Code of fair competition for the wet mop manufacturing industry as approved on January 23, 1934


Material Information

Code of fair competition for the wet mop manufacturing industry as approved on January 23, 1934
Portion of title:
Wet mop manufacturing industry
Physical Description:
p. 425-434 : ; 24 cm.
United States -- National Recovery Administration
United States Government Printing Office
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Mops and mopsticks -- United States   ( lcsh )
Cleaning -- Equipment and supplies   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1609-08."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 227."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 650495450
System ID:

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For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. .-. Price 5 centa

Registry No. 1609-08

Approved Code No. 227




This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
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Approved Code No. 227

As Approved on January 23, 1934

An application having been duly made pursuant, to and in full com-
pliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Wet Mop Manufacturing Industry, and
hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed report on
said Code, containing findings with respect thereto, having been made
and directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Administrator for Industrial Recovery,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the Presi-
dent, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporate by reference said annexed
report and do find that said Code complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of
said Act; and do hereby order that said Code of Fair Competition
be and it is hereby approved.
Administrator for Industrial Recovery.
Approval Recommended:
Division Administrator.
January 23, 1934.



The TIWhe House.

SIR: This is a report on the Hearing on the Code of Fair Com-
petition for the Wet Mop Manufacturing Industry, submitted by the
Wet Mop Manufacturers Association.
The Hearing was conducted in Washington on November 22, 1933.
Every person who filed requests for Hearing was freely heard in
public and all statutory and regulatory requirements were complied
Attached herewith is a copy of the Code which was presented by
duly qualified and authorized representatives of the Industry, com-
plying with the statutory requirements as representing 45.5 percent
of the total number of producers in the Industry and 75 percent of
the volume.

Evidence presented showed a total of thirty-four concerns em-
ploying, in the first quarter of 1933, a total of 381 employees, while
after the passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act and as a
result of the President's Reemployment Agreement, employment
jumped to 533 employees for the industry.
It was brought out that all members of the Industry had not only
been invited to join the Association but all had been urged repeatedly
to take their proper part in the formulation of the proposed Code.
Notices were mailed to every known concern which was conceivably
engaged in Wet Mop Manufacture. Likewise, every conceivably
known manufacturer of wet mops was notified of the Public Hearing
on this Code.

The minimum wages established in this code of $13.00 per week
for the Northern section of the country and $12.00 for the Southern
section are identical with those established in the Code for the Cotton
Textile Industry. Because of the fact that a number of wet mop
manufacturers spin their own yarn, it is clearly evident that the
labor conditions are substantially the same.
One Southern manufacturer protested against the proposed mini-
mum wage established in the Code, in a statement that many of his
employees are so-called marginal' producers or substandard workers.
This statement was that such substandard employees could not
produce either the quality or the quantity of material as that pro-
duced by his competitors and that he, therefore, desired a lower
minimum wage.


In the belief that there is ample productive machinery within the
industry to produce all of the requirements in two shifts for forty
hours each per week, there is a provision in this code limiting the
operation of productive machinery to the above-stated hours per
week, which is similar to that established for the Cotton Textile
It was further pointed out that there is certain competition in this
Industry from the institutions for the blind. In view of the fact
that there is a definite feeling among these institutions that they wish
to be a part and parcel of the National movement for the betterment
of the Industry, an amendment was added calling for cooperation
between the Code Authority for the Wet Mop Manufacturing Indus-
try and a committee established to represent the institutions for the
blind. The committee to be made up as follows:
Chairman of the Code Committee of the American Associa-
tion of Workers for the Blind.
President of this Association, or his representative.
A representative from the American Foundation for the
The minimum wage and maximum hour provisions of the Code are
not to apply to institutions for the blind which comply with the
rules and regulations of the above committee.

The Deputy Administrator in his final report to me on said Code
having found as herein set forth and on the basis of all the proceed-
ings in this matter;
I find that:
(a) Said Code is well designed to promote the policies and pur-
poses of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, includ-
ing removal of obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign
commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and will pro-
vide for the general welfare by promoting the organization of indus-
try for the purpose of cooperative action among the trade groups,
by inducing and maintaining united action of labor and manage-
ment under adequate governmental sanctions and supervision, by
eliminating unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest
possible utilization of the present productive capacity of industries,
by avoiding undue restriction of production (except as may be
temporarily required), by increasing the consumption of industrial
and agricultural products through increasing purchasing power,
by reducing and relieving unemployment, by improving standards
of labor, and by otherwise rehabilitating industry.
(b) Said Industry normally employs not more than 50,000 em-
ployees; and is not classified by me as a major industry.
(c) The Code as approved complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions of said Title of said Act, including without
limitation Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7,
and Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the applicant
association is an industrial association truly representative of the


aforesaid Industry; and that said association imposes no inequi-
table restrictions on admission to membership therein.
(d) The Code is not designed to and will not permit monopolies
or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Code is not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and will not operate to discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have
not been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of
said Code.
For these reasons, the Code has been approved.
A dmin istrator.
JANUARY 23, 1934.




To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of
Fair Competition for the Wet Mop Manufacturing Industry, and
shall be the standard of fair competition for such industry and
shall be binding upon every member thereof.


1. The term "industry as used herein includes the manufacture
or sale by the manufacturer, of wet, or scrub, mop heads and/or mops.
2. The term employee as used herein includes anyone engaged
in the industry in any capacity receiving compensation for his serv-
ices, irrespective of the nature or method of payment of such
3. The term "employer as used herein includes anyone by whom
any such employee is compensated or employed.
4. The term member of the industry includes anyone engaged
in the industry as above defined, either as an employer or on his
own behalf.
5. The terms President ", "Act ", and "Administrator as used
herein shall mean respectively the President of the United States,
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, and the Adminis-
trator of Title I of said Act.


1. (a) No employee shall be permitted to work in excess of 40
hours in any one week or 8 hours in any twenty-four (24) hour
period, except as hereinafter provided.
(b) Executives and employees in a managerial or supervisory
capacity who receive $35 or more per week are excepted from the
maximum-hour provisions of this section.
(c) Repair-shop crews, firemen, engineers, electricians, outside
crews and cleaners shall not be permitted to work in excess of 44
hours per week.
(d) Truckmen shall not be permitted to work in excess of 48 hours
per week.
(e) Watchmen shall not be permitted to work in excess of 56 hours
per week.


2. The maximum hours fixed in the foregoing section shall not
apply to any employee on emergency maintenance or emergency
repair work involving breakdowns or protection of life or property,
but in any such special case at least one and one third times his
normal rate shall be paid for hours worked in excess of the maximum
hours herein provided. All such emergency time shall be reported
monthly to the Code Authority hereinafter provided for.
3. No productive machinery in the industry shall be operated
for more than two shifts of 40 hours each per week.

1. No employee shall be paid at less than the rate of 32/2 cents per
hour in the North, and 30 cents per hour in the South. The South
shall include the section of the United States consisting of the
States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Ten-
nessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Florida. The
North shall mean the rest of the United States.
2. This Article establishes a minimum rate of pay, regardless of
whether an employee is compensated on a time-rate, piece-work, or
other basis.
3. Rates of pay in excess of the minimum hereinbefore prescribed
shall be increased so as to preserve equitable differentials.
4. Female employees performing substantially the same work as
male employees shall receive the same rates of pay as male employees.


1. No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed
in the industry, nor anyone under eighteen (18) years of age at
operations or occupations hazardous in nature or detrimental to
health. In any State an employer shall be deemed to have complied
with the age provisions of this section if he shall have on file a
certificate or permit duly issued by the authority in such State em-
powered to issue employment or age certificates or permits, showing
that the employee is of the required age.
2. Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain col-
lectively through representatives of their own choosing and shall be
free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in
self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
3. No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union or to re-
frain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of
his own choosing.
4. Employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved
or prescribed by the President.
5. Within each State this Code shall not supersede any laws of
such State imposing more stringent requirements on employers regu-
lating the age of employees, wages, hours of work, or health, fire, or
general working conditions than under this Code.


6. Employers shall not reclassify employees or duties of occupa-
tions performed by employees so as to defeat the purposes of the
7. Each employer shall post Articles III, IV, and V of this Code
in conspicuous places, accessible to all employees.

To further effectuate the policies of the Act, a Code Authority is
hereby constituted to cooperate with the Administrator in the admin-
istration of this Code.
1. Organization and constitution of Code Authority:
(a) The Code Authority shall consist of five (5) individuals, or
such other number as may be approved from time to time by the
Administrator, to be selected as hereinafter set forth. The Admin-
istrator, at his discretion, may appoint not more than three (3) addi-
tional members (without vote) to represent the Administrator or
such groups or interests as may be agreed upon.
(b) The Wet Mop Manufacturers Association shall call a meet-
ing of the entire industry for the purpose of electing the five indus-
try members of the Code Authority, said meeting to take place not
less than 20 days after the approval of this Code by the President,
unless such time shall be extended by the Administrator or his
Deputy upon the request of the Association. Each member of the
industry shall have one vote in electing these members of the Code
Authority, subject to the provisions of subsection 2 (h) of this
Article. Until such Code Authority shall have been selected, the
duties and powers of the Code Authority shall be exercised by the
Administrator or his Deputy.
(c) Each trade or industrial association directly or indirectly
participating in the selection or activities of the Code Authority
shall: (1) Impose no inequitable restrictions on membership and
(2) submit to the Administrator true copies of its articles of asso-
ciation, bylaws, regulations, and any amendments when made thereto,
together with such other information as to membership, organiza-
tion, and activities as the Administrator may deem necessary to
effectuate the purposes of the Act.
(d) In order that the Code Authority shall at all times be truly
representative of the industry and in other respects comply with
the provisions of the Act, the Administrator may provide such hear-
ings as he may deem proper; and thereafter, if he shall find that the
Code Authority is not truly representative or does not in other
respects comply with the provisions of the Act, may require an
appropriate modification in the method of selection of the Code
2. The Code Authority shall have the following additional duites
and powers to the extent permitted by the Act, subject to the right
of the Administrator on review to veto or modify any action taken
by it.
(a) The Code Authority shall cooperate with the Administrator
in making investigations as to the functioning and observance of any
provisions of this Code at its own instance or on complaint by any


person and to report the same to the Administrator, or such agencies
as he may designate.
(b) The Code Authority shall collect at such times and in such
manner as may be prescribed, statistics covering number of employees,
wage rates, employee earnings, hours of work, production, shipments,
stock, prices, and such other data pertinent to the effectuation of the
purposes of this Code as may be required by the Administrator.
(c) In addition to the information required to be submitted to the
Code Authority, there shall be furnished to government agencies
such statistical information as the Administrator may deem neces-
sary for the purposes recited in Section 3 (a) of the Act.
(d) The Code Authority shall, subject to the approval of the Ad-
ministrator, make such rules and regulations as shall be necessary
to make effective the power granted to it hereunder.
(e) The Code Authority may from time to time present to the
Administrator recommendations based on conditions in this industry
as they may develop which will tend to effectuate the operation of the
provisions of this Code and the policies of the Act.
(f) The Code Authority may by regulations duly adopted from
time to time appoint such subcommittees or designate such agencies
and may delegate to any of them such of its powers and duties as
it shall deem necessary or proper in order to carry out the provi-
sions of this Code.
(g) Any interested party shall have the right of appeal to the
Administrator under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe
in respect to any rule, regulation, or other course of action issued or
taken by the Code Authority.
(h) Members of the industry shall be entitled to participate in
and share the benefits of the activities of the Code Authority and
to participate in the selection of the members thereof by assenting
to and complying with the requirements of this Code and sustaining
their reasonable share of the expenses of its administration. The
reasonable share of the expenses of administration shall be deter-
mined by the Code Authority, subject to review by the Adminis-
trator, on the basis of volume of business, and/or such other factors
as may be deemed equitable to be taken into consideration.
3. If the Administrator shall determine that any action of a code
authority or any agency thereof is unfair or unjust or contrary to
the public interest, the Administrator may require that such action
be suspended for a period of not to exceed thirty days to afford an
opportunity for investigation of the merits of such action and fur-
ther consideration by such code authority or agency pending final
action, which shall be taken only upon approval by the Adminis-

1. The Wet Mop Manufacturing Industry recognizes the humane
considerations attached to products of institutions for the blind, and
in order to give constructive assistance and to prevent unfair compe-
tition, it is the will and purpose of the industry to cooperate with
such institutions. To effectuate such purpose, a committee as here-
inafter provided, shall be recognized by the Code Authority for the


purpose of conferring with the Code Authority and adjusting all
matters arising out of the competition of the products of the blind
as they affect this industry. This Committee shall secure necessary
data from institutions for the blind relative to all matters affecting
competition of the blind in this industry.
The committee shall be made up as follows: Chairman of the Code
Committee of the American Association of Workers for the Blind,
President or his representative of the American Association of
Workers for the Blind, and a representative from the American
Foundation for the Blind.
The minimum wages and maximum hours provisions shall not
apply to institutions for the blind which comply with the rules and
regulations of the above committee, after such rules and regulations
are approved by the Administrator.
2. Within 30 days from the effective date of this Code each handled
mop or mop head shall be plainly marked, indicating the size (actual
weight of mopping material, i.e. yarns, fabrics, twines, or slasher),
and shall bear a brand or mark to identify the manufacturer; the
marking to be stamped on the handle or printed on the label at-
tached to the handle, or on a tab attached to the mop head. All
brands or marks shall be filed with the Code Authority for the pur-
pose of identification of the product.
3. The following practices constitute unfair methods of competi-
tion for members of the industry and are prohibited:
(a) False Marking or Branding.-The false marking or branding
of any product of the industry which has the tendency to mislead or
deceive customers, or prospective customers, whether as to the grade,
quality, quantity, substance, character, nature, origin, size, finish, or
preparation of any product of the industry, or otherwise.
(b) Misrepresen station. or False or Misleading Adverti.n sig.-The
making or causing or knowingly permitting to be made or published
any false, materially inaccurate, or deceptive statement by way of
advertisement or otherwise, whether concerning the grade, quality,
quantity, substance, character, nature, origin, size, finish, or prepara-
tion of any product of the industry, or the credit terms, values, poli-
cies, or services of any member of the industry, or otherwise, having
the tendency to mislead or deceive customers or prospective
(c) Conmmercial Bribery.-No member of the industry shall give,
permit to be given, or directly offer to give, anything of value for
the purpose of influencing or rewarding the action of any employee,
agent, or representative of another in relation to the business of the
employer of such employee, the principal of such agent, or the repre-
sented party, without the knowledge of such employer, principal, or
party. Commercial bribery provisions shall not be construed to
prohibit free and general distribution of articles commonly used for
advertising except so far as such articles are actually used for com-
mercial bribery as hereinabove defined.
(d) Interference with contractual relatio.ns.-Maliciously inducing
or attempting to induce a breach of an existing oral or written con-
tract between a competitor and his customer or source of supply, or
interfering with or obstructing the performance of any such con-
tractual duties or services.

IIlll111I lll1i111 I Il HlllIi11111
434 3 1262 08850 3122

(e) Secret rebates-The secret payment or allowance of rebates,
refunds, commissions, credits, or unearned discounts, whether in the
form of money or otherwise, or the secret extension to certain pur-
chasers of special services or privileges not extended to all purchasers
on like terms and conditions.
(f) Defamation.-The defamation of competitors by falsely imput-
ing to them dishonorable conduct, inability to perform contracts,
questionable credit standing, or by other false representations or by
the false disparagement of the grade or quality of their goods.
(g) Threats of litigation.-The publishing or circulating of
threats or suits for infringement of patents or trade marks or of
any other legal proceedings not in good faith, with the tendency or
effect of harassing competitors or intimidating their customers.
(h) Other unfair practices.-Nothing in this Code shall limit the
effect of any adjudication by the courts, or holding by the Federal
Trade Commission, on complaint, finding, and order that any prac-
tice or method is unfair, providing that such adjudication or hold-
ing is not inconsistent with any provision of the Act or of this Code.

1. This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made sub-
ject to the right of the President in accordance with the provisions
of subsection (b) of Section 10 of the Act, from time to time to can-
cel or modify any order, approval, license, rule, or regulation issued
under said Act.
2. This Code, except as to provisions required by the Act, may be
modified on the basis of experience or changes in circumstances, such
modification to be based upon application to the Administrator and
such notice of hearing as he shall specify, and to become effective on
approval of the Administrator.

No provisions of this Code shall be so applied as to permit monopo-
lies or monopolistic practices, or to eliminate, oppress, or discriminate
against small enterprises.
Whereas the policy of the Act to increase real purchasing power
will be made impossible of consummation if prices of goods and
services increase as rapidly as wages, it is recognized that price in-
creases shall be delayed and that, when made, the same should, so
far as reasonably possible, be limited to actual increases in the seller's
This Code shall become effective on the tenth day after approval
Approved Code No. 227.
Registry No. 1609-08.

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