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USDA'S REPORT TO CONSUMERS
ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INFORMATION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20250
March 1969 No. 62
CELEBRATE NATIONAL LANN AND GARDEN WEEK MARCH 20-26
Need Landscaping Variety? Why not plant a flowering tree during
National Lawn and Garden Week, March 20 to 26? Depending upon
your area, dogwood, magnolia, or crabapple may be good choices.
Magnolias need a fairly mild climate, where the temperature does
not fall below 10 degrees. Dogwoods can stand a little more
cold--they'll do well where temperature may drop to 15 degrees
below zero. Crabapples won't do well in mild climates. They need
about 50 cumulative days of winter temperatures below 45 degrees
to break their dormancy. You can learn more about these three
ornamentals from U. S. Department of Agriculture bulletins:
Growing the Flowering Dogwood (HG-88), Growing Magnolias (HG-132),
and Growing Flowering Crabapples (HG-135). They are for sale by
the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, DC, 20402. Each costs 5 cents.
Time To Grow Grass. Time to think "green" again, for a iful
green lawn, that is. The U. S. Department of Agricult as a
number of bulletins available to help you grow the la u've Beet
dreaming about. Three of these bulletins are "Better .s" ~HG-51
"Selecting Fertilizers for Lawns and Gardens" (HG-89), Vttawn
Weed Control with Herbicides" (HG-123). All three are sale by
the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Of L
Washington, DC, 20402. Price per copy for HG-51 is 25 cen4f iU
HG-123 is 20 cents. HG-89 is 5 cents.
The Troubled Turf. Did last year's lawn have more weeds than
grass? Or maybe pests gave your lawn a "bugged-out" look? It's
time to start thinking about getting your turf in shape for summer.
The U. S. Department of Agriculture may have the answers to your
lawn problems with two bulletins on weed and insect control.
Helpful information is available in both "Lawn Insects: How To
Control Them" (HG-53) and "Lawn Diseases: How To Control Them"
(HG-61). Both are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents,
Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 20402. Price per copy
for HG-53 is 15 cents and HG-61 is 20 cents.
PLANNING YOUR MENU 1969
The Food Situation. Vegetables--both canned and frozen--are in larger supply
this season than last, according to reports by U.S. Department of Agriculture
economists at the 46th Annual National Outlook Conference held in Washington,
DC, last month. Supplies of canned vegetables are record large this
season.. about 15 percent larger than a year earlier.
We Like Beef, Beef production has more than doubled in less than two decades--and
the outlook is for even more beef and pork to be on our menus. Of the 183 pounds
of red meat consumed per person in 1968 (a new record)--beef accounted for
110 pounds of it. Consumers used less veal and lamb.
Whether Or Not--Or in Spite of the Weather. We shall have fruit, according to
reports of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in forecasting supplies of fruit
at their 46th annual Outlook Conference. This season's citrus crop has been
affected by various weather problems, however...total citrus production is
expected to be 30 percent bigger than a year ago. Lemon output may be down.
But U. S. orange production is expected to be 38 percent above last season.
Florida's orange crop is up a fifth; and California's crop is likely
to double last year's small crop. As for Florida's yield of juice per box of
oranges it will be 20 percent below last season--due to frost damage. Grape-
fruit production is expected to be up a third from last season and will be the
largest crop in 21 years. Prices for most citrus fruits are moderate, and are
currently below year-ago levels.
No Apple for the Teacher, U. S. apple production fell for the fourth straight
year in 1968. And current storage supplies are below average. U.S. canned
peach pack was up more than a third from 1967. Fruit cocktail output was up
a fourth to a new record the 1968 canned pear and tart cherry packs were also
up sharply. U.S. production of strawberries (the leading frozen fruit) for
processing was six percent below the preceding year. U. S. dried fruit supplies
in 1968/69 will be substantially above last season. A rise in raisin output
helped to cause the increase,
FOOD FACTS...From USDA Outlook Conference
For Consumer's Interest,
* USDA figures pork production in late winter is expected to be seasonally
large--around four percent above a year earlier. Which means--more pork
available for your dinner menus if you choose.
Did you know that in the United States, the use of foods fats and oils per
person is about 50 pounds annually? Prices for these edible fats at retail
should remain steady at levels slightly above last fall,-but wholesaTleprices
may average lower because of laFge supplies. In 1969 the United States will
probably continue to account for at least one-fourth of the world's pro-
duction of oilseeds, fats and oils, and around one-third of the world exports
of these commodities.
FOOD PRICES EDGE UPWARDS
But Rate of Increase Is Slowing. Retail food prices in 1969 are expected to
average two percent to two and a half percent above those in 1968 according to
U. S. Department of Agriculture economists. This means only a small increase
from price levels at the start of '69 because December prices averaged four
percent above a year earlier. Food prices in grocery stores likely will
average one percent to two percent above 1968 and restaurant food prices around
five percent above the previous year. One-fifth of our food expenditures are
for food we buy and eat away from home.
PLENTIFUL FOODS FOR MARCH
Ever Tried Quick Prune Bread? If not, now's the time. Prunes are at the top
6f the Plentifuls list from the U. S. Department of Agriculture for March.
Also on the list are potatoes, canned tomatoes and tomato products, canned
and frozen sweet corn, fresh grapefruit, canned grapefruit juice, rice, pea-
nuts and peanut products, pork and turkey.
Exterior Painting, H&G Bulletin No. 155
Roll It Faster--Brush It Deeper. The paint roller may be faster but a brush
may give better penetration on wood surfaces according to the new publication
on exterior painting published by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. Take
time to do a good job when you paint; it warns. First, use good quality paint.
It will give longer and better protection. Second, prepare the surface properly
for painting. Even the best paint won't last on a poorly prepared surface.
Other valuable information from the booklet includes advice on surface
preparation, when to paint, number of coats to use and the prevention and care
of painting problems. Order from the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.--Price 10 cents.
Growing Camellias, HG-86 and Growing Azaleas and Rhododendrons HG-71
Plant Those Shrubs Now. It's time to get out the spade and start planting.
Why not plant some flowering shrubs this year? Three popular ones are azaleas
rhododendrons, and camellias. All three grow best in fairly mild climates,
and need well-drained, acid soil, high in organic matter. The U. S. Department
of Agriculture has two bulletins that will give you more information about
planting and caring for these flowering shrubs. Growing Camellias (HG-86) and
Growing Azaleas and Rhododendrons (HG-71) are for sale from the Superintendent
of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. HG-86
costs 10 cents, and HG-71 5 cents. Include your zip code when ordering.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
4 3 1262 08740 0841
CELEBRATE NATIONAL LAWN AND GARDEN WEEK MARCH 20-26
Plan Your Fall Garden Now. Why not use National Lawn and Garden Week, March
20 to 26, to plan for your colorful fall gardens? Chrysanthemums and dahlias
can give your garden color after summer blooms are gone. Both come in a
variety of shapes, sizes and colors. You can plant both this spring. Chrysan-
themums and dahlias thrive throughout the U.S. and grow with a minimum of care.
They'll provide colorful blooms from July until they are killed by autumn
frosts. For more information, send for Growing Chrysanthemums (HG-65) and
Growing Dahlias (HG-131). These U.S. Department of Agriculture bulletins will
give you advice on planting and care. There are also sections on pest control.
Both are for sale from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Print-
ing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Price per copy for each is 5 cents.
Do Your Plants Have A Tired Yellow Look. It could be iron deficiency. When
chlorophyll, the green coloring material, doesn't develop normally, leaves turn
yellow. And iron deficiency, or chlorosis, keeps chlorophyl from developing
normally. What to do if you suspect it? Send for Iron Deficiency in Plants:
How To Control It In Yards And Gardens (HG-102), This U.S. Department of
Agriculture bulletin gives further details on how to recognize iron chlorosis.
It also tells you how to prevent and treat this condition. HG-102 is for sale
at 15 cents per copy, from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
THE INSIDE STORY
Live In An Apartment? You've probably been jealous of your friends' colorful
outdoor flower gardens. Don't turn green with envy. Turn that green into a
green thumb for National Lawn and Garden Week, March 20 to 26. Plant your
own flower garden--in an indoor planter. Some plants will thrive where
there is little or no daylight if they get between 12 and 16 hours of light
from high-intensity fluorescent lamps. The U.S. Department of Agriculture
has developed plans for six different types of indoor planters. Send for
"Indoor Gardens for Decorative Plants," HG-133. This bulletin is for sale
from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402, It costs 10 cents a copy.
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those
who report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution. For
information about items in this issue, write: Shirley E. Wagener, Editor of
SERVICE, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Information, Washington,
D.C. 20250. Please include your sipcode.
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