Coast Guard bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
Coast Guard bulletin
Physical Description:
4 v. : ; 25 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Coast Guard
Publisher:
Treasury Dept., Coast Guard
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (July 1939)-v. 4, no. 1 (July 1948).
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for July 1939 to June 1942 numbered v. 1, no. 1-36; issues for July 1942-June 1945 numbered v. 2, no. 1-36; issues for July 1945-June 1948 numbered v. 3, no. 1-36.
General Note:
"CG 134."
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004847253
oclc - 01586958
lccn - sn 90034071
Classification:
lcc - HJ6645 .C6
System ID:
AA00012190:00002

Related Items

Preceded by:
Lighthouse Service bulletin
Preceded by:
Marine inspection and navigation bulletin
Succeeded by:
U.S. Coast Guard bulletin


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

















Volume 3 WASHINGTON, OCTOBER 1946 I Number 16


CUTTERS AND C. G. AUXILIARY
BOATS PATROL PRESIDElf.IS
CTJP REGATTA
Twelve Coast Guard vessels and 9
craft belonging to members of the
Coast Guard Auxiliary patrolled the
course of the President's CupD Regatta
held in the Potomac River off the city
of Washington on September 20-22.
Prior to the events, the Cutter Miistletoe
placed a number of special buoySs for
the races, and a special telephone and
communications cable was Inid from
the station occupied by the Cutter
Dione to the shore. Race officials were
accommodate aboard the Dionre.

COAST GUARD TO ASSIST IN
NAVY DAP Y EMORIAL
FLOWER SERVICES
Units of the Coast Guard are to co-
operate to the fullest practicable extent
in the Navy Day nIlemnorial Services to
be held throughout the country on Oc.
tober 27. Thirty-two ports have been
designated by the Secretary of the Navy
from which flowers wiUl be scattered on
the waters as a tribute to men in all
the services who lost their lives at sea
in the defense of the `United States-
The letter of the Secretary of the
Navy regarding Sunday1 memorial flower
services reads in part as follows: It
Is the Navy's desire again this year to
designate a special day of tribute to the
men in all the services who have lost
their lives at sea in the defense of the
United States. Therefore, speelal Sun-
day memorial flower services will be
beld on Navy Day, October 27, at which
time the Navy will scatter ~flo~wers upon
the waters throughout the world--tra-


ditional ceremony for honoring those
who losit their lives at sea-to express
the sentiments of a deeply grateful
Nation.
So that the people of Amerien may
pay homage to our honored dead, I
hereby designate the following ports
on the continent and in our territories
and dependencies to which a flower may
be sent for transport to sea on Octo-
her 27.
Portland, Rlaine; Boston, 11a5s.; NewT
Lc'ndlon, Conn. ; New~ Y'ork, N.Y.
'h i ladelph in, Pa. ; Bal ti more, 111d. ;
Wa~shington, D. C. ; Norfolk, Va. ; Cor-
pius Chlristi, Tex.; Charleston, S. C.;
San Diego. Termninal Island ( Los
Angeles Arien), San Francisco, Calif.;
Portland, Oreg. ; WCilmington (or
Cherry Point), N'. C. nchlorage,
Dutch Harbojr, A-laska ; Savannah, Ga.;
Mliami, Tanmpa. Jacksonville,, Pensodfola,
Fla.; 1110bile, Ala.; Chtiingo (f or Great
Lakes arena Ill.; Gunm:~1 Hono~lulu or
Pearl Harbo~r: Ma1niln; Pango Pango,
Samlon: St. Thomas, Sann Juan. P. R.;
Balboa,n C. Z. ; Seattle, Wash.
Units of the ~onst Guard w~ill par-
ticipate and assist in these observances
where this is practicable.

LORAN STATJCION ON Iwa JIMAh
ICS HEAIVILY DAMAGED
IN TYPH~iOON

The double master Loran station on
Iwo Jima, built by the Coast Guard in
1945 as a part of the Japan Loran
chain, was heavily damaged by a ty-
phoon on August 15. The maain an-
tenna was blown down, and the equip-
ment and galley huts were damaged
and soaked by salt water. ]Loran serv-


C. G. Distribution : A, B, C, D), E,~ and Lcist 102.

a Published with the approval oft the DirSector of the Budget.
dil5870--46


COAST GUARD


BULLETIN






262


COAST GUARD. BULLETIN


ice and radio communication was
stopped, and the date when this will be
resumed is indefinite.
'The Japan.Loran chain was built by
Coast Guard Construction Detachment
"C." The Iwvo Jima Station, known as
Unit 348, was actually not on. Iwpo Jimal,
but on a very small rocky island known
as Kangoku Iwa, situated 1%/ miles
southwest of the larger island. This
island is only about 1,000 feet long,
with a maximum width of 200 feet. Its
highest point is only 2i5 feet above sea
level.
The Okinawa ~station of this same
Loan chain was caught in the typhoon
of October 1945, and seriously damaged.

TO MEYAKE TESTS O3F NEW TIYPE
OF ELECTRONIC FOG SIGNAL
NEAR CAPE HENRY
A service test' of a new type of elee-
tronic fog signal is soon to be made, as
a means of determining the character-
istics of such a signal as compared
with equipment now in use. The fog
signal to be placed under test has been
developed by the Coast Guard and built
by the Radio Corporation of America.
It consists essentially of 180 reproduce.
ers mounted on a 5i-sided steel structure
and fed by 3 thyratron inverters, each
inverter being driven by an oscillator
working on a different frequency. The
3 frequencies used are 700, 735, and 885
cycles per second.
Fior purposes of the test, the new fog
signal will be installed aboard a tender
class cutter which will take up a posi-
tion in the vicinity of Chesapeake Light-
ship, off the entrance to Chesapeake
Bay. In the tests, both the diaphone
permanently installed on the lightship
and diaphragm type signals (tyfons)
to be temporarily installed on the light-
ship, will be compared with the new
electronic signal.
Observations of the signals will in-
clude maximum distances to which the
signals can be heard with the wind in
various quarters, volume of sound at
various distances, and occurrence of
"dead spots." The ability of the new
type signal to lend itself to accurate
and clear-cut coding or timing of the
blasts will also be observed.
One of the advantages sought in the
consideration of newv types of fog signal
is a sound-producing device not requir-
ing the comparatively heavy equipment
such as air compressors and air tanks
necessary with most types of com-
pressed air fog signal.


The tests of the fog signal just
consctructed are a part of a develop-
mental programs which was originated
in the former Lighthouse Service, and
which the Coast Guard has continued
since 19321. Aim of this program is to
develop a fog signal producing a dis-
tinctive ~sound, and one the direction of
.which is readily apparent. The use of
three sound frequencies has been found
to produce a sound which carries well
to medium distances, and which is dis-
tinctive and readily identified. A large
number of sound producers, rather than
a much smaller number, is making it
possible to better control the direction of
the sound propagation. Where most
fog signals propagate sound in a series
of concentric circles, the aimingn" of
the smaller sound producers confines
the sound waves into a pattern similar
to that of a fixed lens, the waves being
directed to the horizon and not dow~n
toward the water or up into the sky.
Upon the completion of the tests at
the lightship, further tests of the new
signal will be maade at the Cape Henry
fog signal testing laboratory, ne~arby.
H-ere experiments will be made on the
possibilities of directing the sound in a
single direction only, the opposite prob-
lem of that of a lightship installation
where the sound m13ust reach to all
points of the compass.

FORMER GERMAN TRAINING~
SHIP NOWT IS THE COAST
GUARD CUTTER EAGLE~"
Thte former German Bark Horst
TVessel, built as a training vessel for
officers and petty officers of the German
navy, is now at the Cloast Guard Acad-
emy, New London, Conn., where she!
had been assigned for training pur-
poses. TChe vessel, now the Coast Guard
Cutter Eagle, was commissioned in Ger-
many, after necessary repairs had been
made, and set sail for the UJnited States
with a crew consisting of Coast Guard-
men and German sailors who had been
trained on thze vessel.
The -Horst Wessel, which was com-
missioned by the Germans in Septem-
her 1936, was used during the war
principally in Baltic waters.

PARTICULARS OF THE "EAGLtE"
Name: Eagle, German name: Horst;
W~essel.
Type: Bark.
Motor: Diesel, 750 hp., 8 cylinders.
Average speed: 10 knots.







263,


COAST GUCARD BULLETIN


Length, overall: 89.6 meters.
Leng~th, waterline: 83.3 meters.
Bt'nni: 12 meters.
Foremasnlnt: 45.5 meters.
Ma~inmns;~t: 45.4 meters.
lblizzl!lnmast: 40 meters.
Sails: 23.
Area of sails: 1,974 square meters.
Tonnage: 1,755 metric tons.
Keel laid; Feruary 1)36.
Launched. June 1936 (commissioned by
Germans Sept. 1936).

NANTIUCK(ET LIGHATSHIP STIA-
TION I[S MRdOVED TO AVOID
SUNKEN WIRIECK

The per~manent station of Nantucket
Lightship, marking the approaches to
the port of New York, has been moved
1 mile, 2700, this change taking place
about October 10. TChe ship wrcas moved
in order to prevent its moorings becom-
ing fouled in the sunken wreck of L~ight-
sh~i~p, o. 117, which sank on the station
as a result of a collision with a large
passenger liner on May 15, 1934.
The Nantucket Shoals were first
marked in 1854, when a lightship was
placed about 19 miles from Nantuckiet
Island, near D~avis South Shoal. This
lightship station has been moved sev-
eral times, always, with the exception
of the present move, southerly or
southeasterly, and farther off the
shoals. In 1884 it was moved 21
miles; in 1892, 10 miles, and in 1896,
17 miles. Its present location is more
than twice the original distance from
Nantuckiet Island.

PACIFIC LANDINGS VOLUME OF
WAR HISTIORIES IS
PUBLISHED
"Pacific Landings," one of the volumes
in the historical series known as "'The
Coast Guard at W~ar" has just made its
appearance, being a volume of 292 pages
and many illustrations. Th1is is a pre-
liminzary edition prepared by the H-istori-
eal Section of Headquarters Public In-
formation Division, designed for service
distribution.
The volume is a condensed account of
the war in the Pacific, describing in
chronological order the various opera-
tions in which Coast Guard maanned
vessels, Coast Guard units, or Coast
(:unrd personnel participated. To those
who were in the various engagements,
it presents an over-all picture of the
military plynning,a with which they were
probably not completely familiar at the
time.


Beginning with the Solomons opernl-
tions, the various chapters deal with
Guadalcanal, the Newv G~eorgia Group,
Finschbzaten, Bougainville, Makin, T1Ca-
rawa, Kh~ajalein, Majuro, Eniwetok;, L~os
Negros, Saipan, Guam, Tinian, Morotai,
and many other landings up to the inv~a-
sion of the Philippines. The Philippine
operations are next described, anod then
follows a detailed account of Iwo Jima
and Okinawa. Tlhe account ends writh
description of the landings on the main
islands of Japan.
Arppendies list the operations in
which Coast Guard wholly or partly
manned vessels participated, Coast
Guard manned ships entitled to opera-
tion and engagement stars (Asiatie and
I'a1cific- area), Coast Guatrdsmen deco-
rated (Pacific area), symbols of United
States Navy ships, and designations of
United States Naval aircraft.
Another volume of the war histories
just completed is "North African Land-
ings"). This volume, in accordance with
its title, covers the actions following
the arrival of United States forces in
Norllth Africa, the United S'tates objee-
tives, and the F~rench situation in North
Africa. As this is primarily a history
of the Coast Guard, emphasis is placed
upon the actions of the Dickcman, the
L~eonard Wood, and the Samuel Chase,
and the operations off F'edala, the Al-
gerian expedition, and the operations
in Oran.
An, appendix tabulates the operations
in which Coast Guard partly or fully
manned vessels participated, and an-
Other includes the citations and awards
to Coast Guard personnel for services
in the North African area.

AUXILIARISTS OF SOUTH CARO-
LINA ARE SUCCESSFUL
IN SEARCH

An outstanding example of the value
of the Coast Guard Auxiliary as an ad-
junct of the regular Coast Guard was
demonstrated recently in South C~aro-
lina, when aviator members of the
Auxciliary joined in a search. for four
missing persons. Two young men, and
two girls had left Sullivan's Island,
just outside Charleston for a sailboat
trip. Evidently p~asing south along the
coast for several miles and having their
boat upset, when the two girls at least
were drowned, they wPere unheard froma
for several days.
When the search for the missing
group was initiated, members of the
Coast Guard Auxiliary, in planes and
small boats, set out, along with others.







264


COAST GUARD BULLETIN


Aulxilia~rists were the first to reach the
scene, 65 miles from Chlarleston, where
tw7~o bodies were found anzd where the
beached boat was also discovred~c.
They mzost effectively suppllemented the
search activities of the regular service.

COAST GUARD) PUBLISHES NEW
PAM6PHLET ON RESUSGITA-
TION MIETH~ODS

,,The new edition of the pamphlet
",letha~ds of Artifticial Respiration,
which contains a description of all the
resuscitation methods employed by the
service, has been issued and is now
available for distribution. This illus'
treated pamphlet of 10 printed pages, de-
scribed the Howard-Sylvester method,
the Schaefer method, and the Eve
method of artificial respiration in a
single publication.
As stated in the foreword of the new
pamphlet, each of the 3 methods of
resuscitation have been found to have
merit. TChe Howard-Sylvester method
is the oldest method employed by the
Coast Guard, being used where sufficient
personnel are available. The Schaefer
method is used where one person must
work alone. The Eve method is the
latest approved method, but requires
some equipment.
Copies will be sold to the public by
the Superintendent of Documents, Gov-
ernment Prmnting Office, WFCashington 25,
D. C. for 10 cents a copy.

CHANGES I~ VESSEL sTATIONS

Changres have been made in the per-
moanent station of the following vessels:
Iroquois ( WP 1;3) from Honolulu,
T. H., to Seattle, Wash.
Mlodoc (WVPG-1,6) fromt Boston, Mass.,
to W7Cilmzington, N. C.
WTirnrlna (WPGr-65) just commis-
missioned, assigned to Seattle, W~ash.
Gartigan (WrS0-132) from Stapleton,
Staten Island, N. Y., to Buffalo, N. Y.
Active (W80-12R5) from Bioston,
Masss, to Alpena, Mich.
Clover (WAGG-&L--) froth Ko~diar,
Alaska, to Dutch Harbor, Alaska.
Reliance (WSOC-180) fromt Htonolulu,
T. H., to Cordova, Alaska.
Basswoodl (WF~AGL--888) from San
Francisco, Calif., to ]Honolulu, T. H.
Bu / tlOn ~van ( WA GL-806) fromt San
Francisco, Calif., to Honolulu, T. l.
Bramble ( WAGL-492 ) fromt San
Frn ;nelco,, Calif.. to Holnolulu. T. H.
Sassafras ( WAGCL--401) from San
Fn ncelsco. Calif., to Honolulu, T. H.


Reclsd .(It'AGL-89 fromr M1iami,
Fla., to Honolulu, T. H.
Nettle ( WAK~E--69) nonassigned, to
Honolulu, T. H.-
T'rillium~ (WAK-17l0) nonassigned; to
Honolulu, T. HT.
Sprucce ( WAK-246) nonassigned, to
Honolulu, T. H.
LAST OF PATROL FRIGABTES
ARE D)ECOMMISSIO~NED
All patrol frigates assigned to the
Coast Guard for operation during the
war have now been decommissioned or
are in, process of being d~conunissioned.ec:
Six of these vessels were placed out of
service on the dates indicated below,
while the remaining v~essels were to be
placed in this status on or before Sep-
tember 30.
Forsythf (WPFr-102), decommris-
sioned at New Orleans August 2.
Moberly (W7PF--63), decommissioned
at Battle August 12.
Millidgeville (WmPF-94), decommis-
stonedl at New Orleans August 16.
Shctoygan~ (WPFi-57), decommis-
sioned at New Orleans August 9.
Bangor (WPF-16), Decommissioned
at Bremerton A~ugust 16.
G~roton (WPFi-29), decommissioned
at N'ew Orleans August 29.
MARINERS' MRUSEUM~ IS S'U ES
CATALOG'ICYE OF SPECIAL
COAST GUAPRD) EXHIBIT
An exhibit at the Mariners' M~useuml,
Newport News, Va., which is to con-
tinue through this fall and winter, is
devoted to material relating to light-
houses, lightships, vessels, and life-say-
ing equipment from ancient to modern
times. This material includes lenses
and lighting apparatus, ship and other
models, and paintings and other illustra-
tions, much of which were acquired by
the museum through the cooperation of
the Coast Guard.
In connection with this special ex-
hibit, the Mariners' IMuseum has pub-
lished.an illustrated catalogue off 54
pages. This catalogue describes 135 of
the items in the display, and also in-
cludes a list of books on the subject
which are in the lMuseum's library.
Life-saving equipment on disp!lay in-
cludes a breeches buoy cart of early
design, once used near Grand Haven,
Mich.; 3 Erancis life ears of different
type~s, from stations along the New
Jersey coast; a model of a lifeboat of
the Royal National (British) Lifeboat
Institution; and a surfboat of 1888 from
H-ull, Mass.






265


COAST GUARD BULLETIN


~ighthouse material includes a num-
ber of lenses of various types and sizes,
Several early kerosene oil1uri
lamps; model~lls of several lighthouse
tendcers~ and lightships, includling a full
I~crinrl model of FLiive Fu;tliamn Bank
L~ighlt. hip (No. 40); and moel~s of
several lighthouses. .

RADIO BROADCAST DESCRIBES
PROGRIES WITH R~AD)AR AS
AID TO SAFETY AT SEA
A recent overseas radio broadcast by
the State Department, prepared by the
'Elc~t onics Division at Coast Guard
Headquarters, outlined the present posi.
tion of radar as a device for the pr~o.
motion of safety of life and property at
sea. The substance of this broadcast
follows :
Considerable progre s has been made
in the United States, in the application
of certain former military devices to
promote safety of life and property at
sea. Among these devices, radar is
probably receiving the most attention
as it has immediate application by the
mariner in safely navigating his ship.
Several of the major producers of
electronic equipment, now have models
of marine radars undergoing opera-
tional trials. These radars generally,
embody the best features of military
radar and, if properly used, will in fact
reduce the risk of collision at sea
caused by poor visibility, and at the
samle time offer valuable assistance to
the mrariner in navigatting his ship in
pilotage and coastal waters. Trial in.
stallations have been made on many
classes of vessels, ranging from ferry
boats to la ree passenger liners. Some
manufacturing companies are fabricalt-
ing production model radars.
The evaluation of radar and the voari-
ous types of shipborne equipment for
application to the specialized naviga-
tion and anticollision problems of the
Great Lakes is well advanced. At pres-
ent, five compallrniesil have installed their
marine Ifradors on five different ships.
'Ther sixth radar will be installed within
the next 2 weeks. This ptroj~et, con-
ceived over 12 months ago, by the
Lakre Carriers Association is under that
organization, 's management. At fre-
quent intervals, meetings are held to
discuss the progress being made, to
devise uniform methods of obtaining
data, to determine what steps should be
taken next, and to serve as a general
e~learinlg house for discussions between
the masters of the vessels, the different


manufacturers rc-prescllntatives? associa-
t~ion (nih ints~, and representatives of the
Coast Guardc and Federalc~: l ChmlllnunliCa;-
tions Commission,
Flaster1 of merchant ?hip~s equippedc't
wit-h rudorll hav~e made such comments
us: "In thte first few minutes of opera-
t~ion, I: became convinced flint radar
wouldi have a definite place in naviga-
tion. The most comllforllting feeling for
a navigator is when. he hears a fog
signal ahead, andl can definitely estab-
lish the bearing and range of the ship
sounding this fog whistle. I woulld likre
to state that radar is not a cure-all."
The Coast Guard has maade a study
of the use of radar in the detection of
floating ice. TIhe general results inali-
cate that ice is a relatively poor target
and that lumps of sufficient size to do
serious damage to a vessel may go un-
detected,, principally due to sea return
on both 3 and 10 em. radars.
The United States Coast Guard by
virtue of its close association with the
maritime world, in performing the
functions of saving life and property at
sea, and maintaining and operating
aids to navigation, is especially inter-
ested in the development and applica-
tion of radar for use at sea. In further-
ance of this, the Coast Guard, due to its
extensive radar operating experience
and studies, with the approval of thte
United States Navy Departmenlt, issued
a set of advisory minimum specifica-
tions for merchant marine radar instal-
lations. These briefs were formulated
only after careful study of Coast Guard,
Navy, and Radiation Laboratory data,
and after consultations with radar
manufacturers and representatives of
the maritime industry. The first set of
advisory specifications was issued in
November 1945. Since that time, ad-
ditional information has been accumnu-
lated, progress has been made in the
art of radar and an International Con-
ference on Radio Aids to Marine Navi-
gation was held in London. Accord-
ingly, a revised set of Advisory Radar
speciftications are now being issued.
Another important wartime elec-
tronic device, to assist the navigator in
Determining his position at long ranges
under adverse conditions, is "Loran," a
distant relative of radar. A number of
transocean and coastwise ships and
overseas planes are now equipped with
Loran receivers. Reports from the
users indicate that very satisfactory
results are being obtained. Lo~ran
service jointly provided by the United
States, Canada, and Great Britain now






266


COAST GUARD BULLETIN


covers the major shipping lanes in the
Northz Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean
areas.
Radar promises to be! one of the most
important single, safety features ever
punt to use on. merchant ships, providing
it is properly used with full knowledge
of its limitations. As time goes by, it
can reasonably be expected that radar
scopes on br~idges of ships will be as
common a sight as the gyrocompass.

MI~ERCHANiT MARINE COUNCIL
AMIEND)S LIAKES DANGER AND ~~888888~~~~~88888
OVERTAK(ING SIGNALS
The Merchant Marine Council, of the
Coast Guard, after extended hearings,
has amended the Pilot Rules for the
Great Lakes, prescribing the sounding
of danger signals, and the sounding of
signals for overtaking.
Section 322.2 is amended to read as
follows '
"Danger Signlal.--If, when steamers
are approaching each, other, the pilot of
either vessel fails to understand the
course or intention of the other, whether
from signals being given or answered
erroneously ~or from other causes, the
pilot so in doubt shall immediately sig-
nify the same by giving the danger sig-
nal of several short and rapid blasts of
the whistle, not less than F'IVE:; and if
both vessels shall have approached with-
in half a mile of each other, both shall
be immediately slowed to a speed barely
sufficient for steerageway, and, if nee-
essary, stopped and reversed, until the
proper signals are given, answered, and
understood, or until the vessels shall
have passed each other."
Section 322.8 is amended to read as
follows :
"Vessels rcn~ning in same dilrectiot;
signals for overtakcing.--When steam
vessels are running in the same direc-
tion, and the vessel which is astern shall
desire to pass on the right or starboard
hanld of the vessel ahead, she shall give
one short blast of the steam whistle, as
a signal of such desire, and if the vessel
ahead answers with one blast,' she shall
direct her course to starboard; or if she
shall desire to pass on the left or port-
side of the vessel ahead, she shall give
two short blasts of the steam whistle as
a signal of such desire, and if the vessel
ahead answers with two blasts, shall
direct her course to port; or if the ves-
sel ahead does not think it safe for the
vessel astern to attempt to pass at that


point, she shall immediately signify the
same byr giving several short and rapid
blasts of the steam whistle, not less than
F~IVE, and under no circumstances shall
the vessel asternl attempt to pass the
vessel ahead until such timne as they have
reached a point where it can be safely
done, when said vessel ahead shall sig-
nify hier willingness by blowing the
proper signals. The vessel ahead shall
in no case attempt to cross the bow or
crow \d the course of the passing vessel.

PAMIPHLtET ELECTRONIC NAVTI-
GATIONvAL AIDS TO APPEAR
IN REVTISED) PORM
A compilation of advisory miniimurm
specifications for navigational radars
has been made by the Electronics En-
gineering Division at Coast Guard
H-eadq~uartersr and will be ready for dis-
tribution shortly. This revises the orig-
inal Coast Guard specification briefs
dated November 1945, entitled "Elee-
tronic N~avigational Aids," and will be
printed as "Supplement No. 1."
"Supplemlent N~o. 1" is more technical
in nature than its antecedent, and is
narrowed to the one subject, commer-
cial navigational radar. It is believed
to be of primary use to navigational
radar manufacturers, shipyards install-
ing marine radar, merchant ship oper-
ators and those mariners normally
charged owet enavgtepg phespons11bili

available to all others wr~ho have a pro-
fessional, or student, interest in the
subject.
The revised advisory specifications
are intended for use solely as a guide
ine coordinating the thinking in regard
to commercial navigational radar. The
specifications do not restrict or limit,
but in fact, encourage, improvements or
innovations in the art of microwave de-
tection. Such specifications are purely
suggestive and have no relation to other
merchant vessel equipment required by
the Coast Guard.
Following a general discussion of ra-
dar frequencies, range scales, antenna
beam wvidth, polarization and future
modifications, there are four briefs out-
lining features pertainhang to operational
requirements, performance, indication
and data output, antenna, transmitter,
receiver, power supply, construction and
installation, and other pertinent
matters.





























































i Classes of abse~ntees who may vote in addition to service personnel include: (1) Merchant Marine;
(2) American Red Cross; (3) Society of Friends; (Q);United Service Organizations.


ALABAMA.--State will not mail ballot
sooner than 20 days before election
for all nonservice personnel. Service
personnel are exempt from the poll tax
and may vote by an. absentee ballot if
registered. Members of the Merchant
Marine and civilians outside of the
United States who are officially at-
tached to and serving with the armed
forces of the United States, who are


registered and have paid their poll tax
may vote by absentee ballot, the post-
card form being accepted as an ap-
plication.
ARIZONA.--Merchant Mlarine personnel
may similarly vote absentee.
ARKABNSAS'.-Conlstitutional amen d-
ments or other proposals to be voted
upon: (1) Raise salaries of constitu-
tional officers; (2 )give counties right


Stat Ofer ob aletdt tt atdyblo a ercie
e elected will mail ballot back to be counted


267


COAST' GUARD) BULLETIN


INFORMAT~IION O~N VOTING
BY MILITARY PERSONNEL

Information received ftrom secretaries
of state indleate general elections are
to be held in the following States on 5
November 1946. M~aine's general elec-
tion will be held on 9 September 1946.
Standa~rd Form N~o. 76 or USWBOC F'orm


No. 1, Postcard Application3 for Ballot,
mayT be used by service personnel for
obtaining an absentee ballot from1 all
these States (except MYontana) and will
be accepted at any9 time unless otherwise
indicated belowF. Voting instructions are
contained in Personnel Circular No.
21-46.


Alabamoa... .....

Arkansas .. ... ,
Colorado.. .......
Connecticut. .....
Delaware_. ......
Idaho .... ... _,
Illinois .. .. _
Kansas .. ,,-
Louisiana,, .. ,-
Mary land ..... .
Michigan.........
Minnesota- ... ..

Montana ........
Nebraska,, ... ,
Newv Ha~mpshire....
New Mexico..... _
Ne~w York.........

Oklahoma....... .
Oregon......... ,
Rhode Island ,_
South Carolina,,..
South Dakota .. .
Tennessee_.......
Texas,,.., .. .
Uta~h.. ..........
Vermont ......

W~ashington .....
WC~est Virginia.. ...
Wisconsin..._ _
Wyomning ___


F. S ....
F. S. L ....
F. S. L _
F. S. L '_ _
F. S. L 1,_
F. 8. 1_ '_ ,
F. S '- _
F. S. L 1_
F. L ___
F. S. L ... _
F. S. L ',,

F. S. L_...
F. 8. L_ ...
F. S. L 1,..

F. S. L '...

F. S. L ....
F. 8. L _
F. S. L 1...
F. S. L 1.
F.S. L 1,
F. S. L ... _
F. S. L 1,..

F. S. L ,__

F. S. L ... ,
F. S. L ,_
F. S. L _


7 Sept. 1946... _
5 Sept. 1946....
Any time.......
24 Sept. 1946 ..
Any time-- ...
7 Sept. 1946....

21 Sept. 1946...
5 Sept. 1946 ...
When printed...
Any time_, ...
6 Aug. 1946 ....
Any time--_...
6 Sept. 1946....
When printed...
26 Sept. 1946. .
1 Sept. 1946....
Any time.......
20 Sept. 1946...
6 Sept. 1946....
1 Sept. 1946_..
10 Sept. 1946 ..



21 Sept. 1946__
When ready...
1 Sept. 1946 ..
17 Sept. 1946...
27 Aug. 1946 ..
21 Sept. 1946. _

18 Sept. 1946 ..
When printed _


5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
20 Nov. 1946.
4 Nov. 1946 (6 p. m.).
5 Nov. 1946 (noon).
4 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
2 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946 (6 p. m.).
5 Nov. 1946 (6 p. mn.).
28 Nov. 1946 (10 a. mn.).
5 Nov. 1946.
4 Nov. 1946 (noon).
4 Nov. 1946 (noon).
5 Nov. 1946 (noon).
5 Nov. 1946 (7 p. m.).
30 Oct. 1946.



5 Nov. 1946.
1 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
23 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 Nov. 1946.
5 N\ov. 1946 (7 p. m.).


F--Federal


8--State


L--L~ocal






268


COAST GUARD BULLETIN


to vote 10-mil road tax. Merchant
Marine personnel mlay similarly vote
absentee.
COLORADO.--Con sti tu tional a m en d-
ments or other proposals to be voted
upon: (1) Abolition of numbers on
ballots; (2) abolition of "jackr pot"
provision in old-age pension amend-
ment. Ballots cast within the United
States from personnel of the Society
of Friends and United Service Organ-
izations must be back by 3 November
1946 to be counted.
IDAHO.--Constitutional amendments to
be voted upon: Three.
ILLINOIS.-Constitutional amendment
or other proposal to be voted upon:
Section 2 of article XIV of State con-
stitution. Postcard form not accept-
able for application for ballot from
other than service personnel. Other
absentee voters make application di-
'rect to county clerk of voter's county
not before 7 October 1946. The ballot
will nlot be mailed to these other ab-
sentee voters until 7 October 1946i.
KA~NSAS.-Constitutional amendment
to be voted upon: Proposed amend-
ment relating to filling vacancies in
legislature.
LOUISIANA. Constitutional amendm-
mentss will be voted upon.
MARYTLAND. -I-'Constitutional amend-
ments or other proposals to be voted
upon: (1) Amending appointments
of judiciary and bond; (2) state's
attorneys; (3) election and con-
pensation of sheriffs: (4) powers to
Baltimore Redevelopment Commis-
sion.
MICH-IGAN. Constitutional amend-
ment to be voted upon: Limiting State
control and participation to certain
internal improvements.
MONTANA.--Constitutional amend .
moent or other proposal to be voted
upon.: Referendum 50 -$2,000,000
bond issue for State insane hospital.
Postcard form not acceptable as ap-
plication for any absentee voters.
Thfey must make written application
to their county clerks for an approved
form of application for absent voter's
ballot.
NEBRASKA.B,-- Constitutional amend-
ment will be voted upon. Members
of Merchant Marine and civilians out-
side the United States officially at-
tached to and serving with the armed
forces may similarly vote.
NE~W HAMPSHIRE. Constitutioonal
amendments or other proposals to be
voted upon: (1) Local option (beer
andl liquor), (2L) question on calling
constitutional convention; (3) fiscal


agent question (applies to Coos
County onlyT).
NEW YORKZ.--Provisions exist for ab-
sentee voting by personnel of the
Merchant 1Marine, American Red
Oross, Society of Friends, and United
Service Organizations.
O RE~G O N. Constitutional amend-
ments or other proposals to be voted
upon: (1) Changing order of succes-
sion to office of Governor in case of
vacancy; (2) repealing prohibition
against Chinese owning real estate
or mining claims; (2) permitting bills
in. Legislature to be read by title only;
(4) increasing number of State sen-
ators to 31; (5) bill authorizing an-
nual State tax levy of 0.045 mils for
10 years for construction and equip-
ment of armories; (0) bill creating
rural school board for each county.
State will not receive application be-
fore 6; September 1946.
TEXAS.--Constitutional amendments
or other proposals to be voted upon.:
(1) Proposed by H. J. R. No. 5, F'orty-
ninth Legislature, authorizing appro-
priation by legislature of $75,000 to
John Tarleton Agricultural College to
pay claims for the construction of a
building on campus pursuant to def~i-
eiency authorization by the Governor
of Texas on August 31, 1937; (2) pro-
posed by H. J. R. No. 10, FortyT-ninth
Legislature, providing a retirement,
disability, and death compensation
fund for the appoinztive officers and
employees of the State, limiting the
amount contributed by the State to
such fund, and providing that counties
may, by a vote of its qualified voters,
provide a similar fund; (3) proposed
by H. J. R. No. 49, Forty-ninth Legis-
lature, allocating all net revenues de-
rived from the taxes, except gross
production and ad valorem taxes,
levied on motor fuels and lubricants,
and motor vehicles registration fees,
for the benefit of'public roadways and
for payment of certain specified road
district bonds or warrants, with the
exception that one-fourth, of such net
revenue from motor fuel tax shall be
allocated to thle available school fund;
(4) proposed by H. J. R. No. 62, Forlty-
nlinth Legislature, providing a veter-
an's land fund, to be administered by
a veteran's land board, with the date
of election thereon fired as November
7, 1946 (2 days after the general, elec-
tion). A mandamnus suit has been
filed, claiming a clerical error in thie
date, and the date was moeant to be
November 5, 1946, and asking that the
amendment be submitted on that date.







f269


COAST' GUARD BULLETIN


Service personnel and members of the
Maritime Service or Merchant Marine
are Inot required to pay poll tax and
securing of exemption certificates not
necessary. Members of Regular Es-
tablishiment of the Army, Navy, or
Marine Corps are barred from voting.
UTARB.--Constitutional amendments to
be voted upon: Three.
TV EST VI.RGINTI A.--Constitutional
amendments to be voted upon: (1)
Forestry and (2) educational system.
State will receive application at any
time except 10 days preceding an
election.
WC7ISCONSIN.--Constitutional amen d-
ments to be voted upon: (1) Auditing
of State accounts and (2) transporta-
tion of school children. Members of
Merchant Marine and members of
Amnerican Raed Cross, Society of
Friends, and United Service Organi-
zations who are outside the United
States attached to and serving with
the Army, N~avy, or Merchant Marine
may similarly vote. Ballot requests
should be mailed to the voter's clerk of
residence.

CHANGES IN ASSIIGNM~EN TS S
Rear A~dll ra~l Firederick A. Zeusler,
from Thirteenth Coast Guard District
to home pending retirement. .
Capt. Carl E. Guisness, from Third
Coast Guard District (temporary duty
w\ith Merchant Marine Hearing Unit)
to Third Coast Guard District for
duty as member of New YJork Retir-
ing Board and other duties assigned,
Capt. Gordon W.CT MacLtane, from Third
Coast Guard District to WCestern Area,
San F~ranlcisco, for duty as Western
Inspector.
Capt. Herbert N. Perham, from Thi~d
Coast Guard District to home pending
retirement.
Capt. George E. Mc ICabe, from Heatd_
quarters to extended temporary duty
with United States Army FLiores,
Pacific.
Capt. Charles W. Thomas, from Com-
mnlnnrr. North Atlantic Patrol to
Third Coa~st Guard District for tem-
porary duty.
Capt. Kenneth C. Cowart, des~igunate
Assistant Engineer-in-Chief.
CIapt. Paul B. Cronkr, from: Commander,
Twelfth Coast Guard District to Biba
as commanding officer,
Commander John R. H~enthorn, from
Coast Guard Air Stationl. Salem,
Mrass., to Ninth Coast Guard District
for duty as Assistant operations Of-
ficer on Staff.


Commander Clairence Herbert, from
Ninlth Coast Guard District to home
Ipenrinlg retirement.
Commrander James D). Craiik, from Naval
Forces in Europelt to Coast Guard Re-
pair B~ase, St. George, N. Y., as com-
ma~ndingr l officer.
Commander Edmund E. Fahe~y, from
Air Force, Atlantic Fleet to Coast
Guard Air Station, Elizabeth. City as
c'OlllnuanrlingR officer.
Clonunlander Earle G. ]Brooks, from
Seventh Coast Guar~d District to
Ow~asco as commanding officer.
Commander WCilbur C. Hogan, from
First Coast Guard D~istrict to Mlc-
Curllourgh, as commanding o~fficer.
Commander Henry F. Stolfi, from. Iro-
quois to Escanaba.
Clonlu~na nder Richard F. R~ea, from Ir-o-
quois to Fifth Coast Guard District
as District Personnel Officer.
Commander John R. Stewart, from
Fifth Coast Guard District to W~inona
as commanding officer.
Commander Gordon P. McGowan, from
Coast Guard Headquarters to Com-
mander in Chief, Army Forces,
Pacific.
Commander Henry S. Sharp (Acad-
emy), accepted appointment as pro-
fessor (rank of lieutenant) with rank
as such from M~ay 15, 19835.
Commander H-erman T. Dichl, from
Bibb to Mayport training station as
executive officer,
Commander James R. Hinnant, from
s~pencer to Seventh Coast Guard Dis-
trict as Personnel Officer.
Commander Theodlore J. Harris, from
Commander W1;estern Area to Coast
Gllard- Air Station, Salem, Mass., as
commanding officer.
Commander Jolhn T. Stanley, orders to
Heniqunll: rters a~mended. Tlo Twpelfth
Coast Guard District for temporary
duty penddig assignment from Head-
quarters.
Commander Geol're P. Kenny, (R) from
211lrchnntt Marine Inspection Office,
Obarllstonn to MTerchalnt Marine In-
sp~ection Office, Chirango. Ill.
Commander Petter P. Petterson, (R)
from Merchrlnnt. Mar1inp Inspection
Omenc, Chirngc-. Ill., to Coast Gualrd
HEadqulrc~arters, office of Merchant Ma-
rine Safety.
Comlmander r Arthur .Ton etims, (R)
from Matrine Inspection Office, Hono-
lulu, to Marine Inspection Office, San
Francisco.
Commander W7Billiam C. H~elhig, from
Ninth Coast Guard District to home
pending retirement.







270


CqAST G;UtARD BULLETIN


Lt. Comndi. Thomals F. Epley, from
Seventh Con st. Guard District to Coast
Guard Repair Base, Charleston, S. C.,
for duty in Subcontrol Center.
L~t. Comudr. Jens B. K~restensen, from
Coast Guard Group, Alameda, to
Seventh Coast Guard District for
duty as commanding officer on Swoeet-
gunm
Lt. Comdr. Robert M. Ml~unroe, addi-
tionoal duty under Third Coast Guard
District as Public Information. officer
for Eastern Area.
Lt. Comdr. Frederick J. Statte, desig-
nated as Chief, Personnel Division,.
on staff of Commander, Second Coast
Guard District.
Lt. Comdr. Martin J. Dean, from 1Mer-
chant Mlarine Inspection, Nashville,
Tenn., ,to Merchant Mdarine Insptc-
tion, Mobile, Ala.
Lt. Comdr. John H. Cleary, from Mer-
chant Marinle Inspection, Cleveland,
Ohio, t'o Merchant Marine Inspection,
Chicago, III.
L~t. Comdr. William J. N~oonanl, from
Merchant Marine Inspection, Mobile,
Ala., to Merchant Marine Inspection,
Baltimore, Md.
Lt. Comdlr. William M. Schweizer, from
Third Coast Guardj District to Fifth:
Coast Guard D~istrict for temporary
duty in connection w7ith2 Merchant
Marine Inspection. Orders t~o NewP
York amended.
Lt. Comdr. Toralv A. Berg, from Mer-
chant 1Marine Inspection, Chicago,
Ill., to fifth Coast Guard District for
duty in connection with Merchant
Marine Inspection.
Lt. Comdr. Allen ]E. Host, from Huctch-
inson to Ir~inn~chogoc.
Lt. Comdr. Raymnond WFC. Blouin, from
Boston, Mass., to Coast Guard Air
Station, Salem, Mass.
Lt. Comdr. Harold WV. ParkIer, from
Mesquite to B~ibb as executive officer.
Lt. Comdr. Ralph M. W~est, froml Bibbb
to Coast Guard Headquarters for
duty in Mlilitary Morale Division.
L~t. Comndr. Perry L. Stinson, designated,
AQcting Greenland Representative,,
Commaander, North Atlantic Patrol,
on detachment of Captain Charles W.
Tjlhomas.
Lt. Comdr. Benjamin B. Sherry, from
Twelfth Coast Guard District to the
Tan r rr.
L~t. Comdr. Theodore F. Knoll, from
Commander, North Atlantic Patrol to
TIhird Coast Guard Dlistrict for tem-
porary duty under Merchant Marine
Hearing Unit.


Commander William F. Hawley, from
Thirteenth Coast Guard District to
Spe~ncer as commanding offcer.
Commander W7illard J. Smith, from
Coast Guard H-eadquarters to Coast
Guard Air Station, Traverse City,
M il~h.
Commander Frank L. Lincoln, from
First Coast Guard District to home
pending retirement.
Commander Warren L. David, from
Escanaba to Iroquois, as command-
ing officer.
Commnander William II. Snyder, desig-
nated Liaison Officer on staff Com-
mander, Air Forces, Atlantic Fleet, in
addition to regularly assigned duties.
Lt. Comdr. William 1M. Olsen, from
Third Coast Guard D~istrict to Marine
Inspection Office, Baltimore, Md.
Lt. Comdr. John Culver, from Eighth
Coast Guard D~istrict to home pend-
ing retirement.
Lt. Comdr. Melvin J. Archambeau, from
Thirteenth Coast Guard District to
home pending retirement.
Lt. Comdr. John Van Houveln, from
Second Coast Guard District to office
of Southern Inspector.
Lt. Comdr. Robert W~aldron, from
Ninth Coast Guard District to Brook-
lyn Air Station.
Lt. Comdr. Adrian F. WCerner, from
W~ilnrna. to Campbell as executive
officer.
Lt. Comdr. Justus P. White, from
Twelfth Coast Guard District to
Coast Guard Air Station, San Fran-
cisco, Calif.
Lt. Comrdr. Leslie V. Barnett, orders to
Commander, W~estern Area canceled.
To remain at present station.
Lt. Comdr. S'amuel G. Guill, from head-
quarters to extended temporary duty
with United States Army FLiorces,
Pacific.
Lt. Comdr. Carl S. Studley, from
Seventeenth Coast Guard District to
Bitterawoeet as commanding officer.
Lt. Comdr. Ohester 14. Bender, from
Search and Rescue Agency to duty as
Personal Aide to Commandant.
Lt. Comdr. James S. Schryver (R), from
extended hospitalization and sick
leave to Legal Division.
Lt. Comdr. Charles E. Leising, from
1Massachusetts Institute of Technol-
ogy, Cambridge, Mass., to owasco as
engineering officer.
L~t. Comdr. James McIntosh, from
Ow~asco to Coast Guard Hlead-
quar~ters in ,Merchant Marine Tech-
nical Division.





271


COAST GUARD BULLETIN


RETIRIEMYENTS

Capt. Herbert N. Perhamn, 1 Sept. 1946*
Capt. Franku1 E. Pollio, 1 Sept. 1946*
Capt. Raymond V. Muarron. 1 Sept. 1946.
Capt. Carl H. Hilton, 1 Sept. 1946.
Capt. George B3. Gelly, 1 Sept. 1946.
Capt. Henry Coyle, 1 Nov. 1946.
On1.';l Walte~r IM. Troll, 1 Nov. 1946.
Capt. Paul WF. Collins, 1 Dec. 1946.
Commlander Frank J. Bennett, 1 Sept.
194i.
Commander Stewart P. J1eblman, 1
Sept. 1046.
Conuunander Marltinus P. Jensen, 1 Sept.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. M~erl HF. Dunbar, 1 Sept. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. 01e Friis, 1 Sept. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. William Gatllagher, 1 Sept.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Frederick Kane, 1 Sept. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. Ira L. Peck, 1 Sept. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. John OT. Smith, 1 Sept. 1946.
Lt. Cotndr. Herbert B. Harris, 1 Aug.
1946
Lt. Comndr George A. Painter, 1 Aug.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. 01e Eriksen, 1 Aug. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. James Black, 1 Aug. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. Robert E. Barber, 1 Aug.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. E~llis F. Gradirn, 1 Aug. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. Oscar A. Johznson, 1 Aug.
1946.
L~t. Comdr. Solomon Nedeau, 1 Sept.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. W7Cilliam C. D~ryden, 1 Sept.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Berger Benson, 1 Sept. 1946.


Lt. Comdr. Arthur Anderson, 1 Sept.

Lt. Comdr. Ernest Pointer, 1 Sept. 1040.
L~t. Comldr. WFilliam R. Kenly, 1 Sept.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Paul TC. Forner, 1 Sept. 1946.
1Lt. Comdr. Wiilliam U. F'ulcher. 1 Sept.
19446.
L~t. Comdr. SamH P. Frisbee, 1 Sept. 1946.
L~t. Comdr George C. Ale~ver, 1 Sept. 1946.
Lt. Comzdr. Olaf C. Olsen, 1 Sept. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. Marius Peterson, 1 Sept.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Daniel Shea, 1 Sept. 1946.
L~t. Comdr. W~illiam E. Streichert, 1
Sept. 1946.
Lt. Comdr. Harold H3. Wheeler, 1 Oct.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Edgar Fi. Sanborn, 1 Oct.
1946.
L~t. Comdr. Alvin H. Wright, 1 Oct. 1946.
L~t. Comdr. Joseph D. Harrington, 1 Oct.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Walter A. O'Rourkre, 1 Oct.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Thornton A. Sullivan1, 1 Sept.
1946.
Lt. Comdr. Conzstantine Gramer, 1 Sept.
1946.
DEATIIS

Rear Admiral Wales A. Benham, USCGI
(Ret.) died September 12, and was
buried in Arlington National Ce~me-
tery.
Capt. John P. Murray, Jr., USCG (Ret.)
died on. September 15, at San F~ran-
cisco, Calif.


UI. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: i946

















































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