S". November 1944-
9 ET TATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE .
Bii Bureau of Agricultural Economics L'
.. Washington, D.-'C. .. .
FARM POPULATION ESTDIATES
i.arhy 1944 there were '25,521,000 persons living -on. farms in the United
rdtdinhg to the estimates' of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, From
O',269,000 in January 1940, the farm population has decreased in the
Sby- 4,7480000 persons, or 15,7 percent. Half of this decrease tcock
bi..s.ngle year 1942, when migration of farm people to war industries and
S'.farm. mn into the' armed forces was heaviest. Slackening of nigration
#plee to cities, towns, and villages and deferment of essential farm
aqti9.dovwn the rate of decrease during 1943. The farm population decreased
'Q.'persons between January 1943 and January 1944, but this was only half
eae of 2,389,000 which took place in 1942.
*J,^fiar the largest part of the decrease in the farm Dopulation since
1*94'i Y.was. caused by the migration of farm people to cities, tonns, and
A substantial part of the decrease w rs due to in.fuctions and enli.st-
4f.en into the armed forces. Sor: of tne decr-ase' iT. the farm popi-4ttonn,
has come about without ni,--ration -'hen far.-.ing oaersetions have ceased on
:,. its telling is' no long ? classified as a farm residence. All these
g s from the farm population 'vrre only partially. offset by natural. increase
Sple moving to far-s.
S ..h..'.4 years. since Janurr 1JLO4, th. follwic'vnr changes are estimated to
4 re lin the f&n nco-nulat.ion:
I..).. A net loss to tn&- erxed forces of 1,650,000 men vho were living
on farms at the tie they enlisted or were inducted;. "
i..(2, A n"et loss of L,660,00.0 ,rsons of both sexes and all ages who
S.::; either moved away from farms cr who ar-e living on places which
", are-no longer farms because all agricultn'il operations have
..3~ ) A net g2in of 1,562,000 through the excess -Yf births over
d.;: ..deaths in the farm population.
.M,-t-e -ef. the number of persons living on farms *m entered the armed forces
liti..0%t only farm workers, but also a great many young men who Vere living
PN b.u.t working at nonagricultural occupations cr .atti&nding school,
I: farm. men in the armed forces are counted as part of the farm population, \
pisen :'le.ve ot farm population is about 650,000 lower Uhn the; level which
a:;;he .been reached if the depression of the 6arly 1930'sT,had'not interrupted
. nk yw d.. reind which prevailed from 1916. to 1930. 'tus .4 years of increased
.Iem'plo3mfl'-'ntlopportunities during the defense and war period have more than '
W:o.the '.effect of t1he depr ssion on thr- trend in "jrm population.
-" d'en e s .. i }I '
Ifonnation on changes in. the composition of fthe afr -p oputlation during
4 Pyears will be -rele.qsed shortly from a cooperative^ survey made this
te Bureau of the censuss and the Purcau of Agricultural Economics.
i o.dhfanges in .thefarm'.population due to births, deaths.,, and .ovemnt
f s:.n -during 1912. and 1943 by major geographic divisions are also
KPod.-..d-d wil.. be released at a later date.
3 1262 08589 8020
0 .0 'W