U.S. Coast Guard bulletin


Material Information

U.S. Coast Guard bulletin
Portion of title:
United States Coast Guard bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : ; 22 cm.
United States -- Coast Guard
Public Information Division, United States Coast Guard Headquarters
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 4, no. 2 (Aug. 1948)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Publication of the bulletin is indefinitely suspended with Apr./May 1953 issue.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for Feb./Mar. and Apr./May 1953 issued combined.
General Note:
"CG 134."
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 8, no. 10-11 (Apr./May 1953).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004847255
oclc - 21941795
lccn - sn 90034070
System ID:

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Coast Guard bulletin

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Full Text



CG 134



The Printing of This Publication Has Been
Approved by the Director of the Bureau
of the Budget, 23 September 1949



Washington, D. C.-December 1950

Radar for Lightship Use
Only, Not Other Craft
Headquarters announced that light-
ships ipo-s.-.innc radar equipment are
expected to restrict its use to navihati',n
of liahtshipl. and to assist them to main-
tain stations during periods of adverse
Expressly prohibited is the use of radar
for directing the movement of other ves
sels or aircraft, or advising them of their
Undoubtedly there are many cases,
Headquarters said, in which radar in-
formation could be furnished to identified
vessels. On the other hand, concentra-
tion of ships could make identification
impossible and information passed to an
improperly identified craft could cause
disaster. Between these extremes, it was
pointed out, lie innumerable cases which
(liffer only in degree as to which vessels
can be identified.
Inasmuch as lightships normally are
located in a concentration of traffic, the
danger of providing radar misinforma-
tion with the potential liability to the
Coast Guard is believed to outweigh the
useful information which might be

Given Safety Award
Rear Adm. H. C. Shepheard, chief of
the Office of Merchant Marine Safety, has
been given an "a'vward of merit" by the
National Safety Council for "exceptional
service to the cause of safety" in the
marine field. Presentation was made at
a joint meeting of the Council and the
Propellor Club, Port of Chicago. at

Season's Greetings
From the Commandant
Vice Adm. M'Irlin O'Neill, Commandant
of the Coast Guard, has directed the
foll',winig uii-- e- to "all hands":
"It is my pleasure to wish all mem-
bers of the Coast Guard and their fami-
lies a very Merry Christmas and, in the
New Year to come, the best of good

10 Coast Guard Patrol
Craft Sent to Burma
Ten 83-foot Coast Guard patrol craft
are being transferred to the Burmese
Government for use in patrolling the
navigable river systems of Burma, the
Department of Defense announced. The
transfer represents military aid under
terms of the Mutual Defense Assistance
The vessels were part of the Reserve
Fleet at Curtis Bay, Md., and Cape May,
N. J. They were rehabilitated at the
Coast Guard Yard. Repair and refitting
included conversion from gasoline to
Diesel power, armament changes, and
copper painting of the hulls to resist
tropical water fungus, the Department
Facilities and courses of instruction
are being provided in the United States
for certain Burmese naval personnel
who will man the craft.

Applications are desired from com-
missioned aviators, rank of lieutenant or
below with 2 or more years of aviation
duty, for assignment to the 30 weeks'
course in aviation electronics mainte-
nance (Navy) at Memphis. Tenn.


League Names Hendry
As Commander, Selects
New Orleans for 1951
,il, Coast Guard League concluded its
liftli annual national convention 18
Nveiiili.r at Atlantic City, N. J., by
electing Jiu'l.e W. MaIrinii Heidry,
Tampa, Fla.. as its new national com-
mander, K-rfc.e ding John P. Henrie of
Gl,i-itde. Pa. Mrs. Myrtle B. Lee,
Ti,,lhl,,, Ohio, was chosen as national
c ,mma n1idetr of the Spartners to replace
Mrs. Rose E;g.-iibrihrt. Chicag,,.
Mr. Hendry, a 49-yei r-old veteran of
World War II and native of Fort Myers,
Fla., is a practicing Tampua attorney. He
is a former criminal court judge of that
For the first time since organization,
the recommendations of the League nom-
inuting committee were accepted without
floor nominations. Only holdover was
Mrs. Raymonde M. Thliill, San Franwisco.
as a national vice commander. Other
new national officers are Vice Command-
ers James E. Wilkinson, Detroit, James
Staudinger, Philadelphia, and Bert Mc-
Cann, Boston; Judge Advocate Arnold
M. Blumberg, Philadelphia; Assistant
Judge Advocate Harvey Hawgood,
Cleveland, and Paymaster Edward
Schaffer, Washington, D. C.
New Spartner national officers include
3Mrs. Dorothy P. Sorenberg, Detroit,
judge advocate; Mrs. Victoria Schaffer,
vice commander; Mrs. Edna E. Trough-
ton, reelected adjutant, and Mrs. Ethel
Heinrich, paymaster. The latter two are
of Philadelphia.
The Rev. Harry T. Kelly was reap-
I',inted national chaplain. LCDR An-
thony J. Caliendo, former national exec-
utive director of the League, henceforth
will serve the League as the Coast
Guard liaison officer.
New Orleans, La.. was voted as the
site of the 1951 convention. This na-
tional conference is planned for October
with headquarters at the Hotel Roose-
velt. The bid of New Orleans Chapter
No. 801 for the convention site was
streiigtheneil by a motion picture exhibi-
tion of the cit~ '. many attractions. The

commander of Puerto Rico Chapter No.
1001, Miguel A. Colorado, expressed re-
gret that the 1950 meeting could not be
held in San Juan as originally scheduled
and asked that it be reconsidered at a
later date.
The convention chairman and com-
mander of the 4th League District, James
Standinger, and Capt. S. F. Gray, chief
of the Coast Guard Public Information
Division and representing the Com-
mander of the Eastern Area, welcomed
the delc-gates and guests at the opening
session 16 November in the Hotel Cla-
Spankers during the 3-day meeting in-
cluded the Commandant, Vice Adm.
Merlin O'Neill, and Capt. John Steinmetz,
Chief of the Reserve Division.
An honorary life membership was
tendered the Commandant, who re-
sponded by electing to become a paying
member at large. Mrs. O'Neill was ac-
corded an honorary life membership in
the Spartners.
Captain Gray was given a citation for
"outstanding service" to the League. A
resolution favored increased support of
Coast Guard cadet procurement. The
membership viewed the new Coast Guard
Academy film now being distributed.

Involuntary Recall of
Reservists Authorized
The U. S. Coast Guard announced it
has been authorized to order the recall
of its Reservists to extended active duty,
not to exceed 21 consecutive months, ei-
ther with or without their consent.
The Coast Guard said, however, that
any chalnii, from the current practice of
accepting only Reservists who are willing
to be recalled "will depend upon the
number of these becoming available and
whether the skills they offer will supply
specific deniands."
In any event, each case of involuntary
recall will be decided on its *individual
merits." Exemptions will be granted
when the Reservist occupies a key posi-
tion in essential services or industry, or
can show involuntary service would cause
family hardship.



Guided by Warrant Officer Geirge-- H. Jiik-. Jr., here seen in a clarinet solo during
an actual broadcast, the Coast Guard A.adetiiy Band is heard weekly from New
London, Conn., on an NBC show publicizing cadet procurement. Each pri,:gram is
built around musical .selectioni. although an occasional guest is featured.

3 Brothers Join Up

Three brother.. ranging in ages from
29 to 35, walked into the San Fram-i-co
recruiting office together to reenlist in
the Coast Guard Reserve. Each received
his World jWar II rating of boatswain's
mate. Their father was in the Tempo-

rary Reserve during the war as a ship-
yard guard.

Commanding officers have been
warned that pa.i-s-engir-carrying vehicles
and small boats must not carry '"lirch-
hikers" or interfere with commercial


Wartime Information
Chief Retires 1 Nov.

Rear Adm. Ellis Reed-Hill, who served
the Coast Guard as Chief of Public In-
fiirir iii.-iin d inri i World War II and later
became Eiii-iineer-in-Chief, retired 1 No-
vember after a service career of nearly
39 years.
He and Mrs. Reed-Hill will make their
home in Summerville, S. C.
Admiral Reed-Hill was the guest of
honor at a luncheon given by the Wash-
ington Chapter, Coast Guard Alumni As-
sociation, and also was entertained by
the Variety Club with a luncheon at
which Rudy Vallee, radio and motion pic-
ture star, and Elmer Cook, manager of
the wartime "Tars and Spars" produlc-
tion, were among the guests.
He is a native of Belleville, Mich. He
attended the University of Michigan for
3 years before l'ein- appliiinted a cadet
in 1911, and in 1932 received a marine
eirninieTrina degree from the university.
His early career includled many engi-
n.t-riii. and line assignments. He served
at sea during World War I. In 1929 he
was named an instructor at the Coast
Guard Academy, where his son, Lt.
Comdr. R. E. Reed-Hill is now a pro-

He was awarded the Legion of Merit
for "exceptionally meritorious conduct in
the performance of outstanding service"
as information chief. 'On 1 August 1946,
he blgami a 4-.year term as Engineer-in-

Central Base Is Planned
In Los Angeles Area
A Iii .-r;inge program calling for the
construction of a new depot in the Long
Beach-Los Anigei-, Harbor area, and the
consolidation of all maintenance and re-
pair activities at one central base, has
been announced by the Eleventh Coast
Guard District office, Long Beach, Calif.
First step in the project, expected to
continue over several years, is a concrete
and steel-reinforced wharf south of tlhe
present depot on the west side of Termi-
nal Island. Originally, it will extend 24011
feet at a cost of $.S5,010; later it will be
enlarged and sent out about 720 feet,
enouigli area to accommodate most of the
Coast Guard's vessels which currently are
docking at Pier B, Long Beach and the
moorings in San Pedro.
When the first section of the wharf is
completed this fall, work will start on a
small-boat basin located between the
wharf and Island. Eventually shop build-
ings will follow, aloiig with a warehouse
and administration building.
The Iprfeient d'-pot, Coast Guard offi-
cials announced, was designed primarily
as a buoy depot, but it has had to repair
small craft and carry on activities nor-
mally allotted to a much larger base.

Retirements Delayed
With limited expansion of the Service
under way, the need for experienced offi-
cers will continue for some time, Head-
quarters announced. For this reason,
20-yea r retirements of officers planned for
1 January 1951 "will be delayed until
some time in the future."
Retirement requests on file will be re-
c.iinsidered when nationall interests"
About 75 .nlisteil men slated to retire
1 February under the 20-year law may
be retained.


Survey of New York
Area Living Conditions
Completed by District
Are there any vacancies, iin how do
rents run? Is "*e:itinig out" \.pie'.-i\w?
Is there a commissary? How much is
the carfare? How about television?
These and mii.\ more ue|t'iin'- usually
arise when the Coast Guard officer or
enlisted man is faced with a transfer to
another Di.-t rivt. and sometimes the
answers are entirely unix.-\l,.ted and
The Third District Ittice does not
claim to have all the answers for the
New York area, but it has completed a
survey that points up some practical facts
for the uuidaice of the incoming traveler
and his family.
A goodly portion of the information
was obtained ti'rouii-h questiii1iiaires.
filled in voluntarily by resident Coast
Guardsmeni. and the remainder came
from reference books, guide queries to
companies, and personal observation.
Houshii. of course, is one of the most
important subjects. Average rents have
been determined, heating bills estimated,
availability of certain types of hoi-uin-
investig:,ted, and ways to uncover pos-
sible openings recommended. Rents paid
by difterent ranks and ratinusi have been
broken down and avera.ed; warrant of-
ficers, for example, pay about $77 monthly
and captains pay about $132. There even
is a breakli.wn, by grade and by per-
ceintaue. of those renting either apart-
ments and hi uises, or ow\ niii their homes.
The transportation survey shows not
only the area in which all Coast Guard
officers live, but the monthly cost of car-
fare from their homes to Coast Guard
installations by bus, railroad, and subway
and the average commuting times.
The survey report presents subject in
alphahletical order. Airports are located,
with attention to commuting times and
methods of transportation. The section
on automobiles gives the average garage,
rentals. blinking regulations, cost of
plates and operator licenses, cost of gaso-
lines, infi'rmiintinii on insurance, and
guidance on car inspections. Bridges.

ferries, and tunnels are listed, plus the
cost |i'r trip.
Baby sitters are or"-'niz.',l. the report
advises, and available at i'r,-ii, 1;1 to 75
cents per hour. Then follow notes on
nearby beaches, the climate, iii fin';i ii1o
about social clubs, a brief .,'_,:-1 i.\
lesson and local history, the Government
uiniui i--ary situation, the location of all
Coast Guard ii.-l:ill.it ii,-. and where to
go for medical care.
Then in order come items about mu-
seums, the qpiIlu:iiinn. quarters, restau-
rants, .- ,ii.,I personal services, it.-'iail
attractions, sports centers, local taxes,
television stations, theaters, and vntin.i
requirements. Tin:i list concludes with a
listing of zoos.
One p;ie" of the survey analyzes the
housing situation of enlisted men. par-
ticularly those who are married and who
are trying to keep their home to,,ether
on a small income.

Coast Guard Rescues Five
From Alcatraz Island
It was legal in every way, but the
Coast Guard in San Francisco has the
distinction of rescuing five persons from
famous Alcatraz Island, site of a Fed-
eral penitentiary from which escapes are
few and far between.
The quintet came to grief when their
cabin cruiser "gave up the ghost" early
in the morning and was abandoned on
the Alcatraz shore. Two husbands, their
wives and another man in the group
waded to safety in a heavy fog, and then
sat down to shiver and shake for several
All confessed they were -,.cared to
death" they miniht be mistaken for con-
victs or an unofficial "rescue" party, and
consequently were afraid to do more than
sit down. A guard finally sihtedl them
and elected to ask questions, fortunately,
before shootiuig. It was then that the
Coast Guard was requested to provide

The suffix letter "G" is now being used
with the model designation on all Coast
Guard aircraft haviii. search and rescue
as thi. primary mission.


Knowledge of Atomic
Bomb's True Dangers
Secret of Survival

If you understand the capeliiIlitie-, of
the atomic bomb and know elementary
steps h1ualir-, to survival, your chances
of getting tlihriug an attack by this
weapon are relatively good. In fact, you
can live throniih an atom-bomb raid with-
out a Geiier counter, protective clothing,
or even special training.
So says an official Government booklet,
Survival Under Atomic Attack, produced
by the National Secn-rity Resources
Board and now being sold by the U. S.
Government Printing Office.
Although the atom bomb holds more
death and destruction than man ever be-
fore has wrapped in a single package, its
total power is dolinitely limited. Proof
of this assertion is in the fact that more
than half of the people who were a mile
from the atomic explih:-itn at Hiroshima
are still alive; survivors at Nagasaki
numbered almost 70 percent.
People .tandina right under the bomb
have no hope of living through the expe-
rience. Anywhere within one-half mile of
the explosion center makes survival
chances at ,,l'ls of 1 to 10. From one-
half to 1 mile away the odds are 50-50.
From 1 to 1% miles 15 persons out of 100
may be killed. From 1% to 2 miles as
few as 2 or 3 in every 100 will die. Be-
yond 2 miles, the exploiiin would cause
practically no deaths. There would be
many injuries, undoubtedly, but chances
for recovery are much the same as for
everyday accidents.
Contrary to popular assumption, an
increase in the power of an atomic bomb
is not reflected in a ciirro-',sinding, degree
to the area of destruction. A bomb caus-
ing devastation rnuglhly 2 miles away
must be doubled in power to increase the
ran;i of daianul to 21/, miles. If the
o-riginal bomb was made 100 times as
powerful-a super bomb-it would reach
out only a little more than 4% miles.
And most of the .'in -ue and death are
caused by blast and heat, just like ordi-
nary high explosives.

To meet blast, a potential victim should
fall flat on his face, burying it in his
arms. Good spots are naatin-t an inside
wall away from windows, under a bed
or table, or a handy ditch or gutter.
Ey.ves .-iuld be covered for 10 to 12 sec-
onds folh \inr- the explosion. These
actions protect against temporary blind-
ness as well as flying objects, especially
Flash burns and heat may extend -4
to 5 miles, a development that caused
about 30 percent of the injuries in the
attacks on Japan. A wall, a hiihli bank,
or some kind of shelter aw;y from the
bomb's burst can prevent any burns. In
ni tlying areas s mniethbin,' as thin as cot-
ton cloth may be sufficient. Sleeves
should not be rolled up; a hat brim may
prevent a serious face burn.
Radioactivity, not unlike sunburn, can
cause harm depending on the power of
the rays and particles, upon the length
of expn-ure, and upon the amount of a
person's body exposed. In a broad sense,
the explosive kind of radioactivity dies
quickly; its r;m ige depends upon the
height of the bomb at time of explosion
and its effectiveness upon an individual's
lack of protection at a given distance
within this range. At sea an underwater
burst brings no heat, less blast. and prac-
tically all explosive radioactivity would
be absorbed by water.
The other kind of radioactivity, arti-
ficial or "induced," could be set up in
such objects as gold and silver, but never
offers great danger. Even though
canned and bottled goods may be irradi-
ated, they are safe for eating if contain-
ers are not broken. Outer clothing will
automatically serve as a "trap" for most
of the radioactivity accidently picked up,
and should be removed and, if heavily
contaminated, buried. A good bath or
two, with particular attention to. the hair
and fingernails, is another defense.
With practical comments on "do's and
don'ts" the booklet concludes with a re-
affirmation of the two great dangers, blast
and heat, protection against which does
much to avoid the harm caused by explo-
sive radioactivity. The lingering radio-
activity, it adds. is no more to be feared


than typhoid fever and it can be
A -iil,. inexpensive device to nieasure
a per..nll's exposure to atomic radiation
has been dtvlped for military and civil
defense., ii't.ed, ilnnouncemenlt of which
was itiad, in November.
Suitable for mass production for less
than $1, the dlv ici. is small and lil:li and
can be hliii from the neck like a "dl.'
tag." It will measure very slight to fatal
doses of radioactivity. It consists of a
small metal case c.iutaiiiiing a flat paper
package. made up of plooiit ,,r;i illyy
sensuilizid film and a pod of developing
solution. EIxp\ulir, to the harmful
ganima rays causes the center of the film
to turn light. The g'reat'r the exposure
to radiation, the whiter the strip. Com-
parison of the grade of whiteness with a
graduated scale on the edge- of the strip
indicates the de-'.ree of exposure. Shields
in the case block alpha and beta rays.
An individual suspecting exposure
Simply draws a plaque from the case, at
which time the pod containing the devel-
oper is broken. Fliids then spill over
the test strip. After a minute's wait the
plaque is opened by the user for com-
parison with the test strip.

Newsman Describes Near
Loss of Crew and Boat
A Monterey, Calif., newspaperman, a
guest aboard the Willow, was "johnny-
on-the-spot" when a Coast Guard crew
planting a buoy from a small boat were
tossed in the water and had to be rescued.
The Willowi, he explaimi-id. was putting
down some marker buoys for a new free-
way and had little room in which to
maneuver. The small boat was sent out
to do the job and, at the crucial niiciunt.
capsized in a sudden chop. The crew of
four was rescued immediately, but the
boat went down with the sinker as the
buoy line parted.
A quartet of professional divers re-
turned past favors from the Service by
volunteering assistance. One went down
and recovered the sunken craft. The
WVillw completed her plu int in without

Port Security Training
Organization To Allow
29 Units and 2,529 Men
T\\%l "ilXy-iiill port secluity units are be-
in1" established for I r11i ili n11 purposes by
the Coast Guard's Or.-ni/.id Reserve at
major ports in the United States and
It is believed this lraihiiniL pr,,' :i iie.
which is d,'i.-iinl to make ,\e ,rii.l',.I
Reserve personnel available inimediately
for port security lduly in tlie event of war
or a national emergency, can handle up
to 25:3 ,tti.ver', and 2,276 enlisted peri.'iis
in a maximunim iort.
Personnel will be selected from the
Volunteer Reserve, enlistments for which
now have been extended to other than
Coast Guard veterans and to certain
qualified males without previous inilita:ry
The training schedules call for 48 drills
annually, each to require a minimum of
2 hours, although present budget limita-
tions indicate the lp,--'iiility of providing
for only 36 '"paid" drills. Ori.annize.d Re-
servists receive p;ay for authorized drills;
volunteer Reservists may attend drills in
a nonpay status, but receive only retire-
mient point credits.
In the October issue of the BULLETIN
it was announced that preliminary train-
ing plans called for 27 port security unit-.
these to be manned by 287 officers and
2,240 enlisted persons. Later the number
of units was increased by 2 and the num-
ber of officers was reduced in favor of
more enlistees.
In officer selections, primary considera-
tion is I *.ing given to military or civilian
e-xperiienue in the usual port security ac-
tivities, such as vessel inspection, identi-
fication, waterfront security, fire preven-
tion, and daiugernii.. cargo hanidllinu. But
an attempt will be made to furnish each
complement with one ,,ffi.er il].s -.'i'g
extensive legal experience, one engineer
and one officer who has directed training
either in the Service or industry.
It was emphasized that the purpose of
the Reserve PSU is "very practical spe-
cialized" training, and a considerable


part of it will be a tuidly of laws niind regu-
lations, their iiiterprl-tnatinii, application
and enforcement.
The autliorizeil strengtli of training
units will vary from 11 officers and 124
enlisted pr.-,.s to 7 officers and 44 en-
listed persons. Initially, at least, it is
not t.xieri-dl that uniiformiity within
rates shall prevail or that all rates will
be tilled. Each unit would have 1 or
more ilatitins broken down to 10-man
squads. The maximum rates for the
lriige4t kind of unit would give 13 chief
petty officers, 25 each in the next three
lower ratings and 36 seamen, and the
number of rates in smaller units would be
scaled down n;cori1inily.
All persons ailceptii'- training ;sign-
ments are being required to state. by af-
fidi'vit, that they will be available for
mobilizati,,n upon call. Mobilization
might be a matter of minutes, hours, or
even days, depending upon the urgency
of an unfavorable situation.
Reserve oti,'ers of Volunteer training
units, regardless of whether the unit is
a composite or a specialized unit, may be
permitted by the District commander to
attend drill meet inas of port security
groups in a nonpay status. This would
afford them an opportunity to earn re-
tirement point credits under the provi-
sions of Public Law 810. Requests are
to be submitted in writing via the com-
mrialdiii (i olticer of the port security unit
with which they desire to become affil-
iated. 1hniilar attendance at drills is
Transfers from the Volunteer Reserve
for both officers and enlisted persi,-is re-
quire applications in writing and ability
to pia.s the physical examination. A
billet of equivalent grade must be open
in the Organized training unit for an
officer; a vacancy in his rate, or in a
higher rate. must exist for the enlisted
man. The latter must be eapalble of qual-
ifying for an equivalent rate offireil if
his present rate is not allowed in the
'nillplp llln-ll t.

The Seventh District, Miami, an-
nounced its Auxiliary has vacancies for
1,000 small-boat owners in South Caro-
liin. .,iorgia. and Florida.

Monument Is Dedicated
To Victims of Serpens
Sinking at Guadacanal
"We cannot undo the past, because we
are only human. The days of our lives.
too, are numbered. But we can insure,
when the passage of time has mercifully
dulled our grief, that we can be intensely
proud of what they did and that their
memory shall be respected and hono.,red
And with these words from Vice Adm.
Merlin O'Ntill, Commandant, a handsome
memorial to 250 victims of the USS
Serpens explosion at Lunga Beach,
Guidaleanal, on 29 January 1945 was
dedicated in November at Arlington Na-
tional Cemetery, Virginia.
An estimated 300 spectators including
next-of-kin gathered for the brief cere-
mony on the gravesite where reconi-
mital services were held in June 1940.
Music was provided by the U. S. Army
Band. Chaplains of Catholic, Jewish
and Protestant faiths gave the invoca-
tion, prayer of dedication and benedic-
tion. All Armed F, :rc's were represented.
Rear Adm. A. C. Richmond, Assistant
Cmiiiaiilantt, was chairman.
The monument, built of Georgia gran-
ite, is located adjacent to MacArthur Cir-
cle. Names of all victims, including
199 Coast Guardsmen, appear, on each
side of the octagon-shaped memorial.
The base is 6 feet in diameter, and the
monument rises 4 feet.

Commanding Officers
For Enlisted Authorized
A staff officer at District offices and
certain Headquarters units may be des-
ignated as a comnnanllintg officer, on a
collateral-duty basis, of enlisted men at-
tached to each installation. Head-
quarters has authorized such a step "in
the interests of improving the adminis-
tration and discipline of enlisted men."
Each officer so designated is to func-
tion as a commanding officer, not a staff
officer, and his immediate superior in
command will be the officer who desig-
nated him.


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^.. -I ,r

* ..". t r p .5 kL .44
A. r.!" Ti",- ,'t nn*
444. P'.A'C 44-^ i:.
1,.- a-' M .N f I 'C4 f

I1 is it s.i l lil liiiijit-lit a t .\rl iiigatii Na-* .... pn4. .=4

Merlin N-ill give_ tile h li,'atr-
ohldres. I.,,fi re next-of-kit a11 111l Iel't- -
.-+tlth. 's f :III A mllned FOrcet pre-
iarl't'lti'y to ill'~tiiitg a I llille t i.
'iq.tit -3 'if tile I" 5. 5. r'.. I .u eXili,,-.
siuon dluri \ '- World War II. A con-
ting-ent from the Duane provided a detail and color guard, which were joined by
like details from the 3d Infantry. (Inset) The ,,t'-tn-'-hli,,-l memorial.

Duty Delay Requests

Will Get Consideration
In a it iipa ri, i that recall to active
duty of certain Reserve personnel may
result in requests for a delay of active
duty orders. each District has been in-
structed to establish a board of three
officers to review requests of this nature.
The District commander will make a de-
cision in each case after the board has
offe red recommendations.
As a general rule, unless there is a

full mobilization, "every consideration
shall be given to the reqm-st for delay,"
Headquarters set out. E\etIitinii are
specifically authorized when it is evident
a request serves only the individual's
convenience or indicates a selfish motive.

The Coast Guard Auxiliary on Lake
Erie. it is reported, on 1 hour's notice
can muster 326 men, 150 boats, 15 planes,
10 mobile radio stations and 10 amateur
radio stations. Civilian head is Com-
mander Ralph G. Sweeney, Cleveland.



John P. Henrie (left) of Gln,,i'l-, Pa., turns over the gavel as National Commander
of the Coast Guard LeaLoie to W. Mariin Hendry, T;inipia, Fla.. following elections
at the annual League Convention in Atlantic City. Henrie served two terms. Mrs.
Myrtle B. Lee, Toledo, Ohio, former Judge Advocate of the Sp;rtinier.-, was named
Spartner National Commander, sni-veeding Mrs. Rose Ergenbright.

Commandant Presents
Six With British Awards

Six members of a Coast Guard plane
crew at Miam i. Fla., recently received a
silver box and five silver cases from the
British Government for performance dur-
ing a rescue in April 1948.
Presentation of the awards was made
by the Commandant, Vice Adm. Merlin
O'N'eill. Acceptance of the gifts previ-
ously had been authorized by Federal
l !isl.iat i'n.
Recipients included Lt. Charles Mac-
Dowell, Lt. Rufus Drury, Ralph Diughla
ADC (AP), Richard Hall, AL1, Quincy
Flazior, AL1, and Walter Pierce, AD2.
TI'lhee Coast Guardsmen went aloiii-

side the British M. V. Silver Sandal in
heavy weather to remove an injured sea-
man. Despite the fact part of a wing
was ripped o'ff, the plane returned safely
and in time to save the seaman's life.
The incident occurred about 500 miles off
the Florida coast.

Three Coast Guard-ainn, all from Cali-
fornia, reportedly formed the guard of
honor when President Truman and Gen-
eral MacArthur held the recent memo-
rable conference on Wake Island.
Arthur Schwartz, ET3, was the only en-
listed man present who was given the
opportunity to shake the hands of both
major participa.iit". as well as the Army
chief of staff, General Bradley.


Enlistments in Reserve
Opened To Speed Up
Port Security Training
The Coast G(aird announced in Nii em-
ber that it was opeiniin a limited number
of Organizeil Reserve enlistments to male
veterans of other services aind to males
without previous military service in an
effort to bring Coast Guard port security
training units up to authorized a4tririgth
without delay.
Heretofire such enlistments had been
restricted to former Coast Guard.-inen
who had indicated their interest in such
training. Enlistments are being naeceptel
originally in the Volunteer Reserve, from
which subsequent assignments to Or-
ga nized Reserve units will be made.
Acceptable veterans must be between
the ages of 18 and 25 and have had a
minimum of one year's active dut..
Males without prior military service
must be between 26 and 35. All Reserve
enlistments are for three years and must
fulfill physical, mental and moral stand-
a rds prescribed for enlistment in the
Regular service.
Preference will be given those appli-
cants whose civilian and former service
experience make them capable of qualify-

New Air Detachment
Establishment of a permanent Coast
Guard Air Detachment at Corpus Christi,
Tex., was announced by the Eighth Dis-
trict. C,,minissiuniin was held 20
This is the first permanent establish-
ment of its kind in the Western Gulf.
Heretofore plane assistance cases have
been handled by bases at Biloxi, Miss.,
and St. Petersburg, Fla.
The detachment consist of a PBY5AG
amphibian aircraft especially equipped
for search and rescue operations, plus
two crews of eight enlisted men and four
pilots. Lt. William N. Durham, who has
been a Coast Guard aviator for 17 years,
is the commanding officer.
The unit will operate under the control
of the Rescue Coordination Center of the
Office of the Comma under. Eighth District.

ill- ili, ]11. for specialists' r.a iil_-- in port
-,.'inl ily\ irq ; i'.:;litions.
I'i [li iIInil-l of *i'-.rii. N'.vy and( Naval
Reserve I.. i -,.ni.iir in r-iinng, hell a;t time
iof di-.liari., ar a i ;utliiri/.iil. provided(
that no rIlinli- exceed that of i.n-i i ,-
cer, first-class. All persons with Naval
or Coast Guard service who hold ratings
not authorized in port -.-irily units will
be required to qualify for the r.iin -- re-
(Iliriil by these units.
Persons without former service will be
*'nli-lil only in the ri]li rr of seaman re-
cunit. but may be 1ru.'iilt iIl when quali-
Waivers invol~ iiin. oii. physical or
mental d(-ef-t -, or disciplinary records
within or without any inilil:iry service,
will not be gmra int l.

Sons and Adopted Sons
Eligible for Appointment

Sons and a'l'iiled sons of Coast Guard
personnel are eligible for Presidential
appointments to the U. S. Naval Academy
by virtue of Public Law 586 of the
EiIghty-first Congress, Second Session.
Adopted sons must have been adopted
prior to lj;vinui reached the age of 15
years. Candidates are required to take
either the substantiating examination or
the regular mental examination in com-
petition with other applicants.
Applications should be addressed to the
Bureau of Naval Personnel, Washington,
D. C., and should give the full name,
date of birth, home address or present
address of the candidate, and the full
name and rank, or ratin,. of his parent.

The murre bird, found in the northern
sections of the Atlantic and Pacific,
manages to continue propagation despite
the fact her single egg is laid on rocky
ledges without benefit of nesting mate-
rials. Being smaller at one end, the egg
when moved rolls in a small circle and
thus usually escapes destruction.

Two Seattle fishermen survived two
shipwrecks and existed 12 days on 6 cans
of food washed ashore before rescue by a
Kodiak-based Coast Guard plane.



Inspection formalities were dropped temporarily at the Coast Guard Receiving Center,
Cape May, N. J., when Vice Adm. Merlin O'Neill paid a visit to the sick bay to chat
with patients. Seaman Recruit Kenneth Auxier, Menasha, Wis., is being inter-
viewed by Capt. Miles Imlay, Center commanding officer, Admiral O'Neill, and Dr.
Nicholas V. Scorzelli, USPHS surgeon.

Rear Admiral Cowart
Receives Commendation

Rear Adm. Kenneth K. Cowart, pres-
ent Engineer-in-Chief, has been officially
commended by the Navy for meritorious
service during World War II. The cita-
tion was dated 1 November, and signed
by Admiral W. M. Fechteler.
The citation stated that as commanding
officer of a warship and commander of
a unit of ships, Admiral Cowart oi|leraited
his ships "with skill and efficiency under
the hazards of submarine-infested
waters and adverse weather conditions"
and thereby contributed to a successful
C *I'Iv y.V

No Salty Talk

Operators of small fishing boats along
the North Atlantic seaboard have been
warned by the Federal Communications
Commission against coloring their ship-
to-shore and ship-to-ship radio conversa-
tions with profane observations. Crimi-
nal action was threatened against

In keeping with National Military Es-
tablishment directives drastically curtail-
ing military aircraft participation in
various types of air shows and public
demonstrations, He a d q u art e r s has
warned it will continue to disapprove a
majority of similar requests received.


Distribution (SDL No. 43):
A: a, aa, 1, c, d (5 ea); e, f, i (3 ea); remainder (1 ea).
B: c (14 ea); f, g j7 ea); e, h, i, 1 (5 ea); j (3 ea); d, k (2 ea); remainder (1 ea).
C: e, d, (3 ea); remainder (1 ea).
D: all (1 ea).
List 118 (F.>m_ !i, ).

The Bulletin is published each month by the
Public Information Division, United States
Coast Guard Headquarters. Its purpose is to
dissnminate general information to the Service
and other interested parties. Wide circulation
is desirable, but due to the limited number
of copies available distribution is necessarily
nc-t rioted.


Republication of articles herein is authorized,
providing proper credit is given.

II11 I Ii l11 11 11111111 111111 1 1111 111 1111
3 1262 08748 3177


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