UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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3 1262 08483 0065
Registry No. 244--01
NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
AS APPROVED ON AUGUSTI4,' 1933
1. Executive Order
2. Text of the Code as Approved
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1933
r sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C Price cents
For sale by the Superintendent of DocumenLs, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents
AUGUST 14, 1933.
A Code of Fair Competition for the Lace Manufacturing Industry,
having been heretofore submitted to the National Recovery Adminis-
tration, hearings having been held thereon, and an Amended Code
of Fair Competition having been submitted on August 7, 1933, said
original Code and said Amended Code having been submitted by
duly qualified and authorized representatives of the Industry
complying with the Statutory requirements as representing fully
seventy-five percent of the capacity of the Industry, and said Code
being in full compliance with all pertinent provisions of the National
Industrial Recovery Act, Now Therefore
Pursuant to the authority vested in me by Title I of the National
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, on the report and recom-
mendation of the Administrator appointed by me under the authority
of said Act, and on consideration:
It is ordered that the said Code of Fair Competition for the Lace
Manufacturing Industry, as amended and submitted on July 7, 1933,
is hereby approved, subject to the following condition:
(1) To effectuate further the policies of the Act, a Lace Manu-
facturing Industry Committee be created to cooperate with the
Administrator as a Planning and Fair Practice agency for the Lace
Manufacturing Industry, which Committee shall consist of five rep-
resentatives of the Lace Manufacturing Industry elected by a fair
method of selection, to be approved by the Administrator, and three
members without vote appointed by the Administrator.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
HUGH S. JOHNsON,
APPLICATION TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED
STATES FOR APPROVAL OF A CODE OF FAIR COMPE-
TITION FOR THE AMERICAN LACE MANUFACTURING
INDUSTRY UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 3 OF
TITLE 1 OF THE STATUTE ENTITLED "AN ACT TO
ENCOURAGE NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY, TO
FOSTER FAIR COMPETITION. AND TO PROVIDE FOR
THE CONSTRUCTION OF CERTAIN USEFUL PUBLIC
WORKS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES"
1. Definitions.-The term Lace Manu factoring Industry as used
herein is defined to mean the mainufactulre of prodlicts of the Levers.
Go-through, Bobbinet, Barmen, or Mechlin machines, and/or any and
all proce.-ing thereof.
2. This application is made by the American Lace Manufactulrers
Association represented by a ciinmittec of its Board of Directors con-
sisting of Hugo N. Schlos.. Pre-ident of the Amiiericali Lace Mann-
facturers Association and Treasurer of the Liberty Lace and Netting
Works, New York City; H. S. Bron, ley. Vice President of the Amer-
ican Lace. Manufacturers Association and President of the North
American Lace Company, Philadelphia, Pa.; Henry Giebel, Presi-
dent Thomas, Wilson & Co., Inc.. New York City; and Walter H.
Tarver, of John Bromley & S,;-. Pil:dteIlphia. Pa. All the fore-
going members of this committee are t.:em.elves connected with con-
cerns engaged in manufacturing in the lace industry. This com-
mittee represents applroxi mi it-1l 7T5 percent of the productive capacity
of the industry. The Association has imposed no inequitable restric-
tions on admission to its n.membters.lip and believes it is truly repre-
sentative of the lace mnanufacturing ind i.try.
3. The American Lace Manufacturers Association has been in
existence for approximately twenty years. During that period it
represented a majority of the productive capacity of the industry and
has been the only association representing the industry.
4. This Committee has been constituted for the purpose of cooper-
ating wi4h the President in effectuating the purposes of the Na-
tional Industrial Recovery Act by formulating provisions for a
code of fair competition for the lace manufacturing industry. It
has been actively engaged in ascertaining the views of the various
units engaged in the lace-manufacturing industry and has a wide
knowledge of the conditions of the industry.
5. This Committee has received the unqualified authorization of
mills representing approximately three fourths of the productive
capacity of the lace-manufacturing industry in the United States to
act on their behalf with respect to the formulation and adoption of
a Code of Fair Competition, under the National Industrial Recovery
6. Application is hereby made under the provisions of Section 3
of Title 1 of the National Industrial Recovery Act for approval by
the President of the proposed Code of Fair Competition for the
lace-manufacturing industry, submitted herewith and attached
7. To assist in carrying out the provisions and purposes of the
National Industrial Recovery Act and rules and regulations made
pursuant thereto and the Code of Fair Competition submitted here-
with and for the formulation of such further code provisions as
may be necessary to insure fair competition and to effectuate the
provisions of the Act, it is requested that the American Lace Manu-
facturers Association be constituted as an agency for these purposes.
THE AMERICAN LACE MANUFACTURERS AssN.,
By HUGO N. SCHLOSS,
H. S. BROMLEY,
WALTER H. TARVER.
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE AMERICAN LACE
To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, during the period of the emergency, by reducing and
relieving unemployment, improving the standards of labor, elim-
inating competitive practices destructive of the interests of the public,
employees and employers, and otherwise rehabilitating the lace man-
ufacturing industry and by increasing the consumption of industrial
and agricultural products by increasing purchasing power, and in
other respects, the following provisions are established as a code of
fair competition for the lace manufacturing industry.
Defln.itions.-The term "Lace Manufacturing Industry ", as used
herein, is defined to mean the manufacture of the products of Levers,
Go-through, Mechlin, Barmen, and Bobbinet machines and/or any
and all processing thereof.
The term employees ", as used herein, shall include all persons
employed in the conduct of such operations.
The term "employers shall mean all persons who employ labor
in the conduct of any branch of the lace manufacturing industry,
as defined above.
The term productive machinery ", as used herein, is defined to
mean Levers, Go-through, Mechlin, Barmen, and Bobbinet machines.
The term rack ", as used herein, shall mean 1,920 motions of a
Levers or Go-through machine, 1,440 motions of a Bobbinet machine
or 1,440 motions of a Mechlin machine.
The term "effective date", as used herein, is defined to be the
second Monday after the approval by the President of the United
States of this code or any part thereof or addition thereto.
The term "persons" shall include natural persons, partnerships,
associations, trusts, including trustees in bankruptcy and receivers
On and after the effective date, the minimum wage that shall be
paid by employers in the Lace Manufacturing Industry to any of
the employees shall be at the rate of $13.00 per week for forty hours
of labor, except that learners during a six weeks' apprenticeship
shall be paid not less than 80 percent of the minimum wage and
shall not exceed in number one learner to six craftsmen.
On and after the effective date employers in the Lace Manufactur-
ing Industry shall not operate on a schedule of hours of labor for
9670-33 t 1
their employees in excess of forty hours per week and they shall not
operate productive machinery in the lace manufacturing industry
for more than two shifts of forty hours each per week, no matter
by whom operated.
No one shall be employed in the lace manufacturing industry for
more than forty hours per week except as follows:
(a) Repair-shop crews, outside sales force, executives, and super-
(b) Engineers, electricians, firemen, designers, draftsmen, and
shipping crews; but. provided further that all such employees shall
be paid at the rate of time and one half for all hours per week over
(c) Provided further that any excepted employees, if employed
other than in their stated duties, shall be restricted to forty hours
On and after the effective date, employers in the lace manufactur-
ing industry shall not employ any minor under the age of sixteen
With a view to keeping the President informed as to the observ-
ance or nonobservance of this code of fair competition, and as to
whether the lace manufacturing industry is taking appropriate steps
to effectuate the declared policy of the National Industrial Recovery
Act, each person engaged in the Lace Manufacturing Industry will
furnish duly certified reports in substance as follows and in such
form as may hereafter be provided.
(a) Wages and Hours of Labor.-Returns for every four (4)
weeks, showing for each of the four (4) weeks, immediately preced-
ing, the following:
1. Number of operatives of productive machinery employed.
2. Total hours worked by all operatives of productive machinery.
3. Maximum hours worked by any employee other than those
excepted in paragraph III (a).
4. Minimum rate per hour paid to any employee other than those
excepted in paragraph II.
(b) Machinery Data.-Returns every four (4) weeks showing the
number of quarters existing in each plant, the number of machines
actually operated each week of each specific classification, as later
adopted, the total number of machine hours and racks produced each
week of each specific classification.
(c) Sales.-Returns every four (4) weeks showing the total net
sales in dollars.
The American Lace Manufacturers Association (106 West 38th
Street), New York City, is constituted the agency to collect and
receive such reports.
To further effectuate the policies of the Act, the American Lace
Manufacturers Association, the applicants herein, or such committee
or committees as may hereafter be constituted by the action of the
American Lace Manufacturers Association, is set up to cooperate
with the Administrator as a planning and fair practice agency for the
lace manufacturing industry. Such agency may from time to time-
present to the Administrator recommendations based on conditions
in the industry as they may develop from time to time which will
tend to effectuate the operation of the provisions of this Code and
the policy of the National Industry Recovery Act, and in particular
along the following lines:
1. Recommendations as to the requirements by the Adminit-rator
of such further reports from persons engaged in the lace mannlfac-
turing industry of statistical information and keeping of uniform
accounts as may be required to secure the proper observance of the
code and promote the proper balancing of production and consump-
tion and the stabilization of the industry and employment.
2. Recommendations for the setting up of a service bureau for
engineering, accounting, credit, and other purposes to aid the smaller
mills in meeting the conditions of the emergency and the require-
ments of this code.
3. Recommendations (1) for the requirement by the Administra-
tor of registration by persons engaged in the lace manufacturing
industry of their productive machinery, (2) for the reIquirement
by the Administrator that prior to the installation of additional
productive machinery by persons engaged or engaglin g in the lace
manufacturing industry, except for the replna cve nt of a similar
number of now existing machines or to parts of productive machin-
ery to be used for replacement or maintenance of now existing
productive machinery, such persons shall secure certificates that such
installation will be consistent with effectuating the policy of the
National Industrial Recovery Act during the period of the emer-
gency, and (3) for the granting or withholding by the Administrator
of such certificates if so required by him.
4. Recommendations for changes in, or exemptions from the pro-
visions of this code as to the working hours of machinery which will
tend to preserve a balance of productive activity with consumption
requirements, so that the interests of the industry and the public may
be properly served.
5. Recommendations for the making of requirements by the
Administrator as to practices by persons engaged in the lace manu-
facturing industry as to methods and conditions of trading, the
naming and reporting of prices which may be appropriate to avoid
discrimination, to promote the stabilization of the industry, to pre-
vent and eliminate unfair and destructive competitive prices and
6. Recommendations for regulating the disposal of distress mer-
chandise in a. way to secure the protection of the owners and to
promote sound and stable conditions in the industry.
7. Recommendations as to the making available to the suppliers of
credit to those engaged in the industry of information regarding
terms of, and actual functioning of any or all of the provisions of
the Code, the conditions of the industry and regarding the opera-
tions of any and all of the members of the industry covered by such
code to the end that during the period of emergency available credit
may be adapted to the needs of such industry considered as a whole
and to the needs of the small as well as the large units.
8. Recommendations for dealing with any inequalities that may
otherwise arise to endanger the stability of the industry and of
production and employment.
Such recommendations, after hearing and when approved by the
President., shall have the same force and effect as any other provision
of this Code.
Such agency is also set up to cooperate with the Administrator in
making investigations as to the functioning and observance of any
of the provisions of this Code, at its own instance or on complaint
by any person affected, and to report the same to the Administrator.
Such agency is also set up for the purpose of investigating and
informing the Administrator on behalf of the lace manufacturing
industry as to the importation of competitive articles into the United
States in substantial quantities or increasing ratio to domestic pro-
duction on such terms or under such conditions as to render ineffec-
tive or seriously to endanger the maintenance of this Code and as
an agency for making complaint to the President on behalf of the
lace manufacturing industry, under the provisions of the National
Industrial Recovery Act, with respect thereto.
Where the costs of executing contracts entered into in the lace-
manufacturing industry prior to the Approval of the President of
the United States-of this Code are increased by the application of
the provisions of that Act to the industry, it is equitable and pro-
motive of the purposes of the National Industrial Recovery Act that
appropriate adjustments of such contracts to reflect such increased
costs be arrived at by arbitral proceeding or otherwise, and the
American Lace Manufacturers Association, the applicant for this
Code, is constituted an agency to assist in effecting such adjustments.
The American Lace Manufacturers Association, now situated at
106 West 38th Street, New York City, shall be constituted the ad-
ministrative agency in cooperation with the Administrator, in
accordance with the provisions of this Code.
Any employer may participate in the endeavors of the American
Lace Manufacturers Association relative to the revisions or addi-
tions to this Code by accepting the proper pro rata share of the cost
and responsibility of creating and administering it, either by becom-
ing a member of said Association or by paying to it an amount
equal to the dues from time to time provided to be paid by a mem-
ber in like situation of American Lace Manufacturers Association.
Employers in the Lace Manufacturing Industry shall comply
with the requirements of the National Industrial Recovery Act as
follows: "(1) That employees shall have the right to organize and
bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing,
and shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of
employers of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such repre-
sentatives or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for
the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protec-
tion; (2) that no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organi-
zation of his own choosing; and (3) that employers shall com-
ply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and
other conditions of employment approved or prescribed by the
This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made sub-
ject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provisions
of Clause 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from time
to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule or
regulation, issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically to the
right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of this Code
or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.
Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be in-
cluded therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act may, with
the approval of the President, be modified or eliminated as changes
in circumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated
that from time to time supplementary provisions to this Code or ad-
ditional codes will be submitted for the approval of the President
to prevent unfair competition in price and other unfair and destruc-
tive competitive practices and to effectuate the other purposes and
policies of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act con-
sistent with the provisions hereof.
By HuGo N. ScHLOSS,
H. S. BROMLEY,
WALTER H. TARVER.
I, H. A. Philips, Chairman of the Code Committee of the American
Lace Manufacturers Association, do hereby certify that the foregoing
is a true copy of the Code of Fair Competition for the Lace Manu-
facturing Industry submitted to the Administrator under the Na-
tional Industrial Recovery Act on July 13, 1933, as amended by
authority of the Board of Directors of the American Lace Manu-
[SEAL] H. A. PHILIPS,
Chairman of the Code Committee.
DATED AUGUST 7, 1933.
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