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The Ximenez-Vatio House; Second Season
Kathleen A. Deagan
University of Florida
e/- Introduction and Site Background
The Ximenez-Fatio House, located in Block 34, Lot 2 of St. Augustine,
Florida, was the subject of preliminary test excavations in 1972 (MacMurray
1972) and 1973. During both projects, the focus of the excavation was the
building known as "the old slave kitchen" (see Figure 1). The Puente Map
of 1764 shows a building on this lot, at the approximate location of the
kitchen building (Figure 4), and it was the purpose of the excavations to
determine if the extant building was the same one, or built on the foundation
of the building appearing on the 1764 map.
The 1972 excavation revealed that the present kitchen building did not
ever extend to Cadiz Street to the south, as the building on the Puente map
seems to have done, and therefore was probably not the same building (Mac-
Murray 1972). The 1973 excavation b! a University of Florida field team
concentrated on the west (back) side of .e kitchen b'-lding, to confirm
MacMurray's conclusions, and a ssek evidence of ar earL> : structure.
There is record c!f cpa&tion on this site from at lease. 1763 to the
present time. Dese z.: a d maps of the lot in the 18;- ,atury reveal
that there was a aasc y house "and outhouses" present. In 1Uj the lot was
purchased by Andre-s imenez, dwo in his will of 1806 noted a dwelling, two
storehouses (one _f *h.; as a grocery store)@ a wash shed and a stone kit-
chen with a chimr...... lot. The store was still in operation in 1830,
when the house was owrnd by Margaret Cook; and by 1855 the Ximenez-Fatio
house was a guesthouse owned by Louisa Fatio. The house was occupied contin-
uously until 1939, when it was purchased by the Florida Chapter of the Nat-
ional Society of the Colonial Dames, who are the current owners. Data on
the kitchen building is scanty, and it cannot be definitely identified on
maps until 1893, when it appears with a shingle-roofed porch along the west
side. (Documentary data from Arana and Snodgrass 1969).
It was necessary to correlate the East-West dimensions of the lot in
1764 with those of the present lot, and the location of the kitchen buil-
ding in order to be certain that the structure under investigation was
actually located within the boundaries of the early 18th century lot. The
1764 dimension was 46 Varas East-West (approximately 126.5 feet). The East
West dimension of the lot in 1939, which has remained unchanged, was 124.8 feet.
(All measurements are taken from the west side of Aviles, or as it was form-
erly called, Hospital Street). The west side of the kitchen building is
lo5 feet west of Aviles Street, and thus falls within the boundaries of the
A single exploratory trench was excavated, extending East-West from
the west side of the present kitchen building (see Figure 1). The trench was
4.5 meters east to west, and 1.5 meters from north to south, excavated in
arbitrary 15 cm levels. Because the primary objective of the excavation
was to locate and determine architectural features, and because of time
shortage, only half of the trench area for each level was screened. This
material was screened through slant-sided hand screens wit:. a nch hardware
cloth, bagged by levels, and returned to the Colonial Dames ~i'er analysis.
The material is curren-iy in the possession. of the Historic St. Augustine
/ Board of Preservation.
Vertical control was' maintained with the use of a transit. In the
southeast corner of the test trench, a 1-meter by Y-meter test pit was
excavated immediately adjacent to the west wall of the kitchen building
in order to obtain profiles while avoinding gas and water lines adjacent to
The top 10-15 cm below present ground surface (BPS) had been thoroughly
disturbed by gardening activity, and the material from this level was not retained.
At 15 cm BPS, immediately adjacent to the kitchen building, a lime-mortar capped
ormigon pavement appeared, Ormigon is a building material similar to tabby, mak-
ing use of coquina rather than oyster shell in the process. This pavement was
approximately 15 cm thick, and was connected with the base of the kitchen building
foundation (Figures 2,3). It extended west from the base of the kitchen foundation
for a distance of 2.2 meters, and it extended north-south the width of the test
trench. To the west of the pavement's end, a zone of grey midden soil was present,
which began just below the modern sod level, and extended to just below the ormi-
gon pavement.(l0cm 30cm BPS). This zone contained mixed modern, Spanish col-
onial, and aboriginal material.
At, 30 cm BPS, both in the souiheast test pit and in the rest of the test
trench, a layer of crushed coquina which appeared to be a deteriorated floor
occurred (Figures 2,3). This possible floor was well defined in the eastern por-
tion of the trench, and became fugitive as it extended westward. Figure 2
shows this floor immediately Aajacent vo the extant kitchen building. It is
below the base of the kitchen building foundation, and ends 30 o: -est of the
foundation itself. Although no distinct builders trench was appar e during the
excavation o2 tie southeast test pit, it seems likely that this cocaina floor
may ha~~ been cut through by the builder's trench for the present kitchen building,
and may actually have extended underneath the site of this building.
Below the coquina floor was a zone of brown midden soil containing predom-
inant y 18th century and aboriginal material. This zone ended in sterile sand
at 70 80 cm BPS; however in the south side of the test trench a large aborig-
inal pit extended to below 1.4 meters BPS, at which point excavation was
Figure 5 shows the distribution of artifact material throughout the
excavated levels. Level 2, which ends just above the coquina floor level,
contains mixed colonial, aboriginal and 19th century material, although the
ceramics are predominantly early 19th century pearlware and creamware. Below
this level no 19th century ceramics occur. The proportions of 18th century
British ceramics (slipware, early creamware: after Noel-Hume 1970) decline
steadily from level 2 to level 4, where they are no longer present. The prop-
ortions of Spanish Majolica, Olive Jar, and aboriginal pottery, however, in-
crease from levels 2 to 4. By level 5 only aboriginal ceramics and Olive Jar
The ceramic distribution at this site reflects the occupation of St.
Augustine by successive populations. The earliest inhabitants, the Eastern
Timucua Indians, are represented in the lower levels of the site by St. Johns
ceramics (Goggin 1952). These are gradually replaced in succeedingly higher
levels by the San Marcos ceramics associated with the Guale Indians, who are
known to have moved into St. Augustine in the late 17th century (Smith 1948).
San Marcos pottery at SA-34-2 is the predominant type in the lowest three levels
and in levels 4 and 5 it is associated with Spanish ceramics only British
18th century ceramics first appear in level 3, along with Spanish and 4borig-
inal material. This does not necessarily imply a British occupation of the
site at this time, once it is known that illicit trade between the British
and the Spanish inhabitants of St. Augustine was carried on at a high tempo
in the 18th century.(Tepaske 1964). In level 2 the ceramic assemblage is
quite mixed, but the predominance of pearlware or creamware suggests a 19th
From its stratigraphic position, as well as the ceramic distribution, the
mortar-capped ormigon pavement, and the kitchen foundation it extends out from,
appear to be post-18th century features. The level of this ormigon pavement
correlates closely with the ormigon pavement excavated by MacMurray on the south
side of the kitchen building. While MacMurrays pavement was uncovered at 1 foot
BPS, and the 1973 excavation's pavement to the west of the building was at
15 cm BPS; the transit vertical measurements of the present surfaces at the
sites of both excavations, showed that the ground surface at the 1972 excavation
(1.60 meters below datum) was 15 cm higher than the ground surface at the 1973
site (1.75 meters below datum). This was probably the result of the concrete
sidewalk to the south of the kitchen building. Taking the differences in
surface level into account, the ormigon pavements of both excavations were at
the same below datum level. It seems likely that this pavement was part of the ( L
floor of one of the warehouses mentioned in the 1806 will of Andres Ximenez, which
was described as having an ormigon floor (Arana and Snodgrass 19.7.
One feature of interest in both excavations was the foundation of the extant
kitchen building. The 1972 excavation revealed the base of this foundation
at 2.2 feet BPS, while the 1973 excavation encountered the base at only 25 cm
BPS. MacMurray's profile of this foundation on the south side of the building
showed a plastered surface extending to 1.4 feet BPS, and a coquina foundation
extending below this to 2.2 feet BPS. The 1973 excavation encountered only
a plastered-surface foundation which, allowing for the 15 cm ground surface diff-
erence, is at approximately the same below datum level as MacMurrays plastered
surface foundation. There was no trqce on the west side of the kitchen of any
foundation lower than the one upon which the kitchen was built.
Possibly the coquinkoundation encountered by MacMurray was part of an
earlier foundation, over which the present kitchen was built, probably in the
early 19th century; although more extensive archeology will be necessary to
to determine the nature and extent of this possibly earlier 'foundation.
The second, fugitive floor level encountered in the 1973 test trench
occurred between 45 and 55 cm BPS (approximately 2.04 2.50 feet). This
coincides with the base of the 1972 excavation's coquina foundation (2.2 feet BPS).
The artifacts associated with this floor (level 3) and below it (levels 4-5) are
exclusively 18th century, and suggest that this may have been part of the west
building shown on the 1764 map. Again, more archeology is needed to determine the
relationship of this coquina floor level to the coquina foundation of MacMurray's
excavation, and to the rest of the present kitchen building.
Olive Jar 1
San Marcos 14
St. Johns 1
oramics from SA-34-2
S .04 1
S- an Ldeunflfee ue on-W ite 3
** AranaaP olychrome,-1
0 aaP 91 ghr me -2 1
Ja e P nRe 'White, 2
n Augus in'Tiue on,.hiter-2
"* 1sdenMmeClue 2on While 1
nidentifiedBlue on _-
cne uc cn ee lue on lufe 1
an tuis ueon oni e 11
European Porcelain 1
Arana, Eugenia and Dena Snodgrass
1972 Early History of the Xirnenez-Fatio House
Manuscript on File Ximenez-Fatio House Museum, St. Augustine
MacMurray, Carl D.
1972 Excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House, St. Augustine, Florida
Historical Archeology Volume VI
1970 A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America
New York Knopf
Smith, Hale G.
1948 Two Historical Archeological Periods in Florida
American Antiquity Volume 13 Number 4 pp. 313-319
Tepaske, John J.
1964 The Governorship of Spanish Florida 1700 1763
TiI XIMENIZ'FATIO LOT
0 1 2
A -Modern Humus
B Mortar-Capped Ormigon Pavement
C Brown Midden Soil
D Crushed Coquina
E- Sterile Sand
1 METER I
PROFILES SOUTHEAST TEST PIT
PROFILES SOUTHEAST TEST PIT
PROFILES: EIPLQKATOIR TREIC
A E~cr Exams
I-Crey Ua id Soil
C-Crstried Cemia teen
I-Brown 13iddes Soil
E -Tat Soil:Feature S
S-Martar- Capped OrmiusE Partment
S -34 2
.t ~ ...3.r
JETP-RIE5 MAiP 176 -3
erictr 4 de. Solaso ap7.
are o.loout -hAC SAe .
3r j 7 2 .
s5+. (ed. e
C3- Xirmerne--Fatio Loi Strucutes;..
Positions on EirJy \aps
'. ', ", S + ., '. ,,*r ,i ,' '" ib
1 4 X0*Z |A. 'PM:N MAP.
., S ". ,, .... : ... .9'
) ,.~ ; ..'
*,, s .... .,3 ,j .'/:..
"' I. .i.. '. ...
'..f. I. ", "' ;" .'' *
". Av e (H-sp,+ ,' "" ,", .,s
1 D E ;L A."P U:"15 """ I f 'i. '
. .. ,, i. ,,. .
',. '"' : ''" '
Aviles (fvosp'W St.)
ASSESSMENT OF THE HOUSE OF THE DECEASED DON ANDRES JIMENEZ, LOCATED ON
HOSPITAL STREET, MADE BY MARTIN HERNANDEZ, CHIEF MASTER CARPENTER OF THE
ROYAL WORKS OF THIS CITY, STATING TEE PRICE OF EACH ITEM.
.... PESOS REALES
For 15 doors ...... *........ **. 210 -
For 16 windows .. .. .. .. .. 280 4
For floors, ceilings and partitions *..... 450. -
For 1 stairway with a pantry under
it, handrail and balusters ...* ... ... 163 .
For 1 roof with 4 windows .. .* 434 .
For mouldings and trimmings .. 202 -
TOTAL 1,739 4
For 3 doors and 3 windows .. 68 -
For a floor .. .. 2 '4 4
For 1 shingle roof 0. .. *
For 1 roof of pine sh'e. .. .. .. o -
For 1 ladder .. 4
For 3 doors .. .
For 3 windows
For a shingle roof .. .
* 4 *
) 4'0 *
* 0 0 0 9
* 9 r
For the privy, wai-. d and wooden fences 79 *
LOT IN FRONT OF THE HOUSE
For one wooden house located in the rear
of the lot measuring 17+ feet long ,
12 feet wide, and 7 feet high and split
pale fences ... 45 *
pal '\ -
Main House .. .
Warehouse .......... *
Kitchen .... .... ... .
Privy, wash shed and fences ..
Lot in front and house in rear .
SAINT AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
8 JULY 1806
Exhibit X: Assessment by Master Carpenter. aRecords of
Proceedings 1756-1821." Bundle No. 308Q12, Document No.
I'Florida Ano de 1806, Testamentaria por fallecimiento
Ximenez." Reel 139.
7, 93 pages.
ASSESSMENT OF THE HOUSE AND LOT OF THE DECEASED DON ANDRES JIMENEZ, LOCATED
ON HOSPITAL STREET, MADE BY THE CHIEF MASTER MASON OF THE ROYAL WORKS OF
THIS CITY, TO WIT:
/ 3 I3 For 135 varas of masonry of the / 45 7,27 13
^* ~s/y .z East wall, at 22- reales per vara 292 .
eI 27 For 82 varas of masonry.',f the /I/ ( 7.27 /,27
North wall, at 22- reales per vara ... 232 .
S% / Foor 135 varas of masonry of the .-A -
West wall, at 221 reales per vara .. 292 .
V,. 217 For 82J varas of masonry of the Au. A-f4tP(
_-__) South wall, at 22+ reales per vara .. 232
.. For 41 varas of masonry of the two 2x64,fS 3,63
partitions of the lower parlor
at 14 reales per vara .. .. 71 .
13,2 49^t*-27 ?'l- -* ."
For 100 varas of masonry of the, irk- .',
West wall of the dining room /i
at 17 reales per vara .. .... 212 .
23, 7 f For 19 varas of masonry of the 3,6,23.7f
partition of the upper parlor ,
at 17 reales per vara ... 40
-& .' For 216 varas [of masonry] of .9 4 fi-- j,42
foundations of the house _at s i 4.0~.
6 reales per vara .... 182 .
S\ 14 For 14 varas of masonry of the 7, J 4 f
chimney of the parlor at
36 reales per vara' .. .* 63
For 198 varas of tabby [ormig6n] /8,4ix / /, /
floors of the ground floor of
the house at 4 reales per vara 99 *
For 33 varas of masonry of the u. /L?+ (' 36t ~*
North wall of the first
Warehouse at 17 reales per vara .. 70 *
Sor 45 varas of masonry of the /24* V i
S West wall at 17 reales per vara ..... 95 .. 5
For 33 varas of masonry of the 9,'-9 OV
/' South wall at 17 reales per vara .. 70 .. 1
For 22 varas of masonry foundations.
of the above wall [South] at
5 reales per vara .. .'. 13 6
For 45 varas of tabby [ormig6n]
floors of the above [warehouse]
at 3 reales per vara ... 16 7
,i7 .: .Co? /15.40 f,.r*
For 14 varas of masonry of the lL/
North wall of the second ware- /o, j 8
f/ house at 17 reales per vara. .. 29 6
For 16 varas of masonry of the 43' #1 i 1 /2L r /2 1 /7,6 0
12. 0,, o
West wall at 17 reales per'vara .* 35 2
I* ? 6 0 vsx., 't
For 24 varas of masonry of the
.17 ^ 5
South wall at 17 reales per vara 4
For 16 varas [of masonry] of the
foundations at 4 reales per vara ..... 8 .. -
For 8 varas of masonry of the
chimney at 28 reales per vara 28 .. -
For 18 varas of masonry of the
2, x 7 S4-
/c East wall of the kitchen.at
21 reales per vara .. 47 2
For 18 varas of masonry of the .
-/ West wall at 21 reales per vara .. ... 47 2
For 10 varas of masonry of the 2
North wall at 21 reales per vara .. ... 26 *. 2
For 20 varas of masonry of the
South wall at 21 reales per vara .. 26 2. 2
For 6j varas of masonry of the
kitchen chimney at 28 reales
per vara .. .. *. 22 4
LOT OF THE SAME OWNER,
LOCATED ON TEE SAME STREET
For 12 varas of masonry of the kitchen
chimney at 3 reales per vara ,
For 214 sq. varas of kitchen and
lot at 2 reales per vara .
SAINT AUGUSTINE,. FLORIDA
8 JULY 1806
Spanish vara = 33- U. S. inches
Spanish peso = a monetary unit consisting of 8 reales
Exhibit XI: Assessment by Master Mason. "Records of Testamentary Proceedings
1756-1821." Bundle No. 308Q12, Document No. 7, 93 pages. "Florida Ano de
1806, Testamentaria por fallecimiento de Andres. imene." Reel 139.
For an oven ,. *.. .
For 26 varas [of masonry] of
foundations of the kitchen
at 4 reales per vara .
For a masonry well . ...
For 49 varas of masonry of the
South fence at 10 reales per vara .
For 902 sq. varas of house and lot
at 2 reales per vara .. .
I I I I I I I I
I I i i i i i l i il II