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The Angelus
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00011469/00004
 Material Information
Title: The Angelus
Physical Description: : ; 26 cm.
Language: English
Spanish
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Belize
Publication Date: 1891-1892
 Subjects
Genre: serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Record Information
Source Institution: Belize National Library Service and Information System
Holding Location: Belize National Library Service and Information System
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 717031124
ocn717031124
System ID: AA00011469:00004

Table of Contents
    1891
        Page 1
        Page 2
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    1892
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Full Text




THE


ANGELUS.
CALENDAR AND MONTHLY NOTES.
1st month. JANUARY 1891.
'3 at 6.35. 4 min. .. Last Quarter.
Su at 6.3.S Si oi 7 ain. ..... New Moon.
un o. Suntl tlow. ailtl(,in. COhangm of Mooll. o "
ri es. t 6.37: : 10 w Ill. Fir.t Quarter,*
re. a 6.3. .. miln. .. Full Moon. i

l i kT A-,ii, I ,fIl,. a ouf Oh-I 16 F S. M.rcellis, P. 'M. ,..-
F I Oct. of S. Stephcni, ligatiuon. 17 S S. Anthony, Ab. f
3 S Oct. hf S. Joh. 18 Su. 2nd after Epiphany, 'MosT-HoL.v N.MR
4 Su. Oct. of Holy Iniocents. ., i M S. Illilry, I. D. (or JEsuS.
5i M Oct. ufS.Thoo. ofCmanterbury. zo T S. \WVlstan; 13.
I EP I' ,,a, y of Devotin. 21 W S.S. Falian & Scbnstian, M.M. /'L .
V Ot|. dl .... -. 2 1 Th S. AgnI, V. I. .
a- Iarriages ipay be soleinnizcdl. 23 FI S.S Vincent & Anastasius, M.M.'. I '- '
; Th Of'tlie ct.\ : '24 S irspousals of I. V. Mary. 1
F Of th bct.- 25 Su. Septuagesima.
to. S Of th Oct.' '-. 66 M S. Polycarp, B. M.
-,u. Su Snday within Octave, 27 T The Prayer of Our Lord.
i I Of the Oct. o. '.1 28 W S. Raymund of 'ennnfort, C. n --'
S..J Octave of-the Epiphany. 79 Th S. Francis of Sale, B. C. D. /: -
- 4 W S. Hilary, B.'D. ?-. ~ .-o F S. Martina, V. M.
S ITh S. Baul the first Hermit, C.$ 3 S S. Peter Nolnsco, C.

/ . . *

/ ..-, N


1. High Also itt 9.30. (1. High Mnas at. 7 tmn.
S1. I. .-opciinig o(f Sohlols.


-.A HAPPY NEW *YEAR.
'- ........ y-' .- '--I +; . .."T . .o"










:CONTENTS.


Colony Notes, ....... ..Page i O1' hids: .... .. .. ..lage hI
Foreign News, .. .. .. " 6 The Mangosteen, ...... .. 4
Chronicle of the Sacred Heart, 7 The three wise Kings, .. .. i
Protestant Testimony, .. .. 9 O Sweetest Heart, ... ... 17
Los primeros Mirtires, .. .. to Stann Creek, ........ IS


Tnr AXO.LUS presented the Comllinim
Sof the season to its lleadera iad, wi
Ce to til nppy Now Yoni.
It is g'ratiiying to n'tot that the iintlt
in its pnJgea hliiI. t (lidiniished l
that additional Imelts havIe lb.ci id
to thl list of esii acribers.
It kindly remindi its Rloaderssf thlt!
S nowlcdged good that it has done
the Catholic Cominmnity throngli
the Colony, and on that ground alc
it would recommend to Catholics
propriety of extending its circulati

COLONY NOTES.

UUR Readers will hear with plea
that the Rev. Fr.I lopkin has hap
recovered from his severe illness
has passed out of the limits of dlan
The Reverend Father wias sIcsibly tiuc
at the solicitude nmanlfested for his welfare 1bh
classes of the community and he thanks.them
much for their kind inquiries and their pray
This is the lWtest instance of that scourge wl
has afflicted the town of Belize so long and
us trust it may he the last. .
We ar glad to report that Sister Teresa
also passed the painful ordeal urrivecd safdl
the Mother house, New Orleans and Is progr
ing favourably.

TheSelectSchools' Exhibltions.-Tho usual Ch
masn Exhibitions of the Boys' Select School
S. '. ': ,' ,


nts the children of the Convent of Mercy were pre-
shi- sented to the public before Christmas and there
seemed to he no lack of interest.
'Cst .On the t6th the tloys. were put through an
Ild Examination to satisfy authorities and on the 17th
led they entertained their Parrents and friends with a
Display of the year's work and q. few selections
ck- of recitation.
for Master Desiderio Rorsdo exhibited a realiza-
out tion of his part as Edipo in a style far above his
mIe, years' and his action was very expressive of the
the wierd tale he was recounting Clarence's
on. Dream" by Master Gregorio IPeyrifite was un-
Shappily out of the region of criticism by reas,.n
a severe cold tinder which the young elocutior-
ist laboured, nevertheless lit gave manifest evi-
dence of that careful training, which is so charnc-
ure teristic a feature of Fr. Csssian's work.
pilv
andl Before the prizes were distributed the Rev.
ger. Father DiPictr. replied, in a happily inspired
led speech, to an objection which many hIlf iehlcit-
y all ed purtIq l raise, that Latin, Geometry &c., ii
,,ry fact that whatever does not directly help to make
erg. bread and butter, is a useless pursuit. lie first
which stated a converse proposition, that such things
I let and in fact every additional piece of Information
was not only an ornament to a man, but afford-
ed an intellectual satisfaction and pleasure as
wo much superior to the possession of dollars and
Y at cents as the mind is superior to matter, a:d se-
c"r condly illustrated this by a homely example. A
man goes to live in the bush and if he is educated
he fits up his house with handsome furniture, and
rist- fancy glass-ward, hangs picture on his walls
and and tiger skins on the floor and in fine he spends.

i\






( 'I )


time and money to make himself snug. If you I The new Orchestral band La Uunioi" gill-.
ask him why he does so, seeing that such unne- I lintly did service and deservedly ecrncd murks
cessarics doni make him rich, nor help him to Iof appreciiatiun.
make money, he will reply, Because I like it: His lhinour the \Admin.istrator presided on
these things cheer my heart; console my loneli- hoth occasionr there were present likewise the
ness and keep me from driftingdown to the level Colonial Secretiry, the '2hirf Justice with Mrs.
of the brutes of the forests among which I live. Andlerson and Miss Alcndersun. Tlhe Hononruble
Just so, education is not given to provide read- Carlias Melh:adl, an Mrs. Melhado, Jois M.
iiig,writing and arithmeticinorderto gain brcnd. Roside Eqt. and Miss Carmits Rkoodo, Mr.
but to develop the faculties of man, and to teach hM:xwsell, IEdwini Clonner lIsq. anld Mrs. Conner,
him how to turn those faculties to good and ser- C. I lenmpilcad, A. -. Richnrd, II. Kuop, T. J..
vicenhle account when required. McSw nyly Es(quire anid many other friends.
The chief Prizes were awarded aI follows:- 1 The chief l' izvt awarded were :-
First Diviionu,.. Medal,.. Jame Brnadley. -'
Secod .. ..Greri,, l'.-vrlie. E -
Third "e .. ..Lu mrdo ..\uirre.
(;',llletr.l ........ I,,lk, ~.. !. Ir l . .n ; :lle.
cia I nI........ ...Dl sidlri R do.
Natur:l Ilistory,.. ...Filenon Arago,.

On tihe i Ith the Convent Chilhdren dlrw .i r -- ..
clowdved hin,.c. The recollection of past per-
fuirnces Ia inspired thechildren and it w l : :
seen the pciple too, for every one of the tickets .
wal di po.sed of inmcediltely, and mniny p'lis)lll '
paid entrance at the door. The programme wnas
extensive, lut the little girls executed it with I P1 W >
charming grace and cause, the effect being great- P "
ly enhanced by the pretty show their variegated ,'
antin dresses m.nn, P
Theu liIlo Ifrog." wis highly anuiini n and so
t oo "the lHright Scholar." Our friend Mi. ss
SMnlauna Price, wlho has so many times given ui .
pleasure on like occasions, distinguished herself
by the good rendering of the Bogie Man," and \Ve hav mucuh pleasure in mluiciun to the
Broken. iche,'frienls oh the Convent Scholil and its pupils that,
Miss Maggie Burn by the Broken Pitcher," lis Aurelia lMelhadu lhas just acquirtl great
while the three "City' Girls" almost frightened suucc.s. in. her new houme; having been on the
some of the audience from laughing, so well did same prize day, four timle "crownrel" by the clrd
they feign sickness. Whether the Bllue Juani- Ilihor ohl tile Diiocw.e
tn" dance or the "Lilies" deserves the plmn for -
effect, is left to the appreciative audience to de- Te h y Selt Skhio.l Ad likewise the Cn.
cide. The repeated encores left no doubt of theV htl ins r n Mtday
e the Vulniat.l throughout tI ill
satisfaction which the visitors felt with the .The Puplic.Schos. throughout tho ny will
proceeding., *I rc-ix.n tin Wpntc. !a


fw^7







( 4

Blessing of the Catholic Church. Monthly house to house collections snlh.
The solemn re-opening of tle Church scribed. to by many kind non-Catholic
of the Holy Redeemer, Belize, was a red friends,Tea-parties, Theatrical represen-
letter day, unay golden letter day in the tutions, Concerts, Clristnius trees and
annals of theC(atholicConuinnnity. Fow Personal donations ibsuitaintially backed
Indeed of the iidnthlitants remain amongst by the facilities, afforded liy ihe lion.
Ist today, who wero wont fifty years ago, arlos Melhado and .. M. ilosado EIsq.,
to crose the cainl and hear iass in thie brought up a grand total of' ntirl 6(000
first Church, which stood in.what is ,now dollars in the space of two ond a hulf
the Belize Estate and Produce Conpa- years. Tangible proof of the growth of
Sny's yard, and of which not even a ves- esteem and progress of theCIalholicCorm-
,tigo remained aftor the great fire of 1856, munity during the lust thirty years.
except the kitchen ofthe residence, since In u one 1888 a contir: t was entered
then converted into a stable.0 into with Mr. H. Kevlin for the demolish-
Catholicity even at that date was ud- meant of the side walls and their re-erer-
vancing steadily under the mild guid- tion in liue with the towers and chapels;
unce of the Saiintlv Father Avvl'ro, vet and a second was made 190 lor n new
when the new Church was built it wse Saucrinty and on Decembver 20th last the
thought tl have dimensions quite in ex- building was handed over.
cess of the small number of the faithful. Preparations for the sletmn re-open-
But now what do we see? Not only was ing had been in progress during the week
that church gradually filled and over- and on Sunday morning December 21st
flowed, but the necessity'of further ex- troops of faithful Catholics niod their
tension to the building or the erection of friends came crowding into the Sacred
another Church in -another part of the Edifice. 'The procession, headed by
town became patent. After .mature de- Cross and. Acolytes and followed by tlhe
liberation, the plan of enlargement was Children of Mary, Catholic Association
adopted, and the requisite funds were and Louisians, proceeded to tlhe' ain
procured by every sort of industry. door. Hero the Very Reverend Prelect
The late Fr.Loontjens related a strange story Apostolic, vested i white cope and ss-
connected with this building, which deserves re- sisted by the Revs. Henry and Cassian
cording. Before the great fire of 1856 had devas. Gillet in gold dahnatics, attended by.
tated the North side of Belize, Fr. Loontjens was Hon. C. Melhado and J. M. Rosado Esq.,
in Belgium preparing himself to start for theCarib Mrs. Pickethly and Miss E. Mousunt4o ls
Missions,.along the Central American coast. Be.
fore embarking, he visited a convent, in which one sponsors, commenced the ceremony of
of his relatives dwelt as a nun and whilst convers- the blessing of the Church. Whilst the
ing with the Sisters about his new destination, procession wended its way round the ex-
the substance of the annexed words was said to terior of the building "La Union Bland"
him:--J Oh Father dont go there. A terrible dis-
aster is about to fall on that city (Belize) and no. discoursed figured music. On eiitering
thing shall remain but one little house." Obedi- the Church the Cantors commenced the
ence outweighed'other consideration,-he arrived Litanies of the Saints as far as the last
In Belize while yet the' smoulderin ruins black- rotation, when the Rev. Prefect accord-
ened the earth, and this little buildir" was the the i ded to
only one to hold itself erect,.amidst rneral de. Lig to the ritual added, "That thot
vastadu and ruin, .: . wouldet vouchsafe to purify and bless











this Church to Thy honour and to the Per Very Rev. Pr. DiPictro;...'.. $947 .'3
'name of the Most Holy Redeemer." The Opening dny Collection,.........;.. ro8.-'7.
interior of the Church was then blessed Donations,. .............. .......'. 86 *75
and the solemn High Mass commenced. lntcrest on. funl,.................. 15o 'oo
Rev. Fr. H. Gillet, who was acting us Total,...$638J '8o
Deacon, sncended tho new pulpit, and PAYM ENTS.
after rending it statement of accounts to- Firt Contract with Mr. II. Kevlin,. .$4o00o *
wards the restoration of the Church, pro- Extra allowaces,.................. 00 .o
ceeded to deliver a fervent discourse o0i Second Contract for Vei.try-roon,... Iloo- 'o
the general and pilrticular presence oflOiler extras................... 381 *So
GCod. He expatinted on thedistinctivennd I Tota,... j8; o
local maninfetations of Almighty l(;d in otal,...3
Ro InUIIv O('('sions in Holy cripture., iIl ot gr tnks re r.tirn"l toi
(lod's wish to be gensiblv presentmimnonig all the sbliscriliers to this gruind work.
'rnd loved by men, ,,and 'hliowed how nil
hlnt I shvtr range invention of love Il, -
-IBes contrived to remain with us pelrson- 'l1 l
ally in the Holy En ichulrist. I or thi Igillilun. r.e, w li ees
reason we built grand Churchecs and ways nlUW to the little ones, proved .sat-
hbe,-tilied thcm. and lastly lie appealed ,sfactory in its results and substantially
t. all to lu generous in their o lerings aided. in clearing or tihe residue of debt
so as to wipe out, before the new year, on the Church cnllrgemelnt. The receipt
the surplu of debt which was only $?257. were over *100 dlo to the indefatigable
S. exertions of Mlis EMlllnal Monsanlto und
In the evening tho spacious building (.loh'r friends.
was again filled and Fr. Caissian G-iller
blended the notion of Church with tlhe
scat of hoyalty-seat ofJustice-the an-
dience chamber, and the place of enlist- On the last daty of the old vear was
ment into the army of God. The sunis reotined the laudlable custom of provid-.
collected at the three services amounted ing a supper for the poorer nmeInbersU of
to $106. the Conllnuiity. Donations of the ever
Condensed statement of account its sul.sht:antial beef and the more savoury
presented by J. M. Rosado Esq., who turkevs and fowls were generously, an;l
nated ms treasurer, and to whom many ,rhundantly contributed by. the people,
thanks are sincerely returned. and )ll passed off satisfictorily. It is
well that those better ofl should remnem-
RECEIPTS. [bor their less lfrtunate brethren ut this
Lalies.' collection by Books,.7......$1750 *93 Ifetive tinm. i1 olden du vs ol'Christian-
Flncy fair and three Xmnis trees,.. '450 '73 ity, among the English sl;nking people,
'Four Tea-artls,... ... 846 '33 this part of the festive season was not
Skleit Bys' School entertainfmint,'.. 0oo 'ot the least of the Doinestic duties, but ci-
'M. Jernighain'w Concert,.. ....... 95 *oo vilization has dwarfed generous implllse.
Young Men's Entertainment,.. ...' t31 *oo --it has IIallde iu too calculating.








( .i )


.. On 'New, Year's day a dinner was
.given to the Patulpers and the TInmates
.of the Asylumn. This too was furnished
Sby tihe volittlary assistance of tho.friends
' o the poor.
It is il intercourse of this nature that
S an learns to sympathize with his fellows
u.and recognize the old saying rmnilil Iu-
Sanaim mil alienum; micih niolre is this
iadage true.when applied to Christians.

SThe Tea-party al firco, which was
S given in Corozal, towards the expenses
Sof the reparation of the Church, brought
in a net suin of $lliO.
The tables 'were stper-abundantlv
supplied. Those at which Diifit ,1)
Gomnez, Mrs. Ronmero, Mrs. WillonI-hlhy
'and the Ladies of the choir presided, Ie-
ing 'qtite reclierohls in the assortment
Sor good things.


Lincoln was impeached before ecclesiastical
authorities on the charge of practising certain
forms'of procedure in his .church services at
variance with rubric ancl objectionable to mime
df his flock; in short of being a Ritualist. lie
had lit candles,- mnhed water in the communion
cup, taken an eastern position, sung the Agnus
Dei during the communion service) turned his
back to the people while breaking the bread, a.d
had made the sign of the cross in hclsiing. The
four first charges, after some learned dis.luiiitioi
on what the Archbishop. considers to be their
true intention, are dismissed as not illegal indeed,
hut of no significance; whereas the fifth and sixth
apparently savour too much of the Catholic
church to he allowed to pass without censure.
The fifth is disapproved of, because it mimics too
closely "saying Mass" which according to the
Articles is a blasphemous fable and dangerous
conceit" while the sixth is reprobated with a
horror akin to that which eclscbub is said to
have for Holy water.,


The decision is far from 'complinmensnr to
SThe people of the,.Cayo District must those concerned or to those who take patternby
ibe tdw overjoyed at their new year's them, in as much as the four first charges either
gift. Dr. Harrison is expected to start are meaningless, and then those pious men who
at an early date to fill the position of use them are only playing ritual, or they have a
Magistrate and at the same tine render meaning which is opposed to the doctrines and
that populous District medical assistance. spirit of the church to which the advocates of
We shall not hear any monre stories of these practices, profess adhesion, and conse-
S"rottie sheep.' quently class their, supporters with those whom
* ' Mr.L Spurgeon' so scathingly denounced the
,. other day.
i / ., NE ., ,, To those who have attached belief in the fifth
.'.!,, ,: i .,'l ; -- .i:,! i s1,,i. and.sixth charges, there is honestly but one of
THE LINCOLN JUDGMENT. : i ; two alternatives left, Either they"must renounce
.11 ,,,,, i,!i, : .. ..i I; t ,.,. theirpretendedoiders, layaside the elf-assumed
OtWT4atAbiNO' th at' last th: title of Priest and resumnt thatof Parson, cease to
ii~nxiously.e tiected decision dn the play-at Mass, drag down thpcrnssey front Saint
Lincola csse has been delivered with Paul's reredos and from a gundred other ritual-
solemn assurance .men's, minds r i stic churches, or humbly returnto the bosom
maan not a ,wbt less erple~ed i, ~ ofheetrue old, Church wl~ere exist inreplityand.
i Our aeadersmay temembpr that, some eight np truth all that they gg(opdly stCyiving, to possess
months agi. Dr. King.tho. Anglicau Bishop of -outside her pale. I',,, ,,,,, i i ,,







S(7)


In confirmation of the above remarks we annex
few comments picked from a number of Journal-
istic opinion which have just come to hand.
The "Pall Mall Budget" says:-The colndenm
nation of the Church is to be fouud in the sen.
tences with which the Head of it ends his judg.-
ment. These sentences are phrased with archie-
piscopal generality. Paraphrased into particular
language, they amount to the following state.
ment:--() One party in the Church spends its
time and money on "indecently" hiring persons
to intrude upon the worship of another party for
the purpose ofespial; (2) each party is guilty, the i
one of giving, the other of taking offence, in con.
ocction with trivialitils; (3) with the result that
public worship becomes an occasion for interrne-
cine strife instead of a means of promoting "the'
fraternal union of mankind;" and (4) with the
result, further, that the time, attention, and money
of Churchmen are diverted "from the real con-
test with evil." It will be instructive to set forth
precisely what the trial was about. No human
ing who was not an ecclesiastical student or re-
duced to desert-island literature could wade
through the whole of the Archbishop's judgment.
Bishop Alfred says that the Judgment was not
a compromise but The Church Times says:-We
have no right to assume that he (the Archbishop)
has any personal bias and least of all that he has
any Protestant bias. Yet by force of this tendency
the Judgment becomes in effect something of a


Dei at this particular part of the service has "any
association with those Roman doctrines or prac-
tices which the Church of England repudiates."
To cuncludc-no matter what opinions may
have been ventilated. the position of the judgment
is extremely unsatisfactory to the Ecclesiastical
authorities who issued it, seeing that, some de.
clare it to be of no spiritual validity, and not even
promulgated by competent authority, "we there-
fore refuse to regard it as an official and binding
decision," others with The Record demand appeal
to the Privy Council and the Protestant alliance
expresses hopes that the pernicious portions of
the Archbishop's Judgment may be reversed."


Thc latest news front Great Britain is th ..feat
of Mr. Parnell at the poll. This fact added to the
defection of two thirds of his party will undoubt-
edly bring about the retirement of the once "un-
crowned king of Ireland."


CHRONICLE OF THE SACRED HEART.

The Genera. Intention, for January 1891 Ia
Devotion to S. dloy'ius doe onzafa, the
Patron of Youth.


compromise. i -
The ChtUrch Tines speaks complacently of its
intrinsic merit, but the Church Intelligencer con- Ih S year will be the tercentenary of
eludes its analysis thus:-The rest oftheJudgment thne eat, 5 St. Alady in several
is equally remarkable for the badnessof its "law" Jcoune sa, 159t. Alresay in several
...... It would however require a bulky pam- l'~l countries and especially in Italy and
phlet to ennumerate ail the mistakes and mis- Spain, preparations are being made to celebrate
statement of facts and erroneous suggestions of in- the occasion with great solemnity. There is an
ference involved Ip the Judgment. especial fitness in these our lays in devotion to
this Saint. Solemnly proclaimed by the Holy
Was it honest The English Churchman says:- See in 1738, the Patron of Youth, students in
"If this mode of reasoning were generally adopt- the colleges and day-schools of every Catho-
ed it would not be difficult to set aside the entire li nation have looked up to him with revrece
decalogue. In fact it is, in principle that which lic nation have looked up to h with reverence
was condemned by our Lord when .He spoke of and learnt from his example how to keep them-
making void the Commandments." s elves pure and to practise Christian mortifica-
It adds:-We almost marvel that in Archbis: tion in the dangers, which surround their age.
hop could, with a grave countenance, even read a Still greater dangers thawaten Youth in our days,
Judgement which denies thesinging oftheA4grn withdrawn as they have been in many countries








+ ^ -' "' '+

from the hands of Christian teachers., A modern In Juycntdl Cat6lica quiere que este centenario
principle is, that it is the duty of the State to se celbcre con today solemnidad y propose i los
educate youth and that too, on account of diver- Socios dc.la S, Alianza que pidan al S. Corazon.
sitics in religious belief, without'any religion. el'feliz suieso de esta celebrncion. Todos cino-
The theorists, who advocate this system, hoped cen oIns esfidcos'hcchos' pr in Masoieria para
that they could without the Fid.of religious teach- pervertir y dcescristinnear' J'i ventud. Las es.
ing form good citizens and honest men bpt, if. cuclas steas, las leyes de conscripcion q'e oblh-
statistics are to be trusted, State-schools without guit todo loIs jovened a ser ioldadlos,t la infer.
religion have proved a universal failure as far as niles reuniones' de lnas i.ngian, en donde se in.
Inculcating morality and have evrrywherc, led trohlcten Itis jdvene's arin tickln. inll Ilsn dili,.i
to an lncreabe of crime. Ilow then are the young min Ii)lderi'is ile (que 0 ; li vU l, lidl Inu ci, r.-
td hr' preeruvedi in their Inniicenc u? One remnidy ile in hnll rri-iinlhdi in sinunicero idIiil inn tirr.
has been pointed 0i bIy the Holy Father in the, na. Unaln.nilroudn A lis EscuelIns Goberintnrcl-
Intention prolpsed to our Associntcs this moilth. tales, A las UnivCrslddes innm celehres del iuni.
Put before the young the example of S. Aloysius, do, i It corrupcion general que ciiiideentre jo.
a.child who at 7 years of age consecrated hhim- veenes primer peln? ntletran i evilencia Ilr
self wholly to God, for his purity called during tristes resultnaldos'd eaa satinica propaganda.
lifetime 'an angel in the flesh,' one who so des-. Mirando todo cto 'el S. Pi'llte, despuer de ha-
pised riches and honour that at. i years he gave her hecho esfuerzoa soprentos paur salvar Is Ji-
up a splendid inheritance and renounced the title veitud. 'hriendo EscucBls y Uiiversidlades C;i.
of Marquis of Castiglione tobceonie poor for the t6licos, formando asoci:cinnes de Jovenes Cal6-
sake of Jesus Christ, singular for his practice of licos, animanda con Ircinios y retribuciouns is
murtification and self-restraint and imbued with los que se distinguen en ellas tomia hoy la occasion
'aid ttUakinint 'id r*yeiiMd i I~tIvbf GblItil'~J del terCer ':entenario'de .' Luis Goiizung. noble
gether extraordinary, let them read and ponder jo'en estodiante y propusllto dcsde un sigln por
Sthe:life of.this saintly, youth and they will learn Ptrono ~special de In julveitud (t.tilditsa, para
in it how to.mto ter their evil inclinations and prcsentAr a los Jovenes de todh I Igleiai Cat1-.
fprm in themselves habits of virtue which will lica un modelo de virtud Cristialna que imitar, tin
carry them safely through the perils of lie Patrnno que invocar. Dins quiern que las ora-
O Jesus, through the most pure Heart of Mary, ciones de los Socits de la S. Alianza alcanzen
I offer the prayers, work and sufferings of Ahis dlel bondiadio.ourmazoin de Jesus su rcfornna cornm-
day, for all the intentions of Thy Divink Heart. picta por In aitercesion de S. Luis Gonzaga y
:I offer them in particular' for th6 growth of par; el object Is orniop dcl Mes "scrn-
Devotionto S. Alaysus Aniong th6 Yoang. ,Look .k .
dowt;'O Divine I cart with eyes of compassion II Oh Jesus ipo 1 por mcdii) del Cornzon Ihtna-
on Cathollt Youth, which is being led astray by culido de Maria SaYttsima as ofrczco las oracio-
deceits of wicked mr, a.nd, Irpkethenl t ipe,i- nes, obrns y trabajos del present dia, patrn rpa-
tatonfs their Pntron. r r los ofensas que'se os hacei, y paral isdemas
,--.h ii .i-. ",, .,, intenciones de, vuetro Sagrado Corazol,
LA INr N Wra tN IPARTICULAR PO RK:BST Mas O Os lo 6ftteembs tarndien park que drezta en-
,ENK~nlg.l ,Al D vOCION, A SAN .LU s 1 ,ii flros ovetnes la devocin y la ilmitacion de S.
,Ii riGoaz AGA,,IAT I oOlrnN g A,,, I,,1' Luis;Gonzsga. Mird, O.Divino ;orazon, con-
: tl,11 i, It-., JuLIT o.,,i I... : ; t ojos compasivos i laJuventud Catblica que cor.
S'Siendd tcte aio el tteer centenasio de In muw te Al perdiciph pqil lopngaiios dc/,a Masoieria
orte deU, Be.i OonasgajIqueaooMtee6 el i:de y haced que retroqedindopde,,.l quvyoada sein
SJaloid', strivel; Sj Pddredeseodo de refdrmar da, sh idtiitadorn perfect de su Pattono. Asl sea.












than I card at that iniguion, of children of the
i_ _.._ _.n__.__. l same "le with tholl I saw there. The girll were
I lught needle-work, they were taught to sew and
teach, were taught mincic, they were taught to
keep hoiuse.. The 'young men were taught to
work upon the farIo. to herd cattle, to be black.
smilh., carpenters mil millrighti.
PROTESTANT TESTIMONY, 1 (10 io, wa.nt I,, a.y ,,no thing,,a :it the [.ee-
-- riiint], sclhols it II hampton or Carlisle. I uni-
II, I Kevidelnce i this time coicerrlilngthe lderto.k .,l that expldiliton to ue one inr two of
SNorth A erimnndlah,.n'd mayst)' h.1 e 1tichilnrn u11ir Interpreters. All, it s wertnd ti
fu1llvlie compared wilththat llitthu let mie thlev hadl atlvanIced in was to lern todeplete
S. Steinthnil, Unilarianminiostcr. the plains (f running horses, and General Sherli
A colmpanrison if( results between Catholic andl ,ila agreerl titlh mie llant they were the wnorMt
I'rotestanlt hlis.ions among the Red Indians. of hIi,,re thieves on earth. They go back, and ill.
.\meriac was made in the following terms, hb icntd of te ahling the other Indians. in linetr-
Sen:ator Vest in the United States Senate:- nine ca: sv sil ,ot a hundred they relinpie nltI
In till my itwailderingf, in Montana, I saw hout harbari.1st. I do not speak with. a;ny denomiln-
one ray of light on the Indian question. I nam a tional prejudice in favour of.leisuits; Iwasttiught
Protestant, born one, educated one, and expect to abhor the whole society; I was raised in that
to die one. hut I say now that the system ndopt- good old Presbyterian church that looked upon
d y he Juit the it i ile only. practical system for a Jesuit as very much akin to the devil: but I
the education of the Indians and the only one say now if the senator front Mnssachusetts, the
that has resulted in anything at all... Amnong all chairman of the cotirnittee on Indian affairs, will
Ltiose tribes, commencing with the Shoslalones, lind l me any tribe of blanket Indinns on the con-
tihe Arrapahoes, the Gros Ventres, the Illackfeet, ltitent of North America-I do not speak of the
the Piegans, the River Crows, the lBlouds Assi- five civilized tribes, because they got their civilh-
naboines, the only ray of light I'saw was on the nation in Georgia alnd Alabamn and by immne-
Flathead reservation in the Jesuit mission diate contact with tlhi whites-but if he will find
schools, and there were boys and girls, fifty boys me a single tribe of IndianT o1) the. plains, ,la~n-
and fifty girls. They have mills; the Indian boys ket Inlaians, that approxiniates in civilization to
attend them. They raise cattle; the Indian boys the Flathends who have been iudler the control
attend then. They have blacksmith shop; the of the Jesuits tor fift: years, I will abandon any
Indian boys work in them. When I was there theory on this ubhject. I say that out of eleven
they were building two school houses, ill the tribes that I saw-and I say this its a Protestant
work done by the scholars at the mission. They -where they had Protestant missionaries they
cannot raise corn to any extent in that climate, had not made a single, solitary advance in civi-
but they raise vegetables and enough oats to sup- lization, not one; and yet among the Flatheads,
ply the whole school; and I never saw in my life where they are two Jesuit missions, you find
a finer herd of cattle or horses than they had up- forms, you'find civilization, you find the relations
on that mission. Five nuns, Sisters, and five of husband and wife and of father and child scr-.
Fathers constitute the teachers, in the respective pulously observed. I say that one ounce of ex-
schools. W.c had school examination there last- pereincc is worth a ton of theory at any time, and
ing through ten days,.. I undertake to, say that this ,I.saw and know.-.
never in the State was there a better examination IlluItilaed CUiLwluc .Mission.







( 1 )


LOS PRIMEROS MARTIRES DE UGANDA. mon nunca. Es, pues, initil que nos resorv
parn despues.
El verd(tgnse hnac el sordn i eAtos lanmntcs.
(coNc.usIox.) Dias no quiere quc los detalles de In confeion
Despues do catn cjecucion, es pega fuego ia los de los trienta y un pajes permanezcmn ignorandom
.faos por In parte done lis Mirtlres tieuen los 6.inspire at verlugo el propbsito de salver I,l
piis. con el ohjeto de hacerlu padecer mksy con tre, niiior, testigos del glirtiso martirio dr 6MI
la crperann, dlo quu algunoerrecunciaran a so fe. compaierroi. En co.nsccuncia, soi. nquillue
penac prulehun el tornmcnto del fuego. IVnnI 'levados a la ch&rcel.
ca.eperan.sa Ios i Mirtires acren InI hoc, ca cier- 'Ienncdos alguncun dina. el verdlug) Ic liij alt Rey
to. pero es pari rezar on c<.mum .las urncinOes g hiber meefrtc ti I re- nr.,ifi,,s. cepcrlinill que,
qua le heIlloms encriindn. vi~ndloe libhre de In presion qucen lltlis ohrn.
Oyeeiddlea rexzr, descaperados lus verdugoi, hnnl Inn dell;ili.sacrificaIdu. els. no)pe)dirlrn.. Ic.
Kritan: prctible cl Key, puro nor dinpeus qu e oe Ics qil.
-N-uo'snom ,truitrn* lons qua on lu|itannc inii tara li vida. t on, parls, loin ini oo qui Kt.
vi'd. E. Ek Nvundc quieiln *s matst. .La que l 1an11 hrtevlen l dc hiterminso> ecundron de hcr.W..
tan .,I tos tutsitr.i dions it l.u cuilca lnmain Un, do I;avntroa\s ritimcs, ltignu, de cim..cnt.>r
demon. ,los funtlmlientm. die 1.1nciellte l.if de luol.-
D* en metdo tl de I ;bi Ilnisi rn hs I IInti n1~a Ir" dfll coan i ecftusion (|e. sa Sianicr. hltacia tiemp")tiqu
de vocc, que dicen: I se tieni cptd.o el .,dii.ll I.(n emligni de Diei.
-Si hunI lis deii(ulnio qui.cInUfI nos ala(nll, u-. 'Lliamihbaie Matia s Murur)i i. y fiui hautizadirl
ostrns soi* sus miniItros. 8 tde Mavo de tSSz. Fuu si.mnprc obscrvr;aor
M, dia horn 'rmis tarde his cafltu estin rcduct. austero de los preceptos rclionosa. y oe parrcie
. das i pavesna y sobre la colina n o d vio in imposile. que.un huen cristil pIudi dea tcviare
Suna fila de cadilveres, mitad qucmados y cubier. del casino de nl virtue, uni v z ciouncid. Des-
tos de ceniza. de la 6poc' de sm hnutiosmo viviN dicho-li, iciln-
E chiiquito"Simeon y oas cmp.aiuro> comm- pat(i de MI mujur 6 hijn. i, qclincs ensci>inlacl
; templnn los venerandos reston hmnienntes de sux Catecisomo y Ina oracioncs, y eje;cia el.cargo ide
hermanon, y esperan coan impncicicic a tqule ic to- i juez dte pnz ell on o de Iog distril"s mtis impor.
que el turn. tante., del pais. Este cristiimno ejvcnpltr fu6 pre-
-No otdeil pluan, ludciccn l.s vcrdg.s, puc. so e" los primeroi dias dte In perstcuclcon. bIc.
o. roservmous.pHr, fill do fica, mi contirnLi. c. vhronle a presencia del minietr "o, y este, ponien-
-. r rfiotie, ci ountitis oemdi, on l ou. mir.die ( ltioro .Ierecio.te
vuestra terquedad; pero aubed quc on pcrd.na. t n- n g unta mirad 'du t:nero lespreci, l
. rimos si.renuciias n ir cristianOs. ptrgunt 6
S 4 Ere I urirtinha, aqucl qua a] thi do a vida
Los jovoucitos s muenirnn inquecbrhantablc. nbra6 el Crihtianismo?
* El viojo vcrdugo, quo por ver priners v0 I on --Si,.yo y, content6 Matlas.
. iio a d.spreciar In aitrtr. coith a.oumhib ado y no por q6 or..
.ciartin crecor to quo va; ael|. ,' quo dccide;.- l Porque 4meu agradal hcerlo.
. e .lrl. y "eirc'rcotleeroa. ..
trfis ayecarclarlos. -Hasi'despedido & tus mujor r s.egin diceoi.
,Atctrarudo al ver cbmn se lduclvanecr l mus- mai1 Entonccs, .1 no lo hacikN tai, 4qui6ln ii gufl Co t
I:ionjera*s experanzan, dicen atl vertdgo: case ?
-- Por qu6 in'notn quitas In vida r T'an cris- --Y dime ti, Ipot coudl tid las dos ciwt re ne
tianos so~ns coming los ue qu cabts de,quemar. han lcevado ant t t tribunal ? (Seri pir que e-
SNo hemuos riciceLd de niietra fe, l(r'negnt6-. toy fleco 3 j3orque suy'cristlaino?
S *









( 11 )


Irriltdo el minitsro, habin con los verdugos y Los verduigos npelaron i todot lus recurson de
les dice: an arte pars impedir en In pusihle Ii eplpiona efl-
-.levioalo y quitudle in vida. sion de sangre. coa cl objeto de q1uc In agonli de
-Prccicnmente en es por lo que siuspiro, ex- Matias fuera main Inrge y dolorusa. Lo consi-
clam6 Mlatins. guieron cicrtniiItet. purque -tres dins despuai,
-Verdugos, grit6 Katikiro. hnlnilladou alnte unos eiclavos que fueron nlli en buscn de chains,
tants firmincn. Le ccrtaroi Ins pies y Ins nnanos; oyerun Insa voz que les llnmaha. y acercindone
le arrancarais tirns In care de Insl espaldas: e hllnron al inicinnia que. agonlznndln yn, les pe-
lis' herlis bailnr ante los ojos, y Dios ya le liber. din uni paoc de(o e'gn. Espantndoa lo caclvos
tolil afidi6 soniinriadle con todni la crueldcd & vista de tIIn ommre tan horriblemente nmutil-a
possible en ul tnlivaje. do, echaron ii ctirrer, ; Maltia tuvo que consn-
Ii.dlignado Malttti, viendo t san Dios nl4trHjado mar el sacrifice comlu el divine Maestro. sin leni-
can semincjates palblhra, replica con noble en- tivo aiguno eC I'inedii de sis horrible tormento.
. erezr : I.as hienal y ln anves iy rapifa, tnn numernoa*
-SI, l)i-. me lihertari. pern no In veri'. lu, teR Buganda, reipet:rnin el cudaver del MIArtir, y
purqile lleIara coilisigK mli a1n11 racioiil. y ilhl el In I moIntific6.
dejara .i In.s mnnllo mis inmrtaler despojo.. Lucas nmurid lJcal)iltdlo.


El vertdilligoe n itrepirir parn srjecltar ai pii de I
la cltrla it hirhlarn erntencia del ministry. Piare
.tiIe lop exS)pctiidret, no le eC"tlirhinrnI, conduljo
el valcroio criitianou it In ctlmhre de la culina so-
litaria de Savrridjaa.
Matias. clln lI manon altdas y la cuerlll al
cello, aeguia al verdugo con pnso vivo y el ros-
tro screnn y alborozado: tenia por conipaiero
de imartirio .1 su amigo Lucs UaInabakintu, bau-
tizado el mismo dia que 61, y como il fervoroso
criltiano.
Por el cnminio hallaron i 1111 hliinlbre, que loa
vrlrdugos, sin taher por qu6, supusieron cristia-
In, y tiln inls process, in amarraron para quitar-
le tamnbien Is vida. Matins y Lucas intercrdic-
rliln por 6l diciendii:
--Conuceinob a loS que urHn, y ible no io cs.
tlltadle, pues.
Y erfctivamentc. It puieron ell lbierlad.
3TIS MI I 1 511 3, d 1 A I lI 1.


Mi'enltrIs i4 verduigos ejeci lahn ii M atiis, unla
piarti(a de ilrilvnldol tomnlba el cillailo dle Ill ca-
so del valeros, discipulo de Cribto. coin cl objc-
to de apodernre e sde mujer, de sul hijos, de Io
poco que tenia y de los criitianos que vivian en
el pueblo. Entre 6ntos habin un joven buutizn-
do de pocos imces, que se Ilaniaha No4 Muag-
.gali. Se distinguia tnnto por su character apaci-
ble como por si piedad. Su amo lo estimaba
inucho, porque era un hucn oficial dc allarcro:
pero i pesar de todo, temniendo incurrir en las
iras del Rey, entrcg6lo a los sicarios, que lo alan-
cearon hasta quitarle la vida.
Su hernela., que trabajqba en case del miartir
Matins, vicndo Ilegar a genes armadas se ocul-
t6, no saliendo dc su escondrijo hanta que lon si-
carios se bubieron Inarchado, despuis de haber-
oI pasado todo t saco. Cuando supo que sp her-
manno habia sido nmceto por cristiano. corri6 en
busca de lub asesinos y le dijo:


ego ll'ls A IIIger sup Col e vr ego,
auxiliado de s ys lyudantes. elrtb en redundolohs -illbeci mluerto i mi herlnano Noau porque
pidsy Ins manos de Matlas, y Ie lo hiMe bailar era cristianol yo lo soy tamhien, y vengo parn
ante los ojls. I.uego lo extendieron det cair al quo mne matci.
telo y le arrancaron i& tirns an care de lan es- Los sicarios, viendo el valor de la j6ven, que-
paldat, hacibndosela bnilar tambieu ante los daron pasmados, y el que los capitaneahn, nmA
ojos. Tan horrible tormentors no lograron ar- aqombrado que ninguno, resolvi6 consevarle in
ralncir lunanuefa nl valcroxo MArtir. vida y hacerita s mujer. 1.a j6ven elnpero Ie








12 '

dijo que nuncn accedermin.is upretensiones; !nns the most beautiful. We do well, therefore, to
Speasr de esto, ya ftcra por supersticion, yn begin with Orchids, in the assured confidence
fuers por otra cannsl, no ,alo protegi6 an virtud thea when.once our friends are well inoculated
de la heroicn cristiana, sino qile en vez de entre- with the "Botany-fever," they will. need no fur.
garir at Rey, que Ia hubiese vendido pur eschi- other incentive from us to. go on in the tuldy of
va, la ocuilt, y mis tardc vinn a pedirnos si po- Orchids. and of many other good things in
'ianmu conccder!eli ilo. A .ccdinia. common d pliant besides.
*uponer, y actualm.nte hace olicins de miadre it The number of species of orchids are etini:a.
Ine hijoa du Mlatls, nto le los conihs tapmle"l tedllt from 45oo to 5000. M~,.st are Tropical:
cuentado.s miiiis. Do esta nanneres vela In l rovi- and of the Tropiicll species, the great niajoritv
dencia pur lus huerfanos del generouu y esf.rxz.- are true air-plants (Epiphytes): hut this dc.
do Mirtir, iue es pocos dins pcrdieroni a su pa- cription nm int nt e lconfouinded with that of
dre, I as madre y todo cuanto potsl, t. ia lite. "The have ni exallmple (if the litter ill
El despreclo de los crirtianos a In inuerte, y the Tropical Mistletle. citmnnon along our coast;
so tranquilidad en omedio de las turtluras, tienein which fastens itself like a grmft into the bark, nmd
Hlcido dc admnirncion la Rey, A los verdluil, y a ev ei the ,wood, of the tree it grows mo. tniI in
tou los pr pagaustl y coimo no iabnlci uxplicnrl llo imirisrled with stolen u p. The air plinlll, 11n
de otra'H manIera, diemi que echiiioits n11 ibrtile. .lihe cointraryi. himplyl uc e tree hrliimchel. s tlle
gio sobre los que vienen & inslrullr e. ludl cunito i hirds (do, for n convenllinct perchilng place, ini!
.pueden verse libres, y que cate iortilegio lea hi-. their diet is chiefly air ailt noilmitmre. The ra-
ce desprecinr los placeres de la vida y hallmr dul.l tinanle of icir-plantl is explained insmethine ini tihe
c.s luo horrors dc Is inmucri.." wny they accontut for the .high houses of ihlin
____ _bnurgh, vii. the wanit of rnloni mil the grouindl-
Hfloor. The exulbrarnce of life int i Troplical forret
o) H U. H I S- is such that, either for lick .f rooln. or of light
and air, plants ire fainl to arrange themselves in
S, several stories: the trees grow very tall, with all
RC tIIu nre, Ierhstin l the pmost hcla'- their branchcr it the top, the tie-ties climb and
the Colon'y. Il ce, it is ntur plants the air-plants simply tlanlisport themlse lvesh di
S- *< *lence, it is nturnuri nl
we should hegin with them, in eI. ly, lenving the ground for ferns and such like
deavnuring to interest our readers il the plants shady characters. Whatever we think of the ex-
of our part of theiaworld. True, we aire certain pinnatiol, the fact remains that air-plnnts are
to be met, by knowing ones, with the objettionl exclusively Tropical: though, of course, not all
why do you begin with one of the most difficult air-plants ire orchids.
of Botanical subjects? The fact Is, that it id just The parts of a flower, for convenience of dlet-
what makes Orchids so difficult a subject to ho- cription, are considered as arrasgedl in a series
tanists, that makes them so interesting. The of concentric circles about the end of a flower
must unobservant is struck with their wonderful stem; eich of the circles being above sind with-
habit of hanging with their roots in midair, and in the next preceding one. The lowest and
subsisting, as it were, on nothing I and the most outermost of these consists of a cup forlued of
anesthetic Is front to admire their beautiful and little leaves, generally green. The whole cup is
fragrant flowers but Interest is greatly intensi- called the cadly, and the leaves forming it are
led by closer acquaintance, when examination the sealls.. Often, the sepals are united at their
proves that they are among the most original and edges, leaving only their points free, when the
Ingeniously constructed of the flowers, as well is cnlyx is inid to tIe toolthed. The next circle of










parts is the cOrolla, similarly mande up of petld. Iso twisted ad ti'urned .about. that for unifornli-
These are generally of more delicate texture, and l v's sake lwe cull the l.i'lllum side. the front,
highly coloured. Within the corolla is a circle wvhlrevi r we ln1il it inl the living pin:t. In tlhe
of stimens, consisting o0 slender stems, the Jlli- centre io tlhe flower the sltanmens appear to he
,Ients, generally white, surmounted with a small I issing. a;cd the slyle thick and short. However
Fellow hody, the anther, which gives out a line n1 recollection i' thl I lolvl.cks, of the North. or'
powde,l the pollen, like a powder puff. Finally, thli I [liscii., in llelizc. will lihi necciu.tm-i il .'I
the centre and uppermost part of the flower is Ir, the idcil of 1ii~wrl will thie Iil:IntwitsL. :inl .tvik
occupied by the t.yle, A steml similar to, but unl ited into ai ,rnlri,,. :mnid this is. ,rcicirslv (the
stouterthnn a filIaent. It is capped.hy theutll;nim. ca, o.f tiii orclh;i. It ulght. hiy right, t halve
whose important ollice is to receive the poll ei two series of three l csI:lli i eaicht, ti ilie Lii hal .:
brought from the anthers by the wind, or hy; hut thl lillne inmc l ot ilts staniens are united to ind
roving isecta. Important olHice, we any justly, i mirinnd the r tyl. Neither is the yellow cup-
fir at the bottom of the style, and in continuition I like teriiiiliiin of It i column a htiinma, and the
of it. is lthe on'ry. or seed vessel ; and the life of reuI:sn \wvl i Ihlill it (doe not perform the ltigoiimal'
ceryvoni' of the seeds.depenlds on soan of the Ir'icti nll of i;,;:iil (,ig o tile pollele to whelr, it is
ioillen rei,:hini them n tler phasing through the i Widiied. It i. tlih r'ntllisn. The ati;mniii >li poer.
,rs iitf the slligim, aind down tile whole lhii:tl what ,irlii r f (itor o,. i i' of tile stlyl'. WVIhat is the nature of this Imysteri- iill'lw in the froIlt of Ille coliliinii. iiQow the rot.
oi.s, mild anpprently spontaneous, movemenlit of tellum : iid tile onily solitary nunther left to the
the p.ll'nI ti lnd why nio extrancinus matter, or orchidsd s of this part of lle world is ion the op.
eve tiny foreign pollen, ever pises the snme pisite aie of the r oitl lino,, though still .t the
w'ay, is one of those Imysteries of NalIure, that lop of thi- column. Hurl ched to thie mnrgill of a.
Scilece gives us no promise of ever being litle nielbrainaceous (or skinny) little affair called
to explain. The fact remains that when the right thle 'linoiiilrim. W\hen w add that the pollen.
kind of pollen falls on the right kind of stiginm, I ins.tld of beine piowd'lry. is in sepnrato sticky
it so.o commlence.s its journey, seeking the right I raises (pdlli.io), it will le seen that the /i'etili-
kind of seed, and the stigma never makes a niis.! iintiio of ani Orchidi (;.e. the co.n'veing the ipllen
take, by opening its doors to the wrong pollen. Ito the seed), is not ti lie ttnained Iy ordinaryy
'So much forflower igenerl T orchid. mens. In fct, it is. perhaps wholly cco-
following the rulo for its own class of flowers polished by insects, pirobilng with their prolinscises


(MAonocotyledons), has its purts in threes. The
three sepals are, generally, very much like pc-
tals: hut, lolkming at the flower from beneath, it
will he. seen that the sepals form a lower and
distinct series of their own. Two of the petals,
namely, the side petals (lateral), are generally,
of much the same appearance as the sepals; but
the third or front petal, the lublleuti is much
larger, more coloured and of the most diverse
anil extraordinary shapes. Speaking of the
"front" of an orchid, however, reminds is that,
whereas in other flowers the froht is always to-
wardsr us nnd the back is next' the stem of thi
plant, the' rchid, which uses 'Is long Elender
ovary for a flower-steli (a perfrtll), is tipt to be


after honey; and, furthermore, so v;rued iand so
complicated lire the different (Orchid structures.
that it is asserted thlit a different, nid differently
constructed, kind of in.fect is re tilisation of each different kind of Orchid; un
ltie s;a'me principle that a well-m.ide lock miust
have a key of its own. As an example of this,
we hear that lhu Vanilla has been transplanted
from Contrali America and successfully grown
in various lands; but that it proves unfruitful,
unile.s the pollen is conveyed to the satiglma, artl-
licinllyh by means of a small lbnih. The fact is,
they have not ait the saine time transplanted tih
Vanilla insect;..-nd hd wonder, as he has not
vet heen indentiied.








( 14 )


In attempting a key to the genera.of the
chids of Central America, we must warn
readers that classification of Orchids by Lind
which is generally followed, and which we de
here from Hooker and Bentham's Genera P
tarum, is founded on a miscroscopical exam
tion of the pollen, over which.we can hardly
pect the general reader to wax enthusiastic.
try, therefore, while following the received o
to give a sufficient description from more dbv
characters.
First comes a large group of Orchids, ha
small insignificant flowers; only one of wh
Masdevallia, is deemed worthy of notice by
florists, and that, because of its large show.
pals. within which the rest of the flower is all
concealed. All of this group have slende
Very short stems; none of 'those remark
Sswellings of the stem, common in Orclhids, ci
pseudolbdba; the stems either branched
bushy, or creeping and scattered along the I
stem; each stem has a single leaf at the
which is sessile (i.e. withoutpetiole or leaf-ste
the main flower stem or peduncle rising fron
foot of the petiole of the solitary lent. Thej
both air-plants and terrestrial.
1. PI.aUROTHALLIS. The labellum is
culate (jointed) to the base of the column,
not larger than one of the side-petals. Pedui
or flowers often fascicled i.e. in bundlesoft
ral bound together.
a. STELIs. Labellum cointinoas with
base of the column I.e. as though of one I
with It. Leaf petioled.

3. PaHYSsIPHON. Sepals united at base
a tube. Labellum articulate with column.
4. LaPANTHSS. Petals and often labe
united for a short distance to column,


Or- 6. MASDBVALLIA. The ends of the conhpi.
our cuous sepals, long-pointed or with tails.
ly, 7. ARPOPHYLLUM. Fowers in a longcylin.
ive drical a)pke, that is, the flowers sessile on (he
In- stem, like an ear of wheat or of maize.
inn .
ex-. These seven complete a large, but, we must
We confess, comparatively uninteresting group of
e Orchids.
order
ious 8. I.IPARIS. loth nir-plihnts nnd. terrestrinl.
.Only occasionally with small pcudlolbulhs.
Leaves few, sometimes one nily, with at shcnth.
ving ing petiole (i.e. thin and rolled closely rouupl the
ich, stem as in grasses). Flowers rather small; the
th peduncle from the end of the plant stem; the
Ss'o flowers whitish or greenish yellow or red. The
"st laibellum is sometimes wide and intensely colour-
r or ed, but generally inconspicuous and like the st-
able pals. Column long, curved, footless.
ailed
and This is one of the few genera common to hath
nain hemispheres and to the North as well as the
end, Tropics.
m); The next is a greater floral favourite.
Sthe 9. COERIA. Air-plants with pseudohulhs.
Share Leaves long, narrow, with plicate veins that'ss,
as though plaited). Short peduncles, starting
From the base of the pseudobulhs, bearing memn
and branaceous bracts (smill narrow leaves, peculiar
nies to flower stems), which often rise above the
lve- flowers. The column has a foot, at its base, and
the base of the sepals unites.with the foot to fonr
a chin mentumm). Both these expressions ex-
the plait themselves.
ace (TO BB CONTINUED.)


THE MANGOSTEEN.


""I [ l HE Mangosteen has boon plant-


. RUTrnriI-has been separated frmsn ed a good deal in the West in-
Pleurotballis on account of four instead of two dian Islands. It is said to bring
polliila being present. The flowers are larger, a higher price in India than any other
and the whole plant graceful. fruit. The following is the high charac-




, I' i )


ter given to it hy a writer in Chimnlbors
Encyclopaedia:

"One of the most delicious of all fruits.
..... The fruit in sir.o and shape resen-
bles.an orange; it is dark brown, spotted
with yellow or gray, has a thick rind,
nid is divided internally by their parti-
lion into colls. The pulp is soll anti
j"icy, and ofla rose n lltir; rflirigeran
"inl lightly Inxative, with a inixtiire o'
sweetness aind acidity, antd Lhving ual
extremely delicate fllvour. It mlny be
aitetn frcvly with pcrlbct safety, aId is
cstoeened very boheciciadl in fevers."

II s'iito of its risentlilhiee, the Mli i-
iKlastel in lint related to the Orange;
abt in il'the situme family as the Man m11Oe.
the Sauta Maria uind the oGulbolimbo.


TIE THREE WISE KINGS.

Three Kings came riding from far away,
Melchior and Gaspar and Baltasar;
Three Wise Men out of the East were they.
And they travelled -by night and they slept by
day,
For their guide was a beautiful, wonderful
star. Longfellow.


|R HAT they were Wise Men-M-lgi-
nd that they came from the East, is
all that the Evangelist St. Mathew
Tells us of the three who, in the days
of King Herod, came to adore fHim Who was born
King of the Jews.


Israel." Their own coming had been foreseen also
by David the Royal Prophet. "The King of
Tharsis and the Islands shall offer presents."
"The Kings of the Arabians and of Saba shall
bring gifts." And Isaias has this prophecy: "The
multitude of camels shall cover thee, the drume-
daries of Madian and Epha: and they from Saba
shall come, bringing gold and frankincense and
showing forth praise to the Lord."
From these prophecies and from early traditions
in the Christian Church it would appear that the
Magi were Kings. The title of Magus was ap.
plied anlling thl e Persians to studious anil learned
if 1i, as was that of scribe among the Jews, and
philosoplier among the Greeks. Their nanm.,
according to a conlnion tradition, were Melchior
and Gaspar and lialtasar."
Three were led to follow the beautiful star-in
order, say the old writers, that the three great
branches of the human family, the defendants of
Sein, Chain, and Japhet might each have its re-
presentative at tile Manger of Bethlehem. And
so in old pictures one of the three is usually a
negro.
The common opinion isthat the Wise Men came
from 'Aiaby the Blest'-Araobl Fdel.-which
had been settled by the children of Abraham's
second wife, Cetura,-Jecsan, who was the father
of Saba, and Madian who was the father of Epha.
.The gifts they brought seem to confirm this, as
gold, incense, and myrrh are the chief products
of this region..
What became of them after their return into


The star that shone beforethem-the "beauti- their own country? The monk Cyril, in his life
ful, wonderful star"-had been foretold centuries of the Abbot St. Theodosius, says that .they re-
before by Balaamh: "I shall see bim but 0tdo ow; nounced their dignities and began to lead the life
I shall behold him but not:near." "A star shall of humility aud poverty, the dignity and the me-
riseoutofJacoband aseptreshallspringpfruin rit of which they had learned in the Stable of







HATONAL UIIAY SERVICE







( .1 i )


, Dethlehem. After the Resurrection of our Lord, The people rose up at the idea, and one of th
the Apostle St Thomas went into their country, citizens petitioned Napoleon to permit the relish
baptized them, and consecrated them bishops, and to be restored to Cologne. In 8o4 they wer
they had the happiness in the end to lay down brought back and, after the Reliquary had ben
their lives.for Jesus Christ. These details, how. restored to something like its former state of mnag
ever, are not very authentic. nificence, they were once plrce exposed tothe t.
The Martyrology ofCologne. where their sacred neration tIf the faithful.
Remains are honoured, says that they bccamebis-. iDvotion to the Three Kings is nI:t coilin.il
hops indeed, and that in the year of our Lord 54 to cologne. Among American cities iina in lrI'a
they met together in the city of Servan and there is foremost in honouring them. They are tsecial.
celebrated Christmas. On the first day of the New involved i, cases ofenilens'. he woi-swr.,.
.f Iv invoned in cases of epilepsv. The woud-'Mwvri


Year, Melchior died'at the age of one hundred
Sand sixteen years; on the 6th of January, Balta.
sar passed away in his one hundred and twelfth
year; and shortly after Gaspar followed, aged one
hundred and nine. When the second died they
brought him to lay him beside the first. Then
Sthe body of the latter drew back of itself,. says the
Salartyrology, yielding the place of honour. When
., the body of Gaspar was brought, the two drew
aside so that it might be laid between them.
This much, at least, is certain with regard to
them: and their relics were brought from Persia
to Constantinople by the Empress St. Helena, and
were placed there in the Basilica of St. Sophia.
.Th -u fn atrwardrA drt Lian & b U .or E7 .


of Mechlin, in Belgium, and the card-makers have
adopted them as their patrons.

In the Middle Ages, the people used to bringl
to the church on the feast of the Kiugs, gold, i:n
cense and myrrh. These were blessed by the
priests and carried home and carefully presrval
as a pledge of God's blessing and protection over
the home and family. This custom still existing
parts of Germany, and the formula for blessing
these gifts disappeared from the Ritual only arcrr
the revision by Paul V. in the seventeenth century.

Another beautiful custom in their honour was
that of choosing by lot, on their feast a king of


..... .. .. the household. A cake was baked, in which was
torgius. Here they reposed about six hundred
S yyear, in the Eustorgian Churcha bean. When .this cake was distributed, he in
,ad ntyyr, .in the Epustorgian Church; s whose share the bean was found became king for
.there, on the Epiphany, Midnight Mass was said
s on Christmas. In when Frederic Bar the day or through the octave. Two portions f
bar pillaged the city, the relics r r the cake were always set aside, one for Jesus and
barossa pillaged the city, the relics were brought
one for Mary; and these found their way to the
to Cologne where they are still kept with great e for Mary a these found, their way to the
veneration. poor. For in those days, the poor had always
their part in the innocent joys of every Christian
During the French Revolution, the great trea- home
sure was taken away by the Canons and carried i. :,. '
to different places for safety, and finally to Frank. Happy the family among whom this coming
fort-on-thc-Main.;, Here the. Canons decidedto feast of the Kings shall be celebrated In a like
sell thReliquary in order to support themselves: Christian way.-Little J eaaeger of the 8. learl.






( '7 )


-~


0 Sweetest Heartl



From i the Germnu of Reo. V. X. 1Vetinger, S...,
y 8S. X. ltlely..



SSWEETEST Heart! In adoration
All heaven bows before Thy shrine,
And we on earth intone Thy praises
In ardent love, O'Love divinel
O sweetest, Sacred Heart! Still open,
Our suffering Saviour's side we see,
And hear His tender words of solace--
"O weary souls come unto Me."

II.

O sweetest Heartl The crimson fountain
Forever lowing from that side
Full pardon wins for our transgressions,
Fur grace comes with its ceaseless tide.


O sweetest Heart! In loving sorrow,
Our Saviour's thorn-crowned brow we see,
And weep to hear His plaintive murmur-
"My child, this pain I bear for thee."


In.
O sweetest Hlart! The Cross which rise.,
Mid ardent fire, frion Thee above
Shows that the infernal foe is vanquishil
By all who cling to Thee in love.
O sweetest Ilcart! Our joy,our treasure;
* Our source of every true delight;
Our guard and stay in grief and sorrow-
Our guiding Star in life's dark night.

IV.

O Sweetest Heart! 'The path to heaven
Needs patient steps and constant ward;
But all through Thee we gain new courage
To follow clse'our suffering Lord.
O sweetest Heart! Our poor hearts' failings
Thy fire of ardent love destroys,
Until our spirits, bright and stainless,
Dare hope to win celestial joys.

v.

O sweetest Heart! Our souls' salvation!
We pray Thee, oh! Thou highest good,
Accepts us as Thy loving clients-
This hope we through Thy Precious Blhxl.
0 sweetest, Sacred Heartl Receive u.
When death's dark shadow hovers near;
Then faith will be a glad fruition,
And 'Thou, sweet Heart, a vision clear.

May honour, love and praise be given
To Thee on earth, to Thee in heaven!







( 1N ).


-AST EC, MORLAN,
STANN CREEK.


As tlli A. NIKI. i wlu wa i tlhe l1init ni
cimiinl'otioin u kind crrespondent lirim
Sstnim Creek :furnidslid In witli ('hrit-
nma Inews fi'om that Diistriet. All tip-
to have been happy with the exception
of' oue salunuoil bltot that a111red tli
leintivitics.
At a bush iluace it appear' tlllt Iroiuhlil
rose, since whichI two of the nictn alinv
been m issilog. The discovery ol'n.a ur.
dered corpse buried uo the river-lhaul
explained the double disaippiiaraiice.


On Friday the 2thi D)ecemnlwr lbit, i
Concert was given by the Church Choir
aided by Messrs. H. Genico, J. Grnilahi
E. Kuylen and 1). Isnguirre. iat.the
UassianGillet alia Iavoured the andienlci
with one of his pleasant songs, and Fr
Robertson, who presided at the Harmo
Iium, sang with artistic taste, Bonni
Dundee." The A B C duet wi render
ed with upnrarious effect by Messer. S
IBetguche nd J. Diego. The "Larboar
Watch" was applauded, and the younl
ladies executed their three pieces witi
Sprecision and effect. The whole enter
tainnient was quite etnfamille and let ti
hope that the musical taste will contimn
to develop. .


Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
jeria, Plateria y en toda cla-
S se de Instrumentos Musicos
S yOpticos.
r
r Illmprtador do PIANUS Y ()RA-
NOS, prul)ios para estoo cliunnm, de Is
. F bricauntes Ius uereditadus.

e 8e hae cargo do todil cluse de relPnra-
clones en dichos rimos v olrece ul
phhlioo las me.torcs SIAQUl-
d NAS do t oler, tales conm
S. lt VICTORIA,
h AMERICAN Y STANI)ADI),
Y pars mas detulles dirigirse A
e A. E. MORLAN,
irNORTH FRONT ST., BELIZE.-.








( I., )

ST. JOSEPl'1'S OiS1IVATORY.

Saniiary ofI MLteorol igical OI ,iervationtt Il during" the n ith ol' December 181'.


I)Avs. HAnou. Ininches TiTnsost.


V Max. Min.




S-14 30.1 -j 9.96 I.o03 82 6i"
-i o.2,:9.9,'',o.' 790 s7
1n-3l 3o.. 129.93i3o.o.0 84 64


lIn th o.o 84" 57
"louth 3.0 2L i 84'" 7


'Psvct IiOMF.TPKIHt.



Dew.

-M=


75 73


I84


76.3 S.E. 3
6..q N. 4
7.6 N. 7



79.8 N. SE. 4


L...tr. o
C.Str. 3 i
C.Str. 4
C.Sk. 7 4


C.Str. 4 5


Explanation for the Sky, C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.

Four very remarkable atmospheric waves were 2zth and is still falling. The cause of this fluc-
observed this month. The first lasted nine days tuation has been, as usual, the wind. When the
during which the barometer went down from North was blowing the index rose and when the
0o.12 to 20.92 and up again to 3o.l Thesecond South commenced, it fell. -The pressure has ge.
lasted eight days and though the depression was nerally been high as the North has prevailed
not very low, sinking only to 3o.oo the rising was throughout the month.
very high and sudden, reaching, n- the iSth of The Temperature has been very agreeable. On
the month, to 3o.25 the highest degree attained, several occasions the mercury was low and on the
Sqth marked only 57" and exceedingly rare degree
After this came a third period of eleven days. in this climate, and a.providential arrangement
The barometer fell to 29.96 and rose again to for killing off the Bactarians, to whose malignant
30o.6. The last wave of descent started on the influence the scourge of yellow fever is ascribed.









-- ' *


"T I I "] I








( ?) ')


Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.
-:0:


Select School for young ladies, Boarders and
Day-scholars,


Besides what in comprised in the usual course of n first-clnas English educa-
tion, French is taught if required. Also elementary Drawing and thu
simpler kinds of fancy work.
Extras, Music, Pinno or Guitar.
T E l M S .
unlarder, $ 15o. oo half a year.
Dayscholars, $ 5. oo a month.
Si ALL PAYMENTS TO U H MADE IN ADVANCE. -
For particulars apply to the Reverend Mother at the Convent.
.,


I


oC nvento de Ntra. Sra. de Ias IViercedes, Belize.


S i Escuela select para Senoritas, Penslonistas y Externas.

.,t, Ademni.t dlo que se comprende en el curso usual de Educaciun Inglosa do'
s. ; a so lnsuRoa el Francis cuando so desea, Dibujo elemental y los
S trabajoo min soncillos en Obras de fantasia.
Extras, Mdsica, Piano, Oultarn. ,
SO COND CION E S.
Penslonistas, '$ 150. oo pur semestro
Externas, $ G. oo mensuales.
..' -bWiToDOS LOS PAOOS DBDaN HACaSR XaNTICIPADOS.S"
Sar' obtoner permenorea, dlrilrge a la Berevenda Madre Saprleri del Convents.
.-' ..' '*0"


, f


(:; '
4,


'




:r :






\.

THE


AN GE LU S.
CALENDAR AND MONTHLY NOTES.
2nd month. FEBRUARY 1891.
Si. at 6.35. .. i3 min. .. Last Quarter.
un 5. at 6Sunas. 4 min. Changes of Moon. First carter.
riss. 15. at 68. 14 mln. Fi..t Quarer.
at 6.25. 3. mi. .. Full Moon.

i Su. Sexageslma. Is Su. Ist of Lent,
SI M The Purificniioo'rCuidlemas 16 M S. llennet Biscop, Ab.
3 T The S acred Pakiion. 17 T The Seven Founders.
4 W S. Andrew Corsini. t8 W Chair of St. Peter at Rome. Emaber.
5 Th Japonese Martyrs, S.J. i9 Th Conversion of S. Paul.
5 F St. Titus, B.C. 20 F The SacrcJ Lance and Nails. Ember.
7 S S. Ronuinld, Ab. as S It. Didancts, M., S.J. Emaber.
S Su. Quinquagesima. I21 Su. 2nd of Lent,
9 M S. Cyril of Alexandria, B.D. J3 M S. Peter Dumien. VIld.
0o T S. Scholastica, V. 24 T S. Mathias, Ap.
Is W Ash Wednaeday. B.Johnde 25 W S. Peter's Chair At Aitloch.
t3 Th S. Agathn, V.M. [rritto, S.J. 26 Th S. Ethelbert K. C.
13 P The Sacred Crown of Thorns. 27 F The Sacred Winding Sheet,
14 S S. Gilbert, C. 28 S John Chryboatonme, 8.I).



NOI E ./


2. Candles lilessed hl l'orl o MBass lt All tlt days of Lent except the
7 In. InI. Siitndia e iiyr (13 of Ilst1in. The
11, Ashes imposed before Mluas iat FridiIy\ ou Lent, Ash WcdnesdIav nd
7 a. n. the list 1bur ldaiy of Holy Week aire
Ilso days of hl'sBtience.
t1. The Loieten Fast begins on Ash Dl ring Lent there will be every
Wednesday February 11th. Dtiring Wednesday iat 7 p.mn. Rosary, Sermon
tlio whole of Lent until Low Sunday and Benediction iand every Friday at
inclusively Marriages will not be so- the same hour Vin Crucis, Sermon and
lemnisod Benediction.









0 x !lr 10' N



Colony Notes, .. .... ..Puagei",, ,itt-1)la1, .. .. .. Pge 27
A Iml Minister, .. .. Y 'z ~ L Mulerte de un M~1rir .hliS 29
Foreign N ..... -J. Orchid,.""---*-- -- 31
ChrdlC:1'ot the;S. Heart, .. 26 Un M sciara de CIn'IvilaI,' .. A'. 36


6CO LON) Y NO'TE's.

HE following chlanl. sf destlmntin
have been made in the ensuing year.
Father Casslan Gillei is now station-
ed in Corozal and his place his been
occupied by Fther V nrV, wiht in turn has Inird-
ed over to Father KeIUct the importantt StAi in
Creek Distric'. .
.
Father Silvin is expected tq ;start shortlyy on
the trying visitation of the Ol ,River stations
and their annexes< .and will be hasent about three
m'Oonths. -
: "7': I , I I
Brothers Jaiime lBosch, and Juan Novellas ar-
rived oi January 5th last from Spain. The
former will occupy a post in Corozal and the
latter in Punta Gorda.

The annual report of the Belize Public Schobl
was satisfactory, 80 per cent having acquitted
themselves successfully at the Dec. Exhibitiona.

On the "cadanutt.ll tt linm. the Aditnistrator,
a, Mste'd by a ikuier ;>at.dficiai' ani'd' vt lit
Clrgym', laid lhe ioundaIl tte'.bk"the
Emancipsh tibh MniiiJrilt Hilt lat"'h'i &ohuit,
Albert and Church 'S et, ""411; r I 'i I. ', ':,.
i ir 1'/, *.' .l jr ,,'. '; 11 ,.I +l. 1"iilt i .


occupan* oj a doiry w hd od
a an. aimed Ambrosi f oBa,
nas named Ambroio frum'hs'lgo 'iit,


Northern River, (whither'the bout was hiound)
and a woman with her two little children, one
being a baby of 14 dayv old. The hail been
upset about hnlf an titur Ah.ere the "Freddie
M." fiirtunately rescued them, just before squnll
iof wind and rain came on which $might have
proved fatal to the woman or, her children.
They were brought back to Heliz.t in the temun-
er iplparcntly not., having,,t suffered from their
sea-bath.
It wC% strange how,the durey came to upset he-
cause there was not. a, trong wind nor a rough
sea and the boat steemsi,a good one, and still
stranger how :being. upset there was: no loss of
life or property. Some said there wis too Jittle
ballast in the boat, others that there must have
been too much spirit in the man's head, whilst
both parties agreed that it was not uncommon
for hoats to leave Belize with very little ballast,
because they had come loaded with heavy
freights' and with captains who had imbibed
freely, whilst the parting shot took effect when
they were well out to sea.

' '*Ili. election of the Latoic Association re-
suited l~ the return of ,
J. M. Rosato Esq.'.President,,, .,
W. B# Gutteron ..Vice-President.
Al- A Rih i. Treasur. II
..;,, n.,iM.t P.%iP#+ ,.'t,. ,,srhtS ,,, I,.,,/
" l' .,B u i '" i *>ill
'-.ifr, I h,,Wll ..J-,ri'gjlW ,lWlll l. *
L, Boeuloy ,
L. Bouloy .. "


i tli ,









( 2'1 )


Corozal.-Christmnas-tide and the opening of
the New Year brought into Corozal a number of
visitors front, the neighboring ranchos and vil-
lages and during the last two or three weeks the
Town hits presented an unusually animated ap-
pearance. The Plaza was made gay and busy
by a number of temporary shops put up there for
the holiday-time, whilst the hunting in the main
business street, told. that Cnrozal was in fiesta.

The chief attraction however was the mcstlirn
dance which toIk place on January 3nd and 3rd,
beginning at 4 p.m. on Friday and ending ahout
the same hour on Siturday. There was nil in-
terval of rrepoe from :2 .m. till near midday.
hut except during this time dancing was con-
tinued without cessation. The mestiza is a very
picturvsque dance and elaborated with a good
deal of formality, under a chief who names the
dancers and assigns the partners. It has the fur-
ther attraction of bring a national dance, and
th,:se who take part in it must speak no language
but Maya. About fifteen couples took part in
the dance. The ladies were decked with bright-
coloured ribbons and wore a profusion of jewel-
lery, but both the dress and the mannerofdanc-
ing were such as could not be found fault with
by the strictest Puritan. The music accompany-
ing the dancers was very good.



In connection with the Catholic Church a Bu-
zaar was held during some 9 or to nights, with
the result that together with the Tea-party pro-
ceeds, more than $3oo was added to the funis of
the new Church which is to he commenced at
once. We call it new Church; for If the plan
is fully carried out, it will' be hard it recognize
in the handsome buildinigwhich is looked forward
to,; a the outcome of the present unhandsome
structure. .The weather at present is most favour-
able for. the undertaking.and we hope :that the
work will go on 6o iapklij, that tf tle end of the


dry season, the Catholics of Corozal may feel
proud to come and worship In a structure worthy
of their numbers and their holy religion.



The Corozal school has re-opened under the
charge of Fr. Cassian Gillet with a full school.
roll, which it is hoped will be kept up and
increased.



The Catholic Association re-elected officers of
the past year,
Siir. Don Franciscu Reyes, President.
Siir. Don Olegario-Romero, Vice-President.
Stir. Don Mariano Valencia, Treasurer.
This Assuciation is laid down on somewhat
different lines from the Catholic Association of
Belize and approaches more nearly in its prac-
tice to the Society of St. Vincent of Paul. The
members take it in turn, two and two, to visit the
sick and report to the Preidlent cases needing
help. Where necessary they pay for medicine,
for entrance into the hospital. and furthermore
they have provided a hearse for funerals. They
have, undertaken to teach Christian doctrine to
the Boys on Sundays, besides offering their ser-
vices in the Church when needed. By the charit-
able assistance they have given, they have done
much to make our holy religion respected and
loved by the people.
Subioined is the Account of Expenditure and
Receipts for 1890 .

S ExiNDITUR.
Help given to 13 families, ...... $43*73
Repairing and painting Hearse,.... 40'99.,
Driver aad hire of horse for Hearse, as'75:'
Towards maintenance of the Church,: 50'33 *'I
SPaid to the Doctor,........ ...... '' 4.15


_ _._..__.____ __________ _______ _____







.( 24' )


ITables.pmvided for.Tea-party,-,j ..$2ao.50 ) n, l t mind about telling thl thtrthe ho-)
.Balance in hnad, T..'.r.....i .,. 40"35 caise tlit. isR illilberal. Forge storieH,l'
S- invent. yvrns, go on deluding the iglo-
S' .zo '90 rnt, tell tlhei how deeply thyov are '
RKECIPTS. ilugd in id.lutrv! low blild tlhev re! !
Balance in hand from '889,........$95-15 d t',w dlv th'ev neeod relonig i d la
.Monthly ppent*, **..,,*, ... *",*, 4" I V you will get exactly wlihat you want.
.fi rin th arse,, ,,;:,.... 86 ., Il i'wn indeed'hold of o tl' tfstnd up1
,, .. : ... i $ o before. 1 inmetini of .lie'Niw o' every do-;
J" n nolininiltion Iindl lielore edIiteted inen,
uc ih s i H ll Hlonoii tlhe Adtliinistratorl,
Orange Walk.-T.he memory of Rev. Fr. uid other gentletmn to sntirizu your,
Answim Gillet who died at San Roman in i8 fellow cit;iens, Catlholicise first, Prl'els-'.
is still fresh, At the Anniversary Requiem M Ps bytorinul s next, AnglieaIs too,:--lit lie-
in Orange Walk, where his body lies, there a&- veyr llitld that is liberal. It WInt un-
slated a very large concourse of people, and lights LelIV in a man pre,'tendill o I(leach thic.
and menient6es''were plaid about thte trAnb .". eoin, l i arist i t uke lon hat
'Je I .".(I scoops l of p C: hrist to nake Am a >ilunit a11n
.. .. .. *. Ap4t.oli ('Churchl with. u a tiue tiniable..
stor, of thle p lt lstoliu lien, flutly cotra- ,
It is enid that the former (Governor o Ll icti whltat. Piul ag lv thati ifa inI
(uotn)'Slr C.A. AoldneyU l' apjointed (Govern-
oof,Beze.,'.. .. Soldn I .p.l.. lould muue and, teauh a. doctrine difbe-
o.. .. .. .. rent frt his, hi should be reckotned' is
.i' i iinpostor.-even if he were an ,angel,
.- .,,: ii. .. . f.. .. rom heaven.-- But-- inver' mind, .be
.i i... wns lImnentahbloe ursenCes t. la l d-;
A, bl BE RAULM INI STE R ,I I errporsoially tlie headof ITnir othlrletltno'i.
' .i'1 .i,, a' i ,, ...';. .; .... i'inutioi, who ist liberal rnles it entitled'
..:... ..... '.. to respeut:--liit never inind that is
BeN WIneldi'vduv Jitninrv '2l tthi liber,'l.
l ll iat, a' in 'r' ''.' It a was rather out of'tinto to report tIle
,.visi or the ,ioeroi rf Ilthtii Ho ldlidmu-
l .l ol very liber" l addrs ;toin: uI. 'buttlingwithLprotestanIteintead of mind-s
dience compii. "cd ou' leinl of every ing his own people und: teaching them,
ienol nilitio.i aii ti' ownl. He tigni m- the truthb, n wuai it tudistort facts,l t
tied the JeoitA ol British IHonlldra Mise-i exag'gerteo.inuKingif6nt nte, und/miibin-.,
sion as illiberal jtC l q.pnst illiberal of' terpret i in pii4hlion rtect ad ;
theni, the Uitor. libei liiter rcin hip, own, ceerd
Bid o nty. libe. trli!i 'u did ot n 'i'iuinorant people f'y" oubtfuil ieiin
Splendidly! Thatl is'Mt'It:(1 ie"tlt-RTi hfl"'th' b'lig6t. "*"Tlib hw'lir-
head;- abuse, Iithei uthdliclJ bue,"t ie bet t isg tdoor'd, d iIl Bikot.illi
Jequitq audyatnwill cutveAdlyibseone 4lbtaIllhel*ptiest l'hat"de'fedse hieow'ri
.oa.............., ,,, il ,,, i I ..1 1 e61 plliandittbhofatherathpt idofetnd his.








2,( 5, )

own child! BHt never mind! that is being Countries. Since November 1we are ending
liberal : all fimr yo rHcou and tothiing lor by Book-Pot,.
any one else! I, Irst that this explanation may prove atis-
Lastly it was plahtf'll sha.ielessl tio factory, and that our kind Readers and Sub.
represent the veneritble fHBishop of lHon- cribers will continue to us their generous sup-
JuiIInI pluilng Ucort toU il intruder, whi port, in spite of the above-mentioned irregular-
had actually eoinC to rill his people d all( tics, over whichwe have had no control,
yilify his Clerg,...Uut.uever.miud..thiL. Thanking you byanticipation for the insertion
is tlhe wuV oll lp a)ki ing In d actinig ll it of these lines in yior esteemed culumnas;
liberill lllaster"! I remain, Your obedt. Seryt.,
." 'i reull-y -'iii n'l t h r .v b .. ... T" EDITOR I. C. IM.
so Kroi'RIV Iainsletding alnd ei| illiv Mpain-
fill ittlie' e one we Ihie of the e. hnntiii F U E I N N E W ; .
(Im uadl dis miirt`,'eia .xpreHioii NO! .. -
lightly usedl igainsrt It. .. 'JA\MAICA.
inice llhwever o Imanly ieronsw, w lut se
better knowledge iust have been se- j.o ISHOP GORDON, S. has enter-
verelv shocked by this new developmlenl t I~ ed In earnest into the work of his
l a' i'liberul inii'd, wtere present at tthe arduous mission. The Cathedral
,nit'ing', it isoiir duty to at.and out in Church is heing enlarged, the College
pr' LIutC. 8 .hold however the liberal being thoroughly overhauled, a new industrial
luister r ther uilly' illibenli on- school for Boys being built.
thine lis prodl'ti.inSgtours,8busing the Negoliations are being carried on with the
.imlplicity of the autlives he may rest as- Christian Brothers to take charge of this Instilta
urod' thlut he will meet the sameocheck tion, while four Sisters.of Mercy fimni Bcrmond-'
and will really be counted a really illi- sey, ncconupanied by one Novice and two Poa-
l, ral i, tulants hanve.just nrriv'q;d U take iin and an ,i-
,* : dustripl schooll for girls.

At the November meeting of the Royal As-
ILLUSTRATED CATHOLIC MISSIONS. trondmrkail Society,'the Roy'al Astronomer him-
.1 1.. !, .. "! th aelf proposed ieAv. Fathet Sidgreaves'S. J. and
tlw Editor f hle An iu the Rev. Father A. Cortic, S. J; for election as
t,- 1, regret; to say that,.uq in the.case .f F'ellr s",,. ... ., ,i -
India, 1 have Feivetd repeated coinplaints,pf ., :
irregularity in, he nrrival of,the mqPth.ly copies It' s gratifying to nmcet outspoke n enlcoinIums
of pr paper ip your colony.,, beg totake this foLitholic Missions uadl .Missioners from those
men of informing ur Subscribersa thqtthe fault nit of the told, since such testimony can notbe
of the delay iaK ito in any way pQurs,-asw.des- precnceie or. biassed oplnin: hbut is the legi-,
patyh our pacela ,ryegi)arly,~rom I.odqn before tima' outcome of inmprtia obpervatiog.
tlPf;p' Rf(.,t.p~'~We ing,,9nh -nqtha ( bhe, p4 r,,, uppi, ghai e,,G raanim,, M..P.. (a non-
iPf9 ct..P,).vtem,)vyw).hichtWe, ySntilRecgn.1 Clplip),r. ff4rrinigtq thp Indian troubles in Da-
'lymI it, Wf ,W ^ ^ 9 bys, W iPl lWq ,1,t A iCG Pp i i thiir r rTara', s angst his
ic,, l.f,,fproce,/ ,Y qu-,ol9 ,.,l9.r4n tpptheCr proposals in behalf of those unfortunate Ppori.,










( 2(1 )


gines says,-!' I would exclude all missionern Eight Mhllid.ns of dollars has been donated by
except those of the Romani Catholic faith, for Miss Kste Dremil to the formation of a body of
in my experience of Missioners and Indians, the Sisters whose aim will he to ameliorate the con-
Roman Catholics alone have seemed to me to clition of the jrdins and Colurecd people of the
understand them."
lertan Northern States of America.,

Emnin Pasha has not retired from his first posi-
tion. but according to the Colnnial Zeitung"
contributes the following:-


".As regards mistions," he writes, "1 refer
only to such as. instead of teaching their pupils
mechanical bible-reading and providing then
with check trousers at the expenoe of the pious
souls In Europe, ihpart to them useful knowl-
edge. instruct them in agriculture, teach them
trades, and thus make each mission.station a cen-
tre of crystallization for humanitarian work. It
is a pleasure to me here to refer to the Catholic
mission at Bagamoyo tand.its daughter institu-
tions. 'Such establishments, certainly deserve
every kind of assistance from the State. and it
should he made the duty of every settlement
to support them as far aspossible."

The Hon. Wm. Gibson, eldest non of Lord
Ashhourne. has been received into the Catholic.
Church by the Rev. W. D, Strappini. S. J..
Another addition to the list of Converts in the
Rev. John Bulmer, B. D., Mus. Bac. an Angli.
can clergyman. lie was for many years rector
of Boldon, near Sunderland.
Since 1845. 500 Anglican Clergymen have en-
tered the Catholic Church in England.

Sir Rtchard Burton. We gather from a letter
written from Trieste by the deceased's wife and
dated 'tec. '5th that early in February the re-
Imthiit6 the celebrated African 'i'raveller will
bd trisptirted oh 1uirtllike Cemetery hear Lon
doa, atd there be laind i his last earthly resting
place. Sir 'R.' 'furlti 'betived Extreme Unc-
tion betnre he dicd,'lih lifte the bidf Wlas'laid
*mt iotlinuLI fttleriyil' PiHt4 4Aodtl' ebhl6ei'd1're
tcepiledl", ltt rtitg'the O.fitr'b tIhtfeh d iAd
the Ro.say.";""" .." i 1" ' "' "I"'


CHRONICLE OF THE SACRED HEART.
---oo-~
The General litentoio for February 1891,
in the strengthening in faith
amonf Catholics.

N a recent encyclical to the Italian Hi-s
hops tand people the Holy Father Ia-
Inents the distressing condition .f,
things in the whole Peninsula. "It
appears quite incredible, though it is true, He
says, that Italy is in imminent danger of losing
the faith." Indeed the gnawing cancer of infi-
delity is attacking slowly, but effectually the very
vitals of Catholic nations. and the docile spirit of
faith is transforming itself into a carphig spirit
of sophisticated criticism.' "Scandals will coife"
said Our Lord and we shall never be without
them but Blessed are they who are not scan-,
Sdiilized m lme" "WheVi"inlividlu als, blinded by
secret sin, or schools of men, bloated with intel-l
iectual pride or self conceited ignorance, strayed
away from the guidance of their Mother the
Church and cast themselves loose on the seething
waters of uncertainty, regret and compassion ac-
companied the ; 'but now that a secret conspi-'
racy of malice'fostefed by the secret society and'
clad in'the garb'of progress, liberty and worldly
adiatancinebt, has honey:Combed whole thitib6hli',
that'wefe once the predilect daughters'bf the'
Choreh; Chttftin shouldd 6Ait but lift up their eyes
asid hAdNd'idh supplleitlbn'o" thd'a Sared 'Hiat'
th~t *it'i'h ~il the lidthtblbtle ioie' ad'4sitort
thi dtiid I'ltehe e (t' s 6hd thdh'ha thf vitour.f
Thig'rtetU ltd storlititi 6vigobr; this 'cbsaition' of












healthy activity, this uncomprnomising adherence I sea moivido de cualquiera nueva doctrine, si esta
to the faith which our Lord c:me on earth to re- laloga Ins pasiones y fonmnte el sensulaismo, y
vive on the decayed carcuse of pagnlisi. is what pone el alma en una inaccion criminal, para Is
true lovers of the Sacred Heart must seek hy cual hace consistir today la religion en una prac-
prayer and by practice. Itics insigiificante.s. Que se dcspierte puea eaI
O Jesus, through the most pure Heart of Mary, fA agonizante. que d6 trahajo con actividad parn
I offer the prayers, work ;ind tifferin.s of this combatir his pationcs y practice sin ninguno bu-
day, for all the intentions of Thy Divine Heart. nmano respeto los deheres icligiosos, entonces re-
Moreover I offer them for the restoration of reimos los Cotblics levantarse como un solo
the true spirit of practical faith amiiogst all na- hombre para destruir la olra Sataniica y hicer
tons. 0 sweet Heart -of J..ess, the wiay, the brilhir otra vez I" ltz de It !i soure Jau errurc1
truth anl the life, assert 'hv Divine power over il. l de aF hre los
the hearts of men, and suffer u1nt that the fallen de las tilichlula. Sin embargo parsn lcanzar un
Lucifer sway the natiolui which Thou hast pur.- in tan interesunte iA toda la humanidad, c ne-
shased with the life's blnod, and unrtured by the cesario hucer renaccr lozanto el amor tie JTeu-
hlood of so many martyrl: hut renew i T 'rhy ito c lo c orozones, que lograreinos acu-
people the strength o fHi. th. hat may comlbt it' con fervor h o Sagrado Corzon, supli-
thein to the substance ot eternal blii for which tIor a, aup.
they \vre created. Amnei. candle que mantengo fire en lan naciones
s aquella f6 que.El misino vino'i predicar sobre'la
tiers. La Oracion pues del mcs seri.
L nn 7 ircro, e laf J'rineza en In ./!. culado de Maria Sanllinima oi ofrezco las oraclo-
nes, ohras v trahajol del present da, para repa-
El S. Padre en la ultisim enciclics i los Obis- rar log ofe is que se 0s hCen, y para Ins demise
intcnciones de vucstro Snagrado Corazon.
pou y puc blo de Italia, dice lo siguiente. Parece
incr e y sim vrd los ofrecenos tambien para quce niantenga
incredible y si.cmbargo, t verlad, estamo s ell rme in fI eitre lai naciases. Ac.rdaous 0 Di-
punto en Italia de teller la perdidui total de Is ft. vino Corazoit que vus promntisteis de rear en
Y lu qne dice El dle Italii e el cl ai de inuchas Ils naciones. Lucifer quiere estorharos de este
acinones Cutmlicam. Ilauta ahora c hal>an viato inferio pacilico que p~aeis desde siglos; disipad
individuo., 6 si queres fa;iilias, cque rrailtrailos pc" las coispiraciones de vuestros e.emnigus y
por alia errIr HceCd dlu. e i iIuteiiga lIa f6 hanta Ia conIiullia-
por algun err.r 6 por 1 un Iaision violent, llegit- cion de lo s igom. Ai sea.
ron i opositutor ki relhiotn, colt tanito dolor y ey- -
candalo de ii co-relitgionarion. I'vro quc uin T A A
nacion enitera pierda eiitelrnmente su fe, r e clasi B T T ALLA
ri ni rars. friomll de uni corruipciotn inicversal que i
errantra cl ltierln, millions de alnma. f H IIKE Englulnd,(erniuny, Itly,
Esa conspiracion Satanlca, segun se uxpres Il- 'ortugil, Fruance wlll lk'limllll
el miLmo Papu Leon XIl eas hoy dil l Mauw- Ien eugl iM o.souttitg rne it
nerin, ls c6ual usHido dte todtd nmedlins, quierne V.
destruir Ia fe ChristiaHn en el mumlo lntero y nItd .or the sp1il i AfricU, Vsiymg the
sustituir h ellis cl Naturnlismoi Sin embargo enSigi o0 liUbernttiolt roim slvery, na st.p-
de nada servirius,!o ,us euerriu ldel infiernuo, i lo IIotllt agirtl t lltcritici LCrdinul Lavi-,
Cristiunlu tuvieran una l6 viva, cppz dtie tria.- ge ios revnru ting n blland ll piolneers to,
far,,segnu Il expresiu.del Apostl), del mlundo reduce to civilizatiu, tilt wild soudlrll
entert,.P ro cletta langnidez Ia coal permit ,que el corazon I ul force. At fir8staight his plas, enems ha-










zardons and nipracticable, butHsoisangn- will puaifically carry out tile contest of
ine-is this soldier Prolate of its ultiinate the Sahrni." i I '
success, that we cannot but look and Thel nre ar no temporal ilndul(cenlts,'
admire.' i Ipr lieet'of lin;,' for they receive no'
Over 1700 volullnte'rs hnave nliHted ii Iay, bult Iafter the terni 'of' unovioslhipi i N
his service lnd on these llb can draw for conlpleted't tihew will be pushed forward
active service,' without ilorle expense to the iiteri'ir, whero e'ter i aibhntlant,
than that of placing them on 'the seeie a 1d thori a i agi'icultu ral e itre in imid-
ofaction. The Holy Fatlhr IIs approved desert. They bind tlhemselves for five,
of his schene und' throughout the entire ye:r.s service, but' as they are not reli-'
world has pri scribed a collection which gions the tatkeo no vows. Two priests,
isto be devoted for the aiuti-slaei.ery work. accompany 11 hand olfifty, and I|, I tM a ia-'
As a premnible the Cardiiil states his tive Doctor, ta;ken- romn i itnuilmlr of rlun-
view of the paitioin more or less'thusH:-- oined hlaves, whom the Carili'):l hs iat
Their oiiids of the Sahlra, tire forced to this niinitLet under training in Mallna. i
their present state of brigundaige lby re- This is the plan of campaign, arind if it
ason of their inalilitv toeciltivate., Open suceccds, further batclhe of like pro-'
out the wells wherever it.iL possible and portions will lie sent forward till the tiin-
the nomads will relnolnce .their bi'rbur- tive iSoldullese, insisiired with conlidelineiu
onells manner of life alnd settle down il anid Iope of'. relief will Iettle dlowin along
villages. Under this couviction lies the side thell;. The difficulties arising front
key of Cardinal Lavigerie's plan. At eneneies of advanceinut, tnd from m1nii
thisemoment a liirge residence is being hating shlve-dealers.have lnot been over-,,
built as near to the oeat of operations as looked innd hence drill in the use of fire-.
conveilient, where the Crisader re rpits arms with whiclh,they are to be provided,
will' be gathered und trained. .Three fornml.part of the progrlanine, but thesOl
Months will be a sort oflanticipatory r- re only for defence, Slhould any after,,
nation, letting them experience a tore- enteringg on thi, pacilic ivunvion turn co-i
tate' of the hardships. they will in al! w "ard or incapable they are entirely free i
likelihood have to undergo i'r a long to leUav, tor as the Cirdinal unively states
Stime, whei i ai tlvq servc. Tlitll a ihe positiou :- .
whole year'ill ti lediutted to inre di- "I order that a house .ih us I adi,
reet preparation: tilling the soil, pructis- Ibuilding should endure tlhe gate of entry.
ing trades, reolizitng their end:and per, 'aust he made very narrow and that oft
feeting their sucritice of themselves for departure. ver wide."' ., .1,',
the rataiing 'up 'or those aiband;iied rciui On' the .15th of liht .month, the. first.
tuiesatdithb deist, lifrl their 'dploa ble" contingent. entered .,the.. Bitt-Allah or,
degradatioi. Thy will irbisB hai the aii- Houseof God, front. whence are to iesnoei
tire'boat.uie; it'di'c thi'ltxitride 'livi 'the', trained regenerators of 'Darkest-.
lived lifo 'nld: settle dd tn'1 date tiidl' Africa, 'May Godspeed-theml . : ,
maiia 'cakei uA if'llhid l-l'e6'the food 61, No'rdt' 'The -Ahti-slavery o.lectiott,
their'tlhtyl .'1 i fi the'islth fotIhde'r' f aip.1nted' for 'th'e 'Feast '*. th"' Three'
M 6eciB 'i 7 i 't ,il .iliq/' .III11 Khis'"Wlt' bg msIl Blk. 'u.'ti daYr,
Tlheyts '""tiilitahtiiilel',ardT t 'l ih'&-2'iidhitt'i; "'l."' '- :" '' ''*' ... ..'












( 2 J )


LA MUERTE DE UN MALVADO.


Siirdt vtian, Jtis ia.


N tillnpo de II Revolociun francesa
log condleinndos t inuerte ernii tun n-1.
mern1mos eni Reiinei enmo etn lan dle-
.. mits cuidides de Frnicin. ecomio lI
gueI usil ln nIo segasba Is cIleneaz.s liiit:iIte de pri-
ra parii atihsfccr in scd dc :lingre e los nmon-
stro u qile asoluban A Frnncii. se alri6 un han-
derin de enganche para verdugos Ide doce altos
Entregul.ase nil fusil A cadn uno de clios, y colo-
cindolos delante de un peloton de realistas se les
mnndahb hacer fuego pnra qye se elsunasen I

Figurnaa entire los tigres quo hlhian prolnovi-
do que se firmnra este bnatllon un fumoisu revo.
lucionurio IlIluido Dulhnis, que ha fnllecido ha-
ce slgunos .tiio0. Autes de In Revo!ucion, Du-
hois estudinbu Is. carreru eclesiastica en el Semni-
nario. En el bhbin conocido i un comnpaiero de
studios, quo Ileg~h t ser un (ntimo mnigo, v iniu
tarde C(ur, pcrneguidu i muerte mientrsa que
Dubios ucupnb.salton puesttu b gozaub de gran
privat.-t. eitre revolucionasrise ji .. *.r ,i i ,l

, Ocultise el pIore.Cunrien el inmlmo Rennes,
Clue Ifrecim .mis.facilidaudesqque,ta .ideau dondu
ejvrci s6U ministerio,, en curs de uIas. j6venes
tann.uobles comt pidnosas. I li aeiioritas, d
JRnac, ..quicnes le.Albalgarol an, on cacontite,
perfectnmento disimulado 6 ignorado de todot


I' ,'


Ln familin de laI sc&ioritas de Renac habia
hehou Hiilglus favors i Dubois, favures de que,
no obstaste Ius uxce.ns deplurnlles y su con-
ducts revolucionarii, purucia conuservsr ciertu
rectlcrdo y ciertu agrudecimiento. Aprovechan-
do.In privanza de que gnzaba entire lus revolu-
cionariog quo entonccs golernabhn, dejaba k las
aefritnssde Rena:c disfrutar uiei lihrtad relati-
vi cu aquel ticmIl)o de tletrir.
Algunn .vcccu, habllnndo could ellai, hahin sa&
cado a colnciun el nombre del Cur, ou antilud
innllig, y inullleifcat:ldo virom deruus do encon-
tIrrle alguni dia paru i ctl dlil, ascgurundu clue
mu dicha mayor scria prubar i so alntiguo amigo
(uiie i *us opinlioiles halien cnnmhiado su corn-
nxr hnhliii colmtiiaindoi senihl:e i In inemoriu de
1:1131 lueni l nlnt:uld.
Uliia nnch, )ubmos l Ilcg i cnsI tic las seRor-
it.is dc RIillue i hloier bauitillte avvannid;. I'u-
sierio ulstas nlguo:,ai ilillcultudels pur nabrir: pe-
rin r insistib tanto. adn.
-No ine dcisulpo de venir'it urtta horns, ex'
claim" nl cnttar, porqen vi en ello vuestria elul
riladl. Szlgno ahorn 0iismo de unn junta, en Id
cual haheis aido delantdclda a ntre Comit6 de
Spatud pihlicn, come eicuhridoras de un Curn
que nciltuii. ou visitra can. Comeo han nlwin-
brdtlo ul Curs y c justamente mi umigo, .yo he
sointiido to contrario .
L.a m:lvnr de Inl hormunas le interrumpli con
inuchn iangre fria. .
-Y nos hnccin jumtici:i, porque iomost Ilneon-

-Li creo, replica el republicano, pero nod e
p;dido lograir periinindir de ello al Comit.. A'\
e'', qul'e te hs resuelto que edta niislnsi'inche
ie'hagn envuestra casi uni visit ln omliiliarla.
-I Cielos I grit( aterrorizids Is menor do Ila
dos hermsiasii. I Qui vi a ser do noiytros I
i i , I ,n e aji i.. . w m
* i,-- Qua temealin dijots horninsiuLa.. via
ita de'uon.trarh que inmon Inncente.. I -..









( 30 )


Al pronunciar estas palabras notb que Dubois
la miraba fijamente como si intentara penetrar
eo us overdaderos sentimientos. Turb6se la j6-
ven, un vivo carmin encendi6 su semblante, y
priose a temblar. El revolucionario, que habia
ya adivinado lo que Is turbaba, se levant ex-
clamado:
-Aqul esti cl que beaacai. Voaotran no sa-
beit fingir,. El grito de la una y lus temblores
de la otra, os han vendido. Ea, dadme el gus-
to de salvar i mi primer amigu: syudadme har-
rancarle de In muerte.
--iAh.t jqu6 podrimos hacer nost.ras pars
arrancarle & la muerte ? preguntaron ambus her.
manas al mismno tiempo.
Ensefiadme el sitio donde se oculta, jscpondi6
con una mirada en que brillaba la alegria. Daos
prisa, hacedle salir, y sin p6rdida de un instance
yo le dari los medics de evadirse dc Relines. De
aqul irk a ml casa de campo, done nadie le bus-
cark ni molestanr. Harto lo saheit: yo no soy
aospechoso. Esta noche vendrin A visitor esta
casa;-pero pars cuanido vengan, c pijnruo habri
Tolado, y rstalr bendiciend dtie lejos i sus sal-
vadorcs. *
-iOh, si, all Nonotros tambien os bendeci-
remus, dijo la mayor. Venid. habeil triunofado
de mis temores y de mis incertidumbres. Aqul,
efectivamente, estl ocu!to vuestro amigo. El ha
podido oir tods nuestra converaacion dende su
cuarto. .
At decir esto, nl piadasia y cnuin;da sefiirita
dr Renac hahia abicrto in pucrts secrets .Sali6
el sacerdote, qule Il habia oido todo, y rsroj6se
en los brazos de sau antigui conulpnfiero, Ilorand
de iaegrfi y sin pronunciar uns panlilra. El re-
volucionario le apretaba y cstrcchaba pero no
Cuan el amigo sinu cmno .el,tgre que sujeta i
tu press.
-I Adentro, adenutrol. gritb con. uns v'oz de
: reno. i Ya s nuestro, ya no escapariAla ven-
Pasn hactionall ni t as niujereas quo Intenta-
hn rob marnolo.r ': . r;i ' " I .


-- Huid exclamb el anciano sacerdote a las
sefloritas de Renac. Quizi tendr6is tiempo de
escapar todavia,
--No, nol
Era inltil, por lo demia. Los snldadosy gen-
darmes aparecieron inmediatamente en la habi-
tacion y se levaron t aquel sinto ministry del
Senor y i aus confiadas defensoras, que fueron
en seguida encerradas en oscuros calahozos.
Al dia siguiente, Ins pores muchachas vieron
al anciano sacerdote que las preceding cnnino dcl
suplico. Llegados al pie del catdahl, volvi6se
hicia aquellas que ihan morir por hanlr que-
rido galvarle la vida, y les dija
-I Yo us hendigol i 'or vosotras seri mi
6ltima plegaris I I Dius miol i Dl)dles In fucrza
de los mnirtirca!
Su orncion fai escuchnda. A;\mhi murieron
sin flHquetir. y volaron al cirlo poco despues que
cl santo que Ils cubhahn de hendecir.
Pero el priceder infamie de I)ubios provocb
un horror tan graKnile, iun entire ion mismlo re-
volucionarios, que de.de aquel louiLmento pasb Iyn
pur molsltruo de pcrfidis y de crichldad.
Los saicesos vinieroni lanznar del podcr i Il.s
terrorists, y Ilegaron la burr r paIliatinnimentC
las manchas de s'nigre ; pcrn no lograron Inmen-
guar li repulsion que inspirnha aquel viejo jnco-
bino. Los transeuntes le sefia!aban :cn el dcdo
en Ins calls y plazas, las miajeres se apariahan
ie il cuando Ie velan Ilegar; todo el luindo hula
de il como de in demionin. A falts de arrepcn-
timiento, squel desgraciad'i licg6 i sentir como
unn vergiieuza de lus hombres. scanbndo por no
salir de.au casa durante de dia. Por la nioche,
solia aventurarse a tumar el aire pur los sitios
nas retirados; pero andaba somnhrlo. inquietay
tembllndo y deteuilnduse & cada paus. Utas
nochet revolviendo probablemente en laA itoegtas
profundidades de su alma el recuerdo de bus cri.
mrnesi andaba a la ventura, cuando de pronto
se encontr6 en el paseo de Is Multe, plaia tircm
lari dnde ae we todavla lInca ssi lnriega deo Il
R ehat. 1, "-- ; , i-'- : 1; ; 1 ,' i












-Como nadia me ve, excnamln el malvndo,
nadie me manidice.
Una voz aKud:a pronunci6 su nombre .libtita-
mente.
-- Quii inme llama? respondi6 temblando.
-i Las siioritas de RenacI contest Ia voz.
Mir6 i su alrudededr; pero i nadie vid, ni cer-
ca de el, ni en today la plaza. Hallhbase frente
i la morada de MSs victims. Mudo de terror,
crcyendo que la vox que ha oldo es la voz de
aquellas pobres j6venes, echa a correr. Un sudor
frio banfa su frente, un temhlor convulsivo fatign
as miniembros. Precipita cl paso sin atreverse i
volver aI caheza, Ilega i so casA, pide luces ima-
ginando que va A salir de las tinieblin que con-
vierten su cilciciicia en tin iifierlo, y luego, di-
ligieindose a su crildo, exclaman:
-Qi6date coninigo. No me abandoned, no
quieru star jains solo. I Ay I xi aquella \'Vz
pudiera cellar! IAyl I s yo pudiern durmirl
Se acue.t, Idclirnse 1A flebre, sanentin cl dc-
lirio, y le lUltin, su agitacion ec horrible.
El desgracinlo que Ie irv e de criado se paii-
in, y curve it Ilanar al medico y al cura.
Este llegn el prilnero. El inoribuluo lo ve.
--. Qiiin soist suspira.
-Un acedulte, respnuitl el ministro del Dios
de nlas .isiiric, rdias.
-i Un sacerdote?... Puen huid prunto I ;No
sabeit que yo nuato i Ino curas? (No sabhis que
llevo mnuertos a niiclaioa
-Pero quedas tiodavia uno para perdolnros,
tespoidi6 el sacetdutc. Yo vengo i reconcilinros
cn Dis. ..
--ConI Dios? rugid con una vot, espnntosa
aquel deavett!rado jmpenitente., I No creo en
Dios lI .. ... ,
Y el iufelli, vomitandn bliafelnla'iy revol-
vidndoasen atrot agonii, entregael plms 4 Si-
tanhia.--lrllmt oiiine del P'j. : .. .;


0 R C( H I DS .


(coNrIN.Ku,.)


to. BLEzir.-Florists' Orchid.-Terrestrial
or Air-plants, with pseudohulbs, leaves large,
few, petioled and deciduous (i.e. falling offdur-
ing season of rest.) Labellum erect, slightly
saccate (i.e. a small pocket sunken in the back);
the lobes, or side divisions of the labellum, also
erect and wide. The disk, or central partof the
labelluin, is generally laminate, that is, having
small, parallel folds. Column long, two-angled,
generally, incurved, footless. Peduncle (prin-
cipal flower-stem) long.
I CAI.ANTIIK.-Florists' Orchid.-Terres-
trial. Its chief home is in the Old World, and
it is rare in America. The leaf-stems are short
and pseudohulbous. Leaver, plicate, large, few
and generally in pairs. The whole plant as large.
The chief mark is that the claw of the lahellum
is united to the column, forming with it a lube.
iz. lIonMinium. Very small air-plalts with
psecdohulhs. One or two leaves at the top of
pseudobulbl the leaves small and fleshy. The
labellum united at base to column, forming a
cup. wine-glass or wide urn. Flowers snimall.
13. PgBIS'r.IIA or )ove Orchid is not likely
to ,,ccur in this colony, but is too well known to
be altogether omitted. Strong growing isr
plants, short stei.ms with one-or few-leaved
pseudobulbs. Sepals very wide and thick, in.
curved so as to give the flower the shape of a
globe. The "dove" is formed by the thick erect
and finally slightly curved column, which has two
large thick ears, and the oblique clinandrum,
elevated at the lack. P. elata is the famous
Flor de Espiritu Santo. It is oa a pure waxy
white. Other species are yellow and salmon-red.
4. 1. H IEIIAs.. Air-plants, with eitherbratnch-
ing stems, or else fleshy bungled stems, which are
renewed annually. Leaves:narrow and stiff.
The stems, junt helow the peduncles, and the


______ ___.______ _.__ __ ___ ._____
C~_~_~











whole of the pudniclia are covered with horny s o. POUNIA. Air-plants. Leaf steins long,
scales. Flowers of medium size. yellow or pur- springing from a creeping mainbtem; I metimes
pie. Lrabellum its in Ilurmidium. very long with a tendency to branch. Leaves
15. SCAPHYULOTrIS. Air-plants, branching grass-like, with persistent (not .falling off)
with annual branches from tile cud of the main- sheaths, closely pressed to the stem. Flowers
stem; the branches two-l-aved at their ends; the small, in almost sessile stemlesss) racemes, which
pseudobulhl very slender: the leaves very nar. generally spring, one from the end of the stem
row and leathery. The ntall flowers are pro. and many from the scars where leaves have
duced in twos, or in bundles of very few, among dropped off. The labellum is joined to foot of
the leaves at the bnse.of the annual stems. La- the column, and its claw is incumbent (lying or
helium free, first incumbent, then erect andl final- sitting down) on the foot.
ly spreading, scarcely lobed. Columnn long, 2a. HarTWBGIA. Air-plants. StNcs erect
erect, two-eared at apex. Sepals united at h;se from a creeping mainlstem. The stems have
and forming with font of column a s-oall chin. but one very narrow leaf coach, and are continued
16.' Hi.CAiestA--differs from Scnl)hy glot. beyond it in form of flower stems. l'here are
tis chiefly in hiavinci six pollima in two series, in- many sheAths closely I)stcsed to the stem.
stead of four pullinia in one series. Flowers medium in size, densely crowded in a
17. PI.KURA~dTHIUM. Ado(ubtful geLnt, int terminal raceme. with, rsometimnes, a second rn-
yet properly described. There.is ninly oee Cun.- ceme at the side of the stem. The nlaellum is
trial American species: and it chiefly differs from snccate it the Iase, united at the bnae to the mar-
Puners, below, in having a I smtaler chin. Flowers gins of the column ; its claw is concave; its limb
small. Claw of labellum united to column. is first abruptly hent away, then spreading
Flowers stems lateral (from side). (horizontal) and finally. ascending (tending up-
iS. DIACRUM.--'loredis' Orchi(.-Air-pl.iiita wards.
with hardly noticeablepseudulullis. Leavesfew, 2a. EPIDENUHiM. A very large and very
crowded at the end of the fleshy stein, rigid anid common genus, so cammon that we feel justified
leathery, jointed t, shlnrt sheaths (i.e. with a in recommending that c.n coming across a new
flattened petiole, rolled closely around the plant orchid, with wide-spreading greenish narrow se.
stem, as in grasses). The peduncle is terminal pals to suspect Epidendruni first of all. The
(at the end of the plnnt-stem), having chuff)y genus is credited'with over four hundred species,
looking sheaths pressed tlosely to it at a distance all American. Happily it is not difficult to re-
trom each other.' The laliellum huls two horns cognize. The labellum generally has no side
between the lobes, Ihe horns Ieing hollowed be- lobes, and is erect the claw being united to the
neath; which character has separated this genus column, for a greater or less distance, into a tube t
from Epidendruim. very often the union extends to the end of the
19. Isocll.mus. Stums erect fromn.a creep- column; and.where they are not actually united,
ingmalnstenm (a rlinxumoe),which is covered with the claw is strongly appressed to the column,
sheaths, as are also the lesser stem., no pvieudo The limb of the labellum is splreadiing, some-
bulbs. The leaves are arranged two, rows on times split in three, and the disk is thickened in
opposite'sidel of the steint as in pn lk (ditich- varius ways. Air-plants sometimes, but not
ocu), narrow aud 'hlunt'. The flowvrs are of always'ppseudohulbous. 'The flowers are sbme-
medium eslte, rue-coloured' or red, lii na Oe- times large and showy, hut oftener what the
sided rlcem '(r branched lbwer-ateio'bearing soulless florist calls "of a weedy, character.'"
maihy iHwers)jri.tala llun, cdiitractedlat hue .13. :CArrTL.YA. Another Important and al.
had nore ok es, 8.shi-.i .' . .... I to entirely American gcns;I the flcowern areRge












ncrally large andl showy. One of the greatest in two series, while the Cantleva uhs lfoir polli-
favuutrltc of the florist. It is credited with some nhi fit one series. The Lelin Acuilinnta, white
twenty species. Air-planiits with pseudoltuhs with a purple hlotch on the lahellum is the Gun-'
which are often long and thickened iniitd lub-like tLcmaltecani" l' lor de Jrieu.!'
stems, with many sheaths. The siems tCri- 27. CHOMinunKIA. A florist Orchid," hut
nate with one or two fleshy leaves. The flower; nut popular, as it is "Ish" il flowering. The
stem is generally enclosed at the base in a sheath. pla,,t has the ippearalnce of a Cattleya, but is
and rises front tile top of the plant stem. Sepals less compact in growth. It differs from the latte;':
spreading i petals wider or in sonm other way also, in hvilng the lnhellum united to the column
different from the sepaIl (in most Orchids they for a short ldistace:; and in having the sepals
are like). The laheiluln nflixed at th Ise has to ad, petals ov ed, or, as ladies, llno cultivate
tile footlsna column. free and erect; the lateral lhangs,'" put it, crimped."
lobes, wide. bracil or'e.ollding the column, S. GAI.RANDHA. A forit (rchid, whe
which is longish. stout and 9ften incur\ ed: theI S. .A.P.ANnkA. A florist Orchid, whose
middle h isi of vars i. i chief mark is thel lahellumi, which is in tile form
middle lilhe is o( vurius sallpcei .liandnlrulm|, ,I bra desedn f with trl i
nrlly divided in three promet lohe.d desce n funl, with lateral lob
Side, erect. laxly emIlraciing or enfolding the
21. ETBSAMICA. Both terrestrial and air- column. Both nir-pliint and terrestrial. The
plant. aluinstem creeping, no pseudobulbs. leaf stems are only slightly pseudohulbous'at
Th'l Ineaves grow from the main-stem at the foot hbse. The leaves are disticho6sly arranged,
f the flower-.stalks, from one to three together heheatd at hase. narrow and pllcate. The
amnid overlapping sheaths, and are rush-like, or wholo plant of slender habit.
very short and thick, or bluntly grass-like. '9. C'varTO'ODIus. Terrestrial large gruw-
Flowers of moderate size in a simple (i.e. whose ing plants. The main stein is pseudohlulbous and
tiranches are not branched again) racemee, the the leaf stems arc short with a few large petioled
stein of which has distant icale-like sheaths. plicate leaves. The tlowcr stems are tall, leaf-
25. BlaAssavoI.A. A commimon Orchid and less, much sheathed and raise from the min stem.
a florisls flower. Air-plants. A branched main- The lalbell,.n is generally united at base for's
stem, from which the secondary stems, scarcely short distance with the collmlo,, lld forms with
thickeneid, ascend or stand erect, each bearing it a chin. Tlhe crlunmo is erect and cutely anglcd.
one or two narrow, roullded rush-like leaves. 30.' Govr.NmA. Tertestial. ILeafstelmei rect,
Flowers slh~movy uld'teriiihiiil." Sepail and petals from a rhizomne. They are sheathed at 'the ba se
alike, narrow ofteti lung ;ind pointed spreading. and one heath is often bladdel-shaped (u'trici
Labellum sessile and erect; tile larrowvld base late).' The flower stems 'raise from the top' o
embracing or enfolding the column; the liinb the leaf-snems. Leaves broatland plicate. Tlhe'
pointed at the end (acute or acuninate) v gene- sepals're' bent tomwrds each olhter'nad the two
rally videe, flat or. less commonly -concave or side sepsals 'arte' ickle slihape. 'lT'he coluini"i',i
nearly hood-shaped at the hasc; he column wingedlandfoottU. / '
erect, generally salortdr tharithe claw and more ZVi O M. 1i r-a t. I c
or less twn-wingvd.:r .A'wing4 in Buottlhy,'is na mnrk'is'ai irisaverse crest across thp dirl of the
buttreasslikedev-elopmunt -alung the angle of n labelmlui, the disk leii~i rihbled or pl ite,'d lv.
stem ,, ,,1, 1 ,.,,,,I ., ,,;. ,, i. i ;,,, / iig it the a pi aranice n a trill orruff. "hi short
36.,l LA .iA I A' florist: Orthidi It Linot! irir lea f tel'as i e leuotl nusr I eave, d I-i
dliffreifrt t'trtis 'ttley, I ftl6nt I With t fit beeh tihds 'h o posite'row. umin i
separated on account of it's hving eightt pollinla cuYved'an('*ith 'fodt.









( 34 )


3s. AOANISIA. Differs from the last in hav- the column, which has a foot. The labellum is
ing smaller flowers and a footless column. Not narrow, fleshy and continuous with the foot of
common. the column; the side lobes are erect, fleshy and
33. LvcouORMiuu.. Air-plant. Shortpseu- horned or bristled in various ways; the middle
dobulbous leaf stems. Leaves broad often very lobe is in many ways saccate or folded or con-
long, plicate, petioled. Flower steins rcurved pressed sideways.
or pendulous, much sheathed, crowded with In the four following genera, the labellum
largish flowers. Side sepals very wide, united reaches the climax of eccentric development. It
with foot of column into a chin. The labellum is very fleshy in all, all are exclusively American,
is enclosed by the sepals and wide hood-shapad and all florist's Orchids.
(cucullate). 38. CORYANTExs. Grows on the outsideof
34. XvLOtIUM. Air-plnnts. Short much. trees in the full sunlight. Air-plants. pseudo-
sheathed stems, terminating in pseudobulbswith bulbous, stems two-leaved; leaves large with
one or two large, fleshy, plicate,'petiuled leaves. prominent veins. The claw of the lulIellum is
Flower stems from the base of pseudohulbs, long, stout and channelled; the side-lobes are
erect, simple. Side sepals form a chin with foot bent down below the claw, and united into a
of the column, first incumbent, then erect; side pouch; and there is another larger, helmet- .
lobes erect, embracing column: middle lobe shaped pouch at the extremity of the labellum.
short, wide, often plaited or callous lt base. Where the claw )oins the column are two small.
35. LACABNA. Air-plant. Leafstems short. horns, arching over the channel in the claw, into
with two or three leaves, pseudobulbs, long, re- which they drop a sweet fluid which runs down.
curved, and much sheathed. Labellum at first the channel into the end-pouch. The column is
il-bent and then spreading the narrow side inflexed at the top and club-shaped. *
lobes are attached to the sides of the wide claw; i 9. STANHOPaD. Air-plaits. Leaf-.tems
the middle lube, stalked, wide and spreading. very short, much sheathed, one-leaved, pseudo-
36. LycAsrT. A florist's Orchid. It has bulbous; leaf broad, plicate, petinled. Flower
noticeably a transverse fleshy ridge across the stems from among pseudobulbs, bcit over or
labellum. Air-plant. Stems short, pseudobulb- pendulous. Labellum ihick nisd leshy, often
ous and few-leaved; leaves board and plicate. waved: side-lobes at the side of the claw often
Flower-stems from the side of the pseudoblhs, joined doVoe into a solid fleshy mass of oblong
one to three flowered; the flowers large and of- or spur shape, sometime they are two-horned
ten pendulous. The sepals form a chin with the at the base the middle lobe is sometimes very
foot of the column. Petals generally different small and indistinct, sometimes laige entire (un-
from and larger than the sepals. Labellunm divided) or.three lobhed.
shorter than sepals: lateral labes erect, sickle. 4o. CATASETUM. An Orchid which deceived'
shape; the middle lobe often fringed. K botanists into sasigning it three genera. It has
37- GonoozA. A florist's Orchid with gro- three kinds of flowers, according as the anther
tesque flowers. Air-plant with short leaf stems, alone is present, or the style alone, or both to.
sheathed at the base, pseudobulbous, generally gether. Or, in botanical language, the flowers
two-leaved. Leaves thick, broad, plicate, con- are sometimesmnle, sometimes female and some*
traced at the base.. Flower stems drooping with
along fuouraceme of flowers. Flowers l. "Would our readers like to know that in these
lih with lI .. l I rg Orchids, the middle part of the labellum is term.
h withlonlb14 pedlels. The petals and erect ed .metacAlfam; the end.part, ,)p(eAll l tha
ack .are m united to h back and ides f ide lhbesa, :ipochem.. .


_____ ____~


____ _ __I ______ ~_
__~_












times perfect: and these three are of different 43. POL.CYCNIS. Double Swan Orchid.
form. P'laiits distinguished from above by very short
(a.) The male. flower has a thick fe.hy label- one-leaved stems. The curious flowers have a
am,. broad, very concnve or with a helmet-like Ibllm with (geerll) two little ears at the
pouch often wvedry or e with the lmet-l. base: the narrow side lobes rise from the mur-
pocluh, often wavcd 'or fringed at the mnrgil. gins of the claw and are variously arched aud"
Column erect, longish, with bristles below the ...
place where the stigma should be. It has a clin- spreading at the ips; the middle lobe Innce
..s. hape asid pointed. The column ong, slender,
andrum ending in a long point. Anther present. I ende
t i curved, cilu-shoped lt the tup, footless.
(h.) The female flower hs"a siili label- curved, clu.-shpl a the top. ftles.
(.) Thefmale flowe h a mil -lubl- 44. MAXI.I.AIIIA. Florist'aOrchid. Alorge
luilm with very short column, a perfect stigna genus of river too species, all American. Air.
without bristles, and a small nhortive anther. plants, sometimes with creeping main tems; .the
(c.) The perfect flower, has the Inhelluin ular- leaf stems short, pseudobulbous, with one or two
row, oblhng or ovate, flat or very concIve at the Ileaves; sonmetimec reduced to one densely and
base, generally with a long fringe, someliinme distichously leaved stem, it the end of the main
horned at hbse. Huth air'plants antd terrestrial, stem. Leaves leathery with inconspicuous views,
with short many leaved stems, thickened into with the exception of the central midrib. Flower
ovoid or spindle shape pseudobulbs. Leaves stems from the base of the pseudohulbs orin the
hradl, plicute, contracted into sheaths. Flower axils of the leaves, always one-flowered. Petals
stemni from base of pseudobulbs. The male and and sepals like, spending; the two side-caepals
female Rfowers are generally erect with the las form a chin with the foot of the column. Lahel.
bcllum above, while the perfect flowers hre re- lum concave, erect at the end of the foot, with a
versed. The female flowered plant Is called very short -i-helit chlit 'ldl lobesvrccrct i'lie-iild-
Monichanthus in the old hooks, the perfect flow- dle lobe ovate-oblong, spreading, shorter thin
tred, Myanthub. piils. Co.'lumn often slightly cursvd, thick,
..... ... l .. I concave in front.


41. .1tiuMORDESi. ialt liicn an an ove, ex-
cept that the leaves are narrower and lance shape.
The peculiarity of the flower consists in one part
or another being twisted. The sepals arc spread-
ing or reflexed, while in Catasetum (which it re-
sembles in'iui'an ways) they tend towards one
another conniventt) sometimes in a globe shape.
The labellumn,- tou, is* generally ctracted into
a convex claw, and the column is often twisted.
Air-plants. ., *


4.i. DICtHA.A. Air-plants. Nopseudhoulbs.
Leaf stems long, often covered with the pendul-
ous bheitlhs of th I eaves. Lcaves distichous,
spreading or recurved, generally short. Flowers
small. Sepals spreading the side sepals form-
ing at hase a small chin with foot of the column.
Labelluih more or less clnwed, from foot to col-
umni; the limb sometimes triangular with the
angles produced into teeth, sometimes wide


42. Cvcnociis., The Swan Orchid; Air- ovate ain concave. .
plants. Stems many-leaved with loun, much- 46. OiutrrnwITHI UiildOrchid. Air. plants.
sheathed, oblong, pseudhl ibbs. Lenis% broad, The leaf steins covered with ovcrlapping.li tich-
plicate. Flower stenmsfrum the base of.pseudo- ous sheaths, and here and there sending forth
bulbs. Labellum fleshy,' crntinuoas wi(h base from the aide one-leaited pasedobulbs. T'he
of column, clawed: lande-shape above, br round, leaves are often of different shape on the same
often variously lobedl Cted'tr frlltsdl Column plant, some long and petiolk l some short, dis-
long slender and itiH rhed'f6dl ehe top tichous and jolited to thetr 'sheathsi' lower
curved and club shaph1." '10 I stems one-flowered and in 'buidles of'several.-









( 3fl. )


Flowers small, sepals spreading; the side sepals
forming a very small chin with the miell foot of
thi column. Labellulm sometimes continuous
with foot or united with it for a short distance.
unometimes erect from a short horizentlel claw:
wide-lobes erect anId parallel, often embracing
column.
....,i ; ... :.... ,'
47. .TICHO U.KNTUM. lort',. Orchid.
Dwarf air-plants. .Very short onc-leaved stems,
with short pseut(olbuttl. Flower stems short,
rising from among psetdobulbs, liUeth sheathed,
one or rarely two-lowered. Flotersof riedlurti
size. Labellum united with column into a pitch-
er-shape;, with'a deksthding 'suui'i"i the 'base;
tbe labbitclm' above' the pitcher, l'' erect and
soieUtihies t6,o-enred : there iAWidte'jiubi and
the ditldle lobe Is igaini ti-ld6be'lbd, uchdlarIti
th~e al ; ;, '" %. ." i

iry. t ',' (T a CONTt UEO.)' '

>1..


, sii ."

UNI MtASA IC A I)E CA'\IRAVAL,'

.' *)111 i| .. ." .t ,' ii t 1 1 .. |

N i vic IO neeur igEunal," IUII ' '
F '" Tal buillciio l'aII.gHIa 'I I .11:
" Es quee el o i 6tien a .. '; -.i I (,I ;!.aI
:,, .Del ,ruidesu Carnival. ,.I. ( i i
,Iil ''. Costo n. unlea dealumbranlcd, ,>l ;> mI m
E,t, .E el extenao ... u,,:,io ..,i,:.,
Ioy rays a niiinns i ,.llil .., h ,, ,,
En un virtigo Incesemie.
1 Al cikh tale Cllgre O .uitli' 01*
v"""'vAlld li' moimithtl "'t -' ''" t,. ', 'l
1C Como al dexperter el viehto ..i';. tIl- ..
,i Se ve ondular lalures.t. .;1,.,, 1,.,1


Luces, aromas, sonidos.
I" Cintss, gasns, plumnes, florei, '
Rostros que inspirai nmores ,
Por In pasion encendidos.
ITodo en rauda confsumpllln i.,,, ,
''Ante las Inirda pn....
"' a''" lre aturdey nhr aa ,a .'" ""I'
S', Ln atmibfiiers del salon. i l F h'
"' li ', I t. ' I *".. *'h I
"'' netra en Ni de repenite
S,. Unn minscar elegant ,1 (.,)
Que sulidrosa, anhelante,
'"' Mal oculta afan ardiente.' ,,,
''Su' hermonura y gallarlin .
*-;n wQue avaloran rico adl,,rno,' IT (.
,. i I.nI excitan de ella enllti l .'!, .t.
t, rI nimor de simpali.. , .., i
i- -inda miscarn () perdlona i In ..,.t;
,; i atreviniento), ; je tlie?,.,
iA quC, telnndora, viene? .
)ijnlc 1unI voz chilluinl.
A- \ qtie vengo i j qu, pieit6l
ni"nturiilne ente, a e .coger '
i ai: eji a qnien fccter ". .. i l
*,i .iLas delicias deami braino. .: . nih ;:.i
Il,-,lhr -,Siyo pudlet'a ..." "' '' i .I b' ,','
-P .--Imnpoiibles ,!*.ii.I
Mis e bll b hunc yo. I, I ,I .1,
--Estd aqul? 8Snbes que entr6?
.Nonfaltark: as infalible. : "' .'
."i''" Si ni; hubierhi de ofendert '' I' ,''
Toi T prntgitar tl homl,. p' 'r'gunt "! '
S-i.,r--AlMi nombre? ; ,i
-Auup e ,ter asoinbrc
Me Ilnmo..... I
h*"1' -C6PL 1
ili;i 1, ,' --.Ln M tiert .l I' 'l
.I i ;-l. Muertel.... Es ese'hcthnmasl'
El mayor de Carnaval. ..
ISerk dulce -yvlto tall
."i Moir,' Muerte, ei tu reiztt "' '
:1'F"", Y de repente sle a "teja ,
,' ,L.a Itmaara miatefihbr. '" '
->l Crt s ru el salun presurosa i .'
.,,ii ,Ye ioge linda pareja .,,ul1l,i. ..in,.


,..: ,..s Las puja. 'eelatdadse 11ii. *in, -, *-.; .iCalt eatruj&ndoBs,,...y,,,l *),. tiaIl| niii,( I.intrechahmente Senlastdatll .1 lri,.inl/' ruFI

ew l ll' $a.1 i nipo tan Inteire ntes "
*I. \n -i., I. I w J )ll]'l Il! rllll ll )I ||-'l ]|o n al'r l ' u. llnil. '\ll\' lu ll, lIr i uI








( 37 ,

Y lanziildo.e sin tinl, ,| y 1r 1T ail (A V fl DL
Cual loves hbjis sc meCL. i r vi I
SHuven. tiornip, despircccn I '
En alas dcl torbellino. ______
En lelicioso vaive "
..'Todo parece se iIgit i (
'., Li ulKgaarn es iilinitH. -
,; EJl mlon es.... un edenl.

,; Mas dlu pronto, jqu6 hi pouMldu?
lor quo enliudece In orquesta? .
S... ui6ii vielne i turbar In fiest? .
F'or que lin dannza li cesado? '
Del ccltn) adle uina voz i '
''Queo peilin is ir .sc necrl, ,
" Trihte exclHmaii(l: : i Eht- uletiunr i
Es' to es horrible, e. natrozI
S 'Cerca de nil, arrebatada '
'Pur su pareja galante
Yo Is vi, y tras un innstante
C__ yu al suelo td.splonal,:da."


:. A lu nlultitud se zadvierte .
Que, preas de horrible espanto,
S ic HTrrenolina centre tanto ,,, ,,,
-i,* Pu'or ver de cerca if la iucrtee ,: ,. ,
*" '. Y con espaptiatdol ju i i, 1" '
SMin ell l urlo telidldi '
Anin do mascara vcAtid, ''' !' "'
Alurchitis los I.lIiii,' rujos,
Cn.I l, i lz crei, afenda, ....... i ,
,Unl jiveln quiie fiu li hcrlloi ..
11nfel~iclsim rosa.


AN,


(Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
jeria, Plateria y en today cla-
se de Instrumentos Musicos

y Opticos.


i E e. l ludo vil p1is10 ..... ; h,,ipirndor ,I, 1' IA NOS Y (11.GA I
i -Q. uiih era y d6llde csti ahdra,. NOH, prb)li liN Iii:l ('Htiin lillll dle Imi
*' Si lpareja? preg nttint e. I" I a F illricn tcn H tl:. llrnrdlitahldi /
'Y a vl .z dijo: '* Esc8 ipb e, -, . i .i: .
"I' uill vision qul le evaporl,' '
Asi tque al sii lo clyo tlt e I ugo t 'l d tmio iodn l Htie ihl ro iilritl"
1 Esta j6vun sin ventura ( )." ; : Ci i tlR (N11 'lichlio ritlllllr i ili(!'. u l' '
,,, .- AY ia- cn o', ... .... *' ( 1i Q L ., .'
-- .-e- i o. ,, .... t ,, Al e ,erl I'ls l nos i M;IAQUI ,
jlllardai e parlc lo' S u u '. 0 ; ,, V | 1, T a l .Ci T
i Y ton ecpanto y' srpreien)- ,,, l . *' !l l, '" l i i "1 y ;
lEnxcliam nu.dut'baa suettel ..i. i ,, A.ll' ,Y SIA I)Alu ,
i '"ilOb l Nolhay duda cra Is Muerte i ,. .
uI i n a ie emapd on suipresa.f I t ,,i p p a ius, iutalie irig f ,., 1.

d:(l) Aclr i6 ets, lri hacepopsW n* i. -, .., '.
dtnii.ri.s' >hloiqfn ,,,I ,u 'i .0.


i








(. 38 )

METEREOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS FOR THE YEAR 1890.---BELIZE.
~ osiiitha Barometer. ermo sychrometer. Anemo -eter Sky. Rain.
-- "--- -- --eiV 1 --- -
iiu. MNn.i m R *u. Min. m Dry. Wet. dily. D:w. mD.nd SO..Ql o n ll. I I& In".
iuary 30.169.- .;-05 17 o.oo. 66 17 76 74 18 71.6 E.NE 3jm C.N. 6 25
ebmari ... 3o. i9 29.990.33184 68 16 15 71 9 68.I E E.. iC. 3 9 5.80
March* ....... 30 9.8t 3o.o4 .47 8 56 I8 1 73 8, 69.6 E.SE 6 m C.Str.5 8 3.05
April......... 3o. 2 9.87 39..o90.4 874 I2 8i 76 77 7.5 E. 5m C.Str. 4 7 o0*4
May ......... 30.2.711 9. 0.31 9o 74 6 83 78 79 75.1 E. 5 mC.Str. 5 4 275
Jne......... 3o.o5 9 77 19. .8 9O 73 8 83 78 77 75.7 E.SE 5li C.Str. 6 3 5.25
uly........ 30.29.881 9.9 0.16 90 74 6 83 7 72 73.3 E. mC.Str 5 I' 6.oS
August... 0o.06329.83 39.96o. 91 73 i8 82 78 87177.4 E.SE mCN. 6 22 0.50
September .. o.oo .9.85 29.9 0.15 8 74 i 81 7989 78.3 E.S.E 5 mC.Str. 6 22 6.7S
October......30.03 29.75 39.87o.2 88 70 .81 79 o 77.7 N.SE 5 m C.N. 5 14 7.95
November. .. 3.o.79.89 037 83 6 7 77 75 92 75.5 W. zIm C.Str 0 tS 6.95
December. ..-30.2 9.92 30. 033 84 7 27 75 I179 8 N.SE 4 C.Str 51 5 3.3
i8o30.281 .71 29.95 o.57 9s 56 35179179 76 8 7 E. SE 4inC.S tr 5 Fl7 75.oo
Year, .I ,8oc3o.929.77,9.94.292 3 7975 272.5 INE.SE 4 ilC.Str 5 Ist 7o.71
.1116 Jo.9.o9 .95 .6gi92 i8 34- 74 S _E m3.Str 55 iA 72
Daily average of rain.--89o, o.43.inchea-- I889. o.46 inches-- i888, o.60 inches.
The mean Barometrical pressure of i890 was niiiiiinum of the 'l'lerinometer is 33'. Generally
39.?5, the stnne as in I888, and only one deci- speaking, we may say that the d(lily variation of
ml less than 1889, and five decimals less than lTemperature is very slight and with the excep-
the ordinary sea level reading. Now taking this tion of a few hours of suffocating heat in sun-
number as a point of departure, while compar- mer and of pleasant cool in the winter morningg,
ing the three annual reports stated nabve. we ar- the temperature may be reckoned aa stationary
rive at the conclusion that front December to all the year through and the climate a perpetual
April the pressure is found to he above that spring.
point ; May, October and November give the That which affects the salnhrity aof the climate
lowest mark under it while the other months in the dampness which is so greatthat on several
closely" approximate to it. Again looking at the occasions the dry Ilulh .f the Psychrometer was
range of variation we observe the highest. 0.47 lower than the wet one.
in March; the lowest o.t5 in October, while in The mean humidity of the year was 85 and
April we read 0.24 which is very near the average: between August and January it rose to 90o at-
0.33. March registers the highest pressure of the trihutable to the abundant rain and also the half
year 30.28 and May the lowest a9.7 and June dried swamps, wherewith we are surrounded,
gves the mean 23995. From these lata we may which heated by the blazing sun begin to evapo-
duce. which are e months fur gales and hir- rate aud fill the atmosphere with poisonous
ricanes, along our coast and which of calm anid vapurs.
fair weather. The wind has been generally E. or S.E with
The temperature thrnugihout the year has been a rather strong velocity, the N. being rare this
pleasant and cool, with a few exceptional days. last year blowing a few days only in January
On account of the prevailing sea breeze, which and becember.
blows nearly all the year. the mean temperature The sky has seldom been clear. The predo.
is 790, the highest 91" and the lowest 560 all minant clouds were cumulus and stratus and now
nearly the -.sme readings as in the preceding and then the cirrus. Fog is almost unknown in
years. The highest degree was in August and this climate, having been noticed on a feW morn-
the lowest in March and December. The range inls only.\ ... .
of the dry bulb of the Psychrometer, iI we take Rain was more abundant and frequent than in
all the indications together, give only 80n, al- the pteceding yeats: There were 157 days of
tough ith difference between the aathimtum and iraln and 75 inches. Jan,.f Ang. 'nda ept. had












69 rainy (davs with' t3at 5 u~ittirly ihaif the(et&i tith ki sce frcn thfra r of August to the
tire year. April ard Dc'ceniber'were very dry, end of the year wis 77.S2 distributed over 10o
indeed the dryness of Dec. lst wai quite remark- rainy dayb. Belize may be considered a dry spot
able, as in other years it hasheen a rainy month. in comparison with the South Coast and the in-
According to a statement from Punts (ordn the terior of the Colony.

--: .. ...----. ... ... '., ...- 'I -... -- .

S S..I)Sl'PH'SS 011KVNI'(It MI

Sutitiur"y il" M.lteirologi(:Il O(ltu.rvititii 11 ,'ring the i ,intlih iI J.initrt v 1\ \1.


DAYS. IAnOUM. In inche 'In THKMOM..


2" I Max. Min.



I 7 |0.0- 29.812 9.96 83" 7S8
8-14 30. 2o:9.8 o30.03 82 64'
aS-l 3o. 9. o.o 8 63"
15-n 30.2229.901 30.0(1 8" 63

-Month31 30.13 29.SZ 30.001 83" 63


I'SVCIIRolMK






76 74 89
75 73
73 71 9
72 71 94


75 72 90


tKU. ANHtiKMM. SKY. RAIN


Dew. *.Qulity. i
- I : '- -- -


72.6 NW. 6 C.Str. 6 t.So
71.3 N, SE. 5 C. 3 1 o.50
69.5 N. SE. 7 Str. 5 0.00o
7o. NSE. Sk. 63 0.85


90.4 N. SE. 6 Str. 5 5


H'isi, Sk. Otrruiii. trubuNi .)
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.

The Nnrth and South winds have heen blow- The Velticily of the wind whether comingfrom
ing alternattlvi dumrin the; Mnthli. ivin i four. N. nrS. hlt been rather high.,;ihist the ten-
different wav.I of Atmosnpheric pressure. For perature has been cool and pleasant and the pub-
15 days the;Wind was from the North and for lic health.very much improved. ,
15 trom the South. From the lit 1o.7th the wind. Januilry this year, compared with that of last
was northerly and the Barometer rose from 29.92 ,year, has,leel a very dry month,. We had only
to 3o.o5. this was followed by a S.E. wind 5 days of rain-two at the beginning and three
which rapidly lowered the pressure to a9.86. toward-theendof the.month. The quantity of
On the I1th the wind was from the S.E. during rain is small and the rain-guage marked only 2.85.
three days, producing hall of o.2o.. On the 1fth ;Thu'Rlistive Ilumidity nearly all the month
the N. again returned and with it the Barometer has heen very high, the dry and wet bulb their.
rose to 30.22. On the lot the S.E.' blew dur- mometers in the morning marking nearly the
ing one day produce g a rapid.fll of .25;'The same degree and twice the wet bulb has gone
N. wind on the 23rd aguin brought up the pres- even higher than the dry ,, This high'Humidity
sure to 30. white t~e 8.X.'comifgod tHe Jy7h ita'dde to thh N.W. and ~l( S.E. winds coming
caused the prpme ef..pfall t,,9...9,whPr. ti pes, frl tr psa sawm py.ri sd dtup bringing
still at the nd of the minth, an aun udaunce of moisture.


I.







( 40 )


.. : Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.
,i : i / :
'o:

Select School for young ladles, Boarders and
--- Day-scholars,
Besides what is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa-
tion, French is taught If required. Also elementary Drawing and the
i.:i simpler kinds of fancy work.
.* -__ Extrua, .Music, Piano or Guitar.
S, TERMS.
Boarders, $ 5o. oo half a year,
Day-scholars, $ 5. oo a month.
S ALL PAYMENTS TO BB MADE IN ADVANCE. -I
Fer partlelars apply to the. Reverend Mother at the Convent.









Convento de Ntra. Sra, de las Mercedes, Belize.
--.:n.: --.. .

Escuela selecta para Senorltas, Penslonlstas y Externas.
: Adetns de to que se comprende en el curso usual de Educacion Inglesa de ,
i I. 'is. clase, so enasea el Francis cuando se desea, Dibujo elemental y los' .
*o1 .l trabajms mas sencillos en Obrns de fantasia. '.. ... -
)" I.ti.,, 'Extras, Mdsics, Piano, Guitarra.
,', .. CO NDICION E 8 ..
S; i l,,, i,, E l o"taa ,, $.. ,. olo per semeaitre, :
?- .tti, i|l i; 2, . E tern , 5. o monsuales. .
k :: 0;... n ...:'...T 01... PA008 DojIN RACaBsII ANTrIIPADs : .
2 '.:"4' nrl. te ier.t ll, r li eoresdlaV itade lperis del Oaa eti'. .













ANGELUS.


3rd month.


CALENDAR AND MONTHLY NOTES.
MARCH


Sun 3. at 6.z8. ..
Sun t a" 6
io at 6.13. ..
rises. 5. at 6.co. ..
'5. at 6.oo.

I Su. 3rd of Lent.
2 M S. Chad, 1.
3 T S. David, U.
4 W S. Casimir, K.
5 Th B, Paul&Comps.,
5 F The Five Wounds.
7 S S. Thtimns Aquina
8 Su., 4th of Lent,
9 M S. Frances of Roml
0o T The Forty Mnrtyrs.
,t W S. John of God, C.
.ta Th S. Gregory the Gre
13 P The Most Precious
I4 S 11. Leonard and Coa
i. M.
1 Su. Passion Sunday.


a3 min. .. Last Quarter.
Sun frt. in. s.NewMon.
Sun mt. n. Changes of Moon. w Moon.
8 mill First Quarter.
6 Inin. .. Full Moon.

16 M Of the Feria.
S 17 T S. Patrich, 1H.
18 W S. Gabriel, Archangel.
i19 Th S. Jo.eph, Patron of the Church.
S.J. hMM. 20 F The Seven Dnlourl of B.V.M.
21 S S. Hienedict, Ah.
8, D. l za Su Palm Sunday,
23i M I Of the Felria.
e, W. 24 T :Of'thc Peria.
25 \V Annunciation of the B.V.M.
26 Th MIAUNDY THURSDAV.
at, P. 27 F Good Friday.
Bh.cd. 28 S HOL.v ,STUIDAY.
mp!.,s.J.. 29 Su. .astor Sunday.
30 M Easter Monday.
3l T Easter Tuesday.


N 0 T E !


17. The.Triduum for the Children's 26. Malnudy Thureday. Easter
,.. aster Communion begins at 2 p. m. Communion and Mass at 7.3.0 a. m.
19. High Mass at 6.30 a. in. Evening Service at 7, m.
. .., ,20. Easter Communion for the Chil- 27. Good Friday. Morning Sorvice
., t.,dren at 7. a. m. at 8 a.m. Sqrnon ofthe Seven Words
,20.. Mission Service at 7 p. m. at 1 p.m., Evening Servioc at 7 p. m.
S.,,, 22, Palm Sunday., ; Blessing of,, ; 28., Holy Saturday. Service at 7.30
.Palnt at.9 a..m, ; .


1891,









.r T------
( 22)

CONTENTS.


Colony Notes, .. Page 2s A Lenten Story, Page z7
The School Question, 23 Simon Pedro y Simon Mago, 29
Chronicle of the S. Heart, 26 A Silent Hero,.. 33
News from the School-children, 7 Orchids, . 36


COLI,ONY NOTES.

" T is said that Sir C. A. Moloney
| KC. C. M. late Administrator
"of Lagos, will be coming in
April to take over the Governorship of
our Colony. He has had a long ex-
perience of Colonial life on the West
Coast of Africa aid has written i book
on Tropical Forestry but if the Governor-
ship were left to the choice ofthe people
there is little doubt they would elect the
present Adminisirator on the principle
that a known man proved good and true
was. better than an unknown one how-
ever good, report made him to be; but
there is the satisfaction of knowing that
the 'coming of the Governor will not
mean the leaving of the present Admi-
nistrutor.


From Orange Walk comes the news
that a Mission has been given there by
Very Rev. Fr. DiPietro assisted by Fr.
Molina. It was inaugurated by a grand
Procession in which about 500 people
took part and at its close a large number
received Holy Communion. The Catho-
lic Association is increasing in numbers
and with the renewed lervour of the Con-
gregation Iras co(ne the ideam to enlarge
their Church. The work ol' rising funds
for this object has begun already.
Next week there will be a Mission
preached by Very Rev. Fr. DiPictro at
San Esteban. He is detained in the
North by Fr. Smith's sickness but will
be in Belize before Holy Week.

The work. of re-construction of the
Corozal Church is going on well and the
School is numerously attended.


By a note from the River it appears
that Father Silvin is determined to pro- Church nunmey and schwols in Prussia.-A
secute his missionary tour in spite of the great act of justice has been done by the
bad roads and bad weather, which he has PrussianGovernment. The have brought
experienced. He was atHolotonich on the forward a bill to restore to the Catholics
20th. His knowledge of Maya has been in Prussia a sum of money dinounting to
the means of attracting the native heart, over 800,000 the amount accumulated
which is somewhat suspicious ofEnglish. during 16 years by monevs not paid to
He speaks in the highest terms of the the Bishop and Clergy of a diocese as
attention of his guides and companion long as they would not obey curtain anti-
d& tojag Mr. F. Duru and Mr. Cattouse. Catholic laws. These laws have' now


I





( 2 )

been rescinded aI unjust, and it is pro- has laid so alniidaitly tt the I'et of the
posed to hand over to the Bishops the Qiueen of the Antilles. 'i'ln Exhibition
money which was taken from the clergy will show them indeed that they are very
lor resisting them. children iil the Arts and Sci(leces lint will
lint whilst with tith one hland the.v give at the ls i illl' ii i awakle ill tlhir miiiis iI
with the other tihe would take away. desire of mullation. It will I e at once
Believiiig as they do in the necessity of'n an I'vertismeiiit to tho Exhibitors nid
religion ti, make good citizens the (Gov- in Iilt:ietion to t he people who look with
erminent would now take over this lde- wo nering eves on t what liiiiiuii skill lhas
apartment )of edumction and have brought produiedd. 'I'IT Exhibitioli-building is
n 1 a Bill by which they would make the cri:ifrilom Ith leonI loong a s Iking east id
Minister it Pub lie \ i\rship the judge wVet aiid at tli loi.iint i i llIrseetioii
of the sort of religious educIntion to b e rises a eaulil'ul fdoliin nlabt 100 Feet
given to Plrotestant.s, Cat.olics, Jews &e. high. Their vist extent of the building
Hoiw uniiv! IBt this lIntter law we Ini:v 1u gs1hllicerd 1fr1i.i this tllt it gives
sionild thii'k will niit pass Pnrlimiinentl 74,000 ao|iure 'feel fir ithl viriii ns exlii-
Is lill tih Il)eiiilini atioiis will cilnhiilne bits Hsent. / It is sitiated one mile slid i
i.'.hii st it. hulllf' romi thi Ki igston Ilrhiiiiir on tilt
emirneiice iilioit 20l feet a, ove the son
''le Ainglica': Vic:r ol' I)nionister do- in g'roiulnds whiih iiver 23 nereH Tlhe
Clarl(d to hliS Ii)eop, wlhen his icratel, Rev whole is lit. uip with eltetrie light.
J. Moultrie was converted to the Catlio- TIho'gh not the originator of' the idea
lie (hIurchl, til:t Ihe Ihad fortilicd hlim the IprCwCiit polwilair Governior IHis Ex-
with the strongest literature of lnn anti- celleevcy, Sihr hlcnry Blake Ihs been the
dotal clihiracter lie could bring to bear." chief Iprmoiiotr itf ithe scheLmu and the
That strongest literatiire" was Little- suimii o 15,000, which was reqidired in
idle's Plain reasons" which Iihs been liII- addition to the 1,(00O sanctioned by the
swered over and over Iagain, and wolse Public Treasury, wa loaned by Mr. G.
hitter diatribes iiHtead of withoilidg, Stiehel, lHon. (ol. ('.1. WI. t Id and Mr.
rather liasteiied thel Curaite's conversion. Louis Verley.

On .lanimuarv 27, 1891, was plo il the THE SCHOOL QUESTION
,Junuiaicu Exibiltion by His ighis TE SCOOL UESTON
Price George of Waloe. Originally itn-
tended n t exhibition of loc products i n cry scibl rtice in the
add as itosmdeeloedit Chitmiial guardian" tFehruary 2i,
and manufacturer it has developIcdL into h : ,89 about the question of denomina-
anr International Exhibition to the great tional education. "It is rumoured
advantage Ind interest of both natives thai compulsory and non-cectarian education will
and visitors, Cannda, England, Gemnlany, soon be the order of the day." The writer then
Aistiia, France, America the \'est In- goes on to deprecate interference with thedeno-
dian Islands saut other countries have minaitinal schools and raks a Why should the
sent their various manufacturers to bo an present system not be developed and supple-
object lesson fo Jamiticans of what can mented? Who is crying out for non-denomlnla
be done with thoso riches which nature tlonal education?' No one."









24( -


Now as to compulsory education we have no
objection. If properly elaborated it would be n
benefit to schools andt to scholars: for if there is
one thing more than another that keeps back the
schools of the Colony it is the irregular attend-
ance of the children.
As to non-sectartanl education; it is tint wanted,
it would he very expensive, unfair to the- deno-.
minatiounal school a ua.l would produce Iaill
results.
is there alny parent in the Towns of lBritishl
Honduras wlho does not send his chill tot school
6ettinethere is noschool of his denomination in the
place where he is living? No: depend upon it,
it i snot because he does not want denomination.
nl education hut because he watis til dedication
at all for his child. No doubt many wmold wel-
come a Govuernment school as a novelty andi think
that it was to do great things for their children
and that. with such fine hbildins iand such an
abundant supply of apparatus the teaching must
hb better. But here the question conmer i far
the taxpayer's conmsiderntion. If tlie UGovermiie
takes on itself to educate, it always dc.hs at i i a
very expensive manner. Probhaly every child
educated in the Government school will cost the
tax-payers three or four tim .s the anmmout paid
.l a denommnnational school. In the first place
the various denomrinatioiis pay thout in per cent
of the Inanagenmcnt of their school. then they
have provided at their own cost the scholl-huildl-
Ings and then having to pay any deficit out of
their towh pockets they look sharp to see th;lt the
money given Is well spent.
But we should not have the least objection to
non-sectarian schools if they were only put on the
Iam footing as denomlnatlmnal. The Boinrd.
:schools from the beginning would be the pet
:children and, suns as rate-payers would, learn.
the spoiled children of Government. Let those
..who want non-sectarian schools pay for them out
.9f their own pockets and none will be built, and
.When lthe bldiH f have been put up hy the tax-
payers let them he kept by th(oe wAo t'e(t the


add they will soon cease to exist as Board-
schools. But in the first place schools will
have to be built for a class which does not
exist till the supply creates the demand and
these ;must be finer than the present schools.
Then as history is always repeating itself these
schools however mnniest in the beginning will
not confine ihemiielves to reading, writing
and arithmetic but must go in fir general
information, technical education &c. and so
by having the longer purse will in the end starve
'it many deni inatilonal schuoals. Some ni inl-
her'of the.Education department will notice that
the London School lliord allows pianos; aind
therefore not to be behindhand our Governlment
Schools must have pianos. Another will have
read of a Board School which taught the use of
the Cyclostyle and so our schools must have
cyclostyles. We ire hound however to warn
such an enthusiast that the Auditor of the half-
yearly accoutits i refused to pass this latter item
of progress' n nd the purchaser had to pay for at
out of his owln pocket. In reference to this fact
Punchl gives the following :accoun t murder the
ending "Audiitors in Wonderland."
"If yot please." said the A:uditor of the
Tottenhnm School Hoard accounts. would
you explain to mle what that curious thing is
thit you have got in vIo'.ir handi?"
With pleasure," replied the White Knight,
who had recently been elected a Member of
the Board. lot'ss a Tellurium."
I see that it cost the ratepayers four pounds
to buy. What is tlhe use of it?"
"Use?" smid the White Knight, in mild sur-
prise. Oh, it's a most useful thing. A chlil
'who can't think of the right answer toi a qutes-
tion ahout the stars, only has to put this thing
on its head--at Examination time, you know
-and it at once remembers all nhout it. It's
got Electricity or something intsile it.' And
the shape is my own invention."
i- That'swhv it's called a Tellurium, then,"
remarked the Auditor, who could hardly help
laughing, it all seemed so strange; "because,
when they put it on, the children elel you the
answerr you want?" '*
Yes; and William Tell put an apple on
his head, or on somebody else'a head, and I









( 25


thought the name would remind the children I far as the school-work goes, of the merest ele-
of that fact." mlents of religion.
Then the School nuist win an increased
Government Grant, with this thing to help A great free-thhinker, Hcrbert Spenser one who
thm."n said the Auditor. has no belief in the supernatural order writes:-
SWVcll," saidl the Knight. more lespon-ence that people hav ht intellectual
dentlv. they have hardly had time to try it the cnitlence that people have that intellectual
yet. 'In fact," he added, still more gloomily. culture will make the masses moral is not only ldi-
their teachers won't let them try it. But'it'. prlv'el by facts hut is in itself altogether absurd.
really an admirable idea, if it codd he tried." What relation is there between leariing that
And the hite Knight fastened the curious certain groups of letters rprent certain words
object on his own head. whence it immediate- ct diu group.o let t representl celrtn words
ly fell with a crash upon the floor. and the acquisitimm of the noble sense of duty?
It's too ridiculous I" exclaimed the Audi- In what wiy will a facility of writing letters
tor, bursting into a little laugh. I declare a strengthen the will and im:line, it to gind? What
Hlektograph would be as useful for the children mysterious secret is th-re in the tables of Pytha-
as this thing! goras or in the division of numbers that puts in.
"Would it?" asked the White Knight. to the huta soul th.t sense of charity which re-
"Does a lfektograph work well? Then we'll straisa oan frot hearing his ntiglhbt' r' r
get one or two-ieveral."tr a m from hrn hi i or
"And I notice," the Auditorwent on, "that should like to have anl explanation how orthio-
there is a thing called a Cvclostyle put dow.n I'rphy, granmatical analysis and the elements
ill the accounts. Plenas will you tell me what of geography cal give a true sense of justice and
: Cyclostyle is. and what use is it for the purl. I th, Iw of trith ? l lw is gy ynmatics, exercising
pose of elvitenilary education ?" on's arms and Ilegs, a gl od teacher of morality?
With plc:sure," replied tlhe white Kniight, I fal to indtl the least relation between these
who seeuned quite clheerful again; it's lan
appuratus for catclhing cycles, if any sholll! ta, il'us I t1l lsch effects. I am tlhrefrore forced
lake to groilng round aInd round the ronuo when to cnclu.le that this faith in the study of letters
the children are at their lessons. It does it in (to promote tnoralilt) is aI true aid lamentable
at!le. you see." a~ p1rstitioin af the age i. which we live.
lIt," said the Auditor, it's nt very
likely that any cyclists would care to whe-l \e do not think however that the (overn-
their machines into a Bonrd school, is it?" meant have the Ilst inteniom of tarting godless
"Not very likely, I daresay," the Knight schools in our midst. Supposing that they take
answered, eagerly; "but, if any dlo come, I
don't intend that we shall be without a nmalchile upon thelsels ct to educate they swill probably
for catching them quickly. And the plan is ichoouu is ai Teacher a Christian, who tIy lhe
miy own invention I allowed perhaps td say the Our Father or ever
I should suppose it was," the Auditor oh- to add the Apostles' Creed uttd so impart to his
served. "I am sorry to he obliged to diNallow scholars i maimed Clhristianity-- a form of reli-
the cost of all these inventions, hut the rate. gion which no one belikveo in. Together with
payers must not he forced to pay for fails;
sad, as you take such an interest in them, an this Uoard-school religion will be taught the three
sure you won't mind paying for them your- Rs, reading, writing and arithmetic, perhaps a
self. Good-dayl'd I trife better than they are done in soane of the
Our last cause of quarrel with. non-sectarian Colony schools but at much greater expeire.
schools is that they are godlesa schools front which Why not then itd and developed the present sys-
all region is excluded. And as the school s the tem, bringing in compulmsry education where
only place where many children of the Colony it is thought necessary sand putting it a con-
Can learn ny notion of religion it would natural- s cienicec-lause to protect Parents' rights to bring
ly follow thit thEdj would gtoW Up Ignoraut, as Iup their children in their own religion.









( 2

CHRONICLE OF THE SACRED HEART. does el vicio. Para difundirse unicamente ha
S menester.una maners de conversar libremente.
The Goeeral Itntention for .arch, 1891 is No hay leccion que se aprenda mas facilmente
the Sailtification of Catholic Homea. que In malicia, porque sucede muchas veces qu;
Soyendo solamente unit leccion, uno'sale maestro.
HE POPE in his Encyclical to the Paraque quedeis mas pcrsuadidos de esta verdad
Bishopls, Clergy am faity of Italy suponed que las personas que conversnn librec
4sE deplored the loss of faith, which wits
being Ibruught about there by the mente entire si no pueden ser masq(ue dedosca-
teaching of depraved doctrine. But as ils lidades, 6 inocentes 6 ya eatragaduo con malicia.
Holiness pointed out, Italy would not come to Asi encribe el venerable inissonero Segneri y
that lamentable state of dcgrnadation, were it not n)a hablan los insatiables enemigosde lasalmns;:
for the serious attacks ialde in these ouar lays on pero con intenciones contrarias-el Padre paras
Christian morals. It in generally siH.'kivulnf 11l
irriaplen hear t is geneall ny not only from defender, los otros para arruinar. Por eso ani
fles but even of the mind spring and notably men los maions los Padres de familiar a ilesmi-
the loss of faith. At the coming of unr ilr;il nuit un poco el rigor con sus hijos y persuadcn b
humanity was altogether degraded and riled liv ls mcidre no haccr caso de las indiscretan fams.
a religion which worshipped vice. WVhat ws it liaridatdes, que adornan con el titulo de modias
then that raised pagan society from the n Cn in-n con de d
to which it had sunk? It was, more even than moderns. Con dobleces6 aun con deecarada im-
the miracles which ucrimpainied Christiinity, pudencia ensefan francamentcA Ins jowenes q':e
the-sanctity of the Christian Home. In our dlnv tal severidad que tcnian inr padres no existed inns
PaIanism has come to life nain. Itis not culled en In socicdad. Amansada asl In imtinctiva re-
. taly so ly naes It dnihs Chee ridiiui an sistencia dcl In f6, infunden el veneno que cauns
, supernatural in rcliioln hult it would d mg Scir. I cortupcion.
ty Iack to that state of infidelity from which Infornmos pines, cuando sale un leanildalo coni
Jesus freed the civilized world. This it canl only quien trat6 la desgraclida persona y cesi.ri pron-
do by corrupting the young anid so, horrible to la admiration. All hia pegado el contain.
thought it mtv seem, there has ueen goinon il Si Criatianos, arrinar-deestlecr en cl mun-
Italy a special 'ropuligandis,, of immoral liera. a la
ture in order to corrupt Youth and so lead them do In familiar crisitiua--es In que estuidian prac.
from the Church. WhIat then can be done to ticar lon enemigos y lo procuran hncerpor medio
save poor humanity bought by the price of do seductivos dictamenes, perversa* lectures y
Christ Precious lilood l We must s.ov the falsos principals.
knowledge and love of Jesus Christ in the mind Com pus mer oponr et d ri
and hearts of men and it will angai produce the Coo ps m r es dagr q
Effects itdid of old aid make hlroues. ll iweai por devocion ll Sagrado Corazon-rogandole
this he better done than by cultivating iii Ci(thi. qua Infunda en las families cristalnas no sola-
lie families devotion to the Sacred I heart of Jesu. mentu union entree n sino un celn contra Ias en-
Ojecus, through the imoat pure Heart of Mary, ganosis maximas del miundo.
I offer the prayers, work ndl sufferingsi of this IOh Tes.mnlosI per medio deCosraon mn-
dy, for all the intentions of Thy Divine Heart. culdoh he s Mwrl SI atlnit On ofre sCor., Itns ro-
I offer them In particular to save Thy children nea, obras y trubjons del presents dia, purn reps-
-from the corruption of the world, ever growing rar los ofensas que se as hacen,y par nlasdemka
more covetous, wilful, asid Impure. Heart of intenclones de vuestro Sagrado Corazon.
Jesus, in all oui words, and ways, and reading, Les fresco en particular, pars salvar tus hijos
may we fly from all that is against Thy love. de la corruption del mundo que dia por dia se
'Amen. manifiedts mai codicioso, mas deserfrenadoi mas
i '"mpuro. Corason deo Jesus, seasas frmes de
-L. peats para propagarte no he menester mas ouertras families paraque nunca eaon infectados
quoal contiguldid ycoutacto ;,ydelmlamo mom-. por.el, qspritu decats,,mundo,,, 4,. sea.s, ',









( 27


NEWS FROM THE SCHOOL-CHILDREN. is seldom required in thi c,.omtry hecanlue of
Chrisi il iiit. Mnl, c:ats Cie llui called Tom,
Mr. H. Barker gives some amsitiing rtorics in and girl cuts Pus'. or TiM ; hlut, queer as you
his papers oil schools from which we select the may think, all little cts are called kittens, which
two following:- is a mWrong name which nuoghter he changed.
A London schoolmistrss had heell taking her This tame quaIdruipfed call see in the dark, so
first-class girls through those chapters of ;Geic- rats staulas no charts, cimch less mice.
sis which deal with the reconciliation of Jlseph IHere re ar few aillcwers to questions in gene.
to his brethren. She had told them the whole rilral iilforinmtioni gi enl bv cnridirlatei for sch.lar.
story and how the great wiagois were brought iout ships opuel to lhoys in L..idin lIleimelt:rv School:
for the journcv. And now" continued the mis- Sir issae Newton wis : urcat poet ind a
tress, what did kind Joseph give to his brothers novelist who also looked after sheep.
before they started ?" Of course she expected
the reply, '" P'rvisioins acndl changes of raint." z. John of ( ni"1 Kinig of Al tIgll indl
However, this wa i ,it the answer she received. n siged Mann Chartlr.
"Ye, vuIm may tell me," she said, pointing to 3- llcalry 'VIll w as exc one of the girls inl front. Some good advice he woull iot let A.\llelm bIe ArdeIcoimi of Can-
reupocnded the pupil. "Whatever do you terburv.
mean?" inquired the puzzled ladly. "Why, ma. 4. Thelleadler of I lome Rule ir Lord Glad-
dam," replied the girl, "Joseph, knowing that stone alld Parnell is against it.
his brothers were not accustomed to the use of 5. Allen is the place where Adam and Eve
wagons, thoughtfully said to them, See that lived.
ye fall not out hy the way!" I i l:'t'ril.\ ST(' 'Y.
A BOY's EsSAY ON THK CAT.-The house cut -


is a fourlegged qudruped, the legs as usuerl be-
ing at the corners. t ii what is sometimes called
a tame animal, though it feeds on mice and other
birds of prey. Its colours are stipend, tortusahell,
black and white, and others. When it is hap-
py it does not bark, but breathes through its nose
instead of its mouth, but I cant remember the
name they call the noise. It is a little word, but
I cant think of It, and it is wrong to copy. Cati
also mow, which you have all herd, When you
stroke this tame quadruped by drawing your hnnd
along Its back, It cucks up its tale like a ruler,
so as you cant get no further. NIcver, stroke the
hairs acrost, as it make all cats scrat like mad.
Its tail Is about too.foot hlng, and its legs about
one each. Never strike a cut under the belly, is
it is very ic nhelthy. ". ' ''
bpint,teese cats, .f frrstly, iU.ls wrong so to
do, and,.and, cats have clawees which is longer
than people think. Cats have 9 llveses, but which


A priest of our iacquainltance was oil a journey
and having some time to wait for the next train
as he saw that he could not arrive at his destina-
tion till late, he walked into the railwayrefresh-
ment-room to have something to cut. As he en-
tered he noticed that his appearance attracted
attention and that an aniinlcted conversation was
taking place between three or focr persons b,.-
hind the bar of which he seemed to he the object.
He paid little heed however to it and having de-
posited his hat and carpet-bug I1 a safe place
sat down at one of the small tables. I'reasently
up cainu the Walter who had been one of the
parties to the conversation which he had noticed."
" Wlter bhring me a mutton-chop."
A mutton.chop Father" said the waiter who
was ant Irishanun and a Catholic.
"Yes certainly a mutton-chop." As the waiter
reached the bar and'gave the order he heard'
hardly suppressed laughter. Supposing there












might be sometlhilig slhoit.his person to.cause We will suppleeniet this story which wvas told
heir merriment, he. exiiiiiied his coat, hrtrouu- us by the above-mentioned Priest by another
iers, his collar, but no; his clothes were straight anecdote the substance of which was as follows.
his handkerchief was in his pocket and not on his An Irish gentleman entered into a rather
head. Su he concluded that their laughter came crowded train-cur in America and secured a seat
:probably from ill-bred bigotry. Presently re. opposite a modest-looking man with a clerical
turned the waiter with a Iewpnpaper in his hand. necktie. The modest-looking manil who was a
" Father would you like to see the paper?" bit of a humourist soon drew from his vi-ii-vis
"Yes,.thank you." lie begun to read and soon that he was a Catholic and so after a few proli-
his eye fell on the elate, Frisidk the-- Dear minarv skirmishes, the Minister led off with what
Ile I quite forgot it was an abstinence day I must he thought would he a regular pzxi.ler. Why
cuuntermand that order." "Waiter lie said as don't you eat meat on a Friday. .It is just a-
tile man presently returned wciith the snnking-hot go.ld on that day as on oilher dnys." "WLel re-
chop, I have changed my mind. I don't want joi;ied the Irishman who like many of his
the chop. Bring ine p couple of boiled eggs if countrymen was ready for the fray I have no
you have no fish ready." objection whatever to meat. I like it on Friday
'We have no fil: Father-but I will Iringyou as well as on Thursday: and if I had the milk-
the eggs in a few minutes." Again the conver- ing of my own religion too as you had I wourl
nation at the bar was renewed; and soon the have put meat in it for every day in the w;;ek,
eggs was brought with a good plate of bread and bedad I would." The audience chuckled over
butter, the quickness of the answer; but- the Minister
"Well waiter what have I to pay" said the here put in a very nice question which for a few
Priest when he had finished his scanty meal. moments seemed to puzzle his opponent. Your
"Nothing Father." answer" said he "may satisfy yourself and those
"Nothing. Why is that? Who pays for what who think as you do; but you contradict your
I have eaten,?" principles by your actions. You drink milk on
Sdo Father. You have more tn paid Friday; the milk comes from the cow | and may'
Sdre Fath ha moe t p not one as well eat the mnent as drink the milk,
already." as they are both of the same substance? For'
How i a few second the Irish gentleman did, not know
"When you entered we were talking about what to reply. At length he asked Were yon
religion, me and the barmaids and one of them ever a bahy, Sir?" That needs no answer,"'
said, I am sure that priest who has just come in said the other. And you drank your mother's
though he tells you not to eat neat on Friday will milk as often as you pleased ?" Certainly Idid"
eat it himself. I told them that I was sure youe said the Minister. '"Well then" said the Catholic
would not if you knew it was Friday? I betyou with a humourous smile "'ithat;anyrWason why
a g1 he will said our Manager who was stand- you should eat' her" ? The roar uof laughterr
ing by. Done said I and we hook hands on it. which greeted this sally could have 'leer heard
When I returned with your order they would not by the passers-by. ''
let me tell you that it was Friday but I brought The moral of both stories 'in-if ',ou profess
the P'aper for you to see yourself." Well thank yourselves Catholics, stick, to. your colours and
you." Thank you Father. Your trail) is signall- don't be ashamed of any of the practices ofyour
ed and will he coming soon. Let me help yoron religion and yo will fare the better or it. ield
th ud w o n on.', h yo to rldlcule o hb6mad ~estedCt' tnAd',hlAteite ttJ
with your, overcoat.';, ," U(ood byet',;: Good may say to yonr face,' tHevwill tok bn:ydulsso:
by ,Fath r." : colvard and apoltroon i. .;,f ,I,; ,





colmadits prar los dcmini. El onplen.tl senot,
Ssin cuidarse dti recihbl IN drliliiintib1 intndrugul'-
rai salutacionie'de 16 i atnIfok' del "trlb,(utn'illil
atin K pieria sucfiti, 'digirlendd lu 'bidirihera dd
In cripnla nocturnal, ... II -

1 ^t
l.llh \


(i) l.a. runinnos ncoaimbraban A escribir las
carlia un tablillta otnceradas; doe aqul el noillbre ,
tdo tbhularloi i lo0 portdores de ellas .co no'l
habia,. ervicio piblico de corrcos, luo partlcu.
lares teninn quo valerse de tabuilarlos propiono..


SIMON PEDR 0 Y SIM NMAG se MAuG alnil iguIl cotin.iimro n e l pilacio
dcl swunidlor Curnello I'uduetl, a.tiue eu n su ntrio
timbliin i lh .rinl i iiignIll a nilnitCrou clie itetl. 4Aqul
DCi, A, il csclivo portero nut Ctitahl elllcildnio oen li mi-
Los i1inu.ES l)K t IMA. 1
serible covnchli, ni linicnazizba it Iq tite Ilegi-
-- ubll cal In lillitd l niiiilaz, Iii i sIu hulau cnllihalla
los dienite cel moslin, obligadocompaiiro dolos
N Ihllo sol de primnvrcn se Ievitiilb guard nnue del portrl. Aal, pucs, los cliettc,
o(re lus colllnds liburllnos. llev.ido"
lIn vin viav li lcgla il vallc lie AI ien,. lunlque grlte imelud y nal vestida, p.saPhnl-
y i lIaIs dilicioiaa pcietictl.os dlcl TIls-. cl di ntel sit littor, y se veian acogidoe on digni-
enlo;: penetrandl o cin re ls iingiificencils de "dad y nfctu; y no era ra:r cl cnao en que nlo.
RIomni, iliminiabai In antigen ccalle I'utrlwi, situ- 1pobres camperi.os, vestidus con In simple idnica
nlda al pie dei la colomin en ldonilv cs levant: .In i I- dtel I trnaijo, encltrnosel nu esUportillsb colmudas
silica dc S. Marin I Mayor. EIin alquelohutiirde- mIIucho mits que lus tugados aldulatdorcs de otrc s
ldres e.iihain las rnitiicis minoradnide Ilo. pI)ricios ricos putricios. Y eto( sucedin indefectiblemen.
romnnoa en tiempo del rev Scrvio Tulio ; mns eni to ciemlpre quC Inajnban dus piadouas j.nveicitus,.
lt rcdd dti Nernc ito sulo la cale aino taninlbin hijn" del setiudor, i ayudir i las criodus eilcnr-
todu lit rcligii qul. se Ilnitnhlin Equilina, osten- gada dtli provcrr las cestiu. 'Prtxedec y Pudon-
Inhba Kranudlcxi fiuto v Illjo desmedidn. Alli es- citnn, juitlntaente coil stu padres Pudente yClau-,:
:lbain sittinds iti lujsiOisA y ciicurridisiilas pu- dia, crlli entire las primers flores de la cristiian-
.nadels, & Ins que solian acudir lou provincianos dad las que dcspedian mis suave aromt, pues
.tite n eran huuspodes dte nigun.a familin. Junto hahinn crecido bajo.la culture dcl inpotol Pedro..
i ellas segiinan !os palacins, A los palacios los Mienlrnms cl seniador discurrit por el trio, lde-
templii, ias tcrina: lus basillcas, los forus, los volviendo saliuds y :.pretones die niunos, ilisa
icueductos, los mercados y los hucrlio de Me- bien cial in amhie heinevolencia die nn h-ermano"
cenla. qule verdenululh y flrecian sobre los anti- qile cn In entoinadia altive dte uil patricib rolna.
gini scpuilcro dce li plebu. Era In horn ide i no, in1 tuhIularilI (I) descahnilgabh en frnte'del '
iilutiicioii miltintl nl; pur In (qtie se vein ellen- velllthilA, en tlitndu io levintabha in etlittu de
le qle ail. itliali n tit rn lrp l y oL cIlucaiiiii, for- I'udiente, y pregi' llbnlli nl porternl I
iiinilo cotln, eln Int i vuntllihloi tou l10o ECliiidIui -1. ,t et enlus el smilor?
rica. Los strit. de los palncioa mitS ct.plblti- -SI, por clerto, rcspodlid6 cl aesclavo, ensli culi
dos estahan t, test.ld.s dte e cMla.e lie pedlgue- ns aligo: hle ll :
nos, vestitlos td ceremollia. AgitisnlIs"ti en iie- ,
dlio deu cllos algtuios liirluaic e-cli;vion de In cu- El corIco s c l eref u nn distancil re.pI -
s;i. que ian oIlsvacvnuid las togrs mit 4 mi ntui tuasa, y i li iankic cia Iiuc trIas dc. gra I t t atn- '
raids, y distribuian i los iifetlic.s clientes.en ciln, dia: ' i
varies cases; e.tu eb: on lnamgoa tie plrimcra, de -Anibilsmno Curncelio Puduntc, trHigo car-
segunida y de terccri reccpcion; miicrants n lio tls de Asia." ,"
tricliniou contligu.,'se npinrejahan Ias cap6rtula, Y lc entroeg tin paquetc sellado. I'udente
menjor provistus par, nils m6 digino, y ,inieol mir6 cl sello, qua reprcsentabb un pastor con unit









( 30 ) *


oveja sobre los hnnmros, .y un i lica contestncion Iha kranjui'ilo c' arini de ttolda lI. [glfain de
fu6 tocar con el indices el homhro del liberty que Rom. .
le habia introducido, diciindole enl vuz bnja al .Mientras nl halihblih, ihn rompiendo uno a
uilo: 1,io Ion sellout del paqietc,y iiiriiiio lii sobreI-
-Es d.; lu nucetro ; Iluinia i Ciluilim y oh- cratos de ln c:irtill decia:
iiouiile" --Etlla ei parl Pedro; ci t:I I|>ii PiDbslo... I)lr;i
.Y entregKnnmle el paquclte. scrilo i entrmin- Lc.. ,.rp CPed t. pr .. p
1 ,! i i L *U C I i ... p ,r ', C l ,,em e ln te ... p ilra L. i i ... i p o re
buo In puerti dul ti utlll o(io (t) ulcxtr cinii lulatrn .. t . ". ",
bo. sit purren d tblino (t.uextrnmo del trio. Prixedes y Pudenciana, hijas de Corhelio Pudcn-
No sohizo espvrar iucho liempo, sino que ha- te! Qu6 sgnificn estol Pues no har.n poca
biendo cumplido pruntamente las ceremonies de .iestl nuestr niins euto epae qu lo s rantos
la reccpcioin, e dirigo6 at studio. en done en- de Selucia t.nhien les scri.n. e D. pn q.
control nl tabulario sentlado junto a Itinl mesa de lc e h en eg dici, qu
mirnol, reponi6nidole con unl abuidnlite lnnter- r. i c
u que cl liberty le hahis hecho servir, y pinti- Ins esperan.us en cl tiablh.ll
cando con Claudia, que habia acudido solicits & Luego, vilviendosle A1 cirrnc, lc dijo:
obsequiarle. -Micitras envio estas cirtus y escriho sur rec-
La familiar de senador estaba sualumentte go- puestas, t(1 serhi nuestr, huespcd: -ditne In mna-
zosa siempre que podia hospedar kun heronnno 1no. PIedro y P'ablo no estin en RoII a: su bhli-
por lo que cuandol. I piadosa matrona vi6 untrar citud pur todas la iglesias n Ils inh Al auxili
i ou marido, Ic dijo cou alegria t de lIs cristiaHdudeis nacientell; pero yo sulird
--Sabes, Pudente, que este es un enviado de averiguar d6nde estin y hacerles Ilegar estas, co-
Seleodna? Ast, pues, tendreinos noticias de nu. "o1 Ila demi"s, que todos los diae me Ilegan. pn-
estros hermanos tie Asia. re dllos. Clemenite est ein t ciid:id; Lino en
Sonri6ae el senadur, y nmiraido con detention caaii, y anuchu" Ismu I fraccii.n del Pani n iii-
Ia correo, le recoioci6 por un esclavo fugitive estra asamblea. Atiende hin, nmiigo,: Ini l
Ilamado On6simo, convertido en Rome por Pa- "oceel y sirvate vetu de nuorim: yn no estiomo
blo, y manumitido i consecuencia do e6l por su en los tic'"pos dl Sulecai: iqhoran tuneeno ia Ti-
amo Filemon, Asi es que. habiendole estrechn- gelino por prefect.. Quicra Dio.s tue tambien
do en u .seno, Ic bea cen In frente diciendo;: 61 se vsy) i Aeiyn con cl Cu6ar y que nl Iglesia
-La graca y la paz de Jeasristo seen. conti- respire un po. Ye Slcus cuantua sangre se hit
FI, tit ere* amigo de Pablo; y por tanto cres derriamsdo tln el Vaticauo, y cuilintln dUrramna
nuestro. todos lus dins, desde cl cdictb de proncripcion.
-Graciiis por tan gran favor, respondib On Unsta decirte que vlvimn ,cntre euplicius y mu-
simo rendidamente; oy ecclavu de Fileniun.... ertes, conel suele decir nuestro Pablo*.
-Aqul erea libre con Ia libertad de Cristo. E" aqu'el moment lleg6t la nian Putilencionnm
He leido la carts por la cunl Pablo te reconen- qu co"" su hermmnn Pruxedes vema saltundo por
d6 itu senor ((): lo que hiciste pto Pablo te el prado del jardin interior, diciendo ni entrar
a W te study recibitorcia tcaseus ce- -Padre, to hemno hlecho espetar dlcnisiailu;
\iles. pcr ti etlidbmou todvla e elortoriitiHui cu eyici-
S() San Pablo, escrihiendo i Filemon, llama do li.t oracione ".
SOneimo su hiju, sus entranins; y suplica tier- .. r e"1 ; . ,
Iamento i s amnigo que reciba al esclavo. fugi- Y que. al era lo demostraba. cl mdo con que,
tive com"o hermano y come recibiria al mianls iban vatidan,,pues Ilevahan ui.a tunica eiilcilla
Pblo, b a uu deL bautisio ribidoy delosset 4u sbao Iegab .p los pi. on ig:ier i il
laio qua e ,bi p stado enra tab, .r. xi, r. ..









sol;re Ias espnllias. y lox cabhillis, ino'ctretcjidos -La niiinmi, respondib 6ite.
Ci's pelax v w,,dijnl., Mioo recogitlos solire IM it .- ,n.
c p a y IItIl, SiO recogidos siIre in La nii:s se tIuiv ronii iLiucho ins nt6nits, y
ca con ui.n iei)lple trencilla de InnaI qu termi- Pudenciin, coitilt:,,
linah con uioass hurlitas, y enciia tin velo blanco, I
.|Iu bijnabii ha.stn Ii frLntc y los hmnhros, preci.1 "No lieveis i milI. hermaniin criii)nus, que
sr:linice cl:ioi se Io i hI:hinnt ulseiidrilil hIa :p)ilton. (s escrihl a111 .lilerinn; vuvstra In coal no ci-o
l> MIS CHateu(l>linll ( i). Pudedi:c llairx .si ii hi- n""c"i': pIurili. iniuiiuq ustoy nlcgadani del milI-
jns, dicicnilo u in iiins judvn: lo en mii retire de Sc!eicin, In finma de vecstras
S. buens ohrus e hn esparcido por todla Ins igl-e
iTarde Ilegas, per) a tiempo. MAira o que sias de OriuntF. Benddcimnoo & Dios porque la
te escribe, iiada 'Icios que de selcucil... no casa de Cornelio Pludntc cs el hospbedje dI los
sibin quc tuvicscs corresponlmdencia cot i);ises Ap(stoles de Jesicristo y il rlefugi de los her-
t:al l Iejtlo.S... ;Ah! picarilll i ;v i (lliis in us- iantio de Rona, y prque us .ss son cunal-
crih i de !m y T)I u l):I oncon-
derndns conto Ins perls del Evanigelio. Queri.
Y ni dlicie~ido, Ic entrcg6 el purgnminm .lellN- disimnas hermanni, os soplico que me'deis noti-
do. La duiocelllt coifuondida irelir6 In man1111, cias lde Pablo, que ime cmunicb cl Espiritu Nan-
punionidose ofocadIi, y respondienldu toda tr6- It. Si supiiseis con cuanta solicitud mo form6n
Sn1i: parn Criato, suiii.niitlrindomni primero la lecho
-No s qule Iadlic me conozca allcdtie el mnr: y despues el manjar del espiritu, sin duda per.
abridli von, pndre mio. donrlnis mi importunidnd. Yo andaba extra.
-No, no: ihrela tdi misma (interruinpi6 Clau- vinda on las tinieblas del error y cngolosinada
dil dindole i a1 hbest): nn adviertes que tu pa- con los ninores dlc siglo; y 1 mihe cnsei6 la vcr-
dre Iihhl' en channa? II:a veliido coln utris car- dad, y me rcvel6 Is Rlegrins y goccs dcl quo con*
tils dti los santos de Asnia. s:gr' al Sci~r st ca:slidstd virginal. Soy dibil
SPuldeciannu resliirid, y miri en torno'silyo csa.n y tmida ; pero el tme ascgur6 que Dios no pep.
ildmiiracioin, dicilcndi: nitiria que fuc c tentIda nits allai de mis filer
Es posiblu? us, y que sla mislmaI teulacion mo serviria d be -
Y. ropitdo cl sel, i uficiu mins que (tc da io. PIedl seguirlo purse po-
T ronipic,'do rl sello, Ico' cnl alia vuz:
Y ide ir suo liscursos, mas no me lo pcrmitid.
.Tecla i Prixcdel y Pudenciattn, hernuiias Dichosas vosotros, hermnnos de Rome, quc po-
catrisianua, sald ent c Serior." deals oir su palaba I Aquil odos Ic utiamos tier.
-Pero ;.qe Tecll sca esi t? preguitl I'uden- namente, y nos dolcmnis por so larga Haucncia.
te al tabilario On6simo: l.lin nilirr de Cristo? La lltitun ver que le vi enl Mileto nos manife.t6
.. .. ... ... ....... .- que cl Espiritu tiD e Du Ilemiia h Jerusalen,
L.() i i~tri l '. eii, I .-- Lh 9.-S~i" y Ie anIunciaba cudenusy tribulilciunes, y que no-
l.iilu, dlibscipulo de SS. Pciru i 1'iluloii, iiiaiid6
que ningul.i ntlujer entrusc cel I> glelsia .in Ilevar sotros ya no verNitnos'ml a sua roaro. Al dnrios
la cabc.a cuhicrtan Cil tia velo. Ya en'liqielloe tan unmrga despudida se arrodillo, ora con la
tielnpos huho de repirend6rselas pfr arrastrar los asamblea y fue scompnfaado i In nave: todos Ic
vestilos. El arrustrair los vestidol eil form albrazaban, todus liorabnn, especialnimete pbr Il
dl CiHba eu i ri cnoi dti gran tivanidd y tie presln- palahra no me vertla inda(t.) Durante cl viaje
vioils ietia", pirque nmbArazd p;rn mill, vI p r ,
.iiril ticietpo pnilc cstil eipecic rle ve?!ihl4t re- lop profetau do Ins iglcal1s Ic rentovabin los anun-
coei, i glis i t' escot, lns Ii muindicill del cio* do diegracias, y los herillnios proculraban
sUallo; hileinl,.Iib i los dlmeni. cdl tl polvo qi6e dlsudtlitle de 'qit paRase mis adelante; mas el
levoliti, etc.; cid." 0Qulch cteetia qei taIle pa- genperoso Ap6siiol, en vez do dettenerse, apresu-
labTra'fldsei('dl c iit'hdredd'it Iglesis del slil ..--- --
II? 'Pr6c s6ni'd esiH Cliaodinte Aleiindrittil. (') Act. Apost. xx, 17, 38.












rnha el paso y predicnha qiue con la mayor ale- icordaos que los .aopbstoles del SciTor nunca de-
gria estaba dispuesto, no s6ulo entregtpr sos mal- iatiendieron m111 dolur, comoa taiimoco )Is missnat
1os8 i las caldenas, sino tanimien sui cnlcza lat ha. divina Mladre de JTeucristo, in cual ame acogid6
chn por el nombre de Jesucristo en in ciudald on mucha8 races e e Efew coan M ncostulmbrado ca.-
donnd cl divino Mnestro habia padecido ipor no- rifeo mnaternail. Asi plics, no qnucrani. u1h iervan.
estro amor (i). iCuAutos trabajus padeci6 P-a de Dios, deputtender las ligrian;s de otra qu tanm-
blo en Jerusalcn y en todas parties, nas en la tier- bien to es. La gracia sea con vosotras y coin to-
re como.en el mar I Shbenlo los Santos de Italin, dos los vuestrob. Amen."
que Ic vieron arrihar i aquellas playas cargado de -Pnes quie:n soy yo, exclam6 Praxedes, pa-
cadenas y vivir preso alil por espacio de dos ra que Tecla, la grai. Tecla de Jesucristo, se
afos (a). Pero; por fin, el Angel que lihi6 it acnurdce de mi?
Pedro rompi6 las cadensa de Pnhlo. y lan Igl1 I Pudenciana Ihbin cnido de rudillis, 6 imnpri-
ansr de Grecia y de Asin pudieron volverle ver. aia sus iabis et, la carta. toda confiaa de que su
.61o que mia bien nos fu6 snontrndmocom te io ,nmbre fuese caiocido dte In c6leIre mirtir, y de
paso,.'que vuelto a conlceder: yn no pude arru- que Ctn Ie pidiee noticis dte un ap6stol. Pu-
dillarme i Ins pi6s de mi dulce maestro, y para dente Ia Ivant, n mny content at ohaervar tasn
cinmulo de desgracia (si desgraci puiedle lamar.- noble humildnld etn Ius hijas, y volvidndonle it
s Ina disposicion de Dins) oigo que se difunde Oi4timo, Ie preguntti:
por nuestras asnmbliens una noticia espantoan, & .-Per pr q6 i on ha, dir il -
sbher: qu el es.piritu le Itamat i Romn paIr ter- s o ccrc .de .e, s
mintr ns carrern y recibir In noronn de la justi-. era lt
cta (3). I Ab,. tal ve ha Ilegndo yn I I Tal ve converanci
esti centre cadeonal1 ITal vez en ans faluces del -4Qua p"lorit deciraN yo qu c I ,n s panis yo?.
leaunt Oh Pudcticiann y Praxedes, lierunallnass e' isp'jn lal s virgenes cristiaill a, vy lt..d.
miia, conlortad mi debilidn'ad con nigunn nonticla cicet que Pablo, al co ivertirln. le coulaunico an
agradablo, y conmolad la amargurn de mni Ilantol I espIrit do apnstaoldo: sirve i l Ig Iesin y a lus
Y, ii Dion no us permit otra costa, brad por pobres: lava nos pits i los Saintois y va de cnaa
mi la cadena de Pablo y encomelldadme i us en cana anutciando i Cristo A In. pers.onhs de sI
araciones.e Acordson de la caridad que Cristo sexo, precisamente coumuo hacein aHqul la ma-
nos dispens6 atl lamarnos de la tinleblas a li lus, trona Cla"udin Sahinila ta ats vuestrats hijas conl
en Il coal nos ha unido con la ns sempiternos: s8" tguales...
------ -...---...-. ........... --Perno nimtrs, interrumnpib Pudenciansl, tno
E(a) En laI primitives asarnhlens b runninnes iheinus padecido por Jcmucristo el hierro y el
criatianls, solian levantarse alguios hernano ao fuego, ni, hemos afrontado lus leones del circo
profetixar, esto co, A internpretlr el sentido de las
Escrituras diving, a manifestar las luccs recibi. ca .'ec.( ..).
du del Esplritt Santo i ntran coans 6tiles para (I) Ningunii mtjer lte los tienpus aost6lican
IN connm.iedificacion. Acerca de to cual puede fue mist ilutre que Santoa Tecls; niniguia taln eli
verse el Cap. xiv de la epistola prinmers de San comiada coma ella por los Santo, Padres griegoa,
Pablo tlo de Corinto. ., ,' y latinus., Sain Gregorio Nazinuzent la recortdI-
(l) Act. Apost. xxviil, 1 i.a a I puarde los Ap6atioles,,comu unl testlioni .
) a. Apoa. de que hqbria dehido causar respetuo -,
Va3) Vrion Santos Padrei, y entire ellos muy tliano Ap stata. Fua fainosu per sau constacin,,
xplLitamente. NS. Agustit.y Atanssio, ateil-I.en los suplicios suaridos porconservar la virgini-
Iuinque.San Pablo :tuvo y inninest6 esta rove- dad, por lus uilagros ra quoeDios In coinsrvue..
alon, C ciertslentos e e un ,ftndanmento deo para I.edificacionde a IR lesn, y por su adhe-.
e.lla eal caria qu eerlbi6 po6o hti de U mdoa ion- t an Pahlp, qulan aebi convertido enl in
tior, eto et, I set gKuna ATnintro, \v, 6, 8. qIauded, id aonoi, fupando, predicb en el n neli











Estando un tales pliticls, viero, al ohispo Li- Aqiil Liin. Ilterrm.llcii:diic, v.lvi. li cII v
no, quien, lhabiendl balido de aI iin e ts.ntio (hn- salid pricsir:.il panir: qile 1no vicncn In. (dli
bituha el casai e Pudente duraitc In persecu- grnn(dIt. lisrillmai qiuc Iuircuhantl si mejillna. S6io'
cion), se dirlgi6 leiltanmente por Ins gileri;ia dcel Pudente. cq.ue le icomnilpaill, se atrevi6 i
atrio hAcia cl vestibule: pur lo que el ienador decir:
cnvi6 h rogarle que tivicse i blen Ilegarse at es- --Pedru y I'hhli nilunciall e. l;i: Iglesias que
studio p(!r tn nmoneuto para recibir una carta y vin visitlaido. que sl p ioin es.i cerci ca. i Ay
ver al porladlur. El Santo enttr ei el tallino. di e I ; Quot seri de Ig Ilesin dte Romnn ell tan
di6 el beso fraternal Onesimn, y liego, habien- gran furor dte )perectuion, eirec t:llls eilcaui(d-
do Icido ripidamenie In carti, dijo: los comU i Iriive CSimli.. Magol, y Cll, Initfl lipo.
-Rogad i D)ins, hermn-ios, que teugn pieduld stnasiass i.i1rc ristil suc,.rrm iit micstr iiulr aigi-
de Ilnuetrns tihiunciocns. Timoteo, cl dixcipulo tnda y cxpuictn ilI ilufragin!
de Pnhlo. me escrihe acerca de los estragOb que El huein Lion me dirigib A li region Trnnaitbec
hncei Ins ldoctrinai de Siimn (queria decir Siimon rinn, eOn dltonilc ulg).u. ill61 ititls aguardiuliain cl
Mago), y pide cuiisvjos is logsApostules. P'ohre bautismu tiu t IIImniiio, y deCptui Es Is cbrcel
Ohispo die Efeso! Nu sine quie Pedro y Pahlo Mamerliinn, el In Icn ul r-tllhiali acumlulidoI miou-
cstiin lijos de Rumna y que nosotros, agitido. choEcriltiimo agniirdaidi o ii cu ronn del imurtirio.
por In nisimi tempecitud, nu anbcmossi uiiplicnr- (si JONTINUAIA.)
les que vengan A uocirreuros, b quo, prcservnl-
dbse del pcligro, es conscrven pars In Iglcnio. A I L E N T HE R
SerenAindle luego, oy6 lo qcle sccrci de la
cartn de Tecln Ie cunitron Int hijns del acondor
y vista su turhlncion, les doijo: I t It'' ure m y grl(eit ol'horO-
--Dc quA'os asombrais, hijus? jNo somaol n iml, llell W more .terlinig thai,
todilo hcrmanos enl Jcsecristo? PPor qu6 os ma- ti Ih itllcrl, il p)rouo)rti(oll UI it.
ravillais, pues, de que Tecln oa escribn y os pre- raise its I bject. t it tlMIIlero alovuhiefel-
gunte noticias acerca de is Iglea RomaI? low miiortals y the nio leless of tl hoded
Tomad la plum y responded lo que sabcis or by tlle plll'rty of the Inmtivo. Pictures
acerca de nuestras cosns; con sencillez, de la of heroism ure lnover Wlutigil to us uand
msnia manern que escribirinis 'avuestra madre whlothtr tllhey be llid(dlll Lny in the re-
si estuviese en la quinta de Bayas. Decid que tironillt (of'H mllO i slltiled Luillel t or ino-
lii Iglesia Romanas pasn graiinaimos trnbujoa; mllat.ic w'1ll o'r etxoeiItul ill the llll blhizt
que todos log dina se derraman sangre criltiion enn or public life, they elevato our tlhoughls
cl Vaticano y en ls afuerna de todio las puertas; to bottter' tli'1gs. IIeroe of wur uld cou-
que de ls Iglesias de Italia lieguni noticing plare. quest, nt .,ut yiltl itb their anlrces it, is
cida; que Pedro Pablo... tle te, bill thl i, riiitl'l hiorce ofl' ll-con-.
'afi 46de In Era crintiium. (Act. Apost. xvi, quest, tJ.iou less lrilliult ill their dis-
I-6),-Uinimo. ul nombre de Claudia el de S l itnevrtlele to ill te ioul
hiniln. quc piedeii muy bien conveiiira tna Soln lt~, Inil iiiti.c tl;tlls t tfill tle souli
person porque ta tradicion dice que Il Cluu- o1 tJioial'tlfl I mll, witllh p)etc]iltWHI. ll -,
didi menicio.atina por'Sali l'ibl (11'rim. Iv,41), Illirl'lilli. It in lf o(al of th ies Hillll
era enCpus de Pudeiitu, y pr otra pdirt en Is hbro$A ~vllls18'lo lr will only Io llIlly c'-
actas del martirlo de santi Pudenclain ti la UlI- Irliriutbdhmhi' na)ln true iieorilt uvi i'*-
maba hinilm. A cac. el valor do n ct, ac i it' rb. lpteio, tlt I ani g.i.g .l
v6fti I4habln dlsdisiLnoporti 'nl6 Mr'. i cdaletnt re
Idfalof muy blen Islhoporit~ia 'eeTrIIlernbn t .k s "


I T1 .
*)o|









( 34 )


3S. AOANISIA. Differs from the last in hav. the column, which has a loot. The labellum is
ing smaller flowers and a footless column. Not narrow, fleshy and continuous with the foot of
common. the column; the side lobes are erect, fleshy and
33. Lvcouoanusu. Air-plant. Shortpseu. horned or bristled in various ways; the middle
dobulbous leaf stems. Leaves broad often very lobe is in many ways saccate or folded or com-
long, plicate, petioled. Flower stems recurved pressed sideways.
or pendulous, much sheathed, crowded with In the four following genera, the labellum
largish flowers. Side sepals very wide, united reaches the climax of eccentric development. It
with foot of column into a chin. The labellum is very fleshy in all, all are exclusively American,
is enclosed by the sepals and wide huod-shapad and all florist's Orchids.
(cucialate). 38. CORYANTHES. Grows on the outside of
34. XYLOSIUM. Air-plants. Short much. trees in the full sunlight. Air-plants. pseudo.
sheathed stems, terminating in pseudobulbs with bulbous, stems two-leaved; leaves large with
one or two large, fleshy, plicate,'petioled leaves. prominent veins. The claw of the lalellum is
Flower stems from the base of pseudohulbs, long, stout and channelled; the side-lobes are
erect, simple. Side sepals form a chin with foot bent down liclow the claw, and united into a
of the column, first incumbent, then erect; side pouch; and there is another larger, helmet-
lobes erect, embracing column: middle lobe shaped pouch at the extremity of the labellum.
short, wide, often plaited or callous at base. Where the claw )oins the column are two small,
35. LACAINA. Air-plant. Leaf stems short. horns, arching over the channel in the claw, into
with two or three leaves, pseudobulbs, long, re- which they drop a sweet fluid which runs down.
curved, and much sheathed. Labellum at first the channel into the end-pouch. The column is
il-bent and then spreading: the narrow side inflexed at the top and club-shaped. *
lobes are attached to the sides of the wide claw i 39. STANHOP.tD. Air-plants. Leaf-stems
the middle lobe, stalked, wide and spreading. very short, much sheathed, one-leaved, pseudo-
36. LYcATrs. A florist's Orchid. It has bulbous; leaf broad, plicate, petioled. Flower
noticeably a tratnverse fleshy ridge across the stem from among pseudobulbs, bent over or
labellum. Air-plant. Stems short, pseudoblb- pendulous. Lahcllum hick ntd fleshy, often
ous and few-leaved; leaves board and plicate. waved: side-lobes at the side of the claw often
Flower-stems from the side of the pseudobhilhs, joined douvei into a solid fleshy muss of oblong
one to three flowered; the flowers large and of- or spur shape, sometiines they are two-horned
ten pendulous. The sepals form a chin with the at the base; the middle lole is sometisles very
foot of the column. Petals generally different small and indistinct, sometimes laige entire (un-
from and larger than the sepals. Labellum divided) or three lhed.
shorter than sepals: lateral labes erect, sickle. 40. CATAs rUM. An Orchid which deceived
shapes the middle lobe often fringed. botanists into assigning it three genera. It has
37- GoxoozA. A florist's.Orchid with gro- three kinds of flowers, according as the anther
tesque flowers. Air-plant with short leaf stems, alone is present, or the style alone, or both to-
sheathed at tha base, pseudubulbous, generally getber. Or, in botanical language, the flowers
tWo-lieved. Leaies thick, broad, plicate, con- are sometieometismde metimes female and some-
eted at the base.. Flower stems drooping with
a long tflteu bae loeower. t drooping wit. Would our readers like to know that in these'
lg ltous raceme flowers. F lowers lg Orchids, the middle part of the labellum is term.
ih with longta pedicel,. The petals and erect ed ametacafium; the end part ,qefcAfutl*; their,
bck eepal a. united idback nd ides e(side hepoHt.. ,








.3 .


times perfect: und these three are of different 43. PoLYcycNIs. Double Swan Orchid.
form. Plants distinguished from above by very short
(a.) The male. flower has a thick fleshy lael- one-leaved stems. The curious flowers have a
lum," brold, very concave or with a helnmt-lik Ilabellum with (generally) two little ears at the
pouch, often waved or fringed at the margi, bnse: the narrow aide lobes rise from the mar-
Column erect, longi.sh, with briatles below the gins of the claw adti are variously arched anid
place where the stigma should be. It hts a clin.- spreading at the tips; the middle lobe lance.
andrum ending in a long point. Antlherpresent. shape anl pointed. The column long, slender,.
(h.) TLhe female dflo.t hasa sitlilta Iabl-l curved, chul-shapcdl ill thle top, footless,.
(lu.) The female flower hlns. a irilt laIbel- 44. MAXI.I.AtIA. Florist'sOrchid. Large
lum, with a very short column, a perfect stigni |genus of over too species, all American. Air-.
without bristles. and a s.all abortive anther. p1)lts, sonmetiaes with creeping main stemsn the
(c.) The perfect flower, has the Inlhellm nair- leaf stems short, pseudobulbous, witl one or two
row, oblong sr ovate, flat or very cilcacve at the leaves; sometimes reduced to one densely and
base, generally with a long fringe, sometimes distichously leaved stemn. at the end of the main
horned at luse. Both nir-plints and terrestrial, sltm. Leiis;s leathery with inconspicuous views,
with short many leaved stems, thickened into with the exception of the central midrib. Flower
ovoid or spindle shape pfsedobulha. Leaves stems from the base of the pseudobhlbs orin the
broal, plicate, contracted into sheaths. Flower axils of the leaves, always one-flowered. Petals
steims from base of pseudobulbs. The male and and aepala like, spreading; the two aide-sepals
female powers are generally erect with the Ia- form a chin with the foot of the column. Label-
bellunl above, while the peefcct flowers lre re- lurm concave, erect at the end of the foot. with a
versed. The female flowered plant Is called very khortlici-herl itcw slde lobee'irccl 'lheimid-
Mouiiclhanthus in the old hooks, the perfect flow- die lobe ovate-oblong, spreadinig, shorter thua
ered, Myiinthui. s sepals. Column often slightly ciirvt'd, thick,
41. 4lMOMSlODES. Plant omuch as shove, ex- concave in front.
cept that the leaves are narrower and lance shape. 45. DICIIA A. Air-plants. No pseudohulbs.
The peculiarity of the flower consists in one part Leaf stems long, often covered with the pendul-
or another being twisted. The sepals are spread- ous bheaths of the leaves. Leaves distichous,
ingor reflexed, while in Catasetum (which it re- spreading or recurved, generally short. Flowers
sembles hi'iunay ways) they tend towards one small. Sepals spreading i the side sepals form-
another (connivent) sometimes in a globe shape. ing at base a mall chin with foot of the column.
The Inbellutn,. too, is generally ciintracted into! Labelluiii more or less clawed, from foot to col-
a convex claw, and the column is ,often twisted. umnir the limb sometimes triangular with the
Air-planits. I angles produced into teeth, sometimes wide
42. CYCKOcIIE. Tihe Swain Orciid; Air- ovate and concave.
plants. Stems many-leaved with lofn, much- 46. OnNrITrmPuM. llildOrchid. Air-plaits.
sheathed, oblong, pseudiahulbs. Leay;esbroad, The leaf stems covered with overlapping lihtich-
plicate. Flower steins frum the base ofpseudo- ous sheaths, and here and there sending forth
bulbs. Labellum fleshy, c'nltinious with base from the side one-leated pseidoltulbs. The
of column, clawed pladde-shape above, br round, leaves are often of different shape -on the same
oftenvariouslylobedictated' rfYthligdl Column plant, some long and patloll, wsome short, dli-
long slender and H h b rrfhed' f6tlktled,'he top tichous and jolted to thiit hAths' flower
curved and club shaped. ." '" stelms one-flowered and In'bundles"of several..


ARA I m A -s-----








( w .)


"Grasper, Grasper!"-- obled the old
man "you havepa:iru'd mue intensely. Not
'only hve you deceived o my good opinion
of you, Ihu von have etaim d nme tie raits
the character of an honest man. Do your
': part now to reinstate the injured Bruno.
Go yourself md eitll hiim to Iite, that com-
plete satislnctioi anay lie done."
Grasper happy lansu nisc.rnlhil, mniser-
able and happy, sInsso11111t11d withollil dte-
lay the maligned domestic.
+ Bruno appeared with it tr.llbliig l.i-
miditv anil when Mr. Ellnehol lovingly
chid binI for hii utnuisiHal rlticense in it case
so .rave, he would only give for sewer,
"why Sir, -vou mr if hId not din1e it
some one else did, and I dild it wish
that. any of those pioor men's fI',sailies
should he ruined, ansd besides I have of-
ten injured others iti my earele5t re-
nmarks, and I thought, tlihat by sile'nee in
this case, I night make ntontemesnt."
': 'UG+ruseier was dutluiblilded, ndil his
shame doubly-dyed, and on his knees he
demanded once again coniplote rehabi-
litation ofa character so folly aspersed.
But a grade of virtue yet higher still was
displayed. "For love of God, let not at
word beaid," interrupted Brnno. "To
Bay [ amn innocent is to ac esoe another
and [ would ratlor die with the brand .of
thief than lay it on another."
And so it was, Iruins lives and the
penitent riasper too; but low therearo
Who know the heroism of the maligned
Brauo or the deep repentanue of the ana-
'ligner, Grasper.
t; . -- ,- ,, + r
R C t I 'D
O, ;ORCHID 8 .,

(cOTINuaR.)
48 RODIAI.Io A.' Florist's Orchid. Shsnr
Saf(te s, tromm the side bf a criepintg aahi stemi,
termbiitingwitb'tn otse twhea ed o!1litbilb.o


Flower stems rising erect from beneath the
pseudobulbs, with many flowers. Back sepals
freehand petal-like; the side-repals narrow and
united for some distance. Labellum has a.short
spur or a swelling; which is often solid; claw
parallel to column; limb spreading, egg- or
heart-shape. Column slender, erect and club-
shape at the end, bearded or with variously
shaped arms or ears.
49. TIlCHOplL.A. Florist's Orchid. Air.
plants, with cne-leaved psetlnhutllis. Leaves
narrow, fleshy and folded at the base. Flower
steins rising from the rhizome, one to two flow-
ered, rarely three to five flowered. The sepals
are often twisted. The claw of the labellum is
united to the column, or its upper part closely
enfolds tl.e column; the side lobes bending to-
wards each other or continuous with the waved
middle lobe. The broad clinandrum is generally
fringed.
50. ASPASIA. Florist's Orchid. Dwarf air-
plants. Short leaf stems ending with a one-
leaved pseudohulb: leaves below the pseudo-
bulb few, leathery, with overlapping distichou*
sheaths. Flower stemsfrom below pseudobulhs,
short. Sepals spreading: the hack sepal united
with the petals above the base of the column.
The claw of the labellum united to the column,
the rest of it spreading: the side lobes wide, and
more or lefs indistinct from the larger middle
lobe. Column hollowed in front.
51. ODONTronLOSSUM. A very beautiful ge-
nus, containing many florist's favourites, but as
it generally grows at high elevations, it is unlike-
ly to occur in the colony. Air-plansts.with sort
stems, ending in one- or two-leaved pseudo-
bulbs; leaves under the pseudobulbs are few,
distichous and thick. Flower stems from under
the pseudobulbs, sometimes one-flowered, more
ofteit in large, branched, pyramidal racemes.
Sepals and petals Jance-shape, spreading and free
from one another, or the side one, united for a
shbrt distance. Lpbellum continuous with col-
dltn," 6ften united with' t for d short distance,
erect and Opirlle with te'iolun i; the middle









i :17 )


lobe spreading or hent downwards; almost al-I often two-eared below the stigma. A long pro-
ways crested or thickened in various ways at the lduced anther.
disk. Column often expanded into a memhranel 5 STIGMATOSTALIX. Small plntsn. Very
at the chase. Clinnndruin generally horned. ,h,,rt tens covered with distichous she.iths end.
toothed or fringed in various wnly. Irin in oin-leaved pseudhoulhs. Fnlwer sterim
52. ONnciIUM. A still large and important much longer than leaves, with few small pendul-
genus, although niany genera; including the las;., Ioi flowers. Laielluin with a long two keeled
have heen separated from it. It is credited will h claw: litmb ls though chipped across.
some a25 species, rmany of them favourite ulorist's 6. Tnmo.U-.x. The three-.anged Orchid.
Orrhida. As in the Inmjoity of our genera, a11 Air.-p.Ilnt. iVery short stemh with one-tiied
the species arc exclusively American. fleshy pir- eud.hl V [rlow oert stemo from breenth
Air-plants. Leaf stems' short, ending with li the pseudoliullb. much sheathed. one-flowered.
one- or two-leaved pseudoliilb ; more rarely with Flowers Inargi.sh, shortly pedicolled. in a spnthe-
many leaves nnd no bulhs. Leaves, in the like bract .0 epal aill joined at the baie in a
hulbuti kinds. very few below the hilh anll flat: ithree-nlgled inhe. spreading nhaove. Petals much
in the noil-hulluus kinds, they are compressed smaller. Lahellum elect, narrow. emnliracilg
sideways at the hise, aid diistichously arranged. the cilulln.
Sleims covered with sheaths. Flower stems from 7 losollsts. Florint's Orc hid. Air-plants.
the side or base of the plseildollblhb, generally No pseulodoliulls. Short lender stemni, with few
Iloig and much branched. ''h prevailing colour I narrow. thick, distichliio shealhig leaves. Flow.
of the flowers is some side of yellow. Sepals er stell. from the side, long anmd rigid. Flower
and petals spreading or reflexed. Labellum con- pdiccls .longish wi.ll graceful. Sepals erect. Claw
tilnuois with the base of the column: the claw or Inlacllu i long and the limb wiidel expanded,
diverging from the column or spreading: sideI two or three tilmesl :is long asi sepals, two lolled,
lohea united to the claw, spreading or reflcxedl with two thicknedl places on the disk. Side me-
or wanting: liddcle lolie spreading genlerally."ul p lieceate henllolh lalelluii.
very wide, almost a faIn shape, sometimes cleft CVPTA I Small air-pilnta.
the disk at the top of the claw is generally crest. i Crowdle, shclithed, lditichn. lellve Side flow-
ed or tubercled (with nimall prominences). Col- er lstem: .smll flowers. Siepals reading anIl
umn short, thick, with two petaloid (like petals) sharp piltcd. Claw o( hlhellum long, createdl
wings at the top on each side of the stigma, and and keeled above : middle Iobe dividtelo into from
tis forms une iof the chief iumarks of the genius. I ktl f bovr part: a very elev ttle, ohque. i11-
53. IlA.3ssIA. A florist's Orchid. It is near- nmo.t hioid-sihaped chninnrilulnl toutheil at the
ly allied to the above, from which it differs ill' nargin.
having very long pointed sepall and petals, a 1 OIRNIT-llocEPIIAI.Ua. Uird's heaid Orchid.
shorter, uudivided anmi sessile labulluin with two: Sinall nir-pliints. Leaves thick, lhloing, or very
folds at the base and no wings to the colinil. ------ -------------hal
A\ hract is the half formed leaf llpeeilllir o
54. LI.OCIIII.US. Small air-plants. Short llowcr stalks.
sterns ending in one-leaved pseudobulbs; below I A .spntole may he seen in the flowers ol the co.
thle ulbathe stems are covered with mchbranous ci. the Illeelihg Hearts" or Caladinu etc. and
sheaths or a few leaves. Small flowers on slend- is illmitited by the corlnicopin if paper in which a
er stens, grocr putas t imtll order of sugar or other pow-
er Mtems, which rise from beneath the bulbs. derY auhstancd ill's complement is the spadiz,
Lahellum spreadlngf'ruin linae o co lumn t disk n eshy staen-'(within) which hears the true
,variously thickened ot fleshy. Column short, flowers.








( "s, )

narrow with fleshy distichous sheaths which M I A
thicken after the leaves have fallen.t Flowers L M O R LANl
small and distant. Sepals spreading, back sc-
pal concave. Labellun continuous with the
column, almost sessile side lobes thick broad-
ish; middle lobe small or long, and its margin
is often continued along the back of the side
lobes. The rostellum is horizontal and very long.
6o. LOCKHRARTIA. Air-plnnts. No pseu- 'r '. w
dobulbs. Leaf stems faNciculate (in bundles) I
erect, not branched Leayiesshort, erect or near- .
ly so, distichous, overlapping imbricatee), cover-t I e.'-.'., ,-,
ing the stem. Flowers few, snall, with longish
pedicela. Sepals spreading or rflexed. Label-
lum larger than sepals, with side loben: middle j **..
lobe variously divided into three or four sub. L
lobes; disk greatly thickened. Colimmn very 1 l 1
short, with two wide wings or ears.
6s. CA IPYLOCENTRON. Air-plants. No..
pseudobulbs. Leaves distichous often distant.
oblong and very narrow, sometimes rush-like
(terete)... Flowers minute, crowded in short, Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
slender spikes from the side of the main stem; j
the spikes often distichous. Lahellum sessile, eria, Plateria y en toda a-
spurred: side lobes very small or absent. es instruments Musicos
6a. NOTY.IA. Low growing plants. Leaves s
fat, fleshy or leathery, with distichous overlap- y Optics.
ping sheaths, which have parchment-like mar- Opt
gins within: the upper sheaths are thickened in-
to fleshy pseudnhulhs: the floral leavesoftenre- Iliport:Ldor de PIANO) Y ORGA-
dutced to a spathe-like sheath. Flowers small, NOS, prbpio purin Lton climnltU, de los
often with graceful pedicels. Labellum with a Ftabricatttes tmu8 acreditados.
long or short claw, which is sometimes two-
eared: the middle lobetriangular orspear-shape Se huce curgo de todat chl e de relatra-
and pointed. The rostellunm erect, long and Ciolas ul dieliho ra:ttis ~ ohltcue Ul
pointed. .. piblict liea miejorca 1IAQIJI-
S(To BS CoNTINUED.) NAS do COBcr, tluleS l.1O1(
t Ob-, as a prefix in Botanical terms, ge- li, V I CT 0 R 1 A ,
-erally means that the wide end of a leaf is the AMEI ICAN Y STANDAL)ID,,
end farthest from the petiole: thus an omus e leaf .
is a egg-shaped leaf with the petiole at the small Y puit aei dotalle .dirigirae A
,end of the egg( o.pbln, simply, that the wider
end of the leaf is farthest from the petiole ob- .' E' A. i.' MORLAN
eon0ate, heart shape, with petiole at the point of .
the hikart. NOR. TH FRONT ST,, BELIZE..J









( 1H'S )

ST. J(tEIHm'S OtSElr VATORY.

Sninliu'y of' Met<.,rnlug'icvtl lhmerTv'tl.ions during tlie "mntht of Ftbruaiiry I8gl.


DAYS. 1.Ano. Inincheii T musions.


SMuax. Milt.



3-7 30.o23.1 J9.949 83" o70"
S-t4 30.1o29.8 9.o31 75
15-t 29.o98 29.76 29.9 S" 7 7
2-28 30.t 29.77129.95 87" 67


"In the oI'8977 j 67"
Mouth 30. Z9.77i29.93 s7, 67+


Pt'vcllnROME
I---


79 75- 84


TER. AN-MoM. SKY. RAIN.
: o = R


DLW. I g Quality. ,


72.3 E. C.N. 5 4 0.50
73.9 ES.. C.S. 7 2 0.10
75.0 E.S.E. C.S. 4 o 0.0o
77.5 N.N.W.i. C.N. 5 6 2.65


75. E.S.E. C.S. 5 3 3.2


Explanation for the Sky, C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.

At the beginning of the Mouth the Barometer The humidity of the Month was average ne-
stood at 29.94, whence there was a slight fall to ver rising very high except on the 26th when it
2.p, on the 3rd, followed hby rise to 30.01. reached the maximum lood.
" hs was succeeded by 11 rapid fall to 29.84 on During the first week there was n steady Wind
the 7th again to he followed by a rise to 29.)89 lowing constantly from the E. with an average
on the loth. There was now a gradual fall to velocity of about 7 miles an hour. For the next
29.90 on the sth with a slight rise to 29.95 on two weeks it kept invariible in the same quarter,
the l6th and thence a steady fall tu 29.78 on the the predominant wind being E.S.E. with a ve-
a2st. Fsomn this point there was a rise to 30.0o locity of about to miles an hour. In the last
on the 24th, followed by a rapid fall to 29.8o0 n week there was a thunderstorm on the land and
the asth. The next lday the Barometer began z6th and on these days the wind was constantly
to riem rapidly till It reached 30o.4 on the 27th, changing from E. to W., from S.E. toN.N.W.,
whence there was a slight fall on the 28th. sometimes three or four times within half an
Until the 26th the Mean Temperature varied hour. There was much broken weather during
between 76 and S10, the 4th and the a2nd mark. this last week and very little wind except during
ing the lower, the o2, a2, and 26 giving the the night of the 26th.
higher degree. The Mean Temperature of the The greater part of the Jain-fall was during
17th was 72 on which day the minimum was 67 the last week coming with the thunderstorms and
whilst the maximum of the month f79 was on is above the average of February, though less
the 26.h. than Ilst year.:,









( 6;0 )


Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.

---:o:

.,,> '.. Select. School for young ladles, Boarders and
Day-scholars,
S Besides what is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa-
tlion, French is taught if required. Also elementary Drawing, and the
simpler kinds of fancy work.'
Extras, Music, Piano or Guitar.
,,od .ers TERMS. .
Boarders, $ 350. oo hnlf a year.
Day-scholars, $ 5. oo a month.
iN, ALL PAYMENTS TO lB MADE IN ADVANCE.
; For partlculars apply to the Reverend Mother at the Couvent.







+'. 1 -, : 1 L

Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize.

.-*is ', ,.: --- :i--
E' ,, scuela select para Senurltas, Pensionistas y Externas.
A"" t', demnisde lo que se comprende en el curso usual de Educacion Inglesai ti
Iiii. clae, se enseRn el Francis cuando so desca, Dibujo elemental y lus
trabajos mas sencillos en Obran de fantasia.
itoi,, ,ivt Extras, Misica, Piano, Guitarra.
.' ,, ;. ....' ' CONDICIO.NES;
Penilonctnts, $ g15. oo por suincstre
Externas, $ 5 oo mensuales.
WiTODOo LOS rAGOS DEREN HACRRSE ANTICIPADOS.-B
ara obleser pormesion, ditrgirpe a a Revereada Madre Superior del Cobvele.










THE





ANGELUS.



CAI.ENDAR AND MONTHLY NOTEB.


4th month.


APRIL


1891.


Sun -. at 5'53-. Sun slow.
n 8. at 5.49. ..
ries. '5. at 5:43 Sun fast.
24. at 5.37. ..

i W Oct. S. Theodora, M.
Th Oct. S. Francis of Paula, C.
3 F Oct. S. Richard, B.
4 S Oct. S. Zosinus, H.
S u. Low Sunday.
I Marriagec may be solemnized.
'i M The Annunciation of B.V.M.
;7 T S..Cyril ofJerusalem, B.C.D.
:8 W S. Isidore, B.C.D.
9 Th S. Mary Cleophas.
to .P S. Apollonius, M.
it1 S. Leo the Great, P.CID.
,a2 Su. :2nd after Easter.
a1 .M S. Hermenegild, M.
14' :T s. Justin, M.
a ,W .S. Basilissa a Anastasid M.M.


31 mill.
2 min.
Smill.
2 sec.
2 min.


16
'7
18
19

20
21
22
23
24
35
o6



z7
a4





28
19
.30


Last Quarter.
Changes New Moon.
Ch of Moo. First Quarter.
Full Moon.


Th S. Lambert, hM.
F ,S. Stephen Harding, Ab., C,
S S. Apollonius, M.
u. 3rd after Easter. Patronage of Saint
Joseph.
M S. Agnes de Monte Poltiano, V. .
T S. Ausehu, B.C.D.
W SS. Soter and Caius, PP., MM.
Th S. George, M. Patron of England.
F S. Fidelis, M.
S S. Mark, Evangelist. L(tanas.
u. 4th after Easter.
M B. Peter Caniaius, S.J., C.
T 'S.'Paur 6f the 'C ;C: o "~, -. -
W S. Peter M.
TH Oct. to S. George, M.
h' { i '
., ;


... ,

j Ji
"'s fo I, ~ 'ci


. 1 !.1 '. "









( 62 ')


CONTENTS.


Colony Notes, .. .. ..Page 6z
The Rain of Manna and the
Rain of Blood, .. .. 63
Visits al Note de la Colonia, 65
The Holy Coat of Treves, .. 66

COLONY NOTES.

Per "Inventor" from Liverpool Mrs.
Melville, Miss Melville, Miss J. Melville
and Master George Melville arrived in
Belize on March Oth. We congratulate
His Honor the Administrator that amidst
the duties of cares of Office he will now
have the comforts of home-life. The ex-
ample of His Honor we hope will prove
contagious and that other Government
Officials will do the same; thus to bring
into our midst more of the amenities of
social and home-life.

It'is probable that by the end of the
month the new Governor, Sir Cornelius
Moloney will arrive amongst us, thus
coming when the annual dispersion of
those who are going to take their six
month leave of Belize has fairly set in.


Chronicle of the S. Heart, ..Page 67
Simon Pedroy Simon Mago,.. 69
How to Fly, ..... .. 74
Orchids,.. ... .. .. 76


even those of another faith could not but
notice the sincerity of her preparation for
the moment of death. The funeral 'was
attended by a large number of ladies and
gentlemen to show their respect and
sympathy with the family of the deceas-
ed. ..he interment took place at Yar-
borough Cemetery. May she rest in peace.


Friday March zoth was the day for the Chil-
dren's Easter Communion. The number of
s:hool-children approaching the altar-rails to
fulfil the Paschal precept was as usual about 30.
There should be an ever increasing number of
Children communicants since each year witnesses
between 2o and 30 First Comniunions. We fear
that some parents neglect their duty towards their
children and do not values they ought the grace
of the Sacrament for their little ones.


We have to record the death of Mrs On the evening of the same day was begun a
John Arthur which took place on Tues- series of Mission Sermons preached by Father
day March 24th after a very painful ill- Kellet and I suppose we must say the attendance
ness. Throughout her elckness she has been fairly good, but if we compare them
showed that she had not forgotten her with Catholic Mission Sermons in other parts of
-early Catholic training and in spite of the world we must confess that they have not
her severe pains readily joined in the evoked that enthusiasm nor produced that con-
rayers saidby the priest at her bedside, version of bears which should be the effect of
lnet we are sure must have been some that call of divine grace-a Mission. The Rev.
Consolation to her devoted mother'and Father has taken part In mianyprevliou Misalons








ti63


and judged by them he would pronounce the ttres. This interistilg piece of inlorma-
BelizeMissionafailure,butwemustbecontented tion is to by found il several of thu re-
here with small results and hope they will prove cent papers mud is calculated to produce
permanent. I can well recall a Mission given in a startling effect 'un)ungst those hood-
Manchester, England In 1884. The result of winked Doctor" of Israel" who, in the
that Mission which lasted three weeks was close teeth of patent evidence to the centrtlr'--
upon 6o,ooo Easter confessions, 32 Converts; persistently maintain that Catholic fear
and, speaking of one Church alone, there were the Bible, that to benighted Catholics the
5996 confessions, 9 persons living in concubin- Bible is a sealed hook and that he wil
age married and for at lenaltwo weeks out of is so unfortudato as to submit to the Ca-
the three never less than 2000 persons were pre- tholic Church must foreswear the Sacred
sent t the night Mission service, whilst on one Writings, as a preliminary condition.
occasion close upon 2500 were counted leaving
the building at the close of the service. On the It is hard to say whether ignorance or
last Sunday there were three Mission services malice is the most obstinate adversary
held in that Church, one forchildren, one forwo- to deal with; but wilful ignorance, as
men and the other for men and it was computed synonymous with malice, is inexcusable.
there were 17oo children, ZooO women and about
i6oo men attending their respective services.
And this was In one Church out of 14 (as far as On March 9th last, being pushed for
I remember) where similar scenes were taking time, the Printer.put the Anqcelus Pres
place. Truly we have along way to go before on experimental speed, and was able in
Catholic Missions in our Colony caii rival those 40 minutes to throw off500 copies of the
given in England. : Census forms. ,. '
Census forms


On the last three days of Holy Week however
there was a more than crowded Church in
Belize-every seat within our enlarged Church
was occupied and there were a large number of
attentive listeners outside. It was an impressive
sight on Easter Sunday morning to see the crowd
of men approaching the Altar rails giving proof
of the solid effects which the Mission had pro-
euced on them and forming at least 80 olt'of the
18o Communlcantz who that morning received
the Bread of Angels. Still :there 'remains an
outer circle of Catholics'unmoved by the reli-
gious Exercises of last 'eek' belonging to that
class, which til Englaid ii'ommodly converted
by a Mision but in British Honduras waits for
the hbui o4 death." "'' 'I .. -''

'A number of Fithers of the Society,. of
Jesus in, England, are tehgaged on an
English Commentary dn the Holy Scrip-


Our readers will be able to judge for
themselves, when they see the clean and
tidy sheet on April 5th of the good work
done. .


The Rain of Manna and the Rain
./ olf Blood In 1890.

URING the month of August last year
there was a fall one day at Diarbekir
Sin Asiatic Turkey of an eatable sub.
stance, like the Manna of the Desert,
u ;atste ame time the fall was accompanied
hy rain. The Director of the central Laboratory
of' Bagdad sent the account of the phenomenon
together with *sample of the said substance to
Nature Parisian Paper. It reported in its issue
of Jan, to, 89pt that the little peas were of the
sise of millet-seed and When stock together form-








(64.

ed a mass, yellowish outside and white within, the Observatory of .Oppiflo,!.begged him to
Botanists recognized it as belonging to the lichen gather all the information he could aud'forward
family, being the variety called Leucanora es- it to him.. He received a document signed by
culenta. According to Decaisne this lichen is 42 witnesses who beheld the whole phenomenon
fond on the barren Mountains of Tartary and together with the. signatures of two gendarmes
inthe Kirghia desert. In 18a8 Parrot got some who saw it partially., According to their testi-
specimens from Persia where there was a simi- money; about 40.30 p. m. and again. at 5 p. m.
lar fall which covered the ground to the height there fell a light rain of blod., It covered per-
of 8 nches. The animals eagerly devoured it sons, roads, plants and was first generally noticed
and the country people also liked it. In the fall by the. crying..out of the peasants who were
at Diarbekir it Is said that the peasants gathered frightened at the sight. Their cries brought two
it and made bread from it which they found of a gendarmes on the scene,who were present at the
pleasant flavour and easy of digestion. The be- second, shower. .T,hese men stretched out their
neficent rain covered the ground-for about. six hands pnd received some drops of blood on them.
miles In circumference. The,fall seemed to come from a dark cloud
The fact supposed, it has been explained in which was,passingg (rom West to East and which
this way. A water-spout passing over the spot was, atthe zenith ovy, the village when the rain
where the lichen grows whirled it up from the of blood fell.. Thc.s a. covered by the fall was
ground and continuing its course let it fall in the a little more than ,oe sqpare mile. Signor Virdia
police where it is found. in sending his,acoupt accompaniedit with some
.Perhaps some Infidel Will t e townes od.!eaves.spriqkled with the. red liquid.
Perhaps some Infidel will think he ha here a he sample vere sent,!q th laboratory of the
key to explain the fall of Manna for the Israelies school o HyIierse in lome,:which pthlished its
during their 40 years of sojourning in the Desert report on June 29th. The spots ,yrefrom one
but on consideration he will find it cant unlock o fur millimetres J h diameter and have the
to four millimietres ihe diameter and have the
that mystery. The Manna of the Bibli was physical chrarcterislie 6f died blood. Akedond
melted by theSun, the lichen not. Again where smple exposeito' heatI' a plate 6f platinh be-
could such a marvelous quantity of lichen .have gan, to sell shd i sil like bbrnt hornm It was
come from to feed 3,000,000 for 4o years and then burnt add left' residduin of A'dlrty yllow
then he will have to suppose beneficent water. colour showing cleaily the ktctlon bfiro.t hikh
spouts following the Israelites up and down in is found in th blood" i"":' .:: '-
thieirwanderings and yet careful every 'eve(th , : i, i! ;A ; ...
day tu reserve their shower of Manna. No it is A third sample ws, trWeatd, with ,hlride of
better to admit one supnertnund miracle than to iron and. acetic .acd ald gave beautiful crystals
confess to a multitude of natrund absurdities. of hematine, ,the iass of, triem blIo,, I,,a~ly
S. another portion .,w%, dissolved, )n solution of
I potash apud showed, under the microscope red
The other phenomenon, the rain of blooJd Is cprpucle;.with ,hgir.,nulei. i shape ~ gpre like
till more extraordinary and is-vouched for by birdp~,.blo9~4t.,,,umanl.bu still n t eixly
the great astronomerFather Dens., who. was *ike..,,,," ,: ,,i, ,, t. "' I .it. I
thocen by the Meeting of' uropean neteorolo- We have here a strange phconoeon ilcqit
glt io Piar istheir President. 'At Missightdi, to explain and no satisfactory solution has yet
'I villagt.'shbrt distance from,Oppido Manetee. appeared but we have learnt that there is some
tnsu hi Italy ~6t istlr May s89o there' rfe idlnIr reastitodi i le> thatiothdrrifallte aflprain
Wbl'tood." Father Deni' as. doon atm rededvil spokee -f ls.-iHhtoryt: wbro; trbitpa noglr~th
Wti1t rbmtligW-Vi3rdias.-h>e: tor te ftblufs UIaNhy "Iterbtu eeb1aidrp itW P ,,a3









li '


Like every newly-invented medicine the fn-
mous lymph of Dr. Koch was to do wonder a for
the cure of consumption. It has been tried at
Madrid and failed; it has been the cause of
death in some cases whilst it has benefited others.
It will soon find its proper level in the therapeu-
tics of phthisis and after being brought out with
such a flourish of trumpets it will perhaps before
many years be laid aside for having disappoint-
ed the high hopes entertained in it. Meanwhile
however it has been found to be an excellent
cure for that corroding ulcer of the face known
as lupus.









VISIT AL NORTE DE LA COLONIA.


L Rev. P. S. DiPictro, S. J., Prefecto,
SApuntolico de esta Colonia a li6 el
Se Febrero para c N orte en su
Sviit I' tuoia l. I'.n Cior,, :mil priniero
a in le l ordcairio ci unia junt;a, geieral de
to)do el pueblo finahlz6 el Plan Il trahajos parn
la recnnstruccion de la Iglesia. Se convino par
In mavoria invertir los fondos actuales de dos
mil Pesos para los Estribns, IaredCb, Ventanan
y Piso que he necesitnn actuinlmente en dicha,
lilesia, dejando parn otro plazo, cuando se re-
unirk toda Ia cantidad, acabAr el trabajo scgun el
Plan formado por el arquitecto. Se necesitan
otros tres mil Pesos pars completer la obra, pe-
ro hay much animacion y todos conflan que en
uno 6 dos aflos los Cut6licos de Corozal tendran
la sAtlsfacihcn de ver stabada su Iglesia.
Con el Vapor del to, sali6 el Vicario para
Orange Walk y tuvo Ia Inspiracion de predicar
en tempo de la visits una Misionea locales en
todos los pueblos que visitaril, proporclonando


i todos In ocalion de cumplir con cl prcccpto 'Pas-
cual. Empez con Orange Walk en londe el
fruto fue ahundante, queria continuar con San
Estabnn y demis pueblos, pero la cnfermedad
de uno de los Padres estorb6 cl plan. El Rev.
P. Molina que debita compaiiar al Vicarioy re-
partir coni 61 los trabajos apostolicos tuvo que
iquedir en Orange Walk; dejado pucs para otra
occasion el dar Misiones, se continue solaimente
la visits administrandose cl Sacramento de Ia
Confirmaclon s los de S. EstBban y S. Antonio
quo legaron al numero de a.o,
Ilabiendose muchas veces hecho comemnora-
cion en el ANloI.US del Sacramento dte la Con-
frnimciun administradu por el Rev. S. DiPietro
en los diferectes puntos de la Colonia, ha nacido
ctpolntne la question conm dicho Piadre puede
administrar ene Sacramento no siciido consecra-
do Obispo; y ultinlpmente personas de altn ca.
tegoria de las vecinan Rcpulilicns hall Ilegado al
punto de dudar de la valididad de csa Sacra-
niento admi,.istrado por ese Prelado no obispo.
Para satisfacer a tina quca.tion kin ruzonahle,
i Ia cual muy bien sahen colntetar nuestros Ca-
tdlicos, pero quc no entiocdlcn aqucllos que no
perteneccn i cate gremio, damos en continuacion
los l.,cunientol.t qiue autorian dicho Padre i la
andinilistr;lciotn de ese Sacramento.
A puiar quc cl Obisposoiamente es el Ministro
ordentrio de Ia.Conlirmacion, sin embargo esti
reconocida por el derecho Canonico Ia facultad
en el Papa de poder en caso de necesidad auto-
rizar un simple Sacerdote i que lo dmtinistre
como Ministro extraurdinario. De ahi lu cos-
tumbre de In Iglesia de conferir i todo Vicario
y Prefecto Apostolico, Gobernador de Mitra d
otro Prelado que no sea consagrado Obispo, Ia
facultad.de dar las Confirmaciones pars acudir
i las nccesidsdes de los feligreses, que por falta
'de obispos carecerian de ese Sacramento; ycasi
de drdinario se concede tambien i los Obispos
de las Misiones extrangeras Ia facultad do nom-
brar un simple Sacerdote, para que administre
el Sacramento, quando por legitimas razones no
puede on persona ir i visitar las paroquias muy








( I;i )


renotas. As) empez6 primero la facultad dcl uipm long i' Prefocti Apostolici residential
Rev. P. S. DiPiptro. En el auo 1881 coiucien- m"isso, scryatan Instructione edita &c.
do el Vicario Apostolico de Jamaica quc le era El Crisma vice cads anio con los otros dos
impossible ir anualmente A British Honduras para Sacros Oleos del Arzoilspo de Nueva Orleans.
las Confirmaciones, por facultad general que te- Por estas facultades el Rev. P.S. DiPietro, S. J.
nila de la Santa Sedc nombr6i dicho Padre pnra confrier desle dies aims el Sacramento de Con-
que hiciern sus veces confirmando loans que la firmnacion, y con cstos documentos creemos haher
necesitaban en British Honduras. ., uficicntcelnte.convencidolii aquelloque dudaln
Luego el e Aguto 883 po r pedid deo inlcegalidmd y valididad del Sacramento ndmi-
Luego el s7 de Agusto 1883 per pedidu del instrl o:p,'r el cl ch.. P. S, DJlietr,, ,S .
mismu P. Po tter, V *ari A rpostolico doji a niastrado:pnr el dicho.Rev. P. S. DUPitrIl R. i .
mismuo P. Po ter, Vicario Apostolico de Jamiea,
el reinante Pontifice Leon XIII confirib directi-
mente tal facultad i dicho P. DiPietro exten- THE HOLY COAT OF TREVES.
diendola hasta los Indios de Icaitcllh y S. Cruz, -
caso que fuera alli i visitarlos. Esa facultad fe A rli cbof Monday says: The Ca-
concedida por diez anlos; pero en cl eito i888 tholic authorities in t es.announce that the
con fecha 9 de Abril, determine I Congregacion hliy eianto Joseph, the 'itbanid qf Mary, ill
de Propaganda scparar British Honduras de Ja- hle exhibited during the sinim, er,' When it I -..
maica y hbhiendosv propuesto el caso & Leon ,ectedj pifrim'age.rom the entire Catholicpo-
XIII, Potifice reinantc, ste so dignb coi fecha pulati of Germany will e made to view it."
do 16 Mayo, SS8 erigir I. Ilonduras iPrefectura
Apostolica indcpcndientc do Jamaica, con De- If this incarnation of human Ilisli is not the
creto del tojunin t888 ftd nombrado primer Pre- highest litch iilt vhi klll ii iaiAfinibtare to
fecto Apostolici el Rev. P. S. DiPietro, S. J. Ibe enticed, please prophilecy somebody, what is
con In facultad do ejercer loa oficios que se ne- to be the next topic." -
tesitan pars la direction de la Mission segun la This stateimient appeared in thi'-, Belie lijde-
lista de facultades que se le comunicarian. En pendent" of March 13th and is bout bh a par
eca list de facultades comunicadas el 23 Se- with The old Fwom of ExcommIunication"
timbre z888 cl S. Padre Leon XIII concede -i written by Sterue, an English satirical writer anl
dicho Rev. P. S. DiPietro, S. J. la facultad de which was trotted out by the ," Independent"
administrar a los Catolicos sujetos; su spiritual about two years ago as a regular process once in
jurisdicion el Sacramento de Ia Confirmncion con use in the Catholic Church. .
el Crismas consagrmdo por algni obispo, sin Is 'ht r .
imiglinas Poutiflcales y delegar .sna misia fincul. That vur riealer may I udIge ofr themselves wCt
tadl B uno dte los Milniero envirldo i ealcquler ill give hriely the Ilistory of the lly Coat of
lugar muy distant de la Sede del Prefectn, se- Trevcs.
gun las promulgadas instrucciones. El tceto We do not know whether the "'eli)ze In-
orginal ek come sigue:- dependent" fimds its way to England h it il the
Is of' February .of h local Magaszine called
SS. Dominos nost tLeodivina Providentia Fresh SpringV under thettitlc Romc's
SPP. XIII, Rev.. P. S. DIPletro, Prefcto Curses", appears. The followi.ig,is one of the
Apostolico Honduras Britrsinice benigite con, authorised curocp contained n, the Roman Pon-
....cedere dignatus et facultates..., ... Admi. tifical." heli follows what with littlee varia-
.nistrandi Catolicis ejus jurisdictionit subjqcie iqA rse maitp he a .rprodqclian otlhe old sorry
&,iacramentum cOonjrotitonis, Chrsmate tan oi lwhli S Ier e u 'Ff "TilltymSh-
per Catolictni' Antistetem c onectd; 'abr e'ii (y.,he a, ert s 9i l
S'ontificalibui insignibus,'eamquelo stbd6lgah i m rndAv th,'BFlcuI vsikldoat tiulheli'h
, di oni ex tMiuionarlhi liquamcumque yregin t'er~ ini npmoltia unllsiv.up rilalq. tol ,.,!.,.









117


This celebrated relic is in the treasury of the of Ciesar or Pompcv no one would he thought
Cathedral of Treves, and a very ancient tindition over-credulous for believing it on such testimony.
asserts it to be identical with the seamless coat W ve po of te rt verece "
which our Saviour wore at the time of his Pas-
sion. The empress Helena, having come into care with which the Christians of the early
possession of it in the Holy Land, is said to have Church preserved the relics of their martyrs and
given it to the city of Treves, where she resided is it not likely they would have shown at least
fur a considerable tine. The earliest written tea- as much care in keeping aInthing belonging to
tilony to this effect is found in the Gesta Tre-
virorma,, a chronicle of the first half of the twelfth the King of Martyrs? There.i a continuous tra-
century, wherein Helena is said to have presented edition for hundreds of years that the Holy Coat
the relic to the Chusch during the episcopate of is what it is claimed to he. It remains for those
Agritius (314-334). Several other notices of the who deny its authenticity to give some feason for
Holy Coat are found in'documents mounting up their assertion. There is one argument not to be
to, or nearly to, the twelfth century. But the
most remarkable and interesting piece of evi- lost sight of. If there have been clear undoubt-
dcnce, in support of the authenticity of the relic. el muiracles wrought in connection with the Coat
is an ancient ivory belonging to the Cathedral of Treves it goes a long way indeed towards es-
(lost for some time but recovered in 1844), on tablishing its genuineness. Some mnay tiink the
which the Empress is figured, seated at the proof insulicient but if such is their opinion they
Church door, atnd awaiting the arrival of a pro- i i r p
cession closed by a chariot in which are two are not obliged to believe it; only no Catholic
ecclesiastics guarding a chest. Above the chariot should condemn others who hI.l there is suffi-
is the face <.f Christ, by which some relation cient proof to covrilnce them.
between our Lord and the contents of the chest
seems to be indicated. This ivory was esxain-
ed liv the Archmological Society of F or CHRONICLE O THE SACRED HEART
ill 1846, with the result of fixing its date at the CHRONICLE OF THE SACRED HEART.
rcil of the fiurtli or beginning of the fifth century. -
\Ve retrl f the translation of the relic from thle Ton for prl
clhiir to tile high-altar of the Cathedral in 1196. The ./enraIl Jtetltlop' for .Ipril, Is prayer
After an interval of more that three hundred for Calholic en./. ofScience.
years. it wa. exposCed i in i 13. and on several other I
occnaiiii in the the sisteenth century, for the
veneration of the faithful. During the wars of HIERE have always bIeein clever mene
the seventeenth and eig century es t [wasf( inl the world to abuse their talentsfor
for '" h ad eghteth etulieb, it wa I them ri of God's indon on earth
deposited for safety in the castle of Ehrenbrcit- 4 d the rdruin of Gos kingo. n earth
stein, or at Augsburg. In IS8o, with the per- and the destruction of souls. Hut such
mission of Napoleon, the bishop of Treves, Mgr. tmen have continnllly found ranked on the side
lannay, brought the sacred relic hack from of truth others, their contemporaries, more. than
Augsburg to his own city; .alld, ill spite of the their match ven nll their own peculiar line of
cofuisiou of the times, a multitudee of pilgrin cleverness. Indeed, unt towards the end of
niulhcering over two hundred tltousand visited .d t ,t of
Treves to celebrate this joyful restoration. But last century the great intellectual giants with few
the most striking and successful exposition was exceptions were religious minded men. Since
that of 1844, when eleven bishops and more than the tine of the French Revolution however there
a million of the laity flocked to Treves from till ihais-een a great and an ever Increasing number
sides during the period (from August a8 to Oc-
tober 6) for which the Ho)ly Coat was exhibited. of learned men on the side of irreligion. It ii
Several miraculous cures were reported, and the true that as a rule these men have made no
joy and piety of the believing throng must have serious study of religion, true likewise that their
been a very moving sight." own systems of morality are demonstrably false
Such then is some of the evidence that the re- and often self-contradictory but they manage to
lic is genuine and if it were a question of a coat put forward their views in a way to catch the













popular cnr and so they are accepted as teachers
-of morality without any other certificate than
that they know well the distance of the sun from
the earth, or they have studied the habits of
spiders or some other branch of material science.
The ordinary stock of objections against super.
natural religion they have at their fingers' ends
but the answers to such difficulties they are not
willing to study or do not understand. And sothey
talk glibly about effete systems of philosophy,
superstition, spiritual tyranny and thus manage
to lend astray the multitude from the practice of
religion to, live acknowledging neither God nor
plaster.
Never was there a time when Christianity
needed inure, fe:lrless, learned champions, ahle
to put forward in a popular way the verities of
religion and as to explain them as to win the firm,
hearty assent of tlhoe who have not the time or
the education for profounder study.
Pray earnestly then to that Divine I leart which
feels such a deep interest in Man's true welfare
to send us able and peisuasive Cultholk Jiflen .f
Science.
O esus, through the most pure Heart of Mary,
I offer the prayers, work and sufferings of this
day, for all the intentions of Thy Divine Heart.
I offer them in particular fur the learned who
serve Th cause. Thou art the Truth, O Jesus
Force all false teachers to know that Every one
Aot is of the tnlJA hsttreth Thy voica.. A men.

LA INTlrNTso GKNKRAL PARA EL MRS DE'
A.


y por las ohras colosales de Catlilicos nutores
cn todo, ramo de ciencia, nadie hay de isan cri-
tica que lo ignore. Sin embargo como pocus
son aquellos que se tomnmi la molesting de visitar
las Bibliotecas y consultar los antiguos natores.
y come todn na sahiduria dte la mayor parte de
nuestros hombres ilustradotl se reduce en hanher
leido Historias falisas, Novelas innmorales y I'e-
riodicos liberals escritos por autlres impios,
screen que todos ls Cat6licas son ignorntcs, que
nadie de los Sacerdotes se ocupa de ciencian, que
today In lglesina Catblica es un conjuoto de igno-
rantes fa.iatticai. Al paso quae dlnmns nla gracilas
a esoN tales ilustraldos qtie Ino regalan canl sellCe-
jantvs titulos, lea podrinan.s dar el Catiflogo bicn
numerous de Olispos y Sacerdotes Caltlicos que
se ocupan i Ia fecha en puhlicar ihras miny in-.
teresnntes en cualqir ramo de ciencias y liter-i-
turn entire todas las naciones. Pero no siendo
el ciso ci esta Cronica de armar nna polemics
y siendo necesario para rcsistir al sin nmlnern de
Novelistas y Gazeteros que como ponzonosas
avispas se levantan doquicra aguijoncanad, la
Iglesia Cat6lica; es muy deseable quo so multi-
pliquen los defeinsores de la fU, que numente ca-
dan din mis el numero de honibres cientificos que
sahen iinuy bion concordar la ciencia con la reli-
gion. I'or esto el S. Padre conociendo como la
Iglesia necesita hoy dia hombres de este temple
propane & Ia Sagrada Alinnza de pedir nl Sa-
grado Corozon hombres cientificos quo se in-
spiren en su Divino Corazon principio de sabi-
duria y satidnd.


**"IL f Ks PAltA KL AUMENTO OK CATOI.ICOM I
cI acIAoo A A O L oracioni para este Mcs seri pucs:
La ciencin mudernam mpullnzonada cn los ele I Oh Jesus min I por medio del Corazonr mna-
inentos del aismo y Msoeri h latre- culado de Maria Santisima os ofrezco las oracin-
v*.nivtd ae isiacioy Musonerias Ils t .caiael tr l nes, obras y trnbajos del present dia, pars repa-
iito do echar en cars i la Iglsia Catolica rar los ofenses que se os haen, y pars Iasdemis'
au ignorance tanto e ll.el Clero como entre los intenciones de vuestro Sagrado Corazon.'
.icos y IlevAr tan alli el insulto hasts querer O0 los ofrecenios timbien pnea alcanzar hom-
Sorar.que cienucl y f6 no se pueden combi- bres verdaderamente, ilustrados que defiendan
ar y u e solomente sohre las ruinas dte la ft Ser cn la plums Ia verdad y la justicia. Ya queen
1nede levantar el edificio de la cienia. ,os sois l misma verdad; descubridla t todob los
Cuan impudente sea este insulto desmentido escritures pars que todo. oigan la verdad y no
porlas Bibliotecat.lleascde Escritores Cat61ico .se exttvieo en la camino del error. As sea.













SIMON PEDRO Y SIMON MAGO.
II.
LOS PAGANOS DB ROMA.

CONTINUEA.)
ORNELIO PUDENTE, nunquc pro-

Sde Lino, detennin suir lentamcnte
Z hcia las Carena is finl de evitar las
insalulres calles de la Suhurra; y desdu alll ba-
j6 con todo cl acompafinnaiento de los clients a
In vin Salcra y al Foro, en done por precision
dehin pisar l maianan. Pero, ni el bullicio del
pueblo minuntonado en torno de nl silla curul del
Pretor, ni los grltoa de los abogados, ni In char-
la de los juigadores de cubiletes y de la multitude
que se apiftabaa i u alrcdedor,'ni In plebe con.
fuadida con los grande ante los puestos de los
cambiatan, enl las lproinos de Ins basilicas y enl
Ins |p6rticos que Is circuian, inad podia arran-
car cl drdtl, de su corazonl: eslo ex, el terror por
lhi peligro del. ap6stol Pedro y la constlroamcion
lpr l: i iineninnt c aluaidad que ainenazaha i la
Igleria rimllniaa.m Pareciale un aio cada hora qIue
lhi clep.silrn dil Capitolio tardaba ei senfalar el


solos, gramitticos sin discipilio y reiaricos am-
pulohos, io tenicndo mcjor Igair en dondc dor-
mir, acudia a i lla i invenlar algo nucvo. Pu-
demlc egperaiha eicontrar sill Algmuicn (ue la die-
se cl hilo acerca de losn mnanjos deu la Corte, y
lo eicumtrb mnejor que Lc erhaba ; porqure, apcnas
hnlala eitradtl cn el p6rtico, Ic vino al encueutru
)emetrio. fil6sofo cinico de profession, y por
ariadidura e.emigo seiccreto ide Neron (1). El
ci'nico conocn mutlcho all senador por haheric en-
contrndo varias veces en casa de Trascas Peto,
sellador talmhien odinso na principle ns es que
Ie aliud6 sonriemdn y dici&ndole:
-S:;lvy, Cornclio IPutlentc : qtioi Inctros de-
crueto, cstiais imaipuilandn alli en Ins basilicas
del F,rno?
-T li sabcls de e&to tanto crnmo cunlquier sena.
dor, rrcpnndi6 Pudentc.
-Y a sw ve; el CBsair es henigno y n)i qiiere
oprimiros con el trahanjo,. Quo vida la vuestra
tai rcgalnada I m1o tenei qae andair goitna, i otra
fncnn que In de'anliiubrar a Tigclinn, Policleto,
Nifidio y otros gunpos que nos dispensan la fe-
Slicidad.


incdio din, en que, terminados los negocios del -Poco it pnco... I prudencii I.. Los delatlres...
Fort. le fuivrs dalill rc:,..gerse A soilas para llo- --Cui.zc. tlany hi iein i eos pljnros, replicb
rnar i.rar. DIcnimrio: delarnte de ellos estarin mis mudo
Yu hlhi i.imaanddo diiponerriI literal, y aus, ail qiu llirpocrat.ls. il'rudcncia? iQnita allil Yo
dar In. horn, mustramvndlose sus iamlig os quo de- lihuv. de In Curte mil que de lss puicrtas del
.eCibau detenerie, sc acomod6 en ella, dicienmlo 'l'rtaro.
a los que in Ilevaban: -Si, aa ell chnzm ; pero en realidad pescas
-A rsmt. in : ,loa Iundos del palacits: voantros i<,s cinicos cn
Ma1 Ilego le preocupd este pelisamnieinto: todas parties espignis, y os acomodais con todo.
Pedro esti i punto de Ilegar: de todas parts sc -De hoca, peru no de corazon. En int, para
co.ldensan nubcs contra I6: i Io ihenos procure- dycirl di a u ves en verdad que bay algunos
nos reconocer el terreno, y vislumnbrar los desig- q. e tirlin buen pico y main mano.
nios de los cortePanos. FPor lo que, escando laInb c n.
caheza per citre Ins cortinas, ordn6 : ( I ) Ilncen menclon de Demetrio, yde suis6-
A Ia Ihiblioteca Octaviaha. l tins colitra los c6sares, S6neca, Epicteto y Filo-
tMrauto. Tacilo dice quo asistib A Is muerte do
Las calls de Romea han quedando silenciosas r raao. Tctio Deterrado desue moved m
y. desertasn puce todos apresurabun clpaso pars adelante, pues se encontraha en Roma en tiem-
Ir duormir la siesta'; mas la biblioteca Octavia- de Domiciano. Nisotros Ie hoeemos hablar con-
na nunca quedaba desierts; .porqne.ciertos filb- lorme i su carkcter hist6rico*









( 7(. )


-IDe qutiin themes
-Dc todos.
--Qui6n reina boy en palacio?
-Tigelino, como siempre, y debajo de el
reinan, de segunda mano, saltimbanquis, rufia-
ne., flautistas y today la canalla de Bayas con so
secucla. Verdad es que dcsde slgunas semanas.
ack el cetro ha cnido eh puder de un circunciso.
-I Y de qui clne es este pijaro?
-Filcsolo dialectico, ango. adivino, y por
fin, dios. Nuestro Ci6ar Ic adora porque ha
prometido revelarle tales secretos y conjures,
que harin quedar con un palmu *de boca al mis-
mr, Jipitcr.
-l'Y se Ilama?...
-Los judlos Ie llaman Simon; pero en aI
Corte se vende por Icaro...
--Callal acaso pretendcria volar?
-- Si lo pretend I Lo ha prometido a Lucio,
Domicio, Veron, Claudio, Augusto, Germanico,
etc., etc.; y to que so mns lo ha jurndo y pre-
juranu.
-IY si no lo cunsiguc?
-Manatna scrbi otro dia: entire tanto se regala
Scuerpo dte rey y amontona u ro. Para embau-
car al Cisar con portentos, cadadia dcsembibcha
uno nnevo y siempre mis extratio, y los fil6so-
fos Ie hacca coreo i fin de meter tambien ellos In
mano ca In artesa de Midas.
-Y ti ji qud partido to has afiliado?
-Al min lejano; porque si mi senior Neron,
entire bostczu y bustczo, se acordase de ciertas
cbanzas mins, su primer caricia seria mandar
que me embadurnasen con pea y me plantasen
en el Vaticano pars alumbrar sus paseos noC-
turnOs (1).
(e) Sabido es que todo el espacio que alora
octpan Is basilica de San Pedro, Ia gran plaza
Yi ruw, nucvo y viejo, fuerun el circoy lo. jar.
liness de Ncron. en done prinrip!nmente su-
frieron martirio los cristianos ie. In primers per-
secucion. Unos eran devorados por Ins feras,
SOtro embaduruadus con pez, atados i varlos pos-
ts y quemados. Lo referen Ticito, Suetinio,
SIneca, Marcial y Juvenal, gentiles y ademAs
lo escritoresecleslitlo ,


Pudente no pudo reprimir un prnfunto sus-
piro; man, anhelando descuhrir tetrean ,continai
con desenvoltura:
-Por mas que digas, no quedarias muy encan-
tado con tal resplandor. Por'qu6 no te haces
client de Simon cl judlo pars que te pruteja I
-Antes serial clientede Ins tres Furine, y aun
me haria su nmigo y su esclavo si quisiesen ha-
cer unn cosa en la forms que les propoiulria...
Pero basta, que yo me entiendo...
-Vamos, Iclnico camnstron yn n, estamos
en los bellos ticmposde Di6genes y A!ejmndro*..
--QuA? testamos iun mis y mejor. El mnal
estriba en que vosotros, senadores de pantalls,
no sabeis ahcer otra cosa que repantigaros en
vuestros sillones de marfil: no puedo dominar
la tirra contra aquel zopenco de Motano. I I'or
Pluton! tuvo Ia sartcn par el mnngo,y... hasts.
-- Qu6 quirres decir con esto ?
-Te haces el desentendido ch? ;,No sabeic
que pocas semanllas hh, en esta misnma Roma, tn
senador sorprendi6 al Cisar disfrazndo hacielndo
sus acostumbradas bestialidades noctlrnas? I No
sahes que nquel se veng6 hartindol e pains y
dejiandole tan mal parade, que el amigo lechuza
laubo de quedarse muchos dins en cassa estudiar
Is citara, segun el decia, pero, segiin declamosa
nosotros, i estudiar y curar uscardenales? Fu:
insigne majaderia la de Montano 1 por qu6 hn-
his de contentarse con darle unoscuantos palos?
I Animal debi6 arrojarle de cabeza en uni
cloaca.
-Pero qud fabrian dicho Ins gacetas? (l)
--Las gacets'? La historic, deberias decir.
En las provincial y en el ejdrcito so habrian de-
cretado honored triunfales en favor de Montano.
Los mismos judlos habrian celebrado dos saba-
dos en una semana.
-Pues 1no ncabas de de citme que los judios
reinan en Is casa de Neron?
(s) Esto es, las Acta duftna, verdadera gaceta
oflcial que es enviaba desde:Roma v se leia por
turn ea laa provincias y on los ejarcito. ..









71


-- Pareces bobo Reins el partido de Simon comnio A n no era In horn de nona, se fui i visi.
Icaro; pero el grueso del Transtiber (i) esti tar ilgunos principles dle la min nobles fnmi-
que trina i cause de tal favor. Aquellos del lias, y entire ello a IaI ilnstre Pomponia Grecin;.
Cristo le estrechan, y amenazan Ilamar en con- que los cristianos denominaban Lucina, y A Plan-
tra nayn los brujos mis colmilludos que tienen tiln, de nl cuss lie los Flaviou, In cniul dentro de
nilk en Judea... poco liabia de dar tilmerailores y c6nsules A Ro-
--Pero ejemplo? nn, y qie detle r'nt6lnces lenin sinnlo y prepu-
-I Qu6 si yol Tienen unn bandada de ellos: rIbtH mAritres pnra" in Igil'ei. Pudente ignornba
Cefas, Simon, Bnr.Yona. Pedro, Pablo, Saulo, estos arcAutos de In Providencia, y, comnso 61, los
Cefas, Simon, Bar-Yona. Pedro, Pablo, Saulo,
etc. ignorahan los demnhs fieles: :nl que en snu con.
-Y Simon Icaro iqu6 dice? verraciones se mezclahnn el Ilanto, Ins angustins
s ls m c y In consternacion. Unos Ilnrnban i los amigon
-Promeate provocr todos los mag r. proscriton, otroan los parientes degollados; y
nos ante el Emperndor, confundirlosy enviarlos todu. lamentaban i sus hermanon Ion cristianos
al matadero. birhnrn y ntrozmente torturndos, an en Roma
--Crees que se saldra con la suya? couin en todn la Italin: y al oir de boca del me-
--Yo? Los desprecio a todosi venzan los n"dor Ins ,sechalnzus prepnradus contra Pedru,
de Simon, 6 venzan los de Cristo. In rabia que. prornmpian en amargos sollozos y levnntabnn
da entire canes. Por Io demis, Tigelino y su Ins manns nl cielo, implorando misericordia.
compinia estin por Simon: scria necesario un Pudlente pns6 inuchns horns en eatos pensa-
esfuerzn prndigioso pars desbancarle. Ya cono- mientus; y asii, al passr pOr las calls, le ofen-
ces c6mo sabe veneer Tigelino: envia In cen- dia cada oe con nlih viveza 'el aspect de Roma
lurion con cuntro pretorianos, unn sangria y paganli. En todas p:irtec re divurtia con sus
lhuenrs noches. chanzas y groserias el pueblo, sin que Ie diesc
el melnor cuiclndo el hnchn de Nemon, In cual 6-
Pudente hibia conseguido lo que se habia el menr cuidodo el bachn de Ncrnn, l cunl 46-
Ip cain sobrc lon grandest, los ricus, y principal-
propuesto ncerca de las noticias de la Corte, por- can re los gnde, rio, y pinci
.11nctc roihre Io cri~l'ln o. Sin qute Ie nliiescen
que entire hns pilalhras ",a curas y estropendas del los te reos c In iti n o, Scn qe le afgacstum
til6nfo pagnno, ignorsilte lie Ins cosas critian as, bic iompo i MarIc, .ictadode luchlor
vi6 con clnridnld la tramn de Simon Mngo (3). bre l ,. Mrte, t
Despidicndore, pues, del rabioso Demetrio, y jutgdores le hobli y enhalgndores: en los por-
ti____________cos, en Ins biblintecos, en los pascos y en Ion
(1) Los judir.s mornron principalnentt en el bhlats no rehonoal, sino, In palabrerin du luo re-
Trannstiher desde el tiempo de Caliguln, y ann citaudres v chnrlnthnen: los coribantes de Cibe-
Pedro il principio labit6 entire ells.. Eso no le, recorriun ldt pascos y encrucijndns, hatiendo
qiit qe ldebpue luesc huMped de los Pudlcntes, s timpanon y haci6ndose cortaduras con sus
Sp del Esquilino y del Vinii. cuchillon para recoger algunas moncdas: en
(2) Los piganos confundian & menudo al boros clrros In plebe escuchaha Ins ampulomax
Cristianismn con el judaismo, como se ve por lis.rtacignes de los filb.sfos cluicoa; los pars.
ion pnoiajes de Ticito y de Suetonio, conocidnos
y citadon par todor. Por otra part tenemus un bo"lnos de( Iis y de Anubis que vendian secre-
luminono documents en las obrns atribuidas i t1on nlnteriosos, y & los ceretanos que pregona.
nan Clemente Paps, de que los judlos tenlan hbln amluletoo contra Ins mordeduras de Ins ser-
man Pedro pur mao: asl se ve el muchosluga- pienten. Pueblo indolente, embrutecido y cruel
rea de sus homilies, y especlalmente an laa ^ lo -non,
eon, X, 54, edicion Migne, 1, col. 1446; qu do t1l maners pssabs los dies y los Aaos,
done rere Ie acuaucon formal que Simon con pbblico escarnlo del mundo enter que Se
Mago hizo contra Simon Pcdro: ed Antioquls, .ela forzdo I mnistenorlo. .









72 )


-Qus vida es esta que laevan Ins mmanoudel cion ulguna eAperan.a de mcjora social? No.
dial exclamaba Pudente al oir el sonido tie los La turba, en ves de esperar mejores tiempos, ni
broncos de Ins terms quce invitabhn el pueblo al sabia imnginirlas, y si hublese podido tener al.
bauo. Despues de In lujuria viene la hacanal, y gun conocimiento de lias. los hahrin temidn.
I la hacanal sigue In org(a hasts In madrugnda. Hahria odiado a aquel qun le hubiese dicho:
1Y manana vuelta i empezar, kin otra variedad Mafiana se cerrarin los mttaderos de homhrea;
que los que boy ban pasado el din cutre el polvo pueblo, deja de concurrir al Circo, olvidale."
del compo de Marte. mariamn Io pasaran tln lme- Hahria despedazado A aqucl que le huhlese sig-
dio de Ia sangrienta carniceria del Circo, y que el nificado: Mafiana serin derrihados los lupa-
que hoy se ha conplacido presenciaido estos nares: pueblo no vayas al teitro." Detal modo
asesinatos, mailana nadaru por el Tiber en fretn se habia familiarizado con e!Ios, que cadin cual,
te del Campo de Marte! en so cast, imitaba cuanto le era possible el tea-
Tal cra Rona envilecids par Ins Csanres, y troy el circa: y los que no podian hacerin, lo
sumida on nl mis degradante shyeccinn Iba, el envidishai. Los mismos monstruons dcllitos de
fltimo de ellos. Bajo Neron se saquenhan comn Neron eran considerados por la plebe como jue-
nrnce laIs provincias pars ihastecer al principle y gas diverlidos: cl pueblo era dignn de Neron, co-
al pueblo de Roma; sienmpre inundados de oro mo Neron era digno de tal pueblo. Lossena-
y simpre mendigos, siempre hartos y siem- lores, despite de muertn, Ic condeniroan coain
pre famdlicos. El C6sar no enviaha niingun man enemigo de la patria ; pero el vulgo, no pudien-
gistrado i Ins provincins sic drcirle: Ten pr- I do prometerse monstrunsidades mis fastonsas
senate que cneccsito dinero; arrebtitllo todo." quce as de Neron, le Ilorb much, Ilcva coronns
Ala lianse .n verdad, cnada dia, vastas moles I i so tuniha, vy sRs bhstoo en triunfo; y cuando
edificius que dalan minajestnuo aspecto is la ca- hubo de aclnur A s su sucesor, no encontr t1in1
pital del Imperio: todo era templos, palacios, titulo mis lionnjero para saludarlic que apelli-
(fros, tennis, colullnnis, centtuas, nIercidos y dindole nuevo Nerou (l).
teatros, cint profusion de mirmintes, intales y
piedrs preciosa. La ollacasa de oro de Neron, De vez en ceando dejihase or el rorco clamor
q'se so terminlaba cin aquclloh dias, ocupaba trees' e los estdicos y cinicos en reprobacion de I:la
montes, el Palatino, el Celio y el Quirinal, yen- brutalidades siempre crecientes; pero esto Cra
cerraha mbs ubras maestros que Ins que l cl dia 61io coma on ejercicio de escuela, 6 coma un
de boy contienen todns los museos juntos de pasatiempo en Ins veladaa. 'Enl fin, In supcrsti-
Europa. Con todo, los habitantes de la IRoma ciun embrutecia i sus adeptos con misterios so-
de Neron formaban el pueblo mis miserable lie eces y nefandos, y apagaha I st 61timas cltispas
ln tierrai esclnvos en sos nueve d6citms parts, tde la honcstidad y justicia naturalca. i Qub clase
esto es, mucbles de todu usn; no hombres sino ile restauracion dd la bumanidad podia experar-
cosas; sin patria, sin familiar y. sin derecho al se de ht filosoffa 6 de la religion ronansa al ver
honor, i la virtud ni .In vida. El retto consta- que, cuando Neron volvia i lit ciudod coil Ins
bn de ciudadanuos; pero en su mayorparte clieu. mnanos teihdas on Ia sangre de su inadre Agri-
tei cuya condiciun no era much nmejor quO la I () Suro 'l N ro 57 -Adenl s TAo,.
de los eslav*os; muy pocosos s icos, y nstos. i t 78, dsic- "I' rey6se qne Oton trataba
clavocde su propios csclavos; esclavus de los de ensalzar In memorial de Neron con In espe.
lhberto*, de lus clients y del Cisar, y sobre to. ranza de atruerse la plebe; ni faltaron quiciles
do, esclavos de sus pasiones, propuslesen levantar estAtuas k Neron. Tan-
Viumbb, ea.medi., d tan ocur I blet en algiunas bcasiones, tanto tl pueblo como
4Vslum base, n. medio. d tn curs y losodado'naclamnron a Neron O.hon, coio si
apesas tionkblas, algunt lejans au:roa d e saliv. quialpso atribuirle ultyor nubletay..lecuto.' I'









7:1


pina, 6 coil la de sus fielcs ministros Soneca y lij:i mins, ha. llegado cl ticnipo dle orar
Ilurrho, los houtbres consideradous comoi lus alis can fervor.
clmilentes y honrados del Imperio le cumpli- Emts inteindcierl iitle aieniaiin.ha aigiun nuili vo
inceltaban por el linen rcsultndo de tnl detesta- dcesastre :i Ins hhlerilllos. y se retiraron trisies,
hic inoiustruos.iliid, y scnadores y piurlo corrian con gu midirc..i u lrr.
en tropel a siu uencuentro, y le levantah.'n arcos Ignornlian qtie .it pildr'. en todio iqeil dia,
triiunfulcs, y lcnlhban los espacios con ais atro- no h;ili:l hucho otra co:". sino conlsitlar A los n-
nadoras acilnmaciones, y sc abrian todor los ten- ci:iuos de li Inglesin nacir a del parlid qic dclhin
plus, y humenhan con incienso horrible, y el tinarse pI!Ir library A I' Pedr y .i I'ibil deh l furor
parricida subia al Capitolio it dar gracias i los dIe li persecucioan.. Coinm rnilt:mun ilc dicllns
doses por haberle pernlitido consumer el asesi- consults se habin coiiveluido qut en iaq(ella iiis-
in;to de sit niadre? iinn nochle ec celehrai's coiisrjit en su cal'i., ni cl
hitar destilncdo i lais asaiihlcns dc los licles, cl
Un solo puinto luininoIO se divisahai alI travi.s caln cro un salon gratie a drnaldoI, eli In part
de tantas y tll dlcnsat tiniehln, acumulndlas pur m siitairia del palacio. il cual podia clirarse
I.s hombhru y rlos demonins; era nquel granite p,,l unl pllrta .ccretai y vigilial pur e clavos
lie nmostaza evanglica emnibrado) por Pedro jun- cristia.no, idle tod in conliaiizi. A la liho. conve-
to al C(.apitolio. Casi dcsdle cl primer dli iaquel- 1nidaI :enis die Linio, lhuisycel de In clas, Ile-
fit semiilli echahn raices fecutdilas y brotahan cul ga;ron Clcuilc.me, ohislpo; Ltici, cvaingulista;
.llanlla froiidlosa y llonlil. siln iotro etorbo qle el I:lavii | ClCicientIC ilI.ltc despniLe enl Imundi
il' lo. vicios lillllillln s. ludii'e te hablii vi.zto i c,,ll sobrlinll y pimlill l d i e ipeirai irc, pert
Iot Ap\l)i ntsl llalttlizr liulie il ntiumc dic j.llis y nichn iu cichre ui la leia por liaber sidlo
I. l n:l llu litlil ie getililCs ; lcvaililitare m.ich ca t h ralllllt, esp i)s y ) io dtc uniill.s y inill lir de Je.
ilCSiis clin icrlte deI los llplos pgiilnu)s, p)il i sllOcrist (i). Tainhicn aciuldil Tollrptc, ininistro
II;.e l I langelio en cl p Ialcio de lis CesIres: dI in cas d(let Ci.nir. y otni sacerloteS v lvticoS
rl iisiii Pl u I l iilc habia iiltroducidoh f c riltiil- en nl,,lert coisileii le ( )
nistiiu eln cl Senudo. T"odo esto cri tin lison- el I o ce c
N. I ihliii lrc ]lm ill ihilrle i i .a)slcisidtits, portilo
jero pIiiicil)io de-i'grdlli '. c~perianzlli, y lomo cs- h;l, iclnd, reuitloitl toltli Ia. lnoicias., so veie cla-
I.l.a uniign it it n e ipestosu i i ic runenic ii fle oimon MI(go laubiat preparaid log
ipra ofiscuirlt a i llini vcidue clI inceliao dtili o- l z ci n Itnit perfidia, quei parcTin imnposihie
ilia, c nya. sgnominia clisar ioncndiano ruiso
mll, cllyar e nuimi al c'l Cisar ilc'ndi ario quisin elr que Pedlro y Palblo Ipudliesen escapar de sus tra-
apa.tar con.sani re cristiana; y para compt larui. i )Ce qie haliiin venido A:1 RIIomi Tirida-
cl cxterninio de it fe ronintia, avn>i.iib hoi n t i v Artn iC Nero, e niorbin
ues. n''v y Illaqgu ticArmllenla. erol n .te habta
..n cnnio miis ,,suto: Sino, iHg. I Qucll aliiniiao la it fagin husta tal extrlI (fil )a-
polra cvitar, epniisaih PI'udene, que este com- ha din y n ches dcgollando honbres, muje-
plicte cl xterlmnio? Es cenciilgo pcrsonial de ri tu y nichc, i degon i .ndo l oninbndomue
Pedro, y estl cnterado de nuestros secrets: tal es exmi do i
vezl estmis hurnr ha resuelto la inuerte de tin (I) CImerelle fu6 sohrino dec V\rpasiano y
Ap6rctolcs; tic: ile su part i Neron y i Trgce- 'ihn ie Tito'.' emnperaoreca hernano le silllta
ii;rnlutilar elposo de santa Flavia Doniltiln y tio
lill.; ori, favllr, coi i|lices en n, todo: i) ios dc otra s lnt Flvia Domnitila. Fub mnartlrir -
salve In Iglesia tic Roi : dip pIor si primo Doinicialu en cl ain 95.
S() Saiin Torpete (ue martirizndo denpuca en
Oprimido por tan cruel pesar, el senadotape- i a(, v it prohablelente olude sla Pblo ce-
nas pudo toinar aigun alihnento; y levantAndose criihleico a fnosFlipennst (iv, l): Oa ln udal n
prontalentoe e It mean, dijo i Praxedes y.Pu- Lotdon b nt,* lloa y prtIneltpinlmetia Ilo qctie m d In
doeicians: ... I .!. !' ' .1,, ,, I,,,'! 1I'.: M l. n ieCo/l ir (No rolln)i "









S74


entraEas, con furor siempre creciente, para Iner alejados a Pedro y & Pablo, i to menos has-
aprender el arte. Habiendo Ilegado despues i ta que haya.decaidu.algun tnlto el favor que Si-
la Corte Simon con el irparato de sus prodigies mon Mago. tiene cerca del C6sar.
verdaderamente maravillosos, et Cesar hahia en- Apenas habin Torpete ncabado de pronunciar
loquecido de tal manera, que no vein sino por estas palabras, el esclavo que guardaba la puer-
los ojos de Simon: Tigelino era una misma co- ta entr6 precipitadamente en Ia sala, y casi fuera
sa con el inago, to cual habia armad, a 6ste con ,e si. anuncii:
el poler de entrambos. Ni era pusible dudar --IPedro y Pablo
del odio mortal de Simon contra cl ap6stol Pe-' ,
dro; porque habian estado yn en luchu continue Presentaronse, en efecto, os (dos Ap stoles en
en Samaria, en Fenicia y en el Asia. i Qu otro la asainblea. Habian Ilegado i Roma al caer
partido quedaha, pues, que cl de apartar nl el dia, sin dnr el menor aviso, y mnis tarde a fa-
Ap6atoldcl lugar en que s. uuert era inevitable? vor de las tiniehlas acudian al acostumbrado re-
fugio hospitalario de la casa de Pudentc.
Lino, pues, que hacia lps veces de Pedro en (sg CONTINUARA.)
Sel'obicrno de la Iglesia de Roma, concluy6 di-
ciendo: HO0 W T 0 FLY .
-Ya que asi ha parecido i los ancianos, ex-
pedir6 un diAcono con encnrgo de entretener i ODERN SCIENCE has furnished us
Pedro y Pahlo, si es possible. Y digo si es posi- with peremptory demonstrations of the
ble, porque tengo el convcnciniento de que, inipossibility of Perpetual Motion andi
mienlras nosotros deliberamos, surcan los mares the Squaring the Circle: but it has left
de Acaya. volviendo a Roma; y auin, si el viel- ur inventive gKeiuses free to puzzle over the
to lea ha sido favorable, pueden estar ya en Italia. equally ancient and fascinating problem of the
SFlying Machine. From time to time, it is true,
P-Y expedir correos htcin Brindisi, dijo the newspapers announce that the great invention
has, at last, been perfected; but, alast does not
-Yo los eiviar: por la via Apia en direction the next following item record that the Sea Ser.
i Puzolo, dijo Flavio Clemente. pent has been sighted, time, place and person all
-Es necesario de todus modos, aiiadid Tor- specified: and did we not read, a column or two
pete, preservarlea, y al efecto avisar a todas las before, how the alligator pear gets its name from
iglesias de Italia para que, en cualquiera parte a wondrous habit the gentle crocodile has of
que so presented, sepan el estado de nuestras co- standing on- its head and skilfully rapping down
sat en Roma. Ciertamente, la presencia de its favourite food with the end of its tail? With
nuletros Apbstoles serviria de un inmenso auxi- our appetites surfeited with a profusion of mar-
lio i nuestra Igles! a pero, creedme A mi, que vels such as these, it is not reasonable to expect
yeo lag cosu de circa: no podemos alucinarnos us to get excited over the flying machine.
hasta el punto de desconocer que no Ilegarian A late announcement of these oracles ofscience,
aino pars caer hajo el hachs del verdugo al dia however, merits a more respectful attention. They
siguiente de ou Ilegada. Tenemon, pues, la inma assert that the great and only Edison has taken
estrecha obligacion de poner en practice la ad- up the problem of flying. If that, indeed, is the
vertencia de Cristo: Bed prudent cowo la ser- case, we may well begin to ask ourselves: well,
Piente. Por to que, loh padres nueatros y me- and why not? Certainly, we would have been
eatros en Jesucriatol as suplico, tambie n n more Incredulous, a few years back, at a tale of a
onabre de los hermanas de la casa del C6sar, machine that talked than at the prospect of a suc-
que bagala todos los eauuerso posibles pars to- cessful flying machine. If Mr. Edison, who gave












us the phonograph, has really taken up the pro- to his arms, and with them beat the air at the rate
blem we may expect something. of some half a dnzen times the second, not for-
A New York paper further informs us that Mr. getting, with every movement, to open and shut
Edison takes as his model the flying apparatus of the slats nor to feather the whole sail after the
the "Bumble-bee." It is true the bumble bee manner of the oarsman; and then he must have
does not quite meet our ideal of strong and easy enough reserve muscle to manage a rudder tail of
flight: but, at any rate, in a land destitute of rail- about the length of the sails, and, what is more,
ways or roads, even the flight of a bumble-bee be prepared to work all this aparatus in the teeth
would be a thing not to be despised. Ofonethling, of every wind that blows. Finally, when he has
we hope our inventor will not be unmindful: the succeeded thus far, let him mount aloft some few
bumble bee is very deficient.in steering apparatus, miles into the sky, and, in the midst of this vio-
and, in place thereof, seems to be endowed with lent exercise, keep up an uninterrl'pted song, so
the faculty ofl enduring with equanimity a series loud and clear, as to arrest the attention of his
of violent collisions, any one of which might easi- friends below. All of this he must do, if he would
Iv prove fatal to the flying man. Imagine the emulate the skylark's flight. The fact is that
modern athlete. donning his bumble-bee flying the flying apparatus is the principal part of a bird,
machine of a morning, buzzing oflinto upper air, everything else being reduced to a minimum:
and. after getting up speed, suddenly bringing up and, besides, a bird's flying apparatus is construct-
against the gable of a house, and dropping in a ed with a combination of strength and lightness,
miscellaneous heap to the ground. Would he, which isapparently impossibleofimitation; while
;aftr such a fall- but no, let us be strictly accu- the bumble-bee is the example in Nature of a
ra:e in language, remembering the imr'-.ssive minimum of flying apparatus in size and power,
wrdlsf the New Yorker, who fell from an upper with a maximum of unwieldiness in the other
wiindw: It wasn't the fall that hurt. I didn't parts. Hence our own build and our weakness
mind illht falliitg: but the landing was awful"-- forces us to adopt the humbler type as our model.
Would he, then, after such a landing as that, de- Indeed, the whole difficulty, which has conquer-
vote (unv a few swx:onds to a kind of stunned be- ed past attempts at flying machines, may be
wilder.nett, alter th- f..ihiun of bumblebees, and summed up in the one wold, "weight."
then fly off as cheerful ai ever? We "guess" not; There is one way, however, of overcoming
if the mnan could stand it, the machine could not: weight, viz. the balloon. You can make a man
and even if both came out of thestrugglein good as light as you please, by attaching him to a re-
working order, we greatly misjudge the noble ceptacle containing a gas lighter than air. Ijut
army of athletes, if they can ever be induced to then comes the difficulties of propelling and stccr-
look with favour on a kind of exercise calculated ing. To counterbalance necessary and unavoid-
to make them objects of derision to all beholders, able weight, a balloon must be ofsuch a size, that
Therefore, it behoves Mr. Edison to look well to it is practically at the mercy of every current of
the steering part of his flying machine, If it is to air, while it is evident that powerful machinery
be a success. "' ". ji occessary.for any kind of motion-how power-
But why fly like a bumble-bee, is thi! iatutal ful; may be guessed bythose who haveexpcrienced
question, when .we have for out example the clean the'kihd of progress an Ocean liner makes with
swif cirlcling, the easy poise of the hawk, And thiu herpropcller.out of water, and consequently in the
caring' flight'oIf the skylark) :Well-therm rf- air. But the more powerful the machinery, the
diffittilties.' Let 6ut"Athlete 'procure a couple of heavier, and,consequently, the larger the balloon
windmill saild ofiuni't\ehtyfelet it'length, With must be to aspport it. But a worst difficulty is
all'niodleYt Inibvtenibm ts?' let him :ttitch"thecm the want of rigidity In a balloon. The possibility









( 7i


of sailing and steering a boat depends on the boat
being a rigid structure; to parallel the pruolem
of balloon navigation, we munst imagine our boat
to be bowl shaped, like the vessel used in the ex-
pedition of the three wise men( of Gotham, and,
so, liable to twirl about with every change of
wind: and, furthermore, we must imagine our.
selves seated on the ruldder, which is connected
with the boat by a ten foot rope, for only so can
we imitate the elastic connection of the balloon
and car. No wonder people have hitherto failed
in all attemptsto propel or steer balloons. Some
rather -sanguine balloonists have held that there
is always a chance of finding at a higher or lower
elevation a current which, at least, would not
carry them in the dirvctio" they most object to
(a theory not always borne out by practice); but
the most enthusiastic, never pretended that there
is much of a chance of finding a current to take
them in the precise direction in which they wish
to go. To be sure, the balloon instead of being
made of oiled silk might be constructed of some
rigid material: bht rigidity, like powerful machi-
nery, means greater weight; so that we come
agaiiit the same difficulty, which has ever con-
fronted us all along the line: how to attain rigi.
dity and great power with extreme lightness.


reason why an inflated bladder will burst rather
than Atund more than a certain amount of comt.
pressiun. We believe that it is Sir Isaac Newton
who is credited with the sertion that If as much
air as Is contained in a pill box, could be con.
veyed far off into interstellar space, away from
iul appreciable attraction from the Heavenly
bodies, it would expand out into a space equal
in size to the whole uniivese. Whoever made
the assertion, it is a tolerably safe one, as no one
is ever likely to test it by experiment. An elas-
tic balloun. then, will fill out and resist atmos-
pheric pressure, if inflated with ever so light a
gas: but will collapse if all gas of any kind he
pumped out of it. Alln artificial gas, however, is
not absolutely necessary, for natural air when
heated expands and becomes rarer and more
light: hence, the principle of the fire balloon.
Even the birds, it seems, take advantage of this
law, nnd, we are told, have hollow, marrowless,
thin bones which are kept filled with warm asi
froun their longs. This page of Natural History,
however, hardly helps towards a solution of olr
problem for none of us are prepared to suffer
our bones to he bored through and the oritices
connected with our lungs, let Mr. Edison charm
never so wisely. There are some prices too dear
to pay even for the chance of flying.
Such are some of the difficulties, roughly
sketched, in the way of a flying machine. Yet
who, in view of the inventions of the past, dare
say i: impossible? It seems improbable that a
man like Mr. Edison can have committed him-


One bright thought may have occurred to the sell by a kid of promise to the Public unless ne
clever reader: nothing, is lighter than ile had a moral certainty of success before him and
leverreader: nothing, slighter than any possible wea all await the result of his labours wih curio-
gas, and is cheaper too, why not fill your balloon,e a awa t t of his labod wthcuio-
so to speak with nothing. It would be easy from aiy and good wishes.
a strong and rigid receptacle (only it would he
no longer a receptacle) to withdraw all the air 0 I C H [ 1 S.
with an air-pump and leave nothing behind; and I
it would then he lighter than if filled with any (CO.CiUDoD.)
gas whatever; but the box, or whatever it may (CONCLUDD.)
he called, would then have to be made so strong -
to resist atmospheric pressure, that the extra 63. VANILLA. Our only climbingOrchid and
weight would more than balance the advantage the only Orchid of commercial importance,"
gained. There is a peculiar quality of all gases, e only rcd commercial importance,
very obvious but not often noticed, which render though that is true only so far as we rashly as-
the balloon a possibility. Everyone knows that sume that the florists' trade is not "commerce."
the particles of a solid substance cling together, The Vanilla grows throughout the Tropical
y cohesion, to a degree that maks L ttig World and is credited with twenty species. Not
them a matter of more or less difficulty: Vut the
particles of a gas follow the opposite law of re- all these species are of equal commercial value,
pulsion, making them keep as far apart as their however; and the Vanilla of commerce is obtain-
welghtor e*fornal force will allow. This Is the ed from V. planifolis which is indigenous from









77


Mesico to Peru ,Id Brazit pnd is cultivated in
'maty ofe V pe ti' Islands. Th fruit of
this species ( peId-pod,' wihy is'it hot a true
pod we hope to show in a future number) is
cylindical, ahout a span long, and less than half
an inch thick.- It is gathered before it is fully
ripe, dried in the shade, and steeped in a fixed
oil, gepCrally that of the Cashew nut. It contains
within Ih rough pericarp a soft black pulp, in
which many minute black seeds are embedded.
V. appears in commerce in packets of 5o-too
pods, wrapped up, in cane-leaves and sheet-lead
or in small tin boxes.... The whole quantity im-
ported into Britain does not exceed four or fiye
cwt. annually." ( We renew our warning that
the flowers, when removed from their native
L- -. . .. t -----.l..


handsome. Sepals, petals and labellum erect:
lateral lobes closely embracing column: middle
lobe exerted (protruded) from among sepals,
concave, waved or fringed. Column lung, some-
what incurved, with acute angles. Stigma wide
beneath the short rostellum.
65. Convusis. Terrestrial, tall, leafy. plants
with-root fibres united into a rhizome (thick
creeping root). Leaves large, with prominent
veins, sessile on the appressed sheaths. Flowers
rather small: sepals and petals very narrow
(linear) united for a long distance in a tube, then
spreading and wider. Labellum also linear,
erect, grooved (caniculate) with short recurved
wider limb. Column long, erect and two-eared
at apex.


naunts, momust o icrlenitzco, or they wil proobabyl
naunta, must ,ic Icrlllc, or they will pf iy 66. PkESCOrrTA. Terrestrial, with root fibres
drop without forming fruit. It will be sen that 66. P ,'. T t fi.re
drup without formi ng, frit. It will be seA that united into a rhizome. Leaves crowded at base
we Ilav here Iwo prrolilcmrn fr our observant
readers, tb ,r t'm ,of gh co, p era, as of the stem, which, above the leaves is much
well SiCtifiC, lhe to co. merei, as sheathed. Flowers small, sometimes minute,
w Vnllas tiiral Iicc to o n the t species more or less sessilc in a spike. Sepals membra.
of Vaiili neItuIrl i th.e'Ilony, s.the hit astep naceous (I. e. white and dry, liku parchment)
towards ler iy their nmsercial' valuJ e itd united at the base in a wine.glass or tube, spread-
'.vcnIlKV. to dlentify the insect whoae office it Is
rtiwcodl t ide ntify the ioect whoe offie i t i ng above and generally twisted. Petals narrow,
l united at base to column. Claw of labellum
. Itjtt rl'ri tq our ,uintrrupted generic des- united to the cup formed by the sepals: the limb
cription. linits oriunaiIll terrestrialbu climbing crelt, wide, rather fleshy, very concave, hood-
on trees t, a ldist:ance of twenty t,t thirty feet. shape, or nearly closed, two-eared at the base.
Like the English Ivy it puts forth 1"a ventitious Column very short with two stigmas. Clinandrum
roots" (it is quite the thing" in Botany to say erect pointed and produced in a kind of thread.
** ad veltitious roots" though it seems to mean 67. PoNTHItVA. Terrestrial plants with root
little nore than additional or secondary), as well fibres united into a short rhizome. Leaves all
aslargeleaves(generally)at the nodes are joints; cear the ground, ovate or lance shape and mem-
and, like the Ivv, it lives on the sap of the tree. branaccous. Flowers small, the raceme generally
S" 'dJowny Petals united to the column almost to
ly means of these roots, when cut off from the Petals united to the column laost tolu
on. I" its end, spreading from it.s apex. Claw of labellum
ground. Flowers large but.not attractive from united to, collunn: the side lobes cared: limb
the flotist's pOint of view. Petals and sepals spreadingand abruptly widened, sometimes very
spreading...Claw if labelluin united to column; smaall. Column broadened at the top.
middle lobe Cmbracing column at the base. 68. SPIRANTHu. A wide spread genus of
.64-,:I .; Fod on high ounta which a British spcie iscalled Lady Tressas.
64oo, high ~ountin Terrestrial; the root fibres united into a fleshy
only. Terrestrial, tall, leafy plants without rhizome, sometimes thickened into tubes (like po.
pseudoblulb:. Leaies distant, leathery, plicate tatoes). Flowers generally in a one sided spike.
and saslaile o ,ht pt. .,FoIers large and The back sepal is joined with the petals nto a
helmet, or united, or spreading at ape only. La-
:cbl-ll 'ficieuiclpg lumn or








1 7 )


adhering to it, often narrow, spreading at apex,
sometimes three-lobed, having folds within, or
thickened spots of various kinds.
.69. PELKXIA. Terrestrial, generally with rhi.
some. Leaves petioled at base of stem. Flowers
small in spikes. Back sepal erect, united with
petals into a pointed helmet-the point produced
SIn-a bristle: the lateral sepals united at the base
and forming a long linear sharp spur. Labellum
affixed by the centre peltatee) to the base of the
column, erect, linear, chanclled; produced at the
base in a long keeled or spur.shaped limb within
the spur of the sepals.
70. PHYsuRu. Terrestriai plants often with
rhizomes. Leaves petioled ovate or lance-shape,
in the American species often variegated. Flowers
small, in spikes. Back sepals often united with
the petals an a helmet. Labellum erect from base
of the column, sometimes shortly united to it,
produced beneath in a spur, and above hollowed,
abruptly contracted; the limb often split in two.
71. HADENARIA. A vast and widely spread
genus, having, like Spiranthes, British represent.
tatives. Terrestrial plants with tubers. Gene-
rally the side sepals and sometimes all three se.
pals are spreading. Petals generally smaller and
of diverse forms, sometimes deeply split in two.
Labellum continuous with column and sometimes
shortly united with it, spreading or pendulous,
spurred at the base; middle lobe sometimes into
,3-S divisions: sidelobes sometimes fringed. Col-
umn short. Rostellum bearing a tooth or short
lobe between the two parts of the anther. The
stigmaa is two-lobed, or often there are two stigmas
more or less united, or produced in two contiuu.
nations which are.sometimes very long. There
are about 40o known species.


A.E MORLAN.


Comerciante en Joyeria, Relo-
jeria, Plateria y en today cla-
es de instruments Musicos
y Opticos.

Importador. de PIANOS Y ORGA-
NO8, pr6pios para estos climas, de.loe
i Fnarieantsb InIas areditaddos.


Here ends our list-" at last," our readers will
say; but we plead, in extenuation, that the list is
not to be learned, but referred to whenever you hace h cargo de today clase de repara-
come across a new Orchid. Once place a flower, clones en dichde ramos y oireoe li
by the analysis requisite in using this list, and it p blico las mejores MAQUI-'I
* will be ever afterwards a familiar acquaintance, NAB do i erj tales PMA
to be recognized at a glance. The great leading NAB de coser, tales com
genera are soon learned-the Epidendrum, Catt-. lit'" VI TOR IA ;' '' "
leya, Brassavola, Stanhopea, Maxillatis, Onci. 'AMERIO Y ANARD,
m-andfrom those, bydiffernc which,. AM RICA Y TANDARD,
come daily more obvious the is trained, detles.dirig A
the allied lesser genera are learned almost para s detalles.dirigre,
consciously, i I OR A, '"
* A fnal word on collectingfor nglibh florist 1
In next month's Amgdus to conclude this Article. a. NORTH FRbN1' sT., BIELIZE..J












ST. JOSEPI'S ()SERVATORY.

Sulltniiury ol' MAtuorologicil Observationts during IIhe Itiuth of March 1891.

DAYS. .RAnoM. Ininches THoitMOM. PSYCHRIOMETER. ANEMUNI. SKY. RAIN.


*=- o .Z
SI M. Min. Dew. Quality.


1-7 30o.5 Z9.95 3.o. s 680 St 78 85 75.0 E.S.E. 3 C.Str. 4 o.oo
8-14 '30.1029. 29.96 86 740 So 77 85 7.o0 E.E. 4 C.Str. 6 I o.o1
15-21 30.04 29. 29.-3 86 749 8o 90 76. St.Er. 6 4 o o0
22-31 29.93 29.73129.4 850 75 8r 79 90 77-7 E.S.E. 7) Str. 4 I 0.05


month 30.5 9-75 9.9 860 .68 89 79 89 76. E.S.E. S C.Str. 4 a 0.15

Explanation for the Sky, C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quitr cleir, to. quite covered.

The Atmospheric Pressure as is usually the The Rain-fall was very alight. Twice only
case in the equinoctial months has been very was there rain, oni the loth and alth and the
variable. From the sat to the Iith with some rain-~uage marked but 0.t5 Inches fur thewhole
daily variation the pressure kept high between month.
30.15 and 29.92. From this day it began to fall
and on the t4th the readlngwas 9.78. Thence The Temperature was pleasant. The range
there was a steady rise in the Barometer until of the Thermometer was "l'', if we do not take
the end of the Month. The range during the into consideration the low temperature on the
whole month was o.4o between 3o.t5 and 29.75. Itt when for a few hours the Minimum stood at
The Wind which was blowing nearly all the 6i8. The 26th was a calm and very close day.
month through was from the E. orS.E. with very The sky was covered with a reddish fog all the
few exceptions. The Velocity was medium, ex- day through although the Maximum reached 851.
cept towards the end of the month, when for a The public health has much improved and
few days the E. was very strong giving some- malarial fear has for the present almost disap.
times a velocity of 15 miles an hour. peared from Belize.


"5 i.' I$' *. . ... rt~ *' . *. I, *' *









( o


Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.

- :o:

Select School for young ladies, Boarders and
Day-scholars,
Besides what is comprised in the usual course of a first-class English educa-
tion, French is taught if required. Also elementary Drawing and the
Simpler kinds of fancy work.
Extras, Music, I'iano or Guitar.
S.' TERMS.
'. Boarders, $ 150. oo half a year.
Day-scholars, $ 5. oo a month.
S' i ALL PAYMENTS TO BE MADE IN ADVANCE. 'V*
r' r particulars apply to the Reverend Mother at the Convent.









.. Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize. :

---::--

S Escuela select para Senorltas, Penslonlstas y Externas.
S Ademis de lo que se comprende en el curso usual de Educacion Inglesa de *
Is. clause, se ensefia el FrancCs cuando se desca, Dibujo elemental y los, '
.* .. trabajos mas sencillos en Obras de fantasia. .
'Extra, M sica, Piano, Guitarrn.
CONDICIONES.
~ensionistas, $ 150. oo por semestre
Externas, $ 5. oo mensuales.
S'TO.DO Los PAGOS EBBRRN HACERSE ANTICIPADOS.W
Parsn btuer peramaeres, tirigtrs la Reverends Xadre Saperirs del Couveato.










THE




ANGE LU S.

CALENDAR AND MONTHLY.NOTZS.


5th month.


MA Y


1891.


34
4
Sun slow. 4
4
3


SS. Philip and James, App.
S. Athann.ius, B.C.D.
5th after Easter. [MM., Lit.
BB. J. Fibher, T. More, &c.,
S. Catharine of Siena, V. Lt.
S, John before the Latin Gate.
Ascenion of our Lord. [1t.
Apparition of S. Michael.
S. Gregory Nazianzen, H.C.D.
Within Oct, of Ascension.
S. Frnncis Jerome, C., S.J.
SS. Nercus, Achilleus, and
Comp., MM.
S. Pius V., P.C.
Octave of the Ascension.
S. Eghert, C. I


min.
nun. ..
mi. ..Ch
miin.
min.
mn, n.


16 S
17 Su.
18 M
19 T
20o
21 Th
z2 F
23 S
24 Su.
25 M
I26 T
27 W
28 Th
29 F
30 S
31 Su,


ranges of Moon.


Last quarter.
New Moon.
Fir.t Quarter.
Full Moon..
I.Lt Quarter.


Whittun Eve. Fot.
Whit Sunday.
Whit Monday.
Whit Tuesday.
Ember Day.
Of the Octave.
Ember Day.
B. Andrew Unhola, M., S.J. Ember.
Trinity Sunday.
S. Aldhelm, B.C.
S. Augustine. B.C., Ap. of England.
S. Philip Neri, C.
ConrPU CHBISTI.
8. Venantils, M.
S. Simon Stock, C.
2nd after Pentecost.


N 0 T E S .



1. May Devotions begin every even- 28. Corpus Christi. : High Mass at 7
ing during the Month at 7 p.m, with exposition of the Blessed
', . ; . .. iSacram ent.
4, 6. Litanies before Mass at 6.30.
... '. : .... I . '' 4 31; Procession of the Blessed Sacra-
a,,' gh ss oT ,.i :.. ,,,,,L : . .... .. . ment:in.the CQ ur -yrp id t 6 pm ..m .


Sun
rises.


I. at 5.32.
8. at 5.28.
15. at 5.25.
23. at 5.23.
30. at ;.22.


_ ___








( 82 )

.. .- -CONTENTS- /


Cdony'Noti, .. ...' .Page 81 J l" Simon Pedro y Simon Mago,. Page 89
Carts del S. S. Leon XIII, .. 8,g Chronicle of the S. II. r.t, .. 9:
Holy Week in the Colony, .. P.. The Church and the School,.. 94

COLONY NOTES. ed after survey to be A. 1. She is 113
S-.. tone burden and will not unlikely be put
HE SCHOONER "CONQUEST." By on outside-trade at an early date.
the great kindness of the Hon.
Carlos Melhado a party con- There is an Article in the Indeencdent
eisting of Louisians, Select-school boys, of April 24th against "a party ol tente-
and Choir was enabled to take a trip to men designated us the Society of Jesus.
Stan Creek, on Friday 10th April. he for having started (?) a job printing of-
eail down was accomplished in a little See. It calls or no aswer; for people
over three hours and a half and at the of sense know well how the "'Angelus
start the juveniles were lbus in the hold P'res" is conducted and it is lneeless
at a fierce contest at cricket. pending words on foolish or prejudiced
On the following day a number o 'pr'sos. To themn we leave the reading
ust met on boardof the columns o the Ind'"tlependent. As to
Christening of the vessel. Alter the the ftir-minded Catholire who are now
"God save the Queen" had saluted t!r pointing the finger of condemnation at
Admninistr.tor and party, anchor ws cards an- circulns they exist only in the
weighed und a pleasant breeze wafted mind of the Writer of the Article.
the Schooner away. VWhen the Raverend
Superior of the Convent and Mids Mel-
ville as Madrinas and His Hotnor, the A Variety Entertainment is to he given at the
Administrator and Sydney G. Woods Council Chamber on Monlay May 4th by the
Esq. as Padrinos had tnken their places Memhers of La Union" Philharmonic Society.
on the poop, the Very Rev3ren. Prefect WH feel sure from the success of their pnast p'r-
i<.eo- p, p ery tbeVs-I h vrlec, furinances that this Society will give the Public
Apostolie proceeded to bless the vessel n.i interesting evening on lMonda next and we
according to the prescribed form. The trust they will have a full attendance to encour-
success of the "Conquest" and its own- age their efforts.
ere wasproposed by the Administrator : .'
and cordially responded to; The ipaking voice of ai new Bell, the gift of
"La Union" string band enlivened in- a never failing friend, is to be heard hbth SunI
tervals and scratch concert commenced. days and week-dysa suinmoning the: faithful tU
The Conque~t now takes th lead Church. The Catholic Church,. Belize has now
.The. .Conque n takes the' lieadd Ithree Bells and perhaps in the got far ditaut fu-
amotingt the colony fleet; being declar- ttri a peal may be tinging front its Tdierd.












CARTA DE S. S. LEON XIII.

A todos lon files que lean las preacntes letras
slud y Benlicion Apostdlica.
Feliz oportunidad, es en verdud, el que se ce-
Irbren con piedad singulnr solemlcs fiestas en
honor de honor de San Luis Gonzaga cl a1 tie
Junio ie ette aiio en que corre el tercer cente-
nario dtc au hentlsina muerte. Con motivo die
cate feliz acontecinmiento se non ha referido c6mo
el huno tie nlos jdveoes cristianos hise infnnma-
do en admirable y fccundo amor i In religion,
parecibAndoles occasion nmy favorable parn dar
tesltimonio en inuchas maneras de an afccto y
veneraciun hhcia e! Patron celeste de Is juven-
tud. Y teto acontece, no s61, en squellos lu-
gares. en los cuales naci6 Luis para la tierray el
cielt, sin, tanibien, y con gran amnplitud, donde
quiera que ha Ilegldu su nombre y se ha exten-
dido In famn de su santidad. Nos. ncostumrnah.
do ya decade Nueatra tierna edad & bonrar con
afectuoisina piedud al Angilico J6vcn, tenien-
do noticla de estas cosas, hemos sentido dulclai-
ma alegrla. Confinmos tmnlhicn en que con
ayuda de Dios, estas fiestas solemrne no ru:sltcn
sin fruto par Inls cristianus, especialmente Ins
jbvenes, que rindiendo honor i su Patron tutelar,
ficilmente conscguirin fijar su atencion en las
preclaras virtues de que did en vida & todos cs.
plelndsimno ejemplo. Y contemplando y admi-
rando estas virtudcs, es de esperar que con la di-
vina gracia anhelen conformar con ellas su men-
te y su coraxon, y procure perfeccionarse ini-
tindolas. Y en verdad, a los jdvenes catdlicos
no puede proponerse un ejemplar mis excelen-
to ni mra adornado de esas virtudes, cuyos mn6-
ritos tanto ae does que ostento Is juventud.
Pues en Ia virtud y on Ins costcmbres de Luis
pueden los j6venes encontrar muchlsimnos docu-
mentos en lon que'nprendan con cuinto cuidado
y vigilancia hays de conservarse la integridad y
la inocencia de vida. c6n cuinta constancia deba
mortificarse el cuerpo para splacnt loans ardores
de las pasiones, c6mo se deban despreciar las ri-
quezas y no hacer caso de los.bonoresa; con qui


prop6sitos y con cuinto diligencia deha stender-
sc i lIo studios y cumpnlir con Insdemis ocups-
ciones y con laa olicios propios ie In edad, y lo
que especialinente en estos licempns s de sunI
importancia, con Is fidelidud y filial ainor que s
dehb prestnr adelcsion i In lgleshl y Ia Sedc
Apost6licn. I'rque cl Angilico J6ven, ya vi.
viesc entre Ins murus duinsticos 6 morse en
nohle palacin en Is real curte de Easpiia, b aten-
dlesc A cultivur cl nimin en In Santidud, cuando'
renunciando cl principado entr6 en la Cuinnfti
de Jesus en In que, como hable tanto deseado,
se complacia en que se Ie cerrnran las puertas
para lIs dignidlacs y en quc tuviese que emple-
arse todo entero exclusivanente a Ia salud de lon
pr6jimos, vi6ndosele en todos los acts de su vi-
d tal suerte que dcjb prcclaros nrgumentos de so
santidad.
Por lo cunl, lus que president con sibioconbe.
Jo Is education y ensieannza de I juvented cris.
tiann suelun proponer i Luis como nubillsimo
modelo que imitar, conformindose asn con la
muerte de nuestro predecessor Benedicto XIII,
el cnal, design i San Luis patrono principal de
Is juventud que se consagra i los studios. Y i
ests respect, son dignas de alabanza aquellas
sociedades de jdvencs catblicos que no sdlo en
Ins ciadades italianas, sino tambien en otras, so
han constituido al fin de que se celebre sa tal so-
lemnidad de San Luis con singulares actors de
religion. Nos sabemos cuanto cuidado ponen
per oprastar los honored que han de hacerse at
Angilico J6ven en todo el mundo cat6lico y
cuianto estudian porque resulten laudables por
la picdad y por el n6mero lasdevotasperegrina-
ciones que ban de hsccrse, 6 al suelo patrio de
Luis, 6 A esta Ciudad Santa, que conserve y ve-
nero sui castos despojos. Tarmbien i los nifos
y niflas soe le ha ofiecido, icgun uestras notl-
cias, el modo de ltestiguar i Luis las primictas
de lu 'ambo y pledad, puestd qie so han defun-
dido con profusion piginas'entnohleeiadas por
nonmbrek sugustos, en las cumles' se ban ioscrito
Cllos y: su padres 7 amigos. *I *' -... ...' '









( 84 )


Este singular fervor en obhl tan precious, y nI
estos untos prop6aitos y votos tendran,6xito fe- p
liz, como Nos esperainos del divmo favor. En la
el entretento, y hahidudosenon pedido que pnra si
mayor fruto de las aIman enriqueci&rramos esta
solemnldnd con lon celestlales tesoroa de la Igle.
sin, Nos.hemos scordadn acsceder benignamente d
i estas Instancias. Por tanto, por In miserlcor-
dil de Dios Oomnipotente y con Ia autoridnd de
los Santos Ap6stoles Pedro y Pahlo, concede-
mos misericordiosnmente en el Senior inadigencdt
plenarn y remnision de todos Ins peo-ndos todos y q
& cads uno de los cristianon de iuno y otro sexn n
que debidnamente confesados y cmimuljgados visi-
taren devotamnente:cunlquiern Iglesin 6 oratorio
piblico en que se celebre la fiesta de San Luis, I
y elevaren oraciones i Dins pr In concordia de s
los Principes cristlaino, per In extirpacion de las
herejias, por Ia conversion de los pecadores y
por Is exaltacion de la Iglesia, siunipre que du-
rante do Triduo b n la Novens, al minnon cinc t
veces, que han de celehrarse comn preparacino t
k la solemnidad de khn Luis, en Ios dins que
destine cl rexpectivo Ordinario de In localidad,
6 en el mismo dia de la fiesta, 6 en uno de los
predichos dian, a election de cada no cumpinn
con to preceptundo.
A lon flelcs que at minors con el corazon con-
trlto tomen parte en lus peregrlinclones i Ins
mencionados lugares, segun so capacidad y I
'se padres que han inscrito sus nombres pars
mercer 6i proteeclon de San Luis, que asistan,
tomo arriba queda dichn, at Triduo 6 Novena,
ConcedetYos en la fonna scostombrad de la Ingle.
tii lete alRos y otras tailtas cnarentenas de pe-
titencias, que let hayn sid6 ihip'uedtas & otras
de enalquier otro modo debidas.
T6das estas idultgenclas y prdon de peniten-
cuas concedemos que puedahn tamhien aplicarse
por:modo do sufragios por lAs amnas del Purgs-
torio. L, conceioooes que acemos abto podrin
yale parM eae a 0Bo. .
*'. Queremos adstemi, quide lee originals y co,
pias tomadas de las.prosente letras ustcritp a or


ianlude notario pdhlico y prosistns del sello. In
ersona eclesikitica constituila en natorilldd se
a d6 In misma f6 que se tendrin a las presented
ifucren exhibidas 6 presentadas.
Dado en Roma, cerca de San Pedro, Isjn el
nillo del Pecadlor, el din so. de Enero de 1891,
6clmo tercero de Nuestrn Pontlficado.
M. CARDINAL LEDOCHOVSKI.


Confnrinandonos i los deseos del S. Padre,
uieriendo celebrar tambien nosotros el Cente-
nario de ente Angblico J6ven, S. Luis Gonzaga
r dar la'Juventud de la Prefectura un model
SPatronn hemos 'dispuestn que en todas IWn
glehias de In Prefectura se celhebrar un Tridno
olemne en preparacinn Ila fiesta que enmp.an-
Ia el :8 de Juiio. En este hahri Misa ca tada
pnr Is maflana h Ins 61 y p Rosarlo, Sermon explicativo de In vid d(el SI-
to, reso y bendiclon. El din 2t, fiesta del San-
;o, que cae este siln en Domiugn, halhr Comiio
union general para todos los Jovenes de 'amnios
sexos con Indtlgencla plenaria segnn In coice-
lido del S. Padre, luego gran Misa A Il 9j cin
Paneglrico en honor del Santo y pnr la noche
Vlsptras solemrnes, Sermon y Bendiclon.
Ademaa para que sea nus solemne el din 1-s
niios de primer Coinunion se alistarAi para re-
cibir el pan Eucarlstico en este din y por nl tIrde
Sla horse del Catecisino con la renovacion de ins
promemas del S. Dautismo so hark in Procesion
alrededor do Ia Iglesia cont, el simulacro ilel
Santo.. .
Confiamos que todos querran tomar uns
part active en una solemnidad tan recomen-
dada por el S. Padro y, como de, I beWena
conducts de lon Jovrnes, depiends en gran part
la. moral, de today Ia sociedad, estmnia, seguruo
que todos co-operarin & Ia ,olemnizacloj, ,de
dicho centenario, qu. serk. pot, lo Catblicosuaun
felis recuetdu y parea i Jurntud una espertmUa
segurs de una protection especial qioe. Luis
zercite rk mobre .dlla! :.' ..i. :. I. ( ', ; ''









( 85


HOLY WEEK IN THE COLONY.


As the news of the Holy Week Services out.
side Belize came too late for insertion in last
month's ANOELUS we give our Readers the ac.
counts which have reached us in the current
number.
Corozal.-There is a very general impression
thst the Semana Santa of 18g9 was the most de-
vout and well attended within the recollection of
the inhabitants.
Friday in Passion Week, the Feast of Our
Lady's Dolours, may be considered the beginning
of the Passhal duties. On that day 25 children
made their First Communion and the children of
the Congregation fulfilled their Easter obligation.
There were in all 87 Communions. The entire
centre of the Church was occupied by the chil-
dren with lighted candles and becomingly attired.
Afterwards in the schoolroom, weredistributed
to the First Communicants, Cards and very hand-
some Medals. At night there was the beautiful
devotion of renewing Baptismal vows and the
Church was filled by an eager multitude. Father
Antillach at the end said a few words, explaining
that the Church had done her work for their lit-
tle ones, and bidding them receive back their
children with reverence and watch over them with
care, as'the newly chosen temples of the Eucha-
ristic God.
On Maunday Thursday there were 118 Com-
munions. The beautiful order and perfect quiet
that reigned through the crowded congregation
was especially remarked by several old Curoza-
ians. At night Matins and Lauds *ere chanted
and again an immense crowd attended.
But good Friday was the most striking. The
long Procession of those who came to adore the
Cruss was a thing to remember. Throughout the
long service the most perfect attention and quiet
reigned. The Church was so thronged during
the Three Hours preached by Ft. Antillach, that


there was not standing room at the end of the
building for another man. Here it naturally oc-
cars to us to refer to the efficient assistance ren-
dered during all the services by the Catholic As.
sociation and the Orchestra, and it is our pleasant
duty to thank in this public manner the gentle.
men who managed so admirably the immense
numbers that fell into their hands. During the
Procession of the "Entierro," whilst some were
occupied in guiding the long line outside, others
were busy in lighting the Church and arranging
the Calvary. I believe that this latter'work, so
well preformed, was the peculiar choice and de-
sign of Mr. Mariano Valencia. The Orchestra,
under the leadershipofquite a young man, &Sior
Domingo Navarrette, after sacrificing many hours
of their spare time in laborious practice, fully
satisfied and surpassed expectation. They accom-
panied the Choir throughout the Three Hours
and executed solemn music during the "Entierro."
The Procession of the "Entierro" went round
the extensive Plaza and extended its great length
along three sides ofthat great Square, whilst with-
in the Square were immense number of silent
spectators. The most perfect order and silence
was preserved, broken only by the sad strains of
the accompanying instruments.
On returning to the Church, which again was
filled to its uttermost, the devout people listened
to an English exposition of the "Soledad de Ma-
ria," which was delivered in three short parts,
relieved by intervals of music. Certainly the best
filled day it has been my lot to witness.
On Holy Saturday again the longservices were
well attended, and on Easter morning thegentle.
men came in edifying numbers for their Easter
duties. There were in all 241 Communions from
Friday in Passion Week to Easter Sunday.
Throughout the Choir did their work excel-
lently well. They have sweet voices and a cor-
rect sense of the music they render. We could
wish only for an increase of such singers and we
might expect it in a town where music is so much
appreciated: The very beit'thanks of everybody








( 86 )

are due to the kind ladies who gave their time of the Town. On their return to the Church the
and labour in making cassocks and surplices for Father preached a fervormo on the Passin,.
the altar-boys, and preparing the Altar of Repose After the Morning Service of Holy Saturday
and a multitude of other requisites for this season. Fr. Piemonte went through the Town blessing
the Houses of all those good Catholics who wish-
Orange Walk.-The ceremonies of Holy e" to receive this Paschal Benediction. The
Week were carried out with the usual care. The Great Week was brought to a close by about yo
number of men who assisted both at the services more Paschal Communions on Easter Sunday.
and in the Procession was however in advance Throughout the Week there was entire order
of previous years, thanks to the leavening influ- and quiet in Punta Gorda. It is a pity that so
enre of the Catholic Association. devout a people should have a Church in so di-
On Holy Saturday morning the ingenious lapidated a state as is the present structure but
spirit of Don Bel figured advantageously at the as they cannot raise the funds for a new Church
flnrln Ulntil then the Church wore its,.rdinsr they are resolved to repair tle one they hnve.


aspect, but as the bells pealed out their festive
ring, a flood of light was thrown upon the altar
by the simultaneous opening of all the blinds
which materially assisted in a sensible realization
of the glorious Resurrection. The devoted choir
did well throughout.

Fathr Silvin has returned from his mission-
ary tour to the west and will settle down in
Orange Walk again.


The People of Red Cliff and Monkey River
fulfilled their Easter duties, the forsour onl the
Feast of St. Joseph, their Patron, the latter a
little before Holy Week. In Monkey River they
are going to build a new Church to replace their
present one and the people have already collect-
ed nearly $ 500 for the purpose, 1
On the sath of April. Fr. Piemonte acco.n-
panied by Seflor Eugrenio Knylemn, Presidlet of
the Catholic Association went to visit the Ildians
of the Snrstoot. They were overtakeni by a
Scans, atte a or .to ,, .o ai br .....


tsornm at ihe Bar ot the Sarstoon anu lor smne
Punta Gorda.-Froin n letter, which we s at tu iar or W a on anfor suine
Puta Gord.Frsm a letter, w h we hours were in danger of shipwreck. DIy the Prt-
have not room to insert this mouth, we learn that videsc s. f (.od however with the srly dawt
the Holy Week was celebrated with much en. viden- of God seves with the early d n i j.
thsi in this Car Settlennt. Many cae the storm abated, and they continued their jour-
thusiasna in this Carib Settles,. nt. Many came ny to San Pro and arr, d the p. .
from h nigh on Dic* 1o he p ney to San Peldro and arrived. there at S p, In.
from the neighboring Districtb to be present No need of boulg exhortsstissa--ll those wI,
and the Church was crowded for all the special o n o e
Services with a devout and attentive cogrega were of age to do so were ready to comply with
Services with a devout and attentive congrega- theirduties and ,ot confessed aml communicate
tion. The Procession on Pal Sunday round their duties and 10o4 confessed and communiucated
the Church-grounds was an imposing sight and ut of a total populate' n ot a-o. There were
the singing of the Passion was effectively render. t ',ptisms "'nd 7 Mrri.iges sole Iniaed,
ed by the Father aided by the Schoolmasters.
Wednesday was mainly taken up in hearing the Old River..-The annual, yiitation' of' Old
numerous penitents who approached the Altar River was undertaken this yri byIt4 .Rev Fr.
Rails on Maundy Thursday morning, more than Silvin Gillet.
18oin number. The touching ceremonies of. With characteristic dash, 1o: viewed tiedifli-
the God,,Friday Service were' followed by ihe culties lightly )it'learned by later experience, as
three Hurs Ssernon preached by Fr. Piemonite all travellers its tlse remote parts know alredJy,
and about p. . hegan the Processioi of the how good wi only par',of" to e cjmsnt, re-
"Saip lEir' 'whi'MAch (rae ed e chief l tr U,/te. "at.'.' ," ; ,ll' -i .l" ,o.













( 87- )
==
.On the 4th of Feb. under guidance of two tried board-there dty da 'panish Creek ah,.ad. Fire
bushmen, Mr; E. Cattouso and Mr. F. Burn, Fr. boy, and make cm know." Bang went the fowl.
Silvin commenced his journey burning his ship, ing-piece and bang came the echo-reply and the
so to say, at Poor Man's Rest on the far side of big little crowd of the little place stood expectant
Haul Over by sending back- the horse, Which a at the waterside.
kind friend had spontaneously put at his disposal, The schoolmaster alone put a damper on the
and' mounting a stotk animal, proceeded on his jubilation, but he had to give way and he did so
way. The first trial was a;baptismof rain which with pleasure. "What's the good of having
was only successfully got through by a course of school when Padre's here; noonewillcome." So
chills and fevers so severe that it became a ques- Catechirn and races and biscuits and stories for
tibn bf "to be or not to be~'! His buoyant spirits the children filled up a red letter day in that re.:
however were fit forthe emergency and with mote station, while their elders were busily en.
dogged' deternihation, he continued. ( gaged in' preparing a little oratory, which was
Any one who kndws Mekicd Creek and its risky blessed next day.
crossingimay susp't that th:': Fa':ler dared rot Hulotonich was small and hardly afforded room
return, but It 'rthbr'apetized him for possible for much delay. Mass was said under the thatch.
risk in~.pr-pcct. Sundry'kickings of recalcitrant veranda of a little house and the Padre continu-
b. ass and r'cb.'lli)ous mules are to be debited to ed his journey to San Josd, San Pedro and Santa
the am'n(ntilf!'warusgriapfl l airtid skin scrathb,ss Tercar. Water was scarce, wells dry and the poor
A draught' from the waterss of Black Creek, after had to ttudgu a good league to find a cool drink,
taking whith none ever ryetrns to his fatherland, or w herewith to feed the kettles. Whilst an army
lti party made hi te for lsabella Bank, where of seven cooks were engaged around a tuikey"Fr.
all' were' ansPinusly 'waitlng the Padre's arrival. Sl'vin again'fell Into shiveringthills, which could
rn.ii Isabella, the Patriarchess of the district, was hardly be brought under either by the application
in hLir glor.r;' anil not a' few specimens of lcustL of the native warming pan in th,: shape o embers
team hrs'" fiery zeal were gathered during the so- on the floor beicath the hammo, k or by th': de-
joitrn.' Oie would haverthought the poorIlndian votion uf yourg Socorro who true to his name
and bulslr Chris'lal,- wiih:the example of their sat upon the sick man's feet to make them warm.
advancrid brethr,'n in the city Churches before With returning strength the Fathlr anxious to'
th;:m'im'ght have hal:s ,nu consideration shjwn have medical advice inquired how far it was to
them hlr heir proclivities: !but no, th.At icono. the next resting place and was seriously informed
clast.s;wv ld fain scizeltheir soaos and sink th-m that it was "three leagues on foot and a little less'
in the very waters ef the'new Jordan.; :These lo- on hors,'back."
cuts are likethose thit visited.usa few yearsback On the z8th'of Feb. Fr. Silvin passed through'
whi h ate up the standing crop leaving a legacy the Cayo where on the previous evening the curse
of'drys'.ilks, but did not suwa butter or evn any of drink had buried two more victims under the
provisidwaIlnstead.,i' I..II ,i.:;',- :., i ,,.. dcup'running waters of the River. The broad
'To'Slan'ish' Crk' next ithi caosh dorey,.whilh plain of the Cayo, with the herds of cattle and'
pfmvided'a'mple'matbrial fo'ipetltiglotiasito how horses loosely grazing, was a charming contrast
maity li6Md'h Liallgtuwei'fght ?rejdlrddr lenten to the clused.in hamlets which had been visited,
s~'p dt a' tli.ths dilth tiCattl.te would be pari so far. ,' i I
till tb' Hllt6's13t. "All thslu; jalthdoths.twere I Sodotes andMBenquo Viego, are nicely situated:
dli ftaipid'i'tiCdhaCidpi if(llgg' whboopriandsi blhtlthe advantages which riatre hasgirenthem,
silad '"ilti h1i'fdddld',Is 'lt( clle lut'," Pull rtruthleisty outweighed, b the temples.of De-
away boy*k 61tI'6WFi' daW"i,',gerldPhateI on Aoaodrio. udI la ashame tbat'wlthUt. anytad.:






Pages
Missing
or
Unavailable










90

diencia, no os dejei llevar de loi deseos earnales, quiar los Apd toles, Clna(lija cop sun hijas
como cuando esatbais sumidos en sl ignorancia Praxedes y Pudenciana y Ins demise hermanna,
sino continued sumisos al Pastor y Ohispo de de la c deI ca Pudente, y hacienda aquellns lt.
vuestrat almns. Por to tdemns. nadie podri cau- ma tiernas y devotas.un gran duelo con copionsa
sarno dano si con huen celo guardamos el de- ihgrimas, el amnirosa anciano se dej6 veneer por
recho de Dios y tened present que log ojns del la compassion: y queriendo mitigar en In pnsihie
SeEur reposan sobre sus justos, y que sue oldos el dolor, condescendi6 algun tanto con au chili.
acogen benignamente sus oraciones, al paso que dad, prometiendo pcrmanecer oculto par nlgiunos
los prevaricadores provocan el enojo divine. Ast, dina en nl cnsa del senator.
pues, sed prudentex y velad en ai ora:ion. La Lino, Clcmente y Ins deins sacerdlotes furon
gracia de Jesucristo sea con todos vosotros. encarg(dos de'renovar el esplrltu dle In Vlr:lci ren
Asd hahl6 Pedro (i).' Pablo, que se hahia los files, lliina inolel d( nuevo i 1 li .itciOn v il
sentado a su lado, nprobaha modestamente, con avuno. El apbitol Pahlo, sin pu.;ir el inmror
afirmativos seilales de calheza y cuando aquel caidado' por lns tramns de Simun, se pc~o ii r-
buho concluido, pidid Ia palabra, imnpoliendo corrcr coln ardoroso zc.l in s oumern. T igle.i:ns
sleniio con la mano. No se extendi6 en un largo futladan anteriormente por at inaismo v q.ic ia-
discurso, sino que con brevel palibras confes6 hian germinado por el magi.strio de Pedrn. y
-que tamhien & 1 Ile habias impuesto el Espiritu otras muchas qu.c, como hijis recirei tinciili.,
Santo su regreso i Roma, y que hahia Ilegaido ihn crecicndo en cadea tiin de his regions le
la hor d de r testinonio de Cristo delante dcl Room. Unas veces celchraIhn Ihis miterio. en
C&sar y de recihir la corona de In justicin. ln casa de Aquila y de Priscils, enl;el Alecliii.,
Al oir estas palahras de Pablu, mds clarnks auil junto h Is fuente de ins Fainor, v cbnfortnhsi
que lea de Pedro, como si se descorriee uti velo aquella snnta familiar I la cti ui erk dietlcdr di 1i1
y ae pusicse de .manifiestai l inmmlente suplciio vida, y que por Isl sols formtitha lita iCleain. di,-
de Ins amados Apbatoles, nl asamnblen rompiii n de ser propue-ita 'cilono isp'eji 'Ile Ittra:i cii -
en gemidos y en Ilano tanto mis desconsolador, tiandades (r). Otras veces telia "feu.hhtlo Itn C i
cuanto ninguno se sentia con atrevimiento pars mismo albergue, en cnsa de lit getiefoshn rhitrona
oponerse i los designius de Dies. No habia otro Sahbin en la via Lata; v aqul, avd.t.ldo tdic II.-
partido sino el de inclinar la caheza y encomen. cas, hautizaha & Ins neufiton con't el agtig li
dar al Sealor I que habia de rstecler. Despuea, fuente milagroan que halia hrotadlo antes por srs
babiendo cnseguido ser inlroducid.s, pari cibhec. oracinoes, ,cuando habit aill entimid>,'prisiot-c
.ids) VEnl se sa Ep1 I I u1111.7 t lu, lm h le t ro (2). Tamhien se dirli, t menudo i Ins po-
sido extractadas estas sentencias b literalmente 6
segun su sentido. Ademnis se puede afirmar (t) Esta casa hahitada por San Paslm,acgunt
con flunlamento, que San.Pedro volvi6 & Roma la bien fundada tradition nromiana,'etrlim irl
con el fin de oponerse I Simon Mago, en vista lugar en que shonti esti li Iglesa' de Santa Pris-
del inmense daflu que sus herejins causahan a ca. La Priscila del Aventino no debe confun-
,toda I Iglesia y especialmente en Roma. El dirse con otra Priscila contcnmporanlca madre dc
santo Ap6tol, en su segundac epistola, que e.- San Pudcnte, de la 'ual se hace mncitl, eti aIh
crbi6 precisameno Cte te tiempo en Roma y actas de santa Pudenciana, y qile di6 us nonmbre
probablemente en n cala de Pudeiite, casi no unlo de los cementerios de Ina id Noir emtnna.
bece otra cosa que combattr at armonsmo. L6 (a)r Ep el lugfir que hao es 'aiit t Mara( in
Smimo se advierte on ans eplatolas,.mis 6 mnenosa vo Lata., El ga g!pa uq'ella. siente Re tiene
*onteMporlrneas, de San Pablo, San Juan, Sanu an. hoy.n, qucb yeracim, y,, .hnxyo la
tiago y San Tsdeo.. Ya Is primers venida de imngn ..li 'ii ....... .I".en,q .. 6 sl
Pedr & R oma, ti *,yn ii'* ,v"' ngen, e;la sitlsill|>yirgen, queI>l( l Pedro l Raoin,'ii tempo die Claudio, hah" a I- Lucas. Vanp. lo tratplous de adt ie()ates qcle-
do por cl mismo motive omr astmoth Sin Jer6- $ itatica aSo m y,eVpecitlment;' nque
.im y otros muchus escritore dpia antigliFedad. iacqpendi s o , ucccionnaio, i( i pag. s7.






( 91 )


hres y ruinosns casns de los judios del Tnanlti Ie todn closes, reservindose el din parn dor au-
her, distingaiendo Ins humnilces pcro estinmda: liencin A los que teninn algun negocio que tra-
habiticiones de lon hcrmanns cristinnos. Desdl itr con el Ap6stol, y especialmente pnrn lns con-
aill, al cerrar la noche, suhia i Ia cuinbre de feretncian de Ins hermnnns. Fu6 Ia primer en
Janiculo, y por In pucrta Aurelin bajaba al valli presentarse Claudin Sahinila, llevando consign
del Vaticano, en donde celebhrhal .Is cosas snn- 't suts dos hijan Prnxdes y Pudencinna, Ins cua-
tns, entire aquellos huenos vinidreS, nifarero ) les ya hahian hecho volo de virginilad perpitua,
.lidrilleros, en cl lugar tie reunion fuinlildo ya seguidat de Ins lihcrtas y de lns esclavas cristin-
nmucho nites por Pedro; y escuchana Iloramln nas. Y Pedro, vicndo en espiritu que squellns
In re liciou die los anntis-iamnimolidos en aqucllos eran lon s 6ltiln obequios que dehia recihir ie
conteorns, y su enticrro en e ceienterio Voticn- In santn cnas de Ins Pudentes, hncia i coda cunl
no, 6 en ins aren:irins de In pildosn Lucin: en In tun recihlmiento paturnnl y amnoroso, y todns s s
via Aurelin. Ernie muy dulce pasar oches en- pulalras dcspedian fuego celestial. Parecia que
trnfs acogiund(o a Ins fieles en coloquiiis secrttos, el. hllen ancianto janil se cannsnha de entretenerse
confirt:idoi y ungicindo los. enfermos, y dvrrr- con in jovcncita virgin Pudenciiann, viendc que
nimndo el bcl.saino de :l cnridad sore los iniili- en su florida cdad dc quince aflos no ciumplidos
plcs dolores de los perseguidos y de Ion pohres; estaba ya colmada de m6ritos de loda capecie, ya
sin decscuidar en aquellos pavorosos dins de pi- mindurn parm l cieloi, y pr6xima it dcplegnr nla
hlicar may alto In necesidad tie In penitencia co- nius dte pnlomn hitcia el ttlltmo del divino Er-
mo medicine urgcntisima para lns angustins de poso (I).
In Iglesia. Esti y su hermnnnn Praxetdlc p;asihan muy i
Pedro, ln propio tempo, reunia ocultamicte mincitdo cl din sacnindo copii s del Evangelio,
nl porcion mlhs escogida de In Igleian roilllan e- quoe Marcos hahia escr-to pa ra sLrvicio de ons ro-
tre lois epiClcros situiados en las afueras tie lit itn alts; y jla hs lln piadoinii itllnuensles trnn-
pmuerta Coliln, en done In piednd de famiili;s scrihi n circiu.staniciiiadi hitori i de in caida de
ilustres y In inviolnhilidad de Iln sepulturas Ic Pedro, sin que drjaisen de verter atlgunn ligri-
proporciionhaHn facilidad de tener citedra y bap- mus de ternura, admlirando In humnillid del Prin-
tisterio. El mismo Pudente hallin pucsto. su cipe de Ioq Ap6stnlcs, que Ia hahiR dictndo con
disposicion snu haciendas, situadas i lii largo de "s propia hoca s y cueindo hahinn rtnrminado al-
la via Noineitann (i). Verdad es que pasaha guns copies, lit g !nrdahnn parn Pedro, cl cual
na mayor part del tiempo en el paincio del so- In daUha i ois .hbi*pos oI conangrarlos. Grande
nador, cuyn inmeinsa clientele, frecuentando cl era In alegrla qne en esto recibian Ins sannts vir-
atrio, abierto A todas horns, venia i cubrir, como genes, viendo que sus trilhajos servian, no 61o
con un inanto.comun, el libre ingreso de los her- pare utilitdat de Rnin, sino tainbien para In de
minios. Y era un espectbculo admirable el qua today in Iglesia universal ; puesto qu e en cta ca-
presentnha aquelli casa i todas horns; porque sa de Putente cl Ap6stol consngrb i Apolinar
de noche acudian a lo sagrada'liturgin nos fields Pars la iglesian te i(nvena, i R6miulo para la de
FitBsole, & Eulropio para la de Verona, a Siro
(i) As1 se fu.i16 el ceinee.terio de Priscils, p I- y ,pio paras I d e erong, n Siro
nindre le Pudente, y cerce de il otro llalnado pits In dte Pailia, y i otens ,vrios pam cl aposto-
Ostrianoo en cl cu hutiznhn san Pedro. segun [ado le Sicilia, tie in Galia, de Eapaia, de Bre-
In tradicion. Este lugar seria el en quc hoy.es- tlnf y del Oriunte. Otras veces sacahan copies
ti cl temple de Santa Emierenciarna, poca dis- de Ins eplstolns escritas por Pablo, y lin regalaban
tancid do los ct6leree cemrenterio y ballicd die Ins fnmilins do los ne6fitus, que por vivir dis-
Santa In.ls V6anse i DE Roasli Roinomamber-
dnc,. t..i pig. :t84, y is acts de sants Puden- (!) La, ASas de Santa Pudenciana dicen que
Ciana en (91 qOph asfT

t~L130 ii%











tantes delay ciudid no tenian proporcion para oir sus heridas. Despues Priscila los hacia trans-
us lecturacn las aaambleas. Iportar la arenaria de so hacienda, que de esto
Sus ftigas ic habians umeltado desimeura- tom6 el nombre de cementerio de Prisciln; y
damente en los dos tiltimos arils, por haher ar- cuando el nfmero de cadaveres era exceaivo, las
reciado la persecution. En l departamento de piadoans doncellas los depositahan par de pron-
Claudia Snbinila. y bajo apariencias de visits ta en In arenaria de Ia misma caa. Asi Ia pin-
de urhanidad, tenian las matrons frecuentes re- dosa Pudenciana prest6 oIs tiulmos oficil.b i mnu
unions para tratar acerca de Ins obras de cari- chose santos, entr I la nmensa nimltituil de lo
dad cristian:s, distrilbuy6ndonre entreclan lor piH. martirizados en so tienmpo.
dous.a encargos de inl sopulturna, y tomando ca- En tales ocupacioniien s deseivolvialn anqiei:la
da cual nobre sl el cuidado de hlo difuntos y de risueinas flores de virginal curidad. eparciied.l
los mtirtires mi prl'xinmos it .uscan1. s(r). Cla6 i muv largas distancias cl perfume dcl binll
dia par su parte enviaba cuadrills de ehclaivo ejemplo. Agi; poes, no era de maruavllar que
cristianos, y A su caheza la gcneroso liberto Ei- ,en as iglesiin de tierrns estraiian we hici-re dle
hula, cos encargo de recorrer last mtucha dis- elias m;ncioon hollrificu, y quo l;i 'noil iminn
tandia las vias Salaria y Nomentana y explorer Tecla lee escribiese y pidicse noticins tie lus
los suplicios dinrios; iban provistos de lienzos ApSstoles.
part recoger Ins santas reliquins (a), vasos pa- (sB CONTINUARA.)
ra recibir la sangre derrayada, esponjas y rasca.
does par noperder niuna ota. Comn con' CHRONICLE OF THE SACRED HEART.
secuencia de esto, recaia naturalmente sabre Ins
j6vencs de hi clase de Praxedes y Pudlcncian el
cargo de tener preparados i todna horns Ins ap>- The Oeneral IntEn.tion for M.tay for wh eih.
sentos, y i la nianu los utensilios pirn lavar his the associatess of tha Holy heaguie anr
santos cadiveres, asl como las vendusa, ufans, u. ask- to pray is Catholie.l4rtL niodirtists.
gilentos y bilsamoa para acndicioanarlos. Ade.
mas de esto, ocurrin con frecuencin que hahinn
de pasar aIn noches sin poder cerror los ojos nl .O speik on ly of one.ibreach of Art-
u torque Ilegabn de iproiso cunctoritl represeCtnation-we caIn e
ueo; porque llegaban de improvise y cuando .low ch it caln serve the cause of
menna pensahan andas colmadas de despojoa religion. Pictures have a been called
mortales de losque habian dado In.vida par Cris. the books of the people for they have been one
to; y entonces el dulce reposo de laa virgenes, of the host aids of instruction to inmcy. The re-
juntamente con Claudia y s ashuela Princila, ligious use of pictures dates back to the first ages
colsistia elo recoger aquellas reliquias beditlas, of Christianitv as may be seen by the frtscoed
y lavar Ilorando aquellos rectos gloriosos.. algu- from the catacombs and the pictures of ancient
"ns vqeces asai calientes, besando de una en una nltars &c. There seem to be two ways in which
(0) En prueba do esto vemno qne cai todos picto'rl art can be used with advantage In teach-
cementerius de los tiempos apostl6icos y aiguiep- ing religion. One way is to use religious pic-
tes.totmartou lu nombre. del 'e sant mujeres. y tures very much in the same manner as the tech*
'eIe ntny frecuentemente,' n las aetna de los ere in ottr public school use diagrams it giving
'MNtlrea, Is inter-encian tie algnna piadosa maj
t ona Pars lavir y co ionr p& c object lesol. '. the meaning of the pi ture the
os narrisados .. . ,,, .. history.of the,v'ent is taught to the,mind whilst
,() .Uno de estos .lenzos b cohertores, teflido the eye is fiked onit. Leasons in geography are
"e ~tige,- "e epn eir 'Sn Pedir t6dos given before a mnl which depicts the nmountxhis
to 4a0a t u dehido tiinpb; " lakes, rivert' t6w'i ablit' ~4hich thi "athe6












( 93


wishes to instruct the scholar. So too religious
pictorial art is called in to aid all of us to under-
stand better that which we have read of. Pictures
affect the imagination and so save us much men-
tal labour and prevent possible errors. They
also give us a more complete nation than the
verbal description would and they have some of
the force of repeated assertion. flow much more
easily for instance can we get even an instructed
person to understand the crucifixion of Jesus
Christ y pointing to a g-od repiesentstion of Our
Lord on the cross that, by a long explanation of
the event I We know how strong is the power
of pictures in spreading vice and immorality,
teaching as they do and suggesting evil. Too
often side by side with those pictures, which are
designed to teach religion, are to be found in the
houses of our Catholics indecent pictures from
the Police News and other Papers, whose effect
upon the little ones of the House must be most
haneful. *
Another way in which pictures may he used
in teaching religion is by ser ing as reminders of
the truths already learnt; and, besides sometimes
teaching new details, they frequently rouse in
the heart those sentiments, which the considers.
tion of the subject deserves. Dante uses this fact
as a comparison in the Parudiso.
.............. Like a wight.
Who haply from Croatia wedls to see
Our Veronica, and the while 'tis shown,
Hangs over it with never-sated gaze ;
And, all that he ihath heard revolving, saith
Unto himself in thought: And didst thou look
E'en thus, O Jesus my tr'cu Lord and God,

Would that some o1 thore unauthorized Bush
preachers, who are o anxious to expel the pic-
tures of Jesus Christ, of His Mother or of His
friends, the Saints, from the houses of Catholics
and commit them to the water or the flames
would show a like seal against indecent prints
when they find them pasted against the walls of
the same'housesl There is very little dangerof
Idolatry coming from the possession of a holy
picture, there is great danger of immorality from
the keeping, in the house a coarse,, uggestjve
engravlng. r .,. f d .i ,, ,* :"


And was this semblance thine ?" So gazed I then
Adoring .................
For our own people then we want pictures to
serve as aids in teaching our religion, and we
want them to he also a means of helping us to
call to mind the truths represented and the sen.
timents which they ought to excite. For our
non-Catholic friends we require them to give a
plain, short statement of the truths of faith. Be-
sides then the pictures usually represented by
Christian Art such as the Annunciation, the first
Christmas Night, the Crucifixion &c. it would be
well for this purpose to have such pictures as lead
the miind to consider the claims of the Catholic
Church.
Such pictures might he for instance the Deli-
very of the Keys to St. Peter and the Charge
over the Lambs and the Sheep; or again the
coming of the early missionaries to England com-
missioned by the Popes of Rome; or an old
England Cathedral with its altars and shrines,
its ambry nnd the rest-which would make peon
pie understand that there was a very different
worship of old from the religious system which
is now held in them. Pictures too there might
be of the Mnrtyrs of the Reformation and illus.
rating why they died,
Let then our Associates pray that those rell-
gious pictures which are such valuable aids in
teaching Christianity may e inmultiplied in our
Catholic Houses and that they may be made so
artistic and attractive as to drive out those pic-
torial shominations which lead the heart to evil.
O Jesus, through the most pure leart of Mary,
I offer the prayers, work and sufferings of this
day, for all the intentions of Thy Divine Heart.
I suffer them in particular, 0 Jesus, for the sanc-
tification of Art aid Artists; that those enrich-
ed by Thee with gifts and genius, so powerful
for good and harm, may never dishonour them
by evil use, but turn them to Thy glory. Amen.

LA INTgNTION OUNRIIAL PCRA 9.L Mae DL
MAYO aS RL INCnHMiNTO DoL AsRTi Y AR-
TISTAS CHISTIANAS.
Dando uns mirada al periodic artistico quo
esti atravesando este slglo, .e nota en todos los





( 9i4 )

rlmos una dectdencia siigulltii Ute' al'e nko quie "Well; It dom'ea tihd nalwnbthillt~n.' ryI t tlat
manifesta so estado material, es cnisan Ia oilh"i let'your children ott aiy tltCl thlllt'sKhuoula
nio timpo de Ia corrupolun que ttuiide el todns You mnke- ho end f's f' fuawiif Itflut d cithw'
partes.. liecthild Is being, fed.'tltIthed liitid-taught hIa
Per Ceto el Sumo Pontifice nli hace pedir en Proteitant orpha'iiraylium;r Why 'cant you jilin'
este men Is restsuracin del Arti ('ristina l'que witH Atbyh|ody-add *Ieryhbdy 'whol:isa 'illlingtlo
so inspir en el hello espirntual'y el numlentpo de Jin With ydo,' inWhat ;viyChridlnt i~ght to
Artists quose eparten del cieo en que ha de.- nnsidet a good orkY 1'''I li' *
cido el arte en este ultimo perildod y coiln el :'"Sinplj :'hjci5a, 'W: 'l& \-i '~dr'c liltlen tto
Corazon de Jesusr ea l tipo de tode hermoaura grow up Caiholici." ', 1 '.'''''.*". "'
celestial, El solo poldr inspirar el Corzon de '"Now it seems it seers to 'me t thee is
los Artistes Cristiansl. La. Oracion d0i Men t where i sh .ow your nconste cy."
srtwhere Pair show -or i.lt iic y .
sera pun: ... nsy ,lntn you atre bhsol.ite)y certain' of the trlth
OOhJesuminn por mcciii del Corazon ininn. of vriur religion. Strely,'th the rith ciu look
culadd de Maria Siatisimn o~,.frezco li ornci. after ,lf. a s'V tast et prri. lchlt.
nee., uhrns v trliajis dilel presunte dia,' repa .. 'f r. i '
mar loits ofas que se Is goceli. v parn nlas demis It your rel..:io ia certainly true, wiy e you
intenciioes de vuestro Sagradlu CraZzon.. so nlr;d ofI pripce henri;,a the ethir ,le ofhe
Os IsB ofrecemost timlieti aral ti umlento del qietil ns ,*.
Arte y.ArtisltnaCristiannsa. Vos6~,3plui que ssoa You 1:re nlkinga most won derul issuinp-
el prfo;tvpo td. today elilesa inspire d ous cura- tion there, mny buy. YoN su ppusc l ise tptery
zloes pore que reproduzcan en li tela y eon l inn is careful, a dl infallibly CHreftI, iever to
piedrn aquel manlanltil de hernimisurn quie e s allow to' b .ii 'i. i. ig |>i he
conde en Vuestra Sagrado Corii.on. "A- ena.' w irlt t ( 't t t'~r~'rtI of
.. ,_ _ hi.s io liit 'p itf or it.' 'h.tt r'
THE CHURCH ANO THE 8CHOOL. ir ,, .e .;I ..~ i ,Ii:'ifil lI' W,
-- ,o: i ipig of'' lnnt!'1'llr'.' Yo' 'Asmet '
N a certain vernida,. never : miid ti ore thlil't(hiit- i hsll'iltt-t' i bl-
where, tyvo mene, neverr. minii who, ill perfection is cRifil 'ei~ ii'if"hi' ir ,il fliic'
were Hittiiing, witli their afier-A.inier ch.itrei just rcacued frtlithShAItter. .IrnIgise
pipes in their n"m'mulis, linkingg the the little w ch uthi W tr
must of the pleasantest liart of tiu Trol'ica day .en o,,"cl ',, c,, c
The elder Was short and stoit, t ilh ~1,tgrey mcco ,i gtirree'ti
beard, anid thehen'v lalculile'fclittit- tlt'iiIlle athoiltio int siA,>:ris lttym i ln iw
sees moit conmoily in tlh West of Sc,(tlAid t HAt iiAllthuIi ltll .
he yuonger wns n~fir aidi, tall .AogiqSe.r,r eaiv ri i ,,;a r,
good type of a iwholeuine English, boy.,, were engaged with a InpIul o(eUr adalepternJ' plract matei'sd. o,.'t u g Ip i~" thr.. sA,: i..
nmpte,) Incl1n l*td y"tW tti.pr'm~icly, l h . t'tr,
thir, share of the weeklypnt : aAI trom1theft t' o hMh. m p tirfth
that they werlith t eulaged, *d init'' thtr thl n i Atl 'whlht I, n m lo da" rfnglpu .rllrn .htl
the two nmie wete "l ter,i otnn iot eulrilclri tia c' i.... .h .,i ... .il .... ..,j' ...' ,ilf,
we I if& sIp`'ntihiacy VhNhl ',& o ll t
qd famlliarity, O, Iodden,) yoapa.Ep ,..l') ':
dPtowolytbronw dowo his popr ., -i I a14v., ob h"ih t
nlld rBtvis yod..btl>bee, bmnhtmij linti in.)tbia etohil)i
"I could never understand tl)i y ita Cith'o16h kiltl 'k;t'a t ,hBNa nl)owdlntl.mwcat ItwwwIl.li
Ail ii"' b' t .c" e." oaiEn g lis .etmn H ,'11 0 6
W.i areous.o' ,ntlcrvlct s1. onpm.toh.^ hume o of n Enylish gentleman?" .*"'l""









( .95 )

The only' answer to this homc-trust was a until a full-eyed incredulous stare is brought to
period of silence, during which young England hear on your innocent, or ,therwipc, counten-
ashoked hard, and looked out over the blue sen ance. you will know just what it means. Ills
which separated him from n certain quiet Eng- companion continued:
lish country home, whose image was vivid to his "* Well, I can tell you wlht tee do, and if you
mind's eye just then. It was a thoroughly Eng- can find anything parallel in I'rotestcant Uni.
lish and a sufficient answer to his companion'" versitv, tell ine and I will retract. The whole
question: and we will he English also, to the of Catholic higher education consists of instruc-
extent of mnot attempting to intrude qn the Inyal tion in the form of attack and defence. The
and grateful affection which welled up strong in very text-1'ooks used in our colleges sipplemient
his breast, hut which nothing could have induc- eachi exposition of the Truth with a series of
ed him1 to express. lHe was the first to speak, "objections," as they are called, which are really
though, and there wais a slight huskiness in his asyn,,pses of the teachings of the most famous
voice which sool gave way with the force of sceptics and heretics. Ench professor is hound
speaking to set ulpnrt a certain portion of the lecture hour
"Your theory sounds a bit fatalistic. aI a in which the students are invited to urge every oh-
man, then, a mere innnufactuired article, and en- jcction atniiint the professor's teaching that can
tirely tit the mercy of the wisdom or the good. he invited or found in books; and they make
ness of the people who brought him ip, when at real thing of it too. I have often seen the lec.
a child." turer mopping his head with sheer worry at the
No. If I seemed to say that, I overstated my end of a hunt with an especially acute disciple.
cnae. Well-lred children sometimes turn out I addition to tlis, oine of the school hours is set
bndly. and ill-bred chhilren sometiline turn out lpairt for disputatioi on the matter which has
regular heroes. All I say is that n man is no been given in lecture, when ench studlent, in
handicapped hy early education, that it takes n turn, must act as defendant, and two others are
rarely pure and heroic devotion to truth for its told off for the atticik. The unwillingness, which
own sake. to overcome the effects of early pre- every man has, to he beaten, prevents the ob-
judice. St. Augustine in his Confessions gives jici:iits," an they are called, from making a mere
us a vivid account of the agony of the struggle form of their attack: besides which, every man
with which a strong man rejects his past self and knows that his status as student largely depends
begins life over again. No inma can read that on the ability uan force with which he urges his
passage of the Confessions and assure himself objections. Finally, at the end of each year,
that the average man, we meet every day, is the exaliiii'tion, on which the student's fate de-
likely to have the pluck to undertake n similar peids, is still in the sane form of disputation,
experience. mBut, by the way, you mustn't sup- the professors this time assuming the attack, and
,'pose that Catholics object to hearing both sides the student, the defence. You see it is impossi-
of the question." It is so fur from true that, as ble for a man to undergo a training like this with-
far as I know, Catholic education is the only one out acquiring clear ideas not only of his own be-
that attempts to give a systematic training in this liefs but of the opposite opinions: he in bound
veiy thing." to know the reasons of both what he holds and
I Cone-T- s'y." Gentle reader, if you have of what he rejects. Aid, as I said, I know ofno
ever experienced this formula from young Eng- such syitematic trading in what you may call
land i .response to some assertion of yours, and reaonaltdeae n in any Protestant system of edu-
teen it accompanied by a rcmoval7o' the i pp cation," ,
from hi mouth, ;ild a tIow'turnitn o the had 'tl l Iltltjo tell the truth. Is grand








( 96 \

Idea for the purpose it is intended for, but does-. who does not believe that there is a God. In the
n't it have the effect of making a fellow disagre- inme way, an infidel is not merely one who,
able and disputatious in ordinary life?" denies the truth of the Christian religion, hut
No more than chess and lawn-tennis make who, for whatever reason, doors not believe In the
a man selfish and quarrelsome. On the contrary, Christian Religion. The Secularists, therefore,
since all conversation is necessarily more or less are demanding that Catholics allow their chil.
In the form of discussion, and since unpleasant- dren to be brought up infidels. The Catholic
neasorirritation comes from a sense of unfairners, ideal of education is summed up in this one gra ;d
when, for example, one la misunderstood or is principle; that Truth, whether religious or
opposed by unfair means, the effect of a sound scientific, has a sacred and inalienable right of
logical training is to make a man much less Ir- possession in every child's soil from the very
rotating, and a great deal less easily irritated." first. We tech a child what is true, and what
Well your system seems, certainly, just and is important for him to know, even if it ii unlike.
fair. but why not begin earlier IWhy put off ly that, later on, he will be capable of proving
all mention of their being other views than your it, and willing to do so. You recognize this
own until the higher education, which the me- principle yourself, in insisting that certain ele-
jority of children never reach at all?" mentary truths of Astronomy and Geography
"Try a little teaching yourself, alnd you will shall be included in all education. Children ac
soon find out. The immature mind of a child cept these truths, and retain them all their lives,
is incapable of weighing arguments pro and con, though, with but few exceptions, they cat never
indeed absoringnythigheyondthemodi kow the proof of such truths. I admit freely
cum of absolutely essential knowledge which that the children of Catholhc parents, educated
is now presented it. Believe mte, if you can inll- ,s the Secularist principle, will, in many cases,
vent a process by which a full and complete never he Catholics themacives when they grow
course of education may be concentrated ilto uip; but the reason of that is nt, because ern.r
the few years of schooling which content the great or scepticism is more reaslonhle or even pleasan-
mass of both children und parents, none will ter to them. They will he kept back by sheer
iltertia. The great htdy of men outside the
more eagerly seize upon your invention than the Crch are there ert, and nothile the
Catholics. We do what we can; and we find Church are there froml inertia and nothingg elsc
that it is not too easy to furnish our children with certain number never consider the claims of
a fairknowledge of the three Re. and catechism." of the Church, because they know that in that
direction lies a large animunt of unpleasantnes.'
"Therefore it would he far easier to teach the separation from friends and family, or sacrifice
three Rs. without the catechism. which is pre. of social position and so on; a still larger class
cisely what is wanted by the Secularists. They never trouble bout such things because their
don't ask you to teach children Philosophy and hearts, their thoughts and interests are already,
Theology. nor to allow your children to be wholly engaged in other matters! the largest
taught what you deem to be error of any kind, class of .all is among the poor wh.se first
nor to deny any part of the Catholic or any other childish impressions lie fallow, undisturbed and
religion. They simply ask that all religious unquestioned to the day of their death, because
teaching be omitted from the schools during that intellectual effort of any kind is too arduous.for
period of a child's life when, as you admit, its them, and because there is nothing in their lives
mind is immature, and incapable of weighing the which ever calls forth much thinking of any
reasons lro and con of religion.' kind. Besides all this, you must remember that
"You forget that an. atheist Is not only one theCatholic Religion consists of practice as well
who bellows that there'is no Owid but also one ai theory and a mran is hindered still more by










( 97


inertia from praying, from examining his cont- "Curiously, I have it here well put by a writer
science and being sorry for his sins, unless the in an American Magazine, who starts with pre-
start was given him when he was a child. In cisely your position as to the two departments of
fact, there are numbers of men who perfectly Church and State only, I think, he has over.
understand that they ought to do these things, looked that common ground you speak of. He
but wbo never begin for the one aolereason that is defending aeccultrirzed education, and here are
they never have begun before." his positions in order: It is the State's business


"On my word, you are complimentary to us."
"I am not aiming at compliments, but I am
aiming at n true representation of'facts as they
ate. Can you deny my facts?"
Well, I confess that we are, most of us, too
worldly for any very strenuous exertion in reli-
gilus matters-and most of nu, too, are where
we find ourselves in religion, without bothering
our heads about it. There is another objection,
though, to Catholic education, which is td me a
very strong one; but I suppose you will think
nothing of it, because you Catholics.hold that the
State ought to be subordinate to the Church in
all things."
What we Catholics hold I can give you from
the classical work on "The Church and the
State" by Card. Hlergenr5ther. The end of the
State Is the well-being of the citizen in this life;
and the end of the Church is the well-being of
a man in the next world and, as a means to it,
his faith and good conduct in this world. In its
own sphere, the State is supreme and indepen-
dent of the Church; just as the Church, in its
own department, is supreme and independent of
all civil government. There is, however, a cer-
tain amount of ground covered by both depart-
ments; for there Is much that goes towards
making a man a good cltlzen which is also con-
cerned in making him a good Christian, and
vice versa. Both State and Church, for exam-
ple, are hound to torhirld 'stealing and murder.
It all such mittets there can never be i real an-
tag.nism of interest, and, consequently, any con-
flict between Church and State I' dde tol blund-
ering or gratuitous ill-will. But this by way of
parenthesis,' for it is a wide asuject. What's
the objectia t' : '; ; 'i 1 -;


to have good citizens. Do you agree to that?"
Certainly-as far as it can make them, or
get them."
B' But education of some kind must be given
to make a good citizen."
"Agreed."
"Now, Sandy, you are slippery, but this time
you have given yourself away; for, if it Is the
State's business to have its citizens educated,
you may just open your mouth and swallow the
secular schools-the hoird schools-and the god-
less schools, you Catholics are so rabid'about.
You must admit that the State does no more than
its duty in taking education Into its own hands,
and removing it from the department of the
Church."
It was now Snndy's turn to remove his pipe
and turn on his companion a look of scornful
surplti.e. IHe replied with withering sarcasm:
Sure enough-how very clear! In the same
way, it is the State's business to see that its chil-
dren are properly fed and cared for. At the
very least, sound health is as requisite in a good
and useful citizen as a knowledge of the three
ts. Hence we learn, that the State should ap-
point officials to warm the milk and apply the
sicking-bottle, and private Individuals who un-
dertake this enterprise, on the ground of parent-
age, should be sent to the right shout, as inter-
lopers."
SYoung England did not like this, and showed
it: so his companion went on less aggressirelyt
i "I knean, of course that'while the State has
the right to insist on that amount of edutatlona
heing given which is requisite for making a good
citizen, shehas no right to gofarther; both betabse







98)

it would be going outside her own department, A M O R LAN

necessarily intruding on the rights of others. On
the other hand, the .Church, too, has the right
and obligation of insisting that the religious edu-
cation of a Catholic child be not neglected either.
But no Catholic authority that I know of claims '"
education of children as belonging, at any rate .
directly, to the Church any more than to the /
State. On the contrary, all our moral writers
place it among the objections of parents. If
parents could and would teach their children .
properly at home, it would be quite the Catholic
ideal:, hut the exigences of modern life make
this difficult for parents, and perhIap impossible;
hence the necessity for schools. It is still, hiow-
ever, the parents who, in the first instance, are
bound to erect andt maintain the schools for their
own children. The education of children is erm-
phatically the business and obligation of parents.
In defect of the parents I know of no reason why
the State should not undertake the schools, pro- Comerciante en Jyeria, Relo-
vided, of course, that the State recognizes the me ante e Jo a,
right of Catholic children to be brought up in jeria, Plateria y en tda cla-
theirown religion. In fact, Catholic schools,
with religious instruction, are established and es de instruments Musicos
maintamed in Germany by a Protestant govern-
ment, and, as far as I know, with the approval y Opticos.
of Catholic authorities. But in countries like
the United States where the government tries to Importador de PIANOS Y ORGA-
to force "godless schools" on its Catholic nb NOS rpito cims, de l
Jects, the Church is forced to take the matter NOS, prbi o punted muacreditado s d
to her own hands. And I may add on goodntes
authority that the State, in this instance, has
Committed not only an injustice, hut a blunder; Se hace cargo de today clase de repara-
for these schools, as might have been foreseen, cones en dichos ramos y olrece al
have shown themselves as incapable of forming phbliqo Ina mejores MAQUl-
good citizens as of good Chritian." N. AS de coser, tales come ,
At the point Young England stood up and laV I T 0 R IA ,
Mld. "I suspect you are right In this hatter, AMERICAN Y STANDARD,I'
Sandy. and, certainly, I have a notion that my -
ideas do need some revisingi but, I say, I think Y. para mar s detalles dirigirse'
Shave stood enough lecturing from you for one A.' MORLAN
day o, go, get your hat and give me a chance .. M,.RLAN.
of evenge at lawn-tennsl." ..... r ,., .'. I U NORTH FRONT ST., BELIZE,)









( 99 )

iST.,JOr EPH'S BSugV r.4TO, Y. .; i

Summary of Meteorological Observations during the month of April 1891.

DAYS. lAnoikitinchel THRainlioM. PsYcHROMitTliR. AItiO .' "Skyi. RAIN.


s5 ~e493 2. 84 6 7' ~ ~ 77 o D.E. 6) ~
So.Madx.M 9 Dew. QuSlity. Q o*
- a 0' 3-

1-7 30.22 29.791930.o 86 66 80o 758 7j .0 N.N.E. 61 C.Sk. 4 3 0.40
8-14 0o.36 9.89630.o0 89 7' 8So 7 7, 7.0 E. 4 C.Str. 3j 2 o.oo
15-21 29.93j29.7.529.81 86' 7RO 8i 77 b'o 7-t-. E.t4.E. 6j C.Str. 34 4) 0.00
22-28 30.08 29.59 29.87 91*' 69' So 78 90 76.6 N.N.E. Str. 7 4 0.40


In the 9 1 1 8 0.
Month 30.2 9-9 2993 9'" 66" 1 77 86 7.*2 N.N;E. C.Str. 4 8 o.8o

Explanation for the Sky, C. Cumulus, Sk. Cirrus, S. Stratus, N. Nimbus.
o. quite clear, to. quite covered.

The Atmospheric Pressure has had, for us, the third weeks. This prevalcuce of wind from the
wide range of o.63 during the Month. On the North so late in the year us the end of April Is
Ist and and the lelarometer gave the mean rend- an ttusuall occurrence in our climate. The Velo-
ing of 19.85; thence it rose steadily to 30.20 on city was imediiti between 4 and 7 miles an hour
the 6th, fallinglagati to a9.95 tn the 9th. This except on.the )t and and .ndI.lgain;on the stat
was followed by another rise till it marked 30. 11 and 24th when it attained a velocity of from Ia
on the ilth. From this point there was a slow to 15 miles.
anll continued fall to 29.66 on the aith, su:cecd- During the nights of the 4th and s7th nearly
ed by a rise to 30.01 on the a7th, ;; i,, ,- ., iall the Rain'fall of the:Month took place, though
The mean Temperature his ranged between from the 13th, with an over cast sky andt a falling
77" and 85" except on the 5th and 6th when it Barometer, there was daily a threatening of rain.
stood at 7J0 and on the 28th when it was 76. On these occasions there was usually an In-
As a rule the low temperatures coincided with crease of wind but the clouds passed away with.
the high readings of the Barometer, but the 34th out bringing the looked for water-supply.
was an exception when, with a mean tempera- We. hear from the Captain of the Barque
ture of 850, the Barometer fell to 29.59. "Coustantin" that at 4 p.m. on the Bar of the
The Wind nearly throughout the Month was New River thire wast, fur a I of an hour, a fall
from the East, the N.E. predominatithg In the of large hailstones-- phenomenon which is ex-
first and last weeks ,and.4pF,S,E, in the aod, d. cerliig ly.rpr.,ip the Colony.
... 11. Mr I ll l llH .i l I . ,ll L l lf.n )l il I -1 :i l it:J I N,'ll n. ,ii l ( L."**>- l 'ir.n y | nli-nfq P h l '. -*I
I









( 100 )


Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Belize.

---:0:

",,; Select School for young ladles, Boarders and ,,.
Day-scholars,
Besides what is comprised in the usual course of a firat-class English educa-
S' tion, French is taught if required. Also elementary' Drawing and the
S simpler kinds of fancy work.
Etras, Music, Piano or Guitar.
t.o TERMS.
.*' i Boarders, $ 50o. oo half a year.
S, Day-scholars, $ 5. oo a month.
A' ALL PAYMENTS TO BE MADE IN ADVANCE.
'.. eFor particulars apply to the Reverend Mother at the Convent.





.. . . .. I -I ,



I I Convento de Ntra. Sra. de las Mercedes, Belize. ;:
... : t, ', ; , *
--;o:---

,.r ,: Escuela select para Senoritas, Penslonistas y Externas' '''

.ii::,. Ademis de lo que se C comprende en el curso usual de Educaclon Ingless de, .
i...: a. clase, se enacsia el France6 cuando se desea,j Dibuo elemental y los
;., trabajos mas sencillos en Obras de fantasia..
.I Extras, Misica, Piano, Ouitara. .
S0 CONDICION ES,.
., -'...-
S';, : Pensonistas, ,.$. 5o. -o por semeetre :,, ,, .; [''
S ,, Externas, : .. .. $ 5 oo mena les.,, .,, .. ... ,.
a tesr ODmenor PAes, dri bMA ReAierendBS ailN SutABOa' del COai b ..
Pre obtexer pernea*rs, dilrbrlne la Bererenda Madre Superlors del Convateo.








THE


AN GE LU S.
'; "; CAL ANDA AND MONTHI.Y NOTES.
,6th month. '' J U NE 1891.
SSun 6. at 5.23 Sun slow in. .. New Moon.
Sun 4. aSt 5.. w numin. Changes of Moon. First Quar;er.
Full t1oon0.
rises. t .34. Sun fast, ,. mi Ful Mton.
28. at 5.5. 3 nuin. I.t Quartet.

I M S. John Baptist de Rcssi, C. 16 T St. John Francis Regis C.
ir'.3a IT Oct of St, Augustine. Di C. z7 ,W :St. Botulph, Ab. C.
'I. 3 W St.' Mary Magdalen de Patzli t8 Th SS. Clects nnd Marcellius, PP. MM.
'4 Th Oct. of Corpus Christi. V. t. F St. Juliana Falconieri, V.
,'I. 5 F TIOR MosTSACalilBArT 20o S IB. Francis and Comp., S.J., MM.
6:, 5 S St. Norbert,.B. C., U[JSUs. at Su. 5th after Pentecost.
-) ,':7 Su. 3rd'after.Pentecost, .i St. Aloysius Gonzaga, C..
8 MI St. William, B.C. '." '" '' s M St. Alban, M.
"'" '. T St. Eleutherlus, P..'M."' '23 T Oct. St. John Francis.
to W"I S. Margaret,.W. ,. 24 W Nativity of St. John Baptist.
II Th St. Barnahas, Ap. s': 5 'lh St. William,.Ab. C.
s,,: l F .Oct. of the Sacred Heart, 26 F SS. John and Paul, MM.
...i," S St. Antony of Padua, C' 1 7 S St. Ethclelredtl, V. Vial. Fa't.
4 SU. 4th after Pentecbst" z' 8 u. 6th after Pent. O.t. of St. Al,>suius
M St. Monica; W.' '29 M SS. Peter and Paul, App.
S30 T. Commemoration of St. Paul, Ap.' ,.

S. ~,". 1 .. ,, "' ,"1 .' ? ,i, T. 8'


I. Re-nonning of thc.Schools. I i moonothe lifoofS Aloysiusand Solemn
S, Ftas: of the S. Htart. High Mass ivith, ..i..Bunediction at 7 a.m. and on the 2oth
"! "'Ep"iddn uf the-B' Sacrament at 71 In Solemn Vcspers in honour of S. Aloysius.
P',,.".l th... 'weirig it- Ru.4tzrf,"Aet tofConsecti-. s9. Tea-party in the grounds.of the Catholic
ljoi .I 't rj i ind SolCih'Bn6&Aillcti6n. '.'" .' ."Ptesbytery at 4.30 .
."" .'Gendtil Csinidtilon; EX~ibsiti btdthe sI. CoCimmnunion for First Communicants at'
'"Skc/a'itent'all day'lotg.' "I- the'brening,-',t "7'.nY.- High Mas and Confirmatlon at
-,'i-.I: it!7 VdJnpers. Procession 'in'ih;t Church -11"'* 9.3. o:.Renewal of Baptismal Votws and
-nr,'r,:. and Solemn Benediction. I;:, "a m '. I:1,': i Ptocioin at ~. p.i> Vespers, ConsccHa.
-,..::lri.Tridumn inpreparation foronon or: on" '''" tlon brfYouth to'the:S. Heart and Solemn
*: t; ar *a..lFirstCommunion berins'at p.m.' i IBhedictlbn at 7 p.m.
t18, 9y oiMassMln horibur of St:Aloysioos at p9. 'Phat of SS." Peter and PtaL'' High Mass
"; s.m'7.i;mr! Ia the avelhg'at 7 Rosary;' Set. 'lt 6:3o.i"'" '' -" '