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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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3 1262 08483 0172
Registry No. 267-03
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
SILK TENNIS STRING
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 29, 1933
Uii WE DO uR PART
U ".: -. '- w o -un arr
The Code for the Silk Tennis String Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON a 1933
For ale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. -.- Price 5 cents
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SILK TENNIS STRING
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SILK TENNIS STRING MANU.
100 Boylston Street. Boston
SECTION I. To affectuate the policy of Title 1 of the National
Industrial Recovery Act, during the period of the emergency, by
reducing and relieving unemployment, improving the standards of
labor, eliminating competitive practices destructive of the interest of
the public, employee and employers, relieving the disastrous effects
of over-capacity, and otherwise rehabilitating the Silk Tennis String
Industry and by increasing the consumption of industrial and agri-
-cultural products by increasing purchasing power, and in other
respects the following provisions are established as a Code of Fair
Competition for the Silk Tennis String Industry.
SEC. II. Definitions.-The term "Silk Racket String" as used herein
is defined to mean all strings for such racket games as tennis, squash,
badminton, etc., with a body or core made from silk yarns or any
material other than animal intestines.
The term "Silk Tennis String Industry" is defined to mean the
manufacture and/or production of Silk Racket Strings.
The term "employees" as used shall include all persons employed
in the manufacture of silk racket strings.
The term "productive machinery as used herein is defined to mean
polishing, breaking, winding, and other necessary machinery generally
used in the manufacture of silk racket strings.
SEC. III. Labor provision.s.-Since silk racket strings are manu-
factured chiefly from silk yarns, a textile product, the Silk Tennis
-String Industry will be bound by the minimum wage and weekly
hours of employment requirements of the general Code of the Cotton
Textile Industry as approved by the President on July 8th, 1933. To
effectively apply to the Silk Tennis String Industry, the letter and
-spirit of Section 7 of the National Industry Recovery Act, it is a stip-
ulation of this Code that-
(a) Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain col-
lectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be
free from all interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of labor,
or their agents, in the designation of such representatives, or in self-
organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of collec-
tive bargaining or other mutual aid or protection;
That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain
from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his own
That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved
or prescribed by the President of the United States.
(b) On and after the effective date employers in the Silk Tennis
String Industry shall not employ any minor under the age of sixteen
(16) years for any manufacturing operation.
(c) On and after the effective date of this Code, the minimum wage
that shall be paid by employers in the Silk Tennis String Industry to
any of their employees shall be at the rate of $13.00 per week. This
minimum wage for employees in the Northern section of the Cotton
Textile Industry will be paid by ALL manufacturers of silk racket
(d) On and after the effective date, employers in the Silk Tennis
String Industry shall not operate on a schedule of hours of labor for
their employees in excess of forty (40) hours per week.
SEC. IV. Trade practices.-(a) No manufacturer shall sell, or
offer for sale, any product at a price below cost of Production and
Distribution plus 10%. Also for the purpose of this Code, when
marked disparity exists between the claimed costs of several manu-
facturers, what is statistically known as the "mode", the cost apply-
ing to the major portion of production within the Industry shall
(b) In order to better distribute employment and to prevent over-
production capacity, nothing in this Code shall prevent one member
of this Association from selling to another member of the organization
at prices mutually agreed upon, providing such sales are made at
prices not less than factory costs and further providing that the
purchasing member complies with the provisions of this Code when
reselling said merchandise.
(c) Mill ends, dropped lines, or surplus stocks which must be con-
verted into cash may be sold at such prices as are necessary, provided
such merchandise shall be sold at a price not less than the cost of raw
material plus direct labor. The total of all such sales, with the lowest
unit price indicated, shall be reported to the Secretary within the
first ten days of the month following.
(d) It will be considered as Unfair Competition to refuse to sell one
class of product or item to a customer unless the purchaser will also
purchase other products or items made or sold by the same manu-
facturer; or to sell such other products at reduced prices or on special
terms or under special conditions given to induce the buyer to pur-
chase such other different classes of articles. Each manufacturer shall
sell each different line of merchandise independently, and shall not
cut. the price on one with the provision that other lines be purchased,
nor shall a purchaser be required to purchase one class of merchandise
as a consideration for being allowed to purchase another.
(e) The use of false or misleading statements or illustrations in
advertisements, catalogs, etc., shall be considered unfair competition.
(f) Where the cost of executing contracts entered in the Silk Tennis
String Industry prior to the presentation to Congress of the National
Industrial Recovery Act are increased by the application of this Act to
the industry, it is equitable and promotive of the purpose of the Act
that appropriate adjustments of such contracts to reflect such in-
creased costs be arrived at by arbitral proceedings or otherwise, and
the National Association of Silk Tennis String Manufacturers, the
applicant for this Code, is constituted an Agency to assist in effecting
SEC. V. Self-Government Agency.-With the view of keeping the
President informed as to the observance or nonobservance of the Code
of Fair Competition, and as to whether the Silk Tennis String In-
dustry is taking appropriate steps to effectuate the declared policy of
the National Industrial Recovery Act, an Association known as the
National Association of Silk String Manufacturers has been formed to
cooperate with the Administrator as a planning and fair practice
agency for the Silk Tennis String Industry.
The National Association of Silk String Manufacturers, 100 Boyls-
ton Street, Boston, Mass., is constituted the Agency to collect and
receive such reports as:
Wages and Hours of Labor.-Returns to be made on the first of
every month to the Secretary of the Association by every Manufac-
turer engaged in the Silk Tennis String Industry, showing actual hours
worked by the various occupational groups of employees and minimum
weekly rates of wages.
SEC. VI. Mandatory Provisions, Section 10 (b).-The President may
from time to time cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule,
or regulation issued under this title, and each agreement, code of fair
competition, or license approved, prescribed, or issued under this title
shall contain an express provision to that effect.
SEC. VII. Provision for Modification.-The National Association of
Silk Tennis String Manufacturers may from time to time present to
the Administrator recommendations based on conditions in the in-
dustry as they may develop from time to time which will tend to
effectuate the operation of the provisions of this Code, and the policy
of the National Recovery Act, and in particular along the lines:
(a) Recommendations as to the requirements by the Administrator
of such further reports from persons engaged in the Silk Tennis String
Industry of statistical information and keeping of uniform accounts
as may be required to secure the proper observance of the Code, and
promote the proper balancing of production and consumption and the
stabilization of the industry and employment.
(b) Recommendations for changes in, or exceptions from, the pro-
visions of this Code as to the working hours of machinery which will
tend to preserve a balance of productive activity with consumption
requirements so that the interests of the industry and the public may
be properly served. Seasonal demand for silk racket strings and the
resultant increase in productive activity may make such action
(c) Recommendations for the making of requirements by the Ad-
ministrator as to practices by persons engaged in the Silk Tennis
String Industry as to methods and conditions of trading, the naming
and report of prices which may be appropriate to avoid discrimination,
to promote the stabilization of the industry, to prevent and eliminate
unfair and destructive competitive prices and practices.
(d) Recommendations for dealing with any inequalities that may
otherwise arise to endanger the stability of the industry and of pro-
duction and employment.
Such recommendations, when approved by the Administrator, shall
have the same force and effect as any other provisions of this Code.
Such Agency is also set up to cooperate with the Administrator in
making investigations as to the functioning and observance of any of
the provisions of this Code, at its own instance or on complaint of
any person affected, and to report same to the Administratoor.
SEC. VIII. Effective date.-The terms "effective date" as used
herein is defined to be the second Monday after the approval of this
Code by the President.
SEC. IX. Signature:
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SILK TEN-
NIS STRING AfFRS. CODE COMMITTEE
By WALTER J. HAMBURGER, Chairman,
THOMAS J. KEAVY, Secretary.
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