Handbook of colonial St. Augustine architecture

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Handbook of colonial St. Augustine architecture
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
St. Augustine Historical Restoration & Preservation Commission
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Saint Augustine (Fla.)--Buildings, structures, etc.--Conservation and restoration
Architecture, Domestic--Florida--Saint Augustine

Notes

General Note:
Earle W. Newton, Executive Director

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002360119
System ID:
AA00009722:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
.-"" .. .-. --*..- -------.---- w -7-. ...... ...... ---,-
---. .. -- ... -- '- --- _- : -.... -- -- '--. .- -7_:.. .-.-'t

: .-.. :-.= ^ --" *: ": : .. .... .^ .- > -, ,, ,_, .. *- *- = _- .... '.".. ...- '- .. .. ---- ... ^ -.= ------ :-..
e--
---- --------

" -- -'. -"-2-'"-"- "-'*"' -- -" .... -' -" -' --:- -c'- "


^iSSSS^.-' flAINLJIIJIJ of *^^i
..... .-- "-- -..- -.. -.- .=- .t- "C...



,,,,,. ... ,,- --.- C. .. -: '-






hrr
..Cio..a. -i








19
f =.-_-.-=-,- 7... .



... Z MIA-- -- -

-" ---.. -"- & Preservation- .'- Km"'--R-

_-. r r : ._ ...--- _- ':
-........ ....... ,
:t; z z~o .. ::=-....
L .-"..-. :E-- -' 4 .---- --,-.---: '.T --Z =..
t: .-*- --- _. ..- : r ---_ -.;. ,,. ,
t :: ,, "- ..- .. ~ --"-. -. --7 _: .:.- : -_:- ,
-: .. ct. 1 r .. .." .. .
.--:--7: -- A :.-- t-- -C 2 3 7 -'t -"-' '-": ''

_.- -- -:- -: =-- ---- .. -.-.. --. .. ... __.= --' -: -
---"= ". ".-' -" --:-"- ":' "-- "- .. .. .g z"




.7
9- ~ -
C-.


Handbook of Colonial St. Augustine Architecture


For some time we have suspected that there
was something about St. Augustine architecture
quite distinctive in the United States. In Florida
and California, states with a Spanish heritage,
there had been a period in the twenties of inten-
sive building in the "Mediterranean" style. But
this seemed to have little relationship to the
original St. Augustine architecture. It becomes
increasingly evident that the elaborate Mediter-
ranean architecture of southern Spain had little
influence in this isolated garrison town. Research
under way seems to confirm what we suspected:
that most St. Augustine construction comes from
a quite different source in northern Spain. When
the undersigned was in the province of Santander
in 1961 he came upon isolated hill villages with
houses almost identical to those preserved here
today.
Mr. Albert Manucy, National Park Service In-
terpretive Planner, who has spent years inves-
tigating the scattered documentary sources and
checking the existing colonial buildings, is pres-
ently in northern Spain investigating the matter
in detail, at the instance of this Commission and
with aid of a Fulbright research scholarship. Be-
fore leaving he completed an authoritative study
of St. Augustine architecture. It is largely upon
Mr. Manucy's excellent illustrations for this book*

* Houses of St. Augustine 1565-1821;
St. Augustine Historical Society, 1962


that the drawings in this "manual" are based,
and we are indebted to him for his assistance in
making this possible. The renderings herein were
executed by Mr. Donald Conway, architectural
draftsman for the Commission.
The purpose of this manual is to make avail-
able in convenient and inexpensive form, material
which can be used by owners and builders work-
ing in the historic zone, where no construction
or alterations can be undertaken except in con-
formance with colonial St. Augustine architecture
as defined-but not illustrated-in the City's
Zoning Ordinance as follows:

"A type of architecture indigenous to St. Aug-
ustine, and influenced in development by cli-
matic, economic, geographical and social fac-
tors; the building practices and designs of
Spanish, English, Minorcan and early American
peoples were important factors in producing
said architectural type; in character this archi-
tecture is simple and unpretentious; houses
were rectangular; the hallway, often used for
the stair hall, extended ordinarily the length
of one elevation and adjacent to an exterior
wall, with rooms opening off said hallway;
outer walls were usually of stone, especially
for the first floor, averaging 20 inches in
thickness, faced with stucco and painted a
solid color without ornamentation; walls of
the upper floors were generally less thick
and often were carried up with wood, with


clapboard exterior; single story arcades are
another feature characterizing this architec-
tural type, placed usually on the south eleva-
tion, and in lieu of the arcade, small balconies
frequently were constructed as an integral
part of the buildings; wooden walls are gen-
erally, though not invariably, clapboard, with-
out ornamentation; openings were rectangu-
lar, and proportioned as to the elevation and
wall space; windows as a rule were enclosed
with shutters and frequently were protected
by grill work, roofs were in the earliest period
flat; but later were gabled or shed roofed, with
wooden shingles; floors were hard packed sand,
mortar, or wide pine flooring, inside walls were
lime plastered and painted; ceiling joists were
exposed and the roof rafters mortized and
pegged; windows characterized by wide reveals
inside; fire places occur later, though not in the
earliest periods, decoration was simple and
achieved by coloring walls and ceilings; such
ornamentation as occurred consisted of simple
capitals or arcades and balustrades, frequently
of crude workmanship."

These drawings should answer a multitude of
questions with respect to the distinctive charac-
teristics of this unusual architecture-so different
from that of both the northern English and the
more southern Spanish colonies.

Earle W. Newton
Executive Director


O u








/k7A~/Z~ 6


oc -r- 4 F ^cPiOX Z
4A(lD tF% 4A4S
o4/ / 4k/L> ^7-'4^2


PA7~LJ~4/A//I~ 6U14/4U~N


P 2 ap 7Y- & -,/yz/1


- IE-


1,d1 A4, -AL
























~67 o A 6 6 1/677/Z/Z


-1


C~441%' PL/U~
~/L/~L47 L4Ie~6~


in


PZ: / //


/
7~//"' 4~46


U:


H














.N. IF 4- T4
















II I *_, gt I_71 Z]C_










ni- I.lLZ// -[ # .5 ,


qT4f+i 4 I mi44:P -
J^l', ll i',l=i 1,,,,


,c .,/~i./.JA/ ./7/<
119 ZIZ-1/1/Z/4 --117-


//i ,/-/s6 s5tc/4_. 2_ C Z6

4VLD /


r.P>


























ILi


-, 74C 7


- I


Z7/ lA-


z;- a 1/ ./ --







-, 7 -2 -7
I.


Fts~gs


,2- / 63 /-/


M


A




: _L JI' ; I I I1 I I : ,


&I
A'


~jL~gI0
p~P


p A
P*


ct
&


"f '








- 7-12 7-


N


K
td

N -- -




L-. ~ c~ ~




A ~ ~ ~-'-~ /A../e~- ,C2 L- 4? A~/ A C~ C..- C~~'?





































































A U e ., 'T~ 7A~'~L


-%r age-,, "f. -


I
- -


"OA71c,


^>^ ^ ^.^



















ii








A- A 7*~ N/~. e2.~.~:5 ~~'A-/


C- /7c So



7A /
-- -_-


7- ~c~c../A


A=--,44-r 1; -0








- ..4 -


- -


-4 /


/ A, "!- /


am"






F~ZZ~


'3 4


C--___< c &Z .ja- C-- '49 A 0


/- .6- A.I


14- ~ '7 .....~r


.-,




S -,' ~i L' c. U -~--~ 7-~ A*~i. ~z~z.zi ,&/


6 7Z2, -& ,7


.- -.. .- ." -. :
.... ( -. i ""e





0 / < /-^.i <2. .L. < 7i r clolc-r[- )
-------./ /" .fl '


S. -


777


!1 i zI -


/ I I .r,


I I I










(-7,
I I ,
I .1
,- -i ....
I | -
,, f "
i I I *
II' I



i I I I. .

1 I I I "- .1
I I i I i! Iii
',I I iI iI I
I- I I... .. I- ... t
hJI=LI:Lr L=L= rujnjLT jLIrI j9jU^ i'


0 ID'


722z -..,L .. A 2. .
_ S '" ,~ ~^ >t ^g- /2


K ~ ~A./J ~C 7&'L. ~ /i)

/







































0 o10


/--- L.- // z1


- -- ~- -~


/ T //
T r^.c. r&T


A -s /A V /us _


0 VIC


...I -


f q w

















I..' .
I, -







I ~ ~
...
'- -


4 S 55 'S
-S *.'S'~~ ** ** 5 5.


.. *. .
S S .* -



'K I, ~
K:
S *. S 5. %
L -


4'Z c5 ~47-5.V 67 7 ,'A/Z'c~~ 57


S 7L4 zC 7


Z~ ~- \-KZL 77 '~ AY ~


7-~/~~r ~-S


m


A-- 2-- lc_- 7-/l 9=> I-tz lfl-->















__ -_ -- _
__________ ______ III-______ _____ __________
__ _


..v.
I-



?~fl~DLD~
S S *
..- .


/ 4- fz ---7/ -/> 'T/-y


-ZdZ 5 7 A4--= Q. C..^ 7a


C V ~ ~ -,'-~Y-~~~V-'--


0/ / / z (A z ---I S z
______ ~ 7"

oooDOoc~oi


0 10'


___ =z==.; =:* *- -:
lil Mffl

7,


II I I









Li~V~L

IF-li-: ____S
ill


7-/ez'A/ -


/ ,/'~


Li


.> .


A V/ /- -r_


43 'if


67-46 <.<4 7


ode-===,


EIRE


h


.o
i .


43
































































Z-.


rep, 7~ ~ 4~/


L... ~~z>-'A r/e~ A-I i


; ,' *.. "" ", t ,'" ,-. r *,'. "" "*L


-' t.,I,

' s, 4 4 4
S. II
S Ii


4'
.4-
* 4 4. 44


A I 4
4 4
4 *4 5, 444'
4 44

I '4



-4 4-
44 4
4.
\~ 44~4 44 '.4 4
4 5- 4 4- 4..-


/~7 .. .. AC-> 4-.,


I I








zJoII'-~L


7WPL --


I __ _


Ira'


it I //IAt/1 S7. L-Z--TL


TA I


*1
- p


7rA /L/ T .LLV oTO.


. 2 ./ ALI/LS 5T.





TNLL LOUkL TL
5TP.JL Ll o VA7VQ U


- 5 A.V I L-3. TI ." T


I|U P. IJk




















'd4?4


/5L-)


7- /


LII


'3I


/9 o ZI


/// /1to&&O ///dLL /-


/S '-// "


/7 oO

















































































~.% .*.

* C


*F


*s


a -


-'














- *


L~ -' ~ '~* A


4 I, o -y-


.-.*, -I-


I :


t-

































AC7 4- /A/ .











25






















































-L- -:7


____ _________________ r I
-s -r.~ c-~ -.-. *-. C
I






















"


.-tc
2-
- C -


'5" tQC~ s-At. cr/c Ad


T P/CAd /


t 06--/A-


LL //A 7/6//


n


>!


L /- -/-- PIA 7- / 40 V


































/4- y: Fr.A/C./> .~TA.C.7-


T~"P/Al


.1 AAZA


jS' r / L- L.. V ^ / C.' Al


4z


~,4f


d 17 -R- P- 7 -
















Ft:ILpii C-rLV!,E i I 7&LE2


*'',; -"..\ "nr : *-" -" "s i "'" **"
, ':.-. : '.


i i f FLI -TLrTLfiL 7r-I _L


T-YP/(A /


/ Kn)L_/A


Z / I AI/ A7 / /


7AP, AL 6 -5/ V P, -_ Ae


I r'J) / I Z" -7 "/J? A/ \











S-- -/ / 3 9.. /o0
7--- / / 7/ "


~-, / z1/7- ~


&


6A- A


,l __ J") ^ ^


,dP-








z ALCOf A/ / L 6


(C~L7ZILL~ &/7L~~c2/4'f-'


-1, LL




























"UTTV-r


Y.











r .~,S
Jj r~~i>~-. I


L


S4-"v / e' A L 23A L C Y r -I.


** o*


P- C o 0-














Irz io / IL c &7 dr4t 7-0
1/40w^ aW4ogw;v


7TYP/C-dL 04LCdJ5oy















J54- eCeP-
5 __ / A



VA/&& 09LLO P06Z:
^^.-^L ^^^/J 6 /J L AL E /Z


--le 1^




















- '-- -' '-'_-- _. n:







P

























34






465


FL ,-7


/7&0


\ 60o


/ 76 o />oc


76 0


/ 00 -/<5 /


- -~ --


0


\ *450


KzL V/k L A~ 14/A -/ 7- 6








-Y7P/CAL L
C- /70of


/Z/P OOF
c, /ep>o


/. 2F EAX 3 4 'y

1Aw euLIA1- JO/iJ-6
314 %
m ff F A ^-,


7- / _- A6-I
CE/L/.f/--


- A'L47X ~
a. ~


Jo/,'67 o V .I7- /L. .6
- ./"7 'd Lz,7-F'.











2 x3 "


4 -


LZd7# T / PL/J 6Z/,
61 /1 Pod 4,A/


)~


o 41
i 1 ii


02a Dr r~ A //0 l/- _//LT AOP
v7/^' rn7~Zi1- s^&d -A- 2c3O/=


COM A/^JUOU! )






















4&:4I04


I-- .A
0


-^



































k P ALC


D -TA4/L


lf
oF7'T.,U
1.-0l DC>








II -I*-- / t/4//6 41 ,- 's


Vt


.. W 4 7 5 /i/1-L.


4g.


P- :> y / /-/ &--



















Ixo)(tU')


2 ,A E&.-T-- D


d~~e~174/d~ ~LT~ ~ F


C ~


-6 / D / ,-/ <


(:::: 'L 6 z7:) Z, :f:) -A "2- f:)



























ToA L -U. 4 C- A QO VL


/Zoo Z) go A//-/4-


TYR 5S


b ~


44


t5 52A P, Q


.. 0 & A A-


























LAw 42a. r
A:-^^ ^5.Z?5/ ___





-o3 '/2_z7- 6- 2 '_ __/






../ ... .
^^^^ ^^.^^ ^zix^?/ vackJ^^ Falvac coaira~cv

^="<~g_^^L7^l 2.^













o I .r




-*^i--\-^ '''*'-.,- .|^--*~ .p -
.-,ih-




-*,I1*. *** uuu^ 2;* ZA/2 f \%~^*7:~t'*




r-r
". ., _"t .. .

,_\ .( *' *.; .'* !, "* '": *"' '" ". '. -'. **' : -- r ." ." ,.
,. __: ..,..* ., -* .P



.. uI ,f,,4 11-I ^p. I ..- '' *" *
- o *- o '^ .- ^.. ^ .. .. ', /' ^ ^ '' t .- '"





4,



































_*- ~, "A -); -s ,' T7Lr -.


S41Z-74LP


6 T--/ Z_


JI 21i j


Z_ X TA/lA







































7yz,,L ,~


----P .' mi Kmy .0 7-1 d, me i # f C 3 i


/ ~-~----


4







LA] TLL VdP~./d Ti OAkS


'SP4A//6&5/ 1


-- 44'% .4












6/LL


- 4 .' -- 4E.T


- L. .
.LS:ay-& "


C /s>A /~-dd/
C C.OdA-(Ap ./41 r


rkAC- LI


0--ourc 74.


I I; I


.--- -- ..J 4/4 > ....- ...












//,O T .A./J L.///7 OL.
suppon;7'/ /4'5O,/.;e-,&


L 0A4 & kAP///C--


L/,(I7~L


6 /X Pz/I-LL


S00A,


H g



0N


-'l II


50o


z- / A/ 7- =/- Z-


cA7-/0 I:: //:>&1






















3 V1A44AS


.5<2...AE 7^-Js'\. v',rS -- -- --'
VA t


* _




^^ ^*;W y^ .-^ *- ^_^_-^-^ ^ar c ^ ^r-_r
"., ..- .... -- -. .-* --


S-*: _-*: 2 ,.I'.----..',. :: -. .. .. ..... :
-,.,=_ _- '- ..- -- ^y _.- ~.-.. ^K --, *.. ." .- ,. ... .. "' -^ -x _-



-i : : .:;
,,S,,_ .. .. .... ,.... .... ._ ~ '. .- _- -. .. _-,* ,_...-'- '... .


&,7.- ..- .-..-.-_.
^ ^.:. ..- -. -.. -^- / ..... ^ .^-.-. .






.
- .-- _. -. ..
Al-- -.- -..--- A- -
, -niw i" ,, i.ap _" y : .,.,--- *'*^ -*- .; ..." .. .,- .-.
s^ p ^ -' .. .. .... *- .. '.. .,- .__ .



... i .... .. ... _. -' .. -. '* .

',E -.^ .... '-, ".-=" "'- .* -.,
, _-"4--"_- .-

- "-? -'



... 7 ., .-. -: -1 -.-j r ,













-- -- s _---- .- ..-
r ct:: .=" ._ ---,.
,: : :-.. .. .. ---. ._ ..






': .. 4; .-.-.-- ... -. ,. -.----


....... -.,,-




~ -------,"._- .. ..--.-


..- ....... .


















'c4.
S. o ,_,.--.-- At--. -,

















Vr











Ue1'
:::: ........



.. .. :_..: ----- =-- ,..- :- --- :_.= ::




i r
























4f L
============ ===-=p..=_----_ -.:a.

. -A: ..... -4 .,. '
--. .., (I ,.- :
-.-a.-. : --.-S :. ...,o,


-_t ~ ..2 .. U. -..._._.: .'.




Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd
INGEST IEID E8B4UNPAD_FND9T9 INGEST_TIME 2012-03-26T14:50:11Z PACKAGE AA00009722_00001
AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT UF PROJECT UFDC
FILES