University Press of Florida

Laborers in the Vineyard of the Lord: The Beginnings of the AME Church in Florida, 1865-1895

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Title:
Laborers in the Vineyard of the Lord: The Beginnings of the AME Church in Florida, 1865-1895
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
en-US
Creator:
University Press of Florida, Larry Eugene Rivers , Canter Brown, Jr.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
African Methodist Episcopal Church, Florida, Reconstruction, Jim Crow, AME Church, black Floridians, florida history, ogt+ Isbn: 9781616101329
Black Studies, Churches, African American Culture, African American History, United States History

Notes

Abstract:
Written by two eminent historians, Laborers in the Vineyard of the Lord examines the history of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Florida from the beginning of Reconstruction to the institution of Jim Crow segregation, a period when the AME Church played a crucial role in the religious, cultural, and political lives of black Floridians. The book begins with an overview of slave religion and the first stirrings of African Methodism before 1865 and culminates with the formidable challenges that faced the church by 1895.
General Note:
Expositive
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Higher Education
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http://www.ogtp-cart.com/product.aspx?ISBN=9781616101329
General Note:
University Press of Florida UPF, Larry Eugene Rivers and Canter Brown, Jr., University Press of Florida UPF
General Note:
Narrative text, Textbook
General Note:
DL@upf.com, press@upf.com
General Note:
http://florida.theorangegrove.org/og/file/091fe8ea-df7b-f011-6be8-30f3acaacd70/1/LaborersinVinyardsofLord.pdf

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright 2001 by Larry Eugene Rivers and Canter Brown, Jr. This work is licensed under a modified Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/. You are free to electronically copy, distribute, and transmit this work if you attribute …
Resource Identifier:
isbn - 9781616101329
System ID:
AA00011667:00001


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Laborers in the Vineyard of the LordThe History of African-American Religions Florida A&M University, Tallahassee Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton Florida Gulf Coast University, Ft. Myers Florida International University, Miami Florida State University, Tallahassee University of Central Florida, Orlando University of Florida, Gainesville University of North Florida, Jacksonville University of South Florida, Tampa University of West Florida, PensacolaCopyright 2001 by Larry E. Rivers and Canter Brown, Jr. This work is licensed under a modified Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ You are free to electronically copy, distribute, and transmit this work if you attribute authorship. However, all printing rights are reserved by the University Press of Florida (http://www.upf.com). Please contact UPF for information about how to obtain copies of the work for print distribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the University Press of Florida. Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the authors moral rights.

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Copyright 2001 by Larry E. Rivers and Canter Brown, Jr. Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper All rights reserved 06 05 04 03 02 01 6 5 4 3 2 1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Rivers, Larry E., 1950Laborers in the vineyard of the Lord: the beginnings of the AME Church in Florida, 1865-1895 / Larry E. Rivers and Canter Brown, Jr. p. cm.(The history of African-American religions) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8130-1890-0 (alk. paper) 1. African Methodist Episcopal ChurchFloridaHistoryth century. 2. FloridaChurch historyth century. I. Brown, Canter. II. Title. III. Series. BX8444.F6 R58 2001 287'.8759dc21 00-053658 The University Press of Florida is the scholarly publishing agency for the State University System of Florida, comprising Florida A&M University, Florida Atlantic University, Florida Gulf Coast University, Florida International University, Florida State University, University of Central Florida, University of Florida, University of North Florida, University of South Florida, and University of West Florida. University Press of Florida 15 Northwest 15th Street Gainesville, FL 32611 http://www.upf.com

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ff=b% 67fr IHtb$tnftf $n+frf(frtfbtrttftnft* f)n$rt8t$rt8f btnrt$rfffrt fbrn#rtfr#frtft r#8'ftfnrtD#8)fn## rttbrtnfr $rt)ftrftf rtfrff(tfr6fb$t"# I7ft rtt#fr'#tntttt)fAtftff$'f* ftftNRrt#rt# rtNtrtt'ftf#tt#f' ftrt% !Gtfb frtnt$ft#ftfrtftt# nff$tnfrttntt) +frtfftftf !I$n f''rftfrt*ntfrtfrnftttft ffrffff*f*$*tftft )tf'trL B4+)MN)3$#'tt#ftf'tn# &frt +&MN)3$#+t#%(/t )ff'n#(tft )DB4&MN)3$Dftntfff'n#%(/ t)ff'n E4)DMN4bfffrtrtrt tbfrnt#>/Dfft)ftnft'Hf'rt#frtfrnrtt$rf fbtf'*tftrt'nt2t ft#&2n#f'bfftAbt'# t !Grft'3f5f3tf 'frftn)r#Arft0r* fftt'frt%'ffftffftf$t'tfrf2t/t* $r'ftrf=b%'2t$* brttnf$'f'tf

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nf b# 167+fffbnbff&Efnnbnfnn&fbE fbbnbf)fbnnA+b##nbbn tf#"!ff&C+ttnbnbnn)f"bbnb#n nn$f"ntnbnbnn)ffnb'bf b#!nnffb!bf#f&A:(fb nn)ffnnbCffnbbb'Anfnnfbnb bt"n"!#&CFbttfnnbn#! nbfb&A+"nCnbbb'#Anf"fnb f$f&C2bA+(fb)fn#tbftnbn f#&Cnnbbtfbnbntnffffnfb tnfnb b#nb"!=H&2 nnnnffnntbbnf&En!n nbfff"'btnnbttf#&Ar$!b" Cf"bfbnARSbnbnnbnfnfn"fn bfnbfnb$nnfnbnbffbffff f#bffnf&C8$nn(fbE!)ffbnnn fnb bnn)fnf'fntbfn$ n#nb&A3tnfnD#!fnnffbf nbtbbnnn?ffbn"nbttb bfb!bfnb#$nnnbfbbfn #"b#n"bn"!f$%nbCbn$fn#& Innnbn%fbn$fnbn&Arbb'bn tbnff'"fffC &1&1Anb#nb b#"nnn&C+"fbfnbbnntnnffnbbfnbn! fbf"n!nbnfnfnfnbnb!bt$ $fnnb&fnbb"fb$bfnb$b n$t!nbf%b'"$nnn!tbnbn fn##fnn$fbtnf"bnnf!nDn nf&2fb"!$n#nbnfffbn$b"n1& ##fntnf#bn1$3'*fnnbnnb fnfb ,bn&##f#nffAbtb'f n$!bn1b&C2nnnfbfbn tn f2&Ebnfnnfb-'fb$n #nnb$'!nbnfbnfnb&ARrSb nbnnbfnfb ,bnn-'fb$C##f

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nf b# 173Efnff-fb bn!nfnbb b bf&b bn!)fEfn7t4(n43 #,#f5En n!)f 3b3# bn!n& bn+b,#f fn n!)f:b(n,t bn!)fn&Efnbn3'27bf bn!b !;bnfnb b&+nb)fbt ?nbtnfnff!"nnnbfnnbnb!)fn bn!t,n&En)f n+'#4b-f"#f$ #nbn!&+H6bn#fftnn'b?nnnb" ?n#$n)f#fnf&n8f$ "!b#nb8&(&2A(fbnnbnnnfn bbfn"bbnbfn ,$nfb*fnn&C*#nf"&3$Tbbn bn*$n!2#,bbtnfnb$b?ffb! bnf&nEfbnbnfnf>fbtnff?" n>fnnb$&nfbb bfnnfb nnbAt$bn$bffffb&C+#btn nnnnnnbn!bb(fbE!)fbnbf& nfb"fb"bfn*fnnf#! nbnbnfbnff#nnbtnnnf fn"fnnb#b$&+#btnfbnnnb nbfnffbnbn$n!fbb&+f"!nnbnH6b bfffbfn fnn)f "bbtnbnf
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nf b# 175bf#bt#"fnbnf"$tnbn?nb b##fff!nbf#n$$&r b)fbnbbnnb"bnfbfH/ btbt"'&+ nJ"f bfn/nbf&(!n9# fb#!nbbnbfnn"'bnbbH 4&n5&n!fnnfnnbn=HJ//fnf b#tbt"'f&+)fH6"fb @bnnb;fnH&@nbn)fnbn&fnb$#b nbffnbb(nfnf f&(nfnfnnfnfbH6bn$""nH=fnn nnfJ"f&fbfnnntb !fnfnn9#nbnJ6&rnf nbf)f%bnnbfnb(nfnfn#n& @=&(;&nn -&fnbt nf b#& b nf!Ebnb# b nbb,nn $f&

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NotesIntroduction Bartow Courier-Informant, btnfr tf History of African Methodism in Texas, !t"# NYA, $tbtnf %f Floridas Black Public Ofcials, %f&tnf# %f&b'""&(t)f#r *+f,)t-f./ft""0"$t-&t#01nt' 01nf History of Black Baptists, *%f Floridas Black Public Ofcials, f2rf JFU, 3/-fr Salisbury (N.C.) Star of Zion, btnrf 0tnfrf"f/-f JFT-U, tfr 5/"f Story of Southwestern Florida, 6fr%f Floridas Peace River Frontier, f%f Henry Bradley Plant, +"$t075bft"%f,'&5b"nf5:;.75+"$t075bf+b/,"<'t"n+/#+"$t075bf *" bt:--&t-#%f Floridas Peace River Frontier, rr 20tnf Sixth Census, %f Floridas Black Public Ofcials, **r(
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+,f Jackson County, r Southern Christian Advocate, +"-frf0tnfr(-f Florida Flame, f 2+,f Jefferson County, TFP, $tbtnfrr Tallahassee Floridian and Journal, $tbtn*fr r3f+)>'tf#.t%f American Slave, ./f Slavery in Florida;%f.t1.t"("t'tf#* Southern Christian Advocate, tnfr(-f Florida Flame, r nt'>'f Come Shouting to Zion, r+t0t"%f Slavery and Methodism, ?btf Negro in the American Revolution,f$,,f Notes on the State of Virginia, rf nt'>'f Come Shouting to Zion, t"%f Slavery and Methodism, @f Anti-Slavery in America, nt'>'f Come Shouting to Zion, $>nf Thoughts upon Slavery, 0t"%f Slavery and Methodism, ff!f Broken Churches, 2r nt'>'f Come Shouting to Zion, t"%f Slavery and Methodism, "f American Negro Slave Revolts, :n-tf Southern Cross, *:n-tf Southern Cross, Tallahassee Florida Sentinel, 41"ff rt"%f Slavery and Methodism, 0t"%f Slavery and Methodism, *r!f Broken Churches, rr 5t"%"f Autobiography of Peter Cartwright, 0t"%f Slavery and Methodism, *r!f Broken Churches, r(-f Florida Flame, (,"f Trail of the Circuit Rider, *.,%f Constitutional History, 5t'f -t",""'"&""t"bf#* 0t"%f Slavery and Methodism, **2!f Broken Churches, rrr (,"f Trail of the Circuit Rider, (-f Florida Flame,r r4t:t""$t>tf$tbtnfr2*f/rA$tbtn r2*Bf 't!/C,D1f@""f/r +.t'fLights and Shadows of Itinerant Life, ./ft""0"$t-&tf#**2./f Slavery in Florida; 01nt'01nf History of the Black Baptists, TS, 0tnrfr2 $f History of Florida Baptists, **2 01nt'nf History of the Black Baptists, ./f Slavery in Florida; ./f(b-&"nf#.t%f American Slave, frf *./f Slavery in Florida. <''f'tr*f#*(-f Florida Flame, Negro Population 17901915, (,"f Trail of the Circuit Rider, ./f Slavery in Florida; f+t/C5t>'f#r4/4 :%t'"@EE:%t'f$bnfrf:%t'&t>tf Rock in a Weary Land, ""&t

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+.t'f Lights and Shadows of Itinerant Life, r(-f Florida Flame, *:t"">tf$tbtnfr2* (-f Florida Flame, r Southern Christian Advocate, bb"*fr 0"-nf Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree, **(,"f Trail of the Circuit Rider, (-f Florida Flame, r* Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, **f**fr0"0t 07 5bf0t5b"nft'"-t'0"4/ 075bf$t19; b"nf:;.75@f History of the AME Church in Florida, Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, f*f66f*rf5't' 075bf@5b"n$t075bf0t'5b"n ::n 075bf5b-t5b"nt'0'%tn 075bf tn-tf Cyclopaedia of African Methodism, PCR, frr JET, ffr015t"nf Black Florida, %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, *<%'tf History of Palatka and Putnam County, JET, fr %f> 3%":f#0bf-+t/n"+"t" +t"# %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, f:"n,+"&tb 07bf# r%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, 2@f History of the AME Church in Florida, tf History of Allen Chapel, (ttt,"Fb"t"t1t',1t"n@f History of the AME Church in Florida, *%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, tf History of Allen Chapel, *0t"%f Slavery and Methodism, "f Documentary History, r >'f History of the Negro Church, 2rr f Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, +t!f Segregated Sabbaths, f Life, Experience, and Gospel Labors, nt'>'f Come Shouting to Zion, f f Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, &tnf History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, *0"-nf Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree, >tf Rock in a Weary Land, *>tf Rock in a Weary Land, *5>nf Richard Allen, 2t "n,",b'," 071bf&tnf History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, t'5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. **>tf Rock in a Weary Land, r5>nf Richard Allen, 22:'f One Hundred Years, >tf African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, 3""&t 201

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*5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, *&tnf History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, ""f Budget ArrBf *2&tnf History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, *5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, f>tf Rock in a Weary Land, *r>tf Rock in a Weary Land, *5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, &tnf History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, Chapter 2 tf#* ./f Slavery in Florida; 'nf Population in 1860, Jacksonville Tri-Weekly Florida Sun, $tbtnfr2.'f After the War, American Missionary, +"-rf$.t'f Christian Reconstruction, 'nf Population in 1860, *%f Ossian Bingley Hart, (-f Florida Flame, ** "t'"f Beechers, Stowes, and Yankee Strangers, *@f History of the AME Church in Florida, 2 ""f Proceedings of the QuartoCentennial, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, 6'f2 JFU, $bnfr"-f0"4/f+D'ft'+"$t07bf$t19b"nf:;.75 @f History of the AME Church in Florida, 2 ""f Proceedings of the QuartoCentennial, Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, f*f**f**f *rffr%f> %":f#* r(tb,'tC."b1";t"nt>tt1f Carpetbag Rule; >tt1f Carpetbag Rule, r%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, f >tf A Rock in a Weary Land, :t'nf Scraps of African Methodist Episcopal History, ""&t

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5t&t"!!0t'f frrf=+>ttf Rock in a Weary Land, <''fHC&tf# ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, f r6'f JFT-U, btnfrr(,"f Trail of the Circuit Rider, r (-f Florida Flame, rf*t)1"""b'n" "%t19t'%"0"'""+b"'b"--'t"" 5/>ttf%f Sacred Flame of Love. ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, fr015t"nf Black Florida, $t'015t"nf African Americans in Florida, American Missionary, $tbtnrf"t'"f Beechers, Stowes, and Yankee Strangers, ** PCR, $bfr2f fr2 JT-WFU, 0t fr2* ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, <''fHC&tf# %f> 3%":f#* Tallahassee Semi-Weekly Floridian, btnfr ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, *5tf History of Allen Chapel, 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, r PCR, $bf r TS, 0tfr2r2$t195b"n1b ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, r PCR, $bfr>tn-tf Cyclopaedia of African Methodism, +"&tbC 07bftb"nf:;.75 %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, 2%f Ossian Bingley Hart, r2 TWF, 3/-fr New York Tribune, btnfrr@f History of the AME Church in Florida, r@f History of the AME Church in Florida, 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, rr2t','5b"n1b A>t"f
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Chapter 3 +,f Nor Is It Over Yet, Savannah Daily News and Herald, fr Washington (D.C.) Daily Morning Chronicle, 0trfr Tallahassee Semi-Weekly Floridian, 0tf r%f Ossian Bingley Hart, r2rr %fOssian Bingley Hart, rrr *5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, *>tn-tf My Recollections, ** 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, f 6'f 2%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, Savannah Daily News and Herald, 0tn rfrfr%f> %":f# r PCR, $bnfr >-t19f Gadsden, PCR, $bnff bb"frftnfrr PCR, $bnfr Tallahassee Semi-Weekly Floridian, $b*fr ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, Tallahassee Semi-Weekly Floridian, $b*fr PCR, $bnfr ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, Tallahassee Semi-Weekly Floridian, $b*fr PCR, $bnfr>tf African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, %f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, PCR, bb"fr PCR, bb"fr>tf Rock in a Weary Land, $.t'f Negro in the Reconstruction of Florida, *%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, r Pensacola Daily News, /-rf %f Ossian Bingley Hart, r New York Daily Tribune, $bnfr JFU, 3/-fr New York Daily Tribune, btnfrr TWF, ; btnfrr%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, r r$.t'f Negro in the Reconstruction of Florida, %f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, %f Ossian Bingley Hart, *%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, >tt1f Carpetbag Rule, PCR, *frr>tn-tf My Recollections, PCR, *frr@f History of the AME Church in Florida, >tn-tf My Recollections, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r PCR, *frr @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r PCR, *frr Washington (D.C.) Daily Morning Chronicle,tfrr 6'f frr TS, frr 4f@"",tt"tf#f tbf0tn2frrf>tb&t .t'"(t''b+"/ftrfrrf+"/&t r%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, ""&t*

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+,f Nor Is It Over Yet, r2%f Ossian Bingley Hart, f %f Ossian Bingley Hart, %f> 3%":f# TFP, bb"frr %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, ff JFU, bb"frr ."0t1t-":t.'fbtnfrf't!/C 4,D1f6-5'f)f,'t""t" $,,5b"nC"bt"ftf'b1t",t19$,, 5b"n# >tt1f Carpetbag Rule, rr%f> 3%":f# JFU, btnfr Laws of Florida ArBf2%f> 3%":f# %f Ossian Bingley Hart, Washington (D.C.) Daily National Intelligencer, $tbtnfr PCR, tnf$bnrfrrf f$bnfr 0"-nf Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree, *+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, r PCR, tnfrr JFU, <-*frr r ""f Budget ArrBf 6' PCR, fr PCR, fr@f History of the AME Church in Florida, Chapter 4 <''fHC&tf#2%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, f PCR, frf fr2 PCR, $bnfr JFU, btnrfr PCR, $bnfr *>tn-tf My Recollections, **f 0t'f Lays in Summer Lands, r PCR, $bnfr 2 JFU, $bnfr PCR, $bnfr r>tf African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, >tf Rock in a Weary Land, 0"-nf Under Their Own Fig and Vine Tree, TWF, 41"*fr2 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, >tf Rock in a Weary Land, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, 2 PCR, $tbtnfr2f$bfr2 6'f$tbtnfr2 *6' TS, $tbtnfr2 PCR, $tbtnffr2f fr2@f History of the AME Church in Florida, r PCR, $tbtnfr2 TS, $tbtnfr23""&t 205

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TS, $tbtnfr2 r%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, %f Ossian Bingley Hart,r*>tt1f Carpetbag Rule, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r 6'f22 Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, f*ffff fr%f African Americans on the Tampa Bay Frontier, f :"n,+"&tb 07bf#tnf Sketch, Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, ffffff*ff rrr TS, <-fr2 PCR, 41"fr20tnfr2(t; "fSons of Allen, rttbb"n<'.1'f@f* Savannah Daily Republican, tnfr2tf Men of Maryland, *r PCR, fr2 JET, btnfrf bb"fr Jacksonville Evening Times-Union, tnfr* TS, $bnfr2%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, %f> %":f#-tf Josiah Walls, >tt1f Carpetbag Rule,r%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, $ .t'fNegro in the Reconstruction of Florida, %f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, ./ft""0"$t&tf# PCR, $bnfr2 r TS, $tbtnfr2 f Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, r+t>tf Rock in a Weary Land,* 3%" :f#*<''fHC&tf# ""&tr

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%f Ossian Bingley Hart, %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, TWF, bb"fr2 %f Ossian Bingley Hart, r PCR, <-rfr2 *<''fHC&tf#>tf Free Men, TWF, 3/-f fr2 %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, Savannah Daily Advertiser, 41" fr2 PCR, <-rfr2 ""f Budget ArrBff* 2 JT-WFU, $tbtnfr2 r6'@f History of the AME Church in Florida, PCR, $tbtnf fr2 JT-WFU, $tbtnfr2 %f Ossian Bingley Hart, 6'fr Laws of Florida Ar2Bf4!f$.t'f $t"t!# %f Ossian Bingley Hart, fr%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, 2f rrfffr %f Ossian Bingley Hart, rr* Newark (N.J.) Sentinel of Freedom, 0t fr2 New York Times, "fr2 SMN, 41"fr2%f Ossian Bingley Hart, PCR, 3/fr2 JT-WFU, $tbtnfr2 Philadelphia Times, <-frr New York Evening Post, fr2@f History of the AME Church in Florida, rr ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, *r .:tf! 11'".t't-f#2 TWF, 2ff$bnfr2f btnfr2 ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, *r TWF, fr2 ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, *r PCR, $bfr2 r PCR, $bf"fr2 6'f$bffr2f$bnrfr2 6'f$bffr2.:tf! 11'".t't-f#r .:tf! 11'".t't-f#r TWF, +"-fr2 f Reconstruction, %f Ossian Bingley Hart, r TWF, +"-; fr2 Philadelphia Times, <-frr TWF, +"-fr2 PCR, <-rfr2 ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, *r PCR, <-rfr2 JDFU, tfr2 JFU, Fb"' TWF, <-fr2 %f Ossian Bingley Hart, r2 PCR, /-fr2 r6'f$tbtnfr2* ""f Budget ArrBf@f History of the AME Church in Florida, SMN, $tbtnfr2* PCR, $tbtnrffr2*3""&tr 207

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%f Ossian Bingley Hart, r Savannah Advertiser-Republican, btn ffr2* %f Ossian Bingley Hart, r%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, f+,f Nor Is It Over Yet, frr*( 3%" :f# PCR, $tbtnf fr2 PCR, fr2ftfr2 JDFU, tfr2 PCR, f$bf$bnf+"-fr2 Congressional Globe, *'f"f/f"frr-tf Josiah Walls, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r(b19f Phoenix from the Ashes, PCR, $bnfrf+"-fr2 JDFU, btnftfffr2 PCR, tfr2 Chapter 6 %fFlorida s Black Public Ofcials,ff*f* $.t'f Negro in the Reconstruction of Florida, 3% ":f#r%f!>t">"f# PCR, $tbtnfr2 TS, $bnrfr2 2 JDFU, btnfr2 PCR, fr2 rtnf Temperance and Racism, TS, 41"rfr2 PCR, $bfr2r Birmingham (Eng.) Good Templars Watchword, $tbtnrfr2 PCR, "ffr2r tnf Temperance and Racism, r Birmingham (Eng.) Good Templars Watchword, $tbtnrfr2 %f> %":f# TWF, "fr2r PCR, tf fr2fbtn*frrf$bnfrr JDFU, tfr2 '5Ef History of Astor, Sanford South Florida Argus, btnfr ""&t

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rr2 Louisville (Ky.) Courier-Journal, 41"frr TWF, $bnfrr JET, 3/-2fr"nf Georgetown, 4"nf Eatonville, 01.tf Fourth Census, JDFU, tfr2 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, *@f History of the AME Church in Florida, r ""f Budget ArrBf %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, %f> 3%" :f# PCR, fr2f$tbtnfr22 TS, $bnfr2 Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, rff PCR, /-fr2f$tbtnrfr22 ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, r ""f Budget ArrBf @f History of the AME Church in Florida, PCR, tfr22 TWF, $tbtnfr2r PCR, 0tfr22@f History of the AME Church in Florida, ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, PCR, fr2rf rfrr TWF, 3/-fr22 f Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, ** DeLand Volusia County Herald, btnrf r2r PCR, bb"frr Pensacola Advance, <-rfr2rfFb"' TWF, $tbtn2fr2 SMN, $tbtnfr2%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, PCR, bb"f rr PCR, $bnf bb"frr r6'f$bn*fr2r TWF, rf$bnrfr2 PCR, $bn*fr2r Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, fff**f*f*fff f*22fff2fffr2frfr*frfff PCR, fr2r>"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, >"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, PCR, 0tnfrr%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, Fernandina Florida Mirror, tfr2tf History of African Methodism in Texas, f@f History of the AME Church in Florida, PCR, tnf/-rfr2r *6'ftf rf/-rfr2r %f> 3%":f#%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, ** %f!>t">"f# Chapter 7 @f History of the AME Church in Florida, 2%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, Fernandina Florida Mirror, f*frr
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::n>5t'f f f#)f,'*f't3 &t Tallahassee Semi-Weekly Floridian, +"-frr%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, r 0tnf Sixth Census, *$f:nt'n&t"f#*&""f Story of the Florida Railroads, %f Henry Bradley Plant, JFT-U, +"-frr Pensacola Commercial, $tbtnfrr* %f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, **f2frffff+t .t'f:"n,t19$t19/f#t'nf@tIt# Key West News, Fb"' NYG,0tfrr* NYG, bb"rfrrf41"; rfrr* PCR, tnfrr 2./ft""0"$t-&tf# TWF, frr r01nt'01nf History of the Black Baptists, *201nf -tt""f# (t"f Sons of Allen, f* PCR, /-*frrf$bfrr ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, PCR, tnfrr ""f Budget ArrBf PCR, btn*f bb"*frr JDFU, <-frr tf Men of Maryland, ""f Budget ArrBf Indianapolis Freeman, <-fr *@f History of the AME Church in Florida, PCR, frr PCR, frr 6'f frr Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, f*2ff**f*22f*r*ff*f frfr*fff* r PCR, f$bnf bb"frf/-frr Tampa Sunland Tribune,$bfrr PCR, $bff$bn*f/-*frr 6'f$bnff+"-ff"frr 6'f0tnf bb"f bb"f+"-*f41"f3/-f rr %f&tnf# JDFU, frr %f&tnf#&tnf Recollections, rr PCR, f bb" frr *+9f Reminiscences,fr't bt5,," 07 5bf Minutes, Pensacola Semi-Weekly Commercial, <-frr TWF, +"-ffrr Jacksonville Florida Daily Times, +"-f rr PCR, bb"frr 't bt,," 07bf Minutes,ff 6'f*frf r6'f JDFU, <-frr 't bt,," 07bf Minutes, 6'fr ""&t

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PCR, $tbtnf"f<-rfrr* JFT-U, 0trfrr PCR, 0tnfrrf$tbtnfrr*f$tbtn*frr PCR, $tbtnf"frr* *6'ftn*f/-frrf$tbtnfrr* JFT-U, trfrr ""f Budget Arr*Bf PCR, bb"f+"-f3/-frrf $tbtnfrr* PCR, bb"frr r ""f Budget ArrBf*r ""f Budget Arr*Bf JFT-U, btnrff rr* ""f Budget Arr*Bf *>'%t'f Origins of the New South, :tf Magic Mirror, *2fff NYG, bb"rfrr Tampa Guardian Fb"' NYG, <-rfrr NYA, $bn*frrr Chapter 8 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, *.f Thomas County, rr ""f Budget ArrBf t-f Florida Politics in the Gilded Age, %f Florida s Black Public Of cials, r JFT-U, /-frfrr* 2%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, r0tnf%ft'.f Supreme Court of Florida, fr JFT-U, $tbtnf<-*ffrr*f; btnfrfrr TWF, btnfrr r%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, TWF, $b*frr $@tt%"/%t%t-n!ttt't-n0t"; t PCR, 0tf fr2f$bn*fr2r Minutes of the Seventeenth Session of the Florida Annual Conference, PCR, $b*frrf$tbtnffr+,f History of Jefferson County, f*t%"/% %f&b'""&(t)f#%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, JFT-U, tfrr NYF, btnfrr2 PCR, $bfrr PCR, $tbtnf$bfrrf$tbtnfrr2 *6'f0tn*frrf$bfrr&tnf Recollections, +"/f Journals of Charlotte Forten Grimke, 'f A. Philip Randolph, PCR, tn*frr JFT-U, btnfr3""&t* 211

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PCR, "frr* r6'f<-rfrr*fbtnfrr @f History of the AME Church in Florida, rfrf PCR, 0tfrrf bb"frrr3nt't'.nf History of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, **&tnf Recollections, *>"fCentennial Encyclopaedia, PCR, $tbtnfrr2 PCR, btnfrrf$tbtnfrr2 ""f Proceedings of the QuartoCentennial, 3nt't'.nf History of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, PCR, $bffrr2 *&tnf Recollections, PCR, *f$bfrr2ftf bb"f rrr %f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, %f&b'""&(t)f# 2*r%f&tnf#r NYF, $bfrr2 PCR, frrf$bn*f41"frr2f0tfrrr%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, 2f ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, PCR, $bfrrf$tbtnf$bn*frr2 r NYF, "rfrr2 NYA, <-frr2 PCR, $tbtnfr 9f>t"n-"tJ"nf#r%f&b'" "&(t)f#22%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, f+t5 .t'f:"n,t19$t19/f#t'nf@tIt# %f Florida s Peace River Frontier, 9f Flagler, &"f &b'""%'tf# Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, f*rfrfff*f2*frf rff+"$t075bft"%f5:;.75015t"nf Black Florida, PCR, $bnfrrf$tbtnfrr2 Tampa Guardian, $bfrr PCR, 41"frrf frrf41"f<-rfrr2b1 t'+f Family, Community, Business Enterprise, *015t"nf Black Florida, r PCR, bb"frrr NYA, btnfftf fftnfrrr PCR, 0tffrrr NYA, btnf0tfrrr JFT-U, 0trf rrr Chapter 9 ."./'Jt-> ""f#r ""f Budget Arr*Bf* ."./Jt-> ""f# 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, ."./; Jt-> ""f#r@%fW. E. B. Du Bois, ""&t*

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* ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, *2 ""f Budget Arr*Bf 4""t""t-t-tnt',Eleventh Census, 1890. 'f A. Philip Randolph, NYA, bb"frrr Pensacola Daily Commercial, bb"frrr 2("f Centennial Encyclopaedia, PCR, *frr TWF, $tbtnrf rr PCR, *frr NYA, 3/-*frrrf$tbtnf frr%f Florida s Black Public Of cials, PCR, *frr JFT-U, btn*frr PCR, btnrftfrr JFT-U, btnfrr 6'fbtnfrr PCR, btnrftnfrr JFT-U, btnffrr r@f History of the AME Church in Florida, r>"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, (b19f Phoenix from the Ashes, 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, JFT-U, frrfbtnfr NYA, frr PCR, "*f/-frfrr JFT-U, $bfrr NYA, frr PCR, 0tnfrr Fort Myers Press, 0tnf$bfrr +"$t075bft"%f#5:;.75 Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, frf*f*rf*fffrfr2 PCR, $tbtnfr JFT-U, <-frrf PCR, $tbtnffr:t'nf Scraps of African Methodist Episcopal History, JFT-U, <-frrf PCR, $tbtnffr Quincy Herald, <-; *frr ""f Proceedings of the Quarto-Centennial, ff*r Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, ff*fr*ffrff 2f2rfrrfb1t'+f Family, Community, Business Enterprise, PCR, tfr Pensacola Daily News, <-ffffr r Washington (D.C.) Colored American, $bfrr JET, 41"fr Pensacola Daily News, <-frr @f History of the AME Church in Florida, (b19f Phoenix from the Ashes, JET, "frfbtnfr JET, 0tnf$bfrfbtnf0tnfr5+-"f History of the3""&t* 213

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African Methodist Episcopal Church, f(t"f Sons of Allen, JFTU, btnfrr 01.tf Fourth Census, rJDFU, tfr2 TS, $bnfr2 TWF, <-fr JET, <-fr01nt'01nf History of the Black Baptists, %f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, .tf Tragedy of Lynching, r JFT-U, <-frf$tbtnrfr *%f&b'""&(t)f#rr>t-f Florida Politics in the Gilded Age, rr PCR, 3/-*frrf$tbtnfr TWF, +"-frrr Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, f JET, btnf0tnf$bnf41"ff3/-rfrf$tbtn *fr JFT-U, +"-fr Struggle for Survival, Arcadia DeSoto Leader, <-fr* Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics From Church Records in Florida, fffffr r JFT-U, btnffr JET, tfr JFT-U, btnfr Chapter 10 >t-f Florida Politics in the Gilded Age, rrr%f Florida s Black Public Ofcials, %f&tnf#4$-5%t%tnf >'%t'f Strange Career of Jim Crow. t"""b'n,t1t /t'nt%'tftf Urban Vigilantes. Bradenton Manatee River Journal,/-fr %f!>t">"f# JFT-U, $tbtn2fr JET, $tbtnffr Pensacola Daily News, $tbtnfr@f History of the AME Church in Florida, r JET, btnftffr @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r JET, btn*f0tf r @f History of the AME Church in Florida,r JET, btn*fr Tampa Daily Tribune, +"-fr 25+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, >"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, r JET, tfr r5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, JET, 0t frfbtnfr* 5+-"f History of the African Methodism Episcopal Church, ffrr2 >tf African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, *r JFT-U, 0tnfr 5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, tf Men of Maryland, r !t"f# AME Church Review A rrBftf History of African Methodism in Texas, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, ""&tr

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JFT-U, btnfr Tampa Morning Tribune, 0tfrf$tbtnf @f History of the AME Church in Florida, tf History of African Methodism in Texas, NYA, $tbtnfbtnf !t"# !t"f#tf History of African Methodism in Texas, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r5+-"f History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, JET, $tbtnf*fbtnffrf0tfr@f History of the AME Church in Florida, r>"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, Guide to Supplementary Vital Statistics, **fffrfrffr*f 6'ffrfff*ffrff2*frrfr" 07 t'0"4/ 071b1Df5b5f&t 5b"n:"tbb-t':"tItf@t JET, btnrfr r JFT-U, fr JET, tnf bb"ffr nf Promise of the New South, rr*>'%t'f Origins of the New South, (tbf History of Florida,5/"f Story of Southwestern Florida, %f Fort Meade, JFT-U, btnffr>"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, JET, ftnf"fr JFT-U, btnfr JET, +"-f<-fr>"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, r 6'fr JET, 3/-fr0"-nf Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree, r JET, +"-fr4%-t1b,b';ttnf 0"-nf Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree, 0"-nf Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree, f Bishop Henry McNeal Turner, rr*+t5;(-tf Daughters of Thunder, t"f &bbt"n't'n!'fr# JET, $bnf bb"f"fr ., +"-f/-fr Indianapolis Freeman, tfr* JET, btnfr* >"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, rf@f History of the AME Church in Florida, JFT-U, btnfr *>"f Centennial Encyclopaedia, @f History of the AME Church in Florida, 5/"f Story of Southwestern Florida, *%f Florida s Peace River Frontier, Bartow Courier-Informant, btnfr3""&tr 215

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Ocala Banner, btnfr Bartow Courier-Informant, btnfr %f Florida s Peace River Frontier, JFT-U, btnfr r6'ftfr 6'f$bnfr@f History of the AME Church in Florida, 7""f Major Problems, JFT-U, $tbtnfr>"fCentennial Encyclopaedia, nf Promise of the New South, ""f Major Problems, *015t"nf Black Florida, PCR, tnf *@tf Negro in the United States, r ""&tr

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BibliographyManuscripts and Collections 5b.'?b"t,":"t.'+b/n,"'t >"C&t-f>& 't"f+@ 't&t=/"n,+b"'t+t"f(t-t :%t'f/&t%'@tnfb%ft t%t-n!ttt',t-nt",'%'f(t; tt +"/f(t''b&t@5 >tbfb&t@5 Public Documents and Public Records Eleventh Census, 1890: Churches. >t"ft"f The Fourth Census of the State of Florida Taken in the Year 1915. (ttt; ($ nt'f 3ttbb"n<'.' /ttt"b"nb"bft'tft Negro Population 1790 1915. >t"ft"ft
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r tnNewspapers and Periodicals A.M.E Church Review, rr American Missionary, rr Arcadia DeSoto Leader, r* Bartow Courier-Informant,r Birmingham (Eng.) Good Templars Watchword, r2 Bradenton Manatee River Journal,r Congressional Globe, r2r2* DeLand Volusia County Herald, r2r Fernandina Florida Mirror, r2frr Fort Myers Press, rr Harper s New Monthly Magazine, r2 Indianapolis Freeman, r*r Jacksonville Daily Florida Union, r2frr Jacksonville Evening Telegram,rr Jacksonville Evening Times-Union, r* Jacksonville Florida Daily Times,rr Jacksonville Florida Times-Union, rr Jacksonville Florida Union, rr Jacksonville Florida Weekly Times-Union, rrr Jacksonville Tri-Weekly Florida Sun, r2 Jacksonville Tri-Weekly Florida Union, r2r2* Journal of United Labor, rrr Louisville (Ky.) Courier-Journal,rr Newark (N.J.) Sentinel of Freedom, r2 New York Age, rr2 New York Daily Tribune, r New York Evening Post, r2 New York Freeman, rrrr2 New York Globe, rrrr* New York Herald, r New York Times,r2 New York Tribune, rr Ocala Banner, r Pensacola Commercial, rr* Pensacola Daily Commercial, rrr Pensacola Daily News, r Pensacola Semi-Weekly Commercial, rr Philadelphia Christian Recorder, rr Philadelphia Times, rr Quincy Herald, rr Salisbury (N.C.) Star of Zion,r Sanford South Florida Argus, rr2

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tn 219Savannah Advertiser-Republican, r2* Savannah Daily Advertiser, r2 Savannah Daily News and Herald, rr Savannah Daily Republican, r2 Savannah Morning News, r2r2 Southern Christian Advocate, rr2* Tallahassee Florida Sentinel, r Tallahassee Floridian and Journal, r Tallahassee Semi-Weekly Floridian, rrfrr Tallahassee Sentinel, rr2 Tallahassee Weekly Floridian, rrr Tallahassee Weekly True Democrat, Tampa Daily Tribune, r Tampa Florida Peninsular, rrr2 Tampa Guardian, rr Tampa Morning Tribune, rf Tampa Sunland Tribune, rr Washington (D.C.) Colored American, rr Washington (D.C.) Daily Morning Chronicle, rfrr Washington (D.C.) Daily National Intelligencer, r Secondary Sources 9f7'%t'3 Flagler: Rockefeller Partner and Florida Baron. "f4" +"t"=/"n&frr >t0"n-"0tJ"n8t19$t19/&"f rr2# Florida Historical Quarterly A41"*B8* f.t' The Life, Experience, and Gospel Labors of the Right Reverend Richard Allen. ."t/ 'fr 'f$/ A. Philip Randolph: A Biographical Portrait. 3%K:tb" t1$/t/f f+">t' Bishop Henry McNeal Turner and African-American Religion in the South. )/=/"n,(&f "f:" American Negro Slave Revolts. 3%K6"t"tf* Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. 3%K6"; t"tf ""fJt->f' The Budget: Containing Biographical Sketches, Quadrennial and Annual Reports of the General Of cers of the African Methodist Episcopal Church of the United States of America.
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tn"nf "Georgetown: The History of a Black Neighborhood. !"%f t&/t"nb'fr f6t(+t/C5t>'#6 A History of the African American People: The History, Traditions and Culture of African Americans, '"'n$t4/:"t'@7:"<""8>tn+"t"=/"n&f 075b 100th Anniversary Program, Bethel AME Church, 115 North Eighth Street, Palatka, Florida 32077. &tt"9t8" 07bf tft-f' From Saddlebags to Satellites: A History of Florida Methodism. 3t/&t"f %f5t"f$ ,t -tt'"(t-ttn t">'>t6#6 Things Remembered: An Album of African Americans in Tampa,n.%t t'n(t-t8=/"n,(t-t&f African Americans on the Tampa Bay Frontier. (t-t8(t-ttn:"n 5"f &tnt'."t"$-5%'ttfrr#6 The New History of Florida, '"'n 0t!t!t/=/"n&,'tf Florida s Black Public Ofcials, 18671924.(btt8=/"n, t; t-t&fr Florida s Peace River Frontier. t'=/"n,"t't&f Fort Meade, 18491900. (btt8=/"n, tt-t&f Genealogical Records of the African American Pioneers of Tampa and Hillsborough County. (t-t8(t-ttn:"n"f !>t">"'tC+'!t"t19 &"t@t'#=b't"'t""'t:"t +"n bt"f"nftnf* Henry Bradley Plant: The Nineteenth Century King of Florida. (t-t8:n &t"bb-f Ossian Bingley Hart, Florida s Loyalist Reconstruction Governor. t".b @btt+"t"=/"n&f

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tn 221&b'""&(t)8t19.btt'"",@t rr't#6 Florida s Heritage of Diversity: Essays in Honor of Samuel Proctor, '"'n0t6!f>t->t.ft'5t"%f$ (ttt+"nf .t1.t"("t'tfrr*# Florida Historical Quarterly A$tbtnB8r2 H> 3%":65'GC(@,t'(-,." 0t1t-# Florida Historical Quarterly A$bnB8 5tf5 History of Allen Chapel AME Church, Pensacola, Florida. &t1t8 5t 07bf 5t"%"f&" The Autobiography of Peter Cartwright, the Backwoods Preacher. 3% Kt"t'&"fr 5t'f The Story of Southwestern Florida. /3%K@% :"t&bf t->t" Civil War and Reconstruction in Florida. 3%K5b-t =/"n&f."f!t/8=/"n,'t&f* '5Ef >tf1The History of Astor on the St. Johns, Astor Park, and the Surrounding Area. Kb"%ft"1&bfr t; 't# Sheriff s Star *A+"-M41"rB8 <''f<"nHC&tt'"."b1",@5b"n# Apalachee A*B8 'tr*# Florida Historical Quarterly *A$bn*B8 <%'tf." The History of Palatka and Putnam County. &tt"9t8&/t"nb; 'fr

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tn7 Autobiography of W. E. B. Du Bois. 3%K6"t"tfr Black Reconstruction in America, 18601880. %K "b-f Darkwater: Voices from Within the Veil. 0%'f3Ktb;(-t4; tEt"f "C&J" Negro History in Florida. $t19/'t>"C &J"f f '%$t19f+:"n,+"&tb 075b#6 Things Remembered: An Album of African Americans in Tampa,'"'n.%tt'n (t-t8=/"n,(t-t&f 't bt5,," ,t0"'"7t5b Minutes of the Seventeenth Session of the Florida Annual Conference of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. ttt8tttbfrr f7 Reconstruction: America s Unnished Business, 18631877. 3%K :tt'.%frr "f$(f$ft'+tt>"-" Beechers, Stowes, and Yankee Strangers: The Transformation of Florida. !t/=/"n&,'tf tf$: Reconstruction After the Civil War. 5t=/"n,5; 1t&f nf+n/tft'""n>' Come Shouting to Zion: African American Protestantism in the American South and British Caribbean to 1830. 5t:=/"n, 3"tt&fr !tf0tf' The New History of Florida. !t/=/"n&, 'tf !f5tI. Segregated Sabbaths: Richard Allen and the Emergence of Black Independent Churches, 17601840. %K),'=/"n&f !f55 Broken Churches, Broken Nation: Denominational Schisms and the Coming of the American Civil War. t1f!t=/"n&fr !f"t-: Ante-Bellum Tallahassee. (ttt't:"tb't; "fr :tf-"@ The Magic Mirror: Law in American History. 3%K4),'=; /"n&fr :tf."@H<@'f.--0C8.t'5b"bt5t t19'tf#&<'f't+"t"=/"nfr* (! 11'".t't-8 ,t0"'-5-"(t; tt ,""5/>t# Apalachee rAB8r

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tn 223(tttCt195bfrrr# Florida Historical Quarterly r A41"B8r :t'nf$tScraps of African Methodist Episcopal History. &t't8 07 f' :n-tf5"@ Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt. 3%K ,f :'f$> One Hundred Years of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. 3% K 07Nfr 6tf."& Urban Vigilantes in the New South: Tampa, 1882 1936. )/ =/"n,(&frr $,,f(-t Notes on the State of Virginia, '"'n>t-&'5t :=/"n,"tt&f $f Eft'&tb$' Ain t Gonna Lay My Ligion Down : African American Religion in the South. 5b-t8=/"n,+b"5tt&f $f' Along This Way: The Autobiography of James Weldon Johnson. 3%K&bf $f7'%t'7t A History of Florida Baptists. $t19/5/"f $f0t)t1tfrr nf&t"t@@tItf'tfrrr28."b1" The Negro in the United States, A Brief History. &"It 3"t'f

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* tn@f5t+bHistory of the AME Church in Florida. &t't8 07 f 0tnf>t"5 A Sketch of the History of Key West, Florida. ."!t/ =/"n,'t&fr 0tnf>t">f5t"%$ft'7>. The Supreme Court of Florida and Its Predecessor Courts, 18211917. !t/=/"n&,'tf 0t"f7-(@,,:n013t(bfr*"r2#0 "f 't+"t"=/"nf 0t"f.t' The City Makers. $t19/5/"f 0t"f+'n>t" Florida During the Territorial Days. "=/"n, !t&f** 0t"%ft-+ Frederick Douglass. %K"f 01nf!&t""f+ft'.t'601n History of the Black Baptists of Florida, 18501985. t-'t-t&fr2 01nf.t'6 -tt""t't197'b1t"'t# American Baptist Quarterly A<-B8 01&f$tBattle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. 3%K4),' =/"n&frr 0t'f$>Lays in Summer Lands. >t"f<"fr2 0"-nf>tUnder Their Own Vine and Fig Tree: The African-American Church in the South, 18651900. t".b@btt+"t"=/"n&f 0bfI"-+t/n"+"t"+t"#6 Negro History in Florida. $t19; /'t>"C&J"f 3t"tf7Et"+ Losing the Peace: Georgia Republicans and Reconstruction, 1865 1871. t".b@btt+"t"=/"n&fr 3nt'f@'>ft'$>.n The History of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University. !t/=/"n,'t&f 3f!>t'+)>'t# Harper s New Monthly Magazine* A41"r2B8 4f!7@"",t5t"t'tfrr# Florida Historical Quarterly A$tbtnrB8r 4"nft Eatonville, Florida: A Brief History. >"&tftb;!&b; fr 4%f5": The Sacred Flame of Love: Methodism and Society in NineteenthCentury Georgia. "=/"n,!t&fr &tnf
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tn 225 Recollections of Seventy Years. 3%K &t'" New York Times, &""f!>f$ The Story of the Florida Railroads, 1834 1903. ".t; %tnt'@-"/:"t+"nt't9@tnf:t/t'b +1f &,,,f&tbt A. Philip Randolph, Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement. t".b @btt+"t"=/"n&f &"f+t-b&b'""3%'tfr22#6 The New History of Florida, '"'n0t!t!t/=/"n&,'tf ?btfJtThe Negro in the American Revolution. 5t:=/"n, 3"tt&f .tf "b The Tragedy of Lynching. 5t:=/"n,3"5tt &f .t%f!&f' The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography. / >""f!%'f .'f>"t% After the War: A Tour of the Southern States, 1865 1866. 3%K :tf .t'fttt :"n,t19$t19/f'tfrr +;71-t'&"t+"b'n#< 'f5t;0=/"nf .t'f$ Christian Reconstruction: The American Missionary Association and Southern Blacks, 1861 1890. "=/"n,!t&fr $t"t!'tCnt"-# Florida Historical Quarterly *A *B8r The Negro in the Reconstruction of Florida, 1865 1877. (ttt't +"t"=/"n&f."f(t-t8(':bf H>t"bn'-tn%C8@"",-t0tn t"(t1'tfr*r2*# Florida Historical Quarterly *A41; "B8r .t'f+-&" The Lights and Shadows of Itinerant Life. 3t/0"; '"tbf+b"f .,%f$$ A Constitutional History of American Episcopal Methodism. )/ =/"n,(&fr* ./f@tn7t""0"$t-&t "t"/, ,t -t @t'&"/>t't#6 Florida s Heritage of Diversity: Essays in Honor of Samuel Proctor, '"'nt!f>t->t.f t't"%$(ttt+"nf H:(t":%0t&nC8b'5--b"n0b"; 5b"bt't#6 Amid Political, Cultural, and Civic Diversity: Building a Sense of Statewide Community in Florida, '"'n@t':t/;+-"t'
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tn Slavery in Florida, 1821 1865. !t/=/"n&,'tf (b-&"n80t";+t/.t"'tfrr# 6 The African American Heritage of Florida, '"'nt# Journal of the Georgia Association of Historians rAB8 .f>t-> Thomas County, 18651900. (ttt't+"t"=/; "n&f .f$@'t A History of Florida Baptists. 3t/t'-tf* ."./Jt-> ""f<<# AME Church Review A$tbtnrrB8r +1t,ftt5t"./(t19,3"t" 'tt'"/>t# El Escribano ArB8 +1""f$6/7 The Education of Black People in Florida. &t't8""f!%'fr History of Jefferson County. (ttt+"nf Jackson County, FloridaA History. 0ttt8$t195b"n:"t t"fr Nor Is It Over Yet: Florida in the Era of Reconstruction 18631877. !t/ =/"n,'t&f* +b,"f$( A Colored Man s Exposition of the Acts and Doings of the Radical Party South, from 1865 to 1876.$t19/!t'
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tn 2275bf./(+$f&t"f$bf#t"%8+"$t07 5bf +"%f Rebuilding Zion: The Religious Reconstruction of the South, 1863 1877. %K),'=/"n&fr The Struggle for Survival: A Partial History of the Negroes of Marion County, 1865 to 1976. tt8t19:"ttEt",tb"nf (t"f:t1 The Sons of Allen. Otf4 'f (tbf5t"> A History of Florida. 5t!t=/"n,0t-&f (-f."0f$ Florida Flame: A History of the Florida Conference of the United Methodist Church. t/&t"fr2 (,"f5t(nf$ The Trail of the Florida Circuit Rider. @t9t'8't +b"&f** (b19f+t-b$ Phoenix from the Ashes: EWC s Past, Present, and Future. $t19; //"f >tft A Rock in a Weary Land: The African Methodist Episcopal Church During the Civil War and Reconstruction. t".b@btt+"t"=/"n &fr >tt1f$ Carpetbag Rule in Florida: The Inside Workings of the Reconstruction of Civil Government in Florida After the Close of the Civil War. $t19/tf>t-$ The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church: Reality of the Black Church. t""f 07N&bf* >tf@: Free Men in an Age of Servitude: Three Generations of a Black Family. @)"=/"n,"b19n&f >tn-tf )t'> Cyclopaedia of African Methodism. t"-0"'" 7t<"nfrr My Recollections of African M. E. Ministers, or Forty Years Experience in the African Methodist Episcopal Church. &t't8 07.-frr >nf5t: Richard Allen: Apostle of Freedom. >t"f< t"' &bf >nf$ Thoughts upon Slavery. @'f* >t-f7'%t'5 Florida Politics in the Gilded Age, 1877 1893. !t/ =/"n,'t&f >-t19f0tf$ Gadsden: A Florida County in Word and Picture. ?bn8 f >'f5t"! The History of the Negro Church. .">t"f< t"'&bfr >'%t'f5It Origins of the New South, 1877 1913. t".b@btt +"t"=/"n&f The Strange Career of Jim Crow. '/'3%K4),'=/"n &f*

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r tn>"f.t'."f$ The Bishops of the AME Church. 3t/ 07+b'tn +1=f Centennial Encyclopaedia of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. &t'; t8," 07bf The Encyclopaedia of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. &t't8 ," 075bf*2

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2457)"8rrtrrttrft)f#nt"nfn nCrf)49rffttt,fnrn"b! nftrf Journal of Negro History Florida Historical Quarterly, t Slavery in Florida: Territorial Days to Emancipation 2C;#,,,348rr fttnn;r)n f=t/-4rrftn/)49rffttt!ftt trbtt.rn" Floridas Peace River Frontier 2C;#$%%$3 The Supreme Court of Florida and Its Predecessor Courts, 1821 2C;# $%%=t/f"ft$%%&ft$%%f#nt"nfn! nCrf)4rft#tf;tn.tf)#nt