Material Information

Service USDA's report to consumers
Portion of title:
USDA's report to consumers
Physical Description:
: ; 27 cm.
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Governmental and Public Affairs
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Communication
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Information
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office of Governmental and Public Affairs
Place of Publication:


Subjects / Keywords:
Consumer education -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Nov. 1963-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Publication suspended Dec. 1979-
Issuing Body:
Issued Nov. 1963-Feb. 1973 by the Department's Office of Information; Mar. 1973-Dec. 1977 by the Office of Communication.
General Note:
Issues prior to Jan. 1978 were classed: A 21.29:(nos.)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001360420
oclc - 01716336
notis - AGM1835
issn - 0037-2544
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text

od'! tOR 14' -

JANUARY 1973 J'AN NZ.108

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On Franks and Other Cooked Sausages. WhatNgredients should
be permitted in hot dogs and other cooked sausages? Should by-
products be banned from these products? What type of labeling
is most helpful on these products? Consumers have been invited
to comment on a recent USDA proposal that would help the Depart-
ment decide the answers. The proposal published in the Federal
Register on December 23, 1972, would ban the use of byproducts--
such as lips, snouts, and spleens--from franks and other cooked
sausages. Secondly, it would set up two categories of product
names to indicate clearly the ingredients used. Under the first
product name category, franks, bologna, and other cooked sausages
could contain only muscle meat and ingredients--such as water,
sweeteners, and curing agents--necessary to make these tradit-
ional products, and they would be called by their traditional
names--frankfurters, bologna, etc. Products in the second
name category could contain the same ingredients plus binders--
such as nonfat dry milk, soy protein, etc.--and would carry a
product name indicating the addition of the binders. Officials
of USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)
point out that the proposed labeling and content changes are
intended to accomplish two things. The labeling changes would
bring regulations into compliance with a recent Federal court
decision that the use of terms "all-meat," "all beef," and
similar terms is misleading to consumers. Secondly, the pro-
posal to ban byproducts gives USDA an opportunity to "get the
issue in the open and give us a real chance to find out what the
public thinks." Written comments on the proposal should be sent
in duplicate by February 21 to the Hearing Clerk, U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250. Oral comments can
be made to APHIS, U. S. Department of Agriculture, in Washington,
D. C., before February 21 for transcript arrangements before the
deadline. Copies of the proposal are available from APHIS, USDA,
Room 1658-S, Washington, D. C. 20250.


Winter Appetite Tempters. The Plentiful Foods List for January
includes the orange--fresh, frozen concentrated juice, and canned
juice. Other foods listed are cranberry sauce, rice, dry beans
and broiler-fryers. For February, broiler-fryers and peanuts will
make up the Plentiful Foods List.

4, 0, I. p -I I -


At a Glance. Good things often come in small packages. So do handy
things--such as USDA's pocketsize, quick reference guide to consumer credit
information. The little publication, aptly titled "Consumers' Quick Credit
Guide," puts helpful credit information and pointers at your fingertips.
It gives tips on buying on installment, the cost of credit, understanding
percentage rates, and borrowing money along with specific things to remember
and questions to ask--both of yourself and of your potential lender--before
using your credit. Copies of "Consumers' Quick Credit Guide," are available
for 5 cents each (cash, not credit) from the Superintendent of Documents,
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402.


Made From the Whole Thing. More than 600 consumers in Dallas, Tex., and
Columbus, Ohio, tried them and liked them. What they tried were two experi-
mental citrus drinks developed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. The
new drinks, Orange Ho (made from oranges) and Nectarade (made from grapefruit),
differ from conventional citrus drinks because they are made from whole fruit
purees. Only the seeds and the tough portions of the fruit are removed before
grinding and homogenizing turns about 90 percent of the fruit into purees.
Characteristics of pure citrus juices--such as cloudiness, pulp content, and
body--are retained. Besides producing delicious, nutritious drinks acceptable
to consumers, the new process offers a new way to utilize a larger percentage
of the whole fruit, makes available another method for handling the ever-
increasing citrus crops, and helps correct pollution problems by reducing the
amount of disposable waste. Although the drinks are not available on the market
yet, the taste survey--plus the other advantages of the new process--indicate a
considerable commercial potential.


Two New Booklets Added to the List. Two booklets--one on buying roast beef and
one on buying canned and frozen vegetables--have been added to the growing list
of Spanish language publications from the U. S. Department of Agriculture. "Como
Comprar Los Asados de Carne de Vaca" (How To Buy Roast Beef) gives advice on
choosing just the right roast beef for any occasion. It illustrates and explains
the USDA grades for beef and the various cuts of beef that are available. In
"Como Comprar Hortalizas Enlatadas y Congeladas" (How To Buy Canned and Frozen
Vegetables) USDA quality grades for these processed vegetables are explained and
the various styles of vegetables--sliced, whole, cut, etc.--are described. Both
booklets offer many other valuable tips on buying and using these foods. Single
free copies of "Como Comprar Los Asados de Came de Vaca" (G-146-S) and of "Como
Comprar Hortalizas Enlatadas y Congeladas" (G-167-S) may be requested from the
Office of Information, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250.


Trees, For Instance. USDA has a calendar that never gets old. It is "A
Calendar for Activities for Home Arborists"--or under its popular name, "Color
It Green With Trees." Instead of keeping track of days of the month, the calen-
dar gives tips and information on selecting, planting, and caring for trees for
each month of the year. For example, for January, one tip says that tramping
down snow around roots of young trees deters rodents from chewing on the bark;
for June, a tip suggests that its time to put up stakes or guards to protect
young trees from lawnmowers. Similar suggestions, tips, and other tree infor-
mation offered for each month can help tree lovers set up a schedule for improve-
ment and protection of ornamental and shade trees in their yards and communities.
The attractive calendar also includes color illustrations for each month, including
some of trees' worst enemies--Japanese beetles, fungi, scale--for easy identifi-
cation. Copies of "Color It Green With Trees" (PA-791) are available for 20 cents
each from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington,
D. C. 20402.


Getting The Things You Want. Have you ever lectured your children on achieving
goals in life--time after time? If they don't seem to be getting the message,
maybe there's more than a generation gap. Maybe the kids don't understand some
key points in your lectures. USDA's Extension Service has come up with a slide
set/filmstrip that explains "Getting The Things You Want" (C-186)--money for
a new bike, learning to knit, competing for the class presidency. The presen-
tation, developed for use in 4-H work, discusses management and explains how to
put one's personal resources--such as interests, talents, time, energy, money--
to work to reach a goal. Basic enough for a 9-year-old, the slide set/filmstrip
is suitable for any group of youngsters about that age--Campfire Girls, Cub
Scouts, elementary school classes. The 30-frame color slide set is available
for $13.00 from the Photography Division, Office of Information, U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250. The filmstrip can be purchased for
$5.50 from Photo Lab. Inc., 3825 Georgia Avenue, N. W., Washington, D. C. 20011.
A cassette carrying narration, music, and frequency pulses to change frames with
automatic equipment is available for $3.00 from either source.


Fewer Hot Beds. Smoking in bed has never been recommended. It has led to death,
injury, and destruction by fire. However, it apparently is still being done and
is still leading to fires. Working with reality, USDA scientists have developed
two fire retardant treatments for mattress covers and fillers to inhibit
cigarettes from igniting mattresses. One of the new treatments involves coating
the back of mattress ticking with a polymer capable of dissipating heat. The
coating is designed to form a shield to prevent the batting from reaching
smoldering temperature--750 degrees F. The other method treats the cotton
batting mattress filler with boron or phosphorus-containing compounds to make
it flame- and smolder-resistant. The treatment raises the ignition temperature
of the batting, changing its flaming characteristics and minimizing its tendency
to smolder. Smoking in bed still is not a good idea, but if you must .


3 1262 08740 1138

In Living--Or Dying--Color. If your periwinkles are perishing, it might be
air pollution. But how can you tell for sure? A new USDA slide series showing
the effects of air pollution on different kinds of plants--vegetables, fruits,
ornamentals, trees, and field crops--can help gardeners, farmers, and homeowners
diagnose the ailment and identify the pollutant. The color slides illustrate
pollution damage done to plants, including closeups of leaves and fruits
suffering oxidant injury. Some examples compare plants grown in filtered air
to those grown in the normal air--that which we breathe. The set of 105 frames,
titled "The Effects of Air Pollution on Plant Life," (A-58) is divided into
three subsets: Vegetables and Fruits, Field Crops, and Ornamental Plants and
Trees. The subsets sell for >13.00 each. The complete set of 105 frames can
be purchased for S18.50. Narrative guides accompany each set and subset which
may be ordered from the Photography Division, Office of Information, U. S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250.


Is What You Might Have. Among the advantages of living in Alaska is that sub-
terranean termites don't. Elsewhere--temperate or tropical--the aggressive
and destructive pests consider buildings and other wood products fair and
desirable game. Colonies of these social but unacceptable insects have been
with us for a long time--for millions of years--so they are tough. But in-
creased use of central heating systems, changes in building practices and
materials, and development of suburban homes in forested areas, have combined
to ease life somewhat for termites and they are becoming more common in areas
where they formerly were of little importance. Recognizing the presence and
destruction of subterranean termites is not the easiest thing to do. They
usually keep to themselves, hidden away underground or in galleries they dig
u.ithin the materials they attack. However, large numbers of winger reproductive
termites coming out of the woodwork or ground is very good evidence of a well-
established colony nearby. Before your house or your nerves become shaky, you
might want to check a USDA booklet, "Subterranean Termites," for information
on preventing infestations in new and old structures and on controlling infes-
tations, should you be colonized. Single free copies of "Subterranean Termites"
(C-64) are available from the Office of Information, U. S. Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250.


Erosion Arithmetic. Studies show that erosion on land going into use for high-
ways, houses, or shopping centers is 10 times greater than on land in cultivated
row crops, 200 times greater than on land in pasture, and 2,000 times greater
than on land in timber.

SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those who
report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution. For information
about items in this issue, write: Lillie Vincent, Editor of Service, Office of
Information, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. Telephone (202)

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