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Ximenez-Fatio House - Article on "Excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House" (Historical Archaeology 1972, 10 pages)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00011621/00011
 Material Information
Title: Ximenez-Fatio House - Article on "Excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House" (Historical Archaeology 1972, 10 pages)
Series Title: Ximenez-Fatio House
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: McMurray, Carl D.
Donor: Shepard, Herschel ( donor )
Publication Date: 1972
Physical Location:
Folder: 7303 Ximenez-Fatio House
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
20 Aviles Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Ximenez-Fatio House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- St. Johns -- St. Augustine -- Aviles Street
Coordinates: 29.891099 x -81.311673
 Notes
Abstract: Article pertaining to the Ximenez-Fatio House, 20 Aviles Street, St. Augustine, Florida.
General Note: 7303 Ximenez-Fatio House
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: B34-L2
Classification:
System ID: AA00011621:00011

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House, St. Augustine, Florida
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
Full Text



HISTORICAL

ARCHAEOLOGY

1972



Annual Publication of
THE SOCIETY FOR HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY


Volume VI
1972



DAVID A. ARMOUR, Editor


Published by
THE SOCIETY FOR HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
Mackinac Island State Park Commission
Stevens T. Mason Building
Lansing, Michigan
Printed by: TRIKRAFT, Incorporated, Lansing, Michigan
1972-The Society for Historical Archaeology






















The Society for Historical Archaeology is a non-profit, scientific-educational or-
ganization which aims to promote scholarly research in, and the dessemination of
knowledge concerning historical archaeology; to exchange information in this field; to
hold periodic conferences to discuss problems of mutual interest relating to the study
of historical archaeology; and to obtain the cooperation of the concerned disciplines
for projects of research. The focus of interest is the era since the beginning of explor-
ations of the non-European parts of the world by Europeans, with prime concern in
the Western Hemisphere. The Society also concerns itself with European, Oceanic,
African, and Asian archaeology having a definite bearing upon scholarly problems in
the Western Hemisphere.

The Society invites the participation and support of all who share its interest in
history as it epierges from archaeological research and the study of written records.
Membership is open to both professionals and interested laymen.


















Excavations at the


Ximenez-Fatio House,


St. Augustine, Florida






CARL D. McMURRAY


Ximenez Fatio House


The Ximenez-Fatio House is located on the
northwest corner of the intersection of Aviles
and Cadiz Streets (Block 34, Lot 2), St. Augus-
tine, Florida. It was built during the Second
Spanish Period, specifically'during the years
1797-98. At present it is being run as an his-
toric house museum by the National Society
of the Colonial Dames of America in the State
of Florida, at whose request this test excava-
tion was undertaken.
Preliminary archeological investigation was
begun on the Ximenez-Fatio House in April
1972. Direction of this excavation was under-
taken by Dr. Charles H. Fairbanks of the Uni-
versity of Florida's Department of Anthropol-
ogy, with field supervision done by Carl D.
McMurray, a Graduate student of the depart-
ment. Labor was provided by Manuel Alvarez
and Ann Benton, two members of the Univer-
sity of Florida's Archeological Field School
which was being conducted in St. Augustine.
Besides the house itself, there exists on the
lot today the "Old Slave Kitchen". This build-
ing is situated near the back of the lot, where it


runs parallel to Aviles Street and perpendic-
ular to Cadiz Street. It was this kitchen that
was the object of our investigation in as much
as a building in a similar location and of rela-
tively similar size and shape is shown on the
Puente map of 1764 (see Figure 1).
Architect-Historian Charles Peterson, FAIA,
of Philadelphia, some time ago made a sug-
gested architectural evaluation of the building
and had stated the possibility of this present
building being the one on the map. He felt
that an archeological test was needed to either
confirm or deny this evaluation.
Excavation was begun in the area directly
between the kitchen and the house proper in
a line with projections of the west walls of both
buildings. Figure 2 is the scale map of the
excavated area and its surrounding features.
This area was covered by a coquina concrete
sidewalk which was broken up and removed
from the immediate area to be investigated.
Originally only a 3' x 3' piece of this sidewalk
southwest of the extant stairway was removed.
Eventually this proved to be too small an area








HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY 1972


and the excavation unit was expanded to ap-
proximately 3.5' (E-W) x 11.0' (N-S). Under
this pavement was found a stratum of black
humic stained sand which was designated
Zone I. The soil from this and all other zones
was troweled into dustpans, and sifted through
a slant-frame screen covered with one-half inch
hardware cloth. The artifacts were removed
from the screen and bagged by zone, after
which they were taken to the lab, washed,
classified and analyzed. All artifacts were re-
turned to the Colonial Dames for disposition.
Zone I had a mixture of modern and colonial
materials (as did all subsequent zones with the
exception of Zone V). The predominant arti-


fact types were window glass and wire nails.
This zone is believed to have accumulated dur-
ing the restoration work done in 1941-42.
Under Zone I at a depth of 0.5' below
present surface (hereinafter abbreviated BPS)
a tabby floor and coquina block foundation
came to light (Figure 2). The foundation ex-
tended north and south, was aligned with, and
joined to, the existing coquina block founda-
tion of the Ximenez-Fatio House itself. The
line of blocks ran north approximately six feet
where it disappeared. Apparently it turned
east at this point and ran under the present
stairway.


2


A









FIG. 1


Plan of Block 34, Lot 2, St. Augustine, Florida

A. after Puente 1764

B. extant buildings: 1. Ximenez -Fatio House

2. Kitchen


not to scale








XIMENEZ FATIO HOUSE


pit

D
D


N


L9


FIG.2


Ximenez- Fatio House


Excavation

April 1972


scale in feet

0 2 4
0 2 4


Legend
A. CONCRETE SIDEWALK
B. COQUINA BLOCK FOUNDATION
C. TABBY PAVEMENT
D.ORMIG6N PAVEMENT
E. GRASS

--EXCAVATION LIMITS










HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY 1972


kitchen

building



present NORTH EAST surface
present


plaster and
white wash


plaster


coquina

foundation


B
-----------------------------
C

D


G
I___-- ...


thin humus line













old land
surface


FIG. 3


Ximenez- Fatio House

Profiles of Test Pit

April 1972








scale in feet



0 1 2


LEGEND

A. CONCRETE SIDEWALK

B. CRUSHED COQUINA (BUILDER'S FILL)

C. ORMIGON PAVEMENT

D. RED SAND w/CHARCOAL- ZONE 2

E. BROWN SAND w/CHARCOAL ZONE 3

F. BLACK-BROWN SAND w/SHELL
FRAGMENTS ZONE 4

G. LIGHT TAN SAND w/OYSTER SHELL-
ZONE 5








XIMENEZ FATIO HOUSE


The tabby pavement is located just west
of the foundation and tangent to it. This
floor continued westerly to the full extent of
the excavation unit. As it was uncovered to
the north, the tabby gradually became ormi-
gon (a mixture much like tabby with crushed
coquina iristead of oyster shell).
After mapping, the entire excavation unit
was photographed by Robert James of the
Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board.
At this point a 2' x 2' test pit was dug in
the extreme northwest corner of the unit, right
against the south wall of the kitchen building.
Tt, ormigon pavement was removed and un-
de it was a layer of red, fire burned sand mix-
ed with a good deal of charcoal. This stratum
was designated Zone II and seems to represent
a building fire. Evidence to support this postu-
lation was found in the form of nails with
burned wood attached to them. Zone II ex-


tended to a depth of 1.4' BPS, at which point
a new stratum was discerned. Zone III differ-
ed from Zone II only in color. The new zone
had obviously not been subjected to the fire.
This line between the two zones apparently
represents an old grade level because the white-
wash on the south wall of the kitchen termi-
nates at this depth. The zone was 0.3' thick
(1.4' BPS 1.7' BPS) (see Figure 3 for pro-
file drawing).
Zone IV consisted of black/brown sand with
broken oyster shell. Artifact dates from this
zone are the same as all previous zones
(1700-1850).
Zone V was a light tan sand containing many
oyster shells. This is believed to have been a
midden deposit. Only Indian and Spanish arti-
facts came from this zone (see Appendix for
artifact counts).


FIGURE 4. Ximenez-Fatio House. Showing entire excavated area. North is to top left of photo. Note coquina
block foundation up from lower right corner of photo.









HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY 1972


---

S'. .






FIGURE 5. Ximenez-Fatio House. Kitchen Building and
excavated area (covered by gravel).


In this test pit no features of any kind were
encountered. If the kitchen building ever ex-
tended to Cadiz Street as had been postulated,
then archeological evidence supporting this
idea would have been found. Since no such
evidence came to light during the course of
the excavation, it is the opinion of this author
that the existing kitchen building is not the
building on the Puente map of 1764.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank
Mrs. Judson Freeman, Mrs. W. G. Lockwood,
Jr. and the other ladies of the Colonial Dames
for their kindness and hospitality during my
stay in St. Augustine.

APPENDIX

Ximenez-Fatio House Zone I
CERAMICS
3 modern flowerpot fragments discarded
2 San Marcos Plain
3 San Marcos Stamped
1 St. Johns Check Stamped--Red Filmed


8 modern porcelain 1 ring base, 1 gold painted
2 modem semi-porcelain
1 Gaudy Dutch refined earthenware
1 Creamware
1 Scratched Blue Salt-glazed stoneware
1 Ichtucknee Blue on Blue majolica
9 Whiteware- 2 basal, 1 rim
7 Transfer Printed B/W Whiteware (Blue Willow)
1 Shell-edged Pearlware
1 Olive Jar
1 Marine Ware
2 Lead-glazed earthenware- 1 cup handle
1 red unglazed earthenware with iron concretions
1 pipestem fragment, 1720-1750
GLASS
85 modern window glass fragments
6 green glass
1 brown glass
1 amber glass
6 modern bottle glass
6 milk glass
1 molten glass
1 machine blown brown bottle with metal clamp
snap top
BONE
28 mammal
17 bird
3 fish
3 fish scales
STONE
4 roofing slate fragments
WOOD
1 fragment possible knife handle
METAL
1 1/4" plate fragment
45 sheet metal scraps
2 T-flange and companion
2 cast iron stove leg pieces
179 square cut nails
3 square cut spikes
2 square cut spike fragments
67 square cut nail fragments
115 wire nails
160 wire nail fragments
2 wire staples
1 peg top wire nail
1 key loop fragment
4 wood screws
1 tin can fragment
1 %" chain link
338 unidentified iron conglomerate fragments
1 brass with silver wash four hole button
1 brass button a2" diameter

Ximenez-Fatio House Zone II
2' x 2' Pit Under Ormigon Pavement
CERAMICS
5 Lead-glazed earthenware
1 yellow-banded Creamware
1 B/W transfer Printed Whiteware









XuMENEZ FATIO HOUSE


BO


2 San Marcos Plain
1 Mission Red Film
1 Jackfield Ware
1 Lead-glazed Red Ware
3 pipe stems-2, 1720-1750, 1, 1680-1710
1 plain pipe bowl 1720-1750

)NE
2 turtle
1 mammal
10 fish
5 fish scales


GLAS
9
1
4
1
1


S
green bottle (dark)
clear bottle
clear window pane
light green window
light green bottle


pane (hand blown?)


METAL
1 button
29 wrought T heads
1 rose head
45 wrought nail shafts
20 unidentified metal pieces


Ximenez-Fatio House Zone III


CERAMICS
29 San Marcos Stamped 1 rim
1 San Marcos sand-tempered Plain
12 small Indian sherds discarded
1 St. Johns Plain
2 St. Johns Check Stamped
3 Olive Jar
4 Lead-glazed earthenware
2 majolica (grey-white)
5 Creamware
1 Whiteware (rim)
6 Pearlware 1 blue line, 1 green painted,
1 Gaudy Dutch
1 Blue Shell-edged Pearlware (late)
1 Slip Decorated-red body, yellow slip
1 Slip Decorated -yellow body, red-black slip
1 Slip Decorated Staffordshire handle fragment
1 Salt-glazed stoneware (brown)
1 Seville Ware
1 Blue Painted Oriental Porcelain
1 Aztec IV body fragment
1 pipe stem fragment 4/64" diameter

GLASS
1 modern clear
29 common green
5 amber glass fragments

BONE
5 bone fragments discarded
14 mammal
5 bird
2 fish
1 decayed fish scale


IRON
4 wrought nails
3 square wrought nails
8 T-head nail fragments
2 nail fragments
10 nail shaft fragments
7 unidentified scrap


Ximenez-Fatio House Zone IV
CERAMICS
11 small Indian sherds discarded
15 St. Johns Check Stamped 1 rim
7 St. Johns Plain
21 San Marcos Stamped -3 discards
4 San Marcos Plain
1 Lead-glazed earthenware
1 Ichtucknee Blue on Blue majolica
1 Direct painted Pearlware Blue on White
1 Transfer printed ware Blue on White
1 Plain White majolica
2 Whiteware
9 Olive Jar of middle period- 3 with glazed
interior

GLASS
1 clear glass
1 ginger beer bottle fragment

IRON
1 T-head spike
3 rose head spikes
4 shafts from wrought nails
1 unidentified iron


BONE
3 mammal
5 bird
1 turtle
6 fish
10 unidentified bone
1 tooth sheath (pig?)
1 bony scale (reptile?)


Ximenez-Fatio House Zone V
CERAMICS
5 San Marcos Stamped
5 San Marcos Plain
1 St. Johns Plain
2 Aztec IV sherds
1 Seville Ware
3 Olive Jar
1 light blue majolica (unclassified)

BONE
1 fowl distal humerus
5 unidentified pieces

METAL
2 wrought nail shafts
1 wrought nail T-head








HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY 1972


REFERENCES

GOGGIN, JOHN M.
1949 "Cultural Traditions in Florida Pre-
history" in The Florida Indian and His
Neighbors. Rollins College Press, Winter
Park, Florida.
1952 Space and Time Perspectives in
Northern St. John's Archeology, Florida.
Yale University Press, New Haven, Con-
necticut.
1960 "The Spanish Olive Jar." Yale Univer-
sity Publications in Anthropology, No. 62.
Yale University Press, New Haven, Con-
necticut.


1968 "Spanish Majolica in the New"World."
Yale University Publications in Anthropol-
ogy, No. 72. Yale University Press, New
Haven, Connecticut.
NO L HUME, IVOR
1970 A Guide to the Artifacts of Colonial
America. Alfred Knopf. New York.
MANUCY, ALBERT C.
1962 The Houses of St. Augustine. St. Au-
gustine Historical Society. St. Augustine,
Florida.
SMITH, HALE G.
1956 "The European and the Indian." Flor-
ida Anthropological Society Publications,
No. 4. Gainesville, Florida.