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/' / Und.?l S'AES IEPAdr I.T iF aGRICLLURI
A cultural Iarketing Service
nuit and Vegetable Division
Y'-i,,h~,nie 1t.ublic 4142,
Washington 25, D. C
Friday, April 1, 19g5.
kgElI lfHLYHRTO = YOL, Xk __XIX _- NO._ 7
The orange honey flow was drawing to a close
in Florida and was irregular. Dry weather
out the duration of the flow short, but good
yields were secured in some locations. Average
yields in yards in favorable locations of
around 100 lbs. per colony are reported. Re-
cent rains have been beneficial to palmetto
and prospects appear favorable for a good flow
from this source. In northern Florida ti-ti
yields have been variable, ranging from fairly
good to poor. Tupelo is expected to begin
yielding in mid-April in the ApalachicoIa end
other river bottoms in northwestern
Florida, The ti-ti flow was short in southern
Georgia and frequent rains will be needed soon
if gallberry is to yield later. Ti-ti has
yielded well in southern Mississippi and
prospects are good for a gallberry flow. Dry
windy weather has hurt clover plants and the
nectar flow from them in eastern Louisiana.
The citrus flow has ended in the Lower Rio
Grande Valley of Texas and was a failure. Tht
citrus flow in California is due to start in
April., Cold weather is delaying the start of
the citrus flow in Arizona, and dry weather
has hurt prospects for desert flowers.
In more northern States beekeepers were be-
ginning to remove winter packing and to in-
spect colonies Mild temperatures prevailed
for a time early in the period favorable for
this work but the mild period was followed by
a severe cold wave which hampered field work,
and was unfavorable for bees and plants
Hard freezes around March 26-27 killed ell
bloom out in South Central and Southeastern
States. Freezing temperatures occurred as
far south as' Centrel Texas and northern *
Florida. Early pollen sources such as maple,
elm, and pussywillow were killed in central
and northern states where out 'This late
cold wave has set beck both plant and colony
development, Damage to bees from this cold
has not yet been determined. Queen and
pEckage-rearing operations were slowed down
in some southern States.
Winter losses of bees sc far are reported as
Quite heavy in some sections cf Oregon, Utah,
rowa. Minnesote, Wisconsin, and New Hampshire.
Considerable spring feeding will te required
in these States a-na also in some sections of
Kansas. Wyoming, MichigEn, Indiana and New
Moisture conditions are now good in most north.
eastern States and in Kentucy. Tennesseec
Arkansas, eastern Oklehoma, ana northern Tbxas;
and good to fairly good in most of the
northern plains States, Eastern Coloraao,
western Kansas and Oklahoma New Mexico,
southern eorgia, northern Floride, rnd
southern Louisiana, were suffering from dry
weather. Non-irrigated plants in CElifornia
are also in need of moisture.
Demand for large bulk lots of Clover honey
continued good but supplies remaining in
producers' hands are reported as proefically
exhausted. In Florida where extracting of new
crop orange honey has started1 some out of
State buyers were taking considerable
quantities to replenish their short stocks of
clover honey. The overall market remained in
a firm condition. Beekeepers' sales of large
bulk lots rEnged 10-130 per 1 in California,
depending upon quality; 10-14 per Ib. in
Northwest ad Intermountain Su-tes; 12-160,
mostly1l4-150 in the Pl ins and Central Steats;
and 10-120 in Florida.
Demand was good for crude beeswax and the
market strengthened. Prices to beekee'ars
f.o.b. shipping point in lots of 100 lbs. or
more were generally 51-530 per lb. for both
light efid dark colored wax, with some buyers
paying mostly 510 in cash and 530 in tree.
Occasional small lot sales were reported low
as 43-490, and high P.s 540
RICE SUFPQRT OR HONEY .R1.55 9 ESON
Thb g, S. Department of Ar culture announced
on march 24 that honey will be supported dur-
ing-the 1955 marketing season, which starts
April 1, at a national average price 'of 9,9
cents a pound. This is 70 percent of the
currentt parity price adjusted to the 60-pound
uonteiner level. The 1954 crop of honey was
supported at 70 percent of parity, which was
lightly higher then, eand the actual national
-verage honey support price was 10.2 cents a
Price support for honey within a rtnge of 60
'o 90 percent of parity is mandatory under the
griculturel Act of 1949, as amended.
2)' program for 1955-crop honey is substeantie.ly
th-. seme as the odne in effect last year. It
* ICULUTI, W.SHINQGOI4 over
provides for f-rm-storage loins and purchase
agreements ou U. S. Grade C or better extrpct..d
honey which is stored in 60-pound or larger
containers i) approved storage and is not
objectiondlle in flavor. Beekeepers or
cooperative i.ssocintions of beekeepers caon
apply for lorns or purchase agreements directly
to the Agriculturdl Stabilization _-nd Con-
servation (A9, county offices.
In announcing the honey price support program,
the Department again urges beekeepers .o in-
crease'their efforts toward, utilizing bees in
pollination of important paatfre -seed,
vegetable, *and fruit crops "obh renerative
basis. The-.honey price support program
Authorized in the Agricultural Act f 1949 is
intende4-t6 extend a~yterrlmin nncir eassistence
(Continued brbton Paie '.,
S S. Univ. of
I.F.A S. Univ. of rwr-i
TI .da", LAri I., 195 ,
^ldIMtf 'P = 3LJBX 3--JI
MMST M&CZSS.fQf= LJ.VG.FJRIQf QEDM EX.ThiS SUZVO1E These prices Tepresent sales I a qiot tiMns as
reported by correspondent leeke.pers mad honey handlers. Becaiase of the Many thousan&s of beekeepers ea
handlers in the country these should be consi erud as representative prices and not as full and complete
coverage of all transactions for any State or area
ttfall' ELS_ 0s soz aGE LAACMLLTSJ)ERoC &O .1a B O3EX5 INj6-Af IA. DoiaEEB E"I -r--
COLOR & Fr3.,I., 4FFPCE & BASIS COLOR & FLOBIAL '1ICE & BASIS
CO1YCE OF & 1 SUATE i SOUBCE OF S
.O.WA Whitc, Clover 13-160 1. o. b. a del.
i. White, Orage 14 del. fEE. White, Sweetclovor 140
ra Light Amoer, Orange 12# MICH. White, Clover 14a-16 fo.b.
a White Sage 13 WSC. Wtite Clover-Basswood 14O-15d
ra Light Amber-White, Sage L/,, Dark A ibr to Light Ambor "
to Sa offers 13a M'xod Flowers 12 -14 "
ra'Ligt'Ambur. Buckwheat 1e& MINN. WhitoCliovor A Sweetclover 14-16# f.o.ba del.
ra Light nmber-Whito, Alfalfe 1u Light Amber Mixed Flowers 130
ht Abor Alfalfa i Amer, Mixel Flowers 1t b 10
tea Lima Ban ,1 ILL. WhiteSweetolover (dums.,to bakers) "
ht' Amber, Mixed Flowurs 10-11i N.Y. Amber, Clover Mixed Flowers 15
Extra Light Amber-White Eucalyptus
OhMG. Extra Light Amber.
Various Flowers 1 -14l "
Light Amber Various Flowers 13 "
Dark, Various Flowers 1 .
WASH. White, Alfalfa-Clover i-i3 '
COLO. 'White, Clover 11 -13- "
Light'AmbLr, Various Flow.rs 10 -4 "
IDAHO White-Extra dhitu Alfalfae-Clovorl2 -rf.o.b.
MANT, Ext r-White, Clove 14& "
FLA. Drums & 60s (containers ezchanged)
Light' Amber, Orange
Ambers Partridge Pea, Orunge, Palm
LA, White, Clovur, 60s 1
Amber Various Flowers, 60s
t ii drums
Q I~c~JsPAL.KE P} At SbL4g flFji2NK TQ yJQFAIGES, ThTXLIS? SUWm-------
ST-TE TYPE OF HONL C0Q1TalNIE 0MLOD -g 3JA3 "- -E -BE It- ------
S- FLOAL SCUICE V/eL l 1 fS ze3eAL)L (awe0Sef AeLizeAw^)(Loal SAlePL
ED'E4.LAE M K r- b .0-yow-CAD_CAIa 2& E= Z=
COLO. White, Sweetclover
WYO. White, Clovcr-Alfalfa
KANS. Extra White, Alfalfa, Yollow a White
.hISC. White, Clover -Basswood
Golden, Clover -Basswood, few
Dark Amber-Light Amber,Mixcd Flowers
N Y. Light, Clover
D t'ixed Flowers
ELk. White-Light AmbLr, Orange
Amber, Various flowers.
D_fl EoTY a= i-SD COKX t-~3t:S.
COLO. White, Sweetclover
IDAHO White & Extra White. Clover 180
W1O, White, Clover
TEXAS Clover 22,840
N,MEX. Mixed Flowers
IOWA White, Clover
KANS. Sweetclo er-1falfal fa
WISC. lover & basswood 230
MINN. Clover & Basswood -
OHIO White, Clover 23 1/3p
ind. Light Auber, Clover -
ILL. Whitu, Clover 17 2/1
N.Y. Light, Clover -
VA, Li ght mber, Clover
TEaN. Various Flowers -
IL, .jambr, Tupeolo lb 2/30 #
White, Liht Amber, Orgu 17*
Auber, Various owners 15./2
- 2. -
WaS,...-4 Ol C .
..... "- -.-T-continued -
Friday, April 1, 1955.
S==MIMWIJJiQgi2Wv a. 0LOL. J=C.pL.J.Q..-..
--.- B-.lUCEgtaPciEL 5 PACa 5iE QYJU a. SRW tfa Ma ^ -=- - -
S* TTYPE OF HONl CONTAINS .COLOE AD -m0 :~ 'i4L~ ~ o~ ~
EM.rcCa AliiA'). 12,( 2'.&Lv. ClivedAAlUl :i Sales)
SWhite, Clover -: 5.2 -
TEXAS Clover 6.75 6,80
Mixed Flowers 5.40
N.MEo Mixed Flowers 6.00
NJQIC, Melo wer s 5,20
[ANS, Clover 5,20
WISC. Clover Basswood 650 7.50 -
MIWN. Clover & Basswood 5,75 65,
CHIO White, Clover 5,60 -40
IND. Li it Amber, Clover 5.40 -
. Y. Light, Clover .. 30
MD. Susc & Basswood 6 P4 -
FIA. White, U. S. Fancy, Tupolo 6.60 750 -
Amber Tupelo 5,60 6400 550
White Li _t Amber, Orange 4.65* 5,35 548
Amber, Varous Flowers 4615* 4,77 480
SCgIC ) f r-2A,-24 lf.iz-CaI3!iT BS. _
OKLA. Mixed Flowers
N.MEI Mixed Flowers
IOWA White, Clover
WISC. Clover a Basswood
MImN. Clover Bas.wood
OHIO White, Clover
IND. Light Amber, Clover
ILL. White, Clover
Citrus (from Florida)
VA. White, Clover. Thistle, Persir
Light amber, Clover
TETN. Various Flowers
FIA. White, U. S. Fancy Tupelo
White-LiTit Ambeor, Orange
Amber, Various Flowers
ESraCXED aMW. = 24+ -2x. .AEL
OKLA. Mixed Flqe rs
K[AS. Clover .
WISC. Clover 4 Basswood
OHIO White, Clover
IND. Light Amber, Clover
ILL. White, Clover
FIA. White, U. S. Fancy, Tupelo
White-Light Amber, Orange
Amber, Various Flowers
SEZUoK WQ E-_c&5s_2 TS _
N.M. Me Flowers 12-oz.
OW ,. Clover
MIMN. Clover-Baswood, Fancy
VA. White, Clover
TMIN. Various Flowers, 14-oz.
VA. Iight Amber, Clover 12/11-oz. section
7,50 p.r a o
7,50 p~r otis
- over -
- 3 -
Waphington 25, D. C.
Friday, April 1, 1955.
AT BTEca:pu nrAcm a#_ I!. EiE Ss
S1 .b jars 31.20 per jar 34 per ar '
Light Amber, Cotton A Alfalfa.
24, 1-1b. jars
12. 2-lb. jars
White, Clover, 12, 1-1b, jars.
1" 1 ." 12 .2-1lb jars
White, Clover, 6,2;%l1b, jars.
12, 12-oze jars
Mixed -Llowers, 9-1b, cans
Suaac & Basswood, 1-lb. jars
Light Anber, 12. l1-oz, jars .
Various Flowers. 5-ib, jars' -*
Whitu, Orange 2-Ib, jars
AW Cwto &a Extra White Clover, 24,1-lb. jar
TEXAS Clover,..24, l)-oz. cups
/ State of origin indicates Statc whpro packed, not necessarily whore produce The term "Clover" includes
most legumes such as White Dutch .Clover, Hubam Clover, Yellow and White Sweetclover ani occasionally 'sul'.
legumes as alfalfa and Votch mixed with other Clovcrs. Y.o,b%. hippinp point.
Ntte; F,o,b, as used in foregoing means f.o.b. shipping point. Delivered means delivered to
buyers packing plant or receiving point.
INFOf Of.1I. TRQVLPORfUlIAGiAiEAd
CaLIFORNIA_POINTS: 'Period ls-t half of March)
South.=rn_Calif.rni4 Colonies remained in
TEonerally good condition. Honey stores were
ihort in sone instances and some feeding was
necessary. Little or no losses are expected
however provided bees are watched and fed,
Colony Aevelopment is mostly a little behind
normal though beekeepers expect most apiaries
to be in shape for the citrus flow due next
month. Increases were being made, partly to
get more bees for the prllina.tion of alfalfa.
Bees were bein8 moved to orange locations
during the period. Oth-ers were taken to
spring build-up locations. Plants appeared
to be in generally good condition, though
wild plants need additional rpins to produce .a
crop, Bees were reported working on
eucalyptus, Ceanothus, fruit bloom buck brush
cottonwood, willows, custard, fiddleneck, and
other spring plants.
Central Califog.nia.- Moet oolonies continued
Tn gooTt 7cndition. Supplies of feed varied.
Some colonies had adequate amounts, but
others required feeding or will need it pro-
vided there is a period of ba& weather, Sooe
sections had more then the usi'Al proportion
of poor queens. Colony development is mostly
somewhat behind normal, but flows also are
late. 1tany bees were used in the pollination
of almonds and other orchard.6tres. Reported
rentals ranged from nothing to:$2.00 per
colony and centered around $150. M. ny
calories also hove been contracted for the
pollination of alfalfa this coin sumner,
The number is reported as 75,000 for Kern
County, the major alfalfa.seed producing
county. Reported rental contracts varied
Some provide for a flat rate of $5.00-6 00
per colony. Others are based on seed yields.
Wild flowers are abundant but suffering from
lack of rain. Bees were working on orchard
trees, eucalyptus, manzanita, Ceenothus,
willows, mustard, filaree, and many other
.' Not hertnCalfqriA -Colonies continued in
mostTy good condition. Development still is
behind normal but probably fast enough,.
Pollen and honey came in well during the
period. Almonds flow&a heavily, ]Mny
colonies were used foir *the pollination of
, almonds and other orchard trees A good man'
colonies were moved into manzanita. vwarmink
had started in some sections. Weather was
dry during the period with considerable
north wind. Some sections are far behind
normal in rainfall and all need rain for
non-irrigated plants. During the period
bees worked on orchard trees, oaks, willows
manzanita, eucalyptus, mustard,, fiddleneck!
and many other flowers,
PAgIIQIC j.QETIWjSjT: (Period last half of March)
Or&gegp.. Recent inspections west of the
Cascades show winter losses of bees'from
starvation may approximate 25 percent.
MtEay beekeepers are still feuding.
- continued -
- 4 -
V..-shiigiton 25, D. C,
Washington L45, D. C.
Urtgfn Continued Although bees have made
short flights, theybave gathered no feed.
Some pollen was being gathered from filberts
and pussywillow. It is very doubtful if there
will be any carryover of honey. Holdings, by
producers are negligible.
Washingtan Bees west of the Cascades have
wintered well, but considerable feeding has
been or will be necessary. No pollen sources
have developed as yet.
IN.EMIEDUITAIN STATES. (Period March 10-24)
Colora.do Weether averaged colder than usual
during this period, but there were several
good flight days. Bees have come through the
winter so fer with variable losses, ranging
from practically none in some yards up to 25
percent in others. Consumption of stores has
not been as heevy as expected, but colonies T
vary in amount of stores remaining. Some
yards have ample supplies, while others are
short. Colonies on the western slope are
gene lly strong in bees but are about a
montA Kn broodre.ring. colonies in the San
tise V lley are in poor condition. Moisture
conditions are feir on the western slope, al-
though the depth of snow in some important
watersheds is light. Moisture End plant con-
ditions are poor in the San Luis Ve ley and
in the eastern part of the State.
Idah. March hes been a very cold month,
with considerable snow and temperature read-
ings as low as 14 degrees below zero at Idaho
FFIls. In the Upper Snake River VElley
temperatures have not gone above 44 since
December. Bees hrve made a few light flights
but are in need of a good one. In the Lower
part of the Snake River Valley colonies are
being unpacked. A little pollen was coming
in from soft meple. Moisture conditions are
still below normEl. Bees will require much
feeding to carry them through until dandelions
bloom. Very little honey remains in producers'
hands, except for holdings for local markets.
Utah_- Winter losses of b.ees in CAche Vslley
range Trom 10 to 20 percent. Losses in
Weber County vcry from 1 or 2 percent in some
yards to 15 percent in others, depending upon
the amount of food left on colonies lIst fall.
Some losses in Crche County are attributed
to starvation during prolonged cold spells
when bees could not s ift the clusters to mew
stores. Bees hEve not had a good flignt since
January 1. Much feeding will be necessary in
some yards. moisture is near normr.lfor this
time of year. Late dormert sprE.ys will be
applied around the middle of April. Demand
continued gocd for both honey and beeswax.
Wynming WeEther during the period March
7-21 was slightly warmer ?nd drier than usua.1
moisture condition for the "Big Horn Basin"
in northwestern Wyoming are becoming seriously
dry in the low lends. However, the snow pack
in the mountains is about normal, which should
mean adequEte irrigation water supplies for
the coming crop season provided Maditional
moisture is received during the spring months.
Bees are in feir to good condition but many
of the colonies are becoming q'ite light end
will require mre foedingt.hen a yo-r egi.
Nexada Precipitrtion wrs below normal over
most the northern helf of the Strte end above
normal in the southern hr lf, In some
sections irrigation water will be short. A
ood rein is needed to bring on desert
,gRIZON:_ (Period e.r. 10-24)
Prospects for a spring crop of honey from
mesquite End from other desert flowers look
very dim. There hes been no appreciable reir.
since Jenuary. Continued cool weather is re-
tarding the citrus bloom. Most colonies of
bees ere in good condition ct this time.
SGUTHWE STE.R STnTES:_ (Period Sicx.r, 11 25)
Lower Rio Grt-nde VIlley Texrs.-There will bu
be no surplus citrus honey produced in the
Valley this year. There has not been enough
nectar brought in for the bees to build up on.
Mesquite has not been producing, and very
little nectar has come from clover.
Ee.at _nd Southeast Texas -The drought in
FBaf-orcamt Cpunty Ts bTcoming serious for
clover. iiny fields are turning brown before
coming into full bloom. A freeze in Januery
dramrged plants severely. Bees, generally.are
in only fair condition,
In Brazos Countty bees have stored an abundant,
of pollen from many sources and some nectar,
but not sufficient for increased brood-
rearing and winter stores are being used
rapidly. Recent cold weather with frost end
strong winds damaged the bloom to some extent.
A few colonies have starved. You on and many
ground flowers began to bloom, but strong
winds reduced the nectar yield and
interferred with flight of the bees.
So th&west Te.p.rs -There has been about 4
Inches of rain in Fri. Count during the past
two months, which has been heTpful to brush
honey plants. Bees wereneking- living dur-
ing this period.
In the Guad&llue. County_around lt inches of
rain feTl during period and mesquite was
putting on foliage. Some clover was coming
up, but there arestill no horsemint plants.
Prospects generally look favorable for a
spring honey flow,
Northwest. Texr- The spring come on very
suddenTy in rellos County,. A light
drizzling rain felT most the 20th, and a
heavy r.ain ranging from 1- to 3 inches on the
21st. A light drizzle fell the following day,
A cold wave followed with temperatures
dropping to 27 degrees on the morning of the
22nd, the lowest March 22 tem-?erture since
1914. This freeze killed much of the tender
vegetation; young garden plants as well as a
large percent of the pech plum, pear, end
other fruit bloom. It is doubtful if bees
suffered any loss except possibly a small
amount of brood where colonies were not
,. strong enough to properly cover their brood.
The top soil is well saturated. If
sufficient rrin comes thiruph the late spring
end sum-mer, a good crop of honey could be
5 Friday, April 1, 1955
_aMI-iOTHL.Y HONEY EPuORT_- VOLL XXXIX = 140_. 7
- vr -
Friday, April 1, 1955
SEl.lMIJNLY K.IEOY IiZL TV. M .X)CD!_-_7
Ok4lauyma_- Hard rctizes occurred on March
21 end agrin on March 26 and 27, and killed
all bloom that was cut. All fruit trees were
in bloom. This has set all plants and
colony development back. Moisture conditions
are fairly good in central and eastern areas
of the Stateo, but are poor in the western
New Me.i.qo_- Bees are coming through the
winter in good condition. However, prospects
for a honey crop in 1955 are poor on account
of continued dry weather, Demand for honey
was good but no large lots remain in pro-
PIAIS._SSTALES: (Period r-ar. 11 25)
Iowa_- WeEther was variable during this
period, with the average temperature below
normal. There have been good flight days.
Moisture conditions are fairly favorable for
legumes, however, acreage continues to
diminish in fevor of row c2 ps. Bees have
come through the winter well where stores have
been a.3ple. However, much feeding will need
to be done during the next few .weeks. Meny
yards in need of feeding could not be
reached because of fieldand weather condi-
tions. Losses from starvation as high as 60
to 80 percent have occurred in a few
instances. Demand for honey continued active,
but little renair.s in producers' hands.
Iebraska On the whole, bees have come
througK winter in good condition. Most
colonies have plenty of stores although
there are some reports of feeding going on.
Soft maple and willows cane into bloom.
Bees were able to work them for just about a
day and then the weather turned abnor.i:ally
cold, with near zero temperatures occurring.
This will mean the end of iollen from tht-se
sources. Snow end slett stcri-s also
occurred. With this sudden drop in
temperature there is some cornern as to
whebbther heaving of sweetclover plants may
not occur and damage stands. Demand for
honey continued pood, but practically no
large bulk lots remain unsold in producers'
Kansas -= The eerly pert of this period was
mild End springlike, and bees gathered
pollen from elm and ep.le, which stimulated
broodreEringp Following this cEme light to
good reins, and then a severe late freeze
which killed early pollen sources. Pear,
perch, and wil4 plum were almost ready to
bloom, but damage has not been determined.
Broodreering was slowed down. Colonies
hO.ve generally wintered well with losses
low, Stcres &re low in some yards, and
feeding with be necessary.
EAST CENTRhL AnD NORTH CENTRAL STATES:
- TFerioa 2.1 26 _
Michijgn_- Bees have cone through the winter
with unusually light losses. Stores are ro-
ported as cmpie in yards where a plentiful
urpply was left with the bees last fall*
However, some commercial beekeepers also report
stores Ere prE.ctici.lly exhausted at this
time nnd feeding will be renuir.d to carry
bees until field sources of nectar are
available. Moisture conditions are good.
DemQnd contLnuaes active ftor large bulk lots
of -hcney with the market strong. Very
little honey remains in producers' hands.
Mi.&c.qni.in While the early part of the
period was mild, the latter half was
lbnorr.lly cold. Temperatures rrrged from
10 to 15 degrees below normal and were
preceded by f heavy fall of snow, which
provided moisture and protection to legames.
Some beekeepers have checked their colonies
for stores, Fnd where ample stores were left,
with the bees they have wintered well.
However, many colonies went into the winter
short of stores Pnd in some yards losses
from starvation are reported as heevy 40
to 70 percent. Considerable feeding wPs in
progress, however, the cold weather has not
been favorable for this operation. The uas
of fumagillin is being tried quite
generally for control of noseme. Brood-
reering by norrel colonies is being
limited to 2 to 4 combs. The first roller.
is still a couple of weeks ewey. Honey
srles hrve been variable. Bottlers with
limited supplies of bulk honey end high
prices report a sluggish demand, while
those with better stocks end prices at lower
levels are moving sizable amounts.' Proruc'.r
stock are practically non-existent.
Minens.o.t Bees have come through the
winter with variable looses.In some parts
of the State losses from starvation are
running about 50 percent, even in yards
well supplied with stores going into the
winter. In other areas losses a.re reported
ExS light where stores were heavy going intL
the winter. Most reports indicate a
heavier than usurl consumption of stores
due to hervy broodrearing. aich spring
feeding will be required. TemperEtures
have b<,en below normal for this season. A
her.vy snowfall during this period has
provided additional moisture end protection
to legunes. Clover plants appear to have
come through the winter in good condition,
rithough sweetclover plants Pre very scarce
in some localities. DemEnd for lr.rge'bulk
lots of honey continued good at strong
Qhio_- During the early ,-nrt of this
period bees were able to obtain pollen
frcm sc.ft maple 'nd willow in some parts of
the State. Toward the end of the period a
severe windstorn caused damage in some
localities by turning over hives. This was
followed by extremely low teuperetures, The
cold may curtail broodrearing. Demage
to nlrnts by the cold is still undetermined.
SoLe eprly fruit was killed. Fortunately a
good snow cover probably prevented damage
to ground plants. All meadow end pasture
plants r.pperr to be in excellent condition.
_Indipan.- Temperatures were moderately
warm during the eerly part of this period.
Bees were carrying considerable pollen and a
smell about of nectar in the central rnd
southern parts of the State, with a lesser
eamuount in the north, Soft maple Fnd elm
were in bloom in most all parts, with some
early shrubs and apricots opening in the
extreme south. Broodrearing has been ad-
vcncing rapidly, and many colonies are
short on stores. Considerable feeding was
Vashington 25, D. C.
- 6 -
Friday, Apilril 1, 1955.
S.M-JKNTHXl. HOIE EIOERT -0_VOL. XL X-2NQ 2Z
)L HCL Z Q
being done in all sections of the Strte. The
spring-likL weather ended on March 22 with a
cold we've accompanied by severe blizzErd
conditions. Temper?-tures dropped to 20s in
the control -art and much lower frrther north
Moisture conditions are still improving.
Clovers Eprear to be in good condition, end
give promise of excellent honey flow.
111.inois _- Siring-like weather urevailed
until The 21st, when a severe cola wave and
blizzard occurred. This cold wave could be
disastrous for strong colonies with 2 to 4
fr' Lus of brood locpfed in top stores, rs mosi
r.re. Continuing cold weather may cCusc
strong colonies to strrve, with honey just
beyond the clusters, Clovers crn heave.
Both results cEnnot be determined until the
weather moderates so thrt colonies and clover
fields CE.n be exrcined.
I j JSTILERN STATES;:_ (Period hear. 13 27)
Naw_York fAich rEin end below norucl
temperatures; prevailed during this period,
also considerable strong winds. Bees have
had partial to good flights, depending upon
the locations. A little pollen came in in
some locations, but most report no pollen
available so far. Very little checking of
yards for winter losses has been possible so
far. %iny commercial beekeepers anticipate
considerable need of feeding, even if spring
weather ii favorable. Local demand for small
containers of honey has been slow to moderate
with prices up about 20 per lb., both whole-
sele and retell in some locelitiles. Bulk honi
is practically all out of producers' hands.
ewx HBSphjr.j Winter losses of bees are
expected to be heavy. For some reason flower
last fall failed to yield pollen or- nectar -
and colonies lost weight rather than gaining.
A scale hive lost 38 pounds between July 15
and November 1 where as it should have
gained 50 pounds or possibly 100 pounds. As
a consequence of short pollen and short
winter honey supplies, probably 112 or more
of New Hampshire's bees have winter killed.
the winter has not been exceptionally cold; i:
fact rather mild, which perhaps increased
winter stores consumption. Practically all
honey is out of the hands of producers,
New Jersegy- Bees that have been fed are doin
weTl. o onies that have had supplemental
pollen and sugar fed them are away ahead in
broodrearing of.those unfed. Maples and
hazel brush were yjelding well in the souther:
part of the State. Cold weather during this
period in the northern section of the State
has slowed colony development.
SOUTH TLNTIC _AM SOUTH CEITL STakTES:_
(reriodf f. 13-27)
Ir land_- Temperatures in the vicinity of
Washington, D. G. were mild the fore part of
the period and permitted bees.to work maple-,
elders, ch'ikweed, and a few dandelionsaBees
gathered considerable nectar from maple. In
te Blue Ridge section pussywillow, elm,
chickweed and some flowering shrubs were
worked. In the western part of the State
weather was mostly too cool for bees to work
maple. At the close of the period a cold
wave with strong winds moved across the State.
The freezing temperatures which occurred may
cause some chilled brood in colonies that
have expanded their broodnests under the
stimulus of the earlier mild temperatures eni
nectar and pollen that has been gathered.
Winter losses have been heavier then first
enticipaterd. In the vicinity of Weshington,
D. C. they are averaging about 10 percent in
well kept apieries, enM heavier in others.
Most of the losses eppeEr to be due to the
failure of the fell honey flow which re-
stricted broodreering and resulted in smFll
S winter clusters end e.lso insufficient stores
in the winter nest, Many dead colonies had
stores, but not in the right place. In the
Blue Ridge section some apieries report loss s
from le.ck of winter stores due to 1954 drought
condition; others no losses. In western
Maryland winter losses have been above normal,
and feeding is necessary in spots. Build-up
has been slow.
Vigr nia -_Loudcn County Weather remained
cool wTt' a coTld wave occurring toward the
close of te of the period. Good rains have added
moisture to the top soil. Colonies appear to
be building up satisfactorily, although the
weLaher has been mostly too cold for brood
South Carolina -Colonies of bees in the
Piedmont and S&ndhill sections of the State
are in poor condition. Those in the south and
SeEstsections, arei in very good condition.
Willow was yiielling very wbll until the recent
sy cold wave. A freeze on MCrch 26 virtually
wiped. out the peach cop. Rainfall has been
veri light in the southeastern part of the
State End many acres of ga.llberry have been
s destroyed so _fr as they concern a 1955 honey
crop. Honey has become a scerce article
among the beekeepers. Most of the 1954 crop
hE.s been sold.
Kentucky_ nd Tennes.sse_-- Weather during this
period was windy, rainy, snow, ad unusually
cold. Bees were unable to make worthwhile
flights. Efforts to fly, have proven
n disastrous in many instances. Florel sources
were at r standstill. A herd freeze of March
26 rnd 27 caught peaches, plums ani other
soft fruits in full bloom. Some clover may
elso have been killed. However, moisture con-
g editions are excellent Fnd prospects remain the
best in several veers for clovers to provide
a nectar flow. Colonies are developing well,
but should be fed often. Some beekeepers are-
n mixing in sulfa tabs in the feed,
gQIEiEASTEBRN STATES: (Period Mar. 12 26)'
Qe.ugrgia -During the last ten drys of March,
south Ueorgia hd four straight mornings with
ice on the around and this condition along
with the severe drought makes the outlook for
a honey crop very poor this season. Ti-ti
yielded well in some locEtions a few days
and helped out with feeding. Popler ha-s also
finished. Considerable feeding is still being
done, end many colonies mry need much more
feeding. Unless reins start coming soon gall-
berry may also fail to yield.
Florida The orEnge honey flow was drewina
To & cTose, with variable yields reported.
- over -
Washington 25, D. C.
- 7 -
irid..y, 4r,-i-fl I, 1955.'
Sf.l-- rI.LY...HOIE.Y_.Pr. yVLXXXXIX NO. _7
Dry wecthur cut thL fliw shl.rt in sc:.e
sections cf the Strte, while, in other areas
the fliw wars good despite the dry weather.
Yields in Freas where tlows vere best averaged
around 100 lbs. per cclcny. QuElity end color
are good. Resent r; irs hrve broken the drought
and paluetto is budding heavily and gives
Proulse of a good yield. G; llberry wrs r.lsB
budding in southern areaEs. In the northwestern
part of the Strte th9 ti-ti flow was varisble,
Re ports rEnge fro:. 1/3 to 1/2 r- cror in soLe
locations, with others reporting a good flow.
Dry weather e-nd cold hurt the flow In some
sections in others the flow waEE fair to good
despite the dry weather, but many colonies
were too waec to take rdvtntrge ,of it. In
the .prPltchicola area bees have built and cru
in frir condition to pmet the tupelo flow
which is expected to be in bloom bout Arril
10 to 15. Willow ves in bloom. Extr-Lcting
of the orange honey crop wes underway anc nut
of State buyers were tac ing quite a lot to
ncke up for the clover honey shortege.
Missisaippi.- A hard freeze on March 26 ruined
Ell sources of pollen end nectar in central
end northern ree.s of the StEte for the
present. Colonies were building up wull,but
will be slowed down becEuse of the freeze.
More feeding may be necessary, In the
southern pert of the Strte the ti-ti flow
hats been he:vy End colonies are strong and
ready for the icin gcllberry flow later or.
Honey si les were Et En Everege rate rt no ir..
crecse in prices1
Loui.ia p Comuercial beekeepers in eastern
Toiuisican report six weeks of dry windy
weather ht.s drriaged clovers. Bees have just
been Laking a living end the buildup has bee
slow. Some colonies need feeding. Conditicz
Ere the poorest since 1947 in some locations,
Slightly better yields are reported at the
University Station at Baton Rouge, where
scdle colonies grained from 15 to 50 lbs dur.
ing the period, chiefly from white Dautc
clover. Other plants yielding nectar and
pollen were thistle, blackberry, black locus
yellow tol and willow, Heavy rrins fell in
northern Louisiana near the close of the
period; light showers in the southern part.
lovcr blossoms end tender vegetation were
frosted rt the close of the period, Local
honey s les have slowed down with warn
weEther, but bulk srles have been good.
PackPge- end queen shippers report denrnd
has been light.
EXPORTS &iXD IfrORTS OF HONEY .-ND BEESWaXl
(ecureaT through_ the B urieu7F ofT ensusT
EXPORTS OF9NYI FROn TA U.S. DUJRINS l H_
West GsrrI~e y T,T4Ub6Q
Canada (Incl. Nelfoundl lnd end
Belgium rnd Luxerbourg 149,100
Switzerlind 30 000
Public of the Philippines 11,703
British Malcaya 4020
IMUPO S OF HONEY INTO U.S. FOh_ JaNIiY. Y 1955_-_
United Kingdo. of Great Britcitin
and Northern Irelr.nd
ThPORUS OF .BE CRUJE)_im'o U.S rU.S. D
DoEinicrn Republic 45 764
Iexico 29, 850
Other Portuguese West A.rica 24,252
Haiti 9 ,431
French horocco 6 636
El Salvador 1,244
Vtlue $27655 .
Starting with Janucry 1954, "other
countries" includes, in aLdition to shipments,
to non-listtd countries, those shipments to
listed countries thct are valued at less than -
$500 each when the number of such shipments to a
country in a given month is few. This change
results frofr sarLpling procedures adopted by the
Burecu of Census.I
~'lPPI SUPOArT 1RHONEY i il.95 J1 ON.(CONTINiED i un
t B'e 6pePr thus providing ing the progCu, including support prices b
them an opportunity t police their operations classes of honey ind e-rer.s of production, V 11
on a eelf- porting b.sis. The Deprrtnent be rvrilrfble rt ASC county offices in the neta
also empha ized the ortcnce of continued future.
and intensified activity in iopreving the mcrkot-
ir.g end. distribution of horey by all elements
in the industry. Dfethiled iiLformation regard-
Washington dL D. C
- 8 -
Friday, j4,ril 1, 1955,
HiiY gYPC n- VOL.,xJx&- -N. 7
H GRPHI REPCOSjiTS JElOX IrIWPOR'T skl b IS
(j-rrivzls include rn.c-itts (during preceding Two veis. -Unless oTherwise shown prices rep-
resent scles or current quotations by Lrokurs, loc.l bottlers, or other receivers to
wholesalers rnd large retEilers for sEll countries, and to bikers, confectioners, or
other IErge users for 60-lb. containers or lErger contLiners. MErket condition co.n4cents
represent the opinion of the trE.de and e.re for the last h&lf of March.., ll quotations
cre extracted unless otherwise shown. 60-lb. cans are on a pound basis and strller units
of extracted and other types of honey E-re on per case bc.sis unless otherwise shown.
Beeswax prices are per pound.)
BOSTON: Arrivals 42,000 lbs. domestic,
OTfferings light. eLand good, Cmarket about
steady to slightly weaker.
6, 5-lb. jars 56,80
24, 1-lb. jars 6.00-6.70
12, 1-lb. jars 3.38
12, 1-lb, servers 4,90
24, 12-oz. jars 5,60
24, 8-oz. jars 3,55-3,95
36 4-oz. .ars 3.18
CaHIdEDf, White Clover,
12,12-oz. cups 2,83
CHICAGQ: arrivals 214 800 Ibs, domestic.
'5eniand good, market strcnger.
60- b. tins, MIDWESTERU, per lb.
White Clover, soL:me, one lot 1 40
Light Amber .17 -.1
mostly .18 -.19
some high as .19.
in granulated form 10 less
Cartons, Hl, 5-lb. tins 13.70
12, 1-lb. jars 3.25
24, 1-lb.(self-serve jars) 6.45
24, 12-oz 5.25
24. 8-oz.(self-serve jars) 3.95
36 4-oz. 3.09
CJELED, 12, 12-oz. 2,75
CINCINNhTI: arrivals 28.156 Ibs.
eWTLini d moderate, market steady.
12, 5-1lb jars few
12, 2-lb. lars
24, 1-lb. jars
12, 1-lb. jars
12, 1-lb. server
Cartons, 24, 12-oz.
12, 12-oz. jars
24, 8-oz. jars
1ENVER. Supplies very light, Del.e
12, 28-oz. jars
12, 20-oz. jars
12, 8-oz. jars
24, 8-oz. jars
24, 16-oz. jars
12, 32-oz. pars
12, 5-lb. tins
6 5-lb. glass
CEAMED 24, 12-oz. cups
12, 12-oz. glass
IDETR0QT: Arrivals 44,950 lbs. d
emInd F ,ood, market steady.
Mostly White Clover, cases
nd very goo'i,
LESES CITY; .o
)OS C;7I'SF: Demand good, market firr...
WEite (or better) Orange, Sage, Clover,
6 5-lb. glass or tin 6.00-6.60
1, 32-oz, jars 6,35-6.80
12, 24-0oz ars 5,20
12, 16-oz. crs 3.35-3.55
12, 12-oz. ss 2.61-2,85
24, 8-oz jars 3.80-4.04
Light fiber, Blended Flavors
12, 2-lb tins 5.20
24, 1-lb, jars 5.40
Light :.Lber Mixed Flowers
6, 5-lb. tins 5.00-5*25
Extra Light itriber, Alfalfa
12, 5-lb. tins 10.20
Extra Light kiLber, Blended Flavors
12, 32-oz. jars 5.60
12, 16-oz, jars 2,95
24, 8-oz. jar 3.45
'White (or betterlassorted Orange, SageClover
24, 8-oz. jars 188.8.131.52
White (or bette# Buckwheat, Orange,
12, 8-oz. jars 2.04
12 1-lb. glass 'serve s 4.50-4.75
CREMAMD White (or better)Orange,Clover
12, 12-oz. cups 2,75-2,93
24. 12-oz, cups 5.85
CHUNK, COOiB pack, White, Sege, Clover
12, 16-oz. jars 5.15
12, 8-oz, jars 2.90
COMB White, Clover
12, 12-oz. sections 4.80
Honey & Butter Plain and Cinnamon
12, 6l oz. cups 3,15
Jellied honey Mlover and Orange
12, 10-oz, jars 2,85
BEEWAX:_ Arrivals by truck 7,500 lbs.
'oLestTc. Demand exceeds supply. Market
slightly stronger. Purchases by locP'
receivers delivered Los 1Angeles -
cash .50- o52
few in trade *54
PITTSBURGr arrivals by truck 22,050 lbs.
domesTic. DecEnd fair. market steady.
White Clover& Light Amber,
24, 1-lb, jars 6.70
24, 8-oz. jars 3,95
12, -lb. server ougs 4.90
EiiED, 24; 1-lb 3jars 6.70
- continued -
WcVstinnii, 25, !,. C.
Washl,.-t. 2E. D, J.
Friday, ipril 1,9E,
JA-4bd4THL4 flu! r. R^'OhL, 'UL._ X._.- 0.,.7?_.
MINEE LISsL: iX'. iva Is by truck 6n-.b.cor.sl
--nr. -wici Swvtclcver" 250; Wisconsin
Light Acber 140; Minn, a-bcr 80, D;nmr.. for
small containers good. large containers slow.
Price to jobbers -
U. S. Fency Blended honey-
24, 8-oz. jE5s ,550
12, 1-lb. -ars 2.90
12, 2-1b. aErE .30
6, -lib. jrs .0O
6, 5-1b. Eins 5.30
6, 5-'b, jrs 5.80
24, 7--oz, tullers 4.20
12, 14-cz. tumblers 3.95
12 ll-oz. glass mugs 3.25
CRIE.MED 12 ll-cz, lFss :uts 3.355
60-lb. cens, White Swee clov;r .1f
Light .tuber .I -
S .EESJX: Arrivcls by truck 260 11s. .
Trade ,. .47
*EW YORK CITY: rivalss by boat -210 drs. &
11 biTsF. Cuba; 50 Irs, El Selvador; 35 ctns.
South Africae 45Q Irs. 400 tins; csa.
GuLtcuala; 217 dirs. & 125 ctns. Mexico;
Supplies very light.
Prrcticklly nothing being offered to outside
trade, rost quotations withdrawn. Quotations
mostly noLineil nd provicus sales -
Il'OT PTD ex dock New York City duty paid
CUBA. drums .i
GU lEite, arums -14- .15
fIDWESTERN mnd INTERvfOUNTLIN, 60s
Bakers Blend .16
IMiPORED, 12, 8-oz. jers 1.85
24 1 lb. jars 2.95
Domestic Light labor Mixed Flowers
24, 8-oz.-jers 3.35
24, l-lb.'j:ars 5.80
12, 1-lb, ars *2.9C
12, 2-lb. Ears 5.60
6, 5-lb. tins 5,55-5.80
24 1-lb. tins 6.20
Domestic Orang.e, Clover
24, 8-oz. r-rs 3.85-3.95
12, l..-lb. ars 3,45
12, 2-lb. jais 6.45-6.60
24, 1-lb. tins -6.90
6, 5-lb. tins -6.60
BEESWLA: -rrivcls' by ocat- 580 bags
Brazil;--137 pks., 200 blocks Eritrea; 50 bags
Venezuela; 325 bars Cube.; 273 bags Dominican
republic; 334 bas Mexico; 223 bir. & 17 bags
Haiti; 180 blocks Fr. Somailand; 60 bags
Chile; 189 bls. Portuguese West africe.
Offerings light, Market strong.
Sales r.nd nomnnal quotations -
AFRICA .60- .62
CENTRAL AMERICA & WEST INDIES .66-.68
Darker WES: INDIES .62-.64 -
SOUTFH E.ICA .68&.71
PQOaLbTMD arrivals 20 000 lbs. Supplies
CoderEyte. -DeLr.nd goo-1, urket firn
Light a-rber. Sweetclover-AIf-lfa .
12, 5-lb. tins 10.80-11.00
few low as 10,25
12, 24-oz, jc-rs' 4.80-5.00
12, 2-lb. jers 5.60
24, 12-oz. jars 5.30-5,40
24, 16-oz. 6.10
24, 6-oz. 3.95-4.00
Bulk supplies light.
5 gal. cEns Light arber .16W-,17
Dark .14 .15
Comb supplies very light
24, 12-oz. No. 1 8.60
FLBEESW: Supplies moderate. Market firm.
Declers payir.g in cash or trade A45
nelucsed April 7, 1955 mel
PHILAfELPKIA; arrivals doutstic 36,7M0 lis,;
GuL.-telTa 50 drs, Supplies light. Leueud.
gocd market strong.
GUi.TMJa, Light Clovtr
60-1b, tins per lb, .1?
12, 5-ib. & 5, 10-lb. tins 11.5t
24, 1-lb jlars 6.0:
24, 6-cz ers 3.5I
12, 1-lb ,ars 3.1 I
D,'iestic, B ended Sweetclover end
2*, 1-lb. bars 6.7C
24, &-oz. ~rs 3.9Z
12 1-lb. jr-rs 3.3
36 4-oz, jars 3.1I
CPEJED 12, 12-oz. 2.83
Whito, Clever, 24. 1-lb. jurs 6.1C
24, 8.-02. jars 3.50
?T. LOUIS; Offerings light. Market firL to
1-s1hig y stronger#
60-1 b tins COLORDO and NORTHERN
White Clover .17
Light niober .16
Cases, mostly White Clover
6, 5-lb. -ars 5.70-8~625
12, 2-lb. jrrs 6.10-6.28
24, 1-lb. jers 5.65-6.7,
Honey SpreEd, 24, 12-oz. jars 5.60
24, 8-oz. jrrs 3.40-3.99
CHLJI.ED 12, 12-oz. packages 2.8!
12, 1-lb, packages 3.3
SaN FRANCISCO: Arrivals none.
-h5sTc iELight kanber kor better) Orenge,
Clover, Sage, Thistle, and so:..e blended.
24, 12-oz0 jars
24, 12-oz, jers
12, 8-oz. jars
12, 12-oz. JFrs
12, 12-oz, jars
12l 11b. jars
12, lib. jErs
12, 2-lb. jars
12, 5-lb. cans
S.aTTLE: Arrivals 112,872 lbs.
lTgHt, market firm .
Sweetcluver, alfalfa, Light
12, 5-lb. tins
12, 2-lb. jars
24, 1-lb. JErs
24, 12-oz, jers few
12, 24-oz. jars few
24, 8-oz. jars few
Fireweed, 24, 1-lb. jcrs
12, 2-lb. jars
6 5-lb. pails
CBESD, 24, 1-lb. cups
UNITED STATES DEFizTMENT OF AGhlCULTURE
Agricultural Marketing Service
Washington 25, D. C.
Punalt, i or Private Jse, to avrid
Payment of Postage $300
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
I3 1262 08589 5869Lli l B I ILL lI
3 1262 08589 5869
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