United States foreign trade

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United States foreign trade
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United States -- Bureau of the Census
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U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census ( Washington )
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Full Text


S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
Charles Sawya, Secretary Roy V. Peel, Director





DOTm U UNITED STATES FOREIGN TRADE

.. APRIL 1952

SUMMARY REPORT FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
FT950 June 20, 1952


TRADE BY COUNTRY

The Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, arounced today that the f-il in United
States exports of domestic and foreign merchandise, including e ial Category commodities, from
$1,417.7 million in March to $1,332.0 million in April resulted from deceased exerts to all continents except North America. During the same period, the dhcline i0 geiera Imports from $963.3 to $931.8 million reflected decreased imports from all continents except E.rope and the
area of Australia and Oceania. From March to April, total exports to u.E.E.G. countries declined
from $431.8 to $383.9 million and total exports to Latin American utcblics fell from $354.4 to
$327.1 million. Meanwhile, general imports from 0.E.E.C. countries advai ced from $153.5 to
$160.0 million while general imports from Latin American Republics declined frort $292.8 to $289.6
million
EXPORTS, EXCLUDING SPECIAL CATEGORY COMMODITIES
From March to April, exports of domestic and foreign merchandise, excluding Spocial Category
commodities, declined from $1,268.3 to $1,113.1 million. Exports to (.E.E.C. countries dropped from $355.2 to $255.8 million. During the same period, exports to Latin kqerican Republics decreased from $343.4 to $306.0 million. Exports to Europe fell from $371.8 million in March to $270.0 million in April. This fall was due largely to decreased exports to the United Kingdom,
from $87.0 to $56.4 million and West Germany from $41.0 to $22.1 million. Exports to South America
declined from $200.4 to $175.9 million during this period. This decline was due principally to
a decline in exports to Brazil from $74.8 to $65.5 million. From March to Anril, exports to
Africa dropped from $71.2 to $58.4 million. Exports to the Union of South Africa decreased from
+29.1 to $20.8 million. During the same peri 199.8 million, reflected decreased exports to India from $61.8 to $44.6 million. However,
exports to Japan increased from $50.9 to $63.5 million. Exports to Australia and Oceania declined
from $29.3 to $19.6 million, reflecting lower exports to New Zealand from $7.8 to $2.0 million.
From March to April, the slight increase in exports to North America from $386.1 to $389.4
million was due largely to increased exports to Canada from $227.4 to $242.1 million. However,
the increase was partially offset by decreased exports to Mexico from $65.5 to $59.0 million.
IMPORTS
From March to April, the decline in imports from Africa from $/o J o $6.1 million was due
principally to decreased imports from Egypt from $14.2 to $3.0 rilio a te :old Coast from $9.5 to $3.5 million. During the same period, imports from AsiS dr pcK rom $184.4 to $168.3
million. Imports from British Malaya fell from $65.3 to $42.3 million Imports from North
America declined from $333.7 million in March to $325.4 million in A'ril with imports from Canada,
which decreased from $195.5 to $189.5 million, reflecting the most i mortct change. Imports
from South America declined from $177.7 to $172.8 million reflecting ecreacc. imports from
Brazil from $74.5 to $66.9 million. From March to April, imports from Austraia and Oceania increased
from $21.3 to $34.8 million. This increase was due chiefly to a rs in urts from Australia
from $12.3 to $21.9 million. During the same period, the rise i i -ort. from Europe from 4l69.6 to $174.4 million was largely the result of increased imports from the UrIted Kingdom from $ o.o
to $47.3 million.

'Country of destination detail is not reported in export Statistics for Special Category
commodities beginning July 1950 for security reasons. For cer4 areas, export totals include
Special Categories, as mentioned in the text above and as sho'. beginning of the table on
page 3. Export figures for other areas and countries represent total orts less exports of
Special Category conmodities. See the January 1952 issue of Tradu statistics Notes
for further explanation and list of Special Category commoditic:s.

Prepared in the Bureau of the Census, Foreign Trade Division




2

COVERAGE

Export statistics include., with certain exceptions., data on all shipments o merchandise to foreign countries from continental United States, Puerto Rico, and the ter0
ritories of Alaska and Hawaii. They do not include shipments to the United States armed forces abroad for their own use. Import statistics include, with certain exceptions, data on imports of merchandise from foreign countries into continental United States, Puerto Rico, and the territories of Alaska and Hawaii. Neither the import nor export statistics include shipments between continental United States and its territories and possessions, or between the territories and possessions. See Foreword to Foreign donmerce and HEIijLation of the United States for complete statement.

None of the export or import figures has been adjusted for changes in price level.





Foreign Trade Reports of the Bureau of the Census

Summary reports showing monthly data on the trade of the United States with
foreign countries are issued as follows:

FT-900 Overall total export and import data; no commodity or country data.
FT-930 Exports and imports by.economic classes and leading commodities; no
country data.
FT-950 Exports andimports by countries of destination and origin; no
commodity data.
FT-970 Foreign trade by United Statds Customs Districts; no commodity or
country data.
FT-972 Water-borne foreign trade by United States Customs Districts and
ports; no commodity or country data.,
FT-973 Water-borne foreign trade by trade areas; no commodity or country
data.
FT-976 Department of Defense controlled cargo under United States foreign aid
programs and "Special Category" non-Department of Defense controlled
cargo exported by vessel, by port of lading; no commodity data.
FT-981 Shipping weight and dollar value of merchandise laden on and unladen
from vessels at United States ports during the in-transit movement of the merchandise from one foreign country to another; no commodity or country data.


Additional detailed commodity and country data are available in the form of
other FT reports. A catalog of such reports may be obtained from the Bureau
,of the Census, Washington 25, D. C.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA



-3 3 1262 08587 4492

UNITED STATES EXPORTS OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN MWCHANDISE BY COUNTRY OF DJTIIATION AND UNITED STATES GE1UAL DiMORTS BY COtJNTRY OF ORIGI O SPECIFIED PERIODS
(Value in millions of dollars. General imports are a total of imports for mediate consumption plus entries into bondea warehouses. N.e,.
indicates not elsewhere classified.)

Exports General imports

Continent and cour April March April Month April March April
1952 1952 1951 average 1952 1952 1951 a e.5
1951
Total trade including Special Categories'" 21,32.0 31,417.7 1,370.3 1,252.5 931.8 963.3 1,033.0 913.
O.E.E.C. countries ................ 383.9 431.8 l 41.9 422.7 160.0 153.5 171.7 139.4
O.E.E.C. participating
dLpendencies ..................... 48.6 56.0 40.5 41.6 103.4 13.4 92.0 94.
Other Europe ...................... (.) 4.9 2.0 3.2 (4) 14.5 17.6 16,8
Canada ............................ 264.1 242.7 27O.l 189.5 195.5 191.6 189.6
Latin American Republics .......... 327.1 354.4 318.3 224.4 289.6 1292.8 3 303.3 Z76.9
All other countries ............... (4) 306.7 297.7 248.9 (4) J173.6 I 256.8 .7

Total Special Categoriesi .................. 218.9 149.3 .19.3 130.8 X {xxxxxx y .
Type 1 ............................ 193.8 119.7 103.3 109.8 i 8 K3XXXX3M rr -. .
Type 2 ............................ 25.1 29.6 16.0 21.0 "m X3X K -=r...
Net total excluding Special Categories 1 .... 1,113.1 1,268.3 1,251.0 1,121.7 931.8 963.3 1,03 .o 913.7
O.E.E.C. countries ................ 255.8 355.2 368.1 318.4 160.0 153.5 171.7 159.4
Latin American Republics .......... 306.0 343.4 308.0 300.6 289.6 292.8 303.3 Z78.9
Sterling area countries............ 167.3 242.6 177.8 183.8 192.9 193.9 234.9 181.6

North America .......................... 389.4 386.1 412.8 357.6 325.4 333.7 310.0 291.5
d(aeenland ................................ (*) (*) 0.1 d.1 0.2 0.2
Canada (incl. Newfndland and Labr) ........ 242.1 227.4 263.7 215.6 189.5 195.5 191.6 189.6
dMiquelon and St. Pierre Islands ............ (*) (M) (a) (a) () (a) (a) (a)
5Mexico .................................... 59.0 65.5 61.9 59.3 37.5 39.7 29.1 2 .2
a Guatemala ................................. 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 6.0 7.5 5.2 5.4
b dBritish Honduras .......................... 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2
OEl Salvador ............................... 3.6 3.4 4.0 3.5 9.1 9.3 8.0 5.3
"Honduras .................................. 3.9 4.1 2.7 2.8 3.7 1.6 2.9 2.0
aNicaragua ................................. 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.8 2.7 3.5 6.8 1.7
aCosta Rica ................................ .2.8 3.0 2.7 2.6 3.0 4.0 3.6 2.3
'Republic of Panama ......................... 5.3 6.5 4.0 3.9 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.0
Canal Zone ................................ 2.4 2.0 2.3 2.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.2
6,dBermude ................................... 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.1 0.1 (a) 0.1
b,dBahamas ................................... 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
aCuba ...................................... 44.0 48.7 48.8 45.0 47.5 41.9 41.3 34.8
b' dJamaica ................................... 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2
aHaiti ..................................... 2.0 2.9 2.3 2.4 3.2 3.3 1.9 2.7
aDominican Republic ........................ 4.3 5.2 4.3 4.0 4.2 5.7 3.1 4.1
b,dLeeward and Windward Islands.............. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
b.dBarbados ................................... 01 0.1 0.1 0.1 () (*) () (a)
b.dTrinidad and Tobago ....................... .0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.9
dNetherlands Antilles ...................... 8.4 6.4 4.7 5;7 15.6 19.2 13.4 13.3
dFrench West Indies ........................ 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 ......... () ()

South America .......................... 175.9 200.4 172.1 172.4 172.8 177.7 201.8 193.9
Coloia ................................... 18.3 20.8 22.2 18.7 28.1 28.3 19.3 30.2
Venezuela ............................... 45.0 47.2 45.5 38.0 34.8 30.9 25.9 27.0
baBritish Guiana........ .................. 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2
d Surinam ................................... 0.7 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.3 2.0 1.3 1.3
d French Guiana ..............................(a) (a) () (a) (*) 0.1 (a) (a)
aEcuador................................... 2.6 3.0 3.8 2.9 "3.2 2.8 2.6 3.0
aPeru ...................................... 8.6 12.3 9.6 9.6 5.5 3.6 6.2 5.1
1 Bolivia ................................... 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.3 2.8 1.7 3.9 4.3
aChile ..................................... 11.1 15.1 13.3 13.8 15.1 20.3 27.6 17.0
5Brazil .................................... 65.5 74.8 45.9 58.3 66.9 74.5 64.5 75.9
4 Paraguay .................................. 1.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.6
a Uruguay ................................... 4.7 5.4 7.2 7.0 3.0 2.6 16.8 11.3
b Argentina ................................. 13.2 15.1 19.0 19.4 10.9 9.9 32.8 18.3
b dFalkland Islands ................................ .........(a). .......... .......... ...........()

Europe ................................. 270.0 371.8 390.9 341.4 174.4 169.6 190.5 176.5
b, u Iceland ................................... 1.3 1.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 2.2 0.1 0.7
cSweden .................................... 8.0 13.8 8,.7 11.2 5.3 6.7 6.7 8.7
cNOrway .................................... 7.8 6.4 9.4 7.4 4.9 6.4 3.1 4.1
c Denmark ................................... 2.4 7.2 7.2 5.5- 1.4 1.7 1.0 1.7
bcUnited Kingdom ............................ 56.4 87.0 69.5 75.1 47.3 40.0 42.6 38.8
boIreland (Eire) ............................ 1.9 5.6 4.9 4.4 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.6
cNetherlands ............................... 24.5 25.3 34.2 23.9 17.9 11.7 10.5 9.8
tBelgium and Luxembourg .................... 22.9 34.7 32.1 31.4 18.1 14.7 21.2 18.0
SFrance .......... .......................... 33.7 42.7 41.3 35.3 14.0 13.9 26.4 22.0
cWest Germany' ............................. 22.1 41.0 44.3 4 14.4 16.0 18.2 19.4
East Germany3............................. (*) ...........,0.3 1.4
cAustria ................................... 7.6 7.8 12.7 8.9 2.0 2.6 2.9 22
Czechoslovakia ............................ () 0.1 01 0.1 0.2 2.1 1.9
Hungary ................................... () () () 0.1 0.4 0.3 o.4 0.2
'Switzerland ............................... 14.1 16.6 15.0 16.0 11.7 11.1 11.9 341.2
Finland .................................... 3.7 4.7 1.8 2.8 2.0 3.0 2.3 4.7
Estonia......................................................................(a)
Latvia .......................... ............................. ............................(a)(*)
Lithuania........................................................ ......... ...... ...........
Poland and Danzig ......................... (*) (a) (a) 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ........ (a) (a) (a) 2.2 3.2 2.2 2.3
Azores .................................... () 0.1 (a) 0 .1 (0
Spain ..................................... 4.8 3.6 3.3 9.3 4.7 4
(Portugal .................................. 3.0 4.2 3.4 3.3 4.3 2.5 2.2 2.3
bdGibraltar ..................................(a) 0.3 0.3 0.2 () () ....... ..()
bdMalta, Gozo, and Cyprus ................... 0.1 0.5 0.2 1.5 0.2 1.1 1.1 0.3
'Italy ..................................... 37.4 47.0 62.5 38.0 12.4 12.6 13.2 11.7
tFree Territory of Trieste ................. 0.9 1.1 3.2 1.1 () () 0.1 ()
Yugoslavia ................................ 5.4 7.3 17.1 10.0 3.5 2.6 2.2 1.8
Albania ........................ .... ...................... (*) (a) ......... ......... ..........(a)
'Greece ................................... 7.2 .. 8.2 13.9 8.1 2.6 4.8 2.0 1.7
Rumania ...................................................... () ) (a) (a) 0.1 (a)
Bulgaria ........................................... (a) (a ) (.m (a) (a) (a)
'Turkey .................................... 4.7 5.5 5.7 5.0 2.5 5.7 8.9 6.4







UNITED STATES ECPS OF DUWTIC AWND3 I6 MMI NCM Or MIATION AND) 11WU G1 INVAL D= NT C(NUffl OF ORIGIN FOR
WsWI PUIOo.-contivued

Ror Ofteral import
Coninent mood moWtr' ton Rn Apall Mothy AM ornthlMOOLY
195 1952 1951 ewl~ 1952 1952 1951 oea
1951 1951

Asi ................. 199.6 X06.7 2.0 131.6 168.3 1".4 198.5 145.1
S y .........i a....... L.1 1.2 2.7 1.8 0.5 1.0 3.4 2.0
L e ................. 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.3 0.3 0.3 1.6 0.7
Iran (Peruia) ............. 0.7 2.0 6.1 2.9 2.$ 1.2 3.7 2.9
Israel and Pal eetina ..........5* 5.7 11.5 9.0 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.0
bje d................... 0.2 041 0.2 0.2 ......(. 0(aW
b~~at....................................0.2 1.1 0.8 0.5 2.3 1.5 2.6 2.8
Saudi Arabi........................ 4.2 0.7 3.4 4.4 3.3 2.6 3.6 2.5
Aa i ua stteu ate$", Ra. ........ C. 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2
bddn...................0.5 0.1 W. *
b~d~toto of gB.ei........................... 0.5 1.1 1.0 0.6 io*) We 0.1
Afgh-18ta%............................... 0.6 0.3 1.1 0.4 2.7 2.3 9.2 2.0
bzndi .......................................4. "6 1.6 36.6 38.6 25.6 2D.3 32.2 24.7

bpalta..................2.7 5.0 2.0 3.1 1.0 2.6 5.8 3.7
clo............................... ....1.5 2.6 1.7 1.6 4.1 4.3 4.0 4.1
b= ................0.5 04 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1
Thailand (Simn)........................... 4.1 4ef 5.8 4.1 11.9 9.9 12.5 11.5
Indochina?................................. 3.2 4.0 2.3 2.2 1.5 0.4 0. 1.2
k-dgritimh la............................. 3.2 3.6 5.5 4.8 42.3 45.3 43.3 3.
laloneela........................ ......... 120.0 12.5 15.J M3. 26.1 a1.9 1.8 2L.2
Republic of the Philippine 2.. .........na3 27.2 29.2 15.6 21.3 31.2 234
dFortUgaea Asia.......................... 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.1
Southern anod Somaters Asia, swe.c ~ 0.1 (0) (e) (.)4 (a) (0i ) (a)
China (inlILC Mosiae ia) ............ ..... ....0.. 3.7 4.9 2.7 3.9
worth KoreaC. (a) 4. I .. ... .
Republic of Ke......... ......17.71 609 j 1.3 1.5 02
b.dzk-g K-9................................. 2.3 2.7 3.4 2.4 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8
Taiwn (Formoma)........................... 3.7 4.5 1.0 3.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5
Japan.................................... 563.5 5D.9 73.2 49.8 "49 18.6 17.1 17.2
Autralia and Oceania.................. 19.5 35.3 1&3 20.3 1 4. 21.3 62.7 37.5
&Australia............................. 17.3 20.9 131 U4.8 21.9 12.3 58.4 29.2
bN&v Ocines....................... ... (e 2.0::: ( 0.1 N. ..).....(a
tNev, ZealAnd....................................20 7.8 2.8 4.9 12.3 8.4 4.3 8.1
.d~kr1tiAh Western Pacific Island ...... (0) (a) Wa 0..**.) (..
d~hench Pacific Zblani...................... 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.2
Wetern Pacific IrdA1101, &.*.ac..... 0.1 (0) (C) 0.5 (0) ...............a
Africa................................ 58.4 71.2 47.9 48.4 56.1 76.6 69.5 49.1__dFreach orocco............................ 3.1 6.9 2.0 2.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6
Tangier................................. 0.: C7 1.6 1.7 1.2 (a) )()()
dAlgeria................................... 4.5 3.8 2.0, 1.9 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.6
dTuma.................................... 0.5 1.9 1.0 0.5 C.) 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya.................................. e (a) (0)()() a a
Egypt.................................... 10.3 7.9 4.8 6.5 3.0 14.2 29.7 3.9
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan......................0 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5
Canary Islands............................ 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 (W a ()(i
Spanish Africa, n.e.c...................... 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 1.1 (a()
dCanrm.....................0.4 0.6 0.2 0.5 1.4 2.4 0.8 0.3
(dFtnhEqutra Afia...........0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 ()(a
d French West Africa......................... 0.7 1.2 0.6 1.0 2.8 2.4 0.1 0.4
b~d~old Coast................................. 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 3.5 9.5 8.5 7.4
b d~igeria;.......................0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 6.9 1.2 5.1 4.1
bLitish Went fraaac0.1 (0) 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3
dHadeira Islands.......................... (0) 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
d Angola.................................... 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 2.0 4.4 0.6 2.0
duextern Portuguese Africa, n.e.c .... 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.7 1.0 0.1 0.2
Liberia....................1.3 2.9 1.0 1.8 3.6 5.0 4.4 3.7
dBolgian wg............... ..6.6 7.1 4.4 5.0 8.5 8.1 3.7 5.2
Eatern Italian Africa..................... 0.1 Wa (a-a 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1
Ethiopia (Abyeainia)....................... 095 0.5 0.2 0.4 1.5 3.2 2.6 1.7
FrPench Sailla .......................... 001 0.1 () 0.1 (a .......................(a
b.dfritih Somaiand ........................~* (). a 0.1 (0) 0.1 0.1
b Muiigand Deednis................. ... () ()()............ ..............a
ad eAmi .s.............. ..(a) 0.1 0.1 .....). ....... ......
b.dlritish east Africa........................ 100 0.9 0.4 0.7 5.6 6.8 3.5 2.9
d~ozembiqua................................... 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5
d1 -agamcar................................ 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.5
b Union of South Afries...................... 20.6 25.1 a&6 20.6 9.0 12.8 15.2 11.5
b'dNorthern ighOdsia.......................... 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.2 3.9 0.6 1.6 1.7
bdotenRhodesia ........................... .
bdSou.ti..a British Africa....................... ........... (. ........ ....... (a Wa Na


a Latin Ameican Republic.
b Sterling are countries.
c O.E.E.C. (Or~ganization fop European Ecoord Co-operation) Countries.
d 0.E.R.C. (1guiztion for European 10.0=i. Co-operation) participating dependencies.
*Indica+,# lee" than $50,000.
100untry Of destination detais1 not reported in export statistics for Special Categ9M commdities beginning July 1950, for security raSons. For certain osa, export toteje Include gpecial. Categories, ar; uhoi at the beginning of the table an pep 3. Export figures for other areas and coutries repreaset total eorts 1 exports of Special Category rompites. See Janury 1952 iseus of Foreign Trade Statiatics
Notes for further exPlanastion and list of Spasle Category cmdities.
'ltncldee *153.7animo of Etotm eur Prvmadamt hi t v (2.nli t(gnitloo for *wopasn cicool Co-operation cowitniee).
3lnoludee 994.2 anion ofrkualSc Program ahiaat C B94 UL1ioto VgaIaation for 3ean* &Mcaac cooGpertion cutaic).
'Datak owitted pending revietonof ftuNIi h will became effeetih with the MW~ 1952 rolae".
'Vest ~ IR Re n an bt 0 rep Separately begimng Janary 1952.
'Nepa reported separately be A5MPAr 19521 included with Southern and Southeastern Asia, n.e.c., during 1951.
7lnocbnareprte sparte3w :i, wmm7r 19521 da&U for 1951 are for French Indochina and Other french poseeosims iftb were reporte together and shows as ma tvenc India during 1951.
a3orth Ka and the atdli lwa Mre We sepaatelr beginning Januar 192.