Canal record


Material Information

Canal record
Uniform Title:
Canal record (St. Petersburg, Fla.)
Abbreviated Title:
Canal rec. (St. Petersbg. Fla.)
Physical Description:
v. : ill. , ports. ; 22-28 cm.
Panama Canal Society of Florida
Panama Canal Society of Florida, Inc.
Place of Publication:
St. Petersburg, Fla
Publication Date:
five issues yearly
completely irregular


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
periodical   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 4 (Nov. 1976); title from cover.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 13942509
lccn - sn 86040906
issn - 0528-0001
ddc - 972
System ID:

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Full Text

On the bridge, Mr. and Mrs. H.A. Hoag, Mrs. Bob Beverly and daughters
Taken in January, 1927.

JUNE, 1957

Back row. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Williams, Mr. and Mrs. W.F. Mathues, Mr. and Mrs. Lynn Cook, Mr. and Mrs. George Engelke, Mr. Henry E. Hallin,
Mr. James B. Coman, Mr. Newell N. Show.
Second Row.
Mrs. Newell Shaw, Sec.-Treas., Mrs. Charles McGinn (Jean White), Mrs. Zora Cummings, Mr. E.W. Booth, Pres., Mrs. Nannie Brown,
Mr. M.F. Gould, Mrs. James Coman.
Front Row.David Hallin, Randi McGinn, Elizabeth Hallin, Mrs. Henry E. Hallin.

Mr. and Mrs. Pat Coakley of Grand Rapids, Michigan, their son Jimmy, and Family


Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Evans of
San Carlos, Arizona

Irene and Lee Wright of
Houston, Texas

Tivoli Hotel celebration, Nov. 15, 1956 Front row, left to right: Mrs. Thatcher,
Gov. M.H.Thatcher, Mrs. Potter, Gov. William E. Potter.

The above was taken in Empire in 1907 Can you supply the missing names and initials?
Back row, left to right.- Ekedahl, who?, Henry C. Hansen, H.W. McElroy, -Rose, who?,
Front row, left to right. Shorty--, who?, William Busby, George L.W. Webster, Weedon Davis,
Williams, Bill Yale.
Picture sent in by W.D. Williams of Bloomfield, N.J.

The Panama Canal Society of Florida
To preserve American Ideals and Canal Zone Friendships
Troy Hayes J. F. Warner
President Founder
Macon A. Turner F. A. Anderson
Vice-President J. F. Bashner
Mrs. Lucille S. Judd W. H. Butler
Secretary-Treas. H. H. Hudson
Harry J. Lewis
Mrs. Burt W. Hall Dan E. Wright
Recording Sec'y. Counselors
E. M. Kieswetter James Bradley
News Editor James Bradley
News Editor ergeant-at-Arms
Lee Burns

The March Canal Record served to acquaint Civil Service Retirees
of the two groups and types of legislative bills pending in the Congress
relative to the possibility of some cost of living increase in retirement
annuities. The main difference between the two groups or types of bills
concerns the method of financing the increases.
One group of bills, S. 72 H.R. 4 and others, proposes to provide
the funds from the present Retirement Fund. The other group, S. 21 -
H.R. 607 and others, proposes annuity increases only after The Congress
makes appropriations for this specific purpose.
Since our last writing there has been a number of similar bills in-
troduced, indicating that quite a number of the Members of Congress are
concerned with the economic plight of their retired constituents.
Another factor is that the last Congress enacted legislation liberal-
izing the ,computation of annuities for those still actively employed but
representing retirees of the future. In this The Congress did recognize
the increase in living costs and the need for some adjustment.
With reference to the increased cost of living. If you will apply a
little simple arithmetic to the changing Consumer's Price Index as pre-
pared by the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, you will find some rather
interesting comparisons.
This index number has been increasing very consistently for a num-
ber of years. The latest index number, for March, 1957 is 118.9, being
expressed as a percentage of the base representing an average for the
three year period 1947-8-9. Meaning that you now need to pay $1.19 for

anything that cost you $1.00 in1947-8-9, representing a relative purchas-
ing value of 84 cents for the dollar.
This does not look too serious, but we should consider what the sit-
uation is if compared with the applicable index numbers before the base
period was advanced. In 1950-51 the Bureau of Labor Statistics re-exam-
ined the basis for this price index and a revised method and base period
resulted. When the Index Number under the previously used base reached
167.1 indicating a purchasing value of 59.8 cents for the dollar, the base
was changed to the above 1947-8-9 base and then this 167.1 index num-
ber and 59.8 cent dollar became the 100 per cent, 100 cent dollar base
now in use.
The formerly used base was for the five year period 1935-6-7-8-9,
which was averaged to represent a 100 cent dollar. On this basis the cur-
rent index number would be 198.8, you would need to pay $1.99 in March
1957 dollars to purchase what $1.00 would buy in average 1935-9, rep-
resenting a purchasing value for the dollar of 50.3 cents.
But make one more comparison. Consider the situation before your
Uncle Samuel stepped off the Gold Standard. The cost of living, or more
precisely, the Consumer's Index Number based on the average for the year
the gold standard was dropped would be 215. for March 1957. Meaning
that $2.15 would be required in March 1957 to purchase what $100 would
buy back in 1933. A purchasing value of 46.5 cents.
A perusal of the data on the Retirement and Disability Fund is also
interesting. The Civil Service System was established in 1921 and for
the first eight years 1921 to 1928 inclusive there were no congressional
appropriations to match the employees contributions to the Retirement
Fund. We do not have the date for the last fiscal year but up to June 30,
1955 employees had contributed 50 per cent more to the Fund than has
their employer, Uncle Sam. Or stating the same fact differently, the grand
total of Uncle Sam's appropriations 1929 to June 30, 1955 was 65 per
cent of that contributed by employees from 1921 to June 30, 1955.
Now back to The Congress. This session is very busy with pressing
matters. One of which is cutting the largest peace time budget. This
might become an obstacle in retirement legislation.
At this writing neither the Senate Committee nor the House Commit-
tee has scheduled hearings on retirement subjects. These Committees are
not inclined to schedule hearings on these matters until after they receive
reports from the Civil Service Commission as to the viewpoint of the
Administration on these subjects.
With reference to the Civil Service Commission the terms of the

members expired this spring and President Eisenhower submitted nomin-
ations for a new commission for the consideration of the Senate, February
11, 1951. The nominations included incumbent Commissioner Frederick
J. Lawton (D.C.) for a six year term, Christopher H. Phillips (Mass.)
for a four year term and Harris Elsworth (Oregon) for a two year term.
The Senate confirmed these nominations April 17, 1957 and the above
now constitute the Civil Service Commission. President Eisenhower has
designated Mr. Ellsworth as Chairman of the Commission.
The new Commission may require a few weeks to prepare their re-
port on Civil Service retirement subjects for the Congressional Commit-
tees and then committee hearings will quite likely be scheduled.
However, this Congress is very busy with many pressing and impor-
tant matters and the time will be getting short for consideration of re-
tirement subjects during the legislative log-jam which usually develops
when The Congress is rushing toward adjournment.
To help the cause and himself, the retiree should write Commission-
ers, Committeemen, then Senators and Representatives emphasizing in their
own words the need for economic assistance in retirement benefits, in order
that his annuity dollar may more nearly match the continually increas-
ing cost of simple living.
Of interest to those Old Time Canalers who at present do not qualify
for pensions under the Panama Canal Construction Service Act, is the
resubmitting of previous H.J. Res. 510 in the present Congress as H.J.
Res. 156 by Hon. DeWitt S. Hyde (Md.). This legislation, pending in
the House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, proposes to es-
tablish pensions for those Old Timers having six months but not so much
as one year of servic-40 per cent of base pay, and for those having one
year but not so much as three years service-50 per cent of base pay.
Also pending in the above committee are two bills H.R.5747 by Hon.
Edward A. Garmatz (Md.) and H.R. 6546 by Hon. Thomas A. Jenkins
(Ohio). Both bills propose to make eligible for pensions Pan Canal Con-
struction Old Timers having two years but not so much as two years and
six months service-33 per cent of base pay, and for those having two
years and six months but not so much as three years service-38 per cent
of base pay.
H.R. 3500 by Hon. Phillip J. Philbin (Mass.) pending in above M.M.
and F. Committee proposes to make eligible for pensions under the Pan
Canal Construction Service Act any person who by reason of disability
from injury or disease, not resulting from his own misconduct, was unable
to complete the present required three years of service, but who in all

other respects does meet the requirements.
The House Committee on Ways and Means is to consider a bill H.R.
5024 by Hon. Thomas A. Jenkins (Ohio) proposing to amend the Inter-
nal Revenue Code by increasing the limitation on retirement income from
the present amount of $1200.00 to $1500.00.


Mrs. Lucille S. Judd,
Secretary-Treasurer, Panama Canal Society of Florida
St. Petersburg 4, Florida
Dear Mrs. Judd:
There has been introduced in Congress on January 14, 1957, by
Congressman Hyde, a bill "H.J. Res. 156, 85th Congress, 1st Session",
which proposes that the Panama Canal reward payments be extended to
cover those employees with less than three years' service, but with not less
than six months' service.
It is requested that you call this bill to the attention of any of your
members interested and urge them to contact their various Senators and
Representatives asking for support of this bill when it comes out of Com-
I am advised by Mr. Alexander E. McClure, one of our mem-
bers, that every effort is now being made to get this bill out of Committee.
Very truly yours,
Gustav C. Hertz, Secretary-Treasurer
Panama Canal Society of Washington, D. C.

Office of Commissioner of Internal Revenue

Mr. Stephen Latchford Feb. 8, 1957
3720 Thirty-Fifth St.
Mount Rainier, Maryland.
Dear Mr. Latchford:
We have your letter of January 30, 1957 wherein a ruling is re-
quested as to whether section 37 (d) (1) (C) of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1954 requires that an annuity granted under an Act of Congress
dated May 29, 1944 to citizens of the United States who served three years
or more in the construction of the Panama Canal be "deducted from the

$1200 retirement (income)." You refer to the decision in the case of
Andrew W. Dewling v. United States (101 Fed. Supp. 892) in which it
was held that the amounts received by citizens of the United States, for-
mer employees of the Isthmian Canal Commission under Public Law 319,
78th Congress, approved May 29, 1944, were gifts from the United States
Government and should not be included in the gross income of the tax-
payer. (I. T. 4098, C. B. 1952-2, page 74).
Section 37 (d) of the 1954 Code provides in part that the amount
of retirement income shall not exceed $1200 less any amount received as
a pension or annuity under title II of the Social Security Act, the Rail-
road Retirement Acts of -1935 or 1937, or otherwise excluded from gross
income and in the case of any individual who has not attained the age
of 72 before the close of the taxable year any amount of earned income
in excess of $900 received by the individual in the taxable year, or in ex-
cess of $1200 received by the individual in the taxable year if he has
attained the age of 65 before the close of the taxable year.
For the purpose of determining the income tax credit upon retire-
ment income, a pension received as a gift constitutes a pension within
the meaning of section 37 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954. A gift
pension does not fall within any of the exceptions of excluded income pro-
vided by section 37 (e) of the Code in the application of section 37 (d)
(1) in determining the limitation on retirement income, and the amount
thereof must be used to reduce the retirement income.
Very truly yours,
Lester W. Utter
Chief, Individual Income Tax Branch
(The above printed for your information Editor)


Under the above heading the March issue of the Canal Record carried
an article concerning the need for a timely consideration of the various
problems confronting the Panama Canal which are becoming more press-
ing day by day.
We have had some inquiries as to the reason for the two year and
ten year delay periods mentioned respectively in the Resolution adopted
by this Society as reprinted in circular form and as published in the
March Canal Record.
The two year period was used in the circular in advance of the Canal

Record having in mind the repeated efforts of Senator Martin (Iowa)
and Representative Thompson (Texas) with bills during the two years
of the 84th Congress.
When former Governor of the Canal Zone, Honorable Maurice H.
Thatcher read the resolution circular he immediately communicated to us
the information that the matter had actually been pending in the Congress
for ten years.
With reference to this point it may now be recalled that in 1945 the
Congress authorized an inquiry into Panama Canal problems. The re-
sultant report by the Governor of the Canal was completed in 1947. This
report recommended sea-level project at Panama. The report was refer-
red to the Congress by the then President Franklin D. Roosevelt for
consideration. The Hon. William W. Bradley (Calif.) introduced a bill
in the Congress proposing to establish an Inter-oceanic Canals Commis-
sion to study the subject but no legislative enactment resulted.
Now in the present 85th Congress this pressing matter has again been
introduced by Senator Thomas E. Martin (Iowa) and Representatives
Clark W. Thompson (Texas), Daniel J. Flood (Pa.) and Francis E. Dorn
(N.Y.). The pending bills being respectively; S. 611, H.R. 3256, H.R.
4774 and H.R. 6008.
The March Canal Record suggested as worth reading, an interesting
article concerning the Challenging Problem of The Panama Canal as
found in the Congressional Record for January 17, 1957, page 704. This
article, by four Old Time Canal Construction Engineers, namely: Edward
C. Sherman, E. Sidney Randolph, William R. McCann and William G.
B. Thompson, is now reproduced in this June Canal Record for the
readers convenience. This was placed in the Congressional Record by
Senator Martin after making his own statement on the subject.
We now wish to tell you that this problem of the Panama Canal and
its future is again receiving the attention of more Old Time Canal Con-
structors as well as other interested specialists.
There is more good reading on these problems in the Congressional
Record for April 16, 1957, pages 5128-34. This data was placed in the
Congressional Record by Senator Martin, who introduced the subject with
very interesting remarks of his own. All Old Timers will be interested in
what is currently being said by their old construction period associates
and the other interested specialists. Namely: Vennevar Bush, Formerly
Chairman, National Military Research and Development Board; Thomas
F. Farrell, Major General, U. S. Army, Retired; Former Deputy Com-
mander, Atomic Bomb Project, Hartley Rowe, Former Member, Advisory

Committee Atomic Energy Commission, formerly with Isthmian Canal
Commission, James G. Steese, General U. S. Army, Retired, Former En-
gineer of Maintenance, Panama Canal, John M. Boutwell, Consulting
Geologist, Formerly with Isthmian Canal Commission; H. H. Little, Cap-
tain, U. S. Navy, Retired, Former Assistant Chief of Overseas Bases,
Thorndike Saville, Dean, College of Engineering, New York University.
William G. B. Thompson, Consulting Engineer, Formerly with Isthmian
Canal Commission, George M. Wells, Consulting Engineer, Formerly with
Isthmian Canal Commission, William H. Rose, General, U. S. Army, Re-
tired, Formerly with Isthmian Canal Commission, Maurice H. Thatcher,
Formerly Governor of the Canal Zone, and only surviving member of the
Isthmian Canal Commission.
Another interesting article associated with these same Pan Canal sub-
jects will be found in the Congressional Record for April 17, 1957, page
5313 by Representative Daniel J. Flood (Pa.).
All of the above writers present various phases of the Panama Canal
Problem. Not only Old Timers but all Younger Canalers will find these
references interesting, instructive and timely reading. You already know
that the Congressional Record is available at your nearest Public Library.
Another timely and interesting article on the Panama Canal will be
found in the Marine Engineering-Log Magazine for May, 1957. This is the
leading magazine in the marine field where it has a circulation in excess
of 15,000 subscribers.


Captain and Mrs. Ralph Curies announce the marriage of their
daughter, Margaret Louise, to Mr. Bill Hayes Taylor, son of Mrs. lone
Taylor of Chocowinity, North Carolina, and the late Mr. J. A. Taylor.
The ceremony was performed by Judge Blanton at Conway, South Caro-
lina on Sunday, March 17.
The bride is a graduate of Balboa High School with the Class of '55
and attended Chowan College in Murfreesboro, North Carolina. The groom
graduated with the Class of '56 from Chowan. The young couple are
making their home in New Bern.

Mr. and Mrs. Boyd M. Bevington of Balboa announce the engagement
of their daughter Marilyn Joyce to Mr. Richard Gayer, son of Mr. and
Mrs. Edward Gayer of Winsted, Conn.
Miss Bevington, a graduate of Balboa High School and the Canal

Zone Junior College, graduated from Bryant College in Providence, R. I.
where she was a member of Sigma Lota Chi Sorority.
Mr. Gaynor, an accounting and finance major and a member of Phi
Sigma Nu fraternity at Bryant will graduate in August.
The wedding date has been set for Saturday, August 24 and will be
in Winsted.

Mrs. Virginia Cunningham of Balboa announces the marriage of her
daughter Miss Mary Virginia Cunningham to Mr. William Ellis Larson.
The wedding took place at St. Vincent's Church, Cocoli, Jan. 15 with
Father Will Baldwin officiating.
The bride is employed with the 15th Naval District, Ft. Amador.
The groom is serving with the U. S. Navy until his discharge which
should take place in June this year.
Until Mr. Larson leaves the service, the couple will make their home
in Cocoli.

Mr. and Mrs. Walter C. Reinhardt Jr., of Cocoli announce the engage-
ment of their daughter Miss Virginia Ruth Reinhardt to Curtis Brown
Jeffries of Corundu. Mr. Jefferies is the son of Mrs. Vera Aiken of
Miss Reinhardt is a graduate of Balboa High School and attended
the Canal Zone Junior College. Mr. Jefferies is a graduate of Balboa High
School and the Canal Zone Junior College and' is employed by the Postal
Division in the Canal Zone.
The date of the wedding was May 3rd and the ceremony, took place
at St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, Cocoli, at 7 o'clock in the evening.
The Rev. Wm. W. Baldwin officiated.

Miss Bonnie Ann Breaux, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Phillip A.
Breaux, of Thibodaux, Louisiana, became the bride of Mr. Roy Dugas at
St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church in Thibodaux, Saturday Feb. 9.
Mr. Dugas is the son of Mrs. Eliska B. Dugas and the late Mr. John
R. Dugas, former residents of the Canal Zone.
Mr. Dugas was born in the Canal Zone and resided there until the
retirement of his father, the late Mr. John R. Dugas in 1950.
The couple will reside in Baton Rouge, Louisiana where Mr. Dugas
is employed by the IBM Company.

Miss Martha Renee Duke became the bride of Sp-3 Donald Charles
Brown III of the 504th M. P. Platoon of Ft. Kobbe on Saturday afternoon
February 16. The double ring ceremony was held at the Ft. Kobbe Chapel,

with Chaplain Francis R. Lewis of Ft. Clayton officiating.
The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Stratford B. Duke of
Ancon. The groom's parents are Mr. and Mrs. Donald Charles Brown II
of Santa Barbara, California.

Mr. and Mrs. Daniel H. Rudge of Balboa, Canal Zone, announce the
engagement of their daughter, Marcia Loreen, to Mr. Gerald F. Fox, son
of Mr. and Mrs. Gerald J.'Fox, of Balboa, Canal Zone.
Miss Rudge is a graduate of Cristobal High School, attended Canal
Zone Junior College, and is now in nurse's training at Jackson Memorial
Hospital, Miami, Florida. Mr. Fox graduated from Balboa High School
and the Canal Zone Junior College and is at present attending Embry
Riddle Aviation School, Miami, Florida.
A Canal Zone wedding is planned for June.

Mr. and Mrs. Leslie E. Wilkinson of Donna have announced the en-
gagement of their daughter, Miss Jan Louise Sampson, to Second Lieut.
David C. Muralt of the Army of the United States. He is the son of Mr.
and Mrs. Walter C. Muralt of Lisbon, N. Da., and was recently graduated
from an Officers Basic Training Course at Fort Belvoir, Virginia where he
received training in staff functions, combat operations and military engin-
eering. A 1956 graduate of the University of North Dakota, he was em-
ployed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in the San Fran-
cisco District before entering the Army last November.
After the marriage in Lisbon, on August 8, the young people will
return to Fort Belvoir until early fall when they expect to be sent to San

Mr. and Mrs. Walter Holly Hebert of Diablo Heights, announce the
engagement of their daughter Katherine Jane, to Lt. Herbert L. Myers,
son of Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Myers of Jennings, Louisiana.
Miss Hebert was graduated from Balboa High School in 1953. She
will graduate in May from Southwestern Louisiana Institute with a Bach-
elor of Arts degree in Sociology and Languages. Miss Hebert is a mem-
ber of Sigma Delta Pi, National Honorary Spanish Fraternity
Lt. Myers was graduated cum laude from McNeese State College with
a Bachelor of Science degree. He is presently stationed at Fort Sam Hous-
ton. Lt. Myers will enter Louisiana State University this fall to complete
work on his M. S. Degree.
Na date has been set for the wedding.

Mr. and Mrs. Walter M. O. Fischer of Diablo Heights, Canal Zone,

announce the engagement and approaching marriage of their daughter, Jo
Ann to Mr. John Boling, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Halbert Boling of Nash-
ville, Tenn. The wedding will take place on Saturday evening, April 27.

Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Medinger of Los Rios have announced the
birth of a son, Robert Edward, Jr., born at Gorgas Hospital on Valen-
tine's Day.
Maternal grandmother is Mrs. Fred Roach of Ashville, N. Carolina.
Maternal great grandmother is Mrs. Jane M. Turner of Tampa, Fla., who
is well known on the Isthmus.
Paternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. Gus Medinger of Caracas,

SFC and Mrs. C. A. Simms announce the birth of a daughter, Char-
line on March 28, at Ft. Meade, Maryland. Mrs. Simms is the former
Norine Dillman. Maternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. N. E. Dillman
of Balboa and the paternal grandparent is Mrs. Maria Simms of Arraijan.

Mr. and Mrs. W. Witt of Trelin, New Jersey, announce the birth of
a daughter, Paula, on April 21st. Mrs. Witt is the former Carla Renz,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Renz of Fairhope, Ala., formerly of Gam-
boa, Canal Zone.

Mr. and Mrs. Walter R. Clarke of Cincinnati, Ohio, announce the
birth of their second child, a boy, on the 5th of February. Mrs. Clarke
will be remembered as the former Renee Nash.

Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Landreth of Gamboa announce the birth of their
first child, a daughter, at Gorgas Hospital, March 19th.
The baby has been named Lorainna Mae.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Thomas announce the birth of their first
child, a son, Charles Joseph, born February 3 in Pittsburgh, Penn.
Maternal grandparents are Col. and Mrs. Joseph Hoffman of Alex-
andria, Virginia.
Paternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Thomas of Bal-
boa, formerly of Gatun.

Lt. and Mrs. Davis Stevenson announce the birth of their first child,
a son, David Rowley, on April 12 at Gorgas Hospital.

Mrs. Stevenson is the former June Rowley, daughter of Captain and

Mrs. S. H. Rowley of Los Rios. Lt. Stevenson is at present stationed with
the U. S. Army Mission in Asuncion, Paraguay, where his family will join
him shortly.
Paternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Stevenson of Corundu
Mr. and Mrs. George Douglas Suddaby, Jr., announce the birth of a
son, George Douglas III, on April 8 in Manhattan, Kansas. Maternal
grandparents are Lt. Col. and Mrs. George M. McKelvy of Columbus,
Ohio, formerly of Fort Kobbe, and paternal grandparents are Mr. and
Mrs. George D. Suddaby, Sr. of Balboa.
Mr. and Mrs. Henry E. Falk Jr., announce the birth of a daughter on
March 25, 1957 in Clarison, Pennsylvania. The maternal grandparents
are Mr. and Mrs. Lester P. Williams of Grove City, Pa. and the paternal
grandparents are Capt. and Mrs. Henry E. Falk of St. Petersburg, Florida.
Sgt. and Mrs. S. G. Astrin of Wichita, Kansas, announce the arrival
of a daughter, Jodie Rae, on March 6, 1957. Mrs. Astrin is the former
Joan Rae Forbes, daughter of Erma and Rae Forbes of Balboa, C. Z.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Fuller of Key West, Florida, announce the
birth of a son, Joseph L. Fuller, Jr., on March 15th. The paternal grand-
parents are Mr. and Mrs. Otis C. Fuller of St. Petersburg, Florida.

Mr. and Mrs. William E. Townsend of Granada Hills, California,
announce the birth of a daughter on July 10, 1956. Mrs. Townsend is the
former Barbara Le Brun. They also have one son and another daughter.

Dr. and Mrs. B. N. Saltzman of Mountain Home, Ark. announce the
arrival of a son, Mark Stephen, on February 18th. Mrs. Saltzman is the
former Betty Bohan.
Mr. and Mrs. John Alexaitis announce the birth of a daughter on
February 10th. Mrs. Alexaitis is the former Shirley M. Karst.

Mr. and Mrs. William Garlow, Jr., announce the arrival of twin sons,
born on April 10th at Reading, Pa. Hospital. Proud grandparents are
Mr. and Mrs. William Garlow of Tampa, Florida.
Mr. and Mrs. Ian J. Johnson of Barrington, Rhode Island, announce
the birth of a son, named Douglas Ian Johnson, on December 16th, 1956.
Rev. and Mrs. Malcolm L. Foster of New York City, announce the
birth of a son on May 13, named Edmund Ronald Foster. Mrs. Foster is
the former Miss Marilyn Ford, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Randill H. Ford
of St. Petersburg, Fla. The paternal grandparents are Mr. and Mrs. E.
Ronald Foster of Valley, Nebraska.


In January
Mrs. Lillian F. Farr, Commissary Division-30 years, 6 months, 25 days.
Manuel Lopez, Motor Transportation Div.-20 years, 10 months, 7 days.
Paul T. Roth, Housing & Grounds Division-9 years, 1 month, 12 days.
Edward Scott, Dredging Division-15 years, 11 months, 11 days.
Harold D. Sutherland, Industrial Division-25 years, 8 months, 10 days.

In February
Paul F. Karst, Post Office Division-17 years, 1 month, 17 days.
Raymond Osmond, Meteorological Aid-12 years, 6 months, 8 days.
John L. Reese, Jr., Locks Division-38 years, 1 month, 27 days.
John S. Skinner, Electrical Division- 34 years, 4 months, 18 days.
Russell L. Gallaher, Maintenance Division-17 years, 9 months, 7 days.
John A. Knox, Locks Division-28 years, 8 months, 19 days.

In March
Leon E. Dedeaux, Maintenance Division-30 years, 6 months, 13 days.
Mrs. May B. Duer, Personnel Bureau-12 years, 10 months, 14 days.
Albert McKeown, Industrial Division-34 years, 4 months, 5 days.
Benigno Seise, Dredging Division-29 years, 4 months, 27 days.
Harry W. Moist, Railroad Division-17 years, 10 days.


Mr. Harry Lewis of St. Petersburg, Florida has been a recent hospi-
tal patient.

Mr. Warren G. Schultz of Tampa, Florida has been a patient in St.
Joseph's Hospital.

Mrs. Etta Conkerton of St. Petersburg has been ill and confined to
Mound Park Hospital for several weeks.

Mr. Frank Anderson of St. Petersburg, Florida was a patient in St.
Anthony's Hospital in February.

Mrs. C. J. Huson of Bradenton, Fla. was a patient in Bradenton Mem-
orial Hospital in February.

Mr. John D. Wilson of Tampa, Fla. is recuperating at his home

following surgery in Tampa Hospital.
Miss Louise Kurath of Bradenton, Florida has been quite ill.
Mr. Harry A. Kersey of Trenton, N. J. has been a patient in Mt.
Sinai Hospital in New York. Mr. Kersey has been in poor health for some
Mr. Colin C. Brown of 1024 South Pima Ave. West Covina, Cali-
fornia, has been confined to Maryknoll Sanatarium in Monrovia. Mr.
Brown was a construction days employee at Mt. Hope and would like
to hear from anyone who remembers him.
Mrs. Archie Gibson of St. Petersburg, Florida was a patient in St.
Anthony's Hospital in April.
Mr. James J. Cullen of Clearwater, Florida, has been a patient in
Morton Plant Hospital.

Mr. Perry A. Young of St. Petersburg, Florida suffered a heart at-
tack and is a patient in Mound Park Hospital.

The many friends of Mrs. Minnie Grier of Gamboa, C. Z. will be
glad to hear that she has returned to her home after a lengthy stay in
Gorgas Hospital.

Sam S. Turner, Jr., son of the late Spurgeon Turner and Mildred
Turner of Washington, D. C., was in an automobile accident on May 23.
He was seriously injured and is still in a very critical condition in a hos-
pital in Washington, D. C. Spurgeon Turner was District Quartermaster
at Gamboa before leaving the Isthmus to live in Washington.


Cards of thanks and appreciation have been received from the following:
Mrs. Lucy De La Vergne, Richmond Hill, New York
Mrs. Chester B. Johnson, St. Petersburg, Florida
Mrs. C. T. Jackson, Balboa, Canal Zone
Mrs. F. E. Williams, Hollywood, Florida
Mrs. Elizabeth Hall, Boulder City, Nevada
Mr. and Mrs. Frank A. Anderson, St. Petersburg, Florida
Mrs. Claude J. Huson, Bradenton, Florida
Mr. Harry J. Lewis, St. Petersburg, Florida
Mrs. Gertrude Gibson, St. Petersburg, Florida

Mr. and Mrs. Ernest M. Kieswetter, Gulfport, Florida
The Foster Family
The Bodden Family
Warren G. Schultz


William T. Halvosa, Sr., former Panama Canal deputy collector, died
in Gorgas Hospital after a brief illness. He was 69 years old.
A native of Quincy, Mass., Mr. Halvosa came to the Isthmus in 1913
and was employed as a clerk with the Isthmian Canal Commission. He was
transferred to the Panama Canal the following year and in 1918 was made
a deputy collector in the Accounting Division.
He was retired from the Canal Service in 1942 and since that time
has been making his home on the Isthmus.
Mr. Halvosa is survived by his son William T. Jr., who is Postmaster
at the Diablo Heights post office; and a brother George Halvosa, of Barry,

Capt. Harry B. Yard, former towboat master in the Marine Bureau,
died in Gorgas Hospital after a long illness. He was 75 years old.
A native of Erie, Pa., Capt. Yard was employed by the Dredging
Division in 1923 as a towboat master. He was transferred to the Marine
Bureau in 1926 and remained with that unit as a senior towboat master
during the rest of his years of service with the Canal organization.
He was retired in 1943 but was re-employed for an additional two
years because of the war emergency. Since his retirement, he has been
making his home in Gamboa.
He is survived by his wife who resides on the Isthmus.

John T. Ridgely, former Pennsylvania Railroad official who arrived
on the Isthmus recently as a consultant for the Panama Railroad, died
in Gorgas Hospital where he had been a patient for less than 24 hours.
He was 69 years old.
Mr. Ridgely spent several weeks on the Zone last year as a consul-
tant to the Panama Canal subcommittee of the House Merchant Marine
and Fisheries committee in connection with the Panama Railroad.
He was recently retained by the Panama Canal Company to assist in
the implementation of plans to improve railroad operations.
He is survived by his wife.

Mrs. Bertha Washabaugh, mother of F. Perry Washabaugh of Mar-
garita, passed away in Chester, Pennsylvania. The Washabaughs lived on
the Isthmus for several years prior to Mr. Washabugh's retirement from
the Panama Canal. Mr. Washabaugh died a few years ago in Pennsylvania.
Mrs. Washabaugh is also survived by two other sons, Frank of Don-
ora, Pa., and Charles who resides in Chester, and several grandchildren.

News has been received by relatives of the death of Thomas E. Lewis,
17-year-old son of Roland J. Lewis, former Canal Zone police officer and
at present a civilian employee of the U.S. Air Force in Casablanca, Mo-
rocco. The boy died in an auto accident in Casablanca March 23.
The father of the boy was employed with the Canal organization from
1935 to 1941 when he joined the Air Force at Howard Field as a civilian
employee. The family left the Isthmus in 1951 for Texas and have been
living in Casablanca since 1955.
In addition to father, the boy is survived by his mother, a brother,
Sgt. John M.Lewis, stationed with the Air Force in Kansas; a sister Olivia
and a brother Patrick, who live with Mr. and Mrs. Lewis.

News of the death March 11 in Marshalltown, Iowa, of James H.
Ellis, former lieutenant in the Canal Zone Fire Division, has been received.
He was 83 years old.
Death occurred in the Mercy Hospital in Marshalltown, where he had
made his home for the past 20 years.
A native of Seneca Falls, New York, Mr. Ellis came to the Canal
Zone in 1919 as a fireman with the Canal Zone Fire Division. Within a
year after his arrival he was promoted from fireman to sergeant to lieu-
At the time of his retirement from Canal service in 1936 he was sta-
tion commander of the Fire Station in Pedro Miguel.
He is survived by his wife, Mrs. Abbie F. Ellis, and a son R. F. Ellis,
who is fire chief in Marshalltown.

Edward C. Jones, a Panama Canal pilot for almost a quarter of a
a century and a former well-known resident of the Atlantic side, died on
March 3rd, in Clearwater, Florida. He was 74 years old
A native of New York City, captain Jones served during World War
I as commander of the SS Camden, and later was an active member of
the United States Naval Reserve.
For the past two years captain and Mrs. Jones have been living in
Clearwater. In addition to his wife he is survived by a daughter, Mrs.
Jane Margaret Baum, and two grandchildren, also of Clearwater.

Harry J. Quigley, a retired employee of the Panama Canal, died at
Coco Solo Hospital after a lengthy illness.
A native of Brooklyn, New York, he came to the Isthmus in 1916 and
was employed as a shipfitter in the Mechanical Division until 1925. He
was reemployed by the Canal organization in 1939 and remained in the
Mechanical Division as shipfitter until his retirement in 1941.
Since his retirement, he has made his home on the Isthmus.

News of the death of Brig. Gen. Hans Kramer who served three years
with the Panama Canal organization on the third locks project has been
received. He was 62 years old.
Gen. Kramer was retired from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in
1945. Since then he and his family have resided in San Mateo, Calif.,
where he has been engaged in private engineering consultant work.
Gen. Kramer is survived by his wife and one son who was born soon
after he and Mrs. Kramer came to the Canal Zone.

John W. Whittredge, retired Panama Canal employee, died in Bay-
town,Texas, according to word received. Mr. Whittredge retired in 1954.
A steam crane operator with the Dredging Division, he was known
locally as "Fisherman John". He was part owner of the fishing boat
"Feri," of local fame. He was also active as an amatuer radio ham opera-
tor and his call letters were KZFJ, the FJ standing for "Fisherman John."
Surviving him are his wife, Mrs. Bess Whittredge, and a brother,
William, who resides in Baytown.

Charles Rounds Chisholm, 74, chief planner in the mechanical divi-
sion of the Panama Canal from 1905 died at his home in Kennebunkport,
Maine, April 2, 1957.
Chisholm was a past president of the Panama Canal Society of Wash-
ington. He leaves a widow, Mrs. Mary O'Neill Chisholm.

Joseph J. Wood of Ancon, supervisory auditor in the internal audit
branch of the office of the Canal Comptroller, died at Gorgas Hospital.
He was 55 years of age and his death was the result of a stroke suffered
February 15th.
Besides Mrs. Wood, he is survived by their three children, Isabel,
a student at Mariar College, Indianapolis, Ind.; Joseph J. Wood, Jr., a
student at the Canal Zone Junior College; and Ana, a pupil at Ancon
Elementary School.

William Liebow, President of the International Hotel Organization,
of Cuba, died in his New York home at 61.

Liebow was a pioneer in the development of the famous Cuban Beach
of Varadero and was associated with the company which owns the Inter-
national Hotel in Panama.
During the first World War, Liebow was with the American Army in
Panama, where he became a few years later interested in the hotel business.

The sympathy of all their friends is extended to the family of Mr.
Edward J. Dorswitt who passed away at the home of his daughter in
Besides his wife, Mr. Dorswitt is survived by a daughter and son-in-
law, Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Friedrich, one son, Edward A. Dorswitt, who
is a resident of Baldwin Park, California and a grandson, Louis Tremblay,
a student at Oklahoma A. and M. College.

Word has been received of the death in Clearwater, Florida, of Miss
Mary C. Davis, a former Ancon resident.
In the early 1950s, Miss Davis came to the Canal Zone to join her
sister, Mrs. Katheryn D. Ackerman of Ancon. Later she stayed at Tivoli
Guest House before leaving for Clearwater to make her home.
Besides Mrs. Ackerman, Miss Davis is survived by another sister,
Mrs. John O. Collins, of Vacamonte, Arraijan, Republic of Panama.
She is also survived by two nephews, John Winter Davis Collins of
Panama, Alfredo M. Collins of Ecuador and by a niece, the former Sally
Ackerman, now married and living in Texas.

Mrs. Clementina Garrido Hele, member of a well-known Isthmian
family died suddenly in Gorgas Hospital.
Mrs. Hele, who was 64 years old at the time of her death, was born
in Panama and lived all of her life in Panama and the Canal Zone.
Since the death of her husband in 1953, Mrs. Hele made her home in
the Canal Zone with her son William H. Hele, of Balboa.
In addition to her son William, Mrs. Hele is survived by another son
Albert M. Hele, of Curundu and by three daughters; Mrs. Carmen Eggles-
ton, of Balboa; Mrs. Alice Glaze of Rialto, California; Mrs. Martha M.
Sides, of Norfolk, Virginia; and 15 grandchildren.
She had two sisters, Mrs. Amalia Novey and Mrs. Berta Berguido and
a brother, Octavio Garrido, who reside in Panama City.

Mrs. Blanca Zander, Mandonado, mother of Eugene White of Balboa,
died in Gorgas Hospital after a long illness. She was 61 years old.
Mrs. Maldonado made her home with her son, a signalman for the
Marine Bureau.

Mrs. Fortuna Otis Mulvin of 918 Arroyo Drive, Pasadena, California,
died January 18. She had attended school in Pasadena and had been a
resident of this area for over 30 years. She is survived by her husband,
Richard L. Mulvin; her son, Robert Mulvin of South Pasadena; her father,
Harry W. Otis, one brother, Edward Otis; one sister, Mrs. Ethel Page.
Linden W. Foster, 70, a retired government commissary man who
served in the Panama Canal Zone, died in a government hospital there.
Mr. Foster lived at 4434 35th Avenue North, St. Petersburg, for the
past five years. He became ill while visiting his son and daughter, Harry
D. Foster and Mrs. Alice French, there. He is a member of the Panama
Canal Society of Florida.
Other survivors include his wife, Bessie, in the Canal Zone, another
daughter, Mrs. Dorothy Shaw, Los Angeles, and a sister in Hampton,
Nova Scotia.

Wilbert G. Kodat, manager of the Man Tan Chemical Co., of Pan-
ama, died in Panama Hospital after a lengthy illness. He was 53 years old
Mr. Kodat was a son-in-law of T. Gabriel Duque, publisher of The
Star & Herald, and Mrs. Maria von L. de Duque.
Surviving him are his wife, Mrs. Isabel Duque de Kodat, Four child-
ren, Maria Isabel Kodat Duque,Mrs. Gloria Matussi, Mrs. Gabriela Hal-
phen and Tomas Altamirano Duque; his father, W. Kodat, and several
brothers and sisters who reside in Los Angeles, California.

Mr. J. Guy De Cora of Los Angeles, California, died March 23, 1957.
No further details were available.

Samuel Heston Coxe of Upper Darby, Pa., died suddenly at his home
on February 16, 1957. He is survived by his wife, Mary C., a son, Alvin
H. of Cecilton, Md., two daughters, Ruth C. Snook of Irwin, Pa. and
Carolyn C. Bushof, of Upper Darby, Pa., also five grandchildren. Mr.
Coxe was the son-in-law of the late Thomas Cooper, former Canal Zone
old timer and Commissary manager.

News has been received of the death of Mrs. R. Z. Kirkpatrick of
Rochester, New York. Mrs. Kirkpatrick died in February. No further de-
tails were available.

Raymond E. Betterley, 56, of St. Petersburg, Fla. died March 19 in
Mound Park Hospital. Mr. Betterley is survived by a sister, Mrs. Mabel
Taylor and a brother, John W., both of St. Petersburg, Fla.

Peter (Pop) Greening died on March 30, at the home of his son and

daughter-in-law in Milford, Pa. No further details were available.

Wallace B. Ames, former accountant with the Accounting Division,
died in the Sawtelle Veterans Hospital in Los Angeles after a long ill-
ness. He was 69 years old.
He joined the Canal organization in 1919 as a telegraph operator
with the Panama Railroad and transferred to the Accounting Division in
1922. He retired from active service in 1947 because of poor health and
since that time has made his home in California.
During his many years of residence on the Isthmus, he was active in
a number of civic and fraternal organizations.
Surviving him is his sister, Mrs. Priscilla Young, of Arcadia, Calif.

Colon Eloy Alfaro, a prominent Ecuadorean resident of Panama City,
died at his home following a long illness.
The much decorated diplomat had represented his country many times
before the Panama, U. S. and other governments in consular and diplo-
matic posts and was a graduate of the U. S. Military Academy at West
Point. He was 66 years old.
The founder of the local Alfaro Co. Inc., Mr. Eloy Alfaro is survived
by three sons, Eloy, Olmedo and Jaime, and several grandchildren.
Mr. Alfaro was a member of Darien Ladge, A.F. and A.M., of Balboa
and several other Masonic organizations in Panama and the United States.

News has been received of the sudden death of a former Zonian,
James T. Johnson, who was killed in an auto accident in Abqaq, Arabia.
Born in Gorgas Hospital in 1916, Mr. Johnson graduated from Bal-
boa High School in 1934.
He was the son of the late Mr. and Mrs. James J. Johnson and the
stepson of Mrs. Molly Johnson of Panama.
He is survived by his wife Harriet, a son James in military school
in Michigan, a ten-year-old daughter Jean, sisters Mrs. Helen Wardell,
Miss Hazel Johnson of Sun Valley, Cal., and Mrs. Ruth Rose of Diablo.
He was an employee of Aramco Oil Co. in Saudi, Arabia for the past
10 years.

Mrs. Lucy R. Goolsby, 95, died on April 6th in a nursing home in
San Diego, California. She is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Mary Shivers
of 4964 Canterbury Drive, San Diego. Also a granddaughter, Mrs. Wil-
liam B. Coleman of Spring Valley, wife of Rear Admiral Coleman, U.S.N.
and a niece, Mrs. John C. Abels of San Diego. Mrs. Goolsby was the
widow of E. M. Goolsby, former Chief Clerk of the Ancon District Court.

Mr. Goolsby died in 1925.

Sherman Carter Abernathy, 76, a World War Veteran and former
Canal Zone police officer, died on April 3, at his home, 12 Chatham Road,
Asheville, N. C. Mr. Abernathy retired 20 years ago and made his home
in Asheville. Mrs. Abernathy died in 1952. Surviving are a number of
nieces and nephews.

Anthony J. Winkes died of a heart attack on January 24. No further
details are available.

Word has been received that George Wells died suddenly of a heart
attack on May 3 at his home in Montclair, New Jersey. Mr. Wells was
one of the first twelve engineers to arrive on the Isthmus in June 1904,
and was Chief Assistant to General Siebert on Gatun Dam construction.
Mr. Wells is survived by his wife and two sons.

Agnes A. Reilly, wife of Mr. Charles E. Reilly, passed away on April
21, 1957 in the Sacred Heart of Jesus Hospital at Guadalajara, Mexico.
She is survived by her husband, a daughter, Mrs. Charles Sumner South
of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and a son, John J. Reilly of Orlando, Florida.

Glenn C. Bliss, 69, of 7737 NW 6th Ct. died on April 12th. A World
War I veteran, he came to Miami five years ago from St. Petersburg, where
he had been a patient in the Bay Pines Veterans Administration Hospital.
He participated in the construction of the Panama Canal in 1907-1909.
Until his retirement, he was a station agent for the New York Central
Railroad. Mr. Bliss leaves a wife, Jessie, of Asbury Park, N. J.; a brother,
Gerald, of Miami, and three sisters, Gertrude Bliss Hoffman of Rochester,
New York, Genell Bliss of Cocoli, C. Z. and Geneva Bliss Shrapnel of
Pasadena, California.

John V. Bodden, 74, who retired in 1940 after 27 years as a pilot in
the Panama Canal Zone, died in a Tampa hospital.
Mr. Bodden lived with his son, William J., in Tampa. Here he was
a member of the Panama Canal Zone Association.
In World War I Mr. Bodden served with the Navy, and until 1934
he was in the Naval Reserve with a final rank of lieutenant junior grade.
He was a 32nd degree Mason, a life member of the Masons, and a member
of the Masonic Lodge, F&AM, Tampa.
Surviving are two sons, William J., Tampa, and Robert E., with the
Merchant Marine, and a daughter, Mrs. Mary Powell, Lake Worth.

Mrs. Neva E. Young, 55, 145 17th Avenue South, St. Petersburg,
Florida, died May 5th in Mound Park Hospital.
Coming here four years ago from Balboa, Canal Zone, she was born
in Harley Grove, Ark. Mrs. Young was a registered nurse.
Survivors include her husband, Perry A.; a son, Perry R., USAF,
a sister in Memphis, Tenn.

Charles Mackintosh, 69, who retired seven years ago as an electrical
engineer in the Panama Canal Zone, died May 7th at his home, 3719
20th Street North, St. Petersburg, Florida.
Mr. Mackintosh came here five years ago from New York City, where
he was born. He was a member of the Episcopal Church, of Sojourners
Lodge, F&AM, Panama Canal Zone Lodge, No. 1414, BPOE.
Survivors include his wife, Katherine, here, and four brothers, John
of New York City, Joseph, here, George, of Brooklyn, and Walter, of

Nelson W. Magner, Supt. of the Cristobal Field office of the Main-
tenance Division, and long time resident of the Isthmus, was found dead
in a chair in his office on Friday morning, May 3, 1957.
During Mr. Magner's residence on the Isthmus, he was active in
many civic and patriotic organizations. He is survived by his wife, Lois,
a son, Niel, of Houston, Texas, two daughters, Mrs. Ben I. Hall of Mar-
ietta, Ga., and Mrs. Tom Lowery of Aneonta, Ala. There are also five

Over our hearts and into our lives,
Shadows will sometimes fall.
But the sunshine is never wholly dead,
And Heaven is shadowless overhead,
And God is over all.


Fifteen Soviet ships that were expected to transit the Canal, failed
to show up. It is assumed they went around Africa. What caused the
change of plan is a matter for speculation.
Twice, so far this fiscal year, Canal transits have exceeded the 700
mark. Tolls are more than $400,000 above the previous years figures. The

number of ocean going transits for the first seven months of this fiscal
year was reported at 4,773, twenty-six more than the first seven months
of the previous fiscal year.

President Eisenhower has asked Congress to appropriate $1,000,000
to pay the cost of work necessary to the construction of a bridge over the
Panama Canal at Balboa. Construction of the bridge was authorized by
an act which Congress passed last July.

Sosa Hill firebugs again beat the firemen to it in the annual burning
of the hill. Fire broke out about 3:15 P. M. and kept the firemen busy
until it was all out at 7 P. M. To add to the annoyance, that evening had
been chosen for the fireman's ball at the El Panama Hotel with festivities
to start at 7:30 P. M.

General Julien L. Schley, former Governor of the Panama Canal, and
Ralph A. Tudor, the new Director, appointed last month, have been named
members of the committee headed by Gov. W. E. Potter, to study proposals
for increasing the capacity of the Canal.

Senator Thomas R. Martin (R.I.) in discussing the vulnerability of
the proposed conversion of the Panama Canal to sea level, said proponents
of the plan "do not appear to be candid." The Senator made this charge
along with others in a statement presented to the Senate. Along with it
was transmitted a paper prepared in 1954 by four experienced engineers
and entitled, "The Panama Canal, a Challenging Problem For The United
States." The Senator said the report he transmitted to the Senate was
prepared by four distinguished engineers, who participated in the con-
struction of the Canal. They are, Edward C. Sherman, designer of Gatun
spillway, E. Sidney Randolph, designing and construction engineer,
William R. McCann and William G. B. Thompson.

Commenting on a report of a national columnist that Panamanian
President, la Guardia, is contemplating moves to nationalize the Canal,
Assistant Secretary of the Army, George Roderick, said, "I have no know-
ledge of any such intention by the Panamanian authorities. We are going
ahead with our plans to study the expansion of the Canal as soon as pos-
sible." The columnist had said that President Ernesto De la Guardia,
taking his cue from Egypt's Nasser, was making moves toward taking
over the Panama Canal.

From London comes the report that President Ernesto de la Guardia
had said that Panama could not realistically think of protecting the Canal

Zone alone. La Guardia said, "I think nationalization of the Panama
Canal is not a public issue in Panama." This statement in a London news-
paper vas regarded as the most forthright definition of Panama's stand on
the Canal and the Canal Zone since the Suez crises in 1956.

The Japanese freighter, Kukusan Maru started taking on 11,000 tons
of scrap iron in Balboa. The Panama firm of Geneva, S. A. believed it is
the biggest scrap cargo ever to be moved from the Isthmus aboard a single
ship. Questions as to the applicability of the one dollar an hour mini-
mum wage on the Zone was raised after the Department of Labor in Wash-
ington informed one contractor, John V. Carter, that the' job of loading
the scrap iron aboard the Kukusan Maru came under this requirement.
Carter has said that, regardless of what he pays, he intends to make
a test case of at least two or three men. The Labor Dept. spokesman
stated the department will take pertinent steps to enforce last weeks ruling
that the Fair Labor Standards Act applies to the Panama Canal Zone. A
week later, Secretary James P. Mitchell testified before Senators that the
Departments of Defense, State and Labor, agree that local employees of
United States concerns in Panama should be exempted from the Minimum
wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
The Government of Panama declared itself in favor of the application
of the minimum wage law to the Canal Zone, and instructed Panamanian
Ambassador, Ricardo Arias to do everything possible to avoid elimination
of the minimum wage rate in the Canal Zone. The minimum wage provi-
sions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 applies to employees of
United States Contractors engaged in commerce or the production of
goods for commerce wherever the United States flag flies.

More vessels went through the Panama Canal during March than
during any month in Canal history. During the month, 981 vessels, large
and small, commercial and government, used the waterway; 123 more
than the 858 transits last December.

The motorship Ivan Babushkin, third Russian ship to transit the Canal
this year, sailed away after what appeared to be a pleasant transit. The
Russians had been fuming for two days over what they considered ab-
normal transit delays, special guards put aboard, the refusal of Canal
authorities to permit shore leave and the impounding of their cameras.
The delay was due to heavy traffic. Long before the eight hour transit was
over, the crew of the Babushkin, from Capt. Igor down, were firm friends
of the Americans and Panamanians aboard and at good-bye time, there
were friendly handshakes all around.

The banana boat Yvonne, carrying a full load of bananas, sank in the
Canal near La Pita signal station in the cut. All crew members of the 37
ton boat were reported safe. Traffic was able to proceed normally.
In a unanimous opinion, the United States Court of Appeals reversed
a lower court dismissal of a suit to recover excessive tolls from the Pan-
ama Canal Co. While ruling that the Shipping Companies had the right
to seek court relief, the high tribunal added that "We find no evidence
of Congressional intent to allow recovery of overcharges."

A native of Chirique Province, the beautiful Miss Rosalia Isabel Bar-
raza, was chosen for the 1957 Carnival Queen. Miss Barraza was chosen
before an audience of 20,000 gathered at the Olympic Stadium.
The Queen's first official act was the raising of the blue and white
Carnival flag in Balboa. This is the second time the Carnival flag has
been raised in the Canal Zone, the first was in 1947. Toldos were being
erected in the Capital City and Colon. After the four day Mardi Gras
fiesta, Queen Rosalia isued a communique thanking the members of the
Carnival Junta and everyone in Panama and the Canal Zone who con-
tributed to the success of her reign.

Air mail rates were increased from six to ten cents minimum by a
decree issued by the Ministry of Government and Justice. The new rates
will go into effect at Panama Post Offices in thirty days.

Panama will soon take steps to improve sewage disposal in the Cap-
ital city and eliminate the pollution of the waters of Panama Bay. Even-
tually, no untreated sewage will go into the Bay and swimming will be
safe at all the city beaches. Funds of $5,000,000 have been secured and
the first sewage treatment plant will be built in the Bella Vista area.

Covering the period from February 1st thru April 30th

Picnic time again and they will be held at the various parks as formerly.
MAY 13-Lowry Park in Tampa
JUNE 10-Hillsboro Park, North of Tampa on Route 301
JULY 8-Lake Maggiore Park, in St. Petersburg-9th Street So.
AUGUST 12-Lowry Park in Tampa
SEPTEMBER 9-Lowry Park in Tampa
OCTOBER 14--Lake Maggiore Park, St. Petersburg-9th Street So.

We do hope that many of you will make an effort to be here and attend
the picnics so that we all can visit with you.
Dues are beginning to lag and it would be greatly appreciated if you
would please send them in so that your State will be 100% paid. As of
date card No. 1199 has been mailed and with over 1500 membership you
can see that there are still many who have just neglected to send us a check
for $3.10 or a money order for $3.00. Members on the Canal Zone please
add 35 cents to your Canal Zone check, as that is the latest charge that the
bank has charged us.
This is the only time I am going to send out PERSONAL NOTICES
check is in the mail at the time, so PLEASE look and see if you have a
white card with blue lettering for 1957. If you do not have such a card
-YOU SHOULD HAVE. Please help me keep your records in the perfect
order you want them kept.
As of NOW the following States have dues still outstanding the
number of members listed. Panama 2, Canal Zone 49, Alabama 2, Ari-
zona 2, Arkansas 6, California 31, Colorado 3, D. C. 6, Florida 84, Geor-
gia 4, Illinois 4, Indiana 4, Iowa 1, Kansas 1, Kentucky 3, Louisiana 5,
Maine 4, Maryland 1, Massachusetts 3, Michigan 5, Minnesota 2, Missis-
sippi 1, Missouri 1, Montana 1, New Hampshire 1, New Jersey 8, New
Mexico 1, New York 16, North Carolina 10, Ohio 5, Oklahoma 1, Penn-
sylvania 15, Rhode Island 1, South Carolina 3, Tennessee 2, Texas 13,
Vermont 2, Virginia 7, Washington 3, West Virginia2, Wisconsin 2.
You will receive your JUNE RECORD this time so that the above
reminder will help to remind you to pay your dues. I know and you know
that you don't want to miss-a Record-but our books would like to see
your name among the paid up members--PLEASE!
On April 10th Capt. Judd and I started out for Houston, Texas for
a stay of two weeks with our children. We had a wonderful time-and
from now on we will never dispute the BIGNESS of Texas--it was really
a beautiful state and we were so happy to see and visit with our friends
that live there and those who were there visiting the same as we were. The
children,Roy and Mickie, kept us on the go all the time except when we
were with friends of the "good old days" Lee and Irene Wright, and Irene's
Mother, Mrs. Stewart, Abe Brill, Ezra and Bessie Ialdeman and their
granddaughters, Joyce and Betty Collinge-Sarah and Herbie Rothwell
who were up on vacation from the Zone, Peggy Ellis, Tilley and Nate
Levy, with whom it was our pleasure to spend Easter Sunday, Pat and
Sweet-Alice Coakley who were visiting their son Pat who is attending the

University and also is doing T.V. work-Carol Pollak who was spending
the Easter vacation with the Wrights, and looked just wonderful, Al and
lone Brown, Bertha and Hugh Turner, and last but by no means least, the
Joe Orr's. It was grand to visit with them because Mrs. Orr had been one
of my high school teachers-she was the type that would not take any
excuse-you went to school to learn and learn you did thanks to her
methods of making you absorb what she taught.
On April 20th the Club had a dinner in our honor at Bob Orr's res-
taurant and it was lovely. Many of the folks we had not seen before were
there and of course chatting of old times crowded out anything else. There
were about 40 present and many we had not seen for years, especially the
younger set who were just children at the time. The dining room was beau-
tifully decorated and the tables looked so pretty in an "U" shape. After
dinner each rose and gave their name, when they went to the Zone and a
short resume of their lives up to the present time. The business meeting
with election of officers concluded the evening's program. The following
were elected unanimously-Al Brown, President and Bertha Turner, Sec-
retary-Treasurer-since the club was growing so rapidly a Vice President
was elected and S. L. Souder accepted. Now with a set up like that they
are bound to progress. There are still many former Canal Zone families
living in and around Houston and it is hoped that they will all join the
Club before long. Ben and I consider it an honor that we were invited
to become members of the Panama Canal Club of Houston, Texas. The
Panama Canal Society of Florida is proud of the fact that the officers of
the Houston Club are all members of the Florida Society.

Minutes of Regular Meeting February 11, 1957
Tourist Center St. Petersburg

About 90 members were present for the Society's Regular Meeting
at the Tourist Center, St. Petersburg.
Meeting was called to order at 2:10 P. M. by President Troy Hayes,
who requested all to rise and sing one verse of "America". Mrs. Stutzman
accompanied on the piano.
Invocation was offered by Chaplain Lee Burns.
The following officers were present:
President -__--_ ------ Mr. Troy Hayes
Vice-President ---- Mr. Macon M. Turner
Secretary-Treasurer ---.. _-. Mrs. Lucille S. Judd
Recording Secretary __ ---- Mrs. Burt W. Hall

The following out-of-town members, new members and visitors were
welcomed; among them:
Mr. and Mrs. Whyde, daughter and son-in-law.
Mr. Wakeman Bovey.
Capt. and Mrs. Al Forstrom, from Rhode Island.
Mr. and Mrs. C. P Hoffman, and their daughter, Major Kathleen
Hoffman, from New York.
Mrs. Richard Honsker, of East Orange, N. J. (House guest of Mrs.
George Dolan).
Mr. and Mrs. B. J. Wise, from Pedro Miguel.
Membership Report: As of February 1st, there were 1492 paid-up
members, and over 2500 members, including wives.
Recording Secretary read minutes of the Annual Anniversary Re-
union Business Meeting, held at the Soreno Hotel, January 15, 1957; also,
report of the activities of the second day of the 25th Anniversary Reunion,
on January 16, 1957. President Hayes, hearing no omissions or correc-
tions, declared them approved.
President Hayes announced that the next regular meeting would be
held at the Tourist Center, March 11th, at 2:00 P. M.
Special Interest: Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Judd, read many letters,
and made several announcements of interest to the membership.

On the Sick List:
M.r Frank Anderson, a patient in St. Anthony's Hospital.
Mr. John Wilson, home from hospital.
Mr. L. W. Foster reported very ill while vacationing on the C. Z.

The demise of the following was noted:
Mr. Claude Ott Mr. C. T. Jackson, Sr.
Mr. George McDade Miss Louise Hanna
Mr. Chester Johnson Mrs. Fern Cadogen
Mr. Fritz E. Williams Mr. Henry Blair
Mr. Chester M. Turck Mr. W. W. Leighton
Mr. J. F. Everett read a letter he received from Member Oscar Hunter,
of Ocala, Florida, re Hospitalization plan for the Society's membership;
no action taken.
Legislation: Mr. W. L. Hersh spoke of the Resolutions he mailed
out, and replies received. Mr. Hersh also gave a complete history of the
agreement with the Republic of Panama, for the construction of the Pan-
ama Canal, by the United States; this agreement is contrary to statements
made public on this subject by statistician Roger Babson.

Col. Dan Wright delivered a very interesting talk on conditions in
the Middle East. Col. Wright spent over 20 years in this part of the world,
and is well qualified to picture conditions as they are.
Mr. J. F. Everett took the floor and said that he much resented the fact
that we have done nothing towards legislation for widows of deceased mem-
bers, and that members appear to be uninterested in writing to their re-
spective Congressmen towards passage of favorable legislation.
There being no further business before the meeting, President Hayes
asked for a motion to adjourn; motion made, seconded and carried, and
meeting adjourned at 4:00 P. M.
Agnes V. Hall (Mrs. Burt W.)
Recording Secretary

Minutes of Regular Meeting March 11, 1957
Tourist Center St. Petersburg

About 75 members were present for the Society's regular meeting at
the Tourist Center, St. Petersburg.
Meeting was called to order at 2:15 P. M. by President Troy Hayes,
who requested all to rise and sing one verse of "America." Mrs. Stutzman
accompanied on the piano.
Invocation was offered by Chaplain Lee Burns.
The following officers were present:
President --- ..------....Mr. Troy Hayes
Vice-President --._- _Mr. Macon M. Turner
Secretary-Treasurer -------Mrs. Lucille S. Judd
Recording Secretary -___ -_ Mrs. Burt W. Hall
The following out-of-town members, new members and visitors were
welcomed; among them:
Mr. and Mrs. George McLintock Mr. and Mrs. Critchlow
Miss Macy Edwards Mr. and Mrs. William H. Wier
Mrs. Gertrude Onderdonk Miss Mary Walsh
Mrs. Katie Swain Mr. and Mrs. Charles Cameron
Mrs. Emily Harris
Membership .Report: Total paid-up members, 1503.
Recording Secretary read minutes of regular meeting held February
llth at the Tourist Center. President Hayes, hearing no omissions or cor-
rections declared them approved.
President Hayes announced next regular meeting would be held at
the Tourist Center on April 8th, 1957; time 2 P. M.
Special Interest: Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Judd, read many letters

received, and made several announcements of interest to the membership.
On the Sick List:
Mrs. Etta Conkerton
Mrs. Archie Gibson, a patient in St. Anthony's Hospital
Miss Louisa Kurath
Mr. L W. Foster seriously ill on the Canal Zone
The demise of the following was noted:
Mr. Edwin Willey, of Gulfport Mr. Fred P. Hall
Mr. Ed. Harrington Mr. Avra M. Warren
Mr. Frank M. Widere Mrs. Marcus Gould
Mr. Herbert F. Ashton Mr. Samuel H. Coxe
Mrs. R. Z. Fitzpatrick Capt. Ed. C. Jones

President Hayes told the meeting of his findings relative to hospital-
ization plan for members of the Society.
Also, Mr. W. J. Bartlett gave a short summary of NARCE hopitaliza-
tion plan; they will need 20,000 members to join the plan, and the pre-
mium would be $6.00 per month.
Mr. W. L Hersh spoke at length of the various bills introduced by
the 85th Congress, beneficial to Civil Service retirees.
Mr. J. F. Everett took the floor, and read from a paper he had pre-
pared, as follows:
"Mr. President and Fellow Members:
The U. S. Civil Service Commission has announced that the factors
it regards to be relevant and controlling in determining the need for ad-
justment of existing annuities are those recommended by the Committee
on Retirement Policy for Federal Personnel. That, of course, was the
Kaplan Committee, and it was composed of the Nation's most outstanding
and successful business executives. They finally recommended that the
annuities be adjusted from time to time as "circumstances"' require.
However, the five annuity adjustments that were made during the
eight years preceding the passage of S-3725 by the 84th Congress did
NOT satisfy further need of adjustment, as claimed by the Commission,
because those five adjustments did not correct the inequities created on
April 1, 1948, when the amendment liberalizing the retirement annuities
denied its benefits to those who retired before that date; nor did they dis-
continue the unfair "ceilings", limiting the total annuity that might be
paid. It is therefore plain that the Commission's opposition on the grounds
that the annuities have already been increased all that the cost of living
index and present wage scale justify has NOT taken into consideration all

of the pertinent facts.
Although we are all faring much better than under our original re-
tirement agreement, or contract, it is simply because the entire national
economy has changed. Just why do our old jobs pay so much more than
when we had them. Since neither the quality nor the quantity of produc-
tion has been improved one least bit, it is clear that the only justification
has been the higher cost of living; that being the case, it can hardly be
denied that retirement annuities should have been increased as much, if
not more, than active pay, because younger men save money by doing
many things for themselves that older, retired men, cannot do.
Out of the relatively small pay he received for the longer hours he
had to work, the oldtimer paid for his children's education, and he sup-
ported his own and often his wife's elders. There were no Social Security
Benefits, Old age pensions, free school books, lunches or buses. THE
added so much to the cost of living that the N.LR.B. has had to repeatedly
approve organized labor's demand for higher wages.. The RETIRED
Civil Service employee, being without a salary, was forced to fall back on
his life's savings. After 15 years of forced bank withdrawals, the old-
timer finds himself unable to finance the prolonged illness characteristic
of old age, or many other possible misfortunes. Being a poor risk, he is
without credit.
It has been pointed out that the oldtimers contributed a SMALLER
percent of their pay for retirement than is contributed now. The truth is
TIONED COST OF LIVING, contributes MUCH MORE for social bene-
fits granted to others, which he, himself, was denied the greater part of
his life, then the difference between present and former percent of pay-
roll deduction contributions.
It seems quite apparent that neither the cause nor the effect of the
changed economy in relation to retirement were understandingly consid-
ered by either the Civil Service Commission or by Mr. Tom Murray, the
Chairman of the House, Post Office and Civil Service Committee. The
smaller contribution made by the oldtimer from his pay is certainly no
valid reason for denying him the more liberal annuities that the law now
grants to his successors. All Civil Service retirement ought to be uniform;
then, no two people retired from the same position would be drawing
absurdly different annuities; at least, not while both are still alive.
The present confusion results from misunderstanding and over-zeal-
ousness regarding the Civil Service Retirement Fund. It has now been

Not printed at Government expense)

(onre ional Record

Mr. MARTIN of Iowa. Mr. President,
I ask unanimous consent to have printed
at this point in the RECORD an important
paper on the Panama Canal, with some
preliminary remarks by myself.
There being no objection, the state-
ment and paper were ordered to be
printed in the RECORD, as follows:
Among the results of my correspondence
about the Panama Canal in the last session
of Congress was the bringing to light an un-
published manuscript prepared in 1954 by
four distinguished engineers who partici-
pated in the construction of the Panama
One of its authors, Edward C. Sherman,
was designer of the Gatun Spillway; another,
E. Sydney Randolph, the designing and con-
structing engineer of the Madden Dam and
power project and later principal engineer
of the Panama Canal. The other two, Wil-
liam R. McCann and William 0. B. Thomp-
son, have outstanding records of achievement
in engineering and industry.
In connection with their paper, which dis-
cusses the principal proposals for increasing
capacity of the Panama Candl, the attention
of the Congress is invited to my remarks to
the Senate on June 21, 1956, quoting a de-
classified wartime report of Maj. Gen. Glen
B. Edgerton on the elimination of the Pedro
Miguel Locks of the Panama Canal. In that
report General Edgerton, who was Governor
of the Panama Canal when the well-con-
ceived Terminal Lake-Third Locks proposal
for its operational refinement was developed,
approved it in principle. In discussing the
"sea-level" proposal he expressed the view
that the main arguments for a canal at sea
level are pot the quality of its navigational
features but the "relative vulnerability of
the high-level-lock and sea-level types to
enemy attack. He prophetically warned that
advocates of a sea-level canal would oppose
unjustifiably any major alteration of the
existing canal on the ground that it would
defer the time when conversion to ocean
level might otherwise be authorized. These
views were expressed prior to the develop-
ment of the atomic and hydrogen bombs,
which, in the opinion of competent inde-
pendent experts, render any canal fatally
vulnerable regardless of type or location.
In their arguments about vulnerability,
advocates of the sea-level type do not ap-
pear to have been candid. For example, they
stress the Gatun cluster of locks and dams
as vulnerable but are absolutely silent on the
serious vulnerability to slides by nuclear at-
tack of Gaillard (Culebra) Cut, which would
be obviously increased by lowering its pres-
ent bottom (40 feet above m. s. 1.) more than
100 feet as specified for the sea-level project.
These advocates have also Ignored and con-
tinue to ignore the gravely important ques-
tion of a new treaty with Panama with great-

ly increased Indemnity and annuity benefiu
to that country. Such diplomatic benefits
would have to be added to the costs of a sea-
level undertaking at Panama, presently esti-
mated from five to ten billion dollars. Nor,
In event of authorization of a water-level
plan, have they pointed out the demands
that would unquestionably develop for
transferring jurisdiction of such project to
international or other non-United States
control, a threat as serious to canal security
as modern weapons.
From the arguments these advocates put
forth in behalf of alleged greater security of
the sea-level project over the lake and lock
type, which has survived the two greatest
wars in history, they apparently believe that
the Members of Congress are and will be
utterly stupid. Moreover, the arguments for
a sea-level endeavor have not been fairly
based but appear intended to deceive both
the Congress and the Nation.
The facts in the situation clearly demon-
strate the absolute need for an independent
interoceanic canals commission to reeval-
uate the entire problem in the light of up-
to-date developments and the best interests
of the United States and the world at large.
The article follows:
(By William R. McCann, E. Sydney Ran-
dolph, Edward C. Sherman, and William
G. B. Thompson, engineers, all formerly
with Isthmian Canal Commission)
The recent disclosure of serious cracks
along the crest of Contractors' Hill, which
were first observed in 1938,1 the alarming
press reports of possible blockage of Culebra
(Gaillard) Cut by rock slides, the award of
an emergency contract for the removal of
more than 2,000,000 cubic yards of earth
and rock, and a subsequent movement of the
long dormant Cucaracha Slide on the oppo-
site side of the Cut, blocking the east half
of the channel, together with the Guate-
malan crisis, have again directed world at-
tention to the entire Panama Canal problem.
For many years, subject to controversy and
confusion, the principal issues of this prob-
lem have been substantially obscured. The
issues, nevertheless, are fundamental, and
they transcend all questions of personal and
group considerations. As such, they require
vigorous clarification.
The Panama Canal is a much neglected
waterway, now approaching obsolescence.
The necessity for its Increased capacity and
operational betterment have long been recog-
nized by the Congress.' Recently the vol-
ume of commercial traffic has been the
highest since 1914. However, there have
been no major Improvements in the shipway
since its original opening to traffic.
With the saturation point approaching, it
is of preponderant importance to provide.
without further delay, the additional transit
capacity and essential operational improve-
ments required to meet present and future

PROPOSALS FOR INCREASED FACILITIES To the above a number of lesser difficulties
The two major proposals for increased can be added. Included in these are regula-
facilities at Panama are: tion of the intermediate Miraflores Lake
(a) Improvement of the existing canal by water level, silting in the Pedro Miguel lock
completing an authorized third locks project chambers, excessive time required for lock-
adopted to include the features of a ter- ages, and periodic reductions in canal capac.
ninal lake plan, to form a terminal lake- ity caused by lock overhauls.
(b) Construction of a practically new Historically, the idea of a high-level lake
Panama Canal, improperly termed the sea- at the Pacific end of the Panama Canal
level project, traces back to the Oodin de Lepinay concep-
The above terms require some explanation, tlon of 1879. After occupation of the Canal
THID LOCKS PROJECT Zone by the United States, Chief Engineer
The third locks project, authorized by the John F. Stevens, early in 1906, urged, as a
Congress in 1939 as a defense measure, with- desirable change in plans. the construction
out a comprehensive Investigation,$. 4 pro- of the Pacific locks in continuous lifts near
out a comprehensive investigation,', pro- t
vided for locating a new set of larger locks Cerro Aguadulce, duplicating the Atlantic
(140 feet by 1,200 feet) in the vicinity of locks at Gatun. In 1908, Col. William L.
the existing locks and at some distance away Slbert made the identical proposal,7 which
from them for the primary purpose of af- wul be dcu d ater .
fording greater protection through dispersal. During World War II the same idea was
The new locks were to be joined with the further developed by an operating official of
existing channels by means of bypass the Panama Canal, In what was the first
channels reasoned solution of operational problems
The layout for bypass channels in the Pa- based upon marine experience, known as the
cific sector contains three sharp bends- Terminal Lake Plan. Publicly presented in
29 degrees, 47 degrees, and 37 degrees n the Canal Zone in a paper delivered on May
succession, from north to south. This 20, 1943, before the Panama section of the
scheme, If constructed, would create opera- American Society of Civil Enginers,8 the pro-
tional problems and navigational hazards of posal caused an immediate engineering sen-
the gravest character. The bypass plan for station on the Isthmus, and quickly aroused
the Atlantic sector is not subject to such worldwide interest, particularly among mar-
criticism, time agencies.
The third locks project also includes a The main features of the terminal lake
number of costly features for a future con- plan, which is designed to solve the principal
version of the Panama Canal to sea level. marine problems, are:
Adopted without either specific authoriza- 1. Physical removal of the bottleneckPedro
tion by the Congress or a comprehensive in- Miguel locks.
investigation of the ultimate objectives, thi 2. Construction of all Pacific locks in con-
vestigation of the ultimate objectives, this tenuous lifts, near Miraflores to eliminate
project is now recognized by discerning stu- ou lle, n ore t e ia
dents as resurrecting the old battle of the outlay andkage and to redue both capitalists.
levels in a new form-that of conversion, outla d and operating costs.
Au rin d at nw or t of c ionv ion.- 3. Elevation of the intermediate Miraflores
Authorized at a cost of $277 million, con Lake water level (54 feet) to that of Gatun
struction on the third locks project was Lake to create a summit-level anchorage
started in 1940, and pushed vigorously for a south of Culebra Cut.
time. In May 1942, however, after the ex- 4. Raising the entire summit water level
penditure of approximately $75 million, to its optimum height, approximately 92 feet,
mainly on lock-site excavations at Oatun thereby deepening the channel and conserv-
and Miraflores, the undertaking was sus- the channel and e
pended because of shortage of ships and ma- Widening of Culebr (aiater.llard) Cut.
terials, more urgently needed elsewhere for 5. Widening of Culebra (set llard) Cut.
6. Construction of a set of larger locks.
war purposes. No excavation was accom- These modifications would remove the
polished at Pedro Miguel. traffic choke at Pedro Miguel, correct the
The attempt, to say the least, proved dis- present operational dissymmetry of the Pan-
appointing. Suspension, however, has af- ama Canalt improve navigation, simplify
forded an opportunity for reexamination in canma operations, mitigate the effect of fogon
the light of experience in operating the canal, capacity, reduce marine accidents, decrease
MARINE OPERATIONAL PROBLEMS transit time, and Increase canal capacity.
Painstaking studies and repeated observa- The best operational canal economically prac-
tion of Panama Canal operations have estab- ticable would be attained.
lished that its principal marine problems Such a program of improvement, which
are: 6 may be described as the terminal lake-third
1. Dangerous bottleneck at Pedro Miguel, locks plan, could be accomplished at rela-
and lack of a Pacific summit anchorage, tively low cost-estimated under $600 million,
2. Double handling of vessels at separated widening Culebra (Gaillard) Cut excluded.
Pacific locks. The latter would be frugally accomplished
3. Effect of fog in Culebra (Gaillard) Cut over a prolonged period. Moreover, there is
on canal capacity and operations, no doubt as to the soundness of the terminal
4. Lockage surges In Culebra (Gaillard) lake idea at Miraflores. as a similar arrange-
Cut caused by operation of the Pedro Mguel ment has been tested for 40 years at Gatun,
Cut caused by operation of the Pedro Miguel and found eminently satisfactory.
locks (-foot maximum amplitude). The terminal lake-third locks plan, if lock
5. Limited operating range of Gatun Lake sites at the Pacific end of the canal are prop-
water level (87 to 82 feet). erly selected, will permit the construction of
6. Navigational hazards in the restricted additional paralleling locks to meet future
channel of Culebra (Gaillard) Cut (300-foot needs. This likewise could be done at Gatun.
minimum width). The Governor of the Panama Canal, when
7. Inadequate dimensions of present locks testifying before the House Committee on
(100 by 1,000 feet). Merchant Marine and Fisheries on November

15, 1945, approved the terminal lake plan in
principle," for the major modification of the
existing waterway.
It is important to record here that the en-
largement of existing canal facilities, such
as contemplated in the terminal lake-third
locks plan, is specifically covered by treaty
with the Repubic of Panama,.' and would not
require negotiation of a new treaty.
After the first explosion of an atomic bomb
in 1945, the 79th Congress enacted Public Law
280, authorizing the Governor of the Panama
Canal to conduct a comprehensive investiga-
gation of the means for increasing canal
"capacity" and "security" to meet future
needs of interoceanicc commerce" and "na-
tional defense," including a reexamination
of the third locks project and consideration
of canals at other locations.
The Governor's report of his investiga-
tion,u predicated on an extreme interpre-
tation of the "security" factor of a law
originally drafted in the Canal Zone, recom-
mended construction of a practically new
Panama Canal, known as the sea-level proj-
ect, initially estimated in 1947 to cost ap-
proximately $2,500,000,000. Under present
conditions, the proposal would likely cost
several times that amount, not to mention its
engineering uncertainties and international
complications. The project would require a
tidal lock at the Pacific end of the canal,
many miles of massive dikes for flood reser-
voirs on both sides of the main channel, di-
version channels, and other vulnerable fea-
The report makes no mention of impor-
tant diplomatic involvements of the sea-level
project, These involvements include con-
struction of a new channel somewhat re-
moved from the existing channel, diversion
of the Chagres River with a flooding of
Panamanian territory below Madden Dam,
draining of Gatun Lake with health and
sanitation implications, and disruption of
several small channels to Panamanian set-
tlements on the lake with probable grounds
for damages.
The sea-level project is not covered by
existing treaties and, therefore, would require
negotiation of a new treaty to determine
specific conditions involved in its construc-
tion, operation, and protection, with tre-
mendous indemnity, greatly increased an-
nuity payments, and diplomatic hazards.
Not to be overlooked is a likelihood that de-
mand for internationalization of the Panama
Canal may be precipitated.
The official report of the 1947 investigation
recommends none but the so-called sea-level
project for a major increase of canal facili-
ties. This recommendation serves to ex-
clude what may be the best solution of the
canal problem when evaluated from all
The report a was transmitted to the Con-
gress by the President on December 1, 1947,
and without Presidential approval. The re-
port was never published, nor has the Con-
gress ever taken any action thereon.
As recently reported in October 1953, canal
authorities have obtained approval to ex-
pend funds for repairs and alterations to
existing canal facilities and structures, at an
estimated ultimate cost of $26,500,000. The
proposition is not a fundamental canal im-
provement; symptoms are being treated.

While some more-or-less minor improvements
would be made, inherent defects of design
will still prevail.
For this reason, such repairs and altera-
tions are makeshift in character and without
sufficient merit. Moreover, reliance on minor
alterations, in lieu of major improvements.
will inevitably delay the basic and long-over-
due solution of the canal question. The
funds expended on structures that may be
abandoned in the Terminal Lake-Third lock
proposal, for example improvement of Pedro
Miguel locks, would be a waste of money;
and all such improvements necessarily would
be abandoned if a sea-level canal were ever
built, except perhaps the all-weather navi-
gation equipment.
The historic rival of the Panama Canal
route is one using Lake Nicaragua. There
are other areas that have sought an inter-
oceanic canal, some of which have had strong
In the development of a long-range Isth-
mian Canal Policy, all routes should re-
ceive full and unbiased consideration by an
Independent body.
The third locks project, as previously
stated, served to resurrect the old debate as
to the type of canal. Later, on advent of
the atomic bomb, discussions of the defense
aspects of the canal problem became ani-
mated, with the 1946-47 investigation direc-
ted toward securing maximum inherent
physical resistance to destruction from at-
tack. The development of more powerful
A-bombs and of the H-bomb since 1947,
however, has shown that the idea of obtain-
ing security through passive protection em-
bodied in design is untenable.
Aside from the atomic and hydrogen
bombs, the recurrent discussions as to the
relative advantages and disadvantages of
the high-level (lake-and-lock) and sea-level
(tidal-lock) types of canal were exhaustively
investigated, debated, and considered in
1906, when the Congress and the President
decided in favor of the high-level plan"
under which the canal was constructed.
With the exception of operational defects in
the Pacific sector, it has been successfully
operated. These defects can, and should, be
In considering the question of type of
canal, it is self-evident that the operational
advantages of unrestricted navigation in
lakes outweigh the minor hazards and time
lost by passage through locks. Not only that,
raising the entire summit water level as pro-
vided in the Terminal Lake-third locks plan
is less hazardous and far more predictable
in Its consequences than attempting to lower
the bottom of Culebra Cut another 108.7 feet
at Contractors Hill, as contemplated in the
sea-level project.
A proper location of Pacific Locks with re-
lation to the major improvement of the
Panama Canal cannot be overemphasized.
This subject was seriously studied in 1907-
08 by Col. William L. Sibert of the Isthmian
Canal Commission-a fact that should be
better known.
Ever desirous of consolidating the 3 Pacific-
Lock lifts, as had been originally suggested
by Chief Engineer Stevens, Colonel Sibert
organized extensive explorations to find

proper rock foundations for a pair of three-
lift locks at Miraflores, as at Gatun. In the
drafting room daily rumors of the rock situ-
ation were coupled with close observation
of Colonel Sibert, who ordinarily was a very
calm man, always interested in every one in
the office.
One day, in 1908, he emerged from his
office, waving a roll of blueprints, and ex-
claimed, "There is enough rock at Mira-
flores for 3 lifts"4--the only time he ever
showed such animation. His subordinates,
recognizing the significance of his excited
statement, looked forward to acceptance of
the idea, as a great improvement of the ap-
proved design.
Unfortunately, the Sibert proposal was not
adopted. The stated reasons for Its rejec-
tion were:
(1) Work accomplished would be lost.
(2) Constructon plant had been ordered.
(3) Canal completion would be delayed.
(4) Public opinion in the United States
would be adversely affected by a change of
any sort, as evidence of weakness in the high-
level plan.
The first three reasons, In the perspective
of today, do not appear valid. The fourth,
perhaps, was controlling.
When the decision against combining the
Pacific locks was made, the Isthmian Canal
Commission did not include a member ex-
perienced In marine operations. What would
have been the result had there been such a
member for Colonel Sibert to consult, no
one can now state. But, in the light of later
knowledge developed in 1941-44, t its in-
deed regrettable that Colonel Sibert's solu-
tion was not accepted.
The Isthmlan Canal policy of the United
States has long had as Its main objective
the construction of an interoceanic water-
way of the best type at the best location to
supply the best canal for the transit of yes-
eels-and at low costs of construction, main-
tenance, and operation.
The achievement of this objective Involves
a thorough study of the operational, engi-
neering, and construction history of the Pan-
ama Canal, its Third Locks Project, other lo-
cations, diplomatic relationships, protection,
and effect of burdensome construction costs
on tolls.
Experience in the recent past (1939-64)
has conclusively established that tht e canal
problem is not a proper task for routine
agencies of the Government, which of neces-
sity are ex parts In character, with results
well illustrated in the collapse of the Third
Lock Project, and in the failure of the ith -
mian Canal Studies of 1947 I to win congres-
sional approval.
Today, in Panama, the United States
stands challenged before the world. We
started a third-lock project-but we never
finished It. An ill-advised sealevel project
submitted by Canal Zone authorities has
failed of executive and congressional ap-
proval. And still the years pass by with no
constructive action yet in evidence to pro-
vide an improved canal capable of handling
the traffic of peace-or war.
In order to secure a proper resolution of
the problem, It is abundantly clear that an
Independent and wholly American Inter-
oceanic canals commission is required, and
that it should be Immediately created and

put to work in developing a timely, definite.
and wisely reasoned Isthmian Canal Policy.
To this end, the Commission should be made
up of broad-gaged, unbiased, and inde-
pendent men of the widest engineering, op-
erational, governmental, and business ex-
perience, not dominated by routine executive

SPanama Canal Review, VoL 4 (May 4,
1954), p. 1.
SHon. Clark W. Thompson, *Tnteroceanle
Canals Problem," CONGRESsroNAL RwCORD,
Vol. 98, Pt. 8 (Jan. 15, 1951), p. A163.
SH. Doc. No. 210, 76th Cong. (1989).
4Public Law 891, 76th Cong.. approved
August 11, 1939.
SHon. Willis W. Bradley, What of the Pan-
ama Canal? CoomsLCoNAL RecoaD, vol. 94,
pt. 10 (Apr. 21, 1948), p. A249, contains an
able discussion of the principal operational
SMiles P. DuVal, And the Mountains Will
Move (Stanford University Press. 1947). p.
'Harry 0. Cole, Tribute to Sydney B. Wil-
llamson, CoONsussrosx~ RECOoD. vol. 94, pt.
11 (May 21, 1948), p. A8191 contains a brief
summary of Pacific lock arrangement history.
'Duval, "The Marine Operating Problems.
Panama Canal, and the Solution," A8. S. 0. .
Proceedings vol. 73 (IFb. 1947), p. 161; and
Transactions, vol. 114 (1949), p. 558.
SHearings on H. R. 4480, 79th Congress
November 165, 1945, p. 9.
1 Treaty Series No. 945, General Treaty Be.
tween the United States of Ameriea and Pan-
ama of March 2, 1936 (Hull-Alfaro Treaty).
United States Government Printing Office,
1939, p. 4.
"Report of the Governor of the Panama
Canal under Public Law 280, 79th Congress,
available at headquarters of American So-
etety of Civil Engineers, New York, N. Y., and
In various committees of the Congress.
nSummarized in American Society of
Civil Engineers, Transactions, vol. 114 (1949),
pp. 60-006.
SHon. Clark W. Thompson, "Isthmian
Canal Policy of the United States-Docu-
mentation," CON~RESSaONAL RaCO.D, vol. 101,
pt. 3 (Mar. 28, 1955). p. 8810, contains useful
bibliographical list.
President Theodore Roosevelt, message
to the Congress, transmitting report of In-
ternational Board of Consulting Engineers,
February 19, 1906, and act of Congress, ap-
proved June 29, 1906.
"Recollection of Wm. R. McCann, who
was attached to Colonel Slbert's staff. For
Colonel Sibert's story, see William L. Sibert
and John F. Stevens, The Construction of
the Panama Canal (New York: D. Appleton
& Co., 1915).
SHarry O. Cole, What Should Be Done To
Improve the Panama Canal and Sequel,
CONGREosIONAL REGO D, vol. 94, pt. 10 (May 4,
1948), p. A2743, contains illuminating infor-
1 The Panama Canal Problem: A memoran-
dum to the Members of the Congress, 1954,
quoted In an address to the House of Repre-
sentatives by Hon. EUB ge J. Knoo., OON-
GaEssIoKaL Rcoa-, vol. 100, pt. 6 (April 29,
1954), p. 5795.

officially confirmed that the fund is a "continuing one", and that it is
"as solvent as the Government itself".

There being no further business before the meeting, President Hayes
asked for a motion to adjourn; motion made by Mr. Archie Burn, seconded
by Mr. Frank Hayes; motion carried, and meeting adjourned at 3:35 P.M.
Agnes V. Hall (Mrs. Burt W.)
Recording Secretary

About 40 people attended the first picnic at Lake Maggiore on March
18, 1957, and perfect picnic weather prevailed.
Among the out-of-town members and visitors were:
Mr. and Mrs. William Higgins (house guests of the Francis Feeneys)
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Snyder (house guests of Mrs. George Dolan)
Miss Mary Walsh (sister of Mrs. Burt W. Hall)
Mr. and Mrs. L F. Weigold
Mrs. Marjorie Gardiner (daughter of the Weigolds)
Mrs. Edna Whitver, of Orlando (house guest of the Howard Dworaks)
Mr. Archie Burn

Minutes of Regular Meeting April 8th, 1957
Tourist Center, St. Petersburg, Florida

About 75 members were present for the Society's regular meeting, at
the Tourist Center, St. Petersburg.
Meeting was called to order at 2:15 P. M. by President Troy Hayes,
who requested all to rise and sing one verse of "America". Mrs. Stutzman
accompanied on the piano.
Invocation was offered by Chaplain Lee Burns.

The following officers were present:
President -__- ---.... Mr. Troy Hayes
Vice-President ___.... -- Mr. Macon M. Turner
Secretary-Treasurer ----- Mrs. Lucille S. Judd
Recording Secretary .--------Mrs. Burt W. Hall

The following out-of-town members, new members and visitors were
welcomed; among them:
Mr. and Mrs. James Hunter, vacationing from the Canal Zone
Mrs. Charles Persons, recently returned from the Canal Zone
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Cameron, of Long Beach, Calif.

Mr. Louis Langel, of Tampa, Fla.
Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Bullard, of Flint, Mich.
Mr. J. W. Parrish, of Tampa, Fla.
Mr. and Mrs. Albert Korsan, of Milwaukee, Wis.
Membership Report: 1512 paid-up members as of April 1st, 1957.
Recording Secretary read minutes of Regular meeting, held March
llth, 1957, at the Tourist Center; President Hayes, hearing no omissions
or corrections, declared them approved.
Report of Committees: None.
Special Interest: Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Judd, read many let-
ters received, and made several announcements of interest to the members.

On the Sick List:
Mr. Warren Schultz, of Tampa, Florida
Capt. Bodden
Tommy Parker, grandson of the Woodruffs

The demise of the following was noted:
Mr. Peter Greening Mr. James Ellis
Mr. Harry Yard Mrs. F. O. Mulvin
Mr. Raymond E. Betterley
President Hayes announced that the next regular meeting would be
a picnic meeting, at Lowry Park, Tampa, on May 13th, 1957.
Legislation: Mr. W. L. Hersh gave an outline of the various bills
before the Congress of interest to Civil Service Retirees. He also read a
letter received from Senator Geo. A. Smathers, of Florida, by Mrs. Warren
Unfinished Business: None.
New Business: None.
There being no further business before the meeting, President Hayes
asked for a motion to adjourn: motion made by Mr. Calvit, seconded by
Mr. Bartlett; motion carried and meeting adjourned at 3:30 P. M.
Agnes V. Hall (Mrs. Burt W.)
Recording Secretary


1065 Serrano Court, Lafayette, Calif., April 2, 1957
Dear Friends:
Whenever any ex-Canal people learn there are others from the Zone
in the same area they enjoy getting together to renew old friendships and

associations. Just why they get that way is hard to explain, but long resi-
dence on the Canal Zone unquestionably establishes a common bond. Be-
cause of this a group of ex-Canal Zoners met on January 12, 1957 and
FORNIA. At this meeting the undersigned was elected to serve as Presi-
dent; Mr. Ernie L. Payne, Vice-President; and Mrs. Ruth Robertson, Sec-
retary-Treasurer. Like other Panama Canal Societies in several other
areas, the purpose of our Society is to perpetuate the friendships formed
in the Canal Zone by arranging social gatherings and meetings at suitable
intervals. It is intended to have two regular gatherings a year-one in June
in the form of a picnic and to include the children of the family, and an
indoor gathering in January for the adult members. Present plans are for
a picnic this June at Flood Park, in Menlo Park, which has a swimming
pool and a children's playground. A detailed announcement of this pic-
nic will be issued later.
The purpose of this letter is to invite you good folks to become mem-
bers of our Society. The dues are $1.50 per annum for a married couple
or for an individual. Membership is open to citizens of the United States
of America who are or have been employed in or about the construction,
operation, maintenance, or defense of The Panama Canal, or who have
lived in the Canal Zone or the cities adjacent thereto. Also, members of
the families of such eligibles may apply for membership. If you know
of any ex-Zonites who did not receive a copy of this letter, won't you
please forward their names and addresses with your application?
While a Society of this kind will probably appeal more to the retired
people, we want the young people from the Canal Zone to feel that it is
their organization too. We are proud of the fine young people who were
reared on the Canal Zone, and we welcome them and their families. We
feel that the June picnics should be of special appeal to the younger
people. Won't you join with us?
Make out application for membership and forward it with $1.50 for
1957 dues to our Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Ruth Robertson, 158 Crest.
wood Drive, Apt. 7, Daly City, California. It would be greatly appre-
ciated if this were done real soon.
Hasta la vista,
Norman E. Rocker, President

For some time, Ex-Canal Zoners in the San Francisco Bay area had
discussed the forming of a Panama Canal Society; however, it was for
Mrs. Ruth Brown Robertson to start the ball rolling. On her own initia-

tive, she collected a goodly-sized list of names and addresses and sug-
gested, at a large party at the San Carlos home of her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. Fred W. Brown, that a society be formed. At that time a committee
was appointed to arrange for a picnic-meeting for the purpose of organ-
izing. Since cool weather was setting in it was decided by the committee
to rent the charming clubhouse of Temescal Regional Park in Oakland
which had a large, rose bordered patio adjacent to the clubhouse which
could be used in case it rained or was too cool. The meeting was called
for the afternoon and evening of January 12, 1957 and sure enough, it
was too cool and it rained all afternoon and evening. Just as one might
surmise, however, the rain did not stop a single Canal Zoner nor could it
dampen his spirits, bringing people from Napa, Santa Rosa, San Rafael,
Los Altos, Saratoga, San Francisco, Walnut Creek and San Carlos, to men-
tion a few. A roaring fire of logs in the huge fireplace of the clubhouse
made the place merry and cast a glow of happiness that seemed to increase
the friendliness spread on the faces there. Close to sixty persons attended
this first gathering.

The group elected as President, Mr. Norman E. Rocker; as Vice-pres-
ident, Mr. Ernie L. Payne; and as Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. Ruth B.
Robertson. They organized under the name of The Panama Canal Society
of Northern California. A constitution was adopted, and a special com-
mittee, consisting of Mr. H. A. McConaughey, Mrs. Ruth Robertson, Mr.
Sidney Neville and Mrs. Ruth Duncan was appointed to draft a set of
by-laws. A standing committee, consisting of Mr. J. F. Prager, Mrs. Arthur
Beard, Mr. Claude Howell, Mrs. Fred Brown and Mr. Enio Lindstrom
was appointed for arranging for future meetings.

It was resolved by the Society that in appreciation and to recognize
initiative and effort given to start the organization, Mrs. Ruth Brown
Robertson be given the designation of Founder of the Society.

All members present were requested to turn in the names and ad-
dresses of all ex-Canal Zone people in Northern California so that every-
one in the area could be contacted before the next meeting of the Society,
which will probably be a picnic held sometime during the early part of

Upon conclusion of the business the meeting was adjourned and
"yakking" and eating began. The day was a complete success and the new
Society is well on its way to being a solid reality whose main function
is to meet and have fun.


Capt. and Mrs. B. C. Judd were honor guests of the club's dinner
party held at Bob Orr's Restaurant, 902 South Richey, Pasadena, Texas.
A delicious dinner was served to the following members and their guests.

Mr. and Mrs. Roy Searcy
Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Brown
Miss Ceil Felchak
Mrs. Charles Courser
Mr. and Mrs. N. L. Levy
Mr. and Mrs. Sam Souder
Mr. L. B. Ferree
Mr. and Mrs. Michel J. Theologian
Mr. and Mrs. James Roe
Mr. and Mrs. Toni Lieshout
Mr. and Mrs. Hugh C. Turner
Mr. Murriell Souder

Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Potochny
Capt. and Mrs. B. C. Judd
Mrs. T. H. Robinson
Mr. Milton Smith
Mrs. Peggy Ellis
Mr. and Mrs. Edgar C. Soule
Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Leeser
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Orr
Mr. and Mrs. Robt. M. Wilford
Mrs. Otto S. Sundquist
Mr. and Mrs. Victor May

Officers elected for the club for 1957:
Mr. A. S. Brown President
Mr. Samuel R. Souder, Vice President
Mrs. Bertha Turner Secretary-Treasurer
A volunteer phone committee composed of several ladies was formed
to assist the secretary in the club's future activities. A $1.00 membership
fee was agreed upon to take care of the expenses incurred during the year.
Former employees of the Canal Zone rose and gave a resume of their
service and experience on the Zone. Mr. Edgar C. Soule gave an interest-
ing account of his and Mrs. Soule's stay on the Isthmus. Mr. Samuel R.
Souder told about his childhood experience with Gov. Goethals, giving
him and another little boy a dollar to buy ice cream with. Mr. Nathan
E. Levy went to the Canal Zone in 1907. Later returned to the States and
married the lovely Mrs. Levy and she went down as a bride where they
lived until they retired in 1937.

A surprise birthday party was held at Mrs. Peggy Ellis' February
26th for Mr. Nathan I. Leavy, who celebrated his 75th birthday in the
Rock & Roll Age. Mr. Levy was presented with a Bible of the Old and
New Testaments with large print. They left March 3rd on a trip to New
Orleans, La. and points in Florida. They attended the Mardi Gras parade
and ball and were guests of the B. Marcuse and family. In Florida they vis-
ited A. R. Lanes in Orlando and J. F. Krause also of Orlando. Miss Paul-

ine Melms in Lake Worth. They enjoyed Miami Beach and Key West
before returning home.
Mrs. J. H. Orr is very much improved since her last visit to the
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Clements are the proud parents of a son born
The most likable and loveable visitors in Houston, Texas recently
were Capt. and Mrs. B. C. Judd of St. Petersburg, Florida. They were
visiting their son Roy and Mrs. Searcy of this city.
Bertha J. Turner, Sec'y.-Treas.


Before reaching Denver we consulted our Year Book of the Panama
Canal Society of Florida and found we would drive through Arriba, Colo.
listed as the home of Mr. and Mrs. Leonard H. Stark. Inquiry at the Post
Office revealed that the Starks are gad-abouts too and are presently in
Grand Junction, Colo. Sorry to have missed you, folks. A few miles
farther and we saw The Tower at Genoa and were reminded that in 1938
we stopped there to see the surrounding seven states and learned that the
owner of The Tower and Museum was a former Civil Engineer who had
worked many years in Central and South America. Having several rolls
of film of the Panama Canal with us, we delighted the heart of the old
time engineer by darkening a tiny room in The Tower and showing the
then recent pictures of The Canal. The owner was about the age we are
now and we thought he was old. How we do change.
Again consulting our year book, we visited Mrs. Adelaide I. Lewis
and what a refreshing visit, for this lovely gracious lady may be elderly
according to calendar years, but perennially young in every other way.
She eagerly told of how Ralph Cutler had searched the records and written
many letters for seven years before finally locating her in Denver to tell
the good news of recompense for the construction workers of the Panama
Canal. She is deeply grateful to Ralph Cutler and his untiring efforts as
are many other Old Timers. Mrs. Lewis, with 2 small daughters, arrived
on the Isthmus in March 1907 to join her husband, Charles L. Lewis, em-
ployed as train man at Tabernilla. Promotions took them to Bas Obispo,
Gorgona, Las Cascadas, Corozal and Balboa where they lived in one of
the new concrete houses on the Prado. Mr. Lewis resigned in 1915. He

died in St. Louis in 1937. She lives with her daughter, Sara Lewis, who
is Librarian with the Federal Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Prisons.

By telephone, we made the acquaintance of Mr. Al Rosenquist and
learned that he was employed on the Zone from 1910 to 1923, first work-
ing for the Gorgona Shops. When the shops were moved to Empire his
last official duty was to pull down the old smoke stack at Gorgona. He is
now employed by the Sinclair Refinery in Denver. We visited with Mr.
and Mrs. Clyde H. Ingersoll who recently moved into a lovely apartment
after selling their former home. They told of visits from the Gus Kolles
of Russellville, Ark. and Dr. John and Sue Core Odom of Dothan, Ala-
bama and many others. The Ingersolls spent the winter in Mesa and No-
gales, Arizona. Long distance calls to Greeley informed us that Al and
Norma Evans Harrington with two children were visiting Norma's parents,
the D. J. Evans and sister Muriel in Birmingham, Alabama. Luncheon
with Roy and Gladys Graham who own and operate the prosperous Gra-
ham Employment Mart. The five little Grahams are growing up fast, one
of them being over 6 feet tall.

Noting the joy of meeting old time friends and associates of C.Z.
days, Alice Ray Wier called many 2nd and 3rd generation ex-Canal
Zoners (school-mates) which resulted in a meeting in the Wier home on
the Post of Fitzsimons Army Hospital and the Panama Canal Society of
Colorado was organized. As a surprise for refreshments was a center-
piece of delicious Fried Plantain cooked according to Gladys Graham's
Tropical Cook Book. How the guests did drool. In order that the readers
of the Canal Record might more easily recognize some of the younger
folk, I asked that they write brief notes-here they are. Dorothy Kalar born
in Gorgas, married Roy Kennedy. Left Zone 1951, came to Denver 1954.
Roy passed CPA exam. in May 1955 now works for CPA firm in Denver,
live in nearby Englewood. Father worked in Port Captain's office. Mother
Helen Kalar, worked as cashier in Balboa Commy. Two children, Beth,
14 and Lee, 11 years old. Irene M. Stade-father was Chief Planner and
Estimator of Mechanical Div. in Cristobal, died in 1944. Graduated from
Cristobal High School in 1941, worked for U.S. Navy and Inspection Bur-
eau, and Acct. Dept. Married Dorel E. Smith, a detective in the finger
print dept. of CZ Police, Cristobal, in Calif. 1946. Lived in Denver almost
11 years, have three children, Toni Lynn, 8, Philip John 4, and Jennifer
Ann 2Y2 years old. Dorel is a Sgt. on Denver Police Force. William H.
(Bill) and Elizabeth (Bit) Kendrick lived in Pedro Miguel and Cocoli
from 1941 to 1951, both worked on the Locks. Returned for six months
during the Gatun Locks Overhaul in 1956.

Lillian Zapancic, nurse, Gorgas Hospital, arrived in March, 1949,
married Dr. Myron Szczakowski, December 1951. Two children, Myron
now 5 yrs. old and Lori, 3 yrs. old. The Dr. is a resident Radiologist at
Veterans Hospital in Denver. Will finish residency in December '57 and
plan to return to the Canal Zone in January 1958 for a few years. Also
present were Mrs. Lewis and daughter Sara and the Grahams. Officers
chosen were Mrs. Adelaide Lewis, Hon. President, Roy E. Graham, Presi-
dent, Dorothy Kennedy, Secty, Sara Lewis, Publicity Chairman and Bit
Kendrick is Program Chairman. As they enthusiastically called off the
names of former Canal Zone folk living in Denver and environs, they soon
had a long list of names, including Dr. Russell Wright of Longmont, who
when called by phone was "all for organizing a Society". They went out
into a stormy night but their hearts were warmed as they planned pro-
grams, picnics and patio parties to which all former residents of the Canal
Zone now residing in Colorado are invited to join.
After bragging or deploring, depending on your point of view and
occupation, in our last report, about the lack of snow at Tranquil Acres
this past winter, we were surprised with a 2" snowfall on April 12th, ac-
companied by a freeze that damaged our flowering shrubs and fruit trees.
Mrs. Charles McGinn (Jean Ann White) and daughter Randi were
guests for three weeks of Jean's grandmother, Mrs. Nannie I. Brown, while
Lt. McGinn put in some intensive training at the Air Force base in Little
Rock, Arkansas, where they now live. In March, it was our pleasure to
have Mrs. Celamira Malek of David, Chiriqui Province, R. de P. speak to
our local Home Demonstration Club and show slides of the work being
done in Panama among the young 4H members and home making projects
for the women in the Province. Mrs. Malek is studying at the University
in connection with the Point Four Program. Before his death, Mr. Malek
used to pilot the plane from David to Panama City. Mrs. Malek will spend
four weeks with the Univ. of Durham, N. H., later going to Washington,
D. C. before returning to Panama where she will be a Province Agent for
4H and Home Demonstration work.
Our President, Edwin W. Booth, Sr. has returned from a visit to New
Orleans and Memphis, Tenn. Other gad-abouts were the Jimmie Comans
of Bentonville who spent Easter with their son, Capt. J. B. Coman, Jr. and
family in Biloxi, Miss. They also visited Frank and Ulma Phillips of
Shrevesport, La., whom we hear will soon retire once more, this time from
a successful real estate business and will return to Northwest Arkansas.
Jimmie and Lula Mae are all excited about the retirement of Lula Mae's
sister, Mrs. Mattie Macauley of Cristobal which takes place the end of
May. We welcome Mattie to our Society.

George and Edith Engelke flew to Washington, D. C. to attend the
wedding of their son John Leland Engelke to Christina Ann Morgan, dau-
ghter of Dr. and Mrs. Raymond Morgan of Highland, Maryland, mar-
ried at high noon at St. Thomas Church, March 16, 1957. John is now
out of the Army. After a bout with pneumonia for the bride and measles
for the groom, we are happy to report they are now in Berkeley, Calif.
where John will continue his research for his Ph. D. in Chemistry. Lynn
and Maude Cook are still in Colorado Springs visiting their daughter
Lucille and son-in-law Lt. Col. and Mrs. David Nanny and family.
We are sorry to report the sudden passing of Samuel Earle Bell in
Colton, Calif. on February 24th while sitting in his car at the super mar-
ket, whom many former residents of Pedro Miguel will remember. Our
deepest sympathy to his widow, Mrs. Mary J. Bell, whose lovely contralto
voice has many times comforted other widows as she sang .
"In the land of Endless Day
Lies a City Four Square
And it shall not pass away
For there is no night there."
An item of interest in the Arkansas Democrat published in Little Rock
--"Doctor to Donate Land for New Armory" told that Dr. Ben N. Saltz-
man of Moutain Home, Ark. will donate a 3-acre tract for the location of
a proposed $70,000 armory to be used as headquarters for the Mt. Home
National Guard Unit. Dr. Saltzman is the son-in-law of Grover Bohan
who with his wife the former Mrs. Wilhemina Fransen Sandiford, lives
in Jonesboro, Ark.
Other gad-abouts for Easter Vacation were your reporter and friend
husband Newell, who journeyed to Manhattan, Kansas to visit the Jr.
Shaws, Raymond Newell and Barbara. Ray is a teacher in the Kansas
State College and among the students at the College are Mike and Jeanine
Kleasner Zimmermann, daughter of Eugene and Madge Kleasner still liv-
ing on the Zone. What a talk-fest as we all had dinner at the Student
Union. The two young couples will make interesting announcements in
June and August and the Kleasners will be visiting in Manhattan. On to
Denver for a most happy and active eight-day visit with Col. James and
Alice Ray Weir and daughter Linda--son Tom is a student at the Color-
ado Academy.
Under separate cover your News Editor has been furnished with pic-
tures and a write-up of our Society in N.W. Arkansas which appeared in
the Arkansas Democrat, the result of a notice in the Northwest Arkansas

Times (Fayetteville), as requested by the Florida Society concerning pres-
ent agitation for sea-level canal, read by a free lance writer of Springdale
who sensed a good story for the Democrat, wrote to President Booth who
turned it over to your reporter.
Blanche E. Shaw

There was an interesting article in the Arkansas Democrat recently
about the 50 or more persons who now make Northwest Arkansas their
home. Because of their background, this group enjoy a special sort of
fellowship because all of them came to the State by way of the Panama
Canal. The article goes on to say,

Obviously, they didn't go down there looking for a short cut to the
Ozarks. They went, most of them many years ago, to work at jobs that
were of vital importance to the welfare of the country, and they had no
idea that they would spend their retirement years in Arkansas.

The fact that so many of them chose to do so is a real tribute to the
state, for on their many trips back to the U. S. A. they traveled widely,
always on the alert for the ideal place to live when they retired. Before
deciding on Arkansas, they surely considered their native states; the mem-
bers of the club hail from Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Massachusetts,
Washington, West Virginia, New Mexico, New York, District of Columbia,
Louisiana and Texas.

The late Capt. Jack Phillips, Fayetteville, who was Inspector of Police
in the Canal Zone for almost 30 years, interested many of them in the
section, and it was at his home that the Panama Canal Society of North-
west Arkansas was organized in June, 1951. Edwin Booth and Mrs. Newell
N. Shaw, both of Fayetteville, are this year's president and secretary.

The senior members of the society are M. L Gould, Rogers, who went
to the Canal Zone in 1905 and helped build some of the first homes for
the Americans who were living temporarily in boxcars, and Mrs. Nannie
Brown, Fayetteville, whose father and husband were both Canal Zone em-
ployees. A native of Houston, Texas, she went to the zone in 1906 and
reared a family of five children there.


311 So. Ogden Englewood, Colorado
Secretary-Treasurer April 26, 1957
Panama Canal Society of Florida
P. O. Box 249, Station "A", St. Petersburg, Fla.
Dear Mrs. Judd:
At a gathering held at the home of Lt. Colonel and Mrs. James Weir,
on the evening of April 25, 1957, the Panama Canal Society of Colorado
was organized.
Twelve former Canal Zone residents were present, including Mr. and
Mrs. Newell Shaw of Fayetteville, Arkansas. Those in attendance were:
Mr. and Mrs. William H. Kendricks Lt. Col. and Mrs. Weir
Mr. and Mrs. Myron Szczukowski Mrs. Doral Smith
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Graham Miss Sara Lewis
Mrs. Dorothy Kennedy (Roy F.) Mrs. C. L. Lewis
Mr. Roy Kennedy and Mr. Doral Smith were unable to attend.
Election of officers was held and the following were elected:
President --....-..-- -- Mr. Roy Graham
Honorary President ...... Mrs. C. L. Lewis
Secretary --..-. --- Mrs. Roy Kennedy
Press Agent ---.- Miss Sara Lewis
Program Chairman .---__.... Mrs. William Kendrick
Dorothy K. Kennedy, Secretary


Here we go again! Panama Canal folks seem to be always on the
move, going somewhere, visiting somebody. More power to 'em, bless 'em!
We'll start with the Kelleys of Hendersonville. Young Tom is now
in the Service, has completed his boot training and is stationed at Camp
Gordon, located near Augusta, Ga. As that is "not far" from Henderson-
ville, as young people bigger these days, being about 150 miles, he gets
home often for weekends.
Daughter Margie's engagement and approaching marriage was an-
nounced recently, to Mr. Murray W. Seagears of Albany, N. Y. The wed-
ding will take place in Washington, D. C. on May 25th. Both Margie and
Murray are graduates of the University of Vermont. They will reside in
Albany where Murray is employed by the Liberty Mutual Insurance Co.
Mrs. Emma Luckey, mother of Mrs. Kelley, was operated on for a

cataract in February and is recovering very nicely at her home in Hen-
Mrs. R. A. Patterson returned to her home in Hendersonville in
March after spending two months in New York where she was called be-
cause of the illness of her mother.
Mr. and Mrs. Tom Coleman of Hendersonville spent several months
in the Canal Zone visiting their children and grandchildren. They are
now at home again.
Mr. and Mrs. Dow Walker of Asheville have also returned home after
spending six months in the Canal Zone and Panama.
Mr. W. E. (Bill) Adams of Asheville has been quite ill but is now
much improved.
The Paul Barnards, formerly of Pedro Miguel, passed through WNC
this spring but failed to contact any local friends. They have recently
retired and are presently living in Valley Falls, R. I. Mrs. Barnard is
well known in the Canal Zone for her beautiful paintings.
Miss Martha Irvin, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Sam Irvin of Hender-
sonville, was married to Lt. Don D. Phillips, USAF, on March 17th at
Chaumont, France. Martha, until her marriage, was with the American
Red Cross at Chaumont and formerly at Rabat, Morocco.
A son, Samuel Sullivan Irvin, III, was born to Lt. and Mrs. S. S.
Irvin, II, USNR, at Asheville, N. C., on March llth. "Sam Three" is the
first grandson of "Doc" and Bessie Irvin of Hendersonville. Sam Two
got his first look at his new son when he returned home from the seas the
latter part of April.
The S. R. Hiters of Hendersonville took off for their summer camp
in New York State early in April. They were accompanied by their son
Bill who spent his Easter holidays with them, later returning to Belmont
Abbey, N. C., where he is a student.
Bena and Tommy Sawyer of Hendersonville spent Easter with friends
at Annapolis, Md.
Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Stergion and family from Coming, N. Y. spent
the Easter vacation with Mrs. Stergion's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Austin
Brooks of Skyland.
Word has been received of the death of Mr. Sherman Carter Aber-
nathy at his home in Asheville on April 4th. Mr. Abernathy was em-
ployed in the Canal Zone Police Dept. for many years before retiring
twenty years ago. Mrs. Abernathy died in 1952.
Mrs. E. M. Goolsby, a well-known Panama Canal oldtimer, died in
San Diego, Calif. on April 6th at the age of 94. She spent most of her
married life in the Canal Zone where her husband was Clerk of the Court.

He died in 1932. She is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Mary Goolsby
Shivers, with whom she made her home, a granddaughter, Dorothy and
several nieces and nephews in WNC, among them Mrs. George Ward, the
wife of our president, and Mrs. Maude Holland and Mrs. Peggy Pyne,
all of Weaverville.
Mrs. A. B. Cole of West Asheville is confined to her bed most of
the time by illness. She enjoys company and would be happy to see some
of our WNC members. Her address is 85 Olney Road.
Col. and Mrs. Henry Starrett visited friends in WNC this spring,
among them the Ed Levys and the Wen Greenes of Hendersonville. They
were returning to their home in Maine after a trip to California. In April
Mrs. Starrett sailed from New York for an extended trip to Europe.
Olive and Sharkey Behlen of Asheville attended the Florida Reunion
in January and later made a tour of that part of the country, looking up
many old friends along the way. Among them were the following: the
Shirley Stevens and the Sopers of Tavares, Fla., the Isaiah MacKensies,
who operate the Florida Motel on Route 19 at Perry, Fla., the George
Matthews at Appalachicola, Fla., the Gordon Farrs, at Tampa, the Ed
Parmalees at Clearwater, the Shep Shreves, Jack Everetts, Arthur Griers,
Bill Bartletts and others in St. Petersburg, Fla., the Morris Storeys, Tren-
ton, Fla., then on to Alabama to see the John Howers and the Oscar Swan-
sons at Fairhope, the George McCulloughs at Birmingham and the Jack
Deavors in Atlanta, Ga. According to Sharkey "they are all in good
shape and seem to enjoy bragging about their part in the building of
the Canal."
News has been received of interest to friends of Miss Susie Tweed,
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ula W. Tweed of Biltmore. We are proud
to announce that Susie made Phi Beta Kappa! She is a senior at Wake
Forest College, N. C. Congratulations, Susie!
Mrs. Ruth Ward Lee, daughter of the George Wards of Weaverville
visited her parents in March. Ruth was born in Ancon Hospital.
Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Heite, of Massey, Md., were the guests of the
Behlens of Asheville in March. They were enroute to Florida for a visit.
Mrs. Maude Holland of Weaverville plans a visit to Portsmouth, Va.,
in June and hopes to attend the Jamestown Celebration while there.
Alan Lewis was at home with his parents, the Duke Lewises of Hen'
dersonville, for a furlough from the Navy in March. Alan is a member of
the original crew of the U.S.S. Nautilus, the first atomic-powered sub-
marine of the U. S. Navy, based at Groton, Conn.
Alice and Gene Lombard and Alice's Mother, Mrs. Quinn, of Tom's

River, N. J., spent several days in Hendersonville in March where they
were the guests of several friends, including the Wen Greenes and the Joe
Muldoons. Gene retired from the Canal in 1956 and he and Alice spent
several months in Spain before making their home at Tom's River.
Mr. Joseph Oliver of Hendersonville is at present visiting in the Canal
Zone after spending the winter with his mother, Mrs. Anna Oliver.
Mr. and Mrs. T. V. Kelly of Margarita called on the Kelleys of Hen-
dersonville in April. Mr. Kelly is employed on the Panama Railroad and
they were on vacation in the States.
Mr. Rubio Quintero of Panama spent several days with Dr. and Mrs.
Sam Irvin of Hendersonville in April. Mr. Quintero is with the Engineer-
ing Division of the Panama Canal and is making a tour of the General
Electric Plants throughout the eastern United States.
The WNC Society held it's last indoor luncheon and meeting on
March 16th at Tingle's Restaurant in Asheville. There was a good crowd
attending. Now comes the outdoor picnic season which everybody loves
so much!
As we go to press we hear that Betty and Paul Bentz of the Canal
Zone are arriving in Hendersonville next week to visit Mildred and Wen
Green. Betty has been in Sarasota, Fla., since January studying art. They
are enroute to visit their children, Alan and family and Joan, before they
return to their home in Balboa Heights.
Muchas gracias, reporters Kiger and Behlen, for keeping us posted
on Asheville-Weaverville news.
Marion R. Lewis, Secretary


Captain and Mrs. W. A. VanSiclen of Bayside, Long Island, were in
Orlando and Central Florida, for a visit and looking around for a home.
Both looked fine.
Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Forbes of Balboa, Canal Zone, stopped by to
say hello to the Wilhites and to give us the low down on the conditions in
the C.Z. Mr. Forbes recently retired from the Division of Clubhouses as
motion picture manager at Balboa and is planning on locating in Florida.
They like St. Pete.
Mrs. Delmore Whitver has returned home after spending the Winter
with her niece Mrs. Gene Kleasner in Canal Zone.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Snyder of Clifton, N. J. were the house guests
of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Pollak. Mr. Snyder is employed as an electrician.

Mr. and Mrs. Pollak were happy to learn that their daughter Carolyn
escaped injury from the recent tornadoes that struck the City of Dallas,
Texas where Miss Pollak is attending South Western Medical School.
We regret the passing of Mr. Edwin Y. Willey at Gulfport, Florida,
February 24th and extend our deepest sympathy to Mr. and Mrs. Ernest
M. Kieswetter and others who mourn him. Mr. Willey is well known in
Canal Zone Masonic circles as he was very active in that work while living
on the Isthmus. He is Mrs. Kieswetter's father and has made his home
with them for many years.
My nephew and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Lilburn L. Wilhite, Jr. of
Pensacola, Florida spent the night with us on their way home from a
Boat Show in Miami. Lilburn as he was known in Pedro Miguel is owner
of the "Sea Sports" in Pensacola, dealing in sales and service of all types
of boats and Mercury Outboard Motors. His wife Margarette is owner of
The Pensacola Hobby Shop which she has operated for the past fifteen
years. They have three daughters and one son, all teenagers.
We are happy to report that Mrs. Rose Koperski is recovering nicely
from her recent illness, and hope that she will be completely well very
soon. Leon is fine and says that he is a good nurse.
Mr. Frank W. Hohmann and Rev. Allen Bartlett attended the Rollins
College Reunion in Winter Park and took time out to pay me a visit, which
was greatly appreciated. Frank looks fine and says that Mrs. Hohmann
is happy and enjoying good health. We drove out to see Mr. and Mrs.
John G. McCoy and had a nice visit with them.
R. L. Wilhite


The Panama Canal Society of Chicago held their Annual meeting
the first part of May. The meeting was held in the Pershing Room of the
Midland Hotel. Dinner was served at 6:30 P.M.

The New York Society of the Panama Canal held their 33rd Annual
Reunion with a luncheon at the National Republican Club in New York
City on May 4th. The death of the following members was reported:
Edward A. Keeling at Hanover, Pa. December 6, 1956.
A. D. McElroy at New York City, 1956.
John C. DeLa Vergne at New York City, February 4, 1957.
Charles R. Chisholm at Kennebunkport, Maine, April 1, 1957.
Thomas J. Doran at Deer Park, New York.

Peter Greening at Yonkers, N. Y., March 30, 1957.
Attention is invited to an interesting article appearing in the May
issue of Marine Engineering. Major R. W. Hebard, George M. Wells, Capt.
Miles P. Duval, U.S.N. Retired, W. R. McCann and Mr. Sydney Randolph
colloborated in the preparation of this article.

The Panama Canal Society of Washington, D. C. held their annual
meeting and luncheon at the Sheraton Carlton Hotel on May 18th at 1:00
P. M. Mr. Earl Harding of New York was the guest speaker.

(Your Editor assumes the above meetings were held as scheduled as the
RECORD went to the printer May 1 and there was no way to confirm the


Dear Mr. Kieswetter:
The Panama Canal Society of Los Angeles held its Spring Dinner at
the Hayward Hotel. The Rosslyn Hotel that was our meeting place for
so many years has closed its dining room. The turn-out was very satis-
factory. There were sixty-two present.
A very lovely dinner was served. The dinner over, a meeting was held.
An election was held for a new President-Mr. Cassell retiring-Mr. E.
Henry Wunsch was elected to succeed Mr. Cassell. The Resolutions on
Panama Canal was discussed pro and con.
Lt. Colonel and Mrs. (Norma Stillwell) M. L. Martin have recently
returned from a second tour of duty in Japan. The Martins with their
four children will reside in Falls Church, Virginia as Lt. Colonel Martin
will be on duty in Washington, D. C.
Mrs. Alexander Lowande just returned home from the Canal Zone
where she visited her two daughters and their families. The Keith Tracys
just back from a delightful trip to Mexico.
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Welsh of Long Beach went to Gilman Springs, Hot
Springs also Palm Springs in search of relief from flu colds They
found it.
Mr. Howard Smithies just returned from a fishing trip to Isabell Lake
in Kernville Canyon. Capt. and Mrs. L. C. Calloway have been quite
ill-both had to be hospitalized. They are both on the mend.
The William Dunlaps had the V. T. Cornwells visiting them from


La Habra Heights. Mrs. Cornwell will leave in May for a visit with her
sister in England.
The A. L. Hoeckers of Monrovia have two more grandchildren-Mary
Ann born to Mildred and Bob Boyd of Los Cumbres, Republic of Panama
-James William born to Dorothy and Don Welty of Palo Alto, Calif.
The William A. Jones of Monrovia are leaving in May to visit their
son, Commander Jones and family in Washington, D. C. He is currently
on duty in the Pentagon.
Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Stevenson of Palo Alto, California have left for
a visit to Mexico City to visit their son and family who reside there.
Mrs. Elizabeth Hall has left Boulder City and is going to make her
home in Pasadena, California.
The June picnic will be held June 9th at Griffith Park, Los Angeles.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Bryan of Sherman Oaks, California announce
the arrival of their second son, Bret Adair Bryan, on April 3, 1957. Robert
Bryan is the son of the C. L. Bryans of Santa Monica, California.
Mr. and Mrs. Thatcher Clisbee of the Canal Zone are spending a part
of their vacation with Thatcher's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Clisbee of
West Los Angeles.
Capt. and Mrs. George V. Tawes recently departed from Santa
Monica for Fort Lauderdale, Florida where they will sojourn for a part
of the summer.
This is all the news I have at present.
Members who have passed on-Mr. Joe Coffin, Mr. Fred Hall, Mr.
Charles Persons, Mr. Harry Gannon, Mr. J. Guy DeCora who passed away
March 21st at his home from a heart attack. Mr. Wallace B. Ames passed
away April 16 at the Veteran's Hospital.
Mrs. Gladys Hammond of Ramsey, New Jersey is visiting her sister
and brother-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. George Cassell of Redondo Beach.
Mildred and Thatcher Clisbee arrived in Los Angeles the early part
of April. They will return to the Isthmus in July.
Dr. Harry Mitten, son of the late Dr. Mitten of Balboa, and Mrs.
Mitten, now residing with her daughter, Billie, in Cleveland, Ohio, is
taking special work at the University of California. He expects to be in
these parts for several months and hopes to see his many Zone friends.
Mrs. Stella Price of Silver Springs, Maryland, wrote recently that
Bill made a trip back to Panama in December.and spent the Christmas
holiday season with Rae and Joe Ebdon of Balboa. Bill has a fine job
with Civil Defense.
The Fred Newhards of Gatun are spending a big part of their leave,
this year, with Loretta's mother and sister in Westerville, Ohio. The

Franklins, Ann and Omar, and Carol, who is attending college in Greeley,
Colo. will motor east and meet them there.
Virginia Seller left Los Angeles on April 7th and expects to join
Martin in Somalia, East Africa next month. We will be looking forward
to some interesting letters from her.
John Patheir is making a good recovery. He had an eye operation
in March and now can see to read real well. He would welcome a visit
from any of his oldtimer friends.
Very Sincerely,
Estelle McLain, Secretary


Capt. and Mrs. Henry Falk, who recently retired, have arrived in
St. Petersburg to occupy their new home recently completed.

Mr. and Mrs. Dan Wright of St. Petersburg are leaving for Win-
chester, Virginia, where they will spend the summer.

Martin Seiler has arrived in Somalia, Africa, where he will be for
the next two years or so. He sent a day by day account of his interesting
trip and of the fine people he has met and with whom he will be asso-
ciated. He has been assigned a house sans furniture but with a house boy
and yard man. Mrs. Seiler will join him as soon as she completes the pur-
chase of a two years supply of clothes plus several hundred dollars worth
of grocery items that are unobtainable in Somalia.

The Reverend Jonas Ewing White Jr. returned to the Isthmus after
an absence of nine years. Rev. White was born in Gorgas Hospital and
brought up on the Canal Zone. He was the special preacher at the Cath-
edral of St. Luke at a recent Sunday service and will be assigned to work
in Central America as soon as Bishop R. H. Gooden returns from Columbia.

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Bell of Plymouth, N. H. who met and were
married while employed on the Zone during construction days, returned
for a visit after 40 years. They celebrated their wedding anniversary at
the Tivioli where they spent their honeymoon 41 years ago.

Mrs. Sadie Pilkerton has been visiting her sister-in-law, Mrs. Della
Pilkerton since January. She enjoyed meeting old friends at the reunion.

Elizabeth and Harry Ragsdale write that they are enjoying their tour
of the Islands of Hawaii.

Mrs. Mabel Koperski spent six months in Miami, Florida, with her
son Robert and with Rose and Lee in Orlando. Also made a trip to Mich-
igan. She is leaving shortly for California where her daughter lives.

Mrs. Leonard Woodard of Monrovia, California, reports she will be
a great grandma for the third time soon. She expects Joan, the daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Hunter, to present her with this third great grand-
child. Mrs. Woodard writes that they are all well.

Anna Firestine had the pleasure of having the Dr. Byrds as house
guests, recently. Also enjoyed seeing Lauretta Prather, the Capt. Forst-
roms, Adina Van Reed, the Durwood Dennis and the Bert Bakers.

Mr. and Mrs. Jimmy Hunter of Gamboa, C. Z., have been visiting in
St. Petersburg, Florida with Mrs. Charles Persons. While here they made
a trip to Louisiana to see the George Phelps family.

Mr. and Mrs. Al Korsan of Milwaukee were recent visitors in St.
Petersburg. They had been vacationing at New Smyrna Beach. They will
visit their son in Virginia on their way to their home in Wisconsin.

Edward A. Linney will serve as legal aide to State Senator J. Frank
Houghton during the current legislative session at Tallahassee, Florida.
Mr. Linney, who specializes in Real Estate law, is a member of the Pan-
ama Canal Society.
Dr. Lewis B. Bates of Weymouth, Mass. was honored for his 50 years
of membership in the Norfolk South District Medical Society, by the
Womans Auxiliary of the Society. He retained his membership in the
organization throughout 40 years of medical service in the Panama Canal

Mrs. H. H. Hammer writes that they are in moderately good health.
Ida Ruth and Howard are getting settled in their new home near Santa
Monica, only a short distance from Mary Clark, former' Gorgas Hospital
nurse. Ida Ruth's daughter Helen Lynch lives at Oxnard and is the proud
mother of three fine girls.

Had a nice letter from 0. T. Marstrand wherein he registers full
accord with the resolution as detailed on page one of our March Record.
Mr. Marstrand is very proud of his long association with the Canal from
1906 to 1937 and maintains an interest in all that has been done or may
be done to affect the future of that great waterway.

Ike and Ruth Metzger of Miami have returned from a visit on the

Zone with their daughter and family. While there they enjoyed a week
end at El Valle and a swim at Santa Clara. They shopped in the stores
on Central Ave. and Front St., enjoyed again doing the many things they
did all their lives on the Zone.

Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Salmon of Santa Monica, California, wish to be
remembered to all their friends in Florida. R. H. has been ill most of
the time since the first of the year with pneumonia and rheumatics. Is
now up and around and feeling some better.

Mrs. Leslie Wilkinson of Donna, Texas, writes that her daughter, Jan,
will marry this summer. Her son, Don, was in a serious plane crash but
is now all right. Leslie has been made Chief of Police ini Donna.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Houseknecht, formerly of Empire about 1909,
have bought a house in Dunedin, Florida for their winter home and
will summer in the Thousand Islands. Of their two children, Ruth is mar-
fied and Maurice a bachelor.

Barbara and Tom Coleman of Hendersonville, N. C. spent three
months on the Zone with their daughters, returning home March first.

Mr. and Mrs. J. Z. Bromley of Washington, Pa. send regards to all
friends of Gorgona, Corozal and Balboa days.

The T. E. Englebrights of Tucson, Arizona, send regards to their for-
mer Canal friends. He is working as a guard at the Arizona State prison
and are happily situated in a state house in Florence, Arizona.

A. L. Fessler of Tulsa, Oklahoma, has retired again after ten years
with the Franks Division, Cabot Shops, Inc. He says there are no green
benches there like there are in St. Pete., so he will have to keep busy doing

Dr. G. R. Wright of Longmont, Colorado, has received word from
Mrs. W. J. Lelacheur of Lowell, Mass. of the death of her brother, Ed
Harrington. He was a nurse at Gorgas. Death occurred in San Francisco
on February 5th, due to coronary thrombosis.

O. T. Marstrand met Mrs. J. E. Mayott in the Grant Hotel in San
Diego, California. Mr. and Mrs. Mayott were on the Zone from 1904 to
1920. No doubt many old timers will remember them. Mrs. Mayott in-
tends to make a trip to Europe very soon.

Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Stevenson of Winter Park, Florida, are among

the large number of ex-Zonians who have vacationed on the Zone this
past winter.

A. H. Murphy of Buffalo, N. Y. writes that his family has been under
the care of doctors since an auto accident last July.

Clarence Kiefer of Torrance, California, has been in the hospital for
an operation for cataract. He is now at home recuperating and getting
along very well. The Kiefers send regards to all their friends.

Ruth and Mel Alexander of Jacksonville, Florida, write that John
Gibson Alexander, who had a bad time of it last December following his
birth, is now doing fine. Milo and Lois are still in San Salvador where
Milo is Assistant Manager with Pan American Airways. First Lieut. Daniel
Alexander will return to the United States from Korea on May 16th and
will proceed with his wife and little girl to Dallas, Texas, where he will
be with the Bell Telephone Company.

Ida and Ed Bugby of Wilcox, Pa. were snowed in from December 22
to February 3 with temperatures ranging from 20 below to 30 above, with
a little snow every day for about six weeks. Poor Polly .

Mrs. Marjorie Le Brun has been visiting her son and daughter-in-law
the William E. Le Bruns on the Canal Zone. Mrs. LeBrun has enjoyed
visits with many old friends on the Zone.

Rev. C. L. Christine and Lee Morgan are very happily situated in
Chagrin Falls, Ohio. Lee is nearing the goal of his Master's degree in
electronics and accoustics, as pertains to music. He has been doing an
increasing amount of recording of various kinds and acting as organist
at the church and at a funeral home. On June ninth, last year, the Morgans
celebrated their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary. Representatives of the
various church groups surprised them with a wonderful party and pre-
sented them with a fine gift. It has been a busy and eventful year for the
Morgan family and one which they have all enjoyed to the fullest.

If she can get transportation from Houston, Galveston or New
Orleans, Mrs. Etta Attaway plans to visit the Henry Griesers in Ireland
this summer.

Marion Tweedlie Homiller of Prospect Park, Pa., writes that her
mother has been ill but is feeling fine now. Mrs. Tweedlie, a long time
resident of Paraiso and Pedro Miguel, will be eighty three years old in

Cecelia Strauss Mickle of Fairbope, Ala., has had her mother with
her this past winter and Rita and family are at nearby Pensacola. They
would be happy to see any old friends who pass their way.

Mr. and Mrs. Frances Feeney of St. Petersburg, Florida had as guests
during February and March, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Nissen of Hurley, N. Y.
Mrs. Nissen is the former Winkie Cantway, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
David Cantway.

Col. and Mrs. Arnold Johnson of Kendall, Florida, announce the
birth of a daughter, born on January 23, their third child. The baby was
named Gay Corrine, for Mrs. Feeney. Mr. and Mrs. Francis Feeney are
godparents. The Johnsons formerly lived at Albrook Field, C. Z.

Mr. and Mrs. Joe Baker, formerly of Gamboa, C. Z. and now living
in Venezuela, and Mr. and Mrs. Dude Askew of the Canal Zone, were
recent visitors in Tallahassee with Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Stephens. They were
enroute to Nashville, Tenn. to visit with Mr. Askew's mother and to Hous-
ton, Texas to see the Baker's son who is married and makes his home there.

Miss Margaret Clement of Green Cove Springs, Florida, is the only
woman among the 65 baking science and management students at Florida
State University in Tallahassee. Miss Clement was a long time resident
of Ancon, C. Z. Her brother John got his degree last year at the Univer-
sity of Florida. Her mother, Mrs. Mertie Le Claire, who is Public Health
nurse for Clay County, is presently on leave at George Peabody College
and expects to get a B.S. degree in Public Health nursing in August.

World conditions permitting, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Renz and Mr. and
Mrs. John Hower will sail for Europe in July. It has been several years
since they have seen their families and they are quite excited about it.
Mrs. Renz and Mrs. Hower will be on hand to help their father celebrate
his eightieth birthday. Gussie and Paul Renz have just become grandparents
for the fourth time, daughter Carla has presented them with a grand-
daughter and their son Paul has adopted a Hungarian child. Paul has
accepted a position with Johnson and Johnson in Decatur, Ill. The young
Howers are moving to Missoula, Montana, where John will join the fac-
ulty of the Montana State University.

Mr. and Mrs. Foster R. Fanning are busy travelers in connection with
their work for the National Association of Plumbing Contractors. They
were in Miami, Florida, for a board meeting in May and in June will
journey to Dallas, Texas for the National Convention.

Mrs. Mary Dryden, formerly of Balboa, C. Z., is retiring from her
position at the Glen Dale Hospital in Maryland and will make her home
with her daughter in Park Ridge, Illinois.

Harry Sullivan, who was taken ill at the last reunion, seems to have
recovered, nicely, and is now very busy landscaping his new home at Red-
ington Beach, Florida.

Macy Edwards is leaving Orlando, Fla. for Georgia, Kentucky and
New York enroute to Hartford, Conn. where she will visit with Mrs.

Mr. and Mrs. Maurice H. Thatcher were the guests, in March, of Col.
Enrique Benitez and his wife, Mrs. Blossom Compton Benitez in Miami,
Fla. The Thatchers and Benitezes are old friends of Isthmian days.

Mr. and Mrs. Archie Ludwig have returned to their home in Newfane,
N. Y. after a visit with their daughter in Jackson, Miss.

Jerry and Inez Evans are in San Carlos, Arizona. They are on the
Apache Indian Reservation where Inez is with the Public Health Service.

Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Compton of McLeansboro, Ill. are planning a
trip to Hot Springs. They are fine and send regards to their friends.

Florence Miller, who has been in Utica, N. Y. for many months, is
sailing for Panama and "home" on or about the 8th of May.

Percy M. Emdom of Redondo Beach, California, has returned home
after a three months trip in the Carribean as Master of a tanker. Emdom
reports that he and Mrs. Emdom are both enjoying good health.
Capt. and Mrs. B. C. Judd spent two weeks in Houston, Texas, vis-
iting their son, Roy Searcy, and his wife. They had a good time meeting
again their many friends in that area.

While in Massachusetts during March, your Editor and wife called
on Ida and Slim Hallett at their home in North Quincy. Slim is as busy
as ever with his many hobbies, chiefly ceramics at the moment, and Ida is
busy working for the Cancer Society. They plan to visit Florida very soon
on their way to the Canal Zone for a look at the old stamping grounds.

Mrs. Edna Whitver has returned to her home in Orlando after a long
visit on the Canal Zone. Before going on to Orlando, Edna spent several

days in Gulfport, Florida, with Howard and Dot Dworak.

Capt. and Mrs. P. U. Duncan of Cristobal, C. Z. are planning a trip
to Florida to look the State over and perhaps pick the site for their re-
tirement home of the future.

Cecil F. Tate, husband of the former Geri Snodgras, former Gamboa
resident, has been awarded a fellowship for the next academic year at
Brandeis University in Waltham, Mass. Mr. Tate is a candidate for the
Baccalaureate Degree at the University of Maryland in June. Mrs. Tate,
mother of a young child, graduated with high honors in her class last year.

Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Thomas are living in Williamson Place,
Balboa, C. Z. following Mr. Thomas' retirement. Son Charles is located
in Pittsburgh, Pa., Alyce Ann has a position with the Army on the Zone,
and J. E. Dom is attending Georgia Tech where he is completing his
Junior year. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas, when they leave the Zone, expect to
make Pittsburgh their home.

Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Cutler arrived home in Batavia, N. Y. from
Florida after an interesting bus trip across the states of Kentucky and
Tennessee. They had a scare at one point when the bus skidded and it
looked like a long drop over the side. "All's well that ends well," and
we are glad they reached home safely.

Mr. Frank Gute of Santa Clara, R. P. is hoping to dispose of his
beach houses, soon, and will visit Florida ere long.

Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Cameron of Long Beach, California, have been
visiting Mrs. Cameron's brother, Mr. Harrington of St. Petersburg, Flor-
ida. The Cameron's many friends in Florida were happy to see them at a
recent picnic.


Miss Nancy Kariger was an overnight guest at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. M. Kissam. Nancy attends college in Maryville, Missouri and was
returning from a Canal Zone vacation.
Miss Shelia McNamee was a dinner guest at the Kissam home. Shelia
is a student nurse and was going to the Canal Zone for her Spring vacation.
Captain and Mrs. Lucien Skeels are returning to their Connecticut

home after two months visit in Miami.
Mrs. Lyle Prather has been spending a few weeks with Mrs. Fritz
Williams of Hollywood.
Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Mitchusson of Balboa were visitors at the home of
Helen and Phifer Quinn, also Mrs. James Williams of Milton, Massachu-
setts Mrs. R. M. Downe of Crossett, Arkansas and son Bill.
Word has been received from Danny Kissam who is in the Navy and
is stationed aboard the airplane carrier US.S. Lake Champlain. Danny is
on a Mediterranean cruise expects to return to Florida in July.
Mrs. Isabel Cauthers and her son Dick were house guests of Mr. and
Mrs. A. Hatch who entertained at an evening get together for them. Among
those present Mr. and Mrs. Alan Wiggin Mr. and Mrs. Russell Ell-
well Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Quinn.
Mr. and Mrs. Hatch Jr. announce the arrival of their second son born
in November and named Warren Lee.
Mrs. Marie Coulthard arrived back in Miami April 20 after a six
month visit in Japan.
Mr. and Mrs. James Pope of Winston Salem, North Carolina, visited
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. A. Fernandez. Mrs. Pope is the former Mar-
garet Howell, daughter of Lt. and Mrs. Howell of Margarita, Canal Zone.
Lt. Howell retires in September and expects to make Asheville their home.
Guests at the home of Mrs. Eleanor Parker Mr. and Mrs. Waldron
Eldridge, Mrs. LeRoy Koontz and Mother, Mrs. Arntz, also Mr. and Mrs.
Walter L. Gorman of Point Pleasant Beach, New Jersey.
Mrs. Mabel Koperski who has been the house guest of her son and
daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Koperski, left April 14th for her
home in California.
Mr. and Mrs. Ike Metzger entertained at an evening card party in
honor of Mrs. Koperski.
Picnic was held in Mathison Hammock April 14th a good time
was had by all. Mrs. Metzger and Mrs. Smith saw to it that everyone had
lots of good things to eat.
New Officers were elected-President-Bill Smith, Vice President-
Dan Jones, Secretary-A. G. Dunham.
Dan Jones introduced his fiancee at the picnic-attractive Mrs. Irene
Kimbro of Miami. July 7th is to be the wedding day-then they plan to
attend the Shrine Convention in St. Paul, Minnesota.
Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Melanson from Balboa, Canal Zone have pur-
chased a new home in Maimi at 260 North West 101st Street.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Hatch are returning to Vermont after spending the
winter in Miami.

Mr. William True and family of Baltimore, have been visiting his
parents Mr. and Mrs. Clarence True of Lime Court, in Miami. The Wil-
liam Trues plan to make their home in Orlando, Florida, as soon as
they find a suitable home there.
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence True drove to California the latter part of
April to visit two other sons, Bruce and Stanley, who are in San Francisco.

Marvel and Lonnie Iglesias of Aligandi, San Bias, will arrive in
Miami on May 10th to begin a three month vacation from their work in
The San Bias Mission. They will visit their adopted son, Lonnie, Jr. at Bob
Jones Academy in North Carolina and then go on to a Mission Confer-
ence in Cleveland.
Helen C. Quinn


Once again your Editor would like to stress the importance of having
reports from the various Secretaries in his hands not later than the first
of the month proceeding the month of issue. Again, may I thank you for
the clippings and items of interest which you have sent in. The deadline
for the next issue will be August 1, 1957.

Happy Birthday to our members whose birthdays fall in March, April
and May.

You will not receive the September Record unless your dues
for 1957 are paid. DO IT NOW!

When peoples' cars get old and worn
And they begin to totter,
They go somewhere and trade them in
And get the latest model.
Now I have often thought
That when my joints get achey
And when my hair has all turned grey
And the knees are rather shaky,
And when the onward march of time
Has left me rather feeble -
How nice wouldd be to find a firm
That deals in "worn out" people.

How Nice wouldd be, when feet give out
Or we have damaged livers -
If we could go and buy new parts
Like we do our livers.
And when my form is bent with age
And gets to looking shoddy,
How nice wouldd be to trade it in
And get a brand new body.


In 1950, when the present format was adopted for the Canal Record,
we had less than 700 members and the Canal Record consisted of about
35 pages of material and cuts. We now have over 1500 members in the
Panama Canal Society of Florida and each quarterly issue runs about
80 pages.


Dr. Clyde E. Keeler is the author of a recent book with the above
title. Dr. Keeler has held numerous research grants, including, among
others, Sheldon, Milton, Bache, Rockefeller and Guggenheim fellowships
that have taken him to remote areas of the world. His researches have
won a number of prizes and citations, and his scientific Bibliography
includes several books and more than 150 published articles.
In 1950, Dr. Keeler went to the San Bias Islands on a grant in aid
from the Rockefeller Foundation to study the albinistic moon children
which occur with such great frequency among the Cuva Indians. Finding
that so little was actually known about their amazing and primitive cul-
ture, he became interested from the anthropological standpoint and con-
tinued his studies for six summers. "Land of the Moon Children" is the
result of his experiences. Many items in this book will bring back old
memories, in fact, thousands of Zonians have visited San Bias and know
personally some of these people, such as Alcibiades (Lonnie) Iglesias
and his brother Claudio, who are trying to introduce civilization at Aili-
gandi and Mulatuppa. It is a 207 page nicely bound book of easy to read
print and fine illustrations, published by the University of Georgia press
in Athens. Price is $4.50.


Dear Ex-Canal Friends:
You are cordially invited to join the Panama Canal Society of
Florida if you are not already a member. The Canal Record, our news
booklet, is issued quarterly, and a Year Book is mailed to members in
December of each year.
Dues are $3.00 annually, and payable in January. Members com-
ing in after July 1st will pay $1.50 for balance of the year.
Please add 10c to checks to cover banking charge.
Our membership is now more than 1500.
Please fill in the application below and send your dues to the
P. 0. Box 249, STATION "A"


Name _____

Wife's Name ___ _

Address _-

City State__ __

Number of Years on Canal--__

What Division

Amount Enclosed


The following have been added or addresses changed since the March
Record went to press. (*) denotes change of address or correction.

*Seller, Mr. and Mrs. Martin A.-U.S.O.M. Italy Field Office, Box 6-..Mogadiscio
Birnbaumer, Mr. Francis F.-G.P.O.--------------------------.. Wellington
PANAMA, Republica de Panama
*Mansberg, Mrs. Lois-Apartado 4690 ----------------------------Panama
*Campbell, Mrs. Marione Journey-P. O. Box 941------------_Diablo Heights
*DeYoung, Mr. and Mrs. J. C.-P. O. Box 354 --------- Balboa Heights
Furr, Mr. and Mrs. Paul R.-P. O. Box 2654 ..----- .-----------.Cristobal
*Goodwin, Mr. and Mrs. William D.-P. O. Box 1801 --------------.Balboa
*Gute, Mr. Frank G.-P. O. Box 189------------------. Diablo Heights
Herrington, Mr. and Mrs. Robert C.-P. O. Box 1526---------------Balboa
*Huff, Mrs. David-P. O. Box 595------------------------------- Balboa
*Johnson, Mrs. A. E.-P. O. Box 282---------------------- Balboa Heights
Joyce, Mr. and Mrs. Albert J.-P. O. Box 615----------------------Balboa
Lux, Mr. Sam F.-General Delivery ---_----_----- ---------Balboa
*McDaid, Mrs. Bernard J.-P. O. Box 1351----------------------Cristobal
McLintock, Mr. and Mrs. George T.-P. O. Box 229---------------. Balboa
*Miller, Mrs. Florence N.-P. O. Box 1566------------------.-----Cristobal
Monaco, Mr. and Mrs. P. P.-P. O. Box 218---______------------ Balboa
*Morgan, Mr. and Mrs. C. P.- (Ancon Greenhouse) Drawer "H", Diablo Heights
Orr, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H., Jr.-P. O. Box 952 ---------------- --Balboa
Pennington, Mr. and Mrs. Richard L., Sr.-P. O. Box 184------------Gatun
*Shannon, Mr. and Mrs. Matt-P. O. Box 1369---------------------__ Balboa
Strobridge, Mr. and Mrs. Claude B.-P. O. Box 231 ......--------- Margarita
*Tilley, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph O.-P. O. Box 333--------------. Diablo Heights
*Wurdemann, Mr. Ernest- P. O. Box 1002------------------------Cristobal
*Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Jerome F.-Box 59---------------...------ San Carlos
Gould, Mr. Marcus L.-Route 1_----_ ------------_--------------Rogers
Walker, Mr. J. J. -400 Spring Street .-----_----------------- Hot Springs
*Booz, Mr. Melville L.-610 California Street, Apartment 4.-------,_Pasadena
Bullock, Mr. and Mrs. Asa C., Jr-214 Alta Mesa Drive--South San Francisco
*Hall, Mrs. Fred P.-1529 North Allen Avenue---------------------Pasadena
Shrapnel, Mr. and Mrs. Peter F.-1529 North Allen Avenue----.... Pasadena
*Edwards, Miss Macy B.- 232 Farmington Ave. Apartment E-6--....Hartford 5
Davidson, Mr. and Mrs. Edward H.-1445 Ogden St., N.W.--... Washington 10
*Harrover, Miss Eliza Etta-121 llth Street, S.E.------------.. Washington
*Moreland, Mr. and Mrs. F. L.-121- 11th Street, S.E.----------- Washington
Bovey, Mr. Wakeman-754 5th Street So.------------------St. Petersburg 5
*Boyer, Mr. Charles S.-Route 4, Box 205------------------------ --... Ocala
*Corliss, Mr. and Mrs. John B. Sr.-4111 Shorecrest Drive.-----------Orlando
*Dodson, Mr. and Mrs. Howard Conrad-22 Neptune Park ----Ormond Beach
*Falk, Capt. and Mrs. Henry E.-4231 22nd Avenue No.---.. St. Petersburg 4
*Fuentes, Mrs. Mildred-136 18th Avenue S.E.-----------.. St. Petersburg 5

Gardiner, Mrs. Marjorie Weigold-1443 S.W. 47th Terrace--....Fort Lauderdale
*Garlow, Mr. and Mrs. William A.-Route 8, Box 602-A-------------... Tampa
Hartell, Mr. and Mrs. George W.-425 12th Avenue, N.E.....St. Petersburg 2
Houseknecht, Mr. and Mrs. Chet-2263 Baywood Drive West...---.-Dunedin
*Jackson, Mr. and Mrs. E. F.-8505 North Orleans Street----------Tampa 4
Langel, Mr. and Mrs. Louis-10710 Edgewater Lane.--------------..Tampa 4
*Larson, Mrs. Leander-Route 1, Box 628--------------------... --.. Lakeland
*Luppy, Mr. and Mrs. Walter-520 South Federal Highway_.__Pompano Beach
*MacSparran, Mr. and Mrs. Esbon S.-5923 48th Ave. No....-St.. Petersburg 4
*Morgan, Mrs. Marie E.-12001 Biscane Blvd.---------------------Miami 38
Parker, Mrs. Eleanor P.-348 N.E. 33rd Street, Apt. 14---------------Miami
*Plummer, Mr. and Mrs. R. P.-312 Spring Street-.---.. .Green Cove Springs
*Ryan, Mr. and Mrs. O. W.-7101 S.W. 68th Court------------.. South Miami
*Seagrave, Mr. and Mrs. Earl M.-415 West Oak Drive------.-----..Lakeland
Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph A.-1630 East Livingston Avenue---..... Orlando
*Stoudnor, Mr. and Mrs. J. W.-1648 20th Ave. No.-Apt. B--St. Petersburg 2
*Warner, Mr. and Mrs. Louis C.-Mail: General Delivery------ Pinellas Park
Waters, Miss Lucille Anne-7201 Boca Ciega Dr. (Temp.), St. Petersburg Bch. 6

*Dryden, Mrs. Mary I.-802 South Greenwood Avenue-----------..Park Ridge
Whyde, Mr. and Mrs. Guy R.-615 South Joliet Street-.----.... Wilmington

York, Mr. and Mrs. J. Albert--------------------- ----------Lyndon

Potts, Mr. and Mrs. George S.-5618 Carville Avenue-----------.... Halethorpe
*Sartor, Mr. Ralph H.-Drum Point----------.----------------St. Michaels
Weems, Capt. and Mrs. P.V.H.-Randall House-----------------... Annapolis

*Correira, Mr. and Mrs. Donald T.-427 V/ East Beach Drive, Apt. East-.Biloxi

Clark, Mrs. A.-19 Fayeth Street-------------------------- Mountain View
Critchlow, Mr. and Mrs. Howard T.-577 Rutherford Avenue---... Trenton 8
*Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph C.-605 8th Avenue ------------------Belmar
Snyder, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph-11 Beverley Hills Road---------------Clifton

McEvoy, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J.-Larchmont Acres----------. Larchmont
*Maessen, Mrs. Oscar-417 Beach 131st Street-----------------... Bell Harbor
Small, Capt. and Mrs. Elmer B.-- ------------------ --------.Claryville
Sutherland, Mr. Harold D.-22 Aldridge Road--------------------Chappaqua

*Tydeman, Mr. and Mrs. B. G.-Res. 3011/ South 15th Street
Mail: P. O. Box 1257------------ Allentown

*Barlow, Mr. and Mrs. Edward-406 Armistice Boulevard--------. Pawtucket

*Cotton, Mr. and Mrs. Ernest C.-8511 Turtle Creek Blvd., Apt. A---- Dallas 25
Potochny, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph M.-2510 Morningside Lane--------Pasadena

*Hall, Mrs. Fannie-5103 South 10th Street Apt. 2----------..---Arlington
*Humphrey, Cdr. and Mrs. W. C.-1115 South Edgewood St.-...--A.. rlington 4
Paul, Mr. and Mrs. Seymour-504 South Mason----------------Harrisonburg
Secrest, Mrs. Gay-201 North Fairfax Street---------------..... Alexandria

Otto Kozak'. daughter and family
Mr. and Mrs. Askew, Linda, Nancy,
Bobbie, and Stevie

Kathy and Glen Bartholomew
Children of Bill, Jr., of
Milwaukee, Wiaconain

Marty and Valerie Krueger
Grandchildren of Bill and Ann Bartholomew
of Gamboa, C.Z.

Officers for 1957
Panama Canal Club
of Houston

Mr. A.S. Brown, President
Mrs. Bertha Turner,
Secretary- Treasurer

Mr. Samuel R. Souder,

Miss Margie Wright
Daughter of Dr. G.R. Wright
Longmont, Colorado

Mr. and Mrs. Joe Orr
Houston, Texas

P. o. Bx 249 STA. A

U. S. hPaft" t
St. Petenam, Fla.
Pemat No. 03





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