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USDA'S REPORT TO CONSUMERS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INFORMATION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20250
JANUARY 1971 o. 84
NATIONAL OUTLOOK CONFERENCE 97
Scheduled for February. The 1971 National Agricult Outlook
Conference will get underway on February 23 in Washi *
Sponsored by USDA's Economic Research Service and Exte
Service, the 48th annual Conference will feature speakers
agriculture and business. Opening day session, Feb. 23, will
be on national and international economic situations and farm
legislation. Commodity sessions will be held on Feb. 24 and food
and fiber will be in the spotlight on Feb. 25. Discussion of the
rural labor situation is scheduled for Feb. 26, the final day.
Family Living Programs will be held on the Environment (Feb. 23);
Medical Care (Feb. 24); and Food and Fiber (Feb. 24 and Feb. 25).
BOYS WILL BE BOYS
Proper Food Helps. Officials of the John Will Anderson Boys'
Club of Gary, Indiana, recognized the importance of the character
development program of the Boys' Clubs of America organization.
But they also realized that some of their members needed more
than constructive activities. They needed food. Some of the
1,800 members of the Gary Club simply did not have enough phys-
ical and mental energy to participate fully in the activities.
Many were from families who could not afford proper diets; others,
whose mothers worked, did not have anyone at home to prepare
nutritious meals for them. In March 1969, the John Will Anderson
Boys' Club became the first Boys' Club in the country to adopt
USDA's Special Food Service Program--and has become the largest
nonschool food service program operating in the Midwest. The
club began serving Saturday lunches and between-meal snacks.
This complemented the hot lunches many of the boys received at
school. When schools closed for the summer, the club switched
to serving weekday lunches. In the fall, the Saturday lunches
were resumed and evening meals were added. Boys who can afford
it contribute 20 cents for either lunch or supper and 5 cents for
each snack. The Special Food Service Program, which is administ-
ered by the Food and Nutrition Service, compensates the club at
the rate of 30 cents per meal and 10 cents per supplement or the
cost of the food service, whichever is less.
SHEARLINGS ON THE SLOPES
An Old Fabric With New Ideas. Shearlings--lamb-skins that have the fleece attached--
have been used since the time of Aristotle to prevent bedsores in invalid patients.
They were not practical for use on a large scale, however, because they could not be
sterilized, or even laundered. Scientists at USDA's Agricultural Research Service
Eastern Laboratory in Philadelphia have now developed a tanning process that makes
shearlings washable. They are being used in hospitals and homes--and in the fashion
world as the latest in ski and apres-ski togs. Glamorous, easy-care jackets, vests,
capes, hats, and slippers are now available in department stores and specialty shops.
Ski the National Forests. It's some of the best skiing there is. Over 200 ski areas,
including more than 80 percent of the major ski areas in the West, are located entirely
or partially on National Forest land. A directory of these ski areas, "Skiing" (PA 525)
is available from ihe Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washing-
ton, D.C. 20402, 16r,50 cents. The booklet includes the nine rules of the Skiier's
Courtesy Code and IIlJstrates both. the 12 current national ski area signs and the five
new international s...uick recognition of these signs by skiers helps avert ac-
cidents. The illustit .@nsOf the signs may be cut out of the booklet to be carried
with the skier. Get your _opy of "Skiing" and Ski the National Forests--safely.
KEEP THE ENVIRONMENT CLEAN
Help Stop the Spread of Plant Pests. U.S. citizens returning from winter vacations in
far away places may be contaminating our environment without knowing it. This can be
done by bringing in destructive plant and animal pests and diseases. The Giant African
Snail, discovered in Miami over a year ago, is a prime example. A youth brought sev-
eral snails home from Hawaii in his pockets. The snail eventually spread to 13 city
blocks in this Florida city. USDA, through its Agricultural Research Service, enforces
restrictions or prohibitions on entry of many foreign products including most fruit,
plants, and meat products. Such items are potential carriers of destructive pests and
will be confiscated. Travelers can save time at ports of entry by not trying to bring
them in. For information before your trip, write: "Quarantines," U.S. Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250.
JANUARY'S PLENTIFUL FOODS
To Begin With. .Pork and applesauce start off the New Year at the head of the Plenti-
ful Foods List. Other foods sharing space on the January list include fresh oranges,
frozen concentrated orange juice, canned orange juice, dry peas, fresh apples, apple
juice, fresh grapefruit, canned grapefruit juice, onions, and potatoes. Looking ahead
to February, Plentiful Foods will be oranges, grapefruit, orange juice, grapefruit
juice, apples, onions, pork, broiler-fryers, and peanuts and peanut products.
Repairs For Leaks, Drips, and Clogs. Minor plumbing repairs can be made easier with
the aid of a recently revised USDA publication. Included in the 14-page booklet are
tasks that homeowners can do with a few standard tools: Repairing water faucets and
valves, repairing leaks in pipes and tanks, thawing frozen pipes, cleaning clogged
drains. The publication gives advice on what to do in emergencies such as a burst
pipe or tank, water closet overflow, rumbling noise in hot water tanks, and safe-
guarding a water system when a house is closed or the heat is turned off in cold
weather. It also explains why pipes hammer and tanks sweat. Copies of "Simple
Plumbing Repairs for the Home and Farmstead," (Farmers Bulletin No. 2202) are avail-
able for 10 cents each from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
NEW SHOPPING TIP TOOL
"How to Buy" Posters. Teachers, nutritionists, retailers, and consumer specialists
have been using the U.S. Department of Agriculture's series of "How to Buy" leaflets
for nearly two years as a good way to teach shopping skills. Now a new tool is avail-
able to help do the job even better. A series of ten 15x20-inch posters in color,
recently published by the USDA's Consumer and Marketing Service, is designed to sup-
plement the booklets in classrooms, in consumer meetings, or at any location where
shopping information may be needed. The posters give simple shopping tips for five
major food groups: meat, dairy products, eggs, poultry, and fruits and vegetables.
Official USDA grades are explained and the grade marks are illustrated. If mounted
on heavy cardboard, the posters can be converted into an attractive table-top exhibit.
The ten-poster sets can be purchased for $1.75 a set from the Superintendent of Docu-
ments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
USDA'S CONSUMER PROTECTION KEEPS PACE
A Job For The Equipment Group. A visit to most meat and poultry plants will show
that the age of mechanization is at a very sophisticated level. Homemakers would
envy the convenience, ease of cleaning, and attention to design of the plants'
equipment. In the case of mechanization, USDA's Consumer and Marketing Service,
which administers the meat and poultry inspection program, must make sure the mod-
ern machinery does not impair the wholesomeness of the products. Within C&MS is a
team of experts, the Equipment Group, which reviews the design and operation of all
new equipment which packers plan to install in any Federally inspected plant. The
review begins with consideration of assembly drawings of the machine and a list of
materials to be used in construction: Will the materials withstand normal use and
the chemicals and cleaning agents used in the plant? Are the materials shatterproof,
non-toxic, and non-absorbent? Are all surfaces readily accessible for cleaning,
and free from recesses where food accumulation would allow bacterial growth? If the
device passes these and other tests, the next step is construction and trial instal-
lation with operation under the eye of a Federal inspector. Even after final ap-
proval, the inspector remains watchful for any problems, recommending to the Equip-
ment Group remedies in the machine's operation or design for better consumer prot-
UNIJrJVERSITV OF FLORIDA
A GOOD DEAL ABOUT NUTRITION III Il I llllllUl ll||||| I||||
3 1262 08740 1005
It's In The Cards. Playing cards are teaching children about good nutrition. A decK
of Menu Rummy cards printed with the names of foods can be used for several games by
different age groups. For example, the object of one game is to draw cards bearing
the names of enough foods to complete a menu for a meal. Directions for the games
are provided with the deck. During and after each game, nutrition is discussed by
the children and their teacher or leader. Minnesota 4-H staff members adapted Menu
Rummy from a magazine article, "Games Add Fun to Learning," and with the permission
of the author, published the playing cards. Decks may be purchased for $1.00 from
the Bulletin Room, 3 Coffey Hall, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55101.
Decorative Plants. Holly--bittersweet--winterberry--mistletoe--these are just some
of the decorative plants of the Appalachian Mountains. If you're an Appalachian wood-
land owner looking for added income, look to your woods Many of the trees and shrubs
of Appalachia are highly prized in the urban areas of the East for their decorative
value. In fact, there's a considerable market for these plant materials, but the full
market potential for them is not always realized. USDA's Forest Service has just
published the booklet "Decorative Plants of Appalachia. A Source of Income" which
summarizes information on Appalachian plants commonly sold for decorations. It tells
how to recognize the plants and how they are used in the decorative trade. It descri-
bes and illustrates more than thirty major plants. Copies of AIB 342 are for sale by
the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
20402 for 35 cents.
BREAD WITH MUSCLE
And Less Fat. Bread and other baked products with higher nutritional value and pot-
entially lower cost may be in your near future. Researchers at the State Agricul-
tural Experiment Station, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, discovered that
by using three emulsifiers already known to the baking industry, more protein concen-
trates may be added to wheat flour without adverse effects on eating qualities, tex-
ture, or appearance. The method also can be used with starches and flour from crops
grown in tropical areas, such as corn and cassava. It's good news for weight-watchers,
too. The researchers found that less shortening is required in baked goods with the
Send the Label. Be sure to send along the address label from SERVICE if you are
moving, changing your name, or otherwise altering your mailing address. Having
the label enables us to make the proper changes more quickly and accurately.
SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed for those who
report to the individual consumer rather than for mass distribution. For information
about items in this issue, write: Lillie Vincent, Editor of Service, U.S. Department
of Agriculture, Office of Information, Washington, D.C. 20250. Please include your
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