prod cs Crop :
1955 r 195b 1295 15 6 1955 : 15
2 1,000 aol. 1,000 d0l. 1,000 dl0. 1,0 dol. 1,000 dol.

Maine .......................: 8,635 8,013 3,600 5,213 12,235 13,826
lew Hampshire ...............: 4,893 4,361 1,012 489 5,905 4,850
Vermont .....................: 7,633 7,699 728 575 8,361 8,274
Massachusetts ...............: 11,088 10,760 7,283 7,134 18,371 17,894
Rhode Island ................: 1,467 1,464 504 487 1,971 1,951
Connecticut .................: 10,591 10,306 7,720 0,658 18,311 16,964
New York ....................: .47,731 50,077 19,341 11,985 67,072 62,062
New Jersey ......... .......: 17,2o1 15,799 6,838 7,173 24,099 22,972
Pennsylvania ................: 47,257 4o,137 11,847 11,931 59,104 58,068
North Atlantic Region ........ 156,556 155,216 58,873 51,o45 215,429 206,861
Ohio ........................: 51,823 52,897 37,930 42,720 69,753 95,617
Indiana .....................: 48,730 50,162 24,378 33,168 73,108 83,330
Illinois ....................: 86,611 94,790 54,258 71,714 140,869 166,504
Michigan ....................: 30,540 _0,443 25,o19 30,700 55,709 61,143
Wisconsin ...................: 08,282 72,424 9,128 7,588 77,410 80,012
East North Central Region ... 285,986 300,716 150,863 185,890 43o,849 48o, 06
Mianesota .................. : 77,c52 80,985 42,018 59,861 119,670 140,846
Iowa ........................: o1,936 183,903 34,112 42,318 201,08 226,221
Missouri ..... ..............: 57,809 60,b32 45,019 43,40o 103,428 104,038
North Dakote ................: 19,732 20,216 44,270 55,759 t4,002 75,975
South Dakota ................: 39,202 41,955 12,037 11,081 51,299 53,036
Nebraska ....................: 58,029 t2,888 22,247 22,788 80,276 85,676
Kansas ...................... 403,131 41,050 18,65r 20,29. 58,787 61,344
West North Central Region ... 459,551 491,629 218,959 255,507 678,510 747,136
Delaware ....................: 5,998 o,128 2,188 4,429 8,186 10,557
Maryland ....................: 12,389 11,593 5,407 o,921 17,79o 18,514
Virginia ....................: 20,375 20,644 44,383 52,144 64,758 72,788
West Virginia ...............: 8,857 8,519 2,054 2,675 10,911 11,194
Narth Carolina .............. 18,o49 19,134 100,418 113,243 119,067 132,377
South Carolina ..............: 7,844 8,284 27,091 26,009 j4,935 34,293
Georgia .....................: 24,025 25,714 43,226 30,120 67,251 55,834
Florida .....................: 10,636 11,580 37,481 43,792 48,117 55,378
South Atlantic Region ........ 108,771 111,o02 262,248 279.333 371,021 390,935
Kentucky ....................: 18,979 20,147 24,439 42,291 43,418 62,438
Tennessee ...................: 1o,810 18,205 43,490 32,838 60,300 51,043
Alabama .....................: 15,227 u,34 53,233 28,187 o8,460 44,527
Mississippi .................: 11,891 12,751 94,251 37,903 106,142 50,654
Arkansas ...................: 13,068 14,675 99,939 61,277 113,007 75,952
Louisiana ...................: 9,502 10,425 50,107 30,656 59,609 41,081
Oklahama ................... 23,045 23,t82 44,935 20,923 b7,980 44,605
Texas ......................: 63,098 62,077 255,491 1t2,348 318,589 224,425
South Central Region ........: 171,620 178,302 665,885 41o,423 837,505 594,725
Montana ..................... 25,187 25,990 25,952 23,922 51,139 49,912
Idaho .......................: 10,94C 11,337 32,283 35,355 43,229 46,692
Wyoming .....................: 12,838 14,120 5,242 6,109 18,080 20,229
Colorado ....................: 25,279 2o,476 18,589 19,582 43,868 46,058
New Mexico ..................: 14,868 15,233 17,295 20,846 32,163 36,079
Arizona .....................: 11,04_ 11,28t 37,610 54,8L2 48,659 66,148
Utah ........................: 10,504 9,970 5,762 6,323 16,266 16,299
Nevada .................... 1,102 1,212 742 1,232 1,844 2,444
Washington ..................: 15,579 15,885 42,4o6 47,320 58,040 03,205
Oregon .....................: 13,558 13,65j 23,956 2b,584 37,514 40,237
California ..................: 83,005 84,234 255,343 318,041 338,348 402,275
Western Region ..............: 223,909 229,402 4t5,241 560,176 689,150 789,578

United States ............... ,40o, ,95 1,46,,867 1,822,009 1,748,974 3,228,464 3,215,841


FI- 162


- 12 -






FIS-162


- 13 -


Table 8.- Cash receipts from farm marketing, December 1955-56

State and region Livetock ma product. : Crope Total
1955 : 195r : 1955 : 1956 : 1955 : 195o


Maine .......................:
New Hampshire ....... ..:
Vermnt ....................:
Massachusetts ..............:
Rhode Island ................:
Connecticut .................:
ev York ....................:
New Jersey ..................:
Pennsylvania ................:
North Atlantic Region .......
Ohio ........................:
Indiana ...... .............
Illinois ..................:
Michigan ....................:
Wisconsin ...................:
East North Central Region ....
Minnesota ................:
Io ........................:
Missouri ..................:
North Dakota ...............
South Dakota ...............:
Nebraska ..................:
Kansas ......................:
West North Central Region ...
Delaware ...................:
Maryland ..................:
Virginia ...................:
West Virginia ...............
North Carolina ..............
South Carolina ..............:
Georgia .....................:
Florida ....................:
South Atlantic Region .......
Kentucky ...................
Tennessee ...................:
Alabama .....................i
Missisippi .................:
Arkansas ....................:
Louisiana ...................
Oklahoma ....................
Texas ......................:
South Central Region ........
Montana .....................
Idaho ......................:
Wyoming ....................:
Colorado ..................:
New Mexico .................:
Arizona ....................:
Utah .......................:
Nevada ......................
Washington ..................:
Oregon .....................:
California .................:
Western Region .............

United States .............


1,UU0 a(o.

8,971
4, 788
8,118
10,474
1,295
9,444
50,400
17,205
49,394
160,089
51,130
44,780
79,892
31,864
o7,695
275,361
72,267
139,890
51,784
13,c31
28,307
48,555
33,o18
388,052
5,485
12,352
18,458
,:,142
17,997
6. .809
22,754
11, o4
101, 361
15,113
i4,60o
14,348
11,500
11, 077
9,371
19,100
57,560
153,335
12,530
11,184
3,035
17,945
5,038
0,037
9,327
2,605
14,852
12,406
85,152
180,111

1,258,309


1,000 o01i.

9,707
4,712
7,911
10,937
1, 30
10,003
49,203
15,173
48,825
157,817
52,372
45,927
85,039
31,088
c8,105
282,531
74,175
153,114
54,270
13,o70
30,024
54,137
33,lo2
412,0o02
12,183
15,843
19,019
0,177
S1,324
0,:828
28,300
12,710
132,;444
16,125
15,11h4
13,867
12,711
14,594
9,599
18,442
58,031
158,483
11,780
11,791
3,261
16,935
4,803
5,56;
8,882
2,758
14,845
12,443
84,971
178,032

1,321,909


1,000 dol.

5,101
724
721
5,409
47;
4,037
14,744
4,783
10,831
4o,823
35,917
29,798
57,110o
19,273
7,i24
149,228
43,109
67,254
31,135
23,884
12,702
23,27,0
18,:i4,
219,397
1,189
3,315
27,70<'
3,495
30,147
9.301
15,0c4
47,911
138,128
136,020
55,812
21,663
55,339
09,277
42,783
24,234
180,725
585,853
14,368
19,014
2,928
12,394
13,488
50,030
3,277
593
33,612
19,027
177, 17
346,448

1,485,877


1,000 dol. 1,000 dol.

6,51c 14,072
343 5,512
571 8,839
5,099 15,863
440 1,70o8
3,403 13,481
11,240 65,144
6,037 21,988
11,090 60,225
44,739 206,912
38,809 87,047
38,231 74,578
71,890 137,038
22,502 51,137
o,o29 74,819
178,007 424,589
44,8o 115,37o
57,805 207,144
31,924 82,919
2o,113 37,515
11,707 41,009
25,185 i7,825
10,720 51,o01
214,340 007,449
2,178 o,c.74
2,914 15,o07
30, 2' 4c,i164
3,894 9,o37
r.,c08 48,144
11,34r 16,110
o,6.5 37,818
50,358 9 59,275
144,2r2 239,489
14o,228 151,133
57,242 70,418
17,321 36,011
34,o4i 66,899
52,75; 05,954
4i,4,:l 52,154
12,018 43,334
103,578 238,285
465,242 739,188

13,939 26,898
21,616 30,198
3,174 5,903
12,175 '0,339
11,922 18,52'o
50,055 5o, oo7
3,o24 12, o04
932 3,198
30,527 48,4o4
20,0168 1,433
191,453 262,269
359,435 52c,559

1,400,085 2,744,186


1,000 dol.

Iro,223
5,055
8, 482
16,o;6
0lo,0 0
1,786
13,40c
60,443
21,210
59,915
202,556
91,181
84, 158
15o,935
53,590
74,734
460,598
119,0ol
210,919
8o,194
39,783
41,731
79,372
49,882
626,942
14, ol
18,757
49,308
10,071
67 ,992
18,114
35,025
c.3,018
27ro, 70
lo2,353
72,356
31,188
47, :52
07,347
51,000
30,460
lo0, 109
o23,725
25,719
33,407
6,435
29,110
10,725
55, 618
12,506
3,690
45,372
32,4ol
27., 424
537,4c.7

2,727,994






14 -
Table 9.- Cash receipts from farm marketing, January-December 1955-50


State and region


Maine .......................:
New Hampshire .............
Vermont ....................:
Massachusetts ...............:
Rhode Island ................:
Connecticut .................:
ew York ..................:
New Jersey ..................
Pennsylvania ...............:
North Atlantic Region .......
Ohio ................. ....:
Indiana ....................:
Illinois ....................
Michigan ...................:
Wisconsin ...................
East North Central Region ...
Minnesota ...................
Io a ......................:
Missouri ...................:
North Dakota ......... ....
South Dakota ...............:
Nebraska ....................:
Kansas .....................:
West North Central Region ...
Delaware ...................:
Maryland ....................:
Virginia ..................:
West Virginia ...............:
North Carolina .............. I
South Carolina ..............:
Georgia ....................:
Florida .....................:
South Atlantic Region .......
Kentucky ....................:
Tennessee ..................:
Alabama .....................
Mississippi .................:
Arkansas ....................:
Louisiana ..................:
Oklahoma ...................:
Texas ......................:
South Central Region ........
Montana .....................I
Idaho ......................:
Wyoming .............. ....:
Colorado ...................:
New Mexico ..................
Arizona .....................:
Utah ......................
Nevada .....................:
Washington ..................:
Oregon ......................:
California ................
Western Region ..............


SLivestock an aroauct : Cro : Total
a 10'i : 1i56 : 10r : IQih : 10o.; : loa


:*


1,000 dol.

105,099
55,059
96,928
llc',933
15,744
111,732
573,114
197,635
559,706
1,831,950
596,674
024,616
996,022
373,737
855,444
3,446,493
84o, 495
1,671,503
616,584
144,354
358,551
718,387
467,410
4,823,284
76,4 48
161,248
235,069
8b,60oo
222,963
82,840
301,048
139,842
1,30o,058
231,163
210,582
190,980
152,105
168,784
115,442
290,884
774,267
2,134,207
158,832
141,003
88,561
266,114
95,877
99,990
108,940
32,967
181,280
169,567
951,373
2,294,504


1,000 dol.
106,231
55,296
99,806
118,491
1o,439
111,631
594,647
197,614
569,463
1,8o9, 618
o21,060
t,30,780
1,022,201
389,419
900,376
3,563,836
8tb3,91o
1,712,827
626,522
148,943
363,678
725,378
467,853
4,909,117
78,996
159,777
235,567
87,728
243,848
85,635
312,489
151,906
1,355,946
242,451
219,288
197,965
loi,4o2
177,133
122,689
293,603
77o,361
2,190,952
157,991
145,024
93,338
270,850
97,117
98,178
107,779
33,170
186,267
170,889
950,583
2,317,186


16,206,655 13,427,403 13,791,902 29,263,899 29,998,557


rs- 162


United States ...............: 15,836,496


-"' "'~


------ --- -- ---


1,000 dal.

74, 02
11,322
12,938
54,516
5,988
59,745
226,886
111,5, o
174,807
732,160
388,918
306,734
709,691
260,735
118,832
1,850,910
401,049
466,100
316,030
370,365
170,.)42
303,134
376,903
2,403,923
24,728
70,053
195,811
23,999
712,502
263,821
354,938
48-,329
2,132,181
290,470
220,505
268,585
402,014
378,919
244,062
186,262
1,121,401
3,112,218
216,621
192,829
26,235
142,114
69,486
244,182
37,453
6,035
349,427
230,352
1,681,277
3,190,011


1,000 d01.
95,6bb
9,952
11,531
54,4o0
o,397
54,625
229,840
133,714
172,753
768,908
391,031
380,558
904,069
288,165
119,996
2,089,819
419,141
395,939
369,999
386,151
114,657
236,849
350,922
2,273,658
35,918
84,427
225,767
25,122
706,445
246,432
342,764
525,669
2,192,544
285,570
252, 60
240,550
396,326
449,251
249,165
202,788
997,542
3,073,352
207,717
199,581
28,552
142,483
85,179
260,539
38,085
5,630
341,442
245,103
1,839,310
3,393,621


1,000 d001.
179,701
66,381
109,866
171,449
21,732
171,477
800,000
308,991
734,513
2,564,110
985,592
991,350
1,705,713
640, 72
974,276
5,297,403
1,247,544
2,137,603
932,614
514,719
528,893
1,021,521
844,313
7,227,207
101,176
231,301
430,880
110,599
935,465
34o, 661
055,986
626,171
3,4j8,239
521,633
431,087
459,565
554,119
547,703
359,504
477,146
1,895,668
5,246,425
375,453
333,832
114,796
408,228
lo5,363
344,172
146,393
39,002
530,707
399,919
2,632,650
5,490,515


1,000 dOl.
201,867
65,248
111,337
172,951
22,836
166,256
824,487
331,328
742,216
2,638,526
1,012,091
1,017,338
1,926,270
677,584
1,020,372
5,653,655
1,283,057
2,108,766
996,521
535,094
478,335
9t2,227
818,775
7,182,775
114,914
244,204
461,334
112,850
950,293
332,067
655,253
677,575
3,548,490
528,021
471,448
438,515
557,788
626,384
371,854
496,391
1,773,903
5,264,304
365,708
344,605
121,890
413,333
182,296
358,717
145,864
38,800
527,709
415,992
2,795,893
5,710,807






15 -
Table 10L- Government payments, by programs, by States, 1956


State and region


Maine ......................:
New Hampshire ..............:
Vermont ...................:
Massachusetts ..............
Rhode Island ...............
. Connecticut ................:
New York- ......... .........:
New Jersey .................:
Pennsylvania ...............:
North Atlantic Region ******
Ohio .......................:
Indiana ...................
Illinois ...... ...........:
Michigan ...................:
Wisconsin ..... .............
East North Central Region **
Minnesota ...................
Iowa ...............*****************......
Missouri .............**.....
North Dakota ................
South Dakota .............-..
Nebraska ....................
Kansas .....................*
West North Central Region ..
Delaware ...................
Maryland ....................
Virginia ....................
West Virginia ...............
North Carolirna .............
South Carolina ..............
Georgia .....................
Florida ....................
South Atlantic Region .......
Kentucky ...................:
Tennessee ..................:
Alabama ....................:
Mississippi ................:
Arkansas....................
Louisiana ..................:
Oklahoma ...................:
Texas ......................:

Soutr Central Region .......
Montana ...................
Idaho ......................
Wyoming ....................:
Colorado....................
New Mexico .................:
Arizona .....................
Utah .......................
Nevada .....................:
Washington .................
Oregon .....................:
California .................

Western Region .............

United States ..............


Conservation Sugar Act Wool Act Soil BanK Total
1,000 dollars 1,000 dollars 1,000 dollars 1,000 dollars 1,000 dollars


951
559
1,235
ob5

558
5,479
738
5,182
15,453
5,2r64
5,734
7,979
3,635
4,428

27,0o0
6,10o
1,917
10,226
3,882
5,904
7,613
8,228

53,87',
.6o2
1,618
4,708
1,765
7,018
2,728
6,924
2,321
27, .44
8,773
5,579
4,461
8,270
5,862
4,816
7,941
23,212
68,914
2,835
1,908
2,514
4,923
2,505
1,549
1,317
428
2,338
2,474
4;546

27,337

220,061


660
2
85
1,446

2,354
1, 684
25

973
158
2,260
200

5,500







1,055
1,055





6,556

70
6,626
1,778
4,086
1,113
4,321
4

776

1,438
650
6,861
21,027

36, 5o2


29

11
15
T
281
13
329
694
2,371
810
1,090
783
394
5,454
1,33
2,390
1,:332
1,121
2,320
987
758
10,241
4
46-
415
396
46
9
22
3
941
890
344
45
73
65
81
304
9,285

11,085
3,045
j,o60
3,390
3,224
1,913
695
2,440
655
687
1,559
5,130
25,798

54,213


2
718

1, ,20

320
554
2,985
7,690
9,461
20,870
3,320
3,036
44,377
9,c-7
51,289
9,432
12,756
14,061
31,810
7, E83
136,708
281
912
606
18
;,451
911
1,442
346

7,967
6,894
.,838
1,3,13
744
1,124
1,6o5
4,614
22,371

40,563
1,058
724
174
4,544
1,26o
283
264
16
184
174
833
10,120

242,720


980
506
1,248
1,418
08
1,891
5,825
1,071
6,065

19,132
15,985
16,013
30,024
9,184
8,019

79,225
18,997
05,621
20,990
18,732
22,443
42,670
16,869
206,322
647
2,57o
5,729
2,179
10,515
3,648
8,388
3,725
37,407
16,557
7,761
5,817
9,087
7,051
13,118
12,859
54,938
127,188
9,316
9,778
7,191
17,012
5,688
2,527
4,797
1,099
4,647
4,857
17,370
84,282

553,556


FIS-162






FIS-162 16 -
Table 11.- Cash receipts from farming, 1955-56

S Farm marKetings Goverament laments : htal
1 1955 : 1956 195 5 1: 196 : 95 1956


:1,000 dol.

Maine .......................: 179,701
New Hampshire ...............: 60, 81
Vermont .....................: 109,866
Massachusetts ...............: 171,449
Rhode Island ................: 21,732
Connecticut .................: 171,477
New York ....................: 800,000
New Jersey ..................: .08,991
Pennsylvania ................: 734,513
North Atlantic Region ........ i,564,110
Ohio ........................: 985,592
Indiana .....................: 991,550
Illinois ..................: 1,705,713
Michigan ....................: 640,72
Wisconsin ...................: 974,27o
East Worth Central Region ...: 5,297,4 3
Minnesota ................: 1,247,544
Iowa ........................: 2,137,603
Missouri ....................: 9)2,614
North Dakota .................: 514,719
South Dakota ................: 528,893
Nebraska ....................: 1,021,521
Kansas ......................: 844, 13
West North Central Region ... 7,227,207
Delaware ....................: 1011i7b
Maryland ....................: 231,301
Virginia ....................: 430,880
West Virginia ...............: 110,599
North Carolina .............. 935,465
South Carolina ..............: 346,bol
Georgia .....................: 655,986
Florida .....................: 62c,171
South Atlantic Region ....... 3,438,239
Kentucky ....................: 521,633
Tennessee ................ ......: 31,087
Alabaa .....................: 459,565
Mississippi ................. 554, 19
Arkansas ................... 547,703
Louisiana ............... : 359,504
Oklahoma ....................: 477,146
Texas ....................... 1,895,6b8
South Central Region ........ 5,240,425
Montana ..................... 375,453
Idaho .......................: 333,832
Wyoming .....................: 114,796
Colorado ....................: 408,228
New Mexico ..................: 165,3o3
Arizona .....................: 344,172
Utah ........................: 146,393
Nevada ......................: j9,002
Washington ..................: 530,707
Oregon ...................... : 99,919
California ..................: ,2,632,50
Western Region ............... 5,490,515

United States ................ 29,2b3,899


1,000 dol.

201,867
65,248
111,337
172,951
22,836
166,256
824,487
331,328
742,216
2, 68,526
1,012,091
1,017,338
1,926,270
677,584
1,020,372
5,o53, 55
1,283,057
2,108,76&
996,521
535,094
478,335
962,227
818,775
7,182,775
114,914
244,204
4ol,334
112,850
950,293
332,067
655,253
677,575
3,548,490
528,021
471,448
438,515
557,788
626,384
371,854
496,391
1,773,903
5,264,304
365,708
344,605
121,890
413,333
182,296
358,717
145,864
38,800
527,709
415,992
2,795,893
5,710,807

29,998,557


1,000 ao0.
000 dol.
1,082
522
1,029
438
54
346
4,486
655
4,08:-
12, 95
5,766
3,699
4,820
5,205
3,505
23,001
6,968
7,436
8,831
4,212
5,790
7,700
7,051
47,988
186
9bi
4,383
1,704
7,292
3,898
8,372
3,150
29,946
6,100
5,611
7,787
6,424
4,531
10,325
6,502
20,464
b7,744
4,160
4,804
3,075
10,239
2,139
1,474
2,686
271
3,782
2,589
11,970
47,189

228,563


1,000 dol.

980
566
1,248
1,418
08
1,891
5,825
1,071
6,065
19,132
15,985
16,013
30,024
9,184
8,019

79,225
18,997
65,021
20,990
18,732
22,443
42,670
16,809
206,322
047
2,576
5,729
2,179
10,515
3,648
8,388
3,725
37,407
16,557
7,761
5,817
9,087
7,051
13,118
12,859
54,938
127,188
9,316
9,778
7,191
17,012
5,688
2,527
4,797
1,099
4,647
4,857
17,370
84,282

553,556


1,000 dol.

180,783
66,903
110,895
171,887
21,786
171,823
804,486
309, b46
738,596
2,576,805
991,358
995,049
1,710,539
645,677
977,781
5,320,404
1,254,512
2,145,039
941,4145
518,931
534,683
1, j29,221
851,364
7,275,195
101,362
232,262
435,263
112,303
942,757
350,559
664,358
629,321
3,468,185
527,733
436,698
467,352
560,543
552,234
3,9,829
483,648
1,916,132
5,314,169
379,613
338,636
117,871
418,467
167,502
345,646
149,079
39,273
534,489
402,508
2,644,620
5,537,704

29,492,462


1,000 al.

202,847
65,814
112,585
174,369
22,904
168,147
830,312
332,399
748,281
2,057,658
1,028,076
1,033,351
1,956,294
686,768
1,028,391

5,732,880
1,302,054
2,174,387
1,017,511
553,826
500,778
1,004,897
835,644
7,389,097
115,561
246,780
467,063
115,029
960,808
335,715
663,641
681,300
3,585,897
544,578
479,209
444,332
566,875
633,435
384,972
509,250
1,828,841
5,391,492
375,024
354,383
129,081
430,345
187,984
361,244
150,661
39,899
532,356
420,849
2,813,263
5,795,089

30,552,113





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FIS-162


- 18 -


CASH RECEIPTS BY STATES AND REGIONS IN 1956


The usual monthly estimates of cash receipts, through December, are
given in tables 4-8, and table 9 provides the cumulative monthly totals by
States for the whole year 1956, broken down as between crops and livestock.
Table 10 shows State and regional details with respect to Government payments
in 1956, by program. Table 11 consolidates the estimates of cash receipts
from farm marketing with those of Government payments, and contrasts the
State and regional totals of cash receipts for 1956 with those of 1955. And
finally, the accompanying map chart (page 17) shows cash receipts in 1956
as a percentage of 1955, with Government payments included.

Cash receipts from farm marketing were higher in 1956 than in 1955
in 34 States, lower in 14. If Government payments are included, decreases
are changed to increases in 3 States Iowa, Utah, and Nevada. In terms of
regional totals, cash receipts from marketing were higher in 1956 in all
regions except the West North Central. However, more than half of total
Soil Bank payments in 1956 went to farmers in the West North Central States.
If Government payments are included, all regions showed increases in cash
receipts.

Percentage changes in total cash receipts from marketing ranged from
increases of 14 percent in Delaware and Arkansas to a decline of 10 percent
in South Dakota. Other large percentage increases were 13 percent in Illinois,
12 percent in Maine, and 10 percent in New Mexico. Declines of 5 or 6 per-
cent occurred in Texas, Nebraska, and Alabama.

Total livestock receipts in 1956 showed slight to moderate increases
over 1955 in all regions and in 42 States. Declines were relatively small
in the other 6 States. Changes in total crop receipts from 1955 to 1956
were much more variable than those in livestock receipts, ranging from a
45-percent increase in Delaware to a decline of 33 percent in South Dakota.
Total Government payments were increased in all but three States Maine,
South Carolina, and Alabama.

When the States are ranked according to the size of their total cash
receipts from farm marketing in 1956, California stands first with 2.8 bil-
lion dollars, Iowa second with 2.1 billion, Illinois third with 1.9 bil-
lion, and Texas fourth with 1.8 billion. The ranking of California first
and Iowa second has been maintained for 9 consecutive years. But Illinois
has ranked ahead of Texas only occasionally; the last time was in 1953.
Total cash receipts from farm marketing in Illinois increased 13 percent
over 1955, whereas the total for Texas declined 6 percent. The rankings of
these 4 largest States are unchanged if Government payments are included in
the totals.





FIS-162


- 19 -


PRELIMINARY 1956 STATE AVERAGES OF REALIZED
NET INCOME PER FARM


State and regional estimates of realized gross and net farm income per
farm are given in table 12 for 1955 and 1956. This table brings up to date
through 1956 the two facing tables on pages 12 and 13 of issue number 160 of
The Farm Income Situation, published last September. The 1956 averages of
realized net income per farm are shown graphically as percentages of 1955 on
the cover of this issue, and in actual dollars on the reverse of table 12.

The averages for 1956 are preliminary, as complete information for the
year is no- yet available, especially for individual States. This is particu-
larly true with respect to State data on marketing of meat animals, feed
grains, and cotton, and also for State estimates of many production expense
items. The available information, however, is adequate for the preparation
of preliminary averages per farm, which provide timely indications of the
direction and approximate magnitude of change from 1955 to 1956 in the in-
dividual States. It is not expected that sufficient additional information
will become available to permit revision of these estimates before September.
Further details will be published then for each State, along with any necessary
revisions in the averages of table 12.

Realized net income per farm increased in all but 14 States in 1956,
reflecting for the most part increases in the volume of farm marketing and
payments made to farmers under the Soil Bank and wool incentive programs.
In some States, higher average prices received for certain commodities also
contributed to the increases over 1955. Production expenses continued up-
ward in virtually all States, with average prices paid for goods and services
used in production rising above the preceding year. Quantities of goods and
services used in production, in general, were either unchanged from or some-
what higher than in 1955.

Increases in realized net income per farm ranged from 46 percent in
New Mexico to 1 percent in Iowa and North Carolina. Eight States registered
increases exceeding 20 percent; nine States, increases of 10 to 20 percent;
and sixteen States, increases of 10 percent or less. In two States, Arizona
and Vermont, per farm income in 1956 was about the same as in 1955, while
in 13 States per farm income registered declines of from 2 to 22 percent.

Of those States showing declines in 1956, four States, namely, South
Dakota, Kansas, Texas, and Nebraska, were particularly hard hit by severe
drought conditions, which substantially reduced feed and food grain production.






FIS-162


Two other States, Connecticut and Nevada, also showed rather sharp drops
from 1955. In Connecticut, substantially lower receipts from tobacco and
broilers, combined with a continued rise in expenses, accounted for the de-
cline. In Nevada, cash receipts were virtually unchanged, but production
expenses rose substantially, particularly for hired labor.

Following is a brief State-by-State analysis of major movements in
cash receipts and expenses, accounting for changes in realized net income
per farm. The dollar figure in each paragraph after the State name is
realized net income per farm in 1956; the parenthetical percentage indicates
the change from 1955.

Alabama $1,354 (down 7%)
Cash receipts from cotton were down substantially. This was partly
offset by increases in potatoes and broilers. Total production expenses
rose slightly.

Arizona -- $11,892 (no significant change)
An increase in total cash receipts was offset by a continued rise in
production expenses. The increase in receipts was due almost entirely to
higher cash receipts from cotton (production of which increased), lettuce,
and potatoes.

Arkansas $2,368 (up 34%)
Total cash receipts were up substantially, reflecting increases in
receipts from soybeans, cotton, rice, peaches, strawberries, and dairy prod-
ucts. Cotton receipts were up because of a large carryover from the 1955
crop and early marketing of the 1956 crop. Deliveries of rice under purchase
agreements from the 1955 crop accounted for the rise in rice receipts, despite
a decline in production in 1956. Production expenses rose only slightly.

California $8,411 (up 9%)
An increase in cotton production and higher prices of potatoes ac-
counted for a large part of the rise in total receipts. In addition,
receipts were up for tomatoes, oranges, almonds, strawberries, turkeys, and
dairy products. Production expenses were also up substantially, reflecting
for the most part increases in livestock and feed purchases, repairs and
operation of farm capital, and various items in the miscellaneous category.

Colorado $2,006 (up 7%)
Increased cash receipts from cattle and calves, potatoes, and sugar
beets, together with Government payments under the Soil Bank and wool in-
centive programs, more than offset slightly higher production expenses.






7is-162


Table 12.- Preliminary averages of realized gross and net /
income per farm, by States, 1955-56


State and region Realized gross income :
__ _ 1955 1 1956 :


Maine................................
New Hampshire.......................
Vermont...............................
Massachusetts...................... :
'Rhode Island ........................:
Connecticut.........................:
New York.............................:
New Jersey.................... ........ :
Pennsylvania.........................
North Atlantic .................:
Ohio...............................:
Indiana......... A .............. :
Illinois.........................:
Michigan............................:
Wisconsin......................... :
East North Central..............
Minnesota............................:
Iowa................................:
Missouri.............................
North Dakota........................:
South Dakota........................:
Nebraska...........................:
Kansas..............................
West North Central .............:
Delaware ...........................:
Maryland............................
Virginia............................:
West Virginia........................!
North Carolina.......................
South Carolina.......................
Georgia...............................
Florida............................:
South Atlantic .................:
Kentucky...........................:
Tennessee............................:
Alabama...........................:
Mississippi ......... ...................:
Arkansas.......................... I
Louisiana...........................:
Oklahoma.............................:
Texas................................
South Central..................:
Montana..............................:
Idaho...............................:
Wyoming...............................
Colorado.......................... :
New Mexico.........................:
Arizona...............................
Utah.................................:
Nevada...............................:
Washington...........................:
Oregon...............................
California...........................
Western........................
United States........................:


Dollars
7,7114
6,561
7,037
8,655 2
9,756
11,977
8,203
13,866
6,30h
7,926
6,292
6,922
10,152 2
5,370
6,99 49
7,229
8,080
11,522
5,013
8,661 1
8,861
10,512
7,377 :
8,390 8
15,697 2
7,670
3,782 i
2,350
4,026
3,114
1, 681 3
10,468 r
r,548 i
3,117 2
2,614
3,231
3,02 :
14,298
3,659
h,422 t
6,811 r
4,060
11,385 :
8,900 ;
10,768 :
10,677 :
8,022 2
35,538
6,588
13,760 :
8,436
7,7914
21,368 :
13,171 :
6,588 a


Dollars
9,1149
6,912
7,136
9,2714
10,623
12,315
8,746
15,012
6,5814
8,158
6,648
7,278
11,655
5,795
7,397
7,868
8,166
11,685
5,502
9,2142
8,388
10,305
7,3145
8,602
18,320
8,2145
4, 08L
2,4641
1,l11l
3,162
14,831
11,025
4,750
3,302
2,911
3,222
3,120
5,095
3,8147
14,779
6,650
4,219
11,293
9,261
11,784
11,122
9,01
37,622
6,687
11,356
8,151
8,196
23,014
13,886
6,934


:2


Realized net income


Dollars
2,lO01
1,723
1,739
1,886
2,918
3,592
2,357
3,079
1,590
2,101
2,153
2,275
2,821
1,718
2,h34
2,302
2,8714
14,0314
1,753
2,706
3,115
3,656
2,018
2,8h6
2,762
1,599
1,296
886
2,028
1,3l47
1,803
1,398
1,836
1,l88
1,1314
1,452
1,h06
1,767
1,570
1,1144
2,235
1,578
4,5914
2,h421
2, 240
1,881
1,l474
11,900
2,026
3,803
3,011
2,624
7,685
l,336
2,268


/ This table brings up to date in preliminary form two tables given in FIS-160 (Sept. 1956) which carry
the series back to 1949.


Dollars
S 3,340
: 1,619
2 1,714
: 1,971
* 3,265
* 2,995
2 2,570
s 3,855
S 1,621
: 2,272
2,307
: 2,101
: 3,917
2 1,950
: 2,720
2,697
: 3,067
: 4,061
: 2,042
* 3,035
* 2,W41
: 3,361
: 1,777
: 2,870
: 3,975
* 1,882
* 1,176
: 921
: 2,043
i 1,227
: 1,719
* 5,156
1,92L
2 1,573
: 1,3L1
* 1,351
* 1,455
" 2,368
2 1,658
: 1,389
t 2,010
: 1,652
: 4,297
: 2,622
: 2,919
* 2,006
: 2,159
S 11,892
: 1,978
* 3,222
: 2,846
* 2,795
. 8,111
4 ,,583
, 2,'15


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.IS-162


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FIS-162


- 23 -


Connecticut $2,995 (down 17%)
The decrease reflects lower total cash receipts, resulting primarily
from reductions for tobacco and broilers, and a continued rise in produc-
tion expenses, particularly for feed and purchases of livestock.

Delaware $3,975 (up 44%)
Total cash receipts rose sharply as a result of increases for potatoes,
truck crops, soybeans, corn, and broilers. The increase in receipts more
than offset higher production expenses, especially for feed.

Florida -- $5,156 (up 17%)
Substantially larger receipts from oranges accounted for most of the
increase, but receipts from grapefruit, dairy products, and eggs were also
higher. Contributing to the rise in realized net income was a decline in
production expenses a movement which ran counter to the general trend in
other States. The drop in expenses was due to a substantial reduction in
the cost of hired labor, which more than offset increases for feed and pur-
chases of livestock.

Georgia $1,719 (down 5%)
Total cash receipts declined, with a sharp drop in cotton and a smaller
drop in tobacco receipts, more than offsetting increases for peaches, pecans,
peanuts, and dairy products. A continued rise in production expenses, notably
for hired labor and feed, also contributed to the decline in net income.

Idaho $2,622 (up 8p)
Increased total cash receipts reflected higher receipts from potatoes,
dairy products, and dry field peas. Production expenses were also up.

Illinois $3,917 (up 39%)
Total receipts were up sharply with substantially higher cash receipts
from corn and soybeans; smaller gains were registered for wheat and dairy
products. Soil Bank payments also contributed to the increase. The large
increase in total receipts more than offset a continued rise in production
expenses notably for livestock purchases, repairs and operation of capital
items, and feed.

Indiana $2,404 (up )
Total receipts were higher, due mostly to Soil Bank payments and in-
creased cash receipts from corn, e~gs, and dairy products. Production
expenses continued to rise.

Iowa $4,061 (up 1%)
Substantial declines in cash receipts from corn and oats, resulting
from smaller production, and a continued rise in production expenses were
about offset by large pajyents under the Soil Bank program and increases in
cash receipts from dairy prodi)cts and soybeans.





FIS-162


Kansas $1,777 (down 12%)
Total receipts were down, due primarily to a large decrease in cash
receipts from sorghum grain. The drop in cash receipts coupled with a
continued rise in production expenses were only partly offset by Soil Bank
payments.

Kentucky $1,573 (up 6%)
Total cash receipts were higher due to Soil Bank payments and to in-
creased receipts from dairy products, eggs, corn, and potatoes, which more
than offset a substantial reduction in receipts from tobacco. Production
expenses were up slightly.

Louisiana $1,658 (up 6%)
Increases in cash receipts from dairy products, strawberries, and sugar-
cane contributed most to the rise in total receipts. Production expenses were
slightly higher.

Maine $3,340 (up 39%)
Total receipts were higher due primarily to a substantial increase in
cash receipts from potatoes. Production expenses continued to rise.

Maryland 1,882 (up 18%)
Higher cash receipts from corn, soybeans, and certain truck crops more
than offset lower receipts from broilers. Production expenses, especially
feed, continued to rise.

Massachusetts $1,971 (up 5%)
Total receipts rose, due primarily to increases in cash receipts from
eggs and dairy products, despite a decline in tobacco receipts. Production
expenses were up slightly.

Michigan $1,950 (up 14%)
Higher total cash receipts resulted from Soil Bank payments and from
increases in receipts from dairy products, apples, grapes, and dry edible
beans. Production expenses continued to rise, especially for hired labor and
for the repair and operation of capital equipment.

Minnesota $3,067 (up 7%)
An increase in cash receipts from dairy products and corn, together
with payments under the Soil Bank program, accounted for most of the rise in
gross income. Production expenses continued their upward trend.

Mississippi $1,455 (up 3%)
Higher cash receipts from dairy products, eggs, broilers, and soybeans
were primarily responsible for the rise in total receipts, more than off-
setting a substantial decline for cotton. Production expenses did not
change significantly.


- 24 -





FIS-162


- 25 -


Missouri $2,042 (up 16%)
Payments under the Soil Bank program plus large increases in cash re-
ceipts from corn, soybeans, cotton (increased production) and dairy products
more than offset a rise in production expenses, particularly feed and pur-
chased livestock.

Montana $4,297 (down 6%)
A continued rise in production expenses, coupled with lower cash receipts
from wheat and barley, were only partly offset by payments under the Soil
Bank and wool incentive programs.

Nebraska -- 3,364 (down 8%)
Total cash receipts were down, largely as a result of lower receipts
from wheat and corn, the latter reflecting a smaller-than-usual carry-over
from the preceding years' crop. Soil Bank payments and increased receipts
from dairy products were only partly offsetting. Production expenses rose
slightly.

Nevada $3,222 (down 15%)
Most of the change reflects increased production expenses, largely
hired labor. There was no appreciable change in total cash receipts.

New Hampshire $1,619 (down 6%)
The decline was due to an increase in production expenses, primarily
feed. Total receipts remained about the same.

New Jersey $3,855 (up 25%)
A rather substantial increase in total receipts reflected increases in
cash receipts from tomatoes, sweet corn, lettuce, and potatoes. Production
expenses continued to rise.

New Mexico $2,159 (up 46%)
Increased cash receipts from cotton, resulting from larger production,
and wool incentive payments accounted for the increase. Production expenses
were up slightly.

New York $2,570 (up 9%)
Total receipts were up, largely as a result of a substantial increase
in cash receipts from dairy products. Production expenses, mainly hired
labor and repair and operation of capital equipment, continued upward.

North Carolina $2,043 (up 1%)
Increases in cash receipts from peanuts, soybeans,, eggs, and dairy
products, plus payments under the Soil Bank program, more than offset a





FIS-162


substantial decline in cash receipts from tobacco. Production expenses,
especially hired labor and repair and operation of capital equipment, con-
tinued to rise.

North Dakota $3,035 (up 12%)
Total receipts were up substantially, reflecting for the most part
increased cash receipts from wheat, potatoes, and dairy products, plus pay-
ments under the Soil Bank and wool incentive programs. Production expenses
continued upward.

Ohio $2,307 (up 7%)
Payments under the Soil Bank and wool incentive programs, added to
increased cash receipts from dairy products, eggs, and corn, more than offset
lower receipts from wheat and oats, together with higher production expenses.

Oklahoma $1,389 (up 21%)
A rather large increase in total receipts was due to a substantial
rise in cash receipts from wheat, and to payments under the Soil Bank pro-
gram, more than offsetting lower receipts from cotton, pecans, and peanuts.
Production expenses declined slightly, reflecting lower expenditures for
feed and hired labor.

Oregon $2,795 (up 7%)
Increases in cash receipts from wheat, potatoes, green peas, pears, and
hay more than offset a continued rise in production expenses.

Pennsylvania $1,621 (up 2%)
Realized gross income rose, mostly because of higher receipts from
dairy products. This was partly offset by increased production expenses,
particularly for feed and purchases of livestock.

Rhode Island $3,265 (up 12%)
Increases for dairy products and potatoes raised total cash receipts.
Production expenses were up slightly.

South Carolina $1,227 (down 9%)
An increase in cash receipts from peaches and dairy products was not
enough to offset substantial declines in receipts from cotton and tobacco.
A small increase in production expenses also contributed to the decline in
realized net income.

South Dakota $2,444 (down 22%)
Total receipts were down, reflecting a drop in cash receipts from
wheat, corn (smaller than usual carryover from preceding year's crop), and


- 26 -





FIS-162 27 -


oats. Offsetting part of the decrease were an increase in cash receipts from
dairy products and payments under the Soil Bank and wool incentive programs.
Production expenses continued to rise.

Tennessee -- $l,341 (up 18%)
Increases in cash receipts from tobacco, strawberries, and dairy prod-
ucts, together with Soil Bank payments, more than offset a small increase
in production expenses.

Texas $2,010 (down 10%)
Payments under the wool incentive and Soil Bank programs, increased re-
ceipts from wheat and dairy products, and a decrease in production expenses
(mainly for teed and hired labor) were more than offset by lower cash receipts
from cotton, sorghum grain, rice, hay, and corn.

Utah -- $1,978 (down 2%)
Payments under the wool incentive program, without appreciable increases
in cash receipts from marketing, were not sufficient to offset a continued
rise in production expenses.

Vermont $1,744 (no significant change)

A slight increase in cash receipts, primarily from dairy products, was
offset by higher production expenses.

Virginia $1,476 (up 14%)
Total receipts rose, due mostly to increased cash receipts from pota-
toes, peanuts, soybeans, apples, and dairy products. Higher production
expenses, especially for hired labor and repair and operation of capital
items, were partly offsetting.

Washington $2,846 (down 6%)
An increase in cash receipts from green peas and dairy products only
partly offset a decline in cash receipts from wheat, apples, cherries, and
strawberries. Production expenses continued upward.

West Virginia -- $921 (up 4%)
Total receipts, due to higher cash receipts from dairy products, in-
creased enough to offset a slight rise in production expenses.

Wisconsin $2,720 (up 12%)
A substantial increase in cash receipts from dairy products more than
offset higher production expenses, especially for repairs and operation of
capital equipment.

Wyoming $2,919 (up 30%)
Total receipts were up, due to a rise in cash receipts from cattle and
calves, dry edible beans, and sugar beets. Wool incentive payments also con-
tributed to the rise. Production expenses rose slightly.




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