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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
III 111 I I 1 1ll l l lt Ull I t
3 1262 08483 0123
Registry No. 253-01
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
WASHABLE SERVICE APPAREL
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 30, 1933
The Code for the Washable Service Apparel Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1933
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price cents
ASSOCIATED MANUFACTURERS OF WASHABLE SERVICE APPAREL
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE "WASHABLE
SERVICE APPAREL INDUSTRY"
To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act during the period of emergency, by reducing unem-
ployment, improving the standards of labor, and by eliminating
unfair practices in the industry inimical to the interests of the
public and of the industry as a whole, the following provisions are
established as a Code of Fair Competition for the washable service
The term washable service apparel industry shall include the
manufacture of all washable service apparel made principally of
cotton fabrics, including coats, trousers, waitress', nurses', and maids'
service garments, aprons, service caps, and other kindred service
garments used in hotels, hospitals, institutions, and industrial enter-
The term "employers shall mean all persons who employ labor
directly or through contractors, in the conduct of any branch or
manufacturing process of the washable service apparel industry as
The term "employees" shall mean all persons employed in the
conduct of any branch of the washable service apparel industry as
The term "privileged employees" shall be those partially inca-
pacitated by age, injury, or infirmity.
The term person shall mean any individual, partnership, asso-
ciation, trust, estate, or corporation.
The term "effective date" shall mean the second Monday follow-
ing the approval of this Code by the President.
The term association shall mean The Associated Manufacturers
of Washable Service Apparel.
ARTICLE II-HOURS OF LABOR
On and after the effective date, no employee shall work more than
forty (40) hours per week, except that during peak seasons, em-
ployees may be required to work not more than forty-four hours of
work per week, with the limitations however, that the average hours
of work per week by any individual employee, shall not exceed the
maximum of forty (40) hours per week when figured over a period
of fifty-two (52) weeks.
The maximum hour provisions shall not apply to executives,
supervisory staff, salesmen, shipping room clerks, cleaners (porters),
maintenance and outside crews.
9180--38 ( I1
ARTICLE III--OURS OF OPERATION
On and after the effective date, no employer shall operate any
machinery for more than eighty (80) hours in any one week.
ARTICLE IV-MINIMUM WAGE
On and after the effective date, the wages that shall be paid by
any employer to any employee employed in the industry, whether
based upon productive effort or efficiency or hourly rates, shall not
be less than Twelve ($12) Dollars per week, for forty (40) hours of
labor (30 per hour), excepting apprentices, during a period limited
to eight weeks, who shall be paid not less than the prevailing factory
schedules during the apprenticeship period.
On and after the effective date, present piece or hourly rates above
the minimum herein set, shall be increased at least in the same pro-
portion as the decrease of working hours shall bear to the standard
hours of work, in effect during the week preceding the 1st day of
The employment of apprentices by any employer shall be limited
at all times to five percent (5%) of the capacity number of all
productive labor employees.
Privileged employees, namely, those partially incapacitated by
age, injury, or infirmity, shall be excepted from the minimum wage
provisions of this code; provided, however, that said employees shall
be paid no less than other employees in the same factory propor-
tionally to the amount or character of the work they do; and pro-
vided, further, that the employment of such employees in any factory
shall be limited to those employed in said factory on August 1st,
1933, or to 5% of the maximum number of employees.
': :: : ::,;. ; ARTIcE V--EMPLOYMENT OF MINORS
On and after the effective date, employers shall not engage any
minor under the age of sixteen years.
ARTICLE VI-PRISON AND INSTITUTIONAL LABOR
On and after the effective date, no person engaged in the industry
shall manufacture or cause to be manufactured, or acquire, sell, or
distribute any garment produced in any penal, correctional, re-
formatory, or other similar institution, and no person engaged in
the industry shall purchase any textiles, raw materials, or other
supplies from any penal, correctional, reformatory, or other similar
ARTCLE VII-LABOR CLAUSE
Employers shall comply with the requirements of The National
Industrial Recovery Act, as follows:
1. That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively, through representatives of their own choosing and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or
any self-organization or any other concerted activities, for the pur-
pose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
2. That no employee and anyone seeking employment, shall be
required, as a condition of employment, to join any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organiza-
tion of his own choosing.
3. That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, ap-
proved, or prescribed by the President.
Without in any way attempting to qualify or modify by interpre-
tation the following requirements of the national recovery act,
employers in this industry may exercise their right to select, retain,
or advance employees on the basis of individual merit, without
regard to their membership or nonmembership in any organization.
ARTICLE VIII-STANDARDS OF FAIR COMPETITION
1. Prices.-Products manufactured by this industry shall only be
sold at price or prices as will realize to the manufacturer a fair
average cost of production and sale, plus a, fair and reasonable mar-
gin of profit., allowance being made for increased costs in quotation
of prices to the consumer buying in more limited quantities as con-
trasted with the purchases by linen supply companies.
It is recommended that the Governing Board study and recom-
mend the adoption by the industry of a uniform system of costs
to be used where reference is made herein to cost figures.
2. Terms and credits.-Credit terms extended, shall not be greater
than 2%, 10 days, net 30, or where the condition now exists, 2%,
10 days E.O.M., net on the 20th, irrespective of quantity purchased,
distribution, or extension of delivery dates, or any other factor of
advantage or disadvantage in any offered order.
Credit shall not be extended by a manufacturer to any customer
or prospective customer whose account with any manufacturer in
this industry, as to new transactions, is delinquent for more than
sixty days. It. is contemplated that a central credit information
bureau for the exchange of credit information be established.
The Governing Board shall have the power after a hearing to
make exceptions to these provisions both in the matter of terms and
credits for certain classes of trade where justification therefore ex-
ists; and each manufacturer shall have the right, as he sees fit, to
deal with his respective debtors as to the liquidation of accounts past
due on the effective date.
3. Rebates or allouwnces.-The secret payment or allowance of re-
bates, refunds, commissions, or unearned discounts, whether in the
form of money or otherwise, or-secretly extending to certain pur-
chasers-special sources or privileges not extended to all purchasers,
under like terms and conditions, with the intent and with the effect
of injuring competitors, and where the effect may be to substantially
lessen competition or tend to create a monopoly or to unreasonably
restrain trade, is unfair trade practice.
4. Forward contracts.-Future contracts can be taken only where
the delivery period does not exceed four months from the date of
such contracts. There shall be no post dating or false dating of
contracts or invoices.
5. Outside Factors.-Manufacturers whose basic lines are foreign
to this industry, but who from time to time manufacture and/or
market some of the products of this industry, should be required to.
comply with the maximum working hours, minimum wages, and
other provisions of the Code to which this industry is subject, to the
end that unfair competitive practices in the marketing of such
products may be eliminated.
1. Governing Board.-(a) The administration of this Code shall
be carried out by a Governing Board of eleven members, made up
as follows: The President, Secretary, and Treasurer of the Asso-
ciated Manufacturers of Washable Service Apparel; three members
of the association to be selected by the association from its eastern
membership; four members to be selected by the association from
its membership as follows: one member from Missouri, one member
from Illinois, one member from the Mountain Section, and one mem-
ber from the West Coast; one member shall be designated by the
Administrator of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
At least two of the members of this Board shall be directly in-
terested in the consuming trade other than the linen supply trade.
(b) Powers.-Said Governing Board shall have the following
1. To administer the provisions of this Code and to adopt rules
and regulations for the enforcement thereof.
2. To entertain and hear complaints against any member of the
Association or any person engaged in the industry, concerning any
alleged violation of this Code and where such complaint cannot be
disposed of by the Board, to cause such complaint to be referred to
the appropriate governmental agencies, having jurisdiction in the
3. To initiate proceedings before the proper governmental agencies,
for the violation of the Code.
4. The Board shall have the power to make such investigations
of the business of any person in the industry, as they may see fit,
to the end that full compliance with the letter and spirit of this Code
5. To consider and to submit to the President, amendments of
6. To establish rules and regulations for the industry, covering
such additional fair practices, as the Board may deem fit and proper.
7. To require reports from any person in the industry, as to costs,
transactions, delinquent accounts, sales and any other matter per-
taining to the full compliance by the industry with the provisions
of this Code.
8. To cause the bylaws of the Association to be so formulated as
to conform to and carry out the purposes and intent of this Code.
9. The Board shall set up two separate committees, with advisory
powers as follows:
,a. A Committee to deal with the problems and adjust the differ-
ences of the manufacturers who cater to. the linen supply trade, the
large wholesalers, and the .large industrial..plants.
b. A Committee to deal with the problems and adjust the differ-
ences of the manufacturers who cater to the smaller consumer.
ARTICLE X-MEMBERSHIPS AND MONOPOLIES
The Association shall not impose any unequitable restrictions on
admission to membership therein, and shall truly represent the
This Code is not designed to promote and will not promote
monopoly or monopolistic practices, nor is it designed to eliminate
or oppress small enterprises, and it will not operate to discriminate
1. This code and all its provisions thereof are expressly made
subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provi-
sion of Clause (10) (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act,
from time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, license,
rule, or regulation, issued under said title, and specifically to the
right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of this code
.or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.
2. Such of the provisions of this code as are not required to be
included therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act may, witl *
the approval of the President, be modified or eliminated. It is con-'i.
templated that from time to time supplementary provisions to this
code or additional codes may be submitted in behalf of the Industry
or subdivisions thereof for the approval of the President.
I, JOSEPH MASLAN, Temporary Secretary of the Associated Manu-
facturers of Washable Service Apparel, do hereby certify that the
foregoing is a true copy of the Code of Fair Competition presented
to and approved by the meeting of the members of the said associa-
tion, duly called and held at the Hotel New Yorker, at New York
City, on July 28th, 1933, and the City of Chicago on the 18th day of
Dated, New York, August 23d, 1933.
[SEAL.] JOSEPH MASLAN,
ZIMMERMAN & ZIMMERMAN,
270 Broadway, New York City.
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