King, Clennon. signed typewritten letter to Zora Neale Hurston, Compton, Calif. (1/2p. 8 1/2 x 11). Sorry he has not don...
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00009755/00111
Finding Guide: A Guide to the Zora Neale Hurston Papers
 Material Information
Title: King, Clennon. signed typewritten letter to Zora Neale Hurston, Compton, Calif. (1/2p. 8 1/2 x 11). Sorry he has not done anything for her; leaflets on Negro enclosed.
Series Title: Correspondence
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Publication Date: 1959, June 28
Physical Location:
Box: 1
Folder: 5
Subjects / Keywords: Hurston, Zora Neale
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: AA00009755:00111

Full Text

:' r The A FR I CAN AM E RICAN Free Enterprise REPORT
Thre Most Nleeded Magazine in America
Clennon KGng, Editor-Publiswr
2312 West Reeve Street
Su~nday., 28 June 1959
S. Compton, California, U.S.A.
Telephone: NEwmark 8-9995

Dear i~ss Hura-ton,
vesry time T think of you a feeling of terrible o-u~ilt over-
3omes me; T become engulfed by the feeling of being brought fazce to
face with someone T have cheated.

T can endu~re this no longer, especially as it seems that mny
continuane in wPai~ting accomplishes nothing but increasing di~sma .
Tf th e siuation can at all be explained, it will have to be in these
acrds: T felt that 3thaeexsamax by the time of the seaent issue things
would FYave become so arrest that T could. do t~he things r had Trc -sed~
you. But the truth is that my political to palexion hase n!ae It
impossible for me to even find a decent flunkies job.

T do not feel that this belated explaiation releases me from my
obligatilon. to you, 7?ut, it at least; may open th~e wlay for further

You have :any friends here whIo wish Ycu we(e! bark in California.
..-T he re wras an .ar til abI S~~ out :rc~u thclis-wee;kend -by Ruby Go odlrriJn in th e
lea inrr Nhero weeknly. Secretly T had hol~~ai to hIavre evesn been able to
ksxat have a ne sorrthi5nq subcstantial toward thzls 3-nd. But as it tu~rns
out T find myself to be a broken reed..


~~9ji.; .

~~~~ :*




1 No. 3





Samuel C Mc orris


Editor-Publisher Cover _ --~~. ...... ) usj~- L\ TI- ELEGR.IP'H PRE~S
Clennon King .. akon l

1. L?u.-~ Kng

Prap. ...( ~ r~~~~ LI all a..m..r ~ ~ ...

,,, , . Th P'rl... of Nep... Lrlinl _... _~. ............. .~... .. ..


nr; I10 iljFFpoll I1I; oball IrD'~llblion' af==.1 I-uatlri

I like to think I have come a long way since theml'I Illis l~lepes.1 lrs n- lu e f ore H orIJ War II
However, I still suffer the same pain, as a member ofI the~ proj~;lie-~ wr.- I obse.rse firsiband- the tx-
cess amount of Negro dollars which finds its way .010i rhe. lijr..1- of .ks:~nrownirr lawyer HShen you
stop to think that it is the Negro attorney who has ath .lI.r..--e- 1Ialrlln ingn hlis lawHn anil deradll
stares following him down the street--championed Ith ciarl right-i- 1.,11.. \cou w~n..ler wh~ar one hlas
to do to convince the Negro ..
If this race is ever going to find economic se.:ur.1i. s.:o Fplance 3- i=1uasi. an.l8h:1 br all -self
resprect, we are going to have to change our philoso~ph, andl -Irralght.- .ul ..ulr lhnkln2
In the first place, we must not expect our bus1incomein to: -I;ra .:.ul withi rhe- Icorporagle capital
nowk In the hands of white business. We must erect ak I~n.:1 I: e.mmilunlrs a~ri allI. sctuall pr.*-'i.
rmyg goods and services of others of our race, in muchl he1~ iiame \wa ir tha .na~rii has) ha.. I(o ilrcer
laritH- to protect infant industries, particularly at th,. In:4.nnln~ ofi 11 -riri.- .
whern we could not compete with Europe's already .I\. ~-~F-lopl '-l:..r..
A-ny other policy is to needlessly make jobs fo-r n ~n~lr~-Negre .\
It is a little difficult to sell the idea of accept jnrt .:.i tin. .; rou. hein
he ha; not fully accepted himself.
This self-rejection is perhaps a natural conscoluen: ie .II,; lia.. c.-...LI
mlay be a naturuil progression from white dollars, a wM1,-~ U~nl.- IE ,.
The problem I, o~ne oE racial self-education!
W'e mut becomell adults, as a race, and institlrrr .0l n,r.
Hep have spent ;o mulrch time 'converting' the what mar 1161.1. .1 -, c. I
fact Ihal we ha\e ouriche s almost completely accepted ha- ~~ I.s sial at r bu ii
He must rpend more1. time 'selling' the Negro to t~l IL N
We need .. a massed, concerted effort, including week\ th : uli d
hoo ..ma azne ngl-. a--..u.aton .1 o .- an .rol] to) o s N
i. . trl. iRIlij; E ii.... II -

The AFRICAN-AIrlERICAN Free Enterprise REPORT It pul-"s;.=-*' psse o-Dr. in the year
Clennon King 2312 W Reeve Street, Compton, re~llfor lal.: ."hon .: .'i 5; Those '~
Charge, as such, bul Five dollars per yerr, or flt? cent 71,. f 1, r, -mi crtrnr would
enable us to meet our bills without worry Pleare donat~e r.. .. rs y~ r i t**> .ardl dolla5s
a life is not too much to offer mn God's service- it s ;. p** I h.. i y '.es ~..ca IC ll\;( Sha
mankind how to live together in peace ;
The AFRICAN-AMERICAN Free Enrerprise RETORT -s o,-erafi' :'I ismrur fs
to carry the message of truth. CopyricSr 1990 cpr > fo 1 C' *.*- cg.



By Samuel C. McMorris

(The author of this exclusive article for The AF;RICAN-AMERICAN Free Enterprise
REPOR[T is a nationally recognized attorney at law praticinzg in Los Angeles)

Three recent news items serve as a commentary upon the relative state of civiliza-
tion of the races:

APRIL 25th A Negro, weakly accused of rape (he "looked like the one"), was
kidnapped from jail, mutilated and killed, and thrown into a river by a white Amer-
ican mob.

M,~ AY 2nd Four American whites collectively raped a single Negro college girl,
E after a jec~ond one, upon whom they sought to express their sordid form of back-alley
integration, escaped.

M[AY 3rd Voicing the newest line of Commie propaganda, Pastor Martin
Niemm,,,,ller warned that the white world,communist and non-communcist,must put aside
its differences in the face of the growing strength of the world's darker-skinned peo-
ples. Spoke the famou's preacher:

"In three decades colored people will outnumber whites 5 to 2. Because of this all whites
SEast rd H.. ~. communist and capitalist, will have to co-operate to save the white race.
"IJf the.: a i: nlo mutual defense (economic co-operation) among the white peoples, they will
'ue nvcrr- an 10" -ars.
",The (hlrla o ;lot have to be given atomic bombs. They can make their own and cheaper.
-j me1 same1 in coonomrics. They are already producing optical equipment and other manufact-
.,,( fie~li; Itm at h~alf the price other co~untrie- are asking.
".rih pe 91e as the Chinese are used 1.:. hunge-r Thep more Ilhere: are of them, the more
': eiful the e~nc;ry wnill grow. They will not ask lor mlore \age- Indi this is the same for
II color ed peoples.
"Commulnisml :w noct th~e grentsc: sl.I.-.-I,~ Thl C..mnlnllnlers tnow. Itha the world revolution
s:1:ey ailwv.; I-ave visualizedl it ;s out of tnc questliclo Theiy. and~c other white peoples as well,
. :orlni: thec twll t tht unless; theyle is a mutual stance In\ 11.- . Sh.--~ 'Ilrr will indeed b~e a world
:vasioin-- lic~tated by thre Afro A~sianl peoplles."

s ofr'--J

The reporter for one of our weeklies retorted, "WChat do we nleed n itlh a dail!
Newspaper? There are not enough daily papers already."
He left the meeting in heated opposition, but not before getting~ lthe other repol~rt-
ers to agree not to report the meeting at all.
Southerners have little interest in Negroes developing great Nerorl enterprise. anld
they are not genuinely opposed to school integration. They are ogppo~ed toj larye num-
berj o-f Negroes remaining concentrated in the South. As Negro Amlleric~ans become
stronger as individuals, whites want them to become weaker as a prou~p. The \ want
Neg r oes to thin out!
Anxerica's unwritten law governing white relations with Negroc~e- ia. Thre fewcer
the Negroes, the better the race relations.This rule, best explains why~ orlner actions are
mo~:re -'liberal" than others.
No~w, the United States has the same basic approach to the Negro~l prblehlm a4 all
other nations with Negro minorities: absorption. Absorption is the prcell-sj of one race
or nation gradually swallowing up another. Negroes want to be whrte. andl are actually\.
turning white, but because the whites want it this way.
The U. S. A. has had so much more trouble with asborbing thle N~egro than Latinl
America because the Spanish and Portuguese racial stock, upon wh;iich Latin culture
is built, is not as white as the English to start with. Then too, the U.S.A. w~aited 501.0
years to definitely make up its mind. The Latins had a positive planl of racial integra-
tion from the very first. But, even now, "Back to Africa" bills crop up o~n Capitr.l Hill.
and Jim Crow laws remain on the books. The impress of Marcus Gasr\e!. who capital-
ized on B.T.W.'s failure, plus 400 years of Amherican tradition ha\e gojne too deep to,
be erased.
America still faces a racial dilemma, and all her brilliant socinlgiat-i and pol-
ticians have not been able to budge it. The Negro problem boils dowrn to, the while
man's fears.
The whites' main fear is one which they never mention, Negro. unit!. They- pre-
tend to discount it by calling it "racial chauvinism".
The idea of Negroes getting together makes whites afraid of w\hat Negrrles coIule
do to them with this strong new force of unity.
The white man's fear of a united Negro people is understandable, but the Negrol
cannot avoid his destiny because of some other man's uncertainty of the outcome.
Let us rather prove the white man's fears unfounded by uniting in the face of them
and conducting this mighty strength in such humility as to show the world at last
God's delightful reason for dividing mnen into nations and races.
Let us have the courage to be what we want to be. This alone is freed m1!
As all other people, we want to be ourselves. To be something else Is slavery
and a fake.
It will take unit! to free us. Unity is~ aur greatest need,but before we will get unity,
there are going to hav~e to be more Negrobes whl: \ Ill be willing to look only to God for
approval. Such ones wrill be lonesome, blit :the\ neced have no fear for their company
will be divine. They mujt realize that the harder the problem. we pick to solve, the
less help we will get to solve it. If it is "too" touc-h we will have no friends with us aIt
all. It takes more colurage to go it alone than it dloes to do anything else, including
The job of Negro unity' is too: big for it to be. pop~ular. or even respectable. Those
working for it will be alone; the\ w\ill bet -alled tr~aitorr anid fols.llS



No one could have escaped the significance of the difference in the reac~tionl. inl
the Negro and white communities following the incidents related, to the violent crime
of rape.
In the April 25th case, the FBI entered the case and turned over the 1li ch~er's
nlamei to the Governor. Negroes accepted this gesture at face value.
In the May 2nd case,the Negro reaction was unusually positive.The Clajssmates of
of the victim staged a protest strike against feared insufficient action on the part of
t he a authorities.


One of the marks of civilization is the presence of law and order. Within the con-
fines of the individual nations, man has achieved a relatively o~rdetrly state. Thle
most notable exception in the world today is the unwillingness ofi the wh.lite man
to let the rule of law govern his relations with the Negro.
Here in America, which seeks to give moral leadership to a world reac~hinlg for thle
stars, white men have not yet become sufficiently civilized to permit the olrderly w\ork-
ing of fair laws in race relations.


Contrary to Pastor Niemoeller's fears, the darker races do not seek re\-enge
upon or domination of their former persecutors. They seek to live simply as equaln
members individually and collectively in the family of men and nations. Their p~inlt
of departure is just as different from that of those who enslaved them as that o~f the
Negro Florida collegians was different from that of the white Americar. 11nchl mobi.
Like North Carolina's Robert W1illiams, whom NAACP suspended from local pleii-
dency! fo:r advocating a stop to lynching by self-defense, Negroes are wYilling 'to tight
\.iolentiv., if need be, for survival or for equality, but would pjrcT.-l:I Itot For the world
an examplle of passive resistance and peaceful progress.


The an-\wer to the fakre fears of the Gellman churchm((llan lies i" e L:lC:n ^
those Negro students. In such lies the hope o~f thle wo.rrldl !.,: sun i\ an. 9 .:I io rr or's
creasing capacit! to destroy himself. This wras the actl .11 those who c alize the finu
of illegitimate f~..rl-e as an instrument of justice.
WChites of Amelrica and Afric~a mai\ take a le- ..l.. ii. sCi\ Ilization from the aidle
protest of the Flo~ridas tud~entls against thle o~uter ,: coInll erlll.! upon onec of th.;I
ber. Theirs was thle 4pirit .11 Neg-c.I \mle* h :


--The prlte of Nrero unity is the willingness of more individual Negroes, if need be, to go down'
to defeat anildl walk dne." Clennon
My\ mol-the-r and father were students at Tuskegee when Booker T. Washington
died. Mamla onlc-e to~ld us that Mr. Washington's last talk with the studclnts w\as o~n a
Sunday evening in the chapel when he talked about "Teamwork."
M'r. W'ashingto~n always spoke of teamwork. That final Sunday exeningp talk was
not something new\ for Brooker T., in fact, Negro teamwork was his miaaio-n, anld that
was why he died.
Booker W'ajhlngton died of a nervous breakdown! Like Martin Luther King:
almost died fromn a knife plunged into his heart by one of his own people. Like thle
little bo! Emmlet Till was handed over to the lynchers by his own parents.
WYhen I taught at Tuskegee some years ago,John Washington--Booker T.'s grand-
son-- torld me that i n Mr. Washington's last moments of life he was run-dow~rn I:complet-
ly,. and weCPt bitterly even hysterically, repeating over and over again, "I amn not ceady
to die. There is so much to be done."
Booker Washington realized Abraham Lincoln had not really freed the Negro,.
and that the Negro's freedom had not been the North's purpose inl fightingP the C3itil
War. He saw\- what most educated Negroes were tragically educated not to see -
that the Negro mlujt free himself, and it would take a spirit of indeipendence to d;. it.
Mlany Southerulers deliberately confused his teachings with acceptance of Jiml
I Crow and allowed him unprecedented liberties as a Negro leader. Thlroughl gratitude
for Booker's refusal to be used as another Negro pawn of the Yankees. Southernlers
Cast aside their awareness of the strength for the Negro which Booker's policies would

ern whites. ha\ing tired of the Civil War'q hitter aftermath, were charmed w\ith
Booker's quietingf Dixie, but the chairge that Bolokerr eter accepted Jimi Crow is absurd.
Njeverthleless. w~ith the false charges ofi Uncle Tamnism.l the whJite Northern mlin-
orit). wrho were not enchanted w\ith Booker. sponsored the effeccti\e Negro attack up-
on ni< pmyer And within hlimself. Booiker died alone.

\"e Ilan ..'I -blern before wre came to Amnerica. W'e had it after wer
go: er-,an. has- gne awray. It is the problems of di\iision. disunity.
E\.F )-i, +1 is o'ur real problems.
: IV'Nor .- n. 3~t.. 1 saying. "O~ur trouble is that w\e cannot get together!"'
To 'ethp -st .coplea'' problem. but w~e suffer from it more than most b~e-
e.Lause we'i atI.
We~~~ do't. wth one another. We~ do little to help one another.
We~ h\s Iitil nether. W~e are constanth! enigaging in activities which
.ke a- vthe a fromt each other. Negro families are kept broken up
con.Lantn. ro's religion and education are di\ided fromt our needs.
()ur ~ ~ ~ C pt-'- -- because wrhites do not wrant us together.and wre ac-
-~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ome. -':e s .. ms. There is no need( for wchites to ferar a well
,d .**proAr.elic ..:,... l...es have so vcry- much more to hope for fromt an un.

le~~ a ecn ec rg alt I re s U San Francisco. I said. "We~ Negroes w\ant
.trrllll i-h~ing R ~v30e (.Ite- ..lil.r- t wFe need more which is Ipeci~lcall cour own~r.
r'.'..,'' l i'. -I''.' e.I... ? in :amifornis do not have a single bank, dail! l n ws.

The AFRICAN -AMERICAN Free Enterprise ~REPORT 27 June 1959
The Most Needed Magazine in Americal
Clennon King, Edilor-Alisher
2312 West Reeve Street
Compton, California, U.S.A. There is no letter you will ever read which is mxore im-
Telephone: NEwmark 8-9995 portant than this one. Although it is printed, ther never
wars a letter written to you more personal, or filled with
more love.

I need you...,l cannot do without you...this is the passion
which dictates these lines.

Our magazine is, at present, largely a personrl enterprise. It is greatly affected by my personal sit-
untion. I would like to tell you something about this, and, if you can, I hope you will respond.

Although there are many sides of my life which shame me because of their weakness, I have always been
concerned with God's plan for our people.And our magazine tries to gradually explain this plan--
through the voices of others, and our own.

Heaven is coming on earth. The time when all men can see God personally directing our affairs will
return. "Utopia" has not yet come because men have not yet learned to live at peace among ourselves
and with other animals.

We Negro Americans are a peculiar people. We are the only people in the world who prominently wear
the name Negro. We are the only people In history who have been so distantly exiled from our own
land In such huge numbers by another people. Ten million of us were forced from Africa. to America. To-
day, there are twenty million in the United States, alone. All of us can never return. We have become
a new nation and a new pepple'
Why were we forced to Ame~rica against our wills? Why were we, like Joseph. sold by our brothers into
this new Egypt? Like Joseph, unjustly condemnned as a rapist, we are meant for the salvation of our new

America shudders from its impending doom. The rulers of this land prepare to release us because the
times are so desperate. As our chance to serve ~increases, wei,will show America the way of peace. We
are going to live so, here in America, that the nations of this world are "gonna Ilay down their swords
and shields, down by the riverside, to study war no more'."

We have viewed the rise and fall of civilizations from the ancient days of Africa's Egypt and Ethiopia.
We hav learned from the bitter experience of the ages since Eden, that to trust in men or things is
hopeless. By the grace of God, we will show America, and the world, how to be victors without de-
feating, how to be different without offending, how to fight without killing.

Because the magazine's mission comes first for the Clennon King family, we are losing our home here
in Compton. It will be sold July 17. Our car has been mortgaged to the printer in order to help Insure
the magazine's reaching you. As individuals, these things do not bother us, but as a family of seven,
with another member expected In July, there Is extreme need for more material support. Whatever you
can do to help will increase the size and scope and effectiveness of the magazine; enable the magazine
and its editor to carry on.

Sending extra subscriptions for people you know; soliciting an ad or two; inviting the editor to speak in
your church or club; offering any service or gift, are simply some of the many ways you can help this
great calling.

R member, the path we have chosen is not popular. Therefore, it becomes the duty of you who sympcl-
thize with us--yet travel in safer paths yourselves--to pitch in to make the hardships less.

We hope what we have been speaking of here becomes so urgent with you that you will respond NOW'.

PLEASE. God bless you,