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NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
BEAUTY AND BARBER SUPPLIES
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 24, 1933
REGISTRY No. 1606-02
The Code for the Manufacturers of Beauty and Barber Supplies Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
asapplying to this industry
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CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR MANUFACTURERS OF
BEAUTY AND BARBER SUPPLIES INDUSTRY
To effectuate the policy of Title 1 of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, during the period of the emergency, by reducing
unemployment, improving the standards of labor, eliminating prac-
tices inimical to the interests of the public, employees and employers,
and otherwise to improve the condition of the manufacturers of
Beauty Shop and Barbers' Supplies, and their employees, to increase
the consumption of industrial and agricultural products by increas-
ing purchasing power, and in other respects, the following provisions
are established as a Code of Fair Competition for the Manufacturers
of Beauty Shop and Barbers' Supplies.
This Code is set up for the purpose of increasing employment, es-
tablishing fair and adequate wages, effecting necessary reduction of
hours, improving standards of labor, and eliminating unfair trade
practices, to the end of rehabilitating the Beauty and Barber Indus-
try and enabling it to do its part toward establishing that balance of
industries which is necessary to the restoration and maintenance of
the highest practical degree of public welfare.
It is the declared purpose of this Association as adherents to this
Code to bring, insofar as may be practicable, the rates of wages paid
within the industry to such levels as are necessary for the creation
and maintenance of the highest practicable standard of living, to
restore the income of enterprises within the industry to levels which
will make possible the payment of such wages and avoid the further
depletion and destruction of capital assets; and from time to time to
revise the rates of wages in such manner as will currently reflect the
equitable adjustment to variations in the cost of living.
As used herein the term Manufacturers of Beauty Shop and
Barbers' Supplies" shall include the following branches: manufac-
ture of chairs, furniture and fixtures, permanent-wave machines,
supplies and accessories, hair dryers and mechanical equipment,
cosmetics, soaps, face lotions, hair preparations, hair dyes, dye soaps
and all preparations used upon the hair and scalp, hair goods, hair
nets, cutlery, and all and any articles used in beauty shops or barber
shops, and such other related branches as may from time to time
be included under the provisions of this Code.
The term "employers shall mean all persons who employ labor
in the conduct of any branch of the Manufacturing of Beauty Shop
and Barber Supplies as defined above.
The term "employees shall mean all persons employed in the
conduct of any branch of the Manufacturing of Beauty Shop and
Barbers' Supplies as defined above.
The term effective date" shall mean the date upon which this
Code shall have been approved by the President.
The term person shall mean any individual, partnership, asso-
ciation, or corporation.
Participation in this Code and any subsequent revision of or addi-
tions to the Code shall be extended to any manufacturer in the
Beauty and Barber Industry who accepts his share of the cost and.
responsibility, as well as the benefit, of such participation by be-
coming a member of this association.
IV. MINIMUM WAGE
On and after the effective date, the minimum wages that shall be
paid by any employer to any employee shall be as follows:
Unskilled factory workers, male, 35 per hour.
Unskilled factory workers, female, 300 per hour.
Office clerks, male, $18.00 per week.
Office clerks, female, $14.00 per week.
Office boys, $14.00 per week.
V. HoUrs OF LABOR
On and after the effective date no employer shall employ any
employee in excess of 40 hours per week, this, however, not to apply
to hours of labor for repair-shop crews, engineers, electricians, fire-
men, sales and supervisory staff, shipping, or watchmen.
The employment of employees at peak seasons at not to exceed 48
hours per week shall not be considered a violation of this Code, pro-
viding that such employment shall not exceed six weeks in any one
VI. EMPLOYMENT OF MINORS
On and after the effective date, employers shall not employ any
minor under the age of sixteen years.
VII. LABOR CODE
(a) Employees of Manufacturers in the Beauty and Barber In-
dustry shall have the right to organize and bargain collectively
through representatives of their own choosing and shall be free from
the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of labor, or
their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in the
self-organizations or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) No employee of Manufacturers in the Beauty and Barber
Industry and no one seeking employment therein, shall be required as
a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain
from joining a labor organization of his own choosing.
(c) Manufacturers in the Beauty and Barber Industry agree to
comply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and
other working conditions approved or prescribed by the President of
the United States.
For the purpose of supplying the President and the Administrator
with the requisite data as to the observance and effectiveness of this
Code, and as to whether the Manufacturers of Beauty Shop and
Barber's Sunnlies are taking appropriate steps to enable it intelli-
gently to adjust its hours of labor, wages, and productive capacity
to changing demands of consumers, industrial trends, and other con-
ditions in accordance with the declared policy of the National Indus-
trial Recovery Act, each employer shall furnish regular reports as
The Allied Manufacturers of the Beauty and Barber Industry,
Inc., 36 West 44th St., New York City, is hereby constituted the
agency to provide for the collection and receipt of such reports and
for the forwarding of the substance of such reports to the President,
the Association to provide for receiving and holding such reports
themselves in confidence. Such reports shall be in such form, and
shall be furnished at such intervals, as shall be prescribed by the
Association, and shall contain such information relevant to the pur-
poses of this Code, as shall be prescribed by the Association from
time to time, including information with respect to the following
or related subjects:
1. Employment, hours, wages, and wage rates.
2. Financial and cost data.
IX. INDUSTRY REGULATIONS
Provision shall be made by the Allied Manufacturers of the
Beauty and Barber Industry. Inc., for standard methods of costing
which shall be used by all manufacturers in the industry for the
purposes of this section of the Code.
It shall be considered an unfair method of competition for any
manufacturer in the industry to sell any article below its reasonable
Each and everyone of the following is an unfair method of
1. Misbranding of merchandise.
2. False or misleading advertising.
3. Selling below manufacturers' established or published prices of
trademarked or patented articles.
4. The giving directly or indirectly of secret rebates, discounts, or
special privileges or services.
5. Inducing breach of contracts with a competitor.
6. The giving of gratuities to employees of jobbers or other man-
ufacturers and all other forms of commercial bribery.
7. Defamation of a competitor and disparagement of his products.
8. It shall be considered unfair competition for any person to
manufacture supplies for permanent waving or any other article or
preparation used in beauty shops or barber shops upon premises
which are unsanitary or which do not fully comply with factory
regulations in force in the state or city in which such manufacturing
9. It shall be considered unfair competition for any person to
manufacture or to sell supplies or materials for use in the beauty
shop and the barber shop with fraudulent intent. By misrepresenta-
tion to the customer the use of such supplies or materials is highly
detrimental to the reputation of the legitimate manufacturer and an
inefficient service is rendered to the public. For these reasons, on
and after the effective date of this Code all supplies and materials
manufactured for use by the beauty shop or the barber shop shall
have plainly stamped or printed upon them the name and address
of the manufacturer, or the name and address of the dealer for whom
the article has been manufactured.
1. No provision in this Code shall be interpreted or applied in such
a manner as to:
a. Promote monopolies.
b. Permit or encourage unfair competition.
c. Eliminate or oppress small enterprise, or
d. Discriminate against small enterprise.
2. Violation by any manufacturer of products used in the Beauty
and Barber Industry of any provisions of this Code, or of any ap-
proved rule issued thereunder, is an unfair method of competition.
XI. CANCELLATION OR MODIFICATION
This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made sub-
ject to the right of the President, in accordance with Sec. 10(b) of
Title 1 of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from time to tine
to cancel or modify any order, approval license, rule, or regulation
issued under Title 1 of said act.
XII. CHANGES AND ADDITIONS
Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be in-
cluded therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act may, with
the approval of the President, be modified or eliminated in such
manner as may be indicated by the needs of the public, by changes
in circumstances, or by experience; all the provisions of this Code,
unless so modified or eliminated, shall remain in effect until the ex-
piration date of Title 1 of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
In order to enable the industry to conduct its operations subject
to the provisions of this Code, to establish fair-trade practices within
the industry and with those dealing with the industry, and otherwise
to effectuate the purposes of Title 1 of the National Industrial Re-
cover Act, supplementary provisions of this Code or additional
codes may be submitted from time to time for the approval of the
XIII. PARTIAL INVALIDITY
If any provision of this Code is declared invalid or unenforceable,
the remaining provisions thereof shall nevertheless continue in full
force and effect in the same manner as if they had been separately
presented for approval and approved by the President.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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