Service

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Material Information

Title:
Service USDA's report to consumers
Portion of title:
USDA's report to consumers
Physical Description:
: ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Governmental and Public Affairs
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Communication
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Office of Information
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Office of Governmental and Public Affairs
Place of Publication:
Washington
Frequency:
monthly
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Consumer education -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Nov. 1963-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Publication suspended Dec. 1979-
Issuing Body:
Issued Nov. 1963-Feb. 1973 by the Department's Office of Information; Mar. 1973-Dec. 1977 by the Office of Communication.
General Note:
Issues prior to Jan. 1978 were classed: A 21.29:(nos.)

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001360420
oclc - 01716336
notis - AGM1835
issn - 0037-2544
System ID:
AA00012167:00001


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S~DA'S REPORT TO .QQN~~ERVIR
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICE OF INFORMATION WASHINGTON. D.C. 20250




1pril 1965 o 1




Commission to Study Food Retailing. The National Food
Marketing Commission will hold its first public hearing on
Farm-retail price spreads May 5-8 in Washington, D. C.
Since the end of World War II, retail food prices have
increased about 15 percent while farmer's prices have dropped
15 percent. Putting it another way, farmers got 53 cents
of the consumer's food dollar in 1945; today, only 37 cents.

Among the subjects to be aired at the hearings are: Costs
of distribution, including wages and productivity; efficiency
of operations; advertising and promotion costs, including
trading stamps. The final Commission report will probably not
3e available until 1966. For general background information,
write directly to the National Food Marketing Commission,
7th and D Streets, S.W., Washington, D. C. 20407.

Cost of a Week's Food Varies Greatly. Homemakers who wonder
about the week's food spending, take heart, there's sure to
be a family which spends more -- or less -- for food than
yours. USDA recently estimated what it cost to feed a
family of four, for various age adults and children. A
family of four, with school age children for example spends
an estimated $19.20 on an economy food plan; with a low
cost plan, $24.80; with a moderate cost plan, $33.20; and
with a liberal plan, $38.60. Cheapest family member to
feed is the child under one, (from $2.50 a week to $4.20);
most expensive is the boy age 15 to 20,(from $6.70 a week
to $12.70). The estimates would vary, of course, depending
on where the family lives, and other factors.

SMART SHOPPER

Pick the Plentifuls. Foods on the U. S. Department of
Agriculture plentiful food list for May are: Eggs,
honey, and prunes.







- 2 -


More Quality Beef, Less Excess Fat. USDA is revising its beef grading
standards to reflect consumer preferences for high quality beef with a
minimum of excess fat. For the consumer, this will mean greater
uniformity of eating quality -- within the USDA Prime, Choice, Good, and
Standard grades. Research indicates past grade standards required more
marbling (flecks of fat within the lean) than necessary, in some.instances.
The revised standards reduce marbling requirements accordingly. In a
parallel_ action -- to encourage production of high quality beef with less
excess fat -- the Department is instituting separate, optional standards
which can be used to predict the amount of closely trimmed retail cuts a
beef carcass will produce. Widespread use of the grades in industry can
significantly reduce marketing costs as production, shipping, and trimming
of fat is reduced. The revised quality standards and separate cutability
standards become effective June 1.

Food Stamps -- 21 More Areas Open In April. Expansion of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture's Food Stamp Plan took a big jump in April,
with 21 more areas added in 11 States. (See Nov. 1964 SERVICE.) Under
the program, low-income families -- certified in need of food aid by
State or local welfare agencies -- exchange the money they would normally
spend for food for food coupons worth more. The Federal coupons are then
spent just like cash at retail food stores authorized by the Department
of Agriculture. The program increases food-buying power of the low-income
family by about two-thirds. On the average, for each $6 provided by the
family, USDA provides $4 more. By mid-summer, about a million low-income
people will be getting more food through the Food Stamp Program.
Additional counties will be added in May. If yours is one of the new
counties or one anticipating the program, an informative slide series,
"A Share For All," is available on loan to groups. A picture story about
the Food Stamp Program, for reproduction, is also available without charge.
Write Editor, SERVICE.

Older People -- One Out of Two Needs Better Diet. Overweight, inadequate
diets and inappropriate use of extra vitamins are some of the major diet
problems of older people, according to a recent USDA survey conducted in
Rochester, New York. A preliminary report was made inl SERVICE, Jan. 1964.
Now, the final report shows that slightly less than half of the households
interviewed had diets providing enough nutrients and calories to insure
good health. About a fourth had diets that could be called poor, because
they furnished less than two-thirds of the recommended amount of at least
one nutrient. Calcium and Vitamin C were most often short. About a third
of those interviewed were overweight -- more women than men -- and they
evidently just ate too much. This points up that senior citizens need
fewer calories, even though requirements for other nutrients remain the
same. The survey also gives information on food and age, health, and food
spending. For details, write for Food Consumption and Diet Levels of
Older Households in Rochester, N Y.,HRRpr o 5 Available from
Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington,
D. C. 20402; 50 cents. A "Better Eating for Older Folks" program might
be encouraged for senior citizens groups, using this information-as a guide.






- 3


RECREATION

The Trend Is Back-To-The-Farm For Fun. Best hope of meeting the growing
U. S. demand for recreation facilities lies in the millions of acres no
longer needed for farm production because of the efficiency of America's
farmers. And in 1965, the U. S. Department of Agriculture expects an
increasing number of farmers to develop some recreation facilities for
public use on their farms. When you plan your vacation this year, give
a thought to "back to the farm." Farm animals, hayrides, and chores have
a natural appeal to children. Sometimes farmers will lease land to clubs
and organizations for private recreation areas for members. Check with
your State Department of Agriculture or Tourism, or with local county
agricultural agents. Fun on the farm can be really reasonable recreation.

Community Beautification, Recreation. Is your club, union, civic
association or community considering a campground or recreation area,
perhaps as part of the beautification program? Well, USDA's Forest Service
has drawings of tables, fireplaces, sanitary facilities, parking spurs,
pulloff and multiple parking areas, traffic barriers, water traps, picnic
shelters, and a marina to help you plan, build, and maintain a campground
or picnic area. For a copy, ask for Working Drawings of Basic Facilities
for Campground Development, AIB 264; write to Editor, SERVICE, U. S.
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 20250.

New Recreation-Conservation Sticker a Bar~gain. Authorized by Congress to
help finance expanded recreation for the American public, a new recreation-
conservation sticker, which costs $7, will admit visitors to more National
Forest recreation areas (at which an entrance fee is normally charged) than
they could visit in a year. The sticker will admit the driver of a private
car and all his passengers to most Federal recreation areas for the year
beginning April 1. A small extra fee may be charged for such services as
boat-launching or extra-large campsites. You can buy a sticker at any
National Forest or National Park, or any field office of the Department
of Agriculture's Forest Service, or Department of the Interior.

PEST CONTROL
Pesticides Seized as Mislabeled or Ineffective. Four pesticides -- a
disinfectant, a garden insect dust, a bird repellent, and a fly bait --
were seized recently by U. S. Marshals, after the Department of Agriculture
charged that the products violated the USDA-administered Federal Insecticide,
Fungicide and Rodenticide Act. The Act protects the public from loss and
possible personal injury through faulty, misbranded, or adulterated products.
The disinfectant (Dirtex), was seized because it did not show the ingredients
on the label and would not "fight germs" as claimed on the label; the
garden dust (Apco '75') Eecause all the ingredients were not listed on the
label and because the label did not bear adequate instructions for use;
the bird repellent (Stephenson's Superior Bird Repellent for Pigeons,
Starlings, and Sparrows), was not registered at all, and the label did not
give ingredients, directions for use, name of manufacturer or net weight, as
required; the fly bait (Cossman Flycake) contained less than the stated
amount of active ingredient, making it ineffective for control of flies.









CLOTHING

Teens Tell Fiber Favorites. It -may be hard for some mothers to believe, but
2 out of 3 high school age boys confess great interest in choosing their
own clothes. Girls are even more clothes conscious. Nearly 9 out of 10
of the 14-17 year olds interviewed in a nationwide U. S. Department of
Agriculture survey showed intense interest in choosing their clothes.
And most teenages have definite fiber favorites, too. For summer: cotton
is tops for blouses, skirts, dresses, shirts, slacks, and sport coats.
Cotton-polyester is second choice for girls. Slips? Girls prefer nylon,
then cotton. Winter skirts? Wool, then wool-polyester or wool-acrylic.
Cotton is top choice for winter blouses, sport shirts, everyday trousers
and dresses. Winter dress slacks? The boys divide their choice between
wool and cotton.

Ways to Reduce Wrinkles. If your automatic dryer doesn't have a "wash-and-
wear" cycle, use it at "medium" or "low" setting for manmade fibers. After
the articles are dry, tumble them for 10 minutes without heat. Then remove
immediately and hang them up. This last step, U. S. Department of
Agriculture laundry specialists say, is important because wash-and-wear
items left in a dryer may acquire new wrinkles.

PROGRAM AIDS

Know Your "Extension" A~ge~nt. The "county agent" and "home agent" are your
local representatives of the U. S. Department of Agriculture and State
"land-grant" college or university, when it comes to education. We Show
the Way, a 15-minute color film, tells the story of the Federal-State
Cooperative Extension Service, which brings to America's families, on the
farm and in the city, research findings and know-how of your State land-
grant college and USDA. Available from the film library at your State
land-grant college or university, or inquire Motion Picture Service,
Office of Information, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
20250. Allow about three weeks for delivery.

Good Meals For Busy Days is the title of a-57-frame color filmstrip,
especially timely with spring cleaning and gardening chores to do. It
shows visually how to prepare three simple meals with a minimum of time
and labor. Basic points are brought out -- planning meals ahead, use of
convenience foods, family cooperation, use of equipment, and use of
tested recipes. For sale only. Order directly from: Photo Lab, Inc.,
3825 Georgia Avenue, N.W., Washington, D. C., 20011. Filmstrip $6.00.
Mounted slide set $8.85.



SERVICE is a monthly newsletter of consumer interest. It is designed
for those who report to the indi idual consumer rather than for mass
distribution. For information about items in this issue, write, SERVICE,
Office of Information, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
20250.




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