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J. F. Warner
OFFICERS FOR 1981
Russell M. Jones
Albert F. Pate
Mrs. Jean B. Mann
Richard W. Beall
Mrs. Dorothy Yocum
William F. Grady
Russell M. Jones
Albert F. Pate
Mrs. Jean B. Mann
Ross H. Hollowell
Nolan B. Bissell
Carl H. Starke
Jack F. Morris
Richard W. Beall
The President's M message .......................................................................... 1
From the Secretary.................................................................................... 1
E ditor's Corner.......................................................................................... 2
Legislative Report..................................................................................... 3
Minutes of Scheduled Meetings................................................................ 4
50th. Anniversary News .............................................................................. 5
N ew M em bers............................................................................................ 7
A activity Reports........................................................................................ 9
A Tribute to the Canal Zone Police........................................................... 12
N ew s Clips ................................................................................................. 14
News from "The Spillway"....................................................................... 22
Your Reporters Say:.................................................................................. 30
Alabama ............................... 31 North Carolina ........................... 43
Arkansas .............................. 33 Northwest................................... 44
California.............................. 37 Panama....................................... 45
Florida .................................. 41 South Carolina ........................... 46
Louisiana.............................. Texas........................................... 48
Virginia ............................................. 50
Congratulations......................................................................... ....... 51
W here Are You?......................................................................... ....... 52
Favorite Cooking Recipes ......................................................................... 52
W eddings ...................................... ............................................. ....... 53
B irths................................................ ......................................... ........ 54
W ith Deep Sorrow ..................................................................................... 56
From M embers at Large ........................................................................... 60
Looking B ack............................................................................................. 65
N otices....................................................................................................... 80
For Sale or W anted.................................................................................... 82
Vigilant Real Estate ........... 29 Sky Plumbing ............................... 29
Maas Brothers of Florida ...... 42 Robinson's, Florida...................... 5
COVER: Photo of one of the first badges provided the Canal Zone Police.
Compared to the most recent, small basic changes have been made over the
BACK COVER: Pen and ink drawing of a merchant ship moving through
Gaillard Cut during widening operations was provided by Isthmian artist,
John B. Morton, Panama Canal Commission.
DATES TO REMEMBER ...
5 Mar Regular Monthly Meeting of PCSOFL, 1:30 p.m., 5730 Shore
Blvd. Gulfport, FL.
28 Mar Panama Canal Society of Southern California Spring Lun-
cheon/Annual Meeting, SS Princess Louise, Port of Los
Angeles, Pier 94, San Pedro, CA.
2 April Regular Monthly Meeting of PCSOFL, 1:30 p.m. 5730 Shore
Blvd. Gulfport, FL.
15-17 April 50th. ANNIVERSARY REUNION, Panama Canal Society
of Florida. Holiday Inn Airport, Tampa, FL.
7 May Regular Monthly Meeting of PCSOFL, 1:30 p.m., 5730 Shore
Blvd. Gulfport, FL.
4 June Regular Monthly Meeting of PCSOFL, 1:30 p.m., 5730 Shore
Blvd. Gulfport, FL.
26-27 June 5th. Annual Canal Zone Statesiders Reunion, Tyson's
Corner Ramada Inn, Greater Washington, D.C. area.
2 July PCSOFL Gourmet Luncheon, St. Petersburg Yacht Club,
6 August Panama Canal Society of FL. Annual Luncheon.
7 August 6th Annual Pacific Northwest Reunion. The Dalles, OR.
611 11- 5q
'L^ONE The Panama Canal Society of Florida, Inc. n
(A Non-Profit Organization)
.A, To preserve American Ideals and Canal Zone Friendships
%P.O. Box 11566 ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA 33733
The CANAL RECORD is published by the Panama Canal Society of Florida, Inc., for the good and welfare of its members.
The CANAL RECORD is published five times each year, once in March, June, September, November and December.
MEMBERSHIP FEES $10.00 ANNUALLY. To receive the CANAL RECORD, all persons MUST BE MEMBERS
and pay ANNUAL DUES of $10.00. Entered as 2nd Class matter at the POST OFFICE at Clearwater and other offices -
Second Class Postage paid at Clearwater and other offices.
All photographs and correspondence sent to the Panama Canal Society of Florida will become the property of the Society
and will be retained in our files and archives.
Printed by ROBERTS PRINTING, INC. Dunedin, FL 33528
HEADQUARTERS of the Panama Canal Society of Florida, Inc.
5094 40th Street South
St. Petersburg, Florida 33711
The Committees for the 50th. Anniversary reunion of the Panama Canal Society of Florida are hard at
work, and during this past week have begun the final touches for the arrangements that must be put into ef-
fect. We are more than pleased to see the reservations at the Holiday Inn Airport are filling up fast. We
hope this reunion to be the largest in our history. I hope that we will be able to fill the Holiday Inn to capacity,
and if we do, any overflow will be accommodated in the immediate vicinity so none of us will be far away. It
has been my privilege to be your president these past two years, and it is a great satisfaction to have such will-
ing chairpersons to put together so much planning required to arrange all the details that are necessary for
such an undertaking.
I hope to see you all on April 15-16-17, 1982.
RUSSELL M. JONES, President
From the Secretary
I would like to take this opportunity to thank all those members who sent Christmas cards and warm
wishes for the Holiday Season. Your notes and wishes are greatly appreciated and enjoyed, even though it is
impossible to respond in kind. Thank you Mr. and Mrs. Herb Holmer for the Christmas tree seeds. I'm going
to try my luck with them.
Even though your dues are paid and you have picked up your reservations, stop by my desk at the reunion
and say "Hi!". I don't get to wander around and visit much at reunions and I do love greeting each and every
one of you.
See you at the reunion!
JEAN B. MANN, Secretary
\Have you sent inn your reservations for the Reunion?
t~s-'=s--=^'^-=^>--^ =>--^=>-=^-^7 :-]1^^
You now have in your hands, probably a little
late, a changed CANAL RECORD, largely brought
about by a change in printers. We realized that by
printing it in a larger format, we would save time
and expense, not to mention the improvement in ap-
pearance. It is thinner and easier to stitch together;
margins are better aligned and we can move the col-
umns and layout around a lot easier. Since this issue
is a complete change from the previous issue, we
may be a little late in getting it out to you because of
teething problems and growing pains. The Annual
issue with the addresses will continue to be the same
small size as before. You will find several changes as
you leaf through this issue and we will continue to
try to make it easier to read as we gain more ex-
A very big plus with the issue being larger, is
that we will not be able to get so many issues in the
same mail bag anymore. In the past most of the
smaller States of the Union had to be mailed in the
same bag, since the books were small which re-
quired another sorting at another post office before
it got to you. (The post office will not accept small
bags sent to each State distribution center). Now
that the issues are bigger in size and will fill a bag
easier, we will be able to send more bags directly to
the State distribution center and cut down on your
We took into consideration that some members
would prefer the smaller book, but I think the deci-
sion to go for the larger size was in the best interests
of all members concerned.
We would be happy to review any comments
you may have concerning this change, provided you
mail them to the editor.
Our memorabilia presentation is coming along
great. Together with the coffee mugs, ashtrays and
hi-ball glasses that you see in the photo, under 50th
anniversary news, there will be sets of playing cards
with the Society emblem on the back; baseball caps
with the Society emblem and coffee mugs with the
school colors and mascots of BHS, CHS and CZJC.
The imcomparable "Lucho" has also made an
album, especially for the 50th. Anniversary of the
Panama Canal Society of Florida, and plans are be-
ing made to have the Society emblem on the jacket
of the record. The supply will be limited and will be
"one of a kind", so make your plans early to grab
one before they disappear.
We have lost one of our most seasoned
reporters. From South Carolina, Mrs. Trudi Clontz
has been a most faithful and punctual reporter for
quite some time now. Her reports were always neat
and to the point, needing very little editing, if any,
which was always a great help to the editor. We will
miss her thouroughness in everything she did in the
reporting field, and we look to the new reporter from
Aiken, SC to continue Trudi's excellence.
At the same time, we welcome three new re-
porters for the CANAL RECORD. Kitty McNamee
will cover the Southeast coast of Florida, while
Ginger Rood will take up the slack in the Mid-South.
We have needed reporters in both those areas, and
we certainly hope these ladies are the answer.
I must remind members that the editor has the
right to edit all material sent for publication. If you
have sent an item for publication and you can't find
it printed in the CANAL RECORD, it's probably
because of several reasons. It may have been (1) Il-
legible Typing too faint or can't read hand-
writing, (2) Much too lengthy do you really think
our members want to read all of it? (3) Too personal,
and (4) Too late news of early and mid-1981 seems
too long ago for the readers' interest. It's a pity,
because I know the writers have spent a lot of time
putting their piece together and are proud of their
accomplishments, travels, etc. As your editor. I'm
not a journalist by trade and it is very difficult for
me to edit parts or reject pieces of your fine letters
to the CANAL RECORD. If I get it soon enough, I
would send it back to you for clarification or revi-
sion, however, in most cases there is not enough
time for that. Names, places and dates must be
clear. I would rather not print items unless I am cer-
tain of their contents.
I must also advise all you members who wish to
submit news direct to the editor, that the dead-line
has now been upped to the 25th. instead of the 30th.
of the month proceeding date of issue. This means
that the deadline for the June issue will be April
25th. It also means that you members won't have
much time to get your reunion photos to me, so I can
expect April to be a very busy month.
As I am writing this, I must tell you that I
haven't the faintest idea of how this new issue will
turn out. The set-up and lay-out comes after the
printer has printed everything to be proofread. I am
just as anxious as you members in having a worth-
while publication. Have the photos been enlarged or
reduced to the right size? Are the titles and
headings the right type of print? Will the publica-
tion come out even? Are there enough fillers to close
up the blank spots? Will the members approve? ... I
should know the answers to most of those questions
by the end of February. You members won't know
until you get the publication in March. Lets hope we
have established something lasting and well-
founded. We can always improve!
See you at the reunion!
RICHARD "PAT" BEALL, Editor
NEW AREA REPORTERS!
Kitty McNamee 305-791-0664 3950 S.W. 58th. Terrace
Davie, FL 33314
Ginger Rood 606-878-0094 Rt. 7, Box 293-K
London, KY 40741
Peggy Hutchison 803-648-7005 P.O. Box 936
(Vice Trudi Clontz) Aiken, SC 29801
John E. Schmidt Jr. 904-878-4222 2739 Vassar Rd.
(New address) Tallahassee, FL 32308
Health premiums up, benefits down. Effective as of this January 1, 1982, federal employee and retirees
will pay an average increase in health insurance premiums of 31%, while their benefits were reduced. The Of-
fice of Personnel Management announced the new premium rates plus the cuts in benefits following a United
States Court of Appeals decision upholding the reduction in benefits.
Meanwhile, there will be no new open season at least for a while, pending another U.S. Court of Appeals
decision on whether an open season must be held soon or put off until next fall for the 1983 health insurance
program. This means that government workers, retirees and their families are frozen for now into their pre-
Actually, there are two rounds of cuts in benefits. The first increased deductible and coinsurance paid by
recipients and imposed new co-payment features. Second, all plans have reduced benefits by 6/2%. For exam-
ple, Blue Cross Blue Shield, which enrolls more than one-half of federal workers and their families, is chang-
ing it's surgical-medical services under the high-option plan to require the insured to pay 20% of the bill up to
a maximum of $1000 out of pocket for in-hospital surgery, physician care, consultations, physical therapy,
X-rays and laboratory services. Also, those insured under the high-option plan must pay $25 a day for the first
10 days of hospitalization for each admission; those under low-option will pay $30 a day for the first 10 days.
In addition, there are more limitations on home and office visits with psychiatrists, elimination of alcohol
treatment benefits, restriction of dental benefits, elimination of abortions except where the mother's life
would be endangered, etc.
Here are the new bi-weekly premiums charged federal employees and retirees in some of the major plans,
also showing the change in premiums compared to last year:
Blue Cross Blue Shield, high family, $41.77, up $11.25; high self, $19.74, up $4.90; low family, $10.53, up
$3.39; low self, $3.62, up $1.16; Aetna, high family, $15.66 up 55; high self, $12.42, up $2.25; low family,
$11.38, up $3.82; low self $4.74, up $1.54.
AFGE, high family, $22.26, up $6.30; high self, $11.57, up $3.15; GEBA, high family, $46.65, up $16.20;
high self, $15.50, up $6.30; NAGE, high family, $29.77, up $10.17, high self, $11.87, up 560; NFFE, high fami-
ly, $21.88, up $5.14; high self, $9.52, up $1.99; Mail Handlers, high family, $13.65, up $2.23; high self, $5.09,
up 944; NTEU, high family, $21.22, up $6.61; high self, $9.83, up $2.66; SAMBA, high family, $29.31, up
$13.04; high self, $9.84, up $4.65; American Postal Workers Union, high family, $31.46, up $6.00; high self,
$12.17, up $2.11; NALC, high family, $28.45, up $1.22; high self, $11.70, up 64; NAPUS, high family, $12.47,
down $1.57; high self, $6.29, down $2.15.
Here are the bi-weekly premium rates for postal workers (these premiums are lower than those for federal
workers since the Postal Service contributes a greater share toward the total premiums than does the federal
Blue Cross Blue Shield, high family, $31.78; up $10.17; high self, $15.40, up $4.36; low family, $2.63, up
84; low self, 914, up 30t; Aetna high family, $5.67, down 53; high self, $8.08 (Correct), up $1.71; low family
$2.84, up 954; low self, $1.18, up 384. Government Employees Hospital Association Benefit Plan, high family,
$13.00, up $2.53; high self, $7.34, up 2.37; American Postal Workers Union, high family, $21.47, up $4.92;
high self $7.83, up $1.57; NALC high family, $18.46, up 144, high self, $7.36, up 10; Alliance Health Benefit
Plan, high family, $26.21, up $12.45; high self, $9.18, up $4.43; Mail Handlers, high family, $3.66, up 800; high
self, $1.27, up 234; low family, $2.73, up 490; low self, $1.04, up 24t; NAPUS, high family, $3.12, down $2.01;
high self, $1.95, down $2.69: Postal Supervisor, high family, $12.34, up $2.03; high self, $4.23, down $1.18;
Rural Carriers, high family, $12.21, up $2.53; high self, $9.31, up $2.38; Postmasters, high family, $42.45, up
$13.84; high self, $21.08, up $6.15; SAMBA, high family $19.32, up $11.96, high self, $5.50, up $4.11; GEBA,
high family, $35.66, up $15.12, high self, $11.16, up $5.76.
To figure your new monthly rate, multiply the bi-weekly premium shown above by 26, then divide that
figure by 12.
The National News Letter, published by the National Association of Retired Federal Employees
(NARFE) headquarters in Washington, D.C., (January 22, 1982) indicate that the CPI-W for the calendar year
1981 is 8.7%. This will go into effect on March 1st. 1982 and you will receive the increase on your April 1st. an-
nuity checks. The inflation rate was 3.3% below that of 1980.
WILLIAM F. GRADYLegislative Representative
NOMINATIONS FOR 1982-83
Eugene I. Askew, Chairman of the Nominating Committee, has proposed the following slate of officers for
President Albert F. Pate
Vice-President R. Bowdoin Mathews
Secretary-Treasurer Mrs. Jean B. Mann
Editor R.W. Pat Beall
Election of Officers will be held at the Annual Business Meeting at 1:30 p.m. April 16, 1982, at the Holi-
day Inn Airport, Tampa, FL. Further nominations for each office may be made from the floor at the meeting.
Election to each office will be made by a simple majority vote of the members in attendance.
Condensed Minutes from Regular Meetings
79 members and guests were present. Members
and guests standing for special recognition were:
Lewis & Lydia DeArmas Tampa
Peggy Falk Lott St. Petersburg
Norma Lane Seminole
Viola Fuller St. Petersburg
The president announced that Joe Wood had
sent the Society a Gold Seal Certificate of the
decomissioning of the Cristobal. The Gold Seal Cer-
tificates were issued to those on board for the de-
comissioning and VIP's.
During Bill Gradys report, he told of a bus tour
he and Beth took thru the Ozarks. At Eureka Spr-
ings, AR they saw PRR steam locomotive #201 used
during canal construction. 201 goes on a four mile
excursion now, but eventually the track will be ex-
tended to 50 miles.
4 December 1981
116 members and guests were present. Mem-
bers and guests who stood for special recognition
Irene Ladrach Seminole
Ruth Thompson Bradenton
Pollie Hudson Bradenton
George & Charlotte Tully Kenneth City
Emerson Fuller St. Petersburg
Ruth Bigelow Pinellas Park
Shiela McNamee Taylor Sarasota
Kathryne McNamee Davie
Janet Cunningham St. Petersburg
Winton & Dorothy Webb Perry, Ohio
Doris & Archie Gibson Dunedin
Irving Spector St. Petersburg
Debbie & Matt Wilder Tampa
Gloria & John Foster Tampa
John Taylor Clearwater
Ligia de Lopez Panama
Berta Scott St. Petersburg
Mr. & Mrs. Leo Foster Minneapolis, MN
As this was our annual Christmas Party the
business meeting was short.
After the meeting the Starlights entertained
with a program of Christmas music. Cookies, cakes,
empanadas, candy, nuts & finger sandwiches along
with punch & coffee was enjoyed by all. The refresh-
ments were furnished by the members. Olga
Disharoon was chairman of the party.
8 January 1982
72 members and guests were present. Members
and guests standing for special recognition were:
G.E. Audy Spring Hill
George & Auristele Poole New York
Rube Seidman St. Petersburg
Paul Barnard St. Petersburg
Mr. & Mrs. J.F. Runck Hendersonville, NC
The President informed the members about
problems with the printing of the Record. We will
have a new printer for the March issue, and a new
format. Hope everyone will like it.
Legislative Representative, Bill Grady, re-
ported that the Congress had passed and the Presi-
dent had signed the bill concerning minimum Social
Security payments. Those who already are getting
the minimum will continue to do so, but as of
January 1, 1982 people will get only that portion
that has been earned. There will also be an open
season on insurance in the near future, but the exact
date is not yet known.
Executive Board meets in planning the 50th An-
niversary Reunion. (Front from left:) Ross
Hollowall; Jean Mann, Sec/Treas; Russell M. Jones,
President; Mrs. Edith Jones, Rear; Pat Beall,
Editor; Nolan Bissell; Al Pate, Vice President; and
Joe Collins, Golf Chairman.
Copyright. 1982, U.S. Postal Service
DESIGN of a new commemorative stamp unveiled December 3 at the White
House Conference on Aging. The stamp will be issued later this year, a PO
spokesman said, "to join in the efforts to improve the nation's record with
regard to the elderly, one of its most valuable resources."
Ronald L. Seeley
The Guest Speaker for the 50th. Anniversary re-
union will be Mr. Ronald L. Seeley, Personnel Direc-
tor for the Panama Canal Commission. Mr. Seeley
was born in Panama, Republic of Panama; attended
Canal Zone schools through Canal Zone Junior Col-
lege; received his Bachelor of Science degree at the
University of Denver; received his Masters degree
in Public Administration at the University of Pitts-
burg, and added to his studies at George
He was employed with the U.S. Navy at Rod-
man, C.Z. before joining the Panama Canal in the
old Personnel Bureau in 1957, after which he partici-
pated in a six-month Management Intern Program
in Washington, D.C. He later became Chief,
Employee Management Relations in 1962; was pro-
moted to the Deputy Personnel Director in 1973 and
became Personnel Director in 1978.
Mr. Seeley was also selected as the Director of
Civil Service for the Canal Zone during 1970-74;
became the Director and Vice-President of the Canal
Zone Credit Union for 1972-82, and was Chairman,
Board of Trustees, Canal Zone College from 1977 to
He is married to the former Jolie A. Kilbey, who
attended Canal Zone schools through Canal Zone
Junior College, and is the daughter of C.W. Kilbey
who retired as Chief, Service Center Branch in 1965.
Their married daughter, Laura Seeley Rydell is
employed as a Program Psychologist, Ocean View
School District, Huntington Beach, CA. She also at-
tended Canal Zone schools through Canal Zone Col-
lege. Their son, Glen D. Seeley, is married and has
one daughter. He graduated from Southern
Methodist University Law School in 1982, after at-
tending Canal Zone schools and the Canal Zone
As a compliment to our State's Legislators on
the occasion of the 50th. Anniversary of the Panama
Canal Society of Florida, the Society has invited the
following dignitaries to attend activities of our reu-
nion, to be held on April 15, 16, and 17, 1982:
Governor Bob Graham
Senators Lawton M. Chiles
and Paula Hawkins
Congressmen L.A. Bafalis,
Charles E. Bennett,
Bill Chappell, Jr.,
Dante B. Fascell,
Sam M. Gibbons,
Daniel A. Mica,
E. Clay Shaw,
C.W. "Bill" Young.
Mayors Corinne Freeman of St. Petersburg,
and Bob Martinez of Tampa
The Registration Chairperson, Georgia Howard,
announces the following hours of registration:
Wednesday, April 14
at Holiday Inn, Tampa.............. 7:00 to 9:00 PM
Thursday, April 15
at Holiday Inn, Tampa ......... 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Friday, April 16
at Holiday Inn, Tampa ......... 9:00 AM to 1:00 PM
at Coliseum...................... 7:00 PM to 9:30 PM
Saturday, April 17
at Holiday Inn, Tampa........ 10:00 to 12:00 noon
LINDO'S TOURS WELCOMES THE PANAMA
CANAL SOCIETY TO TAMPA BAY!
We will have a travel booth, catering especially
to members of the Panama Canal Society of Florida
during your 50th. Anniversary reunion, to offer you
tours throughout Tampa, St. Petersburg and the big
attractions of Florida. Our booth will be open from 9
a.m. to 5 p.m. during Wednesday, April 14th.
through Saturday, April 17th. located in the lobby
of the Holiday Inn-Airport, Tampa. Some of the
tours offered and rates are listed as follows:
Walt Disney World $25.65
Busch Gardens 15.30
Sea World 13.50
Cypress Gardens 12.60
St. Augustine 18.00
Kennedy Space Center 19.35
Weekie Wachee 13.05
Tarpon Springs 9.23
Suncoast Spectacular 17.51
Circus World 12.60
Showboat Dinner Theatre 24.30
(Incl. dinner, tax, tip, show)
Shopping Tour 2.70
Country Dinner Playhouse 21.60
(Incl. dinner, tax, tip, show)
Clearwater Highlights 5.40
St. Petersburg Highlights 5.40
Please ask our travel booth salesperson for fur-
For those who desire to rent a car in advance, we
offer the following:
All requests for cars will be honored no confir-
mation will be required.
We will provide pick-up either at your hotel or
at the Airport.
We will give members of the Panama Canal
Society a 20% discount on any rate. All rates un-
limited mileage. All cars 1981-82 models.
Sample cars and discounted rates are:
Chevy Chevette (Small)
Aries Wagon (6 pass) (Med)
Ford LTD, Impala (Large)
(9 pass. Wagon)
DAILY WEEKLY 3 DAYS 4 DAYS
$13.60 71.20 39.20 50.40
21.60 111.20 64.00 85.60
32.80 175.20 88.80 117.60
Full collision damage waiver
Personal Accident Insurance
For Reservations write:
Lindo's Tours, Inc.
1886 U.S. Highway 19 South
Clearwater, FL 33516
Or call: (In Florida) 1-800-282-0129
Or call: (Outside FL) 1-800-237-8396
Tell us you want the discounted rates for
Panama Canal Society members and we will take
care of the rest.
Some of the memorabilia that will
be on sale at the 50th. Anniver-
sary reunion are: Left to right -
Porcelain coffee mug, 4/ sq. ash
tray, and glass 11 oz. Hi-ball.
The Annual Business Meeting,
on April 16, 1982 will be open for
members to make comments,
suggestions or observations. On
registering at the Holiday Inn,
members will find a "Pre-Meeting
Outline" form, on which they may
indicate their comments, etc. This
Outline must be turned in to the
Registration Desk prior to the
Annual Business Meeting. Only
ten (10) Outlines will be selected,
and those members whose
Outlines are selected will be
allowed two (2) minutes on the
floor for their presentation. If
your outline was not selected for
presentation on the floor, it will
still be retained for further action
or discussion by the Executive
Board at their next meeting.
Those Outlines selected will be, in
all probability, those which re-
quire a vote from the floor.
Therefore, if a member wishes to
make a motion or wishes to be
heard at the Annual Business
Meeting, please get your Pre-
Meeting Outline from the
Registration Desk when you
register and be sure it is turned
back to them before the Business
A Beach Party will be held Sat-
urday, April 17, 1982, during the
50th. Anniversary reunion in St.
Petersburg for the younger age
group of members. Although this
function is not conducted by the
Panama Canal Society of Florida,
New Members since the Annual Issue
Arosemena, Dr. Juan (Chito) .............Aptdo. 4202, Panama 5, Rep. de Panama
Baldwin, The Rev. William W ..........Apartado 346, El Volcan, Rep. de Panama
Barkowitz, Leah & Seymour..................PSC Box 1573, APO Miami, FL 34002
Bassett, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth D ...........Aptdo. 2411, Cristobal, Rep. de Panama
Blennerhassett, Mary M............................PSC Box 47, APO Miami, FL 34008
Canamas, Mr. & Mrs. Vincent (Penny Wilder)
PSC Box 544, APO Miami, FL 34008
Diaz, John H., Sr. ....................................Aptdo. 1052, Balboa, Rep. de Panama
Dilfer, Mr. & Mrs. George (Beverly Comley)
PSC Box 2362, APO Miami, FL 34002
Dishong, Mr. & Mrs. C.P. (Evelyn Foster)
PSC Box 108, APO Miami, FL 34007
Dowell, Dr. & Mrs. Paul H .......................PSC Box 676, APO Miami, FL 34008
Fox, Sylvia J.......................................... PSC Box 2825, APO Miami, FL 34002
Gordon, Mr. & Mrs. Michael P. (Mary Chase)
PSC Box 1708, APO Miami, FL 34002
Hale, Mr. & Mrs. Doug (Maria Huffman)
PSC Box 106, APO Miami, FL 34007
Henderson, Mr. & Mrs. William H ..........PSC Box 2552, APO Miami, FL 34002
Hern, Mr. & Mrs. John, Jr. (Frances Yost)
PSC Box 1685, APO Miami, FL 34002
Holland, Robert E ..................................PSC Box 2716, APO Miami, FL 34002
King, Richard & Joanne...........................PSC Box 1140, APO Miami, FL 34002
Kirkland, Mrs. William E .......................Aptdo. 1865, Balboa, Rep. de Panama
Kline, Mr. & Mrs. Frank C .........................PSC Box 47, APO Miami, FL 34002
Knapp, Mr. & Mrs. Robert L ....................Aptdo. 538, Balboa, Rep. de Panama
Kramer, Mr. & Mrs. Paul W .......................PSC Box 46, APO Miami, FL 34002
Laakso, Mr. & Mrs. Jerry P.....................PSC Box 905, APO Miami, FL 34002
Landrum, Mrs. Veralea H ......................PSC Box 2608, APO Miami, FL 34002
Lehman, Patricia A ................................PSC Box 1274, APO Miami, FL 34002
Lowe, Mr. & Mrs. James A ......................PSC Box 471, APO Miami, FL 34002
Mack, Mr. & Mrs. Edward S...................... PSC Box 963, APO Miami, FL 34002
Miller, Mr. & Mrs. Charles .......................PSC Box 601, APO Miami, FL 34008
Mills, Mr. & Mrs. Robert A. .....................PSC Box 3445, APO Miami, FL 34004
Mills, Mr. & Mrs. Ronald E ....................PSC Box 3563, APO Miami, FL 34004
Mizrachi, Mr. & Mrs. Enrique unique E. (Sunny Morland)
PSC Box 339, APO Miami, FL 34008
Morgan, Mr. & Mrs. Richard D...............PSC Box 1524, APO Miami, FL 34003
Morse, Mr. Robert ..................PSC Box 152 APO Miami, FL 34007
Mowery, Mr. & Mrs. Robert L.
PSC Box 493, APO Miami, FL 34008
Nance Mr. & Mrs. L. E........................... Aptdo. 1298, Balboa, Rep. de Panama
Ohman, Mr. & Mrs. Ed (Jean McCullough)
PSC Box 157, APO Miami, FL 34007
Oliveira, Capt. Ted A. .............................PSC Box 2728, APO Miami, FL 34002
Otten, Mr. & Mrs. Thomas.......................PSC Box 910, APO Miami, FL 34005
Panzer. Mr. & Mrs. Robert C .................PSC Box 1503, APO Miami, FL 34002
Palumbo, Mr. & Mrs. James R ................PSC Box 237, APO Miami, FL 34008
Palumbo, Luke Todd ................................PSC Box 365, APO Miami, FL 34008
Reitz, Walter K .......................................PSC Box 1937, APO Miami, FL 34002
Richardson, Al & Anne ............................PSC Box 879, APO Miami, FL 34005
Sanders, Mr. & Mrs. B. G. III........... PSC Box 221, APO Miami, FL 34002
Stanford, Mrs. Fay R ...............................PSC Box 604, APO Miami, FL 34002
Stevenson, Mr. & Mrs. Davis (June Rowley)
PSC Box 2473, APO Miami, FL 34002
Vidaurri, Mr. & Mrs. R. J.......................PSC Box 1558, APO Miami, FL 34003
Adamson, Mr. & Mrs. Paul, Jr.
2002 Hawthrorne Lane, Birmingham, AL 35244
Dugas, Mr. & Mrs. Ralph J ..................1008 Deer Path Rd., Dothan, AL 36303
Harris, John........................................1208 Scenic View Dr., Dothan, AL 36303
Harris, Mr. & Mrs. Michael.....................202 Pine Hills Dr., Dothan, AL 36301
Moffat, Mr. & Mrs. Daniel J. (Kathleen Johnstone)
Box 5371, Huntsville, AL 35805
Schultz, Major and Mrs. Robert U., Jr. (Katherine Hirt)
23 Buchner Circle, Ft. McClelland, AL 36205
Gouguen, Mr. & Mrs. Albert J. (Buddy)
4334 Mercer Lane, Phoenix, AZ 85304
Hirschl, Dr. & Mrs. Daniel...............13239 Gaucho Dr., Sun City, W, AZ 85375
Krajczynski, Mr. & Mrs. Robert (Jane Hearne)
4224 Hartford Ave., Glendale, AZ 85308
Trimble, Mr. & Mrs. James G. F..............10419 Kelso Dr., Sun City, AZ 85351
Allen, Mr. & Mrs. Harry H., Jr.
812 Columbia Ave., Mountain Home, AR 72653
Favorite, Mrs. Virginia E...........................PO Box 662, Bentonville, AR 72712
Bolke, Mrs. Sheila (Gilbert)............12707 Gilbraltar Dr., San Diego, CA 92128
Doran, Mr. & Mrs. Thomas E ..........1519 N. Altedena Dr., Pasadena, CA 91107
Kievlan, Mrs. Barbara R..............14497 New Jersey Ave., San Jose, CA 95124
Locke, Bonnie (Marquard).....................977 Pinewood Dr., San Jose, CA 95129
McGuinness, Mr. & Mrs. Tom ...................122 W. Yale Loop, Irvine, CA 92714
Mitchusson, Miss Murrell ...........4517 Greenholme Dr., Sacramento, CA 95842
Spinney-Walker, Martha J ...........1315 Fern Oaks Dr., Santa Paula, CA 93060
Spradlin, Mr. & Mrs. Lloyd H.............8350 Hydra Lane, San Diego, CA 92126
Towery, Mr. & Mrs. John W., Sr.
677 N. Paseo de Anza, Palm Springs, CA 92262
Vickery, Mr. & Mrs. Robert J. (Joan Dimpfl)
26882 Recodo Lane, Mission Viejo, CA 92691
Ward, Mr. & Mrs. Ralph L. (Lanny & Gail)
3317 Vienna Ave., Carmichael, CA 95608
Weishaar, Mr. & Mrs. A. H. (Bud)............256 N. Crimea St., Ventura, CA 93001
Whitehead, Mr. & Mrs. David (Spider) (Adrienne Morse)
5978 Bataan Circle, San Diego, CA 92139
Wirtz, Mr. & Mrs. Christian..............679 Los Ninos Way, Los Altos, CA 94022
Richey, Mr. and Mrs. James (Cathy McIntire)
2459 S. Eldridge St., Lakewood, CO 80228
Aldrich, Mr. & Mrs. Robert S ...................2001 Pinelake Dr., Tampa, FL 33612
Anderson, Mr. & Mrs. C. M ............ 13814 80th Ave. N., Seminole, FL 33542
Bailey, Mr. & Mrs. Ted.....704 Huckleberry Lane, North Palm Beach, FL 33408
Baldwin, Mr. & Mrs. Robert (Diane Hearne)
5575 Paul Bett Dr., Jacksonville, FL 32211
Brooks, Mr. & Mrs. Sherman C. (Astrea)
2004 E. Clinton, Tampa, FL 33610
Butler, John R................................................ GPA-1350-Dept. of Anthropology
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611
Carson, Dr. & Mrs. William J. (Kay Cross)
375 Biscayne River Dr., Miami, FL 33169
please contact those listed below
for further information. Maps to
the party site will be available at
the Ball from the Registration
5725 80th. St. N. #309
St. Petersburg, FL 33709
5849 32nd. Ave. N.
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
A limited number of com-
plimentary sets of color slides
will be available at the 50th. An-
niversary reunion, titled "The
Panama Canal in Words and Pic-
tures ". There are 24 slides to each
set and they were prepared by the
Panama Canal Company to il-
lustrate talks to groups, clubs,
and for others with an interest in
the Panama Canal. Each set of
slides is provided with a booklet
which narrates each slide. See the
Secretary/Treasurer, Mrs. Jean
Mann when you register.
To all BHS/CHS Classmates of
1932: There will be a dinner/dance
starting at 7:30 p.m. in the Ban-
yan Room of the Tampa Holiday
Inn-Airport. This will be held
Thursday night, April 15th. and
is open to all BHS/CHS Class '32
and any other "Zonian" who
wishes to attend. The cost will be
$12.50 per person. Please send
your reservations in now,
together with your check to:
Aggie (Tonneson) Jamke
24 Foster Rd.
Tenafly, NJ 07670
Mr. William Michaelsen
Quaker Bridge Road
Croton-on-the-Hudson, NY 10520
The sale of memorabilia and
displays will be open from 8:00
a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Thursday, April
15 and Friday, April 16. Sales will
be open again on Saturday, April
17, from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon
The Canal Zone Past Matrons
of Florida are planning a no-host
Luncheon at the Holiday Inn-
Airport at 11:00 a.m. Friday,
April 16. All Past Matrons and
their invited guests are invited to
attend. Confirmed reservations or
cancellations must be made by
Monday, April 12, Notify:
4160 Fruitville Rd. #11
Sarasota, FL 33582
220 63rd. St. N.
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
The Annual Holiday Luncheon
of the Panama Canal Society of
Southern California was held
December 6, 1981 at Hotel
Laguna, Laguna Beach, CA with
110 members and guests attend-
ing. The Invocation was given by
Mr. Robert Leroy Dill, Chaplain,
and the Pledge of Allegiance was
led by Conrad Horine. The Presi-
dent then welcomed the guests at-
tending the luncheon who were in-
troduced by members. News of
members and friends was given
by Joan deGrummond. David
Leroy Smith sang "0 Holy
Night" in memory of members
and friends who have passed on.
Door prizes were won by Ruth
Bourgeois, stationery, donated by
Shiela Bolke; Vivian Corn and
Bill Spreuer, tembleques, made
by Julie Durfee Guardia's gran-
daughter, and donated by Julie;
Gladys Brayton and Eric
Kullberg, styrofoam chests full
with fresh, natural fruit juices,
well known throughout California
Natural Foods Stores, donated by
our new member, David Lane,
president of Escondido Juice Co.
Lottery prizes were won by
"Chick" Daniel, Florence Seiler,
Cox, Richard A..........................................Box 11712, St. Petersburg, FL 33733
Crocker, Mr. & Mrs. Michael (Linda Ramey)
7111 Nantucket Circle, N. Ft. Myers, FL 33903
Crook, Mr. Douglas H...................5849 32nd Ave. N., St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Csighy, Margit L...................5...475 Riberbluff Cir., V-37, Sarasota, FL 33581
De Armas, Mr. & Mrs. Louis H...................486 Severn Ave., Tampa, FL 33606
Dempsey, Mrs. Marjorie............ 4347 32nd Terr. N., St. Petersburg, FL 33713
Disharoon, Mr. & Mrs. John P .....200 74th Ave. NE, St. Petersburg, FL 33702
Duncan, Mr. & Mrs. T. J.......................1900 SW 78 Terr., Gainesville, FL 32601
Engelke, Mr. & Mrs. Thomas G. (Alice A. Parthenais)
1201 Seminole Blvd. #327, Largo, FL 33540
Ewing, Mr. & Mrs. Lyle W., Jr............1808 Cockelshell Dr., Sarasota, FL 33581
Garcia, Mr. & Mrs. Jose ...............738 Terrey Town Tr., Port Orange, FL 32019
Glassburn, Mr. & Mrs. Paul D....1725 Robin Hood Lane, Clearwater, FL 33516
Halvosa, Mr. William T................................10393 SW 115 St., Miami, FL 33176
Hargy, Francis F ............................345 9th Ave. NE, St. Petersburg, FL 33701
Hatcher, Mr. & Mrs. Zeno G..........................RR2-Box 88, Chiefland, FL 32626
Henderson, Evelyn M.............101 Normandy Drive, Port Charlotte, FL 33952
Herrington, Miss Thelma C....2465 Northside Dr. #1305, Clearwater, FL 33519
Holland, Dionne M............5959 Ft. Caroline Rd. #2004, Jacksonville, FL 32211
Hughes, Mr. & Mrs. Marshall W ........27 Eleuthera Dr. Ocean Ridge, FL 33435
Mr. & Mrs. Robert M. Hull..................... 3234 Rowena St., Sarasota, FL 33581
Jacks, Ms. Dorothy...............335 47th Ave. N. #241, St. Petersburg, FL 33703
Judge, Jean D............................11402 3rd St. N., #3, St. Petersburg, FL 33702
Martin, Mr. & Mrs. Robert (Judy Hearne)
3906 Quando Dr., Orlando, FL 32809
Morrison, Mr. & Mrs. Michael (Bonnie Crowell)
6654 Blackwood Dr., Jacksonville, FL 32211
O'Connor, John P .......................711 Meadow Ct., Ft. Walton Beach, FL 32548
Orvis, Mr. Robert M................... 6816-B Palm Dr., Holmes Beach, FL 33510
Parker, Mrs. Darline B...............1409 Oleander Dr., Tarpon Springs, FL 33589
Parrish, Mr. & Mrs. Michael M. (Christine Harrison)
843 Mays Rd., Tallahassee, FL 32312
Quackenbush, Paul D ...........2738 Roosevelt Blvd. #507, Clearwater, FL 33520
Risberg, Mr. & Mrs. Robert J ................. 1505 Wall Dr., Titusville, FL 32780
Rozmeski, Paul V ................................4701 Summerlake Ct., Tampa, FL 33624
Seals, Mr. & Mrs. Lamont (Monty) (Pamela Michel)
Rt. 2-Box 650, Summerland Key, FL 33042
Smail, Mr. & Mrs. Robert H ...................7708 N. Rome Ave., Tampa, FL 33604
Spencer, Mr. & Mrs. Tom ..............3724 Forsythe Way, Tallahassee, FL 32308
Spencer, Mr. & Mrs. Philip W....2101 NW 108 Ave., Pembroke Pines, FL 33023
Stearns, Mr. & Mrs. J. E..............925 Sunset Rd., West Palm Beach, FL 33401
Stroop, Mr. & Mrs. R.B.H. III................. 1301 SE 19th St., Ocala, FL 32671
Taylor, John & Gladys................................9 Lake Dr. S., Clearwater, FL 33515
Tolp, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur R., Sr.........2828 Jackson St.-F-3, Ft. Myers, FL 33901
Whitney, Janice E ............Rt. 9, Box 965, Stoneler Rd., Tallahassee, FL 32303
Aanstoos, Virginia J .................... 705 Chateu Ln-#139, Riverdale, GA 30274
Barraza, Evelyn K., M.D.......3609 Shallowford Rd. ste 400, Atlanta, GA 30340
Damiani, Mr. & Mrs. Jules (Margaret Gangle)
2910 Manitaba Lane, Marietta, GA 30062
McCarragher, Mr. & Mrs. Patrick M.
c/o U.S. Customs, Box 45303, Atlanta, GA 30320
Mohl, Steven G .......................... 1900 W. Gordon Ave. #1, Albany, GA 31707
Underwood, Mr. W. C...........................1308 Underwood St., Dalton, GA 30720
Lober, Walter & June (Taht) ..................95 Kila Kila Place, Pukalani, HI 96788
Cade, Mrs. Eloise (Ramey) .............................Box 2279, Ketchum, Idaho 83340
Hagler, William M ...........................................Box 1315, Caldwell, Idaho 83605
Abraham, Mrs. Frances (Dwyer)......210 E. Minnesota, Spring Valley, IL 61362
Dougherty, Mr. & Mrs. Dennis (Danielle Haff)
9534 South Bell, Chicago, IL 60643
Everson, Mr. & Mrs. Randall N.
1215 Westbury Dr., Huffman Estates, IL 60195
Goudre, Mr. & Mrs. Paul L. (Ivaleen).............Box 63, Morning Sun, IA 52640
Knox, Mable J.........................................635 Harrison, #410, Topeka, KS 66603
Mills, Mr. & Mrs. Hobert......................4101 Eden Lane, Louisville, KY 40216
Aseron, Frank L ......................3419 Banks St. Apt. A, New Orleans, LA 70119
James, Mr. & Mrs. Michael L .......................P.O. Box 52, Montegut, LA 70377
Mallia, Thomas....3301 West Esplinade Ave., Apt 16257-B Metairie, LA 70002
Adams, Mrs. Charles B. (Annie Laurie Turberville)
1907 Pembroke Rd., Greensboro, NC 27408
Bento, Mr. & Mrs. Joseph J.............Rt. 125 & 11, Box 46C, Oak City, NC 27857
Green, Mrs. Marcella G..............6245 Montgomery Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45213
Rigby, Col. & Mrs. Lee A ............326 Honey Jane Dr., Beavercreek, OH 45385
Olsen, Ms. Florene...............................806 Colorado Ave., Chikasha, OK 73018
Toenjes, Mr. & Mrs. Michael (Patricia Adams)
3919 East 15th. St., Tulsa, OK 74112
McNamee, Brian E........................4704 Drexel Rd., College Park, MD 20740
Sullivan, Mr. & Mrs. Robert J.
8715 First Ave. #928C, Silver Spring, MD 20910
Adams, Mr. & Mrs. John..........................8200 W. Parkway, Detroit, MI 48239
Sutherland, Owen C .......................1061 Hickory Hill Dr. Rochester, MI 48063
Burk, Mr. & Mrs. Janes (Susan McCullough)
2210 Willow Beach Ave. Keego Harbor, MI 48033
Krough, Mrs. James S. (Patricia Maedl)
17950 Minnetonka Blvd. Deephaven, MA 55391
Olsen, Patricia Shouts................... 1216 Bluebill Bay, Burnsville, MN 55337
Barnes, Mr. & Mrs. Thomas W .......... 8605 Pine Cone Dr., Gautier, MS 39553
Deaton, Mr. & Mrs. William M. Jr.
Richardson, Mr. & Mrs. W. W
3312 Prescott Dr., Pascagoula, MS 39567
2408 Swetman Beach Dr., Gautier, MS 39553
Hey, Mr. & Mrs. John A (Barbara Jones)
350 Gerald Dr., Florissant, MO 63031
Makibbin, Mr. & Mrs. Thomas C............280 Island Dr., #1006, Reno, NV 89501
Palumbo, Joe T.......................3234 S. Holmes St. B7A2, Las Vegas, NV 89109
Schwindeman, Mr. & Mrs. August (Elenor Hammond)
52 Darlington Ave. Ramsey, NJ 07446
Manning, Mr. James B ...........2315 Shipman Rd. SW, Albuquerque, NM 87105
Hepner, Mr. & Mrs. Ralph.................................Box 216, Frewsburg, NY 14738
Slover, Mr. & Mrs. James A ...............165 M.I. Bn., APO New York, NY 09757
Storms, Rev. Louis B. C.M........26 Pheasant Ridge Dr., Loudonville, NY 12211
Marguerite James and Gayle
Alexander Wells. Everyone had
fun with the written quiz on the
Canal Zone and Panama,
prepared by Shiela Bolke. The
prizes, 2 sets of placemats with
scenes of the Canal Zone, donated
by Shiela, were won by Gladys
Brayton and Lee Kariger, but
everyone got into the act in call-
ing out their answers, one of
which was "Red Tonk", in "Ba-
jan talk". Shiela presented a gift,
lovely linen handkerchiefs, to
Norine Kaufer on the occasion of
her 80th birthday. In another
drawing, there was one lucky win-
ner at each table whose prize was
a recording of Christmas songs by
David Smith. Those attending the
Holiday Luncheon were:
Robert & Ruth Adams
Emmett & Adele Argo
Guest: Kathryn Argo Molinaro
Kathleen Steiner Bennett
G: Jerry & Dolly Steiner,
Joanne Steiner Robinson
Shiela Gilbert Bolke
Donna Geyer Bowman
Joseph & Ruth Bourgeois
Donald & Gladys Brayton
G: Mrs. Alma Bramin Brown
Edward & Marie Browder
Nell "Pete" Wardlaw Clark
G: Gayle Alexander Wells
Virginia Hughes Kullberg
Hollis & Anne Collins
G: Grover & Ann Collins
R. C. "Chick" Daniel
Jack & Joan deGrummond
Moises & Jean de la Pena
G: Marguerite James
Elgin Matthews, Houston, TX
Thomas & Vivienne Doran
Stephen & Lucille Fulop
Curtis & Alberta George,
Wally & Mary Hammond
Charlie & Hazel Heim
Aileen Smith Hoyle
David & Thelma Hollowell
Joe & Vera Grace Irving
G: William Bailey
Lee & Minnie Kariger
Norine Hall Kaufer
Joe & Helen Kenway
G: Esther K. Condry
Edmund & Zona (French) Lang
Mary Ethel (Evans) Martin
G: Charlotte Laurie
Nancy Ridge McCullough
G: Melinda Ferrier
Warren & Fern (Marcotte) Morse
George & Winifred Muller
Martha Jones Paliwoda
Noble & Marion Phillips
G: Janice Iten
G: Jennifer Quinn, daughter
G: Elizabeth Kling
Florence Berude Seiler
David LeRoy Smith
Olga (Roe) & William Spreuer
John W. Towery
G: Louis "Cito" Towery, son
Denise Cullen, granddaughter
Alberta Marie (Boyd) Tuttobene
Mary Kate Underwood
G: Lois Neal
Al & Polly Zon
Ramsey, Mr. & Mrs. James......1305 Hermits Way West, The Dalles, OR 97058
Sharkey, Ms. Lois............... 7015 Hwy 35, Mt. Hood Parkdale, OR 97031
Bassett, Katherine ............................30 East Depot St., Hellertown, PA 18055
Davis, Mr. & Mrs. Gordon H .........1407 Wexford Cir., West Chester, PA 19380
Forsythe, Edward J......................... 818-A Clifford Ave., Ardmore, PA 19003
Krouse, Mr. & Mrs. H. Leonard (Olive Kalar)
230 Fairview Rd., Springfield, PA 19064
Mazzoni, Bernard R ................................................ Box 14, Rexmont, PA 17085
Brown, Mr. & Mrs. Jim N., Jr ...................Box 244 Church St., Clio, S.C. 29525
Giavelli, Charles & Ann 110 Honeysuckle Lane QA-V, Summerville, S.C. 29483
Kilbey, Mr. & Mrs. C. W.............................1623 Aldrich NE, Aiken, S.C. 29801
Menges, Mr. & Mrs. Melvin L ...............114 Marlboro St. S., Aiken, S.C. 29801
Schunke, Mr. & Mrs. Edward 0. (Daisy Dixon)
760 Beuregard St., Charleston, S.C. 29412
West, Alfred & Norma .....................Rt. 2 Box 137-K, Prosperity, S.C. 29127
Baldwin, Robert C. & Barbara F........5322 Quail Tree Lane, Humble, TX 77338
Berry, Frank D................7205 Bradford P1, Box 96602, The Colony, TX 75056
Cooke, Arden..................................564-A Ave. J East, Grand Prarie, TX 75050
Coulson, Edith...................................601 Myrtle Creek Dr., Laporte, TX 77571
Gilbert, Mr. & Mrs. John F. (Bucky)
6926 John Marshall Dr., San Antonio, TX 78240
Honea, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur A. .4242 Gulfbreeze #605, Corpus Christi, TX 78402
Huddleston, Fred..............................16226 Cavendish Ct., Houston, TX 77059
Hughes, Mr. Thomas E.............................610 Kimswick, Deer Park, TX 77536
McCarrick, Jim, Jr.............................1...0601 Sabo Rd. #85, Houston, TX 77089
Mann, Ms. Wanda...................8710 Data Point #7708, San Antonio, TX 78229
Marquard, Mr. & Mrs. Warren D., Jr.
14206 Ella Lee Lane, Houston, TX 77077
Perez, Mr. & Mrs. Michael (Michele Urey)
87 Miller Dr., Del Rio, TX 78840
Price, Mr. & Mrs. Orville L. (Karen Nadeau)
1504 Laura Lane, College Station, TX 77840
Schaack, Col. & Mrs. Frank J. (Llona Joan Sears)
Box 222316, Dallas, TX 75222
Simson, Mr. & Mrs. John H................... 9622 Hendon Lane, Houston, TX 77036
Webster, Mr. & Mrs. Terry ...................... 1810 Burr Oak, Arlington, TX 76012
Weigle, Mr. & Mrs. Jerry E .................1210 Tamworth Dr., Houston, TX 77015
Armstrong, Nellie H ........................5925 Ridgview Dr., Alexandria, VA 22310
Bramlett, Margaret S....................1472 Ashbourne Dr., Lynchburg, VA 24501
Menges, Mr. & Mrs. Paul M. (Stephanie Lawson)
3541 Dandelion Crescent, Virginia Beach, VA 23456
Stohrer, Dr. Freda (Flenniken)
5810 Upper Brandon Ave., Norfolk, VA 23508
McFadden, Mr. & Mrs. Edward P............175 E. 9th St., Wellsburg, WV 26070
Booye, Mr. & Mrs. Bernard (Denise Haff)
3835 33rd West, Seattle, WA 98199
Mclaughlin, Mr. & Mrs. John J...........................Box 171, Starbuck, WA 99359
McKeown, Mr. & Mrs. William, Jr. .........245 SW 192nd St., Seattle, WA 98166
Snider, Mr. & Mrs. Lee ........32102 Old Hansville Rd. NE, Kingston, WA 98346
Young, Mr. & Mrs. James P., Jr. (Mary Sullivan)
860 S. Michael Way, Camano Island, WA 98292
Griffin, Mr. & Mrs. Robert L. (Lauray Will)
Aptdo. 148, La Ceiba, Honduras, C.A.
A TRIBUTE TO THE CANAL ZONE POLICE
March 31st., 1982 marks the day that the Canal Zone Police Division ceases to exist, as a result of the
treaties that went into effect on the 1st. October, 1979. We nostalgicaly shed a tear, as we salute the Canal
Zone's finest. Their record was among the most exemplary in the world, and they were our friends as well as
upholders of the law. They were experts in their field and we took that as a matter of course, for they were in-
dulgent as well as resolute in their duties. We all grew up learning to respect them for what they were and for
what they stood for, because they in turn respected us. We depended upon them far greater than we realized,
and we took that as a matter of course too. Many of us count them among our close friends, and why not for
they were staunch, tried, sincere, dedicated, responsive, impartial as well as sympathetic and devoted. All of
these and more. We can't imagine the Canal Zone without them, but there is no more Canal Zone and we must
say good-bye to them now. The thin grey line is no more and our hearts fill with pride for them. They did their
job well and the Panama Canal Society of Florida salutes those steadfast friends by dedicating this edition to
them a small recompense for what they have done for all of us. They can hold their heads high and may their
star glow forever in the annals of the history of the Canal Zone!
PCC Police Division will
end at midnight, March 31
In accordance with the Panama Canal treaties,
the Panama Canal Commission Police Division will
cease to exist as of midnight on March 31, 1982. The
functions formerly carried out by this division will
become, from then on, the responsibility of the
Panama National Guard.
Although the personnel, the uniform and the na-
tionality will change, the service rendered to the
public will, according to Captain Aristides
Valdonedo, Commander of the Panama National
Guard Joint Patrol, remain at the same high stan-
dard. Residents in need of police aid should not
hesitate to call them, and English- and Spanish-
speaking officers will be on duty to receive calls and
Police functions will continue to be carried out
at the same buildings and locations as before,
Building 801 in Balboa, Building 58 in Gamboa and
the Administration Building (Building 1105) in
Cristobal. The telephone numbers are 52-7862,
56-6624, and 46-7201, respectively.
Making the change with the least possible
disruption of service has been the aim of the
30-month Joint Patrol period during which Panama
Canal Commission police worked with the Panama
National Guard to devise the system under which
the police function will be carried out when Panama
assumes law enforcement responsibility for the
civilian sector of the Canal area.
The period was divided into three ten-month
sessions, with 100 Panama National Guard officers
receiving training and preparation in each session.
As each 100 officers completed the training, they
began their joing law enforcement duties in the
Canal area, usually in two-member teams composed
of one National Guard officer and one Commission
As the transition period draws to a close, the
third and final group of Panama National Guard of-
ficers has joined the ranks of the active Joint Patrol,
giving the National Guard contingent the full com-
plement of law enforcement officers with which they
will exercise the police function beginning April 1.
On military installations, law enforcement ac-
tivities will continue as they have been, with U.S.
patrols on defense sites and combined patrols of
U.S. Military and Panama National Guard on
military areas of coordination.
The Panama Canal Spillway
January 22, 1982
THE LAW ENFORCEMENT
CODE OF ETHICS
As A Law Enforcement Officer, my fundamental duty is to serve
mankind; to safeguard lives and property; to protect the innocent against
deception, the weak against oppression or intimidation, and the peaceful
against violence or disorder; and to respect the constitutional rights of all
men to liberty, equality, and justice.
I Will keep my private life unsullied as an example to all; maintain
courageous calm in the face of danger, scorn, or ridicule; develop self-re-
straint; and be constantly mindful of the welfare of others. Honest in thought
and deed in both my personal and official life, I will be exemplary in obey-
ing the laws of the land and the regulations of my department. Whatever I
see or hear of a confidential nature or that is confided to me in my official
capacity will he kept ever secret unless revelation is necessary in the per-
formance of my duty.
I Will never act officiously or permit personal feelings, prejudices, ani-
mosities, or friendships to influence my decisions, with no compromise for
crime and with relentless prosecution of criminals, I will enforce the law
courteously and appropriately without fear or favor, malice or ill will, never
employing unnecessary force or violence and never accepting gratuities.
I Recognize the badge of my office as a symbol of public faith, and I
accept it as c public trust to be held so long as I am true to the ethics of the
police service. I will constantly strive to achieve these objectives and ideals,
dedicating myself before God to my chosen profession law enforcement.
Copyright, 1956, by National Conference of Police Associations (Inc.)
TRAFFIC SECTION BALBOA 1954 George Nadeau, Bob Blades, Bob Engelke, Mack Hicks, Dave
Searle, John Harris, Dan Harned, Freeland Hollowell, Sgt. Ed Fishbough, Bill Hoelzle, Dal Heilman,
Norman Little and Fred Mounts.
LIST OF POLICE CHIEFS
George R. Shanton 19
Grosvener A. Porter 19
James P. Fyffe 19
Charles W. Barber 19
Harry D. Mitchell 19
Guy Johannes 19
A. 0. Meyer 19
George Herman 19
Roger W. Griffith 19
Benjamin A. Darden 19
Eugene S. Shipley
Charles S. Smith
William F. Kessler
Administrator D.P. McAuliffee receives a "historic" visit from
1961-1968 Police Division detective Bobby L. Winford, far left, who came
dressed in a 1913 Canal Zone police uniform to present the
1968-1972 Administrator with tickets to the Farewell Ball sponsored by
the Canal Zone Police Association in honor of "Canal Zone
1972-1973 officer, 1904 to 1982." Detective Winford is accompanied by
Detective Sergeant Ronald Benninghoff, second from left, and
1973-1982 General Services Director Fred Cotton.
EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH MR. FER-
NANDO MANFREDO, JR., DEPUTY ADMINIS-
TRATOR OF THE PANAMA CANAL COMMIS-
Panama Reporter: Ann Wood Suescum
Interview with Mr. Fernando Manfredo, Jr., Deputy
Administrator, Panama Canal Commission on
January 4, 1982, by Mrs. Ann Suescum for the
The Panama Canal Society of Florida, Inc. is a
society formed for the good and welfare of its
members to preserve American ideals and Canal
Zone friendships. Your name has become known and
you are living in an area known to many. I feel this
interview will be of interest to many of our
Q. Let's start off the interview by asking you if
you enjoy your job you have been a roving Am-
bassador for many reasons. Do you find this
A. I have enjoyed very much working for the
Commission. I consider this the greatest challenge I
have ever had in my life. I am grateful to the many
people in the Canal organization that have
cooperated with me in every way to learn about the
Canal and to familiarize with the many complex
rules and regulations governing its administration.
Q. Do you feel a positive future for the PCC con-
sidering the economy of the U.S. and Panama. Toll
A. The Canal has always offered the shortcut -
the economy of distance. Now modern technology is
offering the economy of scale the idea that the
bigger you can operate, the cheaper your costs per
unit. We see this more dramatically in the construc-
tion of larger vessels together with pipelines and
landbridges. But this does not mean that the Canal
is about to go out of business. No, we forecast a long
and healthy future. We feel that the measure of suc-
cess of the Canal in the years to come depends on
how well we will be able to gage the economic needs
of our traffic and mesh them with the Canal's
capabilities, so that the economic interdependence
we have had until now can continue. Recession will
always have an impact in the Canal traffic and infla-
tion in its costs. Toll increase will be necessary to
offset inflation when the rate of growth is larger
than the increase in traffic. The loss of the North
Slope Oil will require an increase in tolls for fiscal
Q. I understand that you have been traveling to
shipping conferences and goodwill trips to different
areas, such as Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Los Angeles,
New Orleans. Did you find a welcome reception and
what do you feel the shipping world expects?
A. Our trip to South America and the States
have been very well received by the shipping in-
dustry. The trips have given us the opportunity to
put the record straight with respect to many
misconceptions about the Canal as a result of misin-
formed publicity. We found some concern among
the Canal's customers with respect to the increasing
participation of Panamanians in all facets of the
operation, the worry that critical U.S. employees are
being phased out to rapidly, the conception that the
Canal is obsolete. That it is not receiving proper
maintenance. We had to tell them that the Canal is
in good shape and that the transition is taking place
at no cost to the Canal in terms of efficiency and
Q. At the California convention I understand
you were one of four main speakers. One other was
Governor Jerry Brown. What was the general feel-
ing or attitude of those attending the conference.
A. One of the topics that raised most interest at
the Convention was the Canal! My speech was very
well received. I was given the prime time for my talk
even though there were so many distinguished per-
sonalities. Governor Brown gave a very impressive
speech regarding Reagan's Administration and par-
ticulary his economic policies. He was very critical
of President Reagan's economic plan and put much
emphasis on the need of more spending on
technology, the problems of pollutants, the need to
educate future workers in such a way that they can
readily be retrained for new technical jobs as the un-
predictable course of economic development may in-
dicate, the needs of education and training. The
speech was good although it was mostly rhetoric.
Q. How will the pipeline affect Canal revenues?
What is projected on this subject? Is PCC worried,
concerned,? Huge figures? Status of pipeline?
A. The pipeline has been planned by Panama
since 1968, when the Alaskan oil was discovered.
The real problem of Alaskan crude oil was the high
cost of transportation and the pipeline was a solu-
tion to reduce costs. Once the real output of oil from
Alaska was known, the pipeline between Prudhoe
Bay and Valdes was completed and the capacity of
consumption of the West Coast was determined, the
pipeline became feasible. It was planned in two
stages; a transhipment in Panama and the use of the
Canal in the first stage and the use of the pipeline in
the final stage. The pipeline will be in operation
more or less in November 1982. The Canal will lose
about $40 million in revenues and an increase in
tolls will be necessary. We will try to absorb a por-
tion of the losses and offset it with productivity and
Q. I understand that the Commission is pushing
publicity for usage of the Canal. More trips?
A. We are in the process of creating a marketing
office to demonstrate to our customers that the
Panama Canal is the best alternative for their
vessels and cargo. It will require more trips, more
research and surveys and more publicity. In any
business venture there is a basic need to know and
to understand, and to influence the market served.
The Panama Canal is no exception to this fundamen-
tal of competitive survival. A sound marketing and
public relations program can help us keep our
customers and even encourage customers to opt for
Mrs. Ann Wood Suescum showing Mr. Manfredo a
copy of the last issue of the CANAL RECORD and
explaining about the organization.
Q. Because of the large number of U.S.
employees taking advantage of early retirements
from provisions of the Treaty, do you foresee a tem-
porary technical/administrative drain on PCC?
A. The truth is that not many employees have
taken advantage of the early retirement. Only about
one third of the employees are presently entitled to
retire according to that law, but the percentage is
within normal. We still recognize the experienced
U.S. citizen employee as the backbone of the skilled
work force and we are going to continue our efforts
to retain them.
Q. Thirty month transition will end in March.
Do you feel the Treaty is working well and do you
think the year 200 is too long a time?
A. Transition has been working very well. The
end of the 30-month transition will only mark the
event, but it should have no major consequences in
the Canal operation or in the U.S. community living
in the PCC housing. The police joint patrols have
almost disappeared from the streets, and it is the
Panamanian National Guard that has assumed the
responsibility and no change has occurred. The
elimination of U.S. courts, judges and U.S. law
Panama should not affect adversely the U.S. com-
munity because the Panamanian legal system is
very similar to the U.S. legal system.
Q. The tie-up station at Paraiso and im-
provements in lighting to help ships get a head start
through the Canal is the Panama Canal Commis-
sion planning more improvements to make the
Canal more effective?
A. To achieve capacity gains over both the short
and long term requires an intense capital program.
It became necessary in 1980 when the Canal reached
a point of saturation. Specific projects funded to
enhance capacity include additional towboats, new
towing locomotives, high mast lighting for all locks,
a vessel tie-up station at Paraiso. The Panama Canal
Commission will continue as in the past, to make all
the necessary capital investments until the Canal
reaches its maximum saturation point, something
that will happen after the end of the century.
Q. I understand that a "transit booking
system" just finished a testing period. This reserva-
tion period for ships will be at an additional cost to
shippers will it be cost effective for only ships
with perishable cargo or other types?
A. A test was initiated on January 11, 1981 and
suspended on May 11, 1981. Concurrent with the
test suspension, Commission officials began work to
revise the system based on lessons learned in the
past test phase. The booking system benefits par-
ticipating customers by providing them with
assurance for transit on a particular date. Booking
system features are nondiscriminatory in that they
are available to all types of users. It will be effective
to all vessels reducing costs caused by delays in
Canal waters. The second test period is scheduled to
start January 25, 1982. A series of fees will be
charged to users to correct the potential abuse of the
system and to provide the necessary controls.
Q. Just lately the Panama Canal area and IN-
TEL integrated the telephone system and signed an
agreement. Will this mean that in the future the
Canal area will have direct dial to U.S. and other
countries? And, along the line of cable TV?
A. The integration of INTEL is mostly in the
area that reverted to Panama. We believe that in the
future, the areas of operation and housing of the
PCC will all be integrated, but that will take time.
When it happens it would benefit the community
because INTEL has a very modern system. The
cable TV company in Panama has already expressed
its desire to determine the technical and economic
feasibility of extending its services into the PCC
Q. Collective bargaining is just in the process if
establishing ground rules for the first time in Canal
history, when will negotiations start and what are
your personal views on this?
A. Negotiations have started already. The first
was the Pilot Association. Now with the profes-
sional and non professional employees. This is the
first time the Canal Administration has ever involv-
ed itself in this type of negotiations. It is governed
under U.S. law. The experience gained with the
Pilots Negotiations is very important. It also was
very successful, and I think everyone gained. We are
now dealing with a larger union but I think the ex-
perience gained with the Pilots will be of great help.
Q. Can you foresee improvements on road
maintenance, grass-cutting, railroads, and do you
feel the $10 million being paid to Panama by Treaty
is being well spent to maintain Canal areas? Do you
feel it should be adjusted, increased, or decreased
with the coming review in October?
A. Panama has plans to improve the railroad
and modernize it. The DEPAT (Direccion Ejecutiva
para Asuntos del Tratado) has assumed the respon-
sibility of road maintenance and grass cutting and
we hope this will improve. I think that, except for
road maintenance, Panama has been able to provide
the public services within the standards of quality
of the former Canal Zone Government. I will not
support the reduction of $10 million if it means
reducing the quantity or quality of services needed
to maintain the quality of life in the area. Quality of
life is needed to retain and recruit critical personnel
for the Canal operation.
Q. The Poland situation resulted in several
Polish nationals jumping ship as they transited the
Canal. Do you feel this will continue, and will
Panama's position be to give them political asylum?
A. Yes, not only because of asylum, but because
of publicity. Panama has already made it known
that they will.
Q. I understand that your name has come up for
candidate for President in 1984 for the Partido
Revolucionario Democratico. Is there any truth to
A. There are many names already in the arena. I
do not know who is going to be candidate, but I do
know who will not be!
Market studies, traffic forecasts aid
January 22, 1982
No business enterprise can thrive without a sound
understanding of the market it serves, and the Canal is no
exception to the rule. To keep Commission management
and planning sectors informed of projected market
developments, Donald G. Schmidt, Program Development
Division Chief, and Economist Richard A. Wainio have
been making presentations to key personnel in these sec-
tors. Topics covered include the composition of Canal traf-
fic; changing trade patterns; alternatives to the Panama
Canal; explanations on information-gathering techniques;
highlights of traffic levels; and the uses and limitations of
economic forecasts. A brief summary of some of the points
Rather than being representative of world commerce
as a whole, or a microcosm of world trade, the Canal
serves specific trades and must be analyzed in that con-
text. Since World War II, overall cargo tonnage moved
through the Canal has increased almost every year. Ship-
ments shot up from about 20 million tons in 1947 to a pre-
recession peak of close to 148 million tons in 1974 a 7.5
percent annual increase over the period. The movement of
the Alaska North Slope (ANS) oil trade, which began in
late 1977, helped Canal traffic to recover from the 1094-75
recession by offsetting declines in many other important
Sixty-one percent of last year's 1971 million tons of
cargo was concentrated in three key commodity groups -
petroleum and its derivates, grains and coal. Three-
fourths of the petroleum trade consisted of crude oil and
two-thirds of that was ANS. Most of the ANS business
will probably be lost to the Canal toward the end of this
year, when the trans-Panama oil pipeline now under con-
struction is expected to become operational.
Grain, which accounts for one-fifth of Canal traffic,
and coal also constitute a considerable share of cargo
throughput. These commodities are primarily moved over
the trade route that connects the U.S. East Coast with the
Far East, the most important route to the Canal in terms
of business generated.
Besides the bulk products mentioned, other bulk com-
modities such as iron and steel products, lumber and
phosphates compose another 22 percent of Canal trade.
Total bulk shipments thus account for 83 percent of the
cargo handled by the Canal. The remaining 17 percent of
Canal cargo consists of non-bulk trade, general, con-
tainer and refrigerated cargoes.
The increased shipment of bulk type commodities and
changing transportation modes, such as the use of con-
tainers, have generated significant changes in the vessel
fleet that utilizes the waterway. Prior to the late 1960's
three ship types dominated the oceans and Canal traffic -
conventional general cargo ships, small tankers and
refrigerated cargo vessels. As late as 1968, general cargo
vessels accounted for 52 percent of Canal transits, while
today they account for less than 19 percent. Specialized
bulk carriers and container vessels are, for the most part,
handling cargo that used to be transported on these
Tied in with the shift toward specialized cargo vessels
has been a tremendous growth in the size of ships. Prior to
1955, the transit of a vessel having a beam in excess of 80
feet was a rarity. Last year over 6,000 transits were by
vessels of that size. Statistics on Panama Canal net ton-
nage, which measures a vessel's cargo-carrying capacity,
show that since 1955 average ship size has nearly tripled.
In fact, it would have taken some 39,000 transits by the
older, smaller vessels to move the cargo that went
through last year on 14,000 ships.
Because the Canal enjoyed a virtual monopoly within
its region of operations until the late 1950's, alternatives
to the waterway were not of real significance. Modern
alternatives are of increasing concern and they are
classified into five categories:
bypassing the Canal in similar size vessels;
bypassing the Canal in larger ships to achieve
economies of sale. (Shippers of certain products have
found that moving more goods on a larger ship, even with
the additional operating costs required for the longer
voyages, results in a lower per unit transportation cost);
THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY
using other modes of transportation, such as land-
bridge and minibridge routes (combinations of sea, rail
and truck transportation);
the restructuring of commodity sources and
markets making Canal utilization unnecessary, such as
the increasing purchase of Australian coal by Japanese
buyers with a corresponding decrease in the purchase of
coal from the United States, resulting in a drop in coal
shipments through the Canal; and
changing consumption patterns, which could occur
when technological advancements lessen the demand for a
certain commodity or when people in a given market
decide that they no longer desire it.
All of these trends have affected the Canal in varying
degrees and, in most cases, the key element was cost. The
Canal is but a link in a long economic chain, and if that
link becomes worn and weakened (for example, if toll rates
become excessively high or if ship delays become
prevalent) then Canal users will turn to alternatives. It is
important to also recognize that actions taken at the
Canal today could show their real effect as much as seven
to ten years from now, so sound planning is essential.
The Commission uses forecasts for long-range plann-
ing and in formulating its budgets. Traffic forecasts are
developed by the Commission staff or, at times, under
contract by independent consulting firms. Both the in-
house forecasts, as well as those developed by con-
sultants, rely heavily on data gathered through extensive
market research. Canal customers, primarily the major
steamship companies, and other firms knowledgeable
about factors influencing traffic patterns, such as ship-
builders, steel corporations, trading companies, port
authorities, oil firms, lumber companies and others, are
identified and in-depth interviews are conducted with key
representatives of these organizations.
During the last survey, Canal officials met with
representatives of shipping companies conservatively
estimated to own or operate vessels responsible for at
least 6,000 transits yearly. These transits account for
about $160 million in tolls revenue, over 50 percent of
total annual tolls. The list of shipping companies and
firms consulted is constantly being revised and expanded
as other important customers are identified, and regular
contact is kept with those previously interviewed to keep
forecasts up to date.
Long-range forecasts covering periods of 5 to 20 years
are primarily tools useful in planning Canal im-
provements to ensure that the Canal will continue to pro-
vide quality service to users well into the future. Short-
range forecasts are used mainly in the formulation and ex-
ecution of Commission budgets.
Although necessary and important planning tools,
forecasts are most beneficial when their limitations are
recognized. They are designed essentially to show trends,
and variations from trends are to be expected. There are
also events, such as earthquakes, oil embargoes, hur-
ricanes, political unrest and other incidents, which cannot
be predicted and which have a great impact on Canal traf-
fic. Other events, although predictable, may be difficult to
assess in terms of their magnitude or timing. In spite of
the limitations inherent in forecasting, the goal to predict
future trends as accurately as possible to allow for sound
planning and to enable management to adapt to changing
conditions has been met by Commission forecasts.
PRINCIPAL COMMODITY GROUPS
TRANSITING THE CANAL
OCEANGOING COMMERCIAL CARGO FY 1981
PERCENT OF TOTAL CARGO
PETROLEUM & PRODUCTS : -:: 28.9%
GRAINS .... .. ... ...... 0. 1%
COAL & COKE :: --- .'": 11': 8%
NITRATES, PHOSPHATES, POTASH : 5.0%
ORES & METALS *:': +:-':g:S 5. 0%
MFG. OF IRON & STEEL w:*:4.2%
LUMBER & PRODUCTS :-- 3.6%
MISC. AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ~-3.1%
CHEMICALS & PETROCHEMICALS x2.6%
MISC. MINERALS 22.1%
CANNED & REFRIGERATED FOODS 2. 1%
MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT v1.4%
ALL OTHER .-.".10.1%
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
MILLIONS OF LONG TONS
New Panama Canal
Japan, Panama and the U.S. have agreed to con-
duct a joint feasibility study on the possible con-
struction of a new, larger Panama Canal. The study
will begin in March, according to Alberto Calvo,
Pamama's ambassador to Japan, who made the an-
nouncement in Tokyo.
The time between feasibility and finish could
easily span a decade.
ST. PETERSBURG TIMES
January 31, 1982
Gold Coast Spotlight... The Colon Free Zone opera-
tion was begun on a 5.7 hectares plot with 3 buildings in
1953, after it's creation in 1948. A law passed in 1938
made free zones in the country a possibility. Colon itself
was founded in 1872, and by 1914, first serious thought
was given to establishing a free zone. Initially, three com-
panies grew to ten within the first year with a 14 million
dollar value. Annual growth rate was 17% from 1968 to
1975, when France Field became available by which
time the turnover index had doubled to near 1 billion
dollars. Already the largest free zone in the Americas, the
Colon Free Zone was second in the world to Hong Kong.
With the availability of land, tremendous growth has
continued since, as is obvious from construction in pro-
gress. The Colon Free Zone is unique in benefits offered
... other free zones offer some of the same benefits, but
none offer all of them as do the Colon Free Zone. The CFZ,
through representative dealers, serve 225 million con-
sumers from minimum inventories of wide selection, of an
estimated billion dollar stock.
Gatun Newsletter, January 1982
PANAMA CANAL PRESS RELEASE
Panama Canal Commission Administrator D. P.
McAuliffe was guest speaker at the Rotary Club Sur
on Tuesday, December 15, and spoke on the topic
"Future developments affecting the Panama
The following is the text of his remarks:
It is a pleasure being here with so many
distinguished Rotarians, and having this oppor-
tunity to talk about the Panama Canal. On several
occasions during the past few months, I have
spoken in public about the success the Canal has en-
joyed during the two years since the implementa-
tion of the Panama Canal Treaty.
I pointed out that the Canal's business the
ocean traffic passing through the waterway has
increased each of these two years to record levels.
Today I would like to review for you selected
aspects of the Canal's business in some detail.
Since World War II but especially since the
late 1950's there have been important, even rev-
olutionary, changes in the shipping of cargo in
international trade. The driving force behind those
changes has been the tremendous increase in the
volume of trade.
Although the Panama Canal serves specific
trade routes and is not necessarily a microcosm of
world trade, traffic passing through our waterway
has undergone dynamic growth and change during
the past three decades.
Cargo shipped through the Canal has increased
from nearly 30 million long tons in 1950 to more
than 170 million long tons during the past year -
about six times greater. Much of the growth, par-
ticularly in recent years, has been heavily concen-
trated in crude oil and selected dry bulk cargoes,
such as grain and coal.
Last year, of the 170 million tons of cargo, over
100 million tons, or about 60 percent of total Canal
cargo, consisted of petroleum, grains, and coal.
Another 22% of the trade was other bulk com-
modities such as phosphate, iron and steel products,
and lumber. The remainder, some 17% was con-
tainerized, refrigerated or general cargo.
The tremendous growth in the volume of trade
and the increasing concentration in specific types of
cargo has influenced or precipitated changes in the
type and size of vessels using the Canal.
Prior to the late 1960's, two ship types
dominated the oceans and Canal traffic the con-
ventional general cargo vessel called "Tweendeck
Tramps" (mostly World War II liberty ships) and
small tankers. As late as 1968, 52% of all Canal
transits were by general cargo vessels, today that
figure has fallen to less than 19% as the trend of
specialized ship types has made in-roads into the
prior domain of the general cargo vessel.
Most of these specialized ship types such as
automobile carriers, lumber carriers, and colliers
(coal vessels), are types of bulk carriers. But we have
also seen increases in tankers and specialized con-
The increasing use of specialized bulk carriers,
tankers and container ships has resulted in impor-
tant changes in the average size of vessels tran-
siting the Canal.
Supertankers, for example, are built primarily
to haul crude oil from the Mid-East to Europe or
from the Mid-East to the Caribbean for transship-
ment to smaller tankers for the voyage to United
States East Coast and Gulf ports. Crude oil destined
for the United States must be transshipped or
lightered into barges in open water since, with few
exceptions, ports in that country cannot accom-
modate vessels larger than about PANAMAX size.
There are few examples where the use of super-
tankers has adversely affected the Canal. We know,
for example, that about 5 million tons of Mexican
crude oil destined for Japan bypass the Canal in
supertankers on the longer ocean route via Africa.
Another 5 to 6 million tons of Alaska North
Slope crude oil (ANS) are shipped on supertankers
around South America to the Virgin Islands. But,
most of the ANS, some 25 million tons does move
through the Canal. However, a trans-Panama
pipeline is now under construction and, when it is
completed in late 1982/early 1983, the ANS now us-
ing the Canal will be diverted to that system. By us-
ing the pipeline, oil companies will be able to utilize
larger tankers than those now in the Canal trade.
In the case of bulk carriers, those too large for
the Canal are used primarily to haul iron ore or coal
from countries like Brazil (iron ore), Australia (iron
ore, coal), India (iron ore) or South Africa (coal) to
Europe or the Far East.
Approximately 85% of the iron ore trade moves
in large bulk carriers, but again mainly on trade
routes remote to the Canal. Some coal, about 4.5
million tons annually, bypasses the Canal on large
bulkers sailing the longer ocean route from the
United States East Coast to Japan by way of
Coal is the Canal commodity that potentially
could be most affected by the availability of bulk
carriers too large to transit. While we do not expect
to lose the 20 million tons of coal now passing an-
nually through the waterway, future growth may be
limited since coal from sources that could use the
Canal either would not be competitive because of
higher transportation costs involved in using
PANAMAX vessels, or will be shipped over longer
bypass routes on larger vessels.
Already, much of the steam coal from the
United States that is being exported to Japan is coal
from Western states moving through the ports
of Long Beach and Los Angeles. Steam coal from
the United States East Coast that could be shipped
through Panama would not be cost competitive
because of the longer ocean voyage in PANAMAX
Taking a look at Colombian coal. By 1968, Col-
ombia should begin exporting substantial amounts
of steam coal from its El Cerrejon project, but a port
facility is being built capable of handling vessels of
150,000 deadweight tons much larger than the
65,000 tonners the Canal can accommodate.
Beyond that, perhaps not until the 1960's, is the
potential for additional use of large bulk carriers to
haul coal from United States East Coast ports, if
the United States Government and port authorities
deepen selected ports to depths of 55 feet. This
deepening would allow colliers in excess of 100,000
dwt to fully load at ports such as Hampton Roads or
New Orleans and bypass the Canal by sailing
Although the outlook for future petroleum and
coal traffic is not overly bright, we are anticipating
growth in other trades that, overall, will result in
moderate long term growth in Canal traffic.
Grain is one such commodity. Last year nearly
35 million tons of grain passed through the Canal,
making that commodity second only to petroleum in
importance. Approximate 85% of that total tonnage
moved over the Canal's most important trade route,
the U.S. Gulf to the Far East, principally to Japan
but with a growing share to Mainland China.
Unlike petroleum and coal, an increasing share
of the future world grain movement is expected to
move in PANAMAX size vessels. Because of port
restrictions and handling characteristics, the use of
vessels larger than PANAMAX size will not become
popular at least in the near term.
The primary alternative to the Canal for grain
shipments to the Far East is to haul the grain by rail
to United States West Coast ports for loading. In re-
cent years, favorably rail rates and increased
western rail and port capacities have accelerated the
trend of shipments through Pacific Coast ports. We
expect that Pacific Coast trend to continue; never-
theless, long term growth in grain shipments
through the Canal is forecast.
Finally, I'd like to mention just one other
development that in recent years has influenced or
precipitated a number of important changes in
Canal traffic patterns and will likely continue to do
so the "container revolution." General cargo or
breakbulk cargo once carried in small general cargo
vessels has, since the 1960's, increasingly become
"containerized" and now moves predominantly on
larger, specialized container vessels.
In 1968 there were 55 Canal transits by vessels
classified as container vessels. Last year there were
nearly 1,600 such transits. Many of those were by
vessels with beams in excess of 100' and capable of
carrying 1,500 or more 20 foot containers.
Most of the major trade routes are fully devoted
to container traffic, and general cargo ships are now
used primarily in trades to areas where port
developments have lagged and adequate container
facilities do not yet exist, such as on the West Coast
of South America. As these areas undergo economic
growth and ports are expanded, we expect container
vessels to make further in-roads into the general
cargo trade, bringing increasingly larger vessels to
As with most advances in transportation and
cargo handling, the development and use of con-
tainers has also had some adverse impact on the
Canal. It has resulted in the growth of what is refer-
red to as the minibridge or landbridge alternatives
- the shipping of containers by rail/sea combina-
The minibridge route that has had the most
serious impact on the Canal is that connecting areas
near United States Gulf ports to the ports of Long
Beach or Los Angeles and on to the Far East. That
mode of transportation is priced competitively with
the Canal and saves considerable shipping time.
Early in 1982 a new landbridge will begin
operating in Mexico. That system has limited
capacity, and our analyses indicate it should have
little effect on Canal trades as long as the Canal re-
In this brief period, I have reviewed with you
selected developments that will influence the com-
position and magnitude of Canal traffic in the com-
ing years. Some of those developments will impact
positively on the Canal; others will serve to decrease
or limit our growth.
The bottom line to all this is that, as long as the
Commission ensures that the waterway will remain
cost effective and provide efficient service, it is
probable that there will continue to be increases in
the volume of trade through the Panama Canal.
PANAMA CANAL PRESS RELEASE
Panama Faces Problems with Canal
TAMPA TRIBUNE JAN. 3
By JOE FRAZIER
PANAMA CITY, Panama (AP) When
Panama takes over the Panama Canal in 17 years it
likely will find the 50-mile waterway unable to meet
traffic demands. The canal can't be expanded and a
shortage of water could diminish operation of its
Some equipment will be nearly a century old,
and the canal's virtual monopoly on fast, cheap
transit of ships between the Atlantic and the
Pacific, already slipping, faces further challenges.
Fernando Manfredo Jr., a Panamanian who now
is deputy administrator of the Canal, said in an in-
terview that the costs of meeting needs past the
year 2000 would be so high that the treaties given
the canal to Panama would have to be replaced by a
Up to 40 ships a day now can make the transit,
and since the S.S. Ancon made the first trip in 1914
more than 500,000 ships have carried 3 billion tons
of freight from ocean to ocean. Tonnage now is four
times what it was in 1950 and should top 185,000
tons for 1981, a record.
The canal chops 8,000 miles from the New York
to Los Angeles route around the tip of South
America. From New York to Japan it is 3,000 miles
shorter than the next best route, through Egypt's
But Panama is building an oil pipeline from the
Atlantic to the Pacific that Manfredo said will take
all of the Alaska North Slope oil trade and cost the
canal some $40 million a year, 11 percent of the
"Partly because of that we are planning a rate
increase, probably in October 1982 which is about
when the pipeline should be ready," he said.
The amount of the increase hasn't been decided,
he added, but will have to meet operational costs
and still keep the canal competitive.
Ships now pay $1.67 per Panama Canal Ton, the
equivalent of 100 cubic feet of marketable below-
deck space. The average fee is about $16,000 per the
Oil shipped in supertankers now has to be
transferred to smaller ships for the trip through the
canal, a slow and costly process.
Large ships are causing other headaches. A ton
of coal in the largest ships can be sent from New
York to Japan around Africa's Cape of Good Hope
as cheaply as through the canal in smaller ships
even though the African route is 5,600 miles longer.
Larger ships take more time to pass through the
canal and often have daylight restrictions. Only one
at a time can pass through the Gaillard Cut, the
eight-mile-long, 500-foot-wide narrowest point of the
New lights are being installed on the locks to ex-
tend transit hours for larger ships, dredges are mov-
ing a million cubic yards of dirt to straighten out a
bottleneck curve and new locomotives and tugs are
on order to help speed transits. Plans are being
made to widen the Gaillard Cut.
But all of this, the Panam Canal Commission
estimates, will handle the projected traffic demands
only through the year 2000 or 2005 at the latest, in-
creasing maximum capacity to 48 ships a day.
"The widening of the Gaillard Cut is the last
major project we can do to increase the volume of
the canal," Manfredo said.
After that, it would take a third set of locks to
This would increase capacity by 11,000 ships a
year and handle projected demands through 2050,
according to Manfredo.
However, the treaties giving the Canal to
Panama specify that Panama receive it free of debt,
and the locks would cost more than could be
recovered by Dec. 31, 1999, when Panama gets it, he
"The canal was built out of American military
considerations and to save money for the American
merchant marine," Manfredo said, "but all coun-
tries use it.
"If the decision is made to build a third set of
locks it probably would have to be a joint agreement
by the major users, especially the United States and
Japan," he said, adding that this probably would
mean suspension of the treaties promising Panama
a debt-free canal.
The treaties permit United States to build a
third set of locks but Manfredo doubts the U.S. Con-
gress would spend the money on a canal the United
States is about to lose.
The three sets of locks lift ships up from sea
level 85 feet to Gatun Lake and back down to sea
level. Fresh water in the lake, 50 million gallons of it
per transit, is gravity-fed into the locks and Man-
fredo said the water supply may not be adequate to
feed a third lock.
The manmade lake, once the world's largest,
forms part of the canal and drawing too much water
from it would make it too shallow.
1982 DUES PAYABLE NOW
The Braswell Bros. Band
It takes more than determination, enthusiasm
and talent to make a successful Country & Western
band, although the Braswell Brothers have plenty
of all these qualities.
In this already saturated business, when Nash-
ville is flooded with aspiring Country & Western
bands, it takes a certain "je ne sais quoi" to make
those long, hard hours, everyday struggles and
dreams pay off. And that certain something is evi-
dent in the solid sound, musical expertise and good
ol' country style of the Braswell Brothers Band.
The Braswell Brothers Dave, Mike and Ron-
nie along with group members Tommy Crawford
and Leroy Mercer, have performed in Nashville,
Florida, Las Vegas, California, Central and South
America, Canada and throughout the United States.
They began their careers at very early ages, as
sons of an FAA Air Traffic Controller, who took
them to many states, territories and foreign coun-
tries, of which their longest residence was in the
Panama Canal Zone. They performed publicly
wherever they were stationed.
But their real impetus to persue a serious
musical career occurred during a period in their lives
when they played for military and civilian clubs in
the Panama Canal Zone, and they really earned their
stripes. Very few performers have entertained as
many overseas military personnel as have the
It was probably this experience which inspired
the seeds of their current motto, "We're Proud Of
Our Country", a motto, which by the way, also
reflects their love for country music.
The Braswell Brothers history also includes two
years of experience in radio and television, as well as
indoor and outdoor concerts. They were one of the
few bands invited to play in the Calgary Stampede
in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, which is the World
Series of rodeo.
Their new record, "Bluest Guitar in Town" is
already climbing the charts, and their hit single,
"Lady in the Window" is still a much talked about
success. After producing their first album, "Mile
One", they have a second one in the works.
As they have travelled the entertainment cir-
cuit, they hae appeared with such top names as:
Linda Rondstat Razzy Bailey
Crystal Gayle David Houston
Freddie Fender The Osborne Brothers
Del Reeves Blue Ridge Quartet
Jack Greene Buck Trent
Jeanne Seely Hank Cochran
Billie Jo Spears Penny Dehaven
Red Sovine Whitey Ford, The Duke of Padukah
Justin Tubb Johnny Darrell...
Plus many others
Their home base is the Village Barn, a very
large Country and Western nightclub in Bradenton,
Florida with a friendly rocking atmosphere.
DE H'INCOME TAHX
De h'income tahx come now; I vex,;
I doan know what I doin' nex'
One time de h'evenin' papuh say,
"De nex' yeah, mahn, you gwine to pay!"
I feeling' bahd; I wish I daid;
Den h'income tahx bahk up ahaid;
I pay fo' dis yeah an' de nex';
De h'income tahx h'it make I vex.
De money feenish, I doan pay-
Wh' happen den? De judge gwine say,
"Gamboa jail doan full h' up yet;
"Birdspeed you swingin' de machet'";
I t'inkin' h'it doan be so nice
F o' h'eat de feesh-haids an' de rice;
No show, no beer, no lottery;
De h'income tahx h'it vexin' me.
Dat 'lil mahn f'um Mizz-oo-ree,
I doan know what I done to he;
I doan take h'all he things away;
I doan tell he him gwine to pay;
Him doan h'eat Comissary food;
De guhvumen' treat he so good;
Give he de boat fo' sail de sea;
De h'income tahx doan vexin' he.
Me shirt h'all feenish, an' me pants;
I doan go h'out fo' buy de chance;
But now I t'ink I gittin plahn
Fo' beat de h'income tahx; yis mahn!
De 'ooman making' baby now;
I 'ahppy her be known' how;
Birdspeed I git big family,
Den h'income tahx doan bizness me.
-GOLD COAST GUS
From the "SPILLWAY"
Gatun Locks scheduled
for overhaul in January
Locks Division employees are gearing up for a
major overhaul of the valves in the middle and up-
per level center wall culvert of Gatun Locks. The
work is scheduled to begin this coming January.
The overhaul, originally scheduled for fiscal
year 1981, was postponed until the 1982 fiscal year
as a part of a Commission-wide budget realignment,
at a savings to the Commission of nearly $1 million.
The work now to be performed is expected to com-
plete the third and final phase of the Gatun Locks
valve overhaul which began in 1979.
The January work schedule includes the
overhauling of 10 rising stem valves and 21 cylin-
drical valves together with the replacement of worn
parts, the installation of new seals and a general
refurbishing of the machinery. Additionally, 19
cylindrical valves, each weighting approximately
six and a half tons will be completely replaced.
Manufactured in Japan and made of cast steel,
the new valves will replace valves which have been
in service for some 50 years. The 50-year-old valves
were a product of the former Mechanical Division,
now known as the Industrial Division, and were
manufactured there between 1927 and 1931.
By utilizing single culvert lockages while the
overhaul is in progress, both shipping lanes at
Gatun Locks will remain in service. The overhaul is
scheduled to last approximately four weeks.
April 1st RIF to focus on
A reduction in force (RIF) will occur on April 1,
1982, due to the disestablishment of the Commis-
sion Police Division, as required by the treaty, and
the possible abolishment of other positions in the
Commission as a result of the continuing austerity
program. In preparation for the RIF, the Office of
Personnel Administration has been examining the
official personal files of Police Division personnel to
determine their qualifications for other jobs,
counseling them regarding other job opportunities
within the Commission and exploring placement op-
portunities in the United States, especially with the
U.S. Customs and Naturalization Service.
Canal entrances get
new whistle buoys
During the month of November the Dredging
Division will place new whistle buoys at the Atlan-
tic and Pacific entrances to the Canal. The whistle
buoys are critical as they are the first markers seen
by ships approaching the Canal from either end.
Unlike the other 190 buoys positioned throughout
the Canal, the whistle buoys are built with a hollow
tube running lengthwise through the middle with a
valve and a whistle at the top. When the sea is rough
and the buoy moves up and down in the water, the
column of air in the tube is compressed and pushed
up through the valve, thus producing a loud whistl-
ing sound. In the past all buoys used in the Canal
operation were fabricated in the United States.
However, the contract for building the recently ac-
quired buoys was awarded to a local firm, Industrial
Metalurgica de Panama, S.A. and while under con-
struction were periodically examined by Capt. Kurt
Schaefer, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Costing
approximately $15,000 each, the buoys measure 8
feet by 26 feet and weight 8 tons each, and were
built according to the United States Coast Guard
Unions obtain exclusive
On October 23, Commission land union officials
were officially informed that those unions which
won elections held in the Commission on May 5-6,
1981, had received exclusive recognition to repre-
sent employees in four different bargaining units as
follows: the International Association of
Firefighters, Local 13, is certified to exclusively
represent all firefighters, driver-operators,
sergeants, lieutenants, and captains in the Fire Divi-
sion; the Marine Engineers Beneficial Association,
Pacific Coast District, District 1, is certified to ex-
clusively represent all licensed marine engineers in
the Commission; the Maritime/MTC Coalition, con-
sisting of the National Maritime Union, the Interna-
tional Organization of Masters, Mates and Pilots,
and the Panama Area Metal Trades Council, is cer-
tified to exclusively represent all professional
employees in the Commission; and the
Maritime/MTC Coalition, consisting of the National
Maritime Union, the International Organization of
Masters, Mates and Pilots, and the Panama Area
Metal Trades Council, is certified to exclusively
represent all non professional employees in the
These unions are the exclusive representatives
of the employees in the unit they represent and are
entitled to act for and negotiate collective bargain-
ing agreements covering all employees in the unit.
Exclusive representatives are responsible for
representing the interests of all employees in the
unit they represent without discrimination and
without regard to labor organization membership.
What ever happened
Who was LESLIE? Where did LESLIE come
from? And why did LESLIE go?
These are questions that have recently popped
up on the Atlantic side, where for years LESLIE's
presence was simply taken for granted. LESLIE is
now gone, and people realize that they really knew
very little about LESLIE and LESLIE is missed.
Atlantic siders remember LESLIE as a very
large sign, illuminated with 96-inch fluorescent
tubes and painted with huge red letters, which used
to sit atop the gas turbine at the Mount Hope gener-
ating station, located just behind the Mount Hope
Looking appropriately like a train coach, the
station was a project completed by the Power
Branch back in May of 1973, under the direction of
Jack Corliss, then facility manager, now retired and
living with his family in the United States.
So what about the sign? Passers-by who used to
see LESLIE in Mount Hope have wondered about
the sign's significance and now wonder why it isn't
According to Tim Herring, a towboat mate-
trainee on the Atlantic side, who used to work for
the Power Branch under Corliss, the sign was
painted by Joe Cooper, who now, too, is retired, but
who was an equipment repairer when Corliss was
facility manager. Corliss had Cooper paint the sign
since, having been in charge of the gas turbine from
its inception to its completion, he considered the
facility to be his "baby" and wanted it named after
his daughter Leslie, who was then a student at
Cristobal High School.
Most generating units within a station are
designed with numbers for identification purposes.
And while the units are usually referred to by their
numbers, during Corliss' time, the one at Mount
Hope was always called the LESLIE, Even today,
says Gary Meyers, the current facility manager of
the Power Branch, a few people still refer to the unit
in that way.
Austerity measures have taken their toll, and
LESLIE, that is to say the sign, had to go. The
fluorescent lights needed repairing, so the sign was
taken down. And because there just isn't money to
spend on such things during these times, it looks
like LESLIE won't be back.
Yet, with or without LESLIE, says Power
Branch Chief Rene Van Hoorde, Northern District
Power Branch personnel keep the Mount Hope unit
in top shape. It continues to provide backup power
for the Panama Canal Commission power systems
during dry season, as well as during emergencies or
outages of other generating units.
Post-Treaty Canal Organization
continues to fulfill mission,
The Honorable William R. Gianelli, Assistant
Secretary of the Army (Civil Works) and Chairman
of the Board of the Panama Canal Commission, last
week made his fourth visit to Panama where he met
with officials of the Commission, the U.S. military
and the U.S. Embassy and the government of
Panama and received a tour of Canal facilities. On
November 6, Gianelli addressed the American-
Chamber of Commerce at a dinner meeting at the
Panama Golf Club. In his speech, he praised the
high level of performance of the Canal organization
since the implementation of the treaty, citing record
transits and tolls and the great emphasis on Canal
maintenance and improvements as evidence that
the waterway is successfully fulfilling its mission to
world commerce. Gianelli said that while problems
do exist, the treaty and its related agreements have
established the mechanisms through which Panama
and the United States can cooperate to find
Local Scottish Rite members
Twelve members of the Panama Canal Scottish
Rite Bodies were honored by the Supreme Council
330 for the Southern Jurisdiction of the United
States of America at its biennial session held in
Washington, D.C., October 18 through 21.
Elected to receive the Thirty-Third Degree and
be coroneted an Inspector General Honorary were:
Dr. W. Eugene Bondurant of Ancon, Capt. John J.
Dorsa of Los Rios, Rolando A. Linares Jr. of Balboa
and David E. Stocker of Cardenas.
Elected to the rank and decoration of Knight
Commander of the Court of Honour were: Frederick
N. Boalt of Fort Clayton, Victor D. Cruz and Robert
U. Schultz of Panama City, Calvin M. Landrum Jr.
of Gatun, Norman Gillis of Gamboa and Francisco
M. Negron, Robert E. Redfern and Ralph 0. Shep-
pard of Balboa.
The honors were conferred on all of the members
for outstanding service to the Scottish Rite and
Beliz new Office of Public
The appointment of Anel Beliz, who is well
known and highly esteemed in communications and
public relations circles, to the position of Director of
the Office of Public Affairs of the Panama Canal
Commission, was announced by Administrator D.P.
McAuliffee at a press conference at Balboa Heights
A native of Panama, Beliz brings to the Office of
Public Affairs some 30 years of experience in the
fields of communications and public relations. His
most recent position was that of executive secretary
of Cemento Panama, one of Panama's leading in-
dustries, where he has been employed for the past 24
years. During this time, Beliz has served also as a
consultant in public relations and banking activities
to varioud local and foreign corporations. He also
served as an instructor at the University of Panama
and at the University of Santa Maria La Antigua.
Panama holiday visitors
reminded of customs rules
Panama Canal Commission employees are
reminded that relatives and friends visiting Panama
over the holidays will have to clear Panama customs
at Omar Torrijos Airport, and should be advised
that they are subject to the customs laws and
regulations of Panama. All baggage arriving at
Omar Torrijos Airport, including Christmas gifts, is
subject to search. Panama airport officials recom-
mend that Christmas gifts not be wrapped and that
smaller gifts be hand carried rather than packed in
Panama allows a $500 exemption per traveler
on items of personal use, but has quantity restric-
tions on certain items. Duty may be required on
quantities in excess of:
5 items of new clothing for men, women or
3 pairs of new shoes
3 bottles (fifths) of liquor or equivalent in liters
of half gallons (must be 21 years of age)
1 radio, one portable tape recorder or one por-
table radio-tape recorder.
2 cartons of cigarettes, or 21/2 kilograms of
tobacco, chewing tobacco or pipe tobacco, or 2 boxes
liter of cologne or perfume or similar type
5 records and 5 tape cassettes
6 rolls of camera film and 6 rolls of movie
1 pair of binoculars
Articles which are not normally carried as per-
sonal baggage, such as air-conditioner compressors
or auto parts, may be subject to duty.
Holiday guests need proper
Panama Canal Commission employees are re-
minded that guests planning to spend the holiday
season on the Isthmus must enter the Republic of
Panama with either a tourist card or a passport and
visa. Tourist cards may be purchased from a travel
agent or airline ticket counter when booking travel.
Visas, which are stamped in valid passports, may be
obtained from a Panamanian Consul. Both the
routist card and the visa permit an initial stay of 30
days and are extendable for up to 90 days.
To obtain extensions, visitors must personally
present the tourist card or visa and passport, three
passport-size photos (1" X 1 "), return airline tickets,
and visitor's identification card to the Panama Im-
migration Office at Building 5051X, Diablo Heights
or Building 1603, Cristobal. There is a $2 charge for
Visitors staying 30 days or less may exit
Panama by simply surrendering the "salida" por-
tion of the tourist card or by displaying the visa.
However, once the initial entry document has been
extended, both a "paz y salvo" (tax clearance) and
an exit permit are required for departure from
Panama and should be obtained 5 days prior to
Visitors are also reminded that there is a $10
airport tax for those persons departing Omar Torri-
Old buildings have new names, new functions
-- 5 140 Former Balboa Shoe store is
Sco, now the Employee Relations
Center, with Deputy, Indus-
Ttrial Relations Officer and
Chief, Adverse Actions of the
D-e Office of Ombudsman; EO
Field Office, Equal Oppor-
tunity, including the offices
Serof Deputy Director/Chief In-
Reca vestigative Unit, Federal
Women's Program Mgr. and
.- Hispanic Employment
Bldg. 5140, former Diablo Elem
School is now named "Employee
Services Building" with Chief,
Transportation Branch and
Chief, Employee and Cargo
Documentation Unit of the Ad-
Recreation Services Branch and
Chairman of the Board of Local
Inspectors of the Marine
."'j Bldg. 729, formerly the
Balboa Housewares Store is
now the "General Services
Building", housing the Office
of the Director, General Ser-
vices Bureau; the Logistic
Services and Support Ser-
vices directors; the office of
the Fire and Police division
chiefs; the Canal Protection
Division and office of the
Watch Commander, Pacific
PHOTOS BY T.G. KAYE RICHEY
Hanging of repaired miter gate
at Miraflores Locks "Herculean"
During routine inspection of the Miraflores
Locks gates, it was discovered that unusual wear
and tear was occurring on one of the guard gate's
"jaws" and the lock wall's "yoke," the parts that fit
together to form a "hinge" on which the gate sw-
A miter gate is connected to the lock wall at the
top by means of two jaws which fit on either side of
the yoke which is attached to the lock wall. All
three, the two jaws and the yoke, have holes
through them lined with metal bushings. When all
three holes are lined up, they are connected by a pin
that goes through the holes. It was the bushings in
these holes, the hole in the upper jaw and the pin
that were worn and in need of repair or replacement.
Since repair work and replacement of the
bushings and pin could not be done while the gate
was hanging in place, Locks Division personnel
spent several weeks preparing the gate to be remov-
ed, including disconnecting the gate machinery and
taking off the walkway and strut arm. The Marine
Bureau has notified shipping that the east lane of
Miraflores Locks would be temporarily out of ser-
vice while maintenance was being done.
The bottom of the miter gate rests on a
pintlee," a hemisphere set on the chamber floor,
that fits up into an opening in the bottom of the gate
called the pintlee bushing." The gate swings or
pivots around the pintle at the bottom and the yoke
pin at the top.
The only piece of Canal equipment with the
capacity fo lift the 700-ton gate off of this pintle is
the Dredging Division's crane Hercules.
After the yoke pin was removed, the Hercules
lifted the gate from the pintle and moved it into the
upper level of Miraflores Locks where the repairs
would be done rather than floating the gate into
drydock. The water in the chamber was then raised
so that all but 15 feet of the gate was submerged.
The giant crane held the gate in an upright position
while Industrial Division machinists, supported by
Locks Division personnel, rebored the hole in the
gate's top jaw and installed new bushings in both
jaws and in the yoke on the lock wall.
After the repairs were completed, the process
was reversed, and the gate was moved back into
place by the Hercules, an operation which required
painstaking maneuvring and pinpoint accuracy.
Locks Division divers assisted in positioning the
gate over the pintle. The final step in the process
was connecting the gate at the top to the lock wall
by inserting a new 475-pound steel pin through the
jaws and yoke.
The entire operation took only four days and
was completed ahead of schedule and with a
minimum amount of lane outage.
Retired employees no longer
eligible for certain benefits
Individuals considering retirement from the
Commission should bear in mind that shortly after
retirement they and their dependents will no longer
be eligible for the rights and benefits they now enjoy
because of their employment. Perhaps the most
significatn among these rights and benefits for U.S.
citizens are the right to reside in Panama, and live in
Commission quarters, and to enjoy purchase, APO
and medical privileges.
A reasonable length of time with limited
privileges is provided after retirement to conclude
personal and business affairs and arrange for depar-
ture. Sixty days is the period mentioned in the
Panama Canal Treaty, and this length of time has
been found to be sufficient for most individuals. The
Commission will sponsor non-elective medical care
during this period. In addition, limited purchase
privileges, not to exceed $300 per item, as well as
use of APO facilities, will be authorized. Employees
and dependents may retain their U.S. official
passports and Panama special entry/exit cards for
Written requests for exceptions to the 60-day
period should be addressed to the Office of Ex-
ecutive Administration and should include suffi-
cient information and justification for the request.
Wage System revised for
employees hired post treaty
Assistant Secretary of the Army William R.
Gianelli, Chairman of the Board of the Panama
Canal Commission and designee for the Secretary of
Defense on wage and employment practices in the
Panama Canal area, has announced a new wage
system for employees hired on or after October 1,
1979, by U.S. agencies in the Republic of Panama.
In making the announcement, Gianelli said that
the new wage base will not only enhance the
recruiting posture of the various agencies in order to
attract top quality candidates from the local labor
market, but will also go a long way in narrowing the
gap between pre-treaty and post-treaty rates of pay.
Gianelli expressed optimism that the required ad-
ministrative actions can be completed by agencies
in the next few weeks and has set a target implemen-
tation date for the new system of January 10, 1982.
One of the immediate benefits to be realized by
affected employees are the payline increases in the
mid and upper levels of the non-manual (LN)
category and in the semi-skilled and skilled levels of
the manual (LM, LL, LS) categories. At some of the
upper-grade levels, the pay adjustments represent
as high as a 29.5% payline increase for the non-
manual category and a 32.1% payline increase for
the manual categories.
In addition, the new wage system contains many
other positive features which were non-existent in
the old system and which will benefit all post-treaty
hires at all grade levels. Among these features are:
Within-grade steps The new system will
provide for step movement of 10 steps in the non-
manual category and 5 steps in the manual
categories. The waiting period for step advancement
will be the same as in the pre-treaty systems.
Highest previous rate Eligible current and
future employees who have previously earned a
higher rate of pay in U.S. government service may
be placed in a higher within-grade step based on ap-
plication of the highest previous rate rule.
Quality step increases The "fixed entry"
provision of the old wage system is eliminated
thereby giving employees the benefit of a minimum
20% increase as well as wage increases through
periodic step advancement.
In summary, the new system will provide for
immediate payline increases at many grade levels
and, by the addition of steps to the schedule, makes
the new system identical in format to the pre-treaty
March 31 to end 30-month
March 31, 1982 will mark the end of the thirty-
month period, commonly called the transition
period, established by the Panama Canal Treaty of
1977 for an orderly transition from U.S. to Panama-
nian jurisdiction in the former Canal Zone. The end
of the transition period will be marked by a number
of treaty-mandated changes which include the ter-
mination of the United States District Court for the
District of the Canal Zone as well as the
magistrates' courts, and the disestablishment of the
U.S. civilian police. The completion of the transition
period will not, however, mark the end of the treaty
transition process. This process lasts throughout
the life of the treaty and will be marked by signifi-
cant milestones. Treaty-mandated changes by the
end of the 30-month transition period (March 31,
Balboa and Coco Solo commissaries will be
Panamanian employees who are not U.S.
citizens but who were covered by the U.S. Civil Ser-
vice Retirement System will no longer be eligible to
receive health benefits from U.S. facilities in the
Republic of Panama.
Shared law enforcement responsibility between
the Commission police and the Panama National
Guard will end, and law enforcement responsibility
will be exercised solely by the Panama National
Guard except in military areas of coordination,
where combined patrols by U.S. military police and
the Panama National Guard will continue until the
The U.S District Court and the magistrates'
courts will be disestablished.
Businesses and some non-profit organizations
must have received licenses to do business in
Panama subject to their compliance with the re-
quirements of its laws if they are to continue in
Facilities housing the Balboa Magistrate's
Court and the Balboa Police Station are to be
transferred to Panama on April 1, 1982.
Panama Canal College offers
BS in medical technology
A four-year program leading to a Bachelor of
Science degree in Medical Technology will be an op-
tion available to students registering at the
Pamama Canal College from January 7 to 15 for the
1982 spring semester. Ongoing since 1965, the
program includes one year of internship at Gorgas
Army Hospital or at a hospital in the United States
and qualifies the graduate to take national board ex-
ams for certification as a licensed medical
Bell named Industrial Relations
William R. Bell has been named Industrial Rela-
tions Officer, succeeding Paul A. Simoneau, who
will be retiring from the Canal organization by early
According to Simoneau, Bell is assuming the
leadership of a function that changed drastically in
March 1980, when exclusive bargaining rights for
Panama Canal pilots were awarded to the Interna-
tional Organization of Masters, Mates and Pilots.
This change in direction was reinforced on Oc-
tober 20 of this year when collective bargaining
rights were extended to three other unions,
representing the four remaining bargaining units
among Commission employees.
New locks locomotives
delivered at Gatun
The first four of ten new towing locomotives
manufactured by the Mitsubishi Corporation in
Japan for the Panama Canal Commission arrived on
December 27, 1981, at Gatun Locks. Representing
an investment of over $1 million each, these new
locomotives are part of the Commission's continu-
ing effort to improve the locks operation and in-
crease the efficiency and quality of service offered to
the world shipping community.
These highly specialized and complicated
machines known as "mules" are unique to the
Panama Canal operation and have come a long way
from the original locomotives built for the Canal by
General Electric in New York in 1914. Mitsubishi
was awarded its first contract for Panama Canal
towing locomotives in 1960. By 1966, 57 new mules
had been delivered, replacing the last of the old
ones. As Canal traffic increase in both number and
size, additions to the total number of locomotives
followed. In 1978, eight additional locomotives were
purchased from Mitisubishi, increasing the total
number to 65. The current purchases are again in
response to the change in traffic and maintenance
requirements which dictate a total of 75
locomotives. The remaining six will be delivered
later this year.
According to Lawrence Barca, Chief, Locks
Division, the new locomotives "will make a big dif-
ference in our capability and dependability." He ex-
plains that since more and more vessels with beams
over 80 feet are using the Canal, there has been a
significant increase in the number of locomotives re-
quired for each lockage. Also, the Locks is pursuing
a major "rehabilitation program" of the older
locomotives, adding more modern features and im-
provements. With the ten new locomotives from
Mitsubishi, operation and transit scheduling flex-
ibility will be substantially upgraded while allowing
required rehabilitation of the older models.
Mr. Barca estimates that the new locomotives
will be checked out within a month, after which time
they will join those already in service at Gatun
Diaz appointed Dredging
Adriano Diaz, a Panamanian engineer, will
become Chief of the Dredging Division on January
10. He succeeds Paul L. Whitlock, who retired from
the Canal organization in December 1981.
According to Engineering and Construction
Director John L. Plunkett, Mr. Diaz' outstanding
service as Assitant Chief and as Acting Chief singl-
ed him out for selection for this position. "His
academic training, his experience on the job and his
demonstrated supervisory ability will be a definite
asset to the division," the director said.
Mr. Diaz first worked for the Canal organization
in the mid-1960s as a student assistant while atten-
ding the Universidad Santa Maria La Antigua in
Panama City. Assigned for one summer term to the
Panama Railroad and for another to the Engineer-
ing Division, his third summer employment was
with the Dredging Division. At the end of that sum-
mer, he was invited to continue with the division as
student trainee, a position he maintained until his
graduation from the university in 1970.
Following his graduation with a bachelor of
science degree in civil engineering, Mr. Diaz was
promoted to Civil Engineer in the Dredging Divi-
sion. This did not mark an end to his education and
training, however. He has since completed several
management and technical courses sponsored by
the Canal organization and, in 1974, went to Bryan,
Texas, for a dredging course at Texas A&M
Housing rates to increase
Commission housing rental rates will be increas-
ed 8.6 percent across the board in February 1982.
Adjustments for Commission employees will be ef-
fective with Pay Period No. 3, which begins
February 7. Adjustments to all other customers,
principally cash customers, will be effective
These rate adjustments are in accordance with
Office of Management and Budget Circular A-45,
which continues to be the approved guideline for the
establishment of comparability rentals for U.S.
government-operated housing in the Canal area.
These guidelines require that rental adjustments be
made in accordance with movements in the Con-
sumer Price Index (rent series of the United States
city average for urban wage earners and clerical
workers) over a 12-month period which starts each
October. An increase of 8.6 percent in the index was
experienced from October 1, 1980, through
September 30, 1981. 1-8-82
MEDDAC privileges end March
31 for some
According to terms of the Panama Canal
Treaties, most non-U.S. citizens working for the
Panama Canal Commission and the Department of
Defense will no longer be eligible for health care at
MEDDAC facilities after March 31, 1982.
Non-U.S. citizen employees of the Panama Canal
Commission and the Department of Defense who
were employed before October 1, 1979, and their
dependents retained eligibility for treatment at
MEDDAC facilities only for the 30-month transi-
tional period, which ends on March 31, 1982. After
that date, health care must be obtained from other
Library receives work on
Railroad buffs and those interested in the con-
struction era of the Panama Canal will be delighted
by a new book recently acquired by the
Commission's Library Museum. "Rails to the Digg-
ings, Construction Railroads of the Panama Canal"
by Charles S. Small is the story of the railroads on
the Isthmus during Canal construction years.
These railroads operated many other types of
equipment besides the conventional passenger and
freight cars. Hissing steam shovels, the novel track
shifters, towing locomotives, powerful wrecking
cranes and giant exacvators are described in detail
and are shown in dozens of historic photographs,
drawings and maps which illustrate the book.
More than just a description of railroad equip-
ment, the book touches on many areas of Canal con-
struction including international politics, finance,
engineering philosophy, setbacks and triumphs and
the everyday lives of the workers, especially railroad
Dedicated to "those of all nationalities who
worked on this monumental engineering job," Mr.
Small's book is evidence of his love of and expertise
in the history of railroads. Mr. Small writes,
"Without the construction railroads and the people
who manned them there would have been no
(See "For Sale" column)
Panama Nautical School cadets
to train at Canal
Sixty-six cadets from the "Escuela Nautica de
Panama" (Panama Nautical School) will begin six
weeks of specialized training with the Panama
Canal organization on February 1. The cadets will
represent the ninth such group from the school to
participate in the program, making a total of ap-
proximately 350 students since the program's incep-
tion in 1973.
Opened in 1972 to provide licensed engineers
and mates for Panamanian flag merchant vessels,
the Escuela Nautica de Panama, located in the
Patilla section of Panama City, offers both a four-
and five-year training program in many maritime-
related fields to young men from Panama and other
Latin American nations. The four-year program at
the school, together with sea experience, provides a
possible avenue for selection to the Canal's Pilot
The cadets, will be assigned to the Canal
Organization Navigation Division under Chief
William C. Calkins and Deputy Chief Bruce S. Lit-
tle, USCG. The emphasis of the program will be on
training aboard floating equipment, such as laun-
ches, towboats and Dredging Division equipment.
In addition to deck and engine-room duty, cadets
will be given instruction in fire-fighting, first aid
and maritime safety techniques.
Second-year cadets who participated last year
will be assigned to specialized duty in line with their
career plans. Some of them will be detailed to the
Marine Traffic Control Center, where they will
observe the overall operation and make partial tran-
sits through the Canal. Others, who are studying to
be engine-room officers, will receive training aboard
Dredging Division floating equipment in working
shifts and standing watches. This will be supervised
by the Chief of that division, Mr. Adriano Diaz.
Before beginning their assignments, the cadets
will attend a Canal operations orientation briefing
at Miraflores Locks conducted by Marine Bureau
engineers and members of the Office of Public Af-
fairs Guide Service.
POVs can be shipped using
Port of Miami
Panama Canal Commission employees are now
able to ship their privately owned vehicles (POVs) to
or from the Port of Miami. In December 1981, the
Transportation Branch completed arrangements so
that employees could ship their POVs using the
ports of Miami and Las Minas, Panama.
For information concerning shipping POVs at
either government or employee expense to and from
the Port of Miami, contact Transportation Branch
Frank A. Lee named Chief of
With the coming of the new year, the Engineer-
ing and Construction Bureau's Engineering Divi-
sion has welcomed a new chief, Frank A. Lee. Mr.
Lee fills the vacancy left by the retirement last
month of Robert Donaldson.
A native of Gainsville, Florida, Mr. Lee attend-
ed Jacksonville University and holds a degree in
electrical engineering from the University of
Florida. In 1970 he was appointed chief of the Elec-
trical Work Branch and two years later became chief
of the Electrical Division.
24 HOUR SERVICE
5725 80 Street North
St. Petersburg, FL 33709
JIM McCONAGHY, C.R.B. Owner
MEMBER CANAL SOCIETY
Two Offices to serve you
in the Clearwater, St. Petersburg Area.
5503 38th Avenue North, St. Petersburg, Florida
2468 State Rd. 580, Clearwater, Florida
Your Reporter Says.....
NEWS FROM DOTHAN:
Now that the holidays are over we can get back
to normal which is more than I can say for the
weather. Hasn't it been crazy this year? A lot of
rain, cold, sleet and snow one day which is unusual
for this part of the country. Let us pray for an early
Our Christmas dinner dance was a big success.
There were 74 attending. It was held at the Ramada
Inn. We had taped music, delicious food and many
lovely door prizes donated by the local merchants.
One of the hilights of the evening was the un-
expected visit of about 18 Spanish fliers from Spain
who had been at Ft. Rucker for training. They were
having a cocktail party across the hall and when
they found out that some of us spoke Spanish they
came in and honored us with a song. They also gave
us some bottles of wine and other moments that we
could give as door prizes. I am sure everyone had a
Visiting Jake and Janeth Baker for the holidays
were the Harry Lacy's from Largo, Florida and their
son Frank and Christine Baker from California.
Mrs. Lacy is Janeth's mother. Also visiting in
Dothan for the holidays were Ted and Karen Yost
and their son, Chad from Houstin, Texas. They
visited with Ted's mother, Dot Yost. Ralph Dugas
from Hawaii visited with his parents, Ralph and Ida
Doug Marti, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ted Marti is
now recuperating at their home after several years
of illness. His address is Doug Marti, P.O. Box 7,
Trinity, Alabama 35673.
Mildred Patton's daughter and son-in-law, Lin-
da and Mike Basham and their Children Carl and
Susie have been transferred from Ft. Rucker,
Alabama to Scofield Barracks, Hawaii. Mike is the
son of Martha Bradford of Dothan. On their way to
California, they visited with Linda's brother, Ricky
Patton, in Houston, Mike's sister and brother-in-
law, Nancy and Larry Stanfield in Dallas, Linda's
uncle, Dr. David Patton, in Tempe, Arizone, and her
cousin, Shiela (Gilbert) Bolke and family in San
Diego. They will also visit in Disneyland before go-
ing to Hawaii. I am sure Milly and Martha will miss
them very much but they are already talking about
going to Hawaii for a visit.
Jack and Margaret Hern, Bill and Dot Benny,
Louise and Joe Hunt and Kelly Wainio were all
visitors to Panama for the holidays to see their
children and grandchildren.
We wish to extend our condolences to Berniece
Deming on the death of her husband, John,; to Ger-
trude (Joustra) Mullins on the death of her son, Ger-
ritt and to Jim and Joan Collins on the death of
Jom's father and Joan's mother, Mrs. Holgerson
For the people of Dothan, Alabama, it was one
of the proudest days ever when the Northview High
School Football team won the Alabama State 4-A
High School Football Championship at Legion Field
in Birmingham, AL, on Dec. 5, 1981. Signs of praise
popped up in front of restaurants, movie houses, car
dealers, etc., all over town.
Especially proud are Mary & Freeland
Hollowell, of their son David, a 6 ft., 210 lb. Senior,
who played Defensive Tackle for the Northview
Of the championship game played in Birm-
ingham, one of the local newspapers reported "...
David Hollowell led a strong defensive effort that
didn't yield anything." In the final defense tally of
that game David led with 7 stops, 2 assists, and one
At the football banquet on Jan. 18, 1982, David
was commended for his dedicated 3 years with the
team and especially his outstanding Senior year. He
was presented with the "Iron Man" trophy, for
perfect attendance, and the "Most Improved Defen-
sive Down Lineman" trophy for 1981. The most
cherished award will be the State Championship
Rings which are on order and will be given to each
member of the Cougar Football team.
Another member of the Cougar team is Walter
Kelleher, son of Dave & Betty Kelleher. Walter is a
Junior at Northview and we will all be out there next
football season cheering for another ex-Canal Zone
In addition to Davids' trophies, both Walter &
Davd received numerous plaques and awards from
the local merchants & banks, among which was a
framed proclamation from the City Fathers declar-
ing the Northview Cougars became the first
football team ever from the City of Dothan to cap-
ture the 4-A State Championship by defeating
Carver of Birmingham 7 to 6."
The Cougars ended their season with 13 wins
and one loss.
Joey Burgoon, Jr., son of Joe and Gloria
Burgoon, who is the Assistant Pro at the Dothan
Country Club was asked to play at the Panama
Open which was held December 17th to the 21st.
Joey was sponsored by Motores Colpan. He was
leading in the first round. He came within the
money and said he had a very good time. The tour-
nament was postponed on Saturday because of
heavy rains but continued on Sunday.
Joan and Charles Belden had Danny and Mary
Lee (Kincaid) Sullivan, son of the late Dan Sullivan
and of Mary Sullivan as guests. They also had
David Hannigan, son of Mr. and Mrs. Hannigan of
Panama. David attends school in Florida. Joan's
brother, Fred Buttler of Columbus, Ohio was a
visitor to Dothan. Fred used to work at the
Mechanical Division many years ago and also serv-
ed in the Navy in the Canal Zone. Charles's sister,
Blanche (Belden) Hopkins and her husband from
Winnsboro, Texas were also guests of the Beldens.
We welcome to Dothan, Arlene Abbott former
resident of the Canal Zone and of Wisconsin.
May we see each other at our 50th reunion. God
CATHERINE (WHELAN) FILO
PETER BUTZ and family in Sapulpa, Okla., are
doing well. Severe winter weather has not seriously
affected their activities or enthusiasm.
HARRY and LEE BUTZ say that they have
been busy doing what people do in the winter -
cleaning, socializing, etc. DON and HELEN
BOOSTROM stopped by to see them in early
January. Don was part of Bildon Construction Co.
which did a lot of work in the Zone. The Boostroms
also visited KARL and FERN GLASS in Diamond
PAUL and ELVA STEWART, MARIE WITT.
In October, DICK CONDON went to Ohio to
visit his family. He stopped in Crestline, Ohio and
spent a night with PETE SCHILL who retired last
September from MTD, though most of his Zone ser-
vice was with the Panama Railroad. In November,
Dick visited in Washington, DC with WENDEL
ALLEN and GILBERT FOSTER, both Locks Divi-
sion employees way back in the early '40s. During
his visit, the three men went down to Ashville, NC,
and took in the Biltmore.
NEWS FROM NORTHWEST ARKANSAS
DOROTHY and BRUCE SANDERS report
their Beaver Lake boating activities came to a
screeching halt in mid-September due to motor pro-
blems. As of the first of the year, ordered parts have
not yet arrived. Grandson CURTIS, a dental lab
technician student at Texas Tech in Waco, visited at
Thanksgiving time, and in December, son JACK of
Los Gatos, CA visited for eight days, returning
home on Dec. 24th.
ESTHER BUTZ is working in Tulsa, Okla., as a
draftsman. She likes her work, and having recently
become interested in flying, is also working hard on
her flying manuals.
BATES WIEMAN, FRANCES
Thanksgiving week, LOTTIE TINNIN from
Grand Cane, LA, and FRONIE FENDER from
Bradenton, FL, were guests of MAXINE and
EARL WRENN in Springdale, Ark.
THEO HALLIN flew to California for
Christmas with daughter ELIZABETH and her
husband and with stepson HENRY and his family.
She greatly enjoyed going to the Midshipmen's Ball
and a trip to Catalina Island (which proved to be
very different from her expectations of it as a spec-
tacular showplace type of resort).
RED and KATHLEEN HUFFMAN had their
Thanksgiving in Conway, Ark., with son WILL and
his family. On Dec. 15th, they flew to Port Town-
send, Wash., to spend Christmas with daughter
MARY NOVAK, her husband and two children. On
Jan. 1st son JIMMY flew to Washington from
California and spent ten days with the family.
NOBBYY" NOBERT and MR. and MRS. ROGER MICHEL. DOROTHY and BRUCE
PEGGY MAGEE KELLER. SANDERS.
SAM and EDITH BIRCHER spent Thanks-
giving in Denver with son TOM and his family, and
while there, attended the baptism of his new son.
Daughter SARA graduated on Dec. 20th from Mar-
quette University, and is working with Arthur
Anderson & Co., an accounting firm, in Atlanta,
GA. Son JOHN is out of the Navy, and is going to
school in Charleston, SC. Daughter JULIE has an
internship with Honeywell Corp. in Phoenix, Ariz.
WALTER and DOLORES JARVIS, VIRGINIA
WALTER and DOLORES JARVIS went to
Michigan for Thanksgiving with son LT. JAN
PHILIP JARVIS who had been transferred from
California. They also went to Milwaukee for a
week's visit with Dolores' relatives. Fortunately,
they escaped all the bad weather which descended
soon after. For Christmas, the Jarvises were home
again and were joined by son Jan, his wife and two
children and son JEFF JARVIS, who came up from
Ft. Lauderdale. It was the first time the brothers
had been together in eight years.
The RICHARD CROWELLS from Deltona, FL,
and their daughter JACKIE and her husband,
CHARLES VOWELL visited KATHLEEN
CROWELL and family during the holidays. They
were houseguests of JOE and LIBBY VOWELL
near Rogers, Ark. The Crowells are the paternal
grandparents of Kathleen's children, and Jackie and
Charlie are the girls' aunt and uncle.
EDITH SHUEY LOVELL, EVELYN SHUEY,
RALPH and MARIE SHUEY.
JOSEPH and LIBBY VOWELL's son and his
wife, CHARLIE and JACKIE (CROWELL) from
St. Johns, Ariz., and Libby's brother, ARTHUR
VENABLE, from Elmo, MO., and Jackie's parents,
DICK and ILA CROWELL from Deltona, FL spent
Christmas with them. CHARLIE and CAROLINE
SAMMONS spent a week with the Vowells in
September. He was an engineer on the Panama
Railroad. They now live in North Carolina. Old
friends DICK CONDON and JOE CONKLIN drove
up from Springdale, Ark., for a chat with them.
JESSIE NEWHARD flew to Denver for a
Christmas visit with son JOHN ALBRIGHT and
his family. During the three weeks Jessie was there,
she had the opportunity of meeting with HELEN
SWEARINGEN who was up from Florida visiting
her son in Ft. Collins. Jessie had a wonderful time in
Colorado a nice white Christmas, and a trip up in-
to beautiful mountain country.
GEORGE and EDITH ENGELKE, HERB
ENGELKE, VIRGINIA FAVORITE.
NOBBY and PEGGY (MAGEE) KELLER's
winter houseguests are Peggy's parents, MUGSY
and SUSIE MAGEE, who arrived from Boston on
Dec. 22nd. The purpose of the visit was threefold:
see the kids (?), enjoy the Ozark area, and for Susie
to have eye surgery, a lens implant. All facets of the
visit have been successful.
RED and ALICE NAIL had a memorably hap-
py Christmas because it was the first for their brand
new granddaughter, Stephanie Elise. Though
placidly cooperative in her conduct, Stephanie was
completely disinterested in her numerous gifts, leav-
ing the unwrapping of them to her parents, STEVE
and LISA (NAIL) GRAVES.
All photographs were taken at the Panama
Canal Luncheon, October 12, 1981 at Fayetteville,
THE PANAMA CANAL SOCIETY OF
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ...
THE PRESIDENT'S CORNER A new year,
a new leaf. I wish each of you a very prosperous and
healthy year. Do you find that your dollar doesn't
go as far now as in the past? Who doesn't! We're all
hit hard by the increasing inflation. With the big
reunion coming up this April in Tampa, it will be
very difficult for some of us in the West to attend.
But a solution is in sight! This year we will again
stage our own Great West Coast Reunion in San
Diego on September 9-12. So start planning now to
attend. San Diego is a lot closer than Tampa. Write
or call all your friends to come out to the West Coast
for a visit! Preliminary plans call for: THURSDAY
& FRIDAY: Registration & Golf Tournament;
SATURDAY: Registration, special luncheon, happy
hour, banquet and dance, and SUNDAY: Panama
Canal Society of Southern California's regular lun-
cheon. Additional information will appear in our
April and July Newsletters.
CONRAD S. HORINE.
HAMPTON and CLAIRE TEDDER of Rancho
Cucamonga are having some great times at their
condo in Newport Beach. They gather there with
members of their family and friends, and enjoy
outings in their 31-ft. ocean speedster from their
wharf on a calm day they can cruise to Catalina
Island in 15-20 minutes.
WELCOME, NEW MEMBERS!
GAYLE ALEXANDER WELLS, 3496 N.
Monte Hermosa, Laguna Hills, CA 92653. Gayle
was born in Cristobal, CZ, and attended high school
in Hartford, CT. She taught Balboa, Ancon and
New Cristobal Play Sheds from 1926-29.
MR. & MRS. DAVID L. LANE (DONNA
SWIFT), 961 Madison Avenue, Escondido, CA
92027. David, CHS '55, lived in New Cristobal,
Gatun and Farfan from 1951-55 and 1963-66. He is
president of Escondido Juice Co. Donna lived in Far-
fan from 1963-66, and is a high school and college
MRS. LELA KIRBY, 3508 San Jacinto Ave.,
Apt. 201, Perris, CA 92320. Lela was the wife of
JACK KIRBY, now deceased. They lived on the
Atlantic side most of the time. He was with Com-
missary Division's Refrigeration Dept. She has two
married daughters and several grandchildren.
MR. & MRS. HOWARD I NEFF (MABEL),
10230 Palmeras Drive, Sun City, AZ 85373. Howard
lived in Cristobal, and was Physical Director there
from 1938 -41.
MR. JOHN W. TOWERY, 677 N. Paseo de An-
za, Palm Springs, CA 92262. Mr. Towery lived in
Ancon and Balboa, CZ, from 1917 -53. He was mar-
ried to ANGELA SNEDAKER, now deceased, who
resided in the Zone from 1901, and attended
Cristobal Schools. They had two sons, JOHN, JR.,
now in Vancouver, WA, and LOUIS "CITO", in
Nowralk, CA, and a daughter, MARY, now SISTER
MARY MANUELA, Sisters of Notre Dame, in S.
Calif. Mr. Towery was a Claims Adjuster and Ad-
min. Asst., Comptroller's Office, Balboa Heights.
He retired in 1953, when he and Mrs. Towery left
the Zone and made their home in S. Calif.
NELL ("PETE") WARDLAW CLARK, 1333
E. Grand Ave., A-302, Escondido, CA 92027. Pete
graduated from CHS -32 and lived in the Canal Zone
until 1935. Pete was a member, 1976-78.
NEWS OF MEMBERS AND FRIENDS
BILL and DOT ALLEN enjoyed a 3-day reu-
nion in November with Dot's sister, KAT REPL-
INGER, at her home in Phoenix, AZ. Their brother,
CARL HOFFMAN, JR., and his wife, BETTY, had
driven there in their motorhome from Rochester,
NY, for the occasion first time they'd all been
together since 1973 reunion in St. Petersburg. En
route to Arizona, Carl and Betty visited with BOB
and PAT RIDGE in Columbus, Ohio. Bill and Dot
continue to be quite active members of their com-
munity. And their tandem bicycle odometer recent-
ly passed the 3500-mile mark! Aunt GENEVA
BLISS SHARPNEL, also of Seal Beach, recently
had a visit from grandsons, MARC and MIKE
SHRAPNEL, from "down under" in Canberra,
MARY BUTLER JOURNEY enjoyed several
visits from long-time friends during this past year
One of her enjoyable treats in '81 was attending ser-
vices at the Crystal Cathedral in Garden Grove, CA.
OFFICERS, Panama Canal Society of Southern
California 1981-82: (L-R) ROY W. BALLARD, Vice
Pres./Entertainment Chairman, JOAN RIDGE
deGRUMMOND, Newsletter Editor, ROBERT
LEROY DILL, Chaplain, CONRAD S. HORINE,
President, SHEILA GILBERT BOLKE, Secretary-
Treasurer, DAVID LEROY SMITH, President
HANK and VIRGINIA (RIDGE) DOLIM are
enjoying retirement life, activities and the weather
in Hawaii so much that they are now permanent
residents there. Ideally situated, their condo over-
looks the marina and ocean. Daughter, DIANE, and
family (2 children, ages 8 and 10) live close by. Their
son, LTC HERK DOLIM, and family are stationed
and living on Langley AFB, VA.
DAVID and ADELAIDE (MONSANTO)
ELLIS spent Christmas with GIL and CAMILLE
(ELLIS) JONES, Orange County, and went to
Houston in January to be with their son and
daughter-in-law, DAVID and BONNIE ELLIS, for
the arrival of their second child.
INEZ EVANS, ERMA FORBES and MAR-
THA FUREY spent an interesting two weeks tour-
ing five of the islands in our 50th state. Beautiful
weather till Christmas eve when they were treated
to a typical tropical downpour! But they were in the
lovely and most comfortable Sheraton Hotel on
Kauai. "Brought back memories of those storms we
had in the Canal Zone."
CHARLES and HAZEL HEIM of Carson, CA.
WALT ("MORT") and BESS (STAPELTON)
MORTON, Prospect, OR, had a great year all 3
kids and families were up for summer vacations.
GEORGE & AUDREY YATES, formerly of Gam-
boa, flew out from New Orleans for a visit. Bess and
Mort spent the Christmas holidays with their
daughter and family in S. Calif.
MARTHA JONES PALIWODA, Fresno,
visited in January with Mrs. ANNA McRAE
BICKFORD, 96, who is in a lovely Mennonite
Church nursing home in Reedley. Anna recently fell
and broke her hip, but is coming along all right.
Alert as ever, she was eager to hear all about our
holiday luncheon, which Martha had attended.
MILTON and CHUBBY WRIGHT drove to
Tooele, UT, in October to visit with his sister and
her husband in their new home. They all went over
to Park City, the beautiful new ski area what a
change! They had seen it when only a little mining
town. Milton and Chubby enjoyed the holidays with
family members in S. Calif.
DIVID SMITH's sister, AILEEN SMITH
HOYLE, came down from Redwood City for the
holidays and an extended visit with him. Aileen at-
tended our holiday luncheon.
MRS. HERBERT R. JUDSON (EDNA) of
Orlando, FL, is carrying on at age 88, but has to
combat that villain, arthritis. Her son, DR.
WALTER JUDSON, visited with her recently.
NORINE KAUFER spent a few days with
JACK & JOAN deGRUMMOND before attending
our hokiday luncheon she was happy to see
JERRY & DOLLY STEINER and daughters,
KATHLEEN & JOANNE; ANN & HOLLIS COL-
LINS Norine attended church for years with
Anne's two uncles, JASPER & ELDRIDGE BUR-
TON: ALBERTA GEORGE, Fairhope, AL they
hadn't seen each other for 25 years; and PETE
WARDLAW CLARK Norine worked at
Cristobal Commissary for Pete's mother, NELL,
along with GEORGE ENGELKE and RAY WILL.
From Laguna, Norine "hitched a ride" with CON-
RAD HORINE to San Diego, where she visited for a
few days with MARGARET MILLER, a friend
from early Canal Zone days, 1917. One day they
rode the new trolley car to Tijuana and back for an
excursion. Due to foggy weather, Norine phoned
DICK TATELMAN of PSA main office re flight
schedule before heading home.
Norine is one of 120 students enrolled in a
tuition-free program for students over 60 at San
Jose State Univ. In NEWSWEEK, 12/21/81
(Education), Norine appears in photo with another
senior-citizen student in a chemistry lab.
EMMETT and ADELE ARGO of Laguna Hills,
BOB and MARTHA WEBB, formerly of Diablo
Heights, retired last spring they recently moved
from S. Calif. and are now settled in their dream
home near Sacramento (6592 Pacheco Way, Citrus
Hts., CA 95610). Bob retired from Pacific Locks,
and Mariana was a nurse at Gorgas.
"WOODY" and ELSIE (LAWYER)
WOODRUFF, Dothan, AL, arrived in California in
December for a month's visit with their daughters,
LINDA WIER, and her daughter, JENNIFER, age
81/2, in Reseda, and DARLENE and her husband,
JOE HUNT (son of JOE & LOUISE RATHGEBER
HUNT of Dothan) and family in Monterey. Joe is
studying for his master's degree. In N. Hollywood
Woody and Elsie saw BUD KELLEHER, and con-
tacted several other friends, including the
deGRUMMONDS, and CAPT & MRS. JACK
HEARN (ETHEL KRZIZA) of Carlsbad.
VIRGINIA HUGHES KULLBERG (BHS '35) of
Solana Beach, CA, and ELLEN GREENLEAF
(BAILEY) JOHNSON, (CHS '34) of Alpine, CA,
CATSY (TAYLOR) SCHAFER's daughter, SUE
TAYLOR PITNEY, had a reunion with two other
Balboa High School Classmates (1958) in Yokohoma
on October 3, 1981, when HELEN "HOWIE"
(ADAMS) LAATZ and MADGE SMITH were
visiting with the San Diego-Yokohoma Sister City
Club. Sue would be glad to hear from Canal Zone
friends who get to Japan. Her address is: Mrs. Jouis
J. Pitney, Homat Governor #402, 15-17 Roppongi,
1-Chome, Tokyo 107, Japan. Tel: 584-5523.
COL. EDMUND LANG and ZONA (FRENCH)
LANG (BHS '29), Tustin, CA, and MARIE and ED-
WARD M. BROWDER, JR. Rancho Bernardo.'
MR. JOHN TOWERY, new member, thought
our holiday luncheon was a great success he met
several people he hadn't seen for many years. He
had left the Zone in 1953.
RAYMOND and BARBARA (GEDDES)
SHAW say they are adapting their lifestyle to
Denver, CO. His sister, ALICE RAY, and her hus-
band, JIM WIER, live nearby in Tabernash. Bar-
bara is studying for a business degree at the Univ.
of CO, and Ray is working for the city of Denver as
Chief Building Construction Engineer. In June they
acquired a lovely daughter-in-law, SHELLY, when
son, MARK, was married. MARK and ALAN are in
the restaurant business and live close by. In July,
Barbara visited her sister, PAT RISBERG, and her
parents in Florida. They had a family reunion there
with four of their five brothers and sisters: BOB
GEDDES and his son, MIKE, up from Panama, and
DIANNE and family from Indiana.
GALE ALEXANDER WELLS, Laguna Hills, and
NELL "PETE" WARDLAW CLARK (CHS'32), of
MR. RAY M. SMITH of Palmdale, CA, spent
the Christmas holidays in Panama with his
daughter and son-in-law, DIANA and JOHN W.
DAVIS and their two sons, and with his son, REV.
WAYNE SMITH, his wife and three daughters.
Ray furnished the following article by MRS.
ANONA H. KIRKLAND, which appeared in the
STAR & HERALD last October: "The Gatun-
Margarita Union Church has called REV. WAYNE
SMITH to serve as their pastor, and will have his of-
ficial installation service at their morning worship
on Sunday, October 25 The Smiths are no
strangers to Panama. Wayne's father, RAY
SMITH, worked for the Panama Canal Company's
Industrial Division from 1952-64 and 1967-73. In
1972-73 Wayne worked in Panama with the
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. His wife,
RUTH, lived in Panama from 1951-64, while her
father, JACOB LIMKEMANN, served with the
American Bible Society at the Cristobal Bible
House. Rev. Smith has just completed seminary
training in Chicago and is licensed through the
Evangelical Covenant Church of America. He is
pleased to be serving in a union church which is an
interdenominational fellowship for English-
speaking people in Panama."
EDWARD M. BROWDER, JR., Rancho Bernardo,
San Diego and ESTHER (KRZIZA) CONDRY,
Photos taken by JACK deGRUMMOND at
PCSSC Holiday Luncheon, Hotel Laguna, Lalguna
Beach, CA, on December 6, 1981.
FLORENCE BERUDE SELLER loves her new
"doll house" in Laguna Hills. Her son, JACK
BERUDE, has been transferred from Portland, OR,
to San Diego as Vice Pres./Gen. Mgr. of a shipyard
there. He and his wife, DOROTHY, are living in
Chula Vista. Flo keeps busy with her volunteer work
at Channel 6-TV station; in the Intensive Care and
Reception Desk Units of Saddleback Hospital; and
among her other activities she is enrolled in two
Saddelback College courses.
CATSY TAYLOR SCHAFER, San Diego, re-
counts an interesting trip taken with three other Zo-
nian to the Orient. Members of the "San Diego-
Yokohama Sister City Club" formed a tour to
Japan. Interested in the tour were Catsy; HOWIE
ADAMS LAATZ (PC COMM); J BARTLEY
SMITH, St. Petersburg, FL., and his daughter,
MADGE SMITH, so they joined the "club". On
September 30, 1981, some 22 members left L.A. for
Japan. In Yokohoma they were received by Mayor
Saigo and city council members. After exchanging
gifts, the tour members were presented with the
keys to the city and a travelling clock; also lunched
and dined at a Japanese restaurant and furnished an
all-day trip to Lake Ashi. After a super lunch at the
Hakone Prince Hotel, the group had a boat ride
from which they could see Mount Fuji.
On October 4, the tour flew to Peking (Beijing),
China, and were put up at the Front Gate Hotel.
Here, the group were in good spirits and the four Zo-
nian claimed themselves, all things equal, to be the
first four Presidents of the "Panama Canal Society
of Beijing", as a fun idea. Here, they walked up on
the Great Wall of China! The tour went on to Xian,
Central China, to the extraordinary "in situ" digs to
see the 8000 life-size terra-cotta soldiers of Emperor
Qin (Warring States) which had been buried about
250 B.C. and discovered in 1974. The government
plans to open the main tomb in 1985 (travel agent
says) and should be as exciting as the King Tut
discoveries. They flew back to Shanghai and
Hangzou beautiful; then by jet to Kuelin (Guilin)
to see fantastic limestone formations which dot the
landscape. An all-day trip by excursion boat on the
Li River among these odd mountains is a memorable
sight. Then to Canton and by train to Hong Kong
and the luxurious Shangri-La Hotel.
Catsy and Howie left China for Japan on Oc-
tober 19 to visit Catsy's daughter, SUE TAYLOR
PITNEY in Tokyo. Catsy stayed in Tokyo to be
with Sue for the birth of her 5th child. Howie left Oc-
tober 25 for California, where she visited with her
patents, BOB and RUTH ADAMS, and grand-
parents, HELEN and "BUCK" YODER, in Laguna
Hills before returning to Panama.
Following are Catsey's observations in China:
"Accommodations in China were always with
private American-style bathrooms, but as
assignments are made by the government, we
weren't always sure where we would sleep (and this
is on a 'deluxe' tour). They only have 40,000 hotel
rooms and are over-booking now, but promised the
agent that they would do better next year. There are
no private cars in China so we toured the cities by
bus most of them are running but need
maintenance, as do the old hotels. Public oriental
facilities were a problem; aesthetically and physical-
ly some of us with arthritic knees and hips found
them difficult. All foreigners are of great interest,
and once out of your conveyance you are surrounded
by throngs of Chinese curious to see what you are
doing. Almost like being a movie star without hav-
ing to sign autographs. And they want to practice
their English, so ask all kinds of questions. Lessons
are given over TV daily.
It's an experience gastronomically, too. All
food is cooked well and there is plenty of it. The ban-
quets are something else again: pickled eels, sea
cucumber (a worm), 1000 year-old eggs (black but
tasted like ordinary eggs), roasted sparrow (I couldn't
try it) and fire-water that is dynamite. The beer is
good; soft drinks on the sweet side. Imported
whiskey is cheap (no tax). Most people carried a bot-
tle for medicinal purposes. And no one got sick with
intensinal disorders. A few came home with colds.
I'd like to go back.
The trip is hard, as we went every day from 6
a.m. to 9 p.m., and you climb: on the Great Wall,
down the Ming Tombs, and up again in many
shrines and pagodas. You come back tired, but it's
all worth it. Take the best trip you can afford!"
JOAN deGRUMMOND Reporter
Ruth (Palmer) Clum has been a patient in
Bayfront Medical Center for several months. She is
responding to treatment, but it is a long, slow
job. We wish her a speedy and complete recovery.
The Canal Zone Past Matrons Association of
Florida was the proud recipient of an award from
the Christmas Toy Shop Project, Inc., as a result of
their generous contributions toward the Holiday en-
joyment of needy children in St. Petersburg, Mrs.
Georgia Howard, President, accepted for the
Vance and Georgia Howard were the hosts over
the holidays for Chuck and Dottie Lavallee of Pen-
sacola. Terry Howard of Panama also made
Christmas more complete for his parents by spen-
ding the holidays with them. To make the happiness
more complete, they all participated in the Baptism
of their grandson, Kerry Christopher, son of Tracy
and Kay Howard, at St. Paul's United Methodist
Church in Largo. The maternal grandparents from
Pittsburg, PA were also in attendance.
Barbara O'Connor had a very happy visit with
her son, John, his wife, Sharon and the two grand-
daughters, Tracy and Melissa. She accompanied her
daughter, Colleen Lau to Austin, TX where she will
join her husband, Sgt. Ernesto Lau. Barbara had
her first real experience with snow and cold weather
- and loved it.
Did you read about Marie Wolf's 82nd. birth-
day parties in the December issue of the CANAL
RECORD? It brought a response from Mrs. Jennie
Mundberg in Santa Barbara, CA. which was quite
interesting. Mrs. Mundberg had her 92nd. birthday
on November 22. She too, received greetings from
President Ronald Reagan and Mrs. Reagan. Also
two long distance phone calls from Norway
(relatives) on an oil platform in the North Sea. She
has a fond feeling for a picture she cherishes of
Jessie Forsstrom, Esther Martin, Elsie Lucas,
Marie Wolf, and a Mrs. Taylor (I believe it is the
wife of Dr. Taylor of Colon), that was taken on a pic-
nic at Manzanillo Is. She said it reminds her of "old
true friends". (When I hear something like this, it
tells me to believe my age. Too many people are
denied the privilege. GW)
Dottie Pate received word from Mrs. Lloyd Mc-
Connel in Kerrville, TX. We learn that Mac has been
hospitalized. We are very pleased to know that he is
doing well, but will have the usual slow recovery.
We wish him and Florence well.
Florence McConnell's sister spent the holidays
with her son, Dr. Luthas in Puerto Rico where he is
serving as an Adventist Missionary Doctor.
The Brown Baggers and the Sewing Club have
got together and are having our own little picnic on
April 18 the day after our 50th. reunion, at
Seminole Park, table 8, starting at 10:00 a.m. Each
of us is bringing some of the goodies we expect to
eat there, and it should be fun.
I know there has been a lot more going on in St.
Petersburg during the Christmas holidays, but if
you don't share the news with me, I cannot let our
friends know what is going on. Please don't wait un-
til the last minute. Call me and let me do the
waiting. I love it.
GRACE WILLIAMS Reporter
Mr. & Mrs. Buddy Hutchings (Sara Livingston)
and Mr. and Mrs. Larry Ainsworth (Lane Little)
celebrated together the birthdays of their sons Allen
David Hutchings and Larry Ainsworth, Jr. Allen
David was two years old on January 31st and Larry
Ainsworth, Jr. was four years old on January 30th.
Allen is the grandson of Alba D. Hutchings and the
great-grandson of Mrs. Barbara Hutchings. Larry is
the grandson of Mrs. Pauline Little and the late
"Bugs" Little and the great-grandson of Mr. & Mrs.
Visitors at Bill and Jean Violettes' for the
Christmas Holidays were Bill, Annette (nee
Violette) and Alison Deming from Columbia,
Maryland. Also visiting were Susie and Judy
Violette from Palm Beach Gardens, Florida.
Welcome to Jim and Virginia (Preston) Wood
who have moved from St. Petersburg to Seminole!
Their new address is 7636 133rd Street N.,
The Huldquist families decided "turn about is
fair play" this year with Fred and Jane (Presley)
Huldquist visiting Bud, Betty and Jeff in Dothan,
Alabama for Thanksgiving and the Dothan Huld-
quists visiting the Florida family for Christmas.
Nice to live close enough together to do that!
George and Chris Felps have really been busy!
They visited with relatives in Louisiana and then
went up the Mississippi on the Mississippi Queen to
Natchez. They heartily recommend the river trip.
Upon their return to St. Pete, they packed up again
and headed for North Miami Beach to visit daughter
Judy and welcome their first great-grandson Brian
Lo Bianco, Judy's grandson. Judy herself had been
busy, graduating with honors in December from
Nursing School and is now a Registered Nurse.
Ruth Powell had visitors for the Christmas
Holidays her son Jimmy and his wife Brandy ar-
rived from Miami Beach for a four day stay. Sue
(Phillips) and husband John Fisher and their
children Christy and Daniel came from Vero Beach
to see Jimmy and Brandy and Ruth thoroughly
enhoyed all the excitement.
Dottie and Ernie Yocum went to Hampton, VA
to visit her sister Rosalie Cook. Another sister from
Ohio also joined them so it was "old home week." In
November the Yocums went for Thanksgiving to
see Ruby & "Mac" McGowin in Prattsville,
Alabama. While there they went to Warrior,
Alabama to hear the McGowin's son David preach.
Dr. McGowin is pastor of the Baptist Church in
Bob and Betty Boyer have been busy. On
December 19, 1981 they went to Ft. Myers with Bar-
bara (Boyer) and Jim Slover who had come from
Germany to attend the wedding of their daughter
Linda to Michael Crocker. The Boyers' daughter
Meredith, her husband Carl Brussard and their
daughter Jennifer came from Houston to take part
in the wedding, Meredith being a bridesmaid and
Carl an usher. Betty and Bob also announce the
birth of their new granddaughter Corinne Lee who
was born on December 26, 1981. Proud parents are
Robert and Anna (Bottin) Boyer of Panama.
A very happy welcome to Tess Owens and her
daughters Michele and Patricia who have recently
settled in Countryside. Another great addition to
our Canal Zone crowd!
Ed and Dorothy Neville recently had as a visitor
Father Francis Lynch from St. Mary's Mission,
Balboa, Panama. Know you like to play golf Father
Lynch, but it's too bad so many of your friends
never know you've been here until you've gone!
Betty Quintero had visitors over the Christmas
holidays, too daughter Carol (Brown) and her hus-
band Pat Manning and their son John came from
Maryland; daughter Beth (Brown) and her daughter
Amanda Hilton came from Orlando as did daughter
Barbara (Brown) and her daughter Lyza Byrne. Bar-
bara's husband Brendan Voss had to work and
couldn't attend, but the girls brought their father
along with them for the family reunion, Oscar 0.
Brown of Orlando. Presents were piled high, food
was plentiful and all had a good time but after all
the guests were gone, Betty really enjoyed the peace
and quiet! Not to say we won't do it again -
BETTY QUINTERO Reporter
Having just arrived back from Panama on the
very brink of the Canal Record dead-line, I have only
the news of our trip to report. Hope to get the rest of
the Clearwater news for the June issue.
On December 12, Sam and I arrived in Panama,
accompanied by our grandson, Lt. Kenneth Gerhart
who has been stationed in Germany for two years,
but is now re-assigned to Ft. Sill, OK. We arrived in
Panama in time for the birthdays of our daughter,
Dorothy Gerhart and our son, Samuel H. Rowley
Mr. (Skipper), and the big event of the wedding of
our oldest granddaughter, Lori Lee Stevenson to
Virgil L. Snow Jr. of Griffin GA. The wedding was
held in the Balboa Union Church on December 19,
just 49 years and 3 months from the date that Sam
and I were married in the same church. The bridal
party all wore the typical Panamanian clothes with
all the grandchildren participating.
Then Christmas with all its festivities and more
birthdays mine and two grandchildren.
While in Panama, we were the houseguests of all
our children, Samuel (Skip) Rowley of Corozal;
James Gerhart (Dorothy) of Quarry Heights, and
Davis Stevenson (June) of La Cresta, Panama.
While staying with the Stevensons, we drove to
their Beach home in Coronado for a few days "rest"
and also to El Volcan where we stayed in John Han-
nas' and Vera Redmonds' home in Bambito. While
there we ate scrumptious fresh vegetables and
strawberries. The Volcan could, and should be able
to feed all of Panama, as their land is being farmed
on every inch of soil, it seemed, even around
boulders and volcanic ash.
While in the Volcan, we visited with Victor
Herr, Father William "Bill" Baldwin and Bruna
Butz. We even checked out the new Hotel Bambito,
which is lovely, and ate lunch there, which was
delicious. The weather was delightful, in the low
Before we left Panama on January 30th., Sam
was presented with his 50 Year Pin by the M.W.J.
Philip Berquist. Grand Master of Masons in the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He was escorted
to the podium for the presentation by his son,
Samuel Rowly Jr., and his two sons-in-law, James
Gerhart and Davis Stevenson. It was quite an honor
and Sam was thrilled.
Pat Beall also tells me that outside of trying to
get the new issue of the Canal Record together, the
only thing of note he did recently was to attend a
luncheon given by his former CO in the RCAF, in
Tampa. During the luncheon, he was presented a
personally autographed painting by Air Marshall
"Johnnie" Johnson, the top scoring air ace of WWII
in Europe (our side), who was visiting Tampa at the
time. Pat flew in his wing during his command.
SARA ROWLEY Reporter
Our Sarasota area continues to have many com-
ings and goings especially during the holiday.
"Pop" Ebdon" was guest of honor at a no-host
dinner party at Mike and Marion Green's home
celebrating his 93rd birthday in January.
Myrtle and Bill Hughes spent the holiday with
their daughter, Sandra Clafin and family in Merritt
Mrs. Frances (Days) Jones went to Virginia
Beach, VA to share the holidays with her son, Cmdr.
Albert D. Jones, USN; his wife Lola (Frauenheim),
and children. Mina Dee spent the Christmas holiday
with her son, Pete Lang and family in Panama, R.P.
and Mary Orr enjoyed her annual visit to Kerrville,
TX to share the holidays with her family and friends
in the area. While there she attended the P.C. Socie-
ty Christmas Party in Kerrville and had a great
time. On her return to Sarasota she stopped in
Atlanta, GA and visited her nephew Alan and
Kathy Jane (Melanson) Wells and children.
Another 10,000 mile trip for Fred and Bev Eb-
don in their third motor home. A short visit with
good friends, Polly and Wilt in Arkansas, then to
Napa, CA to be with son, Jim and family (Connie
Pustis), then to The Dalles, OR, to visit son, Paul
and family (Connie Balmas).
While in Oregon a short trip to Washington to
see some of the damage caused by the eruption of
Mount St. Helens. "Awesome".
From The Dalles a trip to San Diego for a visit
with relatives and to pick up Fred's brother, Bill Eb-
don and wife (Susie Fahnestock) for a trip back to
Houston via San Fancisco, Las Vegas, etc.
While in Houston they attend a birthday
celebration for "Pop" Ebdon's sister, who was 102
years in December. This occasion was mentioned on
the N.B.C. "TODAY" program.
They left Houston with Fred's father. Pop Eb-
don, as a passenger and arrived in Sarasota just in
time for Christmas after a great 3/V month trip.
Joyce and Jack Clarke shared their wedding an-
niversary and Thanksgiving with his daughter,
Nancy Kresge and family in Savannah, GA. They
also had a visit during the holidays from their
grandson, Richard Gayer, who is living and working
in New Hampshire.
Mrs. Maxine Hitchcock spent the Thanksgiving
holidays with her son, William C. Hitchcock Jr. and
family, in their new home in Bethesda, MD. Her
sister, Billie Galloway enjoyed the holidays with her
daughter, Anna Katherine Daniels and family in
Houston, TX and with her son, Joe and family in
Edna Campbell, accompained by her niece, took
a tour to England and Scotland to see the area
where she served as a nurse during the war years.
Tom and Barbara Peterson made a trip to
Panama to attend and participate in the Masonic
festivities of the visitation of J. Phillip Berquist,
Most Worshipful Grand Master of Masons in
Massachusetts, on his official visit to the Panama
Canal Masonic District, where Tom was to par-
ticipate as the Past District Grand Master, at the
A two week tour to five of the Hawaiian Islands
lured Gladys Conley, Bill and Myrtle Hughes, and
Harry and Jay Cain to enjoy the many sights and
Allen and Kay Miller had an extensive tour to
Australia, New Zealand and the Fiji Islands, enjoy-
ing the many sights and animals and tropical
vegetation. While in Sydney, Australia they had
their daughter, Martha, and her husband, who is
working on a Fellowship at the University in
Sydney, show them many places and things they
might otherwise have not seen. En route they
visited with their daughter, Margie and husband in
the Colorado Springs, CO, and relatives in Cody,
WYO and Billings, MONT, before returning to
home sweet home in Sarasota.
Thanksgiving was a great time for family reu-
nions. Maxine and Bill Dixon had their family
together for the fist time in ten years. This included
Bill's sisters, Chester and Hilda (Dixon) Harrold of
Safety Harbor, FL, and William and Aurelia (Dixon)
Hadarits of Toomsboro, GA, with their son, Philip
Hadarits, his wife, Charlotte, and their son, David of
George and Mayno Walker with their daughter,
Mickey Walker Fitzgerald and family, and daughter
Carole Peregoy and family went on a holiday camp-
ing trip to Key Largo, FL. During their campout,
Janice (Malone) Andino and family of Pembroke
Pines, FL, also joined them for a day's visit. Their
first camping experience has been great fun for all.
Edna and Jim Million enjoyed a visit by their
son, Roger Million of Somerset, NJ, who was in the
area on a business trip.
Allen and Kay Miller had her aunt Margaret
Peterson of St. Petersburg, FL, her cousins, Tom
and Barbara Peterson and daughters of Sarasota,
and good friend, Bill Lierman, also of Sarasota, to be
together and share their many blessings.
Carl Orvis, USN, spent Christmas in Sarasota
with his grandmother, Mrs. Fran Orvis and his
brother, Bobby Orvis. He later went to Panama for a
month's leave with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Orvis, before returning to duty at U.S. Naval Air
Station, Pensacola, FL.
Midshipman Will Hall of the U.S. Naval
Academy, Annapolis, MD, spent his Christmas holi-
day leave in Sarasota with his family, John (Bucky)
and Ann Hall and his sister, Jill.
His classmate, John McCormick, accompanied
Will to Florida and the boys enjoyed a trip to Miami
and Key West. Another holiday guest of the Halls
was Jenna Woche, a student at Townsend State
University, Townsend, MD.
Maj. Thomas J. Ebdon III, USAF, who recently
completed additional training at Hill A.F.B., Utah,
spent the Christmas holidays with his parents, Rae
and Joe Ebdon before reporting to his permanent
duty station at McDill A.F.B., Tampa, FL.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert (Bobby) Keenan of
Paulson, MT were guests of his brother and wife,
Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Keenan of Sarasota. While here
they visited Elsie and Rob Smith; John and Madge
Hall, Bucky and Ann Hall and other friends in the
area. Bobby and Bucky enjoyed talking over old
times. They were classmates and graduated from
Cristobal High School with the class of 1944.
Kitty McNamee of Davie, FL spent two weeks
in Sarasota at the home of her son-in-law and
daughter, Philip and Sheila (McNamee) Taylor.
Sheila, a graduate of the School of Nursing at the
University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, attend-
ed the University's 95th Anniversary. Later she was
joined by her husband, Phillip, a graduate of the
U.S. Naval Academy, and with him attended the
Georgia-Navy Football game and other festivities in
Atlantia, GA. They also visited with their daughter,
Kathy, a senior at Georgia Tech, where she has been
on the Dean's list continuously since her freshman
Debbie Mann, granddaughter of Gladys B. Hum-
phrey, recently returned from a week's vacation
visiting in Baltimore, MD with a former co-worker
at General Telephone, Sarasota.
Jerry and Kathy (Detamore) Denton of Tampa,
FL with their 2 children and Kathy's parents, Jerry
and Pat Detamore who have been visiting from
Atlanta, GA visited with the George Walkers and
mutual friends in Sarasota.
GLADYS B. HUMPHREY Reporter
This reporter's first attempt may be his last if
he doesn't get all these names correct. Here goes ...
In talking to Janice (Spencer) La Capra, I find out
that we have another Canal Zone family living here
in Seminole Country. Tom and Lorraine Spencer and
son, Courtney have just set down their stakes and I
understand that Tom's mother, Mrs. Dena Spencer
has also moved here from Boston to be with them.
Welcome to Tallahassee, Spencers! Jan Whitney
held an Open House during Christmas holidays and
had as her guests: Tony and Rob Calb; "JJ" and
Marty Myers; Tom and Lorraine Spencer; Pat and
Beth Conley; Cash and Mary Paulson; Judy
(Paulson) Weaver; John Stiener; John and Marcia
Nita; Dicky Rathgaber; Ruth Morris and Mark
Darden. I know all must have enjoyed Jan's com-
pany, as I did when I met her recently. Val and
Mary Lynch took a nice trip over the holidays and
visited with Mary's brother, Wheeler Griffin in Bir-
mingham, AL, and of course stopping in Dothan
along the way, then on to Winston Salem, NC to
visit with John and Gail (Lynch) Arnette and son,
Jody. The Bill Wichman's headed south to Miami
Lakes to be with their son, Bill. They also had as
their house guest, the Cassibry's from Ocean Spr-
ings, MS. Hugh and Chita stopped along the way to
the Tangerine Bowl. Joining the Wichmans for a
lunch for the Cassibry's, were Pat and Beth Conley
and Anne Rathgeber. Christmas dinner with the
Wichman's was enjoyed by son Bill and Virginia
and Bill Lyons. Shirley (Woodruff) Hicks is still
very active in the music area. While playing for a re-
cent church recital, Shirley ran into a classmate
(BHS '50) Phyllis (McLaren) Bartley. Must have
been a very chummy class to be able to recognize a
classmate after 31 years! Shirley also had her son,
Tom and wife, Beth and daughter Jenny for the New
Years holidays from Arlington, VA who came to
visit with Shirley and her mother, Mrs. B.C.
This reporter also ran into some Canal Zone
folks while making the rounds here in Tallahassee
over the holidays. While at a party, and wearing my
special "huaca" around my neck, Carolyn and Lee
Riggs recognized it. Lee is the son of Carl 0. Riggs,
who retired from the Zone in 1979 from the In-
dustrial Division. Lee works for the State of Florida
(HRS) and Carolyn is a math teacher at Godby High
School, where I also just happen to teach as an in-
structor in AFJROTC. As they say "It's really a
small world .... Joe and Phyllis (McLaren) Bartley
were also very busy over the holidays. While son,
Doug (2nd. Classman at West Point) was visiting
his folks, they drove over to Jacksonville with
daughters Karen and Pam to visit with Phyllis's
sister, Edith Hicks. Her daughter, Leslie Soles just
presented her with a new granddaughter, Audry. At
Thanksgiving, another sister, Virginia (McLaren)
McWilliams and her three children came over from
Tuscumbia, AL to visit with the Bartley's. Speaking
of classmates, Phyllis and Shirley Hicks recall that
over 30 years ago, the three of us were working
together on the "Chez Eloise" fashion show in
Balboa High. Shirley was playing a piano solo called
"Stardust"; Phyllis was one of the stage guests and
also played in "Branny's orchestra", and I was the
M.C. (I thought that little bit of trivia might add to
our "small world".
First Annual Canal Zone Christmas Tree Burn.
S. Roy and Twila (Darden) Wilson were host to the
first annual affair in Tallahassee for the traditional
Zone tree burn. About 75 folks gathered at the coun-
try home of the Wilson's to watch the burning of ap-
proximately 200 trees, collected around Tallahassee.
As we gathered around the big oaks, the rain clouds
were also gathering ... When it looked like the rain
was here to stay, a bunch of folks decided to leave
and come back the following week-end. Those who
stayed were delighted to see the rain clear up and
the "burn" took place as scheduled. A great time
was had by all (even those of us who left early) and it
is now official this will take place again next
year. For the record, the first annual Christmas tree
burn was held on 16 January 1982 in Tallahassee,
FL at the Wilson's.
ann Rathgeber spent Christmas in Biloxi, MS
with her daughter and son-in-law, Judi and Keith
Whitter and her newest granddaughter, Megan
Renee. The day after Christmas they were invited to
attend a get together co-hosted by Roy and Betty
Evans and Jack and Margie (Rathgeber) Ruoff at
the Evan's home in Slidell, LA. It was a lovely even-
ing and gave Anne and her family a chance to visit
with her three Ruoff nieces and their spouces, Gena
and Duane Smelser, who now live in Boise, Idaho;
Sheryl and Charles Alberga of Melbourne Beach,
Florida; and Didi from Nacogdoches, Texas. Anne
stopped off in Dothan, Alabama, to see friends,
Gardner and Jean Harris, over New Years and upon
returning home decided to fly to Atlanta for a visit
with Eunice Richard. She no sooner stepped off the
plane that fateful Tuesday than the snow started!
They were house-bound until the following Sunday
when they decided to brave the roads and head
south to Beautiful Tallahassee. Having never seen a
really good snow fall, Anne was thrilled at the onset,
but the excitement and joy soon diminished and she
says, "never again."
JOHN (BILL) SCHMIDT Reporter
Richard and Via Mae Dinkgreve write of their
happy Christmas time. Marie Haky, Munhall, Pa.,
sent a snapshot of her newest granddaughter and
the other four grandchildren. Hayden B. Jones,
Rogue River, Ore., phoned seasons greetings. He's
an ex-electrical division foreman. Robert Daniels,
Dallas, wrote that he will again visit the Dinkgreves
over Mardi Gras. Violet P. Freker wrote that she
has once again moved to Long Beach, Calif., from
Fort Myers, Fla. Both are ex-electrical Division em-
Mrs. Fernand Espiau phoned from New Orleans
with news of her granddaughter's wedding in Gar-
land, Texas. Gwendolyn Sue was married Dec. 19
and is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ronald S. Donie
(the former Tibby Nolan, BHS'52) of 1417 Glenville
Drive, Garland. Tibby enjoys square dancing and
works at Garland City Hall. Another Espiau daugh-
ter, Mrs. Ken (Ginger) Rood, Route 7, Box 293K,
London, Ky., does volunteer work for the SPCA and
would like to be a Canal Record reporter. Son
Fernand is a lieutenant colonel and was recently
transferred with his family from Minnesota to Ari-
zona. The Espiaus would welcome visits from for-
mer Zone friends at their big old house on Wren
For a lady who doesn't drive, Rusty Folger sure
gets around. She made her third trip to Florida for
1981 in October to visit her niece and husband
(Capt. and Mrs. Tim Kirby of Panama) who were up
on vacation in Fort Lauderdale. Rusty then went to
Kissimmee for a short but delightful visit with
Carol and Bob Johnson. This time Carol and Rusty
toured the Tupperware factory and saw a profes-
sional golf tournament at Disney World where Bob
was refereeing. In November Rusty traveled to New
York for her sister-in-law's 40th wedding anniver-
sary. Along with Flossie and George Derrer (former
CZ, now Dothan, Ala., residents), Rusty took in the
trotting races, Caesar's Palace in Atlantic City and
Katy Hepburn on Broadway in her latest play.
There were 19 Folgers together for Thanksgiving
and Rusty saw at least 50 members of the Folger
family who she hadn't seen in five years, before re-
turning to New Orleans for Christmas. Rusty has
accepted an assignment to work with the New Or-
leans Tourist Commission, but we'll no doubt be see-
ing her at the Reunion.
Back in Baton Rouge since August, 1980, is
Lottie S. George, residing at 8309 Ned Avenue, with
sons Danny, 17, and Derek, 10. Son Doran, 16, is an
honors junior at Balboa High School. Danny fin-
ishes at Lee High School in May and works part-
time at Wendy's. Derek is in fifth grade at Episcopal
High School. Lottie was graduated with a masters
in secondary education in December from La. State
University where she was also a business education
instructor. Lottie is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Robert Schultz who retired from Sanitation about
three years ago to a home in Panama. Her brother,
Robert "Pio", is an Army major stationed at Fort
McClellan, Ala., serving as comptroller. He is mar-
ried to Kathy Hirt and they have two children,
Martha, 12, and Bobby, 7.
John R. Gough Sr., Marrero, writes that living
in New Orleans is heavenly for seafood lovers. They
drive out to Lafitte, about 10 minutes away, to get
fat, salty oysters fresh off the boat. Their son, Bill
Gough, spent the holidays with his brother, John
Gough II, in Panama and enjoyed visiting old
friends, Johnny Hanna and Larry Parks. John Sr.
and Kathleen plan a trip down about presstime to
spend a few weeks with John in Los Rios. In May
they're off to Las Vegas specially for the high-school
graduation of John III who then plans to join the
Armed Forces. During the holidays the Goughs Sr.
heard from John and Shirley Finlason, Betty Jo
Opry, Lee and Myrtle Sparks, Dave and Joanie and
Lisa Le Fort, Joe and Peggy Wertz, and Mary and
Bob Hana. Much as he used to do for many years in
the old Canal Zone, John spends time with local chil-
dren helping with school projects, fixing bikes,
radios, toys and just lending two big ears when they
want to talk. During 1981 he estimates that over 50
boys and girls from 2 to 18 visited "The Shop" at
least once. About 15 are regulars. In appreciation
for his help to them, the kids presented John with a
personal T-shirt with lettering: "Mr. Gough, #1."
Gene Gregg writes from Mandeville that Laura
went to Boca Raton over Christmas and visited
Kirsten Hoppe Downey. Upon returning from a trip
to Panama, Helen reports the Coco Solo piers have
fences all around and the roads on the Atlantic Side
remind her of the Red Sea parting. Colon's robbing
and mugging seems just like New Orleans'. Gail, the
No. 4 daughter, is now engaged to Bob Weine with
plans for a July wedding. Bob is in medical school at
LSU in New Orleans. Over break they traveled to
Omaha and Washington, D.C., meeting his family.
A year and a half after retirement finds Lanny
and Eddy Gunn fully involved in real estate in Or-
lando. Eddy's oldest son, Alan, recently married
Ann Hughes of Dunedin. Tony is attending Santa
Fe College and plans to complete the computer sci-
ence curriculum next year. Kurt and Eric are strug-
gling through their last year of high school and are
active members of the soccer team. Kurt spent last
summer as a lifeguard for Wet and Wild, a popular
tourist attraction in the area. Eric works part-time
at the A&P. He broke his leg playing soccer and just
had the cast removed. Lisa is still in Eugene, Ore.,
working and going to school and snow skiing.
Bonnie will finish her college work this coming sum-
The annual Shirley Hicks (Tallahassee) letter
was a welcome bright spot this Christmas. Lois
Elizabeth hand-fashions many of their decorations
while Shirley's mother labors over the traditional
butter cookies and hand-dipped chocolate pepper-
mint creams. Aunt Maude comes over from next
door to assist. Ed Parker, his wife and baby Timmy
came from England to spend the holidays with his
mother in Melbourne. Last summer Shirley drove
back from Jeannine's down the entire length of the
spectacular Blue Ridge Parkway. She also visited
Tom and family and Mary (Hicks) and Bob Sharp
while on vacation. Susan "rolled in" for a surprise
visit in November. Her new occupation is driving
18-wheelers cross-country, something she's wanted
to do since childhood. Shirley "toured" the truck
and found it absolutely immense, luxurious, well
planned and comfortable. Shirley still secretaries
and accompanies for recitals at school. This year
she's worked with voice, saxophone, trombone and
clarinet majors on the masters and doctoral levels.
Lois is in her fifth year of piano, second year of saxo-
phone and is first chair saxophone in the junior high
orchestra. They keep the services at St. John's Epis-
copal well covered too Shirley plays at 8 a.m.,
Lois sings at 9 a.m., and Shirley sings at 11 a.m.
Norman Currier and wife, the former Peggy
Harrington, are expecting their second child in May.
Daughter Lori is now 2 years old. Peggy's mom,
Mrs. Jennie Harrington of Akron, Ohio, visited the
Curriers at 16021 Morel Drive, Baton Rouge, for the
Christmas holidays. The Harringtons were on the
Isthmus during the 1940s. Norman (CHS'66) is with
the inventory management branch of the H.J. Wil-
son Co. in Baton Rouge. His parents, Capt. and Mrs.
Norman M. Currier, are ex-Zonians now residing in
In response to my request for old yearbooks,
Mrs. Dorothy Holde of Tonka Bay, Minn., has gra-
ciously packaged up a big box of vintage "Carib-
beans" and "Zonians" from the '20s and '30s, that
were once owned by her sister, Ida 0. Erickson, who
passed away on December 28 (see "With Deep Sor-
row" section). Mrs. Holde worked for about six
years in the Balboa Administration Building. Thank
you for your thoughtfulness and generosity, Mrs.
Holde. I shall treasure your sister's books.
It was nice to hear from Emil and Helen Mun-
son, who sent a lovely card and note from Sun City,
Ariz., where daughter Helen and family were happi-
ly welcomed for Christmas. The granddaughters are
good students the older is on the high school drill
team and the younger is winning ribbons on the Ful-
lerton State gymnastics team.
Vm A t OF ALLIED StOfS FLORIDA
It's always such a pleasure to hear from dear ole
Diablo next-door neighbors, Vera and Lewis Phillips
of Selma, Ala. Was happy to know that Ken is back
from Korea and with his family is stationed at Stu-
art-Hunter Base in Savannah, Ga. Vera spent most
of the summer convalescing from quadruple bypass
open-heart surgery, but is doing fine now and thank-
ful for good surgeons. Lewis had gotten almost past
walking with arthritis. He had one knee replaced
with an artificial one in November and is able to be
on the go again. I'll never forget the wonderful times
we had with that marvelous little Morris Minor.
This past October Lester Smith spent a week at
the regional office in Atlanta. While there he did the
town one night with Pat McCarragher (ex-C.Z. De-
tective, now with Customs Patrol), Dionne Holland
(ex-C.Z. Detective, now with Customs Patrol in
Jacksonville) and Jim Schafer (Met. and Hyd. Br.).
He also visited with Ray Burda (Personnel) and
Dave Rowe (ex-E&C, now with GSA). For Christ-
mas, the Smiths were joined by Andrea's folks, Mr.
and Mrs. A. H. Byrd (ex-Schools Div.) of Clearwater.
Lester's parents, Bob and Terri (Personnel) Smith of
Pensacola visited while staying at the home of Les'
sister, Terry and her husband, Paul Flynn (ex-Sup-
ply Div.). Brother Jack (the Zone's first dog catcher)
also dropped by from Houston for a couple of days.
All who was missing was Andrea's brother, Ronny
and wife Donna, still in Panama.
After eight months and 16,000 miles on the
road, Bill and Gret Warren arrived home in New
Port Richey in September just long enough to plan
another safari. Then it was off again for Christmas
on the Isthmus with old friends in old stomping
grounds and let the changes be hanged. They
rented a car and spent 10 days in the interior before
scouting around for an interesting South American
tour. I'll be looking for them at the Reunion if
they don't get lost!
PATT FOSTER ROBERSON
Building. We had Thanksgiving with our daughter
Barbara and Bruce Harmon and grandchildren
Carol, Jennifer, Cindy and Scott in Ahoskie, N.C.
Ruth and Ernest Zelnick made two recent trips
to Broken Arrow, Okla. and Little Rock, Ark. First
to welcome a new grandson (see birth an-
nouncements) and the second to spend Xmas with
John, Nancy, grandsons, Murray, Paul, baby David
and granddaughter Leila in Broken Arrow; and New
Years with Dr. Paul, Jan and grandson Marc in Lit-
Betty Bentz spent the holidays with her son
Alan and family in Stonington, Conn.
Eugenie Sanders had a visit of several months
with a newphew Charles Roberts in San Diego,
In December Marita Loftin of Florida, sister of
Carmen Howe and Rosita Suarez visited here with
her daughters Eloise Barnes, Jacqueline Vargas and
granddaughter Julia. A family reunion barbecue
was held at the home of Alice (Howe) and Don Bon-
ner with Marion Howe coming from Columbia, S.C.
for the occasion. Also in December the Charles
Howes and Don Bonners with daughters Jolene and
Jacklyn were the guests of the Lloyd Kents' at
Boca Raton, Florida. Enjoyed seeing the Kent girls,
Bonnie, Laurie and Jay Gibson; and Kerri and
Dwayne Young. They were entertained by Beth and
Wally Trout and the Lloyd Roberts. While in
Florida Charlie visited his brother Roger and sister
Blanche Rine in Titusville.
Captain Sam and Norma Irvin had two of their
sons with them for the holidays., Tom and Sam Jr.
John spent Xmas on the Canal Zone.
Billy Tillman has accepted a teaching position
with the Gold Coast Christian School in Del Ray
Beach, Florida and has moved his family (wife Vicky
and daughters) there permanently.
Truman and Betsy Hoenke had a family reunion
with their daughter Diana and son Roger in Burl-
ington, Vermont in January.
The long awaited sea voyage for Alice Roche
and our summer residents, Captain and Mrs.
Howard Johnson finally arrived and they sailed
from Charleston, S.C. the middle of January for the
Mediterranean. Scheduled stops in Egypt; Israel;
Turkey; and Romania.
We are happy to welcome newcomers to Hender-
sonville from Rochester, N.Y.; Louis and Ruth Ever-
John and Marguerite Runck missed our
gorgeous winter wonderland by spending the month
of January in Largo, Florida.
JEAN DOMBROWSKY Reporter
After a visit of several months on the Canal
Zone, Barbara Coleman returned to Hendersonville
in October, accompanied by her daughter Bricky
In November Jack and I were delighted to have
as our guests George and Maynoe Walker of
Sarasota, FL. We had a morning visit with Alice
Roche in her home and the two women enjoyed
reminiscing of their time spent in the Admin
1982 DUES PAYABLE NOW
After our Reunion in August, Vera and Alton
Jones returned to the NW to close Mrs. Cain's
home. We gathered for a pot luck luncheon, ex-
changing news and having a good time together.
Those who took part were Vera and Alton, Vera's
brother, Henry Hubbard and wife; Betty Thomas;
Margaret and Grady Hardison; Grace Thomas;
Evelyn Miesse; Ann Laura Johnson and I.
JOHN TOWERY JR., of Vancouver, WA; JOHN
TOWERY SR. of Palm Springs, CA and LOUIS
"CITO" TOWERY in Vancouver last August.
John Towery Sr. (Palm Springs, Ca.) and Louis
"Cito" Towery (Downey, Ca.) visited son & brother,
John Towery Jr. and wife Winnie (Robison) of Van-
couver, Wa. Jesse Bunker and I stopped in to say
hello and take pictures. In September, Ray, Lucille,
Sharon (Pybas) and Kathy Bush drove down from
Tacoma, to visit me. Evelyn Miesse and Ann Laura
Johnson joined us for lunch. We all enjoyed their
In October, Evelyn Miesse and I drove to Car-
son City, Nevada, to sightsee the surrounding areas
and take a chance to "hit it big" at the slot ma-
chines. Well, we didn't, yet were lucky enough to
play on Nevada's money for three days from an
eight dollar investment. I would have liked to spend
more time in Virginia City, as it was the most inter-
esting of the areas we visited.
Glenn and Gladys Lasher and Ann Laura John-
son drove to Canada and Glacier National Park for a
change of scenery.
Harriet Journey, her mother, and Jane (Hall)
Journey took off for a 3 day trip to Vancouver, B.C.,
enjoying the sights and having a good time.
In December, my dad, Fred W. Bradley, 93
years old, fell fracturing his hip. He has been hospi-
talized in the Tucson Medical Center in Tucson, Ari-
zona since December 23. Even though he doesn't
write, I know he appreciates notes from friends. I
will do my best in answering for him, when I see
During the holidays, I received phone calls from
Art Sutton, (Greenville, Ill.); Dorothy (Kalar) Ken-
nedy and Ruth & Caleb Clement. Dorothy was visit-
ing her daughter in Seattle, and her son in Camas,
Wa.; while Ruth & Caleb were visiting their son,
Caleb Jr. and his family in Grants Pass, Or. It was
so good to hear from each of you, just wish we were
closer to visit in person. Who knows, we might all
meet at the Reunion, I hope so.
Seasons greetings with news were many and ap-
preciated. A complete surprise came from Lillian
Abrams, who was a neighbor of "Frog Alley" days
in Pedro Miguel. I well remembered their parrot,
who had learned to "whistle" at all passerbys dur-
ing WWII days. It was a long time, before I learned
that the whistle came from a parrot! Oh well, gave
many a needed lift during that era. Mrs. Abrams is
93, residing in Clermont, Fla., is still active and tak-
ing in the sights.
A success story from a retired "Atlantic Side"
Army couple Ben & Hedi Linschoten of Susan-
ville, Ca. Their hobby of smoking Turkey, Ham,
Bacon and Sausage is now a business they are
now supplying the entire Lassen County, Ca., with
Was another surprise to learn that Dorcas &
George Cooper were once again on the Isthmus.
George is the Baptist Minister in Gatun (Union)
Church and their parsonage is the converted Mar-
garita Credit Union. Their sons, Richard and David
with their families spent the Holidays with them.
Heard from Norine (Hall) Kauffer. She made the
December 21 Newsweek issue under Education.
Just goes to show, its never too late to learn or at-
Curtis & Alberta George (Fairhope, Ala.) are
spending the holidays in Calif. visiting their daugh-
ter Helen and family. While in the area, they at-
tended the LA Luncheon revisiting friends of yester-
year. They also visited Adele & Emmet Argo in
Laguna Hills, Ca.
Floyd and Beverly Baker had their first Christ-
mas party in the States in over 20 years, sharing
day with old friends. Tom and Marilyn Marsh came
from Oregon City, OR and also joining them were
Martin and Kay Klontz, Cecil and Donna Caudill,
Phil and Welicia Wilkens, Cathy and Lee Snider and
John and Michelle Bundy.
Lucille (Journey) Davis is visiting her daughter
Bonnie Dolan and grandchildren on the Isthmus.
Cele mentioned "lolling in the warm sunshine, eat-
ing her fill of the native fruits, ceviche; camerones;
langostas y empanadas." Boy, she sure knows how
to hurt a fella, mentioning all da good foods of 'ome.
She failed to mention michas, but I know she is
'heating dem tings likes ders no tomorrah. Wal
henjoy, Sistah Cele, you guan tell me aboutt hit,
when youse returns to the Hu Hess 'n Hay.
Our latest "Newlyweds" have returned to
God's country to live. Welcome home Minnie & Lee
Karigar. We are glad to have you back.
Betty & Tom Clarke will be retiring this month
and heading for the West Coast from New Orleans,
visiting friends along the way.
Barbara & Louis Dedeaux will also be retiring
this month, although their plans for their retirement
area has not been firmed as yet.
Ann Laura Johnson and I started our "Snow
Dancing" hoping for a White Christmas. Well we
didn't get it, nor did we give up just worked hard-
er and finally, we were rewarded with 5 beautiful
snowy days in Vancouver! I guess we overdid it, be-
cause now, that beautiful remaining snow has
turned into an icy mess. Sorry about that folks, but,
we loved it, before the ice.
MARTHA B. WOOD, Reporter
Christmas and holidays were wet in Panama,
some of us thought that we were missed with the
dry season, but finally on January 12th the trade
winds started blowing and the sun came out!
One happening before Christmas was that the
DOD Army Commissary ran out of turkeys and
hams by the 21st of December, and two days later
they received a small shipment, the word got out
and word was they had hundreds of people in line to
get a turkey and ham needless to say they had
many a mad housewife to deal with ... such is life in
the tropics .
A few changes since the last printing, Grounds
Maintenance is now combined with Sanitation, In-
ternal Security Office was disestablished as of De-
cember 1; 152 Coco Solo housing units were trans-
ferred to the Government of Panama, and several
buildings in the Curundu PAD area were also trans-
ferred to GOP. The Canal Support and Transit Oper-
ations Division were combined to form Navigation
A "Farewell Ball" is being planned by the Canal
Zone Police Association in honor of "the Canal Zone
Officer 1904 to 1982" to be held on February 6th
at Albrook Officers Club and plans to include din-
ner, open bar, live entertainment, dancing and
Another new change in the scenery is the new
Balboa Medical Center located on Diablo road, this
offers specialized medicine and general medicine,
emergencies, children and pharmacy, laboratory and
X-rays. This is good to know for the visiting rela-
tives of employees in the area now.
I received a letter requesting some information
and researched the answers for them. The request
was brought up to me by several retired persons
who have requested in their wills, to be returned to
Corozal Cemetary for burial. I checked with Mr. De
Guisti and he stated that if the person had a reserva-
tion prior to October 1, 1979 (treaty) they will honor
the reservation, otherwise very little can be done un-
less they are cremated and want to be buried in the
same grave as a family already resting in Corozal.
Mr. Frank De Guisti is the Superintendent of the
American Battle Monuments Commission represen-
tative in Panama.
Another request I received was concerning sub-
leasing vacation quarters from employees to re-
tirees, I checked with several persons who would
give me a good answer and that is a touchy subject
and they implied it should be on a one-to-one basis.
Mr. Therlon Wickens came by the office to let
me know that after 61 years he is going to live in
Chesapeake, Virginia, and wanted his friends to
come and visit him. He will be leaving Panama on
Received news from Blanca McNatt Schield
that her brother John married in Juneau, Alaska
and Blanca and her family are planning to visit that
area during this summer.
Dr. and Mrs. Robert (Bob) Berger are here visit-
ing with their daughter Roberta and are having a
lovely time and visit.
Marsha and Joe Cicero was glad to let me know
that they had their four sons back for Xmas, and
one fiancee, Miss Kim DeVolve. This was the first
time the boys had all been back together for Christ-
mas in five years. Larry, 23, came from Rhode Is-
land where he just completed his apprenticeship and
Craig, 21, works with a Marketing Co. in Dallas,
Jim, 20, is attending North Texas State and Mark,
18, is attending College in Florida. Marsha said
after so many boys it was great having a girl around
the house this Christmas.
Gibby and Ellen Freund were delighted with the
visit when Gilberts mother came to Panama for
Christmas from Arlington, Virginia. Gibby has been
busy with his new job, in the Tug Boat Engineer
Fred and Jackie Cotton had a house full from all
over this Christmas. His son Keith and wife from
Pensacola. Florida and her family, mother, father
and brother from Houston, Texas and her sister
from Atlanta. Leslie Cotton came from college in
Florida and daughter Tracey is studying in New
York. Also his sister-in-law Patti McCoy came from
Florida and her fiancee arrived and they were mar-
ried in Panama during the visit.
"Home for the Holidays with the James
Gerharts of Quarry Heights, was their son Lt. Ken-
neth Gerhart Class of 1973 Balboa High School
from his tour in Stugartt Germany. He was accom-
panied to the Ithmus with his grandparents, Sara
and Sam Rowley of Clearwater, Florida. The Row-
ley's will stay to visit with their other children, Mr.
& Mrs. Samuel Rowley, Jr. of Corozal and Mr. &
Mrs. Davis Stevenson of Panama.
e4ne, S92 W. .A 44nadi Art
LEONA BADONSKY, DOT WILLENBROCK,
BLANCHE BROWN and PEGGY HUTCHISON.
LOUISE RUSSON presents a Certificate of Appre-
ciation to LOUIS F. DEDEAUX, coach of Cristobal
High School and distinguished Atlantic Side resi-
dent who recently retired.
The Christmas Freestyle Classic swim was held
at Gatun on December 19th and sponsored by the
Panama Canal Commission Recreation Services
Branch was a resounding success. The meet was in
honor of Mr. Louis F. Dedeaux, prominent and dis-
tinguished Atlantic-side resident who recently re-
tired from the coaching staff at Cristobal High
Jim Bradley, Gibby Freund, Henry Twohy and
myself have been working on a group to go to the
50th Anniversary reunion and a great group from
Panama will be arriving on the 13th of April... See
you there .
HUGH ALEXANDER, DON BOLTON, JOHN and
ANN WOOD SUESCUM
About 40 of the Canal Zoners in South Carolina
met for the Christmas dinner meeting at the Aiken
Holiday Inn on Dec. 18th. The officers elected for
the next two years are: BILL YORK, reelected as
President, OLGA HOLMES, VP, LORNA SHORE,
Secretary/Treasurer. Former Reporter, TRUDI
CLONTZ is now the Sunshine Committee and I was
appointed Reporter. Trudi did a great job the past
several years thanks, Trudi! BILL & SIS YORK
JIM CATRON; BILL YORK, president; LORNA
SHORE, secretary and JOHN EVERSON.
BIL YORK, B.J. HARTLEY and CARL BROWNE.
have a new granddaughter, Cristina Teresa, born
Dec. 29th to NORMA (YORK) HOLDER of Thomp-
son, GA. Daughter NANCY & TERRY COFFEE
from Fla. spent the Christmas holidays here. Bill &
Sis took a trip to Fla. after the new year via Orlando
and points South. BUD & HAZEL KILBEY spent
Christmas day with their daughter CHARLOTTE
and family in Georgia. Bud is still fishing, even in
this cold weather! NORA & CHARLES GREENE
visited their son Ed and family in Kalamazoo, MI,
then to Aliquippa, PA, to see their daughter Vir-
ginia Machak and family. The JOE HICKEYS from
Clearwater stopped in Aiken to celebrate theirs and
the Green's wedding anniversaries. In January
NORA and CHARLES drove to St. Pete to visit
Nora's sister MARGARET SAPP, and saw many
friends while there. RUSSEL PERCY spent two
weeks in Huntsville, AL, during the holiday season
with her daughter ANN EDWARDS WILLOUGH-
BY and family. Her daughter GAY EDWARDS
PRADGON and granddaughter Paula had been up
from Lakeland, GA, to spend Thanksgiving with
Russel. NELLIE JANSEN, our constant traveler,
spent the holidays in Cincinnati, OH, with her niece
Marie and family, and Marie's father and mother
JOHN and CLAIRE BRULAND, came there from
Idaho. Nellie is now in Long Beach, CA, on a visit.
The JIM CATRONS drove to Davie, FL to spend the
holidays with their son and family, Bill and Dot
(Harper) and daughter Glenca. PENNY (CATRON)
LOTTERHOS and family from Mississippi, spent
Thanskgiving with her folks. In FL, Eletheer saw
Winnie and Ron Brooms and son Dennis, and Mil-
dred Harper of Clearwater. Jim and son were fortu-
nate to be able to attend the big Dolphin game.
BILLIE and BOB ROWE spent Christmas in
Miami with their son Bob, wife and two little girls.
LEONA and PAUL BADONSKY's daughter Paul
and Al Leitch and.grandsons Rob and Adam joined
them in Thanksgiving holidays, with the Badon-
sky's going to their home in Athens, GA for the
Christmas celebration. Son Leo is in the Army, sta-
tioned at Ft. Clayton. He has a new bride, and they
expect to leave the service in June and return to
Aiken. GERTRUDE SMOUSE spent Thanksgiving
and Christmas with her daughter Carolyn Mueller
and family in Plymouth, MI, returning just before
our bad weather. 1st LT. LINDA KAPINOS, a
nurse in the USAF, stationed at Keesler AFB,
Biloxi, MS, spent the holidays with her folks,
VERA and ANDY. Linda is working in thorasic
surgery. Carol (Kapinos) Smith and family will be
leaving Ft. Leavenworth, KS, in the fall for Eng-
land, their new assignment. HARRY and DOT
WILLENBROCK are both doing well. Dot had ma-
jor surgery in November, and Harry hurt his leg and
had to give up golf for a while. Harry's cousin, Carol
Schmidt, came from NJ for a two-week visit during
the holidays. Their daughter, Susan from Durham,
NC, couldn't join them due to illness, but is well now
and they will celebrate her birthday in January.
LUCILLE and CHUCK DREW had a large family
gathering over Thanksgiving. Son RUSSELL (Capt.
USH Ret) and wife Diane from Great Falls, VA,
their three daughters (and 2 spouses), 2 grandsons,
and one great grandson "Drew" met here and were
glad to see Lucille and Chuck doing so well. LORNA
SHORE visited by BERNIE and GRACE DORS-
MAN from Jacksonville, formerly with the RR on
Pacific side. Lorna's daughter Sandra and Bob
Davis from Miami came for a visit and drove Lorna
and grandson Stevie down to Florida for the holi-
days. Her other two daughters, Charlene and Diane
LaBlanc, drove them back to Aiken, staying for a
short visit. KAY (FRANGONI) and JERRY PIERCE
had a happy family get-together for Christmas. Her
mom and dad, Naomi and Ralph from Clearwater,
brother Ralph and Marie and 2 sons from Ft.
Walton Beach, FL, Kay's daughter Jan from Texas
A&M Univ., all gathered here. The Pierces returned
to Aiken in May 81 where Jerry works for Savannah
River Plant. Ralph Jr. is employed as a civilian at
Eglin AFB. Friends of JIM WESTENDORF will be
glad to hear he's home from the hospital and feeling
better. Carolyn and Jim's daughter Marie is em-
ployed at Baptist Medical Center, Columbia, SC.
BETTY and PETE BARR had a full house for
Christmas. Son "Reb" (Robert) and wife and daugh-
ter came from Inez, Tex.; son Tony and Wanda and
1-yr. old T.J., and Peter Jr., all from Aiken, joined
them. Peter is now in Texas working with his
brother. Sean and his finance, Dana Jensen, joined
the festivities. Sean is Manager of Burger King.
Betty's mother and father came down from Saluda,
SC, to make a 4-generation group! Betty is busy
with Income Tax work and sells Real Estate too.
TRUDI and LEE CLONTZ celebrated the New
Year with a large group of friends coming over to
play cards. They enjoyed a lovely dinner on Christ-
mas Day with EVELYN CONDON who also had the
CHARLES GREEN's over. Evelyn is working at
the First Baptist Church in Aiken. PEG and DON
HUTCHISON were visited by their daughter and
son-in-law, Vicki and Bob BOUKALIS from
Panama. Vic and Bob met the JIM BOULAKIS's
in Las Vegas in October, then traveled to CA where
they visited Vic's aunt & uncle, the BUD PHIL-
LIPS', returning to stay with the Boukalis's in
Weatherford, TX. and making side trips to visit
friends and Vic's brother GARY and family in
Weslaco, TX, then on to Aiken. They still love Pana-
ma especially the boating and fishing. They hope to
attend the Reunion in April. Daughter DIANNE
and JERRY COX and son Wally from Ladson, SC,
spent Christmas with Peg and Hutch. Visitors dur-
ing November were WILMA and ED KENNERD
(temporarily living in Virginia with Wilma's mom
Mrs. Wickens) and MAYNO and GEORGE WALK-
ER from Sarasota. Hutch has recovered very well
from his heart attack last May, and they will be at
the Reunion. ETHEL and J.D. TATE enjoyed
Christmas with their daughter, LOUISE and family
in Brownsville, TX. Then they went to Laguna
Hills, CA for a week with Ethel's sister and hus-
band, RUTH and BOB ADAMS. DR. ROBERT
RUPP and wife TERESA, went to Panama for the
holidays to be with their son BOB and family and
Teresa's family. The Carl BROWNES enjoyed a
visit with Blanche's son GROVER in November and
helped with his Christmas shopping. In Jan
BLANCHE and CARL went to Carl's home in
Avon, NY to attend a niece's wedding. A HAPPY
1982 TO EVERYONE!
could refresh her memories of Houston and also to
gather new ones from such places as NASA.
Lou Souder's son, Murrill from New York and
daughter, Helen Ray McDougal visited during the
holidays. Helen was enroute to Guatemala after a
trip to Europe.
Tillie Levy's daughter, Charlotte Merryk, spent
several weeks with her mother, checking up on her
well-being. Tillie is a remarkable person.
Jessie Bush went to California to spend the holi-
days in Hollywood with her son and daughter-in-
law, Tom and Betty Bush. Among highlights was a
visit to the set of Maverick in which Tom has a very
minute part as the deputy. Of course, meeting Jim
Garner, himself, was the icing on the cake. He was
gracious, seemingly down-to-earth, friendly as one
would expect of a neighbor he is a native of Okla-
Jessie visited her brother in Modesto his fam-
ily has grown by the addition of two delightful
granddaughters. While there, she got to Sacramento
and saw the State Capitol in Sacramento. It has
been recently rejuvenated six years in the doing.
San Francisco got its fleeting visit, too. What a won-
derful city to visit. Never does it grow stale.
NEWS FROM KERRVILLE:
NEWS FROM HOUSTON:
Our regular quarterly meeting was held on Oc-
tober 24, 1981 at the home of Florence and John
Terry. A pot-luck luncheon met with the approval of
one and all.
Mary Jo Yaeger's brother and sister-in-law,
George and Catherine Lowe were guests. They make
their home in Delaware. The three-some were sched-
uled to go to Arkansas to be with other kinfolks and
friends there. Maudie Johnson from Paraguay was
also our guest. She was again visiting Jessie Bush.
On December 12, we had a special gathering at
the home of Laurita and Tom Barber. Their friends,
Mr. and Mrs. Louis DeArmas, teachers from Pana-
ma, were special guests and we did have a royal
time. Between their warmth, the holiday season and
the friendships between us, we spent a delightful af-
ternoon, including another pot-luck luncheon. With
Mrs. DeArmas at the piano and Genevieve Coakley
leading, we sang carols, hymns, oldtime melodies -
a real sing-along sans Mitch Miller!
Mrs. Marry Lee Standefer McLeod of Whisper-
ing Pines, N.C. visited Iva Standefer. She had lived
in Houston at some time (the Canal Zone as well), so
Iva, Joann and Norman piloted her about so she
Kerrville had many excited people on January
13th when 11/2 inches of snow fell upon our town.
For those of us who spent many years in the tropics,
it was a thrill to see the snow fall. The very next day
our temperature was back in the 70's so our "white
joy" disappeared quickly.
MARILYN CARTER and BEA RHYNE at the
Zonian Party, Kerrville, TX.
MENZIES TURNER, WADE CARTER and
ROBERT PAPPYY" GRIER.
For the most part, all to whom I have spoken,
had a very merry Christmas. Many visitors came to
share their holidays here. The Hill Country Zonians
had a gala Christmas dinner and reunion on Decem-
ber 5th at a local hotel. Preparations and plans were
chaired by Bea Rhyne. Helping her was Katherine
Lessiack, Iris Hogan, Marilyn Carter and Anna Cal-
vit. They were pleased with the excellent response.
Ninety-seven attended with 33 of these being from
out of town. Naturally, we had to have a lottery
drawing. Harold Chambers, E. H. Davison and
Robert (Pappy) Grier were progressive winners.
Other winners were J. B. Fields for being the earliest
man in the Zone (1906) and J. B. also claimed a sec-
ond prize for being retired the longest (1964). Gladys
Turner of Carrollton, TX won the ladies honor of be-
ing in the Zone since 1915. Lovely Stuffed Christ-
mas trees were given for these honors. Harold
Chambers had the most P. C. service of 38 years so
he won that gift. Sid Kennon of San Antonio
claimed the most recently retired (6/81). Benny Cal-
vit lived on the Pacific Side since 1917 and Clara
Chambers lived on the Atlantic Side since 1916 so
both were prize winners. All present had a wonder-
ful time. Many left barely able to speak as there was
so much chatter being exchanged. Our Hill Country
Zonian activities are attracting more Zonians with
each function. It is hoped this summer we will have
another successful picnic. Watch for details!
From Sarasota, FL came Mary Orr to spend her
holidays with her sister and brother-in-law Fred and
Marion Wells. Mary visited her brothers and fami-
lies (Mattes and Selwyn, and Bob and Eloise) of
Houston. Christmas activities also included Rita
and Joe Orr of San Antonio. Mary was honored by
several luncheons. One was given by Annette
Fields; another jointly hosted by Katherine
Lessiack, Iris Hogan, Honey Fealey, Verla Grier and
Clara Chambers. Following this lovely luncheon,
cards were played at the home of Katherine
Lessiack where much reminiscing and "hablando"
took place. Guy and Mary Fealey (Mary Linda
Wells) of Phoenix, Arizona visited their parents,
At the card group to honor MARY ORR: Front L to
R: ANNA YOUNG, MARION WELLS, VERLA
GRIER. 2nd row L to R: KATI LESSIACK,
MARILYN CARTER, GIGI FLECKENSTEIN,
HONEY FEALEY, HELEN SMITH. Back row:
JACKIE BISHOP, MARY ORR.
Honey and Jim Fealey and Marion and Fred Wells
during the holidays. Fealey's and Well's houses are
back to back so visiting was made easy.
Guests of Bob and Dell Dunn this holiday sea-
son were Cookie and Claire Ocheltree and daughter
Karen of Houston and Debbie and Eddie Sykes of
Gamboa. From San Diego came John and Shirley
Finlason. Oralyn and Glen Cramer from Orenda, CA
also paid the Dunns a visit.
The GRAHAM FAMILY Reunion in Kerrville. L to
R: WILL, JUDY, DONNA, grandson DAVID DAY,
SUE and BILL.
The William R. Graham family had a visit from
Sue's sister Anna and husband Joe Collins of St.
Petersburg. On December 18th their son and his
wife, William H. Graham and Judy arrived from
Olympia, WA. To help add to the festivities grand-
son David Day of Dallas visited. Then daughter
Donna (Graham) Day also arrived from Dallas for
the Christmas weekend. All drove to Dallas for a
two-day visit, Donna showing Will and Judy some
of Dallas night-life. Judy and Will renewed ac-
quaintances with Will's former college friends from
the University of Houston. They also enjoyed tour-
ing San Antonio, the riverwalk, the Alamo, and the
Tower of the Americas. There were many parties in
their honor; one cocktail party at the Graham's
home; a tea given in Judy's honor by Chita Hanna
and Betty Marshall and dinner at Beth Waddell's
apartment. January 2nd Sue's sister, Helen Barrett
of Jacksonville, FL and Helen's daughter, Joan
Molinaro of Houston arrived for the weekend. On
January 8th, Helen's son, Matthew Barrett of Hous-
ton arrived to take Helen back to Houston where
she continued to visit with her daughter Sally Bar-
rett. Helen and Sue had a great time together -
three days of bridge and a shopping spree in San An-
tonio. Now Bill is back at the tax work with H & R
Block. Sue is back to her house chores, bridge
games, and, when time permits, oil paintings. (Re-
porter's Note: A pat on the back goes to Sue on her
art work. She does beautiful paintings with steady
progress being made continually.)
Iris and Dick Hogan spent the holidays in Dal-
las to be on hand to welcome Iris's newest grand-
child, Christina Marie Richmond. Christina was a
New Year's Eve arrival. Proud parents are Ralph
and Cindy Richmond. In the cheering section was
brother Gregg who is 3/2 years old.
Bea & Glenn (Harvey) Rhyne spent the holidays
in Panama with their daughters and family; Camille
Rhyne and the Ed Stanfords (Barbara Rhyne, Eddie
and Cheryl). One weekend was spent in El Valle en-
joying the market and native food; a day at Gorgona
and Coronado beaches. The trip's highlight was be-
ing aboard Ed's boat, Cayman II. They went to
Malones Island for a picnic and swim. As for the
changes and attitudes in Panama, there are many.
Someone mentioned to Bea that there was one good
thing about the treaty, but it must have been insig-
nificant because Bea can't remember what it was!
Muriel and Les Johnston had visits from their
sons and families this Christmas. Son Gary came
from Mesa, Arizona. Son Lionel and wife Gladys
and daughter Shannon visited from Los Angeles.
Shannon is an angel of 2'/2 years with curly blond
hair and huge brown eyes. Who couldn't have a mer-
ry Christmas with her around the tree on Christmas
morn! Presently visiting the Johnstons is their
daughter Janet Teal from Gatun. Janet's daughter
Dawn is a recent high school graduate from Coco
Solo. Dawn has chosen to major in art at Arizona
State and is currently enrolling there.
John and Kitty Schmidts became first time
great-grandparents in September when their grand-
son and wife, John C and Betty Schmidt of Tallahas-
see, FL gave birth to Jonathan Ryan. Proud grand-
father is John E. Schmidt, Jr. (Bill) and also from
Bowling is a healthy activity here for many.
Honors go to Fred Wells when recently he surprised
himself and bowled 212 for the Alley Cats team of
which he's a member. Iris Hogan is a great bowler.
She has won several trophies as a member on a num-
ber of local teams. Iris gives her average as 152.
Other fun activities include frequent trips to the din-
ner plays in San Antonio. Tomorrow we'll see
Donald O'Connor remember him? The one per-
former most of us are looking forward to seeing is
Lana Turner. She will be appearing soon; wonder if
she's still a beauty. There's always a good reason for
us "Zonians" to get together and have a ball.
Joan and George Fitzgerald over-nighted with
Marilyn & Wade Carter on January 17th. They had
been travelling since November and were anxious to
get back to their island, Kiawah, S.C. It was a fun
visit. George delighted us with his "Bajun" jokes.
He remarked that he would like the Canal Record to
have more stories of the past Canal Zone events in
it. Maybe I'll work on that the next issue, George.
Wade and I will be attending the reunion as a
celebration for our 25th wedding anniversary, which
occurs this February. Many others from Kerrville
are making plans to attend also. So, let's just say,
"we'll see ya soon."
Dear amigos ... Enero was very cold but beauti-
ful in this area. Snow, snow and more snow, and I'm
shivering as I write this report. Happy to tell you
that Ted Norris and his beautiful hard working com-
mittee have good news to cheer us up. Ole! Ole! It's
our 5th. Annual Canal Zone Reunion coming up!
This Carnivalito is to be held at Tyson's Corner
Ramada Inn, same place as last year which was a
Viva! Carnivalito! Viva!
June 26 and 27, 1982
Washington D.C. Area Reunion
Perhaps travellers can plan their vacation to in-
clude this Canal Zone get-together? Muy Bueno!
More information on this activity from Ted Norris,
1906 Prout Place, Falls Church, VA 22043. Tel.:
We should have much more news after we thaw
STELLA BOGGS DeMARR, Reporter
TARA LEE CLARK
Tara Lee Clark, a student at Jacksonville State
University in Jacksonville FL has been selected to
appear in the 1982 edition of Who's Who Among
Students in American Universities and Colleges.
Tara is the daughter of MAJ. Charles Clark, USA
Retired, and Mrs. (Huey Lee) Clark of Jacksonville
and the granddaughter of Mrs. Clarence (Era)
Greene of Anniston, AL, formerly of Coco Solo,
Miss Kim Carter, daughter of Marilyn and
Wade Carter of Kerrville, TX graduated in Decem-
ber from Brigham Young University in Utah. Kim
obtained a B.S. degree in Special Education. She
was chosen to appear in Community Leaders of
America. This compilation of outstanding individu-
als honors those who are contributing to a better
America through dedicated service. Kim is present-
ly employed in Houston at Bunker Hills Elementary
School and loves her work.
With a letter received from the former Ginny
(Virginia) Thomas Colclasure, now Mrs. Donald
James, was a clipping listing her as the first woman
in Mississippi to become a member of the Military
Order of the Cooties. (V.F.W.) Virginia, who used to
work at Coco Solo Hospital, joined the Army Nurse
Corps in 1950 and served with a M*A*S*H Unit in
Gatun Newsletter, December 1981
Tom Sizemore, of Massena, NY was promoted
within the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Cor-
poration to Assist Resident Manager for Facilities
and Navigation, as of August 1981.
Chris Skeie visited Kathleen Engelke Crowell
for the Christmas holidays in Arkansas, at which
time he presented her with an engagement ring.
Their engagement was announced at a New Year's
Eve party held at Mary Lou Engelke's home in
Rogers, AR. Guests present were Mr. and Mrs.
"Red" Nail, Mr. and Mrs. Jack Corliss, Mr. and Mrs.
(Pat Bain) Jack DeVore, Mr. and Mrs. Robert A.
Engelke, Mr. and Mrs. George Engelke, Susan En-
gelke, and Kathleen's daughters, Erin, Allison and
Laura Crowell. All in attendance are former
Zonians. Chris's father was the late Christian Skeie.
His mother is Mrs. Henri Skeie of St. Petersburg,
FL, where Chris also lives.
Mrs. E. Ralph Guthrie Jr. of Shelbyville, KY an-
nounces the engagement of their daughter, Rose-
lynne Guthrie, to Douglas H. Crook, son of Mrs.
Phyllis H. Crook of St. Petersburg, FL and of the
late Wilson H. Crook. A summer wedding is plan-
BERNICE B. CLARK
Bernice B. Clark, daughter of Mrs. Fred E.
(Louise) Watts of Colorado Springs, CO and Mr.
Delmas A. Swafford of Crystal River, FL received
her Science and R.N. degree from Albuquerque,
New Mexico Medical Center and Highlands Univer-
sity in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Bernice was born at
Gorgas Hospital, Panama and had graduated from
Bob Jones University in Greenville, S.C.
Lottie S. George, 8309 Ned Avenue, Baton
Rouge, was graduated from Louisiana State Univer-
sity, Baton Rouge, LA with a masters in secondary
education in December. She is the mother of Danny,
17; Doran, 16; and Derek, 10, and the daughter of
Mr. & Mrs. Robert Shultz of Panama.
Patt Foster Roberson, our Louisiana reporter
for the Canal Record, graduated in December from
the Southern University, with a second masters in
Broadcast Journalism. Her first masters was from
Louisiana State University in Print Journalism.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. and Irene (Sanks)
Leeser celebrated their 60th. wedding anniversary
on the 3rd of February, 1982. Mr. Leeser retired in
1954 from the Mt. Hope Printing Plant and resided
in New Cristobal and Margarita before settling
down in Pasadena, Texas. Their two children, Gloria
(Leeser) Theologian and Charles L. Leeser Jr., who
are also from the Houston, TX area, joined them in
Where Are You?
In response to the December article, this col-
umn: I have some photographs of the "Red, White
& Blue" Troup at Howard Field taken on Air Forces
Day, 1946. I would be willing to share towards a
memorial for Coach Henry Greiser. I also have 3 cer-
tificates signed by Coach Greiser.
Does anyone know the address of Rene Fueille,
Mrs. Jeannette (Collins) Green
(Please address all answers to the Editor, Canal
I would like to locate K. (Karl) Masters and
Terry Guy, both of whom used to reside in Cocoli
during the 1940's.
Alberta Marie (Boyd) Tuttobene
205 Verbena Lane,
Brea, CA 92621
The October 1981 Newsletter of the Panama
Canal Society of Southern California sent to Jim
and Lester Meigs, Claremont, CA. and to Dave
Shearer, Tustin, CA. were returned by Postmaster,
stamped "Not deliverable as addressed". If you
have a new address for them, please send to Shiela
Bolke, 12707 Gibraltar Dr. San Diego, CA 92128.
Did you know Lonnie (Alciabades) Iglesias? He
was the Kuna Indian husband of Michigan's Marvel
Iglesias, and one of the three most famous Kuna
leaders of all time from San Blas, Panama. If you
read the book "Beauty is a Ring in my Nose" by
Marvel Iglesias and Marjorie Vandervelde, you
know a lot about Lonnie, now deceased.
But we need more material about Lonnie; so we
are looking for individuals who knew him personally.
A couple of us will soon be searching out elder
Kunas on the San Blas Islands to put down their
memories of Lonnie, with a tape recorder. So if you
are one of those who knew him, will you get in touch
with Marjorie Vandervelde, 402 Lakeshore Drive,
Emmetsburg, IA 50536.
I would like to know the addresses of the follow-
ing two families or even one of them.
Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Craig Sr. and Mr. Ber-
nard Craig Jr.
They once lived in Margarita when we lived in
the Canal Zone about 12 years ago. They may still
be there or in the Republic of Panama.
Mrs. Walter Trasavage
1532 Cedar Ave.
Parker, FL 32401
From the CANAL RECORD, November 1981;
Just in case no one else has written about Henry
Grieser's memorabilia, I want to inform you that his
step-son, Pete Green, BHS '39, received Henry's
house and probably its contents.
I have submitted Henry's name to the Hall of
Fame, however have not yet received an answer.
St. Louis, MO
6 cups water
3 lbs sugar
2 large sticks cinnamon
1 lb dried prunes
1 lb seedless raisins
2 slices lemon or lime
2 cups Sherry
2 cups Rum
1 large sponge cake
Soak raisins and prunes in sherry and rum over-
night. Have a sponge cake ready. Make a heavy
syrup with sugar, water, cinnemon and slices of
lemon; boil. Strain prunes and raisins and add them
to the boiling syrup. When syrup is cool, add the
sherry and rum that the raisins and prunes were
soaking in. Cut sponge cake in small squares and dip
in liquor. Arrange pieces on platter and top with
raisins and prunes. Any liquor that remains should
be poured over the top. It is optional to decorate this
with silver balls and tiny candles.
Jeanne Flynn Stough
1 lb Ground beef
11/2 cup chopped onion
1 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. chili powder
2 beef cubes
2 hard boiled eggs
12 Spanish olives
12 raisins (soak 1/2 hr. first)
Garlic, pepper, oregano to taste
Combine first 5 ingredients until meat is brown.
If dry, add cup boiling water, stirring occasion-
ally, cool to room temperature.
Combine 6 cups all-purpose flour, 1/2 tsp. salt, 3
tsp. baking powder, add /2 cup warm shortening.
Stir and add warm water, 4 cup at a time to make a
soft dough. Divide into 2 portions, and each half in-
to 9 equal portions. Shape each into ball and flatten
with rolling-pin to make a round, a little less than 1/
inch thick. Fill with meat sauce and top with olive,
raisin and a slice of hard boiled egg. Fold and pinch
poistened rim to seal as half circles. Brush, if desired
with egg yolk and bake in pre-heated oven at 3500 to
375 o or brown. Yield 13.
Gatun Newsletter, November 1981
PEACHES WITH MAJOR GREY'S CHUTNEY
For each peach half, place 1 tsp. Major Grey's
chutney in center and heat in warm oven until ready
to serve. This helps fill the plate and looks nice.
If the chutney is chunky, cut up fine. A small
bottle goes a long way. Good also when served with
San Diego, CA
Susan Banks Gaines and Charles Arthur Mes-
ser, both of Dallas, TX were married in a double ring
ceremony at John Calvin United Presbyterian
Church in Dallas on October 24, 1981.
The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Eugene T. Banks Sr. of DeLand, FL. Charles is the
son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Messer of Venice, FL.
Out of town guests with the couple's parents, in-
cluded the groom's sister, Patti Messer of Clark
The groom is employed with Grunau Contrac-
tors in Dallas, and the bride is employed with the
Town National Bank.
After a short wedding trip, the couple are now
residing at 16300 Ledgemont, #906, Dallas, TX
Rose Marie Poletti and Dale Eugene Martini ex-
changed marriage vows June 20, 1981 at Dennison,
OH. The bride is the daughter of Mary A. Poletti of
New Philadelphia and the late Louis J. Poletti. Dale
is the son of Marian P. Martini, Uhrichsville, OH
and the late Joseph H. Martini. The bride is a 1973
graduate of Balboa High School and a 1977 gradu-
ate of Bowling Green State University. The bride-
groom is a 1976 graduate of Marietta College and
earned his master's degree from the University of
Dayton. The couple are now residing in New Phila-
Diane Lunn Clifton and Glen W. Baker were
married in Houston, TX on May 31st. 1981. Diane is
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Doyle Clifton of Hous-
ton. Glen is the son of Floyd and Beverly Baker of
Gatun, presently living in Federal Way, WA. For-
mer Zonians in the wedding party included Carol
(Baker) Goodwin, Paul Baker, Mark Collins, Jim and
Tom Snider. Guests who were formerly from the
Canal Zone were Roderick Snyder, John Davison,
Phil and Debbie Sanders, Andt Norval, Debbie
(Carey) Sweringen and many others.
Capt. Michael P. O'Connor and Cheryl Rene
Johnson were married on November 7, 1981 at the
Military Chapel, Carswell AFB, Ft. Worth, TX. The
bridegroom graduated from BHS in 1972, attended
Texas A & M University, graduating in 1976. He
then attended the Air Force Academy in Enid, OK,
graduating in 1978. He is the son of Ed and Shirley
O'Connor of Westminster, CA and the grandson of
Mrs. Shirly Persons and the late Charles E. Smith.
The bride attended Tarrant County Jr. College and
is presently employed as Communications Manager
at the First Bank of Ft. Worth. She is the daughter
of Mr. Robert E. Johnson of Snyder, TX and Mrs.
Robert La Blaine of St. Louis, MO. Out-of-town
guests were Mr. & Mrs. Roberto Herrera (Mobile,
AL) and Mr. & Mrs. Carlos De Gracia (Houston, TX)
both of whom were classmates of the bridegroom at
BHS; Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Perreault (Houston, TX)
former residents of Panama; Col. and Mrs. Frank J.
Schaack (Llona Joan Sears) of Dallas, TX; Mr. &
Mrs. Don Evitt (Lois Johnson Alexander) of Hous-
ton, TX; Mrs. Shirly Smith, grandmother of the
bridegroom, from Clearwater, FL and the brother
and sister-in-law of the bridegroom, Lt. (JG) Kevin
O'Connor and wife, Diana of Pearl City, HI.
Richard Levee and Penny S. Burden were mar-
ried at the Unity Church, Reno, NV on December
20, 1981. Richard is the son of the late Morton L.
Levee and Ferne E. Levee who resided on the
Isthmus for many years. The best man was John
Fitzgerald, another former Zonian. The couple
honeymooned in Lake Tahoe, NV and will continue
to live in Reno, NV.
Lori Lee Stevenson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Davis Stevenson of La Cresta, Panama, became the
bride of Mr. Virgil L. Snow II of Griffin, GA on De-
cember 19, 1981 during an evening candlelight cere-
mony at the Balboa Union Church.
Given in marriage by her father, the bride wore
a traditional white organdy wedding pollera, trim-
med in light blue, including the gold jewelry, blue
satin slippers with gold buckles, five gold combs
and silk carnations. Her bouquet consisted of wood
roses, sprayed with gold, white silk carnations and
red silk poinsettias.
The groom wore a beautiful handmade camasilla
trimmed with gold buttons. Tom Snow served as
best man. Ushers were John Malin, Davis R.
Stevenson, brother of the bride and Lt. Kenneth R.
Gerhart. Each wore the traditional camasilla with
Immediately following the ceremony, a
reception was held at the Quarry Heights Officers
Club, during which music for dancing was provided
Jerry Weigle and Cathy Carlisle were united in
marriage at Houston, TX on December 5, 1981.
Jerry was born and raised in the Canal Zone and is a
graduate of the University of Tampa. Cathy, whose
father was a Panama Canal pilot, went to school at
Cristobal and is a University of Texas graduate.
Vernon C. Douglas and Janet S. McNabb were
united in marriage at the United Methodist Church
in St. Petersburg, FL on February 6, 1982. Vernon
was the General Foreman in the Maintenance Divi-
sion, Balboa when he retired in 1980. Janet was born
and raised in St. Petersburg, FL. A reception was
held at Bradford's Coach House, St. Petersburg
with many friends of the bridegroom in attendance,
formerly of the Canal Zone.
MR. and MRS. VIRGIL SNOW
Out of town guests were: Mr. and Mrs. Virgil
Snow, parents of the groom and his brother Tom
Snow, and Joh Malin, all from Griffin Ga. Mr. and
Mrs. S.H. Rowley, Sr. grandparents of the bride
from Clearwater, Fl.; Lt. Kenneth R. Gerhart, cousin
of the bride from Germany; Mr. and Mrs. Louis R.
Fourmigue, friends of the bride from New Orleans,
After a honeymoon trip to Contadora Island,
the couple returned to Charlotte, NC where they will
Captain and Mrs. Robert Askew announce the
birth of their first child, a daughter, Claire Elizabeth
on November 27, 1981 at West Point, NY. The
maternal grandparents are Mr. & Mrs. Donald
Bronsan of Tucson, AZ., and the paternal grand-
parents are Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Askew of St.
Roland and Marie Mans of Jacksonville, FL an-
nounce the birth of their son, Christian Paul, on
April 29, 1981., and weighed 12V2 lbs. Maternal
grandparents are Douglas and Anita Smith, former-
ly of Margarita.
Robert and Melanie Webb of South Bend, IN an-
nounce the birth of their first child, Derek Robert
Webb on October 15, 1981. Paternal grandparents
are Winton and Dorothy Webb of Perry, OH.
Adrinne and David "Spider" Whitehead are
happy to announce the birth of a son, Patrick David,
weighing 9 lbs. 2 oz. on December 26, 1981. He joins
his sister, Kristal Snow, age 2, and his parents of
San Diego, CA. Paternal grandparents are Capt.
and Mrs. Vernon Whitehead, of Balboa, Panama.
Maternal grandparents are Fern and Warren Morse
of Vermillion, SD, and San Diego, CA.
Mr. and Mrs. John Zelnick of Broken Arrow, OK an-
nounce the birth of their fourth child and third son,
David Ernest, born on October 27, 1981. Paternal
grandparents are Ernest and Ruth Zelnick of
Hendersonville, NC and Grand Isle, VT.
Mr. & Mrs. Brian Barkheim (Barbara Betcher) are
proud to announce the birth of their twin sons, Tyler
Henry and Todd Lowell. They arrived on November
25, 1981 weighing in at 7 lbs. 2 oz. and 7 lbs.
Welcoming them are Jason, 5 years old; Justin, 3
years old, and Amy, 21 months. Maternal grand-
parents are Pete and Alice Betcher of Red Wing,
With inordinate pride, Red and Alice Nail an-
nounce the birth of their first grandchild. Stephanie
Elise Graves was born on November 30, 1981,
weighing 9 lbs. 31/2 oz. The baby's parents are
Steven and Lisa Graves of Rogers, AR.
Susan (Schlect) and James B. Wood announce
the birth of their daughter, Brittany Leigh,
weighing 8 lbs. 14 oz. on November 22, 1981. Mater-
nal grandparents are Rita and Joe Schlect of Van-
couver, WA. Paternal grandparents are Martha B.
and the late James A. Wood of Vancouver, WA.
Mr. and Mrs. Gordon R. Million of Bradenton,
FL announce the birth of a son, Gordon Ray Million
Jr. on December 1, 1981. Gordon joins a sister,
Vicki. Maternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs.
Robert Barron of Bradenton, FL. Mr. and Mrs. H.J.
Million of Sarasota, FL are the paternal grand-
Mr. and Mrs. Wyane (Lisa) Folger of New
Orleans, LA. announce the birth of their second
child and son, Jordan Matthew Folger on August
15, 1981 in New Orleans. Jordan's older brother is
Jason Richard George Folger, one year old. Paternal
grandparents are Rusty Folger and the late George
The 5th. child, a son, Nicholas James, was born
on October 26, 1981 in Tokyo, Japan, to Sue (Taylor)
and Lou Pitney. Grandparents are Mrs. Vernon L.
Schafer of San Diego, CA. and the late Mr. James
Pitney, Nicholas has a sister, Layne, and three
brothers, Clarke, Billy Taylor and Jeff.
Stephen and Eileen (Ridge) Jones of Reading,
PA announce the arrival of their daughter, Valeria
Lynne, on November 28, 1981. Valeria joins her
sister, Stephanie Marie, age 2. Maternal grand-
parents are Vincent and Dottie (Sanders) Ridge of
Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Markley (Helen Jean
Haky) of Coraopolis, PA are the proud parents of a
baby girl, Erin Lane. She was born on November 18,
1981 and has a brother, Jonathan, who is 21/2 years
old. Maternal grandparents are Marie Haky and the
late John G. Haky.
Richard and Ellen (Jenkins) London announce
the birth of their daughter, Krista Ann, born
November 1, 1981, weighing 7 lbs. 3 oz. Maternal
grandparents are Shirley and the late Henry
Jenkins of New York. Parental grandparents are
Betty (Bradley) and Richard London of Washougal,
George and Edith Engelke announce the birth
of a great-granddaughter. The baby is the daughter
of Michael B. and Cheryl Engelke of Siloam Springs,
AR. She was born December 31, 1981, weighed 8/2
lbs. and is named Leah. Her paternal grandparents
are Paul and Jan Engelke.
Born to Mr. and Mrs. James T. Sullivan (Molly
Ann Journey), a son, Sean Thomas, on October 27,
1981, in Seattle, WA. Grandparents are Harried and
Bud Journey of Poulsbo, WA and Celestia Sullivan,
Edmonds, WA and the late Dr. J. Sullivan of
California. Molly Ann was born in Panama and is
the granddaughter of the late Ewing Journey.
Terri (Williams) and Bradley J. London an-
nounce the birth of their son, Travis Jordan, born on
December 17, 1981, and weighing in at 81bs. 5 oz.
Maternal grandparents are Phyllis and Ron
Williams of California. Paternal grandparents are
Betty (Bradley) and Richard London of Washougal,
Jerry and Rosanna (Eastham) Blais are proud to an-
nounce the birth of their son, Eric Eastham Blais,
born December 5, 1981, weighing 7 lbs. 11/2 oz.
Rosanna is the daughter of the late Nena and Leo
W. Eastham. The Blais' reside at 3005 Charter Oak,
Plano, TX. 75074.
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f~~~ ffinU etw &ue &e t^m" 10 y~cd;
ff'f IAel'lei/eferu"l4ait^ue eciwuA" 'PIP
Ruth Westman, 89, died November 3, 1981, at
the home of her niece, Margaret F. Brugge, in
Bayford, VA., where she had resided for the past 10
years. Ruth was a Roosevelt Medal Holder, and was
the sister of Fred P. Brugge and William V. Brugge
and Laurence and Mary Brugge of Houston, TX, all
of whom are deceased. She married John E.
Westman in 1925 and resided in Bella Vista until his
death in 1917. Survivors include Margaret (Peg)
Brugge; Mary Ellen (Brugge) Johnson, Nieces, and
Fred P. Brugge, nephew.
Edward T. Rathgeber, 47, died November 10,
1981, at Point Pleasant Hospital. He was a sta-
tionary engineer for the Toms River Chemical Co.,
NJ for 21 years and was a Navy veteran. Surviving
are his wife, the former Carol F. Havens; a son, Ed-
ward T. Jr; five daughters, Deborah A., Cathy L.,
Lori J., Dawn C., and Patricia C., at home; a brother,
John E., Glassboro, NJ; and four sisters; Bernice
Jackson, Des Plaines, ILL, Louise Hunt, Dothan,
AL., Norine Lucas, Brick Township, NJ., and
Margie Ruoff, New Orleans, LA.
John Joseph Dudak, 90, of Orlando, Fl., passed
away November 11, 1981. He moved to Orlando
from the Canal Zone in 1964 and was in the adminis-
tration division with the Panama Canal Company
for 31 years. He also worked for an oil company in
Colombia. He was a 33rd. degree Mason, a Shriner
and a charter member of the Canal Zone Orchid So-
ciety. Survivors include his daughter, Helen Louise,
Orlando, and sisters; Christina M. Connell, New
Castle, PA, and Helen C. Hall, Denver, CO.
Russell C. Meissner, 72, died June 30, 1981, at
Walter Reed Hospital, VA. He worked for the Pana-
ma Canal for 38 years and was operations supervi-
sor of Miraflores Locks at the time of his retirement
in 1971. He was active in community and fraternal
organizations and was the Santa Claus for the com-
munity Christmas parties held in Los Rios and La
Boca. He is survived by his wife, the former
Katherine Wine, of Hayes, VA; a daughter, Adele of
Hayes, VA; a son, Carl of La Boca, and four grand-
James D. McLean of Whiting, NJ passed away
on January 5, 1982, which was two days before his
83rd. birthday. He is survived by his wife, Betty R.
Warren H. Smith of New Port Richey died June
8, 1981. His only survivor is his daughter, Valerie
Smith Hagerman, also of New Port Richey.
John J. Medling, 58, of New Haven, CT died No-
vember 17, 1981. He was employed by the Store-
house Division in the Canal Zone until his departure
and has since been involved in the renovation of
buildings in the New Haven area. He is survived by
three sons, John, Egan and Tracy, and a daughter,
Kathleen, all of the New Haven area.
John S. Pettingill of Ft. Lauderdale, FL passed
away November 16, 1981 at the Holy Cross Hospi-
tal, Ft. Lauderdale. He retired from the Panama
Canal Division of Schools on August 10, 1968. He is
survived by his wife, Mrs. John Pettingill and his
mother, Mrs. F. P. Hommel of Penn Yan, N.Y.
Samuel D. Brinkley, 68, of Orlando, Fl. died Sep-
tember 22, 1981 in Orlando. He was a member of the
Panama Canal Society of Florida, and is survived by
his wife, Marie.
Rose Emma Fishbough (Sister Fishbough) of
San Diego, CA died on November 15, 1981 at her
home. She was the daughter of the late Leon S. Fish-
bough and was a third generation family. She is sur-
vived by her husband, William Treichel of San Die-
go; her son, Buddy Treichel and family of Tucson,
AZ, and her brother Leon S. Fishbough and wife, of
Kathleen M. Pretz, 82, of Franklin Manor,
Churchton, MD passed away on November 26, 1981.
She was born in Bedford, PA and was a member of
Our Lady of Sorrows Church in West River. Surviv-
ing are her husband, Edward; one daughter, Helen
A. Leyden of Stamford, CT; four grandchildren and
three great-grandchildren. She is also survived by
four brothers; Thomas McLaughlin of Harrisburg,
PA, John McLaughlin of Torrence, CA, Charles
McLaughlin of Florida and Patrick McLaughlin of
Dallas, TX. Also surviving are three sisters; Helen
Brogan and Sally Stevens of St. Petersburg, FL and
Mary Louise Walsh of Pittsburgh, PA.
Ludwig F. Balcer, 84, of McGregor, Iowa, died
December 6, 1981. He was previously employed
with the Special Isthmian Project 7, and later with
the Industrial Division, Balboa, and was an active
mason. He is survived by his wife, Edna of
McGregor, Iowa, and two sons; Robert (Bud) Balcer
of Bentonville, OH, and Dr. Charles Balcer.
Ida 0. Erickson, 93, of Hudson, WI, passed
away December 28, 1981 at the Christian Communi-
ty Home in Hudson, WI. She retired from the Canal
Zone school system in March, 1950 after forty years
of service. She is survived by three sisters; Dorothy
(Erickson) Holde of Tonka Bay, MN; Myrtle (Erick-
son) Sundstrom of Hudson and Bertha (Erickson) of
Evelyn Rigby Moore, 81, died October 22, 1981,
at the Pomona Valley Community Hospital, CA.
She was a former journalist and was employed by
the Panama Canal. She served as an official transla-
tor there during WWII. She took an active part in
promoting cultural relations between the Canal
Zone and Panama and was awarded "The Order of
Balboa" by the Panamanian Government. She
wrote a guide booklet for servicemen passing
through Panama during WWII, called "Panama in
your Pocket" with a distribution of over 400,000.
She is survived by her husband, Lewis B. Moore; a
son, Colin Moore, and three grandchildren.
Paul M. Darcy, 52, of 4301 66th Ave. N., Pinel-
las Park, died January 2, 1982. He was a retired
Army Command Sergeant Major but was working
for the Panama Canal Commission at the time of his
death. He was also a former National Vice Com-
mander of the Special Forces Decade Association
and a member of the Executive Board of the Boy
Scouts of America. Survivors include his wife Joan;
a son, 1st Lt. Paul A. of Ft. Stewart, GA; two
daughters, Michelle Illies, of Panama, and Joan of
Pinellas Park, FL; a brother, Jack of New York; four
sisters, Peggy Farrel, New York, Alice Sullivan,
Betty McCoy and Loretta Goodwin, all of New Jer-
sey, and two grandchildren.
Jacque W. Beaupre, 54, passed away on Janu-
ary 6, 1982 at his home in Green Bay, WI. He went
to the Canal Zone in the mid-60's and was employed
as a plumber with the Maintenance Division in Bal-
boa for approximately 3 years. He served in the
Army during WWII and was a prisoner-of-war in
Korea for almost 3 years.
He is survived by his wife, Maxine; three mar-
ried daughters, Catherine, Jacquiline and Joanne,
residents of the area; daughter Jennifer and son
James from Green Bay, WI; five grandchildren, four
brothers and one sister.
Fred L. Workman of 1903 Singing Wind Dr.,
Kerrville, TX passed away on December 2, 1981.
Fred was born in Tampico, Mexico and became the
funeral director while in the Canal Zone. The Kerr-
ville Masonic Lodge officiated at his services. Survi-
vors include his widow, Ursula; a daughter, Mrs. D.
Mitchell; two sons, Christopher and Mark, and three
Lura V. Buehler of 6509 Willow Hill Ct., Day-
ton, OH passed away on November 23, 1981. Infor-
mation received showed no known survivors.
Lucy M. Bates, 85, of 443 Second Ave. N., St.
Petersburg passed away on January 6, 1982. She re-
tired from the Panama Canal Zone in 1969 as a reg-
istered nurse and was a member of St. Mary Our
Lady of Grace Church in St. Petersburg. Survivors
include a brother, Rev. James Blewett of New York
City and several cousins in New York.
John J. Hewitt, 66 years of age, of Pawnee Vity,
NE died on January 3, 1982. He was an admeasurer
for the Panama Canal Company for many years.
Survivors include his wife, Clarice, and three daugh-
ters, also one sister and five grandchildren.
Mildred Phillips Kline passed away on Decem-
ber 28, 1981 at Tustin Community Hospital, CA.
She was the daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. John
F. Phillips (Ruth). Mildred attended Canal Zone
schools and is a graduate of BHS'29. She was em-
ployed in the PC Payroll Bureau. She is survived by
her husband, Paul E. Kline of Tustin, CA; a brother,
Noble A. Phillips of Laguna Hills, CA and a sister,
Mrs. Fred (Betty) J. Gerhardt of Maracaibo, Vene-
Gerrit J. Mullins, 18, of Dothan, AL was killed
in an automobile accident on January 2, 1982. His
brother, Curtis Mullins was also injured in the same
accident. Gerrit was born in the Republic of Panama
and resided there until moving to Dothan, AL in
1977. He was a student at the George C. Wallace
State Community College at the time of his death.
He is survived by his mother, Gertrude Mullins of
Dothan; one sister, Karen, of Dothan; two brothers,
Curtis Leo and Brian from Dothan; a grandmother,
J. Joustra of Sarasota, FL, several aunts, uncles
Walter Knott, 91, passed away on December 3,
1981, in Buena Park, CA after a long illness.
Albert A. Mittag of Panama, Rep. of Panama,
died December 4, 1981 at his home. He was the for-
mer Chief of the Engineering Division, Facilities En-
gineer, U.S. Army, Corozal. He served as chairman
of the Canal Zone Board of Professional Registra-
tion and Architects and retired from U.S. Govern-
ment service at the age of 70. He later became re-
gional manager for a local construction firm until
his second retirement in 1979. A world-wide travel-
ler, he last visited Asia with his son and friends. He
is survived by his son, Harlan and a sister, Charlotte
Schwab of Seaford, N.Y.
Martha McLelland, 71, of Bradford, NH was
killed in an automobile accident on December 27,
1981 near her home. Also critically injured in the
accident was her husband, Clayburne A. "Red"
McLelland, who was the U.S. Marshall in the Canal
Zone for many years. A native of Machias, ME she
came to the Canal area to teach school. She was ac-
tive in the Fern Leaf Chapter, Order of the Eastern
Star. She is survived by one son, Kit, from Las
Clayburne A. McLelland, who was the U.S.
Marshal in the Canal Zone for many years, died Jan-
uary 17, 1982 at Concord General Hospital, in Con-
cord, NH as a result of injuries sustained in an auto-
mobile accident on December 27, 1981. Mrs. Martha
McLelland, his wife, died instantly in the accident.
Marshal McLelland began his government ser-
vice at an early age. After attending the U.S. Senate
Page School in Washington, D.C., he worked as a
page in the Senate and was personal page to Vice-
President John Nance Garner. He was later em-
ployed for several years in the U.S. Dept. of Agricul-
ture and served in the U.S. Air Force during WWII.
He was appointed U.S. Marshal in 1961 and served
until his retirement on December 30, 1979.
He was very active in Masonic Bodies, being a
member of Chagres Lodge, Balboa and became Mas-
ter in 1956, and Treasurer from 1957 to 1979. He
was a Past Patron of Fern Leaf Chapter #4, Order of
the Eastern Star. He was also a member and Past
Presiding Officer of the four bodies which comprise
the Panama Canal Scottish Rite Bodies, and he was
a Thirty-Third Degree Mason.
Surviving the McLellands is a son, Kermit J.
McLelland, of Las Vegas, NV.
Members of the Panama Canal Society of South
Carolina were saddened to learn of the deaths of Lee
Myers Jr. and his wife, Gracie, of Carabelle, FL dur-
ing the week before Christmas, 1981. They are sur-
vived by their three children, and parents, Lee and
Hilda Myers, also of Carabelle, FL.
Dr. Blocker H. Joslin, 62, passed away on De-
cember 11, 1981 in Atlanta, GA. He interned at
Gorgas Hospital in 1941 and became a resident in
1942. He also served during WWII as a Major in the
Medical Corps in Panama. He is survived by his wife
Edna, a son an a daughter.
Frances Smith Dorn passed away on December
1, 1981 in Hot Springs, AR after a lengthy illness.
Mrs. Dorn taught school in several Canal Zone
towns and lived in Pedro Miguel a number of years.
She and her husband left the Canal Zone about 1952.
Her husband, Adam Dorn predeceased her by sever-
al years, and was a Locks Division employee while
in the Canal Zone.
Henrietta E. Smithies, 84, of St. Petersburg, Fl.
passed away on February 1, 1982. Born in Oil City,
Pa. she left the Canal Zone in 1948. She is survived
by a daughter, Augusta Berkheimer, St. Petersburg;
a son, Carroll O'Brien, Mississippi; three sisters, 10
grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
Leroy Paul Marsh (Roy), 64, died after a brief ill-
ness in Ontario, CA. He came to the Canal Zone in
the military service during WWII and was later em-
ployed by the Oil Handling Plant on the Atlantic
side until his retirement in 1972. He was well known
for his oil paintings and photographic work on the
Isthmus. He is survived by his wife, Orchid; his
sons, Roger and Joey; his daughter, Esther; his sis-
ters, Susan DeBoer and Helen Burton; his brother,
Tom and also 7 grandchildren.
Harold (Hal) W. Sander died December 18, 1981
in Ft. Lauderdale, FL. He went to Panama in 1931
and was a prominent architect and businessman and
very active in the Navy League until his retirement
in 1980 when he and his wife moved to Ft. Lauder-
dale, FL. He is survived by his wife, Frances Rice
Sander; two sons, William and Robert, and six
Walter E. Colclasure, 65, of Rogers, AR passed
away on January 3, 1982, in the Veterans Adminis-
tration Hospital, Fayetteville, AR. He accepted a
job in the Canal Zone in 1941 and later served on ac-
tive duty in the U.S. Navy from 1943 to 1946, after
which he returned to his CZ employment. He served
as Budget Analyst in the Engineering Division until
his retirement with 34 years of service. He is sur-
vived by his wife, Addie Lee, of Rogers, AR; a son,
David of Wichita, KS; a daughter, Marian of
Rogers, AR; his mother, four sisters, two brothers,
two grandsons and a granddaughter.
Charles Latham died recently in France, accord-
ing to word received from his friends. Many mem-
bers will remember "Charlie" when he worked in the
Commissary Division. For several years he worked
in the Accounting Section of the Ancon Commis-
sary. He is survived by his wife.
Samuel R. Meyer, 84, of 5802 36th. St. S., Tam-
pa, FL passed away on December 12, 1981. He is
survived by his wife, Virgie; a son, Samuel of Tam-
pa, FL, and a daughter, Virginia Nygard of Colum-
bia, MO. He is also survived by three grandchildren
and four great-grandchildren.
Lawrence Barca, 79, passed away at Hyannis,
MA on January 16, 1982. A former resident of St.
Petersburg, FL he recently moved to Cape Cod, MA.
He came to the Canal in 1936 as a machines in the
old Mechanical Division in Balboa and was later
maintenance machinist at the Food Plant at Mt.
Hope. At the time of his retirement in 1964, he was
shop machinist at Miraflores Locks. Surviving him
is his son Lawrence, Locks Division Chief, Panama;
another son, A. J. Barca of Baldwin, MO; three
grandchildren, Ann and Bruce of Balboa Heights,
and Mark of Ballwin, who is in the U.S. Navy; three
sisters and three brothers; Mrs. Chet Pezzulo of
Cape Cod; Pauline, Victoria, Peter and Joseph, all
residing in the Boston area, and Michael, who lives
Dr. Clifford G. Blitch of Tallahassee, FL passed
away on January 21, 1982 following major surgery.
Dr. Blitch was a resident of the Canal Zone from
1949 to 1953 while serving as the Superintendent of
Gorgas Hospital. Dr. (Colonel) Blitch retired from
the U.S. Army in 1955 and after serving as Director
of the University Hospital in Baltimore, MD for
three years, returned to Tallahassee to become Chief
Health Officer for the Leon County Health Dept. He
is survived by his wife, Ruth (Williams) of Tallhas-
see, a son, Michael of Boston, MA; two daughters,
Patricia Andrews of South Padre Isl;, TX, and
Lisbeth Gray of Tallahassee, 12 grandchildren and
one great grandson.
John R. (Lefty) McGlade, of Floral City, FL
passed away on January 25, 1982. John was a Bal-
boa High School graduate in 1940. He was also ac-
tive as a Mason and a Shriner. He is survived by his
wife, Ana; two sons, John, in the armed forces in
Germany, and Michael, a college professor in Iowa;
a daughter, Jackie Donaldson of Los Rios, Panama
and a brother, Charles A. McGlade of Florida,
Gertrude Roche Santasiere, mother of Capt.
Howard Buehler, died on January 1, 1982. She went
to Panama in 1906, where her father, Paul Roche
was employed as a painter Foreman and was a hold-
er of the Roosevelt Medal. She went to New York in
1918 and retired from the United Hospital Fund in
1964, subsequently moving to New Port Richey in
1979 to be close to her only son. She is survived by
her son Howard Buehler, former Panama Canal
Pilot and Assistant Port Captain; a sister, Pauline
Roche Kersey of Lambertville, Pa.; three grandchil-
dren and two great-grandchildren.
Linda B. Belanger, 85, of Sun Valley, CA died on
December 15, 1981. She was the widow of Sidney
Belanger who was employed as Dispatcher and Mas-
ter of Transportation, Railroad Division, Canal Zone
from the early 30's until his retirement in 1952.
They lived on both sides of the Isthmus. She is sur-
vived by her daughter and son-in-law, Evelyn and
Warren A. Wood of Sun Valley; five grandchildren
and five great-grandchildren, all in the Los Angeles
area; also a sister, Ann Reynolds of Glendale, CA,
and a sister-in-law, Evelyn Jean Gilson of Sun City,
Azzie S. Holgerson, passed away on December
1, 1981, at Gorgas Army Hospital, Panama. She
was an active member of the Balboa Union Church
and sang in the choir. She also worked for many
years at the Balboa YMCA gift shop. She is sur-
vived by six daughters; Nellie H. Armstrong of
Virginia; Joan H. Collins of Alabama; Paula Decker
of Florida; Carolyn Twohy of Diablo Heights, Pana-
ma; Jane Holgerson of California and Judy Dorsey
Clarence M. Anderson, 87, of Seminole, Fl. died
January 30, 1982. He was born in Trenton, NJ and
left Panama in 1974 where he was vice-president of
CitiBank. He is survived by his wife, Jessie; two
daughters, Dorothy Evans of Staunton, Va., and
Mary A. Hale, of Balboa, Panama, six grandchil-
dren and two great-grandchildren.
Gerald H. Cohen, 58, of Daytona Beach Shores,
Fl. passed away on February 5, 1982, while visiting
friends in Panama. Born in Baltimore, Md. he was a
retired U.S. Army Colonel in the Medical Corps and
had recently retired from the Canal Zone Govern-
ment as Chief, Logistics Division, Gorgas Hospital.
He was very active in local government and commu-
nity affairs, including the Shrine Temple where he
held several offices including that of Commander of
the Legion of Honor. He is survived by his wife,
Sarah (Barfield); two daughters, Elizabeth, attend-
ing University of South Florida, Tampa, Fl., and
Sue Smith of California; a son, Roger of Florida, and
three grandchildren. He was buried at Arlington
From Members at Large
ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE FORMATION
OF A NEW PANAMA CANAL SOCIETY.
At an enthusiastic get-together in one of the pri-
vate rooms of the commodious but well-worn Front
Gate Hotel in Beijing (Peking), China, on the eve-
ning of October 4th, a noisy group of present and
former Canal Zonians inaugurated The Panama
Canal Society of Beijing.
This group, consisting of Howie Laatz, of the
Industrial Division and a resident of Margarita;
Margie Smith, of Gorgas Hospital, who lives in
Panama City; Catsy Schafer, formerly of Gorgas
Hospital and now living in San Diego, California;
and Bart Smith, ex-Electrical Division, presently a
resident of St. Petersburg, Florida, were a part of a
tour which had left San Diego a few days previously.
After a spirited discussion, by-laws of the new
Society were adopted by acclamation. These provide
that this Society shall be very exclusive, member-
ship being limited to persons who are visiting or re-
side in Beijing; or persons who enjoy typical Chinese
food, such as Peking duck, fortune cookies, thou-
sand-year-old eggs, bird's nest soup, pickled jelly-
fish, and like that; or persons otherwise acceptable
to the President of the Society and able to pay the
monthly dues; provided:
(a) that they have been associated in some way
with the Panama Canal, or,
(b) that they have heard of the Panama Canal,
(c) that they have never heard of the Panama
(d) that they would just as soon not hear any
more about the Panama Canal, or,
(e) that they can scrape up enough money to
pay the monthly dues.
An important by-law, adopted unanimously,
was that the dues shall be 100 yuan per month, the
dues to be divvied-up among the elected officers, the
officers being exempt from paying any such dues.
After refreshments were served, voting for the
office of President was held, and the results of the
secret ballot were announced. It was found that
each of the four charter members had magnanimous-
ly voted for one of his (or her) fellows for President
of the Society, the following votes being tallied:
Ms. Laatz Received one vote.
Ms. Smith Received one vote.
Ms. Schafer Received one vote
Mr. Smith Received one vote.
After twenty-six more ballots were taken in an
effort to break the impasse, during which the results
had not changed, and with time running out, the re-
luctant decision was made that the Society would
have four Presidents.
Panama Canal Society of Beijing, China L to R:
MARGIE SMITH, BARTLEY SMITH CATSY
SCHAFER and HOWIE LAATZ, otherwise known
as "The Gang of Four".
Following this, while Mr. Smith was out of the
room adjusting his neck-tie, a quick ballot for the of-
fice of Secretary was called by the remaining Presi-
dents, and when Mr. Smith returned, ballots were
counted, the results being:
Ms. Laatz Received 0 votes.
Ms. Smith -Received 0 votes.
Ms. Schafer Received 0 votes.
Mr. Smith Received 3 votes.
After the election had been made unanimous by
popular acclaim, Mr. Smith said that he was
touched by this show of confidence in him, but spent
the rest of the evening sulking.
Since the group was scheduled to move on to
Xian the following morning, and luggage had to be
ready at an early hour, the baptismal meeting of The
Panama Canal Society of Beijing adjourned at 11:54
p.m., sine die, so the members and officers could go
Because of the extortionate price of ball-point
pen refills; the 2-cent increase in postage; the ever-
rising costs of mortgages and janitor service; and
the burden of excise taxes, incise taxes, hidden
costs, and other expenses too numerous to mention;
the new Society is teetering on the brink of financial
insolvency, and is actively trying to recruit a dues-
paying member to bail it out. Word was received,
after adjournment, that at Xian there was a whole
army of soldiers who had never heard of the Panama
Canal, and were awaiting our arrival. These, there-
fore, seemed to be prime candidates for membership
in the Society. Unfortunately, upon actual inspec-
tion the soldiers turned out to have been made of
terra-cotta, and besides, they had not been paid for
some twenty-two centuries, so there wasn't a dime
in the whole crowd.
Each request for membership will be given
prompt attention, especially if accompanied by a
check for the first year's dues. All applications or in-
quiries should be addressed to: Secretary, Panama
Canal Society of Beijing, General Delivery, Beijing,
People's Republic of China. The address on the enve-
lope should be written in Chinese, for proper han-
The place and time of the next meeting will be
announced, but one should not hold one's breath,
waiting. Don't call us, we'll call you.
Secretary (and President).
"The World's Greatest Lovers" at the Taj Mahal,
Agra, India, during their trip to India and Nepal
last February and March. DR. RONALD W.
MOORE and wife WILLIE are now in Tabuk, Saudi
Greetings from the desert. Life is treating both
of us well. Ron signed a 3 year contract here (Saudi
Arabia) so I guess it will be '83 before we head out of
The Kingdom. He is doing well in Tabuk as assis-
tant chief of the OPD Clinic with 26 doctors from all
over the world. He will open a new clinic as chief
here in Tabuk in January and will be President of
Medical Executive Staff (first American to do so) in
January. My job with the U.S. Military ended in
June and I am waiting for another one with COE.
Girls are getting on well. We went to India and
Nepal during February and March, then to Greece
and a Mediterranean cruise to several countries and
islands in October. Headed to Kentucky this Christ-
mas for the holidays with the girls. We're going to
try to make the reunion this year coming up. We
read the Canal Record and just enjoy it so much.
Allah willing, we'll be there in April!
Dr. Ron and Willie Moore
Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
We returned from a month's trip to Ohio the
turning of the leaves were beautiful as was the
The best part of our vacation was being able to
see our daughter, Alice and her husband John
Iderton and two children before they left for Alaska
for a two year term. They drove all the way in a 1960
Chevrolet and had no problems.
Mr. & Mrs. E. C. Stiebritz
Kitty and I just returned from Jacksonville, FL
where we visited our only grandchild, Kristn
Roberta Stevens who was 2 years old on Novem-
ber 5. Of course we had a ball with her and our son,
Douglas R. Stevens, Class of '71 CHS.
We retired into Panama to stay close to wife
Kitty's parents, sister and brother, Dr. Juan
"Chito" Arosemena. Kitty's sister is Mary
Col. Bob and Kitty Stevens
Panama, Rep. of Panama
Have retired from Washington Water Power
Company after 28 years and have gone to work for
the Bureau of Reclamation at Grand Coulee Dam.
Will be able to retire with 20 years Federal service
too. After unsuccessful search for housing, bought a
double-wide mobile home and are in the process of
setting-up. We'll have lots of room, so if anyone is in
the area to see the longest hydro station in the
world, drop by!
Bill & Jeanne Wood
Rt. 1, Space A-14
Grand Coulee, Washington 99133
I would like to say "Hi" to people who were my
friends in the Canal Zone. Also to report on a short
trip to Southern California in early November which
may be of interest to some of the readers of the
NATALI CLUTE and OLLIE HEARN, in Santa
Maria, CA. November, 1981.
Natalie and I live in Santa Rosa, CA and our
first visit was to see Roy and Ollie Hearn in Santa
Maria. The Hearns are fine, Roy well organized and
Ollie as neat as ever. Our next visit was to see Peggy
and Carter Houston in Arroyo Grande. Peggy had a
terrible bout two years ago with various types of
surgery, but she is doing OK now and her laugh and
sense of humor is just like her old self. Carter is fine
too. The next day in Solvang, Jo and Walter Cole
treated us to a swell lunch. They have the nicest
house of anyone we know. Jo still plays a lot of golf
and Walter has his airplane.
Our next visit was to see Frances Greening in
Santa Barbara, and what an experience! Frances
and John lived in Gatun in the thirties and to hear
her tell of people, many of whom we afterwards
knew, or knew of, was wonderful. When I went on
the tug "Favorite," the skipper was John McDaid
and Gordon Kariger was mate. Bill Schilender and
Charlie Bitter were the engineers. Capt. Penseyres
was Chief of the Lighthouse Sub-Division and Clara
Chambers was Clerk-Timekeeper.
After seeing some relatives in the L.A. area, we
next saw Winnie and Chet Briggs in San Diego.
About the middle of the late sixties, Chet was Port
Captain of Balboa, then Chief of Navigation, and be-
tween leaving the Canal Zone and retirement from
the Navy, he had a tour of sea duty. He then went
back to school and go another degree in accounting
and has been teaching classes for people who pre-
pare tax returns. Both Winnie and Chet looked won-
To sum it up, it would seem that if you want to
stay young, retire to California!! The further South,
William T. Clute
Santa Rosa, California
1982 DUES PAYABLE NOW
My daughter and I live on Minot AFB in North
Dakota, about 40 miles from the Canadian border. I
have been in the Air Force nearly 9 years, this being
my third Stateside assignment. Minot is definitely a
far cry from the tropics, today the temperature with
the wind chill being -650! I never thought I would
see a winter, living 21 years in the Zone, let alone
one this far north!
My daughter, Ellen, was born in February, 1980
in South Carolina. Soon after, we moved to Minot
I would like to say that I greatly enjoy the
CANAL RECORD, received as a gift from my par-
ents, and one gift I truly treasure. It's so informa-
tive and interesting keeping so many distant
I was lucky enough to attend one Canal Zone re-
union in 1979 and had a wonderful time seeing so
many friends of mine from school, and several
friends of my parents, Tom and Margaret Stewart
Again may I compliment the staff of the
CANAL RECORD for their excellent work, and
hard work they accomplish with every issue of their
fine magazine. Thank you ...
Audry Stewart Schmidt
The poem, "The Old Familiar Faces" written by
James Stanley Gilbert, (found elsewhere in this is-
sue) written many years ago in Colon, seem to de-
scribe the New Year's Eve party I recently attended
in Riverside, CA. It was a delightful affair hosted by
Randy Alberga at his beautifully appointed home.
I am sure many former Atlantic Siders knew the
Alberga family and will remember Randy's father,
Percy, who worked at the Chase Bank for over 40
years. His brother Cecil was with the United Fruit
Company from his teens until retirement. Another
brother, Lloyd retired from the Andrews Steamship
Company. Joyce Alberga Pinto and her late hus-
band, Fabian, owned the National Mattress Factory
on the corner of Tenth Street and "G", across from
the Carleton Hotel. Only the youngest brother,
Frank and his wife (Flo Phillips) remain in Panama.
Who would've ever thought that this well-known
family would all end up living within a few blocks
from one another in Riverside, and that I myself
would reside not too far away in retirement!
What fun we had reminiscing about the old days
in Colon. The conversation covered everything from
the high school dances at the Hotel Washington and
the Strangers Club to all the yummy food we used to
enjoy, such as bacalao, rice 'n peas (guandu) with
coconut and fried plantain. Many "Bajun" stories
were recalled. Of course, we fell to talking of de-
parted friends, for there are many.
The amazing thing about this family is that
many of their children, grandchildren also reside in
Riverside and they have such a close relationship.
While I am not related, I am called "Aunty Ellen"
by most of them and I am in truth Randy's God-
mother while one of my sons got his second name
from "Uncle Percy" which is Randolph. Audry,
Percy's wife, is Godmother to my second son,
Richard. So you can see I feel part of the family.
Those who shared this wonderful evening were:
Mr. & Mrs. Percival R. Alberga (Audry Ernest),
their youngest son and daughter-in-law, Douglas
and Magda (Flor) Alberga and their children Karen,
Donovan and Paul; Mr. & Mrs. Cecil Alberga (Lelia
Luna), their daughter, Cecilia Poppel; Mr. & Mrs.
Lloyd Alberga (Lorraine Frankel), their daughter
Sandra & husband Steve Cohen and children,
Michael & Brian, daughter Shiela and her husband,
Jose Medina and their daughter Jennifer; Mrs.
Joyce Alberga Pinto; Mr. & Mrs. Theodore Frankel
(formerly from Colon); Mr. & Mrs. Jack Mitchell;
Mrs. Gertrude Suttle; Mr. & Mrs. Larry Kelly and
children, Melissa & Brian; Mr. & Mrs. Lynn Craven
and children Danny & Missy; Mr. Russ Gurton; Ms.
Mitzie Sasso; Mrs. Anne Sasso Sullivan and friend,
Karen, and yours truly ...
Ellen E. Johnson
Mrs. Kitty McNamee of Davie, Fl. (Ft. Lauder-
dale area) enjoyed having as Christmas guests, two
sons, Dennis McNamee of Denver, CO; Brian with
his son, Alex of College Park, MD and another
grandson, Phillip Taylor Jr. of Boca Raton, Fl.
POLLY and JOHN MICHAELIS with their host,
IRIS HOGAN in Kerrville, TX during their 16,000
After leasing out their newly-acquired Ozark
home, John and Polly Michaelis began a tour that
ranged through Mexico, Texas, New Mexico, Ari-
zona, Nevada, Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, Washing-
ton, Alberta and British Columbia in Canada, Ore-
gon and California not necessarily in that order.
They spent their time visiting friends and seeing all
the wonderful sights throughout the West. After
covering 16,000 miles, they only had one blow-out,
didn't run over any skunks and didn't have any ill-
nesses, either personal or vehicular all at an aver-
age of 64 a mile!
Cristobal High School Alumni 1933 Standing, L
to R: MARTHA POTTS GRIFFITH & DOROTHY
BIRKLAND HARRIE. Seated, L to R: HELEN
AANSTOOS JONES & MILDRED OWEN
SUTHERLAND, taken October 15, 1981 at Tucson,
Buon Anno! A special holiday greeting from the
Curtiss family in Sigonella, Sicily.
On June 1st., Jeff returned home after being
stationed on a ship in the Persian Gulf for 13
months. (Navy Broadcast Journalist). We were able
to enjoy a long vacation before reporting to Sigonel-
la on July 15th.
After departing Columbia, SC, we flew to Con-
cord, CA and spent two weeks with Mom & Dad
Curtiss (Betty & George). It also turned out to be an
exciting family reunion as brothers Mike, Chris and
Steve were home as well, as well as Grandma's
Curtiss and Olsen and Aunt Jean. Also had an excit-
ing visit with Kathy's brother, Bill Foster and fami-
ly. Jeff and I then took four wonderful days in Ha-
waii and had a beautiful time. Next we visited Mom
& Dad Foster's home in Tampa, FL for a few weeks.
Always enjoy the Florida area and seeing the folks.
The 4th. of July weekend we drove to Jacksonville
to visit dear ole' Canal Zone friends, Madeline Dolan
and family. Next stop was to Lake Toxaway to visit
Edie and Jack Willoughby at their summer cabin.
On July 14th. we boarded the "Flying Tigers"
at Philadelphia for our long trip to Sigonella, Sicily.
We live in a town called Motta 10 minutes from
the base. The language, customs, living conditions,
etc. have been a new experience, but we really enjoy
it here, and hope to travel around Sicily as much as
possible. The island is beautiful and so full of Greek-
In November, we took the train to Rome and
spent 3 wonderful days there. Even got to follow a
pilgrimage from Milan into a special audience with
Pope John Paul (really highlighted the trip). Hope to
take a trip around Europe before our tour is up in
July 1983. May the New Year be a super one for all
Kathy, Jeff & Kirk Curtiss
I always look forward to the arrival of the Canal
Record and nothing else is done until I have read it
through when it arrives!
For us, the very sad occurrence in 1981 was the
loss of Clark's (husband) sister, Maudie Reynolds,
who passed away in May. Maudie had not been well
for some time.
I worked in the Medical Library at Valley Gen-
eral Hospital near Renton, WA until September. On
a trip to California in late September, I had good
visits with my Canal Zone friends, Jean Mitchell
Smith, Lucille Hanney, and Caroline Hagen Arnold
- all living in the Palo Alto and Menlo Park area. In
November, Clark and I had a wonderful 40th. anni-
versary celebration in Hawaii, where we visited
Honolulu and the Big Island of Hawaii, which re-
minded us a great deal of Panama. We came home to
a busy Christmas with house guests from Los Ange-
Margaret (Haw) Teegarden
Time is flying... "the hurrier I go, the behinder
I get. We left for Panama to spend Christmas holi-
days with our son, Pablo (Chief of the Dredging Di-
vision) who retired December 26th.
This has been a good year: visits from children
and relatives starting in early spring... fishing and
camping at Lake Weddington. Our eldest daughter
Andree Lee Collins married Cecil Ballance, with
whom she had been associated in Church work the
past 30 years, in St. Louis, on June 5th. We at-
tended her wedding and our second daughter,
Jacqueline Werbrouck and her husband Marcel,
from Osceola, IN drove us home and spent a few
days with us. Our son, Pablo had visited us earlier in
the year. Then my sister, Mattielee White, of Las
Cruces, NM; cousins Mary Jo Yaeger of Houston,
TX, then Catherine and George Loew of Wilming-
ton, DE visited us in October. George gave a lecture
and slide show at the Country Club, Bella Vista, AR
at the request of the NARFE group there. This had
to do with the early days of the Panama Canal .
and was so well received that he was asked to come
back the next year for another show.
Thanksgiving was beautiful weatherwise
and family-wise. It was Miss "B" 's (Bates Weiman)
birthday. After church, we went to my sister's home
(Min and Mike Burton) for turkey dinner which in-
cluded all the trimming, plus pumpkin pie, ambrosia
and "impossible coconut cream pie" (Min's latest
discovery). Our bridge game was interrupted by a
call from Nancy Huldquist Whalen (in Hong Kong)
wishing her grandmother, Miss "B" a happy birth-
day. It really is a small world after all.
We had a vry scarey experience during the sum-
mer ... a drunk driver ran into a gas line just 100
yards from our backyard flames reaching 100
feet house shaking police evacuating every-
one, etc. but no loss of life or property. For this
we were grateful.
Wouldn't it make Christmas
Just as perfect as can be,
If I could visit you today
Or you could visit me?
But since we can't arrange this,
These wishes seem to be
The next best way to tell you
You're very close to me
In heart, and thought, and always ...
But especially so today!
I sincerely hope that you enjoyed the holiday
First, the good news I'm retiring on the
26th. December after 29V years with the Marine
Bureau. I've been thinking about it since the
"treaty", and have finally gotten up the courage to
make the big move.
Garrick and I leave Panama on December 20th.
to spend Christmas with my folks in Virginia. Then,
we plan to pick up a new car and drive to Dallas, TX
to settle down.
I had visited Dallas last year, took several bus
tours, visited friends, and picked out a lovely place
called Las Colinas in Irving, TX. Dallas seems to
have just about everything you could ever want and
it will be a big adventure for a Gamboa girl like me
to live near a big city.
The bad news is that it is so hard to leave Pana-
ma, but since most of my wonderful friends have left
or will be leaving within a few years, we'll just have
to keep in touch with each other and hope we are all
well and able to attend the Panama Canal Society re-
unions each year in St. Petersburg.
I took my daughter Lisa in 1981 and we had a
wonderful time. We also stopped off in Pensacola to
visit my older daughter, Luanne and my gorgeous
granddaughter, Keeley Michelle.
Lisa works as secretary for the Base Command-
er at Howard AFB here in Panama, but she is plan-
ning to ask for "special placement" to the USA so
she will be coming up sometime in the spring.
Garrick is fourteen now, taller than I, and in the
9th. grade. He hasn't seen Dallas yet, but I'm sure
he'll enjoy the change. He spent a couple of sum-
mers at Camp Manison, just south of Houston, and
he really liked it. I certainly hope that you will visit
with us if you ever have the opportunity to visit Dal-
las, we'd love to see you.
Arden L. Cooke
Grand Prarie, Texas
MRS. FRED PERRA (Cecilia Simms) from Gaines-
ville, GA went to Washington State in July to visit
daughter BEVERLY of Kent, WA and son of Port
Orchard, WA. While there, a four generation picture
was taken. Mrs. CECILIA PERRA; daughter
BEVERLY PERRA; granddaughter DEBORAH
GRESETH and grandson GREGARY GRESETH.
Ted and Mel (Little) Henter, with their seven
month old daughter, Emily Rose, have moved to
Maryland where Ted will work for Maryland Com-
puter Services as Systems Analyst in their Research
and Development Department. Although they will
miss Mel's family, who live in St. Petersburg, and
their friends, they are looking forward to living up
north and to the change of seasons. The Henters;
Sis, Ted and Emily, helped with the move up there
and will be back for Thanksgiving and Christmas.
Mrs. Theodore C. Henter, Jr.
St. Petersburg, Florida
In November, Anna and Joe Collins visited
their children in Mississippi and relatives in Texas,
enroute to daughter Lucy's in Tucson, AZ for a
three week vacation. While there, they helped to
celebrate grandson Bradley's first birthday and son-
in-law J. Scott Graham's promotion to Captain, U.S.
In December they drove to Troy, Michigan to
spend the holidays with daughter Jennifer and fami-
ly. They returned to Florida mid-January before an-
other hard freeze. Anna assured her family that tra-
vel to the north would never be done in the winter
Penny (Wilder) and Vincent Canamas came
through Houston on vacation. Stayed with June
(Foster) and Monty Trim. Went out to eat with
Edith (Smith) and Benny Coulson and Debbie Bos-
well) and Phil Sanders. Had a great time reminisc-
ing about our days at C.H.S. and the good ol' Atlan-
tic side. Penny and Vincent still reside in Brazos
Edith (Smith) Coulson and Dita (Workman)
Mitchell had a great time visiting after eleven years
since graduation. We both talked our heads off and
enjoyed watching our children play together.
Lois Smith is in LaPorte, TX visiting her
daughter Edith and family for the holidays. She's
now the proud grandma of four year old Daniel and
9 month old Kendra.
Benny and Edith Coulson
We are happily settled in here in Columbia, MO.
All the girls and their families were here for Thanks-
giving. Laurie and husband, Ben, live here in Colum-
bia; they have a 4 year old daughter and are expect-
ing their second child any day now. Judy and family
live in Charleston, MO; have a 2 year old son and a
10 month old daughter. Janet lives in Memphis, TN
and will be getting married in January, 1982. It's
great to be within visiting distance of all of them.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur v. Nygard
THE EVER CHANGING ROAD
An Address Delivered Before
The Canal Zone Nurses' Association
Gorgas Hospital, Ancon, Canal Zone
November 3, 1954
Morris M. Seeley, R. N.
(Roosevelt Medal #3366 and Bar #2048)
Madam President, Officers and Members of The
Canal Zone Nurses Association, and Friends:
I desire to express my deep appreciation for the
privilege of speaking here this evening. This is said
with the fact in mind that this platform has been oc-
cupied mostly by speakers of the medical fraternity
dealing with professional and scientific progress. In
other words, standing on hallowed ground with an
address neither professional nor scientific, although
in some aspects it deals lightly with the former term
as concerns trained nurses, my purpose this evening
is to present briefly the story of one nurse through-
out the Construction Days of The Panama Canal.
The title I have chosen is "The Ever Changing
Road" for the reason that such a name seems best to
express a strange series of experiences covering an
interesting period of many years in the tropics.
Ever since my transfer from the Hospital Divi-
sion of the Health Department to that of Sanitation
in 1918, my first interest, of course, has not been
that of the nursing profession and no longer being a
subscriber, as formerly to the journals pertaining to
it, I have long since lost stride with its progress.
This is a matter of regret to me but never the less
the truth, therefore I am in no position to discuss
modern methods as currently practiced by the nurs-
ing profession. So, if you will agree not to question
me on the intricasies of Oxygen Therapy, I will hap-
pily reciprocate by not inquiring of you to differenti-
ate between the Homeopathic, Alopathic, and Elec-
tric systems of the practice of medicine of a half cen-
tury ago nor require that you give the correct dos-
age of tincture of Strophanthus.
From the time that I was ten years of age, my
desire to become a physician always had a loading
place in my thoughts and plans for the future. As a
preliminary, I entered a training school for nurses at
y~^/w a twarzh
a very young age with the assistance of a couple of
physicians who had known me all my life. I attended
training schools in Pennsylvania and Indiana, being
in private practice in the latter State at the time
the law for registration of nurses was enacted. Early
in 1906, I made arrangements to enter Grant
University at Chattanooga for the first two years of
medical study, planning to finish at Vanderbilt.
Illness of my parents at home in Pennsylvania
compelled me to be with them for many months and
my matriculation as a medical student had to be
abandoned. Following my soujourn at home and an
examination by the Civil Service Commission at
Washington for Isthmian duty, I arrived at Colon,
receiving orders to report to Colon Hospital for
surgical service. The old French Hospital was built
on concrete pillars over the sea. The superintendent
was a Naval officer, a splendid physician and able
administrator. He seemed greatly surprised to see
me and asked my age. When I told him that I would
be 24 in four days, he said, "My God, you don't look
over 17; I was looking for an older man."
Colon Hospital was a complete unit, having a
fine staff of doctors and nurses whose loyalty and
kindness were a constant inspiration and pleasure to
me. Some of them had seen military service in the
Phillipines and they were a capable and efficient
group. The hospital was always overcrowded, and
the service was strenuous in all departments. At
times, cots were in the ward aisles as well as on the
porches. Considerable overtime work was common
and frequent but complaints were seldom voiced
since the job had to be done in spite of everything.
Surgeons Lane Walsh, and Noland performed most
of the major surgery from 8 to 12 in the mornings as
daily routine. Of course, emergency surgery
occurred with great frequency at all hours of the day
and night. Doctors Taylor, Gibson, and Beverly
were often called for emergencies on the surgical
service although they were on other service as well.
Following their Canal service, Drs. Taylor and Eno
established the Samaritan Hospital in Colon, Dr.
Gibson became a War Veterans Hospital
Administrator for a large area of several states in
the South. Dr. Noland, Superintendent of the Ten-
nessee Iron & Coal Company with headquarters at
Birmingham, Alabama, as well as President of the
Southern Surgical Association.
While pleased with the hospital service, I was
not impressed with the city of Colon and decided to
return to the United States promptly. No doubt I
would have done so had it not been for a veteran
nurse on duty in the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat
Clinic. She was affectionately known to the hospital
staff as Granny Fairbanks. Granny had served for
many years in the Phillipine Islands and was a
model of efficiency. She pointed out to me that less
than three months' trial before making a decision to
return home was neither fair to myself nor the Canal
Commission, so I decided to take her advice in the
Now in those days, there was a large and con-
stant turn-over of the Canal Force for many reasons
and the hospital division was no exception. This
caused a great deal of shifting of employees from
station to station for relief of constantly appearing
vacancies in the service, therefore, by the time my
trial of three months was over, I had been shifted on
relief from Colon to Miraflores, La Boca, and old
Santo Tomas Hospital in Panama City, and was
kept so busy I gave no further thought to leaving.
The Canal Commission provided Santo Tomas with
two American physicians and one male nurse. Also,
a generous sum was provided by the Commission
monthly for drugs and surgical supplies. Dr. Pedro
Obarrio was Superintendent, Dr. Augusto Boyd was
Chief Surgeon, and a Miss Brackmeir was
Superintendent of Nurses.
Arriving for duty, I relieved Mr. James Tolar
who was leaving on vacation. The former nursing
staff of nuns had just be relieved from duty and a
complete new group of German nurses from Ham-
burg had replaced them. One of the American doc-
tors and Miss Brackmeir were the only members of
the staff who spoke German. A slight knowledge of
the language which I had learned in a German town
in Pennsylvania previous to my nurse's training was
very useful to me during this service.
I was given charge of the male surgical ward of
about thirty beds and a surgical dressing room. Two
day orderlies of questionable training and one surgi-
cal dresser were assigned to me. The ward was al-
ways crowded and the equipment, poor and inade-
quate. Added to the surgical cases in the ward, were
a group of aged chronic placed here because there
was no other suitable place for them. New daily
post-operative cases meant that discharges had to
be made when, at times, the patients still required
The practice of laundering roller gauze ban-
dages and reusing them as many times as they
would hold together was repulsive to me, but it was
being done at that time. My requests for surgical
supplies were always cut down and sometimes can-
celled. This finally became the cause of an angry ses-
sion between myself and the Superintendent of
Nurses and resulted in my request for immediate
transfer. When the Director of Hospitals asked for
my reasons, I reported with bitter emphasis that I
could not maintain a surgical ward without supplies.
This led to an investigation which revealed that a
considerable portion of the surgical dressing
material furnished by the Canal Commission was be-
ing sold to privately-owned drug stores throughout
the city. From then on, I had no difficulty in ob-
taining the necessary materials for my ward, al-
though I had made a few enemies in the process.
Another unfortunate affair had to do with Ben-
jamin, the surgical dresser on my ward, and if there
was ever a case where a little knowledge is danger-
ous, this is a case in point. I must first explain that
it was the practice of some of the doctors to use Ben-
jamin as an assistant at the morgue and autopsy
room and he became convinced of his proficiency
with the post mortum scalpel. One afternoon, while
seated at my ward desk which was situated next to
the surgical dressing room, there being a dividing
partition extending only halfway to the ceiling, I
heard a loud scream of protest from within. Leaping
to the door, I stood transfixed to see Benjamin with
a curved bistoury in his hand, about to operate on a
protesting aged patient who was suffering from a
large right subclavian aneurism. Naturally, a
startled yell from me caused him to drop the instru-
ment and liberate the patient. Benjamin explained
that someone had told him that a large visual pulsa-
tion meant the presence of pus, so he proposed to
open up what he had diagnosed as an abscess. I
drove him from the ward with the abmonition never
to return as long as I was there.
My dining room at the hospital was something
very special. A private dining room assigned for my
use alone. It was housed at the main entrance of my
ward in the patio. It stood on stakes about three feet
off the ground. This little building was divided into
two rooms, an outside door to each room, ap-
proached by a short flight of steps. One room was
my private dining room, the other was the Dead
House where dead bodies were stored before depar-
ture for the cemetery. The cemeteries were not far
from the hospital but the dead wagon was kept busy
during the afternoons.
An incident occurred one evening that is of more
than passing interest. I had just been relieved from
duty and was in my room reading, clothed only in
pajamas as it was unusually warm. All at once a
young native doctor rushed into my room and
excitedly asked, "What is the antidote for arsenic?"
I replied, "Hydrated oxide of iron."
He flew down the stairs but was back in about
five minutes frantically exclaiming that the pharma-
cist did not have any hydrated oxide of iron.
"Of course not," I told him, "he has to make it."
"But he doesn't know how to make it," cried the
near hysterical native, "do you?"
In answering, I rushed to the pharmacy. As you
all know, the product is made by the addition of
ammonia water to tincture of Ferri Chloride and
washing many times the resulting percipitate before
administration to the patient, a woman in this case.
She had taken the arsenic with plain suicidal intent
and fought desperately against the administering of
the antidote. We gave several doses within the next
half hour and the procedure was successful. She was
put to bed with proper follow-up treatment by Dr.
Strotz, one of the American doctors on duty at
Santo Tomas. Dr. Strotz came in from downtown
just as we were putting her in bed. He was not on
duty at the time, but helped finish the job.
I became ill with a severe attack of Herpes
Zoster during Christmas week of 1907. Dr. H. R.
Carter, the Director of Hospitals, was my attending
physician and a special nurse was assigned to my
care. She was a big buxom German girl called
Frieda, very direct and somewhat rough, but always
smiling and friendly. I immediately recognized that
Frieda was boss and I, a mere infant to whose
wailings and grumblings, she gave not the slightest
notice. Here I had my first does of morphine
sulphate after having given it hundreds of times
myself. It took a large dose to have any effect
whatever and I kept more or less under its influence
for almost a week. My reaction was a cessation of
pain and the sensation of floating in the air about a
foot above my bed.
Following my treatment at the hospital, Col.
Gorgas sent me to Taboga. Here the old French San-
itarium has been reactivated as a convalescent hos-
pital. It was spendidly located overlooking the sea
and was always well filled with patients, who usual-
ly were assigned there for ten days to two weeks at
the most. Dr. Randall was the Superintendent-in-
Charge and he drank to excess, scarcely ever being
completely sober. The Chief Nurse, a spinster of un-
certain age and a disposition that left much to be de-
sired, made life a burden instead of a pleasure at this
Following each meal, we had to stop at a win-
dow before being permitted to leave the dining hall.
Here Dr. Randall was stationed and proceeded to
dole out a prophalactic dose of four quinine pills.
Now these pills must have been in the Army Medi-
cal Storehouse in Washington since the Civil War
for they did not dissolve in their passage through
the human body. After the patients discovered this
fact they would only make a pretense of taking them
into the mouth, with a drink of water. They would
pass out onto the veranda and toss the pills outside.
The result was that the flock of chickens, belonging
to the sanitarium and permitted to run at large, con-
sumed the pills. One of the comical sights was the
chickens trying to walk and continually falling over
like a drunken man. Patients laughingly remarked
that surely the chickens would always be safe
against malarial attacks.
After one week at Taboga, I told Dr. Randall
that I wished to return to duty. He refused at first
but finally gave in and I reported to Col. Gorgas for
orders. He picked up a memorandum from his desk
and remarked that the record revealed that I had at-
tended a series of lectures at the College of Pharma-
cy at the University of Indiana as a guest of resident
students, and that my examination marks in Nurs-
ing School and Civil Service had been highest in
Materia Medica. He then informed me that the phar-
macist at Empire was on leave and that Dr. Gates at
that station had been doing the drug work for
almost a month because no druggist was available
for relief. Col. Gorgas sent me to Empire to take
over this service. From this time forward until I was
transferred to the Sanitary Inspection Division in
1918, I had to serve as druggist at various stations.
Even after I had been in this sanitation work for
several years, I was, at times, given temporary duty
in this capacity when no pharmacist was available
for relief. Because of Civil Service rules, the Gover-
nor's permission had to be obtained by the Head of
the Department before this could be done in the
I shuttled back and forth between the hospitals
and dispensaries of the Canal Commission until I
finally landed again at Colon Hospital relieving a
male nurse on the men's surgical ward. This tour of
duty was exceptional and interesting for it brought
forth a series of incidents, which were both comic
and tragic. Of course, my old friend Granny Fair-
banks welcomed me back and reminded me that it
would be foolish to leave the service before my first
vacation became due. I decided as always that Gran-
ny was right and followed her advice.
On the surgical ward, there was plenty to do at
all times, especially since after my first week, the
pharmacist failed to show up for duty one morning
and could not be located. I had my hands more than
full handling his job in addition to my own. To the
regular prescription work, I had to prepare barrels
of quinine tonic for the line dispensaries and com-
mission hotels. We also made the enbalming fluid
used by the morticians. After a couple of weeks, the
pharmacist reported for duty but was furloughed
without pay for another fortnight as a disciplinary
action to allow him to sober up after an extended
drunk. This man was really an excellent druggist, a
graduate of Boston University, he had come to the
Isthmus originally as a postal clerk, later transfer-
ring to Colon Hospital. I was kept on as his assis-
tant for some time. One day, I had to prepare five
gallons of the old Rhubarb and Soda Mixture. The
mixture is completed by the mixing of two different
preparations. This is done very slowly to avoid effer-
vescence. I left the two mixtures in the compound-
ing room before leaving for lunch. During my ab-
sence, the druggist ran out of rhubarb and soda in
the pharmacy and went to the compounding room to
mix some himself. Of course, he had been drinking
again and instead of taking a small amount of both
mixtures and using a large container, he plunged
two and one half gallons of one mixture into two and
one half gallons of the other in a ten gallon keg. A
tidal wave engulfed the compounding room floor in a
foaming sea of rhubarb and soda over a foot deep. I
was called from the mess hall in a hurry by one of
the colored boys who worked in the compounding
room. We removed the druggist to the pharmacy,
sent a hurry call for Dr. Gibson who ordered the
druggist to bed with a hypo which put him out for
thirty hours. We managed to get the mess cleaned
up during the siesta hour and the incident never
I particularly remember a dance that was held
on the first floor of the hospital building known as
the French Women's Ward in French days. It was
the first building within the hospital gate and was
constructed on concrete piles over the sea. The lower
floor had been converted into a recreation hall by the
Canal Commission for the use of the hospital staff
and many social functions were held here during the
early days. The dance was held on a holiday and was
attended by nearly the entire staff, not on duty at
the time, and their friends. Among the refreshments
were two galvanized tubs of iced fruit punch and I
stood beside them on the balcony watching the
dancing. John Moran, Superintendent of the Medi-
cal Storehouse, came out on the balcony to speak to
me. Now Moran was one of the famous Yellow Fever
Squad who participated in the great experiment
made by Dr. Walter Reed, Col. Gorgas, and their as-
sociates in Havana. He was a thorough prankster.
Following him onto the balcony were Drs. Noland,
Beverly, and Walsh. Moran asked me if there was
any spike in the punch. I answered negatively. This
delegation then informed me that I had been delin-
quent in my duty and proceeded to ammend what
they all agreed was sorrowful neglect on my part. Of
course, my explanation that I had had nothing to do
with the preparation of the punch fell on barren
ground and they solemnly decided to repair to the
medical storehouse where many barrels of fine old
Green _Rier Brand was languishing for attention.
Soon they returned with three gallons carrying the
bottles in a wet burlap bag pretending that it was
ice. These were added to the tubs of punch surrepti-
ously, the result being that within the next half hour
the tempo of the dance took on an accelerated pace
assuming happy mannerisms almost approaching
hilarity. A young doctor from Gatun and his girl, a
hefty nurse on the Colon Hospital staff, took a tum-
ble after a hasty do-si-do and giggled so hard that
they could not pick themselves up. Of course, help-
ers rushed up and assisted them to their feet and the
dance went merrily on. However, Dr. H. R. Carter,
Director of Hospitals, came into the building just in
time to see the spill. He came out on the rear bal-
cony and advised Dr. Noland to water down the
punch. He then left to take the midnight train back
to Panama. Perhaps it was just as well he did, for
shortly after he left, one of the other doctors came
out on the balcony to join me. He leaned against the
rail and I advised him not do so because the old
building had not yet been completely repaired. I had
scarcely spoken when the rail broke outward with a
crash and the doctor went with it. The tide was in
but there were only four or five feet of water on the
coral reef below. I rushed across the dance floor and
motioned for Drs. Beverly, Noland, and Gibson to
follow and we plunged into the sea under the build-
ing. After reaching the doctor who was unconscious
and his head submerged, we carried him out of the
water to the wall. Orderlies were dispatched for a
stretcher and we finally left for the operating room.
He had suffered a simple fracture of the upper third
of the right femur. To get the sea water out of him
and restore him to a state where an anaesthetic
could be used was a problem. As you know, spinals
were not known in those days. The next day as I
passed the office on my way to lunch, the Chief
Clerk stopped me and asked for my signature as a
witness on the accident report prepared for the doc-
tor's case. I signed it without reading it supposing
that it described the accident in a satisfactory man-
ner. As I passed the office after lunch, the Chief
Clerk again called me in and told me that perhaps I
should read what I had signed. Both he and his as-
sistant, Miss Holliday, were having a good laugh, so
I read the report. I learned that I had signed on
solemn affirmation that I had witnessed our hapless
doctor slip and fall from the top of the staircase of
the Maternity Ward where he had been responding
to an emergency call. The report stated that it had
been raining hard and the steps were wet and slip-
pery and upon summoning assistance it was found
that he had suffered the fracture, etc., etc. The origi-
nal report was already in the mail on its way to the
Director of Hospitals, so I was only reading the file
copy. I sighed and went on without comment. No
questions were asked. The report was accepted and
Colonel Gorgas came over to add his condolences to
the sympathy of the staff who went around with
their tongues in their cheeks for the duration of the
Colonel's visit. I have always felt that he smelled a
rat, but if he did he perhaps simply prescribed a lit-
tle mental larvacide to the smell and called it a day.
The hospital system of the Isthmian Canal
Commission was organized by Colonel W. C. Gorgas
and Dr. H. R. Carter of the United States Public
Health Service. Dr. Carter was Director of Hospitals
until about 1913. He was also a Civil Engineer and
an able executive. The two original terminal hospi-
tals were built by the French and were, as now, lo-
cated at Colon and Ancon. Line hospitals were lo-
cated at Gatun, Gorgona, Empire, and Culebra.
There was also one at Miraflores for the care of men-
tal and leper cases. All line hospitals except the lat-
ter carried a heavy load of daily dispensary service
and only male nurses were given duty in them. Dis-
pensaries were operated at Corozal, Las Cascadas,
Paraiso, Bohio, Gatun Locks, Gatun Spillway, San
Pablo, Frijoles, Porto Bello, and Nombre de Dios.
(Gamboa Penitentiary Dispensary was not opened
until 1916.) There were no roads and doctors' calls
were made with the use of saddle horses. Line hospi-
tals had to cope with all types of serious accident
cases until the patients could be transferred to ei-
ther of the terminal hospitals. A number of sick
camps were erected adjacent to line hospitals and
dispensaries. Miraflores Hospital was abandoned
shortly after the relocation of the Panama Railroad
was begun. Mental cases were transferred to a new
institution in Ancon located in the area now known
as San Juan Place. Also a new location for the leper
colony was selected at Palo Seco, where it continues
to function after being rebuilt a few years ago. I
served four months as Acting Superintendent at
Palo Seco during 1919. Mrs. Seeley was appointed
Matron during this term of service, and we found
this experience to be very interesting in a number of
ways. With the assistance of friends from the Canal
Zone and Panama City, as well as employees of the
Colony, we gave two entertainments for the pa-
tients. In conjunction with regular duties, the build-
ing of a launch landing and the inauguration of a
new currency system were accomplished during my
Each Canal Zone town, the majority of which
were located along the right of way of the Panama
Railroad, also had its native village close by. These
were peopled by natives and laborers, the most of
whom were employed by the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission. These villages all contained saloons, barber
shops, Chinese and native stores. They were a prob-
lem at times to the police and sanitary forces, but es-
pecially to the medical staff inasmuch as our line
hospitals and dispensaries furnished medical atten-
dance for them. Weekends and paydays brought
fights, brawls, and sometimes knife battles which al-
ways meant work for the hospitals. Often members
of the staff would be summoned to court to give tes-
timony as to the extent of injuries, etc. There were
no dull moments for me during the construction
days after overcoming the nostalgic depression I ex-
perienced immediately after my arrival on the
Returning to Empire Hospital after my second
tour of duty at Colon, the Commission Hotel burned
down and the hospital staff was obliged to establish
its own kitchen and dining room in tents at the rear
of the hospital building. Failure to keep a suitable
and satisfactory cook, Dr. Gates and myself took
over this task on alternate days until the new Hotel
was constructed. With the help of a Marteniquan
woman to wash the dishes, we managed to get
along. Thanksgiving came along during this period
and we put on a big dinner for the staff with Drs.
Herrick and Carter and Rev. Wise as guests.
Colonel Gorgas instructed the Commission
Dentist at Culebra to give me a three-months'
course of instruction in extraction. Until the Depart-
ment was able to recruit more dentists and secure
adequate dental service for the laborers, I extracted
teeth at all line dispensaries until 1912.
Before leaving Empire, the practice of mid-
wifery also fell to my lot. I delivered two babies in
the native village and one at Lirio Spanish Camp,
between Empire and Culebra. Later, I had quite a lot
of this work at different points including Porto Bel-
lo, Nombre de Dios, New Cristobal, and Gamboa
from 1916 to 1918. At Gamboa, I had three deliv-
eries in one night. Also the delivery of an American
woman in a Panama Railroad coach enroute from
Colon to Ancon Hospital at about 1:30 A.M. Some
of the deliveries at Gamboa were made at night at
towns along the Chagres River and these trips had
to be made by boat. My wife took out a Canal Zone
Midwife's License and assisted me in making these
deliveries. She did this because the department
could not secure a regular midwife for the work.
Two babies, born in old P.R.R. box cars used as
quarters by laborers beside the Canal near the Peni-
tentiary, were interesting. One of them, born to a
Marteniquan, replaced my original navel dressing
with a mound of Shinola shoe polish and the other
had provided no articles of clothing for the baby ex-
cept eleven bonnets and hats.
Sixteen deliveries were made between August
and October of 1916 in and around the Gamboa dis-
trict. The dispensary was installed in an old French
building at the Stockade for the simple medical
needs of the convicts confined there, but it rapidly
developed into a busy place indeed, due to the ex-
pansion of the cattle industry in the nearby area and
the opening of the Juan Mina Plantation on the
Chagres. Silver quarters were built near the mouth
of the river and many employees lived in river towns
farther up the river. Two dredges were at work at
Gamboa, one in the Canal and one in the river taking
out gravel. Only three or four American families re-
sided at Gamboa. Gamboa Commissary was housed
in a P.R.R. box car.
I left the Isthmian service in 1914 and when I
decided to return in 1916, I had to take another Civil
Service examination for re-appointment. There was
an amusing incident connected with this examina-
, ,DAMIH tfTTRTION &e.LD ING '
a UL E. BaCCAL/fl.2ONE, PAN/IMA
STHE I TMIMI/N C/MN/IL COMMIhIOMN
/VNOV. i, /6
SThere not much to say because a//that would Jay is/
howhear//y 1 appreciate on behal/olfte country the work that
you are doing. Yesterday and today aj have been qoin9 a0on9
the canal odseeinq the work I have felt more andmore a
fee/mg to word you yed/men and toward a// connectedw/th
the Canal who brenow qoing a/on/ and do/n t/Aeir dduty, t1at
they are eartung a riht* to the rafitude oflhe country ruch as
C an normally be earned only by soldiers who have served n
the few great warr of history.
I have ust/he feeling ahoufyoummen down her that I
have in meeting the men who hare done wellin a biy war
necessary for thehonor andinterest of the country that
hae been carriedto a successful conclusion.
Next to man's home life the thinq best worth doing is
something that counts not only for himself but for the caunry .
'at rq tndndhthat is the kidoft/hina youaredoin, and hope
** that teapiritalready h6re will/ growoven greafer as '
willmake each man identify himself with thi work and do
itin such shape thatmh the utre it will only be necessary
to say of any man /He was connected with the digain of
the Panama Canal" to confer the patentof nobility upon/halmaon
In other words Ijut as we think of those who fbught valianlly
in the Civil War we feel thathe isaman who does not have
to explain his partin the work of civil/ation, and/t is ea
qreatwork and! feel that this is what you oave earned.
What he has done expla/ins t'elf Now that is exactly what
we w/l/ laove the right to say. That man didhis ful/ duty,
because he was connectedhonorably and /n good fai
with he qrea/est feat of/he kind ever performedinlmerica,
the garoeatfeareverperformedbyanynbon'in i'hehistotyoof the md*' d.
/Now oodbye and good luck. you seem a serath-fut
.etr of Americans and I am m/ihty proud of you.
tion which was conducted in the Federal Building in
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The examiner, who was
from Washington, had previously been on the
Isthmus and had many questions to ask. I told him
that while I liked to talk about the Canal, I still had
an examination to write and only six hours to write
it. Now, in those days, 50% of the exam had to be
completed in three hours before lunch, and turned in
to the Examiner. The other half is completed in the
afternoon from 1 to 4 o'clock. Upon my return from
lunch, the examiner rushed up to my desk and ex-
citedly inquired if I had not noticed that he had
given me the wrong examination, the one for female
I replied, "I had noticed that the examination
was one prepared for female nurses but you, Sir, are
conducting these examinations and I don't feel that
it is any part of my duty to question your procedure,
anyhow I do not see that it makes any difference." I
could not help but grin, however.
Finally he said, "Man, I am thinking of you in
this matter. Do you think that you can qualify on
the subjects of gynocology and obstetrics in the ex-
amination you took this morning? I cannot change
now, but will have to take my medicine when I re-
turn to Washington."
I said, "As far as the examination is concerned,
I have no fears about being able to pass it, as long as
the Civil Service will accept it. I have taken two
other exams for male nurses for the Isthmian Ser-
vice and have evidence of satisfactory duty there."
It was a difficult exam, but it was accepted for
appointment. My grade was 8614, which was not so
hot as I had made better grades in other exams. I
still have the report.
A few moments ago, I made reference to three
deliveries in one night while in Gamboa, the last of
which was delivered at 4 A.M. and complicated by
the cord around the infant's neck. Curiously, the fol-
lowing day I was requested to read the commitment
service at Bas Obispo Cemetery for the burial of two
silver employees drowned in the Chagres River dur-
ing the night. The reason for this was that no chap-
lain was available and the District Sanitation In-
spector, whose duty it was to preside in the absence
of a chaplain, was unable to attend due to a hang-
over from festivities of the previous night. One de-
livery at Gorgona native village in 1910 was a
unique experience that may prove to be of interest.
This occurred on a Sunday afternoon. On duty with
the Officer of the Day, we were summoned by a po-
lice officer to a case in the native village. Arriving at
a native hut surrounded by a crowd of people, we be-
held a strange scene. A baby had been delivered by a
midwife but native attempts to resuscitate it had
proven fruitless. Several dead young chickens were
lying on the ground but a live one was being pre-
pared for use. Their method consisted of greasing
the chicken's head and inserting it into the baby's
rectum. Held there until he ceases to flap its wings,
the chicken, of course, dies from asphyxiation, the
native theory being that the chicken expels air into
the body of the child and sets up normal respiration.
We know, of course, that should the child start
breathing from the use of this shocking method, it
would be inspired by reflex action rather than the in-
troduction of air into the lower intestine. At any
rate, that method failed and the Officer of the Day
directed me to attempt to resuscitate the baby, he
being unable to assist due to a long wet session of
poker at the famous "Green Dog" the previous
night. After trying, without success, every method
known to me but one, which I considered too dan-
gerous, he directed me to use it. This is the Haller
method sometimes used in Germany years ago. It
succeeded after the second attempt and the life of
the baby was saved.
Delivery of twins in a jungle hut in the hills
back of Porto Bello, where I found the mother cling-
ing to a rafter pole over her head was an interesting
experience, also the delivery of a seven pound baby
from a 12 year old Indian girl in the hills back of
Nombre de Dios. This baby was delivered in a ham-
mock. This little girl had such an abundance of
breast milk that she acted as wet-nurse for another
infant besides her own. The mother of this second
baby was three times the age of the child-mother.
Other deliveries were only of passing interest, ex-
cept that I concluded my practice of midwifery in
1920 with the delivery of one of my own children at a
time when "Flu" was so prevalent and hospitals so
crowded that maternity cases were not being ad-
mitted. (Vernon Seeley, BHS'40, now of Dothan,
I was transferred from the Medical Division to
the Colon Health Office in 1918 by Dr. Henry Han-
son, Acting Chief Health Officer at the time, and I
began sanitary inspection work in the city of Colon.
After a few months service in that city, I was put in
charge of the Mount Hope District which at that
time extended from France Field to Gatun, the
Brazos Brook area and Mindi Island along the old
French Canal. The Mount Hope Cemetery was in-
cluded in this district and my office was at the ceme-
tary in a little concrete structure which will stands
at the front gate across the street from the railroad
station. Drainage of this large tract for mosquito
control was quite a problem because most of this
area is practically at sea-level. The supervision of
three gangs of men in the construction and mainte-
nance of many miles of drainage ditches, both dirt
and concrete, was a job that kept me busy at all
times. Ten-hour days were more frequent than eight-
hour ones. My transportation consisted of a saddle
horse and a motorcycle. The foreman of the ceme-
tary also had to have a Smith motorbike in order to
locate me in case funeral processions arrived at the
cemetery without benefit of clergy. Colonel Gorgas
had ruled, many years before, that nobody could be
interned in a Canal Zone cemetery without perfor-
mance of the commitment service. His ruling read
that in case a clergyman was not available, this duty
had to be performed by the District Sanitary Inspec-
tor. This happened so frequently that I finally did
not require a prayer book because I had memorized
One bright and sunny Sunday morning it was
necessary for me to be in my office to deliver pay
checks and commissary books to my men. Seated at
my desk, I had a clear view of the road as far as what
was then known as Silver City. Through the window
I noticed a tall West Indian arriving with a large
wooden coffin on his head. At the gate, my men as-
sisted him in setting the coffin down and he handed
me the burial permit. It was in order, so I inquired if
he had arranged for a Chaplain. He said he had not
because he had heard that I was a preacher and
usually performed the burial services. He explained
that he was pressed for time and hoped that the ser-
vice could be held at once so that he could return to
Colon without delay. I told him we would attend to
it at once but that it was rather undignified to rush a
commitment service. However, he seemed so
anxious that we made the burial promptly. Return-
ing to the office, I entered the Burial Permit into the
registry record. He seemed so impatient to be gone,
that I asked him what his rush was. He explained
that as he was going to be married that same after-
noon, he was rushed for time to complete the final
wedding arrangements. This is the only time in my
experience that I have known a man to bury one
wife in the forenoon and marry another in the after-
noon. Ripley's "Believe It or Not" should have that
One of the outstanding privileges that has been
my good fortune to enjoy during my Isthmian ser-
vice has been that of meeting some very highly edu-
cated men in other professions, as well as medical
celebrities. Among these were Stephen Bonsill of
Washington, Dr. Rev. Chapman of the New York
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Ex-President William
Howard Taft, Dr. Kleggler, assistant to the famous
scientist Dr. Noguchi, Dr. Castellani, Italian Medi-
cal Scientist and author, and Dr. Joseph White, Sur-
geon General of the U.S. Public Health Service
when Theodore Roosevelt was President. Dr. White
was also a member of The Yellow Fever Board of the
Rockefeller Health Center in New York. Those resi-
dent on the Isthmus were Colonel W. C. Gorgas, Dr.
H. R. Carter, Doctors Herrick, Darling, Clark, Lister
and Henry Hanson.
Members of the Isthmian Canal Commission
with whom I became acquainted between the years
1907 and 1911, were Colonel Goethals, Colonel
Gorgas, Lt. Colonel Gaillard, Major Sibert and
Joseph Bucklin Bishop. Each of them made occa-
sional visits to line Dispensaries and Hospitals.
They were not only splendidly trained men in their
professions, but were always friendly and courteous.
Such opportunities as I have had to observe men of
high education and culture has convinced me that
they, as a rule, are simple in manner, kindly and con-
siderate of all those with whom they come into con-
tact. On the other hand, along with the many in-
tensely loyal and dependable employees who worked
through construction days, we were burdened with
the half-baked know-it-all snobs, known to the
rough-necks as the Codfish Aristocracy, nobodies at
home but who considered themselves big-shots
down here. A constant and continuous process of
elimination and weeding out had to be carried by all
Departments. Again, many undesirable characters
and some criminals had to be deported from time to
time very quietly, of course. An order from the
Colonel to the Police Department was all that was
necessary and out they went on the next boat.
One Sunday afternoon in 1908, a typical group
of rough-necks were gathered on the porch of a bach-
elor house in Empire when a Panama Railroad con-
ductor strolled in and propounded the following
question to the assembled group, "Say, Bums, if
Cleopatra made Marc Anthony the Mark he was,
who in the devil made Lydia E. Pinkham the Pill
that she was?" Well, after the laughter had sub-
sided, a locomotive engineer spoke up and gave a
glowing tribute to Lydia, stating that after he had
taken 49 bottles of her famous compound, in fact he
had just completed the treatment, he had suffered
neither aches nor pains and was as regular as clock-
Two personal contacts with Colonel Goethals
are interesting in that they were typical of the meth-
ods he used in the administration of civil affairs.
When we consider that he gave up his Sunday morn-
ings to conduct what he termed "The Grievance
Court" which provided all classes of employees the
opportunity to be heard, it must be realized he was
determined to be fair and square.
One Sunday morning I had occasion to appear
at the court of "George the Great", as he was called
in those days, to protest the disapproval of a request
I had made for a reduced transportation rate. I had
arranged with an Empire family to bring my ten-
year-old sister on a P.R.R. ship from New York to
Cristobal. She was to stay with me during the sum-
mer school vacation and return home with me in
September. My request for a reduced transportation
rate to bring her down here was not an uncommon
one. It was submitted to the Acting Chief Sanitary
Officer who promptly returned it disapproved and
included a number of caustic comments. Colonel
Goethals listened to my explanation and immediate-
ly approved the application. He wrote a letter to the
Acting Chief Sanitary Officer telling him that he
had acted unwisely and without reason in the mat-
ter. He stated that the Heads of Divisions had never
been authorized to make decisions on matters that
pertained to the Executive Office or to assume the
preogatives of the Chief Engineer. He sent me a
copy of this letter.
On another occasion, he appeared at Empire
Hospital at 6:30 a.m. investigating a complaint
made against Dr. W. C. Gibson by a steam-shovel
craneman. As I had been the only witness to the un-
fortunate affair, Colonel Goethals questioned me
closely about it, making notes in a small book. He
requested that I not reveal the fact that he had been
there. He returned to his office in Culebra and wrote
a letter to the craneman. The letter was delivered by
messenger the same day and a copy sent to Dr. Gib-
son. The letter contained two short paragraphs
which said in substance, "I have made investigation
of your charges against Dr. W. C. Gibson of Empire
Hospital and find that you are wholly at fault in this
matter. You are hereby instructed to offer apologies
for your gross misbehavior to Dr. Gibson before 4
p.m. of the present date if you so desire. If not, you
will be discharged from the service and furnished
transportation from Cristobal to New York on the
Steamer Allianca, sailing on Friday afternoon of
this week. A copy of this letter is being sent to Dr.
Gibson who will report directly to me by telephone
in case you decide to comply with my instructions as
It was Colonel Goethals who introduced me to
Ex-President Taft on one of his trips to the Isthmus.
One afternoon I left Empire Hospital on an errand
to the village. Stopping at the side of the road below
the hospital in order to await the passing of a car-
riage coming up the hill, I was surprised to note that
Colonel Goethals and Mr. Taft were in the carriage.
The Colonel ordered the driver to stop beside me.
Mr. Taft spoke to me, explaining that he was very
much interested in the reactions of American em-
ployees to Isthmian service and was attempting,
during his visit, to speak with as many of them as
possible from all Divisions of the Canal Commis-
sion. As I recall some of his questions, they in-
cluded: "Are you a civil service employee under ap-
pointment from Washington or of local appoint-
ment? What is your home state? Do you like the
Isthmus and are you satisfied with your position
here? Do you consider remaining here until the com-
pletion of Canal construction? Have you any com-
plaints as to quarters and meals at the Commission
Having already listed those who brought honor
to the Medical profession here, I can remember
some who served for a limited periods of time after
the construction era but who were on the opposite
side of the ethical fence in various ways. I recall one
order issued by Colonel Gorgas requesting the im-
mediate resignation of four physicians at one time. I
was acquainted with each of these men and it was
within my personal knowledge that his action was
The conduct of one doctor in high position with-
in the department was not only unethical, but
smelled so of inefficiency and dishonesty that his
case was aired for months in the public press of
Panama City. When this became so obnoxious that
the Canal Zone Government could not permit its
continuance, the official in question was removed
from office by the then Secretary of War, who hap-
pened to be on the Isthmus at the time. For the
Health Department, some stretches of the Ever
Changing Road were rather muddy thoroughfares.
In my spare time and during vacations in the
closing years of the construction period, and for
quite some time following it, I was engaged in
Church work and teaching at the school conducted
by the Seawall Methodist Church in Panama City.
As early as 1909, I served as organist for Episco-
palian Sunday services conducted by the widely-
known clergyman, Father Cooper. Later I served as
organist of the Seawall Church. I taught Sunday
School at both churches at various times. In the
school then known as Panama College, we taught
courses in First Aid, Physiology and Anatomy. This
school finally developed into what is now known to-
day as the Institute Pan-Americano, a bi-lingual
business college with many hundreds of students en-
A rainy afternoon spent with Rex Beach, in the
old Gatun Spillway Dispensary will always be re-
membered with pleasure. He was writing his book
called The Ne'er Do Well at the time. The moving
picture made of this book afterward played in Pana-
ma. Thomas Meighan and Lila Lee took the leading
roles and the movie will perhaps be remembered by
some of our old-timers. Another delightful author
was Tracy Robinson, who for 44 years was an em-
ployee of the Panama Railroad Company on the
Isthmus. One copy of his famous book entitled
Panama, 1861-1907, may be found in the Balboa
Public Library. Mr. Robinson was a lifetime friend
of the Isthmian Poet, James Stanley Gilbert, author
of Panama Patchwork. I believe this book may still
be purchased at bookstores in Panama City. I hearti-
ly recommend these two books to you all. The era
with which they deal is of course long since past, but
they are precious volumes, not only for their histori-
cal value, but romantic local color as well.
From April, 1921 until June, 1922, I had the
honor to serve the International Health Board of the
Rockefeller Foundation of New York in the cam-
paign against Yellow Fever in the northern Depart-
ments of Peru. The Director of this work was Dr.
Henry Hanson, formerly Assistant Chief Health Of-
ficer in the Panama Canal service. My work in this
campaign resulted in my appointment as an instruc-
tor in the training of Sanitary Inspectors for the
Costa Rican Government in 1925 at the recommen-
dation of Dr. Wickliff Rose, Director of the Interna-
tional Board. At that time, a splendid gift of a mod-
ern Public Health Laboratory was made by the
Board to the Costa Rican Government. But, the in-
teresting and unusual experiences encountered
while on these special missions are stories in them-
selves. Other appointments in Ecuador, Colombia
and Santo Domingo were offered me, but were not
accepted for the reason that they meant separation
from my family.
Like many others who came in the early days,
more than half of my life has been spent on the
Isthmus. Forty-seven years closely approaches a
half century and during this long period of time the
majority of relatives and friends in the homeland
have passed away and those former employees who
are still here, consider the Isthmus their home and
are grateful for the privilege to remain until the end.
James Stanley Gilbert expressed it well in his
poem, The Land of the Coconut Tree, when he wrote:
Then go away if you have to go,
then go away if you will,
To again return, you will always yearn,
While the lamp is burning still.
You've drunk the Chagres water
and the mango eaten free,
And strange tho' it seems,
'twill haunt your dreams,
This land of the coconut tree.
Early American efforts to build the canal under ci-
vilian engineers directed by a commission were not
successful and President Theodore Roosevelt gave
the Army jurisdiction under Major George W.
Goethals. When there were rumors that Gatun
Dam was unsafe. Roosevelt sent President-elect
Taft to investigate. Taft and his engineers are
shown at Culebra in 1909. Goethals, in whites, later
became a major-general.
Photo: Panama Canal Company
SS "CRISTOBAL" CEREMONY
(Last sailing from the Isthmus)
September 19, 1981
10:00 a.m. 12:00 Noon Open House
Music Tito Mouynes and Conjunto
Refreshments at Pier Side
Pier 8 Cristobal
(At Pier Side)
11:30 Opened by James T. Bird, Acting Chief,
Water Transportation Division, as Master
Brief Talk D. P. McAuliffe, Panama
Canal Commission Administrator
Send-off Talk James T. Bird
Vessel released from further duties M. P.
Gordon, Acting General Services Director
and Contracting Officer
Master thanked by M. C. for representing
ship's complement and returns aboard ship
12:00 Vessel Sails
Fire Division and Colon Bomberos to form
water curtain as ship backs out.
PCC tug(s) to accompany ship out of har-
Editor, CANAL RECORD: "-
I am enclosing a chapter, called "last Mile of
Our Childhood" from a book entitled "STAR-
SONG" written by Mildred Makibbin Higgins,
whose address is: Starsong, Rt. 5 Box 172,
Fayetteville, AR 72701. Her family is well known in
the Zone she is the sister of Tom, Henry and
George Makibbin. Mildred did mention that she
"wished that chapter would appear somewhere be-
fore the 50th. Reunion takes place in April, 1982 in /
Joan R. DeGrummond
Newsletter Editor, PCSSC /
LAST MILE OF OUR CHILDHOOD
It was somewhere in these years that Hank
(Henry Brewerton) and Al (Al Toulon), Aggie (Agnes
Tonneson) and I found ourselves passengers aboard
one of the old Panama Railroad liners, upon whose
railings most of us "Canal Zone brats" have cut our
teeth. I don't remember now if we were aboard the
"Ancon" or "Cristobal" but, whichever, she was a
good ol' ship, her decks plenty familiar to us.
Hank was freshly emerged from his first year at
West Point and Al, from his first at Annapolis. I had
finished a year of higher education and I suppose
Aggie had too. We were a gay foursome, enjoying all
that life aboard a ship has to offer, and then some.
The particular "then some" I'm thinking of oc-
curred one night too wonderful for sleep. That's
what we thought, although the rest of the passen-
gers seemed to think it an ordinary night and one by
one they disappeared into their staterooms. As the
decks grew more and more deserted one of us got an
idea and first thing you know it was about to hatch.
For awhile we stood leaning against the rail of
the deck just under the bridge of the ship. We
watched her bow cut through the phosphorescent
dark of the sea. The shepherd moon was stampeded
into oblivion by great flocks of cloud sheep. The salt
sea breeze was like a prancing horse begging to be
ridden. We would ride her in time!
No one was walking the deck now, taking a final
turn for the night. Together we swung around and
walked midship. Everything was dogged down: not
even a member of the crew to be seen. Of course the
ship's running lights were on, but outside of that
there were only our four selves, the empty decks, the
dark rolling sea, and the flying wind.
"Let's run barefoot!" one of us said. At once our
shoes and socks came off and we nestled them to-
gether close to the bulkhead.
"All right," Hank called softly, "get on your
mark get set GO!"
Into the night we ran aft to the north with the
wind to our backs; the pitching and rolling of the
ship lending an effervescence to our flying feet. Now
around and heading forward to the south, straight
into the wind the singing, laughing, salted wind!
And, oh, our singing, laughing, hilarious hearts
- pumping like mad, our lungs just as wild, as
around and around the decks we ran.
Gradually, I became aware of a warm pain in the
side of my right foot: a rather recently-mended
break wanting sympathy. I dropped out and hob-
bled to my shoes. The others soon followed.
We breathed heavily while we sat on the deck
tying shoe laces. Then we shared a big fat grin all
around the circle.
Since then I've sometimes wondered what wist-
ful, heartbroken god inspired us to set this vivid seal
upon our youth. After this night we would not again
be children. Never again should we know such utter
abandon. Childhood was over this was the last
bubbling gush of it, for the Gods knew and we
didn't: World War Two was about to blast itself into
But, innocent of all this, the four of us stood up,
said goodnight and scattered.
After all that exercise I was decidedly not ready
for bed. Walking aft, I sought out a hatch and
stretched out on the canvas on my back. For a long
time I lay there watching the ship's mast finger the
sheep, scooting one aside now and then so that I
might glimpse a star. The breeze was no longer a
prancing horse. It became gentle and tender, caress-
The moon emerged into full view as I got up
from my resting place. For a minute I faced the
stern of the ship and watched the moonlit wake of it
- vanishing, like the last of our childish laughter.
Oh, we would smile again and even laugh but
never the same.
The War, of course, when it came, did not imme-
diately totally involve the United States but the
rosy glow of the world in which I dwelled vanished
for sure with the rise of Hitler. Naivete ran from me
and I had to make it my business to grow up. But
the War was not yet. I only tell of the last mile of my
childhood now because it was such a definite ces-
sation of that kind of thing and, as I look back, how
young in the kid-like running and planning and
laughing seemed the boy from Annapolis and the
boy from West Point!
MILDRED MAKIBBIN HIGGINS
The Times Picayune in New Orleans pub-
lished an article about the last trip of the SS Cristo-
bal and I got to reminiscing about the wonderful
trips we had on those Panama ships.
Of our 10 or more trips to the States, they all
were on the "Cristobal except for one on the
"Ancon" and one on the "Panama." The same was
true of our return trips. How happy our sailings
from the Zone were. How dismal and gloomy they
were on the sailing from New York or New Orleans.
Sometimes people would stop by our deck chairs
and tell Via Mae what a friendly person I was and
how I kept them entertained while waiting for din-
ing room and deck chair assignments the evening
before. I would pretend sleep while attempting to re-
cover from a bad hangover (my "friendliness").
The harbor in Port-au-Prince, when the young
boys from Haiti would dive from boats for silver
coins, but no pennies, in the clear blue waters. The
children on board would camouflage pennies with
silver foil. The little divers would come up mad as
could be when they found they had been tricked.
Their boats would be full of mahogany artifacts
which they sold for soap and cigarettes instead of
cash. Of taking tours by car to the hills of Haiti to
eat strawberries, as big as tennis balls, with cream.
The time I and two room stewards searched for
better than two hours for our daughter, Sylvia, who
had disappeared after breakfast and hadn't shown
up for lunch. We thought she had fallen overboard.
We found her playing backgammon with another
girl in a room that had been closed off for decorat-
ing. She was winning and had been playing for
about seven or eight straight hours. Sylvia getting
seasick from the swells of the North River while we
were anchored off Staten Island waiting for morning
so we could move up to the pier in NYC.
The time in 1947 when the customs officer in
New York tried to make me put Sylvia's doll baby in
a suitcase. He claimed it was a piece of baggage and
I hadn't declared it. We were up for a four-month va-
cation and didn't have room for a button much less a
20-inch-long doll. After an hour's argument the su-
pervisor arrived and just changed the declaration to
show another piece of baggage.
Seeing whales spout off Cape Hatteras, por-
poises swimming alongside the bow of the ship for
hours, flying fish that would take off as we plowed
along, once in a while landing on deck. Off going top-
side to gaze at the beautiful skies at night, watching
the Southern Cross, Big Dipper, Little Dipper, Red
The time I was met at the gangplank in New
York by an assistant purser with accident reports in
his hands for me to have available to fill out in case
Sylvia had an accident. She had had two on the way
up. Sure enough, 15 minutes later she fell running
up the stairs to see the Statue of Liberty go by.
In 1954 when five friends were in the veranda
lounge bidding Via Mae and me goodbye when sud-
denly we realized the pier was going by. The mad
dash to the Purser's office and the tug holding the
ship in midstream until a launch came out to take
our visitors off. Then, just before we got to the
breakwater, we again slowed down until another
launch came out to get another visitor who had been
accidentally locked in a bathroom.
This trip was to be our second honeymoon.
Sylvia was in school in the States. About three
hours out of the breakwater, Via Mae, who is a fair
sailor normally, got seasick and stayed that way
until we docked in New York. It was one of the
roughest trips we ever made.
And, finally, those wonderful menus. I would
start at the top and go to the bottom at every meal
and never miss the soup and crackers in midmorn-
ing or the tea and cookies in midafternoon or the
sandwiches at night. Wow! What an appetite I had
in those days.
RICHARD G. DINKGREVE
JACK RIDGE, SR., Member of Ancon Baseball
Team, Ancon, Canal Zone, in 1917.
THOMAS E. DORAN, member, recalls his youthful
days during the Panama Canal construction era.
January 11, 1982 -
Dear Mrs. Joan D. deGrummond:
Since your dad, JACK RIDGE, Passed on,
many things have run through my memory it
jumps from one thing to another, including the
many places we lived with our mother and dad,
MARY and THOMAS J. DORAN. I recall filling
and digging out the wooden barrels in which our
things were stored. From a small house that a
Chinese man owned, near where the road runs up to
the rear of the now St. Mary's Church (*) on the hill
in Balboa to a very small apartment over the Po-
lice Station (**) near the bridge under which the
trains went to go to the beautiful Panama Railroad
Station the East Balboa near the quarry where
the blasting went on, with notice by whistle so we
could close our doors under the shock of the blast-
ing. The rocks which came through the screens on
the porch we cleaned up, and the Quartermaster had
the screens repaired. We watched the men carrying
the dynamite boxes up to the quarry and they had to
walk carefully so as not to stumble. While living at
East Balboa, there was a labor camp of Portuguese
workers who were installing the trolley-car tracks
along Balboa Road in preparation for this project
they had to cut down coconut trees growing in the
area. We, as kids, used to go down and watch them
in their camp they lived like gypsies, and some-
times we could see them doing their national dances.
We'll move ahead to Paraiso and Pedro Miguel:
In Paraiso, a gold town then, we taught our dad the
game of baseball he became so enthused, and we
followed the RIDGE BROTHERS closely. My
brother, JOE, and myself sold the Panama Life mag-
azine run by STACEY RUSSELL at all the ball
games at Culebra, Colon, Pedro Miguel, Ancon, Bal-
boa, and I think Empire, where the 5th Infantry was
stationed. The 10th Infantry was in Culebra, the
29th in Ft. Clayton, and the Coast Artillery at Ft.
Amador, from which came JOE SNOOK, a fine
In that hot climate, where the work was arduous
and employees many times getting malaria and hav-
ing to take the yellow bitter quinine, the Ridge
brothers, JACK, STEVE, LEO and LARRY gave
the workers great enjoyment very thrilling -
playing baseball: Jack would play third base and
manage, Steve shortstop, and Leo would pitch -
and he had an underarm side pitch that would baffle
the batter; and if anyone crossed up one of the
brothers, they began a real battle with all the
brothers jumping in! May they all rest in peace, and
I thank them for all of us, and I shall always remem-
ber them in my prayers.
In my family we had myself, JOE (REV.
PATRICK DORAN, C.M.), MARGARET, JAMES,
MARY and IRENE. May our parents and "Father
Pat" rest in peace.
(*) Located in area where Balboa Union Church
(**) In Panama City on Central Avenue, just be-
yond the bridge (as above), the California traffic
bridge, part of Central Ave., and over the railroad
tracks, just before tracks entered Panama RR Sta-
THOMAS E. DORAN
In a letter to his aunt, Elizabeth A. Jorgensen of
St. Petersburg, Fl., Lance L. Terrell writes: .
While I was there, (New Orleans) I was able to see
the Panama Lines' "SS Cristobal" for probably the
last time. She was still tied up at the foot of Canal
Street, waiting to be sold and to meet whatever fate
awaits her. Most surprisingly of all is that I was able
to talk a former crewmember into letting me go
aboard the ship for a final look around. It was both
enjoyable and depressing at the same time. Al-
though the ship had recently been painted, you
could still see the rust and decay under the paint
and elsewhere. I wandered all over her from bow to
stern and from the promenade deck on up to the top.
I didn't go belowthe promenade deck to the state-
rooms and dining room, simply because there was
no power on the ship and it was pitch dark down
there. I was also unable to go to the lounges, the bar
or the staterooms on the upper deck for they were
locked up, though I could see through the windows.
Most all the furniture and furnishings are gone, in-
cluding the bronze builders' plaque that was in the
main foyer on the promenade deck. None of the
wooden deck planking is left just painted metal
plating. I took quite a few color photos of her, both
on board and from the dock. These may well be the
last photos anyone has taken of her, at least in her
final hours of belonging to the U.S. Government.
And unless someone displaces me, I may well be the
last Zonian to go aboard her....
PRIER HISTORY REFLECTS LIFETIME
LOVE OF CANAL
"At last the marvel of the century is completed,
and I am grateful that I contributed a small part,"
Edward Turner wrote from Panama to his daughter
Inga in August of 1914. Turner, a mining engineer,
and his wife were among the passengers aboard the
SS Ancon during its historic transit officially open-
ing the Panama Canal.
Although Inga Turner was away at school when
the waterway began operation, she had grown up on
the Isthmus during construction days and had wit-
nessed much of the actual building firsthand. Sixty-
seven years later, Inga Turner Prier still has her
father's letter and counts it among many treasured
mementos of her long life in Panama.
"I remember telling the principal and the teach-
ers of the school I was in," says Mrs. Prier "that in
my childhood fantasies, I personally had dug
swathes through the jungle out near the town of
Bohio, back when my brother Bill and I climbed
around on the big floating equipment in the river
(Chagres). Everything was the Canal the Canal -
the Canal everybody was doing something for the
Canal. Bill and I imagined that we too were taking
part that we were digging the Canal."
The teachers, hearing the teenager talk of her
life around the waterway, told her she should write
about it all some day, but the years flew by and she
just never got to it. Then in 1978, when Mrs. Prier
was almost 80, she met Bart McDowell, a senior edi-
tor for National Geographic magazine, who was in
Panama doing an article about the Canal. McDowell
insisted that she begin writing her biography. Any-
one, he said, who had lived through all the Canal his-
tory that she has lived through should be writing a
book about it. Today, at the age of 84, Inga Turner
Prier has about 50 percent of her story written.
Her earliest years in Panama were spent in the
Darien. In 1902 her father had been asked by Sena-
tor Voorhies of California to go down to the Santa
Maria de Cana gold mine in the Darien and
"straighten it out," as much of the gold was being
stolen, and the mine was in need of a skilled miner
and a strong overseer. At that time Mrs. Prier was
just three years old. The mine was located in the
thick Darien jungle and Mrs. Prier recalls that her
family lived in a sort of bungalow, built especially
for them. It was spacious and comfortable, if not ela-
borate. Plenty of good water was piped right in to
the house, and she remembers that there was a bath-
tub made of hardwood.
MRS. INGA TURNER PRIER enjoys a moment of
relaxation while being interviewed about her
memories of growing up alongside the Panama
Canal. Photo by Susan K. Stabler
When asked if foodstuffs at the mining camp
were as spartan as one might expect, she animatedly
replied, "Oh not at all, we had everything!" She re-
members excellent hams and bacon from England
which reached the mine via a riverboat or "bongo."
In addition, right there at the mine, a Canadian
handyman tended a small garden that supplied
fresh vegetables and fruits. For fresh milk, there
were the camp cows.
At the end of 1904, the Cana mine was sold to a
British mining company, and although the new com-
pany was willing to retain the miners, an announce-
ment stipulated that salaries would be cut 30 per-
cent across the board. "Not mine!" was Edward
Turner's response and he traveled with his family in
search of work to the site of the newly begun con-
In this 1906 photo, INGA TURNER, at the top of the steps next to the pillar, stands amid classmates and
teachers at House No. 16, Canal Zone Free Public Schools. At the building's left corner, a rain barrel collects
water for public use.
struction of the Panama Canal. He offered his ser-
vices directly to General Goethals, informing him
that he was a mining engineer and that if there was
one thing he knew a lot about, it was dirt and rock.
Thus it was that Inga Turner Prier spent her
girlhood and ultimately most of her life in Panama,
growing up side by side with the Panama Canal,
each a child of adventure-some parents.
During their first months on the Isthmus the
Turner family lived in the early Canal townsites of
Empire and Bohio. Empire was located along the
"cut" beyond Culebra going toward the Atlantic
side, and Bohio today lies at the bottom of Gatun
Although she had suffered a severe case of
malaria acquired in Panama City and cured while
living in the Darien, Mrs. Prier says that most of the
mosquito problem and fever had been cleared up by
the time the Turners took up residence along the
Canal. Yet even as a child she knew that "Gorgas
was the master of health care. In Panama City and
Colon, as well as in the Canal Zone, fines were im-
posed if his orders were not strictly compiled with."
Also, while she was a child, as a part of the ongoing
improvement to living conditions, screening was in-
stalled on the porches and windows of all houses and
sanitation measures were carried out on a weekly
basis around and occasionally in the homes.
With the opening of the very first Canal Zone
school in old Cristobal early in 1906, the Turners
moved so that Mrs. Prier and her brother Bill could
attend. Mrs. Prier was placed in the third grade, and
it was the first time she had ever been enrolled in
school. Until that time her mother had undertaken
to teach the children at home. Mrs. Prier recalls that
the school was located in House No. 16, a building
from French construction days. About 40 children
began school that year, she remembers.
After just a few months of school in House No.
16, a new, permanent school was completed a few
While Mrs. Prier and her brother Bill spent their
days in school, their father was busy with the con-
struction efforts of the Panama Canal. For a time he
worked on a big dipper dredge in Cristobal channel.
Edward Turner also had a hand in the construction
of the Atlantic Electric Plant where ice was made.
That was in the days before refrigerators, when cold
storage relied on large blocks of ice in real "ice
boxes." In fact, years later, in 1925, Mrs. Prier was
the proud owner of the first Isthmian refrigerator, a
handsome article made of porcelain with the cooling
unit on top. Her husband had imported it through
the Panama Power and Light Company. "Fuerza y
Luz," on the stipulation that his wife would hold
open house for sales promotion, a requisite that soon
ended, as a sales agency was quickly secured by the
Among other things, Mrs. Prier's father also
saw to the installation of a rotary bakery on the At-
lantic side. But what stands out in her mind when
she remembers her father's job with the Panama
Canal, perhaps because he talked of it with great
pride, is a special project he was in charge of, the sal-
vaging of many tons of old French heavy floating
equipment mired in mud along the banks of the
According to Mrs. Prier he had moats dug
around the entrenched equipment, letting the river
flow around it, and then he let nature do the rest.
Lines were stretched from each piece and tied se-
curely to strong trees on the opposite bank. These
lines were allowed to drag at flood season so that de-
bris floating downstream eventually pulled the
When asked what children on the Atlantic side
did for fun in those days, Mrs. Prier smiled and said,
"Mostly we went fishing." They fished off the early
wharf-like piers in Cristobal and up in front of
DeLesseps' residence near the present Dock 10. She
and her brother also used to go down to the Pacific
Mail docks at the end of Front Street and try their
Not long after the Turner family moved to the
Canal area, then Secretary of the Army William H.
Taft made one of his several historic visits to the
construction site. While there he became concerned
with the virtual absence of bona fide forms of diver-
sion for the Canal workers and their families and
subsequently was instrumental in seeing to the es-
tablishment of "clubhouses" in the various town-
sites. That same period, around 1907, also saw the
birth of the YMCA's and women's clubs locally,
largely at Taft's urging, and Mrs. Prier says that
the meeting places became real centers of entertain-
Mrs. Prier lived in Panama during both world
wars and says, surprisingly, what she remembers
most is feeling quite safe. "There was a feeling of se-
curity here because of the ships, submarines and
forts all around the Canal," she explains. During
blackouts, she says, "It was just that the lights
went out and you got along without them."
Shortly after the end of World War I, Mrs. Prier
married Doctor Vern Prier, who had come to Pana-
ma to establish a dental clinic in the Masonic
Temple Building in Cristobal. They honeymooned
for two weeks at the grand Tivoli Hotel. The manag-
er provided them with a beautiful bouquet of
flowers, and she recalls that they were treated like
royalty. "Everything was so beautiful," she says,
The Tivoli was to become a favorite haunt of the
Priers, for both she and her husband were avid danc-
ers. One of the first things the doctor had done upon
arriving in Panama was to join the Cotillion Club,
which held dances both at the Tivoli and Hotel
Washington, alternating between the two spots
every other week. With the Tivoli having played
such an important role in her life in Panama, Mrs.
Prier says it breaks her heart that she didn't get any
mementos from the old hotel when it was torn down.
"I had always had my eye on the double-fronted
writing desks in the upstairs halls," she says.
Today Mrs. Prier lives alternately with her
daughter and son-in-law, Sue and Jim Wallace, and
their sons Kirk and Keith in France Field on the At-
lantic side, and in her own beautiful home in Anti-
gua, Guatemala. Naturally, her recollections of life
around the Atlantic end of the Canal over the last 78
years encompass a great deal more than what is re-
counted here the growth of a fledgling Canal en-
terprise and the accompanying changes which have
occurred in life in general. "Digging," as she puts it,
"from the archives of my mind," she plans to cover
it all in her biography.
She derives tremendous satisfaction from know-
ing that her family has contributed to the Canal ef-
fort for four generations from her father who got
dirt under his fingernails in the construction days,
to her son-in-law, who, as a pilot, guides vessels
through the waterway, to her grandson, who is em-
ployed as an Emergency Medical Technician at Coco
Solo Army Hospital.
On a wall of her daughter's home hangs a
painting Mrs. Prier did several years ago, one that
expresses her feelings and which she calls simply,
"Life." Of the splash of colors, she says, "The blue
is life itself, the way it curves and winds unpredict-
ably, and the other colors represent how insecure life
is, how full of sadness, while at the same time full of
happiness and surprises."
Although Mrs. Prier still paints occasionally,
even teaching one of her grandsons the art, for the
most part these days she devotes herself to her writ-
ing. She knows her life has been full and that it has
spanned an incredible portion of Canal history, and
she is eager to share it. Sitting at the dining room
table, one end of which comprises her "desk," she
gets a faraway look in her blue eyes and, tapping her
forehead lightly with a black ballpoint pen, says
"It's all there, I've got it.. ." All that remains is for
her to get it down on paper.
by Susan K. Stabler
PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY
THE OLD FAMILIAR FACES
Come, let us sit together while
Old friends are round us falling,
And memory doth our tears beguile .
Departed days recalling,
Hold thou my hand and I'll hold thine,
Thou friend of many graces,
While we drink a cup of salty wine
To the old familiar faces.
James Stanley Gilbert
I will always remember you,
You helped me in many ways,
You were there to make me happy,
On my sad and lonely days.
I will always remember you,
And the friendship that we shared,
Those long summer days,
And how deeply you cared.
I will always remember you,
In all that I do,
For the good times we've had
And all that we've been through.
I will always remember you,
I'm sure by now you can see,
But I have one question for you:
Will you always remember me?
If anyone is interested in sharing a Beach House
in the Mission Bay area of San Diego, CA for a week
or more, during the September 10-12 BHS/CHS Re-
union in San Diego, please write to Tom (Richard-
son) Armstrong, BHS'60, c/o El Paso Natural Gas
Co., P.O. Box 1492, El Paso, TX 79978.
The Panama Canal Society of Southern Califor-
nia announce their Spring Luncheon and Annual
Business Meeting on the SS Princess Louise in the
port of Los Angeles, San Pedro, CA on March 28,
1982. Arrival time: 10:30 a.m., Luncheon served:
12:00 noon. Reservations should be in the hands of
the Secretary/Treasurer by Thursday, March 25,
1982. Write to Mrs. Shiela Bolke, 12707 Gibraltar
Drive, San Diego, CA 92128.
The 6th. Annual Pacific Northwest Reunion will
be held Saturday, August 7, 1982 in The Dalles, OR,
at The Dalles Dam & Train-Visitors Center on the
Columbia River, located off Interstate 84 (formerly
8ON), from 10:30 a.m. UNTIL DUSK. There are no
camping or RV facilities at this park. Motel accom-
modations available at The Dalles. A list of motel
accommodations, camping and RV facilities will be
included in the notices that are being sent out. If
you have any further questions, contact Connie
Ebdon (503-298-4586) or Suzanne Kleefkens
(503-296-5097) after 5:30 in the evening.
It might be of interest to local members to know
that there is a Consul General of Panama, located at
4108 West Carmen Street, Tampa, Fl. His name is
Carlos A. Pere, and his telephone number is (813)
876-0254. For those travelling to Panama on their
own, you might enquire as to how a Panamanian
visa is cheaper and easier to extend than a tourist
card. Mr. Pere opened his office in Tampa about 8
months ago, which makes it easier to obtain help
and information on travel to Panama, rather than to
write or call the Miami Consul.
Treat yourself, family and friends to the Finest
The Society will continue to celebrate our 50th.
Anniversary and much more so in July, as it was on
July 24, 1932 that our Society was founded.
Joe and Anna Collins will co-chair an exquisite
luncheon buffet and cocktails at the beautiful St.
Petersburg Yacht Club, on Friday, July 2, 1982 at
11:30 a.m. The club is located downtown St. Peters-
burg at 11 Central Avenue, bordering Beach Drive
and 1st. Avenue on Tampa Bay. The luncheon will
be held in the Ballroom, upstairs, where it is deco-
rated with plush navy carpeting, which will go per-
fectly with our 50th. Anniversary and Fourth of
July theme. The President will open this meeting
with a salute to the flag one which has actually
flown over our Nation's Capitol.
Club Policy: Sorry. No guest parking.
Parking is available one block west on 1st.
Avenue and 1st. Street North, in front of the Soreno
Hotel where our Society has hosted several re-
unions. Prices for parking there are 30t4 for V/2 hour;
50 for 1 hour or $1.00 all day. In addition, the
parking lot north of the Bayfront Concourse charges
$1.00 all day.
A few of the items on the buffet will be Beef
Burgundy; Breast of Chicken with Bing cherry
sauce; Rice Pilaf; Shrimp Salad, Marinated green
beans; Fresh mushrooms and Almonds; Potato
Salad, Several moulded salads with fresh fruit and
cottage cheese; assorted relish trays sliced toma-
toes, pickled beets, olives, deviled eggs, etc.; tossed
salad with choice of 3 dressings; rolls and butter; as-
sorted desserts Chocolate eclairs, Cream puffs,
Bavarian cream and beverages.
Cost: $9.00 per person.
We must have a minimum of 100 persons attending.
Drinks: Wine and Beer, $1.25; Coca cola 75:
Mixed drinks, $1.50 and $1.75. A cash Bar will be
available. Tax and service charges are included in
the cost per person.
GOURMET LUNCHEON RESERVATION
July 2, 1982
Luncheon Chairman, Mr. C.J. Collins
2301 Woodlawn Cir. W.
St. Petersburg, FL 33704
Please make __ reservations for the Gourmet
Luncheon at $9.00 per person.
Total enclosed: $
Make checks payable to:
The Panama Canal Society of Florida
Those wishing to correspond to the Canal Zone
Credit Union may do so by addressing their mail to
P.O. Box 664, Balboa-Ancon, Panama, Rep. of Pana-
I wish to extend an invitation to all my former
students at CHS to enroll in Adams State College,
where I am now teaching mathematics. I will be
available for counselling. Richard W. Bock, Box
1512, Alamosa, CO 81101.
An All-BHS Reunion will be held in conjunction
with the planned BHS'66 (16th) reunion on April
9-11, 1982, in Hollywood, CA. For more information
please write or call Linda Woodruff Weir, 18317
Kittridge, #25, Reseda, CA 91335. Tel: (213)
All Medical personnel of the Canal Zone Health
Bureau both Atlantic and Pacific sides, are in-
vited to a coffee at the Holiday Inn-Airport, during
the reunion from 9:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. on Friday,
April 16, 1982. Please contact Irene Ladrach or
Kitty McNamee on Thursday, April 15, at the re-
Any member who knows the names and ad-
dresses of known and living Roosevelt Medal hold-
ers, whether they are Society members or not, please
drop the editor a card with your information, so that
we may up-date our roster. Please send to: Editor,
1408 Byram Drive, Clearwater, Fl. 33515.
A BHS/CHS'63 Twentieth Anniversary reunion
is being planned for St. Petersburg, Fl., during the
summer of 1983. Pass the word to all BHS/CHS
classmates of '63. Hotel reservations will be made
for you. Support this to make it a success. Please
contact the following for details:
(BHS) Chris Skeie
5725 80th. St. #309
St. Petersburg, FL 33709
Tel: (813) 544-1014
(CHS) Bev Vaughn (Dockery)
3826 Briarcliff Dr.
Douglasville, GA 30135
Tel: (404) 942-1032
Those interested in a CHS'46 Class Reunion in
1983 a 37th. anniversary get-together, contact
Marilyn Marsh, 19520 South Central Point Rd., Ore-
gon City, OR 97045. Now is the time to start gen-
erating some interest so that plans can be formu-
West Coast Reunion, September 10-12, 1982 at
the Catamaran Hotel, San Diego, CA. Two addition-
al events are planned: a special golf tournament for
the "duffers", and an extra-special Luncheon on
Saturday, September 11th. Details will be provided
later, but save the dates and tell all your friends and
relatives about it!
Wanted: Rolls razors or blades in usable condi-
tion. Please quote price. W. E. Hall, 1005 Knox
McRae, Apt. 213, Titusville, FL 32780.
For Sale: Panama Canal photographs of Con-
struction Days and later. Six different sets, 10 per
set. Pictures have dates and identification on each.
$4.75 per set. Bea Winford, 1227 Oak Hill St., Lake-
land, FL 33801. Tele: (813) 682-6350.
Wanted: Royal Doulton large clown, $250.00;
large Devil, (Mestophiles), $400.00; small Devil,
$150.00; tiny mugs 1A", $35.00 ea. Also animals
and figurines. Claudis Howell, 1205 Fountainhead
Dr., Deltona, FL 32725. Tel: (305) 574-4346.
For Rent: New Penthouse Condo, with 3 bed-
rooms, 2 baths, total 3,000 sq. ft. Overlooks Boca
Ciega Bay, with free gas for heat, cooking and water.
Washer and Dryer in apartment. Free Clubhouse -
4 pools Tennis Shuffleboard Courtesy Bus -
next to Beach with Community Center and Casino.
Marina available on site. $725/mo. Telephone owner,
David Zemer, (813) 577-5933.
Wanted: Royal Doulton figurine "The Orange
Lady". Contact Loisdene Smith, 131 Thornwood
Road, Butler, PA 16001. Tel: (412) 282-7694.
For Sale: A handbook of Tropical Foods and
How to Use Them: Tropical Cooking by Gladys R.
Graham. Send $6.00 to Jean Fears, 627 Wimbledon
Dr., Dothan, AL 36301 for your copy.
ShL THE PANAMA CANAL SOCIETY OF FLORIDA, INC. ZONE
Application for Membership 4
| Box 11566 10
I St. Petersburg, Florida 33733
I, hereby apply for membership in the
Panama Canal Society of Florida, Inc. and enclose $10.00 as my ANNUAL
MEMBERSHIP dues for the year which entitles me to sub-
scription of the CANAL RECORD for one year.
City State Zip Code
Former CZ Employment
Amount Enclosed $____ Check __M.O. __ Cash _____
DUES $10 PER YEAR PER FAMILY (One Household)
Please send Money Order unless Check is on State's Bank
Dues of the Society shall by $10.00 a year by calendar years, and shall entitle
members in good standing to receive the Canal Record and Annual Issue.
Dues shall be considered payable in Janaury of each calendar year, and will be
considered delinquent on February first in any calendar year.
New members will be accepted after July 1st in any year for $5.00 in dues for
the balance of that particular calendar year provided the following year's dues
are paid in advance at the same time.
Name should be exactly as you wish it to appear in the ANNUAL ISSUE.
Mr., Mr. and Mrs., Miss or Mrs.
SOCIETY PLATE AND DECAL
Society Tag, $2.50 ea.
Society Decal, $1.50 ea.,
Please mail to:
Number wanted, Tags
Number wanted, Decals
For Sale: Book "Rails to the Diggings" Con-
struction Railroads of the Panama Canal, 224 pages,
soft bound, 8 2 x 11 ", color cover, 168 photos and
32 drawings/maps, many never published before.
Contents include: Where first locomotives came
from; The French Era and their peculiar railroad op-
eration; /3 book devoted to the America effort,
highlighting management structure of railroad;
changes to routes; the famous "R" Tower covered in
detail and many other facts and figures never cov-
ered before. Not a rehash of hundreds of other books
about the Canal. Data carefully compiled including
on-site interviews and research. Write publisher:
Charles S. Small, 11 Dandy Dr., Cos Cob, CT 06807.
For Sale: Issues of CANAL RECORD. Many
years complete. Few with marks or torn covers/
backs. Send me your "want list" and I will screen
and reply, quoting mailing charges. 504 per copy,
without postage. Editor, 1408 Byram Dr., Clear-
water, FL 33515. Tel: (813) 461-1377.
For Sale: Replicas of the GOLDEN HAUCAS
OF PANAMA in 22 Kt. gold plate over sterling sil-
ver. Cast in various motifs and sizes. Made by
Neville A. Harte, 3602 Brixton Lane, Holiday Lakes
Estates, Holiday, FL 33590. Tel: (813) 937-7525.
For Sale: Panama Canal Buckles, Collector's
Series, solid bronze. Type A; Rectangular with
Pedro Miguel Locks and Seal. Type B; Oval with CZ
Seal. Unconditionally guaranteed. $10.00 each or
two for $19.00. Mike Carpenter, 3100 Thurman Rd.
SW, Apt. G-25, Huntsville, AL 35805. Tel: (205)
FOR YOUR INFORMATION IN LOCATING HOTEL
SEE MAP BELOW
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@ Florida Auto Rental
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0 Capone's Pizza
0 Tampa Sports Unlimited
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Lindo's Tours welcomes the Panama
Canal Society to Tampa Bay!
Panama Canal Society of Florida, Inc.
P.O. Box 11566
St. Petersburg, Florida 33733-1566
POSTMASTER: Change of address should be sent on
Form 3579 to Box 11566, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733.
2nd Class Postage
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