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The Angelus
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00011469/00006
 Material Information
Title: The Angelus
Physical Description: : ; 26 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Belize
Publication Date: 1895-1896
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Record Information
Source Institution: Belize National Library Service and Information System
Holding Location: Belize National Library Service and Information System
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 717031124
System ID: AA00011469:00006

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Full Text



Colony Notes, Page a Chronicle of the a8cred lHert, Page 3l
Clrts Pastoral, Notes from Corozal, 5
The White Hood, 7 Exhibition of School Work, ** 16
Cristianismo en Africa, 9 Back to the Old Faith, 17
The Calendar, i Monthly Observations, ,

oLONY. Tthe attendance.. It continued t. he hea dl itlill
COLONY NO'l''. the end of the June in the mortallilv returto,
.. Henceforth the year was h:dl iy, and the
"4HE old year with all the troubles it summer months partcularly.so.
brought with it to our Colony has With the Quarantine began , thor.ugly *
passed away leaving wc h6li: no heavy healthy season for Belize, and so 'nt itm'i l is
legacy duty to be paidby 1895. It was long as it was in force: but now antiili:r t'ruL4:
hut a wee, sickly mit, not many huprs old, when came to disturb the normal peace of i'l. Tot ii.
half the peoplof Belizeawukewithsneezingsand Five or six burglaries, ending in ai nlirdcrop
coughs and headaches and thoscother unpleasant outrage, alarmed and aroused the citi7w.n) 'f.
symptoms of the dreaded grippe. After stalking Belize, some forty of whom volunteered asi spiiai!
through the length and breadth of Euitpe and constables.' The need for their services cca.- '
visiting most Towns in the United States during and further anxiety was allayed, when Car 'n
the.last two or three years, influenza had at last and gang were safely logded in prison.
.coine'to B.lize to make a.month's stay. It took But the troubles of 1894 were not yet at an end.
no early tripby the Freddie M.toCoruzal, whence Several gales-though short in duration, were
it passed, probably in the same steamer, to Orange severe enough to blow down many plantations of
Walk, making no call, so we have been told, at bananas in the south and this, the last of a series
San Estcvan.- Soon the medical certificates of of such visitations during, late years, decided
death coming from the Corozal District showed some planters to give up further exportation of
the fatal character it had thereassurlnd-the this fruit-thus half destroying an important
yearly death rate from this cause alone being given industry in the Colony. Throughout I894 had1
at 54 per to10 for January. In February it had had a bad reputation for trade, but nearly every-
invaded Stann Creek and the Cayo and not till body was looking forward to the change of
March had this unwelcome visitor left our shores, currency, as likely to bring back prosperity and
Before its leaving,another epidemic had spread riches to the Colony. Never was there a greater
well-nigh over the whole Colony. Scarcely had mistake. The change was proclaimed on October
the schools re-opened in. January, when we '1 and, within a week, there was well nigh uni-
heard that measles had come to Belize. Rumor versal grumbling. *We thought weshould have
said it had taken its passage by the Steamer at received our past wages in gold value.' was the /
New Orleans. As it had not vished the Colony cry among all classes of the employed, and no
for nine year, it was sure to find plenty ofchil- one would accept their old salaries without mur-
dren ready to receive it. It passed though not during against those who paid them as defraud.
so rapidly as the .influenza, from District to ing them of their hire. Needles t9 ay those
District.%jating 'n 6i6o place; thittiing tfp no b wb'bad t pay.t4tild, Oot,bbipjlsa.d (ith the
one school, now another and in all diminishing change, the new currency had brought in. But

( )3

the disnntunt was not to end in words. On the be necessary to repeat them in full. Briefly, we
last dayuof October the Constabulary at Orange may say, that the accountsgiven in \American and
Walk mutinied for higher pay and, a few days English Papers are grossly exaggerated vtrsiumn
later, their example was followed by their coin- .o what happened..
redes in Belize, The Government, not having Sonm little harm was ulonc to four r five stores,
any force adequate to suppress the mutiny, had but the only heavy suffercr was the firm of Messrs.
to parley with sedition, to condone the revolt B. Cramer & Co., whose store was broken into,
against authority and to accept the resignation the goods pitched into the street and the windows,
tf nearly half the constables. guns and other things smashed. Shots were fired
After the desertion of so many should be from revolvers at threexf thstores, by which one
preservers of the peace and with the uncertain woman, outside the crowd, was shot through the
temper of some who still remained loyal, it was thigh. Also two of the clerks were badly beaten.
plain that without aid from outside the Colonial Other casualities were of a minor nature. Dread.
Government would be unable to cope with any ful threats indeed were made against threcorfour
serious disorder that might arise. Accordingly prominent merchants, but in this, their bark was
a gunboat was promptly sent fir, and it was a worse than their bite; for if the rioterahad wished
great relief when within a week a British ship. it during the first two hours they could without
of-war, H.MI.S. Canada, anchored off Belize. For any great difficulty have carried out their pur-
there were some who said confidently when the pose, had they really meant it.
labourers come in there will be trouble." Others The small number of police were clearly power.
indeed said-" No. There will not be any distur. less to quell the crowd of rioters, whose numbers
bance. for, though they will be discontented, they were increasing. They arrested a ring-leader and
re Ibid and not iput him in'the Police Statio,n.but were forced to
are law-abiding set and will not resort to him out bail under ear f having the St
violence." ion wrecked.-
The first week in December passed over quiet. Shortly after this so.ne 70 blue-jackets were
ly enough amid certain deputations to the Gover- landed from the "Partridge." Rioting still went on;
nor, praying that something might be done for but now the Constables began arresting some of
the labourers, to better their condition and there the more prominent rioters, whilst others prudent-
ly withdrew. Two or three times it suCmcd as
were no whisperings in.town of coming trouble, though the crowd, trusting to their number were
though. there was a determination not to accept disposed to try conclusions with the blue-jackets;
0 the wagds offered." Meanwhile the"Canada" had but the ugly look of the fixl bayonets, the deter.
left and H.M.S. Partridge, a much smaller boat, mined attitude of the sailors, and above all their
had arrived December 6th. discipline -and patience prevented any colliisLm.
Tuhe night passed quietly. whilst the rlng.leaders
On Tuesday ntth ult. about 3 p. am large were maturing their plans for the coming day.
crowd,,armed with heavy sticks and preceded by Their first thought was the release of those who
a band 6f'music, marched with colours lying to had been arrested; next they insisted upon the
Sthe Assembly Room to hear the answer of the settlement of the wage-question. Theysucceeded
ernr t tr re o in getting as favourable terms from the employers
Governor to their request f work. They were f labour as they could'reasonablv hipe for, but
told that they would be given land free to culti- failedin rescuingthelrcomrades. Thedelinquents
vate and so to make a living. . were brought up before the District Commissioner
On hearing this answer the crowd broke up and remanded for a week. As it was apprehend-
and rushed to the Stored of the employers o ma- ed there would be some trouble in removing them
hogany cutters. to the jail, a Maxim-Nordenfelt machine-gun was
oany cutter landed at the Court House wharf. A large crowd
The reports of what then took place haa been followed theprisoners and there was a halfhearted
too recently published In the local press for it to attempt at rescue; but the reading of the riot act,


.4 )

the ht of those determined blue-jackets ready dren and the Sodality, and headed by the ApI)ll,
r the word to fire, and above all that mysterious Band, marched round the church and preshyterv
flre nmachinc-gun made wiser counsels pre- grounds. Four young ladies carried a richly de.
loolk ince the disturbance, arrests have lh.en corated statue of Our Lady. Upon returning to
V'*loi n and there are now more than 2o the church, the Right Rev. Bishnp gave the
qu"icel. g in BUlizjail, awaiting trial in the Solemn Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.
Supreme ,ourt, which sits in February next.
On' the second day of the riot. H.M.S. Pelican Fr. Cissian's select school delighted a large
arrived and with this increased force all further audience resembled inl the Bishop's Hall on the
axi'" y was at an end.- As if to make resistance evening of the 19t1 December. The programme
still inre houpls. 20 menl of the and battalion was entitled" Exhibition of Studies" but over and
of the West Indian Regiment were landed on the above this there was an exhibition of dramatic
it ult.. All this preparation overawed disorder- talent which we'had scarcely a claim toexpectfrom
y spirits and Christmaspassed by peacefullyand. the.young pupils, considering the short period
on the whole happily, as buoms thcb.rth fhlie they have been under the father's patient train-
a viour, who came to bring pence on earth to ing. All the performers did their parts well, hut
man of good will." So ended 1894. Urn hail- tlo'udge from the iipplaluse. the entire anudieice
Slv it was of a discontented or riotous chlsractur pleared to award the i)Ian nf Siuprioritl fir
t roughout, but died eaceably. To sun lip- iiituraliiessnd lperfectiilof acting tttll)esiiillcit
two epidemics, a few urglaries, the destruction boy, little R. Mir rtinez, who repeatedly tbroi glt
of haitana-platatliomu, had trade, a new currency, down the hbltie. The La Union c'rchetra conlrl.
a muti.y among the constables and a strike and hutl t making the evening more elnjoy.lile.
riot among the labourera are tlhe'hif elemennts, The progriailne carried out was as follow:w-
which have given 1894 an evil reputation. nt t.
We pass on now to the chief matters, concern.- :Prologm. i Fred. Pa'ntig.
ing Church or School, which have taken place I. 'Ha"nunild'ahrangueto hi armyn Balderl.
after crohslg the Alps, '
in the Vicariate since the beginning of December. 2. Reading and Althnme .. 'rd Divislun.
8. Origin of American itacs.(Debate) st Division.
Oni the 4th of December a lecture was given 4. The Treasures of the Deep, t . Reynaud.
to the members of the Catholic Club and their iatn,. Hman) .t Divln.
friends by Father Leih on the subject" The True n. 'Aaerinsto Politicol, (Irlasrri tA o.
Catholic Man." His Lordship, Bishop DiPietro de Guatemala) E. Arguets.
presided. After shov ing the necessity of such Orchratra.
a man being s ma of faith, the lecturer explain.- rArIt.
ed the principal qualities required of him in his 1 geography, . lta nd DlvIlont.
ocil life, honesty, pulity and temperance. 8 harird n MartiJe l-,
S.me practical rules weic added for getting The wrd, (rquin) X A e other
along in tie world. After the lecture an interest. 4. Arithme.le an ;eomnetry, let Division.
ing debate took place on the question "Whether 5. Colulnbiscnm thes.ea-portent r .e ..
total abstinence from liquor or a moderate use Or e~y. de est
of it is to be recunimended." -
S On the 9th the feast of the Immuaculute Con- itz AWAt Tl ,T OT lora ov "l StLic I CHOOL..
Sception ofthe Blesed Virgin Mary wascelebrat-. "asT uvos 'V iI
ed with great solemnity in the C(thedral. His out of a possible total of 10 marks. ';
Lordship pontificated at solemn High Mass at Medal, with 1334 mars, Philip Balderamos:
-.3o0 a.m., with Fr. Hopkin Assiat.i Prels't lrie,,' 1 1 ", : Robert"lex. r2' !:.!.
r Is-, Fr.Hopkina s j Pries Prize. 1149 Celso MenIdoza.
Fr. Cas als Gillet as deacon sid Fr. l~ib as Itrizeforrenamrkbl epirol .. i i, .ge Stphs.
uf. bhdealc.n In the afternoon at 3 o'clock l ri o i hal e W illiam Ro.,it P,
teen new members werre"solemnly received by ,.,.,. tOU Nr DIVU litu
the Right Revi Bishop Into the Sodality of the o pob total oti000 0mlarte r '
Children of Marl. After the actsf consecration Medal, with 114 marks. Jose Maria 1i4s '-
by the new ietbmb er and the aspirant had bee- riu a. ; t* M 103 Louis Trumbaob -,ir
Secited, a .r. .io.t formed by the school chll-p priz~. "10 i'Freierlekt era t-
-ri 11, Ernest i wes..

(. !

Tiurllim uIviysioU
out of i possible total ol IU0U iuarkr.
Prize. with 845 mnarks. Ernesto Arguela.
prire. 827 Emillio Iteynaud.
Prie. 778 StanthiSo Tulou.
Prize forremnarklale prom-1 C.rlo.s Vrd
Sgtre In one half year, ar as
SPiCICAL astilW 'TK.
Clrtm Dl'iftfw..

Kaglmlh DIvil on--
William tuhlide. e l.n
William Itobert Steplhens.. ( .ruj1
Spanlsh l Ihvh lun--
Carlos VIada, 1 tIt PIrize.
Ernesto Anrquenta. 2nd I'rlie.
Prize for 1st and 2nd Divisions.. r. nEmit Arguela
SSext In IIIertt -V. VlidaI, It. Jex, J. M. Nvau
I'. Ulildernmoi, Trumnbach, E. Heynaud
W. Babido.
l'rlie for lrd Divlalon. . ltienaventilra Navai
Nest In muerit-Bintlago Tolu ls., Ediardo Trlsat
I*t Prize.. .. Ernesto Argue.t
2nd Prize, Uarlos Vldia.
Honourable mention as being very near the P'rtienme
Alexander Hunter. Philip IBalderamon,
Celso Mendoz, zomolo Martinei
Prizes awarded by ils Lordship. the Bliaiop.
for Excellenoe, Philip Balderaols, Jose M. Navia
for Elocution, onmolo Martlnex.
8pec1al prize given by ils Excellency. the Goverool
for Latin, Itouert Jex.
Owing to the disturhance on the I Ith and i at
December aind the consequent iuncertaintv of feel
, ng in the city, the iniuical nll drmnmalntic emitertaihi
meant of the convent plupils which had heen se
for 2lst of Dec., was postponed to thle 251t inlst

, hiastni gs hasconge ald is glone. Great appre
,heniioin was lelt, on account of the occurrence
that the umiial ceremonies cmild not he rarrie
out. But the midnight Pontifical Maiu.waasver
well attended, a great nuimher-of people int li
ieg able to get inside the dlors, of the church
Many of our non-catholic friends gave up their
night'l rest to witness the grand services, such a
cal be performenn only in the catholic church:

Tonid in diminishing thedr-bt onthechurch e
tension, ChistmasTree entertainments were give
on Dec. 24, a6. anid 28, and Jan. tat. Under th
eflcient and untiring management of Miss Emm
Monsanto, who was ably seconded by a host c
ladies, the entertinmerts drew large nunihers
children and grown people to the Bishop's Hall
The Refreshiment Table, Spinnlig Jenny, Raffi

Tnhlle. Fmncy Itazaar, anl the Christmaa Tree
Were coCmlnt.ntly besieged during these evenings.
In duliditimi to the shove mttrmctioni there was a
Magic Lantern Exllilition furnishedl hy Mr. Mlc
Swelny, land the well known Panorama of Mr.
I oC Folgalrnit wns exhibiled ol11 Dec. 2ath anId
JInn. Itt. Thie net am mount realized was a little
ivnr $Ip00o.
Oil New Ycar'a Eve milemin Vespers "coramn
PI tifice" were celebrated, the Ilicsed S;cra-
nlentl was exposed andl the grand Te Lrkiu was
chanted in thanklisik.ivinl for the Iblessing received
llurilg tile piat year

At i m.'cl;ck p. ni. oun New Year's day tile
I, ihsll HaniIlal dinner was giveIll to te InImates of
. the 'Por I liane Itiu of the Avylilm by Ilhe Callln
lie ,adiesi and friends of tlhe 'iioor. Rice and
b iHlns. rmiixt lberf. chicken, hoao, $aill potatoes
were leapildtl up oi time plate of over 24 expeclntl'
muenll ll(l wioileni, Culstard i dlinillg. sweet hiscuits
aiiil candies, tobhicco. with pipes for the meni or
a, hanilkerchief for the wonsen. lanl even cigar
were fuirnished to every oine. lii Lordship
B. Iilihop Di Pictro, said grace and after justice was
done to the good things prepared he spoke a few
* words of advice andl encouragement to the happy
participants of the fecsts. Mr. Egan responlell
' il the part of the P.ior and suffering and tlien
ll iinljoiirned to tihe large room wlere several par.
h ties were seion whirling round to the nusic of the
1. Asvlumi Band. Besidles the Bisllp amil the
Catiholic clergy, there were imanny ladliesl illi
,t g "itleinei, frieniid of the poor, present to add
Sto the enjoyment of the occasion.


S ,I REOlv. V a. L. &. Dw IITRO
i dVic VrclAto AmiO soLi.O it
1is BITrlilil HoanIvUmAP u
i. a Om'otliU Zi A.

n AMAuOS Hulos,
e La predicaciun el Evangelio en todo
a cl mundo mandada por Jesucristo I sue Aposto-
f les he aido siempre el principal ohjeto de la
SIglesia Catolica. Juntamente il los descubrido-
a res de nuevas tierras han ido siempre los mision-


~ ____

- -1

. *. t; )

cr como pastors cariiokos parr huscar las Misionea que hba sido ahiertas y mnanteClida.s
.ro~. discarria(ina y asl Comio cn cl Oriente. tan expenses de esa Asociacion tanrprovchusa: hbsta.
pro to que Colon deccuhrid las tierran del nuevo mencionar que las de China, Japon, Itdoltan
Mul ido. Ulsn nunclroc de misioneros de diferen- en el Asia, las del America dul Norte y de la
tcr ordene religiosas surcaron lus mnres parn AntillaFi en el nuevo continntle, y hoy dia las aIu
venir .i nuciar cl Evangelitr y alumbrair ia IsI merusasdelAfrica.todnssni costnatdasporlainis.
qe citaha'in epultados en las tinikbllas y sumnlra ann sociedad. Pero lu mna prodiglanis en ell c
die oucrte. Pern si, al principio. siguicndo las cl ver comu lus folundi que passn dte mis milt
instnciones del Rcdeltor, alicron'c.sn al apon-. lioness tei framcoa aHunlea salen toidoi dce lan cn.
tolic sin saco y bolsa, 'eltrcapldus nteranmente tribuciones voluntarina 6 insignificantes die los
*c las nmanos do Il Providencia, aumetlado con, Catolicos qu 'e s ubscriben por uel ccntesimnu se
ci ticlnp cl numinero tI ls operarioi. e.contran- inanal. No hay dincesis hoy dia e n Ia Iglesi
dose oi Ia nccisidad de tcle.altar temples, cassIa. Catislica n done no se encuentre bieworgani.
colcgiahuerfianatrofias. se vicron ea I precision zatta ein colccta seinanal y el holuo dado tit lal
de reunir condos para proveer i e;iaI necclcidadeas almns pindosat ea lc que sustenta los Misioiern
Ilasta quo tIs gabicrnls y loh pueblos de Europa de amhos sexos que tanto hie halcc para In.
fucron adictos la religion catolica lei fu6 may civilization de tantos paises barharrs y saivaijes.
facil cnconltrarlos y las inagnificas catedrales y Hace nisM, amaduo Hijos, que queriamils tani-
templ)so cspaciusas, los grande colegion calasd de bien nosotros agregar nuestra Miliion il nlurlero
miscricordlial hospitnlcls hluurfanotroflin que en- dte eras almns cnritativas, que contribuyen il hI
cuntrainlns scimbi antuo en Orientey Occidente son predicacion del Evangelio: pero atendido el ces
testilnollio dc aq(uel espiritu sumainlente Catolico tado dte tIiestras institalciones, que todnis se mll.-
que animnahn nucstros antepasaldoA. tieinc por lis conltribucciones voluntariani itc
I oy dia separada ln Iiglesii del estndo y rc*- nucitrus Catollcus temninmos id exigir detinsiudl,
frindo cl elpiritu Cnatlice por los Protentantes y si. nlas colectan ordenarins parn nuestros tcnm-
Sectarios, los Mlisioenrom lejoei de encontrar plos y sccrdotes, hlubieramnuas aandido otra pa.
necvos auxilios haln sido iinjus.ntamlnnte despo.si. ra stcorrer & lns otran iniaiolian. Hoy qiue se ha
dos de to qIe teninil, y Ins pueblos quedadon hucho to mans eencina, acorcdandotnos de n pro-
lhurlanulu de IPattores hanl visto con autno dliata mIess de Jesucristo, que proinete cl centuplo por
prostitiidom sus teimpl y cIIaHs religiosas trocl- cads uno qu e s dk en favor de loi pohrea, cre-
dos en cuartclce b casI tI d comnircia. En esta enitsu de Ilhahrsu yan Ilegado el tiampo doe pidcr
inpipteaciai nbsoluta cn qeno at hnl cncoitlradn introducir. ell -luestro Vicariato aen iastiltucionl
Slos misionerns de contiouar sau truahljis aposto- tan pindosi. Pam Ino cial copinllos primero el
licos han tenido que hacer una apelacion Aila can- manifesto publicldo por la anismta Asociaclon
ridad publics y diferentes institulciones se han eon cl objeto, qua cada uno hahiendolo leid, los.
ido furmando conteados por In Caridad Cristiana que sienten en su corazon u l desco dle coadjuvar
pars asistir con recursox pecuniarins i los mi- en la obra ie la Propacion de In A6 den sh nonm-
sieiroi apostolicos. Entre elluos la msa impop. bra eln I list, que unos encargados para tlls
tamne eala de Ia Propngacion de a U flundmada haran circular durante eate nms.
en Leon de Francis i prlacipiosdo este sigt lla. "La obra de In Propagacton de la 6. en favor
jo los suspicion del Papa Pin Vily qua ha dado de las misiones do amnbos mundos, tiene porob-
tan haenos fesultado an beneficio de las Mislon. jeto ayudar por nedio de oraciones V tlluoalas'
s Ctolicas. los bMiioneros catolicos, que van i iledat Is 6
Soria no cabar si qultieramnos segulrla ybstoit y civilisacioh tlos pueblos infeles.: La 'ora-
le euas itstitucionl. y mnustrar el sin nuicero .d ciocis, son, ail Paidre u.estr o y in Ave Maria,

. 7 t

todili lo dlis. Basta Hplicar exta intenlcii i uln THE WHITE HOOD.
res por todai, el Padre nuestro y el Ave lMrin
de lit lnansi b de Ia nche, ain.diesi-docada ve A TItU CHnaITA) rOItY.
est; invocncion, "Snn, Flrn.nclic Xavier roged
esta invocaion, "I Stn Francisco Xavier rogad IIINGS wpre in a bhad state indeed in
por nos,tri.." La lIi noa Ci dei cinco cenItaIvo France, and especially in Paris, tiu.
al Men 6 un centavo A lat Ieltana, formalndo In ring the year 1793. The great Frenclh
suIIa de 60 centanvom i nil.. Para facilntar In Revolution wai going on uid people
r.caudacion do esa humla, se deatinarm un Dcu-c were hbeiiK bhheidud by scores every day.
riom por cada diez .q(ie cuiidlar In cule;cion. Las Those who wtire in sympathy with the revolu.
cartas de los misioneron collecteadua en lon Aniales tionury party wore red apa; aiid so frightful
se destribruirin gratuitulmelte i los Decuriones. were the crime, they committed that the mere
Sque lo prestarun.purn leer i .us contribuyente. mention of bonnets r oae inmakes the reader of
La ohra de In Propagiacion de dia f, reco- history shudder even to this dlny.
niendadln eCn muchas Pasltorales por lo SS Now, in the midst of all these red caps that
Obispos y favorecida in varies ocasiones con Ia througed the strects of Puril in '93, the white
bendicion de Ia S. Sede, ha recihido por ditilno hood or headdress of Sister Teresa appeared
Ina nms diatinguidi aprobacion en ln Enciclica de like a dove in the midst of a deluge. Gentle
Gregorio XVI del 15, Agosto 184o. Lost Pon- and merciful as an angel among a horde of
lifices sucesores Ian hn enriquccido con muchas demons, she threaded her way through the
indilgenciir ; y ditimamente el Papa Leon XIII pikes and drums, from prison to Aciffuld, from
Is hi recomendado sumamnente A todo el nmundo Isciffalid to prison. There was no longer either
en Ia Enciclica del 3 Diciembre r88o. Inidul- king or church, anl altar or God, for the Purl-
genacis plenarins y purciales han sldo concedidas silana i ut there were still left the poor and the
in various dinm del aliu los hien hechores de In unfortunate, and to these the white hood of
ohra, splicablea & lns almas del Purgatorio." Sister Teresa was an ensign of hope and of love.
Hasta aqul el progiama del sinciation. Sien Of all the heroism, the virtue and devotion,
do pIes tan levels lan condicinnes impuestas i los which that white hood covered, the distracted
Socion y tan ricos y nhundantes los favored y me- history of that awful year makes very little
ritos quese pueden conseguir, co-operandu con mention ; but the indigent mad the martyrs of
cortes oraciones y tenues limosnis i uans obra the guillotine knew and appreciated it fully, andl
tan caracteristica de la IglesiL Catulica, estannus it was known in heaven.
seguros, qre, amnentes comno soii de vuestrn reli- It was rumoured amnuiot the fat bowrUi that
gion, tendreis cumo un honor especial de tener this nurse of the sick, this friend of the people,
vuestro nombre inscrito en In lists de sus blen- had exchanged silks and satins for her rough
hechores. All lu pide Jesucriato, que derramb serge dress, and had given up diamondld neck-'
todl so sangre para redinir nueitras almas; nas laces and bracelets for her rosary. The people
Io desea Is ]glesia, vuestra Madre, que slente en knew,, vene ated and loved her. Her bravery
so corazon el ver un sin nuimero de alinns, que snd cheerfulness, no less than the favors she
se pierden pur falls de recuraos pecuniarlos, y lavished on them, endeared her to the hearts of
asI on Io suplica vuestro Putor, quedeseandool all with whom she came in contact.
today clase de feliciaddes en este nuevo alei os One day she was denounced to the tribunal
bendice de todo su corason, .. , that was condemning so many hundreds to the
S ALVATOI, S.J., guillotine.
,, i ; Episc. Eure, "If you want my head," said she, smiling,
S"'i Vic. Apostolici Hondurs Britannica. "you can have it; but I want to be guillotined

g, okad ea, and"hlatre so s friep ,
,frs pcOV LL4"a AW aw e to the Ulock."
" A. J WA OA&WW. WO hwA, that i
"" y -~ id u ll bnedr | srr vas w sle d er tn

Qo r .w 'Ir w -ltAb Ser -rre was cr.-A
&A g M. 4 Wle'Mid'. with a bi4t, wher,
i9 -J alk- wer y tu I UrUJed her,
IwAnd RU4 io s(o dxac sltriet a puIl, ae
ry eds M ckif a red Cup.
u lw c ti ds*ce, iay hfrieds," dshes
S 1 a* tu o &iJ.d fir I Iast' visiteJ More than
twety prFopletu ay. And I ba*e upward"
f thiry wewlyoafnt cbildlre to cre fair besides.
Evar day IWe or two more are added to the
mitnber,- -Up in dhst garret .,nderi a little
p,(it bs;6 Juest come into the world.
-*Ja. that really *o?"
o( Cwne," lcomluuei Sirlter Teresa. eeinX
bar tdvaltalge, ialion your pursCs, and let me
hurry to the relief of the poor 'mother. Yes,
and onca of you hia better cnce with me to
"stry Lils balketli"
Thle Hlster'r hail i was soon filled with pieces
aof monlley, ail the people sliouted', '*LoIng
S live the white llooid."
Ous Christmas night Siltr l'reril was hi a
rret oiln tie street, once lnown la Ta'ithout,
but recently re-inxled lrutu Street. A pour
ysungll ilillther hail just given birth to (wills.
Smile was lying on a Ililerblu li atllress, while
S o : a l qu uulil ,il aw tick it a little diistnice: ai child
S three ur fur year old was raging with fever
*Id hunlgrr. The father was dead. That dlay
thle pour Hilter had met with nothing hilt humil-
i:ltlrlu aold lmenacesl her hall-frrzen hanls
S were eitlrely Tilpty. While trying to fix the
lgrrot window so as to keep out the cold, her
, ye fell on a fine hotel, all illuilnated, farther
down the street It was the splendlil residence
o. a W weilhy revolutionllst This mnll, who
owed all his fortune to the favorsn ind benefits
he had received from t il lustrious. De Mont-
moreolcy family, was now on of the most fero.
clout members of the party, know, as' the
Moun ta in

We are tesed," m"d the S isr to the sick
womati. "1 will etana in a few niuate.."
Aud a enment laer she was brikcly entering
the but3lL
At sight of her the serviantl--or, a they ere
called in I ae dlay. the brothecr reranil." -
were rtupefieJ. A Sister! The white &,O:
U Kindly lanaomnce Siser Terrc.'" uai the,
with a sliile. I sin io isiat haslt."'
What tlo you w rant?* ruffir akr l the
master when she was intro.lucl inlt his ',rli'.
and he lookd at her rul c with mi fricdly etp.
I want ian alsni, sur."
"Ali- for fyu?"!
No: flir mi y. iatels."
Who ire your masters, pra ?1'
"The poor. I am their servalt."
Yes, but-"
Well, tlp the street there, in garret. a Ip."
woman has just given birth to twins. There i'
no fire, no linen, no bread. She is your neigh-
bour. and I ask yon to help her."
U" But your costume!"
"The Inubourg know it and respect it' the
people love it They call me the white lhoI o
You speak of twins?"
S" Their mother is cold and hungry, andi thi
is Christmas."
"Chriatmnsl What isthat?"
"It is the festival of the Christ-Childl. the
worll's Redeemer; nad when His chillrell are
pour tid abahiiidonled, charity should make it a
double festival."
Are they pittriots,. these little twillt of your
S" presume so,-at least their lungs are vig.
rous; but their mother is very weak.!'
"Well, take this for them, and make them
shoutt ive the nation'" : .
"You will have to walt till they grow ups"
said'the Sitter, smiling. -' '.;: ;i I.. *.;
Very well," answered the tertihle' revoht-
tioniat, surprised at her pleasantry. k* But take
care of your white hood. It may happen some
of these days that iti tving will be clipped."

--------- ---- ~-LLI



"As God pleases. My life IN His..- I am tinente, que form c')mir In quintu part de In
ready, and so are imy poor. More than a thousand umpericie de Ia tierra, Im la Iicgiuliai frecientes
of them have promised to accompany me to the alli en otro tielnpo hubireen si:!o presc rdis de
scaffold." . I . Ila detrluci,,ui Cenan iferentes earian hi.y l.a
"They would not he allowell." ,; comlicionaes morale.a y materiales de erto ST'lhey will igt anywayy,. paihel 1'Per. lIa espernhxian do lIa Iglesiaidrl
Here. take slis, too, for. r yur powr."'. Norto de Africa no dlciuan realizaree.
t.ink you, sir. ,1, the ninlam of their young En el siglm, 3 : in pIerl cucion rumansi hiuu k
nther." ,,.' :... ; In Igieiiu iluiIre cni u l litla tie millarcii e mliar
: "y the way. wh.lt yiuir iatue, whitehood ?" tires tie tPi da cdd, mxo y cdmicion; pero ei el
NSiter T''rean." cunrti sigim It herejin tie los dimiatiotas qum ae
"That is not a nanme." propagl6 ailg. ildeilil ain fr que Ia per.ecucion
"1, have ino other mxnv." hab, lim roIlemtrcidil. S. Optato combatli6 dicha
"Oh, y-mo und*crstamld lie well enough I hak hercjim can ,l11 vn x y ai pllumia, y mIs turtle San
your inmie--our real mtnnic." Agustiii culmatlib In corrorce di lo pelitgiaumms
"Sister Teresa." y se hiim par. siemlpre el doctor de iN gracia"
Sister, Teresl t That is nuiothig hut. nick- En el sigli 5 0 Jlo vandlales arianol conquists-
nailr\. WVat didm they call you before you took run squella% pruvincian y persiguieron Ia verdi.
thai rlbrigmque,. .. dera fty. ii a inqute en el siglo siguielnte revivid e
"Foirmerly," replied the white hood, draw- catilicialmn diepues tde haher destroundo al en-
ing herself up a little,-" formerly I wal called emigo, ein el siglo 7 an lus se exthigi6 cast en-
Louise tde Montmorency." The Ave Maoria. teremente por lons rahs Mahobnmetauno. No sin
resistenciia sinemlargn. caycrt-n los afric ananshs-
El ItENACIMIENTO DEL CRISTLINISMO o .l yupc i I. masucanes. C.torce vrces lo.
EN A RiJCA. 'jo ymmgg tcl ll n1ummtillmitIles. Catorce vecs luo
-- catolicoa dfl minlite Atlas rvenuiciaroni I la roli-
Srgiolmem teller til pal1 aill g del false, piofetn qlue se ler habhi impuesto
ilutre eiln iN. him.iill lie i n I..leti p'r In fuerxn pare vlver.i 6los practices cristianas.
comall .MaurilHtin. Argel v Egiptli. Aqtueicla nloiitracitese tuvicron quo asolleterse Ai
D, puels du lt Ii predicacion; dte Sil u,,inern cllalndo li resiste.ciiu fui ilutil; pcroe a
Mhircus eviaigKlistnl. tireciclitt Iglaeias se Ie- encu.i*ntran todavia entree elloms ilgunos vestigioa
,vlnnturln ppor todiimlV hdlo en III tierrni de Io Fai- de criatianisma nun desprus del transcursa de
'raanne. y lo mlistmos dlesiertou de la Telhida re 'iinlu.
pulluramn die hermitas y mminjes. H-laci. el cunrto La lislt de lo mnartires no qued6 confinada i
s!gl., .igin .a iloniej egipcima fuernit i estahlile.- II primneros sigaos dte Ia Iglesia; puesto quo on
car el Cristianislmo on Eliopin ; periipir dcxgra. 1:61 Ias de duAcientoi padres de Ia brlen de
cia Ins Iglesiins q(ieu findl uraon, cyeromn en heiejia, predlcadores, que evangelizahan i Damieta y i
y par consiguiente lman actiualnmene Cinumiticas. Delta del Nilo, sufrieron el inartirio por la if. A
Las provincial del Mediterrrlemo fuvrunt en otro emnima lngipoca nlo franciacanos protegidos por
tienipo Ia gloria de la Iglesia. DeCartago,Silla reyct espauiolea fundaron colegios arabeu,donde
Metropolitan deli Nrte: dc:Africa, )os Oisaipos su.s misioneros se prepnraban. en gran nimncro
y los sacerduote extepdieron Is verdad.hrast uni part predicar cl evangelio ai lo moro de Africa.
distancia tan ejanacomoel monte Atls, elgran Log trinitarios y los Padres de nueatln Sre. de
desierIt.y cl ocdamno.y: lerpron iou Ndmidals y ls Mercedes punlan cn peligro sus vias por I1
i los Moron los presentoesde I l 6 y Is civilia- hertar i Ios esclaves de Argel y Tunes, y, csan-
cion.,,Cua.. iubiera sido 1l histprli dll wvato cen- do mn podian libertlr I slu herumnos, pedian el

( 10 ,)

lio lie participar de so cautividad pare cesivamente arzobispo de Argel y Cardenallyr.
pri v lclr. consuelos u rpirituales. Sole In or- zobispo de Is restablecida sills de Cartagno pero
pdend loans erccdarios entire los anus te .1218 & es como libertador de los esclavos principal.
e63n rdiio 490,736 cautivos cristinnos. Los mente como so nombre viviri siempre en la his.
Smoir s europeos que tenlan posesiolnes en el trial universal. De todas las parties de-tegran
mo,.editerrneo hicieron grades esfcrxos pa- continent, dice il, drsde los limits de las pro.
m suetr los pirsats que infestaban el mar'y vincins que Francia so he anexaclo en el Nore
que tenian su abrign en el Norte de Ai ic ; peri hasta lna posaeinines inglesas del cahln, lin prnhll.
lose oldscIos de Is crusx e lea ordenes rcligloeus gado nlaridn tie anigusrit se hi levantldo par .-
tuvieron mcjr suceso quo Ia fuerza de Ins aninaa. glos; un grito en quse sejuntan y se Clconfulien
Los hijos de S.Vicente de Paul y de S. Igieclo lo peorcs y los penetrantes dolores qcue nuestia
tomaron h so cargo lea mibiones de Ahisinj y humanidad escaepa de sufrir; el grito del ismra-
Etlopia; pero las grande revolucionaede1sglo ii dress, do cuyoa brazos se arralicaln. aus tietno'bhi
S en Europe paralizxron lui cfuerzsa d Ie los jos pars cunvagrarlos a Ia esclavitud par ttal, i
misioneros. v' ida ;el gritr de pacificos aideano', quae srprtiu.
En nuestros tiempos ltOienlon de todo el didos en su aieflo, ven harder lus pubres cam-.,
mundo civilizado so ha dirijido nl Africa, con pasados h cuchillo los que resisted, y los demas
motive del iifame trifico doe esclvos. Las na- llevados i tierras lejanas para ser vendidoa en
ciones de Europa hen adquirido porcionesdte su los mercados p6blicos; el grito de interminahles
territorlo, mientrs que In Iglesia ha entrado en ejercitno de cautivos, hombres, nujeres y niaus,
el pals con ella;, deseosa de estnblecer au ldomi- agutados par el cansancio, el hambre, Is sed y Is
nio.espiritual. Alu largo de Ias costas del.Me- descperacion,cxpirando en el delerto done ban
ditcrrmneo trabajan los frnciscanos,los lazaristas sido dejados para economizer el mal alimiento
trahbjan enAbilints, miectraellSanguebar,,Sc- que se lee da 6 herido cruelmente, pars iinfundir
negambis,Sierra Leona enan loi Padres delEs- terror i los otras cautivas tan miserable cunoe
piritu Santo.' Los PP. Jesuita tiSlneni l vasta ellos ael Krito de millares de sures humanos lu-
region del rio Sambesi. Tienen un colegiq en ldefenaos, abandoned como press las pasions
Grahamstown.'los benedictinos tinene tamniien do sus captores; todo esto y mul much i)s
S un establecimiefito on Sangucbar. Acaso, sin- llevado A cabo cada dia, por el deico de ganar b
embargo, los distintivos miioneroa africanos,son por la passion de Ia vengansa b la conquista. Tat
los PP.blancosdclVenerableCardeial Lavigerie. es la suerte que alin par aln,, tuce i nmin de un
Su vida do unin prucba palpable, dte !o quoe.u million de nutelros herannns.
hombre de voluntad inquebrantable puede real. Los pddres hiancna me hal enihebdido en el
S sa' Resign6 la sills episcopal de Nancy., en espiritu dtie ai funclandr; hae" peintrido ein el
Francia por is Insignificante de Constantiano en corazon del Africa y tienen misiones en Sahara,
Africa. Vi6 Is necesidad que hahla de una union Knhylia..Nya.a, Congo, Onianembnhe y Tanga-
de trabajadores apost6licos y por e-o (und6, Ia. nika. Eat todl parteas I obra es secuandeds pr
congregation de musioneros africanus elt Arj eli; regioos tie varies congregaciner. Se calcula
So congregation no debia sor local tolamente, que hay conm million y media de catolicos en
sino que deble penctrar en el interior decooci. todo el continette, fornndo por mayor part*
do del continents africano y ilervr el poder cyli- de colonos europeos. H y masn dc mil sacer-
litador doe CIruIs los aborigentes paganos, in dotes incluyeindo muchot del claro secular itr*
S deCcudarr pr eo la poblacion arabe.. Monsenor, bIjando en las ciudadtie raldeas del contitnnlt
avigperikrivi6para vet.el rroacimiento del cr*s y de las llas adyacentet4 .i, .i ;'
i imonlNortdAfrca i parae -VenoaderameUnte Is, miio adedi: Afrteiamre.

"' ( II

ceil nuestroa fran fervoroias oraciones, y los por Iheyes, In fcrocidad y Iu superticion tie Il
honbresy imugeres, que consagran su vida & tnn piagaillo y In poderomo influencia del talmlinmn
irdus tares, nsn dignois le todo ausillo temporal y del protentaNtiiimo, tcloi cr et ohstaculos com-
o expiritual .que inoS use posihle darles. Los hinadon no puedeln detehtr I que tlenenl
obslkculoa que tienen que encontrar y venceer iemnpre delaut e Id n hI.jIi ln grande idea (de ex
harian vacilar i cuslquier corazon que no ealt tlender el reino dcet Jesucristo.
ardeindo en inlr de I)i',s Van mlli cn sCu; ... ...
Svidal n us manI 1ii) siin blher cuindn oIl filal. THE CALENDAR.
malaria 6 el feroas anlvaij reclamark sau vie-.
timna. A .uuTr frioo the beginning of recoIred Iliia.
L .s obsticulos a parte 1e Ia insalubridad del btr. the exact nmeaurement of time hua
occupivd the leaurned a n:nmouany nnalionlls.
clina, del calor y I faltrt do las cosas inma The perodical ,ccirrence ,f certain natural phe-
* neccsarios de Is vida no son las I olos dificultudab. ,,ami..ni gaiv ri't to the first division nf time. The
Peorcs son lus vicious humnai--la corrupciin apparent revilutian uf the stars iind of the sut
normal ei today sous formans el canibalioano el riundl the earthoccasioned thedivision intodays.
Infanticidio y el desprecio total de Is vids hu- A further ineasuremneiit of ltile was suggested'hy
mana. La religion nativ a el, ietiquismn, y In the regularly recurring changes.of the moon,
soolatril b el culto de los aniunles. I every 19 or3iday*a ; ad io.came the division into
SNi el auelo en mejor para. el cristianismo month,*. But a still larger measure of lime was
cuando el Islamismo ha tomrdo posesion de il. waited: and thin was found in the apparent
La religion de Mahomet, tan lejos do servir de yearly revolution of the sal round the eurth in
escala pars pasr al.cristianismo6 de In barbarie the ecliptic. The time ilf this revolution, when
A In civilizacion, es el mtaa peligroso rival que el sui and earth are found in the same position
cristianismo encontr6 jamas y el peor enemign with regard to the stars, was determinedto be a
Sde I verdadera civilization. Comp eo ha dicho little more than 365 days. Hence came the
muy hiel, hay algo en la medialuna quo parece aslar year. From the very earliest period, the
darle un powder misterioso par resistir. l in, Jev hud a reckoningl of lime; since .we are
fluencia e l crux. Adnite to bastante do tild that the Deluge Iasted 1so days and the
Sdoctrina criatiana 6 casl cristiana para darle una law of Muses prescribed, that time should be
excuse pars rechazar los elements esenciales counted according to the new and full moons.
de la religion de Jesucristo. Su falso profeta The Jewish Calendar was similar to that in use
Stoma el lugar dellerdtldero profetit su espiritu aInong the Egyptians, who seem to have derived
Sde fatalisno racing lasz el espiritu deresignacioti theirs from the Chaldeans. The Ureeks, the
cristiana. Otrn sleri olcticulo pars extender Is most cultivated natii of antiquity, learned from
verdadera f6 es alli comn ell cunlquiers otra 'he Egptilas to divide the year into 1 umonihs
part de Ia propaganda protestaite. -La multipli- iad to estimate its length at 365 dayl; but they
cidad de sectas, cads una de las cuales profess suoon improved the imperfect calendar they had
ser l verdadra Iglei tide Cristo, sinesmbargode received. The problem was how to adjust the
ser diferentes, confunde el entendimiento de los course of the solar year, 365 days odd, with the
salvajes. Lo isectaride solo eo cuifunnan bcon- lunar year of is lunations. 355 day nearly.
Vlene n aer hostile & la Iglesia cat6lica. Sin- First the Greeks made the year consist of 13 and
embargo & pesar de tantos obsticulus, calor, il* fa months alternately t hut this was found an in-
salubrided del clims,'d; lchltd de prucurarse las invenient plan, and therefore, Solon made the
couSa necsirias sl* vid*t INulmingsa dltancias month counist of s9 and 30 da)s alternately.
Sque hay que atravezar a pie 6 en cauno tIrados Still the length of the month and of Ite year

( 12 )

cld not be eactly adjusted; Finally Meton the ides'on the t5th; in the other months, the
co.uded n t. bringing the calendar to much nones were on the 5th and the idea on the t.jh.
rater cc rcy by fixing on a period of 19years, The other days of the months were reckoned in.
tgrhe eat. ic Cycle, in which time the new moons following manner:- They counted from the
tur pon" the same days of the year an before, above-mentioned clays backwards, observing to
returns solar years are very ,nearly equal to reckon also the one, with which they began.
bc23itatlionl. This mode of reckoning was 'Thus, according to the Roman reckoning, March
adopted by the Greeks, 43. .1. C. and was so 13th would he the third d(ly before tine idea (of
mch approved of,thatitwas engravellon golden March.t In a similar way they reckllned ibckl
letters on a thble at Athens. Hence the 'umber wards before the Calen showing what place un)y given year holds ill this great Julius Casitr wits 1madi poltifeux maxinull
cycle is calledthe golden i nber. This period and. clictatoi, in the year,siuce the foundlling Il
ws fou nd, however, to he aiullt six hours to Rolie 708 (B.C. 43), he deterllinled to relirin
long and, a bundred yearn later. Calippua tried the calendar. lie tihblht it a shame that. the
to remedy it; but still failed ,t make theghein. Romans, after having conquered the worll,coull
ning of thu seasons return on the :same fixed day not keep alI exact record of their renown. N t
of the year. having in Rome any one sufficiently able to carry
SAinong'the Romans.their first kiug introduced through the work, Ciasar invited the Greek as-
a year of jo months, (4 of 31 days and 6 of 30 tronoiner, Sosigenes of Alexandria to help! him
days), and then inserted as many days as neces- in the task. To restore the equinoxito its propcr
sary to complete the year. The next king Nunma place.in March for the .comingyear it was nece-.
SPonpiliui learned fioni the Greeks to make the sary to lengthen the year by two months, b that.l
Year consist of al months; but as he gave it only this year, B.C.45, was called the yearofcoJnfliu..
356 days it wis necessary, in order to inmake the The:next year, however, saw the birth of a s).-
year agree with the course of the stnl, to insert temn, called the Julian Calendar, which clontlinledl
a month. This was done every alternate yeqr till tl32 in Catholic countries. till 1750 lliil ill
Sand the intercalatioll, at they were called, were Protctlant countries and wlhich hits nllt vet hlirn
Left to the discretion of the priests. In spite of lholilaed il Rusiai and the Greek Church.
the imlnense confusion of records thus resulting, TlIe.ftillowiii chanltgawere'lalnle,.The IllliLes
Sthis system lasted till'it was changed by Julius, of the months were left na before, except that
I Cmasr, 4t B C. As, thus, the Rllinlias hmdl Ino Quintilis was altereil tI Julil,. (July). in hollctr.
fixed almanac, it was the custom for the Ponti-. of CBmnar,bl.tthe length of the mlontlh was chalig-
f:x (Maxinmua(chif priest), on the first day'of the ed. Numna Ponipilius, believing there was luck
i motth, to proclaim (calare) the month with the in odd numbers, hlad made March,July, October,.
festivals occurring in it and the time of the new May consist of 3'1 ad the rest of thle. nollnts ,t.
moon.* Hence comne the name calendar and 9 days. Diecarding such puerilitieu,Cmiar ixeidl.
the first day was called the calendsof the mountlh. the.days of the Iponths, as w. now have. the!l.
Two other days of the month had special enamel except that the intercalary day, every .iissextilet
-the none and the ides. In March, July, Oc. (leap) year, was put between.the 23rd- ani!,4thl
tober, May, the .ois were on the 7th day and of,Flbruary. .,Filnally .the year was mladle.to .be-,
-'hD Catollo Cha. b b sve eon.er.id. of o I O r Wai aadnsat ed on' thd IdCi of
sttoms sad. pt of the alUtploltto of almsast, ; ,; i..,' smarh 1, Bo.. 44..11, l : R t!,', ,'1,
Sboth ecllar s d se leala t eaLl, the i re l l retatedI Intetre tary day was ts theslth day before.
Inb the Poatifcal a form for publishing on January s, the 'Cateids of .areoh, whl', h leal years, WaS iT
m the Cathedral of the teesa; EAst.r sad theh euthj red.twIe;. o ohe wthe-hams, bla le, jrom an 0

i ,., ,f 'y ,

( I.* )

gill l January tst instead of oni March Imt. In we find it co-existing with a spread of scepticism
these calculatioul it wais assumned that the natu- and infidelity, or, at least, the virtues, which are
ral year ws 363 days, 6 minute in length, tnmde most of. are those which. tied to the ter-
whereas the solar revolution takes pIlacc he 363 vice of mei. Faith, prayer, humility, love of
d. y*, 5 hours, 48 minlites lld. Whatt further God are of little account co.npalsed with truth,
c irrectior of the Calendar this 4rror led to we hnrcaty, yhobriety. social purity and those virtues,
shall see It our next onuilier. which promoted directly the happiness of our
(To In UcoT'rlUKU) lelltw-men. I low utterly irrational this spirit
0 -o-i, 1114nd how it is a putting of the c.ians above
CHRONICLE OF.THE SACRED HEART, the und is clear, when we consider the super.
labundant clhunis, which God has upon our
.d i" 1, h4E love and the purpose for which lie created us.
e .. Once wer lvu God, the love of our neigh.
K!-' bur will fellow: for, divine charity is a virtue
I which we love God above'all things andi our
n ciglhbur fur Goil's sake. This coimmmdl-
ma ient we have front God that he who loveth
SGod, loveth his brother." i John Iv, 2o.
THY KINDOMO OMEo Now the reasons why we ought to love God
are manifuld. (i) The excellence of Hii
The inttentioIn puit belorf thl Apotletlmhip nature make Himt infinitely beautiful, aniable
of Prayer dutritg Jatiuury is the and worthy of all posihble love. If created
Grmrth of the L.ore of GoI in tie wirMd. bodily beauty, when It is great and singular in
Sc i si any one, has a wonderful power of attracting to
I fl m chief an l ltin .sI ct, praed t itself the hearts of all that behold it, even of the
1Bn.for in the Aciti ul, Iw the Rglo'ry ...
of God by the iivatusiol o nmill. that mlost wise a11nd powerful, as we see lin the cxain
bh ls the helpilg men for God's anke. plea of Solomon end Samlmon and numnberleM
Now, in these our tdays, we may find cinlitle others, how much inore must the Infinite un-
the Apistleship, many league together to pro- created heauty of God ravish the heart which
mote the Interests of our fellow-men, who contemplates itl Speaking of those who had
Sdevilte 'theiaielvai to their oelf-.ipoiecd task been carried away by the beauty of creatures
'with atn eorK a- nd perseveraince we shunid into Idolatry the Scripture says Let them
hardly have expected in this immortifled age. know how much the Lord of them is more
Look for Ihtaince at the trouble taken over the heautlful than they for the first Author of
- education of the people, the anxiety shown that beauty made all those things." Wisd. xill, 3.
all should he well housed atnd fed, the outcry God has a supreme right to our love because
against cruelty, even to animal, and the desire le It what lie I. (l) And then God has given
that criminals should not he harshly treated, ui the most endearing proofs of His love for us
that the death-penalty shouldd be rarely In- in the nuniberlies benefits, He has bestowed
flicted and that, when carried out. It should be upon us and is preparing for us in His Kingdom.
made as painless as possible. This modern God give us to onmprehend with all the saints
philanthropy is good as far as it goes; but it what Is the breadth and length, and height and
errs in two respects-i occupies Itself too excl,- depth of the love of God for us." Ephes. li, 14.
lively with nial's lower interests and ignores, It would seem ridiculous and Insolent and rash
'where t does not exclude, God's glory., Hence to the highest, 'for any one to. have *ked God

* dow" frln heaven to make Himself no dcecia S. Augustin. que nuestro ecorion sori
Sfto oave w h rld from in.'Yet He hasdone siempre. nquieto hast que no descnaue en Dio,.
to come theworld from sin.- Yet He hisdc
ms an toymuc more for love of us. All which Por esta razon, no. di6 Dion por ecy oupremna el
this w under the strictest obligation of making mandamiento del amor y today la ley ,antigus y
ayn iturn of love for love. (3) The love nueva descansa en este fundamento; parn to cual
oif God the very end of our being. Our queriendo Jesucristo compcndinr today la ley non
~ofl G d bodies are made for. God; no crea- diji:-" Amaiii i, Dios sobre todas slas cous y
tur whatsoever is capable of satisfying their nl projimo eomo a ti ltsmio;" y, si iosn manil
tbouIle capacity; out of God we can never el amnor del projimo, es por la razon. que e e l
bound ect hpine. Our hearts were created so refleja la imagen de Dios.. El amor de Diuo,

Sfor Theel OGod, says St. Augustine, and they como unico y verdaderu objeto doe it facultad, at
cf never litd repose .tll they take up their rest moment que aes coisigne aoi perfvciuna y Asll.
in Theev If then men will inot know and love tifica y, at contrario, deaviandose de ec ohjcto,
God they will be for ever separated from Him; trocando Dios por unns criatursA filita 6 inper-
lid, thereore, they will lie eternally miiseralle. fectis, es infeliz y Ms sicnte inquieto, comno .m
O Jesu, through the must pure Heart of Mary. strqlue anda descarriado de ,s veraddero caminio.
SofferThee the prayers, works, and sufferings of Prar reponer In humlaniind en este unico y
this day, forall the intentions uThy divine lert. verdadero camino vino Jesucristo al mundo, pr-
We pray, then, that the Love of God may aentandonos, bhjo form sCenthle, el unicoy ver-
grow in the world I for, with it will grow also dadero bien, termino de nuestro minor y, aegun
the true love of our neighbour, and in due subl- s express El mitsmo en ulna de las apariciones i
ordination; God will he first and last and all else la B. Margarita, viendo en estos ultimos siglal
will be for Him. -. que eas caridad se habia resfriado, vino, ii des
cuhrirnos Su sagrado CoraIzon, centro do nfilni-
La intencion general proptietn Inii Si- ,to ,mor, para que encoitrarnlmos en El un mo.
grada Alianza del Corazon do Jesus es, d\lo que Imitnr, un cibjeto que suapirar. Increi-
S 1 aumento del amor de Dios Mn el mundo. hbles en efect han aldo los canihios quo hatn pro
LA image de Dio que quiet o el Creador im- dtucido en lao almas In cuntemplicion die se
prinir en el homhre at moment que le sac6 de Divino Corazon., Personas, que lban descarria-
Is nada, so refleja princlpalmento eln l1 alma. dis completamente por caminos tortuosos hus.
Asl coma en Dion hay trees Personas Divinas, el cando u f(ulicildad en los bienes falaces de Isl
Padre, perfeccion inufnit, que rerejando au vlda, al moment que arrepentidos dirigieron ust
imagen en Il Persons del Verho, Le engendra aspiraclonee hacin eae Divino Coraonn, cOcon-
dede Is eternidad y por tl amur Infinito, con traron el descanso y el refrigerio que El nilamo
que mutuamente so acman, viene e Espiritu halbia prometido i los que vivian afligidos y
Santo, que procede del Padre y dl Hijol ast agoblaslot. ,
el alim humans, despnes de haber con au Intel. Peer no todos han querido olr Su vos y al
ligencia descublerto la verdad, que so deposits contrarlo la majoria, otviclada del bhin infinito
on Is Memoria, siente una tendenci irresistible del objeto mas ntrayente, represptmdo en Jesu.
per ella, que propuests come ultimo y supreme cristo, corral en pos de los placeres, honored, ri-
bien enclende el amrm, que es la vids del alms.. quezas mundanast y cuanido Me pensahan encon-
Este amor, quo tiene so sede principal en el co- trar en la posesioa do ell ell descanso y In tell-
raeon, posee unu tendenctl casl infinite y nunca eidad, hallaron en su lugar ci asco, Is isfelicidad
te tisface hast que no consiga la posecion d y la miseria. Hoy dia vive el mundo intelis por
on beis ionlo, queee el mismo Dis. iPoresto, estar encenegado ens lou.placerce de la carney

S' / "

*n. 1 X )

ell Imo vaniladles del eCpiritu; y, si iiiramol atl
relledor, ricontrarelnos Cull el Protfc, coiio t
dou aiudclai IfuerL de cniinoI, todis we hall vuclln
iiintrumenlos inutilci, puar In gluria de.Dios. El
fuego del anmr divinu purece coniplletalente
;Iaagadlo en It tierra y todoi viven olvidtlins su Cradlor, Iun2co y verdllderT hiic principio lde
tlodan licidlid.
Solalelinte nol puAnulod tie almnii pinladoti i eC
acueunrin thodlvia dlu DUis y de Sun fauvorc; yv
reunidots ai redlcldr del SualRdil l Coraiin lielden
i El unr lIiridian y si clyudialn incir de nquella
lhogutra de fIugo diviiln ultn centell N quae inflane
us ronriauls. Y & evnu sllnnla privilegindas, i
ton lierillnnii do In Sagruada Alisanal, dirige su
palbri rl lnado Plstor suprcIl o, e l L'ipu Leon
XIII, que, queriendu reunimar el divino nmur
cin In tierra, ul propose como jltelcioln eapteciail
de vueitras diplicasn Olclte nies, quae I viuclvr i
encender el mundo on el minor d Dlos. Segnid,
pues sus instruccionis y con todu.fervor possible
lircis en este mes:-
SOh Jesus miol pur medio del Coraziu Iiiina-
ellado itd Maria Slantisinil, as ofrezco las ora-
ciones, ohras y trulhajoi del prCsente dia, parn
rlmirulr lnt nlonstl que B 0 s hocel, y.pL rn liot
dliiiH ilenicione e tie ruostro Sagridih (Clru
0 lot otreccnloll tnllbicn pHrn p ilr e e vuiilv i
encender en el nlundio el alior divinio. Iinced
O Sangrado Cornisol qiu. ntrlidlo lus hoiiubrel
pur I dulzura dti ViLuetro amnur, olvidev lAo
bleiiie de Is ierra y aspirun unicaiilenite i loI
celeitliiles. .Ai sea.

On Saturday, December 8th, a tolcmn recep-
tion of 16 Children of Mary and 7 postunlants
took place before High Mass anld on the 9th
the members of the Rosary congregation renew-
ed their act of consecration to the Blersed Mother.
After that date, the energies of the local brain
have been lavished on a series of entertainments,
the proceeds of which are to be handed over
to the Church.fund trers rer.;

(On Xiiani Eve the spacious shlolr niI wia
de'ked out for Christiman tree sind ll.ltalr. Oil
lih stale was erected u large crib, tillingl Ith
length 1iid breidllh of the theatre, which served
as nil attriactioii to IUllly.
Doni Priiitivi Arigon of Sartenuji presented
the conilnittee with a yeirlilg sleep, which wel
cmctled by mnlliy aind wonil rlfllld at $ 1. .1
h:llaidsmilne collectiion'*f goods. supplied by J.'
M. Rice, Esq., of New Orlians, wias predi
ulll l thliv lllalilur table, and ,under the active
nilUigeiieCInt. of Mrs. iP'yre'itue lid her anihble
nistera MhlIse, Crispina. Jualnitn, Madlrid lald
MiiJuiillita ltlliner, wai soon removell d frou
the admiring Lgna. Mrs. Ilienderslt n, who
kindly tolok charge of tlhe XImIus tree, in plite of
the scurccness of what the Americans call
" nltionls," succeeded In mliakillg someli profit for
the fund. We were also much indilhtd to Miss
I'iaticia Cecrvaiitei for Ilie Coinni mli riul, and ul
Misses Juniiitia Hllilter and lMailaelr Pcyrefitu
for their charming duct.
There wils a well filled Church on the a5th
at ltidnighit Mais, which was celehrated by Fr.
Ilhnry Gillet, Iasisted by Frs. Molina.lnd Slnili
ai dencin l illd lsbdelncui. All was decorous
iad orderly, and the little Pastorais" awoke
fonil mnmlloirics of lIye.gonv dillys ill the mindll
of their parelile and friendly
On the 26th Hlad 271t the Iliaiuar sales ani
rolmes were continuued. In prip)ortion ias tli
articles disappeared frimIn the tables, the happy
faces of the sellers beamed with delight at their
success; and at tile close of the procediings
about $13i,2o gold were haiinded over, as bling
tile united proceeds of iazaar aind Xmis-tree.
We owe to the generous htert of Don Oliga-
rio' Romero the beautiful cnlleclion of Xmas
Koods, which adorned the lluinar table, slid
bought such an unprecedented Increase of
On the 28th the olong expected Orchestral lid
and Dramatic corps presented themselves before
a picked bouse, and the applause, which their
efforts elicited evidenced the atisfaction of the

,idien.e. cce ssful.:an' all were imnienseli
actors 1r the lovers of music the new
delighted like Xmas gift, and was highly
Orq S A a every piece in the programme
hkn re --we prefer to indicate no pre-
frCl but cordially thank all for their services.
Orquests* . La co.ta enrslina.
419 Politi .
T hros ol'rl Esptranau, Dranu,.
.II. I$ Cojo,
The preciouspl o Orquest.
Orqu'e Anthemna t varihus nations. .
A ;e feature in this year's eI.trliamitnints
was thsd smoking Concert.' Iy thc co,,rte.v )of
C a-l'n Litcohili a ,ll'n.her ,f terits were' h-
tsiledalnd plcecl in the specius L'rounds behind
the a l l house; whild.tfancy lanterns and na-
tiunnl banners were hulg shout ,initl tlhe green
foliage to render the cenc romantic. The comnely
dcuncdsll, who had so actively conducted the Ba-
aar, buicd themselves nice again il the service
of the visitors; and the lallies of the commiissariat
supplied the cravilig of the inner man with fowl
and ham, tea and coffee, &c., &c.
The mental hill oi fare was chiefly of a light
S character,inted(led todivcrt the audience and was
iiterAperred with orchestral selection "Coime
where the lilies grow," which had been no well
rendered by Misses Juanita Ilunterandl Manuela
ecyrcfite pn the iSth, wis again repeated. Other
items were:-the North Pole, a stump speech;
the Crank, a farce; Spanish among: iHonme, home,
a travesly;'Spanixh song; Dry Binest.
We must not forget to mck.:owlclge the gift
of Messrs. Langli & Co., who kindly sent a box
of luscious cakes fur the occasion anid to thank
Don Juan Carrillo for his readiness in facilitatilln
all requirements. -The total of receipts was
$347.o2 and of expenditure $,7.08, leaving the
handsome sum of $290!. i(guid) toward the wip-
ing out of the debt till wing by the new church.
In conclusion, we cannot omit to mention Don
Nepomuceno Ramirez, on whom devolved the
charge of the exhibition of the 28th, and to whose
earnestness in the good work the success of the
Christmas entert.ininents is due.
This Exhibition held in December Slat, lta. wa
Great seces. T"e number of exhibit b being greater
d the quality he al he work being better tha on the

two former occasions. This year also. the -trhoolh
outslde Belize, which were not represented in the
Exhibition of 1893. sent in 23') exhibits of meritorious,
work for which they received over 30 prize. As In
formeryears, the Public schooll taught by the Slstersof
Mercy was the premier school an the amount of pri/.e
which It took. The work of the school was especlillr
excellent in ornamental penmanship and drawing,
Their map drawing. however, was not quite nIpt
the standard of last year. The subjects. In whlhi the
girls took part.were well represented and there rwas n
falling off as far as they were concerned. thighb
they did not carry off as many prizes as last year.
We subjoln a Ist of the prizes awarded to tbis
school alone.ar we do not know the reaultoftha other.

S Huhj)eta Uonimpetitor Prizer

It IPlan Hewing .
17 Darning . Irene Curer. nd I
.. Virginia Cox . 2nd II
10 Patchwork . l.yda Dawon . lt I
orothy Lopez. nd I
I Margaret Burns 2nd 11
10 Patching. ... Georgian Mitchell Ilt I
SGertrude Ferguson 2nd
Annette Medina let II
Jane Flowers . 2nd 11
14 Fancy Needlework
18 Crochet . .
15 Handwriting .
t1 Ornamental M Slannel Maldonado let I
I Penanbulp William Grilliths let II
Penmanip Herhert Rosado and I
6 Maps . .. William Grifflihs. let II
Crispin Taylor. 2nd !I
Charles Gabb .lt I
12 DraIng in Ildelonso come let I
pencil Charles (abb 2nd I
p Iencl William rith. lst It
In Drawing In nk I Hubert Roeado. 1st A
I orcolour t, William Grilliths. 2nd 11
8 Book-keeplng . Charles Gabb . 2nd 1
l Mechanical Model I l
OBITUARY-The Rev. Joseph Smallwood. S.J.. de-
parted this life on the 1st Dec..1894. le came to Belize
n Jan.. 1871. and after two years stay In the Colony
left in May, 1878. for Demerara. On his way thither
he was wrecked In the Tasmania after leaving Kings-
ton. Jamaica, He got some assistance in St. lwhumna
and was enabled to continue his journey to George
Town. Demerara, where ho arrived In June. For 8
ears he labored among the Inhabitants of Demerara
In the work of the Ministry. In spite of ill-bealth
brought on by a severe attack of malarial fever in
1881. After this to recover his strength he was com-
pelled, to his great regret. to return to England.
After his recovery. he took charge of the Denbigh
MisYson in North Wales which, through his exertions
became a flourishing Misslon. Aboit four years of
labour were accorded to him and after this his former
Illness returned and he died at Boorton n Yorkshire.

___ _.

( 1 )

IACK TO THE OLD FAITH! are n.ot far for they hohl slinust all the hdoctritier
S--" o f;illl less Ilhedie.nce Io the Siupreiuc Pastor i
Tin ll s wills A f n r Citar-t Ihcy are devoul, leialous, charitable, they. cCm-
dinal Vaugham.. sf Wfi t imslntier. ii tile Clardinal
Archhishop nlf Trtllo ln'i pltlll ... hat. rotriolnmliso ..-nd.inlidelity which are as
It i nilf palrticunlar iltereat ut thin tile when' Iprevnlnent. Ihety hold nearly all the Ioclrinvma si
there il ooi inucli talk colcerllilng the reunlion ofr faith. BIot iltey are still far from Ithe Church.
Chriitetlidom. . . Iuec:au they dto uint see that all their virtues e.d
The fact IN that thlt piositiotli f. religious par- ""lll wtrk<, tire, at St. A.Igustline Inay, v ldl,
liin ill the IProt onisilt C.hlircih of i nlgl:inld in *ut"id le lle unity iof the faith. They are still
rxcerdingly .ireaige anldl |lculinr. A ws.ii.lrfuil bslood as i thvir real positionis. The authoritl.i
irlovicllent o.f Divili.e grace lla l.e I i n "fi l f the Clhurch iof Eiinghlill IIappr te hlie uraidi
amnoiln the English people>i f'or inany ear", to act ac't'e If Ithey coulhl agree amonspig them.
This m* inlovemn t ina lst Iuinnixe.il with smich that selves',lt Iel't thie wyel of till-h af wlhoii I peak
i crrn.woust., illogical,' and sauiicsinni. int it h"1tiuhl le ipasv'il amn they hould t e tha I*t there
has been t out of this injiwlentiell that tlle grectet i.t is "thilngl Ifr thllCen hut aultlmisiil tl the I Holy
rcopiverhionit, to the Clthollic Chulrch have take Se, tsi the! Cletre of Uliilvy. rThll in the ion
place-for iiiltanice, of Cardinals Mnning andl great grace they ineel--Doine lit vidlieal.
Newmini, nild thousands. of others. wo great obtacltis exist at.inst their usioni.
At the precit mliloent the muoveclent has will tile Catholic Church: .Ie that ility bel ive
Spread rv erwidely,. ao that ,iullitud le ,o tIhe it i* ill-will oi our idle which liervenist our re-
iost ed uucatel d aid zcaloni Anglican clergy' nitl cogniling the validity of their orders, wlile the
laity tae teaching nearly tile whole cycle of facts a:re really tile other way, for we should he
Catholic doctrineb, ion that there remniutin nothing only too glil to rccogliize theinl i valid ill tie
hilt the keystone. the office and place ofi Peter, samlne wa'y lit we recolgnize theIl riders of the Rum-
to complete the arch. They have pcruadestd ijan*, Greek* Neatorianl, alnd otllhr sclhisnatlc
the m.elvet that their clergy arerereally Hcrificing Easternll hbdie. I should be glad for hobeits
prierts, andl that they are i lle lin ctinuity with reason to recognize AmiglicaUi urdlera, but the
the ancient Catholic Church of Eni;gland tsc historical alln theological diliculties whicl pre.
f,.unded by St. Augustmne. From thins rra.ge e"tlthemlelves appear isluperuhle. The cstcnd
and almost incomnprchensaible persuasionl they is the pride of hu.ma.i nature, wiich rebel against
draw the,coiclu.io., that they are the Catholic obedlience to religious amithrity. Thia linate
SChurch it Englandu., that we are achis.matic sntl rebellious l*irit, which nure oir less exists in all
intruders, andil giimy of them go su far as ts dare icmna. hat heen largely assteained andt ilrcasil
to. caonnnunicate in. Catho.lic lChurchcs on, the by" tlihet oriill aln spirit ofI rotestaltlisol.
Contilllmlt, ami Cei| aItte l pl aty lo Mama at oU iTi iTAINN CitKEK-At the lat lU moIent we havr ra-
altars in Catholic countria, as thulghI Ihey were I lved from btann Creek a letter which unfortunately
really priltsi a id nillmber of, the Catholic we are omielllie to condenseii or wantl of sirae.
Church. h desire t be re-ogi z a On m the 8th. the Yeast of llheil mmaciilate Coneepitlosi.
hur h y. hy deir to be recgcuniie alcd there went I )0 Counllllunniinsr mnd an eloqueniL erulon
olica, mnld. th:v feel issaulted it we call them by r. Mailluielt. lith. Holcmn ll. an d pro ue-
Pretertlli;tl We -*ll;lot Ireo. ll III lon in honotrufluorlod)" olfuadoiupe. -larlaglunt
Prtetant., We c .n'ot rcog iite e n.iglh aw the hnrch, decodntl wlith blneaml l
C.atholic beaus. hey .re ot l i 'ilh the very well attended. All the uther on ol lt
Sec of Pet er. "". 'enta' dsy brontst theIr babies to be bleseid by the
: i ; I! I .. I .,. ', .. l priest, under the promle that tsey would rser to
Y our Eminence will llaturally ay that they shed their blood, as the Holy lonocenlt ditd, rther
annol be far from the .atholic Church.' They tienivr their own Iflt. n my te s Io1ant es0a
are nlo far, aid yet they are far rpm us. They people or of a I roodek
are Ilut far, aid yet Ihey are far nrtom ua. They Irupt, of lbann Ufttk.

(. 08 )


Sunmary of Meteorological Observations during the m!uth of December Ix:4.


Max. Min. Dew. Quality.

-2 030.04 39.90297 l 68P 76 72 79 69." NE. .S.C. 5 6 .6
.-6 3o.04 9.73 9-91 83 70" 78 74 79 7.. N 1S C.. 3 .S
9-64 30.st303 30.12 8o0 63 72 7) 6-.0 w. .- S. N 3 -
j-3t 30330.0030.14 80o 60 7 65 73 6s.t xw. .- S. 4 ,0.3

o 3.33 2973 o003 83 o60 4 69 78 66.6 NR.sw. S. 41 15 349

S. Explanation for the Sky, C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.

The Atmospherical pressure for the month in proportion to the other months, dl v never
S has been above the average of the year, the reaching 80o. '
mean reading being 30.03. On the Iuth and With very few exceptions the wind blew from
a th there was a very remarkable depression a northerly direction, shifting constantly from
S- down to 29.73, hut on the 13th the Barometer NE to NW.
bad returned to its ordinary height. Then The Rain wus frequent but mall in quantity.
began a gradual rise till the 22nd, when there In 15 days there was only 3.49 inches.
was second depression, not so remarkable as The public health, aa usualI i this momth,
the firt, from 30.25 to 30.00. From this point has been very satlifactorv.
followed a itceacy rine till the end of the month. Looking at the average pishlihed l the
The cause of both depressions will naturally Almanac for the month of December," we have
be attributed to the wind blowing on both occa- another confirmation of what is there stated.
sions from the E or S E., .which being very It is there said thnt .the wind blows from the
Extraordinary fur this month, was a lign of North. average of temperature 's 74", taminl
some hurricane raging near the Colony, though 'frequent but not abundant with an average of 5
we did not feel t itn our Observatory. : lnchr.s, and' an atmospheric pressure of. 30.03
The Temperature was very mild and plea' Now the month' summary Is very close to the
sent, 74o being the month's average, having a above statement, which will always be trise as
range betweenr wg3 asid Goo) (t 23'-: long as nd eitraordinrty causes comb to dlttarb
The Hydrumetic ,t of the atmosphere w the regular movement of the instrumeh ;.

' .' ' .' '. l i ; ,

( 1

(Hua.l bnae Ipoo relojero deo la cun de A. I. Morlan.)
--I- o l ii t o l' cell ci mil lle I ll e ilut l publieIIeu d
usta 'pclu'iia I1LC 1h1 eest4bllUidtLO 1ln1
Jovurin en Blix 'lu In lnu iidu del puentil
hariuiel lido liur, done no enieontrar.i
t uiln airl.idol .oimpllut de rlo.jc t.untlll do
,or', cmIIul"n' Iilitat, iii


1 .' 'i ,PA O' .i'. "I
SIlniportador de PIANOS Y O'LIGA-
,' piSioni tuirai srton clioniai. tie h`i

IT LA CLjAMMil D, ,.1JO i..

Relojes de pared de uno a
treinta dias de cuerda, con Des.
pertador, Barometros, Termo-'
metros, Calendarios &c., &c,

18. PARA, ELLOS. .

'SFliri til ti iipa icredistadu . --" -
S. i .... *iSPECIALIDAD.
8o 7 it"toda &itu l ca lie coiipuliei llReljes p r
be bare .ui'gi de tod& hleao de repara ... *L p 1.u r
Scones en dichos railios v ofrece l ull8 iplicd( qne sean, 1i co
pihhlico Ins mejorcla AQUl- Maliiijnai y. ulliujin, ceon proltiatld y
NAS do coeor, tales coino oliieor.l' :': "*
la VICTORIA -- Ordenes dol exterior rocibirhn uia
AMERICAN Y STANDARI), t., atiiona printss'
Y pIara lan detalles dirigirso,' A, : A.,"A.'OP1HANKEN,
Ir.NORTH'FRONT 8Tj,-BEJLlZ...a 1; *,.i0 4h' .-.vBelize, Britishl Hondura.
. : : : -

( . 20 )
* .*

Convent of Our Lady of:Mercy, Belize, ... '

. V :, .. ,*< .. .. .,.
S* .i elect School for young ladles, Boarders and
-Day-scholars, .
Be"ide. what is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa..
tion, French is taught if required. Also elementary Drawig and the..
.; s,,: impler kinds of fancy work. .
.' E.'A- Music, PiAno or Guitar. ,.
I. :- Boarders, .$ 15o. oo half year. : ': .
I .i Day-scholars, $ 5. oo a month. '''
rTr partlela apply tI the Reveried MIther at the Convesi t. -'
i t
-; Im .. .
-. ri' -; ,. I .... ..

-: Convent de Ntra. Sa. de las Mercedes, Belize.
; .Escuelaselecta para Senorltas, Penslonistas y Externas. '
','"i '!Ademhs de lo que se comprende e el curso usual de Educacion Ingleas de ..
S n m, dcle, s eaciina el Francis cuando se desca, Dibujo elemental y los '
,t ; :,, trabajos ma sencillos en Obnrb de fantasia.' I ; ,lr;
Extras, Mlics, Piano, Guitanrra. *
'''" :''.: .. ,CONDICION E .
S Pensionittas", :;$ 150. oo p mereiltr / h '. ; .
.., 'I Extemn .$ 5.oo. mensuales. ,,, .
*"' o ,r X .e n ." ,A






a t 6 "

4. j4 at 6.35

S F S. Ignatius uf Antioch, a.M.
2 S Parifcatiow ofB. V. Maky.
Candlemas Day. '
.3 8u. 4th after Epiphany.
,4. M S. Andrew Curini, Ia.
*. T i SS. Paul. John and James,s.j.
SS W S. Titau. a. u[M.
7 Th S. Rumuald, Ab.
8 F S. John of Maths, c.
9 S S. Cyril of Alexandria, .o..
S:o Su. Septuagesima.
M B. John de Britto, .J..,M.
as I T Prayer of Our Lord.
,,,S W S. Catherine de Riccl.
4, Th Seven Foundersof theServites

/ ; N


mill. First Quarter.
min. Full Moon.
to min. Changes of Moon. Fa Q rteor.
1s min. New Moon.

15 I F BB. J. Machadu and Comnpanion,
S.J., MM.
16 S S. Raymond de Pennaiort, c. .
17 Su. Sexagesima.
iS M Office ofS. I"gnatu .
19 T IPasion of Our Lord. .
3o W Ofice of S. Francis Xavier.
11 Th B. Didacus Carvalho. &.J., M.
s1 F S. Peter's Chair at Antioch.
33 S S. Peter Damian, ..
34 8u. Quinquagesima.
35 M S. Matthias, Ap.
16 [' Office of S, Francis Borgi ,
37 W W Aik W ndeday.
S8 Th Feria.

O[T K .

a. 'Candles blcsed before lMass t 6.30. '

i'. 3y. l..l p. U -- j p o
S During Lent every Wednesday at 7 p. im. Rosary, Senlnur, Benediction anl every
Friday at7 p, m., Via Crucil, Sermon lnd Benediction.
i, All the days of Lent except the Sundays are days of fasting.. The Fridays of Lent,
S4sh Wednesday and the four lat days of Holy Week are also days of abstinence. Dua!ng
Lent there will be every Wednesday evening Rosary, Sermon and Benediction and every
Friday evening Via Crucle, Setmon and Benediction. ,
........, ~U

S2nd month.

h d M -


--- --- --- I ....-

Page 3s The Calendar, (continued)'. Page 33
colony NoLtter, 3 The Honor of his Faith,. "35
China nt d Peking, : ', i Our Indian Antiquities, 36
Chroncle o the Sacred Heart, 6Monthly Observations, "38
SNew England Convert,. 29 Y erly ., 39
'" o' eagerness to do well was as agreeable as their
';" 1 The distribution of prizes concluded the eve,.
We most heartily concur in His Excellency the ing's entertainment and the applause to the
Governor's fellcitatioll on the Convent play. favourite actors as they descended to receive
Year .by .er we have Witnessed the Sisters' their rewards was a guarantee of the satisfaction
skilful trilntig of their Pupils, bit the exhibition of the audience. '
ofjephthah's daughter compels us to declare that The Govenmer'rs fellcitons allusions were Aell
thesiAtershaive'crowned their continuous endein recetivil by those present anl must lamve raii.
ours with the garland of victory. Never ha sueC- fled the fluid parents who nichited at this llttst
cess been so complete. interesting proof of their children' progress.
The prima facie difficultyof reprenculing male His Lordship' the Bishop inivted thanks to Ili,
characters has been overcome; for so naturally Excellency for presiding which was heartily
did the young ladies assume the parts assigned responded to.
them that imperceptibly, as the drama proceed- PRIZE LIST i;
ed, the gentle sex vaniihed from the mind and I Dlvlston, st Prize Medal--Mis Victoria Brdley.
we saw and heard Jephthah and Eloid and the For Aptdltloton-'-)llsm A.'Bradley; T.Trunbi.ch,
messenger, and were thrilled by the steady tramp E. TIrunbach and Jennie Lind,
of Israel's soldiery. Miss C. McDonald had II DIv lon,.MIiss eA. Prioe, A. Romero; K. Mufls,
It. Swana. 1 1
thoroughly mastered her role of Iphigenia and lI Divilon. .l.es r.. Salnsar, R. Balrsar, B. Csnton.
we think that she has richly wnc the flattering Mlu)rn, C. lorey. A. Ihrt ir. I. Romnro.
encomiums which have bouel lavished upo. her aIt. BleralL and A. Knight.
on all sides. The graceful self possethion which I JI'IImn m II4lAIo.
the young ladlei exhibited til every portion of thle Illhhp'Is pl'laId.-iatlns 1. t. Martin A J. InSrl,
programme proves the solillty of thu traliln IK Division. Mlses O. Morlan. It. Outteron & M. hind.
training )[tor It. ~lydr,.l. Willisnonou a I. Kool.
which is given them. 11 M" Ltp 3 i dm, K. Vtrga. n o tlor.
Cramped for space though we he and restrain. ." & P. Csceres.
ed by fear of being too free In our pram.se we I.lt Master E. Bradley a T. Swanp.
cannot refrainfronour r^'IwInfanta-Mlssep 3E. Hyde and L. Koop.
cannot refrain from expressing our appreciation Miu .I '*' V. Bradley, A. ieynaud. i. MuPLor
of the genuine achievements ,of the Miises and A. 'rlce.
Bradley, Trumbach and Reynaud. om... tiE S o onty Mid r
,.in .; m' .-l I t, ; NeedleoorkVAM~na A. AItey nlst.
In the littl" comedy we cannot raise e the O Friday, Felirusy tst, the delightful pro
youthful actors tob highly, for here i u they' hal 4rlrdinewas re"pi.edl.l tih the te.fit f such a.
Imart to put aside' their '" persn.imlity' nt j Weruiable .t e first rpresliI....
pren. the stlmpe chlaacter as if it were their 'o,; VT ngrtoin te ,tc bivpers.; anc -tr pppi'I
own. The little people always please and their os their dramatic success.

The Central body of the Catholic Assoclntion
held its annual meeting at thle Bishop's Hous
1in Monday, 14th January, when the following
Office Bearers were elected I-
President, Hon. J. M. Ronado. x.B.o.
Vice-Prelsdent, Don Frmanoiso I rey. e-
Treasurer, Ir. A. A. Richard, re-elected.
Librarian, Ja. D. Born,
Councllor, J. Boloy.
1. A. 8abldo,
L. 1. Cuevaa.
This Association was inaugurated in 1879 hby
our guod Bishop, then Father Superior,and has
done good work.
The Huo. C. Melhado, x.s.o., who we un-
derstand intends shortly to leire the Colony for
good, will be much niessedl by the members as
their former President for many yenar.

By the "Stillwater," February 4th, the Very
Rev. Fr. Fitzgerald, S.J., Superior of the Pro-
vince of Missouri arrived in Belize to inform him.
telf of the needs of his new charge. He was
accompanied by Rev. Fr. Gareachi an old Texan
mmssioner, Rev. Fr. Brady and Br. Curran.

which has preserved the 'traditions 61 their fore-
fathers amongst this aimplb people.
Stann Creek. The Stann Creek branch of the
Catholic Club of B. H. gave an enjoyable con.
versazione and smoking concert on the evening
of the 17th january. After a few opening re-
marks by tile president, the secretary gave a brief
report of the club. Organized in September
last it numbers now 45 members, who have
weekly meetings. Fr. Leib spoke w ew words of
encouragement and then repeated, for the bene-
fit of the Club and their friends, his lecture on
"True Catholic Man." Music and light refresh-
ments kept the interest from flagging until a
late hour.
The Stann Creek school appears to be thriv-
ing. On the opening day over i1 children were
present out of a roll number of 239. The lag-
gards are expected to resume their places at the
conimencemenlt of the month.
Punta Gordal On Rev. Fr. P'nmo.ute's return
front the Indian village on the Sarstoon, where
he administered the last Sacraments to five per.
onlrs In dlaunr nlf drth re-h.lrated elevfll mare

sonsing I is Ast of death celebrated eleven mar.
Mullins Rier. The little church of Mullins river riages and seventeen haptisms, he organized a
has lost none of itsdevotion to N. Seior de E.qui- pilgrimage of inelrcrssion through the plantations
pulas, in fact; it has become a pilgrim spot and il, the vicinity, for the extermination of the des-
the annual celebration of the feast on Jan. i5th tructive rat, which seems to be overrunning the
showed rather an increase than otherwise of de- fields and doing serious damage to the crops.
motion to this mlraculous emblem. Father Leib,
who left Belize to celebrate the feast, arrived PASTORAL LETTER
after 'teudllln tlip Ilunar the small hours of the
night anid without further delay ant to hear rcon- N ti.,lra.l.J.
fesslons for an hour and again from 7 till 9 a. mi. 4V
Owing to a large pilgrimage from Stanni Creek sh ItAOP Or uriUKA
to Esquipulas in Guatemala, few visitors were at V s AxoLu
Mullins River this year.. All the Catholicsof the l or
settlement joined in the procession in the after- L Bramt HoNOUKaA.
noon, when the sacred Emblem was carried by
four strong: men under a purple canopy, to the
end of Spanish.Town ahd back to the Church. DuAa BHA ITHIIKN IN JKsua CLnIIIaT.
Amidst the Continuous firing of salvo, prayers The recent disturbances which sudtden-
were recited by the children and women, and ed our once peaceful Colony, were hot a faint
psalms and hymns sung by the choir. The whole echo of the continual uprisings which now a
celebration, did credit -to; the Catholic insinct days are rampant even in the greatest of natlinm,


( 3, )

( 24 )

they airbasced on the same foundation, and poisonous plant may die. and not shoot forth
spring rm the same source I mean n insatible again. As the learned Leo XIII in his admirable
Pgred which torments the human race like a Encyclical on." Labour" say Religion alone
can solve this problem which so far has baffled
frenzied fever.
ofriendlge etirely the supernatural end for the attempts of the wise men in law and it is in.
which be Was placed on earth, man seems to cunmbent on the Bishops, faithful custodians of
obey no other instinct than the acquirement of the church's teaching, to indicate the remedy for
the present evils. To fulfil this desire is the scope
cheDay and night lie this aboutthe, he con- of the present pastoral and in it we shall follow
Dveres about them and to precure them he toils the lines laid ,lown by Hi. Holiness intheabove
Inderfigably t the sacrifice of what is dearest mentioned Encyclical.
and mot precious to him. His health his Society, as defined by writers on Natural right,
strength" his tSlents, his life, his conscience, all is said to be the union of Intellect aind will t,
are called into service for this end. Indeed so procure social well being. It is composed ofdif-
prevalent is this sentiment that those who by ferent elements, which combine their forces and
birth or adversity are debarred from possessing intentions for the acquiring of common good.
wealth are reckoned as unfortunate, whilst they The bond tht unites these elements is reciprocal
are reputed blessed and happy' who possess love, which constrains all to work efficacionuly
ealt in abundance. for the perfectioning of the individuals, which
wealth n constitute society. The moment this love iN cer'
In these days a man is not contented with i to diminish, or be entirely extinguished, society
S moderate lIcome-sufficient to live at ease in hi is bound to break up, just as a building, no mat-
own sphere, and put aside an allowance for fu. ter how solid it be, totters and falls when the
ture contingencies, but looking ahead of time cement which binds the stories together has lost
arid circ-imstances, he pretends speedily to amass its cohesive virtue.
a huge fortune, even alas, though it be at the ex- With these principles in view we readily di..
S penis of honesty nd justice. The result is such cover the.dissolvent element which is filtering
a disproportionate distribution of capital that through society and threatening universal dis-
- whereas tome thousands may be counted as al l-
whereas some thousadndsmay be counted asnil. rlption. Hard as steel now, the human heart
l4onairs in high, society, billions of others are beats no longer for the common weal but aspires
reckoned in the raks of the ufortuate, who to te oein o t
oppressed by extreme iiecessity barely scrape to. cannot be'l secured iby fair w,,ys, it is gra sped
gether food to appease the hugerhich pinches from the egtimae possession of itwn brethren
Hbou that relentlesich haste, ought riobetweend irrespective of the means employed., Hence the
labour and capital which hased ought rico and h broils between masters sad men, the one endea-
ruins in the most civilized euntries' and which during toxto the must.gai at the smallest
has at last struck one blow ln 'this ,our.Coluny. outlayy, sltort tthe m lostain of the moollest
Mighty efforts have been made"by Gvvermen utl t heir as ter, forming siriki d rio t tohe spoil
to control thd tempest, ,esdlesus 'hebiela; e their mster, formilngstrikes and riots to dtpoil
been propounded by ecomnoml.trit with"pactal them.- It is necessary then that the. parties of
ly no rult, while Socialis dAarchimd brothersinto which society has split up, be again
ly no ramult, while SociAlinm and Anarchismiad.
vance with giant strides, and ules the hand of reconciled and league in brotherlylove ol the
vane witb giant strlde. ;And iodaess the hand of
Godl itervene.. forScEtyl' I I, .. prilciplesof(.Chrlstiasnrharityiald work nutudll
Sly for social benefit, ilThis, econcillation ican
l It is imperative on s then 4o. f dthe root ff only be, ffected, by? Religioiin other words by
the evil and hre apply the remeJdy., that this itL ChurEhthe'fithfl .guardia, of theitkich-

( .

Ings of Jests Christ who was the great reformer pile up capital at the price of other men's ruin
of society and the church has formulated certain or the workman who plods to raise himself out
'ules of justice and of charity, which, while they of his condition and as they say make his fortune.
subject the. hired manly to his master, prescribe to Certainly if you consider well the private life of
the latter alsu the proper rules of disposing of the latter class or observe attentively their conver-
his riches. All true reconciliation and listing nation and their actions you will find them occu-
peace lay founded on the maintenance of these pied with one single idea-make money. They
t.wo pillars which conastitic .the reciprocal obli- are dissatisfied and restless and disposed to per.,
galions between inltter anid man. petratr any deed if only they can realize the long
Let nl then proceed leisurely, following the yearned for notion of a fortune. Take notice
guidance of our truly learned Pontiff. l.owever that this state does not exist among the
The lalourer's obligation in justice towards pIorer classes, who for the most part are resigned
his mInster, is to fulfil faithfully and entirely the to their lot, hut amongst the middle class, who
work agrcedl upun. to dto ,no, linage to the pro- have enough toliveun, but turn desperate because
perty.or pevroia of his emniployjr, but to lcefend they cannot gratify every desire or have the stia-
his interests by all legal inean--nevter to over- faction of possessing capital. Children of men".
step due hounds in demandingli what he secks by sany the Royal prophet how long will you love
acts of violence mnuchless by rioting. On the atller vanity and sek after lies I" Were all to lie con-
hand masters and capitalist, remembering al- tent with the social position in which God has
ways that their hired men are not slaves adil placed them and strive ty practical industry to
muchlues heasts of hurthen, are hound tol rEh- better themselves, we should never witlne those
pect them as men cnnohled by the character of strange monstrosities of life-meen directing a
ChriKsian:-Thev must not speculate on them business whiclhtheydo not understand.
an if they were merely tools fltr their profit, they (TO BI CONTINVED)
nmust give nttenlion to their spiristul welfare;
they must mnt t.ax them with work beyond their China-- IKtINo ANDlTHLJtSUITS-I co)nnec-
age, strength or sex. IMolreover ti each one they lion with the great war at present g ing on br-
must give fair wiages, and not he mean or close tween China and Japan, it is interesting to learn
with them nor ill-treat them with harshness, that the fortifications of Peking ai in the greater
tnury;mr anifairness. Thus far we quote from part of their general outline just as they were
' the Encyclical. planned by the well-known missionary, Fr. Adam
S One cause why workmen have become so itn Schall, 9.J., for the Emperor Shun-ehe, the first
.tractable to their masters, may be traced to a of the ruling Ta-taing dynasty (1644-1661).. Fr.
false apprehension of liberty and equality. In- Schall was born in Cologne in 159R, and whilst
.budc,.with the novel idea that all smen are equal a missioner in Peking enjoyed the highest repu-
arid free In, all their dealings ainl that distinctions station on account of his piety and his learning.
Sin social standing should be swept away, they An extraordinarily gifted linguiat, he was no less
live in a reckless inquietude and as often as they skilled in mathematics and astronomy, and was
can make a stand against lawfully couistituted even able to direct a cannon-foundry. The Em-
Sauthority they are delded by the gilded dream peror used always to cosumlt him before taking
that saon there will be an equal distribution of any Important decision. Acor4!ing to the curi-
Sewealth amopgst all classes. -: uu Chinese custom of conferring honours, not
I It Ios ot easy to say precisely nowaday. who as with us, by heredity upon a man's descendants.
s tlhe most cbvetous the tic man who endeav- but retrospectively upon his ancestors (e.g. as
ours through combinations land speculations to has just been done to General Too, who fell at


( 26 )

te btti of ping-Yang), the ancestors of Fr.
the Wbee enobled by the grateful Emperor.
c othe diploma of this grant and the Father's
Both thi doloig p plan of the fortifications of
o* Pgl .lre "Lll preserved in the archives of that
cPeking p* Diploma by the heavenly command
capo te father of Fr. John Adam," so runs the
former .cuen: ". I, by the heavenly decree
the Emeror, declare according to the customs
of the Enm ire, that those who are endowed with
sany ecellnce or virtues generally have received
the same froan.their parents. I believe that thiis
is recogised.all over the world. When I coni-
der that the excellence which I behold in thde,
Adamn, is derived from thy father, it seems good
to me that he should be rewarded by some high
dignity. Yea, thou hast established to thyself a
lasting fame for .ll future time.* Il considera-
tion therefore of the great zeal with which thy
son hath benefitted both me and thee, nind thereby
extended thy fame, I confer upon thee a place.of
honour in the Tacham-su magistracy. It tucds
particularly to the exaltation of a man's falpe
when he educates hit children well. Wherefore
I aldrrss thee not without reason and pray. that
thy uiil may live forever in peace andl happiness,
whilot congratulating thy sol here and thyself
yonde'r."-Geraulniia.; *
This t supposed to be addresed to the litherol the

sioNs-The Rev. Mr. Knox, a Presbyterian
Missionary in Corea and Japan, is more fair-
mninded than his clerical brethren usually are
when they deal with Catholics and Catholic mis-
sionary work. Ile has lately contributed two very
interesting articles to a nun-Catholic paper 'In
Catholic missions in the ahove named countries,
in the course of which he pays a warm tribute to
Sthe zeal and self-sacrifice of our priests He tells
how the Jesuits (as he call them, but hercin hie
is nmitake ;. there have never been any Jesuits
in. Corca)-entered the country. a century ago,
and after wiuining many souls to Christ, were,1
Cruelly put to death with their; native convertt,

not one of whom quailed before the executioner's
sword. Here is the testimony borne by this Pres.
hyterian clergyman to Catholic missionary zeal:
" It is not surprising that the heroic missionaries
of the Roman Catholics win the plaudits of n.-
lookers who are not impressed hy the peasant
home life with wife and children and abdudant
comforts of the Protestant missionary; However
out of sympathy with the dogmas of theRomna
Church, their poverty, endurance, patience sndl
suffering excite the admiration of us all. Everr
thoughtful lpisaiolary is forced to ask himnsel
whether the Reformation did not go too fart
whether the priestly, monastic, militant types
are not, after all., more in accord with the mis-
sionary spirit." A remarkahnl administratlii,
from a non-Catholic missionary..
SIllustrated CGtholic MNiilou,"



4? z


The Intention which ottr Arsociates'are
askyd to pray for during February is
Growth it tle love of ourt neijlhotr.

Ig I HERE is no' lack of philanhropy in
f 3 the world, tb't it is often of the wrong.
sort or proceeds from ani imperfect
motive. Some people are democratic;
but. it is from a wish to he popular I others have
a general good feeling to their fellow men, be-
cause they are membersof the same human race;
whilst others again labour for the good of their
neighbour, hut put n thL firnt place thetr tempo
ral well-being., to which their religious welfare
In only secondary. .,'.: ''r '

'~; ''

'" ''

( 27 )

Such is not the evangelical love of our neigh- below them. Thus, the eye cannot say to the
bour, which is proposed to us in the Scriptures. hand, I don't need your help; nor the hand to the
This love; for which we should pray, may he feet, I have no need of you, I Cur. xii, at. The
summed up in these three rules:- .. hand does not want to le the eye, nor the foot
i. That we love our neighbour as ourselves; the ear, for "If the whole body were eye, where
a. That we love him as the members of the would be the bearing? If the whole body were
same body love one another; : ..:'i, . i hearing.where would be the snelliig?"(verse 17).
3. That we love him as Christ loved us. (a) Ifone membersuffers anything, all the mean-
The 1st rule requires that our :love fori our bers suffer with it and if one member glories,
neighbour should have the. same.tendeney and all the members rejoice with it, I Cur. xii, 27.
the same properties as our love fur ourselves; hut Thus if the stomach is out of order, the head
Does not. mean that these qualities should be as suffers along with it. If the foot is pricked by
great and intense in the love of u'Jr neighbour, a thorn. the eye immediately seeks to find it out.
We ought then to wish the real happiness of our This is a picture of what our love to our brethren
neighbour, principally In the next life but also ought to be. "Rejoice with them that rejoice,
in this. Two general rules are laid down (or the weep with them that week. Be of one mind one
practice of loving our neighbour as ourselves, towards another. Mind nut high things but cun-
The 1st is negative,-" See thou never do tI an- descend to the humble," Rom. all, 15.
other what thou wouldst hate to have dune to The 3rd rule is given us by Jesus Christ him-
thee by another," Job, ive t6; the and Is.posi- self in these words --" This is Imy command that
live,--'All things whatsoever you would that you love one another, as I have loved you."
man should do to you do you also to them," Matt. What sort of love is this? Christ loved us (I)withl
vii, a1. According to, these rules we desire'to out any merit on our part, nay even when we.
be treated by our fellow-creatures and, If they deserved to be hated by Hlimi. If we thus love
behave as to us, it makes us happy. Hence, an our neighbour, we shall notconider whether he
our love for ourselves makes every excuse for our is agreeable or disagreeable, a friend or an ecie-
own conduct we ought, as far as we can, where my, likely to le grateful or ungrateful. Love,
possible to form favourable judgements of others. your enemies, do good and lend, hoping for nu-.
Again self love. is real and sincere; and,ithere- thing thereby and your reward shall be great,
fore let love of the neighbour be ".without dis- and you shall be the sons of the Highest; for lHe
sialulatign, loving one another with a brotherly is kind to the unthankful and the evil,"Luke vi,35.
, love," kom. xii, J. Lastly, love for ou selves (a) Christ's love was not confined to family,
I is not content with good wishes, but strives to ac- to race or country; but extends to all mankind.
quire or preserve those things, which will help He died for all, and wills that all should come
our welfare. Such therefore should he oyr love to the knowledge of the truth and besaved. And.
for our neighbour. My little children, let us iHe makes His sun to rise upon the good and
not love in word nor in tongue, but in deed and upon the badly and rains upon the just and the
in truth," i John iii, :., r ; unjust)" to teach us that our love furor uneigh-
The.3and rules tells us that we ar' to Iv our bouur ought to embrace all mankind. All mien
neighbour,' a -members of the same body love have such a relation to God us obliges us to love
Ine ahither. 'Now* Ithexantinlog' the way'in them fur God's sake. ', Therefore whilst we haye'
which the' je'~mi t slimne body l lve oni time let us do good to all men." Gal. vi, 9, ,,
atiholhOE, the'criptdi chiefly takes itlcet tWo () The love of Christ for.us s strong and per*,
paetJia. ',itlhe'arf,6etbeWi'othe anit body sxvjrlng.,,? Having loved his own, who were in,
never envy ;tboq, atve the n nor pi those, the, wprld, he loved them event the tnd,'John.

S( 28 )

iii, The injuries mankind committed against mo dice S. Pablo, 6 en las palabras del amnado
iit could nev er stop his love for them; so no discipulo del Senor, IJuan iii, 18, Hijitos mios
Cbrit ouf our neighbour ought to destroy our no memos de palabra ni de lengua sino de obr
behaiour y de verdad."
love for them."
.,ove for then. ht are the qualities which the En segundo lugar veamos como sieiten lot
,; ;Seeioftgr ur eig-our ought to have, according miembros de un cuerpo uno para el otro, y eow
to the lrchin of the scriptures, it is plain that en dos particularidades, primero, no tienen en-
there i but little of such true charity in the world ; vidi unos 6 los otros ni desprecian los super.
and, therefore, there is much need for us to pray, ores A los inferiores. "El ojo, por ejemplo no.
tst it may grow, first In our own hearts and puede decir i Ia mano, no to he mnescter, ni
nett in the hearts of our neighbours. tampoco la cabeza i los pies, no me ois necesu.
0 Jesuthrough the most pure Heart of Mary, rios," I Cor. xii, 2i. La mano no quiere Iiacern
SoferThee the prayers, works, and suffering of ojo, niel pie el oido porque si todo el cucrpo
this day,for all the intentions ofThy divineHeart. fuese.ojo, adonde estari el oido? y as t6do luse
We pray then that the love of our neighbour oildo adondee starii el olfato?" y mins adelante,
may spread and increase throughout the world si algun ml .padece on mienhro, todus Iha
Snd that men may love one another as true chil-miembro. padecen con el: 6 i un mieihro s
dren of our Father who is in heaven. ho"i otrdos padon miembron rcegcij a cieto l."
honrado todos los miembros regucijan con t."
Intencion general propuesta A liu agra- San Pablo complete el cudru en la carts i lor
da Alianza del Corazon de Jesu s Romanos xii, 15, Gozuos con loI que ao go.
El aumeneto del amor delprojimo. an; Ilorad con los que Iloran.... no pagando
No hay falta do filantropia en el mundo, pero i nadie ma.l per nal.... teniendo pa contodlod
por disgracia'se fund esa virtud sobre falsos los hombres.... si tu dnemigo tuviete hambre
principles 6 dimana de motivos imperfectos. dale de comer.... no to dejes veneer ti l midl,
Quinoes hay que obran por motives de interdsy mas vence el mal con el bien,"
vanidad, y hay tamblen quo obran por el Inrtin-. Fintlmente escuchad al Dios do Amor que not
to natural que lea levan career que o quo es oensefa z-"Amad pues i vuestros enemigos, ha-
humano slempre merece so atencion; y no fal- ced bien, y dad prestado, sin esperar por e0o
tan otro Que ie equivocan much y Invierten tl nadei y vuestro galardon aerA grande y serdis hi
orden ligitimo'haeiendo de primer importancia jot del Altisimo porque el ea bueno sun para
ta que ea de consideration secundaria dando all. los ingratos y malos." Luc vi, 35.'*
Svio a cuerpo sin hacer cjas del estado spiritual Viendo pues los caracteres de It vedadersprari-
Sde lo rcipientes de sus bcneficios. -' dad con tiu~stros projimso roguenmos Diai que
Pero no ad enseian ls Saigradas Escrituras m estlienda mas an itifluencia entire losCristianos
'" ino que amemos al projimo como i nosotroi pars que ie cumpleno lns dos mandamientoa~
mimos y que Ie amemos coma loa miembros de Amarhs Dios Sefor tuyo aobre tolut la*s cu
n. 'curpo amen mutuamente uno al otro. De.i Sa y -& t projimwcomo tl misino.". :1 :
bemospues dear Is felicidad temporal y sobre Oh Jesus miS, por tnedii del Crrasitrt lnin.
todo spiritual del projimo b comose le Icee culade de Maria Santiima, oe ufrezco Is* ora-
Job iv, :6, uardate de baerjcamas i otro to clones, obras y trabajo del presented dia, pars
Sque no quiiere que otro te hap i tli ," t f.' rcp"ar" Ils ofensas quoe oe hacen,.y para las
bien en 8. Mateo vil, ii, "Asi todo lo e qu-' d ln ontenclones de vwatro.Stagrad corza
rela que oR hagan los hombres hacedlo tinibin .Y los ofrecemos tapblen para quo r deranm
v ototro it elloC," y eso sin disimaidclon; pro 1 amo del ir ojimo mar y aim enat iiiond,
rando qear s otno oa 'm a'mor ctn, atProt qe lo hom bre a et mnjutlame ntt e oC ine la.
Srnao 1m otr. con amor firatertnal/cV. J"i de dIdottd Padre que tit' en lo* CielH'm6 ;"

.....'~~.. ;: 'r r d : ' l rI4 .' ,

'( 2Q ) -


Tlken from the Meaenager qf lse acred Heart. N. York

The subject of the following sketch which cannot fal
to interest the 'olonlsts was but a year ago labour.
Ing In oir nilsslon at .taun Creek.
JOHN ROBERTSON'S great grandfather, Archi
bald Robertson, was bori in Kdinburgh, Scut
land, in 1708. He emigrated to this country it
t154 with his family, consisting of a wife aul
four sons. 'He left Scotland o.n iiccouut of reli-
gious dissensions, being himself a zeaI)oun fol-
,ower of the New Disciples." Aftet a shorl
tsay in Boston, the family settled in New Haump-
hire where they still remain.
Father John Ruhertson was born March 13
1847, at Charlestown, New Hamnpshyre, and was
hiptisecl in, the Episcopal Church nt HIllho.v'
Falls, Vermont, as there was then ito church ol
that denomination in his native village. Charles-
town stands on the left bank of the Connecticut
River, on a broad terrace some fifty feet above
the river. The main street runs parallel with the
river and is a wide avenue, one mile in length,
Perfectly level, shaded on either side with grand
old elms. At the north,AscutneyMountain stands
in solitary dignity, a king among his subjects.
-The hills rise in every direction around the beauti-
f ful valley, making walks and drives with glorious
Views of mountain scenery. It was among these
grad New Hamaphire hills that the lad was
born and educated with Puritan strictness, to be
later in life formed by the Society of Jesus into
"A tool meet for the Master's use." His baby.
hood was markedly by what we so often read of
in the lives of holy people-what seemned like a
series of attempts of the powers of darkness to
extinguish the life which, with prophetic intlinct,
they may-have felt was tb vanquish them so com-
pletely. The neighbours in the village would tell
his mother that the boy wa certainly born to
'he he ing.": ';. .l;. ,' .. .-,

For weeks he lay in danger of death, from a
fatal epidemic which desolated many a family
in the village; he pulled an immense stack of
bricks over himself, and was only saved from
being crushed by the falling bricks themselves
forming an arch over him; he was drawn un.
I conscious from a large tub of rain water he em-
' braced the hind leg of a kicking horse with both
arms and was gently shaken off unhurt;, and
Finally set fire to his pillow with his bedroom
' candle, which was extinguished by the falling
feathers. As he grew older he developed into
Sa dreamy, quiet lad, a great lover f books. He
was different from the older lads in the village,
and his pecularitics of character often excited the
t ridicule of those who admired but could not un-
' derstand him. lie was loved by all and had in
a very mnirkel degree, the gift of making friends
. wherever he went. "A cheap sortof popularity,"
he scornfully called it, but throughout his Pro-
testant life, at least. he stood alone in that which
f wns deepest in his nature-bis search for God
*and Revealed Truth. .
SIlia love for books wasl encouraged by his
mother, whose gifts to her children were gene.
rally books. As John grew older he began put-
ting aside his pennies In buy for himself. After
long saving, he displayed, with great pride, one
day, his first pnrchaset-e" Macaulay's Essays."
Hd was scarcely nine years old at that time, and
one hardly knows what led to this selection. It
was looked upon as a dreadful waste of money
by the other children, whose pennies went in
quite another direction. His next purchase was
oni a larger scale, for he came home one day,
from ail auction sale it the village, with twenty
large volumes of Buffon's Natural History.
.. Beautifully bound and sold for 4 mere
songl" he exclaimed with, boyish eagerness.
What was his divappioiutment to learn that ow-
ing to the progress of modern science they were
no longer considered reliable. His mother, who
could not bear to have him disappointed, greatly
Admired the handonme bindings and the addition
they made to the family library.


30 )

Where he t his love of natural science it and thin, and &howed an inclination to stoop
Wheru be di t Io It was not encouraged from too long application to his books. "It
would be dof that time as it is to-day; neither will make him more manly," said his friends,
n children o at home was it suggested, so far more worldly," perhaps, said.the angels. lie
as t soo nor W perhaps it caine from the beau- was never again in Charlestown for any length
Sit I knowta scenery which surrounded him or of time. 'Ie had hadl much in his environment
tiful ountai c y front the loving heart to help him heavenward, but there was slH
sprang A'ontl"" attracted to children, annals much of evil had lie chosen to follow it.
and ficlwars. Be that as it anny, hi room was a "There never was any lad burn and brought
nde of specimens, rocks, birds' nests, andi up in Charlestowni, who had left it more pure
useu kind of curiosity, to the great disgust of than John Robertson," were the words reluctant.
those whoe oice it was to strive to keep it neat ly admitted by a Protestant, tlho wholly idsap.
ho ho.e o proved of his later course.
and orderly.
With ail his passion for bouks andt science, Of the ensuing icho.o year' here is but little
however, he was "ever able to obtain a satinlfac- to say. It is the only time of his life on which a
tory report from his teachers at school. To cni- shadowwas cast. Friendship with nGerminan iner.
mit his task to memory and then recite it accord- ly cost liln his faith. He was suspended for three
ng to the methods of those days. was what he noonths for a boyish trick, sand enlisted for a thrrie
either could not, or would not do, and coinse- monthly' service in the arnny. There was a call
quently was always in trouble. liewas report- for oo,oco0 volunteers. Patriotic spirit wa,
ed as inlcorrigibly idle, most often when his older at its height, itnni manHy hearts were breaking winh
sisters took the place astencher. He would lbend fear for their beloved uones, but no one dreamed
over his open atlas for all hour at t thine ap. that schoolboys wold think of enlisting. Judge
pnrently studying, and yet, when the tinle came therefore of tlhe consternation ofJohn Rohertslon's
Ifr recitallon, he knew nothing of tile lesson. family, nt one dny receiving n letter sanyings
t'erlnps the open niu p, over which hei was so VWhen you receive this, I shall he already n
fond of dlreaning, spoke to him of the heathen my way to Washington." T'rhen followed an cn-
souls for whom he should lay down hli life thusiastic plending.to his mother to sacrifice her
It was at this time that he one day electrified only son for his country's good. Later on his
the family, after one of these long dreams over mother told him somewhat drily: That the
an atlas, face down on the fluor, by saying I services of boys of fourteen and fifteen were Uke*
Mother, when I become a mann, I shall he a ly to be more of a burden than a help to the
Catholic monk." country." The grief and fright caused by this
Thisbroughtthe usual laugh overoneofJolhn' letter may be better. imagined than described.
Squeer sayings. The mother, questioning hin The father telegraphed at once, and followed the
I later, found he had obtained books from the telegram on the next train. Fortunately there
SCatholic priest, through a servant to whom he was some delay in the departure of the young
Swas deeply attiche. His mother made no op- ca.ylet and he arrived in tile to prevent his son's
position, but soon after used her iilntsence with departure, and cancel his enlistmient.
his their to send him away to school. This was School days over John Robertson was placed
in c Go, l h year before the breaking out of our by his father as clerk in a Boston book-store.
v Ir. It was decided to sed him to a mill, There is no. doubt but' that the old desire for Ca-
try school withthe hpe that the daily drill and tholic truth wasstill his guidia g star; it had only
S""sturonr With bod f would make him laid hidden fort time, and he now again began
t--ger .. t' h. ws, growing palA, to struggle towards the lighi. Abluit this time

( 31 )

the Oxford movement, which began so much ed, nothing could arrest John R'obertsoni in the
earlier in England, was felt in this country. The upward course, and the voung man started alone
Church of the Messiah-as it was then called- to win his way through the Seminary. This he
was the first to take it up in Boston. It was then was able to do through the clarity of the Semi-
under the rectorship of the Rev. Dr. Williamin. nary at Nashiluth, which enablec the candidates
Bishop Easthburn wasn very low churchman,and to pursue their studies free of expense. le filnih-
party feeling ran high. Sanctuary choirs, colored ed the course there successfully. Ilis letters at
vestments, lights, incense and turning to the altar that time were not preserved. One remark made
were new and strange innovations, savoring very hy the same mischievous sister who had so often
strongly of the Scarlet Womant, and could not teased him before, shows his fervor at this period:
he tolerated by the older members of that very Tell John," she said to one who was writing
conservatliv and respectable sect. They remind- him, that I. wish he would write letters, and
ed the would-be Catholics, of the name which not sermlns, for I can read better sermuns than
had been adopted in council, The Protestant his any day."
lEpiicopal Church of America," inay, even the When the tine came for John Robertson's
preaching in surplice, itsntead of a black silk ordination as an Episcopal clergyman, objections
g.wnl, was looked upon na the mark of a party, were made. lie was not sound in his conviction;
It would he hard now to make the young mem- leaned too much to the Cathulic lFailh,ctc. There
hcrs ,of the Episcopal denominations believe what was ditilticlty in conxseionice in gulilng his pa.
trifles were the subject of disputes, atnd what pern signed. But Dr. Jaline de Kovein scecoum-
real lieart-achec they caused. The younger one-s polished this, and proved himself a staunch friend
then were all the more enthusiastic because of throughout, being in thorough sympathy with
the opposition ritualism excited, and.they delight- his convictions. Immediately after his ordinsa
ed in feeling themselves peraectred. Hymns tion he went to Alilwaukee, at the invitation of
Ancient and Modern," came lout loutlhitime. bishop Armiitage. This i bishop had founded
introducing true Catholic Hylimn, not the com- there a clergy-houte with a half conception of a
mIniplace ones we so often hear sung by Ca- Religious Order. The. members of this associa*
tholics of the present day. tion took no vows and could leave at anytime,
John Rohertsou with his attraction to the Ca- but agreed not to receive any salary, nor to marry,
tholic Church, his passion for music, and love while connected with the Order. About this time
,for the liauutiful, was completely absorbed by Father Benson, the Superior of the Cowley
1he movementt. He had a fine tenor voice and was Fathers, near Oxford, came to this country to
a fair organist. He soon became a member of found and American novitiate for his Order, and
the choir at the Church of the Messiah and firm went West on a preaching tour to persuade
adherent and.friend of Dr. Williams. No doubt young men to join them. John, longing for
he tfacied he had found the truth and light for stronger food, heard him gladly, and eagerly
which he had been so long seeking. lie was not offered himself to the Order. He was accepted;
lung in arriving at. the decision to devote his and he immediately resigned his place in Mil.
whole life to it. He then wrote home for permi-s waukee and prepared to enter the American o-
sioni to study for the ministry, with the idea of vitiate of the Cowley Fathers. It wits then
carrying out his attraction for a missionary life situated at Bridgeport, Conn. Bishop Arinit-
among the Indians, His mother was delighted age# deeply disappointed at losing him, after
with the request. but not so his father.' Deeply trying in vain to dissuade him from the step,
disappointed, he refused to aid him in what he came East and saw one who, he thought, had
considered a mere passing whim. Once decide. eost influisce with John in order to try and

( 32 )

it. infle nce n his. ide. their more worldly friends. John brought his
gain t uht infl ie nd become well known," love of botany to their aid, and scoured the fields
plHe ise ito ifwitih his gifts and talents, ind woods for edible herbs, which should furni
bpremaid with us: but he will simply bury them ish the table, and so save expense, until tie therer
th the y Fathers.",, expostulated,'fearing that they rbould be poion.
with the Cowley at ere the last that could, ied, andl demanded io more experiments in that
These,'arguments ware the Wat tha could, in*
duence a oul burhiingfor sacrifice. John gave up line. They accused ism uf refusing to give the
hiupolt in alilwankce sad came Ems. Whileon flowers on his scarlet runners for orsinaneintsli
hisway to see his mother at Charlestown, he stay- the altar op the plea that the heans could Ih
ed a few days in New York, and preached on Sun- eaten on the table.
day in fashionable up-town church of ritualistic The young men who composed the communi.
extrayil. Wil there an incidentoccurred which ty at Bridgeport were of the best that this world
goes well to show the spirit by which he was produces. Their ideal was grand, and yet it
ruled, and also the wont of practical carefulness proved a failure;. not one of them now renain
whih so tried his friends. in the Brotherhood. Whei, the house at Ilrilge.
lie went for a stroll in Central Park; In :his port closed, the comusniity withdrew to BUstm,
pocket was his purse which contained the check and joined the others who were carrying oi the
for his trunk left at the Grand Central Depot,'his old Church of the Advent in Bowdoin street.
ticket fos Charlestown, and all the money he had Through all these years, from hoyhlial to
in the world. On coming out of the park he took manhood. John Rohertson had kept one aim he-
a horse car to go down town and put his hand fore him: to find the Truth a, God had reveal.
in his pocket for his fare. His purse was gone I ed it to man. He felt that He who places the
Alone and penniless in the great city, he was instinct on the only tree which could sustain its
perfectly undisturbed. "I saidto myself If-1 life and notices the fall of a sparrow, would not
find it, I wll say Deo GraLtins thankss ecto Gqd), have left us without some knowledge of His true
and if I do not find it I will say Deo Grtlias," Church. John had thus far been blindly gropinl
Swas his account of the incident to a friend.' for the light. At times he thought he had found
He got out of the car, walked back to the ar- it, only to be disappointed in discovering an il-
hor, and found the purse with its contents un- lusion; but never losing sight of his aim or his
touched on the ground, under the bench where hope of success. No doubt his childishi nttruc-
be had been sitting. One of the providential tion for the Catholic faith stayed.with him, for
circumstances which we often pass by unnoticed. at Nashotah he wra accused of it, and we hear
The novitiate of Bridgeport had been opened that his Protestant Oonfesor in Boston bound
by the Cowley Fathers for the training of their him by a vow t Never to enter the Ronmn Ca-
American subjects. The Novice Master was a tholic Church unless he believed it necessary t9
very pious man, about the same age as John salvation." Now the time had come when he
Robertson. They became firm friends, and tu should receive the gift of faith in its fulueas,
.the end of his life John Robertson's mobt fervent when, like St. Paul of old, the scales should fall
prayer was for his conversion. It was beautiful from his eyes as it were in a moment. He was
to see the fervor, self-sacrifice and earnestness reading the evening service one day in the church.
with which these young men set out oa the way It was a time of great doubt and perplexity with
to perfection, Perhaps a want ofprludece and him. He went on mechanically with the service.
discretion might be expected in their zeal. There his heart in the meantime pleading for grace and
wveri many stories told of .lhelr endeavors l o light As he' came to the second lesson, it to
practis poverty which caused a laughnlaupg chanced-if anything ever cehnces--thna it was

I I I-

an account of the conversion of St. Paul. John
read on with deepening fervor, and finally put
with his whole heart the question --
Lord, what wilt Thou have me to do?
Go into the city and It shall be told to tltes
what thou must do."
In n Instant, with perfect clearness, the truth
was revealed to his soul, and he left the church
never to enter it again.: ,
The Advent clergy asked as a favor that he
would first go to England and make a retreat at
Cowley beforetaking the final step. Heyielded
to their washes, and silently, without a word to
his family or. friends as to his change of faith
sailed for England.
He made the promised retreat atCowley, and
*then, immediately after it, presented himself at
the Brompton Oratory to ask admission into the
Catholic Church.:

T was on the 14th day of the moon of
March that the Jews celebrated their
Passover antd on the same dav that
Christ died for the redemption 'of the
world. Now sole Jews professing Christianiy
SWished that Christ's ldeth should always be con.-
" memordted on this day, no matter on what day
of the Weik it might fail, because they held the
Jewish ceremonial law to be still in force. Other
Jewish converts, though admitting that the ccre
mnonial law was abrogated, maintained on his-
torical grounds that Christ' death should be
commemorated on the 14th day of the moon of
March. This party, called Quatuordecimans,
pleaded for their practice the usage of the
churches of Ephesus, Smyrna and a few other
Asiitl6 sees, and quoted the authority of the
Apostle 9t. John."' '
SAll therest of the Chriatian world looking to
the day of the week rather than to the day of the
month, bconmmemtorated Christ's death on the
SFriday following the' i4t blay' of the moon of
March, and Ils iretnnrectioon n.the following

Sunday. This usage was derived froim the
Apostles, SS. Peter and Paul and was the prac-
tice of well nigh the universal Church. The op-
position of a few Asiatic congregations drew the
attention of Christian scholars to the study of the
paschal question. This was settled asadiscipli*
naty law of the Church by Pope St. Victor, but
the scientific (qestilon remained unsolved. Easer
it was agreed should be kept ol a Sunduy but
what was. to be the relation of that Sunday to
the. vernal equipox was to be settled on astrono-
mincal grounds. 'n Alexandria and the East ge-
nerally, the Greek cycle of 19 years was used in
Rome sad the West generally a cycle of 84
years. By the former the equinoctial new nmoun
could int occur before March 8th nor later than
April 6th by the latter it might fill as curly as
March 3rd but not later than April 3rd. Saint
DOonysius, Bishop of Alexaladria and Ainatolius,
Bishop of Laodicea laboured to secure uiformni-
ty hut did not succeed. Such was the state of
the Eastern question when the Council of Nice
began its sessions in A. D. 325. This Council
ordained that Easter should he the first Sunday
lfter the first full moon,which happens upon or
nrxl after the :ilt day of March, anld if this full
imon fell on a Sunday theIM Easter was to he
the.Sunday after. This last condition was put
to avoid celebrating Easter at the same time as
the JewlshPassover. The Fathers of the Council
further recommended that the supervision of the
Calendar should be entrusted to the scholars of
Alexandria, since that city was then the great
seatorlnathematical sad astronomical science.
Uut still the year kept telling the wurld that
something was wrong with its calendar, and the
churches could not agree in their paschal calcu-
lations. A hundred years after the Council of
Nice, Easter day was kept at Rome on March
25, and at Alexandria on April s2. A long cur-
respondence on the subject of the discordance
ensued between Pope St. Leo and St. Cyril of
Alexandria; and the calculation of Eater began
to hbe 4udied as much In the Western as in the
Eastern Chbtches with the result that, after a


erth mot successful attempt at re-
hundred ear the of nature and the liturgical
conciling the orderiosus Exigof1 a Roman
order was that of Dionysius Exigus, Rma
orr His work was met with great favour and
monk. is work w eleventh century the
towards the.eC'd of the eleveth cuy te
ionsiar cycle was almostuniversally received
Diony sian r istan chronology. It had how-
as the rule of Christiati cbroology I hd hw
ever one radical defect. It took for granted the
Juli oner co"sisting of 365) days, was a correct

nessurement of the annual revolution of the sun
through the eclipic, though it was too long by
t minute and 14 seconds. So the problem still
remain unsolved The scholars, who nextbusied
thenbelves about the question of the time of
Esstcr,were the Celtic and thp Saxron monks; andl
purely, scientific though the question Vwa, it was
for a long tine a cause of dissension between
the British and the English Churches. In.matters
of faith there was no difference between thd
churches, both professing their entire obedience
to the Ro:nan See and it was only this question
of the time of keeping Easter and the manner of
wearing the tonsure about which the sainted bi-
shops and monks of either side disputed. In the
end Wesh and Irish, and Picts and Scots aind
northern English, all conformed to the usage
which had been brought from Rome by Saint
Augustine and his companions in the 6th century.
Meanwhile on the continent of Europe little
could be done to settle the calculation of Easter
for the barbarian hordes of Goths,Vandals, Huns
and later Danes and Normans were breaking
into Christians sanctuaries, destroying monas.
series and seats of learning and men had to flee
to save what was more precious than books, their
lives. When this period of war and terror pas.
sed by, men's minds were occupied chiefly with
metaphysical and theological questions and act
but little store on what we,_call scientific
knowledge.. .. .,./, .;
In the fifteenth century boweverlt began again
to occupy the serious attentiOts :of the Roman
Pontilts and was discussed in;the Councils of
Constance, ade and Lateram (15t6).There
wire difficulties howeverwhkhb;th.; clece of

the time could not yet master,and it was not till
after the Council of Trent that the Eastern ques.
tion was satisfactorily settled.
Towards the end of the sixteenth century there
was a general awakening of interest in scientific
studies, especially in Southern Europe. Italy led
the van and the Popes were great promoters of
the new studies.
Gregory XIII judged that the time had now
come to solvp the difficulties which beset the
paschal question. He appointed a commission
of seven learned scientists to study the calendar
under all its bearings. Of the reports sent in by
the members of the commission the mnost litia-
factory was that of'Aloysio Lirio and the Pope
forwarded the demonstration to the different
European Courts in 1581. On 24 February 1582.
Pope Gregory XIII issued a bull, by which he
made the reformed calendar obligatory through-
out the Catholic Church. To correct the error
of It days, which had arisen front theJulin year
being longer by it days '14 seconds than the
true year, the Pope ordained that October -th
t58z should be reckoned as the t5th and that
17o00, 8oo ant 19oo should not he leap years
though the year 20oo will be bhisextile. This
great chronological system was lnt accepted for
nearly 16o years by Protestant nations, for they
said "If we take the Pope's calendar we must
needs go into the church when he rings us in"
and so they preferred to be wrong rather than
to accept correction from the Pope. :'' I
The Gregorian Calendar was at teigth.intro.
duced inic England in 1752, when the 3rd of Sept.
was reckoned as the 14th; and at the same time
the legal year, which before began on March 25
was changed to January . For a long time
however there was a badl feeling kept up against
the'promoters of the change. People clamouredl
for the I ldayk of which they had' leeh robbed
and when Dr. Bradley, the astrlonowier, fell sick
the populace attributed his illness to.the judge-
ment of Heaven for tie tart he had taken it
"the impious undertaking' of'bringing' n thWe
Gregorilan Calendar.'' Ruls i and he' Greek
Church still continue in the old errors; preferring
to be wrong,in all then dateastbnhaving anyr -
thing t do,doith the, P pe.,j ;, ,, ,,,. .,rh, ,1'
*."."* '..*l i !..(rn co01 ONTINUaD) r,.' in,.' 1n

( .5T, )

S. A beautiful and practical lesson was furnished
iin the career of Sir John Thompson, the lately
deceased Premier of Canada. Sagacious Emerson
once observed that it is easy in the world to live
m _-_ I after the world's opinion, and correspondingly easy
in solitude toliveafter one'sown. But, he added
the truly great man is he who in the distractions
S and temptations of the world, maintains with un-
disturbed serenity the independence of solitude.
% --. The words.arc not literallyEnierson's but that was
lhisrinttlmut. The dual success of Sir Julhn
S Thonilwon's life seems to have resulted from such
S ..a Lonvuition as this. He was a goRdl man d a
,. .r Crt one at thesanmctime. His exacting official
duties were not performed to the exclusion of his
THE BEST AND CHEAPEST religious duties. He was a good Catholic, in fact.
TYPE W RITERS. ,oithly comlnunicatt. And after his death
Scrcilix and scapular were found ;ni his body. The
Archbishop of Toronto said ofSir John that "one
of the elements of his greatness was his loyalty to
COMHERCIAN'T EN JOYEl IA, l u conscience." ThcQueen ofEngland laid a wreath
I)JKlld lA'rA K A upon his coffin, and by words and manner evincrd
LOJRIA, P'LATrI IllA Y N her personal esteem for the dead statesman. He
TODA ;IL.AEK 1) INS'lTlUMEN'ITO' was convert tothe Catholic faith, and his whole
life demonstrated the sincerity of his choice." The
aMUlllO8 ( Y (PTIJUS. Catholic Record, of London, Ontario, rates this
edifyingstory of the Premier: "Shortlyafterjoin-
liniortdlor de :PIANOS Y URGA- ing the government of Premier Macdonald. Sir
N OSI~,',prbpio,. ra oti vi.siliau, de ls John was to make hi first gret speech in, the
l'tlricanlim iitits a ret itade Canadian Parliament. His opponent was thec lo-
Sa t quent Edward Blake, and naturally Thompson
was nervous about the issue. His firstthought was
o8 hace c arg de todi clluae de ropura- tp secure the prayers of his eldest child, who was a
ciones ien dichos raanos v olreco a 'weekly communicant; but it was too late to send,
phblico lws tnejoros IMAQUI-:. letter to Halifax, and the message could hardly
NAS de coser,i htles come :. be forwarded by teleetraph. He resigned himself
*. .. in.' V C 'T O) R to prayer and waiting; and his astonishment may
..'') AN -k .. W ,TA RD, be imagined when, after a triumphant reply to Mr.
'.. A 8 .TANDAlD, plake, he received a note from his daughter, say-
L jr:Yl m ;.nau detullesat dirigirse A ipg that, having ccidenlally learned of the iinmpr.
S' ORLANi tant speech he was to make, she had received Holy
A.;' E. MOFLAN : Communion and prayed for his success. That
( 'ORTP.IH FRON' 'l:T.,, IELIZK...l~ spcch was the beginning of Sir John's gretness,
W, W' I V R Nm r, I Z''; L" w' t h 1141"d k '"

( ,, i )

n e alwy attributed its success to prayer."
Snd bord isbeter bcuse that man lived In it
nd here is room for many more such as he. If
an thliC mens high places would vindicate the
truth and eicacy of their religion by such edifying
live missionarics and other Gospel workers would
ind their labors rewarded with more abundant
fruit. It would not be necessary for theologians
to spend their intlect and time in compiling vol-
umel of fact and argument to appeal to meh's
Intelcts alone.-Te Cathollc News.


Apropos of the recent discovery of ancient mu-
ral paintings in Corozal, the following account
of a similar discovery in Mexico, may interest
our readers.
Siguen en Teet.iiuacan (qy Teotihuican) las
exavciones que dirige el Sr. Batres, pars descu--
brir la que unColegn llama PompeyaMexicania.
La ciudad descubierta ofrece curinsos 6 inte-
resantes datos para Is historic de una civilizacIbi
cuyos vestigios son verduderaniente grandiosos.
Hil: Ilegado con poco trubajo 'a una especie
de palnclo con granules camaras 6 salones, ertu-
cadas tas paredei cun figures slibolicas perfec-
tamente acabadas y ccnservadas.
Esos Salones tinenn n la part superior cor.
nizas de barrow en forms de grecns muy bien In-
bradas. Coeca de sl entrada hay un pequefio
departsmicaito que parece fu6 tin bhai con las
paredes cubiertas con policromao qie represen-
tan eas figures flnitasticas y monstruosos de las
mitulogia de nuestros aborigines.
Slleona vlato un pequeno pedaz o de aquellos
estuco, llanmenoalos sai, aubre adobe y sunn mily
Front another publlo journal we read that as soon
as Her Majesty, the Queen, became cognlzant of the
act that thie late Mlniiter was a ctholo she hterill
the residenlstP of Windor to
Lsummond tO e Palace and sdmlnlsterthe rites of
the e0hreb to hr departing svant. and on his demise
ordered t m thr on to onduut the ln.
I nmms me Auwr to s, played on the ddi
IS$atlied 00 dooa

notables, tanto por la inateria de que estnn con.
struidos como por sis colors, entire los que as
distinguen el rojo y el verde de grande y hermo.
sa intensidad.
Lo mas curioso es que los grades y pequeno,
salons -de -quel palacio 6 mansion subterranes,
catan Ilenndos de tierra 6 arena muy fins lo que
parece.confirmar una leyeuda que dice que Is
cluded de Teetihnncan, la Atenas dcl Nuevo
Continent no fue destruida, sino qiue ina morn.
does, al huir, interraron aquclln soberbis ciudad
sohre la que descucllan Ins piriniides como unn
mulestra de aquella perdida magnificencia.-
Hevisa de Merida, 16. l.94.
The remains discovered by Dr. Gann at Sanit
Rita, Coroznl, have much in common with those
referred to above.
We find the iaine class of paintings, the co-.
l(.urs red and green predominating. The figures
nt Santa Rita however are scarcely mythological.
They are I[think without doubt a string of cap-
twve chiefs of the neighboring tribes brought ii,
in file to he presented, or must likely sacrificed
to the King or Deity. Most of the figures have
their hands tied together and a cnrd or chain
passes from one to the other. Of the figures
whose hands are not hound, one is seated and
this I consider to be the deity or one of their gods.
(This figure has been destroyed and only an in-
perfect copy has been taken). The other figure is
standing and this probably is the chief.
Thb'coincidence however which most strikes
one is the fact that both these ruins have been
partially destroyed and earth heaped over them.
The building at Sanita Rita (one only has been'
discovered as yet) was originally on the level.uf
the ground. The roof wasdestroyed presumably
by an enemy, and the whole internal space filled
up with stones aud rubbish to the height of the
cornice. Then a fine layer ofI and or fine earth
was spread over an.d firmly trodden down thus
fr)inig a new floor on the level o.what wasbre-
fore (he top of. tbe,wUa, The wall of stone
above this iew level wna still carried up; how
far iite cannot tell.' If +the'palutlingl .were'the

( 37 )

cornice of the old building this wall must he a A PO PH ANKEN,
new one built by the destroyers of the old palace. A' l r N
If the paintings were the dado of the old palace
.then this.wll ..would e a-A.part of the original (glastabo rou p l.Wenl"Jrod leu[ade A.E.MorlaB.)
structure. At this date or at some subsequent Ponle on coituHilielnt9 del -publico de
period came'the' Mounl-ihullders of the pe.lin- l a tblecido
sula lnd buried all under a good sized pyramid. e quo etuble ido til
The faces and the .' ieroghyphics of these .loyeria en Bolimo A la lbajda dol pueute
paintings will form a god basis for Students of luiett ol Jado stur, dolde soe teneontrari
the antiquities. of the YlYcatecan Peninsula. iIn Bsrtido com pIlto do relojeo taLto.de
The hieruglyphic are dicldedly Mayn. Thle oro, clllo de platu, nickel, dorado,&c.,&c.
sign ni4au utter LiuIlda and YMla after the isme
author or an otherb interpret it ixiln or maite,
are found on the ppitiings. .The system of A~NILLOS, ARETKS P'RNDEDO-
numbering the years is 6y haIr and clots. ES, CADENAS LEONTINAS, Y
It is to lie hoped that the splendid cupy of i i O A
these paintings made by Dr. Gacnm will at some
future time be made available for the Iuse of -
those v ho take an interest Santa Rita presents p d
nuw so,'me;twi,,ii;,o.imiarty wi .Teoti- "Re jes de pared de uno a
huncll"- treinta dias de cuerda, con Des-
First, the pninti-igs uai d the mode in which Ter -
which they have been buried. pertador, Barometros, er o-
Secrd. .The sarlc ol.onmcntal or v.tive metki s Calendarios &c., &c.
atoned, built up one upoi another and described
by Charnay in his ",Ancient cities in the --
New World" as having beeni found in Teoti- IMA(UINA8 DE ( COSEI, CAJAS MDE
huacan have been discovered In Santa Rita. MUICA, ACOIRDONIS Y UTI
That Is, one ot thise Atones were found there ACOR
aln seli.with much labour'to Belize, where It iLS I'PARA EL1,OS.
was uscd as n a oor step in perpetuaun in
memorial" and utlil comptiuitaUs,ou l believe. to E' P I I A
the present clay.- The same shape and formn- E S A L A D
the ianme system of teinour and mortising In the Kn unts eia.w s'e component Relojes por
front of each stone'ji'noticed in both places. inis eunplicadon quo senm, osi como
One may intide in conclusion ht this hibit Mhiwliuilm y aliaja, con .prontilnd :
of burYlht the vestiges of a presunmably van- omnero. I, ..
qutshed race beneath a mound .l not confined prdone' del' exterior rocibirfAl una
to Coroia!l. Id Fireburnn on the New River,' t
Idols were fouCid broke.; lndnerest6.the gmand -te :' ... I r ,.
fight of ttomt. step leading up to tienaurimit of A. A. POPHANKEX,
Onde of thb pydimils there, rA tlhat every devort .' .!: '., i. ',i: ": KL KO'" 'I
Indian rilghtltrample Under, foot 'th. religious '.i. t I i'
remains ohi. ild Ipe, ; ,' I.oluo, tritish HondIrall.
). .'.i d p ,. ", I.;, ;, ,.,'L.." ,." .:. '

I I __

,( ;R )


o fe teorological Observatious during the ionth of January 189.

S toM.Ininchbes TBEMOM. PTcCHROsETER. ANxauO. Say. RAix.

~ g M. in. i .u k D ew ., IQua

3 73 69 79 66.o0 % C.Sk. s o.26
;-I 30.3129.90 o.07 73 75 685 NE.s3. 41 C.S. s.0i
30.2 30 7 699 41 C 4 o.64
3-31 .0212 .3z67' 074 71 4' 2

i 33 .53o. OOh 7 &4" 670 77 5 s C. 5 5 i9
C9- -- -' t N im bus

plantation Ifor toh- Say: p ~.uu-" MU US, > luo., U... ,
o. uuite clear. to. quite covered.

The UBrometer indicates a slightly lower press*
sure than the average for the past 7 years, the
mean being 3o.o0 instead l of 30.01. During the
first half of the month.he pressure was as usual
in January. high, but it diminishel during the
last twelve dys.
The mean Temperature is i degrees above
the normal. The days were very warm, and the
S Humidity is considerably lower than the average.
. This was owing to the dry season setting in
earlier than usual. The rainy days averaging

Ssinc 7th

14 fell to 5 during this month, and instead ac
over 6 inches, the usual amount of rainfall, we
had less than one Inch, only 0.99.
The Wind which was generally NE. to N.,
hlew more frequently from NE. toSE..wilbhi
ilcrenaed velocity over that of last year.
The sky was clear during a great portion of
the month. For the most part Cumulusgathered
near the horizon, with occasional Stratus a;nl
Cirrus at a higher elevation.
* ' L '.

of July, 1882, to 30th September, 1894.

1882 18 84 88 188 I8 1887 188 88i 1 IM 1891 91 182 1883M 1M89
J.o2u. .3 g4.84 4.10 .46 8.96 3.43 .70! 1.84 .07 1.46 .65 4.t1
February 1, .* 41 1.54 .47 1.74 4.10 .67 1.'7 8.27 .77 .10 1.44 .
MaYrcb .99 .78 .44 .18 ,5 .80 1.31 .013 .80 1.40 1)28 1.
prl 11 3.80M 1.96 .82 1.88 1.40 .20 .88 s. .111
Uia 2* 1.01 4.09 2.7; 10.95 8.81 5.29 1.Im 8.72 21.0 1.88 l.96 6.88
Jun . 7.' 93 4.484 3.8 88 8.19 7.85 14.22 8.98 4.11 31.05u 4.87 8.00
July S.74 7.08 7.4 1.79 11.72 7.15 1.12 7.87 8.20 11.23 10.68 9.87 7.*|
Augspt .b. 8.013 4.50 5.6 .50 4.61 8.2 9.01 5.63 8.43 8.74 5.7 10.11 2.1
Ocptombeg .,: i3 8.2 4.83 .. 13.1. 4.55 4.58 .7 9.3 ,l .9 1 6.00 12.04 1.6
November. 45 8.1 14.1 7.90 8.61 8.74 9.76 3.90 4.72 .5.10 4.78 1.10 1.4 I
D aer 2 5 .41 2.11 .8* 4.17 4.40 5.97 7.83 4.08 .51 1.45 5.68
Deeber., .64 S 8-188 1. .81- .79 ..72 83.89 '.80 1.89 1.88 6.09
S.otal* ;*2 7.07 99.-7 ss.s,.M 69 .14"' 9.08 8M.19 53.08 44 84 61.59 '8.16
.7. : ,,i:;i, '". L/. / i


.' ." "

3( 9 )-


Month. Barometer. Thermometer. sychromctcr. Anemometer. Sky. Rain.
Max. j tI~~n, p\ NeaxN. Max|. w. Dto. Quility,. te
an1ary. 30. 14' 9. 9. i 76 1 76 W S.N. 4 i"6
'ehby.... 30.3 9.3403o. 85 6o 5s 79 1 75 So 72. S.E. .E14 mi C.N. 4 i l.iS
.March.. 30.10o 84102629.9 85 64 21 7a i 78 74.9 E.S.E. 17 n C. t6 1.5o
*April... 30.05 9.85O.2029.9- 87 73 14 81 78 6 76.4 HE. m C. 5 4 .
May.... 3009.723 9. 87 72 1 77o 743 C. Str. 7 1 i
ully.... 3o.o069.o.,90 6 29.97 89 73 t6 83 3 7 E.S.E .i C.. 6 :.
A ugus 3 00.0% 29. 62 9 -97, 16 S 3 7 79 74 -7
ug 3t. 3o.o 619.6o.9197 90 76 43 83 78 7 4. E.N.E. 2 m C.N. 6 *6 3.90
Sept.... 3o.o .77.4 29 9: 7 6 83 83 76 7. E.S.E. -m C.N. 5 13 4.49
October 30o.o429.70o34 9.87 1 68 13 So075 ?5 71.6 N.W. -n C.Slr. 6 t5 5.9u
Nov .... 3o.u 29.88o121 29.9 5 63 2 75 75172 84 6 N.E. --n C.'ir. 6 2014.97
ec 0.a19.7.483o.3 8 o 13 74 74 6 7i 61,.6 N,-N.w Str.N 4 i4 ,49.I'
Year. 30.1 9.700.51 p29.9 T 6o 31 76 /H 7.4 K,'-W. U.C N. .'

..l;.S9 .:99.;7o,o.60o.9.95'I 9J'9 .I,18 ;o.77J5 7.I.o E. \V. 44jiM C.l."r. 53 w7.;'.l
This year's Return, given by our iistrointarl lait three imoiiths. Ise vehlociy ruther lWu'
is, with a few insignificant exceptions, very simi- iin the months in which the Instrumeniit vi. work.
lar to those of previous years. in,, though, on the 8th, 91h, ntul sotil of Srpt.
The mean Pressure is the same as usual j9.95, it lew very strongly, destroying manay Ilanalu
the rcadling'of April. The loweit riiadlig wan pintlimtini. .The giredmnlni clnudlshave been
in May, June, September ndl October; the cuimulls aiindl tratus., on the nvnerage covering
highest in Fcbruary and December. half of the sky.
The mean Temperature of 80" wis recorded Rain wasi not bluiinant anld aiminiuled ouilnly to
this year in Octobyr, whilst Decepber isw the 68.74 Inches, less than any of the previous years.
lowest 74 Ula highet:83El' asi) ilyy; Alugust Of tha momnti 7.*75 htchite ll il two mouths
lnd September. Thus the range of the averages of May and November, April as uuanl bemlg the.
Swas only'oo''. thou'th the total range between the driest. We call attention to one noteworthy fact.
i Maximn and Minima was 31'-. the rainy veaon war anticipated hy one mnnulh,
The Hyclrometticltate. of.thao itioiiphire has violently startinghin May insatgUa of In Jine,n ai
been dry in proportion with the prqcedig years. afterng the rainy montlhi in Ihe siime pronlprliin.
the mead rtadling So"d insteail bf 85' loodbeing. 1The heaellb hai been very satisfactory, if we
recorded on 'ery'fe'w yk iy1 's' e ceit thr spreami of fifluci ena aild menales over
'or nine months, the Wind blew between Ia drgc area ii. January lnd February.
NE. alid SE., changing to' W. during the ' ."'".' ..I..."'' '.'

S'; .(. .

-* -I l '-A '.

S( 20 ). .

'. onvent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.

S elect School for young ladies, Boarders and ;
Day-scholars, '
Besides whsa i. comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa. -
tn, French isauht if rnu rf alo Drawin, P lhi and ornamental.
and any kind of acyWorI
E. rn Music, Pino, Guitar or Mandolin :. ....
.Bo.der..,. $ 'o oo (gold) a month.
Day-scholar1, Senior Clas, o 0 "
Junior ," o a ,

I-r WMrulatare sily .J# the ReveredT Kthker It Whe Contest.

Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize.

Escuela select para Sentrltas, Pensibnistas y Externas.' ;
Ademis de lo que Se comprende en el curso usual de Educacion Inglesa de ,,,,,
s. cIase, se enenai el Castillano cuando se desea, Dibujo elemental .,..
los trabajos en Obras de fantasia.
Extra--M~iica, Piano, Guitarra b Mindol.na. ,* ;.' :,.. '
Pensionistas. $ 20 oo meisule.
Extern, Cla urior, I oo n .
inferior, 2 o0 "
S pU re- *" rtl, a Revereds x.Maie Supberlw d ,lm Cov ts.




3rd month. 'MARCH


,"Sun. ,at6.1'7
4 at 6.63
26 at 6.0

SSun slow'

lt.5t mi. .
83 mE n Changes of Moon
5.43 min. I

First Quarter.
Full Moon.
Last urter.
New Moon.

S F Our Lord's Crown of thorns. 17. Su. 3rd of Lent.
S Feria. 18 M S. Gabriel, Archangel.
3 Su. 1st of Lent, 19 T S. JosErP SPousE or B. V. MAR. .
4 M S. Casimir. so W S. Cyril of Jerusalem. D.
5 T BB. Paul a Companions, uM. as Tb S. Benedict. Ab.
6 W Feria. Ember. 1a F Five Wounds of Our Lord.
I Th S. Thomas of Aquin, D. 33 S Feria.
8 F HolyLance and Nals. Ember. 24 Su. 4th of Lent,
9 S S. FrancixofRonie,w.Ember. 35 14 Annrecaion oJ B. V. Mary.
t, o Su. 2nd of Lent. 36 T Fcrln.
It M Feria. 7 W S. John Damascene, a.o.
a' T S. Gregory the Great, r.0. aS Th S. John Capistran. c.
13 W Ferla. 9 F Precious Blood of Our Lord.
14 Th BB. Leonard a Comps.. MM. 30 S Feria.
'S F Our Lord's Holy Winding 31 Su. Passion Sunday.
S6 S Ferla. (Sheet.


S, 6, 8, Knmer Days (Iais T'L' porns.)
19., 8. Joseph. Spouse of B. V. Marvy ad Patrbuof the Catholic Church.'
., .,,.High' Masg at. 6.30.
'"-'' '' 6S.Antuanciation or Lady Day. High Mass at 6.30.
For' ten re nations, s ': ' ' 43
o.r,;- oor Lenten regulations, eec sp e 43 .- ; -, ;.,,,i i... ;,, ... -. ... {

1 " *'i1' + +. 'i+


( 42. ) .


.Page 42 Valimiento y de S. Jose .Page 53
Colony Notes 4* 43 .Chronicle of the Sacred Heart. 55
Lcntru Regulatico cluded 44 C cThe Cnlcldar-continued 56
p EtoE ng d rt-contd. 49 F Monthly.Observations 59
A NeaEngland C: -ovcrt--01"'"1 $ 49 *
see that he took advantage of his stay with us to the
best of his ability. He, and. the other fathers, ex.
COLONY NOTES. pressed themselves highly pleased with the country.
The weather was delightful, the cold spell. which
-m-ade the residents shiver, reminding them of pleasant
Swa briefly noticed in our lat i'el, V. o v. spring days In the States. We leave the account of the
Tbhtoas b. 1izgernld, S.J.* t'rovlnclai of the
bouM Provlne of Jesuits, to which the impressions produced to the pen of one of them, who
loa of the British Hondlura was attached a little made It a point to sce ll he could and gather all the
more than a year ago, arrived with Fr. F.P. Gareshh, information posrlble. As Fr. lIarosch6 had anvngage.
. of New Orleans Fr. Eugene Brady, SJ., of Cin- meant to preach a course of Lenten Sermone In New
in.tland r.J. O rlMn, F J.,onetho4th of February.. Orleans, he was obliged to l6ave on the Sllllwater,
Our Br.ize Catol have had opportunities of hear- Friday, 22nd of February. Rev. Fr. Provincial and
Oig litreoltionl and Sermoas from our distinguished Fr. Brady left on the Ist of March, carrying back to
gus On Monday, Feb. 11th they went to Corozal, the States most agreeable recollections of their visit to
where Fr. Brady remained until the return of the our tropical land. whoamewhe.Fr.Prncl,
Fredd I@ ., whilst Fr. Provincial and Fr. Brady.le1i BrotherCurran, whocame with Rev. Fr. Provincial,
again on the following Monday, by the Stillwater, for has been appointed aelstant teacher to Fr. C. (illet
Monkey River. en rute to Funts Gorda. The trip In the Select School. His abilities and his pleeaing
Irom Monkey River to Punta Gorda was a new expe. ways have already, gained him tlhe confidence and al-
rlenoe to the fathers. They were obliged .to paddle fectlon of bie little charge. Hle Is a most welcome
in a small open boat for several hours, owing to the addition to our labourera on the cause of Catholle
clia; then a ruall struck them; finally. after eleven education.
hoars tedlou small, they reached their destination at "
about p.m., too late, to the disappointment of Father Fatherilopkins. who had spent part of the January
1'emloont, to be honored by the grand reception which vacation in the North, to make his retreat and to In-
bad been prepared for Fr. Provincial. aspect the Catholic schools of the the Northern ditrldt,
On Tuesday morning. Feb. 21st, they boarded the returned on the 7th of February. On the 18th, as
mall steamer again and stopped atStannireek. Sattr- stated above, he left again for Sitteo River.
day morning, lion. O. Mqlhado, who was on his way During his four days stay at Beg.lla be visited the
to All lines with Fr. Hopkins, the latter to pay his various stations of All Pines, Regalla. Serpon, Plays
regular visit to the Sittee Rver stations, took them Grande and the houses In the lower part of the River.
on board his schooner the Conquest. Regalli was whilst those front Buena Vista and Kendal cameto the
honored on uanday, by having two holy Masses cele. Mass celebrated in a largo open building kindly lent
bratod in its handsome church, whilst a third was said byW. Marshall Esq., and whichub Mr.Frrol of Blair-
by Fr. HopLkin at Plays Grande. Father Hopklns month was o good as to see well furnished with all
rem1ed behind to vrsit the stations on litteo River, that was required. A prettier spot could hardly have
whrlt theotherfathersleft.AllPlneswithMr.Melhado been chosen tooffer the Holy Sacrlice. Situated on
o- Shday afternoon ad after a roeome trip of a high bank over the river, wblob hus here formed a
to b Lu sa et of ithe a. Father Prov al variety of trees end foliage and flower, the coal is
Lto a eom the staca l on wt l wh thers of the co- asht In by a still higher ridge, on which the houses
t te sons a ichU they relde, we of the ettement are builL. BeloW the rippling tismn
- i ; ; '' ' :' ' '

( 438 )

chatters over the pebbles, where In the rainy eanoon, onhis return trip FIbruary IRt. lie stopped taSpanllh
a strong though silent current will be carrying away Croek and Ieabella Bank.aduilnlsterlngto the spiritual
niuch of the plant life now sparkling In the morning wants of the people, who hid not seen the priest
sun. Here were gathered together anuitllcongrcga, amongst them for quite awhile. The Initsof hiswork
tion of 26 to asslet at the first Ma s said in Plays were very consoling. le reached Belio on February
Grando,on Sunday 24th February. Tbe burden of the lI th. and on the 19th went north toattend Cayo lsco,
exhortation to them. which needed to be repeated up Ban Pedro. Basil Jones and BIaclar Chico, returning
and down the river, In private house and In public again on the 27th. Unfortunately Basil Jones and
chapel, was that Lent was close upon them and that UilDalar Chloo were not visited owing to the continued
they should observe the easy Lenten regulations of head winds that made the voyage inpossble.
fasting, abstinence and receiving the Sacratnents. Ify Tuesday night thle iwuple of San Pedro had got
Furthermore that they should keep up the custom of pretty well through their Carnlval festivIties and the
family prayers in their homes and not go or allow Church was very well aUended consldorlng. Absh
those under their care togo to other placesof worship Wednesday morning saw the Churlch ilUled, and many
than their own and that those whu sent theirchlldren approached to recelve.ia Ih lused aehcs.
to school should know their rights and.their duties-
the Government requiring that no child should be
present at any religious Instructions to which is pa-.
rents objectand theChburchobllglngparents nd god. 1EGUULA'I'ONS FOI I.ENT 189 .
parents to see that their children had no other rell. --
glons Instruction than a Catholic one. Itwas casy for lA :sT begins this year on Wdlncsday, February 27th
them to say and the schooluastor could make no ob- The regulations for its ol ervance are Iu follows:
jectlon to It-" Isk that my child be not present at i. All the days of Lent, except Ilundays, are fasting-
any religious Instruction given at the school." One days. By dispenstlon, meat is allowed on all days
other point It was found necessary to insist on, more except Ash-Wednesday, all Friday, and the last four
In other parts of the River than at Plays Grande. that days of Holy Week.
those living in conoubinage should make up their S. All the fallhful, over 31 years of age are bound
minds to live together In honourable marriage. After to fast. They mly eat meat only at the principal meal
the Mans the people of their own accord camo and ofthe day. Ffplh meintand llsh are not allowedatthe
made their little offerings somn In money, some In ame mneal, even on HSndays. Kggs, milk, and butter
kind-eggs and fowls, and elleas are allowed on all days of Lent.
The Sittee River people seem throughout to Iwe On fast days. only onefull me raliallowed, whiho
kindly and hospltablo but unfortunately to be what Is should not Im taken Iwfore noon.
called, victims of olroumstanoes. Widely salttered as 4. A collation Is allowed In the evening. No rule as
t hey are It is hard for them to come to thu occasional to the quantity of food permittedd at the collation can
Catholieo service given in their neighbourhood, hard te given; in t the practice of good Christllans s not
for them N'ith nio soool of their own denomination t to exceed the fourth ptrt of an ordinary nmal. Theo-
Sreceive Instruction (n their religion but unfortunately oglans say !list ahont eight ouMWn of food may be
too easy to form illicit oonnexions. when there is sel- taken. Where it Is thie ueitou of taking dinner late
dom the opportunity to be united in lawful wedlock. Is the afternoon. the collation may be taken in the
A good will, aided by God's grace, would overcoiie morning. at the usuial hour of breakfuat.
such obstacles but earelessnes or indifference luakes a. From theobllgation ol casting are exempt: All
nten slaves to them whilst putting off their duty to who are not twenty-one years of age, pregnant and
God deadens the conscenoe, ao that not going to Maw. nursing women, the sick. and those who are engaged
continuing in coneublnage, frequentlng P'rteetant in hard labor.
Cburches and allowing their ehlldren to be educated 6. By special Indult it is allowed to take in the
In another religion are which trouble their con. morning a small plee of bread with a cup of coffee,
sculence very little. chocolate or somllethlg bluillar.
The ute of lard i illowed.ln thepreparation of ood.
Father rilvin Oillet left for the Cayo In company of When the use of met i* allowed, those who are e.
Father Leon Mallluchet on Jan 18. After visiting th einmpt from fasting can use It several times a day.
various tatioson o Old River and larodioing his sue- In eae. f doubt the pstoe or ontessor is to be
'eor Ino that, rduousu i6uon to his people he started tonsalted. io '

S44 )

' tlnr eaCi eodos ns Catolicos dc este Vi-

cio-do ,tltC sd ASpoitolt'c hablendo sldo
Pol. C c1on Lis a Henntfr los 5mawo-
om loC rbo.nso Y iodas la, sectal pernlclom quo
neloCrbont ) s Iglepls y Is publlLc autoridad,
copirto -o-',dndst que aM habian lormado sobre
pal resolver do 'p l uoMa. lai Congregacion del 8.
0l01o eo f ebo del to Mayo de 1881 declare que bajo
Oclocnur 01 los a'sonesy l s otrs.secta del mls-
O Isenne qu publics 6 privadamente conspirt-
bO Ontsro Ig ilesl y I publics autorldad, y qne
b.q oeba pohibides brjo pens de pecado mortal la
ou codat quo obOblig banjo jralmento i losSoedos
do a~ r cnadlo et lsecreto de Is Socledad, y obe-
de ocr pne "-lte que los Jefe' mandaban, sun-
quo fotar deseoooldoL.
Ultimlente, hablendose levantado posterlores dn-
dis secrrm do uau Peetas partlculare., Is milsma Con-
""Pclof delt.Olclo porDeoretodel 20 Junlo de 184,
lrnIado por el 8. Leon XIlly comunlcado l todos
los Oblspos de lo Egtados Unldos power l Delegndo
poutlhclo,Mgr. Satolll, al 4 Dlclembre del mlismo ado,
lid declrado quo 1 Sectas, bujo el nombre de Odd
Fellows, Sons of Temperance y Knights of Pythlas,
recalan bsjo Is mismi censura dr Excomunlon lata,
Adherlisdo pues 6 eas oonstltucioneJ y declarn-
clones arriba oltadas, mandamos i los Catollcos de
sto Vioariito I
I, quoa bbleado lsdo eondensdas bajo exloouunlon
"late sententlU" so sectas de los Masones. Curboha-
rtos (Free Foresters), Odd Fellows. Sons of Teuiper-
snes, Kalghts of Pythis y otros del imliso genero,
lo quw, por Igporancnl so hablan susorlto i eMas Mctas.
Utena quo rtonnclsrlus lo lais pronto poslble, stano
quieraa necurnlr It dlchi oenourn.
2, quo laotruMsseotno menclonadasexpresunen
It, at no esyen btjo Ia exoonunlon, por no conolds-
rnre como perllosi ean e lentidoeepuesto, son pro-
htlbdu bao pea de pOsedo mortal y, de eonslgulente.
loo Cotolloo quo s rslaten i abaqdonerlas no podran
relblr absoluclon come que no qualero detestel
persdo y either la osculon.
MaMV a por ultino I] Sr. Obi.po quo l1 proasete
odcto as lea o lo gleladurante Ia MI. mayor *l
ptier Domlano despae do haberlo reclbldo. ,
Bishop's ioueW. Beliz.e

*tS vArosA S.J.* E Etda.

VICAR ArostoLlo


Society is a moral holy with
members of different capacities, ench inulcel
perfect in its way hut perfectly useless for
the work of-another. If the servants aspire
to be masters, the labourers to he master,
mnd the workmen capitalists, the condition of
social order is at once deranged. lence it is
necessary for each one to understand that every
individual has his own allotted tank appointed
him by Providence, which at the same time furi-
ishea proportionate faculties of hodty sald mildl
for its fulfilment and only when each nlle strives
to do the part assigned hin well,cd we see society
equipped, as it should he, for the common goal.
Let the class of hired persons fulfil the obliga-
tions with exactitude, without defrnmding thrir
linsters lit annythiug entrusted to their charges
let them IJe ohedient to orders. faithful in their
arrangemneits, contented with fiar stipulationm,
and not essay by. just method to exact more
than t 'due to them; then, instead of sowing ritir
cord and fostering rliiings unitm ilisutreCtioln, they
will secure the social status Intact ,antl adva'Ice
proportionately In wealth anid prosperity.
.In like manner let mastert, who wish to derive
fruit from the money laid out oil their labourers,
act not as inexorable tyrants but as kind father.
Let they t n min idl tha ,th%, greeient he-
tween them is two-~ide'ci trtct ltmle with *bI
pulnted cqnditions nnd, wbhetnce,coindeldcl, It

.( 4+

em, _k,

( 45 )

must be exactly fulfilled. A man must not be loudly, and the cry of them has pierced the ear of
lowered to the condition of an animal. From an God of armies." To compel the lahourer to
animal the owner may take all the advantage he take his pay in goods from the masters store,
cau, as long as he does not overcharge it with even when they are inferior in quality and higher
work, hut the condition of man is different and in price, in a usury so manifest, thatit can never
consequently there are otherduties to fulfilon the be recognized by Christian justice and charity.
part of employers. A man who gives his daily But the doctrines of the Catholic Church do not
labour has a right, not only to his food, but also confine themselves to strictjustice, but animated
to retribution proportionate to his.work, whereby by divine principles, reach further still, with the
he may be able to procure himself and his family view of making men citizens of heaven.
the necessaries of life and, little by little, lay aside Starting then on the firat principle, that mran
a trifle for the future. Anl inadequate salary, was not created for the enjoy.ent of earthly
which varies from greater to less. in proportion things, but for heavenly and eternal, and that not '
to the condition of the labour market, without the possession ,of riches availa for eternal life
calculating whether or not it is sufficient for an but the good use lie makes of them, the church,
honest living, and takilig advantage of the work- while on the ote hand bhc threatens with ever- i1
msan's pressing necessity to reduce his wage, is latilngpunisthuenlthosewhohiaveanmiassdriches '
unspeakably unjust; for it brings man down to by fair means, declares blessed the poor in
the level of the beasts of burthen or of articles of spirit and them who suffer; for, as St. Paulsayss
merchandise. Let it not be said that the amount Present afflictions will bring an unponderable
of wages depends only on the free will of both weight of glory in the next life;"
parties, and that, if a workman agrees for a mi- '
nimum trifle, the moment he-has an offer, that :Again,accordingt, theteachingofSt.Thomas,
it is not unjust; for as Pope Leo XIII. wisely it is not the pljsefriil. of wealth which the gos-
says in the encyclical-work is the human activity pel condemnna, for it is a' ncessity of social ex-
dipposed to the preservation of life. istence, but ,,nly the abuse of it; for, according
t, the saine doctor, the possession of wealth is
Hence: we must distinguish two features in given, that thols who have it nit may be assist-
trpn's labour, which naturee itself has imnpres.lsd ed, and this also curresinpoul to the teaching of
on it with a view to the maintenance ,of life, the our Lord, who tells the rich to give out of their
personal and the necessary. Without detrineit s ulprnaliouanlice to the poor ind prosmisec them,
to the personal character of work we may agree ii return, a liulidred fuld in this life anid clernIal
to a suli below Nvhat Is unjust, hut then we life lwr,.aftVr.
Offend against the necessary character, which re- These teachings, illustriled by the exciaple of
quires, that a remuneration be given that is not Jesus Christ himself, who, being rich, preferred
less than what is required by the workman to poverty and humiliation Il his mortal cureer,
maintain himself in frugal sufliciency, an It is iave served asa guide to the Church which, while
justly understood, ilI encourages the poor to live with resignation inl
To sign arduous agreements, then, which the the state which Providence has assigned them,
lahourer feels himself bound to do,. because he ausuring them ,of future bliss and happiness, ex-
sees no other recourse, is graveJly ,.ilst, although horts the rich to pour out their treasures amongst
to all appearances the signing is done with en- the poor and make investments in that heavenly
tire free will. Wages, as soon as die, must Ie bank, where the moth consumeth not. By this
crtipulously paid, for ai the Apostle St. Jamne we understand that if the rich mani with open
*aysi "To defratid labourers of their Wages cries hand hall balp the poor, he will assuredly in-

( 40.)

es hi" t in the next world. These duc- above cited, isto nurse venomous serpents which
cril e his .capl ultoods by the early Christ- will in the end prove fatal to them. Nowadays,
rin.es were well hir ret wealth in the hands as long as a srvant fulfils his time for work and
i Ans, o .es for the benefit of the indigent; does not steal, the muster is satisfied ;but whether
of the Aotes unrstod Ihen he attends to his religions duties or not, whether
hso som the ir ih oive stores they raised those he gives himself.up to the vices of drunkecnne
when froi tr icngs for the glory of God and and debauchery. or gambling, the employer
mthe aniicnt of thunfortunate soagaintht'e waives all interference on the plea that the man
ho erected hospitals ad charitable institutions can do what he likes.. Iut tays the Holy Spirit
which brecton uch good to ufferingbumanity to Masters:--"Whoever takes not care ofhis
which haveonhousehold has denied his faith, and is worse than
Religion and Morality are the two clenmets an infidel." Let Employers then ser to the mural
which bove all other perfect an. Git of conduct of their servants, let then show interest
fortune affect only the material part, science and in their religious welfare and, Instead of being
wisdom expand human intelligence, whereas annoyed when theybeg fewhours on feaildays
Religion and Morality guide the heart, the seat for fulfilling their bounden duty, let thrm en
of love. A man, rich and clever though he may courage them and assist them in doing so, and
be, will, if he have no religion and no morality, they will have no use to repen
turn to worse than an animal, employing his tal-
iti and wealth to the gratification of his pas. That they may assist their dependents spirit.
sions and to gathering up whatever he wishes ually as well as temporally, let them interest
on this earth, like one who sees no hope for the themselves in their business, their expenses, their
future. Cast a glance at the countless crimes plans, and when they find that, either for want of
that are being daily committed; systematiasd talent or experience, or on account of some pas-
robbery on gigantic scale as manifested in the sion, which has taken possession of them, they
Panama Scandal and the Banca Romans; the are ruining themselves and their families, like
ever increasing list of suicides, which appal the loving fathers, let masters turn them from the
Governments the horrible designs of the Anar- brink on which they stand, guide them iin their
chists, who keep the peaceful portion of the endeavours and do what they can to better their
world in ceaseless suspense, and you will find moral status.
atheists or godless men, who having lost all faith The fabulous number of emlgranta who daily
in their Creator, In his revelation, in his justice arrive on the shores of America gives a charitable
and providence, hold any crime permisaitle, just motive for consideration for these unfortinale
as if it had never been forbidden bythe supreme people. generally speaking, great numbers are
legislator, whom they disown, ard were not to be young men on their first start.in life, who have
avenged by eternal pains, which they throw aside left their country, family and friends to seek their
with ridicule. Whereveryoufid labouring m fortunes.. Then there are o mny destitute
infethis publ athic morality docne, posod by persons, who claim our attention and who place
this public morality, you may ease to co it themselves at the service, not of a tyrant who will
oill rihem. Th very ay out least expect t t he1 wring all possible service out of them, but of a
-ill ris er m e and oeuttrip thehortio 795| friend, a father to protect them--dircct them and
It i nessary therefore for Masters to we to assist them s that they too may. share na the
the moral and religious habits of their employ; goods of social life.' ..
for to take account .l. '- 0 1 ."10 K00 :' I i ,../ ., ," V
ior to tt n .cont only.of c ir uprightne4, .Popr people 1i how often have they been trus.
without y o deratioq of t e elemrents treated in their. hopes,, ;nd.,!(lted of, endingg .

(. 47 )
__ F I

position, they have -sunk down into greater
SThese are the chief obligations of masters and
servants which should be kept before the mind,
if we would see the present condition of society
improved. To complete, however, the task be-
fore us, there remains for us to indicate sone
practical measures for obtaining this great end
before us, as the Encyclical of Leo suggests.
Human nature recognized its own weakness and
therefore instinctively seeks to unite its efforts
with those of others, so as to be of mutual asist-
n, ce. "A Brotheraided by a Brother," says the
Holy Ghost is like a strong city, if one falls the
other is prompt to sustain him." This instinct
leads him to form conipanirs and, asCivil Society
spontaneously sprang out of this tendency, so
the same motive has given rise to private com-
panies, which have s, much benefited human pro-
gress. Now civil society, unless based on the
principles of justice and right, brings about com-
plete ruin, in place of bettering the condition of
its members; so too we may say of private comn-
hinations. Many of the associations, which have
sprung up in this last century, helong to this class.
Sand, under false and specious promises of wealth
and advancement,have brought their individual
members to ruin, because they have robed then
S f their most priceless treasures--fith and nimrals
I1 speak, my Dear Brethren, of Secret Societies,
which are supremely unlawful, seeing that they
, are baid on mmnoral principles. Any aswocia-
StiOn. which guards ia inviolable secrecy under
Small circumstances# any society, which obliges its
'members to obey blindly an unknown authority,
in whatever it may command,-and this under
formal oath and penalty of death li.cose of via-
-latiou,-is an immoral assuclatlo, Nay it is
worse still when it profesue atheist. condemns
-revelations,: and unjustly and,. secretly: works
against Jesus Christ and His Holy Uospels.
Looking at them from this point of view,the
Church has excommunicated by name, first. the
Masons and irbonair, and ultimately.the Odd
Fellow*, Soits of Tremetane and Knights of

Pythias and, implicitly, such others as are atialint.
ed with them or are guided by the same prin-
ciple#. Be not deluded by the promises made.
They may relieve temporal necessity; they may
mutually aid one another; btl at the cost of true
justice and the true interests of society; they
may keep open doors for nightly orgies, where
the morality of the Gnostics and unseemly pa-
geants take place,but be it remembered, that not
on bread alone does man live, but on every word
of doctrine, morals, and holiness which proceed-
eth from the mouth of God. Again what profi-
teth it a man to gain the whole world ard tsuf
ocr the loss of his ,wn soul. "Get behind me
Satan," cried Jesus Christ, when the demon
tempter, for an act of adoration preferred him the
possession of the whole world. remember that it
is written, God alone shalt thou adore and him
only haltlthou serve." Keep aloof, oh Catholic
people, from these obnoxious associations, and
do not degrade your character of Catholic, with
the mark of prostitution, Indicated in the
SUnite together, form your banking sicieties,
your mutual aid societies, your belcfit societies,
in which rich tand poor alike make con,,mon
cause. Try and estalish societies which wilt
help the labourer and the stranger, not only by
providing them employment, but also securing
them, in the day of sickness or unforneaen acci-
dent, the means of living with suficiency anld not
in want. Let only societies of this nature be
formed, founded on usund justice and Christian
charity, lnd far from breeding malcontents and
fomenting discord and popular outhurts, they
will bring about a new epoch, happy like that of
the primitive church, when the poor and the un-
foirtunate won the sympathy of the rich and
prosperous, and dwelt together laboriously, in-
dustriously and uprightly, because all were ani-
mated by the spirit of Christian charity.
My dear children,. I will conclude with the
words of the.Apostle St. John -Love one am,
other'rich and poor, masters and servants, eu-

( .48 )

rs00 d is. Forget not the love which
players and employ ur inheritance, before he
Jesus Christ left us as our ib
left this earth, that love which holds each oe in
lhi.n porthitl perfects him in it, yet hinds.
his with the rest of nen in loving bonds for the
him wnin o eternal bliss. Of this hope, peace and
trauility if he present life is but a fortaste.
ytrnql he divin Inft, who came on earth to
Mypour the peace, announced by the Angels in
e grot at Behlehem, vouchsafe to spread it.
broad t on this our Colony, isa sincere blessing
which your Bishop implores on you.
Bishop's House, Belize,
Feb. 1, 1895.

t.SALVAToaE, S. J., Er. Eun.

By the Constitution Ssdis Apostolica it
was declared that excommunication Laot Sen-
Uatia was incurred by each and all, who should
enroll themselves in the Masonic body, or that of
the Carbonsrl (free foresters), or other perni-
cious sects of the same kind, which, either openly
or secretly, plot against the church or against law-
ful authority; by those morcoverwho aid and abet
them, or who refuse to report their leaders. But
whereas certain doubts were raised as to what
sects came under the heading "pernicious," the
Congregation of the Holy Office on the zoth of
May, 1884 issued the following: "That there may
be no ground for real douht, when it has to be
determined which of these pernicious sects fall
under censure, and which only under prohibition,
it is clear in the first place, that the Masonic sect
and others of the same kind, as above designated
fall under the censure i namely those which either
openly or secretly plot against the church or law.
ful authority, whether they exact or not'from
their members an oath oj secrecy. Besides these,
other sects are forbidden, and are to be avoided
under grievous sin, and amongst them are to.be
reckoned all those which bind, their. followers

( 48

under oath, to reveal their secret to no man,and
to give entire obedience to unknown leaders."
From this instruction it is easy to recognize
which societies are pernicious anld consequently
condemned by the church. Lately however, as
a question arose amongst Divines whether some
of these were condemned or not, theCongregation
'of the Holy Office by a decree June zath iS4,
signed by thte Holy Father Leo XIII. and-corm-
municnted by MonsignorSatulli to allthe Bishops
of the United States on December 4th of the same
year, declared that those who are members of
sects commonly known as Odd Fellows, Sons of
Temperance and Knights of Pythias have been
put under the same censure of Excommunica-
tion late sententim. ,
Adhering now to these constitutions and de-
clarations which have been published to the Ca-
tholic world we declare to the Catholics of our
I. That, whereas all the sects of Masons,
Carhonari (free foresters), Odd Fellows, Sons of
Temperance and others of like nature are under
censure of Exconmunicationlaketsententia,those,
who are enrolled in such sects through ignorance,
must withdraw as soon as possible, if they wish
not to incur such censure.
a. That other sects, which, though not men-
tiuned by name in the above instruction, maybe
reckoned as such and fur that reason condemned,
should they prove pernicious at any time, are
certainly forbidden and to he shunned under pain
of mortal sin. Moreover .those who refuse to
withdraw from such associations cannot be ab-
solved, seeing that they are unwilling both to
avoid the occasioil and to detest the sin.':
SIHia Lordship the Bishop orders this present
circular to be read at High Mass on the first Sun-
day after the receipt thereof, that all' Catholics
may know -ho* to act best to save their souls
froinrtuin. b .11 i" "' : I .. ... .:..
": ,' I, ;,.,,1 Biihop's Hour, Bellsei ,

, *rn;;i.:i (,t,, At *.ysTwpaSJ(, .Er,,pui.

4( )



Fpiam lTh Messenger, of, the, Sacred HearL"

HE hardest trial of a convert in that
of isolation, n(I separation which
ensues upon the breaking f the
news of his conversionn to thoie lie
lovr:, especially to a 'nlotlier. In tihe following
letters Faither Ilbcrtmoa tells ofl tIhe n.,iigish lie
felt, ininkled 'withllthc'never-dyinlg lve aiid long-
Aig fi light,'fur those o left behind to follow in
his'leald. .. : ... .. . ,
"' Johri RlPhertlani, ili ohedtlience to his I'roittltanl
sauleriois, siilecd for Engllfad froini lhton,, is tihe
Blatavia," In the beginning o fJline, 1875. Hli1
first two letters home describe hin'voyage andl
the many intteiitlhiK tights around Oxford. lie
intde the retreat advised ti Cowley alnd then,
ininediately afterr it; prenited. himself at 'the
Bronlpto'n Oralor'y, 'an akd 'aNed adtntasin to the
SCatholic Church. His letter t hist neither, ari.
Idunellilig his ion 'rshtin, rnis a' folloIows '

sion nl ti oult. .li told inm to put them firmly
away i tcmiptationl, which I tried to do. I never
went near Roman Catholic Churches, wjth thu
sole exception of tie lime I was iln IMoltreal;
never saw Roinau Culhulics, either priest vr lay;
hut the dilliculties I had put away were only
growing out of sight.: felt, plant spring, that the
litme had come when I could not,v ithluut ill, avoid
the subject ainy longer. I imust rend up what
could be said on both sides. Could I have felt
no doubt us to the Iruth of the Anglican position,
I still feel I cold lhire stayed thlre, and hoped
to [besaved; i it wi",; I hali to review the whole
(quetinll, anid dtli Ivl' ile ill iu doubt that the
Church. fouotuld by Cih.nbt is tlle Runii:n Catholic
Church aloue. Against my own will I had to do
what I have dnlle, or have a hau icnscienice all
the rest ofl y lft. It is i relieftobe rid ofmy only
secret frouyou, though I know how lchi it will
Krieve you unid thie iher dilar uanca at home, etc."
'Thll, llst senteiceu shows the closeineLs of the
tie.which hound lugether the mother and sonl.
Her'grief indeed wia very great, but her conli-
dence in the integrity of her boy never left her
and Ishe nlevr lo l helr failh inll hiil whlileslielyrd,

S '" L6ino. I, HlOlilTO O.(kATOri ; though there ive:e Imaly who did all hi their
.... :. 'AJgust i1, 87; power to habku-it. .lu bis nrxt letter he speaks
I'My DEAR MO'THKR' ; o, ..: of hbe. kidules he received fromi the haids of
r... "I have before, me to-day the hardest Mlr. Gordon Thimpsonl, whose guest lie was,
task-Iever had, andl one, the rvry, thought df nlnd of the aldthirition he felt for hiim and the
which, has taken the life lll oul-of ale fur the great ancrifice- hr. Thoinpson had mlde in be-
past two mouths It is to tell .yo Itht third lmorn. corning a Catholic; Ih then l goe on as follows
ini, I was received .into the Ronman .Ctholic "Mv y.actioi wis a terribly hard one to take,
Church. God knois how I have prayed, anll dao nd, as I look back, I thalk God for helping nle so
pray, that He will soften this grief to you. Yud much to do what I should never have had courage
know how from a child I have had ani instinctive *to do of myself. It seemed to me atonle time, as
logging for the Catholic Church. i-But you, do though I wa turning away from all that wabright
not know howl I have struggled with alnd fought ind dear to me. I expected nothing but peace
down that longiugi I made a vow,some time ago, of mind on heconing a Cuthollc and I have had
that nothing' blt a conviction that I could int be so much more. I have not had a illnent's suld-
savedl otherwiseiwould .nake me leave the An-ncs.. Before .lhis letter reached you I
glican Church for Romei While at.the West shall have been received as a JA.uit Novice. I
ind aftecwards ,at_ Boston, when a doubt or a know with what disappointment you felt my
dificulty)caueme into. m mind, I took It:to thet giving'up the Cowley Brothurhood, and thlt you
clertgymkantwht w lalsn, pastor both h icoienf.' will he glad tdbereasured that lam not untrue

( 50 )

SielgiuI focataon. r, however, that he wrote on this occatlon is givcn entire. Father
m hy religious vct ad opinion of the Jesuit. Porter, his novice-master, wrote Mrs. Robertson
to hre e t Protstants, almost all, a letter of condolence at this time and said: "No
Itis perfectly true that many Cathnlici, yet one who saw his grief, on the death of hi sister,
Sdep ile cha C' he proved gains them, could doubt the strength and depth of his love
no Mteinit charge' caknow them, know thatthey for his family." Father Robertson's letter runs
and thoew really n The real reason why as follows:
poe garepat hlie, tha every Jesuit has to ask Thanks for the two letters which came close
t ey are d hm imitate our Lord in hearing one upon another. When I saw the post mark
Gth contmpt of al men. It is very bleed to of the second one, I knew very well what it must
there contempt of suits the shame and persecution be, but hoped gnainst hope, and tried to think
of the Crow of Christ. May Gd help me to be of some other reason for your being in Charles.
of the Cro town. I had a few duties to do before I had any
true to isu voti te lasts two years. I do d libitum" (free time) to rend it, and then I
no T now what will come next. I ask but one carried the letter before our [Lord in the Blessed
thing of God: That we may get to heaven and Sacrament, and, thank God, I said at the very
meetthere. I cannot see what else there. i to first: 'Nevertheless notmy will hut Thine (or
live for here. May God greatly bless you all." I can never tell you the exceeding bitterness ofthe
The letters which follow this are very full of cross. Since last August I had made only one
enthusiasm over the novitiate at Manresa, Roe. prayer, and I had vowed to God to give up all
hsmpton I the beautiful grounds and scenery, else beside;. That they may all die Catholic.'
the company of the good men with whom his I can almost say I prayed this all day long. It
lot had been cast. There was some complain( was my first prayer In the morning and my last
made at his not writing home more often, which at night, the Intention for which I offered my
he answered as follow I works,my little crossenand contradictions through
Now willtellyouhow often I thinkofyouall. the day. It is hard for you to understand what
I uy a short prayer for each of you while dress- it was to me, for I had withdrawn myself jenlois-
Ing, morning ansd night, and again commenirate ly from every other desire, for fear that the offers
you all by name at the time of the Consecration ing of myself would not be whole and undivided.
of the Mass, a prayer for each separately a little' All was concentrated in this one prayer. Usiid,
later, and a prayer for all collectively about eight I shall never see their faces again forever. I had
different times. I tell you all this because I ima- offered piyself to foreign missions, and evdry day
gino from your letters that you have a sense of my offered myself for any life, in any place, or any
gradnallydriftingawayfromyou. I thinkofyou death, so my prayer might be answered,-and
oftener than you ofme. I love you better and Ihad grownmoreconfident everyday. Thought
pray for you more, and probably shall be still the sacrifice accepted and the prayer. already an-
doing so when Ihave become the merest memory swered and I counted L--(the deadsistur)rfirst
to you. * I am In good health and good of all. I knew her generous and thorough nature
spirits, almost too good, but for alll that I never need only once recognize the truth to go through
felt o almost eager to run my course and finish fie and water to embrace it, God need never
withthiscurruptiblbodyl Nutthat I loveman call her butonce. I am confident now,as ver,
A 'that hd L--onceseats the truth;*he would
About a year Sfter Father Robertsunmuwa~ ave 'mbraced it .and-doloot: misunderstand
aydistrdtestia O s teta * Sdissiul ta T eletterrhldi ng., I h ea greeat.hpehatOod-has4ea uAY

prayer and answered it in Hil own way, not my seems to me, that my life is not open to the charge
way, for my good, but without loss to her. I insinuated. I remember a letter written to ,ne-
shomkl not have thought it right to tell you of all I think eleven years ago-in It she says How
thi, but that I hope that, if you can learn to un- many years have I prayed that this cup of Ro-
derstand a little, only, of the bitter cross which manism might ie taken from ne.' Perhaps she
I (eel at every step, it will somewhat touch your has forgotttle them, they have been ever present
hearts for me, and that if, for no other reason at with me. As I look back, I see my life ever
all, youwillsays For John'e sake Iwish I could tending to one thing; sometimes turned aide
see my way clear to becoming a Catholic; if I for a while by some external influence, but inl the
could, I would. But if you still steel yourselves main pointing always to the Society of Josus.
against me, or refuse to think at il!, or to think Before I went to the Cowley Fathers at Bridge.
seriously on this,--I oly hope, God will in pity port, I haul a talk with John. lie said: 'Yes; I
spare me another such blow, and will take me acknowledge, you have herii throughout consis-
away before you. tent, you have ull long looked forward to this;'
*' What you wrote me of our poorsister's suffer- and then he asked me : Suppose you are disap.
ings, her entire resignation to God's will, and pointed and du not find there what you expect'
the smile of happiness that canw on her face at "I sid: No feelinguof shane should bind nm
death, were all of immense comfort to me and. there for a momennt, I should leave them.'
assured me in what I believed hefore-herentire The fear of heiiig thought to have a restless
gond faith and desire to serve God according to heart, ms pride, not humility.
her lights. I went to Father Rector last night, With love and prayers."
and he was of great comfort to me, and told me The desire for foreign missions comes out at
to say prayers for her. He himself makes a me. times through all the letters. At'the beginning
mento of her daily at Mass. of his second year he writes;
"I know, dear sister, that you have all been "Another year and, God willing, I tuke my
tempted at home to look on many things that I vows, put on a hiretta and commence studying
have done for you, as evidences of indifference. for the priesthuod, and then I ask the Provin-
Iut the thought of doing things for you hasn mdae cial to send me on foreign missions; an ambitious
very much light and joyful, that would otherwise request, hut God who calls, will give whatever
have been very hard to flesh and blood. I am is needed for the vocation, even the braving self.
afraid they will grow heavy and burdensome to denial and bodily strength needed for a Catholic
me now,'but by God's help I shall go ahead in foreign misionary."
> faith, leaving all to Him and striving still to do Again in answer to questions asked in home
what I can, though everything he behind the veil letters:
to me. I shall not write a long letter now, for I No one knows the power ot the loving, yearn-
wish toenclose much in this envelope, only one ing prayer of a convert for those he has left be-
more word of self and I will try and leave it here- hind; it often gives rise to sayings which are mis.
after. Those word of yours Freak of a rest- interpreted Into doubts as to the step. I spent
less heart," are borrowed from the world. I, a some five or six years studying controversy from
sinner, must never boast of being changeleu, the Protestant side, stice I have been here, not
that belongs to God alone. We must say ever one of the old arguments has returned in the
and daily Pecoavi' I have.erred and I will re- shape of a doubt or temptation, and, as I had
tman. I will arie and go to my Father. Woe bad temptations before as to belief in this or that,
to tbo*'who ay 'I will remain a hitherto, I am .l acarely know them now, which seems to
doing well enough.' Still, eva totheworld, it me ncessarily supernatural, almost miraculous

(. 52 )

on my asking he "I am. in great consolation," he wrote," at the
Doctor ewman wrote to me, on nyski, the
Doctor rNewange thig s about his d6ubts and conversion, one might hlnost say, of my schooll
truth of srae holic by Church ,f lngland boys. I have had .them, on Sundays now fr
pedicul 'It is astlolihingthat Anglicanlwillnot sevenoreight months. They were veryheathe,.
eoplive words ad it seems useless to attempt ish at the beginning. What their parents can he
to liev them upon unwilling ears. -You are to send them to. a chol, which boasts of teach-
not the firct who has lately asked that question ilg no religion in particular, Icainnot understand.
not me, though I answered it in the most formal The boys are all coming to Manresa to o)n.
maonera tew months since, in my remarks on. mission and communion to-morrow, God willing.
nar. Gladste" mhlet. I quote my words: Tih good works isespecially ductoa new French
rom the day I bcame a Catholic to this day, muster there who marches them -.ll off to' lss
now close upon thirty years, I.have never had a on Sunday. It seems to moe wonderful they
moment's misgiving, that the Cnmmullion of should stalidt ot to well when hbysof every per-
Rome i that Church which the Apostles setup suasion-and masters too, I imagine-are sntcr-
at pentccost; which alone has the adoption' of ing'At Catholics before them every day. I hear
sons; and the glory; and convenants; and the that some of the arguments which they hold
revealed law; and the promises; and inl which with their opponents were not of a very erudite
the Anglican Communion, whatever its merits character." A'small Frenchhimn routed a crowd
and drmerits, whatever the great excellence, of of Protestant bbyi by:. .-
individualsin it, has, assuch, no part; nor have 1 !".' Oh, ho your preacher has to read hi ser.
for a momentsince 1845, hesitated in my convic- moni oat of a book, just like a little hbali'e.' .
tioll that it ws Iy clear duty tojoin that Ctholic ," This was considered on all sides decided
Church, as I did then join it, which, in amy own clincher." ,
coiscicnce, I felt to he devine.' Persons, and His love for the Society was ever deepening
places, incidentsand circumstancesof life, which and intensifying to the end of his life. A Pro-
belong to my first forty-four years, are deeply tlitant friend will never forget a little coniversa-
loJged in my memory atti my nffections, more- tion held tn seeing himl rcadiug Office.
over I have had more to try, and afflict me i, "t Do you have to read that every day?" said
various ways as a Catholic than as an Anglican; his friend.. .. :
but never for a moment have-I wikhed, mnvelf Under obligation 6bf moral sin," he replied.
back. Never have I ceased to thank my Maker '* Oh, what a burden I"' she exclaimed.
for Hil mercy in eialiiing me to make the great -She never forgot the lok ash got as he ar-
change, and never has Hel let me feel fors.kelt swere(h- My office(the Ireviary) lhas hbee al-
by him, or in distress or any kind rf religious Ways very sweet to me,and I hope thr.ugli God's
trouble. Should you wish to come here I asall goodness it will continue to grow sweeter daily
be glad to receive you, etc. ;" to the end of my life.'! lie writea:to the same
SJout H. NEWuMAN." ; ; friend, in April, 1877:-- :. ,-:, i : .: *
The above letterwau received in answer todne : "Six times tince Chri tmat our prayers have
written by Father Rohertson before entering the been iskedfrom. thbpulpit for the repose of the
Society of Jesus 5ad while still in donlt. He souls of. members'of the Society, and how seldom
always remembered the Oratory will a grateful for an old man': but it is'theone thing I love
affection -d took the. 'ame of' Philip at'his most inhthe Society.-jMdthertscd.to say *It is
b.was sent oSn nd a year'f his 'novlitathe' better to-we a t out than- rotout.fS wectlose up
astending a Proundf to instruct the Ca b oys ranks, make' salutary reflection on our own turn
attd restint school ear LondonLM .o coning by and by and. go t6b.~prk,?'!lt w '-; "


He had a most warm and loving heart ind I told him not to give up and I .would get
how many a convert's heart would echo his com- prayers for his boy. That afternoon the Father
plaint as.he says: It seems to me so, strange Rector after preparing the child gave him his
and ldram-like when I remember the great nunu- First Communion and Viaticum in one, and said
her of warm affectionate friends, whom I had his devotion was most.edifying, and from the
only two years ago, out of whom I do nut know moment our Lord touched him the child began
of one wh) would to-day, he. glad to know of to recover. Thedoctor andeveryone were much
my landing in America, or who would not shun astonished, as the child was so evidently dying.
me if I were in their neighbourhood. Such It was so like the miracles Hie performed when
thoughts would make me sad, if I were foolish here on earth, and it made me happy beyond ex-
enough to dwell on them i . they seem tome pression to be so reminded that God is with us
.a great evidence of my now having the religion and dwells among us in Ilis bodily presence as
which Jesus Christ established." of old. How good li e i !"
In September of this year he made his vows (TO. K (CONTINUED)'
and entered on another phase of his novitiate. VALIMIENTO Y PATROCINIO DE SAN JOSE.
He writes that the Nativity-the day on which
the vows were taken-falls thi. yar on Saturday, 00-
theday ofthe weekwhich wededicatetoourLady. i S cosa de todos sabida la tierna y filial
I hope that may be a sign that the sweet and confianza que tenia Santa Teresa en
blessed Mother will. always pray for us;" A el poderoso valimiento, del glorioso
month later: "I took my vows on the 8th and Iatriarca, y cl piadoso cel con quo
cime up-stairs to live; wear a biretta, and have procuraba" prenderla n los corazonea.de cuantos
commenced my studies." 'It was during this tratab, y dHbalde su inncdi empz6 cprobarcuan p
year that he became ill from excessive fasting so drs es ede su ifancIa mpz6 a probr cus n ge
that he cold retain no food. The only way he nedrso cs elrt to pars can sus devotes, En su
mentions this in his home letters is by saying: vida crita pnr ,ela ,isma, rfiere que depues d
"I have been forbidden fashng, which makes trees slos de cl'crmdades continues violeta
me feel very meani on fasting dlavs. I ought to quo un l habian dejado ii relxwo, niespcranza
make up in interior mortifacations lhut the thought de remcdio, scudi6 A San Jo, el coal lercstitu:6
of the .iggard, mean rctur 1 make to our good milagrosamento I& slud plcraida.
God for alIHe does for me fairly makes e feel M os y otros m favors con qu
' no gentleman whenever I think f it." a distinguid el Virginal esposo de .Maria, y part-
,o ge monus en unu mas digno do mnemria. 'Era Is
His love of flowers nade him firm friends with ficst de la Asuncion de Nuestra Seiora cuando,
the gardener, and h relates the following touch- estando Ia santa en profundasoracion en Ia Iglesia
ing incident. ,. delosdonminicos,qued6dulcementrarrobada. En
Tie other day I had to ask the gardener for este plicido arrobamiento le parocidque la vestian
something, and asked him at the same tine, 'If con un mantodeadmirableblancura al principle
there were not measles at his cottage?' .; To my no cqipcfa lot que-le dispcnsaban este sinular
surprise, for e is a gruff sort of a man, he burst favoc; pero A poco rato, con gran contentamninto
out crying and said: *Y' Yes,ir. and I am going de su alma, descubri6 A su derecha i a Virgen
to lose my little hoy, theod~etor bad just told me Mari,,y A su izquierda A San Jos, que.la cubrian
thereis no hope for himi,!, The Ioy bad always coo aquel.rico vestido, indicAndole ,que la blan-
been very delicate and they were the fonder of cur .dpl mantoaer sambolo de la.limpiea de todo
himibec.usbeh hadbe cn,l sp .cbcare tothem. pecado quo adarnaba alo Esando sal rica-

.- ( 64 )

's- corazon lieno de inefable Mucho antes que Santa Teresa enseiiaban Is mis.
ente tavia y conue la Virgen con maternal ma doctrine muchos doctors amaestrados por
slegriat ib y sint
algrid via y tla dos manos, dlndole las gra. Santo Tomas de Aquino, el cual enscae, que al
cario as, delo c" qu promovla ladevocion Santo Patrarca le concedi6 cl Scnor poder y vili.
dciu Santo Empmo, y mcnif estAdole cuanto se miento de auxiliar en todas loa necesidadcs y ne.
de plu Santo Epuo fuera tan aficionado at Santo gocios, y de prosperar y amar con paternal afecto
catriarca. Dole ademas, que pidiera cuanto I todos los que i 61 so acojen piadosamene.
putria ir l Ia blen del monasterio, done vivia, Bernardino de Bustos dice: El que suspira por
jug lr terl put ualmente otorgado y en prenda alcantar cualquiera gracia.del Altisimo, tienepor
de ue proma p1 entlreg6 una piedra brillanto y abogado A San Jose...., y todo lo conseguir del
de u praom Padre Celestial. Isidorode Ia Isla demucstra,que
N riqim inon. aqul os obsequios, sino que al el mas poderoso valedor que podemos elegir en
otrgale I piedra, colgironle los dos santos es- todos nucstros pleitos y apuros, es sin dispute, des..
poloe un belisimo collar en los hombros, del cual pues de Maria, el benignisimo Patriarca. Lo mis
paola uoa hermosfairu y preciosa cruz. Recibi6lo mo escribi6 el docto y ferviente Gerson.
Ssant co agradecimiento, advirtiendo luego, Ocioso serta copiar aqui los muchos y bcllisi.
que od y Maria se volvlan alcieloescoltados por mos textos de los nuevos doctors, San Francisco
ejirdtos do ingeles,y quedando ella con vivasn- de Sales y San Alfonso de Ligorio, los cuals i
si de consumirse today en servicio de Dios y en una voz ensenaron y predicaron la ilimitada con.
I propagacion de las glorias del Glorioso Patria, fianza que hemos de poner cn cl valimicntodel
San J.o Santo y el poder inmenso que goza de valcrnos
Y en efecto, no perdia occasion de hacerlo, pon- en todas nuestras necesidades. Mas i qud acu-
derando i todos el immense valimiento de que go- mular autoridadcs, si tenemos la inapelable de Is
aba nuestro Santo ante Jesus y Maria. "Es cosa Iglesia, que nos piopone la misma ductrina? En
que espanta, dice, las grandcs mercedes qu e me a fiesta del Patrocinio not pone en labios de San
ha hucho Dios por medio de este birnaventurado Jusi aquellas consoladoras palabras: "En cual-
Santo, de los peligron de que me ha libradoasi de quicra tribulacion en que clamaren mni, seri
alma como do cuerpo; que A otros santos parece siempre su protector." Y despues, en una pe-.
le di6 el Senor gracia para socorrer una necesi- garia enriquecida con indulgencias, le ru.ga en
dad; de ste glorioso santo tengo expcriencia que estos terminos: "Oh Dios, admirable en tus.san-
socorre en todas, y que quiere el S&esr darnos i tos, y mas admirable en el bienaventurado San
entender, que asi com o l csuvo sujcto en la tier- Jose i quien nonbraste dispensador de u1 bienes
rt, que como tcnia nunbre de padre, siendo ayo, celestiales." En vista, pues, de este concerto uni-
lepodiamandar,asienelcielohacecuantolepide." versal dealabanzas al valinmiento de San Juos,
Y en otro lugar afade: "Par6ceme ha algunos iquieni no se acojcri en todas sus tribulaciones al
asos, que cada aBo en su dia le pida alguna cross Santo, confiado del todo en su omnipotente pro-
y siempre la eo cumplida; si va algo torcida, il teccion' Y si bien to pensainos, (no demandaq
Ia endcreza. pars mas bien mio. Sifuerapersona este poder los merecimientos del Santo Patrarcs?
que tuviera autoridad de escribir, de buena gana Es doctrine bien sentada, que, en la gloria, todos
me altrgara o decir much por menudo las mer- los bienaventurados gosan ante Dius de tanto ms-
ceds quo ha hecho este Gloioso Santo mi y i yor valimiento cuanto mayot hubiere sido su sn-
" personas;... Solamente pido por amor do tidid ymas aquilatadal sus vertudes' Y quien
Di quoe 10 pareb quien no me creyer, y ve despues do Makia, ni de lot Angeles ni de ino Santo,
dpr ehp elnctao u sPa gra blen el encmen a*n dngo ave' ntaj'6'pCro ni siqlln-ra iqual6 Ins md-
ate loia r y tenerle devodaon.' itosde Santod rterno de raUet Lu g6puede

( 65 )

mas il solo ante el Todopodcrosn que todos los mrs anmada tie au lina, 4nos negatri por ventura,
santos de la glorit. Si la gracia on esto mundo lo qua c infinitamente mcnos Imposible. Asi,
no destruye sino quo perfocciona los dunes natu- una expuriencia constant nos enecila quo el
rales ysobrehumanos, inucho mcnos lo har& Il Santo Artennno sucorre gnccron i 'cuantos
gloria de los bienaventurados en cl cielu. Pur lu pidein an vnlinlento. Piar lo que intplo.
tanto si no qucrcmou decir quo San Jose perdi6 raHn anu lparo on agulda entferimcddes, &i
con entrar on el ciclo, tunemos quo admitirquoesi nii conviene, ci medico acertdillimu I para
tanto amaron Jesus y Maria & nuestro Artesano, ecpreans diflcilr y arricagndas por nar y
que siempre cumplicron dbciles y urnisos sus mas por tierra es guis infalible; en la guards y
tcnues insinuaciones, tambien en el cielo debcn ncrccent neiento dl tenrots mnntrinles; es bain
atcnder i sus deseos ruegos y protests sin recha- qunro que 1no quiclrs y reIguri que no engaiia.
zar ninguna. Por eso dice Fray Jusd de Jesus, -1Y que dir6mos die los hitiiefs epirituales? Es
Carlnelita, quo San Jos6 goza en aquclla patriade Salu Jose par* el ignorante., ine tro; part el
cierta atthoridad real, y otros dicen que los rue- endurecido triunfh,; plrat e tentado, victorila
gos de San Jose son mandates quo se cumnplen. pars el ferviouic perfeccion part el agonisante,
;Que much es todo esto, cuando la Iglesia le fortalezs ; para cl minrihind puerto acguru de
splica aquellas palabras qua dijo Faraon al antigo salvncion.: Dichoo el que inlvre en los brazoa
Jose: Tu )ebernaras mi casa y at impriode tu del Santo artesailo de Naxaret. '.Honr6mosle,
vozesta sujeto todo el pueblo." plihcs col hIueltra confilnza, imiteinnt sue virtu-
Grandlsimo es cl poder de que goza en cl cielo des, propaguemos sri glorias, y vivirtmno en
el santo artesano de Nazaret; pero podcnos pro- pas en estl vida y ser6moa en sl oltr compa-
meternos con seguridad au valimiento eu todos fiers de su hiennventuranza.
nuestros apuros? No hay que dudarlo. La Iglesia .-----
nos ascgura quo nadic acudib i 6l.confiado, que CHRONICLE OF THE SACRED HEART.
fucra desatendido. Si nos qniereo comn amante n''
padre jcomo no habri do anxiliarnos? Maria es ' S' 1 '
nuestro madre; luego Jose su epuoso querido caesI '.. j 4 % '
nuestra padre. Pot esto. Pio Nono lo proclamb '
Patrono 6 Padre de la Iglesia universal, y Santo : '
Tomnas cns.fil que recibe con afecto paterno i los
que imp!oran Au patrucinin.
SEnseiis los santes quo cuandloSionn prife- "
.i'o que una expard de dolor atravezarli cl alma THY KINODOM C00M
de la Virgen por los tarmentos du Jesus, com- L
prendiendo Ma'la liue era necesatia la muerte The intnrilUon pit belri e oulr Associltoe
de Jesus para nuesta salvacion eternal, ofrecib el for March is t1w s pi t of P1raer.
sacrificio de Jesus parn darnos i nosutros Ia ver-
doders vida y desde entonces nos adopt por hi- THil object is one which comes very much huone
jas y nat am6 con amor de madre. iNo pode- to the Promoters of the Holy League. For What
mos decir otro tanto de Sanr Josad Trmblen i1 .is the nature of their Association? It is called
ofreci6 al Eterno el sacrificio de an Prenda ado- the Apostleship of Prayer. The nemhers are
rada y la pirdida de Maria pot nesstra redenclon, joined together to lu their the spread of the King-
y desde entonces nho recibi6 pot hijos cobijin. dom of God upon earth and the beod of union
dons bajo au manto paternal. Quien, puas, con which keeps them together Is prayer. Tie Ca-
amor de padre di6 para nuestr salvacion 1 joys tholic Church is the largestorganised -ociety in


( 56 )

tIe work for which
the world, formed to continue the work for which
the Sn f God cme down upon the earth-to
ab Son of Go cay out her object however
lei s almost devoid of material means. The
rulers of te world are, almost without exception,
eher iodifferenot or hostile to her, the alms con-
triuted to her support a mere trifle and yet. she
triluted to her suppbout her work. extends her
ils sublisu, goes about her work, exteda her
tinll' susisd though so ancient, was never per-
ius more vigorousthan to-day. There are ome
ho fall away from her; but her gains are greater
than her loaS. What is the secret of her spc-
ch under such adverse circumstances? The
principal means is prayer. There are more than
twenty million members of the Apostleship of
rayer, who have engaged themselves to pray
daily for this end.whilst from a hundred thousand
.altr goes up before the throne of God thedaily
praer of priest and people "for the liberty and
esaLtalion of our Holy Mother the Church."
No wonder, then, that with such a volume of
prayer ever ascending from earth to heaven, new
and unexpected victories are being gained in all
quarter of the world-" where crime and sin
are raging, at the shrines of wealth and pride.
where Love Is frozen and Faith grown calm and
cold, where the world is all triumphant and the
sleep have left the fold, where life and hope are
Iading at Death's cold touch away, where dying
eyes in horror see the lung-forgotten past Christ's
srvants claim the sinner and gain his soul at
last." So writes an English poetes of this great
body of supplicants, whom she aptly calls the
army of the Lord and of whom she says that they
mug conquer, addingt-
"ThIey a with us. His tru solders, they come in
power and might;
terous the crown whclh they shell gain after the
heavenly fight;
Ad Yos, per haso. who sooff, mayyettheirrestand
Asei p c:i of their battle and the captivee of
their prayer.",
If then we would promote the interests of the
Sacred Heart of Jesus upon earth we must ask
for sa Increase of the spirit of prayerln Ou
selves sad In them rs, I.':.. r ur I

If we may judge from appearances, we should
say that there is much need of the spirit of prayer,
especially among our young men and women.
They have learnt to read and write, but often.
times they do not know their prayers as well as
their fathers and mothers, who had not that pri.
vilege; they come to church but the prayer.
book is commonly left at home; they are too
much in a hurry, when they get up to say their
morning prayers, and too tired after work, to
kneel down' at night to pray to God; family
prayers have gone out of fashion and children
are left to the guidance of their own devotion,to
follow or neglect the service of God. Pray then
for an increase of the spirit of prayer, for when
it is absent, Faith will be dim and love of God
will grow cold.

0 Jesus, through the most pure Heart of Mary,
I offer Thee the prayers, works, an4 suflerinlgs of
this day, for all the intentions of Thy divine Heart.

I pray Thee especially to inflame the hearts
of all the faithful, and particularly of the mem-
bers of Thy holy League, with the true spirit of
prayer, so that all their thoughts, word and ac-
tions, being animated with Thy holy love, may
tend to the promotion of the greater glory of
God and their own perfection.



SN the last number of THu ANOrLUS
we saw that disputes about the right
time of the observance of Easter.
for several centuries, disturhed the
Ualurch. When the rest of Christendom had at
length arrived at uniformity in keeping Easter,
the British and Irish clergy still cointleil to use

(57 )

the ancient. hut incorrect manner of reckoning There are three rules in the Sacred Writings
this feast. It has been erroneously supposed by on account of which it is not lawful for any
some that'the dispute between the British and "human authority to change the tine of keeping
Saxon clergy was the same as that which was Easter, which has been prescribed to us; two
condemned by Pope St. Victor in the second "whereof are divinely established in the law
century, anld that Britons were Qunrtodecimans, "of Moses; the third is addtd in the Gospel.
keeping Easter lit the Jewish Passover, the four- "by means of the passion and resurrection of
teenth day of Nisan. This wics never the case "of our Lord. For the law enjoined that the
except when the full moon fell on a Sunday. For Passover should be kept in the first month of
they had learnt the paschal rite, not from the the year, and the third week of that month,
Eastern, but from the Roman or Western Church that is from the 51ih lday to the 3 tst. It is mrl-
and observed the cycle of 84 years, which was in ded by apostolic instruction, in the Gospel,
use in Rome till changed by Pope Hilarius, A.D. that we are to wai fIr our Lord's day in that
463. "They continued" said Venerable Bedc "third week, nnd to keep the Ibcginning of the
"to follow uncertain rules in their ollervance of Paschal time on the saLie. Which threefold
Sthe great festival, as having none to bring them "rule whoever w ill righltly observe, will never
"the synodal decrees for the observance of "err in fixing tile t'aschal feast." The Abbot
SEaster, by reason of their heilng so far away then quoittI Exodui xiii. ,i 3. 6 iud 15 and also
from the rest of the world.... This manner of Numbers, and deduce from tllese texts tht tile
keeping Easter continued amopg them for the Poachil solemnity must belgini ul the evening of
space of 150 years, till the year of our Lord's tle 14th and last till the eve.niln of the 21st day.
Ircnllrntion, 715. But then the Imost reverend But since Christ our Plaschal l.ilnlm was slain
and holy father and priest, Eghert. of the Eug- and has nmadue the Lo.r'rd' day, which alcmong
lilh nation,... ciame among them, corrected "the ancients was called the first after the Sab-
"their error, and reduced them to the true and ', bath. a solemn ciny for us for the joy of his
canonical day of Easter; the which they never- resurrection, the apostolic tradition has so in-
theless did not always keep on the 14th moon srlrted it into the I'cllchnil festivali as to decree
"with the Jews, as some imagined, but on Sun- that nothing in the least le anticipated or de-
day, although not in the proper week." trccted from tile t'ii, of fthe legal P'assover."
A lug letter, written, A.U. 710, Iy Ceolfild l' Thoe then, Cv,.llrid i.irgus, who keep the
abbot of the imonantery of Jarrow, where Uede l-1ril's day ,If E"aister .nl the 14 Inyoof tile moon,
was living, greatly contributed also to the allne i ticiplule lil tine, since iliy ll ring 1ti tile 131h
result. dav which is no where mcentimned; and those
Naitan, kilg of the Picts, had senlt nlmsengcr Iers ilo wuIl i ot lElter Sulndaiy on the azrd day
to the venlerable Ceclfrid, praviln him tm ex- crr no lw" crr.neuisly, since they thus iake
plain the custom if the holy kRoman Apolstolic Easiter full on tile fir t day of tile 4lh week, of
Church as to the keeping of Easter n'il the filrlo which week ilgi lli inohillg is aidmi i te Sicri)pture.
laid manner of the tonsure, andi to have architects As to findlilii when the first month of the year
'sent him to Ibuild 1a church after the Romnan milin- begins, that i settled by the veriia equinox
iner. The architects were entii with a letter i which which uIsually ihaplpeI nill the 12th diy before tIlh
began us follows :- Clends if April (March 1 ). If then tile moon
'" To the Ist erceleat Lord and most gloria is at lte full before tile ninoox that nmoon he-
King N.. l C t .eol.id, greeting I o the Ibll to tile Iullt nlontl o tile prece ,ig year
o l Nr 'io, t Ced frisd, .reetnog li Ithe hnd is nt, proper for thle celebration of Easter,
"Lord. We ml t r ilry, lli w ililgu rnlr v b hut Ilht ,oon which is full oni or alter tle eilui.
the Catholic to ybsernce ofholy Easter '" c ."" nx hlelonigs tl tile first mlonh alnd in it. without
he Catholic observanc of holy Eter ccrd-a cdoullt, we ought to keep Easter, when, the
illg to what we have learned of the Apostolic SOlli aycomes. The Abbot then goes oil to
iSe, is you, de' out kiig, with a religious In- spetk ,f the cycle or revolution of 19 years for
''il.l tio have requested" I 'fo we know; that Ihl calcnllatinKoflhel thcdiiof tIle non which
"whenever thesChurch applies itsellfto lea t lsellcatg'ti tdoiue Etlel S and
ttuI.. t asser apls"_ .Itsel t l ti had bleen prepared by Iio iu Exignus i and
fah, olinld to ssert, tlhe truth, which are the if. lea by exhrting the kilg to see tilat thie
fmiiofu.. oy Lxordrttlllhe sll" is givenkfrom
lhe av,' th gIv t fro clergy wear the Romalln tonsure andll "observe
.4I. n all points those things which appertain to the
unity of the Catholic and Apostolic Church."

( 58 )

ri-- he lttr, King Nai il""tnknelt
After hei"h"" nke God for the present lie
the groun'c d o ")' the .Ind of the Enlglh, pro-
hallreceivcd froth tht he and all his nation
"ig hence tco L~ ,, c f Easter nld that the
,clegy shouldll recic the cnatlnicll tonsure.
. should alid, iincIlimitcly he performed,
Whathe h"% the cycles of .9 years '"d sup-
nd round the Cycleas 0 l m ks1udwf
pressing the ermnco ls of and years, had theta
s11 thesministers 9n .to the Roman custom.t
From this letter and from many other passages
Sthe writing of Venerbe jBde, we see that
Sthere w no diffence ill nAttters of faith be-
,twee the British and the English churches,and
wt n they were divided only by some questions
oth rc d line, the chief of which were the
tie ofur dicpi Ester and the mnllner owear-
ill the tonsure That our Reradlr4 may under-
stand this question more clearly, it will o)ot le
anhi to give the Jewish Passover and the Chris-
lisn Easter for this year.
The New Moon of March falls this year on
the 2l5h andt therefore March 36 is Nisnn l. the
fi,,t Jay of the Jewish ecclesiastical year. The
fectiv fof this Passover therefore which lasts for
7 days will begin on Niann I5i, Wednesday April
. the llrt Full Moon. Christians will wait un-
iil the Sundlny after this Full Moon, fint is till
April i4, to keep their Pasch, Easter Day. The
Greek Ind Russian churches will ohserve the
festival oil tile Mine (lay. but they will cnll the
day April 2.l ecauie they bega: tle year oni J.n-
uary 13.
if however the Full Moon were ti fall this year
on March 2oth then Irish, Welsh andl Scotch
Catholics (suplmsing thte to have continued lit
their erroneous calculation of Easter, though
accepting the Gregorian Calendar) would, as fur
as we can gather from Venerbhle Bede, have
celebrated the festival on March 2., whilst En-
glishCathbulics.ilh the ret of the Runman Church.
would have kept Easter on April 2s. Fancy
the co.fusion, the dipsensions *nit the expense
entailed on various households in these tia4a of
rapid aml easy communication, if the Celtic
churches had not conformed (now mote than a
thousand years ago)tothe tinmeof keeping Easter,
as adopted by the rest of the Christian world I

I (To as cowN gtkun)
'. .':' '.. ' '

(Hasta ho oopouo rolojeroU de I esa de A. E. Morla.).
Pone on conocilieiento dol public de
esta colonial (lna hua ostablecido uta
Joyeria en Belize A la bajada del pnotle
haciu cl latdo sur, donde se encotitrari
un surtido complete de relojes tanto de
oro, cono do plata, nickel, dorado,&c.,&c.


Relojes de pared de uno a
treinta dias de cuerda, con Des-
pertador, Barometros, Termo-
metros, Calendarios &c., &c.


En esta casu so contpotuon Relojes per
inis cuinp!ictidos que 'sean, usi conio
Maquinaa y alihtujas, con prontitud 7
esnerno. .
Ordenea del 'exterior recibirAn anua
atenciot pronta.: .
B elize, British Honduras.


Stunmniry or Meteorological Oheervationm during tho imotith of' Flibrutry 1895.



10Ia.. Ip.m. Mean

80.09 29.97 80.03
29.98 .98 29.98
80.114 .95 80.00
.0 ,95 .00
.01 .0: 2.9: 0
29.95 .81 .89
.87 .105 .76
80.24 80.21 $0.23
.28 .11 .17
.19 .09 .14
.05 29.98 29.99
29.99 .80 .93
.96 .88 .92
.92 .79 .81
30.04 80.02 80.03
.18 .14 .10
.25 .11 .18
.10 29.96 .018
.01 .96 99.99
.81 80.28 80.27
.20 .08 .18
.0A 29.95 .00
.22 80.14 .18
.20 .20 .28
.27 .21 .M4
.21 .19 .20
.25 .14 .19
.08 .00 .04

0.11 .30.91 80.06


88 77 81
85 77 81
88 77 82
82 78 79
78 72 70
88 76 80
84 75 o8
08 63 0(I
78 59 68
71, 0O 74
80 78 .77
82 74 79
80 71 76
84 75 80
82 78 7f
76 .67 70
7 .01 618
78 50 70
88 74 79
78 O8 (18
74 58 07
70 61 72
70 71 78

81 72 76
80 71 77
81 71 77

85 ---
88 68 71


Psychroecter Anemometer

J ~ Direction

81 76 70 72.6 BE 5
81 77 80 74.8 NE 4.8
83 78 76 74.7 BE 8.6
78 74 79 71.2 NE 8
70 78 84 70.9 E .2
81 75 72 720.0 ESE I0
81 78 85 70 SE 5
6 M60 68 T.I1 N r
169 o 78 6i1.0 N i
74 (0 74 05.8 3 0.8
77 78 7 170.9 EIIH 8.3
80 7 78 7 71.6 SE 4
78 73 84 70.9 NE .8
81 77 80 74.8 HE 0.6
77 72 758 8W. NW 1.3
70 07 883 4.7 NW 7
68 04 78 10.8 NW 1.5
72 68 79 01.0 E 1.3
80 76 I 80 78.8 s E 2
69 11U 0oI 6.8 NW 8
so at 78 00.1 NK 1.11
75 70 74 0(11.4 F 1.5
78 71 87 16.1 NK 2.0
77 71 71 1(1.8 N 8.8.
78 73 75 09.3 NNE 9 .

70 78 87 .4 N 4
S78 7871 I.0 K A.2
78 7f 71 f17.8 EKH 8.3

76 71 76 67.4 KNE 4

Explanation for th. Sky: C. Cumulus,. Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus,
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.
-- T----
The last line in the above gives the average 30.o6,whichwe must attribute to the prevalence
fer the mnnnth except for the maxiknulm anil mi. of northerly winds. To the anne cause in also
nimum of the Ihermometer and the rainfall. due the lower temperature. The number of
During the last seven years for February the rainy days was 1o, one it excess of the average
average atmospheric pressure htsbcen.ooonmnd but the rainfall was more than half an inch
the average temperature 770 wlilat the prevalent above the average.
wind has been ESE, the number of rainy days 9 The weather has been pleasant and healthy
and the quantity of rainfall a.So inches. except that alight colds with sore-throat have
This February has been exceptional in that been not uncommon and amnng the children
the mean stmg~pheripcpresure aas been hi h there have been many cases of chicken pox.
'+. '. s~ .. i i+r r.t :*| ..-* .i .itf.*-.... ,.. . . .. . . . ... l ........ + '." . .

Sky .

Quality N -

0 6
CN8 5
(XSk 6 0.27
NC8 0 0.10
C 1

N d 8 0.31
SNC 0 0.08
csk 5
N~ to 0.07
8 5

5 0.02

1ke 4
gSc( I o.
0Hk 4

S '.< LIU84


( 60 )

Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize,

Select School for young ladles, Boarders and

Besides what Is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa-
on, French taught if required t also Drawing, Plain and ornamental
and any kind of Fancy Work.
Etra--Music, Piano, Guitar or Mandolin.
Boarders $ 2o oo (gold) a month.
Day-scholars, Senior Class, 3 co
,, Junior "' oo
rr partlealrs applp t* the Reverend Mother at the Convent.

Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize.
-------:o ? --

lscuela select para Senuritas, Pensionistas y Externas.
Ademi de lo que se comprende en el curso usual de Educacion Inglesa de
as. close, eo eneiia el Castillano cuando so desea, Dibujo elemental y
los trabajos en Obras tie fantaAiu.
S Extr-Musics, Piano, Guitarrab Mindulilla.
Pensionistas, $ zo 0o meusuales.
Externas, ClaHe superior, 3 oo "
n" Itnfor, 1 on ,
'as *~ter per.e S <.irisre a i ReeBre.da Madre .Saprlera del CtvTea.. '




4th month. APRI.L 1895.

.un at 5-54 un dow 3.35 min. First Quarter.
'atfast l3 in. Changes o Moon. r.
at 5o4. 6 ... .et Last or.
S 4 at 5.38 1.58 min. New oon.
- --- -' --- .- -' ------- ---
i M Fe ri. 16 T Of the Octave.
..,, T S. Francis do Paulac. 17 W Of the Octave.
,3 W .Fens. 18 Tb Of the Octave.
.. 4 Th S. Isidore, B.D. 19 F Of the Octave.
., F Revn Dolours of B. V. Mary. zo S Of the Octave.
,6 S B. Jullana Cornelion, v. al Su. Low Sunday.
7 Su. Palm Sunday, 2 M SS. Soter and Caiu, PP., uu.
.:. 8 .M Feria. 33 T S. George, M.
S9 .T Feria. 34 W S. Fidelis of Figmarings, u.
zo W Ferin. a5 Th S. Mark, Evangelist. Litants,
lr,; l: Th MAUNDY THURSDAY. a6 F Our Lady of Good Counsel.
i, ,, F GooD FRIDAY. 7 S B. Peter Canisius, s.j., c.
.i; 8 HoLY SATURDAY. 8 8u. 2nd, after Easter, s. Paul oftheCrou,c.
(i !,;4 Su. Eatar Sunday. 9 M S. Peter, u. .
: i l. M Of the Octave. 3' T S. Catherine of Sienna, v.

... . .0 E 8 .
I,,. ,

., .::,. 3 4. Triduum for Children's Easter I Good Friday. Morning Service at 8. Ser,
Communion. mon of the Seven Words at I p. .,
5. Easter Communion for the children and Evening Service at 7.
Mass at 7. 13. Holy Saturday. Service at 7.30 am.'
' 7 Palm Sunday.': BlessinlgoltPlms, 9.m. 14. Easter Sunday. Easter Communion at 7.
S;8. Triduum i preparation for general Est- 16. Anniversary of the consecration of the
a., nd buriy. EasterCommunlon Vicar Apostolic of British Honduras.
.'; '. .and. Maus ,7.3o.,EvenngServe.ice t t. Liltnies before Mass t, 6.3o., .

62 'P

!* CONTENT s .

** ." ., ,
S Pg 6 The Calendar (concluded), Page o
Colony Notes, : 6 A New England Convert-
HolyiWePi k, g 6 A Convert's Inner Life, .
A Public Apology" 66 Chronicle of the Sacred Heart, 76
Foreign" News, ., 6 Monthly Ohbervatiodr-, ,';,i 1 ,1 79
El Juego ...... ..... -


IE Rt. Rev. Vicar Apostolic of Brit-
i tended to visit and give Confirma-
tion to the Ilndians of Icaiche, wh'
rn itne te of their separation from'Yucatani
had never been visited by any bishop. But un-
fortul.tely, when everythiigwas ready, the very
morning set for his departure, Ilia Lordship was
very sick, being unable to leave his bed. He selt
,,, his stead Father Molina andl S. Gillet, who,
if they could not administer Confirnmtion, dil
splendid spiritual work among the IndianiIs, an
account of which will appear in the next number
of The Angelus."
A week later, being in better health, the Bislop
started to visit the Northern District of the Co-
lony. He first went to Corozal, where be had a
well attended inss-meeting of all the people,
in which was proposed and accepted the project
of preparing a residence and a select school for
girls, to be under the charge of the Sisters oj(
Mercy. i .
On the i5th of March, accompanied by Rev.
H. Gillet, he proceeded to Progreso, to settrl
about the erection of the new church. The plan
was presented and approved, the ptiospe ds whr
S thoroughlydiacussed and everythingbeing ready,
orders were given to start the work at 'once.. It
Sepected to have the new church finished by
the end of Apil.' * .. ,
On the 17th, be visited the ~ urci hbtise
of Corosl, preaching at the High Mas and after
the lsry i the eening.' .:'. ...

On the t8th he left, by the Freddie M., for
Caledonia, where 37 children were waiting to be
confirmed. Having been well instructed by the
priest in charge of the place, the fiul prepare.
tion was very easy. Whilst the children were
making their confessionn, the Bikshp held a mani
meeting of the grown population, in which two
resolutions were put and carried un inimiounsly.
viz., to build a church in the month of May, with
the assistance of all the inhabitants, and to open
a Catholic school in June, as nearly all the fat
milies are Catholics. On the 2othi two MassCe
were said, during which more than a5 persons
received holy Communion and nfter them Con-
firmlation was idminiistered to the childIrel.
At ta o'clock, the same daiy, the Bishop and
Fr. Gillet left Caledonia for Sun Estelian, in a
special hbot sent for them.' Sun Estelian was
reached in two hours.' The Brhlhp Intended to
pay only a short visit to this place, to look after
the school, and other work started a long time
ago. The, condition of the school is not very
brilliant; the people are never satisfied with the
Smasters, they have constantly the same complaints
against them, aind hence the attendance is very
poor. The Bishop tried his best to induce the
parents to send their children more regularly to
school.' The following day, after Mass, he left
for Orange Walk, Here he niel ~ two fathers
who had just returned from Icriche and was ien-
tertained by. them with an interesting account of
their, eacurMion.,.: Theo churchband rqsldence of
Orange Walk were visited, some business affairs
concerning the ihutch: Weie's6ttledi!nd :n the
6tl,: His Lrdship 'Wu isedt iiH:Fr. S. Gillet

to lBelize. The visitation was rather short,on ac- cord with the Father and nut only we English
count of the late visit of the Rev.T.S.Fitagerald, Catholics hut all churches in communion with
SJ.,Pruvincial of theMi isuri Proviice ofJestiits. us throughout the world. The Italian,the French,
the Gcrman, the Australn, the Spanish Churches
We have been shown what purports to le a whether in the Old World or the New,repudiate
Jesuit's oath. The very authority given for the. the claim .of the Anglicans to be called Catholic.
oath, the wretched apostate ex-priest Chlniquv, But these Churches, it may be said,are all Rlojan
should be aulficient to brand the circular, in the Catholic whose exclusive pretensions are the very
eyes of every fair-minded man, Catholic or Pru- cause of their refusal.
testant, as an unmitigated lie and a forgery. Well then let usgo todisilnerested third parties.
The Russian, Greek, Armenian, or any other
Some interesting papers are being published Eastern section of Christianity has never adntit-
in the Colonial Guardian on Life and Death by ted that the Anglican Church could be called
Dr. Evlcs the Colonial Surgeon. We should like Catholic. But it may he said that these are in-
to see them collected in pamphlet form as they fected with the same narrow exclusiveness.'
contain much valuable information. The stntis- Well then what say the Lutherans and Calvi-
tics given show a high ruteof mortality especially nists? They not only deny that the Anglicans
in the Northern Districts which we think if care- are Catholics hut call them Protestar t like them-
hflly looked into could he very much reduced. selves. But these are mostly foreigners and don't
Whilht however the mortality has increased.it understand the peculiar position of the Anglican
would seem that there i anl improvement in the Church.
morality of the people. The illegitimate births Let us conm then nearer home. What say the
In 1891 were 44.30 per cent whilst for I94 the Wesalyans, the Baptists. the Preabyterians-
percentage is given as 16.5o. This is still a very which of all the dissenting bects In England or
high proportion of illegitihncy aind springs we Scotland will admit that in parting from the
think mainly from the way in which the youth Establishment they parted from the Catholic
of both sexes is utterly neglected after leaving Church. But these are enemies. Let us come
school. Till seven they ire laken some cure of then into the very household of the Anglican
at home, till 14 or i5 they are somewhat safe- Communion. We find there too a large section
Guarded mat school and after that they are left to which calls itself Protestant and repudiates the
'run riot uiid form Uinlawful unions, which are name and practices of theCatholic religion. Ask
'ery hard to break off in After years. the present Bishops ofLiverpool, Worcester and
Exeter if they are not Protestsmts. Not long ago
Fault has been fond with the priest of Mon- Archdeacon Farrar publicly disclaimed being a
key River for telling his people that there is only Catholic priest. The present Prime Minister,
one Catholic Bishop in the Colony. To bring Lord Rosebery, said the old cathedrals and
this home to their minds he used three arguments churches were taken from Catholic and given to
which though not very recondite were simple and the Reformed clergy of the Church of England.
such as the unlearned could easily understand. But we will.come yet nearer home, even to
The Anglican could not be a Catholic Bishop Belize itself. I walk down the street amd I turn
because he did hot obey their Pope, because he into a humble house and in order to be sure that
did not allow any statue.of the Blessud Virgin I am not interfering with those.ofanotherdeno-
Mary ili his church aid because he had a wife. minuationi ask the question: "Areyou Catholics?"
As regards the fact that there a only one Ca- And th straightforward answer comes ."No,
th1l9 Bishop l ate 9. Lp, A,,W." p acp mo Father, ", are not C;thboic, wee Proteatt.


4 )

to St. Mary's or to t. John's." But
We go to g.- n a people it will he .aid,who do
not sno e real not e of the religion to which
t know the real na
he belong u then must be to the Consol-
idat'd Law.of the Colony o British Honduras,
oid.pir we believe, by a good mas and an
exceplen Aglican. In it we are told that St.
Jobs's and St. Mary's belong to the Protestant
E'iscopsl Church. If these churches cease to
b pt tat Episcopal, they expose themselves,
urding to the law, to the danger of losing their
right to the property conveyed tothem. Catholics
bare no right to them.
Does not all this look as if the world's judg-
ment was against the Anglican claim to lie con-
sidered Catholic. Exclude a section of the An-
glican party, who object to being called Protes-
tUnts, and no body seems to have a favourable
word for their claiin to be Catholics.
Why then should we be looked at askance
and be considered bigotted because we say that
the present Anglican Bishop is not a Catholic.
Of course we admit that he is undoubtedly a
bishop in the Anglican sense and we honour
and respect his position anl personb,ut we should
be going against our conscience if we called him
a bishop i the Catholic sense of the name.
As sincere men then we. must disagree on
points of religious teaching and as responsible
imen we are.bound to see that none of those en-
trusted to our care he led intol what we consider
the path of error.

silios de la religion y confortado con estos, Ileg6
i so fin con aquella calma que produce una con.
ciencia tranquil.
Fud Aurelio Vargas fundador y por largos al
President de The Colonial Orchestral Assoca.
tion" do esta cuidad, debiendo el actualestadode
prosperidad, en que so encuentra esta asociacion,
i los esfuerzos desintersados que por su program
hizo su fundador. Mas tarde.fu6 asi mismu, presi
dente del desgraciado" Phoenix Club,"y nmas trde
se incorpor6 i La Union Philharmonic Society,"
donde permaneci6 siendu socio hasta su muertc.
Por iniciativa del digno president de"La
Union" se unieron las bandas del "Colonial Or.
chestral Association" y Ia de Apolo" paratouar
.una march funebre durante las cermounias reli.
giosas antes de la inumacion del cadaver. R.I.P.

PUNTA GORDA-From a letter of the Rcv.
Fr. Piemonte, dated March 28th, we learn that
be paid a visit to the Indians of San Antonio
some weeks ago. 'Several jiggers because Ma
attached to him as to take up their lodgiag in
his feet, in consequence of which the Rev. father.
on his return to Punts Gords,' had to take a
forced rest, for some days, in an easy chair.
After recovering somewhat, he went to RedClif
to celebrate the feast of St. Joseph with a lligh
Mass aid a grand procession. A large unmbhr
of persons apploachedl Holy Communion. Re-
turning again to) Punta Gorda, he labored hard
to settle all the schools of the district. There
is every where, now, a Catholic public school,
.. Ih .. 11 i ..L ..... ... ..ti ^ .

a sTnar y na t e n a jt a nts deare ,illr or n III,
El 9 del pasado me. do Maro Al 5 de las di tar- who profess nly te Catholic religion. It sel
deentreg6 su alma al Criador, Josd AurelioVargas, storage slt e oitiU sh d e
depues de una large y penosa enfermedad. itraige ltat mtue denuminations should he nmsk-
Su doklnd& emrpezY por uno infamacion de la Ing such efforts to open Protestant schools a0ost
Su dolencoa empeoa6 por ens inflamatcion de is these simple Catholics.
gargnta estendlendose hasta la traquea-e-fer. s' e tholic
edad cruel a que, d uesde etenuar at bre HOLY WEEK.
paciete, predpit6 una congeston certbral,uua ,
immetdiata dao tterte. a.. : ': ....... This week. In which the Chureh commemorates
Daurant so enferaedad, fud tal su eign Christ's death and burial, has been called by 1ede4t
DquM admirnhe n i t a sresigntin, writers The Great Week, the Week of the Holy PSa
q dmi br i pI'ropls y etrtog I B ionformndad slon, the Penal Week, and the Week of lorglvenet. Its
enen. Bin es Verdad e dede observance Is mntlonedasarly asthesecond entlory
i oti e.'6 l decfinrnd,ildi6 oe saleoti qta PALM BUNDAY. "' Paltm Sunday the Church 0e*
d dsi ad 6 l sntifao at letnta the' tWunlphal earanof bfChrist htoJerOa



( ti6

Ilm. "A great multitude spread their garments in the OIDER OP EXERCISES FOR HOLY WEEK.
way, and other cut boughs front the trees and strew- -
ed then in the way" (St. Matt. xi, 8). Let ui reve- PALM UI NNY. Blessing ol Palms at 9 o'clock. Pro-
rently receive the Blessed Palm to-day, and by It cslion around the church. Solerunlllib M css corn.
proclalm that we accept Christ as the Messiai. J.n ;rn. In the evening. t 7,' Iwglnntng of the Trl-
IIOLYTiIURSDAY. O thisdy onlyoneMano duun In preparation for the general ERlaser Comnmu-
I1OLYTtHUlYDAy.uOnhl di yonlyoneMtstaon lo. .1 ..- -."y ...."4
saidin each Church. and thl mustt be public. Tho Mass n"'n; Rosryt teenion and Benedicoton.
is celebrated. n white vestments, because the Inrtitu. IloLY THURIusAY or MAIINDY TIII'HRsDA. Irpontllfal
tion of the Holy Eucharist le this day fully counmemto- High lass at 7.30. during which the Holy Oils will be
rated; the bells which ring at the Gloria do not sound consecreted by the Bishop. After Muss. procession to
again till the Gloria In the Mass of Holy Saturday. tie altar of Repose. The Adoration of tle Blessed
The celebrant consecrates an additional ilotst which Bacrament will be continued throughout the day, ec-
is placed n a chalice and borne n procession after the cording to' the list which will be unit up near the
Mans. to a place prepared for It. church doors. At7 r.M.. lMandtnlm. l'enehrae, Span-
In Cathedrals the holy polls and chrismn,whleh are isbh Mcrmonand the Ahemrre.
InId In Bapltsm. Confirmation, Holy Orders and Ex- Goop FRIDAT. Mass of the lPreanctlnfd at8 o'clock.
Iremn Unction. as also n consecrating haptismal fonts At I rP.., Sermon. In English, on The Seven Words.
and altar stones. are blessed during the Mass. Let ts At Z r.m.,Via Crucls, English Sermon on theSorrows
thank our Lord for the institution of those Saoraments of our Blessed Lady, Stabtt Mater.
In which the blessed oils are tsed. Since the seventh
century the holy oils, fornlerly consecrated at any IloLv SATrLUAY. In the morning, at 7.80, blesingof
tinme, h:ve been blessed by the bishop In the Muss of the new fire. EasterCandle. holy waterand baptismal
this day. font, followed by Pontifical High lass.
On this day takes place the washing of the Feet. EASTEa SURnDAT. General Comnunlon at 7 o'clock
called The UNandatan. In commemoration of the wash- Mam. Pontifical High Mass at 9i30.
Ing of the Apostles' feet by Christ. This service Is
performed by spiritual superiors, as also by Catholic
princes, to remind us that all persons, even the highest. A PUBLIC APOI.OGY.
should exercise the necessary vlrtuie of humility and
charity towards even the lowest,' In Imitation of the
exauilpe given by Jeans. Those mentioned kis the It is not often that onle hals the pleasure of read-.
feet of the poor, and the Holy Father presses them to Ing i humble dill full apoimngy inL tie public news.
his breast, giving to each person a silver and gold. ie-
medal, on whluh Ia represented the washing ofthe P l'ra whuen mn la ldone wro A Mr. e-
feet by ChriLt rendlsec Inltly sccurcd a cinfemioimn of guilt frLoi
000) FRIDAY. On this day the Church comn- a Catlhlic prisaonr at Grcc, Ilay(WHis.) by pcr.
inetontres the Passion of ChrIst. When th prayers I a sniti
r ended. the orou, which, tp totb thils tea h en sonting priest and the. used tihe infnrmat loun
covered with black cloth, is exposed to view and naginst Ath mnn. H}is conduct was severely re.
venerated and k lsed by the clergyand people. probsttd by bishop Mehmor aud he hta wriltte
The .Blessed Saorament Is horns In ruoesslon fronl
the chapel, where it was placed the day before, and tie following apology, which is as liionoiuralle t)
'lraod on tho altar, the candles a which are not him as his former action wasl diagraceful.
lghted. The present disdlpllne of the Church forbids
communlou to be given on Good Fridayexcept In caeo To the pubill of Green aUy and siy Fellow ta-
ol sickness. thollt Ctizens in particular: the undersigned on-
OL A A lder it his duty and obligation o publicly apolg
In the mrca with cerem ones beglo er for the offense commited by hit on Jan. 19, and to
S.t..... e bthi-ssin '"K othenewn restrm'u particularly beg of his Catllolicello cltlzens to for-
front the li The fire Imal e tuhe L.gbt of Light ive hin. The ame a I know yself guilty before
rising again like the sun in is strength." l e Lord. I hereby Ipublcly actise myself of the of-
The altar Is decked with flowers, and the Masels be- fence and advance no excurs. As God will forgive ule,
gun in white vestments. At the Gloria, the organ I confdently hope that my fellow eltienswill pardon
sounds. bell* are rang, and the joyful strains of the tome alo d cease to rememberlt. I take this occasion
Alleluia peal forth. to thank the few friends who did not forsake me In myI
EATE UNDb Tis...olitude and who, by word and deed. Inspired me wltb
LSTERSUNDAY. T" This the day which the new hope and confidence, thereby keeping me from
LCrd bath made; let us rejoloe asndbe glad in it." The despair. And to all those friends and iny yellow cLiL
Church breaksl north in herAlleluiaa to-day forChrist sens I promise that hereafter I shall live and act u ta
i risen Irom the dead and has conquered the world, man and Catholic Christian. to their and my IsutalU'
ths fesand the devil. A fervent Easter Communlon joy and saatifaction. I am ashamed at my wrong o-
nastunite us to God, and be to s pd pleof ourown ag and r jolo at my retur.
triumph. e that eateth my flesh and rinketh my .. jic at. retr
blood bath everlasgsn life and [wijl rails him a t Respecf.ully, (.sign)
time last d&y-" (1146 Jo 0. VL) es i mimus."

( 66 )
, i ..

On next Good Friday, April t3, it is said that
the stars will be in the same (relative) position
in tie heavenly which they occupied on the day of
Our Lord's death oan the Cross. It is the first time
this has happened since the commencement of
the Christian era. It is physically impossible how.
everthat the ecllse of the sun, which then hap-
pened can take place again. And it was anout
the sixth hour nd there was darkness overall the
earth until the ninth hour. AMd the. sn was
darkened. St. Luke xxiii, 44, 45
Three phenomena occurred at Our Lord's
"death which can never in the ordinary course of
nature happen. An eclipse of the sui took phlce
at the full moo, at a time when naturally there
could not be al eclipse; it lasted foir 3 hours,
whereas a total eclipse of the suit cannot continue
snore than 3 minutes at any one place; smld it
was over the whole earth, whilat the ordinary
eclipse is seen only from certain particular por-
tiolln of the earth.
The sRut was eclipsed by the current mooniion
March z6 last; it was a partial eclipse and was
visible only in the east of North America and the
western edge of Europe, being seen, as a very
slight eclipse, at Dublin, Editburgh, Oxford and
Cambridge. From its beginiiila inl America till
its ending in the extreme north of Asia it last-
ed 3 houts.

practice as lie was sick with influenza. The
following day a new doctor attended hers oth
the previous medical men were influenuned, and
three days later a fourth appeared at hertedside
for the saimereason.
We also in Belize have hadl ila epidemic 14
catarrhal complaints which perhaps have hec,
tdue to the recrudevcense in a mild form of the
influenza of last year.
The Premieris iw coaivalescent frnmi iflacenu
hut is so broken' down by sleeplessness that he
cannot attend to any bill the most urgent.pnarldi
mentary buaainess. It is said ihat Lordl Rosrhcrr
is only prevented lay the rolicitatiimts of his
frienilh from imntating the example of M. Ca.-
aiir l'erier and resignhig the I'remiecr.hip il dis-
gust. Public men alre Inowoladays very iuntd is
the position of the ulol 1maa1 andi his las. What.
ever they )ldo, they are slire to hI foulnd fault with.
We regret to have to announce the death oi
C,lonel 1. Leslie Robertson, who lied suddelily.
Ielbruary soth last, at Diinkell at thee eof fill-
six. IUrnl in 1838, he served in the Crilmeaiwar
in 18i55 aln was present at the taking Io Sclh a
tuill'. fi.r which he received the inmedal with clap .
ndl tile Turkish medal. From t863 to i863 he
saw serviCe in New Zealand, takitig part in the
. ... .... h ....... r.....I.;.. h. .,1a. .... ,ta medal.

ink vc war, ir w i c i ic a mu e. 1: 1 1 ej., I vccl a ined
URING the month of February in,. lt thSoudmai oainpahiia 8of I88 lhe wuspronioted
lueniza wan rifu thuughiouttl huwhovlet to thel Coaominsar Gelernl and received the
of London, being especially severe i midal with clap maid the Kledive'iatir; In 1i8~
ii .I the aristocratic districts of Bcul- he wais m.'de a C. II.
gravis, .Mayfair, South Keuainaltat and other II 873 le wvi t nrried to Curulina Atarelia
parts of the West End. Tlie total number if i the, Colonr y b etwMe 185l 7 nd 59e Coln e
deaths fromn real iflu.ena was not greathlt there Robertson wv:as a convert to the church and was
was a smrkedl increase it mortality from pneu- always known to'lie a gadl practical Cutholilcald
moulla and throat affections. it most chatiitable iiimn.t.
Ainuingdistingui.lhed pattincthnattlcked hy "the For the second time has the German Reichstag
grip" were the Premier Lord Rusehery, Mr. voted the repeal of the bill.expelling the Jesuit
Balfour, Leader of the Conservatives in the Order from Germany. The bill for their expul-
house of commuonos, Sir George Hamilton, Lord sion was passed by the Reichstag in Junle i187
Selhore, Lord Dunraven and niany Members and the supporters of the bill based their advo-
of Parliament. A young lady in South Londo enccy of the measure on the activity of the Jesuits
who was suffering from the ubiquitous influenza for Papal Supremacy. In December 1893 Cnt"at
summoned tbhefailydoctor tuIattendher;, The luompeach introduced a bill tepealina the satl-
neat day another physician put I an appearance Jesuit law, which wis' passed by the Reichstag,
a explained that he had taken over his friend's but rejected by the Federal' C.th"ll. Agatil in

( 67 )

February of this year a majprity'uf.thercpresen.
tntives of the people have voted away' the nhnox-
ious law,. but itis thought that the BunJdesrnth
(the Upper House) will agint refuse to shnirgte
the persecutitg statute.
Ar interesting table printed in the New York
IndependBet shows the net increase or decrease
in the membership of the various religious de-
nomhinations In the United States during the past

four years:
Adventists 57
llaptists 4,o'
Cathulics 61o
Cliristias 4
Church of God 7
New Jerusalemn '23
Cingregationalistt t76
Disciples of Christ 1,167
Iunkards j7
Evanz. Association 13
Friend 12
German Evang.Prut.
S" yn.d. "86
Hlebrews 75
Iitter-Day Saints .' 17
Lutherans 829
Mleninnites 45
MetL.tlists .. 2,319
Muraviana .
Preshyterians. '433
.Proteti4nt Episcpal 53
'Reformed ', 6
Salvatiui Army :2,oi6
Unithed Jrethren ,: It
Un.tarinns 4
Universalists 72
WVldeustronianls. 140

'' 40



.. 795
37 1

64,9 .


i 35..-445
* t,oSi5

To, ,,o, I
Total net increase... 17.33t1 l2,8o ,3S7,20o6

CATHlaLIC STATUCITs. In Hoffman's Catholic
Directory for1895, published lately, the fol-
lowing statistics are given Archblahops 17]
Bishops 73, against 71 lastyear' secular clergy]
7,546',agihitt'.,2; regular ..clergy o,5o0,

against 2,486. The Catholic population is plac-
ed'at 9,077,865. against 8,912,033 in r894. There
are 5,659 parish churches, 3,65o missions with
churches and 3,194 stations and chapels. The
educalthinl statistics show 9 universities, as tes
minarice for sculuar and 77 for regular clergy.
the students in the former numbering 2,129, in
the latter 1,474. There are too high schools for
boys, 6o) for girls and 3,731 parochial schboo.
The children attending Catholic schools number
775,o0o. The Church supports 239 orphan asy.
lhms, 30,869 orphans asd 8l2 charitable inltitu-
tioiis. The most populous diocese is that of
New York containing a Catholic population of
Sco,ooo. Next in order are Boston with 590,oo00
Chicago, 550,ooo0 Philadelphia, 415,coo, and
New Orleans 325,000. That the figures are not .
overestimated can he inferred front the fact that
the diocese of St. Louis is credited with only
200oo00oo, nd the entire State, embracing th dio-
cese of St. Louis, Kansas City, and St. Jowph
with a Catholic population of 61,ooao.

SAn attempt wwa latelymade in Danville, Illinois
tofalsely convict Dr. Cauble of forgery. Against
the evidence, from a spirit of religious prejudice,
Cauble was convicted of fraudulently signing a
note with the name John Collins, who it seemed
had authorized him soto do. In the town there
was hitter hostility between the A. P. A. pirty
and mineihers of the Catholic Church. When
Dr.Cauhle, a prominent and active Catholic,was
put upon his trial, one of the former party swore
that he would have him convicted and then de-
clared that he had expreMsed no opinion and was
disinterested. Bigotry however was foiled for
though he was convicted and sent to prison on
March to, on the following day he was promptly
pardoned by Governor Altgeld of Illinols.

The Grand Duke Vladimir, commander of
theamilitary district of St. Petersburg, has issued
an order forbidding officers under his com-
mand from attending thetrical performances
during *r+t .. ,i . :ri


- I la~mr I


( 68 ).

he Prident of the Transvaal Republic, S. Mosow, was ey Intimate with neral CountOrifo
The resident celebrated for his bravery, but as godless as he wu
Jp. paul Kruger, has presented Pope Leo XIII. brave+
with a diamond found at theJagersfontein mine, One day, atthe close of a supper, Count Orloff nd
nge Free Stae, which is said to be the largest one of his friends. generall V,, also a disciple of Vol.
e Free State, which t e te aet re. had set to horribly ridiculing religion,espevtnl.
n the world. It weighs 971 carats, that is rather ly hell. Yet,' said Orloff; yrt (f. by chance. Un
more than half a pound troy. It is of a bluish should be anything the other side of the canraftal' *r,
than h took up General V., 't ohkheeerofus shall derilrsk
tint lk the famous blue-white diamond of 150 will scme to torm othe er ofte of g Iit reedF 'Anez.
esrati r knt own fro its possessor as the Porter client Mden.' replied Count Orloff; and both nter.
at, known romc its p r as changed very seriously their word of hornr not loin
Rhodes" and which was found at Kimberley the engagement.
~". 'A few weeks later, one of those great wars which
in t80o. Napoleon had the gift of creating at that time. banu
Hitherto the most famous existing cut di- forth. The RIsstan army began the campaign, and
General V. received orders to start out forthwith to
mouds have been:- take an Important command.
The "Orloff" weighing 194 carts, which is "He had left Moscow about two or three wreb,
mounted on the sceptre of the Czar; when one morning. at a very early hour. while my
moutgrandfather was dressing. his chamber door is rudely
the "Regent" of 1361 carats preserved ammig pushed open. It was Count Orloff. In dreling-gns
the ntioal jewels in Pari and which is cati- and llppers. hl hair on end, his eyes wild. and pal
the nationlie a e i nd man. What, Orlof ul o at this hour and
mated as worth 480o,ooo; In such a cosatuin What calls yu c what has happ.,0?
stid the Koh-ilnor now reduced to o16 carats. 'Ny dear,'. replies Count Orloff. 'I betltee I an Ilei
and the Kuh-iennfr now Ae i c a /,r Geacral V.' Itas G(ners ..
This last, history says,helonged to the Sultan Ala- a, comie bakI Welten ano, rejoins Oroff, Gthrownl 1
ed-diu In 3o04, and is now the property of the himself on a sota, and holding his head between 1
ed-din n ig hands; 'no, hehas not come back, and thati t hailfiht.l
Queen of England. esi ms!'
The largest cut diamond in the world as we My grandfather did not understand him. le tried
d the Orlfbeu i to soothe him. "Relate to me," he says to Orloff,
have just shown is called the Orloff because it was ,tt ha s happened you, and what all tM means." Then.
bought by Prince Orloff in 1776 at Anuterdam striving to stifl his emotion, the Count related the
for te ef R d following: "* My dear Rostopchlne, tome time a.
for the empress Catherine II.of Russia. He aid V. and I mutually swore that the irnt of us who dted
his four brothers were all of them wicked imet, should cone and tell the other If there is any.hlnioa
who from an obscure position of life rose to the other side of the urtince. Nwa this lnom g.
scarcely half an hour since. I was calmly IvnIn *wake
great dignitica, by the favour of Catherine fl. In my bed, not thinking at all of my friend, when, l
son of one of these Oroff, a it would p of a sadden, the curtains of my bed were rudely part
Sson of one of thee rloa, a it p ed. and tit two steps from ns I see General V. stand.
pear, had however an apparition which should ing up, pale. with his right hand on his breast, and
have converted him from his wicked ways. ", sayinto me: Thd r l ancell, nd Ian theresa-d heI
dlIsappeared. Icameatonceto you. My headissplit-
The story is given us by the blind Bishop tingi 'Whata strange thing! do notknow what to
think of It."
Monsignor de Scgur as tuld by his grandfather My grandfather calmed him as well as he could. It
Count Rostopchine, who was Governor of Mos- was no easy matter. lie spoke of halluclnations; pr-
cow when the French entered that city in 1,8,1. haps he was asleep.... 'There are many extraurdinal
:h Count d.Segur was Funaocountablo things..., and other common-plsoos
The Count de .Segur was F'rench Anbassador which constitute the comfort of freethinkers. 'lten
to Russia for five years, his grandson married he ordered his carriage, and took Count Orloff back
the daughter of Count Rostopchiae who lived in Nowh ote orel day. after ths trang Incident.
Paris for several years and died in 1826, so that an army messenger brought my grandfather among
there wer many opportite r verifyiugthe other news, that of the death of 'neral Y. The '~
there we n pportnnaf morning of the day Count Orlof had seen and h
details of the story. It is given by there Bishop ps him, the same hour hb appeared at Moscow, the U"
followas- fortunate General, reconnoitring the enemy's position
,.. i ;." -a t 1.o.o I shot ; had been shot through the breast bya ballet, and bd
S"Itwas tlaBusi at tM1ow, a shortwhile eore fallenstarkdead.., ... ,
tse horrible ampgn o 1 M 1 maternal grand"- T a is a LtAll, d 'thee a the word
athe,(rw Bontoe i lo-ehiu, theMt ItalryOovernorl f oneWho0tuneabt .'" 'd'. a,*.. I- a'*

( 69 )

EL JUEGO Juan armio In limbirimbs ysejug6dla camisa, los
ea CONTRA LA LEY DI Dios, L4 LLY HUMANA pantalones, el catre en que dormla, y no sejug6
Y UN VICO MUY DIFICIL A CORREjiR. i mismo porque el complice no admiti6 la
apuests. Sali6 del arrest nas pillo, mas en
S contra Ia lev de Din :-no c.dici.r cenegado en rus vicious que cuando habli ingre-
los bienes ajenos. El juego es tam. sado en In prilol.
S hien un delito, segui la ley humans, La madre do Juan era una huena Soiora,'pero
l92f comprendido y castigadu en el cbdijo Ie faltabs much para ser una excelcnte cristia-
penal de todas las naclonea civilizadas. Eso no na. Tenla demanisdo apego issn cosas del mun-
deben olidarlo las. personas colo*sa del bien del do y isus perifollos y diversions. Ola misn todos
projimo: es un recurso pars stafar is* funestas los domingos y fiestas de guardar ed verdad;
consequencias del ranl. 'peru apenas se confesaib y comulgaha por pau-
El jugador empedernido ca dificil que se cnr- cus y se excuabai facilinentle de loIs yunos.
rija, pero no impossible com so me nestra por Is Aquella seiaor queria *ntrafiiblemente &Juau,
cuenta siguiente. nunque Ru cariiio cra muy mundane, no exento
Jusa era un viciuso liaragani y el i, .i emnpc- tie vanidad; amor segun In care, que hubiers
dernido de los jugadores. Pertenecla I una de dicho S. Pablo. Sc sentla orgulluu de aquel
las main hrillantes carrerma del Est.do; hIhbis nino que ganash todos sus cursos con gloria, y
hecho sus estudioa con luciniento, porique era casi sin estldiar, Io que i sus ojos sumentaba el
listo y en aquel tiempo aplicado. Pero en cuan- mn6rsto dl triunfo; do squel joven que era gua*-
lo se vi6 en posesion de an empleo, y del sueldo pisimo y arrogaite, con iuos njos i ngros grades
i 61 anejo, se convirtid en to que se llamn un y rasgadou, que pnrecian los de uu principle rabe
perdido. No faltabs es verdad i Ins ubligaciunes de las leyendas romiluticas; env.ineclase de In
de.su cargo; cumplfa con los deheres estrictoa gracia en el decir del desparpijo y clegiaide sul-
de su profesion ; pero, en cuanto se vela libre, turn dle aquel hij, ile suk entralias. al que todos
aI casino, al af6i, al garito. Se jugaba Is pag" mirahan con simupatis b con envidi..
del inme, antes de haberin cobrado; jque dcci- I Y porque no decirlo ? Lou primeros paisu de
mos la del mes? So jugaba I del ano y ani Is Jua on In carriers del vicio casi, casi hicierou
de muchos arfos, que Ie facilitabhn usureros coin- gracis i sou mndre. No sients imal; pensabi ella
placientes, 6 mnjor dicho, avidn, de tragarse to- i un joven de sus condicionesv y prendan ser un
do el potrenir del pure y descaminiado moual- puquito calavers. Pero myl que niJan iii miadie
Srvte. Prai corregirlc. s emplcaron todos lI men- puede detenerse a Is mitad de esa pendiente is-
Sditir humans. Huho cargo, advertencias, a on. tml del pecado, una ves que en ella ae ha puesto
.neltciones, cambios de residencia, buscado, & el pi6. Juan fu6 dealzindose primcro y despues
propbsito pars desviarlo de lus mnlos amigos, de cnbez alsajn, con Ia vertijinos rapides do un
i los que como ea usa, es atribulf Is parts pril- hombre que cune kplumno, al fonde de un Rbismo.
cipal de In p&simn conidtcta d Junn. Nads bas- Y comno la madre de Juan no era mals del to-
t6. Los Jefes se enteraron h intervinieron. Juan do, sino una pohrecills extravisd por I nmala
fu6 suspeidido puhlicamente por sus superiors educacion y el pisimo ambient que hoy so rea-
jerirquicos soe le furn6 un proceso por vicioso pira, no tardo en bacerse cargo de Is gravedad
incorregible y deudor injustificable; fud condo de IS situation do au hijo. Ella fui Is quo apel6
uado I un castillo; y severnmente apercibidi de i tod s los medios humanus capaces de corre-
que so Ie tratari n la suceslvo coa el mayor girl; Ia que busc6 amigoa qua Ie .conscjasen
rigor. Y nada, nuda, lo mmumo quo antes. En honestof placeres que Ie distrajesen. Pero usad
el cutillo, durant elos irgos nmese do reclusion, bea El oro que ls buscaba entire quella eu-

( 70 )

oa no parecld; que el decantado fondo de que centuplican ef fervor db lotfeles,los ciales,
pundonor que se suponia eC el tlma de Juan arrodilladoas yienajenados exponen. a Jesus sue
no acabaub de salir luz. Habia que con- diltimas plegarias, y oran ,sin palabras, 6conplA.
enerse (tristisimo convencilnento) de qua labras entrecortadas par lo ssllozos... La madre
Juvnc e babl becho un canalla, com nootro ide Juan pediA cotmosiempre poriaaAlvacionlde
Juslquioer Esta dolorosa conviction no amil- su hijo... Y de repente crey6 ver i su hijo arro-
cub sinembargo la mnadre de Juan. Cualidn dillado delante de ellac n actitud devotisimacoin
hubo ogotadd todos los recursos de Ia prudencia los ojos humedecidos poer Its Ihgrims bIantandol
humans, e tcord6 la infeliz de que alli arriba arrepentimiento.s. ErailtlioniErarcalida.d..
eiste un Dios, que puede hacer to que el hom- Si, lodltimo. Juan se hahla sentidlbnumvido pur
brenoalcanza. Entonces recurri6 i qiilen debi6 extraflo interior impiuls, y habha entrado cn Is:
rccurrir desde un principi6. Ord. Como Judit Iglesia. Puede decirae quee n tquIel momentone
part salver h su pueblo, so visti6 el cilicia do habit convertldo... Juan es ohy un oxcelente
enitencia para salvear h a hijo. Di6 de ma111no pndre do (inmilin y su.iinadrc unnadu Ins i i de-
i sus diversions, cerr6 valerosaiente slr tertn- votan miujeres tie Iu PurraoquiH.
lisa, se ia veis ahorn frecuentemente en In iglebia
Sdelante del sagrario rrodillmda, can los ojos fijcs THE CALENDAR.
en el pavihnento, pidiendo i Dios pot In vuelta
del hijo pr6digo at hogat del Padre de fumilial... (CONCI.UDI))
SS oraciun era purn, cada vet ils.perfecta ; no
pedis Ya slno que ua hijo, furse buernu y se Salvara. I I E Gregoriual talendair would l in
"Seor," decia continuamente. vovedloj Avon fully the qustnltio of the IliculsulC-
k mi no; que se cuinviertr, y Ms itucra si re pre .j nient.of time which for more than
ciso. Yo, Scor, no quiero i ml hijo pars mi; 3000 years had been perplexing the scientific.
ea vuestro y os to devuelvo; to que us pido, In world. There is indeed a slight error in the ca-
que qutero es, que no sea del demonio; que oa lendnr; for, hy inserting 97 leap years in 400
lo llercia i vuestro seno." Y asi un di y otro years it made the mean solar year consist of.163
dis, uins elnall y otra semlnall, 'un ile y tOtlr days, 5 hours, 49 minutes, 12 seconds; whereIIt
met... Y siempre igual... Confesaha y comulia- the true imear year contains 365 lays, hours,
bs con freciencin, y Ilen l dte y de confiana 48 minutes, 49.621 aecondl. But by making every
oe In miscricordia divina, pedia sil desclnnlao y 4oooth year a comnimon, Instead of a leap year,
sin dcsanimnarse purcque sl hlijlo it es converild it will he n too,ooo veoa before there will hle hat
tait pronto como ella hubhiern decundo. error of onte day.
Y su hijio, al, so convertiti atl cabu,'y, pindtl. 'It wans not however satlafactory to the lducat-
lamenti juzganitdo, nltuells uraciclr.nea die ain In. el Isav'ge's, who tyratintliied over France at tie
dre fuueron l motivu que inovid A in infinittu iti- end of Ithe itlth century, that there should be aty-
aericordia part que ohriae cl milagro. Fu6 oie Ia thing Christian left in their landll It 1793 tlhe
ultinm tarde de Ia novena del Sagrado Cornzoat National Convention-decreed that' tlh common
de J.esu, at que Ia made de Juan habia cou,a:I era should bea'bolished aid, in place of it. t new
grado i iu hiju y enconmenddid do tie iodo par. er beginning with the fdntdatton of the repubIli
liculanriimo el exito de nquelli staita ohri., Ha. a 'Septeiiiber, 1792. Lik the Egypttisoflold'
blan concluido el' rermon, y It nityor patted de l every oith wvaS to het't 30:dl jt, with'5 days'
loo piadosos ejercicios. Ibase' dat il bendletinr added' after' Sept. 16:whlch wer'enledicated to'
con cl Santisimo Sacrimentbi e aKe ublimi ;V1rtue; Ocniin)L ibott, Ophilon nltd Rw\ardt,
Intate. n qu tlos esplendore ael'ctilh pired wIlllistit ty4ti'LrI r lto'itnlnitixtl oa.

( 71 )

plimentary.daiycaleid .!.Revolution day.." The accurate one, hut the error is not such as to
months and the days of-the Gregorian calendar account for-a difference of 232 years in 4000.
to which thet corresponded were'as.followa:- Like the Mobammnocdans and the Chinese, the
Vend&nitare (Vintage Month) Sept. 22 to Oct. 21 Jews have a year of s1 months, consisting of 219
Briumsre (Foggy ) Out. 'S Nov. 20 and 30 days alternatively, with oa intercalary
Frimnre (Sleety ) Nov. 1S Dec. 20 month once in every 3 years and sometimes in
Nlvose (Snowy ) Dec. 21 Jun. 19 every two. Thus an imperfect year consists of
Pluvlosa (Rainy ) Jan. 20 Feb. 18
Ventore (Windy ) Feb. 19 March 20 334 and a perfect year of 385 days. This inter.
Germinsal (Budding ) March 1 April Ip colary month (veadar) follows adar and is intro.
Florlal (Flowery ) April Y10" May 19 duced before the new moon of nisan, with which
Pralrlal (Pasture ) May 20 June 1 hregins the Jewish ccclesiastical year, their civil
Melsdor (Harvest ) June 19'" July 18 year commencing with tisri, which falls, accord-
Thermnldor (Heat ) July Aug. 17ing to the lunatio, in the l halfSeptebr
Fruotldor (Fruit ) Aug. 18 Set. 1ilLr tie l.
or thI Hnrst davs of October.
By %apoleon's order the Gregorian Calendar The Moslem ern counts front July 16, A D. 6a
was res uned on Jairy 1, i and this in reckoned by themit s the year 1 12-
This is, and is likely to continue, the most 1313, lthe. latter beginning on June 24. Here
univerhslly kni.wn an.d used throughout the civi- again we see that their years are not reckoned
lizelt wi.rld. The Jews, the Mohammedans, the like ours. If they counted, as we do, this should
Russiins. the Chinese nnd others have their be st73 with them.
special calendars but, except for theirown pecu- The Chinese year hcgins early in Felbruary
liar festivals, they conform to the Gregorian Ca- and cnsuisis of Ia months of 29 and 30 days Alt
lender when living among Western nation, anld, ternatelvy but in every 19 years there are 7 years:
oftentilmes, they are far more fthmiliar with our ,f 13 muonthi. This is not quite correct anl there-i
Calendar than with their own. fre they have formed a cycle o 60oyeara, during,
It i said for instance, that the Freemasons pro- which they insert intercalary months, to prevent
fess to date their Culendar front the Creatiln,; their Calendar front getting all awry with the
but, we fancy, that natty a Mason who knows seasois.
that this is the year 1895 of the Chrlslati era is Frola what has been said in these pages
m.t aware that this is the year 5655 of the Free- it will be Aen that there mutst he great dis-
mason and Jewish Calendar. How the Jews ar- criulanci;e and diversities in ancient chrontlogy ;
rive at this particular date' in their chronology and the confusitin has been made still greaterby
weu do not underrtitd. Their Calendar places different nations hgiinning the year on different
the Creation 37o6 years I.C. and thus they call lays.
the present munlth, Nilalt 5645, itne year heing We cannot however enter luio this vast sub-
lotby Christ's birtheing placed according to ject of chronology lut we will cunclude our
the Chrittian era litnthu year I A.D. But the notice on calendars by saying, that the enrlieat
Chroniulogy of the old Teatament, neither as authentic calendar, having a week of sevel days
given in the Juwish,: Samaritan, nor Septuagint and a year of twelve months, was used by the
versions, coincide with the modern Jewish Al- Assyrians B.C. 2330; whilst the best proposed,
manacs.; If the Jewish version of Sacred Chro- though not adopted, is that of Omar, a Persian
nology, which places Creation 3991 years before astronomer, who in A.D. o179, suggested that
the.Incarnation, is received.this should be with every fourth year should be a leap year, except
them the year 5887 since the Creation. It is true thateverr thirty-third year tnsteadof every thirty-
that, the.,Caltduar.o theJaws~is.ot!aperfectly, second;should be leap year.

( 72 )

(agts base poc relojero de la casde A. E. Morlan.)
Poue en conoOinitento del public de
eta colonia que ha estoblecido tunt
Joyeria ne Belize A la bajada del puente
haocl el lado our, dondo so encoLutlrra
un surtido complete de relojes tanto de
oro, come de plata, nickel, dorado,&c.,&c.


Relojes de pared de uno a
treinta dias de cuerda, con Des-
pertador, Barometros, Termo-
metros, Calendarios &c,, &c.


En eats coua so contpuIoIi Relojes por
mta cumplicados que sacu, hsi comlti
Maquinas y alljuas, con proutitud y
esmero. .
Ordenes' del exterior recibirAn, una
Atencion pronta, ,

.. *A, A. POl HANKEN,.
S. '..... .. ,, ; .i ,i iLOJKH O ., R ,
Belize, British'Hotidutrue

From "The Messnger of the sacred Heart."

*T the end of the year 1878, Father Rohertron
was sent to Stonyhurst College.in I ancashire..
His love of nature soon made him acquainted
with the Lascashire fells and hi geologist's
hammer was as familiar a feature in the hill
as the old clock," so writes one of the Father,.
His love for boys soon made him a great favourite
among them. He writes to a teacher the folloiv-
ing intruction:
First of all nIIld most important, there mnirt
be perfect good feeling between teachers and
pupils. No child must ever he allowed to fel'
itself under a cloud for evel a few niinutes, or
that the teacher is cold, even for bad conduct,
but since the latter must be corrected, you see
why Jesuits insist on corporal punishnient as a
ise qua ueon. Where it does nut exist,.there
will be always a substitute, sending a child to
Coventry, etc., and experience shows in nine
cases out of ten that means sending to a place
we oly mention insermonsorretreats. Remem-
ber that external discipline can only ring about
external good conduct, and that children can he
led, not driven, to real goodness, which is the
oue only object in education. They must be led
by example, which ia all powerful with children,
in tllse they admire and love, but goes for no.
thing from those they think hostile or cold to
them. Scellimnntality in as bad as harshness; i .*
selfishness and bright cheerfulness alone can Ido
such work, with regular prayer. Teaching of,
this kind you will find as improving tu self as to
pupils, and, what Is of great importance, yoe
will find your power of'good extend long after
your pupil has gone out into the world, up to
his dying day. '! '" ''' ; -' :" ,i *' '
'" We learnt something from the adversaries of
the Chuich the devil has not tost his cunning li
bit fall and when we find hIs trol, :cunoclout

( 73 )

or unconscious, especially down on a point of as they watched crowd of school boys "There
Catholicism, we may know that it is of great im- is only one thing in Edinburgh that I covet, and
portance. Just at present such areas education that is the boys." After this he was sent back
of youth in Catholic principles; temporal power to Manreas. Roehampton, to make his Third
of the Pope; intolerance." Year," that is to lly another year it the novitiate,
His love of country is constantly appearing in required hy the Societyof Jesus, before prouounc-
.hisletters.asforinstance. inonedated July4 1881. ing the last vows. Part of the order of the exer-
I felt this morning, that whatever he the cises of this period is to serve in the hospitals.
obstacles, the Glorious Fourth must he kept to- Father Rohertsou was seit to assist for a month
day, so I took a red handkerchief to which I in one of the homes of the Little Sisters of the
affixed some very rude impromptu stripes and I Poor. He entered into the spirt of it with all
stars of white and blue paper and the legend! his heart, and as he said, brought away the great-
Mary Immaculate pray for America ,' nd hungl est edificatin he had ever had. One incident
the whole outside my door, to the great Idmira t he described there was the following i the old
tion.nf all who passeldhy: English, [rish. French, I men under the charge of the Sisters were permitt-
Spanish, German, anil Canadian. Lastly I %vntl ed on certain days to go out and visit their friends.
into the garden and pulled somen lovely roses, anl On one if these occasionsun old man had returned
put them into a bouquet on my table, thIn hav- to the home much the worse forcertain stimulants
ing, as it were done my duty by my country set with which his friends had provided him. He
to work. God bless the best country on the, came while the old men were taking their tea,
face of the globe, the only land that welcomes with the Sister iu charge seated at the head of
with warn hearts and open hands the persecuted the table, with the Fathers of the Society serving
and oppressed in every land; where the stricken them. The poor old mila seated himself near
find refuge and the poor man bread for himself, the Sister and began to abuse her loudly,'calling
education and elevation for his children." her names andI even shaking his fist in her face.
He speaks frequently with affectionate pride Father Rolbertoni feeling that she stood in need
of his American pupils. of protection, hastened to that end of the long
While he was still at Stonyhurat College he table, but was very quietly sent back again to
lost the mother who was sodear t, him. It was serve the bread at the other end of the room by
she who had so carefully preserved, the letters the Sister in question and presently the old pen.
which hid been written by him during his stay sioner finding that be had it all to himself, as it
Sin Engla d I after her death there were but few were, slunk off to bed. Father Robertson tried
preserved. Father Robertslo left .Stonyhust to the next day to speak to theSister, who wasevi-
study tLeology at St. Beuno's, in Wales, in 1893. dently a high bred lady, in order to express his
lie was ordained there to the priesthood on the sympathy. But be noticed that she seemed to
Feast of Our Lady of Good Counsel, 1887,-al- avoid him, and he did not find the opportunity to
most the only one among his band who received speak, until he wa going away. 'Shethenturued
no congratulations from his kilnsflk; but his old to him with tear In her eyes a she aid earnestly!
pupilscume to get his blesing. While be alight- Father, that is one of the best old men in
ly refers to the heartache caused by the absence our house, when he is not under the influence of
of his family; he characteristically turns gratefully liquor."
to the pleasure given by the presence of his boys, Father Robertson wrote that he then saw that
some coming aver from France for this occasion. she felt the ame mortification and unwilling-
* His first station was at Edinburgh, where he hess to have the fault noticed that shie would
remained a year. He once remarked to a friend have felt had the pensioner been her own father.

( 74 )
*i" .----

* not be out of place here to insert some
hi letr of spiritual direction, the only ones
S the many preserved, which were written
scatholics He writes to one of the super-
S.nitive' as follows:
s Take my advice and attribute no weight t all
,,oay hard things --or ally one else says to
you. The.trw cause is not inyourself hut in
her own worried nerves or indigestion or an obsu
t~perou.:liver, most likely the latter. No one
gettbrough life without hearing these.thingvs.
They generally come unexpected, too, and we
are.spt to think that something important has
happened when we do hear them. Now I can
ay that without one exception, I have never
known of one such case-and I have known
many-where the sayer of hard things was not
much astonished and still more hurt that the hard
thingswereeven'rememinberedla week afterwards.
The.kind and true way of acting, therefore, is to
pay no attentionat all, antd, after all, it is a truer
form of humility. You do quite right though
in writing to me, and ,am always glad when
you tell mte.
"Now prepare your soul for n lecture, not to
say a scold, for it-in not that: The first step to-
ward progress il goodness for everyone-b-ut for
you 8specially-is interior peace. l'erhups it is
rash to say why, but at any rate all spiritual au-
tboritiesagree thatcontent is tabslutely Iecessary
to progress or even prseverance in (God's service,
Those who.embarktheir little craftson the.great
acean of the 'might be's' and the supposings.'
or who read between the hnues'. and see enemies
and difficulties with a kind of second sight, whelk
they probably .don't exist or, are better ignJred
if they do, areinvitingship-wreck to themselves,
Of course Jubit of worry cannot be put away.
by a iogle act or resolve any more than any other
babit. 'Habit s driven .out by habit,'" ays
Thomas i Kempts. If each worry is resolutely
turned out, ,they will ,in time easc to. come.
When.the evil itir.is thorotugh y.,poivince
that th here Is neither welcome .nor, evn, archa
pumt r-i."pt.ignoMino,, eplusion he.wil


soon,get out of the way of knocking at your door.
I think therefore;,youwould do well to make
worry or any.disturbance of your interior peace
a matter of particular examen and give it no
rest-but give yourself rest instead-until nothing
absolutely everdisturbsyou. Your motto: 'Sul-
ficient for theday.is the-evil thereof.'
The evils, which worry is apt to lead to, ale;
first,self-pity, which destroys moral nerve and
saps-spiritual strength beyond any other disewae.
Did you ever .see a ',nalade inusginaire' who
could neither eat nor move for fear of hurling
something or other?
.Second, neglect of dlities consequent bad co'-
science of course worse in those egagedh ii active
life. Dtties undertaken lor (jod deserve ullre-
tion, and worrying people can give only half at-
tention to anything but themselves.
Third, inahility to help others. No work is
so incumbent as sympathy and consolation, hut
no one goes naturally to any but those dev.,il
of self alid full of others. No line can console
but those who are themselves content nmd cheer-
ful, and soon. Oh! this self, elf, self,theeniemy
with dliuises infinite ani as stanctinmonious anil
full of religions profession as r MethoJistal Canl
you understand this enigmaticnl aiying of Father
de Ravignann. When a penitent begged of hir,!
the secret of his peace, he-said There uswJ to
be two of us, and I kicked the. thhr fdllow oit of
the window.
All fiie for Father de Ravignan, .hot some
of us kicked the other fellow out of the windowW
and sat down with relief and .a good job done.'
to find that thi other fellow had got back lefure
us. .Like trying to drown cat." r '
.Again tlo a friend,.a convertof .his, who was
troubled withspiritual dryness: ', Whalt consola-
tion and happiness it is when.I pray for yiu all.
after pa-singf with anxiely and trouble over other
names, to.coue,to yours. ,.The Ipeace asid tran-
quilhappiness.of yourconventeitnes likes lvrretze
from, fragrant garden cross my se.l,and I am
putlto.it toknow ,how I,; canhthank Gldl rfor this
beattiuldf.andJ best.IMarcyri*f mny ,if.J~,ithink

that the one grace I can ask of God is, that when!.Father Roberthon's lips as he listened politely
our angel guardinlli are called on to put il a plea to her methods, etc. There war a silence alter
for our short-cominga, they could say: Itheir departure until the good women of whom
Well those two are after all very humble we rented the Iodginglscame up stairaafterletting
loat afraid of hard work, don't pick and choose them out, anld atmnolhing down her white apron
in anything, and work at what they.are put to with a satisfied air at the call, remarkedI
generously-which is more than well or justly-- "' Mrs.- i a gude lady, though some say
and, finally, never have an unkind, contemiptuous just a wee bit masterful. She looked greatly
or suspicious thought of any one. If that were puzzled at the burst of laughter with which
only so, I can answer for it that our Lord would Father Robertson greeted herspeech and in which
sy, Then the had prayers don't count. They I could not help joining; in spite of myself.
lore well, who work well, and to them much Another time I returned from service in the
shall he forgiven." Anglican church at Edinburgh full of enthusiasm
An Anglican, who visited Father Rohertson it over a new order of .religious, as I called them.
Sco'land, in the summer ofhis ordination. nays: I was especially pleased at their uniform, which
"1 had hot seen Father Robertson, before our I described at same length.
meetingalGlaigow sianchiacon'version, aperilod "'How many were these?' he asked.
of sone lifteen years. My firt impression ams "' Only two,' I niiwereil.
that he had altered very little, but later I could 'Asl the rest were-?
not help being impressed by his great humility "* Oh' I said, rather crestfallen, I believe
and charity. We were to spend a vacation tio- there are bIt two in the order.'
gether, and he suggested that we should Iegisn A since, with the same amused expression
by a pilgrimage to lonu. I rather objected, a, which pointed ,uat the weakness of the emtablish-
he instantly gave up his plan, and it was not uni- ment far more eloquently than words.
til long after that I learned that this visitto lona Another time, while walking in Edinburgh,
was a long cherished wish of hli, and that this, i e came across John Knix's hose, which was
as it afterwards proved, was his only opportunity on exhibilionl to the public. Let us go in.'
of carrying it out. The place where we took said I.
ourlodghigswas twomiilasditatot frioma Catholic You may.' in a tone of deepest contempt,
Church, but Father Rubertson walked every 'hut I shall not;' then another of tlhosre paus,
morning to say his Mass, breakfasting with the which said is much from a mail so univeraally
resident priest and returning to our lodgiange in clhritalble."
the cars. The cars. however, did not run eurly We never could make him dine away from the
enough to enable him to ride uver. I was halk- Fathers' Home when' i Edinburgh, for he said
ingroundlin hished-roomn foursome missing article in so small a community every one is missed.
and accidentally came acrossthe cruel steel chain He brings out this point strongly in one of his
armed with hooks which he wa usiing as a dis- letters to a religious in which he urges a devo-
cipline, and, Protestantas I was, I could not but tion to recreation in these words:
be deeply impressed, feeling that perhaps, nay "One of the best and moat searching kindsof
probably, the penance was for my conversion. mortification is a devotion to recreation, and one
While at this police we received a call from that becomeavery easyand delightfultater a little
the Anglican clergy mnn and hila wife. The lady practice. Whatever it may seen, at first iight, it
quickly showed by her conversation that she waH is really a gltet and powerful instrument of
the. leading spirit of the two, and I was vexed at sancificatlon. In practice start off with a prayer
seeing a quiszial expreuion in, the corners of (o be enabled to make not only recreation more


toour fellow-religious, but the bur-
of life generally easier anld their vocation a
reater delight and joy to them. Then, in recra-
tiotl keep your eyes open for those who are apt
to get neglected or who look any way weary or
to and then go for them in the name of the
Lord -nd refuse to be defeated until you have
made them cheerful enough to last at least
"enty.four hours. This sounds simple enough,
but carry it out itd see what you have done.
First sacrifice. You have given up the talk
you intended. to have with the one most accord-
lag to your mind, very likely avoided a tempta-
tion to display your wit, or worse, an indulgence
in contempt of others, or worst all, perhaps, an
offence against perfect charity, esteem of others,
the sin which most of all bars the grace of God
from our souls.
Second sacrifice. You have overcome the
beginnings of aversion, or, at least, neglect of
any one.
Third sacrifice. You have performed a po-
sitave work of mercy, strengthened a soldier'of
Christ in His service and warfare, and utterly
routed the devil whose most powerful anll favo-
rite weapon is sadlncu in a religious."

mendicant beseeching him to search his pockets,
he hopelessly put his hand in one, and to his
amazement atnd joy, found a five shilling piece
there. Another of God's miracles!" he ex-
claimed: and then. nddressing.the woman:'" This
coin belongs to you of right. Take it inul g in
peace." Having told the story a few hour later
to his more worldly minded parish priest,and sug.
gested that they both go downs on their knees
and render thanks to God, n strange, unpleasant
light suddenly broke on the mind of the shrewdly
pnator, who exclaimed in accents not suggestive
of thanksgiving: Good God I Are tlios my
breeches that you've on you?"--G'-CAh'oA Prn~
and Catholic 1Yorfd.


He refers to the missions given in tlis Third M ~,trI&."
Year and also to a retreat given at the Convent 0 .
of Mercy in London. At the end of the year he ". ", :
was sent to the Fathers' College in Glasgow,
whose he received the ,nrdr for which he had so '
longed and prayed-a foreign mission, and one
to Honduras, which he knew imnant for him the
still greater honor of laying down his life for VrHV t'avOM p coet
the faith.
Theb general Intention proposed for prayer during
A good-hearted curale, who firmly believed April Is the BtIRIn or PaKsIICL
that God was continually working miracles to en.
able him to help the needy, and whoseldom had WHATL our associated have, or ought to have, at
a coin in his pocket, though he was never devoid heart is the spread of the kingdlomn of Christ up-
of the fire of charity in his heart, wa accosted on earth. To bring about this increased know-
oneas accosted ledge and love of Jesus, no means will be found
on day by a beggar woman. He pleaded utter more lastingly successful than the spirit of pen-
lack of money and sadly truned aside but, on the sabe. If any nation is going to be thoroughly

-4t--- ....

S77 )

and solidly converted it inust he by an Apostle in to submit in the spirit of interior compunction
full of the spirit of penance. The vision of a St. to the mortification, which God's fatherly pro.
John Baptist coming to a luxurious and effemi- evidence brings upon us: hut, unlle~ we% have
nate world and pleaching with the simplicity of practiced ourselves in the generous habit of vo-
supernatural strictness and antique austerity luntary penances, the chances are very much
would provoke some scornful comment andi the against our forming this spirit of interior penance.
preacher would he told that bodily penance wits Thereigiing vices of the world are effeminacy,
out of harmony with modern ideas; but. the the worship of comfort and tho extravagance of
spectacle would tell with the masses and produce luxury and as it is the special office of Christians
more real conversions than the music of Moody to hear witness against the world, this can only
and Sankeyorthe philantrophyofGeneral Booth. be done by practising the opposite virtues of in.
Other things can do much-eloquence, learning, interior and exterior penance.
Catholic charity, a purified literature, a simple For ourselves, who profess as associates in a
and apostolic preaching-hut the great triumph special way to loue Jesus Christ, penance is ne-
is reserved to the spirit of penance. cessary for there can be no true or enduring love
Some persons have spoken as if bodily inorti- without it. A certain amount'of It is necessary
fication were less necessary for holiness in our in order to avoid.sin and keep the command-
days than in the past. Just as in the old days, ments. More still is necessary to make any re*-
they say, the sick were able to stand and were pectable progress in the spiritual life.
benefited by remedies which would kill half our In a word to be spiritual bodily mortification is
modern valetudinarians, so the mortification, necessaryand,it mtst be manifest in our lives,if
which were practised by theChristians of former we are to lead others to the kingdom of henven.
days are quite beyond the strength of our mo- O Jesus, through the most pure Heart of Mary,
dern devotees. Look at the way in which the
Lenten fast was kept ll over the Christian world, I offer Thee the prayers, works, and suffering of
when no solid food was taken on a fast day un- thisday,forall the Intentionsof Thy divine Heart
til sunset, who could stand such severity now? and, in particular toobtain for myself and others
Now if this means that the normal state of the the spirit of penance.
health in the world is not as vigorous as it used .
to he and that nervous complaints are more coin- La Intenclon general pars el nes de Abril -
mon and that therefore people have not the phy- sL. rPI meLT 13 LA PUXITmaNOA.
sical endurance of their ancestors this may he LA penitencia us unt virtud que consists on Ie-
truei but It Is false to suppose that penance is nor dolor por haber pecado y un deson de dar
.not still an abiding mark of the kingdom of latisfaccion pur el.
Christ. Unless you do penance you shallll l il aplirian de penitencla puede defnirse como
likewise perish," Luke xiil. 3. an seltiminttu duradero de dolor por el pecado
' It is given by our Lord aa a special sign by y un deseu de hacer astisfaccion per el. Sail
which His disciples may he know. "If any man Pablio hbce mencion do so padecimiento con
will be my disciple, let him deny himself take Criato, de participar en los padecinientos de
up his cross daily and follow me," Luke is, ?3. Cristo, "de suplir en mi came lo que rests de
Some people are constantly saying:-" I have lot sufrimientus de Criato, por el Cuerpo de El,
plenty of trials sent- me by God and, if I bear quees Is Iglesia." Asi habla de una companion
these wellit is better than any voluntary penance pasft por Cristo en sus padecimientos cono un
I take on mlystlf.' Yes I the bertbf all penance, entimlento simpatico por la passion mental y

( 78 )

corporal de Nuestro Sefior. La realizacion de lu
quo padeci6 lleia cl alma con un senlimnielto
)imp tico de padecimientu. Animado por este
espiritu so puede scepter i lo muenos con pacien-
cis, 6 ima bien con perfects resignation todas
as aflicciones y peuoa ddl nente 6 del cuerpo
com si hubieras venido de Is mano de Dios.
Estas aflicciones y pesaretsno hacen capacec de
satisfacer por lo pasado y prepararnoi pars un
juicio favorable.
.Pero la penitencia no es sinplemente una sim-
Spati pasiva con Crilto, y el scepter despuca los
males die Ia vida por 'am"tor. El espiritu ha
de scr activ y impelar I uno Ia penitencia
Poned cuidado como San Publu hahla solre
este. punto. "Yo castigi, imi uerp y Ilosujcta."
Asi, y con la gracia de Dios, pudo glnar Ia vic-
toria en Is lucha interior que hay entire Is care
y el espiritu. -
Es un epiritu desinteresado y incit al Cristi-
ano para suplir estas cosas quI faltan de los su-
frimientos de Crirto en la came de uno por Su
Coerpo, que cs I glcsia. Este ensefia Ia iay
imporantll luccion dte la lmutu depuLndcicia ide
los miembros del cuerpo mistico de Cristo, y
come los interests de Cristo hnn de ser ndelanta-
dos, como nos ha dejado seguit dice el Apotonl,
pars Ilcyar lo que estaba faltatido paras a Iglscan.
No puede hater un espiritu smis propio pari
aninrarnos en cter santl timi)nli del Cunraureno.
Pero tampoco no se debe dejar sure Is tumba
abierta en el tiempo de Pascus. El verdadero
espinu de Is Penitencia nunca hace i uno trste
6 contrariu, pero infunde una alegria espiritual
come s puede ver e e cl cao de IJ Santos quie
pasaron vidas may austeras y per medio del esi
pirtli de l P1unitencia alcansarun el de Is oracion.
i Oh Jesus amo I por medium dei Corabn Ilman.
culado de Maria Sautisiin, as ofresco ins oIal
*" clone, ubras y trabajos del presented dil, pars
reparar lei ofenmis quc se o ,hacen,y para la
demia intenciones de vuestro Sagrado Coraz6an
especlalmente.por e1 eApiritu de Il penitencin. a




lin imrltiiudr do IIANOS Y 'RlOA-
NOS, prop)ios Ipart estos clihilns, tle los
Fabrian m!s titie! ucreditidos.; .,

So hn6e cargo do today claso do relptin-
*.bioiien en dichol ratnos y oiree ni'
phblico lus iejores SIAQUi-" '
SNAB do coser, tiles ,omun,
la VIOTO 1IA. ;,;
.Y part inu d.tulles dirigirso, l
&A. E. MORLAN, '

' c

( 79 )

Sumnmary of AiMetbrIlogidl _Obs3rvuatioia during the i onth of Mbnrch 1896.




.' 19



'Explanatlon for th, Sky: C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Niimbus,
* Slight pprinkjeo,;no measuraile. o. quite clear, to. quite covered.
The last line it the above gives the average The Humiility is leas than usual, as theweuther
for the month except for the nmximuim and mi- was very dry. The Windt,from tihe ith tothe 3tat,
iniumn of the Barometer nud Thermometer and with the exception of the 7sth antd iXth, blew be-
the rainfall. tween E. and SE. Thollgh the breeze wis re-
The Baronm.ter for this munth Indicates .ot freohing, the heat was very gruet.
Inch hIlow the avernae for thu last 7 years. Ruin n to the amountii of .oI inch fell ogi te 1s lt;
Beginning' at a2.86 inches on the isl,t it rose to on tlhe6th, 21st aicil 7th there were alight sprin-
30.18 on'the 3rd, dropped to,29.89 oun the 8th, kliigc,hut ot nmessurable. Thequantityismort
rose to 30.06 on the l7th, fell to 29.89 on t1e th linu ) inches below the average for March.
19th, anld, rising again to 30.o4 on the 24th, end. Manyv of the private water Itaks in Belize are
ed on the 311t at 29.85. empty and the scarcity of good drinking water
The mean Temperatur e i theme, So, as is seriously felt in some tictions.
for the 7 years.pat. The maximum. 880, is The sky was falr during the greater part of
higher thni Itn.Ma'idhilR 4. nThi.y inge of their the month.' .... ,
nmean was from 680on the 3rd to84on the 3oth, The health of Bellse appears to be good
the total range between maximum. and mini. though there are a number of catarrhal
mum being o.., complaints.


1.9. 29.75 20.86
80.08 I0.04' 8U.O
.23 .18 .18
.10 .03 .07
.10 .00 .05
.08 .00 .04
.01 9.9W6 19.98
80.84 .85 .89
.98.919 .95
10.01 .M04 .08
29.98 .89 .04
.5l6 .84 '90
.00 .81 .80
.93 .86 .89
.98 .83 .88
.05 .89 .91
30.10 80.02 80.I.I
.00 .01 .I05
29.89 29.80 29.89
.95 .88 .892
30.07 .96 80.02
.06 .97 .02
*08 .98 .0A
.06 80.02 .04
Ir.OD S8 -*,05
.00 .04 .00
.07 .98 .0)
.W0 .M0 .01
.92 .92 29.97
39.95 .80 .88
.91 .80 .85

29l.SI 90.7 900.87


85 76 81
80 70 70
71 .038 68
79 01 71
84 72 79
84 75 80
84 70 81
82 75 8S
84 75 81
85 77 81
85 72 80
84 78 8l
84 78 82.
84 ,7; 81
84 77 81
84 77 81
85 76 81
84 TO 80
85 78 82
84 77 81
88 77 83
(M 70 88
83 77 82
8- 5.77 88
85 73 82
8S 75 81
84 78 701
85 77 82
88 78 81
80 78 88

811 I 0 o


81 77 I >0 74.
70 73 79 IM.2
72 67 74 68.2
0to 70 h0 78.8
WO 711 Ol 78.8
l1 7t 78 72.6
82 77 76 738.6
HI 76 7B 72.0
1 76 16 73.6
bt 76 712.6
81 73 61 67.0
i3 77 72 78.0
t 76 72 72.0
61 i 78 72.6
82I 17 70 7.0
S82 5 1118 70.8
K2 13 018 70.83
81 75 14 W.7
i8 ? 1 68 71.3
81 71i 70 72.11
84i 77 68 71.3
8W 79 1 7 5.1
t I 75 ilW 70.8
83 17 72 7.0o
S2 77 1i 78.1
F2 77 to 78.6B
801 73 07 ll.2'
83 1771S 78.0
84 717 76.7
84 80 10 77.4

tI 7,ft 70.V

Anemoumeler Sky

Direction Quality.

NW CN8 9.
. NE H 2
SW.N 88k 4
.8. E 08 8
gE UC 4
ESE 0I .8
E 0 1
E C 1
E CSk 4
E8E 0c
SE 8 I
E8E 8 1
BE I 2
I R C 2
I EB.E C 4
ME C a
30N C83k 3
HE CSk 3
rE CHk a
7E I I
NNE 0 CS a
BE C 4


! ,I


( 80 )

Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize,

-- lO-

Select School for young ladles, :Boarders and
Beulded what is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa .
lion, French is taught if required also Drawing, Plain and ornamental
i. : ;and any.kind of Fancy Work.
xtras-lMuic, Piano, Guitar or:Mandolin.
Boarden,. $ o oo (gold) a month.
SDay-acholars, Senior Claus, 3 o0 "
Junior oo "
ftr parUtilars apply to he Reverent Nether at the CIatvet.

Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las-Mercedes, Belize.
.. -.. so

Escuela select para Senoritas, Pehsjonlstas y Externas.
.. .., 'AdemL de qu e comprende en el cursor usual do Educacion, Ingless de ,o
; s. case, se enciia el Castillano.cuando ae dcsea, Dibujo, elemental y
Slots trabajos eo Obras de faqtania.
SEtrna-M6sica, Piano, Guitarra b Mlndolin. '
* C O N D I '.O ,, ,* ; .,?: ,,,i t '.
S ' Pensionita, $ o co-mensuales "
S'Externa, Clase period,' '
Inero, oo. .
S~'rODOI Los oPA OO's DI mKAsRl ANtCiWWADOII '" ."'"
a ;Srta lw smwle rl:gbie a Is, .Tead- Main S8Uperla C1nW r. C I I ':

'*- ^ :.r;-.. ^:"I'. -.,v *.- '




5th month.



I at 5-34
8 it 5.30
16 at 5.27
24 at 5.26
41 at .2)S

Sun slow

SS. Philip and James, App.
S. Athanasius, no. ,
Finding of the Cross.
S. Monica, w. [or S.JosRpH.
3rd after Easter. PATRONAGE
S. John before the Latin Gate.
S. Stanislaus, a.M.
Apparition of S. Michael, Arc.
S. Gregory Nazianzen, A.D.
S. Antoninus, a.
S. Francis Jerome, .', s.J.
4th after Easter. Octave of
Patronage of S. Joseph.
SS. Cletus and Marcellinus,
S. Leo 1., P.D. [pp., MM.
S. Anselm, B.

3.2o0 mlI.
3.41 m"i.
3.51 min.
3.-4 min.
..34 m1in.

j6 I Th
. 7 F
19 Su.
so M
11 T
as W
23 Th
24 F

'7 M
3S. ,T
39 W
30 Th
3, r

.. Pirsi QTrirter.
Full Moun.
Changes of MHiI. LaUt quarter.
New Moon.
.. First Quarter.

S. John Nepoincene, M.,
S. Paschal Baylon, c.
Oct. of S. Fruncis Jerome.
5th after Easter. S. Peter Celeste, r.
S. Bernardine of Sienna, c. Io1g.
Office of S. Francis Xavier. Ilog.
S. Venantius, u. Rop. .ad Vigit.
Our Lady,lHelp of Christianl,
S. Gregory VII, P. INeri, c.
Within Octave of Ascension. S. Philip
S. Mary Magdalen de Pa=xi, v.
S. Augustine of Canterbury, a.
S. Ubaldus. a.
Octave of the Ascensuin.
S. Ainela Mcrici, v.

S*N O T I, .

May 7. Tea-party and Ice-cream refreshments
in the grounds of the Catholic Church.
May Devotions every evening during the month at 7 p.m., consitiLng o1'
Roeary, Spanish sennon and Beinediction.
' i 0. Holidays for Publio Schools begin, being first blMnday in May.
2 O2% 21, 22. Rogation Days. Litanies before Mane tt 6.30.
... ,' 2 .. Abodnaion of Or luid. 'High'Malia t 6.30.

- p o



SColony .tes . ge 8 Life Underground Pae
CoilonyN ld -2 11 96 . I'9
I tch 87 Sister Tereina nic Kearney 96
A New England Convert 88 Foreign News 97
Chronicle of the Sacred Heart o9 Montlily Observtio 99

c oONY NOTE S. wish that his Exccllency, the Governor, would
S '_, -quickly be restored to good health nind to lriti.l
Ilonduras, which unwillingly he hald h;ad It,
jL N Fridliy z6th April, his Lxcell-icy leave.
l Sir Alfred Moloiey, acting on urgent
t aji medical advice, left the Colony for a Consequent upon the departure of Sir Alfred
Change, which it is hopeJ will lhe of Moloney Ind the office -of adminiibtering thie
short duration by lhaspeedy restoration tohealth. Government having been assumed hy tie lhin-
His close and long application to the duties of ourable Colonial Secretary the following provi-
his office, never.giving himself a rest from his sional appointinents haive becn mtde:-
work during the hasi 18 months, together with The Hon: W. J. )cKloney. c.u.u. to be Actlig 'o-
the 'nxieties felt hy him during the peri d of lonla Secretary.
distu e t 'I which the Colony h C. Usher Esuq., Acting Treasurer. I'Utitmastr er.
disturbance through'which the Colon.y h. late- .. Woods i slt. Conomiloner. Itelir.
ly passed, had made a cessation from the orilin; A.K. Young Iteglsrar Generl.
ary routine of work an imnl)perative nlecessit. A. U. Clayton" Clerk to Counclls.
Punctual to the hour, his Excellency was at
the Court House Wharf at I p.m. and, after lIv the mail (of 26th last) Siiter M. 'hilomena,
taking leave of those who hadl assembled tawish the kev. Mother Gcneral of the Sistersof Mercy
him Godspeed, he left at 1.t5 with the hopes Sister M. de Sales, the Superioi of the N.w
of all that he would soon retur in gd hht Orleans Convent, Sister M.Dominic, Sitter M.
of all that he would soon0 return in good health. Jacquiline ndl Sister Mnary returned loN.Orleai.s
At x p.m. the same afternoon the Hoinourable after a short stay of four days in Belize. The
E. B. Sweet-Escott was sworn in as Ad.liniid- chief object of the Rev. Mother's visit was to see
trator of liritish Honduras. After taking the his Lordship the lish to and have a talk with
oath his Honor said that the occasion of hais hI:. him over certain important arrangements which
ing called upon a second time to undertake the st now be postponed for a while, s til e Sisterr
e the could not stay over till another Mail Steimer aiud
administration of the Colony was owing to the lBislop DiPictro was prevented by sickness front,
ill-health of his Excellency, brought on by over returning from P'unii Gorda. .AftetvilitingSan
work in the.public service anil,which had coul. Antonio he was' t have reached Punta Gorda in
polled hiii relutctantly to seek a change; tilat e ti"ie' toci h;xr t he'itemci bb h61 way back to
had during I!ia first admniiitrution succeedtle in : eli
winning the confidence of the people and that Bly the departure of Father Henry Gillet from
since that tihe it could honestly say that in hld this Mission an association of nigh 27 years is
labQured to the hest of his ability il thie interealt broken.- For though .only 19 years were peitt
of the Colotny, Iam lie should continue so toeo strictly in this Colony, the first four spent in J.
duringhin present ldnhiltrtion; unwi- niata, which then touted Honduras as within
he bad offended an dmistration. L f uwiLti"- its jurisdiction, and another four passed in
would f any one, he; hoped that; this Europe in theological studies with the object of
uld e forgiven binm. ie toviluded wiit the working here as a priest, entitle him to a claim

of 27 long years, i. e. nearly half his life, devote. Ild early removal fro.i this MlisA Mi, in which
ed to the service of our people. you have been working assiduously fhr the
During his stay here, he left marks of Ili. Ifrn-
tiring energy in nearly every one of our churches. past ninitece Years, alao froi us. many iof whom
Corozal first claimed his services and there the have beell brought up underyour IPlurilal s.upr.
fine schoolroom, the massive church tower, the vision nld care. and we can a.uirel you, dear
two side altrs, the elegant pulpit and many other Father, that your removal lhas l en a severe
decorative objects testify to his progressive spirit. shock to Ius all and one which was never antici-
Belize next knew him and those who renmin-
her the hare, unpretentious interior of the pre- pated, a we had always cherished the hl! that
sent Cathedral. know with what unweqried Ia- you would Ihave rremiained wi i us until (;.dl
hour he transformed the Sanctunry anid gave should call you home to llim but su'li hol'pes
designs for many other improvements. The having now proved vain, we can only eCXprie
form of the present apse, which is ao great al our sincere and cordial apprlreiatio, also -.ur
ornament to the building it said to lie the result
of his cullnilng brain. gratitude for the great mpins .ind interest you
Hlis work among the youth of Belize was have always taken in our welfare. leavingg known
gratefully acknowledged Ly the assemblage of many of us from our infancy), and for the
olId frieiuls and scholars who met to hid himi generous, encouraging antil frank .spirit you have
faurwell. ek k always shewnl towartl all claasa; whit, we
Sitaolil Creek tll OraniEc Walk Chlurchch h:l a
their share of his industry. Tie compplete tranl- are sure likewise clch, our seltillclnts.
fotriiatioul of the Slinn Creek Sanctuary was his Your rinoval is alltl will be a' univer.sal reTgret
work of love there. especially ,r Catholicswhoappreci:te t lhirl'rie-ts
The last efforts of his vigorous euterpriae werp and particularly ie who ha~ prove hil i" 1
speit on the towers in course of erectioul at
Orange Walk and San Estevan, whilst the future worthy of the tbet respect and appreciating: andI
Church of Progreso will be the culnpletion of a we trust that though yvu may Iw far away. the
heautifultlesign,which his sudden removal alone remembrance of the kind and piaternal siolicitude
stayed from immediate fulfillment. you have always shlwn, ia the Ipat miay It a
-- solace in the regret and ,orruo wiLhl which tile
As a markof theiraffection adl oftheiruppre- nutice of your removal lihat Itll reccvved and
citation, of the work Fr. Henry Gillet had done which we feel mtst keenly.
during his long residence ill the Culony a large
Number of gentlemen met him on the evening In assurance then of our filial aflT tion, high.
of his arrival from Corozal at the CItholic Club. appreciation and great gratitude for all vtu have
Fr. Lei b, the Dipector of the Club, introduced done for us both spiritually and materially in the
SC. Melhado to take the chair. as Chairmano past, be pleased to accept this small token, which
Mr. Melhido spoke of the great regret, which he we have great pleasure in tendering you, for use
personally felt in the departure of Fr. IIcnr Gillct in your future field of labour, at the .anllu tilw,
and of the loss sustained Iy the Catholic Mission asking your last blessing, bidding you Farewell,
in the going away of one who popular hin you a voyage a every ucc in
among all classes. The Bishop had asked him 'wihing u a bull voyage and every success in
to say how sorry his Lordship was that he could your new field and in your labour of love in win-
not be present to say good-bye to Father Gillet, ning souls to God.
The following address was then read by Mr. We subscrile ourselves,
Percy Hyde and a purse of money was presented Your fund children il J. Xt.
to the Father to be used by him in his future
sphere of.labour. Fr. Hlery Gillet replied in a few well chosle
Vlty DiuKA Au Rev. FATHlER HENRV. sihd earnest words thanking them for their kind
'It is with the deepest regret and unspeakable worns and wishes in his regard, prolnsing not
surprise. that we have learnt u, your intended io forget them and telling them that they would

hear of him in letters from Africa, whco hie reach- buenos cristianos ace)taron las di-posiciani llc
ed the scenes of his future work. superiures comio mandadu de Dits.
Don Pedro Nolascu Riverol. S rcitario de h
S29th April Rev. Fr. Frederick Smith left Socidad Catolica, etoncesleb ra depe
lBlise in S.S. "Portia" for Jamaica en route to aostrandole la pp*na que entonce e sentian eun.
Georgetown, Demerar. Fr. Smith came to templar ultima vez su bondadosa y familiar sem.
British Honduras, 2 rd December 1889 and since blante. Dieron glacias a Dios por haber dejq,.
that time he has been occupied in missionary at padre Gillet tanto tiempo trabajando en medio
work in Ponta Gorda. Belize.Corozal aud Orange de ellos, propaganda nuestra santa religion, pi.
Walk. In all these places he showed his zeal es- diendo que Dios so lo pague su buena ob:ra,supli.
pecially in his care for the Indians, the poor alid candole A la vez que no se olvide en el camp,
the sick. If be heard of any one sick, in the dis. nucvode sus trabajus desus humildcs Corozak.fks.
Irict entrusted to his care, whom he thought Mr. Pickwoad el District Commissioner" dijo
might need his ministrations, he could not rest que cl, come principal dl poder .jecutivu cu el
till he had been to see him. Ilis devotednest in district y come amigo ta bipa del padre, stia
this respect cost him many a. long and notlnfr.c- much su perdida, deseandole viaje fliz y prusp>
quently a fruitless journey. When, then, he ridad en so nueva csf ra de trabajo.
came to Belize to prepare for his departure, he Otra despedida -irmada per los sucio de 1a
did not fail to visit tlhe poor-house, the hospital Sociedad Catolica fuI preusetudo por Don hM.
sid 'the jail. Considering the ill-health, from Valoncia, Vice-Presidente y lhi siquiente en
which he suffered more or less during his whole Igls, frnido r Sr. John WilloughbySr.
st.y in the Colony, it in xurpriring that lie wab M.
stay in the Colony, it is .urprising that he ywa M. C. Riverol y Sr. Neville McCurd, so leyI par
able to go ti hr0iugh s1 mch.r..Willoughy.
I el Sr. J. Willoughby.
C.)RO.A\l.-1.a gcittl di C)r.al,a al ,ir que st At. RK\,tK. I. hiE.lsNtUK ul.GIlt., S.J..
muy quarido piltor Padre Henrique Gillet les Lus iotivus quo hoy nos track is esta pequclai
iba ii dujar por la distant plays do Africa, mos. rcuilioll todos lo sablen; sinumbargo nos parcciu
train sti de o de ulrncquiarle pur iledio de un mu>yj'usto dirigir algunas palabras tcante I.l1 tcla
banqiucte do t de prr l ..nii the d arii nueve arnus do trabajos y sacrificius entire nnsotrou
de exprea r lu s asnttlientu de repto y carifbj y un slmdu,,niro tie bLneficios que inos ha dispeti-
para con el. qne habia trabajadu tan bien cntrt: zado, ya cmou saccrdote, ya comu amign do I k
ellu durante tantos aries. Icuales somus deudires. Hoy i Ia voz de II
El padre no quiso aceptar al banquet. admiis obediepcia march i las Misiunes de Afrita done
tiendo solo el desco que despus expresiroun di lI esperas u nu.evo campo par trabajar, y p'r
cso nos reunimos esta noche, con cl objeto dte
asistir i una reunion en la casa de Din Oligario rendirle nuestra sitpatia y nuestra gratitud y
Romero, dunde podia rucibir sun palabras de para darle nuestro ultimno Adios. Oh I quien
despedida. i. no derramara una lagrima al despedirse do un
En la tarde pues del 17 Abril, la noche d si' padre tan querido queen muy brevu tiemipo paS
salida pars Belize, un numlero concuridu do suk tiri tiere s muy lejanas, a dondt jamas Ve
veremos A ver Es grande el wentimencto que
amigos se rounieron en aI dicha casi pars darle cl abriga t Eu% tros coratoties a tener quoe seprarno
ultio Adius. tal repehtinamente do n pastor tan ben4fico, de
DonOligario RomIero, I'reide;itulde l Siciedad til mtaestro'tan tllable, que so t epar do liten.
Catolic du COrual, expriad al rcspnu qua txlus truI tldejndo niuy Bgrats rucuerdo., lux qt1
itunln par rl Padro Hnurique UIlllt, su Pastor qudaran grabadue oni nuestras almas y quo
l Inclinacion natural aqueln 1T Y nunca podremos borrar. Y.en recompenzp du
oncunaioi natural quoentliandequeJarcuant. tantos sudores y ttabajos en nuestra pequena'
douno que amban tanto le dcjaba: pero, conn6 Colonia, espccialmentc en Corozal,etpcrrmosque

1 5

dr Todopoderoso quc Ic Ilama I esas nuevas Udlc. Asi es quc hay inotiv* lie sentimiento, en
i mines le conserve largos alios de vida y salud ess ultim separacion.
y despucs ir recibir el pretieo de sus buenas E so valedictrio d e a
obras que e s corona de gloria. Este es nucstro E" sU v"lcdictoriu an hoilli |oe Im Iitlo
anhelo y at mismo tiempo concluimnos deseandole cono en efecto dche ser iu hbue. Sacerdote y hai
todo generode beiIdiciones del cielo, suplicandole disimulndo con ecnrifiuosal ecin Ins muchls lde-
no se olvide de la pobre. Sciedad Catolica de fectos que as encuientran en el original. Muchao
Corozal. gracias por su amnhlc apreciacion.
Olegario Romeru, Presidente.
Mariano J. Valencia. Vice-Presidunte. En contestacion nio mwus tengi a dkecir qce
Pedro N. Riverol. Secretario. nsegurarles que lodil cuanto, le hecclo hie le.e-
John A. Willoughby, Tesorero. ado hacer, thacin no pr inlerve si il 1,r vl lncw-
Francisco Riverol. James WVillloghby. fici del pucllo. Si pucs me lIha cIegaufiilo en vs-
Antonio Oronso. Andres Majarrez. lielto y llotle r hl liselth
.Ines Sabid so. c'dAc.setan,. Aguilar.. dispe.m.l..
Tomas Ve!s. Sa"tos Alfaro. Ahorm por orden superior mnle clargo sic qui
Olegario Rodriguez. Carmen Castro. par. cutr pains--trios pucl)los-otra vidla y s-
Santos Lizama. Andres Guomez. plico qu, u,cuilndo vielcn ii recordarse de t i, r -
Pedrn Rosado. Fermin Cruz.
Pablo Medisu. ran un Ave Maria, pin.r mmi icl.
To Rr.vD. FATHER HaENY GIt.I.ET, Adioti pus, 1 amigb i *1uie lea vi*a ll5e ell tidt.,
Revd. Father. y seal s"egKnr que silempre ite sh, t gllu.l de
It is with feelitigs of deep regret salher hbmer'* mnitias le Coruoal uin, e t lior e-
and sorrow that we are Imet here to-day to bid nmiuta pinlyan del contineinte dti Africa.
yuu farewell.
In doing so we can but refer or ine tuneit to TVA Wh li r
your earnest labours during the spacef (f 19 years SAN ST.VAN-With Irn I.II.lic trmli-
you have been privileged to work amnuogst us. tional inmsinct the inoriinIg Acrvice o1 ( ;.,-dFtilay
We are conscious that you have spared no was attended by anl over-crowlded church. Whlin
effort in striving manfully* to du your duty as the Mass of tile Presancctafedl was overllte Priest
G;,d's Prirst to lead us to a fuller knowledge of and Acolyte~. followed hv lhe hulk of the con-
Hims:lf, and we are colfident that your lahoura
Hf the past will ever bear fruit itl a full mand rich gegalion, wended their way to the Oratori ot
reward. lDonI Pilo Menesc aind thence eAcortirl to the
We have ever found in you a true friend. and Church a large life-size figure of thle Dad Christ.
one who was ever ready to help in everytime of which was to he Isedl for the euttoinirv service
i, nl, b tb the sick,and the whole, and we there- f afternoon. At a p.m., llhouh the umual
fire earnestly pray that God's choicest bles- though he
sing imay go with and attend you in that new attraction of noble sacred music wa. isin.igig, a
sphere of labour in the far off land of Africa to well-filled Church gave aniinmu to thie inisioner
which He has called you. May His presence ever in his discourse on the Seven last words. At its
be your comfort in the moments of loneliness fiish the reality of the taking down from the
which doubtless you will some times feel, crs out of ts surroudiang folige was mde
snay His bright smile ever cheer you on to crs out ol its suromuudig foliage was made
greater efforts for the extension of His Kingdom more striking from the care which had to be
until in His mercy you may lay down the sword used in removing a figure of such dimenailouit
of warfare to receive the Crown of Eternal Life from its position ; ads as the arns of the bleeding
and Peace. rItrit wer.. laced .lon side the gory firgre it

A ustas expruesshlisu itle sutlllonmlt, el padre produced a feeling of eompsinon for the suffer.
Luntestb do eats nmalora.-. Ings of the Redeemer. At dusk a crowd lind
Dies y Iueve ano y mne han conocido Uds. gathered in front of the Church ant a line of pro.
y Is mayor part de este period he vivdro entire cession was formed for the Santo Entlerro. The

Nl had already set, hbt the glare of hundreds of
tapers lit up the surroundings, while the reverent
silence of the vast throng was only broken by the
earnest choir, which alternated the "Stnhat Mla-
ter" with the "Perdon o Dios mio" lt different
statiolsof repose on the way. While the hearers
passed their sacred charge to other shoulders the
verse- O cruz dulce esperanza &c.

was effectively rendered before the grouped as-
semblage. Hundreds of candles flickered in the
fading breeze in the double line of menc and hoys
from the river's edge to the brow of the street,
and, following behind, the Dolorosa in charge
of the gentler sex was surrounded by a cluster-
ing blase of light, whilst the doleful words of the
"Salve mar dc peas" were wafted on the still
air beyond.
As the head of the procession approached the
church, the bier wva borne through the two lines
of light land deposited in its appointed place: then
the choristers returned til head the rear group,
coliposed inninly of the devout feimile sex and
conducted the statue ol the UL)lo,roba to the place.
assigned to it. But a small portion of the people
couli hep packet within the building; for sa, a
fair comnputatiols at least 400 persons took part.
Universal congratulation on the cnmplletenes of
the ceremony was a satisfactory sign ol itssuccess.

PROGRESO-At.last the pretty little church
of Progreso has been commenced. All the oa-
terilsl,wood and iron, have been conveyed hy bhe
boats of the place.thanks to the generous owners,
and the masons are already well phead with the
half-wall, on which the frame has to be ruisld.
With its two light towers and side aisles it vill
form a picturesque point on the charming lagoon,
R .. t.
MONKEY RIVER-On Tuesday, April s60h,
his Lordship Bishop DiPietro left Belize in She
Conquest" to begin his visitation in the South.
He was accompanied il his journey by Fat er
Hopkin as far as Moukey River. .The passge
was long as contrary winds Pnd calms detained

them for nearly two whole days. As the schoncer
was arriving at Monkey River some two or three
doreys hearing flags came to Ineet the Bishp
and carry him ashore to where a crowd wv
awaiting him. After giving "his blessing Iis
Lordship wni conducted to the Church by the
people who joined in siingin A DioM reiiadlcl
cielo." His Lordship then addressed a few wanrd
.to them in which he thanked them or the kiul
reception they had given him an'l asked their to
attend in the evening at 7 p.m.
SThere was a good attendance at the Church
especially of men. who had come down front
their plantations, as it was fruit-iteamer lny and
after the evening service was over the men ad-
journed to the olhl choolroom to discuss with
the Uishop what was to be done towards huild-
nlg a new school. All agreed that It was sil
proper to continue to hold the school in Ihe
Church and that a new building muht he made
for the purpose. As to the mannerotf dning this,
the general opinion seemed to he that it would
he best to have a general conitril.ution samiIng
all and to appoint a committee to take charge if
the work and collect the funds for hudldiig.
They thought it was better to leave ench one 'fe
to give what he would instead of n;linsg a fiw1l
sum to be paid h eaclh head of the family. It
was thought that by using the materiAls of the
old school a small suin would suffice to erect the
new school on the ground of the old. The f,,I
lowing were then chosen a committee to cmly
out the word :-Firmin Acosta, Marcs Leon
and James Staines. A list of contributors ws
drawn up and $60 was straightway pruoniud
towards the money funds.
Confirmation was given in the morning by
the Uishop but to only seven persons as the sacra
ment had been administered a short time before.
On Friday afternoon about 3 p. m. the Bishop
proceeded to Punta Gorda accompanied by Fa-
ther fiemonte and Father Averheck, who has
lately come from the United States, and is expect-
ed,soon,to,bs nl,sole charge oLthe Punts Gords
m mission. ., : '

_ __ ___ _______ .

I CA C H E Iow and aguin gives forth home order from the
General or his officers. A stick placed in a ho-
N the July, September and October rizontal position serves as a rack for the guns of
I numbers of THai ANOKLUS for 1889 the sentinels. These men are changed once a
imay be seen notes by the Rev. Pastor week and. whilst there in the cuartel, serve for
SMolina on Icaich6 after hi visit to that police work, :ind in fact are at the (General*r
place. It is now five yearn since the Indians have command. Although he himself never occupies
seen a priest among them, owing to had roads, them inl his service as a private person, they were
sickness alnl such like impediments. These five tnld off to attend our horses during our stay in
years have made a great change in lcaich6, for Icaichi. On the night of our arrival between 8
during the scourge of the small-pox some 300 of or 9 the cornets soumled and the guard in unison
the inhabitants died off. In consequence of this, cried out in a loud ringing voice "Sileucio."
streets that once existed have grown up into bush It may be this was ali order given to the public
slul, where once you might have seen the peace- to be in their best behaviour during our visit, for'
fil cottage of the Maya Indian nothing remains we never heard this order giveiin guin, nor had
to remind you of him save here qlnd there a fruit we such i thing as a case in Court all the tilme
tree or some remnant of his former dwelling, we were there.
Now let me tell you what was the impression Now from the two plizatn several streets. runt
made upon me by this my first visit to Icaichb. off inall direction leading either to single houses,
I have to confess that it was a very good one. bere and there and everywhere around about.or
Beautifully situated upon a vast plateau, far away to some outlying village. These roads are well
from what we choose to call civilization, is kept having been filled up witllh ton,,re anl rubllre
Icaich6-the stronghold of some of our Maya In- where they were found to he iluddy or watery.
dians. It Is made up of two plazas-the Plaza I never saw better attempts at road-nmaking here
de Armnas and the Plaza de la Iglesia. in the Colony. 1 may as well reiciurk here that
The former of the two clearly speaks for itself. Indian Mounds abound all around about Icaichd;
It is hers that General Gabriel Tamay lives, and in fact many of the present huts are built upon
hard by, his Comandante. In this plaza what these mounds thus securing a good dry spot fr
military exercise, they have, from time to time the Inhabitants. We did not trouble ourselves
takes place. about examining the iounds as General Tamay
SThe Plaza de laviglesia is remarkable for its and the others did not secln to care for such sa-
SChurch,cuartel, (barracks), and is the scene of the crilegious tumb-breaking. A sort of idea exists
Bull-fights. The Church itself is not very large, here, that if you open up these nioulIIl a pack
nor is it any thing more than one four ordinary of devils gets loose upon them working much
bush churches. The floor is well made and the mischief. I for my part think that in spite of
altars and crosses well kept. The famous cross scientific hobbies the dead of our Indian ancestors
taken by Canul from XaibA, Corozal, stands on have just as much right to rest in pence as we
the main altar, and will never return to Xibi have.
again" says General Tamay not even for love Thu water supply is good, coming aso it does
or money, as it belongs to them." The cartel from a number of lagoons or ponds fouled around
is an open shed fenced round so that pigs and about. Of course in the dry season the water is
such like may not enter, Here swinging in their not quite so good as in the rainy. Alllgatrs
hammocks or occupied in some useful occupa- dwell in the se ame ponds much to the disgust
tion such as hammock or hat-making are some of other animals, which from time to time disap
5or 6 men keeping guard. The bugle every pear down their great throats. Talking of the

S Igntor reminds me of the tiger. This quadrn- escapes being shot, he will leave at least wilt
d evideutly abouIds here, and from time to a5 lashes, well earned and laid upon his back.
ti pe puts i an appearance in the very plaza. HappyIndianoflIcaichlI Notaxes,nopolic
le comes when the moon has gone, and when to worry him, inoMagistrate to fine him, nohopg
darkness reigns around. It was between 9 and 1o penned up, no school-honrd &c. Nothing of thi
oi eight jus' as we were all turning in after -Tamay is his tuta, and. Taimay does all the
RosarysndSerlnon,thlat most unearthly scamp- ruling-and he rules like a father. Listen t
er was heard among the pigs and cattle. It was Tumay when he has to correct, listen toTsmay
the tiger. Men were out at once with their guns, when he asks a fivour. It is.always dons with
but the tiger got away leaving a- fair sized hog such kindnceis and such politenesi that one feek
with its throat cut. abashed. For example, I beg of you my chil.
But what about the people of Icuichi? Were drei for the love of God and His blessed mother,
you not afraid of those wild barbarians? Oh I do me the favour to do this, that and the other."
derr, no. They are nowilderthan the wild bar- General Talnay who with one only word can
bariain in this Colony. They sit in their houses send a man from this vale of tears to Kinglome
performing their daily duties just as we civilized Come, is loved and revered by all. Withoutei.
people do; go to their milpan Julxt as we do; go ception, all, young and old-kiss his hand when
a hunting as we do; go to church better than we they meet him.
[ do. Morliing and evening til Church of Santa lie would allow nobody toserve us hut him-
Clara was filled by a devout and attentive people self, such was his respect for the Tirt Yaw Kis
-and. General Taniuy was the first to set the -the priest.
examnplc. HIe misbsd but once, nlld then he was Had these good people the happiness of hrv-
occupied at the death bed of a dying sergeant. ing a priest with them. altogether they w .u'dl I
ilut, you ca;inot trust those Icnichi Indianl I Oh I well off.
yes we caln. But surely you have not' forgotten In eight days we had the pleasure of getting
how tLe other day they were co!inig down upon through the following good work.
the Colony. No-not a bit of it-that is a black 144 Conmull ionts, 50 Biaptiiss,
Slide, and the man that set the report going ought t9 Confessions, 32 Marriages,
Sto have beet, punished. General Tomay knew .** ; 3 Extreme Unction.
nothing about the scare; he was sick in bed when May God bless and protect the hiya Indian
Souunted police were met on the road by a few and may he give us'the saiifacftion of visiting
Indias who were going toOrangu Walk, to buy them again next year
gods. Poor fellows I what harm could they do f
None. The General told me, he had no com- A NEW ENGLAND CONVERT.
plaints to iake Cabout anything. Ol the co- A PRIEST IN TRAL AMERICA.
trary, buth in Orange Wk, and Corozal ho got RIEST> L AME A.
all he wanted. lie could not however make out (Account abridged from TheM eaengsero the
why people were so dreadfully afraid of the .,, sired aeart," April 1895),
Icsichis. The enemy they fear is'the Santa
Cru. Indians .. N the fall o ather Robertson,
On thing is ... certain ..1;,I t while still It St'Aloysius' College in
O thing is quite certain n that is, thi aS Glaxow, received ordersfor' Belize,
as we aspect the Indian to respect us, and our British Honduras. ,With hisordinary
laws, so too we must respect Indian rule.in way ofl hielding others from.pain, he writes to
Ica icbL..jl pity any mnn who.goes.there wife- his father the news and adds .Y' Youseei shall
.ealg or deceiving the Inda.a. ,IIf suchaman bewithinedsy teach. After:thlsIshain'tbe si"

t y )

prised one bit to have any one or numberof you arose, collected his things, apparently getting
dropping In to tea, especially some winter night, ready to leave, and said:
when it is getting too frosty for comfort at the "' Please give my love to the Fatherl at
North:" Woodstock.'
He sailed froi Enigland to' New Yhrk, and I told himl I would do Ou.
remained in the States long enough to say fare- "' But I have nut yet told you my name.'
well to Iis family, nlld to visit his native place. "' Oh, never mind,' said I, feeling that I had
Here he said Mass and heard the confessions of rather fished for it. 'I will tell them a friend
those whn had curried hin In therlrm ais a baby. and a priest.'
In a letter from New Orleans, lie mild i "' My mioune,' he *ald, in thu Archbirhop of
"I tlon't know what could exceed the afuec- New York,' nid then dlisppearedl. Giant modi.
tinate kindness of my fricuda. All cane over stating some time on the dreadful consequences
to Jera*vy City to see me off. 1 can't help think- of being a Bishop, for if I hal known it, I should
ing they are very near the faith. Their general not have had such a goo.l time."
hour for rising is.half-past eight, and yet all get He speaks with great udmliratlin of theJesuit
up every Sunday morning at six forCommunion. College in New Orleans, anil of the tropical
It is exasperating that they should go'through is flowers growing so freely in the gardens, look.
much to get so little, but perhaps it is not a little, ing so far freer and handslomer'than when crihbed
for Gdl is so good, and will somehow make it up in pots. He made a call on the Sistets of
up to them; I'm sute." Mercy there, as they have a branch house at
He wrote back to a friend, when he had re- Belize.
ached New Orleans, a letter, which he headed: After a brief stay in the capital hle w as shortly
"TANO V A ." after his arrival appointed to the Stalin Creek
STRANGE ADVBTURE O A JESUIT." Mission. Here besides taking l,is ,halre in the
"You.notlced," he wrote, "a priest who sat ordinary mission work of seraui'n, hlaptisils,
in a seat in front of the one where I had placed marriages, funerals ani visiting the school morn-
my trIpi? Well, when had said the lIstgood- ing and evening, he devoted his leisure tine to
bye aind went back to my seat, I noticed that he studying the botanyof British Honduras and the
had. moved his place. I wasn't going to be ways and nlanilers of the Carib population. He
eluded in that way, and sat down behind him wrote several interesting articles on these sub.
'again. foundd out later that we each thought jects in THL ANoeLVa. During the two years
'he other was an Anglican. I began by saying: of missionary life in Stann Creek he suffered se.
Will you kindly lend me your Breviary? veral attacks of malarial fever and! it seemed at
Mine i in my luggage.' lrst as though his cointitlution was breaking
"He answered briefly that he had left his at down but after amne months he beei me stronger
home., I thought of putting a leading question, and more robust.
such ls to ask him in what language he read In January ll9s he was called to Belize to take
his Oflice. But I considered that if he was charge of the Select School." He was then in
very 'high' he would say,, in Latin; so said i good health and he threw himself heartily into
*To speak*ilainly from the inti I may as the work but on the Aoth March he had an at-
well tell youthat Irw aJeauit.' ; tack of pleurisy. He was sent to Coruial, in the
'"' Areyou? iskid l he, turning "rond and hope thnt the better air would revive him,but no
becmlilgupow me. '. Comein, here.' improvement came aid his cough became most
".I Wentsu ind we talked, 6i-v easdy starm diatressing, allowing him little or so rest. He
uitlliwe nachtd Newrark.TheI my companion tried to keap his usual hearty and cheery manner

but could ot throw off a feeling of despondency, t
when the various remedies tried failed to give i
h" permanent relief. On the 5thofJue he was p
sent with companionl on board a ship bound
for New York, which was afterwards found to
e a very dirty, ill-appointed vessel, and, instead
of making the voyage in tel days as was expect.
ed, it remained for two weeks cruising still
further south and touching at all the little ports
along the coast. Father Robertson's companion
reported that his suffering was very great, and e
that he feared that he would die on the voyage;
but the Sacred Heart answered the appeal made t
to bring him home, and yet would not deprive I
him of the crown for which he had so worked
and prayed, '
He arrived in New York on tie 23rd of June,
1892, and sent the following characteristic post-l
al to his friend p .
Arrived this muruing. Am much better.
Don't know anything of future movement yet.
Glad you like the result of your prayers. I don't."
He seemed to revive fora time and greathopes
were entertained of his ultimate recovery for the
work it was felt which was yet in store for him
among thosewho loved him so well. He made his
bead-quarters at Fordham College and everything
possible was done for him. He was able to
write but little during this period, and the otne
letter we. have preserved is to a young lady, a
Protestant, who was in doubt and wrote, to him
for direction. It ran as follows
You have no need of apology for writing.
It is always a great privilege for a Jesuit to have
the opportunity of a helpful word to those in real
need, and be is no leas thankful,-even i it sht(uld
not be his to get the word needed but only to try
aid do so. ;
"I got no better in British Honduras and s6
was sent here, where your letter has followed me
from Belize. Hence the delay ill answering you.
I fetconfident, ftomyour account, that you
have the will to do what is right when the light
comes, and so hav no lear of the future. It wili
come,. not when and how we would be inclined

o decree ourselves. God, who is so good and
indulgent to all who trust all to Him, is very in.
patient of the conceit wiich lays down the lines
which He is-implicitly-told Hle must follow.
Would it not be very shocking were it otherwise?
We nmubt lnt make conditions with AlhightyGodl.
"I think you will have a more lenient ndl
ruer judgment of your own condition, if you
vill try always to bear in mind the obvious, but
neglected truth, that God has given us reason,
enlightenedd by faith, and conscience for our
guides in religion, and mere feelings in the mat.
er don't count. For example: a Catholic br-
ieves in God and all the truths that God has
revealed. That remains for a fundamental rock
beneath his whole spiritual edifice, unaffected by
the perpetual change of mere personal feeling
to which he must he ever subject through life.
He may be even subject to sessonm of depreasios
ind despondency, temptations in form of idle
thoughts, such as:
"Suppose there were no God; suppose tc
future life; how all your days, your life's object
are wasted. But he does rightly in utterly ignor-
ing such things as troublesome insects, for they
are irrational feelings for which he is not respon-
sible until he adopts them us his own; while the
other is a rational conviction long ago and rightly
adopted with.the full force of his will, his reason
consenting and impelling it .
So when you say I have all faith in God's
goodness, the following words will show that it
is. the feeling or sense: ..' "., ', .'" '-% f
which you speak, not a true convictiUo resting
on a reasonable foundation. Such a sense is very
consoling and very valuable, but especially for
those too weak to go on and do the right thing with-
out that sense at all, and satisfy themselves with'
the sisltple knowledge of duty done. Others have
done this and you can do it. In that way lies
peace. More; the man who'sets his teeth, and
does well in spite of a sense of aversion for what
is religious, without one ray. of consolation, is
mor emeritoriosi and pleasing to God, perhaps,
than one whodoes more but.with ease and joy,

_ _

SUO .)

as it were, connaturally. Can you doubt it? St.
Ignatius says that the former is a true knight who
serves God without hire.
If what I said is beside the point, neverthe-
less this is not. Patience and more patience, and
more patience, and always patience. Let God
work out his own plans. Let them be unknown,
impossible to understand. Be thankful that it is
so, and that not only as a pious exercise, but be-
cause it is the attitude of a creature in face ofits
Creator,-'Even though he slay me.' ",
This was his last word, which he has left es-
pecially for converts, who, having to bear the
misfortune of a Protestant education, must meet
with much of the Cross in ways incomprehensible
to those who have the 6appinues of having been
born and reared in the faith. ,
Father Robertson was taken suddenly worse
on the Saturday proceeding his death. A Pro-
testant friend who went up to the college to see
him found him unable to talk and greatly dis-
tressed for breath, but still able to express his
pleasure at seeing his friend and his affection for
him by pressing his hand. The friend, shocked
at his condition, told him that he should send for
his family, but Father Robertson made a Inga-
tive sign, and then said, with a great effort:
Do not send for them." He became somewhat
relieved later, but on Wednesday night he was
seized with his agony and passed quietly away
in the nilrning of August IS, 189i.
, The saia friend spuke of the exceeding bright-
inest and peace of the face as, dressed in his
priestly vestments, he lay in his collnh. I have
always had a great shrinking from death," said
the friend, but not from this." So they laid.
him at lust at rest with his brothers at Fordhamn,
as he had so desired. .
His old father, deprived of his only son who
was just in the prime of his usefulness, struck the
key note of his life. He was speaking of Father
Robertson in comparison with one who had stood
side by side withihim In earlier life, when both
were studying theology together at Nashotah

' This one," he said, has lived for this world.
but my boy for heaven."
Fifteen years had been speni in hard slatuy anil
training for his work. Two years of cumpara-
tive uselessness came nixt and then death. What
wonder that it is "to the Jews a stumbling block
and tr the Gentiles foolishness." The loving
heart which war first called to give up home and
kindred and go forth to a strange land. made his
one prayer: "That they all may die Calholics,"
mid was forced ti see the two dearest taken
away with that prayer apparently unanswered.
Then came the glad, hopeful giving himself to
the work of foreign missions to meet only fllore.
sickness and death. Truly it was a second bapt-
ism as by fire which fittel him for heaven. Hi.
" power ia in Jerusalem,". and there only can
we look for the result of such a life.




The general Intention reaoninded for prayer dur.
Inlg May I I)avoTro TO.U r. Motlerr of Ood
and Mother of Men.

TI'AT Devotion to our Blessed Lady in sonme
form should have'heen chosen by the Holy Father
is only nattiral, and of all her tille% none is Iw
powerful to excite confidence and love an that of
het Motherhood.
'Her two-fuld Motherhool is proposed to us.
Whatavastdifference when we consider the terms
of the relationship Mother of God and Mother
of men I'The first Is founded on her moat suh.


ie prrative, that of giving her flesh and
lie prerby operation of the Holy Ghost to form
blood by t oy of the Second Person of the
thlessed Trinity. Truly has she a right to this
tile, for when a man speaks of hs mother, he
eas othe mother of him who speaks, though
the 'other does not produce the soul, hut only
condu'es to it by the forming aid the fitting of
the body to receive the life principle-the soul.
Yet no ore ever says: this is the mother of my
body but of me-the person speaking.
Thus did Mary co-operate to the forming of
he bodyof Him, who in person is God the Son.
Soby right is she called the mother of God.
I1 this maternity, Mary, the sptlecss Virgin,
had none of the sorrows of the daughters of Eve
it child-bearing, but as Mother of men she
brought them forth in bitter grief at the foot of
the Cross.
The words of Christ, being the words of God,
were effective, mld brought to pass what they
expressed. Whel the Divine Victim on the
Cross said to Mary: Wonman, behold thy
Son," He not merely pointed out ntd rccommnesid-
ed St. John to her motherly interests, but He im-
planted in Mary's bosom the true relation of a
Mother to her child.
Likewise, when He bade St. John: Behold
thy Mother," He put into the heart of the Dis-
ciple the love and dutiful relation ofa suon, who,
acconlingly, straightway took her to his own.
St.Juhn at the Cross represents the race; and,
with him, we all behold in Mary our Millher, and
Mary has ever proved herself worthy of that title
by her fund love sail care. St. Paul, too, pro.
claims this, our relationhip to lMry, when he
says that Christ was not ashamed to call us hre-
thbrn, not indeed, according to the flesh, buit ac-
cording to the spirit; if brethren of Christ, then
Christ's bother is our Mother. Let us then in
this her month, daily honor her and exult in the
thought of St. Stanislas Kostka, that 'theMother
of God s my bother l' ,
SJesus, through the mdst pore Heart of Majyi
loferThet tb prayer, works, and suferings of

this day for all tle intentions of Thy Divine
Heart, in union with the Holy Sacrifce of the
Mass, and in particular for the sprecud of Devo.
tion to the Mother of God and of Men.
From TheA Ltd esse, near o/trA ssenmlir.

La Intenelon general pars el mes de lMayo es I
Los sANTOS todos dc In I lcsin es hun derretlid
siempre en amor i nitestra stforn In Virgen
Marin. San Estanislao de Kostka mnriase d
amnor por Maria. Refibrese que in queria con Ita
vehemenci y ternura tnl, que no la podia invo.
car sin experimenter lnicinos incendios y sentir
desfallecer de iamur y que cunatdo, seguK n o Ow
tumbre exclumniba: i La niadre de )Dius s uii
madlrel percibbi tal dulceldumbre en sust lahimn
cual st hulhierrn, derramado en sus lahins us
panal tde miel.
Y que dire de otro santo faimoisitno ln is
Igleuin? De S. Bernardo, luz y gloria del siglo
XII? Fli ltitisinus sit aantidad, vastisinmoa sus
conociilicuitos, felicisinmoel exit que ohtuvr en
sru cotiMbates con los herejes de sn tienmpi y grain
disimn ia conflnnza que. mereci6 dte oitlifice i%
Reyes. 'Pus este santo tais anhlo y tan ile.!re
tiene utnu de ius mayors tltutos dc gllei:i ': e I
devocion ardiente a MariaSantlima. Vnlem.l
describe, volemus con alegrin i panernos haj.) el
estandarte de Maria; postr6minous todo!os i :;
pies, supliquemos h aquel cora*zon abrnaaml, 4'
amor divino se apiade tie nuestras miiserii; infl
ploremos su socorro y no cetsemno de liorar y
orar hasta que nos couceda so priitccidOi y Uos
adopted por lus hijoa, Es tudo poderosa pars
cola Dios; estk colocaida entire Jesucristo y4a
Iglesin paru ser el canal de Ins gracias que ests
divino Salvador hace ilover.sobre su amada Es-
posa. Honremos i Maria, tributemoslo nuestrol
honenajes, ofreizcmosle nuestras suplicas con
todo el ardor.y todo etl amor ,de.que,,somo
capaces." .... ..: i,. !
."No temamos que eate culto desagrade al Sc-
Ror, que.lo.quiere;esa su voluntad qoue e to de
mot todlo los disa de nuestra vida., Li. h esco
jidopara que. fuee,el catal de todas lIs graciss

y quicra lo nlcancemos todo par si protection."
Estas son palabras de S. Ulernardo, y lun deblana
meditar los que quisicrau hacer ccrcr i os igno-
rantes qua hablar asi de Maria es coin do aiycr;
y que los los Santos Padres no lhablaban de Ja
Santsiinma Virgen como nuooatros. Todos los
sanltos enlsalzatroan y lhonriaron culllto pudierun it
Marli, y coan anohram razon ; porqaue Sellcur tel
anmable comllo Mlarl Saitisiania imrcce td:i la
predileccion de nuestrus curaz.ooes.a
Adlmiranois li bohdnd Ininmenas dcel Creadcar
quo nos llen6 dle ibenlefciwo, lquo por nrostroc
pohl6 do astros el firlinmelnto, dle lpces, los I1I-
rrs y lox riosy de frutos plants y aniinales los
values y o16 montes. liendecimos mil veces In
divine Providencin par In cuit el sol nos envla
sus rayos y Ina nubes se deadtan eon fccunda llu-
via, y el aire nos refrescp con sos brisas y j no
serla un crime y negra ingratitud que on ese
armonioso concerto do alabanoas que i su inan
ners le entonan los cielos, la tierra y los abismos,
eninudrciera el honmbre, compendio de todas InH
maramillas de la creation?
Decminos pues, amar i Dios como it nuestro
Pi es nuestro Juae y Jues soverilino n tail grado,
qua cuund', rechazamo$s S6 mano paternal que
tan sabiamente nos gobierna, no tardamos oin
seiatir sobre iuestras cnhezas I ra var de su jus-
ticia. Y etlnnces, j4 que abogadlo acudiri cl
pecador acongojado parn qua ahlande In ira de
tal padre y dutenIal sn dientra ilvantllda paras
herirnu. 'Jutauntmenlu Marin es qulen t lo ducnal r
y alis cubro con su mlnto maternal, porqaue
Maria es madro de Dius y madro nuiestra.
Para que, pune la aamits.emnos y la tuvitratous
como incora segura de salvaclon on el mar pro-
celoso de la vida, nos In deja'Jesucrlso par ila-
drea al expirar par nosotros on la crut. Y aIl,
Icjos de resentirse el Senor, de que la queramos,
con predileccion y solieve Maria nuestroa tieruos
y filiales amores, es complace muchliimo y ale-
gra de qua venerdmos en ella la obra paestra au
que ma brillan y caoupean as divao saberi powder
y amor. IPor estol :I Igleslalaldecretar el cult

que Ic correcpondcl noh ciaselia qui dchcmoal hlitl-
rarla- cn culto do hiperdulla h cilto superior al
do todon los auotou. Ni cste culto us solerticionw
ni idolatrin, coman dlicen loi Iaurecjs miniendir
y calalnniiinmdl,.o. 4Quien ler dice i uieos dlc-
graciado que nnsotros lo enatilicus andurilan is
Maria? La verdadera ntidracion,. b cillto sure.
mn so tribute i solo Dion; poro piirqclr no he-
mais ti honirar i Marli com oi nmadre dce D)io?
Porqui nou hlunos do vecnrar sus imhigeIns CoaIII
eanbleonms y recurdlo dti laul grand Sefbora?
Idolatra scrin igusatir i Maria con Di)si; iman
Ior. catbllcu, uamnque crcmns lr quer Maria s c ma-
tire ile Diuo, purque eofl madre de Jeacristo Dloi
y Hombre verdmdero, nunca hemo.s heclho it ha-
r6nos de la Virgenc Sa.ntisiim una Diosa, sino
fuea creature hlijia de Dins; creature dei Dils;
per li p lle crfecciuonea y gr:acins coni. cur-
respondia quo custviern la Madrei de Di)io y ie
los lhomilhres.
I Ol Jesus min I por i.dilio dil Curiaunl lnIaa-
culado de Maria S.unltisimla, u o ufiscu las orU-
ciones, obrns y traanjos dvl presrente dia, parn
repanrr Ins ofenxaA quo se os haiccn, yj)ars las
demrr intciieones dte vuestro Sagrudu Coriazin,
cspecluinmente par Devocion & Mrla Santisima.


* Y Y grandfatllr used to tell st. ry, that
a always see.medl frelh to us, when we
had a juvenile part, nnd it pleased
S r qallay thi old and the young. Sr im-
pressed in It on my inainory lhlat I will relial it
as far as possible in his own wrrdl.
'* When a very young anni ll nd iirwlnwhl
veltuilreanOC. I was attached to he E1nglItlisA HEm-
Iassy in Russia. Travelling once in Plal.d, I
had to stay a fewdays at Wieliclaka.' town a few
miles froni Cracow, waiting for an important
letter. The day after amy arrival, Iotiwithstand-
Ing the snow lay ery thick upon the ground, I
rashly determined to take a raimble ou the neigh-
liouring hills, and without a guide. I found
Races of p path. sail walked on until it became
A nmall town I mIlls saouthb-e o Cracow.


which d fallen heavily and ed like my guide. A mischievous mle wa .
a in the n whic nowhc began reluctint- changed between them. A horse was also there,
d .urg the night ut sewing on the left to which was attached a rope, the other end
to r y stp A t oPe I through h the be"g fastened to a wheel that was on thetlpno
anther path*I l. j wandered on, admiring the opening. My guide put a rope round his
Oland r each i The sun shone clear waist, attaching the other eld to cable belong.
th. beu, d the e bight of the Carpathinl ing to the wheel, and seating hinmelf upon the
,nd bright, .nd If with a light from the latter, he made n sign for me to sit upol his knes.
noun tl g"te re r*ll be no night." On, on, No, no, my man," I thought, I will follow
nd where "here me very cold and hungry; you.iitothe daylight, but I amnot goingwithyou
the usne time I saw that some clouds had alone into the howels of the earth." Robberies
thered in the N'orth Ild portended another were not common there, but I had a valuable
,no,,tred. I sat down.feliig that I mnst rest chronometer, and some money in my pocket, and
-tl while before I began to retrace my steps. if those men meant to rob me, I determined to
I ,nc I drtret not sit long. I was well aware if sell my life dearly, as I had little doubt hut that
Ihr dagr of falling asleep In iy ,hemc d they would afterwards murder me to escape de-
be d 1tection, and it might easily be supposed that I
be.irV I hiad rested luiogr tiha was pru- lad perished in the snow. The cold, however,
,',t when I heard oileoIne behind imetshoutiig at last made me feel it little cowardly as I storl
,a me to get ip. I turned roulll..;nd anw a mIIaii hesitating, and shivering from head to foot.
,e to tmr, widl a rough coat, like the one he Better come down and have a warm drink,"
,re, ,in ll hand, which he beggedjne, by signs, laid the Iman on the wheel, seeing I was disin-
1, put u n. I did not ulterltand ImiuchI of the lined to accept the preca ious seat he had offer.
rotbh languages, hut I managed to thank him ed Ine.
hc,rtily, uld then aked himi if ha cuuil puasiibly Warm Indeed," I thought, without stirring
ga. ne rumncthing tu eat, a I hald become quite ani itch. Presently the horse began to walk
(ant from hunger. le gave ime tv understand round the hole and tLe imal, andl the wheel 'li-
that be could not. I began to fear that mooi all appeared, and after a while reappeared. To my
u.ce of the path to the town would be lost. Slid- horror, my guide now seized me by the arm, mul
denly, iI unaccountable dread seized ile, a iny so cold and bewildered was I by this time that
companion beckoned me to follow himi, trying 1 let him lead me like a child, uand placed mnuilt
to make me understand that should never reach the lap of the mal oil the wheel; lie then gav:
ist town if I attempted to return that way. Find- a sign, and we began to descend, down, dowl,
ing I aescompletely inthe man's power, I made oh, so slowly! we went, itn utter darkneu. I
ue best of my dilemma and followed him. Hlia wondered what we should se at the botto'--if
It"ng two coats. and givitgn me iuls puzzlcl me. bottom there was-perhaps water into which the
lie nearly euoalled St. Martin in his charity, who man, who held me so fast; might fling me after
dNv".d hi cloak, giving half to a beggar whon robbing me.
en met windoutone. My thoughts, however, were "Almost breathless with horror, I at last felt
vard, and not exactly plea"ant, as I followed had reached some ground. My guide now struck
**Yt, or u in guide lie might be my good a light, and set me on my Lfet, and by the light
Sride, ta, when ie di uie. We lad not prot of the lantern, and holding me by the arm, he
Sthe red.a, aut n e teem to A large opening ihl led me through innumerable passages, the pale
Sid s hoeat fi eet In diameter, boarded glimmering of the lamp rendering the "darkness
i l a Ihis ing stood a muan dre. -visible" more dismal and unearthly.' The cold,

damp air chilled me, and the dark tunnels seem- neath which we. tood. I was in the salt minie
ed never.ending; we were going down-hill all of Cracow and sM even hlndlrd feet underground.
the time. At length, we came to a ladder, next We found my guide's wife preparing dinner
to a pliatfornm, and then to another ladder. Seve- and.frugal as it was, I never ate a meal with a
ral times during this terrible descent my guide keener relish, the corse row bown real toting
seemed afraid that the light would go out, and sweeter thnaa the finest wheaten bread in England.:
when we reached the hott.lnl of the second ladder. My hostess was more pleased with the notice I .
my guide shewed me into a small, dark cavern: took of her little fuur year old Iby, who lhad beIe
Here, to my dismay, the light became suddenly hoIrn there, and haptised there-Stanislnus. I
extinguished. The manl expressed some alarm, gave him a picture ,f the glorious young saint
and taking me by the arm, drew ite through I which I always carried ahloutl with me in my
another narrow tunnel. I believed my end was i pocket hook. I believe I owe my preservation
come, and was about to seize miy companion by from being hIst in the snow and dying frozen, to
the throat, when suddenly emerging by a sharp the prayers of mnv revered patron saint.
turn from the tunnel, a sight met my wondering "' My guide showed in as much as I had time
gaze which repaid me for all the terror of the to see of the minils, and of the work done by the
long journey. miners. I was told they were political prisoners
"Before me lay a large plain where were sent there by the R.sa iian Government. They
scattered villages and detached houses, built, ap- have very little coamnunicatolun with tile upper
parently with precious stones. WaI I in some world, and many hundreds aire horsn, aml live
enchanted plain? Or, was I drenaming? Here and die there. On the vast plain are thll tlent
were cottages inhabited by living beings, meIn of the minlels and their familiar. soile ..ingle, asnil
sad women, aid children-even babies in armsn. omo in clusters like villages. T'hraiogh tile inialt
The light from the lamps that Illuminated the of the plain lies a road Illie wilt carts laldrn
place was rflecteld with dlasllngr hbrllancy. with masses n of the sill they acul at hll further
Coilulnlls of crystal supported vaulted roofs from endl, and which Is conveyed to tihe sl afl alind
which icicles depended in every form like the tralliported to the upper world. The drivers
rich tracery in aCathedral. The men werebusy seem happy. singing as they load their horses,
with pickaxes, hammers, and chisela, dlggingout which soon become Ilind.
large blocks of these stories with which they fill "The salt, though generally clear and bright a
d carts. 'My guide led me on, mand what was crystal, is il some places blue, yellow, red, and
myastouimiblment when I found myself in a chapel. green. There are many colonmus, suppaorti,,g
Vith an exquisitely carved altar of crystal, glit- the roof formed of tlhseo, nIld they l..k like
tearing, apparently, with gems of all culours, and maseri of gens, rubies, alnctliyats, emueralds,
furnished with the requisites for Mass. I was sapphires, and other precious stoillc, hhillilg with
awe-struck, and after kneeling In prayer for a a radiance which the eye can scarcely bear, The
fewI.minutes, I silently followed my guide out of hardest sort is used for the floor of the mine.
the chapel. He,and,I walked on until we came The liner-kind is often made into toys anil orna-
to,.cottage, wherehbe stoppede..snying, "Here jnents, and passes lor real crystal.
is myrhoorsestranger; to my humble. fare yon uI "The mines rnmas to be inexihault.thle. They
are welcome, pray enter. have been worked six hundred years. They are
Where am I?" I exclaimed, ",.and what is mentioned in the Polish Annals in the iath con-
allthais"', .,. . i ..,:,. !,,, '.. jItuiry in the reign of loleslaus the Chaste. A
! Salt''. .Tha,msaaw'an erry laughter was echo-. spring of fresh water ruan through the mine,
edsagain andu-gain trollnth.evaulted soof be- sufficient to supply the inhabitants and the horse.


,my guide conveyed tue to a shift, and we consittitton could not withstand the last on-
lscended much quicker thallwe had descended t slaught made upon it and reigned herself lu
To y surprise and delight. I found myself in the Will of God in her regard.
the town trhe shaft by which we had come up, Always cheerful and witty when in health,
being oe of the two which communicated with she continued so during her sickness nid to her
it. It was quite dark, and the snow lay two feet last hour managed to excite a smile by the
on the ground. funny remarks she made with the object of
"n You'd scarce hav,e got here alive if you'd cheering up her weeping Sisters.
e back," said my guide as I wrung his But she appears to have paid a hitter price lor
band .nd gave him a coin, when 1 wiled him the bright gaiety that characterized her lat.
dbye. hours on earth.
..k. f----- --- 'rThie night before her death her asiol endured
eialt-.nine spoken ol In tile bove narrallve'
are the mot Ifaous n the world. The system of the intensest agoy and fear fur three long Ihurs
mines extends over o area of iniles from east to and those that were assisting her were nmvue to
west and mlles front north to south with under-.
rond streets, Isqures o.,and overlO itles of tram- tear, by the distressing evidences of her afflictiio,.
way; the reatest depth reached about 12,00u feet. At last she said "thank God. it is pust" anl
At the depi of i00 feet II St. Anthony's chapel eewu
o^at o the at rok. Otn o the caverns, caed ti resuming her hr u happy mnimier continued Ier
aaAt haU, uontinsl lustre, haunglInroin the roof and office of comfortig and consoling those that were
all the ir otlsrtles. nst, w tractions c. which o h.
b".a.sb~~; found III the l.ine. tlso(!.m.izlugbea-ty niouartig over her.
the sl according to its various qualities Is of dlf- Fortified by the last Sacruincults of the Church,
fnre t or0 lt dark-greyd 1 yelow c. she waited patiently for the cud, joined in the
prayers for the dlyilng with her own lilhouirimg
SISTER TERESINA (n6e KEIAR.NY). voice, asked pardun ,of her sisters fr aiy doedi.-
.icatiolu she might have given then iid thuikrd
-- oo- all that had assisted her.
SAt ihout 9.15 p.n. onl the eve of PallniSulnday
stRE shrlRl of his errors which a th sile quietly breathed her last, leaving to her
enters in nalv because the Divintd Sinters a tranquil conifort that in great measure
co mmand obliges him. und where baniihed Morrow;
with the gentlest hands he gathers the flower, All concurred in onte expiestioai 4 'whlit a
that has blimMucned only to give plhsaure to its. cheering religious denth."
Master. At 6 o'clock on Pami Sunday morntiag the
To be glad to die has lbee a grace granttil Holy Sacrifice was offered for her soul'in the
to many faithful servants of God : to be willing Convent Chapel, corpore preente, ald at 5 p.m.
to die Is the grace we should all pray for: to an inmmeiise concourse of people assembled there
meet Death without fear is surely a grace give to pay the last tribute of respect.
>only to those who have passed valiantly through His Lordship the Bishop pronounced the Ab-
e hard combat, and know tht they have ca solutions; eachi of the Convent Community thea
quTie. came forward and kissed the brow of the deceased
i latter ca was the case we believe of, and the procession started for the Lord's Ridg
er Teresina. Cemetery.
Aiofer suffering patientll f r.7 'ears tlea ilmi-. Thus in a strange lad 'she was buried, far
dir advances of consumption, which rendered away front her family and relatives, who had ex-
Sdring long periods incapable of active pected her back in New Orleans to die, but surely
ngth acknowledged that. her not even there ansmong her own, could she have

found a morr symnpithetic and revering cortnge 'The story of the ilmienah diamond i're cnted
than that which gathered round her tomb in Belize. to the Pope by the President of the Trranvvaul
The chief Catholic Merchants were her pall Republic proves to he a myth. It first appeared
bearers and her elder sister, Mother Evangelist, in a French newspaper frim which it wa% cpied
Superiorew of the Belize Convent. was present to ilto various Englihal and Amnricaii joiirnails.
throw the first earth on her coffin.
Of thile once enormous Spalliilh Coln nial k:im-
FOR EIGN NE W S. pireii Americi;there4mly relminia thle mi.iller-
colentry the'pose asiooi of Culnl nidll'poritti ico.
The retention of the former isla.n in constantly
The gigantic empire of Chinia with it popula- threatened hv the outhrcaks of ulative imnMirgents.
lion of more thll 300 millions has at length stI- (;enerul MlirtineC Calnp)us IUIs heii helnt from
cumbed to its sturdy little inighhourjnpan, an Spani to put downll these risiings, tiil iestite the
empire with not more that 42 millions. China country to peace. As yet nothing very 4ldcisive
began the war with a larger fleet naid brought lias taken place but if it be fonmld (hul tihe cliiulic
more men into the field but from tle first con- spirit of disbontelnt wjiichi fur nearly .s .yearar.l b
flict in July 1894 off the coast of Coren till the trouliled the island cannot lie qucllel, it m$)ight
last battle between the Japneiie fleet and the he well fur Spainl t: re-upon ivgutiatioill with
Chiinee shore batteries on the island of For- tile United States for ilt transfer Lli the Ire'at
mosa, the war his been marked by one ulhroken Americnc ItRepoulic.
series of disastrous defeat of the Chinese. China -
is said to have an army of t.aoo,ooo whilat the It will le rlieilleered tha. t i Ihog .i~ the '
Japanese troops at the full complimint could nit lGouvermiiutii ifNicariaguu iivadr.cl Ith .\iOM1 s1u
exceed 245 ooo; but ulonmbers have been p,,werlcsi coast and drove uist tile Chief Cluanclle. The
against thekill andenergywithwhich theJapail- English Vice-Cnl ul, Mr. Hatch. was. nlal ill-
ese soldiers have been oflicered and directed. treated. For this offenci $iou,ooux his Ibeeni le.-
The total numbers of Japanese engaged has a- maiiiadld as comnpelnstitiionl i iim td hips of war
mounted to a16,ooo divided ilto three armies. have been ent to bhuoilrdil Corinto if the ImonIUey
and their loss in killed has been less than 4ooo. is not paid. President Zelavyn lha hitherto failed'
Chinese losses have been far heavier at fort to pay tile conitpunstion deinmandd in the hIopei
Arthur alone they are said to have had 6ooo killed, that the United States would interfere but that '
As a result of the war Japan gainl the cesbion Government is not disposed to d, iso so Nicara-
ul the idsand of Fro a and of the .iho-tuag gu" niust pay the money ortaiketleclllseqilelm:cl.
peninsula up to the 40th parallel, the payment of -
a war indemnity of $150o,oo,ooo, the throwing The ideas of scientificc men ;liout tile atlltn-
open of Chiina to foreign trade along the course ph6re in which we live and move and have our
nif many of its great rivers and the independence beiAg" have been strangely revolutiolnisu lately.
of Cores. This last condition was the original Hydrogen the lightest of gases has been lique-
object of the wars, as China claimed a suzeranity fled at 43' below zero aid the strange sight has
over Corea which the Japanese would not allow. bedn witnessed of the unsubstantial air we
Furthermore there is to a strict offensive and breathe, converted first into a pale blue liquid
defensive allilmne between the twoempires which and then into a solid lump of ice. Lord Rayleigh
will st up in the extreme East a power able to distiloed to the scientists who came to the Royal
hold her own even against the most powerful Institute to listed to Iim something still more no-.
Westeriin tions. ;'! : I- vel by proving to thln that this same air is nolt

:9: 8 )

coposed of three but of a mixture of foutr asis A A H A /EM
He had been struck by the fact that the nitrogen i-, A O HA.N ,
,flh theysir, (the residuumn for instance of air
pssed through a vessel contaiiinig ced-hot copper (Ilasta laro poIuo relojero du la cara de A. E. Murlmn.)
,,s invariably heavier than the nitrogen extract- IPoIi c .onl uciinielt,, del pull iln ,io
cI elscwhcre, as for instance the nitrogen rom PH ( 0',IOill lle lilt (',allcill, i Imm
anliaoia. With the help of Professor Rainisav i i It i t
he IIe.o work to find out the reason of this dia. Ylr111 W l11liz t [i bajuiI del pileInt.
crepaicy. The discoverers by passing the nitro- l.Iwii I Inido tur, ldotdl w8 (' eneoitrr.i
gen separated from the air through a glass es- ittl sll'rtidn collipleto de relies Inlllto tii
scl containingi red-hot magnesium, bel free a olr, co01Il dI o platit, ickel, dolrnlo,,&c.,e.
conupanon g'Is which they have called argon. _
Of this gas there is oue percent inl the air. Its
weight taking hydrogen as I i19.7 whilst mitro- ANIIIO(, L A, I'III NIN DKIHI-
geli is 4 and oxygen is 16. It is twice as o. K, CA )NAS L NTINAS
ble as nitrogen in water. Theoretically thdis liI-S
covery I memat progress in chemistry blt what TODA (IAME 1)E .IOYAS.
practical purpose it will serve, we do not let
EsoN's KINETos OuI lE a mi chi e which Iln ay Relojes de pared de uno a
,e said to represent living pictures. A sccne i treinta diasde cuerda, con Des.
related in front of i photographic apphara( usi tus dias de CUertuacon Ues-
which takes successive pictures at the rane of 46 pertador, Barometros, Termo-
per second. These pictures are printed, and in
the kinetu;cope re ,broughlthefore the spectator metros, Calendarios &c., &c.
in the saime order and at the siime speed at which
they were photographed. The effect itheexact IM.Q ,,,iA. D.:, (COS.Ei, l AJAS DI
reproduction and development of the scene as it, tA J Lt.
originally took place-giving them invelnents nd N MUSIUA, ACORii )ONES Y UTIl-
expresliol of the actors wth life-like vividneab. gS PAIA EIA S.
This result depends upon a principle logy kiowc
that several pictures of objects in various posi-
tions, if brought rapidly before the eve, are ESP CIALIDA D
combined iltu one visual impression so as to ivo Et t i l Io )OI ejus pr
the appearance of movement or life. limits Ctn el pr
---u--s eutiupliuodus qlue. sean, usi col0n
The report that Bimhop DiPietro had fallen Mautlinns V. tullj.usi, con proutitud u
sick on his journey to San Antonio is false; anid
he returned to Belize, 30 April in good health. OBne1ro'
During May Fathert preh Ordeties del exterior recibirAl tils
Leur-lg Fay Father Antillach'vill preach the ..
evening diacourses throughout the mouth Snt.. .t '..,t :
hays and weekdays; and it is hoped that the. A;' A K
Concgti will attend well the serviceswhA.A.POPHANKEN
wills ade as attractive as oible and l 't RE KO,
vus vtioo h Mother o God will'b.e t ,i Pr ti Hondt:r
Sle. Belizo British Hondurvoi

, -

( o90

ItBaronrter 1 Tllennom. I I'srchrimneter |j Anemotorter 1 Mky *

lao.nM" "j lrcun i ; i alI'

I u2.4 i U2.73 2.79 81 78 883 711 7 .7' E I
s .7 .67 .781 87 8 78 84 Il I l 77.8 U S: S ,
3 .93 .81 .2 83 74 80 82 7t 1727.0 N '
4 30.12;30.1 00 80.011 74 71 7 71 73 71 i1.I NNK 2
4, .03 2.4 '2.1 8241 750 7I 1 74 I4I (11.1l K '
129m2 .101 ,i l 47 7 842 4 : i 147 I 4161.7' 11 4
7 1.I 7 .78 .8i 81 1 84 KI i 1i 7 T1I 71T.7, FE I N i
I .142 .82 Al7 H1 77 N81 Ill 7l I5 .7 1; .K V II 1 .
.1 48.O*i *; .*1 0) 4 71 7 ,t 71 1;.1, .; s k II 3:1.41
I, .02 .01 .D Up 83 781 7,0 t 1. 710 .; NK '
I) .41 80.03 .10.llI 8 I 77 8 11.2 77 ; t, 711.l11 E i cN II 11.1
12 .0 .8X4 At II 80 NlI 75 7 2' 7,i .NE K 'S
13 .07 2o9.1fl .03 b2 74 711 's4 711 117 .2 N.K 2I
14 .02 .1 .I02 82 7 2 ill T i) 71 lil 1. 15I 2
to 291101 .781 204a.M 744 .3 F4 84 Ilo 77.4 K 'I 'N 4 I
17 .83 a.72 !.77 90 79 18 8 t i 73 17. E (' I .j
18 .98 .701 I 71 I' .7 1a3. NW II ,
.88 .88 4 147ta 1 84 S7 1 73. W 7.3. K hu x
19 .8 .l ) .1U 42 72 7i il, 7(1 44 17.1 NW.K
.20 10.04 .N I.00 4 72' 1 0 t1l 1 '71 1 711 72.l K k A
21 .04 .I4 .01 B 76 81 82 i ;itM 7i.3l I k '
22 .0B .M .0 88 7 I i.2 i I 2 I l 7 72.0 '
2: ', .I( 14 4 77 182 8 : 71 4 1I., : if II !I
24 ""'.O 4 .. o 9f0 711-8"21'-82 T i75 W '10.3" r ...... R 'a
26 .01 .S 21V.08 87 77 6t 84 784 712 4.u K .'.k 4
W26 W.99 1 .:tI 487 77, t4, 4 7 7t1 711.7 K I ,2
27 .O196 .0 88 77 84 s4 1 ;i 7,.7 K I k
4 .81 .77 7oiet 180 ;.' I' 80,7
28 .8 .77, .70 1 70 84 1 0. 1 4i' 71.1 I '
29 .83 .7.'i .7 M 71 84 i.0 No zW 7 I
30 .87 .817 .W 88 70 11 4 i :7 t 1 I K.K i,

..... ... I--- --"'-- ..-- -- -. .
Al! 30.14 29.87 941 8 82 t3 77 7i 7.0ji E..E j 4 4.1.1
:v. 29. 7 1 i 0 1j I*
F xplatinatin for thet Sky: ;G. tCIInIulus, Stk..Ciirrus, MUriatutl, N. Nilmhui,
o. quilt clear, to. quite covered.

Tlhe Ineaun BIroulwelr dludictres l evoral decided hi'Bta. wai never arcn here IMworo. For tlil rel, o the
wnveP during the monllh. From 29.78 on tile Ind It nmnnlh the tralde-wlnIds nmade the hot weather qnlle
rime to 80.0(1 on the 4th. went down to 29.I8 on thle 7fh ouliportablr.
uand upl to 30.08 on the 11th; down again to 39.77 on 'More Itlan fll' during thls dry iniuillh lh" n 1 Ual.
Ih; 17th. up to 80.118 on Ute 3rd and onmm more down Nearly all ht. h tunk o ofle city were ellptyl when. on
to 29.71 on the 2ath. Tl n average pressure Is some- tile evening of thie lit, a rerieof heanuy .lowrs. gl*-
what leu (0.07) than for the plat few yearn. Ing n a f i1l of II Inche of rain. rejoleed tl Iherart of
nie mean Thermnoimeltr la I higher than the ive everynne. On the Ilth another heavy rain of 1.1l In.
rage for April. The Mnxllnum rneched a poInt as high hlllwed to tilt 11 lllany vats. Mine 4 le Illth. though
as we had in the hottnet ihontlle of 18411. t here aeluljud be prnalwel of rin. not a drop hal
The Wind wa mostly Eastward, between NE. and fallen. and drinkln wartr kI agan let.ollang mearrt.
SE. For two days, 18th and.19th, a Westerly and. lTe average ratinfll for April (i o.UI in.
North-Westerl br'ee niiadethewealhlrvervry Opre .
.Iye, besldPjrinuglp toJlebe aoba wnn rms black ,The Hky wa. generally clear during be du. i m
mlosqulto M, liormlgnto' nd of ti e oldes 1c j64ha b. InIty l below tile avOerg9.

( 100 )

Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.


Select School for young ladies, Boarders and
Besides what is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa-
lion, French is taught if required: also Drawing, Plain and ornamental
and any kind of Fancy Work.
Extras-Music, Piano, Guitar or Mandolin.
Boarders, .. $ so oo (gold) a month.
Day-scholars, Senior Class, 3 00 "
Junior oo "
For partlcalars apply to the Rvtreud NeUher ia the. Cor et.

Ademis de lo que se comprende en el curso usual de Educacion Ingless de
as. clase, so enseiia el Castillano cusndo so desea, Dibujo elemental y
l os trabjo en Obras de fantasia.
Eatras-Mlsics, Piano, Guitarra.b Mindolina.
Pensionistas, $ 0 o 0 mensuales.
Externas, Clase superior, 3 oo i.
infeor, a00
. h erpTooos Los p'arGOOS DOE asr IAC s n A sal r ADo. e
tser pferimetsse, dirglnas e ie Isreroi .adr Sapderp dehil n. Contest



6th month.



Sun 7 5.25 un .at 1.24 min. Full Moon.
S '5 at 5.6 min. o Moo. Last Quarter.
si at 5.57 Alow 1.43 min. New Moon.
9 at 5.8 3.ia minl. First Quarter.

Vigil. : h,14.
Pentecost$ Whit Sunday.
Of the Octave.
Of the Octave.
Of the Octave. Ember.
Of the Octave.
Of the Octave. Ember.
Of the Octave. Ember.
Trinity Sunday.
S. Margaret, q. w.
S. Barnabas, Ap.
S. John a San Facundo.
CoRPUS CHRISTI. Obtgation.
S. Basil, B. D.
B. V. Mary of Strata.

2nd after Pent, SJohn Francis Regis, c.
Of Octave of Corpus Christi.
Of Octave of Corpus Christi.
S. Juliana Falconieri, v.
Octave of Corpus Christi.
3rd Sunday after Pent. Oct. of S.John
Nativity of S. John Baptist. [Francis.
S. William, Ab,
SS. John and Paul, uM.
Of Octave of S. John the Baptisl.
Octave of S. Aloysus. Fat.
4th after Pent Commemoration of
S. Paul.


a. WhitSunday. SolemnHighMassat9.30. st. S. Aloysius Golzaga. High Mass at 7..
3. Re-opening of the Schools. Sacred Heart ofJesus. Hig Ma at
13. Corpus Christi. High Mass, with Expo.
sition of the Blessed Sacrament, at 8. 23. Confirmation will be administered by his
16. Procession of the Blessed Sacrament in Lordship the Bishop at I a.m.
the Church yard of the Holy Redeemer,
Belize, at 5.30 p.m. a3. Consecration of all the children, up to 5
.7. Triduum begins for those preparig for ters of age, to the Sacred ieprt of
Confirmation atL p.m. 5Je1s1, at 3 p.m.
t9, so, as. Triduum for all the Children at
a p.m. s9. SS. Peter and Paul. High Mess t 6.-o.

a Su.
3 M
4 T
5 W
5 Th
7 F
8 8
9 Su.
16 M1
Io T
12 W
13 Th
14 F