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The Panama American
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00010883/00945
 Material Information
Title: The Panama American
Portion of title: Weekend American
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Donor: Scott Family Library Fund ( donor )
Publisher: Panama Times, Ltd.
Place of Publication: Panama City, Panama
Publication Date: 1925-
Frequency: daily (except saturday and sunday)[may 12, 1973-]
daily[ former oct. 7, 1925-dec. 4, 1966]
daily (except saturday)[ former dec. 10, 1966-may 5, 1973]
daily
normalized irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Panama (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama -- Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Oct. 7, 1925-
General Note: On Saturday published as: Weekend American, Dec. 10, 1966-May 5, 1973.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 18709335
lccn - sn 88088495
ocm18709335
Classification: lcc - Newspaper
System ID: AA00010883:00945
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama America

Full Text
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MIAMI
if. BR ANIFF
INTERNATIONAL AIRWAYS
UU
DAILY NEWSPAPER
etican
t> the truth and the country it safe" Abraham Lincoln.
ScagramsYO,
CANADIAN
WHISKY
fTTwkrmAkweTi
HUiMCfr*
xe.
Slat YEAR
PANAMA R. P., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1J55
FIVE
CENTS
Accused
www
Tumulty Sees PRR
Drawn To Hara-Kiri
A Mg Panam trucking firm nay be under fire next, accord-
ing to questioning which developed today during the presentation
f the Panana railroad representative's testimony.
Rep. John 1. Allen (R-Cal.) asked witness Robert C. Daniel
whether he felt someone might deliberately be trying to press far
the abandonment of the railroad.
Daniel was'' testifying as chair-! eaatract with then," Daniel re-
man of the joint committee of rail- plied,
road unions in the Canal Zone. "Then it appears to me that
"Have you any idea who might somebody is not doing their, du-
have this motive?" Allen asked.
Daniel replied: "I can't under-
stand it myself.''
Allen; Do you know who owns
the Panama trucking com pa n y,
which is me only other freight car-
rier now operating across the
Isthmus?
Daniel: Its a corporation, dif-
ferent people have stock in it
Allen: You mean 'influential
people?
Daniel: Yes.
Allen: Any who have
ty or has a misconception of
what their duty is," Tumulty said
then asked:
"If the railroad were to carry
the traffic which was not diverted,
and if all freight was rightfully
carried by the railroad, would it
show a profit or loss?''
"Profit, I think," Daniel replied
"Then it appears," Tasaalty
concluded, that the losses oa the
railroad are not doe t* obsoles-
cence, but to an obsesstoa an
the part af some to get rid ofit.'
He added: "If you had someone
running the railroad who wanted
Plotting
Railroader Testifies
Management Inept;
y
re inflnegjpe -
on the Canal Zone Government In ^'^i^nX 41
any way. shape or form? Daniel repUed. Yep,
Daniel: 1 do not know. ^ T T v wom*
Jn^s^X^rDnTcadV- Tumulty concluded with: "Then
7Vea how much freight this it's in the natuiWof hara-kiri,
firmha. been carrying: wouldn't you say? Never mind,
How much money have they 111 say it.
making since this divers Ion or -------------------------
.*** No Possengers
CHAIRMAN of the House sub-
committee hearings, Edward
A. Garmatz (left) Is shown
Yes, sir, it with committeeman William
I a Mailllard as they prepare to
enter the room before hearing
the railroader's case.
Solon Talks Of 'Crime
Cov. John S. Seybold, scheduled to appear before the
House subcommittee this afternoon, faced charges that
the Panama Canal Company had attempted deliberately
to discredit the Panama Railroad in an effort to force its
abandonment.
The chart* was levelled at the morning session by Robsrt C Doniel, spokesman
for the railroad unions.
Daniel declared th railrood wa$ oporairog ot a lost onh/ becsuM of poor man-
agement, and a well-laid and deliberate plan en the part ot ntoss^fwient to justify its
abandonment by diverting business through other channels.
PRESENTING THE MAIN TOPIC under discussion today
the Panam Railroad was Robert C. Daniel, chairman of
the Joint committee of railroad union* In the Canal Zone
whose testimony ran for almost three hour
Daniel sid behad aJdee, W j^jMJ Qn p^R
r
the railroad had lost 3,0000 tons of
freight a month as a rseult of
Canal Company a
inc firm'''* Tarn .
I believe the Navy
* Since 1921
www
bs
Concerning seen
highway as compared with acci-
Discharged Pilots Thrown
To Alligators-Tumulty
Balboa ewor,
He said the pan to replace the railroad with a highway was economically unsound "Sf^^ "^ we"
and that, property-managed, the railroad could still break even. He denied the railroad needed
Part of the railroad's financial woes, he alleged, were attributable to its support-1
ing high paid executives who know little about railroading.
At one stage during Daniel's testimony Rep. James A. Byrne (R-Pa.) said: "It
seems the railrood is a saving, a convenience, and an artery of defense. Yet they are
tying to eliminare it I 4an't get it."
The Board Ttoofti
Memberships
al-
!f

Up fgurea
ed as a deep sec
Membershi
rwyeV.'B?etaCUd for *. rs*
time during loaal hearing* of
the House sub-committee a*
Balboa Heights.
TJSCA said they have HH
members.
AFGE Leoal 14 repealed a
membership roster of 45*.
CIO Local said tliey have
roiafhly l.ee._____________
dents
Panama. Railroad, Witness Robert
i 0. Daniel told House Subcommit-
tee Chairman Edward Oar mats
; that, since 1921 there has beea no
!record of any passenger having
ibeen killed by railroad accidents. Jfjr'L..
Daniel said a few of their ei*:J "f"
playea had been killed,-but no^er\oTallow more chairs
passengers. l^ down in tne >,.
, ,^..,,! Close questioning of the pilots
| What was the case in ltn?"jeS5f,WUilam S. Tyson by T
Garmatz Saked. James Tumulty (D-N.J.) followed
; To which the railroad man re- the .attorneyg testimony:
Plied: .. uni_j' Tumulty: How does a
"The passenger who was killed know ^^ ne hag w 0?
yesterdav when the afternoon ses
slon opened with the pilots' witoes
ses.
Interested spectators, predomi-
men. overflowed the room
, and required that a press table
and a big clock be removed in
to be
SS*t adequate pro**dureiont
:hiRC!,.?,T wftnes. TSt ^^}!^!^^^L^\^rSS "* *' ' 1 "I * going toturn tM, record over to the US ottomey to see if he believes it in-
and the pilot
Tumulty: Are the records of v0|veS SNCh a commission of O crime,
the findings available to the pnv-
Oom said.
pilot
was s prisoner. He jumped off the
train/
I
Holidays In Panama Delay
Finalizing Of Liquor Deal
at concerns involved if they sub-
poena them? .
Tyson: The findings are hut the
personnel records aren't.
Tumulty: Does the Capal C#.
have counsel?
Tyson: They should have, they're
I
In a cotdlal meeting held yes-1 will be Imprinted by means of
terday between wholesale Uquor I rubber stamp the fact that the We.
impOTtersAnd representatives of contents is tax-discount lfcuor To wn.cn cap n.
tarna government agencies sold for consumption hi the Ca- rtd-uw fS
""""' _______.,. tnvirii nol Zone These two stamps, the *iusnuu>. in !">
Tyson: I don't think he does.
Tumulty! There's no prescribed
set of rule you met?
Tyson: Only thing I v. seen is
a letter signed by the personnel
director. Even though It describes
the process somewhat, it doesn t
go into details of h/>w a pilot can
appeal when charges are filed a-
gauist him. I haven't even been
able to find a set of company rules.
Turtiulty: Aren't you then at
the mercy of what these men
(board investigating accidents) de-
li Longmore
Dispatchers Association;
fighting me in court. They haveider of Railway Telegraphers, A
about six or seven mem I think. ,F> a u,e Brotherhood of Rajl-
Tumulty: Have any men beenirol,| carmen of America* A.F.L.;
the Brotherhood of Maintenance of
Way, A. F. L.; and the Order of
Railway Conductors and Brake-
men, of which he was general
chairman of Division 690.
'The members of these unions
ara all United States citizens em
ployed by the Panama Canal
Company to operate and main-
tain the Panama Railroad," U>
said. "I have been a conductor
on the Panama Railroad one
month short of 16 years-'
He continued: "The Panama
Daniel opened his testimony byltbe Canal Zone must pass, assum- Panama railroad as assistant
stating that as chairman of the ingsuch a highway is built, mak- railroad and terminals director,
joint committee of railroad'unions! ing the cost of construction and "A. C. Medinger. who at that
in toe Canal Zone, he represented maintenance almost prohibitive,
the Brotherhood of Locomotive "It is trae tsa during he
Engineers; the American Train last year or two, the amber of
aad freight tonaace
next six years, as set out in the
! economic report.
"We believe this type af esti-
mate la deliberately mad* te
discredit railroad operation.
"In Piscar Year 1P54 the sum
of $90,000 was
Bia, Hailrm
ig a highway over
roadbed; and in Fiscal Yea
an additional $90,000 was appro-
priated for this purpose.
"It would be interesting to know
how much of the $180.000 has
been spent and what for. Surety
this Economic Report, which is
accurate, did not cost
the Or-
discharged who claim their In-
nocence?
Tyson: Yes.
Tumulty: I guess you might
say they were thrown to the al-
ligators....
Farther details *f teatimoay
by pileta' counsel William 8. Ty-
son wlH be found ea the back
Pge.
Railroad Man
Presents 40-Page
Testimony
To which Capt.
"TV,. th' Referring to the lengthy tes-
"wm made"toward nal Zone. These two stamps, th; "">'. ,1" ""^S' the tlmony Presented today by Rob-
M_mB.q5w. .... dealers feel, should be useful in^rd does.the vwUgstin?. uie n c Dtn,e, chalrm,n of tne
identifying contraband. judging and the sentencing. committee of railroad unions.
Meanwhile It l8 understood on*n?ore:..,i?,?.ls.fr;.u.i .JChairman Edward Oarmata re-
admaUfyW the hurdles the deal-
ers must cross
_ before selling tax-
discount goods for consumption
in the Canal Zone.
Meetlnr with the liquor flrwis,
that no progress has been made
between Panama and the Unlt-
to.
were the consulting attorney for,ed States toward arriving at an
the Treasury and the chief of .agreement to implement the,
the Bureau of Internal Revenue, treaty provision that liquor sold
also the (Jhlef of Customs. 'm Panama for consumption in
At the end of the conference. Ithe Canal Zone will carry a tax--
Iovernment officials agreed to discount of 75 per cent off the
o what they rould do slmdlify Panama duty,
the procedure a dealer will have. (This is ejected to run from
to go throueh to sell at the tax- 75 cents to 11 per bottle.)

discount price.
Liquor dealers pointed out
that though the publication of
President Ricardo Arias' execu-
tive order in the "Government
CHrette" made the order official
so far as Panama is concerned,
they had received no Implement-
ing instructions, stamps or forms
to comply with it.
The Internal Revenue Office
nrornlaeo? the dealers to work on
these. However, with a full hol-
iday In Panama tomorrow, a
government holiday Friday and
the usual half-day on Satur-
day, nobody expects the tech-
nique to be In operation until
sometime next week.
Liquor sold for consumption tn
the Canal Zone will carry a spe-
cial paper stamp of the tvoe
that Is broken when the bottle
\n rw.r'd. On epch )uel
Tumulty: Who's responsible marked:
see-to it that the pilots have their .^ tegUmony wtmu ^ e
rights preserved? Umrinm ni so Ion* we're apt to miss our
Tyson: We think.the Marine Di^ ^ s^^ay."
EBsPSS^Tjj uS STATUS't
paaseegers
hauled by the Paaama Rail-
road .have decreased.
"Bat the business Is still here
it has merely beea te the Me-
ter Traasportstlon Division, the
Supply Bureau, aad the Com-
missary Division ef the Panama
Caaal Company, te other gov-
ernment agencies, aad te private
tracking companies hi the
Republic ef Panama, by what
we believe te be a deliberate
and well-laid plan te justify the
abandonment ef the railroad.
"If as much time, effort
and money had been spent on the
improvemente of the Panama
Railroad has, lor ovei 100 years, I Railroad as has been spent to
satisfactoria met the require justify abandonment, we believe
ments for passenger and freight the railroad would be in excellent
transoortatlon service on the 1sth- condition today.
mus of Panama, diring peace- "Duffag past years the Panam
time and war. i Railroad* has netted millions of
'No more reliabit- and It- dollars, and we are confident that
; with proper man a g e m n t and
time was Railroad and Terminals | far from
i Director, and who retired at the:$M0.O80."
end of August 1953, had spent his Darnel went on to criticize what
lifetime in the Dredging Division, he described u the Psnsma Ca-
and is considered s dredging nal s duplication of service and
expert. He is alleged to have made diversion of business,
the remark that he knew all about . The Motor Transportation Div
railroads because his father bad lslon. " Commissary Division,
been a locomotive engineer. I 1 ">* SnPP'y Bur* <* the Pa-
! Next in Une is the Superintend- n'1" Canal Company are rua-
ent of the Railroad who, while ?'n* {<* ay and night which
railroad track.
"During World War II, when
the railroad was handline ever
a million and a half tens of
freight and ever a million pas-
sengers a year, the Panama
Railroad had no superintend!;
but new that business has fall-
en eff and the railroad is hav-
ing a financial struggle, it is
saddled with a superi
Railroad Division, "he said.
"This business can be handled
by the railroad. One glaring ex-
ample of this procedure occurred
during September 1955 when 400
yards of crushed rock were truck-
ed from Sosa Hill in Balboa, to
the Gatun locks area. This $0
truck-loads of rock. If shipped by
rail, would have taken only 22
Western dump car,-and all could
have moved on rendar trains
without any specisf handlins
peadable means ef traaspei
tiee has yet been devised; es-
pecially under conditions that e-
xist la the Canal Zone.
"Reference is made to the Company,
extremely heavy.raina up to 183'
inches a year, with an average o'fj Movln
wheM .alar, I. ever *. a J-mout ^r'TratsdifpwtetiorT D*
The Master of Transportation isj jf0 . op the direct operating official f'"""'" taxi servSJp to traiupert
the Panama Railroad. Since 1936 tf** Government employes
this position has been filled by, *ho. Ilv_e d W>rir- one side
without butside interference, the; ^0,onb "VenS "aTo nV. Iof ltTthmus Tur'^"to"tern3u
railroad can still be a source of, ^^Vl.dder io Maste? of tent werk on the
revenue to the Panama
r*"V climbed the ladder to Master
t a n a i Transportation, no other qualifica-
1 lions apparently being considered.
. ,. : This hss definitely worked to- -
on to discuss the pro-wart the detriment of the rail-!"' ^
130 inches a yearcausing slides. I posed abandonment of-the rail-ro)Mj prier to 19Mi the position I ""J/1
wet and slip-road, Daniel quoted two s t a t e- / namior f Transnnrtation wasl Many t
aba
as typewriter n
teachers, and a
pilots who must
return
poor visibility, -----------------,
pery psvement, and potetntial ac- ments by the assistant wecreUry
cidents on the highways; and to of 'he Army.
school
also
the Ca-
he conti-
the
Pl-
Probers Falling To Turn Up Facts
On Where Runway Fifes At Albrook
a
late yesterday at I noted that onl;
r procedure you
The executive order Issued b,-.**%***, yeTwe have a
President Arias was a unilateral wW^ book '
action by Panama It Provided; Dorn. Have ou fver gotten up
that liquor wholesalers could aet ^ rf procedure which you feel
a rebate on liquor sold to dulv wou)d berfair t0 both the board
licensed Canal Zone clubs at the ,_ -employes*
tax discount. Also approved was Longmore: No, thst was left up
the sale by retailers to lndlvi- to the beard i
dual resldenU Of the Zone who, Dorn: Do you think La time you
present a proper permit from a couu get up these rules?
Canal Zone sourcC. Longmore: Certainly, if we
The unresolved Issue between tne opportunity,
the two governments, it la un- rjom: Well, you have the op- tlonaj Brotherhood
derstood. revolves around whe- portunity. Workers told the House Com-
Iher certain small groups of In- Later questions were asked the lR|ttee his membership wanted
dividual Canal Zone resldentalgafcu concerning the method of ajbrook runway moved for rea-
wili be entitled to the tax dla- 'procedure followed when there 'mms of Mfety.
an invesligatieai o an accident ia>l ^l8 th|lt the runway that flies
volvlng a pilot .-,,1 over the school?" New Jersey
Tyson told the committee that
in some instances, as a result of
an investigation, pileta were given
suspensions without pay, as well as
the placing in the man's record
the treacherous te:rain over
which a highway, wholly within
The first said:
"The Panama
Railroad is a
Prior to 1936,
{ter of Transportation
jf the best available
road man.
"It is very evident that the type
of management outlined above
convenience to the military forces'ha not been conducive to the
in the Canal Zone and la not con-
sidered to have any significant de-
fete value. Insofar as military
necessity if concerned, the rail-
road can reasonably be dis-
continued.'*
The second said:
"None of the subordinate mlli-
one-thlrd of the; Ury men'agree with this decl-
Testlfymg late yesterday at < noted that only one-tniro oi me, ry ^nw
bad I the Congressional hearing. Dan- ships fly the United states flag sion.
el Patrick Kyle of the Interna-' while two-thirds fly the flag oi In Uu
op ttonal Brotherhood of Electrical other nations. |nieis. "
count. The treaty itself does not
differentiate.
President Arias stated that
while United States citizen em-
ployes of United States federal
agencies who reside In the Re-
public will be entitled to the dis-
count, non-American employes that a finding ef negligence bad
residing In the Republic will not
receive it. Apparently the two
governments are sgreed en this.
One Bauor dealer, commenting
almost four months after the
date on which the discount was
spec'-fied to be effective, sald'
"The wav I loo*: at It. tnde-
oenr'ent nc'-ae stores will nor
be !n a p'''rn to <*ve the dls-
ec t to 'ndlrV- a** "
He rent on to e::-!a!n the
>'rr ih rfc' -e store i
prov to th Pr"m* o men" hnt thv have paid the
"X. they wl" be 'n P 'ns't'-'"
-,-~t a refc*. tv. ax is pa'd
at the wholesale level
9
air
Democrat T. J. Tumulty Inquir-
ed.
He also said he objected to
the Ship subsidies given the
shippers from the tinted
Statea Treasury being used in
But to lebbv far lowering at
Hs, er le keep tolla lower
than casts dictated.
Kyle also called attention to r
A titter relieved the tired Con-1 the practice of certain forein ^ t
ajressmen. witnesaea and. spec- flag lines of aendlng their Ships Mrff with his decision
Utors as Chairman Oarmatz let through the Canal with nuce
It be written Into the record deck careoes which are not
this case," commented Da
.. appears that the right
hand has made a decision and has,port ea not only biased but mac
told the left hand what to do. curate," said Daniel.
"The Army in the Canal Zone. -....i-rf Mint.
being In direct line of command, "'
shwi of the sssistsnt secretary of h h u. t ^
the Army rwho is also chairman, ice lwice durln FUc,, Yr'
of the beard of directors of the
Panama Canal Company) in aplte
may not
mu/ umn there is only one
rail- Passenger yi an official car- with
a chauffeur. Truck loads ef ca-
nal seamen cross the Isthmus dai-
ly
"On page 1C of the Economic
Report it is stated that the cost
per ton of hauling freight across
the Isthmus by truck is J3.59. The
current car mileage rate given
the Commissary Division by the
railroad is $1 50 per canr mile
which, for the 44 miles across the
Isthmus, would amount to $66.00
per car This includes switching
and returning the car, with emp-
ty containers, to the s t a r t i a g
We take exception to thia re- "V.'Sk ., ,_
Far a 50-ton box car, t h
transisthmian rate per ton for dry
freight would be $1 32; and for a
in which he *0-ton refrigerator car. the rala
the report was Inaccur- 'or refrigerated cargo would be
submitted figures to $l.eSper ton.
"This raisos the wottion as
te why Hto Company turchatod
trucks and start** hauling Com-
missary cargo whan th* rail
read rate were ae much chara-
successful operation of the Pana
ma Railroad.
Denial men proceeded to con-
sideration e* th* Economic Re-
port en the railroad, dated Sept.
12, ItM, which he comandad
was an ax-parto report iisi-
rontly mad* by a trucking man
far the express purpose ef |us-
tNylng th* abandonment of th*
that H was. well, or. the planes.'counted in admeasurement for
been reported. This he said advene >
Vumuttv^mirted^w 'muSt'0 >* n* thatWDMed near tolls He remarked he'd seen one T.i^ompany"
say wiU,yhonesl?^en Ui.t U,e the committee room, and the .Wh go throuKh^ ball.^;^ mip ,,
is no set procedure for n mvesti-|8Ch' _.., .. ... ^._
gation. but Ike report is subject I Kjlle criticized the glfcatVon
ft the whim and caprice of the,* costs as presen^j^Tactkr^
board." ,oy he Panama Csjfe] Compe-
Then he asked Tyson: "Don't OJ
you agree it is difficult for men He aaW he was aet la fa*r
U> have to judge their own fiad- *f a**aldies by the Caaal te
I r 'efiniteiy. Tyson replied. He also noted that any nib- he said It was not vmknown to
Tumuity How dots it plsce the sidy, such as in the form of lew have a labor man on a board of
re-.noany if a pOeTs record shows tolls, to the shipping tfing the directors, but he- had yet to ember 1952. be was transferred
negligenee'' canal was in fact a greater sub- hear of a 'customer" being ap from the motor pool, where be
Tyson: That is ea of the arau- sidy to foreign ship operators pointed to such a body by prl- had served aa superintendent of
menu we have made to the Gev- than to American shipping. He vate industry. tat Motor Transporta tit, te the
nes'
Deii
"Next (in the chsin of P R R
command) we have Gen. Sey-
bold. president of the Panama Ca-
who is also a mlli-
._ who. to the best of
vlth 100 automobiles on her^ur knowledge, has bad no eaper-
deck. Ilence in runalng a commercial
He said his group approves,r,ir0ad a private enterprise,
tcrapplnc the Panama Railroad | where cost and efficiency are
Co. .prime factors to must rtly etm-
As to the socgeation of other 'pletely upon his subordinates
thst a labor men and a shipping "Th* Transportation aad Ter
man be appointed to the board, minis Director likewise Is not a
radioed man. all of his experience
having been with trucking. la Nov-
154, inspead of 30 as stated in
the economic report.
He declared that no new loco-,
motives were needed for at least j *r.
10 years, while a new yard office! "The
at Cristobal was not absolutely ] during this
necessary Therefore $596,800 es-' sonsjper moi
Company
jaaaaj
luring
timated "tor these items could be'months ot July, August, and Sep-
1910 toas of
ipany estimate that
fiscal year 615
and du
per.
the
cost: tember of this year,
| freight per menta, were transport
eliminated for the estimated
of keeping the railroad running
As for the loading of trucks at ed across the Isthmus by motor
piers, sad the simplified distribn- vehicle, all of which were former
Boa system claimed to result..ly carried by the railroad.
Daniel said "This represents a duplication
: of smiia because the railroad ex-
"The universally adopted tyi- penses, such aa salaries, depre*
tem of central supply aad ware nation, track and car repa.rs,
housing has proved both ecooem-jand station as) roundhouse costs,
ical and practical because it eli- are fairly constant, regardless of
miaates duplication ef service and j tonnage or pasengrs kiulu
overstocking by individual units Cataui regular t r a i a
Therefore, cartage to the final
destination would be the same (Cee.tb.aed ess Pag , Cot. |


(WAT two
THE PANAMA
mar swe a-ustiSHS. s TMt pan am* am air an nw I**.
PtUNDU > NBLSON UNSKVBll IN <
MMWW ASIAS. iciTsn
T M TRItT P O '34. MANAMA I
III hksni -0740 IB LINK
Oili ntmi. SAN.IHt.ICAt. Panama ___
CtH OeriCIi 1* 17 ClNtKAi AVINUi IIIHUN 12TM AM-ITM Bni
FAAIISN HIPKM1HTATIVI. JOIHUA POWERS. NC
341 MAbiaON A VS. New YesV 117 1 N V,.
m aii
. 1.7- .
zzzzr -o
---------_, . .s.an- >,rJ
P MONTH. IN BVANrt^__
P SIX MSNTHB IN ABVANCL.
Pll SNS Vf. IN AOVANCI _
THE PANAMA TiMCTICAX AN iw>EPENUFNT All* WtW8gA>ER
'?-'.*,. -..*' '- '.....' .' !- u....... '.....!'~
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER t, IMS
Labor News
And
(ominen t


Freedom's Might
mil IS TeJUP. FORUM THI MAPI, OWN COIUMM
r
ha Mail a as aatR lari." tar raatfan I Tba Pasease AeascKSS.
,MMM|SrM snales i. Of cs.Hs.sfel
M res ceseHbeta s letter 4s.' he leseetleet K It seets't appear Ik
aa.l Say Letter* . pabtiehes is tha order rsea.ved.
Phase Irr ts heap ilia Utters nailed ta ssa arngstasgrfc.
Identity a Wfs, write,, I. hats' is ItrWlStt SS.Hs.1.
That amMH' ete.aee ss rsasasiNW-r ts* alsMsassta si Sfisiss
Tsia sswipapat
eapretie* ts IsHar tret. tSSSSfl.
o
THE MAIL.OX
:
GRIPES AND SQUAWKS
> B>VICTO RIEsjEL
'"NKtV YORK 'Walt* Reuther,
whose rttl hair-'-and rhetoric have
replaced John Lewis' eyebrows,
are symbols of colorful and mili-
tant unionism, may finally be
boxed la. A strong combination'
of the nation's labor leaders has
decided to try and stop the
meteoric Detroiter long before
he becomes a real power inside
the new AFL-CIO.
No one has stopped Reuther yet.
But he's up against the toughest
i coalition oi veteran in-iigirters he
has yett faced i Inside or out-'
aide labor.
This bloc of Teamsters and con-
struction trades leaders, among
others, just doesn't plan to give
the red-head either the money,
manpower, or the mechanism
neeae for new national drives
and political campaigns which
have been Reuther s trauc marks
since he led his first sitdown
striae in Michigan.
Why Is It when we pick up the paper every day we see the
poor US eitlMUs living In the Zone are yelling for more benefits?
Many of them believe they are Indispensable. They get better
money, cheaper rent and have more benefits thrown their way
than people In the 8tates. Still they gripe. Why?
They goof off in the clubhouae. drinking " dJ" *"*;: Out of this can come the same
ing hours. They play bingo and drl fluJ .,.....i. .u.. <:..____i~.j
children. They gripe about
will they move-7-Never.
v. The biggest com pi
those people from the _
The sons and daughters are afraid to go to the States andb l . harduitim .but not
wotk. They /amain here, marry, and ^t^on^d^^joj.;* &% "pXafied union-
rama in here, marry, and expspt^Jion-prod
pV created for them. A^cJ'v^Sr iticome?r tl
to tee given St created for them. ^^i;i^^W-?a:UgiPFj
obT thm ' reduce an Irrelevant Job theV hold, they acre-am wj and hc h 80 oft Amcri.
they are entitled to the same preference their faher had, etc.
Congress memoera can hack away at non^
by Incompetent Zonltes to save money. Get
losing railroad. And take a good long look
Zonltes. They are only yelling because they never had It so good meed to launch national unionizing
.r ,_i_... w-il *., wins, iiu lie ua ou uin-ii, nmcii-
! JH*inorr,h. hPirt c "Ki'oor w 80 own the politi-
ik t*the souaVkirlg! 'to' sta^ out front, Reuther will
<^ne Washington
Merry-Go* Round
St DIWW PaWttON
- -.;"*.".-.
.* ,<-.------..-..* J
and dont want to leave a good things.
. o-
HAPPY MAN
Obsei-vant.

' - : '/ .:
3 The happiest man. ln-PaHam is a.xlerk wl*>-4slls staitipaat
the Balboa Post Office. Go there, buy a stamp and feel "good"
all day long...
Vill need" millions of dollars. His
drivesas hc put it in Tuesdays
lng effort until we have organ-
ised all who should be. lsf" unions
.j. in many areas . \ m many
industries ... in a general cam-
paign.' He added tnat "I hope
we will .get under way soon" to Middle'East shooting has been
sien up millions of people moved right from the Caa to the
To launch auch ojives. Reuther
Too Many 'Good Guys'
By PETER EDSON
Washington strip. Within one re-
cent week, the Washington press
Auto Workers' Union has offered corps has had it from both barrels.
M MUS- lift -l *4S.llst*> t> mfaffl itW it* C>>a.* >.. L^ <<,!' nmltapsa
'
NO PI8 IN THE SKY
Vou meet them at the airport
And you whisk them through the heat
In air conditioned hulldings
They stay both clean and neat.
i They never fight the roaches,
Or see the seamy aide. .-.., -> ,
DBnt you know
filese congressmen I I tf 1 ? *
Just take1 us for a ride?
to put up a dollar a man for its
repe Vp, Moko. j250,opp members and hopes other
' O- unions will throw similar cash
into the organizing kitty.
Reuther was asked if he had
any commitment for such lunds.
He Indicated that some unions
were ready but that he had not
yet hoard from others. -
f
Cynic.
OAifg^iTnioLlfeAalvtatitrOT
a fish with feu yss
Th tCAstiarateAM FOUR-eye FISH has A
POU9LS WUPlt, IN 5At?H YB, ONE AEOV6 THE OTHER.
*s&
IfS.of the othcrsi wer>poUed., "Th
Theimleadcrs^ndicatsd t!ic|( would s!rt,,
not contribuft the afoncv.j
general' mnonizmg buf Only for
i o go iso
Olhah**r^
WASHINGTON (NEA) The voked assault on the Gaia strip And what do you suppose the
on Feb. 28." < suggested solution for this stale-
"Egypt has systematically vio- mate is? Wei, each side wants
la ted the armistice agreement by the United States to step in and
armed incursions into Israel," says make the other behave,
the Israeli Foreign Minister. Israel wants a new treaty with
Each aide claims the other is: this country,
militarily stronger. This is some- "Additional arms and a security
thing of a novelty. In most wars, guarantee are both sought by Is-
each side claims it can knock the rael as bulwarks against aggres-
spots off its enemies. sion in the absence ,of a peace
This is the way Foreign Minis- settlement, says Toreign Minister
tor Sharctt puts it:
"Even before the Czech deal to
furnish her with arms, Egypt had
enjoyed a definite superiority over
Israel in all classes of heavy
arms, on land, on sea and in the
First is'was Egypt's ambassa-
dor, Dr. Ahmed Hussein, giving
his country's side of the dispute.
Then Israel's Foreign Minister
Moshe Sharett moved in. And to
say that confusion is rampant is
to put it mildly. ,
To begin, both sides claim to be
peace-loving states.
The policy of Israel is never to
a war or -launch an offen-
r a'nyj sivje/; says Sharett.
"ffie Egyptians have'no sggres-
campaigns to enroll new members she plans, and it is not in their
in their own organizations. They interest to atUck anyone," says
said th*ir own unions were ready Hussein,
to go south. The Teamsters, far ,\ .
"k!h snd*w?K!oklnl *ac? & tte <** ot break-
"5 .i.^!Si? SS,*to< the- m9 rmlatlee.
for other such non-union areas.
But not one of the big labor
air."
And this is how
Hussein analyzes it:
Ambassador
Sharett:
Egypt's Ambassador Hussein, on
the other hand, says that such a
large section of Arab public opin-
ion believes Israel so dependent
upon the United states that, "Is-
rael would not dare., disobey her."
Every Israeli act Of aggression,
says Hssein, convkiees the Arabs
outfit, indicated any enthusiasm***,StionT^.X1'^
"Even in the American press,that the United States is "indif-
Israel is credited with having a ferent" to tnV"Wjelrare of their 45
military superiority far-in excess million peopled
of the combined Arab forces, with
being in a position to mobilize all These final arguments seem to
her forces within 48 hours, and reduce the whole business to the
le absurdity. Both Arabs and
, Uheanaelys* .jnnocent.
eiftroublcs %n- thV United
"We were given to understand'to capture easily the three neigh-
boring Arab capitals in six weeks."t
This being the situation,
sides claim they must have
arms for self-defense
u was soon dashed *
of the new uatrial Union De- when ,,,., ,tuIlched ,u unpro-'maintain peace, of course. J?
partment, could draw organizing)__-------
them from fighting each other.
ACROSS 10 Feminine
1 Association nickname
football ll "gllsh school
7 Played with a ,p 0*"*
p^ it Parch
ltPrsasootsr !i Yitw* ,
14leic.eidaalt,2Sp>h,^^, to'
P^ov.r m!^."^
WQuartsr J4Ite|uirsd
worm 2 European
II Rssustt mountains
If Abstract bemg2i Scrub____
21 Deer mast 27 At this place
Answr to Previous Puxils
IaIHItIEH
Ulll 111 M "' j \ !":j
tsaasian-l I l.'.li 'piaaa-saa
rdUUUMIiuJUf.l LJUul
??QD1UC1 QKiUniJI >
DtdUaJUU 'HUtSUi 1L.
sanri'-raeicjrji- nunu
Hi iui - UI luasasa
UaClL IU"*UCHJUHHL2
JUt-iiirjuui luaii j'j,:i
inivi.i.ni-i*iT|Ti kt'p*i
Islaillsl U|p|UI HtNttl
dollars-Y^ \ T\
Then it was pointed out" that >
spot or committee has vet bc?n
created for Reuther ts launch the
nattonil ''p*^tSif9*tf v*t*
he has talked a freejusnfl^. .
There Is no national organising
committee such as the CIO
launched in its early days. If
there is no such committee to
dispatch flying squads of organi-
zers, Reuther can't head It. At
the CIO executive board meeting
early Tuesday, Reuther said he,
was "deeply concerned person-
ally" over the failure -if such a
committee to materialize thua far,
and over the whole question of
^ bow to raise /unda.f* tinionltin;
;.\,| drive* .;1-
Without funds from the big AFL
unions there will be no money for
a centrally-directed campaign un-
der Reuther or anyone else. The
central AFL-CIO headquartera in!
Washington will be running on a
tight budget for a while. It won t
easily be able to pour millio
into any unionizing campaign
There is only the new Industrial
Union Department which Reuther
will head. Word is that many in-
fluential forces will try to see to
it that this department is merely
an educational or propaganda
division.
~7~~
Z0im0^m#m^0(m0mmii
If, through trod* and economic aid, the
J Soviets tutead their sowar into Egypt,
lias Wear's military beses facing south-
Ism USSR weald be sharply menaced.
Waiters Europe' oil tapplie* and sos
and sir comisunicotios with the Esit
would bs asdosgsrod.
Block Sao
\
S.
Moscow's new "robla" wor .includes proposed
sect wirh Egypt for $600,060,000 in materials
sad aid in building much-wonted Aswan Oast
os tha Nile, sola of arms with payment in Egyp-
tian cotton, offers of arms nnd economic sid
by Rsalas satellites to other Arab states. Rs-
siass are already in Afghanistan, paving roads,
building oil refineries, grain alevstors.
WASHINGTON ** Most'Impor-
tant development inside the Eisen-
hower Cabinet is that George
Humphrey, tightfisted secretary
of the treasury, seems to be loos-
ening
Near
probably mean no reduction in
taxes next year.
To those who have listened to
Secretary Humphrey's quiet but
eloquent pleas for a balanced budg-
et, this is like reporting that
there's a big seam opening up in
'
Near Esit but they've brought
smoulderjag resentment in the
Deep South.
Building the Aswan Dam will
mean that about 2,000,000 more
up on U.S. dollars to the] acres of Egyptian land will be
East and Asia. This will used for cotton in Indirect com-
petition with American cotton.
Today Secretary Benson has
about 7,000,000 bales of cotton in
U.S. warehouses which he cannot
sell at home and. which would hit
Egypt and other cotton-growing
countries a severe Mow if sold
the side of the Washington Monu- on the world market. Last sum-
ment. For hitherto, George Hum- mer, Benson proposed selling this
phrey has been as impervious as
the monument in listening to
arguments for more spending
abroad or anywhere else. Over
and over again be has patiently
explained inside the Cabinet that
he was now on the two-yard line,
that one more push could put the
ball across the goal of a balanced
budget.
However, with Russia stealing
the old Truman-Acheson point 4
program of sending technical ad-
visers all over the Near and Mid-
dle East, and even offering to
build the Aswan Dam for Egypt,
Secretary Humphrey has finally
decided that this is no time to
scarifice the cold war for a bal-
anced budget.
John Hollister, Senator Taft's
old law partner whom Ike .ap-
pointed head of foreign aid, has
actually urged a 20 per cent cur-
tailment of foreign-aid spending m
the present budget. However, Sec-
retary Humphrey, though origl
nally siding vigorously with Hol-
lister, now seems to be. veering
just as definitely the other way.
BENSON CAKES
Secretary BensOn has called th
tuna, on those like Jim Patton
head of the Farmers Union, wh
have been shouting about givi
away some of our surplus
cotton abroad, while keeping the
price high at home*: However,
Secretary of State Dulles objected.
He claimed it would ruin Egyptian
economy, hurt other cotton coub>
tries, chiefly Brazil. Dulles won
his point Benson still has hi*
cotton.
Shortly thereafter Dulles woke
up to the fact that Egyptian cot-
ton which he had protected was
being traded to Czechoslovakia tor
arms in a barter deal which Mas
preclpatated a serious crisis in
the Near East. It's the type of
deal the United States has re-
fused to make, for fear of hurting
friendly Allies.
This of course caused resent-
ment in the Deep South. Now
there's more resentment over the
proposal to use American dollars
to build the Aswan Dam and
create more Egyptian cotton
acreage.
Probe OF TRUCKERS <
As from Dec. 1, a small truck-
er in New Jersey is not able to
drive to Philadelphia with a load
Of farm produce and haul a non-
i agricultural load on his return
trip. He loses his "Agricultural
exemption" and has to return
empty.
This will be true of all small
truekers rtucking farm produce.
abroad. He has allocated a IargeFiney ,wijj not be able" to
tmAiinl nl* *M*1 1ft ("ADC at - at
amount of food to CARE
Christmas distribution.
lor I
cross state
lines with
nd
a farm
n o n-
iwiiisiiiiia iii.iiiminion. ...' croo one way and a n o n-
Enough food for 2,000,000 pack- f.Si'*crop the other way without
ages of 22 pounds each are now tting ICC iicenSe-aU o
available for $1 each to anyone mch8 is one retson Senator
who wants to engage its people-to- Sparkman 0f Alabama, head, of
^E h 7iend,h!p-n a ^ & Sena,e Sm" BuinM C0-
The dollar actually does not pay mM is tUrtjng important hear-
for the food, Mice you couldn t ingg on big txuekers vs. little
begin to buy 22 pounds for six; ,*!.,.
times a dollar. The dollar really* |
goes for wrapping, delivery, "etc.I Senators are especially sore'at
-CARE has built a fine organi- the Interstate Commerce Com-
zation through the years and is; mission for sneaking across its
able to deliver the food rwhere It's new regulation dropping the "ag-
most needed, though anyone- Who ricultural exemption" effective
buys a package can designate the December 1, instead of March 1,
country of destination: 1956, as promised. Senators were
Here is a change):. to dp .bvhat j planning to pass legislation to,
governments canf k-s, and! help the small trucker or farmer.*}
help relieve the foodV*irpfas in who hauls watermelons from Flor-
the U.S.A. in a way that will win ida to Washington, or peaches
friends outside the; U.S.A.
NILE VS. COTTWtBEUL
irom-'-Georiai'-f/B>.New York and
wants to haul-a.pay load of some-
Buffet suftnii/uie ICC prom-
Proposals before the World Bansstised/ to a^ponjfcits ruling until
March L Tnen, jiortly after Con-
. for* riot furnishing them
with more arras to keep-t-'o finance part of the AawanDam,-,
on the upper Nile may: help the gress got out of. town, it turned
battle against communism in the I (Cont'nued on Pags 4)
am
3S Theater sign
31 Moor
31 Commands
40 Musical nott
47 Passport
endorsement
41 Presently
48 Dispatch
SI Wanting drink River nymph 42 Baseball bags SI LifM source
SI Play at rapiers 30 Algonquian 43 Masculine 32 Before
IS Dregs
II Dreads
14 Separat.
II Expires
ST Blot
31 Know
beforehand
41 Became sedate
41 Chief petty
oileer (ab.)
44 Additional
47 Apatissetal
feet
MEtuinaw
It Type of fur
M WitkstsM
If Motive
M Keeks
If Bus acrsuad
DOWN
lCrsf ------
1 Lubricante
1 Malayan
darger (var I
4 Vulgar fellow
IBuananer (Fr )
0 Forliflcations
7 Pawns (sianf)
esssssaaaaaaV
Indian nickname 94 Rot Aax by
II Essential 44 Bridge (Fr.) exposure
being 45 Religious book SS Blemish
So if Walter Reuther wants to
iauiicn any national campaigns
either organizational or political
-ijie wbjfsave to iinance tein out,
of his Auto Workers' Union treas-
ury. This would be too costiy.
And Reuther will have to stay
pretty close within his own lines.
Apparently Reuther knew of the
strengtn ol the opposition to him
inside the new Ari>-ClO when he
first talked to newsmen at his
hotel New Yorker headquarters.
He set no goals for menioership.
'He-made no blueprint lor cru-
sades. He'offered up to budget.
He aald be was speaking as
"practical man."
Meanwhile other practical men
In the AFL headquarters down the
street at the Hotel Statlerwere
saying they would "not let him
get off base." It's been said before.
We'll see soon enough.
SYRIA
oa
CffMM
rv LEBAN0
sJaVlSEAEI
CessfA
hdod
,kIAHEIN
. Gull of Omen
EGYPT
Ship Route to
Far tost
SAUDI
ARABIA
Proposed
Site of
Dam
-----
lAtvssj
Mile.
400.
Egypt's Premier Gomol Nasser sanies it,
bat Russian techniciont are reported sl-
resey is Egypt, coming with arms shipped
from Ciechoslookio. If Nils Rircr svett-
opment deal end seosoted 30-veer lees
front USSR go through. Westers observers
tear Egypt rid be swarming with Soviet
"experts" for many years to cease.
i
C. Westers
_f Defense
teses
OU Weds
end
Pipelines
BSaiegsad
P4 Pact
HAreb
Lssgse
RUSSIA WAGES "WAR BY RUBLE"With ruble-loaded trade deals as springboards, Russia
is t-ying to leap right over the military defense chain the West has set up along her southern
borders facing the strategically critical Middle East That's what Washington observers read into
Moscow's current splurge of proposed trade, military and economic aid and deals with Egypt
and other Arab states. Map shows graphically the danger for the West If Reds' "ruble diplo-
macy" succeeds in checkmating the Baghdad defense pact. This pact links Turkey. Iraq, Iran and
Pakistan to Europe's NATO* chain. In addition, the Communists are not neglecting their old tech-
nique of stirring up troubled waters iti which they can fish. Arming Arab League states could pre-
cipitate all-out Israeli-Arab warfare.
i
I


r.
WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER f, lWf \
PANAMA AMERICA* AW
DAttT
FAQXinUBJ
AWP 1
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PANAMA AMERICA* AN-
DAB.T
THE MARQUEE
BY DiCK KLEINER

yw*F*
_
Lucille Ball nd Deti Arni
think they tee the handwriting on
the TV aereen. It apella out, in
taupart*!* aeript, "make aome
Changes, kids, before you start
aUppfci.'' They figure, too, that;
the trend li to longer shows and,
such 30-minute items aa their "I
Love Lucy" may aoon be paaae.
So they're studying the posslbRi-
ty of converting to an hour-long,
every'Other-week farttat. There d
be other changes, too.
Dagnur
DesiArnai
A FEF M8T FACTS: CBS-TV's
Yaa Are There" Is going to nse,
name tars. Flrat will be Dlaaa name and helped me buy my
" **" '*"* "*"** ._ IV. Kmia nH ml ma a nan.
L*M hi "The Last Days of Joan
ef Arc" ... The pipe that struck
Nhnette Fakray ea the first bounce
aria. "Caesars' Hour" would
Sve killed her, friends say, had it
M two lachea either way . .
ABC-TVs yetaran show. 'Super
Oreas.'' is asarla* to New York
iMaaal the first af the year, handy
Sih, Blss Florida, will replace
if atottBa* Bat se far as de.
folks a house and get me a pent-
house. But for a while it hurt be-
cause people got the idea I couldn't
do anything but sit on a stool and
act dumb.'
lach week, Red Relay of ABC.
"Oxaric Jubilee" closes his shew
by reading a poem. Qae oae :h#w
ha chose Radyerd Klpline'e "If."
__ Notice of this event was duly eent
^_a ea the new ringmaster. ? ^ fn advtBC- by Hie network's
Intriguing ruaaor, denied by the ^^ '
Mtwark, to that HTI be Walter P*',''T department.
"-* _____ The athar day, thoy at a clip-
Jbag s coming { ^w_|l "Oiark Jubilee. wh Row. Falay.
ST S2& which' Is'-ue^"^'-' """ "*'" *"""
Broadway in February. It's in re-!
hearsal now. And Dagmar, who
his been hitherto noted" for other
anatomical features, la going to
aBow her legs.
TV TOFFERS n
The Washington
Merry-Go-Round
(Continued from fare 2)
SIDE GLANCES
By Caibraith
m $
Lull
I *'7
;
ini+#~K>
.' * :


It. n m %.**<>*
tat. IMI >, Ml atlu.>l.
IT ANO
FIBATBB
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, If
fty GEORGE VTCNDBB
TcmoH*ow st at
THE OfRCK'S Ot
,THt*E MUMA
SOCIAL AW? SHE
WILL 9t THERE.
iu HAve my secnrrAiry put some
WBRS TOCTrR.OH,!
TO HAVE STEPP7 OUT.
FRECKLES AND B3S FBOrNDB
Direct'ons
MEKRILL BLOI
"Your father will tall you! Ho was crazy about ovary girl
that came alonguntil ho married m and I cured him!"
L, ~ +. /..urv.i'. uv t in*" i round and abolished the "Tarto
cgSv? ^h?Tower'eWn.BWP eHeh'e la* Thurs-
don to the Tower of Pise. "I've'day.
%&F "^ y0U'Ve IOt "\ SP"""n will investigate other
narrnauon___________________I alleged discrimination against
. small truckers; including such
"They're alee legs, sweetie," CM.. ai that of A. W. Hawktos,
Dftg says. "I never showed them hauling freight between Chariot-
before, eicept maybe one tlm. I tesville, Va and Baltimore, who
Over posed for say eheese-eaek wanted to expand into Richmond
^TJturef.^yoa kssow. Most girls do,' by buying-another small company,,
It I never had to. Whenever they He was Immediately confronted
-"with lengthy, raoney-coMunaJng
ICC hearings.
In contrast, Sparkman found
that when the big McLean Truck-
__ pictures al ase they ae ver
ruaed aetow here.
'?eopla. used to see my legs
whea I want swimming or.wore
anorta or something and they'd
-41
jaajrrta or aaraewuna uu "iw * in wiicii i"c "~i**T~i-----------
3 I had nice legs and should ing Company started buying up
5owAthem.Buf>I figured I'd save rmii| truckers in Virginia it got
r e,^__at__ ^_l_ J... _aU!Ha Kut amiai fmm If .1 POm-
*>*-
.rainy-day
"his"Isn't Dagmar s rainy day,
but she's so .cited about getting
I a 'good lng-ana-dance part in a
major musical that she's going to
leggy ven though the weather a
. flrat (erased New
. aWaTwaat Virghua-back la
days when she was Janato
a aad Rath Egaer-ehc had a
ahewgtrl arta ea. Broadway.
af them she met dancer
. sea. who went ea to Mgnr
gs as the ehereograaber of tie
tha Baye aad AM Caesar TV
aad Dag appeared in a cou-
cl shows together, and be felt
her singing aad dancing talents
wore unappracUted. So, when he
was sighed to choreograph "The
Amaitag AdelO," he sent for Dag.
She's thril'ed.
Being Dagmar helped me and
hurt me," she say. 'Tit made me
nothing but smiles from ICC com
missioners.
Hi
t
v\

])
H .
Cf tut >r tu *h~. Ma
'
yOU WntB tN pAIMUTBS
UTi,BOTrS,BaiM6IN OMSITHOMB USTNaSMT.
JflCTUAUTY IS AN
|J*rWlOAMT 7WN6.
TO I
htSTTJaJatyj
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AND EXECUTED /NO PART
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WHO 15 THE
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/
BOOTS AND
B'.'KDUU
Dory Wanders
ATI EDGAR MART1J

'Butch wants to uso H to lanrr to amoka!"
D&hybodif, flwdL QlaAhifttdL
|U BTttRf Of MARTHA WAlNE
Jan Takes a Hand
By WILSON SCRUGGS

CAFTAIN
No riace to Land
By LESLIE TTJKNEB

VIC FLINT
Near Miss
By JAS HEAVIUN
FKISCILLA'8 FOF ,, as Ulaatrated
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o
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER I, IMS
m PANAMA AMIEirAN AN INIHJFtWENT PAILT i^WAFAW
Moevrrt
PAA Compares RP Carnival
Contagion To the Measles
f
')
(The feJIewlni article an Car-
nival In Panama wat tent -it
this week by fan American
W.rld Airway te all. Ensjlish-
Unguiga newspaper In the
Wettern Hemisphere.)
PANAMA CTTY-A livelr po
under normal circumstance. Pa
nama explodes during its pre -
Lenten Carnival with a gaiety
that's at contagious as a case of
measles in a nursery.
The whole city goes on a four
day binge of singing, dancing,
parading, masquerading and ge-
neral revelry.
Merchants and government ot
flees generally shut up shop the
better to concentrate on conviva
lity. Any sobersides who wants to
transact business is better off just
to relax ane wait until the dawn
of Ash Wednesday calls a halt to
the merrymaking. I
It's a national affair, carnival
and there's something doing vir-
tually every minute for everybody
from grandparents to toddlert.
Beauty queens blossom from ever-
y float in every parade and street
dances break out anywhere at the
drop of a sombrero.
Most spectacular celebration of
all occurs in Panama City.
Americans srriving aboard Fan
American World Airways' flights
from half a doien U.S. cities are
in for an eye-opening expenenoe
at Carnival time. Everywhere
they look there'll be something to
see, photograph or take part in
The four-day festivities include
a special day for masquerading, a
apeiUl day for the grand parade
offloats, a special night given ov-
er to strolling bandt of identical-
ly-costumed merrymakers, cal-
led comparsas, and a special day
devoted to dances featuring the
national cestume-the white-fring-
ed montuno for the men and the
pollera dress for the women.
"Rooted in Africa is Panama
national dance, the Tamborito,
which is featured during Carnival.
Brought to Panama by homesick
slaves who were given time on
from work for dancing to throb-
bing drums as a means of ttifung
discontent, the Tamborito was
quickly adopted by the descendants
of Panama's Spanish colonists.
They improvised new music, ad-
ded new dance steps and devised
costumes for the dancers.
Since Carnival is a firmly root-
ed national tradition, its celebra-
tion is a "must" for everyone, re-
gardless of social or financial sta-
tus. Even children too young to
dance find a way to masquerade
and parade up and down the
streets beating toy drums and cal-
ling themselves "conoces, from
the expression used by e a rl y
masked Spanish revel e r s who
chanted "no me' conoce! (You
don't know me!) as they parade.
Streets are filled with merry-
makers there to see and be seen.
Proud and preening in their pol-
leras, women will walk the streets
for hours to have others admire
their finery. ..
Comparsas hire trucks snd ride
through the streets dancing and
endlessly singing the two carnival
songs, "Mi Pollera" and Pana-
meo." Those who can afford it
hoist a few musicians onto the
trucks to add to the general dim
No one has a careexcept pos-
sibly for more of Panama s popu-
As dawn breaks on Ash Wednes-
day, tolling chuch bells call wor-
shippers to services. Thereupon
exhausted revelers carry out the
final ceremony of carnival, tne
"Burial of the Pish."
A mock funeral is held, amia
loud lamentations, with a funeral
procession in which the partici-
pants alternately trudge along in
counterfeit sorrow or break into a
fast rumba.
US Army, Air Force Ignore Ruling
Against Court-martialling Civilians.
WASHINGTON, Dec, 7 (UP) Court of Military Appeals on
The Amy and Air POrce s a l d technical grounds,
today they win continue to court The Air Force said JtwUl as-
martial civilians accompanying sume the disputed section of tne
the services overseas despite a military justice code tf constttii-
. w . tional and binding until there la
U.S. district court ruling that
such trials are unconstitutional.
Federal Judge Edward A. Tamm
recently declared unconstitutional
a section of the U.S. Code of Mil-
itary Justice giving military
cours authority over he families
of servicemen and other civilians
overseas.
He handed down the ruling
here In freeing Mrs. Clarice
Covert, who was being held
for a second military trial on
charges that she murdered her
Air Force husband in England.
Mrs. Covert's first conviction
had been reversed by the
der consideration.
Tamm based bis ruling on a
recent Supreme Court decision
that it is unconstitutional to court
martial former servicemen for
crimes committed while in uni-
form.
If ex-aervicemen are enitled to
a civilian triaT'so are persont
who have been civilians all along,
Tamm said.
The Times, a service newspa-
per published to Army, Navy and
Air Force editions, commented:
a decision to the contrary
higher court." ,...
Therefore the Air Force said in
answer to questions, it will conti-
nue military trials of eiyilians.
The Army aald in answer
questions that it had adopted the
same policy and so Instructed its
overseas commands.
The Defense apartment, whose
i "Judge Tarawa decisionif it
stands will leave a wide hole m
the law for Americans overseas
with be firces. They can' be
tried by the military. They can't
be tried by American c i vil i an
courts since hey are outside A-
merican territory.
"They could, of course, be tried
by foreign court "in whose terri-
tory the crime was committed."
Mrs. Covert was tried in an A-
merlcan military court.sfter the
British waived jurisdiction. ..
E
ft* DEC. see our TOY
EXHIBITION at LA MODA AMERfeMU

fimdA,
Somewhere along the line they
pause to bury a fishsometimes
it's only a sardineand carnival
festivity is ever for another year.
v>
Negroes Protest Woman's Conviction
With Boycott Of Southern Bus Lines
MnwrruwFRY Ala Dec. 71 person during the early morning
(UP?- NeiroeRsYboycotted the ci-| a, late afternoon ruah hours
stress who retusea to w r ^^ norBully ne.W0Uld car-
Pen?er8*?Ii A. ^vatelffiealKh ffiKy conduct
for allegedly eaten}-a N e g r o
woman br the ana and pulling
her from a bus she attempted to
The boycot was believed to foe-
one ol the largest and most ef-
fective "economic reprisals fcy
either race In recent years la
the segregated 8onth.
The boycott apparently was -cau-
ed for only one day, but a mass
meeting was reported wtofj*
for a Negro church tonight for
"further instructions" in the dem-
onstration. .k'
The immediate cause of the
boycott, seamstress Rosa Parks.
42, was fined $10 in Recorder s
Court today. She was rrested by
a bus driver acting under special
police authority given to bus driv-
ers under the city code.
The driver said the woman re-
fused to move te a Negro section
of the bus. A passeoger testified
here was vacant seat te the
Negro section to which she could
***&. rofla frvatelcharg
e.?.Wh5Sltaifc.bstogettDir.
work and achooL Attendance at
Netro schools wss reported al-
ms* normal, but school officUU
aald nearly aU of the children
walked or came by car.
Negro taxicab companies offer
ad special rate of 10 centa per
BA Wifiu
Every now and then a woman
n To* get away from her 'muy-
For Just a few days she can get a
long distance perspective on her
relationship to each member. At
home in the midst of the demands
in a clear tight.
To have another woman tell her -----
what an attractive or intelligent or have moved,
witty husband she has. Wives often
quit seeing their husbands through
the eves of woman, but instead
tee them only through the eyes of
' To^give a party. Then It is that
she makea sure her house is at its
.hining best. Jpbs she has been
letting slide for lack of time aU
see get dene In a few days of
^Staffi new skin. Whether
he takes n course In sew
cwing o
painting or takes up rug hooking
of whatever .he'll be just a little
more aeli-confident and a little
more interesting to others for each
new skill she acquires.
To go on a get-rid-of-junk spree.
At the rate any norm,,,ll.fa"y ling si
accumulates junk, unless the worn- e^.
State and city ordinances re-
quire segregation of to PJ
angers. The city cod.> gives bus
drivers the responsjbhty to as-
sign or re-assign passengers to
sections of the bus so as to sep-
arate the races.',
Montgomery city buses use fold-
ing metal signs over the aeaUto
mark Negro and white sections.
When a Urge number of Negroes
.ad few whites are on a bus,
the Negro section is expanded,
and vice-versa.
The woman's brief trial w a s
held in a crowded courtroom,
filled mainly with Negroes and a
large group of Negroes stood out-
side She was convicted of vtolat-
at*te segregation laws.
attorney. Negro Fred Gray,
accumulates juna, uniess me wo.- ^ attorney. Negro rrea "*.
an of the house unloads expendable I ,mmedmtely filed notice of appeal
P^*!"*!1? 2**fc*ifcrf JSff ""d *_* *100 pp"1 bon
,, . _-- -. w pi
worries and problems took their r()Ut8fl tnd watch for dtatrubanc-
itions penoaicuj, y--
iws a house In short order.
and signed
for hie client.
itgrow
To have a reai worry unte ... p Uce commissioner uryoe o-
while. In comparison, all her little j who aUerted police to patrol
nrri.. >nd nroblemt took their__ ,.,,..., i, Hixtrubanc-
a real worryonce in a I0poUce commissioner Clyde Sel-
es, said it
tell" what
was "impossible to
groups had organized
actual tize.
To go back to a class reunion or
meet up with a ***** friend JeU ttLoc'a, cmcMt 0f the
She'll then ee that the changes e *a, A^ution for the Ad-
years have maGe In her age u ^ people,t
are the nabirf changes that come
to all women who have Hveo a
certain number of years
To have at least one day mine
ear-her birthday, perhapswhen
usband and children chase her out
of the kitchen and take the dust
cloth out of her hand and say,
Today we're going to do any
thing that needs to be done.
vanceraent of Colored People,
disowned any official connection
with it. ,v.
J H. Bagley, manager of tne
Montgomery City Lines. Inc., a
private corporation, said more
than 85 and nearly 90 per cent
of the Negroes refused to ride
the buses Montgomery s populs-
tion is 46 per cent Negro.
THE IDEAL GIFT FOR YOUR FAMILY!
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C. Z. Prican Twin bed size $45v
Doable bed iifc $65^-
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CANAL AGENCIES, S. A.
CATOTDRAL PLAZA
_______________________WHONB 1-0324
KENM0RE
GUARANTEE!) FOR 20 YEARS
Sewing Machine
Cast Iron Head Carrying Case
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Special $99-"
$5.00 a month
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food Mixer
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Special price
44
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FULL SIX QUART CAPACITY
HEAT RANGE
COOKER
REGULAR S39.9S

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Cooks up to
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95

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Take cooking otrt of the Kitchen. right to the
table cooker-fryer stews, caeeerolea. basket;
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desired temperature it reached fill linea indicatea.
USE SEAKS EASY PAYMENT PLAN
Shop bolh Stores Panama and Colon
"Uso Seor* iaty Poymer.f Flan
COLON Melenrlex Ai*. TIOU. St Phone Col 1S7


wcr **
TH PANAMA AMERICAN ATI INDFPENDENT DART NEWSPAPER
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 195$


YOU CAN PLACE YOUR AD AT 14 DIFFERENT LOCALITIES IN THE CITY
inexpensive Want Ads Bring Quick Results!
LEAVE YOUR AD WITH ONE OF OUR AGENTES OR OUR OFFICES AT 57 "H" STREET, PANAMA
MINIMUM
FOR
12 WORDS
librera preciado
1 llmt N*. 11
Agencias Internal, de Publicacin**
Na I Letlerv Plan .
CASA ZALDO
Central A**.
LOURDES PHARMACY
ISJ La Carresgellla
FARMACIA LOMBARDO
So M "' Slice
MORRISON
Or of Inly Ait Aim.
LEWIS SERVICE
4v*. TlveU Ne.
FARMACIA ESTADOS UNIDOS
14) teatral Svtoae
FARMACIA LUX
.. Central Amasa
HOUSEHOLD EXCHANCE
J. Paa 4a la Oaaa An. tie 1
FOTO DOMY
Jaete wim At*, udnk
FARMACIA VAN-DER-DIJS
II Street Re. M
FARMACIA EL BATURRO
raru< Lcfevre T Street
FARMACIA "SAS"
Via Parras 111
NOVEDADES ATHIS
V.a Baaaaa Ava.
MINIMUM
FOR
12 WORDS

COMMERCIAL &
PROFESSIONAL
CSHAL ttmt POLVCLIK1C
DENTAL MEDICAL
'""^ Tat X-Mll fwi
RETIREMENT. LIFE
EDUCATION INSURANCE
JIM RIDGE
Phone ranama -B8M
TRANSPOBTIS BAXTI*. S.A.
Packer. Shleeers Jfjg"
Uh< Bleieg * _..
PANAMA BIDING SCHOOL
Biding Jansgieg ctefJSS**
I fe 5 a.m. Hieee -27*
er by eeeelateaent.
FOR SALE
Household
FOR SALE
Automobile*
FOR SALE:Mahogany alerter
rackar, rota yahoUrery, $25.
Evening, 765. Apt. 17. Bemaey
FOR SALE 1*40 Sup.r lukk
Clyfc Cenpe. good ra*. Call Bal-
ea 2719. aayt.ma.
FOR SALE: Mahegany alining
roan $300; Rattan living reem
SI60, tar beater $15. AH far
$500. Panama 3-5707._________
FOR SALE: Portable electric
sewing machina, twin Simmaai
Ac laringi m at* framai.
mall imiir, chile) wardreee.
cabina!, large man's chair ana"
'let barf springs. Phoaa. altar 5,
3-1270.
FOR SALE: 1941 OlJim.bilt.
foes condition, $300. Balboa
2762.
FOR SALE: Btrgata! Child's
waralreba and mahogany beak-
case. Tivoli Avenue Na. 1 -64,
Aaf. 10.
Position Offered
WANTED: Keccetionitt and
secretary, English speaking. En-
crasa akote. gaalrticetient. lai
C M. 134. Panama.
Sania Claus Will
[ommuiiiiy Program visit Commissaries
lanned By Rainbow On Bolh Sides
Civic Council
FOR SALE: Plymauth Club
Coupe, early "49, naw tub.leu
tiras, all accessories, excellent
condition Vary Mat sar. Mast
aa ta aparecate After 5 a.m.
abona 3-1270.
WE BUY anal sail cars, Carago
Ilia Ask far Eliai or Ma.. Tel-
ephone 2-1995.
FOR SALE
Miscellaneous
FOR SALE-^-Showcases, Bar-
roughs cash register, flaar elec-
tric fan, cabinsti, displays, gar-
de*, desk ana* atbar arricias. Al-
io right ta key. Central Avenue
IIS.
RIAL IARGAIN: Transmitter
Globe Kint. 400 watts, in per-
fect working condition with e-
tra tubai ana) ceili, all $200;
Callins Exrter in perfect condi-
tion, complete with all calls, ate.
$150. Valencia HP.EV. Phone
Las Cambras 2293, Bu- 1721
Panama.
FOR SALE: 1949 Chevrolet.
Leaving lithmya the Bfh. $410.
Good shape. Call 16-5155, Sat.
Coraki..

Help Wanted
WANTED:Caak. Seed salary.
Has ta lira in. Call phane 3-
0912, from 4 ta 9 a.m.
FOR SALE:30-gal. fat watar
heater, almost new, $60; plastic
tardan basa. Call Panama 3-
6733.
FOR RENT
Apartments
ATTENTION 6. I.I Jatt bail!
madarn farniihed eeartsnents. I,
2 bsdreems, bat, cald ratal.
Plumo Panama 3-4941.
FOR RENT: Army inspected
furniihed 1-bedroom apartment
with kitchenette $45. 17-IS 4th
of Jury Ava. Phana 2-513).
MISCELLANEOUS
ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS
BOX 2031. ANCN, C.Z.
BOX 1211. CRISTOBAL. C.Z.
HAVE YOUR pian, repaired,
regulated at tunad by Hyamt t>
Moses.
FOR RENT: Beautiful duple*
apartment, Ricarda Arias Street.
Campa Alegre: 2 bedrooms, hot
watar. vary coal. Phone 2-2341
or 3-0294.
OFFER: I hava 6 half wolf
paps to offer to American fami-
lias free of charge Ava. J. Fee.
da la Osea Na. I, Apt. 12.
FOR RENT: American couple
wish ta hare double apartment.
furnished, with Army couple.
Phone 2-3065.
FOR RENT
Houses
FOR RENT: Furnished chalet,
2 bedrooms, maid's roam. Phone
3-3321. from 7 a.m. fa 4:30
p.m.
FOR SALE:Pedal Singer ma.
chine, arica $B0. Call 3-0B77
from 6 to 8 p.m.
FOR SALE: Agua lung, gen-
uine 1-heur tank, ready ta go
SI5 Abbott, Panama 2-1033.
WANTED
Miscellaneous
program
Just how Santa Claus is going
to 3pread himself so tain, only the1
good saint and the Commissary
,aUTi^^v^^S.vt",&BS.'Sf*ff'.'U2,
KITTEN WANTED:Will ata-
vida good homo far clean healthy
male kitten. Phone Panama 3-
62BS.
FOR RENT: Completely fur-
niihed apartment at II Cangre-
jo, in a 2-story bausa: living-
dining room, 2 bedrooms, batk-
room, hat water, telephone,
kitchen, maid's roam, f draga
and lawn. Independent entrance
ta apartment, near Hotel BY Pan-
ami, Call, far information, 3-
6796 Panama.
FOR SALE:S3 Hillm.n $700;
Frigidair. $150; atava $125;
furniture. Call 3-3677 Panama.
FOR SALE: 3 stainless stool
aeuariumi, ana 20-gallon with
stand and light; two l-gallon;
thermometer, oats, clamar, fish
bowl, books. 6245 Lot Rios.
Phono 2-3546.
five simultaneous personal appear-
" at '^n^nhow ATv^r-drawn sleigh you can manage
nasium, by the I ... ..,u._.. :. ;__________"
Civic Council.
According to Dave White, chair- oles
nan of the program committee
of hr council, "a coir of
aa .a.. ..la*linna in tlu> / *
[S$Sb S^ WSE-B. ^^^^B^A
,n.u ^5... # to voic- r> next Saturday afternoor '
most three o'clock until closing
Pacific Little League
-,-M-s*^*i "*"^eb ?9 New Players
rr^SSE S as a .
TVFL'" h^fi r*S5u of72 voic ries next SatuMav afternoon from TM A **** \ M11| nn
*" K reC,pon8hh "been most three o'clock uniil closing time. Hi AlUllial AllCtlOll
For some reason, best known to S.i
-
The Pacific LMllo League teams The 1955 champion Spur Cola
I a *f "i ^..... i" n.""i, in .n. niiiMin vv ^j.
"asirte from the various choral tus, he docsnf want to try to be:
[ " jhcie will be a special ,n slx places at tne same time, so
[fir; ;naa mesBtge an outatand- ' "i mecj h'sm>mc""K i''^* ";picked up 79 new playera at the'team will practice Thursday aft-
tU male tenor,' White added. h.e,-a.^? SBgg-^ ^^g annual action held Monday night; ernoon at siso p.m. at the Bal-
The complete program will 10.30 o doc Ik Sa turdjyjn.o! n i n g ,n(, the new p|,yers wi report {o]b?t stadium with C^ch Bob Me-
l announced at a later date.
FOR RENT:Apartment with 2
bedreems. parlor-dining ream,
bath, kitchen, hot watar instal-
lation, servant's reem and ga-
rage Calle 41 #37, Bella Vis-
ta. Information: Camilo A. Pa-
rras, Tal. 3-6411 office, 3-0434
reiidence.
FOR RENT:2-bedfeem chalet:
living reem. dining ream, kitch-
en, separata maid's ream, ga-
rage, perch, yard, hat water. "F"
St., El Cangrcro. Being painted.
Beady for occupancy the 10th.
Phono Panama 3-4533 or Bal-
boa 1256.
FOR SALE
Boats & Motors
FOR SALE: Outboard motor
25-be. Johnson 1954 w/we r-
ntate centren), excellent running
condition. Fort Clayton 3137.
FOR SALE:1955 Evinrude 25-
hp., used 10 hours. Phane Cu-
rundu 4136.
FOR RENT
Rooms
FOR RENT: Largo famished
room complete. American cou-
ple. Refrigerator, kitchen. Juste
Areseiusns Avenue, center 31 at
Street No. 9.
PERSONALS
FOR RENT:3-bedroom bausa
in Calla de Los Andes Neete. Us
Cumbres. Call 2-0610 Panama.
Will the following aorsent con-
tact CIA. LEFEVRE, S.A.. A St.
No. 7-35 to deaf with matters of
importance to them: Abraham
Hidalgo, Lilli.n Lindsay. Lsener
Walker. Clifton Andersen, Clau-
dius Brown, Victor Clarke. Wil-
liam C. Griffith, Forney f. Jahn.
RESORTS
GBNELL BLISS Santa Clara Homo
and Guest Hay. e^Heakia-
ocean. Private traps to beach (2
mle. walk). Gas ranee., rgfri-
fn, pi.gp.ng, a.ttini
green, etc. Call Navy 3BI2 of-
fice hours and Navy 3121 eve-
ning. ,
erad w.th Balboa? Dme up ta
the Cai.no Santa Clara. Rale, *
Panama s most beautiful beach.
$* P*r person overnight.
Gramlich's Santa Clara loath
Cottage.. Modern caavanieacaa,
medtrate rare. Pkoao Gamboa
Shrapnel's furnished house, on
Jjoe at Santa Ciato. Telephone
Thoataaaw, BaaVaa 1772.
FOSTER'S COTTAGES. 0e* nula
Met Caste. Low rotas. Phono
BonVaa 1*66.
PHILLIPS Oceanside Cettaaae,
Sent. Clara. Boa 435. Balboa.
ffcoao Panama 1-1 77. Crlcte-
bol 3-1 73.
BaMwia'a furnished
at Santa Clara Beach. Telephone
Pr.back, Balboa 1224.
FOR RENT: Furnished apart-
ment: 2 bedreems, living-dining
room, gas stave, refrigerator
43rd Street No. 64. Bella Vista.
PC Accused Of Plotting PRR's End
(Continued from P*gei) j -Much of this business can be i lie of Panama by providing
are maintained, which could eas- ^5^ h. ^^'^.."f^U^1^1 ^d t*"1*" faclUtle.
Uy absorb all Company Govern- i fh,!d' nmw * .frei*5,;"'",?!'Ln the Canal Zone adjacent to
ment transisthmian hauling with I eA "*"" by ,Pit,ve Pu7 Panama City and Colon.
very little added expense'' ;!d^ffMm. fc.^n J'",Jhis were done' ther
Daniel here submitted a Ubte'!* J?. PwMIIW Rtro wl"!should be no loss of freight or
FOR RENTTwo-room apart-
ment, kitchen and bath; also dry
claiett, etc. at 86 A neon Ava.
Phone Panama 2-0027 at 3-
0763. Rant $55.
FOR RENT:Modern apartment,
all convenience.. "El Cangreja."
Via Argentina No. 75. C. be
teen daring the day.
of figures showing the cost of fuel
not close.
passenger business; and we leel
!J. Milln Reed,
V' o Retired PC
[In September, Dies
J. Milton Reed, who retired In
jicmber as chief towboat n-
ecr with the Navigation x, died Monday in Bcelingham,
ash. according to word receiv-
gm here Tuesday. He was 56 years
old.
RITHMETIC
oil for the average 300-ton passen- 1HDanf tn^n ,w!nt on .to S0"" that much of the freight busl-
ger train across the Isthmus to: ?Jdrat,on ?f of the cost of a ness could be regained.
be $4.50 while the fuel cost for ai highway alona; the line of the|
1200-ton train is $10. railroad. "a new passeng-er station
Noting that the additional fuel; He discussed the construction. wil| be needed In Ancoa; but
costs for the additional BOO tons problems in some detail, with we believe a small station with
was only $5.50, Daniel commented: particular reference to instaDil- shelters for passengers tv
"You cannot truck 900 tons a-lity of the ground.
cross the Isthmus for $5.50." His calculation wag that in-
Conceding that because of lost! stead of the Canal's figure of
tonnage the railroad is presently! $B,0M,BM, It would tafc at
running at a loss, Daniel said this least $3,000,BOO to complete
such a highway as Is project-
ed.
| could be minimized if all Compa-
| ny Government business were j
handled by the railroad.
board the trains would be ade-
quate.
iBitt boilB'.and team
tracks In the Canal Zone will al-
so be needed adjacent1 to Pana-
!ma City, the cost depending; up-
on the- location decided upon.
their managers and coaches
. spring training this week.
At all of the commigaarles he ,, Seymour Agency team se-
wlll havg free: balloons and chew-1 Iected Chas Moses George Orge-
mg gum for his callers. Pareiita ront pr^j Perri_ McGraft Bros ,
,are advised to stand by, notebooks Bob Fsrrell, K. Anderson, G. An-
ln hand so the:, and Santa Claus,Jderson and James Bay. Practice
dont miss any requests. |for the new players and members
of last squad is scheduled for
| Thursday afternoon at 4:15 p.m.
i at the Balboa Railroad Station
ball park.
Lincoln Life's new players are
i Charles Joyner, Richard Bishop,
j Worden French, Lewis French,
j Robert Ledbtetter, George Caae
and Federico Fernandez. Practic-
les for Lincoln Life are scheduled
(for Thursday afternoon at 4:60
for dinger and, Coach Watt Mikulich
euttiag the new players and Wern-
ers from last year's team
through batting and f i e Td i n g
drills. Spur Cola's new players
are i.uhr, Rybicki, Baker, Albrit-
ton, Mounts, Bradshaw, Bosewell,
Feeney .Brothers, Claytor, Hoenke,
Arnold, Laino, Mghoiey, Blaney
Bros., Robert Wheeler, Glicken-
haus, Fitzgerald and the Donald-
son Brothers.
The Gibraltar Lifers first prac-
tice is scheduled for Monday
(Dec. 12th) at the Little League
Park at 4:00 p.m. where Manag-
er Joe Cicero will be on hand to
Congress 01 Civic
Councils Elect New
VIIIVvl) Al rOiailW |es f0f jjn^i,, ufe are Mheduled greet the new players. The fol-
_, |tor Thursday afternoon at 4:00 lowing players are requested to
As a result or tne general m lt u,e Farm Le,- d i a- report promptly for practice. Bob
Brandon. Gary Hutchinson. Cecil
High, Dick Snyder,-Buzzy Orr,
Jim Wilson, Louie Lombana, Tom-
my Hano, Dick Ebdon, Gene!
Hermmany, Gene Fraunhcim, Joe1
Hunt, Dave Zapp, Jin Riley, Jeff
Riley, Euggene Eisenmann and
Bill Snyder.
The Police team selected the
. following new players; Ralph
council over fjpn, iMt yetr's squad. The Glazer, Tommy Alves, Don Sebas-
Mr Reed had he en in ill elections tn the various local- 'mond behind the Balboa'Elemen-
health for some time and had' rate communities many new fac- tary School. Manager Howard
been hosoiullzed here prior tolos appeared at the last meeting, Engelke can be contacted at Bai-
lie retirement I0f the Congress of Civic Coun- boa 1366 i Coach N. Farnsworth's
He is survived by his wife, of ells held recently In Paraso. telephone number is Balboa 1851.
^Belllnaham; a daughter, Mrs.l mv,... ..^.....h. mrf ,;. l^e. Bto M14 teim win prte
y Joan Dakek. w h o se
Hay, is a catcher on thr
Vieja team of the P
Rfa.l?ue'o,.n at tne Hotel Roosevelt: and by a
movement.
new players on the Elks roster!tian, Don Darden, Warren Ash
;re Smmy Field, Mtcneel' Wil-iton, Jeff Sesrs, Edward Hodgson,
liams, Robert Lincoln, Billy E- Dennis Deming, Mike Hollen, Don
gold, Robert Bcrganer, Richard, Chesson, Eddie Wilder, Billy
Perkins, Richard Morse, Robert Catron and Billy Coy. Players
Han, Richard, who is in the serv-
ice and presently stationed Emg F&wcett of para,s0 was
BJB l>ern>ag>. re-elected president for the ec-
LF^L^lctSrMm,* tcrm and Jefferson Joseph
itSi fmm th- Pacific NortVwestlo ftlnbpw CiW was elected as Morse. Douglas Morse. George A. are requested to contact Manager
ftJJT had S emnloved for'118 new'-vice-president, as re- Thomson, Richard UVee, FredH. Dempaey by telephone at Bal-
nrTmhf,- f vmi s with variouB quested by a resolution present-, LeVeo, Joseph Cooke. Larry Ber-;boa 41 for normaon regard-
.sd ba t rom7 n It t: thiMtorl^l Oregon through its repfesentative Ben- -
Tflm canal Xn .wM as.Jamln Soley. Eric oaklev of P.-1
JTan engineer on one ol the Dredg- ralso was chosen the nost of Sec-
Ini Divisions floating cranes. Inictary-Treasurer. All officers
Sags he was transferred te the i were elected uncontestedly and
Irthen Marine Division as a chief by unanimous goto.
' jowboat engineer, i, position he
ing practice.
'at thr time of bis retirement! Immediately following the
rt of his later service was on elections conducted by Mr. Jorge
\tlantlc side ol the' Canal Long, a brief'.but impressive in-
istalfatlon craBnony was execut-
;cd by V. Maite of Santa Cruz.
Reed was a Mason and a.the first and nly purely Span-
of Isthmian Lodge, A. F.'lab-speaking member of the
He was also a member congress.
Brilliant Hall Of Famer
Wagner Dies In Sleep
By UNITID PRBSS
|ball back onto the field.'and it
was caught for a putout."
PITTSBURGH, Dec 7 (UP> Then there was the time Wag-
Fansma Canal Scottish Atjtreaent individual anincUa Thousands of visitors are paying I ner said he was ready to field
hoS^ ,nd?,1Ab0U S' " aIe m,klnK wlous effort to en- their last respocU to Honus Wag! grounder. A stray dog beat him
la . ttin Caring prillfhVrtA n^f\w\ rt^tlt' in tialna I____ a *. #- r>
iple of the'Shrine.
\1
GARRARD
Record-changers
Salea Service
Parts
ii
courgtge more actlve participa-1 ner.
tion in community affairs by1 Baseball's
Latin residents.
25-Cyclg Motors
Mueblera
CASA
SPART0N
CENTBUL
la
1-71
Police Will View
Security Film
This Is Communism'
The Canal Zone Police Guard
.Association will present a spe-
cial program featuring security
at their renular meeting in the
Police Trainlne Center. Ba'boa
Police Station. Balboa, Canal
Zone, on Dec. 10. at 7:00 p.m.
Following the business meetlr.
greatest shortstop
died in his sleep early yester-
day morning old Wagner hurt his
hip in a fall last September and
bad been bedridden since.
A funeral home is accomodat-
ing friends acal hero-worshippers.
Funeral service will be held
Friday afgernooti.
Wagnerieemameel "the Ply-
ing Dutchman"made hit last
public appearance en April SB.
That day. ha attendee! the un-
veiling ef a braroe stetue in his
henar. The statuejust beyond
the left-fieaJ wall in Perbas
FleW, Pittsburgh stands 11
feet high and weighs 4B tent,
I* \eeJW$ ^^^a*'" C#41^^f*aT EarttJI filar
swing, with twe small bays
watching in awe.
The st a tne typified the feeling
a training film entitled *rbl* Is ,
Communism" wlli be shown The,oi baseball fans for Wagner He
film has been fufnlsjjed bv Mr was king in his home town. Fans
iFrnk Wtlder, Security Officer.
Balboa Heights.
Mr. Maurice Heywood. Paral-
so teacher and civic Council Of-
ficer, who has been actively as-
sociated with security prcerams
In the local rate communities as
a member of the Paraso Antl-
Communist Committee, w'l be
suest speaker. Cecil Hall. Secre-
tary of the Association, is in
charca of
rr.ents
would visit his home at all hours
to talk baseball. And Honus and
stories for them. . tent mora
fiction than fad.
Wagner liked to tell of the day
he hit a long drive off Three-Fin
to it. So Wagner grabbed t h e
dog and threw itthe ball still in
its mouthto the second baseman
for a force-out
At least, that's how Wagner told
those stories. But the record book
shows this bow-legged man will
live forever as a baseball great.!
Wagner played 18 full seasons
with the Pirates. He batted his
lifetime average was 129. Yeti
Wagner never earned more than
$10,000 a year.
The late John McOraw called
Wagner the g rea fa- player ev-
er. . greater even then Ty
Cea*. Wagnera medest man
shrugged eff the campa rigen,
wt he luted te fall about the
time ha "get ahead ef Ceeb
Three different amounts, list-
ed as what It was estimated
would be th cost of maintain-
ing a new highway per mile,
were carefully scrutinized today
by committee members.
Chairman Edward Oarmata
asked railwayman Robert C.
Daniel to explain why an econo-
mic report prepared by the Ca-
nal In Sept. 1954 estimated lt
would be only $2.000.per mile;,
why William A. Newman of the
GAO stipulated that it would
cost $8,510 per mile, and why
Gov. 8eybold gave an approxr-
mation of $3,829 per mile.
"What do you do with all
these futures, cut them in half
and divide by two?" Gartuats
asked.
Daniel explained that they
were using the figures available
to them.
"But everybody can't be right
..." Oarmatz countered.
To which Daniel replied-
"I realtf don't think anyone
knows the exact figures."
Diamond Executive
Loses Baubles
Worth $560,000
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa,'
Dbc. 7 (UPDiamonds and jew-
elry valued at more than a half-i
million dollars have disappeared
from the palatial home of the son
of a diamond and minintr magnate
in this gem capital ef the world.:
police said today.
Disappearance of the baubles!
valued at 200,000 nounrts $560 000
was discovered today, but police
slid thev aoparently had b*en re-
moved during a period of three
months.
They were the property of Har-
ry Oppenheimer and his "wife. Op-
penheimer's father is Sir Ernest
Oppenheimer. diamond and min-
ing executive The younger Op-
oenheimer Is a member of Par-
liament from the Kimberley dia-
mond mine district.
"The military services stopped At the same time he observed: "If the 300 area in Balboa were
using the railroad o abruptly a- 'It has been agreed that It used, the cost would be negltgi-
bout June of this year that it would be most unwise and un- ble, since the tracks and pave-
would indicate that an order had1 safe, from a defense and Inter-'ment are in. and it is already
been issued directing them not to'national standpoint, to place'f need; buildings are also avall-
ase the railroad." ourselves at the mercy of a for- we both within the fenced area
He believed that if this and jelgn country for the only fast and adjacent thereto.
ether business had not been d- means of land transportation a- "The 300 area in Balboa may
verted through other channels, ^ross the Isthmus In case of an be considered by some to be too
the railroad would naw be oper- emergency." far ,rom Panama City, in which
at ing en a paying basis. 'e added* case lt may be possible to use
"Besides the diverting of ton- ^l.!^{!aSS,tnge5s' the Xiwworld would consider spending "* to-be-abgjrdoned Tlvoli
expressed by the Panama Canal! t9 000 a f hlahwav let a- .Commissary, which are nearer to
Company officials regarding .the }^^(m\XW befo tartlnaPanama-
proposed abandonment of the rail- ne h^,,B000, bef0re "UrUn: "By using relocated equipment
road have directly to loss of re- '".^Sflt la inconceivable ^'[rX^ri K
Th% principal commercial *M the stockholders of a Prl- ^^WlthouT y'S^rteto?
road revenue E derived by taking te corporation would perm t, ^.{^Xent. The Som-
j percentage of the ocean freight the management of^that [P^ mlaMiy building could be used
sus za S?i ln.HqU'^funVto *Ptac th*t "We do not have the faellitleti
railroad, with no hope of re- to malte an estimate of the cost
covering any of that investment.of constructmg a shelter for
from commercial transporta-. rjassengers In Ancon and Crltto-
,.Tho tion." he continued. ^l. or of remodellne the Tivoli
rrirfnhni If.^irLu,*Ln LJJl "The cost of this highway Commissary for a freight house,
r^l^fic Tr?ny.r shK?min!im,,st be considered when the "However, we believe that it
daaS 7or^.n.^Cit5P tie cost ner ton of freight Is com-1 should not be too expensive, un-
Pan^nt Railroad onerS under tutd No matter what tonk-leSS the same thing haopeng
^SiiS^m^S^&aS\knnn,! technloue is ..sed, the that did when the Pedro Miguel
ch.rteT.ncH. Panamanian .OOC-.OOO to $30 000,000 will station was erected,
truokine rnmnanv whirh has have to be Spent to build tne,
cont."! wuHn. pSamanian Whway. and no glei-.ht-of-hBnd ^-l-J**. '"> ";
Government to haul cargo in bond bookkeepintr can eliminate the ter of Xraiuiwr^taBtn. who Is
W Panama City interest on that amount of mon- now living In Brooklyn. New
"One is led to believe in the E-ly. which alone at 2% would a- York told us that over half ef
conomic Report, that it is 20 per mount to from $225,000 to $750, the amount allotted for that
cent cheaper for the shipping com-!000 a year. ataron was used up by the
panies to ship by truck from Cris-| "Instead of building a new Planning; and Engineer*!* Dl-
tobal to Balboa or Panama City highway,. If the same amount' visions before they were ready
than_it is by rail. fcf monev were used to reduce to start construction."'
I the present indebtedness of the Daniel went on to detail a va-
!Panama canal company, there- riety of methods by which ho
bv reducing th amount of In-1 claimed the railroad could re-
terest which must be paid an- cover its lost revenues,
miallv by the Panama Canal
tination Panama City.
"The Panama Railroad is a co-
carrier of this class of cargo
which is delivered to consignees
at final destination upon surren-
der of ocean bill of lading.
I
"This was dug at that time
te the fact that the Panama
Canal Cempany would net lower
their rafa lo meat competition
and did net da sa until July 1,
Comoany, It would In our opln
"It was back in the ISOB World
Series," Wagner said. "When we
played Detroit. Cobb has just got-
ten on first. He looked at me and
yelled: Look out, Krauthead. I'm
coming down.'
Wagner went on: "I yelled
back: 'Go ahead. . you'll find
me around somewhere.' So Cobb
came down, and I got the ball
aad tagged him. But I c u e s s 1
Eered Brown of the Cubs. The
all sailed over the fence of the.Uggad'Sim a little too high, high
old Pittsburgh park toward a pas- on the mouth. I'm afraid."
sing locomotive. Wagner said at] Waa Cobb out? "He was out,"
seemed for a moment the ball replied Wagner. Fraid he waa
would drop into the smoke stack out a few teeth, too "
program arrange- of the awgtee. "But suddenly. be That was Honus Wagner, dead
said, "a puff of smoke Mew the at the age of 81
New Batch
Of Conqressmen
Arrive Sunday
A group of Congressmen of the1
House Banking and Currency Com-
mittee is due to arrive Sunday af-
ternoon.
Primar? ppurpose of their trip
is to look into militan' housing on
the Canal Zone.
Thev are scheduled to remain
for about a Nreek, with tentative
departure set for Dec 17.
Chairman of the Committee la,
Rep. Hugh J. Addonizio. New Jer-
sey Democrat. There are also three
other Democrats aad two Repub-
licans in the group. They are ac-1
compamed by a five-member staff.]
The party will be stopping at Ho-
tel El Panama
It is understood that the com-
mittee will land at Albrook Air
Force Base.
"The onions requested this ro-inn""K * ~7.w-~il! _,,,'
duction by letter? dated May 25, i'0" f "nlwuJhTnSri?
195S (ona from the Order of Rail-! Mi\"" r0^^:7hb!'m,^"na":
way Conductora and the other, *'' !heh k -h^T-
om tl otherhood of Locomo- in^ gaid " hUnway.
"Also we nelleve that should
the prooesed new highway fol-
low the prevent railroad right
of wav, wh*?h 's relatively
free from grades, Panama
would exert pressure to na* K
for their commercial traff'c In
order to avoid the era^e* on
he present TransMhmian
Ifirhwav In Panama."
Of a set nf table* comparing
tive Engineers) to try to regain
the business that was being di-
verted to the truck line.
"We understood, before we
made this request, that the Super-
intendent and 'the Transportation
and Terminals Director had re-
commended this reduction to the,
President of the Panama Canal
Company and it was refused; and!
that Mrs. Harms of the New York
office of the Panama Railroad had!
requested this reduction and
likewise refused.
"During the last few years
the ra'lroad unions have been
Instrumental in making what
few constructive changeretavo
been effected In the operation
of the Panama allroad.
"The conductors and engin-
eera. who are all Unitpd 8tate
citizens, are even working at
substandard wages and working
conditions (according to United
States standards) in order to
keep the railroad running.
"However, we feel that the un-
ions should not have to bf con-
stantly prodding management
was trucking and railroad corta. |to keep the railroad up to date.
. u: l w, ... "zt appears that the lack of
'iie above tb'es Indicate interest on the oart of manaae-
"The original Panama Railroad that the cost of transporting, ment"to thehEt^TnmL
caiw Ta,*"*T iT Derr0centhi?V,natOr 7%fc S3'800 ,or* "f lln of the iJbSdto paJTof
company was successful in ob-
UimgnWc.rrier s^tTwiS ^K^L0! !* tJ3iR"pt
rral steamship companies by a-
greeing to 20 per cent of the ocean
freight 10 months before the Pa-
nama Canal Company agreed to
this percentage.
"This has resulted in a loss to
the Panama Railroad of -over
300 tons of this type of freight
monthly.
"This one) the official views
enratead by the Panama Ca-
nal Company that the railroad
would be abandoned, have caus-
ed the steamship agencies t e
seek awetnet' co carrier ter
their through carga).
35.5 Per Cent
Of US Forms
70.671 tons of Companv/Govern-
ment freight and 14B.774 pas-
sengers fOr 1954." jaaaa-a
Althoueh bv the new Pana-|H00 TV 111 1954
ma-Unlted States Treaty, the U- I
nltetd SUtes gave away millions | WASHINGTON. Dec 7 ("UP)
of dollars worth of railroad Dro- The Census Bureau reportad today
pertv at both termnala, which I that 35 5 per cent of the farms in
precludes the operation of the the United SUtes had television
railroad within the Republic of sets in IBM. '
Panama, the treaty does not re- Its 1994 agriculture census
strict railroad operations within showed that t,0BB.l(2 of the
the Canal Zone or Panama." 4.782.3B5 farms included in the
He continued: "Efficient rail- count had television sets. Now
road transportation service can Jersey, with 1S.79B sets oa 23.MB
still be furnished to the Repub- farms, led the hat.
"til


ft

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7,1955
THE fANAMA AMERICAN AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
PAGE
nCVCi
TodoY The best pictures at the best movie-houses in town TOflCiy
CAUTOLtO
J5c. ----------------- 2c.
Double In Superscope
and Tecnicolor!
PEARL OF SOUTH
PACIFIC
- Also: -
ESCAPE TO BURMA
T IV OLI
25c------------------- 15c
BANK NIGHT!
HOUSE OF WAX
Also: -
SANTA FE TRAIL
CENTRAL Theatre
69c.---------------------------------------- *
A GREAT COMEDY RELEASE!
LEO GORCEY and Bowery Beys
to
HIGH SOCIETY
- -
LUX THEATRE
60c. ---------------------------------------- 30c.
2:59 5:01 7:01 0:07 p.m.
SEPTEMBER AFFAIR
with
'ft JOAN FONTAINE
JOSEPH GOTTEN
DRIVE-IN Theatre
Popular Night! $1.10 PER CAR!
WALT DISNEY SHORT
FESTIVAL
Donald DUCK -Mickey MOUSE
PLUTO, etc.
CECILIA THEATRE
50c. ---------------------.----------------------- t5c.
DOUBLE FEATURE!
DEBORAH KERB, la
THE END OF THE ADVENTURE
Plus: <
5 AGAINST THE HOUSE
K 10
25c.
BANK!
$500.00
Abbott and Costello
Meet The Mammy
- Also: -
smuggler's
island;
V/CfOWA
15c. -------..,-T .. -
FATAL WITNESS
- Also: s
PALOMINO
Federal Tax Cut
Possible In 1956,
CED Believes
NEW YORK,'Dec. 7 (UP) The
eommlttec for Economic Develop-
ment said today it should be pos-
sible to cut federal taxes $3
billion to $4 billion next year.
CED's program committee said,
however, that "this prospect
would have to be abandoned if
the Congress should find it neces-
sary to increase appropriations
materially In the coming session."
The committee dismissed argu-
ments that the tax rates should
be left* high to curb a possible In-
flation.
. "It if. not at all certain that
the country is moving into a se-
rious Inflationary situation," the
committee said.
It i aid first priority should be
given to cutting the indlvdual in-
i Die tax, with a relatively great-
er percentage of -eduction in
the middle and upper brackets.
It said "extremely high rates''
in these brackets are "seriously
interfering with the incentiv to
Drunk Bus Driver
Gets $T00 Fine
15 Days Jail
Driving a bus while intoxicat-
ed netted a fine of $100 plus a
15-day jail sentence in Balboa
Magistrate's Court yesterday mor-
ning for Howard D. Osborne, 35-
year-old Panamanian.
Osborne pleaded guilty to the
charge.
The offense occurred on Bolboa
Road at 5:40 p.m. yesterday.
Osborne has previously paid six
fines for traffic offenses, and has
one conviction for petit larceny
against him.
HOLLY
MOVICS TV RADIO
by Erskina Johnson
take risks and with the supply
and mobility of Investment funds."
If the budget situation permits.
the committee said, there should
be a cut in corporate income
and excise taxes.
The corporate income tax, now
at 52 per cent, is scheduled to
go down to 47 per cent next A-
pril 1 the committee said, but
"expenditure proposals may not
permit the full, scheduled reduc-
tion without creating a con'Mct
with reduction of Individual tax
rates."
HOLLYWOOD (NA) Ex-
clusively Yours: Hollywood's won-
dering whether it will be,"Jack
Webb's Blues" now. After paying
nearly $500,000 to first wife Julie
London, he may have to shell out
another bundle to divorce-bound
Dorothy Towhe. . Z*a Zsa Ga-
bor's said to be preparing a "tell
all" book about her life and mar-
riages. I wonder if she'll title it,
"Will Success Spoil Conrad Hil
tone" . Bob Hope bet make-up
man Wally Westmore $8.000 to
$1,000 that Bing Crosby will not
retire. Several days later Wally
told Bob he mentioned the bet to
Bing and Hope asked:
"What did he saye"
"AH he said," replied Wally,
"was that he liked the odds."
HOME DELIVERY
Reserve Your Christmas Tree Now!
Lights
Trees
Wreaths
Ornaments
Decorations
No. 1 Va Espaa
Tels. 3-0383
Still shooting inserts and added
scenes for "The Ten Command-
ments," C. B. DeMille's call sheet
the other day read:
"One taskmaster and
two slaves."
A feminine visitor's comment
about the call is the howl of the
lot.
"Does taskmaster," she inno-
cently asked, "mean Mr. De-
Mille."
TELEVISION FANS can take
the credit for Jeff Donnell's return
as Alice to the George Gobel TV
show. She's signed now for 14 ap-
pearances this season. P.S. She
also landed a raise.
But apparently Jeff'* not going
back to real lift hubby, AM Ray.
They're till separated.
of Edgar, broke in her new night-
club act in the Circus Room of the
Hotel del Coronado. Her show-
stopper was a "Language Medley"
switching lyrics from Italian to
French to German to Spanish and
back to English.
QUOTE OP THE WEEK: Pearl
Bailey on the set of "That Certain
Feeling" about nixing a lucrative
night-club offer for Christmas
week:
"I don't have the kind of ego
that makes me think I could top
Santa Claus."
Supreme Court Orders New Trial
For Negro Sentenced To Chair
. Dean Martin and > Jerry Lewis
will slap on the old-age make-up
and play their own fathers in the
opening sequence of their new
movie, "Partners." The script
calls for a couple of kids to play
Dean and Jerry a cue for Par-
amount to launch) a search for a'
juvenile version of the comedy]
team ... Francis Bergen, wife
This Is Hollywood, Mrs. Jones:
The vineyard scenes for Mario
Lanza's "Serenade" were shot the
other day in Cucamonga, Calif. But
the Cucamonga labels were oblit-
eratd from all the grapepickers'
crates. After what Jack Benny's
done with'Cucamonga, the studio
was afraid of unwanted laughs.
The Witn.f: Overheard at the
Saratoga: "She'* a very verstil*
actress. She can do almost any-
thing wrong."
George laughing it up in print:
Gracie Allen, he recalls in his au-
tobiography, "I Love Her, That's
Why!" he tells about several dolls
being in love with him, including
one named Mary Murphy.
George laughing tu p I nprint:
"I could w*ll understand how ho
found m* attractive. Especially on
stag*. I looked great with make-
up on and used to put on wonder-
ful lips. I looked quit* a lot like
Doler** D*l Rio."
Ear Witness: Janet Leigh's been
given a bill) of health by a London
medic after picking up a fever
infection in Africa during filming
of "Safari." There's danger, how-
ever, that the ailment can recur
. . After watching a well-stacked
but untalented starlet act, a cyni-
cal friend of Phil Moody recited
it: "Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
how I wonder WHY xou are."
WASHINGTON, Dec. 7 (UP)
The Supreme Court today unan-
imously ordered Georgia to give
a new tijtal to Amos Reece, Ne-
gro convict sentenced to the
electric chair for the rape of a
white woman in Cobb County,
Ga.
At the time of the offense,
Oct. 20, 1953, Reece was an in-
mate of a prison camp serving
16 to 80 year sentence for as-
sault with intent to rape and
for stealing.
The state accused Reece of
raping the woman after stop-
ping at her house for a drink of
water while working on the
roads.
Reece contended his indict-
ment should be thrown out be-
cause Negroes were excluded
from the grand and trial juries.
The Supreme Court, in an
opinion by Justice Tom C.
Clark, said that "the sizable
Negro population in the county,
the fact that all-white juries
had been serving for as long as
witnesses could remember, and
the selection on the jury list of
a relatively few Negroes who
would probably be disqualified
for actual jury service ail point
to a discrimination."
The Oeorgia Supreme Cotirt
had rejected Reece's appeal on
grounds that under state law an
objection to^a grand Jury must I
be made before the indictment
Is handed down.
But Clark said:
"This court over the rfast 50
years has adhered to the view
that valid grand jury selection
is a constitutionally protected
right. The indictment of a de-
fendant by a grand Jury from
which members of his race have
been systematically excluded in
a denial of his right to equal
protection of the laws."
The court did not pass on the
constitutionality of the Georgia
law requiring that an objection
to a grand Jury must be made
befte the indictment Is handed
down. It upheld a similar law in
Louisiana in another case today.
The justices said that the key
fact was that Reece had no real
opportunity to challenge the
grand Jury before his indict-
ment, because he was held in
jail for two days before he was
indicted, and was not provided
with a lawyer until after the In-
dictment was handed down.
The effective assistance of
counsel in such a case is a cons-
titutional requirement of due
process which no member of the
union may disregard. Georgia
should have considered Reere's
motion to quash on its merits,"
the court said.
TOYS af LA MODA AMERICANA
\ ANTONIO'S INNOVACIN

Before buying J
your Gifts.
visit us!
FOR EVERY
TASTE
ALL LABELS
WATERPROOF WATCHES
17 JEWELS
SHOCKPROOF
GOLD FILLED
17.50
(Ricardo'
XivO&CUHHMb
PANAMUSICA
(Between Tropical Theatre and Trott the Cleaner)
Offer special price for CHRISTMAS
OPEN EVENINGS TILL 9 P.M.
We accept Christmas
Savings Book of
Caja de Ahorros
NEW STORE:
No. 22-06 Central Ave.
Next to
Chase Manhattan Bank
Tel. 2-1773
No. 21 Central Ave.
Cathedral Plaza
Tel. 2-0310
uohiibodij ftsuadL floAAifidL
m Gifts...
Such giftt a
these are sure
to convey great
pleasure.
See our whole
collection of
superb jewelry
and watches
for men!
Ca/a fa/tlich
Casa Fastlich has a Christmas Gift THE
DUTY
for every Guy and Doll, a Gift from free I watch center
- .. STOW 161 CENTRAL AVENUE. PANANU
Casa Fastlich to you! '



Mar. BtGirr
TUT PANAMA AMERICAN AN INDEPENDENT DAELT NEW8PAIWI
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7. ltM
Social and L/m

enuie
Bo 5037, -J,
'neon
>u Staffors
Box 134, Pc
anama
J, *t-L ~*J if U,t~> ~~ P~~- '-oho *v~*'
ft __________L_
9.00 ~1 10 ..m. mtf
'COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR ENTERTAINS COUJEAOE
$, EVE OF DEPARTURE FOR 1*EW ASSIGNMENT
Ambassador of Colombia Dr. Tefilo Quintero Fe* enter-
tained last night at the Union Club in honor of Dr. Eduardo
Galleos Gutierrez, counselor of the Colombian Embassy, who
ha* been named charge d'affaires at the Colombian Embaiar
m 1* Rio de Janeiro.
~Dr. and Mrs. Arlaa
Return From New York
Dr. Harmodlo Arias and his
.daughter, Mrs. Rosarlo Arlas
*taftllndo, hare returned from a
trip to New York.
t%fcf>. Portia Dill
rtsUinc From California
Mrs. Portia Dill is visiting her
^ong time friends. Mr. and Mrs.
*fcoy Walther of Balboa this
^wek. On vacation from her
*Yewapaper work with the Sur.
"Telegram. 8an Bernardino. Cali-
fornia. Mrs. Dill spent two day*
*j* Lima. Peru before coming to
.floe Isthmus.
I Mrs. Dill i> the mother of two
*jgrown sons, who are botii mar-
rflad and have children of their
aparte Shirt Dance
4H Army-Navy Club
There will be a sports shirt
Ranee at the Army-Navy Club at
jtott Amador. Saturday night
from 8:30 until 13:30 a.m.
New Officer* Elected )
Tor Kobbe Officers' Wives
; The Fort Kobbe Officers Wives
held their semi-annual election
for new officers last Thursday
Newly elected of ficen are: Mrs.
C. V. Brltton, president, Mrs. V
P. Beiser, vice president, Mrs.
E M. Ford, secretary, Mrs- O- B.
Smith, assistant secretary, Mis
8. R. Johnson, treasurer, and
Mrs. R. R- Dickey, assistant
treasurer. The ladies will assume
I their offices and duties on Jan.
1956.
Mrs. R. E. Rose, the outgoing
president, was presented with a
silver tray by the club .as a to-
!ken of appreciation for her tlre-
i less effort and the generous con-
tribution of her time and energy
i In the direction of the club lor
the past six months.
Mrs. J. C. WrighJ. chairman
of the hospital committee, ten-
dered her report on what ac-
complishments had been made
by that committee during .the
past six months.
Other committees reportins
were the telephone committee,
whose chairman was Mrs. J. M.
Jerram and the entertainment
committee, whose chairman was
Mrs. F. W. Frankenourg. Mrs. T.
J Frees*, chairman of the hos-
pitality committee submitted a
report for that committee.
Mrs- E. M. Ford, chairman cf
he charity committee submitted
a report for that committee
'A report was submitted by
Mrs. A. G. 8towe in regards tc
the birthday cakes which ore
taken to the leper colony pcn
month for patients having birth-
days during the month. She re-
ported that the cakes were very
much appreciated by the pa-
tients.
A report for the publicity com-
mittee was tendered by Mrs. M
J. McSweeney.
New members introduced were
Mrs. D. W. Ezzettie, Mrs. W. Oel-
ston. Mrs. John 8. Komp. Mrs.
A. Kennedy, Mrs- R. J. Ander-
son. Mrs. R. D. "Shirley and Mrs
W. A. Glenn.
Newcomers welcomed were
Mrs. W. 8- Hawkins and Mrs. G.
R. Welch.
Guests Introduced and wel-
comed were Mrs. A. J. Anderson
and Mrs. R. D. Shirley, truest* of
Mrs. R. J. Ellis; Mrs. Glen Har-
ris, guest of Mrs. R. B. McGhee:
and Mrs. R. F. Knight, guest of
Mrs. L. L. Woods.
Major Rolando R. Ruts. Post
Surgeon for the post of Fort
Kobbe, gave a discourse on de-
pendent medical care and the
medical facilities available at
the Fort Kobbe Dispensary.
1 ;1 my>
sal bbbbm i *vm ^Bj
bbbbuL % Ti ^n. i ^V*\ 1 1 LbV i B \f mX IP 1 n ml i 1 BVBBBJ BB 1 -j
Kt ^bV ' WmJ'Lv 'Li
LAST NIGHT'S GOLDEN WEDDING at the Tivoli Guest House found friends old and new
from both Panam and the Zone calling to congratulate Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Persons on.
rounding out a half century of marriage. Left to right are Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Friedman,
Mrs. Eugene Lombard. Mrs. Charles E. (Shirley Persons) Smith, daughter of the celebrants,
Mr. and Mrs. Persons and Mrs. Elvira Byrne. (A photograph of the couple and their wedding
cake appears on the photo-feature page).
Jk
monean
m
on
margarine, melted. Bake until
brown, I to 10 minutes.
Baaaaa and Apple Brow Betty C\^m
(Yield: -S servmfi) V J 1
Christmas Card Party
Covered Dish Luncheon
The Balboa woman's Club
card group will hold their
Christmas card party and cov-
ered dish luncheon at Wire
Memorial 80S Balboa Road to-
morrow at 12:30.
The luncheon is a planned
menu, so members are asked to
contact Mrs. Louise Merchant
2-3317 immediately to discuss
what they should bring to the
luncheon.
(Additional Social newt on P. 8)
Parley Called On Stretching
Scarce Salk Vaccine Stocks
WASHINGTON, Dec. 7 (UP) -
The nation's top polio experts
have been summoned to conefr
here today on the possibllty of
stretching out scarce supplies of
Salk vaccine by temporarily lim-
iting shots to one per child.
Facing the .experts is the ques-
tion of whether it would be bet-
ter to give some 60 million chil-
dren a single shot next year or
give two or three shots to a much
smaller number In age groups
most susceptible to the disease.
The present program calls for
three Injections over an e i g h V
month period. The cut-back, if
called for, would be temporary.
Dr. Jonas E. Salk, developer of
the vaccine, members of the gov-
ernment vaccine advisory com-
mittee and representatives of
medical and public health organi-
zations will concentrate on the
question at the meeting.
Their recommendations will be
handed to Dr. Leonard A. Scheele,|
head of the public health service.,
Schcele, In turn, may refer the'
question to the National Adviso*!
ry Committee, which would givel
its-views to Secretary Marion B.
FdMfe of the Health. Education
and Welfare Department. Folsom
would then have responsible for
the final decision.
The one-shot idea grew out of
the mass inoculation program this
summer. Studies showed that
millions jf children who received
only one shot derived at least 75
per cent and In some cases up
to 90 per cent protection from
paralytic polio.
Experts have believed that the
three-shot program affords best
protection if the second injection
is given four to six weeks after
the first and the third about sev-
en months after that.
But since there still Is not e-
nough vaccine to go around, ma-
ny scientists now take the view
that, a one-shot program is the
only way to give a decree of pro-
tection to the maximum number
of children. Some others think
that the best alernae plan is
to give at least two shifts in
quick succession.
The length of the polio season,
which begins in the spring, pre-
sents some technical problems,
however. One is how long a sin*
gle shot will remain effective.
Most children got their shots this
year just before or during the
season. A single shot given now
would have to be good for eight
or nine months to give protection
at the peak of the 1956 polio sea-
son.
Salk, who has been doing re-
search on the question, will re-
port on it tomorrow. ...
'Mr. France' Expects
Voters To Ousl
Faure At Elections
PARIS. Dec. 7 (UP)- Pie-re
Mendes-France announced today
he is "increasingly optimistic"
that French voters will throw out
Premier Edgar Faure to elect his
new Republican front.
"Mr. .France" told a packed
press conference at bis headquar-
ters that he will convene his Ra-
dical Socialist executive commit-
tee tomorrow to consider possible
disciplinary measures against the
Premier his longtime friend and
and now bitter enemy.
"From all over the nation we
are receiving extremely encour-
aging reports," Mendes Franca
declared.
"I tell you honestly today I am
ADD MUSHROOM GLAMOR TO
BAKED WUFFED POTATOES
By GAYNOR MADDOX
NEA Feed and Markets Editor
With your lordly Christmas
turkey, serve rich and fluffy baked
potatoes stuffed with fresh mush-
rooms. They go perfectly together.
Mrs. Joseph Coleman. of River-
head, Long Island, N. Y., gave us
her prise recipe. She and her
husband are in the Long Island
potato business. So naturally she's
an expert on the delicious subject.
Baked Potatoes Stuffed
with Mushrooms
(Yield: servais)
Six large baking potatoes 1*4
teaspoon ground black pepper, 1
cup hot milk, 2-3 cup finely choppe
fresh mushrooms, 3 tablespoons
butter or margarine, 1 teasoon
fesh lemon juice. 12 slices mush-
rooms for garnish.
Wash potatoes and bake is a
very hot oven (450 degrees F.) one
Jiour or until soft. Remove from
oven. Cut a slice from the top of
esch and scop out the Inside.
Mash throughly, dd salt, Mack
pepper and hot milk. Saute the
chopped mushrooms in 2 table-
spoons of the butter or margarine
and fresh lemon juice. Add to pota-
toes and beat until fluffy. Pile
lightly into shells. Garnish each
with 2 slices fresh mushrooms,
dipped in remaining butter or
much more optimistic than a
week ago when Faure decreed
new elections.
"You all have noted that thou-
sands of Frenchmen are lining up
late into the night in snow, sleet
and frost to register. You may be
sure that those people are not go-
ing to vote for the Faure majori-
ty."
//MAKFfilWD
JAWfiUENDS
ARROW SHIRTS
t i
...gifts any man will prize I
t
s
Teac your clld hto' take good
care of bis own books and when
he is older he will naturally take
good care of those he takes from
a public library. If he has never
dog-eared pages in his own
books, or scribbled on them, or
thrown them around he won't
treat the books he borrows care-
lessly.
Respect for property is taught
in just such seemingly small
ways as this.
NEW
MOTHERS!
Seven cups (4) large sliced tart
apple. H4 cups (2 large) sliced
bjnanas, 2 tablespoons fresh lem-
on juice, 1 cup sugar, ' toaspooa
salt, 2 cups soft bread crumbs, 3
tablespoons butter or margjrine,
melted.
Place hulf the apples In a S-cup
casserole. Mix bananas with lemon
crumbs a stop lsyer. Cover. Bake
30 minutes in a hot oven (400 de-
grees F.). Remove coyer. Bake
until brown and apples Are tender,
about 30 minutes. Serev plain or
food croquettes wlttaoin casicohain
about 30 minutes. Serve plain or
with whipped cream.
Stop Those
Horrid Lies
Your Skin i$ Telling
About Your Ago
Relieve Baby's
SKIN IRRITATIONS
this MEDICATED way I
No unmedicofed powder can re-
lieve your baby's Dfaper Rath.
Diaper Chafe, Urine Scald and
Prickly Heat Rath as Ammens
Powder does!
For Ammens Is specially medi-
cated to soothe, protect and help
heal Irritated skin. Absorbs mois-
ture wonderfullyand is so soft,
it promotes healing by cushioning
baby's chafed skin against further
irritation. Get Ammens Medicatod
Powder today.
MI Try Ammens at our ex-
pense! For trial size can absolutely
free, send a postcard with your
name and address to Dept. GK,
Bristol-Myers ,Co., Hillside, N. J.
(Offer eawfrei Dec. 31, 2955.)
rcaatnre ere-wYfeet at the comers
f year eyes are often raised by ki
dryaeu. Skin dryneu < rimed by
year skin's inability to mike encash
lubricating rholeiteroli and eeten.
PeswtratiBf Lanolin Plai Liquid imi
nightly as a rleaaier- then a few extra
drees gently saassase J hue yew Id.
before rothingneat dey lew mere
dropi ne d powder base. This keeps
year ikin constantly tapplied witK aa
ibondaaee ef rholeiteroli and ester.
Reidlt: dry ikin it overcome-press
tare dry-skia wriaklee qaickly fade,
si vin| y oa a irp ri lin gly yoan ger leek.
Get yesar LanoUa Plui Liquid today.
Use it tonight. AetaaUy SEE md feel
a dilereaee tomorrow morning.
L Liquid
B Ask for rkooo ooW .
r femem Unoaa Ho eaodeelst^
Lanolin Plul Hand lothM
lanolin Fkll Shonaeo
Lanolin PI for Ike Heir
lanolin Plui liquid CUliuor
AGt.Nri.AS LATINO AMZA1CANAS
Candaneoo j Ca., LMa
re. S nt Tel. 1*1*4
1
03
The Best Gift for Christmas
CHROMED DINETTE set in many styles and
colors ta choose from.
You'll find hh almost limitless variety of
handsome white shirts in a wide choice of
collars ... colored shirts, from soft pastel
shades to subtle-toned stripes and checks
... smart sport shirts-each the latest and
last word in style.
And don't forget the complete line of
arrow Boys' Wear. ARROW Underwear
. . Handkerchiefs .. .'Ties and Casual
Wear are also gifts that will please all year
long.
Head your Christmas list with ARROW!
>
A heavenly new pattern
Mr
Fresh and new as the morning
sky . clear and twinkling
as the heavens at midnight
that's Celeste. Not just another
flatware pattern, but a work of
^rt-tn sterling. Decorative
motif is rich-yet gracefully
'restrained-and is incised to
impart a brilliant, hand-wrought
look. Celeste-a heavenly new
pattern for someone you
love ... or tor youl

fol/a/nt, leadug Sihermths Sim 1831
MONTHLY $8.00
OPEN TILL P.M.
CLUB $2.50
o We accept year Christmas Savings Fend] A* posit Booklets fee year parchases.
. We are members ef "Cuentsuj C*""**1**"
. Ask fe ye*r fres Ueket for tlw Grand Phllee Raffle.
ITIR LI N et
.SRCo/a fa/Ulch
SILVER CENTER
161 CINTRM AViNUI. PANAMA
STORE
V
Suture STORE
ll-at. 7th Central Ave.
Teas. Z-llJs I-lttl


WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1953
THE PANAMA AMERICAN AN INDEPENDEN! DAILY NEWSPAPER
PAGE NJNB
Social and \Jth
erwiae
KrOnlimtra
GMrct MUler Will Play olutlon will celebrate their 3Qth
Pr USO-JWB Dance 'anniversary this month. A dln-
The monthly orchestra dance|ner will be held at the Skychef
t the USO-JWB armed forces m Panama on Saturday, Dec.
service center will take place i m, at 6:30 p.m. for members and I
Sunday, Dec. 18, from 8:00 p.m.ltheir husbands,
to 11:00 p.m. Reservations may be phoned
Candlelight atmosphere, dec- i to Mrs. Ben Smith, Balboa 4134.
orations and the musical rhy-! through Dec 9.
thms of George Miller and his i ______
Combo will add a festive note to Bridrr Luncheon
the evening. j.or Mn. Don Journeay
Invitations have been sent to j a bridge luncheon In honor o
the USO-JWB young ladles, lor tn_ rjon Journeay was given by
the affair, which Is invitational a group of friends of her bridge'
for Junior hostesses. I club at the Garden Room of the
Sponsors for the dance are Tivoll Guest House on Satur-
Sgt. and Mrs. Hernondorf of Ft. day Eiht quests were present
Amador, Mr. and Mrs. Mickey ; at the luncheon.
Kaplan of Rodman an-l Mr. and ._ _, ---------
Mrs. Sol Kaplan, of Rodman, i "* W"J RunB
A cordial invitation is extend- jA" J11 Wert mLMJml i
fd to military personnel, their Theatregoers have noth re
dependents, and to the public.!but pmise for the product on
both of the Canal Zone and the "Rope'" which is now being;
Republic of Panama to attend staged o the Theater Guild,
the orchestra dance. The cast which consists of,
.... 77 John Mayles. A. J. Carothers. H-,liA|||a|| CIl0|.
D.A.R. To Celebrate Russell Carter. Isaac Russell, i W 1101 LI Jit
Jeth Anniversary Isaac Harrouche. Nancy Acly
-.pf1*Jna .CaiaI Chap-ter, an(| Bruce carpenter put on
MUghters of the American Rev- j fine performance each night
"#he olay, whose author Patrick, .
Hamilton was also responsible | YAlllll MAAlinfl
for "Gashghf and "Hangover I I WWII riUGIIIiy
i Square" has more than its
SJ share of suspense and drama.
V^asssaBaaaaa Those who want tickets are
\fejf i asked to call Balboa-1513 ir. the
W^J daytime, and Balboa 3786 at
-I* ...... r.lght.
CONGRESSIONAL members of the Public Works Committee, who visited the Isthmus over the
weekend and made an inspection of the Panama portion of the Inter-American Highway,
were taken on a tour of the Mlraflores Locks by Oov. J. S. Seybold and Captain Frank A. Mun-
roe, Marine Director. Above members of the group and their hosts stand on the Mirailores
Locks apron. From left to right are Robert F. McConnell, counsel for the Public Works Com-
mittee; Seybold; Rep. Clifford Davis, chairman of the committee; Munroe; Rep. John C.
Kluczynskl; Major David H. 8mith, military assistant to the Governor; Rep. William C. Cra-
mer; and Roger B. Doulens. Pan American World Airways representative.
' Plays Quiz Kid
MEETINGS
RP Artist Silvera
Open 1-Man Show
At Pan-Am Union
tic It laclusiM w lal*
lafeaaM auaaalttad In lypr-
IIIIHffans and ulica lo on* of
Um Ma aaaaben thud dally la -So-
cial aad Other L-," or Ol'vered
/ MM ta la* ottka. NU *
aaauf canat M aceaafd to
Detective Finds
Clare Boolhe Luce's
Telephone Tapped
Study Group
Meets Tomorrow
The Taursday Morning S t u d y i
Group of the Canal Zone College j
US W1l'.i.TtF"tRt{!fJn0me,,?f' NEW Y0RK- Dec 7 (UP>-The
A P.r^. SrL Rn inf " -!1.*2'. telephone of Mrs. Clare Soothe
Itreet, Diablo Heights, Luce was ^^ three weeks ^
fore she was named ambassador
tomorrow 9:00 a.m. Mrs. George
V. Daniels will assist as co-host-
This is the third in a series of
meetings devoted to Money Man-
agement for Women. Mr. Tiffany
Richardson, Jr., of Auerbacb, Pol-
lack and- Richardson, members of
New York Stock Exchange, Pana-
ma Branch, will speak on Back-
ground for Investment.
Christmas Program
At Balboa Woman's Club
The Balboa Womens' Club will
bold their regular meeting
Wednesday, Dec. 14th at the Fern
Room of the Hotel Tivoli. The
Christmas program win srart at
9 a.m. sad will be followed by a
No-Hosf brunch.
Members are asked to make
reservations before Monday, Dec.
12th with Mrs. Ruth Jenkins 2-
1392 or Mrs. Ruth BaUunann 25-
01.
Please bring your favorite re-
cipe, a package or can of dry
goods for a Christmas basket and
your gift Jor the- -Christmas proj-
ect.
BERLIN. Dec. 7 (UP) Ger-
hart Eisler, bail-jumping fugitive in
from American justice, has slip-
ped farther since he was fired as
East German propaganda chief
three years ago.
He now is addressing boys and
girls.
to Italy by President Eisenhower,
a New York private detective tes-
tified today.
John G. Steve Bready. detec-
tive and attorney on trial for ille-
gal wire tapping, told a General
Sessions Court he had been en-
gaged to check Mrs. Luce's tele-
phone for a tap. Broady aid his
investigator Carl Ruh, found such
a tap on Jaq. 19, 1963.
Broady, testifying in his own de-
fense, earlier denied be had plac-
ed taps on any of the 17 lines on
which he Is charged with illegal
eavesdropping.
Broady is charged with illegally
tapping the telephone lines of 17
prominent busirfss and social
leaders through listening posts
which were capable of listening
in bn virtually every phone con-
veisaUon^on ManJiaUav's.pl u s h
east midtown area.
'As witness in his own defense,
Broady was asked about each al-
leged telephone tap. He denied in
each instance that he had tapped
the line.
The Communist Youth newspa-
per "Jungle Welt'' said today Eis-
ler at a youth meeting in Postdsm
over the weekend answered such
questions as "Why Can't we go to
the movies in West Berlin" and
"Is modern dancing acceptable."
There was a heated discussion.
The newspaper said, on "Is it
proper for certain girls to refuse
to dance in the Youth Clubhouse."
Eislers' remarks were not even
repr/rted.
WASHINGTON, (PAU) Latest
a series of exhibitions of the
work of contemporary Latin A-
merlcan artists la the one-m a n
show of Eudoro Silvera of Pana-
ma in the Art Gallery of the Pan
American Union.
Pressure On US
To Hedale Bitter
Fishery Dispute
TOKYO, Dec. 7 (UP) Pres-
sure grew increasingly strong in
Japan too ay tor tne United
States to dedicate the bitter fish-
ery dispute witn the Republic of
Korea.
w**&
y Oswald Jacohy
Written for NEA Service
NORTH 11
AlOOI. VKQJ ? 73 ? AQJtS
WEST BAST
0743 45 /10I52 Alt ? AIM ?QJ10I2 d>7 *I54Z
SOUTH (D)
4AKQJS **974 OKI ? K.10 3
North-South vul.
Seata Wast Narth East
1* Pass 2 > Past
2a Pass S Pasa
4* Pass Pass Pass
Opening lead* 7
SUQWIW AT YOUR SERVICE CENTER
THEATERS TONIGHT!
BALBOA 6:15 8:30
iu-i ovniTinvrn
Pagan Beauty
In the City
tfSn!
M-G-M
8PECTACLE
ClNll
and COLOR!
THE
PRODIGAL
UNA TURNER
EDMUND PURDOM
^ 10W8 CAIHEM
'Mm Snowing THURSDAY'.
DIABLO HTS. 7:30 p.m.
CI. JUNIOR COLLEGE
presan ta
"She Forgot to Remember"
Thar. "A BULLET FOR JOEV
GAMBOA 7:00
"SPY CHASERS"
FtI. "MAN WITHOUT A STAR"
CRISTOBAL 6:15 7:55
Maureen O'HARA
Macdonald CAREY
"FIRE OVER AFRICA"
Color
Thurv "CALAMITT JANE"
MARGARITA 0:15 7:50
Air-Condlliaaed
John CARROLL
a) Mala POWERS
"GERALDINE"
Thur. "MAN from LARAMIi:".
PARASO 0:15 1:00
"Caballero a La Medida''
LA BOCA 7:00
THE BEACHCOMBER"
SANTA CRUZ" 0:15 0:00
"A BULLET FOR JOEY"
CAMP BIERD :15 $:tt "LA DESCONOCIDA"
VIOLENT DRAMA OF 6 CONS ON LAM
"CRASHOUT"
Opens rela$e at the "LUX" Thenrre tomorrow!
Violence Is strewn ore serer! states as a powerful
east enacts the dramatic flight of escaped convicta In
"f RASHOlTT *'
Six strong and fascinating portrayals of fugitive cons
ara off rod by William Bendlx, as a hardened criminal and
bora leader: Artheir Kennedy, hi. only rival a consetenee-
strlcken killer of strength and conning. Luther Adler, who
thinks only of women; William Taiman, a cold-blooded
slayer: Gene Evans, hungry for flood, more anima] than
man?; and Maishall Thompaon, a scared kid. Advt.
Webcor
3-speaker
Fonograf with
stereofonic
sound!
Here's a lmening treat
you will long remember.
The Webcor 3-specd
"Musicale" fonograi alls
the entire room with
unbelievably true-
to-life tones.
Hal a special G. E.
mainetic cartridge;
powerful 5 watt
amplifier sad ikrit
super-sensitive speaker.
Delivers from 50 to
15,000 cycle. _
SUPERS
FREE IN DEC.
with EACH MUSICALE
S20.H in Columbia
10" L. P. Records
EASY TERMS AVAILABLE
Va Espaa L
45th St.
Corner
Tel. 3-12M
This is the second appearance
of Silvera in the "Home of the
Americas." In 1053 one of his
oils appeared in a collection of
contemporary Panamanian art at
the Union.
Born in 1017 at David, Panama,
Silvera studied at the National
School of Fine Arts of. Panama
under Impressionist Roberto Lew-
is. In the United States he s t u-
died at Cooper Union New
York under Morris Kanter and
Peppino Mangravite: At the
same time he was also a student
at the Julliard School of Music.
In 1047 one of Silvers's oils waa
included in an exhibition of con- ,
temporary religious painting ln.k would be "allly" for the ROK
Latin America at Oberlin College government to agree to U.S. me-
in Ohio. His studies. diatlon.
In addtlon to painting. Silvera Japan's case is stronger than
is an author of children's books he Republic of Korea's, these
and a musician. sources said.
Demands for such mediation
came amidst fears that if some-
thing is not done soon, the matter
could come to a shooting climax
which would destroy any chance
of the neighboring nations estab-
lishing friendly relations.
The United Sutes as yet has
not stated officially whether it
would mediato the dispute, but
there were indications that it
wants to settle the quarrel be-
tween is wo bes friends in he
north Pacific.
Although South Korea has said
in the past that it would eti-
cme U.S. intervention in the
dispute, some Tokyo sources said
to avoid the loss of s diamond hand is that you draw trumps to
trick. You now knock out the ace safeguard your long side suit. Your
of hearts and claim 12 tricks. object is to prevent the opponents
The principle of this very simple i from winning any ruffing tricks.
THE BEST IN TOYS at
LA MODA AMERICANA
NAt pacta** with Tap*. Jaat a
few *hort pi*c*a will haU
rniht.
Many readers have recently
asked the same sort of question in
different words: "When do you
draw trumps? What sort of reason
do you have for not drawing
trumps' How can jou tell one kind
of hand from the other?"
This question cannot be an-
swered in a single article, but
perhaps we can cover it with
several hands over the next week
or two.
Let's begin with a "baby" hand..
Some players might go wrong with
it, but the chances sre that all of
my readers would play it correctly.
You reach the correct contract
of four spades with the South hand,
and West opens the seven of clubs.
How do you plan to play the hand?
Your first step is to count your i
possible losers. You count no losers
in the black suits, but note that!
you may lose one heart and two
diamonds. You can afford to lose
these three tricks, but you still
cannot quite afford to spread your
cards out on the table and claim
your contract.
If you're not careful, West will
manage to ruff a club. To prevent
him from doing so, you must draw
West's trumps before you do any-
thing else.
Can you afford to draw four
rounds of trumps? Yes. You expect
to win at least five spade tricks
and five clubs no matter what else
happens.
Therefore you take the ten of
spades, followed by three more top
spades,, thus drawing all of West's
trumps. This leaves you with one
trump still in your hand.
Now you run the rest of the
clubs, discarding two diamonds
from your hand. This permits you
f fcHiuW^M Fidelis ]
t
i
*
True musical beauty at its beat! As
high or u low as the human ear can
hear, each note rings clear.
Select either Champagne Blonde or
African Mahogany or the gamt
priceor choose Rich Walnut or
Lustrous Ebony finish. Legs, brasa
or black finish and record shelf, op-
tional.
EASY TERMS
157.50
"BO,
I
*
r./\31 I r.rtjTia -^^aaaBBBBBaa|
4 LOOk for the "VolOO fi 9of IMuSC aw
ESES TMJSI
IMWTAIffi Ba am ya art ta aaam.
Look for aad ioafet oa "SooUh" Brand
as ta* oMTtaiaat rod and fraaa holder.
^aja^ na. THWOEMaaOW
Scotch
CELLULOSE
1
RADIO CENTER
,7110 BOLIVAR
TEL. 40, COLON

TAPE
Ccsjplss who tdko eoch other I
for better or worse should try '
?okwsj each other-, for kttjt. J
vsAybadif, AsadL glooAJfiuUL
MIKD VoV* toy with Tap*.'
Stick* withoat moHUBiDf.
MOID ha** m placa (ar
raryrapi
1
Distributors: CIA. ATLAS, S. A.
'Scotch" brand colored tapes sre printed in Panam
with user's name and specifications by Ca.
Atlas S. A., Telephone 2-3450.
P. O. Box 1057
I
THEY ARE HERE AT LAST!
The long expected 40 cases
of beautiful Italian fvjurano
and porcelain figurines. It's
a must to see this colorful
display
AT
CYRNOS
If you want Bourbon at its best call for
"GREEN RIVER/' Americas smoothest
whisky.
Sold at all leading bodegas and bars.
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS
IT'S NOT QUITE READY BUT
RAIN OR SHINE
Saturday, Dec. 10th is the Day
GRAND OPENING OF
TROPELCO, S. A.
TAKE ADVANTAGE
OF OUR CLUB PUN

Starting December 9th open
from 8:30 a.m. right thru
till 9 p.m.
Television
o Records
Fonograf s
Pianos
a High Fidelity
Tubes
Radios
Tap* Recorders
As a special offering until Xma one free 10" Columbia
Record with each $10.00 purchase
One free 7" Record to our first 50 customer Saturday
TROPELCO
45th St. and Via Espaa Tel. 3-1285


(AGE TEN
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1W*
MM^.i -t'fr !%'-*
*
1
\
.




CICTV rni nCW VEA DC '* was 80,den wedding time at the Tivoli Guest House fast evening when hordes
Mr IT VlULUCN YCAKj 0f friends called to congratulate Mr. and Mrs. Charles L, Persons at the observanoe
of the 50th anniversary of their marriage. Among the well-wishers who nibbled the golden wedding cake were
many who recall when the popular Isthmian couple celebrated their silver wedding at a local party just 25
years ago. Now retired, the Persons are making their home in Florida,
RCA VICTOR.RADIO
Now In fantastic
"CLUB SYSTEM"
From
.Weekly
1 YEAR
GUARANTEE
WHY RCA VICTOR RADIO HAS MORE DEMAND;
FOR ITS QUALITY
MAGIC TOME
BETTER PRICBB
BEAUTIFUL TONES
EFFICIENT SERVICE
BUILT FOR THE TROPICS
Panama Radio
Teh. t-lIH 2MC Avenida Central n.n. 1-1J.
You may alto have the opportunity to win
$1,450.00 in Merchandise, that we are
giving for Christmas. For each dollar
that you pay, you will receive a free
ticket
ill fly between notr^^
CRAWFORD AGENCIES
is offering the beat for Christmas:
e Fleischmann H. 0. electric trains
Planes
Cars in different styles
K Pianos
Drums
Cristmas wrapping paper
Ribbons
e Angela
e Santa Clauses
. . and many other item to sparkle up yonr home for the coming holidays.
COME IN TODAY AND SELECT AHEAD OF TIME
CRAWFORD AGENCIES
AFTER THE
CEREMONY
Mr. and Mrs. Tomas Ga-
briel Altamirano Duque
smile happily after leaving
Sacred Heart Chapel in An-
cn following their wed-
ding on Monday. The brida
was the former Miss Sonia
Mantovani. A few momenta
after this picture was
made, the couple drove to
the La Cresta home of Mr.
and Mrs. W. C. Kodat
where they were feted at
a large reception.
bt. No. 13-A-30
Tels. 2-23M 2-3265 2-21*2
CTADn CAD DAM Ail A Aiter PrMentin8 Jonn McConaghy with a trophy given by the President of Pan-
RtCUKU f\/K "ANAMA arnf Ricardo Arlas, for the largest fish caught in the recent 4th International
Marlin Tournament, Roberto Heurtematte, Comptroller General of Panama, congratulates McConaghy on the fact
that his winning fish also established a Panama Bay record. Since McConaghy's black marlin weighed 901 Iba,,
Heurtematte said there was no reason to doubt that this is the largest fish to be caught single handed in the histo-
ry of Panama's deep sea fishing, which goes back many centuries to the first cayuco. The presentation was made
at the Annual Marlin Club banquet at the Hotel El Panama. From left to right John McConaghy (holding trophy),
Roberto Heurtematte and Frank Violette, president of the Panama Marlin Club.
c <
?<


WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1955
THE PANAMA AMERICAN ~ AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAFEB
PAGE ELEYEH
dn
~*x**rf***%:-.
*> Abe aUfy fa
Jrnvited
for Cocntaiu*
dinner...
L
ncmt
.' '
. ......< ruMv nan-rv Mr- Eri0 Delvalle, wift of the Minister or puDhO work (in
CONGRESSIONAL WIVES ENJOY PAKIY b|ack at right) chats with United State Congressmen and their
wives on the balcony of the Union Club during the reception given by the Delvalle in the visitors' honor. The
oflevessmen were membere of the Committee on the Public Works of the House of Representatives.

'
-
.
'

Come to our New Store next
to the Chase Manhattan Bank
and hear famous Lucho
Muoz playing your favorite
CHRISTMAS CAROLS on
hi.% Hammond Spinet, every
day from 4 to 6:30 p.m.

*
To highlight your big
moments, choose from
our fabulous array of
special-occasion dresses.
OPEN EVERT EVENING TILL f PJ*.
NEW STORE
Central Avenue 82-06
next to Chase Manhattan Bank
TOY CENTER
No. 31 Central Avenue
Plasa Catedral


for today's smart hostess



READY TO
RECEIVE
GUESTS
Membere of the House
Public Works Committee
who visited Panama during
the course of a trip through
central America to inspect
the route of the Ban Amer-
ican Highway, pose with
wives And other guest at
the gala reception given in
their honor by the Minister
of Public Works and Mrs.
Crio Delvalle.
:
v
B
For a Very Merry Christmas
put a red ribbon and a big,
big bow on this beautiful
silver set and then listen for
her squeals of delight.
Make you wish Christmas came
more often.

T.
I

Available Exclusively at ^





For This
78 Piece
SERVICE FOR 12
Including this honcUome Modsrn Drawtr Chost
/ ...

mercurio
Jewellers
next to the Central Theater
i


.



-


.

inghouse

fag* *> &*' ^*H *> neei.

- i i*-

-

I
,
WEDDING MARCH
Mr. and Mrs. luis Carlos
Zarak leave Cristo Rey
Church in Panama City
following their wedding last
Saturday. The bride is the
formar Misa Maritza Al-
far o, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Jorge Luis Alfaro; her
husband's parents are Mr.
and Mrs. Jorge Zarak. The
bridal party and friends
gathered for a large re-
ception following the cere-
mony.
en ear
ffredit terms
PEMCO, S. A
8-12 CENTRAL AVE.
TEL. 2-0181 .
FOR THE COMING HOLIDAYS
WAKE YOUR HOME LOOK MORE ATTRACTIVE. ..
TAKE ADVANTAGE OF OUR EASY PAYMENTS.
LINOLEUM-for every taste
Large aaaorluicul if brands, colors and sixes.
WOOLEN RUGS for floors ond stairs
FIBER RUCS assorted sizes
large assortment of FTRNITURF with the easy payment way
vou'li like best.
Mueblera "EL DIABLO"
r
FOUNDED IN 1909
The House of Linoleum and Picture Frames Furniture and Home ArticUs
16- 26 71H CENTRAL AVE. TEL. 2^40*


PAGE TWELVE
tm PANAMA AMERICAN AN INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAftfc
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7. INI
$1,000 'Mother's Day' Classic Tops Race
Proper Stance Has Foot
Inline With Headpin


I
Third of II Illustrated and in-
structiva articlaa w r i 11 a n far
NEA Strvict.
By BUZZ FAZIO
ABC Masters Chimpion
ITS the most natural thing in!
the world for a novice bowler to
wa 't up on the approach and ask
"Where do I stand'"
A right-handed bowler should
have his left fool in the center of i
the alley in line with the headpin.
As he moves into his delivery of;
the ball, he will naturally release
it on the right side of the alley.,
This is true for either a straight
ball or a hook.
""A left-hander lines himself up
just the opposite, with his right
foot in the center of the alley.
Once you take your stance, you
ihould move in a straight line
toward the foul line.
If you think about it a little.
i'ou'll realize how important it is
o stand in the same place every
time. A baseball pitcher would'
ha"ve no control at all if he de-
livered the ball from a different
place on ti pitcher's mound each
time. w
There is a system of dots, cal-
led ranye-finders. on the newer al-|
leys. The 'large center dot indica-
tes the exact center of the alley. |
If you're bowling in an older house
without the dots on the approach.'
do a little board counting to find
the center. .i
The other half of th< question
Involves how far behind the foul
line to place your feet. This isn't
quite as easy to answer, since two
variables determine that the
length of your legs, or steps, and
the number of steps you take.
Most bowlers today use the four-j
step delivery and start at about!
the 12-foot mark (a line) behind
the foul line.
You ran provide the best sn-
wer. With your back to the pins.
place your heels on the foul line.
- Take your normal walking steps!
: back along the approach (three or i
Joan Franco Graded Entries
r.T. Horse
1st Raca "N-T
Jockey Wgu
COMMENT
li-Mrtt.6'/2 *g>. Ferae $400.00 Peel
FIRST MCI OP THI OOUILI
1Cruzada O. Prescott 106
2Choya A Gonzlez 105x
3Gris R- Gamero 112
4Gonzaga J. Jimenez 103x
5(Sinn Felner C Lino 115
6 (Newbrlghton R. Crlft'n 113
2*4
Long overdue
Rates good chance
Distance handicaps
Has strong finish
Form indicates
Best chance in mud
ODDS
12:45
3-1
3-1
5-1
2-1
3-2
3-2
"H-2" Imeeite*Vi Pf. P"e $400.00 Peel Cleaea
SECOND RACI OP THI DOUfll

1Mr. Foot B Baeza 102x -Mint go lower
2Copar K. Ortega 103 Hard to beat here
3Merry 811pper M. Ycza 108 Ratea good chance
4My Dear O. de Leon 107x Not against these
5Charller B. Agulrre 115 Should be close up
8-^Don Danl F. Alvarez 113 Dangerous contender
7Y. Prince V. Castillo 110 Distance only handicap
8(Chic's Ned A. Ycaza 110 -WIU fight it out
9 (Esquiador E. Fita G. HOx Rates outside chance
fill
25-1
2-1
4-1
30-1
3-1
2-1
4-1
3-1
3-1
3rd Race "C" Natives 4% If. Pwse $275.00 Peel Clases 1:45
ONI TWO
1Tulra E. Pita O.
tBagdad B. Baeza
LaGuar'rea R. Gamero
4Don Popo A. Valdivia
5Conquistador J. Cadog'n
6Avispa B. Agulrre
7Don Pltln E. Ortega
8Folletlto A. Gonzalez
103xChance in mud only
Wx Nothing to Indicate
103 Should be ready now
113 Must Improve more
108 Fractious at times
114 Will fight it out
103 Would pay long odds
107xGood early spped
30-1
35-1
3-2
5-1
8-1
2-1
15-1
4-1
4th Rae "H" Natives
7 Fo*. Ferae $275.00 Peel Cleaea 2:20
QUINIILA
WHERE DO I STAND?
Bun Faaie points eat that a
right-handed bowler should
stand with his left foot In the
center e( the alley in line with
the headpin or Urge det.
four or five steps) and turn, a-
round.
You're now at the right distance
behind the foul line for yoe.
1Que Lindo V. Castillo
2 Piropo E. Pita O.
3Moonshiner H. Ruiz
4-Volador C. Lino
5Joe A. Vsquez
6La Pampanlni A. Ycaza
7Slxaola J. Jimnez
8Bull Flea R- Gomes
9Pregonero B. Bae2a
10-L. Dancer A. GonzAlex
110 Distance handicaps)
107x Doesn't seem likely
105 Could be upsetter
108 Nothing to recommend
116 Form indicates
110 Could be close up
117x His strongest finish
120 Fastest at getaway
105x Longshot possibility
105x Returns from lsyofi
at-i
30-1
5-1
15-1
even
5-1
3-2
3-1
10-1
15-1
5th Race "" Natives 4V4 Fee. Peiee $275.00 Peel Chwea 2:55
NEXTrThe
step delivery.
three, four er flve-
FINAL RUN
Houston. Tex. (NEA) Ten
University of Houston seniors
were to complete their college
football careers in the game with
Wyoming.
E. Ortega 113 Could score again
A. Reyes R. H0x Distance to liking
Cristian 115 Mutuels favorite
lEngreda
2 Okiland
4Golden Fan R. damero 113 Rates good chance
5-Don Jaime J. Phillips 110 -Chance in md only
4-1
3-1
even
2-1
3-1
6th Race H-2" Imported 6
_Vi Pa*. Pttne $400.00
FIRST RACI OP THI DOUsLI
Peel Cleaea 1:15
Choose a RALEIGH the world's,
' Champion Cycle
RALEIGH
Txi U'i'iiL aicvcta
) yon out of UK laM *, Raldth "
them all. The fUlngh you buy ii built by tie
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Lett he Mm wrk that meal < rttmt / RaUiiH /wWmee UmuU, N,
RADIO CENTER
7110 Bolivar Tel. 04. Coln
wHII.!*..idT 4-tgeod Mr m*
1Copadora A. Gonzlez 102x
2Discovery C. Lino 115
3-^oe's Fiddling A. Ycaza 115
4Granero
5Hurlecano
6Amln Didl
7D. Duchess
8Cadrino
K. Flores 115
V. Castillo 118
F. Alvarez 115
G. Ramos lOOx
R. Gomes 110
Could score In upset
Poor recent efforts
Depends on start
Will fight It out
Distance only handicap
Improving steadily
Would pay off
Quit badly in last
15-1
15-1
3-2
3-1
4-1
2-1
20-1
10-1
7th
"I" leteerte. __ 7 Fee. F.r* $350.00 Peel Crates 4:05
MCOND RACI OP THI DOURLI
1After Me R. Cristian 108
2Fnix M. Ycaza 113
3Lexderi A. Visques 118
4Supper Girl W. Alvares 110
5Iguaz C. Ruis 115
8Jaquimazo H. Ruiz 118
7Merry Mason B. Agulrre 110
8Oro Pur i to M. Hurley 110
Could score st price 8-1
Last was disappointing 10-1
Dropped another class 4-1
Could win sgaln 3-1
Hard to beat here 3-2
Way down in class 5-1
Regaining best form 3-1
Rates good chance 4-1
Sth Race 'Special'
lit,Vi Fet-P-rse $500.00
- QUINIILA
Peel Cl.it 4:40
1Panicus A. Creldldlo
2Alo Alo A. VsQues!
30. SUr H. Ruiz
4Good Joy J. Phillips
5Sirfgle Slipper C. Lino
6C. Mccarty A. Yeas*
lOflx Unknown quantity
110 Shouldn't miss here
112 Has fair workouts
108 Has shown nothing
103 Showing improvement
108 -Reportedly "ready"
30-1
M
5-1
30-1
5-1
2-1
If the problems of the major baseball leajfues, in
their more serious financial aspects, needed playing
up for more complete comprehension by the fans,
the Brooklyn club has done a perfect job with the
announcement that it will play seven National
League championship games in Jersey/City each sea-
son for at least the next three years.
Walter Francis O'MaUey, president of the Brooklyn club, to-
day explained the venture as ''a voyage of exploration.
But. let it be revealed here, it may develop Into something
much more significant. The Dodgers are going to quit Ebbets
Field at the close of the 1957 season. They are certain to sell the
real estate, valued at more than $2 million, before then.
II there is no new stadium In Brooklyn to receive the Dodg-
ers in 1958, they will play all their home games that season in
Jersey Cltv. There Is no telling where an experiment like that
might lead. v . .
On the surface, the venture in Jersey appears to be Ul-ad-
vtsed. a blow at the historic pride of the Brooklyn fan and a
hefty wallop at the National League, which approved the plan
last spring. ,...
For the world champion Dodgers to shift six I95 night games
and a davlight game to an area abandoned by the International
League and turned over to stock-car racing would appear to
smack of serious trouble. ,
Let us examine the record. The 1955 Dodgers were baseball s
outstanding team. They Tan away with the National League
pennant, finally beat the Yankees for the world championship.
With all their superlatives, all their on-the-dlamond drama-
tics and oif-the-fleld rhubarbs, with a regional baseball mono-
poly, the matchless Dodgers failed to draw more than 1,050,000
customers at Ebbets Field. ^.-- ,,
Starting each spring with an outlay of $200,000 at vero
Beach Fla.. the Brooklyn operation Is a very expensive one. If
the Dodger* had not become involved In a seven-game World
Series, netting a $330,000 dividend, they would have finished In
Contrary to general belief in Brooklyn, those who own the
club are not money-despising altruists. Actually, they hold to the
principle that an investment, even in the major leagues, should
bring in some Income, at least lb occasional years.
O'MaUey Acquits TV
Competent students feel the club, with the majors' most ex-
tensive TV program77 home games. 25 road games last season
fairly begs its patrons to stay away from its obsolete park with
its Victorian parting facilities.
Powerful evidence to the contrary. O'MaUey insists TV is not
to blame for Brooklyn's world champions falling to draw within
150,000 of the 1,200,000 paid which the fourth-place Red Sox
attracted In Boston last summer.
O'MaUey has stopped hoping the Dodgers can be cpnverted
Into money makers in their outmoded quarters. 80 he Is exploring.
O'MaUey who, by the way. w,as not my informant about the
serious conditions In baseball revealed here several days ago.
defends his Jersey City move with the explanation that "It is a
togleal step looking to the long-range soluUon of problems in
Brooklyn." Precisely what that means I am not at all certain.
He adds: "I have made It clear to Jersey City that the Dodg-
ers have no present intention of transferring the club to that
Horace Stoneham says he Is not Interested In a similar Jer-
sev Cltv deal for the Giants. However, the Dodger experiment
may Invite like ventures In other National League cities.________
Two-Year-Old Natives
In Hot Sprint Feature
Feature race at the Juan Franco race track to-
morrow will be a $1000 added "Mothers" Day* Clas-
sic for two-year-old natives over a six and one-half
furlong distance in observance of the Feast of the
Immaculate Conception which is also Latin Ameri-
ca's Mothers' Day.
Ten of the best local breds will
dispute the costly silver trophy
and major share of the purse
which goes to the winner. Proba-
ble mutuels choices are the Stud
Carinthia's prospects B. B. and
Tingat. Both of these well devel-
oped sons of Barretin disappoint-
ed in their last outings. They
were miserable trailers after
turning sizzling workouts.
The dockers report that they
have been just as impressive in
their early morning tuneups for
this important event. Bias Agui-
rre will have the leg up on B A
B while hustling Virgilio Castillo
will be aboard Tingat If in a
running mood, these fractious a-
nimals could finish one-two.
Also sure to be heavily backed
in the mutuels are the starring
Don Pastor (Carlos Lino), Don
Brigido (Manuel Ycaza) and El
PasHa (Crlstisn Rebolledo). The
Montero-Curazalena entry rates a
good chance also while Dr. Bill,
Radical and Carlota are the rank
outsiders.
Rsul Gamero will guide Monte-
ro while entrymate Curazalena
will have accomplished Chilean
newcomer Fernando Alvares In
the saddle. Alejandro Icaza will
Mi Race
"Mothers' Day Claaak P-rae $1000.00 added OW-TWO
6Vk FaHaeaa Peel Closes 5:15
1Don Pastor
2Dr. Bill
3Radical
4Don Brigido
5Carlota
6El Pasha
7(B St B
7 4 Tingat
9Montero)
10-Curazalefta)
C. Lino 115
A. Ycaza 115
K. Flores 115
M. Ycaza 115
H. Ruiz 110
R. Cristian 115
B. Agulrre 115
V. CasUllo 115
R. Gamero 115
F. Alvarez 110
Improving steadily
Would pay long odds
Doesn't seem likely
Could score at price
Good early speed
Should be close up
Has best early speed
Depends on mood
Was never better
Could be close up
$-1
1V1
301
4-1
10-1
1-1
3-2
3-2
3-1
3-1
10th Race "tpaeUT he.Vi Pft. Perse $500.00 Peel Closes J:40
1Must Be A. OonsAlei 102xHas shown nothing 30-1
2Persiflage A. Vaiques 118 Form Indicates even
3(My Flower C. Lino lit Has high rating 3-1
4(Old Smuggler M. Ycaza 110 Better this week 3-1
5King R. Gamero 115 Good sdvance notices
8Tony)
J. Phillips 110 Disappointment mus far 3-2
CUN CLUB
NOTES
PISTOL MATCH
The Balboa Gun Club will
hold a pistol match on Dec. lu
and 11 at its Farfan Range (lo-
cated near Farfan Beach).
There will be 10 matches, to
Include slow fire, rapid fire, and
national match courses, to be
fired with any pistol or revolver
meeting NRA standards. Slow,
timed, rapid and NRA short
course will be fired with center-
fire pistols or revolvers.
Entry fee will be $1.00 per
match or $7-00 for the entire
program.
All Gun Club members, mem-
bers of all branches of Armed
Services and members of the Ca-
nal Zone Police are eligible to
compete.
Saturday, Dec. 10, the first re-
lay of all matches will be fired.
The remaining relays will be
fired on Sunday, Dec. 11. Flrlrur
will begin at 10:00 a.m. each
day.
Entries can be mailed to Bal-
boa Gun Club, Box 617, Balboa,
Canal Zone.
Along The Fairways
/
GOLFING GOSSIP FROM
THE AMADOR LADIES
By BETTY
A "Blind Bogey Tournament"
was held Dec. I and a par of 87
was drawn from the hat. Marlon
Tubbs came in first with a net
88. Bernice Davis and Bea Fish
tied for second with a net 72.
Helen Schull was third with a
net 73 and Jean Morris. Ether
Perantle and Sylva Carpenter
had a net 74.
Following the tournament, a
golf luncheon was held st the
Al brook Officers Club and new
officers for the next six months
were elected as follows:
Mrs. Robert Hughes, chair-
man.
Mrs. Gilbert Fish, handicap
chairman.
Mrs. Harry Tubbs, assistant
chairman.
Mrs. H. W. Schull, publicity
chairman.
BRIGHT FUTURE
Champaign, 111. (NEA)
Illinois' top seven ball carriers
of the past season will be bsck
intact next fall.
Dicky, Martinz
Meet In Dunlop
Golf Semifinals
Play in the Dunlop sponsored
tournament at the Panama Golf
Club moved into the finals dur-
ing the past week with Al Saar-
lnen, President Ricardo M. Arias
E. of the Republic of Panama
and. Lula Martina leading the
field In the championship flight.
Saarinen became ftnal'st In
the tep bracket of the first
flight with a convincing X an
1 victory over the always
tough Paul Moran.
President Arias will meet
Martini this week to deter-
mine Saarinen' opponent in
the finals.
In the second flight, Dr. Au-
relio Arias stroked out a sur-
prisingly easy 5 and 3 victory
over Bob Medinger. Col. Harold
Donovan defeated Jim Ridge 2
and 1 will now meet Dr. Arias
for the second flight title.
In the third flight, Dr. Juan
Massot scored another smashing
upset when he ousted George
Boyd, the favorite to cop the
third flight. Dr. Massot edged
Boyd 2 and 1. Merrkk Banks
and'Dr. A. Tapia were all even
coming into the 18th hole when
Banks eked out a one-up victo-
ry. Banks and Massot will play
for the third flight champion-
ship.
The finals In all flights will
be playea daring the coming
weekend and toe finalists in
each of the three flights are
evenly matched competitors
and the scores should be close.
The 15 beautiful silver tro-
phies to be awarded by Agencias
Doel, Dunlop representatives in
the Republic of Panama, will go
to the finalists In each flight, in
addition to the three low med-
alists in each flight.
do the booting on Dr. Bill, King
Flores will handle Radical's reins
snd Hector Ruiz will try to get
Carlota home first.
On paper, the race shapea up
as a real puzzle. Dot Pastor has
three consecutive victories to his
credit. Montero won his last start.
El Pasha, Don Brigido and Cura-
zalena have been performing
creditably and can't be overlook-
ed. However, if the Haras Carin-
thia's colts are in a running
mood, It should be no contest.
Nine other interesting faces are
included on an excellent program.
Plan to come out tomorrow
for a straight medal play tour-
ney with three-quarters handi-
cap allowed. Hope to see you a-
round the lunch table following
the tournament. Don't forget
the PWOA Christmas tourna-
ment to be held Dec 10, Satur-
day, at Brazos Brook.
Sports Briefs
NEW YORK, Dec. 7(UP)
The 1955 "horse of the year"
"Nashua"will be sold on closed
bids. Executors on the .estate of
the lata William Woodward. Jr.
made the announcement. Wood-
ward was shot to death on Oc-
tober 30 by his wile, who says
she mistook the millionaire
sportsman for a prowler.
BASEBALL
American League officials-
meeting in Chicagohave a-
dopted a rule designed to speed
up games next season. The ru'e
requires a pitcher to be taken
out of the game if his manager
makes more than one visit to
the mound In any inning.
FOOTBALL
The Jackson, Mississippi, Dai-
ly Mews say* state approojia-
tlons for Jones Junior College
may be cut off if it goes through
with Saturday's Little Rose Bo
Game. Jones Junior Coll
meets Compton Junior colle
which has five Negroes on the
squad.
ign
Juan Franco Tips
By LUIS ROMER
1Sinn Felner (e) Choya
2Don Danl Merry Slipper
3La Guararefia Folleito
-Jew S>xaola
5Engreda Regia
8Joe's Fiddling Amln Didl
7Merry Mason Iguaz
8Ale Alo Charlie McCarthy
8Tingat (e) Montero (e)
!Persiflage Rang (e)
PRONSTICOS HPICOS DE
U REVISTA "18"
Jneves, 8 de Diciembre de 1S55
GANADOR Segundo
1-Newbrighten (e) Cruzada
2-Merry Slipper Copar
3-La Guararea Avispa
4-Joe Ball Fie.
5-Regia Okiland
S-Amin Didl Joe's Fiddling
7-Oro Parta Merry Mason
-Ale Ale Charle MeCart.
s-B Je B (e) Den Brigido
10-Persiflage OM Smugler
Tomorrow

MOTHERS DAY" CLASSIC
Tomorrow
7th Race "E" Importados 7 Fgs.
Purse: $550.00 Pool doses: 4:05
SECOND RACE OF THE DOUBLE
1.AFTER ME................R. Cristian 108
2iFENIX......................M. Ycaza 113
3.LEXDEN..................A. Vsquez 118
4.SUPPER GIRL..............F. Alvarez 110
5.IGUAZU .................... C. Ruiz 115
6.JAQUIMAZO..................H. Ruiz 118
7.MERRY MASON ............B. Aauirre 110
8.ORO PURITO...............M.Hurley 110
^th RACE ONE-TWO 6% Fgs.
Purse 1 $1000.00 Added Pool Closes: 5:45
1.DON PASTOR...........C Lino (1) 115
2.DR. PILL..............A. Ycaza (3) 115
3.RADICAL..............K. Flores (4) 115
4.DON BRIGIDO.........M. Ycaza (5) 115
5.CARLOTA..............H. Ruiz (6) 110
6.EL PASHA...........R. Cristian (9) 115
7.__(B A B..............B. Aguirre (2) 115
8._(TINGAT.............V. Castillo (8) 115
9.MONTERO)..........R. Gamero (7) 115
10.CURAZALENA)........F. Alvarez (10) 115
I 8th Race
Purse: $500.00
"Special" Imp.
QUINIELA
6^ Fgs.
Pool Closes: 4:40
l.PANICUS.................A. Credidio 109x
2.ALO ALO...........,.....A. Visque* 110
3.ORNAMENTAL STAR......... H. Ruiz 112
4.GOOD JOY.................J. Phillips 108
5.SINGLE SLIPPER .............C Lino 103
6.CHARLIE MCCARTHY..........A. Ycaza 108
COLON: For the convenience of
our patrons we are opera tin* both at "COPACABANA" "SAVOY." OOV. the and
DOUBLES
1st. 2nd-eta,7th RACES
ONE-TWO
3ra and *4h RACFS
.1 -. v
QUINIELAS
4th and 8th RACES
ccati
vaaco 'Race 7iac
CHILDREN ARE NOT ALLOWED
AT THE RACE TRACK
?


WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, IMS
THE PANAMA AMERICAN AM INDEPENDENT DAILY NEWSPAPER
t*SOB TR1STBBN
Winless Carta Vieja Meets Chester
Robinson, Harris Duel

Oil Tap; Sodamen Win
By J. J. HARRISON JR.
Al Kubski's harassed Carta Vieja Yankees will
I try for the fourth time to get then- first win of the
young season when they take on Joe Nachio's Ches-
terfield Smokers tonight at the Olympic Stadium.
Both managers will use their ace righthanders.
IJumherto Robinson of the Smokers opposes Bill
Harris on the mound. Robinson defeated the Yan-
kees and Harris in the opener last week.
The Smokers, In their only Association, last summer, make
me olayed this season, dls- his debut In the Smokers' oui,
phSed'Sod. If not devastating field tonight. Schelll batted n
power at the plate as they mr- the cleanup spot and drove in
erad-ten hits, including four 95 runs and blasted 1 homers-
doubles in beating the Yankees His batting average
fc to ! best in the aa.
In-that game Robinson pitch-1
ed one-hit shutout ball lor six
inning until he appeared to tire
In the seventh when, he gave up
two more safeties and a run, and j
I was yanked tor lefty Rossi
Grlmsley. who finished the game j
and allowed no more Yankee |
coring.
If the Smokers showed (her
Tesis, Martinez Displaying Valdcs, Baker
Great Form For 3rd Meeting
j. . hxMon h.

was third
had a power-packed l'.neup in
the opener, potentially, they
will even be stronger ton'sht,
Danny 'Schell, who hit .32 f or
Omaha, |Cjass AAA American
Cubs
Nof Through
Tra
CHICAGO, Dec. 7(UP)The
Chicago Cubs ant' Brooltl y n
" A two-ran home: n the top
of the tenth, 'mine bv Spur
Cola cent erf elder Jr.'in Glenn
provided thr margin f victory
In the Sodamen's 7 to 4 con-
quest of the Yankees last
nhrht.
The match was a hectic, af-
fair that saw a bit of everything.
Several season firsts were re-
corded in the three-hour and
30-mlnute contest:
1. Hector Lopez' long drive
over' the left centerfleld fence
in the first inning to put his
team out in front 1 to 0 was the
Mfirsf roundtripper of the season.
: 2. The (jame, was the season's
first overtime encounter.
3. First rhubarb of the season
was produced In the seventh in-
ning when the entire Spur Cola
Lteam pearly mobbed umpire
Nick KaqainftKls when he call-
ed a Yankee runner safe at first
on a close play.
The game was held uo for
nearly ten minutes and Alonso
Brathwaite, who wa>'. the most
vehement protester, was ordered j
1 to vacate the Sodamen dugout
where he had been a vociferous
With only* four days left for
I their 134-pound ten-round fea-
ture bout at the Colon Arena
| Sunday night, principals Isidro
'Martinez and Pedro Tesis are
bowing great form In workouts
and seem ready.
Marthas' trainer, Joe Hal-
cn who says this morning
that Is'dro is "training beau-
tifully and is confident of vic-
tory/
"Cana" Bermudez, who pulls
the strings on Tesis, said he
knows that Martines will be the
same tough opponent he has al-
ways been for Pedro, but he has
no doubts that the match will
end in his boy's favor.
Meet Tonight
For Title Shot
CLEVELAND, Dec. 7(UP)-
Big Bob Baker of Pittsburgh will
take a million-dollar gamble to-
night in his heavyweight chal-
lengers' fight wjth lofty Nino
Valdes of Cuba at the Cleveland
Arena.
TAHDING
PANAMA PRO LEAGUE
Teams Won Lost Pet.
Spur Cola............ 2 0 1.000
Chesterfield., i, .. ____ 1 0 1.000
Carta Vtej* .. .*....... 0 2 .000
- v
GB
Although already In position
to proas for a shot at the
heavyweight crown, Ba k e r
asked for tonight's return TV-
radio It-rounder with Valdes
"io's I ran beat him bnpreos-
Ivelv this time and clinch the
tMIe fight."
But an upset defeat by tall
Nlfto. the 9-5 underdog, would
Martinez and Teals met early blast Baker out of the running
this year with the latter gain-U0r Rocky Marciano's cham-.
ing a highly disputed split de- pionship and the riches that gp
cisin victory. with It, for there's -
Tesis, who has becoipe a real for a return .bout,
traveling man among Panama's Valdes said today, "I knock
boxers of late, decisloned Puer- heem out in seex roun*s."
to Rico's Francisco Colon Oar-, Pittsburgh Bob is getting a
cia in San Juan recently. flat $11,000 for tonight's engage-
In Martinez* last appearance, ment with the lanky, ,broafi-
ne gained a verdict over Daveyj shouldered Cuban over whom he
Moore who had beaten Tesis two WOn a disputed decision at Hun-
LAST NIGHTS RESULT (Olympic Stadium)
Spur Cola 7, Carta Vieja 4 (10 innings)
TONIGHTS GAME (Olympic Stadium)
Carta Vieja (Harris 0-1) vs. Chesterfield
Robinson (1-0)
weeks before.
An attractive semifinal is
also on tap for Sunday. Light-
weights Sammy Medina and
Rafael (Bull) Brathwaite moot
1st an eight-round retara
match.
THANK YOU SIR! Al Frederick, the peanut vendor known as
Cm Campen," shakes President Ricardo &g*.**
as he thanks the president for granting him Permission towu
"Dodgers aren't through trading, n ^""^n' V
yet The second half of the deal >n^^ ^htBc
which sent third baseman Ran- w>, fne At hurttr t. c!
i Trice
som Jackson to the world cham ^woVnTthls'ie'asan.1 '
pton Dodgers was expected tojoe j After Lopez' homer in the
concluded within the next week. -fst 8pWer wUhelm tled tne _
Th. ruhs who at outfield- !scre wlth four-bagger in the I ware of what he did for *J1*-
V&tSwfniM"- fourth. The Yankees took a one-igjlng Peanut vendor at,
his r i inside the stadium during Pro League
games. The
ncSnalre^of^theRadium had forbidden Frederick to do so.
Arias still having arm trouble.
Brown came to Panama aft-
er a radio-telephone conversa-
tion with Spur Cola club own-
er president Arias. He spoke
with the President last night
PRESIDENT Ricardo
was probably being called "Good
Deed Dicky" today by the hun-
dreds of spectators who are a
action !n lad ln the sixth, but Spur Olympic Stadium last night. .
aoV^ <*. Weir*-'with three The vendor jknowa-to 1 una-
tch- hiarkrs In trie eighth to move ma City residents -it Man!
hoped to come up with one *
thT Dodgers' frorM line 1ch- ,' K* '" th* ******
ers in "chapter two" of their m 'f?* ** * ^ ... .
talks with Dodger viee-presi- ,^?g e.ju"s ,n the eighth and
Sent Bossy Bavasi lnlnth tled th0 score four-al and
Speculation centered around'S?' ame into extra In-
righthander1 Ruse Meyer; who ^i.',
makes a habit out of beating
Veteran Sammy had a split
decision to his credit over the
up-and-coming Bull e v e ral
weeks ago. That match went six
heats and Brathwaite finished
fast but still fell short.
His handlers feel the extra
two rounds will be the difference
in the outcome this time.
Two other scraps round out
the card. General admission
$1.
tlngtop, W. Va.. May 2t 1953.
Nlfto and manager Bobby Glea-
son claim to be getting more for
having accepted Baker's invita-
tion to the brawl.
Their hoot is a co-feature of
the 30th annual Cleveland
Christmas Fond show, which
co-promoter tarry Atkins ex-
pects to draw a sellout crowd
of 12.0M and a gato of S7S.M
although there Is no Cleveland
blackout.
The other co-featured 10->
rounder may produce a middle-
weight challenger. 81ugger Ed-
uardo Lausse of Argentina,
third-ranking contender, meets
England's Johnny Sullivan, for-
i.x mer champion of the British
Empire.
The World's Best Fishin's
in your back yard!
PANAMA BAY
Ted Williams Special
Christmas Discount
Wm. Violefle Supply and Casa Chacon
Panama 3-6318 Panama 2-2121
tne
the Cube. For Meyer, the Cubs
will have to give up one of their
pitchers. - -*
Pie ver personnel director Wld
. Matthews of the Cubs would not
say who the, Cube will alve up
' lor Meyer., but reports centered
bout pitchers John Andre, Paul
MJnner, and Jim Davis.
Matthews said the only resyon
the other part of the -deal could
hot be completed at the major
leagues' meeting here was that
"Bavasi could not get hold of
his man." Matthews did not
elaborate any further but it ap-
peared Bavasi wanted to-consult
with manaeer Walter Alston,
before making the deal official.
"You can be sure of one
thin." Matthews said. "There
will he a second deal. That's a
promise/'
Jackson was the kev man In
>he first half of the drai. The
29-year-old third saeker, a
' long-tVite favorite of Co
fans, hit a last year, after .273 and JM
seasons In MM and 1953. He
. Mumped early 'n the season
and picked up later, Houtinr
21 homers and driving In 71
runs white fielding surely.
. Hpak, who aopeared ln 94
fames at both second and
third, hit .340. knocked in 19
runs and"-hit five homers. Mo-
ryn, 29. smashed out 25 home
runs at _gj. Paul before Joining
the Dodgers last year. With
Brooklyn he made onlv 19 ap-
pearances at bat. hitting one
homer and batting .283.
.k ___________
'11
Glenn's blast jn the (Op of
the tenth and andther Insur-
ance run put the Sodamen ln
front t^stay as Trice retired the
Yank's in order ih the last
tenth.
Last nlrht's game, by far the
best of the young season, saw
a total of ax pitchers used.
Apart from Trice. Jim Tugr-
son, Stanley Arthurs and VI-
hrt Clarke worked for the
Sodamen.
Vic Stynka, y who- relieved
starter Bill Hockenbury ln the
eighth, was the loser.
Campen," because that is
cry he uses as he hurries about
hawking his peanuts, had
during the game and it was
arranged for h'm to have his
arm examined by a .doctor to-
day.
ONE OF the umpires working
tonight's game between the
Chesterfield Smokers and the
PTf i Carta. Vieja Yankees will be Lo-
P The stadium, crowded on renzo Coppln, a 32-year-old-o d
ames are play- Panamanian who has had three
problem, which he did not hesl-1
late to take to hla "friend," tne
Doc Mitten Leads
Way Info Finals
Of Tasco tourney
nights pro ball
ed offers a good opportunity lor
of lthf .hustling- hawker to pick up.
a few extra nickels which go
malnlv toward the upkeen of
his wife and four small kids.
Maul Campeon's efforts ran
' Into a snag when the conrcs-
| sionafre at the stadium e-
I cased him of hurting his nuM-
I ness and warned him against
attempting to.do any selline
! 'naide the park at the rfck of
being thrown out on his ear.
'But he was not to be beaten.
Resourceful fellow that he is, he
left h's high cardboard carton-
lull of neanuts outside the sta-
dium with a friend^ bought him-
self a bleacher ticket -and was
soon explaining the matter to
Dicky.
The president worked last.
Leaeue secretary-treasurer Car-
The 72 hole medal play $1000
isco Bi
sponsored by the Auto Sei vices
years'
i
experience with Army
loops on the Canal Zone.
Coppln was recommended for
the Job by Pro League chief um-
pire Dallas Thornton. Coppln
has worked under Thornton who
Is a former president of the Ca-
nal Zone Umpires Association.
The league's umpiring staff Is
short because of the absence
from Panama of Aston Parch-
ment and the fact that Nick
Karamanltls may not be around
for long.
Nick may quit umpiring to de-
vote more time to his barber,
shop.
Glenn's Gambol
Spur Cola AB
Glenn, cf ....... 5
los Delvalle was summoned over!charles 3b .....> 4
terv Tonrn.m.nt ItDe P"Dllc a.ddre?s W^m and, t/>peZi 2b ........5
ment' when that official answered theBrthwalte rf
call, he was Instructed by Dicky p osorio, rf .
I te e-lve Man Campen the green Moore as ........
I light to sell his nuts, and to l-'crenald. If ......
low him free admittance to the Kellmaix,
Comoanv of Panama Clt?
Sunday at the Ft. Amador Golf
Club.
With only six days remaining
for players to complete tnelr
last round, Doc Mitten is lead-
ing ln the 0 to 14 handicap
group by twq strokes. Doc has
been playing some very fine folf
and has been crowding par all
the way.
Paul Moran, runner-up tc Doc
so far. has been playing some
very fine golf also averaging a
net 86 for his four, rounds of
play. Third in this group is H.
1 Perantle who is two strokes back
stadium to boot.
Man Campen g a 1 loped
through the gates and min-
utes later reappeared, this
time w'th his large cartc.i of
neanuts swinging in front of
him. The familiar cry of "Ma-
n Campen!" Man Cam-
peon!" rang out again as the
spectators of both staads ap-
plauded.
Gordon, lb
Tugerson, p
Arthurs, p ..
Clarke, p
Trice, p.......... 0
H Po
2 1
WICHITA"
THE TURBULENT ERA OF WYATT EARP...
RELEASE TOMORROW AT THE "LUX''THEATRE!
WINSTON BROWN of the
Spur Cola cluh arrived Iron
Bocas del Toro yesterday, but
bis role as a pitcher in tne;Kropf cf
>ague Is doubtful becaus* he Dabek, c
Patton, c
of Moran, someone will really
have to catch on fire to catch
I up with anv of these three play-
ers with only 18 holes to go.
1 In the 15 to 30 handicap group
J. Williams Jr. leads b ya wide Spur Cola
marsrin over his nearest rival.
Williams is thirteen strokes out
In front of runnerup C. McCar-
thy. D. Shlve holds the
I ?pot In this -group five
back of McCarthy.
The scores for the leaders In
. each of the groups are listed be-
low. Since some players have
j not comDleted their last round
some scores cannot be shown.
oseas*
3 12
1. 7
37 7 12 50 17
Carta Vieja
Bartirome, lb-----4 1
Shantz, 2b....... 5
Porter, 1 ........ 2
Glamp, 3b ....... 2*
Dickens, 3b-lf ...V4
Phillips, rf....... 8
Wilhelm. ss...... 5
4
1
Hockcnbery, p ... 2
8tryska, p ....... 1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
0
1
0
40 4 12 30 19
100 000 030 37 12
000 100 1110-4 13
WICHITA," Cinemascope feature to based on one
the most thrilling episodes in early frontier btolory the
wild, exciting days when Wyatt tarp tamed the gunmen of
Wichita, Kansas. Joel MeCrea portrays Earp In the Technl-
co->r attraction. His co-stars are Vera Miles, Lloyd Bridges,
Edgar Buchanan. Wallace Ford and PeUr Graves, waiter
Mtrlsch was the producer. Advt.
~------- 11 l
Through 14 Handicap
,H. Mitten ........ 134 195 262
P. Moran .......... 133 198 284
H. Perantle........ 132 198 340
Low Gross
3. J. Brophy, Vennle Lom-
brola. H. F. Donovan, Jack Cra-
mer.
15 Through 3d Handicap
Williams ......... 83 125 185
Summary: RBI's: Lopez. Wil-
thlrdihelm 2, Bartirome, Charles. Ar-
strokes 'chie Brathwaite 2, Glamp, Oienn
12. Moore. Earned runs: Spur
Cola 7, Carta Vieja 3. Left on
bases: Spur Cola 8. Carta Vieja
10 Home runs: LoDez. Wilhelm,
Glenn. Two base hit: Hocken-
bery. Sacrifice hit: Arthurs. Hit
by pitch: Str y s k a (Trice.
Strnckout: by Tugerson 4, by
Arthurs 1, by Clarke 1. bv Hock-
enbery 3. by Stryska 1. Base on
balls: off Tueeraon 3. off Ar-
thurs 1. off Hockenbery 3. Pitch-
ers' record: Tufeerson 1 run. 5
hits In 8 Innings; Hockenbery 4
runs. 7 hits In 7 innings (none
out In 8tlu; Arthurs 1 run. 2
hits ln 1 lnnine.: Clarke 2 runs.
4 hits ln 1 inning (none out In
1
San Francisco

Four flights Weekly on'DC-6
via Guatemala and Los Angeles
ipperc
McCarthy........68 132 198 9tr. Brrora; -..Carta Vie].
D. 8hlve ....... 82 132 203, (HockenberyV; Sour Cola 3 CLo-
ipez. Keilman. Gordon. Losin-r
Low Gross 'pitcher: 8trysk. (O-li. Winning.
G. Fish.................. Mi pitcher: Trtcr (2-0>. Roublc-
F Maiavaslc ------......... 343 tilays Moore. Gordon; Wlfhelm.
W Nichols............... 343 -Shantz. Bartirome (2): Charles,
Husband and Wife Group 1 nnev Moore Lopez. Gordon: I
The pcranties [Dickens. Dobk BoxtlTome. Urn-'
The Moynihans pires- Thornton. "Hindi. TCara-
The Davidsons. ,mafiitls. Time of trame: f.30.
Pan American offers a nw, fast sarvica through Control Amorica
and on to los Angolos and San Francisco--with no chango of piano 1
i This new touritt service calls at Guatemala, :
Loa Angelea End San Francisco four
times a week. In addition, two flights stop
at Managua and two flight stop at San Salvador.
On this new tourist service you fly
on giant DC-6 Clippers. These world-famous
planes are pressurized, sir conditioned
and sound proofed to give you the ultimate in flying
comfort And the same experienced flight crews
who have been flying Pan American's deluxe
services are'ready to give you the same superb
attention on these new flights. You also enjoy
attractive Pan American meals served piping
hot with true Pan American graciousness.
For the fastest, most direct service to Los Angeles snd San Francisco make your
next trip a Pan Americas Clipper flight
j
r
Foe full details too yowr Travel Aaont or
World's Most Ixpsrioncwd Airlino
I Street N. i, Tel. 3-0670, Catan. Salas Stag Tal. 10v7
M. . MA. 14k
it n ss m-sjo (Sol


BejeMSSjSJI
DEC 7 1955

lBePar;:;._.!dlJlfLn
(V
DEC 1953
ersBo



AN INDEPENDENT
t/feac/ story on page 73
^S%
DAILY NEWSPAPER

. .
,#7fiiftfe,
Panama American
"Let the people know the truth and the country it safe" Abraham Lincoln.
list TEAK
PANAMA. R. P WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, IMS
FIVE CENTS
Lawyer Hints PC Pilotage Too Costly
.
Wc possroirity that the Pan-
ama Canal Co. is charging too
much for pilotage through the
Canal was hinted yesterday by
the counsel for the Panama Ca-
nal Pilots Association.
Testlfylne before the House
Panama Canal aubcommittee
holding public hearings at Bal-
boa Heights. Washington attor-
ney William S. Tyson said it was
his understanding that the
Charges for pilotage "were sev-
eral times in excess" of what the
Canal Co. paid 1U pilots.
- Tyson, who was accompanied
to the hearing by four officers
Of the Pilots Association, en-
dorsed the Oramatz Bill which
favors employe representation
on the board of directors of the
Canal Co. and urged adequate
compensation for the governor
of the Canal Zone and his chief
assistants. ____
At the same time Tyson
praised Qov. Seybold who he
said "hat a much better grasp
and awareness of the problems
of his employes than many of
his predecessors."
Tyson suggested that provi-
sions in HR 7305. HR ISM and
HR 7393 which gives the cor-
poration the authority to ap-
point employes and "fix their
compensation" be amended to
reflect the Classification Act of
1948 which provides that com-
pensation of officers and mem-
bers of the crews of vessels shall
be fixed in accordance with pre-
vailing rates and practices in the
maritime industry.
He pointed out that Canal
pilots are "the only group of
V. citizen employes of the
company who do not receive
the 2S per cent differential."
Testifying for the Pilots As-

sociatlon. Tyson also spoke up
for the continued operation of
the railroad across the Isthmus,
declaring that "the pilots make
frequent official and other use
of the railroad." .
'They favor an adequate
transportation system on the
Isthmus. It is necessary to mod-
ernize the railroad in order to
put it on a paying basis. They
would advocate modernization.
'Tyson added.
Other points in Tyson" testl-
monv were:
] i The pilot do not favor the
proposed transfer of the Canal
Co. to -the Department of Com-
merce at this time.
2> Canal pilots seek establish-
ment of a fair -procedure for
handling grievance*.
3> The association favors ap-
proval of HR 3949 Which would
give Canal pilots the same re-
tirement benefits now received
by other government personnel
engaged In hazardous or Inves-
tigative occupations.
(Tyson argued that the
health hazards of the tropics
"vitally affect their life span.")
41 The pilots favored better
salaries for their Navy superiors,
whose salaries are limited by
Congress "and Is completely out
of line -with their responsibili-
ties and their positions.''
"i^urthermore It is not suffi-
ciently in excess of the compen-
sation of their subordinates to
provide a proper differential."
Tyspn added.
Gaskin On Local-Rate Views;
Local 907 Denied Hearing
Ont of the speaker alatad to appear before the com mittee yesterday aftarnoon was daniad permission to spaa*
before they said Armed Force employes do net come with in their jurisdiction.
Jos de la Rosa Castillo, president of Loeal 907, CCE OC-CIO was scheduled to testify on behalf of the non-U. S.
civilian employes of the Armed Forces.
After identifying hit organization, member conferred briefly, and announced that they bad no control of Local
907. but had no abjection to hearing from Edward A. Gaskin, president of Local 900 of non-U. 3. employe of the
Panama Canal Co.
Gaskin was introduced to the committee by William H. Sinclair, representing the Government and Ch/lc Em-
ploye Orgtnixing Committee, AFL and CIO, on the Isthmus.
Lovelady Explains Conditions
i


Of US-Raters Em
Ruus M.. Lovelady, national
Vice-piw-.utni ox Uie American
I n.t i a won oi uoveii.meui em-
ployes, teaued oetore me con-
gressional guDcoirimKi.ce yesier-
uy aiternoon.
re torn tne subcommittee his
teueianon lepieaeuteo m tue
main tne white coiiar employes,
sucn as clems, accountants, oi-
tice machine operators, techni-
cians, nurses, o.emis.8, doctors
and others of tne clerical ana
proiessional occupations.
He introduced a letter he naa
written to Hep. George P. Mnlei
oi California regarding matters
ubsi*ntiaily the same at those
presently under consiueratlon by
the subcommittee.
In the letter, Lovelady came
eut for continuance of Depart-
ment of the Army control of
the Panama Canai, as a means
of keeping the organisation
free from political patronage.
He did lavor civilian rather
than service oUlcers at the head
of bureaus and divisions.
He said some AF"GE members
thought the board o directors
was too large, and included
members appointed as a reward
;or contributions to the pATty in
power. He approved the sug-
gested replacement of the pres-
ent board by seven-man advisory
board, plus an administrator and
deputy administrator.
Regarding a proposed provi-
sion that Canal facilities not
used in actual transit should be
self-supporting, Lovelady wrote
Miller: l
"I do not know enough about
accounting to predict how this
might be Interpreted and appli-
ed.
y "I do know, however, that
some of the facilities used for
purpose other than actual tran-
sit of ship include such as com-
missaries, schools police and fire
protection, sanitation of the Ca-
nal Zone, hospitals and dispen-
saries, housing, maintenance of
buildings and grounds, recrea-
tional facilities, and construction
and maintenance of streets,,
roads and highways.
"Because of our unique sltua-l
tion of being isolated and set
apart from areas in which such;
services would be provided by
private enterprise, city, county,
state, or Federal Governments,
L feel strongly that the product
we sell (transiting of shios)
Should pay the cost of operating
these essential non-revenue-de-
riving functions. ,
"If the Congress should de-
cide otherwise, then I believe
li should give consideration to
allowing us to use a part of the
approximately tc,999.999 a year
we pay as income taxes to de-
fray the costs of schools, police
and fire protection, construc-
tion and maintenance of
streets and highway, and ether
thing which our counterparts
in the continental United
States ret for their Uses."
After reading his letter to Mil-
ler, Lovelady went on to com-
ment on ponlts raised at Mon-
day's session of the hearings.
"I believe It was Mr. Tumulty
who asked how many employes
here enjoy civil service protec-
tion. His question was not an-
swered.
"Unlike most so-called wage-
board positions in continental
United States, none of the ex-
playes occupying craft-type
positions here enjoy the pro-
tection accorded their counter-
parts in the States because
they are not In the competitive
civil service; that is to say,
they do not have to comete
In open competitive examina-
tions to test their fitness for
appointment.
"As of June 30, 1655, there were
about 2579 uch positions in the
Company-Government organiza-
tion. ; -
"As of the same date, there
were 1668 employes of the Com-
pany-Government occupying po-
sitions subject to the General
Schedule of the Classification
Act of 1949, as amended.
"Of those In the so-called clas-
sified or graded positions, I es-
timate that not more than 1000
occupy competitive service posi-
tions and thus enjoy the protec-
tion common in approximated
93*r of the Jobs In continental
United SUtes.
"This means, therefore, that
something les sthan *5% ef
oer employes enjoy the same
protection as is accorded 93%
Of their counterparts in the
United States."
He then referred to the' effects
of contracting out work former-
ly performed by the Canal.
"This practice has, without
doubt, resulted in the loss of jobs
by hundreds of employes, both
among the United States citizens
and the non-citizen or local-rase
personnel.
"Many of us feel ,that such
practice is false economy and v>e
suggest that the committee
iwou.J do well to investigate In
considerable detail this practice
of the Company.
"For example, the mainten-
ance of grounds- on the Gatun
.Backfill Dam was let out on con-
tract. Vet I have reports from
what I feel are reliable sources
that our own Grounds Mainten-
ance Division could have done a
better Job at something like
$8000 a year less than was bid by
Hhe person who obtained the
contract.
"I want to emphasize that I
cannot vouch for the accuracy of
this statement, but I am of the
very firm opinion that much of
the work being done by con-
tractors is inferior to that for-
merly performed by our own
force. I suggest the matter war-
rants a close Inspection by this
commlttee.-
He contended the principle
! of dividing certain Canal cler-
ical positions equally between
; Panamanian and US citizens
is being grossly violated.
"For example, there are now
In the Company-Government or-
ganization approximately 1600
clerical positions. Of these, about
1200 are filled by Panamanians
at local rates of pay.
"These local-rate clerical per-
sonnel are hired without having
to comply fully with the require-
ments prescribed by the United
State Civil Service Commisison.
"I mean by this that ear own
citizens are not being given the
opportunity of competing with
these aliens in open competi-
tive examination and subse-
quent placement on an eligible
register for certification In ac-
cordance with their attained
i grade.
"I consider this contrary to the
spirit and Intent of the CivM
{Service Act of Jan. 16, 1883, and
en outright violation of the
birthright of our. sons and
! daughter who may aspire to be-
"innlng a career in low-grade
lobs as so many of their fathers
land mothers before them have
l done."
Pilot Testifies
On The Effects
Of Local Climate
The president of the Canal Pil-
ots* Association, Capt. Wi 111 a m
Wall, was called upon to speak at
length on the debilitating effects
of the local climate on the pilots
a "an occupational hazard.
Rep. 'Francis E. Dora (R-N.Y.)
asked Wall whether the effects of
the climate are the same here for
pilots as for other workers.
Wall, who denied- this, explained
that the debilitating work of the
pilots is exaggerated by long
hours of.standing on a ship, and
the terrific glare of Uie sun.
Sinclair told the congress men
that the testimony to be given by
GCEOC spokesmen would be ful-
ly supported by that organization,
and that the union's legisla t i v e
representatives in Washington
would represent those views whe-
never heatings were held in Wash-
ington by any Congressional com-
mittee in connection with Canal
Zone, problems.
Gasgin, who began peaking .at
4 p.m., told the committee that
local rate employe have had an
"enviable record" with regard to
security, that they served the U.
S. government through two world
war without any incidence of sa-
botage.
Several time throughout h It
testimony, with ether witnes-
ses. Chairman Garmatx caution-
ed the labor leader net t refer
te the US-HP Treaty.
"Any urvey of the employment] lag rates for comparable employ-
situation on the Canal Zone," said ment in Panama.''
Gaskin, "will reveal that a sub- Gaskin's prepared statement at
stantially large force of local-rate this point proceeded to discuss
workers (predominantly Panama- the local-raters' loss of commissa-
prevails on the Canal-Zone, but still to come, thing in the two
also highher than some U.S. cities, terminal cities could be very little
"Because of this fact, we have al- worse than they are already,
ways held tenaciously to the theo-1 Unemployment was already, pre
ry that we have been made to live valent, and the accompanying tar-
in a predominantly North Ameri- vation and privation was evident
can cost of living economy on s everywhere, It was stated.
' Business was already at a stand-
still, the deleted portion went on,
so-called Caribbean Wage.
'To .our chegrin and amase-
men*, in the preparation neces-
sary prior to the application of
the single wag* system new in
the making, we learned that It
I intended to continue the lono-
oit.bliihod policy ef fixing the
pay ef particular occupational
categories on the basis ef the pre-
vailing rates ef pay in the basic
area ef recruitment."
"We were to also discover that
occupational categories filled by
recruitment in Panama, on the
and more and more people, find-
ing themselves unable to ply the
| rent, had been thrown out on the
streets to find sleeping space in
: the already-overtaxed parks and
| alleys of the cities.
When it reached the topic of the
awarding of job to contractors,
Gaskin's statement again became
admissible.
'*!,
Gaskin said:
"While the awarding of contracts
isthmus, will 'continue' to be paidi*0 private concern to accomplish
at rates based on the local prevail- JD* on tne Caaal Zone has ball
the salutary effect o teasing slight-
ly the unemployment situation and
of demonstrating for the world to
ploitation of workers on US-leased
territory.
Gaskin went on to recommend
that legislation be speedily enact-
ed for uniform application of the
Civl Service Retirement Act to afl
US an* Panamanian employes of
the US Government on fee Zone
Coming to the operatmo los of
business activities, Gaska said
nians) are employed yearly, num
bering around 14.000 to 15,000 at a
conservative estimate.
"This' is the smallest number of
such workers the Canal has ever
employed. The figure has been as
high as 27,000.
"These workers are employed
by the Panama Canal Company-
Government organization, the Ar-
ses that there are available a-
mong local-rate workers many of
ry privileges at the end of 1954, and I the skill which others have con-
their paying income tax I r o m tended that we had not acquired
January, 1956, I over the years, we hasten to sug
This section was ruled out by'eat that the Panama Canal Com-
the chairman, a having to do Pfny use one of the following al-
with the new treaty. ternative before or in the award-
sag of aid contrete:
"I have soase skia cancer, my-
self," Walt ssld. "Most of us use
lipstick the celeries kindto
protect our lip from the un."
He said the effect ef the climate
was see of the reasons that a
lower retirement age after 2*
years service was desired by
the pilots' group.
Wall testified that pilots are
i "constantly on the move" here,
wherea in other dutie, such as
Nsvy yards in the States, pilots
may sit around for hours.
"Our hours of work are so un-
certain, so unsure that sometime
they extend to 24 hours, snd usual-
ly average 15 hours steady work."
Wall also pointed to a "peculiar
situation'' which existed here. He
said that not even the Governor
(can'give them a direct order. It
must be in the form of a sugges-
tion. '
"This put* a hi double Jeo-
pardy," he said, "we're damned
if we da, and damaed If we don't.
We can be held for obey leg an
order as welt as for disobeying
an order."
Subcommittee chairman G a r-
matz congratulated the pilots on
presenting a "very fine case," snd
added he wanted to compliment
the pilots in their choice of such
an able attorney as William* Ty-
son.
Gaskin then went on to deal with
what he called lack of Job security,
aad stable working conditions. nama Canal Company< screen the
"Local rate workers are ex-employment practice of some of
ray, the Air Force, the Navy, the tremely leery of their future as; the contracting firms operating on
myriad contracting firm, the pn far as Job security is concerned," the Zone and insist that they Snd
vate shipping interests, and the he said.
numerous concessionaires operat-j "Since 1953 the company has
ing throughout the Zone. closed bakeries at Camp Blerd
"The figure quoted represe n t s and La Boca, a concrete manufac-
the equivalent of one of the larger, hiring plant at Mt Hope, and a
concerns on.the North American gravel plant at Gamboa." He as
mainland, and as a result, the cribed these shutdowns to the re-
labor conditions aod policies exit- commendations of the General Ac-
tent on the Canal Zone must per-, counting Office, the Bureau of
force play a tremendously impor- the Budget, and the Hoover Com-
mission.
"The communities of Chagres,
Red Tank and Pedro Miguel were
abolished, and along with t h e In
all of the maintenance and servic-
"lt has been the conviction of
local-rate workers that %utine.,
activities ef the Parurfjja Canal
Company have been enfeyine.
tremendous profit, eadJttt their
cpense, for many yej new.
"R seems therefore MM to com-
prehend, even thoughlSe facts
have been quite illuminating, that
there has existed for several vears
substsntial losses in the business
activities notsbly in the com-
missary division and service cent-
ers division, and in the amounts of
$1,630,000 and H.OM.OOQ respective-
ly ever the three year period end-
ing June, 1954.
"This state of affairs i quite
difficult of comprehension by the
average local rate worker and
when compared with releases of
substantial profits made by the
Company at the end of each fiscal
year and his own limited know-
ledge of economic condition in
a. We recommend that the Pa- these units ana Panama Canal ac-
counting procedure and intricate
operations.
"Already the local rate worker
has to pay the same prices as V-
aU other private Interests allowed eryone else on his*.,substantially
to operate and hire local rate, smaller salary in all of the bu s i-
workers for work on the Zone con- ness activities have been adverse-
form at least to Canal Zone em ly affected by reduction of t h e
ployment and wage standards and number of employee who are the
working conditions. principal customers,
"b. We recdmntend tilt .If thl| "trinar redttfcn r. bit-.
tant part In the socio-econo m i c
life of these workers and the
members of their families.
What is even mere important
to note Is the fact that the Can-
si Zone occupies a strategic and
pivotal location with regard to
the Latin American nations ef
our Western hemisphere. Their
citiien leek critically to the
Canal Zone for their only pos-
sible first-hand evidence ef North
American democracy in action.
ing operation
"La Boca will be abolished short-
ly.
"It should be obvious that hund-
reds of employes have been ad-
versely affected, either directly or
indirectly, by these moves.
"At June 30, 1954, there were
Regarding the expansion of job 10,951 local rate employes on the
opportunities, Gaskin said: rolls of the Psnsma Canal Com-
"It has long been the contention pany Government Organization
of CIO Unions in the Zone that all (excludlag part-time and irregular
Were Oldt.mers
In Cahoots
With Russ

The Panam Railroad Is net
a standard gauge railroad, but
a wide, er $-toot gauge," wit-
ness Robert C. Daniel told the
House Committee today.
- "Standard railroad gauge Is
4 feet, %>! inches, or a differ-
ence of 34 Inches. The Pana-
m Railroad is the same gauge
as the railroads in Rusete.
"It hi reeorted that at the
cessation ef hostilities In World
War II. the United States
Govern meat had considerable
railroad equipment built un-
der lend-lease for the Russian
5-foot gauge railroads.
employe* of a democracy are en-
titled to the opportunity to con-
tribute to that way of life in ac-
cordance with their training
capabilities."
We have also held that there
has tee long existed a woe f u I
waste ef human resource -
mono the local rate person n e I
through lim hallen ef that group
to predominantly the mere ar-
duous end menial occupations.
"Recently, we hve been happy
to note that:
"(ai 'Eonality of opoort u n 11 y
will be afforded to Panamanian
citizen* for employment in all U-
nited State Government positions
employes). Thi represented a net
reduction of 1,443 full-time local
rate employes since June 39,
andj 1953."
Here Gaskin's statement again
turned to the effect ef imple-
mentation of the treaty, which he
calculated caused at least US*
workers to fear fur their future
employment. The statement (ave
a breakdown of IM such em-
ployes in the service centers, 599
in the manufacturmf and proces-
sing units, 159 In the commis-
sary retail stores and 1199 in
terminal operation.
All thi section of the ststement
went unread, under the ruling that
first proposal It not possible, then
wherever feasible, the Company
should continue the project or pro-
jects itself."
tcoordine the employ ment
practices ef seme contract ore,
Gaskin added mat they en pay-
teg extra lew wage as little
as ti te 39 cents and hourend
are givlnf no vacations.
Furthermore, the Canal couM
do jobs cheaper than some ef the
contractors.
He laid the Canal could ill'af-
ford to condone thi blataat ex-
UMa \)J
peered shortly In emOtev.-eu..
temer*. As the force ef employes
is reduced, a mere realistic wag
and price policy will loom mor
"We concur with other appear-
ing before this Committee that
there should exist a price ceiling
for commodities and services av-
ailable to employes and members
of their families; but we furOler
recommend that the salaries of
local rate workers be geared to
the cost of living existent for all
alike."
BALBOA TIDES
THURSDAY, DfCIMIfR I
HIGH IOW
11:06 a.aa. 4:52 a.m.
11:13 p.*.. Slid p.-.
WI'D BILLHOOK

Bv Piis Winterbotham nnr\ Raloh Lan*
in the Canal Zone for which thev it concerned effects of the treaty,
are qualified except where securi-i However, Gaskin wa allowed to
tv factor erve to mVe und^ilr-. refer to the effects of closing the
able the employment of non-Unit- railroad.
ed States citizens. Positions win "There are approximately an
he evaluated, rlavfifed, and ti''*d additional 370 local rate employes
without regard to the nationality. who stand to lose their jobs a a
of the incumbent or prospective result of the abandonment, of the
incumbent." Panama Railroad," be said.
"(h) 'Panamanian citizens will ."There is great unemployment on
be afforded ooportunitv to partici- the Isthmus in Panama, not on
pate in such training Drograms as the Canal Zone and local-r ate
may be conducted for employes employe are uttering. It. is pa-
ke/ United States agencie in the tural that they should be worried
Can! Zone' over the Canal's streamlining of
"We hasten to caution and re- some of its activities."
state, however, that it has ef- 1 A subsequent section of the
statement, dealing with current
living problems In Panama, was
also deleted as beine beyond the
cops ef the hearing.
In the deleted section it wa
stated that despite the fact that
the major reductions in force are
ways been and still la
lie and private position of our
organisations that there should
be no wheiovo'e flrlnn or re-
placement ef United States rate
employes bv Weal-rate workers.
We held that any transition can
bo accomplished ttireueh normal
channel* larpeiv by ettritien
recrements, resignations, etc
"All wo have ever ree"0ted
wi to know that the restrictive.
artificial barrier* were removed
and that we reserved the rieht
to asoire and to expect fair and
!*? treatment in return."
Turnin to the mwtion of sala-
ries, and the orln~ipl* of enual
pay for equal work. Gaskin con-
Un-*'*:
"We recommend Pat. In view
of' the eomoarable North Ameri-
can cost of living economy existent
on the Csne| Zone ahd in the two
terminal cities of the Reoublie of
Panama. Panamanian citiien* em
n'nv~d on "i 7"e he oaid ae-
cording to United SUtes standards,
minus t* and sneh other allowance wh'ch
operate to red income of the United States rate
employe as romoared with a Pa-
namanian who is a president of
the rea."
He* said Ms erseni-atien had
Une contended the peat ef living
en *> Canal 7"ne and In Pana-
ma City and Catan te be eom-
oarable to that la number ef
Stateside eitte*.
"'n fact in manv tiutanees, our
todies revealed that the cost ef
living in the terminal citie* wae
net only higher than that which
PUCES:-------.75 & .40
- TODAY -
49, 2:39, 4:15, 4:35, 9:99 p.m.
V**n F^/*0 Ceatvry.Fo presents
lJ}&e enever-tolt
love story y
and
\-,
Hi in
atRVil
ess^
BETTE DAVIS RICHARD TODO JOAN COLUNS
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ALSO: -LAND OP NILE" A CINEMASCOPE SHORT!
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7:00
9:00
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| POPULAR NICHT! g) $1.10 PER CARj
CARTOON

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FESTIVAL t*
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120 mi nutra of fun with all of Walt Disney'a characters: .
DONALD DUCK, PLUTO, MICKEY MOUSE, MINNIE, GOOFY and OTHERS!
A PROGRAM FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY