The Jewish Floridian

The Jewish Floridian


Material Information

The Jewish Floridian
Physical Description:
63 v. : ;
Jewish Floridian Pub. Co.
Place of Publication:
Miami, Fla
Creation Date:
October 2, 1931
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Jewish newspapers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Miami (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Miami-Dade County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Dade -- Miami


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1927?
Dates or Sequential Designation:
-v. 63, no. 20 (May 18, 1990).
General Note:
Editor: Fred K. Shochet, <1959>.
General Note:
Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 47 (Nov. 25, 1932).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 35317254
lccn - sn 96027667
System ID:

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Preceded by:
Jewish unity
Preceded by:
Jewish weekly
Succeeded by:
Jewish Floridian/the Floridian newspaper

Full Text
LCrcr~arrrr ,---- -e ---





Thrill of a Lifetime
There is just one spot in all New
York City that cannot be missed
by any visitor who really wants to
see the town. That is the top of
the Empire State building. That
other people have the same idea is
shown by the fact that visitors
there are running around two mil-
lion a year. Don't go there on a
holiday. You will get into a crush
like the subway in rush hours.
Other views have become fam-
ous all over the world. The Lon-
don monument and St. Paul's ea-
thedral have stirred poets to song;
the Eiffel tower has drained thne
powers of descriptive artists; mil-
lions have stood in awe at the tops
of the Swiss Alps, the Canadian
Rockies or Pike's Peak.
To my way of thinking, having
seen most of the others, Al Smith's
building tops them all for a thrill.

Man's Highest Structure
The Empire State is the tallest
building in the world. The first

dow o fi d yur ers hae bee

air pressure, and your legs are'
wobbly. Otherwise it seems just
like another elevator.
After you get out of thrt~ car
you take another to the 86th story
and then still another to the 102ndi *
alorover 1,20 nee above the
see it, two blocks away and a
quarter of a mile down, but even
the big Fifth Avenue buses look
like beetles.
The height dwindles everything
into miniature. Even the big
bridges look like spans across a
creek--until you notice the sky-
scrapers near them, none of which
is in a class with the one you are

Honors Real Heroes
All other famous buildings have
the names of its owners or archi-
tects well played up. The Empire
State is different. One sees on all
sides pictures of the men who
made the building possible. And
one notices: that they are the work-
men; the blasters of the cellar, the
men who rode the whirlwind when
the steel girders were ,rising,, the
masons who laid the stone wll
at giddy heights, and the engineers
who braved cataclysmic falls when
they proved up the steel and stone
as it soared into the empyrean.
For the first time the horny-
handed toiler is honored for pue-
suing his ordinary vocations while
risking his life every hour of the
day. The champion workers have
their names east in bronze ini the
lobby. A fitting honor for future
generations to see.

A Wide View
The day we went. up was a clear
one. To the north one could see
Bear Mountain, behind which lies
West Point, fifty miles away. The
hills for miles beyond that were
in elear view.
Looking over the ground one

could trace Washington'sr cam-
.paigns.: Memories of Matrjor An-
dre, the White PlJain battled,
,Washington- Iring' a coamtry, with
Sleeplr:IollowR and the Healess


Are your children going to win
a prize and the distinethn that
goes with it?
First Prize--$10.00. cash.
Second and Third I rizes-$5.00
cash achrc.
Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and
Ei hthoPris 2-b.s00ocas~hale Ian

Have your boy or girl write a
story of Jewish interest, not more
than 200 words long. Mail to Un-
cle Judah, P. p. Box 2973, City.
Parents of contestants must be
subscribers of the Jewish Flori-
dian. Get busy!


Last Friday afternoon while
proceeding homeward after having
slaughtered cattle in the abbatoir,
an auto driven by Hyman Waldorf
and having as occupants Rev. Na-
than Wroobel and Rabbi B. D.
Mindel, both "shochtim" of this
city, overturned on Okeechobcee

Price: Five Cents

.Number X .

Miami, Florida, Friday, October 2, 1931

neeients /

Y. Third Street
treth services will
SFriday evening at
)n Saturday morn-
~than Wroobel will
ices 0 IlllBImmlediately
SIsaac M. Wapner
gtion will preach on
SMortal." Saturday
services, including
be held with Cantor
)ge. Sunday morn-
~orah services will
alck and all are in-
SThe services will
SKiddush. The Bible
mnagogue will be in.
~Nednesday evening,
Tth ari address by
ff. The public is

.KAPLAN, Rabbi
vcswill be held
dat 815heo' ockt

bD Kaplan4 wl
nor rifting in a
SThe pblic is

igat 10 o'clock
Hret Festival
B eek will be
temple proper.
of thed religious
ath anubject, "aB
Ye Shall K~now


Third Avenue
rice tonight Rab.
ti will~ preach on
celsiste). The
asthe spirit of
atpermeates this
later years of Sol.
Louis H~ayman will
4.A social hour
In the Sueeah fold
erie. Saturday
eswill begin at
r(memorial ser-
d at 10 a. m., when
preach on "Rain"
ngthe evidence of
phenomenon of
ousHayman will
ph service immedi-

htat 7 the Hak~s-
Stake-place on the
STorah (Rejoicint
.The Beth David
'distribute flags
he pupils of the
ndTalmud Torah
on in the syna-
Imo ing the serv-
let8:30 and the
replace at 9:30.


11 each .

IRD, *Rabbt
idyeveninn will

ill. beaday;&~f5.
_morning..the ser-
at Sg ofal6ck5 ~

Last week one of Miami's kosher butchers
abandoned his store and without a word to any-
one left in the middle of the night for parts un-
known. Why ?
Was it because of his remarkable prosperi-
ty and the money rolling in ? Was it because
he was dishonest and did not care to pay his
bills ? Those who know the facts will unhesi-
tatingly say no to both. And properly so. The
answer is simple: he tried as long as he could to
continue in business and serve the Jewish popu-
lation of Miami. Did the Jewish people support
what is peculiarly a Jewish institution ? They
did not. And this brings us to the crux of the
The Jewish population of Miami is sufficient
in numbers to support in luxury and comfort
twice as many butchers as we now have. What's
wrong ? Why do our butchers, working fifteen,
eighteen and often twenty hours per day, cater-
ing to the whims and fancies of the Jewish pe>-
ple, barely get along ?
Why do more than eighty per cent of the
Jews buy non-hosher meats and patronize the
Jewish butcher but once in a great while ? Of
course, we'll be told, the prices are unreasonable.
The difference in price between kosher meats
and tredfah is too unreasonably great. The dif-
ference in fowl is too much. "Things are bad,"
we are told, "and we must save every penny we
can, so we buy treifah meats."

Granted, prices are too high. ..Let's for a
moment analyze the situation. The Jewish house-
wife calls the Jewish butcher on the phone. She
orders a pound or two of meat and wants it de-
livered immediately. It means what ? A shoched
must be employed. His meager salary runs on
whether one pound or one chicken is sold or a
hundred pounds or chickens are killed. The de-
livery wagon must be in readiness. The meat
must be trimmed. The chicken must be dressed.
Everything costs money. But doesn't the non-
Jewish butcher have the same difficulties ? We
should say not. First, the cut-rate stores give
no deliveries. They have no "shochtim" to pay.
They haven't the pettiness to put up with.
The solution is a simple one. When the
mass of the Jewish population of Miami will
realize their clear and bounden duty to buy
kosher meats and poultry, then the mass buying
resulting will necessarily force the cost of ment~s
and poultry down. On the other hand the
butchers must realize that they must do their
share, too. We know their lot is not an enviable
one. They should understand that prices must
come down, and someone must make the start.
When the public and the butchers begin to
co-operate, then such an event as happened last
week will not again occur.
Who is to blame ? You and I, the public
and the butcher, both. '
Let's get together. Let's co-operate.

IBruen In Charge
Of New Track

Popular Racing Official Will
Direct New Racing Course
West of Coral Gables r ~-

Under the personal direction of
Frank J. Bruen, one of America's
most popular and successful race
track officials, winter visitors and
permanent residents of the Miami
district will be assured not only
of the highest type of racing, but
of superior conditions throughout,
at the Gables Racing Association's
new plant just off Bird road west
of Coral Gables, on the site of the
former Sduth Miami Kennel Club
Mr. Brhen's experience and ae-
quaintance in the racing world has
equipped him with a knowledge of
the ~industry perhaps second to
none. Miamians know him best as
(Continued on Page Five)


Messrs. M. Abrams, I. L. Mint-
zer, Jacob Becker, Lazarus Abra-
mowitz, and Jacob Caplan were
named the k'ashrus- committee rep.
resenting Miami Beach last 'Wed;
nesday afternoon by Mr. Harry I.
Lipton, president of Beth Jacob
Congregation. Rabbi Lazarus Az-
elrod will act in an advisory ca-
Steps will be taken to force the
closing of all butcher shops and
other food stores~ elling non-
kosher meats and foods -and rep-
resenting them to be kosher.
This committee will meet short
ly and a number of inspectors will
be appointed, These inspectors
will represent the committee and
rabbi in all the stores and hotels
as well as restaurants.
According to a resolution of the
committee,. should the butchers of
M~iam~i Beach (edcina. to co-operate
.with the Ecmmitted t ~the li~est
jexbrtent be Bec ia gue-rivll

to agiggl ,s'k;~ad .la 1




road and the occupants, though
unable for some time to extricate Ms vl Rf o f i

ami's most popular Jewish artists
and a favorite of the (fewish Ra-
dio Ifour of the past winter, wi.ll
be the feature artist of a series
of radio concerts being sponsored
by the Gables Racing Association
over Station WIOD every Monday,
W~ednesday and Friday evening at
7:45 o'clock,
Mrs. Raff is a native of Chica-
go, where she received her musi-
cal training under Madam Devries
and Madam Roe, famous through-
out the country. In 1928 Mrs.
Raff made a concert tour of Chi-
cago theatres of the Orpheum cir.
cuit and received considerable ree-.
ognition from music erities. While
living in Chicago she was a mem-
ber of the choirs of Temple Mis.,
pah, Temple Einrannel and Temple
Isalah'.' during 'her sitay in Midimi.
she has been ar abember ot-Tempele
Israet choir andI~ has san"lg' before
arllat ;tha Jewlah -organfistions .of

themselves, were uninjured except
for shock.
A Jewish woman, Mrs. Hollan-
der, passed the overturned car a
few minutes after the accident and
hearing the cries of' the occupants
succeeded in opening the windows
of the auto. Rabbi Mindel was
pulled out first and then released
the other occupants of the ma-


Among the scholarship recipi-
ents of an academic course at the
University of Miami awarded to
outstanding~ students by the Mi-
ami Lions Club was' Miss Frances
Katie, popular membey of Miami's
younger( Jewish~ r et. Miss Kane
has part~icipate~d in a. anmber .of
revues in)Itlapd~ giv~eq by charita-
ble shib 'civid riistol and has
ang plPeare astt sise cth d 6strisac



W5ho I~s ToP Blanme?

Thousands Visit

Hialesh Track

$37,000 Being Spent Weeklf
for Labor and Materials *
By disami Jockey Club

Approximately 25;,000 persons
visited Hialesh Park during the
past two Sundays to see the prog-
ress being made on the $1,000,000
improvement program at the 200-
aere tract, which is being trans-
formed into the most beautiful
horse racing course in the world.
Traffic became so heavy last
Sunday that it was necessary to
direct motor traffic inside the
grounds for several hours in the
A total of 3,150 motor cars were
counted inside the gates, nearly
twice as many as those entering
the grounds the preceding Sunday,
the first day the track was open-
ed to the general public by James
(Continued on Page Six)


P -~ ~T : __ ~ ___~__ __ -P-- 1-.-~- .~---I--.--i ----~~T;_I--~ --------- I --


iiMAIN CTIFFET I Annownein th Opein of

(Continued frmPage One) Miam 4ec WQl shingto
:Horseman and Ri aan W inkle aI Tea Cap BReadi~t ~ng rti

Dreamer w-ho knows history. I,, .----------- .
In all the world, perhaps, there
iP no one place wHhere one can call
up so many mtmorres as that v-iewr
Sto the north. /

,Sandy Book
Southwnardly- lies New Yorki bay,/ I~ l

a *_ *

The Junior Jewish Floridian

A Page for Boys and Girls Conducted by Uncle Judah

Volume 1. October 2, 1931--Twenty-first D~ay of Tishre 56i92 Number 4

"Where Year Dollar Does Its Daty"
Pianos, Radios, New and Used
S531-589 N. W. 3rd Ave. Ph. 31554

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When you are sick: with heart,
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Q .aISnes4.. ses

Boyrs and Girls

Can you write a story of JeR-
ish interest? Or a poem, or a


Page Two


A wealthyr man visited in a
School and gave an address. When

joke or riddle? Send them in Ihe was through. he called over r? the Statue of Liberty. Ellis Island
to U-ncle Judah. Have you a Ilittle boy and said to him, Mr and. far in the background, Sandyv
question to askr about Jewish lad, have you a purse ?' "No, sir,"'i Hoook, the last point of land the
history, Jewish customs or Jew. jwas the reply. vessels to Euro~pt pass. One can
ish current events? Inquoire of "I'm sorry,") said the rich man, Isee ocean-gocing steamships put
Uncle Judah. "iIf you had, I'd have given you out from their Hudson River piers
Address UNCLE JUDPL~ half a dollar to put into it." and nose their way downstream to
P. O. Box 2978 Miami, Fla. The same man was scheduled to the broad ocean,
_,,,_, ,,,,,,,,,,, speak there again the follow-ingr Y ou notice the bustling little
THZ`S SPOKE THE PROPHET month, and whben hie came, the Itugs dodging about; the lumbering
AMOSboysi were prepared for him; an ferries shouldering their way from
empty purse lay hidden in every shore to shore. A4nd the eye can
Woe t the reedy grinin pair of trousers. And sure enough. reach to the Pocono Mountains in
Sat the end of his. speech he called enY\ai t hro llg
heartless profiteers, P nto n nhm "aevuate Cnnsylaia th sharor, along I
Who thrive on orphans't hunge~riU1U~ ,,,, YV th Cnncict hoe og
and o widws' ears purse. little man? he asked. 4, adsthousands of "necks," or
YTes, sir, was the reply. "I'm
W~ho make the ephah measure' .mnauebyadpnisl.
glad of that," said the speakrer.intlu by d ensa.
small, the shekel great? "I o ant ol a ie The v-iew is like a relief map
To add increasing profits to their yo afadla obyoe" one can see in almost any museum.
own estate; It is w~orthi a trip to the city If
W'ho keep the selling market ris- SICA OA there was nothing else to see.
ing as they choose,
That they may buy the needy for Rejoice upon this festal day!I
a .ni Whfhnr ien then should honest Jews be ANN~OUN'C EMEN~TS

(Continued from Page One)
10:30 a. m., immediately preceo-
ing the memorial services, Rabbi.
Lazarus Axielrod will preach ona
''Love~: Divinne and H~uman." A4t
6;:15 p. m., Saturday-, the Hakofo(
wnill begin. On Sunday morning
the services wfill begin at 9. Canl-
tor Boris Schlachman, assisted by
the choir. wnill chant all the ser-
v-ices. After the morning services
Saturday the wforshippers w-ill be
the guestse of the rabbi at a kiid-
dush in bfe Succah. On Sunday
the wforshijapers wfill be the guests
o~f Mr. and 'Mrs. Sam Blanckr at
their home. ~302 Euclid avenue,
Miami Beach. w'hen kiddush will
be served.

Announcing the Opening of a
Dr_ V W_ nowles


W-ho H ing a profit from another's Onemr unrol

Though such extortion makes their The sacred scroll,
helpless brothers bleed, And greet the feast w~ith song
O Lord of Hlostsl we~t cry to Thee: play!
How~ long i Wfe chant the Law through all

Before Thy righteous judgments
come to right the wr~on ?


Although the Romans under Ha-
drian forbade the Jewfs either to
teach or to study- the Torah, Rab-
bi Akiba continued his study of
the law and daily taught it to his
pupils. So one day his friend
Pappus warned him: "Akiba, do
you not know that teaching the
Torah will surely bring you to
y-our death ? "
"iLet me tell you a story,"' re.
plied Akiba "A, fox was once
walking on the brink of a river;
he saw; many fishes swi-mming in
the water. 'W'hy do you swim so
fast, little fish ?' asked the fox.
'Because we are afraid of the
fishermen's nets,' answered the
Uittle fish.
'Then come up on dry land,,
the fox told them. wheree you will
he safe from the fishermen.'
"But the fish said: 'Wfater ii
our natural home. If we are not
safe here, surely we would die on
the land, where we were never
intended to live.'
"This is the meaning of my par-
able," ended Akiba. "To the Jew
the Torah has always meant life
and length of days. While study-
ing the Torahi we may be in great
danger from our enemies, but at
least we are in our natural ele-
ment. But if we were to give up
our study of the Torah we shoudd
cease to be Jews and would be
swallowed up by the heathens all
around us."---From the Talmad.


A rabbi was once asked by a
RBoman governor, "Why do ye set
your Sabbath day over the other
days ?"
"Whiy art thou more than any
other person?" iDnqi-red the rabbi.

governor over thee."
"Likew~iset," said due ~rabbi, "has
so~ more our Oend who is asetr

Lathr D~ay to be Isr==Handir moe
than the sednar days."

SOur minds intense. our hearts au-
Today- we jest
W~ith mirthful zest
STo show we hold our Torah dear:
1Come, comrades all, and merr?

SCome, raise a lilting -melody!
A4nd let the skF
Receive the cr',
SThat sounds the Torah's jubile~e!
--Rabbi Abraham Burstein.

:My first in "Nrathan,"' not in
IMy next in "'snow,"' but not in
jMy third in "strike" and not in
"Ltouch ";
iMy fourth in "many"t and not in
"much" ;
My last in "hammer" and not in
/My whole the book which spells

The first answer to "Guess
This One" mailed to Uncle Ju-
dah, Postoffice Box 29373, will
receive a cash prize of one dol-

It is not what we do that really
counts, but it is the manner in
which ivce do it that brings the re-

109-1820 Olympia -Bldg.
has returned to the city and
resumed practice.

feilepheme assa


Once upon a time. according to
an old story. a yioung man came to
Socrates, the Greek philosopher,
and said. "'Sir, I come to you iti
search of knowrledg~e. I heard much
about you and have come a long
wnay to find you. W~ill you not tell
he how I can gain knowledge ? "
Socrates said: "Follown me."
The youth followed Socrates to
a body of water and was surprised
to see him wade into it up to his
wIaist. He followed him and Soc-
rates grasped him by the arm and
head and thrust his head under the
water. He held him there until it
seemed the youth would surely
perish. Then he dragged the
youth to the shore, and waited for
him to catch his breath, and then
said: "My boy, what did you most
desire when I held your head un-
der the water ?"
The youth gaspingly replied:

And Socrates said: "Go your
way, and remember that wnhen you
want krnownledge as much as you
wanted air when you were under
water, you w-ill get it. l


Our rabbis makie the following
commentary- to explain why, ac~
cording to, the legend, Eve wna !
made our of Adam's rib and not
of any other part of his body:
"'God did not make Eve out of
Adam's head. that she shall not
see everything and become vain;
n'or of the ear. that she shall not
listen toi every-thing and become a
talebearer; nor of the heart, that
she shall not be env-ious; nor of
the hand, shall not reach for ev-
ery-thing and become extravagant,
nor of the foot. that she shall not
run around and entice others, or
be enticed to temptation and lust:
but from the rib wfas she made, a
part of the body which is ever
hidden from sight, so that she too
shall not be exposed to excess'
but reserved and respectable. -
From the Midrash.


Our rabbis tell the following
parable in which they contrast twno i
types of people:
The forest trees once asked the
fruit trees, "WShyr is the rustling
of your leaves not heard in the
distance ? The fruit trees replied,
'W-e can dispense with the rust-
ling as a .means of ma~king~ known
our presence because our fruits
testify for us." -
The fruit ~trees then inquired of
the forest ~trees, "Wihy do your
leaves rustle almost continually ?"
To which the forest trees replied,
"Wfe are forced to call the atten-
tion of man to our existent."


WBhen dad takes me to synaoue
I like to hear the singing,
But most of all I like to hrear
The Torah bells a-ringing

From ap the drk right to the desk
WIheae theyb are put away.

Andthe~yne the beae go ~hankagi

Aad @eZ eadrtains anerawa to.
I linue so Ler me~ .......
Asad the tals~ **w PemberQ tels
But ~p sest atQ aB to speagague
I -ik~e (Its, 1Juseh bers.

7i40 N. E. Ninetieth Street
(Just East of Bouleg-Erd)
Phone Edgewater 16i01


SE~ndorsed by "Chil d Life"


the ntsa seal t imens
At Ptees
Bhs$4Rp SWr & i'hmi Am
bs-- gU ~~

- -- -- ~~- __~_ __~ __~___ ~_~ __ _..__ ..r






P. o. an st)s
Miami, Florida Phone 2-1183
tru asi tretL 8
Mrsn. sch&rebasek. Representative
Entered as second-cloass ate July 4,
use, at the rest ofries at mYiuni Fla.,
udrthe act of MLarch 3, 1879.
s Months $1.**
on, cer ss.**
Y'olume IV.--Number XL.
Friday,,October 2, 1931

Community Co-operation!

In his message on Yom Kippur
tothe Congregation Beth Jacob,
Harry I. Lipton, president, urged
tht the four congregations in
reater Miami, its sisterhoods and
11 other Jewish eivie organiza-
ions take steps to organize ef-
iectively a system of relief for
hose unfortunate of the faith
Who may find themselves without
ood or shelter in Miami this win-

He suggested that it may be
bosible, with the co-operation of
heJewfish W'elfare Burena, a
large rooming house be rented
rith a housekeeper in charge,
here for short periods, those
ewfs who come here penniless, in
arh of health or work, may oe
ardfor a few days until ar-
ngments for the return to their
homes are made.
"It can reasonably be anticipa-
edthat a large group of our co-
elgionists will arrive in the city
nd present us with the problem
relief for which we must pre.
ar.It is not the Jewish interpre- I
stion of charity to prohibit the
rager from entering our gates l
Sthe county lines, nor to send
imfor thirty or sixty days on c
>ad work because he has no visi. ]
lemeans of support, especially ~
>da when the entire world is
zfering from economic distress, i
tose wtho are weaker in body and c(
lind find themselves poignant t
tisof this national depression. s
is for those wpho are stronger i
mind and body, and richer in o
material possessions, to take care t
our less :fortunate brothers," r
r.Lipton declared. r
This will call for organized ef. c
)rt, particularly among the sis- t
hodto arrange to receive a
mtributions of food and supplies DI
em various donors and to ar- o
Ine means to meet the emer- B
situation that will face as h
evtbly very soon.
Congregation Beth Jacob will tl
edea considerable sum with the e
dof its sisterhood, andi calls for c:
lited support among the other m
grgations and o gnztions to g
kelike steps so that a confer. p:

cecan be calledl after thae hol~i
Ps, at which time the matter
al be fully ad tbrthr -h
fo. g:
Of course, there is th~e Hebrew fc
,tendly I~nn Society which fune.
st winpdidly on a smaHrl sale
rined Mayp not that be ~re- h

e agree with Mr.
altiishould be done. Wae, Im

acnsOrshima, "r~ Aean sit is
wn ateh maise ry d diastrssJe
ammptant. The PRismay lan, nr
laIrger sense wilt as anised s
aof the syassagues of Me a
]t district, can ae-

I I II -rr ---

The ay afIie



pany invte f m o to th ormral
opening of some model tenements
which the company has erected.
'Why should I come to see maod-
el tenements?" I asked.
For answer he pulled out of his
pocket a crumpled sheet of paper,
saying, "Here's an editorial that
you wrote nearly fifteen year
ago. You pointed out that the in-
suradnce companies collect millions
of the~r in arnnual premisan
from t poor. You asked why
some of those millions should not
mke yse inteing dow ol 6a
in their place.
"We read that editorial in our
directors' meeting. It started the
thinking which has resulted in
these homes for folks of moderate
Words are mysterious1 and arwa-
inspiring. We shoot them into the
air, either by tongue or pen, and
most of them perish. But now and
then some stray sentence drops in-
to a mind that remembers it, sad
is influenced by it for many years.
Many books, many sermons,
many speeches have ran inr and
out of my brain, leaving little
trace. Yet here are three quiteR
casual remarks that I remember:
1. Said the late TIaleett Wil-
liams, in a ttik which I had with
him immediately after my grada-
artion from college:
"Never forget the old saying,
'A great deal of good can be don
in the world if one is not too care-
ful who gets the credit.'"
2. Said a prominent business
man when I was blue and dtisrpl
pointed because the first comeern
for which I worked had gone
busted :
"Youl ar very fortunate to have
had a severe disappointment while
you are still young. The men to
be pitied are those whose disap-
pointments come in middle life,
when it is too late for them to
start over again. A disappointment
in youth is merely part of the
hardening process that is neces-
sary to make you capable of ear-
rying through."
3. Said my friend, Robert Up-
"Never grumble about year
problems. They are responsible for
the greater part of year incomee"
Of the three bits of wisdom this
last ras done me the most good
Whenever I think I am having a
tough time I remember that jobs
with no worries carry small py.
It's,becoase I have larger tra~obles
that I draw at largler income.
None of these friends pbrobby
gave his remark a second thought
But I have never forgotten them,
and I now pas them on la this
editorial. Ninety-nine out of ev-
eryr hundred readers will pay no
attention. But some day, ifiteen
pears from now, somebody wlRl
say: I read something of yours
a long time argo, and it gave me
a fresh idea."b
That's~ the marveleas thing
rabot working with words.

Makclonald-TThat's ~a or blade
liou've gopt OnI yTouTr sety razor.
Madarishr---WeB, it was good
meegth for my father, it's gLPood

maded who abe h a,

Mistrear3as-Givit thek o ear-
rau irteams. ontep van aw ss

Je~ am-Ne we pay Ser erL-b

~~~GlaO 6Ug

CH ~AS ~

.Lots of money that men marr:
is counterfeit.

When words fail a woman is
-an argument she resorts to tears

Lying too much in bed is almost
'as bad as lying too murch outside
lof it.

Some lawyers he the knack oi
converting poor advice into gooc

All is fair in love and war--or
'in other words, during courtship
and after marriage.

Nro clergyman being present at
a recent luncheon, the host sin-
gled out a pious solemn-looking
man in a black coat and tie, with
a religious appearance, and asked
him to pronounce the blessing.
The gentleman, after being ad-
dressed, put his hand to his ear
and craned forward intently.
"I can tell you are talking to
me, sir," he said loudly, "but I'm
so damn deaf I can't tell what in
hell you're saying.,,

Kissing is the result of two sets
of emotional cellular vibrations
which attract each other and beu-
come harmoniously merged into a
rich chort of contact.-Dlr. Josiah

*A Nebraska minister will marry
a couple for eight bushels of
wheat. Texas movie houses will
accept a bushel of wheat as ad-
Smission fee. And in Kansas you
many trade a bushel of whbeat for
two packages of cigaretes. Truly,
then, nothing stands in the way of
a young couple marrying, going to
a show, puffing a cigarette after-
ward and having a good time gen-
erally. Honeymooners starting to
Niagara Falls, however, arue asked
to pay at the ticket office. Enough
wheat to buy a pnassa mitht sink
the boat.

Relkoise-Baraldt, yen've as i~dea
what it meant to me when yee

whidh Henriettar Ssod contributed.

years ago. Usassming, modest,
she wgork steadIL an persaistent-
Ir for m~ re asvsirton 4a ht~Umanty

Jj &j Jewrfi dream era a

kissed me last night!
H~arold-You've nothing on me.
SI got a five-spot out of it myself
-ona wager!

tMissa owler-Did my voice fill
eMr. BI ntire o, it filled the
refreshment room and the con-

"Yo Ir "yn socasl~
said he aj dge toth dem dat
"that I would advise you to get

Gazonda-Why, Gazoof, how i~ll
you look! What's the matter ?
Gazoof--Oh, nothing much. Los-
ing weight, that's all. Lost 120
pounds of flesh in one day.
Gazoof--Fact, I assure you. My
wife deserted me.

Mrs. Rapper--Miss Oldgirl says
she is 25. Do you believe that ?
Mrs. Crabbe-It must be true.
She's stuck to the same story all
the years I've known her.

Rhymer--What's the difference
between guitar and catarrh ?
Punner-One makes music and
the other makes me sick.

Town Girl-I'm off those college
Co-Ed-Why ? What's wrong ?
Town Girl-Well, they start out
holding your hand and pretty soon
thley'e trying to shuffle the
*hl dek

The possessive of "it" is a
like Clara Bow.

-------~---TTIICC .

Henrietta Szold

(Thhis is the fist of a series

icepon its work m rti: -
ties of today.)

m Ien etshn no d, probably th
ish life of this era oman ian Je
Baltimore, 1Md., in 186 Hero ia
er, Rabbi Benai Szod rb
of Madison Avn nen Te dle rnt
the time of his death, was an out
standing scholar ad f me
throughout the landankorn into
home where deep Jewish senti
ment, strict religious observance
and a high regard for Jewis1
learning and culture prevailed, i
is but natural that she became ths
figure in Jewish life that she is
At the age of 16 she graduates
from the Eastern High Schoo
with honors and accepted a posi
tion as teacher in a private school
She was then famed for her know)
edge of Hebrew and kindred sub
In 1880, when, as a result oj
the mass emigration of Russiar
Jews ~to this country, many of the
vanguard settling in Baltiijnore
then one of the leadnig ports of
entry, Henrietta Szold realized the
problem of acclimating the Jews
to this country and their new sur-
roundings. She organized night
schools where the newcomers were
taught the language and custom
of America. She was perhaps the
first woman in America to under-
take the organization of "Ameri-
eanization work."
WThen the Jewish Publication
Society was organized she became
secretary of the publication com-
mittee, first as a volunteer. She
held this office for more than 25
years. She translated many books
from the German, French and He-
brew into the English language.
The year book was for many years
edited and compiled by her.
At the death of her father she
registered as a special student at
the Jewish Theological Seminary
of America, where she took rab-
binic courses. Then various arti-
cles began to appear from her
pen. She became famous through-
out the world.
When political Zionism had its
.nception under Dr. Hertzl she be-
:ame one of its most interested
workers. She wrote on Zionism,
;poke on Zionism and became an
influential factor in the Federation
,f American Zionists. At one
ime she became its executive sec.
etary without pay. This is not
~emarkable, as all through her
career she has always, been ready
o sacrifice herself for the gener-
rl cause. (Her close friendship to
r.I Hairry Friedenwald, president
f the federation and a fellow-
~altimorean, must have counted.
In 1909 she paid her first visit
o Palestine. She was so impress-
d with the beauty and the con.
rete appeal that Palestine itself
lade to her that she became en-
rossed in its very vital and needy
problems. Hadarssah was the re.
ult of this visit
Hadassah, organized in 1912,

asaccomplished much, due in
as test part to the untiring ef-
orts and unceasing w ~rk of tis
ran dhs owusaho at times
Toe been prvileged to know the
avel life of the Szolds, her work
amil wodre t Her sister
notwodeed ah ht oisi.Lvn
,anee tobthem foe nr o
ltelligent soilwr argthe
ws.t~ He waste ote of J hewi
ational orangistior of Jwas
eeist workers. poe" oe the wa
s executive secwtretry o

a dr H M Yia r lbr


Minors are gold diggers.

lh geeisai direction
Ips-- issrih


of the

The fu rnia cuais
of pe pl rarp: ndiin cupations
tion, multiplication and division.

A philanthropist is one who has
the power of throwing his voice.

The only sure way of detecting
tuberculosis is by X-raya oroco w~ith

What do the people of Northern
New York raise ?

The human skin is
table substance.

a tough pal-

Cleopatra died because she was
bit by a wasp.

SIt doesn't require
to grum le.

much effort

A girl out wiest of St. Paul
Made a newspaper dress for a
She made a great hit
Till somehow she got lit,
And burned, funny section and all.

.Mrs. Newlywed-I'm having ter.
nible luck trying to raise chickens
-I--they are all dying.
Mrs. Farmer-What kind of feed
are you giving them?
Mrs. Newlywed Feed ? Why,
none; I supposed the old hen gave
enough milk for them.

The picnickers were obhiged to
walk across a railroad track. Lit-
tle Bobby, getting ahead, saw the
train approaching.
"Daddy," he shouted, "hurry-
or else give me the lunch."

A doctor who was superintend-
ent of the Sunday school in a small
village asked one of the boys this
Supt.--Willie, will, you tell me
what we must do in order to get
to Heaven?
Willie-We must die.
Supt.--Very true, but tell me
what we must do before we die.
Willie--We must get sick and
send Sor you.

lakhens are more
clever than the white ones, ain't
they, ma?
Mother--What makes yea think
tha~t, dear ?
Betty-Well, the black ones can
lay white eggs, but the white ones
can't lay black eggse.

Jake--My girl always holds ar
hanrds when- were ou~t on a date.-
Fete-I don't blame her. I weald
not trust yea, either.

D~oremita-Was it sueastal-
engaging that ex-imrrg~abr as your
ehedrat d?
So;ldk~aside-Ra~f~~ff~~f er!f~ I'v #n
tomad a finger marki a the ma
yetli I






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Friday, October 2, 15


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3~giljiL2 ~c 111)1~111~4~~

_ _~~__ 11_1~_ ___11_

T ~ ~ ~ r ~r~VL~~r tg:!r

fY *


faining' th'e ~nesifs 'oP B'eth iJaob

edited by the mkembe~rs of the Bi-
ble and Sunday school classes and
is under the supervision of the


(Continued from Page One)
general manager for Joseph E.
Widener at Hialeah, where he
made a big success, and is repor~t-
ed to have received a princely sal-
ary for three months' work out of
the year.
Damon Runyon, writing in the
New York American, said recent-
ly: "Bruen is more entitled to have
his own race track in Florida thanr
any man I know. He did most of
the pioneer work that finally got
a racing law down there. He is a
citizen and taxpayer of Florida,
ownmng a fine home on Miami
Beach. Moreover, he enjoys great
personal popularity in Florida.
"Bruen has been in the racing
game since he was a boy. His
father was one of the best known
starters of his time. The son has
been a sheet writer, and about ev-
eryrthing else around a race track.
"He was long associated with
the late 'Curly' Brown, a redoubt-
able character, who built the track
at ~Marianao, in Havana, and the
famous Arlington Park, in Chica-
go, and a number of other race

Ambulance Service
Phone 2-1284
1923 8. W. Eighth S~treet

~__ _____

~ C~1_5

S, Oe~ ~ I ~:9~

p lendidly attended event was
rdparty tendered by Beth
Sisterhood of Miami Beach
number of Miami and Miams
SresideGt lst Wednesday
toon at Gro' 10 lin
e.During the afternoon
Were played and refresh-
Swere served. Prizes were
by Mrs. J. L. Shochet, Mrs.
SFrank, Mrs. J.- Bernstein,
Sarah Shochet and Mrs. Wil-
A.Gerson. Assistmng mn en-
nig were Mesdames Benja-
H.Kohl, J. Caplan, Barney
l,t Sam Blanck and Miss
Mary Gerson,
Aple Israel Sisterhood is
ring a Simchas Torah en-
Inent and card party at
inhall next Sunday evening,
wr4, at 8 o'clock. All. mem-
of the temple and sisterhood
united to attend and no ad-
oncharges will be made.
swill be given for high
sand refreshments will* be
d.Mrs. 1. L. Seligman,
mn of the ways and means
sittee, is in charge of ar-

eSisterhood of Temple Israel
hold a general meeting of its
esnext Monday, October 5,
ip. m., at Kaplan hall. This
ge preceded by a board meet-
at 1 o'clock. Board members
urged to bje very prompt so
the accumulated business may
quickly disposed of. The ger.-
meeting of the members will
opened with an inspirational
by Rabbi Dr. Jacob H. Kap-

houned -the chairmen of the vari- l
ous committees. Miss Bernice
Loeb is recording secretary; Miss
Georgia Roth, treasurer, and Miss
Sylvia Miller, corresponding secre-
tary. Chairmen are: Miss Flo Al-
pert, ways and means; .Miss Mir-
iam Scheinberg, telephone; Miss
Millicent Rubin, "Happy Day"
fund; Miss Irene Farr, talent; Miss
Tillie Predinger, visiting commit-
tee; Miami Beach membership,
Miss Esther Chauncey; Miami
membership, Miss Beatrice Shaff;
religious committee, Thelma Rose;
social service, Miss Jennie Reder,
assisted by Miss Florence Merlin;
publicity, Miss Millie Dreisen, as.
sisted by Miss Sara Kahn; enter-
tainment, Miss Goldie Miller, and
hospitality, Miss Sarah Levine.
Miss Sadie O. Minor, dean of
girls at Miami Senior high, spoke
on the "Big Sister Movement."
-Miss Millie Dreisen sang and was
accompanied by Miss Irene Farr
at the piano.

The Senior Council of Jewish
Women is sponsoring a card party
Tuesday, October 6, at 2 p. m., at
the home of Mrs. I. L. Seligman,
1666 S. W. Seventeenth street, to
which the public is cordially in-
vited. Assisting Mrs. Seligmtn
will be Mesdames Julius Simpson,
Ben Watts and Meyer Schwartz.
Refreshments will be served and
prizes will be given for high

Temple Israel Sisterhood calen-
dar of events for the coming sea-
son include: October 5, meeting;
October 14, card party~ at 8 p. m.
at home of Mrs. J. A. Richter; Oc-
tober 29, Hallowe'en party at Kap-
lan hall; Noveber 2, meeting; No-
veber 16, card party; November
25, annual Thanksgiving party;
December 7, meeting; December

13, Chaniuka party; December' 27,
annual dinner in celebration of Dr.
Kaplan's birthday; Jariuary' 4,
meeting; January 10, annual frol-
ics night; January 18, card part;
February 1, annual birthday lun-
cheon; February 19, annual Wash-
ington's birthday party; March 7,
meeting; March 22, Purim party.
During March a reception will be
given to the delegates attending
the tri-state convention of Sister-
hoods. April 4, meeting; April 20
annual Seder; May 2, annual elec-
tion of officers; May 6, annual iJ-
stallation luncheon.

Mr. and Mrs. William A. Ger;
son and family, former residents
of Miami, who have been making
their home in Wilmington, Del.,
for the past sixteen months, re-
turned to the city this week and
will make their home here in the
future. They are now visiting
'their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Louis
Gerson, at Miami Beach.

Mr. and Mrs. Liouis Robinson
have returned to Miami after an
absence of several months spent
visiting relatives and friends in
New York and vicinity.

Loyalty Club of Emunah Chap-
ter sponsored a card party last
Wednesday night at the home of
Mrs. Mattie Kuperberg. There was
a nice attendance and prizes for
high scores were won by Mrs. B.
Kandel, Mrs. Isidore Fine and
Mrs. Sydney Rausin. Consolation
prize was won by Mrs. Robert
Wallis. Mrs. Sue Schachter won
a door prize. Refreshments were
served during the evening and an
enjoyable time was had.

Beth Jacob Sunday school and
Bible class are publishing a mim-
eographed weekly bulletin con-

lan. The princi al sek o h
afternoon will be the well known
clubwoman, Mrs. William McKib-
ben, who will deliver a talk on
"WhyrPeeople Read, and Why Peo-
pl Wrt. tte conclusion of
her speech she will read a number
of her own compositions. A musi-
cal program will be given by Mrs.
Ruby Showers Baker, vocalist, who
will be accompanied by Ivy Sproule
Baker at the piano.
At a meeting of the Jewish so-
rority at the University of Miami
held last week, Miss Frances Kane
was elected president; Miss Mal-
vina Weiss, vice president, and
Miss Mildred Greenberg, secretary
and treasurer. Miss Faye Wein-
traub was chosen as an honorary
member for life.

The executive committee of the
Women's Club of the Workmen's
Circle is sponsoring a reception at
which the children of the Yiddish
Schule will be the guests to meet
their new teacher, Mr. S. Litt of
Monticello, N. Y., who arrived
here Wednesday evening to as-
sume charge of the school. The
children will be given refresh-
ments and gifts.

The first meeting of the Junior
Council of Jewish Women last
Tuesday night at Kaplan hall was
marked by an address by Mrs. Ben
Watts, president of the Senior
Council of Jewish Women, on "LCo-
operation Between the Junior and
Senior Organizations." Miss Sylvia
Dreisen, the new president, pre-
jsented the other officers and an-


These men of courage and perseverance--early settlers of Miami--men of vision--who could see Miami as it is
today-a Magic City-s~ynonymous the world over with beautiful home life--the place of places to live-Miami
cherishes a world-famous reputation built by the courage and foresight of these men, its pioneer settlers who
make up the list of directors of the Gables Racing Association.
How fitting it is that racing-an important phase of Mianki's recreational. facilities, should be entrusted to these
men--to homefolk -who have Miami and Dade County interests at heart.
Thus it is that the Gables Racing Association--owned and controlled by home people--may be depended upon to
hold Miami--the city of homes--first in every consideration and establish racing upon the very highest possible
plane-the only plane upon which it can ever hope to ex ist in Miami or elsewhere as a community asset.
The officers and directors of the Gables Racing Association, true Miamians and home owners--pledge themselves~
to do evrthing possible to make racing in Miami a community asset. They pledge themselves, also, to employ
racing course that will indeed do justice to any city.-

The directors have unanlmously declared that the GABLES RACING ASSOCIATION track will
not be operated in competition with other tracks.

Gables Racing Association, Inc.

Frank J. Bruia. President-.&fanager



The W3CINTER Season

ryu uu, ~ 1 __ YYI~UII ~yVl~uurr c~ ~L~IIL~


Shemini Atzereth services will
begin at 8 p. m. at Congregation
Beth El, when the rabbi will
preach on "The Blessing of the
Soil." On Sunday morning special
children's services will begin at 10
o'clock for the celebration of Sim-
chas Torah. Jewish flags will be
used in the processional. The rab-
bi will preach on "The Significance
of Higher Education."' Refresh-
ments will be served by the sis-
terhood immediately after the ser-

Congregation Beth Israel will
usher in the last day of Succoth
at 8 o'clock Friday evening when
Dr. Herman will preach on "The
Two-fold Aspect of the Succah.,,
Following the service the sister-
hood will serve refreshments and
a social hour will be spent. Relig-
ious school of the congregation
will meet each Sunday morning at
9:45, the members of the high
school department assisting to
some extent in the instruction of
the lower grades.

Beth Israel Sisterhood will hold
its annual fall luncheon meeting
on Tuesday, October 8, when Mrs.
MEFshall Feiga, first vice presi-
deldtjgof the organization, will pre-

bles of 66 compartments ear
which stretch for three-fifths of
mile on the west side of 1
When the $1,000,000 improvelM
program is completed, the Mias
Jockey Club will provide emphp
ment this winter for more thr
2,800 persons. These include trai
ers, caretakers and employes
the track during the racing ac

YES --

As part of the services last Fri-
day night at the Congregation
Beth Israel the children of the re.
ligious school presented a harvest
festival service. A Succah was
erected upon the altar and beau-
tifully decorated by Mr. J. Hedf.
At the conclusion of the services
the sisterhood committee under the
chairmanship of Mrs. I. M. Pra-
ger served refreshments.

Next Sunday afternoon Mrs. M.
Tessler, president of Congregation
Beth El Sisterhood, will entertain
with a reception at her home hon-

Miss Kate Raphael, a former
resident of West Palm Beach, is
visiting Mr. and Mrs. Maurice
Dickson at their home, 420 Hamp-
ton road.

The semi-monthly meeting of
Beth El Sisterhood was held at
the home of Mrs. Morris Moss,
615 Sunset road. It was followed
by a social hour during which re-
freshments were served by the

Mr. and Mrs. Louis Robinson of
Miami wd're the guests of the
chrebnick family last Sunday.

Miss Irene Summers of Thirty-
fourth street entertained at a sur-
prise party in honor of her sister,
Dorothy Zeitlin, who returned
from New Yiork recently. Re-
freshments were served during the
evening and games were enjoyed
by the guests. Among those pres.
ent were the Misses Ann Dunn,
Fannie Schrebnick, Adeline Gold-
stein, Sylvia Dunn, Rosalie Ros-
enberg; Messrs. Sid Sneider, Sam
Greenblatt, Irving Summers, Louis
Gold, Lester Abrams, Simon
Schuyler and Frank Klemnfeld.


Harry Simonhoff, well known
lawyer and president of the Miami
Zionist District, will be the first
speaker of the Miami Jewish Or-
thodox Bible class next Wednes-
day night at the synagogue, 1545
S. W. Third street. He will speak
on "Moses, the Lawgiver." He ivill
discuss his life, his work and his
contributions to civilization.


S(Continued from Page One)
H. Bright, secretary of the Miami
Jockey Club.
Many visitors said they were
amazed at the magnitude of -the
construction program, the cost of
which averages $37,000 per week
for labor and materials fof* a 37-

Why Buy Non-Koseher
Products When Ybu H
Can Getcs. ,- .,
Strictly Kosher



I 'LL~l~r .--- -

_I__ 1 ~I


Friday, October 2, r

Page Six


oring Rabbi Kleinteld. The recep-
tion will begin at 8 o'clock and
conclude at 6, and is given for the
purpose of bringing a closer co-
operation between the rabbi and
the general public.

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Leibovitt
entertained last Sunday afternoon
in celebration of the sixth birth1-
day of their son, Arthur Bernard.
The home was decorated in a green
and yellow color scheme, and the
refreshments carried out the same
motif. Games were played by the
juvenile guests and prizes were
won by Joseph Lee and Marshall
Barer. During the afternoon ice
cream, cake and other refresh-
ments were served, followed by
a dinner. Later in the afternoon
they entertained the parents of the
children, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Ba-
rer, Mr. and Mrs. Henry A. Lee
and Mr. and Mrs. Louis Vangilder.
'Arthur received a number of beau-
tiful gifts. Among the juvenile
guests present were: Leonard
Vangilder, Albert Barash, Mar-
shall Barer, Schuyler Lee, Sydney
Dubbin, Shirley Louis Leibovitt
and Esther Barash.

Mrs. N. Blicher was hostess to
those attending the semi-monthly
card party being sponsored by
Beth El Sisterhood, at her home,
531 Upland road. Prizes were
won for high scores and during the
evening refreshments were served.

A scene showing workers lined up before the paymaster's windows of the Everglades Const
tion Corporation, holders of ~the $106,000 grandstand contract, part of the $1,000,000 improvement
gram at Hialesh Park, home of the 1Miami Jockey Club, where more than a thousand men are empl

week period, beginning the first
week in July and ending the first
week in January. A total of $12,-
500 was spent every day last week
for labor and materials, the larg-
est total for any week so far in
the construction program.
The Miami Jockey Club during
the past summer has done more
than any other institution in the
county to reduce unemployment.
Hundreds of families have been

'able to live comfortably since em-
ployment became available on the
$1,000,000 enterprise. Thousands
of dollars in payrolls during the
summer also have assisted mate-
rially all businesses in this area.
Widener plans to make Hialesh
Park a better and more beautiful
plant than his fath~ous Belmont
Paik in New York. More than 4,-
000 applications for space already
have been received for the 24 sta-

SERHAPS, last year, as a result of
spend as freely as before .. or as
freely as he'll spend in future and more
prosperous seasons. But ever since
1925 you've heard this remark on Mi-
ami streets: "The tourists are here but
they're not spending money."

A tourist can't come to Miami without
spending money.

.. So let's go a little deeper into the
matter and see what's caused this be-
lief that our tourists have been dis-
playing such frugal tendencies.

In 1923, 1924 and 1925 money flowed
freely in Miami. But during those
years real estate was changing hands,
taxes Tere being paid (and therefore
the millage was lower), and in 1924-25
alone, more than a hundred million dol-
lars was spent in building ih Greater
Miami. Most of the hundred million
came from northern money lenders ..
from northern home and hotel builders.
You received your part .so did Mr.
Jones nod Mr. Smith .. and busi-

Now we're paying it back faster th na
it's coming in .. Paying it back in
interest and in principal.

The ouris a are spending as much as
ever. We need more tourists that's
all. Tourists who will build new homes
. and spend their money so we can
build homes ourselves .and pay our
taxes .. and pay the butcher .and
the baker .. and improve business
generally. Tourists .. who will be-
come "sold" on Miami as all tourists do
. who will invest their money here
in land .. in building loans and so on.

Attendance records Htialeah Park ..
thosadsofexresins from weal hy
tourists prove that racing is Mi-
ami's greatest pulling power in attract-
ing visitors. Racing, as it can now be
conducted 1 wil bea greater drawing
card than ever before.







in the


Kosher Meat

Phone 3-2297




Yes, the tourists spend mone ,
for racing .. for more tourists .
better~ days.

. .and

"The Call of the Thorobred"

Featuring JOE ROSE

WQAM 6:30 P. M. Every Monday, Wednesday, Frida

All His Relatives and Friends


"fCashing In" Before the Races


APN .1./