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USDA'S REPORT TO CONSUMERS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INFORMATION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20250
February 1969 No. 61
SFRINGTIME IS JUST...
Around the Corner. Think-time is Now for the home
gardener--action-time will soon follow. To millions in the
U.S., lawn and garden care is a del' y--it provides
a satisfying hour or two with nat u.0 A departmentt of
Agriculture, 'in cooperation wit hY en club ~i ers in
industry and trade associations celebrate week of
March 20-26 as National Lawn a G Prde Week purpose of
the observance is to improve t pearance 1o surroundings
with green and growing plants i r homes, nei g Thoods, and
communities--not just for one w e t through ~ year. The
theme of this year's observance i America."
ON THE CHEESE TRAY
You Say You've Never Tried Sufu? No, it's not really new--the
Chinese have been making it for centuries. Sufu, a soybean
cheese, made from Tofu (a soybean curd) is a soft, yellow
cheese with a pleasant taste and odor. Originally, it had a
beany flavor, but a Taiwan scientist found a way to get rid of
the unpleasant flavor. U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists
say it could be enhanced by Western flavors such as garlic,
wine, or peppers. Don't rush to the corner store to buy sufu
however, it is still a "soon to be available" item...but not yet.
Snowmobiling's "In" --And It's Great Fun Too. Just ask any
enthusiast of the fastest growing winter sport. It's become
so popular on the National Forests of New England and the Lake
States (Minnesota-Wisconsin-Michigan) that the USDA's Forest
Service has developed more than 1,000 miles of snowmobile trails
in those areas alone. Although snowmobiles increase forest
management problems, the Forest Service encourages the sport
because it creates year-round recreational opportunities. To
promote safety and reinforce consideration of conservation
values, the Forest Service has published a leaflet on "Snowmobile
Safety" and developed a list of common sense rules called a
"Snowmobile Code of Ethics." More information on snowmobile
facilities is available from the Forest Service, U. S. Department
of Agriculture, 633 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53203.
TRY BIRD WATCHING?
'Tis the Time of Year. No, not to be jolly--that was months ago. If you'd
like to do something this year for the birds--not people--then here's your
chance. A USDA publication, "Invite Birds to Your Home" was designed to
interest people in planting for birds, beauty and soil and water protection.
Among the plants suggested to attract the birds are the autumn olive, holly,
sumac, and mountain ash. This is a natural way to invite birds into your home
and your garden. Birds like variety. When you plan your garden, keep your
bird-friends in mind. Birds enjoy bright hued and decorative berry plants.
A colorful chart published by the U. S. Department of Agriculture-.PA 840--may
help start a new family project. "Invite Birds to Your Home" is available for
sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C., 20402--Price: 20 cents.
A ROSE BY ANY OTHER NAME
A Radish or A Rosebud? There's a difference. There's a similarity too.
Radishes are just about as fragile as rosebuds and they're both problems to
ship. U.S. Department of Agriculture research transportation specialists
have developed a new method for keeping radishes fresh and safer in transport.
The new system allows air to circulate better because of a new criss-cross
MOST POPULAR WINTER SPORT
Skiinf's Still Kirn. The favorite winter sport in the National Forests is
still skiing, especially in the West where 80 percent of the major ski areas
are located on National Forest land. The Forest Service of the U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture has just revised it's booklet "Skiing" with up-to-date
information on more than 200 'atiional Forest ski areas. The booklet also
includes a picture page of the 12 standard national ski area signs. They
uay be cut out by the novice skier and carried with him for easy reference.
Copies of "Skiing" are available for 50 cents from the Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
PICK THE PLEMITI-ULS
Mid-Winter Fare. Versatile broiler-fryers head the U.S. Department of
Agriculture list of plentifuls for February--followed by green split peas,
pork, canned salmon, potatoes, onions, canned tomatoes and tomato products,
canned and frozen sweet corn, fresh oranges, fresh grapefruit, canned grape-
fruit juice, and dried prunes. A party-supreme could develop from following
the plentifuls this month--or just a well-rounded meal for folks-at-home.
TASTE BUDS TELL
Longer Storage Life. Milk apparently is a sturdier product--less perishable
than we realized--according to new research reported by the U.S. Department of
Agriculture. Under normal household refrigeration (usually 450 or 500) milk
keeps an average of seven days. Tests also show that simply lowering the
temperature to freezing or slightly above will extend storage life to as long
as seven weeks. Under research conditions milk pasteurized under higher-than-
normal temperatures could keep as long as 20 weeks or more. Taste panels are
used to test milk samples stored at various temperatures and subjected to
bacteriological tests. These findings will provide information not only for
home and commercial storage of milk but for the entire distribution practices
of the fresh milk industry.
For Gladiolus: Longer Life. What is needed to preserve fresh-cut gladiolus?
The question is being answered by U. S. Department of Agriculture research
scientists. Studies of effective holding solutions help solve the mystery of
how such preservatives do their job. One formula can double vase life of
gladiolus and improve the quality of the fresh-cut flowers. One key to the
problem is increasing the ability of flowers to retain water. If used
ineffectively however, the procedure could shorten the life of the flower.
Holding solutions, when perfected, could be valuable supplements for florist
and consumer use. Future research hopefully will provide answers to preserving
all types of flowers.
Food Stamp Progress. An innovation in the Food Stamp program is adding con-
venience and extra service for participants. Under a new arrangement, food
stamp users may purchase stamps from credit unions in Washington, D.C., and
three Connecticut cities. Credit unions are open longer hours than most banks
and they are often easier to reach than banks. The food stamp program,
administered by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, allows eligible families
to invest in coupons worth more, in terms of food purchases, than their money.
The coupons are then used like cash to purchase food. More credit unions are
expected to participate in handling the food stamps.
New Peach Variety. Fairtime, a new peach variety, was developed by U.S.Depart-
ment of Agriculture scientists in California and is now available to fruit
growers. Fairtime produces large, round freestone peaches and extends the
ripening season of high quality varieties. It is superior in attractiveness,
fruit size and shape, as well as flesh texture and quality in comparison with
older varieties ripening in the same season. There is red color around the
pit and the fleeh is yellow, firm but melting and smooth textured. The flavor
is very good. For more information about the new Fairtime variety, write to
Dr. John H. Weinberger, U. S. Horticultural Field Station,2021 S. Peach Avenue,
Fresno, California, 93727
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08740 0858
Open Space ERS Misc. Publication 1121
Program Chairmen--Project: Open Space. How many people realize the multiple
benefits of open space? Some even say "what does 'open space' mean?" Properly
developed, open spaces help create scenic areas; recharge the air with oxygen
because of the trees and green plants; allow rain water to seep into the water
table rather than run off; and avoid silt pollution and flooding of streams.
Club groups may form information and education programs to help preserve open
space. A new booklet published by the U. S. Department of Agriculture describes
the howss" and "whys" of open space. A helpful guide to any club program
director, the publication includes a list of source materials for other
reference. It is available from the U. S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402 for 20 cent.
Nutrition--Food At Work For You H&G No. 1 Supplement
Take a Tip, Meal planning can be interesting if your nutrition education
becomes meaningful. Vary flavors and textures in planning meals suggests U. S.
Department of Agriculture home economists. Include a variety of foods in your
menus and collect (and use) recipes stressing the basic four food groups--milk,
meat, vegetable (fruit) and bread (cereal). Brighten your food with color; a
slice to tomato, a sprig of dark greens a dash of pimento. Be creative with
food. Order the new booklet for more ideas, a separate section of USDA's
original Family Fare, H&G 1, known as "Nutrition--Food At Work For You"--Price
New Slide Sets--Filmstrips
"How Food Affects You," C-156, is the newest color slide series on food produced
by the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Extension Service. What foods do for
your body is explained in the 47-frame presentation available as a slide set or
filmstrip (both $5.50) available now. It's an ideal teaching aid for home
economists, scout groups and other youth organizations. "Revelations of a
Register Tape, or the Baffling Case of the Ever-Growing Grocery Bill," C-119
is the name of a new slide set ($8.00) and filmstrip (07.50) being released by
the U. S. Department of Agriculture this month. A taped narration is available
for $1.00. The non-technical 71-frame color presentation in bright and popular
art work tells what influences your grocery bill. Order the slide set from the
Photography Division, Office of Information, U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Washington, D, C. 20250. Order filmstrips from the Photo Lab, Inc.,
3825 Georgia Avenue, N. W., Washington, D. C. 20011
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those
who report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution. For
information about items in this issue, write: Shirley E. Wagener, Editor of
SERVICE, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Information, Washington,
D.C. 20250. Please include your zipcode.
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