Code of fair competition for the gas appliances and apparatus industry

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Material Information

Title:
Code of fair competition for the gas appliances and apparatus industry as approved on November 27, 1933 by President Roosevelt
Portion of title:
Gass appliances and apparatus industry
Physical Description:
ii, 421-431 p. : ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Publisher:
U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Gas appliances -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
Approved Code no. 134.
General Note:
Registry no. 1129-1-11.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 31960403
ocm31960403
System ID:
AA00009799:00001

Full Text





NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

FOR THE


GAS APPLIANCES

AND APPARATUS INDUSTRY

AS APPROVED ON NOVEMBER 27, 1933
BY
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT


RE
MEMBER


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U.S. DEPOSITORY
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1. Executive Order
2. Letter of Transmittal
3. Code





UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1933


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents


_~_ __


Approved Code No. 134


Registry No. 1129-1-11






















This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
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Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 2213 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 933 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Building.
(II)












Approved Code No. 134


CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

GAS APPLIANCES AND APPARATUS INDUSTRY
As Approved on November 27, 1933
BY
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT





Executive Order

An application having been duly made, pursuant to and in full com-
pliance with the provisions of title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for my approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Gas Appliances and Apparatus Industry,
and hearings have been held thereon and the Administrator having
rendered his report containing an analysis of the said code of fair
competition, together with his recommendations and findings with
respect thereto, and the Administrator having found that the said
code of fair competition complies in all respects with the pertinent
provisions of title I of said act and that the requirements of clauses
(1) and (2) of the subsection (a) of section 3 of the said act have been
met:
Now, therefore, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United
States, pursuant to the authority vested in me by title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, and
otherwise, do approve the report and recommendations and adopt
the findings of the Administrator, and do order that the said code of
fair competition be, and it is hereby, approved.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
Approval recommended:
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Administrator.
THE WHITE HOUSE,
November 27, 1933.


23783"-- 244-102-- 33


(421)












NOVEMBER 14, 1933.
The PRESIDENT,
The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the proposed Code of Fair Competition
for the Gas Appliances and Apparatus Industry in the United States,
and on the hearing conducted thereon in Washington, D.C., on
October 19, 1933, in accordance with the provisions of the National
Industrial Recovery Act.
PROVISIONS OF THE CODE AS TO WAGES AND HOURS
The Code provides for a 40-hour week and an 8-hour day, with
allowances for peak periods, and overtime at the rate of time and
one half for additional hours of labor.
Minimum wages of 400 and 350 are provided for male and female
labor respectively in the North. In the South the rates provided are
855 and 300 respectively, unless the hourly rate for the same class of
work on July 15, 1929, was less than the respective one of these
minima, in which case the minimum shall not be less than the hourly
rate on July 15, 1929, and in no event less than 320 and 270. Not
less than eighty percent of the minima provided may be paid to
apprentices and learners, who may constitute not more than 5%
of the total number of employees m any one month.
Where female labor is used to replace male labor the rates of pay
applicable to male labor are to be paid for the work.
Rates of pay provided are to be paid whether the work is performed
on a piece- or time-work basis.
Equitable adjustment is to be made of all pay schedules above the
minima.
Child labor is prohibited, and no person under 18 years of age may
be employed in a hazardous occupation.
GENERAL STATEMENT
The Gas Appliances Institute, which sponsors the Code, includes
the Gas Range Institute, Gas Space Heater Institute, Gas Water
Heater Institute, Gas Boiler, Furnace and Conversion Burner Insti-
tute, Gas Apparatus and Accessories Institute, Tank Water Heater
Association, and members at large representing over 80% of the pro-
duction and sales volume of the Industry.
The invested capital is estimated at approximately $85,000,000
and the annual pay roll at about $9,000,000.
The manufacture of gas appliances is not centralized in any one
section of the country but is widely scattered, manufacturing units
being located in New England, Eastern, Southern, Midwest, and
Pacific coast sections of the country. The depression has been uni-
formly felt in all sections of the United States and during the years
1932 and 1933 practically all the companies engaged have operated
at substantial losses.
(422)





423

Members of the Gas Appliances Institute in the northern district
report pertinent data with respect to wages and hours as follows:

Number Minimum Hours of
employed rate of pay work per
per hour week

Cents
1926.....-----...................-------------....... --------- 16,086 20 50
1929---------- ---------------------------------- 20,285 20 48
January 1933----.--.......---------.. ----..- ---------------... 11,513 17. 46
October 1933--.....---------------.----.------...---------.... 16,769 35 43

The minimum hourly rates provided in the Code represent a sub-
stantial increase in rates of pay for common labor over those previously
existing in the Industry. Minimum rates of twenty cents and lower
per hour were commonly reported in this Industry for the years 1926
to 1929. As indicated, a substantial increase in wage payments has
been effected through the operation of code hours and rates of pay.
The Industry estimates that approximately 6,000 employees will have
been added through the operation of the Code provisions, and that
with the equitable adjustments in wages above the minimum, there
will be added to its pay roll at least $500,000 a year.
FINDINGS
The Deputy Administrator finds that:
(a) The Code as recommended complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions of Title I of the Act, including, without limitation,
subsection (a) of Section 7 and subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof;
and that
(b) The applicant group imposes no inequitable restrictions on
admission to membership therein and is truly representative of the
Gas Appliances and Apparatus Industry, and that
(c) The Code as recommended is not designed to promote monopo-
lies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will not operate to
discriminate against them, and will tend to effectuate the policy of
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
Accordingly, I recommend the approval of this proposed Code of
Fair Competition for the Gas Appliances and Apparatus Industry.
Respectfully,
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Administrator.










CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION


FOR THE
GAS APPLIANCES AND APPARATUS INDUSTRY

ARTICLE I-PURPOSES
To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the following provisions are submitted as a Code of
Fair Competition for the Gas Appliances and Apparatus Industry,
and, upon approval by the President, shall be the standard of fair
competition for this Industry.

ARTICLE II-DEFINITIONS
The term "gas appliances", as used herein, means gas ranges,
gas water heaters, gas space heaters, domestic gas boilers, domestic
gas furnaces, domestic gas conversion burners, gas refrigerators,
gas meters, gas thermostat controls, gas mantles, and, generally,
gas appliances and gas apparatus of all styles, types, and kinds
for use in the production, distribution, and utilization of natural
gas, liquefied petroleum gases, and of manufactured gas, including
uses in cooking, heating, refrigeration, and lighting, excluding,
however, any products covered by other codes approved by the
President.
The term "gas appliances industry" as used herein includes the
manufacturing and assembling within the United States of gas appli-
ances and gas apparatus, and the manufacturing and assembling of
parts therefore, including repair parts and repairs, and the selling of
such appliances to retailers, wholesalers, and consumers, but does not
include the selling at retail.
The term "Administrator" as used herein means the Administrator
appointed by the President to administer Title I of the National
Industrial Recovery Act at the time of office.
The term "Institute" as used herein means Gas Appliances Insti-
tute, a trade association, having its office at 3900 Board of Trade
Building, Chicago, Illinois.
The term "Committee" as used herein means the Committee
established in Article VI of this Code.
The term "employee" as used herein includes anyone engaged in
the trade/industry in any capacity receiving compensation for his
services, irrespective of the nature or method of payment of such
compensation.
The term "employer" as used herein includes anyone by whom
such employee is compensated or employed.
The term "effective date" as used herein means the 10th day after
this Code shall have been approved by the President of the United
States.
The term "expiration date" as used herein means the expiration
date indicated in the Act, or the earliest date prior there r on which
(424)





425


the President shall by proclamation or the Congress shall by joint
resolution declare that the emergency recognized by Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act has ended.
The Southern Wage District is defined as comprising North
Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee,
Mississippi, Virginia, and Louisiana; and the Northern Wage District
is defined as comprising all other States in the United States, proper,
including the District of Columbia and Alaska.
ARTICLE III-MANDATORY PROVISIONS AS TO LABOR
Employers in this Industry shall comply with the requirements of
the National Industrial Recovery Act, as follows:
(1) Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain col-
lectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be
free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of labor
or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in
self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection;
(2) No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required
as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain
from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his own
choosing; and
(3) Employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved
or prescribed by the President.
ARTICLE IV-CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT
WAGES
On and after the effective date the minimum wage which shall be
paid by any employer to common labor shall be 40 per hour for males
and 350 per hour for females in the Northern Wage District; provided,
however, that for a period of 60 days from the effective date of this
Code the minimum rates for female employees shall be 33Y2 per hour
in the Northern Wage District.
On and after the effective date the minimum wage which shall be
paid by any employer to common labor shall be 350 per hour for males
and 300 per hour for females'in the Southern Wage District, unless the
hourly rate for the same class of work on July 15, 1929, was less than
the respective one of these minima, in which latter case the minimum
shall not be less than the hourly rate on July 15, 1929, and in no event
less than 320 for males and 270 for females.
Provided, further, that employees apprenticed under, and in accord-
ance with, the laws of any State, and learners may be paid not less
than 80% of the minimum wages established in paragraph one of this
Article for the Northern Wage District, and paragraph two of this
Article for the Southern Wage District, and the total number of such
apprentices and learners shall not exceed 5% of the total number
employed by any such employer in any calendar month; and
Provided, further, all learners shall receive not less than the mini-
mum rate of pay after three months' employment.
Provided, further, that where any State Law requires any higher
minimum wages than those specified in this section, such higher
minimum wages shall apply in all cases.





426


Equitable adjustments in all pay schedules of factory employees
(and other employees receiving less than $35.00 per week) above the
minima, shall be made on or before fifteen days subsequent to the
effective date of this Code by any employers who have not heretofore
made such adjustments or who have not maintained rates comparable
with such equitable adjustments; and the first reports of wages, re-
quired to be filed under this Code, shall contain all wage increases
made since May 1, 1933.
In the case of an employee whose compensation is based upon a
measure other than time, the minimum compensation paid shall be no
less than such employee would be entitled to receive if the compensa-
tion were measured by time rate.
The principle of equal rates of pay for male and female employees
under like conditions of employment, performing substantially the
same work is accepted herein; and, where female employees are used
to replace male employees performing certain classes of work such
female employees shall be paid the rates of pay in effect for the male
employees at the time of such replacement.
On and after the affective date, the minimum wage that shall be
paid by any employer to all other employees, except commission sales
people and all employees covered by Section 4, Paragraphs 1, 2, and 3,
shall be not less than at the rate of $15.00 per week.
Office boys and girls shall be exempted from the provisions of this
Section, provided they are paid at the rate of not less than 80% of the
above minimum wages, and provided that they do not exceed in
number more than one to every ten office employees.
HOURS
On and after the effective date employers shall not operate on
a schedule of hours of labor in excess of 40 hours per week per
employee.
Provided, however, that these limitations shall not apply to
branches of this Industry in which seasonal or peak demands or
break-downs place an unusual and temporary burden upon such
branches; and that in no case shall the hours worked in any one week
exceed 48 hours during such seasonal or peak periods; and
Provided, further, that the number of excess hours worked in any
six (6) months' period, without the payment of overtime, may not
exceed 32 hours, in the case of employees engaged in the processing
of products in the Industry and labor incident thereto; and may not
exceed 48 hours, in the case of all other employees except executive,
administrative, and supervisory employees who receive $35.00 or
more per week and outside salesmen, commission salesmen, and
service men; and
Provided, further, that any employee at the request of the employer
may work additional hours beyond those specified in the two preceding
paragraphs, provided such additional hours shall be paid for at the
rate of time and one half. Employees working more than eight hours
in any 24-hour period shall be paid time and one half for all time in
excess of eight hours during such period.
No employee shall knowingly be permitted to work in the aggregate
in excess of the above prescribed number of hours irrespective of
whether such employee be on the pay roll of more than one employer;
and





427

Provided, further, that nothing in the foregoing employment
provisions shall apply to executive, administrative, and supervisory
employees who receive $35.00 or more per week; and outside salesmen.
GENERAL LABOR PROVISIONS
It is understood, however, that old and partially disabled employees
are not included in the above labor provisions, except that they shall
in no case be paid less than 80% of the above minimums, and pro-
vided that the total number of such employees shall not exceed two
employees in plants having less than 100 employees; nor more than
2% of the total number of employees in such plants employing 100
or more.
It is further understood that watchmen are not included in the
hours provisions of this Article, except that in no case shall they be
permitted to work longer than 56 hours in any one week unless they
are paid time and one half for any hours in excess of 56 hours per
week.
Employers shall not reclassify employees, or duties, or occupations
of employees so as to defeat the purposes of this Act.
ARTICLE V--CHILD LABOR
Employers shall not employ or permit to be employed any person
under the age of sixteen (16) years, provided that no person under the
age of eighteen (18) years shall be employed in a hazardous occupa-
tion and provided, further, that where a State Law specifies a higher
minimum age, no person below the age so specified by such State Law
shall be employed within that State.
ARTICLE VI-ADMINISTRATION
1. Agencyfor Administration.-The agency for administering, super-
vising, and promoting the performance of this Code by the Gas
Appliances and Apparatus Industry, shall be the Gas Appliances
Committee. The membership of the Committee shall include the
members of the Governing Committee of the Institute. In addition
thereto (a) the Administrator may cause an election to be held under
regulations, prescribed by the Administrator, for the selection of a
member of this Committee by employers of the Industry who are not
members of the Institute, provided that in any such election members
eligible to vote shall be employers accepting the proper pro rata share
of the cost and responsibility of administering this Code as defined in
Article VII hereof, (b) also, the Administrator may appoint not to
exceed three members, without vote, to serve with the Gas Appliances
Committee in its administration of this Code. Such members if and
when appointed shall serve for a term of from 6 months to 1 year and
their appointments shall be so arranged that they do not expire at
the same time, and such members shall serve without expense to the
gas appliances industry.
2. Functions of the Agency.-The Committee is appointed the agency
for the Industry and for the following purposes:
(a) To collect, compile, and distribute such data and statistics as
may be required under this Code, or as may be requested by the
Administrator, or, in the opinion of the Committee, are pertinent to
effectuate the National Industrial Recovery Act and to require such





428


records in the offices of the members of the Industry as may be neces-
sary or advisable in procuring or furnishing such data or statistics;
such information shall be confidential, except insofar as disclosure
may be necessary for the effective administration and enforcement of
the Code.
(b) In addition to information required to be furnished to the Com-
mittee, there shall be furnished to government agencies such statistical
information as the Administrator may deem necessary for the purpose
recited in Section 3 (a) of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
(c) To represent the Industry in conferring with the Administrator
with respect to the application of this Code and of said Act and of any
regulations issued thereunder, and further to represent the Industry
in filing amendments or supplementary provisions to this Code or
additional Codes, with the Administrator, and the representation of
the Industry at public hearings.
(d) To cooperate with the Administrator and other proper govern-
ment officials in the administration and enforcement of this Code.
(e) To hear, determine, and settle complaints between members of
the Industry.
(f) To hear complaints from employers and employees in the In-
dustry and if possible to adjust the same.
(g) To perform such other acts as may be necessary or proper to
enable the Industry to function under this Code and under the Na-
tional Industrial Recovery Act.
ARTICLE VII-PARTICIPATION
SECTION 1. Membership in Institute.-Membership in the Gas
Appliances Institute shall be open to all employers in the Industry
and no inequitable restrictions shall be imposed upon admission to
membership.
SEC. 2. Cost of Administration.-Any employer subject to the
jurisdiction of this Code and receiving the benefits of the Code and/or
the benefits of the activities of the Committee shall pay to the Com-
mittee his equitable proportionate share of the expense of formulat-
ing and putting into effect and administering this Code, and any other
costs which may be incurred in the preparation and/or administra-
tion of the Code by said Committee. The part of such expenses
which shall be assessed against such employers shall be assessed by
the Committee, which Committee in making such assessment shall
take into account the number of employers, the volume and class of
business, and an equitable consideration of any and all matters which
should be taken into account in determining the proper assessment.
Failure of any assenting employer to pay any such assessment for
a period of thirty days after the date on which it shall become pay-
able shall entitle the Committee to deprive such employer of his
participation in the administration of the Code as therein or herein
provided, and such employer shall continue to be liable for his pro-
portionate share of all due and unpaid assessments.
ARTICLE VIII-BASES FOR PRICES
No employer shall sell or exchange any product of his manufacture
at a price or upon such terms or conditions that will result in the cus-
tomer paying for the goods received less than the cost to the seller,





429


determined in accordance with the standard method of accounting to
be prescribed by the Committee, subject to the approval of the Ad-
ministrator; provided, however, that dropped lines, seconds, or in-
ventories which must be converted into cash to meet emergency needs
may be disposed of in such manner and on such terms and conditions
as the Committee and the Administrator may approve and as are
necessary to move such product into buyers' hands, and provided
further, that selling below cost in order to meet existing competition
on products of equivalent design, character, quality, or specifications
shall not be deemed a violation of this Article if provision therefore is
made in supplemental codes hereafter prepared for any branch or
subdivision of the Industry.
ARTICLE IX-SALES PRICES AND TERMS
Each employer shall publish and file with the Committee his sales
prices and terms. Such sales prices and terms may provide reason-
able differences as to:
(a) Export Sales.
(b) Sales to Large Purchasers.
(c) Sales to Wholesalers, Jobbers, and Brokers.
(d) Sales to Retailers.
(e) Direct Sales to Consumers.
The published sales prices and terms of any employer applicable
to one class are not applicable to any other class, and if so used shall
be a violation of this Code. Sales terms shall be published by each
employer to the Committee under rules established by the Committee.
On and after the effective date, no employer shall offer any product
of the Industry for sale at less than his, published sales prices and
terms except as provided in Article VIII.
ARTICLE X-TRADE PRACTICES
The practices and methods as set forth in the following paragraphs
1 to 12, inclusive, including the subparagraphs thereof, in this Article
X, are hereby designated as unfair methods of competition, and indul-
gence by any member of the Industry in any of the same shall be
violation of this Code:
(1) Making any agreement or contract after the effective date of this
Code the effect of which will amount to the sale and/or delivery of
gas appliances on consignment; provided, however, that this sub-
section shall have no binding force and effect as applying to contracts
existing prior to the approval of this Code.
(2) Allowing terms of payment other than those stated in the
published sales terms of each employer except as otherwise provided
herein.
(3) Selling or offering to sell any merchandise with a repurchase
agreement.
(4) Allowing the return of merchandise at other than the fair
market value at the time of its return, except merchandise having
manufacturing defects may be returned for full credit.
(5) Purchasing or allowing credit for second-hand merchandise at
an amount greater than its fair market value.
(6) Using premiums in the sale of merchandise.





430


(7) Giving gratuities or making payments to any employee or
agent of a customer or prospective customer.
(8) Selling or offering for sale any article containing false marking
or branding with the intent or the effect of misleading or deceiving
purchasers with respect to rating, quality, grade, or substance of the
merchandise.
(9) Defaming competitors by falsely imputing to them dishon-
orable conduct, inability to perform contracts, questionable credit
standing, or other false representations or the false disparagement of
the grade or quality of their products for the purpose or with the
effect of misleading or deceiving purchasers or prospective pur-
chasers.
(10) Using excessive inducements or entertainment or other prac-
tices for their agents, dealers, or distributors which tend to add unduly
to sales costs.
(11) Imitating or simulating any trade mark, trade name, slogan,
or other marks of identification of a competitor, having the tendency
and capacity to deceive or mislead purchasers or prospective pur-
chasers.
(12) So long as the maker of any trade-marked "Gas Appliance"
(or his successor in business) continues to make and supply repair
parts therefore, it shall be an unfair method of competition for any
other person to make and supply repair parts for such "Gas Ap-
pliances" unless (a) the name of the maker of such repair parts is
plainly marked on each part (or if this is impracticable on the package
or tag) and unless (b) said parts are otherwise marked, packaged, and
sold without imitative labels, and in such a manner as to clearly
indicate to the ultimate user that they are not made by the maker
of the original "Gas Appliance."

ARTICLE XI.-POWERS RESERVED TO THE PRESIDENT
1. This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly subject
to the right of the President, in accordance with the provisions of
Clause 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from time to
time, to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule, or regula-
tion, issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically to the right of
the President to cancel or modify his approval of this Code or any
conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.

ARTICLE XII-GENERAL PROVISIONS
1. Amendments.-Such of the provisions of this Code as are not
required by the National Industrial Recovery Act to be included
herein may, with the approval of the President of the United States,
be modified or eliminated as changed circumstances or experience
may indicate. This Code is intended to be a basic code, and study
of the trade practices of the gas appliances and apparatus industry
will be continued by the Committee with the intention of submitting,
from time to time, additions to this Code applicable to all employers
in the gas appliances and apparatus industry and supplemental codes
applicable to one or more branches or subdivisions or product classi-
fications of the gas appliances and apparatus industry; such supple-





431


mental codes, however, to conform to, and be consistent with, the
provisions of this code as now constituted or hereafter changed:
2. Monopolies not encouraged.-No provisions in this Code shall
be interpreted or applied in such manner as to:
(a) Promote monopolies or monopolistic practices;
(b) Permit or encourage unfair competition;
(c) Eliminate or oppress small enterprises; or
(d) Discriminate against small enterprises.
3. Restriction of Liability.-Nothing contained in this Code shall
be deemed to constitute the members of this Code partners for any
purpose.
4. Application of the Code.-If any employer in this Industry is also
an employer in any other industry, the provisions of this Code shall
apply to and affect only that part of the business of such an employer
which is a part of the Industry covered by this-Code.
5. Approval of the Administrator.-All action taken by the Com-
mittee in the administration of the Code shall be subject upon review
by the Administrator to his disapproval or modification.
Approved Code No. 134
Registry No. 1129-1-11




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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