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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
STONE SETTING INDUSTRY
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 28, 1933
REGISTRY No. 1039-2-04
The Code for the Stone Setting Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
WE DO OUR PART
UNIV. C" rg L *.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington. D.C. - Price 5 cents
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE STONE-SETTING
To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act by reducing and relieving unemployment, improving
the standards of labor, eliminating competitive practices destructive
of the best interests of the public, employer, and employees, and in
other respects to rehabilitate the Stone-Setting Industry, the following
provisions are established as a code of fair competition.
As used herein the term "stone-setting industry" shall include the
handling, erection, cleaning, pointing, repairing, and in some cases
demolition of all kinds of cut stone, granite, limestone, or marble, or
their substitutes in connection with buildings, bridges, dams, tunnels,
and other projects in which cut stone is used.
The term Association shall mean the National Stone Setting Con-
tractors' Association, and Board of Directors refers to the Board of
Directors of said Association.
The term "employers" shall mean all persons who employ labor
direct in the conduct of any branch of the stone-setting industry so
defined above, and the term "employee" shall mean all persons
employed in the conduct of any branch of the stone-setting industry
as defined above.
The term "person" shall mean any individual, partnership, asso-
ciation, trust, or corporation.
The term "contractor" shall mean any employer engaged in any
branch of the stone-setting industry as defined above.
The term "President" shall mean the President of the United States.
The National Stone Setting Contractors' Association does hereby
affirm that it imposes no inequitable restrictions as admission to
membership and is representative of the industry in the United States.
This Code is not designed to promote monopolies and shall not be
used for that purpose nor shall it be administered so as to eliminate
or oppress small enterprises or to discriminate against them.
ARTICLE II-LABOR RELATIONS
1. In accordance with the requirements of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, section 7, subsection a-
(a) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in
self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) that no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization
of his own choosing.
(c) that employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved
or prescribed by the President.
2. Minimum WIages.-All contractors shall pay wages not less
than those established locally or regionally by mutual agreements
between truly representative bodies of employees and employers and
approved by the President. The other trade and working conditions
of these agreements shall also become a part of the code of practice
pertaining to those regions or localities in which they were formu-
lated, such as hours of labor, payment of wages, safety and rights of
ARTICLE III-UNFAIR PRACTICES
For all purposes of the code, the following described acts shall con-
stitute unfair practices:
(a) The Submission of a bid or acceptance of a contract to perform
work in which the contractor knowingly does not include all direct
labor costs at agreed rates plus insurance and a fair amount for over-
head, equipment, and profit.
(b) The Submitting of a bid on an operation in which the con-
tractor cannot qualify as to capital, organization, experience, and
equipment to properly execute the contract if awarded to him.
(c) Changing of a bid after the bids have been opened except as
contained in provisions of the bid as stated therein. No contractors
not originally bidding on operations shall be allowed to submit a bid
after estimates have been opened, should change of plans and
specifications require new bids, unless one year has elapsed between
(d) The misrepresentation in a bid as to work and materials
included in estimate, also leaving out of estimate work specifically
called for in request for bids.
(e) The making, or causing to be made, of any false or deceptive
statements, either written or oral, of or concerning the business policy
of a competitor, his workmanship, selling price, or his financial, busi-
ness, or personal standing.
(f) The financing or guaranteeing of a contractor's contract by
stone or granite cutter, quarryman, their agents, representatives, or
general contractor. This clause is not to be interpreted to deter
any arrangement for prompt payment of work already performed.
(g) The deliberate violation of recognized safety measures in the
operation of a job and the sanctioning of bad construction practices.
(h) The furnishingof bids to a general contractor, cut-stone, granite,
or marble contractor who uses the bid mainly for checking purposes,
and performs the work himself.
Such unfair practices and all other practices which shall be declared
to be unfair practices by the board of directors as provided in Article
IV or by any amendment to the code adopted in accordance with
Article V and at the time in effect shall be deemed to be in violation
of the code, and any member of the industry which shall directly or
indirectly through any officer, employee, agent, or representative,
knowingly use or employ any of such unfair practices shall be guilty
of a violation of the code.
1. The administration of the code shall be under the Board of
Directors of the Association. The Board of Directors shall have all
the powers and duties conferred upon it by the code and generally
all such other powers and duties as shall be necessary or proper to
enable it fully to administer the code and effectuate its purpose.
The Board of Directors may from time to time delegate such of its
powers and duties as it sees fit to committees, director, person or
persons in the industry in order to expediate the administration of
the code whose decisions shall be binding subject to appeal to the
entire Board of Directors.
2. For the purpose of supplying the President and the Administra-
tion with such requisite data as to the observance and effectiveness
of the code, each member shall furnish reports, costs, books of ac-
counts, etc., as requested by the Board of Directors on such subjects
as are required.
3. The cost of administration of the code shall be assessed pro
rata amongst the members and the failing of any member to pay
his assessment for a period of 30 days after the date on which it
becomes payable shall constitute a violation of the code.
ARTICLE V-CHANGES IN CODE
1. This code and all provisions thereof are expressly made subject
to the right of the President to cancel or modify any order, approval,
license, rule or regulations issued under this title.
2. Such other of the provisions as are not required by the National
Industrial Recovery Act may be modified or enlarged as experience
with its operations develop the necessity thereof, upon a two thirds
vote of the membership and the approval of the President.
ARTICLE VI-PARTIAL INVALIDITY
If any provision of this code is declared invalid or unenforcable,
the remaining provisions thereof shall continue in full force and effect
in the same manner as if they had been separately presented for ap-
proval and approved by the President.
This code shall become effective ten days after being approved by
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