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M DAY'S REPORT TO CONSUMERS
1TFD STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INFORMATION WASHINGTON. D.C 20250
APRIL 1972 No. 99
Background Leaflet Gives Data. American agriculture has advanced
more the past 50 years than in all the prior years of our history.
Consider some of the statistics on our Nation's largest industry:
One out of every five jobs in private employment is related to
agriculture. One hour of farm labor produces over seven times as
much food and other crops as it did in 1919-1921. American farmers
met American consumer needs: In 1971 each of us consumed 192
pounds of red meats, 50 pounds of chicken, 121 pounds of potatoes,
81 pounds of fresh fruits, and used over 19 pounds of cotton and
1f pounds of wool. A little leaflet, "Background on U.S. Agricul-
ture" (L-491) gives these figures and many more in describing the
role the farmer plays in the welfare of the Nation's economy and
citizens. Single free copies of the leaflet are available from
the Office of Information, U.S. Department o ure,
Washington, D.C. 20250. Bulk copies may aQ-e r 10 cents
a copy from the Superintendent of Docume s.. Go nt
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402,
For Older Folks Only. Good food is impo nd life's
great pleasures -- whether you are eight o .j is, in
fact, a necessity for good health, for normal and for that
feeling of well-being that helps you meet each day rested, alert,
and ready to cope. For persons closer to eighty than to eight,
the U.S. Department of Agriculture has recently issued a food guide
designed to help in planning and preparing nutritious meals. The
revised "Food Guide for Older Folks" gives tips on buying food and
time and energy-saving hints, along with how to plan and prepare
menus to meet specific needs. Although people choose from the same
foods as they grow older, their needs for some of the nutrients and
for calories change. A daily food guide in the booklet shows how
to meet these needs. The basic four food groups are explained and
a list of foods that satisfy requirements in each group is included
along with recommended daily amounts. There are sample menus and
more than 30 recipes that can be prepared with a minimum of time,
preparation and equipment. Copies of "Food Guide for Older Folks"
(G-17) are available for 20 cents each from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
HAVING YOUR CAKE
And Eating It Despite Your Allergy. Persons allergic to wheat, eggs, and/or milk
must refrain from eating breads, cakes, and pastries or check package labels v-e-r-y
carefully. Another course of action to consider is to bake them at home. A USDA book-
let can be of help to those who make the last choice. "Baking For People With Food Al-
lergies" (G-147) includes recipes for such goodies as cornmeal muffins (without eggs,
milk, or wheat), pineapple upside-down cake (without eggs, milk, or wheat), and pie
crusts (without eggs or wheat). Copies of the booklet are available for 10 cents each
from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
About Farmers Home Administration Loans. FHA financed houses, whether newly constructed
or existing new structures, compare in quality and design to other dwellings around them
-- ranch style, ramblers, bi-levels, split foyers, or any of many designs. And the com-
parison does not necessarily end with the outside of the house. When the FrA computer
spells out that most of the houses in a given section of a community come equipped with
range and refrigerator, the FHA county supervisor can include the cost of these house-
hold items in the loan. If houses in the area are normally sold with washer and dryer,
funds for these may also be included. Back outside, the FHA can provide enough cash in
the housing loan to buy foundation plantings, seeds or sod for lawns, and even yard fen-
cing, walks, and driveways. The agency even goes a step further for borrowers in areas
where tornadoes are unwelcome visitors: FHA rural housing loans can include allowances
for the construction of storm cellars. The USDA credit agency advances housing loans to
borrowers living in communities of 10,000 population or less and in the open countryside
and who are unable to obtain needed financing from other sources.
WATCH THE BIRDIE / ".
Extend A Midwestern Invitat~i Dedicated birdwatchers have been known to travel miles
in all kinds of weather to ob p.ve feathered friends. For them -- and for those less
dedicated to the sport -- USs$s Soil Conservation Service has prepared a new brochure
that can help turn the tables The birds come to the watcher. The colorful publication,
"Invite Birds To Your Home Conservation Plantings for the Midwest," (PA-982) gives
some tips to midwestern homeowners.on how to'attract robins, cardinals, and other birds
common in the area into their neighb6o'-bods. It suggests how to create a landscape de-
sign, mentions the needs of various plants for sun, soil, and water, and lists food
plants preferred by the birds. The brochure is a companion to an earlier publication,
"Invite Birds To Your Home -- Conservation Plantings for the Northeast," (PA-940).Single
copies of either publication are available free from the Office of Information, U. S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.
Ezgzs Lead The List. The versatile egg is the featured item on the April Plentiful Foods
List which includes some juicy items: cranberry juice cocktail and canned cranberry
sauce; frozen concentrated grape juice and canned grape juice; apple juice and canned
applesauce; prune juice and prunes; canned pears; milk and dairy products; and potatoes
and potato products. For May, the Plentifuls List will include broiler-fryers; milk and
nonfat dry milk; fresh potatoes and potato products; canned peaches; canned fruit cock-
tail; and eggs.
Challenges Pollution. Ugliness, and Blight. Alert citizens everywhere see pressing
environmental problems on all sides -- the need for safe drinking water, sanitary land-
fills, improved rural housing, noise reduction, improved recreational resources. The
regular on-going activities of USDA are concerned with these and every aspect of our
environment. Throughout the U.S., hundreds of local, State, and Federal offices are
staffed with people whose daily duties relate to the environment. USDA's Environmental
Thrust campaign aims to muster all of these resources to help rural counties and towns
build and protect the quality of life. A new USDA slide presentation, titled "Environ-
mental Thrust," was prepared to inform the public of the resources available -- for the
asking -- through this national network of offices. The 50-frame color presentation
describes the Environmental Thrust campaign which is designed to get things started by
helping citizens initiate and then carry out community projects. The slide set uses
artwork to tell the story of a group of people concerned with the appearance of their
community and how they get help for various projects. A cassette carrying music and
dialogue between several voices helps tell the story in a light vein. The slide set
can be ordered for $13.00 from the Photography Division, Office of Information, U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. A filmstrip can be purchased for
$5.50 from Photo Lab, Inc., 3825 Georgia Avenue N.W., Washington, D.C. 20011. The cas-
sette is available from either source for $3.00.
WHAT'S IN A NAME?
It Matters To USDA Inspectors. To be labeled with a particular name, a Federally in-
spected meat or poultry product must meet standards set by the U.S. Department of
Agriculture. For example, chili con care must contain at least 40 percent meat; meat
curry, at least 50 percent meat; and sukiyaki, at least 30 percent meat. A USDA pub-
lication, available in both English and Spanish, offers consumers a ready reference to
these standards. The publication lists the percentages of meat, poultry, or other in-
gredients that USDA inspectors require in some 200 processed meat and poultry products
-- from baby food to frozen meat tacos to chicken cacciatore. For shoppers who want to
know that what they see on the label is what they are getting when they buy meat and
poultry products, the publication can be a useful shopping tool. "Standards for Meat
and Poultry Products -- A Consumer Reference List" or the Spanish version, "Patrones
de Products de Carne ae Res y de Aves de Corral -- Lista de relerencia del consumidor,"
can be obtained free by writing to SERVICE, Office of Information, Room 461-A, U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.
SERVING SMALL GROUPS
From Fifteen To Fifty. In preparing food for small groups, such as a club luncheon, a
small church or community supper, or a get-together for a big family--there is some-
times the worry of not enough food to go around or piles of food left over. For these
occasions, -- when it pays to use taste-tested recipes that yield a given amount for
food -- a new USDA publication can be a big help. "Cooking For Small Groups" suggests
12 lunch and dinner menus and gives more than 35 recipes for main dishes, vegetables,
salads, breads, and desserts. Calories per serving are listed with recipes along with
variations on serving. Yields of the recipes are for 25 or more servings, but a handy
section of the booklet gives two methods for adjusting the recipe size up to 50 servings
or down to 15, as you need. Tips on how to keep the food safe to eat while it is being
prepared and held for serving are included in one section. Copies of "Cooking For Small
Groups" (G-197) are available for 15 cents each from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. _-
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NEW SLIDE PRESENTATION
House Design With People In Mind. "Planning the Bedroom" is the latest in a continuing
series of USDA slide presentations to help families develop an awareness of family needs
in house design. The 32-frame slide set gives tips that can make the bedroom more liv-
able and comfortable. It tells where bedrooms should be located in relation to other
rooms in the home, where closets, windows and doors should be, how much room is needed
for cleaning under beds or opening dresser drawers, the types of lighting needed. The
slide set can be ordered for $13.00 from the Photography Division, Office of Information,
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. As a filmstrip, "Planning the
Bedroom" may be purchased for $5.50 from Photo Lab, Inc., 3825 Georgia Avenue N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20011. A cassette carrying the sound track is available for $3.00 for
automatic projection with both slide set and filmstrip.
USE FOR TREE WASTES
Mulching With Bark. You can improve your home landscape while you help the environment.
That's the message from USDA's Forest Service scientists who have been investigating the
uses of excess bark material. Raw bark accumulates rapidly at sawmills where logs are
processed through debarking machines before being sawed into lumber. Usually sawmill
owners dispose of the bark, considered a troublesome waste material, by burning it.
Naturally, this adds to air pollution. To help curtail this pollution, as well as to
make use of this wasted but good material, and to help foster jobs in rural areas, the
Forest Service undertook a research program to study the prospects for utilization of
bark. Results indicate that commercial use of the bark as mulch holds much promise.
What can bark mulch do for you and your garden? Well, it can protect your plants' del-
icate roots; improve your soil's texture; save yard maintenance time; and make your
landscaping more beautiful and exciting. A limited number of copies of a booklet de-
scribing bark mulch and its uses can be obtained from Information Services, Northeastern
Forest Experiment Station, b616 Market Street, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania 190b2. Ask
for booklet NE-INF-11-1972, "Bark Mulch: Natural Artistry Around Your House."
WILDLIFE FOR TOMORROW
Protecting A Natural Treasure. One of the Nation's natural resource treasures is its
wildlife. And one of the major and long time protectors of wildlife habitat is USDA's
Forest Service. More than a third of all big game existing in the Nation and 58 of the
rare and endangered wildlifespecies find homes on or near National Forest Systems lands.
Under the Forest Service's habitat improvement program, several big game species have
increased dramatically in numbers. These are among the highlights described in a new
booklet, "Wildlife for Tomorrow." The Forest Service booklet traces the history of
wildlife in America since the first explorers and puts in perspective early inroads on
the wildlife populations. It describes subsequent laws and regulatory agencies charged
with wildlife protection and propagation. Color photographs and illustrations identify
many of the Nation's wild species. Copies of "Wildlife for Tomorrow" (PA-989) are
available for 60 cents each from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Print-
ing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed
report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution.
about items in this issue, write: Lillie Vincent, Editor of Service,
Information, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.
DU8-5437. Please include your zipcode.
for those who
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