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USDA'S REPORT TO CONSUMERS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INF ASHINGTON, D.C. 20250
JUNE 1971 I 89
USDA PILOT FOOD PROGRAMS STUDIED
Report On Two Of Five Programs. USDA ha ails of a
recent study of two of its five pilot food p for low-income
and welfare mothers and infants. The study, conducted by Cornell
University for USDA's Food and Nutrition Service, reports on the
pilot food certificate programs in Chicago, Illinois, and in Bibb
County, Georgia. Other USDA pilot food certificate programs are
operating in Brazos County, Texas, Yakima County, Washington, and
the St. Johnsbury-Newport Welfare District, Vermont. Under the food
certificate plan, each eligible woman receives $5 worth of certifi-
cates per month during pregnancy and for one year after delivery.
During that year, she receives another $10 in certificates per month
for milk, iron-fortified infant formulas, and baby cereals for each
child up to one year old. Some results of the Cornell study indi-
cate that infants up to 6 months of age in both participating groups
and in control groups of non-participants had a average total con-
sumption of milk plus formula about equal to consumption levels
found in higher-income families. Average total consumption of milk
plus formula for infants 6 through 12 months in all sample groups
was greater than that found in higher-income population. The food
certificate plan did not significantly increase milk and formula
intakes by infants nor did the program aoear to encourage substi-
tution of commercially prepared infant formula for whole milk for
infants 6 months to a year old. Thus, it did not contribute to the
intakes of iron in this age group. T1he program was well accented
by participants with few difficulties reported in using the certi-
ficates. USDA officials are reviewing the report before deciding
on the future of the experimental program.
PLENTIFUL FOODS LIST
June Plentifuls Make Rhyme and Reason. Songwriters have had great
success with June. .croon, moon, swoon. Perhaps it was a hungry
librettist who thought of. .pocn. For smart food xh:pper-., the
rhyme for June is. .boon; the reason is the T y=saving ideas in
this month's Plentiful Foods List. Tcpping the List are milk and
dairy products, apc:ropriate items to observe the nationwide cele-
bration of "June Is Dairy 'ni-th." Other foods on the June List are
broiler-fryers, eggs, dried peas, canned ripe olives, and c- toes
and potato products. For July the Plentifuls will include turkeys,
e:^g, fresh plums, fresh vegetaL1'.X watermelons, rice, frozen and
fresh salmon, and cranberry sauce and juice.
COME RAIN OR COME STAIN
Cottons That Repel and Resist. Wouldn't it be nice to have an all-cotton raincoat that
is still water resistant even after repeated machine washings? Or, how about sailing
togs of 100-percent cotton that not only repel water but resist oily stains? It might
not be long before these marvels will be on the market. The "miracle" treatment for
such garments is already being developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and
commercial firms are showing great interest in the process. Scientists at USDA's Agri-
cultural Research Service in New,Orleans have been working with chemicals called fluoro-
carbons that can impart water reoellency, stain resistance, or both, to cotton fabrics.
A problem is that as a garment becpmes more water-repellent it becomes more difficult
to launder. The scientists are looking for a happy balance: to make the treated garment
a little less water repellent in order to make laundering practical. Although this will
make the fabrics somewhat less resistant to water borne stains, they will still retain
their oily-stain resistant qualities. Unlike water-repellent cotton finishes now on the
market -- that cannot be laundered-and must be renewed after cleaning -- the new finish
will permit home laundering in ordinary detergents and will last the life of the fabric.
BRUSH UP ON YOUR PAINTING
Inside Tips On Interior Painting. Surface preparation is the most important part -- and
may take the longest time -- of an attractive, long-lasting paint job. So advises a new
USDA publication, "Interior Painting in Homes and Around the Farm." For many people,
however, the hardest job may be choosing the color, shade, and type of paint from the
wide range available on the market. In either case -- the preparing or the choosing --
the new bulletin can come to your aid. It tells how to choose the right paints for the
job and how to apply them -- properly and safely. Included is a chart for selecting
paints for use on walls, ceilings, and floors and for applying to masonry, metal, and
wood surfaces. The publication points out some safety tips such as avoiding spontaneous
combustion from oily rags and avoiding prolonged exposure to paint fumes which can be
harmful to humans and pets, especially if you are a canary. Along with the do-it-your-
self tips, the bulletin includes useful information when hiring a contractor to do the
painting. Copies of "Interior Painting in Homes and Around the Farm" (G-184) may be
ordered for 10 cents each from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
USDA POSTERS TELL ALL
About Meat and Poultry For You. Inspection, buying, and care of meat and poultry are
subjects of a new set of posters developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The
set of 10 colorful posters, each measuring 15x20 inches, will be of special interest to
teachers, leaders, and others engaged in consumer education work. The posters, which
can be used individually or easily made into attractive table-top exhibits, tie in di-
rectly with five meat and poultry leaflets published by USDA. The poster sets are avail-
able for $1.75 per set from: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Ask for "Meat and Poultry Inspection Posters." The
leaflets, also for sale by the Superintendent of Documents are: "Meat and Poultry --
Wholesome for You" (G-170) 10 cents; "Meat and Poultry -- Standards for You" (G-171)
10 cents; "Meat and Poultry -- Labeled for You" (G-172) 10 cents; "Meat and Poultry --
Clean for You" (G-173)10 cents; "Meat and Poultry -- Care Tips for You" (G-174) 20 oents.
Single copies of the five leaflets are free from the Office of Information, U.S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.
SUMMER FOOD PREVIME
The start of the sunny season finds many shoppers with better incomes to go with some
good buys in the pork and poultry departments.
The average family has more dollars to spend. Higher wages and Social Security bene-
fits, wider distribution of food stamps, and reduced taxes are boosting "spend-ability."
For the entire year, USDA estimates that grocery store prices will average about 2 per-
cent over 1970. Continued rise in the cost of eating out adds perhaps another percent
to the overall food price rise this year. After declining late last year, retail food-
store prices began rising, averaging about 1- percent higher this spring than last.
Over the summer, a little more increase is in store. Early summer prices will in-
clude unusually good buys in pork and poultry. But tightening supplies of these items,
and seasonal increases in others, will cause prices to move upward through the summer.
Pork will remain a fine buy, considering it's summer, even with the upcoming sea-
sonal increase. Eggs are much lower than a year ago, broilers remain in good supply,
and turkeys, usually high this time of year, are going at Thanksgiving-special prices.
Beef and fish prices reflect brisk demand. Sales figures are telling a tale of
heavy demand for beef; prices have moved up during the past few months. This summer,
retail beef prices aren't likely to ease off. Look for buys in roasts, usually in slack
demand during summer. Some can be sliced into steaks.
Japanese. Europeans, and Americans are gobbling fish. The world fish catch is run-
ning at maximum levels, but are not matching demand; our prices have jumped. Only a few
frozen items remain in relative plentiful supply: salmon, flounder, ocean perch fillets,
whiting. But while canned fish prices may go up a penny or two, trade inventories of
canned tuna, salmon, and shrimp are generally ample. Maine sardine prices are likely to
reflect limited quantity in coming months.
At the dairy counter earlier this year, prices rose for whole and skim milk, butter,
imerican cheese, ice cream, and evaporated milk. Prices may increase a little over the
rest of the year. Retail butter and cream prices may change least.
Some produce items will run relatively high during summer. At the produce counter,
Cresh tomato prices will begin declining seasonally in June. Carrot prices may drop a
Little from high spring levels; and cabbage remains quite reasonable. Sweet corn from
?lorida is reaching its harvesting peak now, but cantaloupes will be higher this summer
.han last, and celery and potatoes will rise seasonally, too. Banana prices are likely
Ito be lower than last summer. There's a good supply of Valencia oranges, but higher
pricess because of demand. Higher fresh peach prices are due to a cold-slashed early
:rop. Processed fruit and vegetable prices will be up a little from last summer's levels.
Frzen lima beans. snap beans, green peas, and sweet corn all are costlier than a
rear ago due to smaller supplies and heavy demand. And you can add to the list canned
Ind frozen orange juice, citrus juices, and apple and grape juices, too.
L'few bright spots: Canned sauerkraut and peeled tomatoes are in ample supply. There
tre bargain supplies of frozen french fries for summer meals.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
THINK SAFETY 3 1262 08740 0940
It's Farm Safety Week. Safety is a good idea year-round, but it will get special enpha-
sis July 25-31, proclaimed by President Nixon as National Farm Safety Week. Why stress
farm safety? Agriculture is listed among the industries with the highest occupational
risks to human life. The President's proclamation urges "farm families and all in the
rural community to make every effort to reduce accidents occurring at work, home, in re-
creation, and on the highway." This is good advice even if you don't live on a farm.
In fact, Farm Safety Week would be a dandy time for gardeners, and home owners as well
as farmers to brush up on their safety practices -- such as wise use of pesticides. A
new leaflet, "Pesticide Pointers," published cooperatively by the U.S. Department of Ag-
riculture and the National Safety Council, includes twelve basic tips for avoiding pesti-
cide accidents. Single copies are available free from the Office of Information, U. S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.
LK. WHO NEEDS IT?
And How Much? Do you know how much milk a baby needs daily? A teenager? An adult? A
nursing mother? Do you have to drink milk? Or, can you get your daily milk needs in
other forms? The U.S. Department of Agriculture can answer these questions and can help
you explain how to build nutritious family meals around milk. For instance, the slide
set, "Basic Four Ways to Good Meals," tells how to cook with evaporated milk -- including
step-by-step recipes for making main dishes -- discusses the basic four food groups, and
shows how to work some of each into all family meals. Other titles for "how-to-do-it"
presentations include "Recipes Using Non-Instant, Non-Fat Dry Milk and Other Donated
Foods," "Food Value Stretchers," "Milk, Basic to Good Nutrition," "Milk the Magnificent,"
and "Non-Fat Dry Milk in Family Meals." Although the sets are designed primarily for
instructors working with people using USDA donated foods, they are just as suitable for
home economics classes and other consumer groups. The slide sets, each with an illus-
trated narrative guide, can be ordered for $11.00 per set from the Photography Division,
Office of Information, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. All pre-
sentations are also available as filmstrips from Photo Lab, Inc., 3825 Georgia Avenue
N.W., Washington, D.C. 20011, for $5.50 each.
GREEN GROWS THE GRASS
Or The Henbit Or The Chickweed. Weeds are usually a minor problem in well-established,
well-managed lawns. But when there's more to your lawn than grass, it may be necessary
to use herbicides. Recommendations for herbicidal control of lawn weeds have been up-
dated in a revised bulletin from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The publication
includes general information on herbicides, how to treat weed infestation, preplanting
lawn treatments, and precautions in herbicide use. Fifteen of some of the most wide-
spread or difficult-to-identify weeds are illustrated and information is given on the
reaction of 35 widespread lawn weeds to commonly-used] herbicides. "Lawn Weed Control
with Herbicides" (G-123) is available for 15 cents a copy from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those who
report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution. For information
about items in this issue, write: Lillie Vincent, Editor of Service, U.S, Department
of A-griculture, Office of Information, Washiigton, D.C. 2025'; telephone (202) DU8-5437.
Please include your zipcode.
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