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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE* OFFICE OF INFORMATION W'.A;INIGTOrN. D.C.
APRIL 1971 7
GOAT BY ANOTHER NAME
USDA Seeks Consumer Comments. The U.S. Department of Agriculture is
seeking comments on a proposal to allow labeling of goat meat as
"mutton" or "chevon"-a Spanish term for goat meat. USDA's Consumer
and Marketing Service explains that packers, primarily involved in
the slaughter of goats, contend that consumers understand what the
proposed names mean. Current Federal meat inspection regulations
require the name "goat meat" on labels identifying goat meat and
products containing it. Copies of the proposal, published in the
Federal Register, March 23, are available from the Issuance Coordi-
nation Staff, Standards and Services Division, Consumer and Market-
ing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20;30.
If you would like to comment on the proposal, send two copies of
your statement -- by April 22 -- to the Heariii Clerk, U.S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250, All comments will be
available for public review.
Youth Conservation Corps. USDA's Forest w-L ;e will be one of the
Federal agencies participating in this summer's Youth Conservation
Corps pilot program. About 2,200 y:.v.ng men and women, ages 15-18,
from all economic and social backgrounds, will be s:l.: .- in the
first phase of a 3-year pilot program established by Congress and
conducted jointly by the Departments of Agriculture and Interior.
In a work-earn-learn program, youths will be paid a nominal salary
for such conservation work as .l :- stream ".:_:-.- -,l._ ", trails
and constru.-.ing recreation structures. At the same time they will
learn about the meaningful use, mrg~. -, and protection of the
Nation's natural resources. Because of the pi@-t nature of the
program at p--nrsrnt, youths participating this summer will be limited
to those who live within the boundaries of a public school system
selected to recruit and process applicants for a specific YCC Camp.
'" further information and a list of the camps write to: 5. sector,
manpower and Youth Conservation :-',u F.::.:-.. Service, U2; ,.
Ashington, D.C. ', '.,
7- 1. .. .
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KEEP YOUR BASEMENT DRY
Avoid A Damp Problem. "Dry" holes are the scourge of oil drillers. But when the hole in
the ground is your basement, "dry" is best. A dry, bright basement can provide space for
handy storage, convenient laundry rooms, and attractive recreation rooms and bedrooms. It
can also lengthen the life of your house and furnishings and add greatly to the value of
your home. The best way to keep your basement dry is to make it water tight at the begin-
ning, the time of construction. Correcting wet or damp conditions after construction can
be done, but often it is difficult and expensive. A recently revised USDA publication,
"Making Basements Dry," does give tips on- how to improve old basements though most of the
10-page booklet is devoted to prevention through proper construction--selection of build-
ing sites, watertight construction, roof water disposal, surface and subsurface drainage,
and ways of preventing condensation on new construction, Copies of "Making Basements
Dry" (G-115) are available for 10 cents each from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
LACE ON A BUDGET
That Sculptured Look. Beautiful, delicate lace, long considered a luxury, may soon be
within reach of almost any budget. USDA researchers have developed a process that trans-
forms the most inexpensive and coarser cotton lace into a finished product with depth,
a "sculptured" look, plus a bonus of stretchability-all at little additional cost.
Scientists of USDA's Agricultural Research Service treated cotton lace with a process ori-
ginally developed to give stretch to woven cotton. They dipped the lace in a solution of
sodium hydroxide, a caustic agent, causing the lace fibers to swell and crimp, producing
the stretch and sculpturing. The scientists found, too, that the cheapest lace frequently
produces the best-looking finished product. Commercial mills are showing interest in the
process, so, sculptured cotton lace may soon be on its way to retail stores and consumers.
COOPERATION WITH STATES
i'L&..rt2 _t! Fr Ic A, In addition to urban forestry research, the Forest Service through
its State anrd Pra vat Foreiry division cooperates with State forestry agencies in provid-
ing full-time advice and assistance in several major cities. The ,.'cesful Metroforestry
Program in Atlanta, Georgia, is an outstanding example of what can be done in urban fores-
try. Since 1967, the Georgia Forestry Commission has assigned six of its foresters full-
time to the metropolitan Atlanta area where, by the way, one-third of the State's popu-
lation resides. In addition to the usual requests for forest management advice, the Met-
roforesters advise shade tree owners on questions of insects and diseases, construction
damage to trees, what trees to plant, and similar problems. They work with garden clubs,
youth crganiz~tioh.s, flower shows, and fairs to promote forestry and tree appreciation
to Atlanta's urban residents. Programs such as 'etr-:frestry help solve today's environ-
mental and ecological problems by educating urbanites to know and understand trees and
associated plants around them.
APRIL PLELRTIFLiL F'-O,
A ejg1TahB. th, Canned peaches, a headliner on the April Plentiful Foods List, will be
fe-atu--r, ir grocery stores across the nation this month. Other foods on the April Plenti-
ful List are pags, canned ripe olives, potatoes, prun-s, pork, turkeys, flounder and sole
fillets, dried peas, peanuts and peanut products, and canned applesaic'e. The May Plenti-
fuls will include eggs, potatoes and potato products, canned ripe olives, milk and dairy
products, canned cling peaches, and turkeys.
SPRING FOOD PREVIEW
Food prices at the grocery store will rise little this spring. For all of 1971,
they may average only 1 or 2 percent above 1970.
Farm prices of food, up slightly last year, are expected to average a little lower in
1971, mainly because of larger supplies of livestock products. This will temper
rising "price" of food marketing -- the sh.i-pp'infL, processing, pac'-:gin, retailing
and other steps that ready food for consumers.
Convenience food prices, which closely reflect processing and retailing costs, will
move somewhat higher this spring. But, meat, poultry, fruit, and vegetable items
will show mixed changes, related more closely to current supplies.
Meat prices during the spring will remain near their current levels. Esk continues
about a dime a pound below last year, more in line with prices a few years ago.
Retail beef cuts dipped a little late last year--now are back up again. Prices will
continue to average around $1 per pound through the spring.
Count on poultry -_oduct- to help out rr-ing budgets. Eggs are abundant; prices are
down and will stay lor'- thr-ugh midyear. Broilers and turkeys cost less than last
LIU u E.-juTi will cost more this year. After rising early in 1971, milk
prices are likely to increase more in coming months.
Cook -g_il L_c..r_ and .al.L:1 d*3esi, prices increased early this 'ear because
of very high prices for vegetable oils, but Tna.- not change much this spring.
Spri_."ng Pl llet-.in Cold weather has delayed and L-miaei fruit and vegetable
crops. Recent produce prices have increased and spring crops may come in later than
LetusL.e --1-~ supplies for -r.;-:ir salads could be somewhat 1r.elie this year.
Late March lettuce prices rose sharply, but they will ease down some as spring crops
appear on the market. Recent cold and wind damage may affect output and prices of
c, tbihr sa-l;_i -.-'r_ from Florida. -_. -.i,. are pretty well set
until summer crops arrive. Smaller shipments of .__. *--:_":E' held :.rZ.r- prices
above last winter. There are :le-:,y of jt.i._ .7.., but there is an unusual demand,
so, here too, price is up and may rise a little more. Smaller a-pe and pear crops
last fall i ',- boosted prices on -.- 3..:- counters this year,
.i-at ab~ i -_i. ...._".......:.-, 7 _-.-L:---? ?.-- are .- ,ally smaller than
started out well below early 1970 levels. But :.-- have hit the record -p -1 L:-
orange crop in Florida. So prices have gone up some, and will approach the higher
levels of last .::-i..-
Look for i-n., i _b __ ._ 1 -- .. _.'.- -'-'.=- .-- r'_ 1 And, -,_: -..t i
are ch apsT' ., '. '.a': ", U -' f" .--.
Allqi i -Lr iu r-_ ii :.,L if your bu.--;: includes regular ..' r for bought meals.
As usual, f;..:. .i-,: ;:-.:. school restaurants, and snack bars are .*.ing up more
rapidly than prices at grocery stores. The tab for awa; ''..---..., eating could average
5-6 percent higher for the year than in 1970.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
USDA RESPONSE ON ENVIRONMENT 3 1262 08740 0999
New Information Report. The U.S. Department of Agriculture works in many ways to remedy
environmental problems. Department programs protect and improve the environment through
research, forestry, conservation, and a wide range of rural and community services. To
acquaint the public with these activities and their progress, USDA recently initiated
Response: A Report on Actions for a Better Environment. The monthly, 4-page publication
is available to scientists, educators, conservation and environmental writers, officers
in conservation organizations, state environmental officials, naturalists, and others
working directly with environmental problems. Requests to be on the mailing list for
Response may be sent to: Editor of Response, Office of Information, U.S. Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250. There is no charge for the report.
U.S. DIETS VARY WITH THE SEASONS
Reason For Spring Fever? More U.S. families have "poor" diets during the spring than in
any other season of the year. Findings of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's 1965-66
Household Consumption Survey showed 21 percent of U.S. diets were rated "poor" during the
spring months compared with the 18 percent in each of the other seasons. Diets rated
"poor" generally failed to provide enough vitamin C (ascorbic acid), vitamin A, and cal-
cium. Although these nutrients are a problem every season, shortages of the first two
occur more often in the spring when consumption of fruits and vegetables is lower than in
summer. Total food budgets and the division of the food dollar among food groups varied
little from season to season. Thus, improvements in diets must come from shifts within
food groups or in the composition of individual foods--facts important to educators and
MUCH ADO ABOUT MULCHES
A Good Cover-up. Build a better garden with mulches. In fact, using a mulch may well be
your most valuable garden practice. Mulches keep the soil moist and cool; reduce soil
erosion; add organic matter to the soil; retard woed growth; and furnish food for earth-
worms that loosen and aerate the soil. "MNhlaw Fr Tour Garden," a new USDA publication
prepared by the Soil Conservation Servic., sWs Wass clippings, sawdust, sta~, and com-
post make excellent mulches and are easy to apply. Compost is probably best. The bulletin
explains how compost can be made f>om lettever plant materials, such as leaves, grass clip-
pings, stems and stalks from harvested vegetables corn husks, pea hulls, and fine twigs.
Single copies of "Mulches For Your Garden" (G-1855 are available free from the Office of
Information, U.S, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250, or from local SCS
offices located in moet county seats.
GOODBYEE, FILLED MILK 1"
?a ?. =h. i;, Fewer areas are reporting sales of filled or imitation
mo", (w':h ,stb-titute vagetabl. fat for milkfat to make a whole-milk-like beverage).
Total sales are having a hard time, too.
- 1 C "C is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those who
report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution. For information
about items in this ls'i-, write: Lillie Vincent, Editor of Service, U.S. Department
o Agric..(ltie, Office of Information, Washington, D.C. 20250. Please include your
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