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NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION'
AND FEATHER INDUSTRY
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 24, 1933
REGISTRY No. 1603-03
The Code for the Flower and Feather Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
t o,8. De WE DO OUR PART
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents
J. :. i
CODE OF ETHICS FOR THE FLOWER AND FEATHER
In order to effectuate the policy outlined in Title I of the Na-
tional Industrial Recovery Act during the period of emergency by
reducing and relieving unemployment, improving the standards of
labor, eliminating unfair competitive practices, and otherwise ele-
vating the Flower and Feather Industries, the following provisions
are established as a code of fair competition for all those engaged in
the Flower and Feather Industries.
The term "effective date" as used herein is defined to be the first
Monday following the approval of this code by the President.
The term persons as used herein shall include natural persons,
partnerships, associations, and corporations.
The term employer" as used herein shall include every person
,(whether individual, partnership, association, or corporation) en-
gaged in the production, manufacture, and/or distribution of
flowers, feathers, and flower and feather novelties.
The term Manufacturing employee as used herein is defined to
mean one who is engaged in cutting, coloring, pressing, pasting,
branching, and petal rolling, and otherwise engaged in the manu-
facture and production of flowers, feathers, and flower and feather
The term nonmanufacturing employee as used herein is defined
to mean all persons engaged in the flower and feather industries and
the flower and feather novelty industries, not included in any of
the above classifications.
The term industry as used herein is defined to mean the manu-
facture of flowers, feathers, and flower and feather novelties.
On and after the effective date, employers in the industry shall
not employ any person under the age of sixteen (16) years in any
On and after the effective date, employers in the industry shall
not operate on a schedule of hours of labor for their employees,
except clerical and service employees working in offices and shipping
departments, in excess of forty (40) hours per week. Such work
for manufacturing employees shall be divided into five (5) working
days, which shall be from Monday to Friday inclusive; the working
hours to commence not earlier than 8 A.M. and to terminate not
later than 6 P.M., with one hour interval for lunch.
Manufacturers shall be required to submit to the Supervisor,
who shall be selected in the manner hereinafter provided, a state-
ment showing the opening and closing hours of the factory, and all
employees in the said factory shall be required to work on a uniform
basis during such hours, which shall be in accordance with the
schedule established in paragraph "Fourth herein.
Nonmanufacturing employees shall not work in excess of forty
(40) hours per week. There shall be no more than one shift of
workers in any day. No overtime is permitted, except that the
Administrator may grant an extension of hours in the busy season,
when and if in his judgment, labor in the industry is fully em-
ployed and conditions make such an order advisable. This provision
shall apply to any individual who may do the work of a manufac-
turing employee as defined herein.
No home work shall be allowed, and no work shall be done or
permitted in tenement houses, basements, or in any insanitary
building or buildings unsafe on account of'fire risks, or in any back
or rear parts of stores.
On and after the effective date, the basic minimum wage that shall
be paid by employers in the industry to any of their nonmanufac-
turing employees shall be at the rate of Twelve ($12.00) Dollars per
On and after the effective date, experienced manufacturing em-
ployees in the crafts enumerated below shall be paid not less than
the following minimum wage scale:
Worker: Per hour
Colorer__ ________------------------- $0. 62%
Cutter ------___------------------------- .50
All other manufacturing employees------------------------- .37
On and after the effective date, inexperienced manufacturing em-
ployees shall receive not less than $0.25 per hour.
Manufacturing employees in the feather industry shall be re-
quired to have at least three (3) months' training before they may
be considered experienced.
Manufacturing employees in the flower industry shall be required
to have at least six (6) months' training before they may be con-
The responsibility for the administration and enforcement of this
code shall be vested in a Supervisor who shall be selected by the
Association submitting this code. The said Supervisor shall be
authorized to perform such acts as may be necessary to carry into
effect the purpose and intent of this code. He shall make such recom-
mendations to the Administrator for the establishment of rules as to
practices by persons engaged in the Flower and Feather Industries;
as to methods and conditions of trading and reporting of prices
which may be appropriate to avoid discrimination, to promote the
stabilization of industry, to prevent and eliminate unfair and
destructive prices and practices. He shall make recommendations
for dealing with any inequalities that may otherwise arise that may
endanger the stability of the industry and/or production and
Such recommendations when approved by the Administrator shall
have the same force and effect as any other provision in this code.
No employer shall be permitted to grant any secret rebates, deduc-
tions, allowances, or gratuities to the customers, otherwise than the
recognized terms of discount. The recognized terms of discount are
hereby decreed to be two (2%) percent, ten (10) days, E.O.M. and
net thereafter. It shall be a violation of this code for any employer
to make or grant any allowances, deductions, compromise, or claim,
or any other gratuity for the purpose of underselling competitors.
In the event any employer shall desire to extend terms of discount
in excess of the amount decreed herein, then such employer shall
make application to the Supervisor, who shall investigate the circum-
stances surrounding the trades with which the said employer shall be
dealing, and the decision of the Supervisor shall be final upon the
No merchandise shall be shipped on memorandum or consignment
In order to carry out the declared policy of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, each manufacturer shall furnish such periodic reports
as may be prescribed by the Supervisor, in such form or substance
as he may direct. A wilfully false report to such Supervisor shall be
deemed a violation of this code.
Employers in the Industry shall comply with the requirements of
the National Industrial Recovery Act, as follows:
(a) Employes shall have the right to organize and bargain collec-
tively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be
free from interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of labor,
or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in self-
organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) That no employee, and no one seeking employment, shall be
required, as a condition of employment, to join any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organiza-
tion of his own choosing; and
(c) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment
approved or prescribed by the President.
(a) This code is not designed to promote monopolies and shall
not be availed of for that purpose.
(b) The provisions of this code shall not be so interpreted or
administered as to eliminate or oppress small enterprises or to dis-
criminate against them.
Wherever in this industry agreements between employers and
employes arrived at by collective bargaining shall exist or shall come
into existence hereafter, all the provisions of such agreement with
reference to labor standards not prohibited by law and not incon-
sistent with NIRA shall be administered as though a part of this
This code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made sub-
ject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provision
of Clause 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from time
to time, to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule, or
regulation, issued under Title I of said act, and specifically to the
right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of this code
or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.
Such of the provisions of this code as are not required to be in-
cluded therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act, may with
the approval of the President, be modified or eliminated as changes
in circumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated
that from time to time, supplementary provisions to this code or
additional codes will be submitted for approval of the President
to prevent unfair competition in price and other purposes and poli-
cies of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act consistent
with the provisions hereof.
In the event any provision of this Code shall be disapproved or
held invalid, such action shall in no way affect any other provision
NATIONAL FLOWER & FEATHER
By ROBERT HUTCHISON, President.
% Rosette Flower Co., 23 West 36th Street, New York, N.Y.
Digitized by Ihe Iniernei Archive
in 2011 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and Ihe Sloan Foundation
hilp: www.archive.org details codeoffaircompelO965un11
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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