Ximenez-Fatio House - Report on Excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House (13 pages)

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Material Information

Title:
Ximenez-Fatio House - Report on Excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House (13 pages)
Series Title:
Ximenez-Fatio House
Physical Description:
Mixed Material
Language:
English
Creator:
McMurray, Carl D.
Donor:
Shepard, Herschel ( donor )
Physical Location:
Folder: 7303 Ximenez-Fatio House

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Saint Augustine (Fla.)
20 Aviles Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Ximenez-Fatio House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- St. Johns -- St. Augustine -- Aviles Street
Coordinates:
29.891099 x -81.311673

Notes

Abstract:
Report pertaining to archaeological excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House, 20 Aviles Street, St. Augustine, Florida.
General Note:
7303 Ximenez-Fatio House

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
B34-L2
System ID:
AA00011621:00010

Full Text

d/ Report on Excavations at the Ximenez-Fatio House
Carl D. McMurray




Preliminary archeological investigation was begun on the Ximenez-Fatio House in

April 1972, Direction of this excavation was undertaken by Dr. Charles H. Fairbanks of the

University of Florida's Department of Anthropology, with field supervision done by Carl D.

McMurray, a Graduate student of the department. Labor was provided by Manuel Alvarez and

Ann Benton, two members of the University of Florida's Archeological Field School which was

being conducted in St. Augustine.

The house is located on the northwest corner of the intersection of Aviles and

Cadiz Streets (Block 34, Lot 2), St. Augustine, Florida. It was built during the Second

Spanish Period, specifically during the years 1797-98. At present it is being run as an

historic house museum by the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State

of Florida, at whose request this test excavation was undertaken.

Besides the house itself, there exists on the lot today the "Old Slave Kitchen."

This building is situated near the back of the lot, where it runs parallel to Aviles Street

and perpendicular to Cadiz Street. It was this kitchen that w.- the object of our investi-

gation in as much as a building in a similar location and of rel rely similar size and

shape is shown on the Puente map of 1764 (see Figure 1).

Architect-Historian Charles Peterson, FA-A, of Philadelphia, some time ago made

a suggested architectural evaluation of the building, and had stated the possibility of

this present building being the one on the map. Ile felt that an archeological test was

needed to either confirm or deny this evaluation,

Excavation was begun in the area directly between the kitchen and the house pro-

per in a line with projections of the west walls of both buildings. Figure 2 is the scale

map of the excavated area and its surrounding features.

This area was covered by a coquina concrete sidewalk which was broken up and

removed from the immediate area to be investigated. Originally only a 3' x 3' piece of







this sidewalk southwest of the extant stairway was removed. Eventually this proved to be

too small an area and the excavation unit was expanded to approximately 3,5' (E-W) x 11.0'

(N-S). Under this pavement was found a stratum of black humic stained sand which was

designated Zone I. The soil from this and all other zones was troweled into dustpans,

sifted through a slant-frame screen covered with one-half inch hardware cloth. The arti-

facts were removed from the screen and bagged by zone, after which they were taken to the

lab, washed, classified, and analyzed.. All artifacts were returned to the Colonial Dames

for disposition.

Zone I had a mixture of modern and colonial materials (as did all subsequent

zones with the exception of Zone V). The predominant artifact types were window glass and

wire nails. This zone is believed to have accumulated during the restoration work done in

1941-42.

Under Zone I at a depth of 0.5' below present surface (hereinafter abbreviated

BPS) a tabby floor and ooquina block foundation came to light (Fig. 2). The foundation

- -extended north and south, was aligned with, and joined to, the existing coquina block

foundation of the Ximenez-Fatio House itself. The line of blocks ran north approximately

six feet where it disappeared. Apparently it turned east at this point and ran under the

present stairway.

The tabby pavement is located just west of the foundation and tangent to it.

This floor continued westerly to the full extent of the excavation unit. As it was un-

covered to the north, the tabby gradually became ormigon (a mixture much like tabby with

crushed coquina instead of oyster shell).

After mapping, the entire excavation unit was photographed by Robert James of

the Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board.

At this point a 2' x 2' test pit was dug in the extreme northwest corner of the

unit, right against the south wall of the kitchen building. The ormigon pavement was re-

moved and under it was a layer of red, fire burned sand mixed with a good deal of charcoal.







This stratum was designated Zone II and seems to represent a building fire. Evidence to

, support this postulation was found in the form of nails with burned wood attached to them.

Zone II extended to a depth of 1,4' BPS, at which point a new stratum was discerned. Zone

III differed from Zone II only in color. The new zone had obviously not been subjected to

the fire. This line between the two zones apparently represents an old grade level because

the whitewash on the south wall of the kitchen terminates at this depth. The zone -was 0,3'

thick (1.4' BPS-1,7' BPS) (see Figure 3 for profile drawing).

Zone IV consisted of black/brown sand with broken oyster shell, Artifact dates

from this zone are the same as all previous zones (1700-1850).

Zone V was a light tan sand containing many oyster shells. This is believed to

have been a midden deposit. Only Indian and Spanish artifacts came from this zone (see.

Appendix for artifact counts).

In this test pit no features of any kind were encountered. If the kitchen build-

ing ever extended to Cadiz Street as had been postulated, then archeological evidence sup-

/ porting this idea would have been found. Since no such evidence came to light during the

course of the excavation, it is the opinion of this author that the existing kitchen build-

ing is not the building on the Puente map of 1764.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank Mrs. Judson Freeman, Mrs. W. G.

Lockwood, Jr. and the other ladies of the Colonial Dames for their kindness and hospitality

during my stay in St. Augustine.












































A
*: *


.'o


FIG. 1




Plan.of Block 34, Lot 2, St, Augustine, Florida


A. after Puente 1764


B. extant buildings: 1. Ximenez-Fatio House


.2. Kitchen


not to scale


2


_ ___ I~~ _I_


-


:
.

:


* x









,- kitchen
building


A


test pit


pit


D
.. = *-


ximenez*
fatio
house


pit


-- N


FIG. 2


Ximenez- Fatio House

Excavation

April 1972


scale in feet


0 2


Legend

A. CONCRETE SIDEWALK
B. COQUINA BLOCK FOUNDATION
C. TABBY PAVEMENT
D.ORMIGON PAVEMENT
E. GRASS

S-EXCAVATION LIMITS


_4_._~._-1-.~--.1, ~c .,,, ----~- ----II----- ------------- ---


.






kitchen

*bu ilding



NORTH


1-


plaster and
white wash


plaster


coquina

foundation


EAST


B

C

D


F



G


surface


thin humus line













old land


surface


FIG. 3


Ximenez- Fatio House

Profiles of Test Pit

April 1972








scale in feet
I I .. I


present


LEGEND

A. CONCRETE SIDEWALK.

B. CRUSHED COQUINA (BUILDER'S FILL)

C. O'RMION PAVEMENT

D. RED SAND w/CHARCOAL* ZONE 2

E. BROWN SAND w/C CHARCOAL ZONE 3

F. BLACK- BROWN SAND w/ SHELL
FRAGMENTS ZONE 4

G. LIGHT TAN SAND w/OYSTER SHELL-
O.N E S


---- ------


0


1
1





APPENDIX

XIMENEZ-FATIO HOUSE ZONE I


CERAMICS

3 modern flowerpot fragments discarded

2 San Marcos Plain

3 San Marcos Stamped

1 St. Johns Check Stamped Red Filmed

8 modern porcelain I ring base, 1 gold painted

2 modern semi-porcelain

S 1 Gaudy Dutch refined. earthenware

1 Creamware

1 Scratchdd Blue Salt-glazed stoneware

1 Ichtucknee Blue on Blue majolica

9 Whiteware 2 basal, 1 rim

7 Transfer Printed B/W Whiteware (Blue Willow)

1 Shell-edged Pearlware

1 Olive Jar

1 Marine Ware

2 Lead-glazed earthenware 1 cup handle

1 red unglazed earthenware with iron concretions

1 pipestem fragment, 1720-1750


GLASS


85 modern window glass fragments

6 green glass

1 brown glass

1 amber glass

6 modern bottle glass

6 milk glass

1 molten glass

1 machine blown brown bottle with metal clamp snap top


ll-r-lcrt~r*r~-rrL-a^-crCI" 1*'R-P--L"~-------2"IPIRF~*-.--~.





ZONE I CONTINUED


BONE

28 mammal

17 bird

3 fish

3 fish scales

STONE

4 roofing slate fragments

WOOD

1 fragment possible knife handle

METAL

14" plate fragment

45 sheet metal scraps

2 T-flange and companion

2 cast iron stove leg pieces

179 square cut nails

3 square cut spikes

2 square cut spike fragments

67 square cut nail fragments

115 wire nails

160 wire nail fragments

2 wire staples

1 peg top wire nail

1 key loop fragment

4 wood screws

1 tin can fragment

1 3/4" chain link

388'unidentified iron conglomerate fragments
1 brass with silver wash four hole button
1 brass button 4" diameter






XIMENEZ-FATIO HOUSE ZONE II

2' x 2' PIT UNDER. ORMIGON PAVEMENT



CERAMICS

5 Lead-glazed earthenware

1 yellow-banded Creamware

1 B/W transfer Printed Whiteware

2 San Marcos Plain

1 Mission Red Film

1 Jackfield Ware

1 Lead-glazed Red Ware

3 pipe stems 2, 1720-1750, 1, 1680-1710

1 plain pipe bowl 1720-1750

BONE

2 turtle

1 mammal

10 fish

5 fish scales

GLASS

9 green bottle (dark)

1 clear bottle

4 clear window pane

1 light green window pane (hand blown?)

1 light green bottle

METAL

1 button

29 wrought T heads

1 rose head

45 wrought nail shafts

20 unidentified metal pieces






XIMENEZ-FATIO HOUSE ZONE III


CERAMICS

29 San Marcos Stamped 1 rim

1 San Marcos sand-tempered Plain

12 small Indian sherds discarded

1 St. Johns Plain

2 St. Johns Check Stamped

3 Olive Jar

4 Lead-glazed earthenware

2 majolica (grey-'

5 Creawware

1 Whiteware (rim)

6 Pearlware 1 blue line, 1 green painted, 1 Gaudy Dutch

1 Blue Shell-edged Pearlware (late)

1 Slip Decorated red body, yellow slip

1 Slip Decorated yellow body, red-black slip

1 Slip Decorated Staffordshire handle fragment

1 Salt-glazed stoneware (brown)

1 Seville Ware

1 Blue Painted Oriental Porcelain

1 Aztec IV body fragment

1 pipe stem fragment 4/64" diameter

GLASS

1 modern clear

29 common green

5 amber glass fragments

BONE

5 bone fragments discarded

14 mammal






ZONE III CONTINUED


bird

fish

decayed fish seale


wrought nails

square wrought nails

T-hoad nail fragments

nail fragments

nail shaft fragments

unidentified scrap


BONE

5

2

1

IRON


4

3

8

2

10

7






XIMENEZ-FATIO HOUSE ZONE IV


CERAMICS

11 small Indian sherds discarded

15 St. Johns Check Stamped 1 rim

7 St. Johns Plain

21 San Marcos Stamped 3 discards

4 San Marcos Plain

1 Lead-glazed earthenware

1 Ichtucknee Blue on Blue majolica

1 Direct painted Pearlware Blue on White

1 Transfer printed ware Blue on White

1 Plain White majolica

2 Whiteware

9 Olive Jar of middle period 3 with glazed interior

GLASS

1 clear glass

1 ginger beer bottle fragment

IRON

1 T-head spike ,,

3 rose head spikes

4 shafts from wrought nails

1 unidentified iron

BONE

3 mammal

5 bird

1 turtle

6 fish

10 unidentified bone

1 tooth sheath (pig?)
1 bony scale (reptile?)






XIMENEZ-FATIO HOUSE ZONE V


/I


CERAMICS

5 San Marcos Stamped

5 San Marcos Plain

1 St. Johns Plain

2 Aztec IV sherds

1 Seville Ware

3 Olive Jar

1 light blue majolica


(unc lassified)


BONE


fowl distal humerus

unidentified pieces


wrought nail shafts

wrought nail T-head


METAL

2

1