UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 23, 1933
REGISTRY No. 205-01
The Code for the Balata Belting Manufacturing Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry
SWE R PART
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sle by the Superintendent of Documents. Washington, D.C. Price 5 cents
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR BALATA BELTING
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY OF THE UNITED STATES
SUBMITTED BY BALATA BELTING MANUFACTURERS
This code is designed to make the policy of Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act effective within the Industry by reducing
hours of labor, increasing employment, establishing fair and ade-
quate wages, and eliminating unfair competitive practices destruc-
tive to the interests of the public, the employees, and the employers.
SECTION. 1. The term the Industry ", as used herein, is defined
to mean the business of manufacturing and selling Balata Belting
and kindred products.
SEC. 2. The term employee ", as used herein, is defined to mean
an employee in the Industry.
SEC. 3. The term a member of the Industry ", as used herein, is
defined to mean an employer in the Industry, whether person, firm,
association or corporation.
SEC. 4. The term "the Association ", as used herein, is defined to
mean the Balata Belting Manufacturers Association.
SECTION 1. Required provisions.-Employees shall have the right
to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their
own choosing, and shall be free from the interference, restraint, or
coercion of employers of labor, or their agents, in the designation of
such representatives or in self-organization or in other concerted
activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual
aid or protection.
No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required as
a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain
from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his
Employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor, mini-
mum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved
or prescribed by the President.
SEC2. 2. Maxmum hours.-Members of the Industry shall not
require or permit any employee to work beyond a maximum of 40
hours a week, except executives and those in a managerial position
and their secretarial staffs, engineers, firemen, shipping help, and
watchmen, and except in cases of emergency. Any such emergency,
the reasons therefore, and the overtime work, shall be reported
monthly to the Association.
SEC. 3. Minimum wages.-Members of the Industry shall pay a
minimum wage of 321/2 an hour, except to learners during two
weeks' apprenticeship. ("Learners" are defined as persons not
previously employed in the Industry.)
SEC. 4. Child labor.-No person under 16 years of age shall be
employed in the Industry.
ARTICLE IV-OPEN PRICE LISTING
Each member of the Industry may, within 10 days after the
approval of this code, file with the association a net price list, or a
price list and discount sheet as the case may be, individually pre-
pared by him showing his current prices, or prices and maximum
discounts, and the association shall immediately send copies thereof
to all known members of the Industry. Revised price lists and/or
maximum discount sheets may be filed from time to time thereafter
with the Association by any member of the Industry, to become
effective immediately or upon any subsequent date that he may
specify. Copies of such revised price lists and/or maximum dis-
count sheets, with notice of the effective date specified thereon, shall
immediately be sent to all known members of the Industry, who
thereupon may file, if they so desire, a "special revision" of their
price list and/or maximum discount sheet which shall become effec-
tive as of the date when the revised price list and/or maximum
discount sheet first filed may go into effect.
ARTICLE V-UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES
The use of any of the following practices shall constitute an unfair
method of competition:
1. The sale of any product by a member of the Industry at prices
or on terms or conditions more favorable to the purchaser than
the price, terms, or conditions established by such member in accord-
ance with the provisions of Article IV.
The allowance to a purchaser of commissions, bonuses, rebates, re-
funds, credits, unearned discounts, additional products, or subsidies
of any kind, whether in the form of money, services, advertising, or
otherwise, shall be considered a violation of this provision.
2. Making or promising to any purchaser or prospective purchaser
of any product, or to any officer, employee, agent, or representative
of any such purchaser, or prospective purchaser, any bribe, gratuity,
or other payment or remuneration, directly or indirectly.
Lavish or excessive entertainment of a purchaser, or prospective
purchaser, or of any officer, employee, or representative of such pur-
chaser, or prospective purchaser.
3. Making, causing, or permitting any advertisement, description,
marking, or branding of any product of the Industry with the intent
to, or with the effect of misleading any purchaser as to the quantity,
quality, grade, weight, or substance of the goods sold.
The unfair practices listed above, and any included in any amend-
ment to this code hereinafter adopted and at the time in effect, shall
be deemed an unfair method of competition in commerce within the
meaning of the Federal Trade Commission Act as amended, and
the use or employing of any of them shall be deemed to be a violation
of this code; and any member of the Industry who shall directly or
indirectly, through any officer, employee, agent, or representative
knowingly use or employ any such unfair practices, shall be guilty
of a violation of this code.
For the purpose of supplying the President and the Administrator
with requisite data as to the observance and effectiveness of this
code, and as to whether the Industry is taking appropriate steps, to
enable it intelligently to adjust its hours of labor, wages, and pro-
ductive capacity to changing demands of consumers, industrial
trends, and other conditions in accordance with the declared policy
df the National Industrial Recovery Act, each member of the Indus-
try shall furnish to the Association such information as may be
necessary to enable it to supply any data required.
This code shall be administered by the Balata Belting Manu-
facturers Association, which is hereby created the agency:
(a) to plan for the Industry;
b) to collect such statistical information as the Adminstrator
(c) to make inquiry and investigation into the operation of this
code, either upon complaint of interested parties, or upon its own
initiative, and to take suitable action as a result of its investigation,
(d) from time to time to formulate and submit to the Administra-
tor supplementary provisions to this code.
This code is not designed to promote monopolies, and shall not be
availed of for that purpose. The provisions of this code shall not
be so interpreted or administered as to eliminate or oppress small
enterprises or to discriminate against them.
ARTICLE IX-CANCELLATION OR MODIFICATION
This code or any of its provisions shall be cancelled or modified
and any approved rule issued thereunder shall be ineffective to the
extent necessary to conform to any action by the President under
Section 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act in cancella-
tion or modification of any order, approval, license, rule, or regula-
tion pertaining thereto.
ARTICLE X-EFFECTIVE DATE OF CODE
This code shall be in effect beginning two weeks after its ap-
proval by the President of the United States.
Dated at Passaic, New Jersey, this 17th (lay of August 1933.
BALATA BELTING MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION,
By M. A. KEILEY, President.
By ED. VOIGHT, Vice President.
By S. A. PARDEL, Secretary.
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