Material Information

Service USDA's report to consumers
Portion of title:
USDA's report to consumers
Physical Description:
: ; 27 cm.
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Governmental and Public Affairs
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Communication
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Information
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office of Governmental and Public Affairs
Place of Publication:


Subjects / Keywords:
Consumer education -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Nov. 1963-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Publication suspended Dec. 1979-
Issuing Body:
Issued Nov. 1963-Feb. 1973 by the Department's Office of Information; Mar. 1973-Dec. 1977 by the Office of Communication.
General Note:
Issues prior to Jan. 1978 were classed: A 21.29:(nos.)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001360420
oclc - 01716336
notis - AGM1835
issn - 0037-2544
System ID:

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Some Moving Facts. The U.S. food market stem serves *cans %
by getting farm products to consumers in rm and at ime
they want them. A primary and major part o getting
the food products off the farm. Each year ab ons tons
of products are transported off U.S. farms -- abo eton per
cultivated acre. To haul these products, the U.S. has over two
hundred thousand miles of railroads, 1.9 million railcars, 16.8
million trucks and 3.3 million miles of intercity highways (1968
figures), and 26 thousand miles of improved waterways. And even (
though most foods are hauled hundreds of miles between producer
and consumer, transportation takes only six cents out of the food


Goodbye Winter, Hello Spring. For millions of dedicated gardeners
and yardners, March is not too soon to begin
planning for Spring. But this year one day that
really will set the green thumbs twitching is
SYU IlUl March 20 -- the first day of Spring. Besides
promising warmer weather, longer days, and green
things to come, March 20 also ushers in National
I Lawn and Garden Week. This annual observance,
with its "Growing With America" symbol, is an
opportunity for celebration of year-round resi-
dential and community programs of planning,
planting, and enjoying the beauty and utility of
plants. It gives national focus and direction to
the activities of garden clubs, civic and service
organizations, youth groups, and other community
groups in their efforts to make more attractive
towns. This year a supplementary theme, "Country
National Lawn and Green for City Living," stresses the special
Garden Week values of horticulture in the urban environment.
March 20-26, 1971 National Lawn and Garden Week is under the joint
leadership of the U.S. Department of Agriculture,
national offices of garden clubs, and lawn and garden trade associ-
ations. A special event supporting Lawn and Garden Week is the
Growing With America Festival to be held March 18 21 in the U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.


ACP To REAP. Included in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's concentrated attack on
environment and conservation problems is the newly restructured Rural Environmental
Assistance Program (REAP), formerly Agricultural Conservation Program (ACP). Under
this program farmers will carry out needed conservation and environmental protection
measures on their farms, with costs shared by the Federal Government. Emphasis will
be on long-range preservation of the environment. A recent allocation of REAP funds
will enable the Federal Government, in cooperation with farmers, community groups,
and local governments, to make substantial inroads on some of the most pressing farm-
related environmental problems. A major thrust will be reduction of water pollution.
On-farm dams and ponds, permanent grass covers, waterways, buffer strips, and tree
plantings will be encouraged. These will be directed toward off-the-farm benefits
such as silt and pollution abatement, enduring soil and water conservation, recreation,
wildlife, and open spaces. REAP will be administered by USDA's Agricultural Stabi-
lization and Conservation. Service through its farm-elected State and County Committee
system. .,,\


Deep-Fried? USDA scientists have developed a food that would make both Miss Muffet
and the spider sit up and take notice. It is deep-fried milk curd. To make the new
food, chemists of USDA's Agricultural Research Service add calcium chloride to skim
milk to form the curd. This is heated, cut into bite-sized pieces, and deep-fried
in hot oil until slightly brown. The result is a product which is meatlike in tex-
ture, does not fall apart on prolonged heating, is bland, and has good storage quali-
ties. The texture as well as the flavor can be modified to suit individual tastes.
Fried curd can be canned in a meat-flavored gravy or it can be used for snacks, hors
d'oeuvres, or confections. Soaked in water, the fried curd will keep under refrig-
eration for two weeks; at room temperature, sterilized curd will keep three months.
The new food is high in nutritious milk protein and obviously is quite different
from the traditional forms of milk and dairy products. People who reject milk may
find fried milk curds acceptable as a dairy food in their diets.


Control Those Bugs and Other Ughst Healthy, sturdy house plants are a delight in a
home. They brighten the eye and soul, and by producing oxygen, help keep the home
air fresh. But for all their goodness, they have enemies -- ants, mites, aphids,
caterpillars, mealybugs, millipedes -- not to mention, earthworms, slugs, and snails
and other pests. Tips on how to recognize and control these and other common attackers
of house plants are given in a recently revised booklet, "Insects and Related Pests
of House Plants: How To Control Them" (HG 67). Scientists of USDA's Agricultural
Research Service prepared the publication which offers several control measures that
minimize the need for pesticides. Measures such as isolating new plants from other
plants for about a month; using sterilized potting soil to prevent infestations of
soil pests; cleaning broad-leaved plants by rinsing or washing with soapy water and
brushing with a soft cloth or brush to remove some pests. For occasions when pesti-
cides are needed, the publication discusses the proper pesticide, suitable equipment,
and necessary precautions to use for safe and effective control. Copies of the pub-
lication may be obtained for 10 cents each from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.


Tops $1 Billion. More than $1 billion in USDA funds and foods is helping to bolster
nutrition of the Nation's children. This is some 25 percent more than the $754 million
that went into child nutrition programs last year. Cash apportionment of child nutri-
tion funds to the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and five territories total nearly
$725 million; USDA foods being donated for child feeding programs are valued at more than
$311 million. Most of the extra cash is to assist States in providing free or reduced
price meals to needy children in cooperative Federal-State-local programs. For the first
time, a part of the funds will be budgeted for nutrition education and training and to
assist in financing developmental projects. The cash apportionment to States includes:
assistance for on-going lunch services available to all children in schools cooperating
in the National School Lunch Program; reimbursement to schools for free or reduced-price
lunches and breakfasts for needy children; reimbursement to needy schools for part of
the cost of equipment to initiate, expand, or improve feeding programs; assistance under
the Special Food Service Program for Children in day-care and recreation centers and
other non-school situations; and help to defray the cost of milk served to children by
schools and child care organizations. USDA-donated foods are available to States for
their use in all food service programs for children.


Keeping A Family Well Fed. Stretching food dollars in today's well-stocked markets is a
challenge to most shoppers, regardless of income. Many homemakers find it useful to have
a plan of action before leaving home for the food market -- making a shopping list, check-
ing food ads, making tentative menus for the coming day or week. A new USDA publication,
"Your Money's Worth in Foods," can be a great help in this planning. The booklet, pre-
pared by home economists in USDA's Agricultural Research Service, gives information which
can sharpen food shopping skills and help the homemaker feed her family well. Costs at
1970 prices are shown for individuals of various ages using low-, moderate-, and liberal-
cost food plans and there is a table showing the food plan that families of different
sizes and incomes can usually afford. From this information a homemaker can estimate the
amount of money to spend for food. Other helpful items in the booklet include a daily
food guide, sample menus at two different costs, and information on meal patterns and
meal planning, shopping lists, and amounts of food to buy. Copies of "Your Money's Worth
in Foods," (H&G 183) are available for 25 cents each from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.


Washable Woolens. All-wool fabric can be as easy-care as synthetics Wool has long been
a favorite with fashion designers for its draping qualities, ability to take colors, and
depth of weave. But it was often passed up by consumers because it was difficult to clean
at home. Thanks to a process developed by scientists in USDA's Agricultural Research
Service Western Laboratory in Albany, California, wool can be washed and dried by machine
without fear of shrinkage, and needs no ironing. The inexpensive process, applied at
textile mills, works on the tiny fibers, protecting the fabric during repeated washings
or dry cleaning. To find wash-and-wear woolens in stores, you'll have to check the la-
bels. They're impossible to tell from untreated wools until you wash them. Then, the
difference is obvious.



3 1262 08740 0973

Brighten Up Winter Menus. You can put some summer sunshine and color in your winter-day
menus with oranges and orange juice, grapefruit and grapefruit juice, and apples -- all
on the February Plentiful Foods List. And heading up the Plentifuls this month are two
most versatile foods -- prunes and potatoes. Consider the serving choices: Prunes can
be a breakfast fruit, a dessert, a side dish with meat, or a tasty snack; potatoes --
boiled, baked, fried, diced, sliced, whole, grated -- go well anywhere. The February list
includes onions, pork, broiler-fryers, and peanuts and peanut products. The March Plen-
tiful Foods will include peanuts, citrus fruits and juices, potatoes, prunes, canned pea-
ches, pork and eggs.


Low-Cost Homes Which They Can Buy. Many farm laborers are accustomed to finding only
seasonal work in orchards, fields, and vineyards. They get few employment opportunities
in other industries; they get even fewer chances to buy homes of their own. The situation
is changing in the Oakley, California, area -- with the help of USDA's Farmers Home Ad-
ministration. A small construction firm, which has employed full time 28 former farm
workers, is building beautiful homes for less than $10.50 a square foot. Eighty-five per-
cent of each house (including the roof, wall paneling, plumbing, electric wiring, module
bathroom, and utility rooms) is built on an assembly line basis at the firm's factory --
a converted warehouse in Oakley. The components are then trucked to the building site
for final assembly. Including the lot and utilities, this produces a 3-bedroom house for
$15,000-16,000, a price within reach of most of these farm workers. In fact, with the
help of the FHA rural housing loan program, many of the farm workers have purchased homes
they have helped build. Under the FHA program, housing loans are made only to applicants
unable to obtain credit from other sources, and who live in communities of not more than
5,500 population. Families with low income may qualify for an interest credit supplement
which, in effect, lowers the percent of interest they must pay on their loans. Finishing
touches are now being put on a 43-house subdivision in Oakley, with a 54-house subdivision
planned for a nearby community.


Wrap It Properly. The way you wrap meat and poultry for storage is important in maintain-
ing wholesomeness. USDA's meat and poultry inspectors advise that these products be
wrapped loosely for refrigerator storage, but tightly for freezer storage. Always wrap
meat or poultry in a moisture-resistant material, such as aluminum foil or freezer paper
for freezing. You can refreeze meats and poultry if they still contain ice crystals or
if they are still cold and haven't been held at refrigerator temperatures longer than two
days. Meat and poultry inspectors caution, though, that refreezing can lower product

SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those who
report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution. For information
about items in this issue, write: Lillie Vincent, Editor of Service, U.S. Department
of Agriculture, Office of Information, Washington, D.C. 20250. Please include your

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