Farm population estimates

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Farm population estimates
Series Title:
AMS
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service. -- Economic Development Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Farm Population Branch
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service. -- Human Resources Branch
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Economic Development Division.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Creation Date:
1948
Frequency:
annual
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Farmers -- Statistics -- United States   ( lcsh )
Population, Rural -- Statistics -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Issuing Body:
Issued --1950-59 by U.S. Agricultural Marketing Service; 1910-62 by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service; 1963-64 by the Economic Research Service, Farm Population Branch; 1965-72 by the Economic Research Service, Human Resources Branch.
General Note:
Issues for --1950-59 are U.S. Agricultural Marketing Service AMS 80; 1910-62--1973 are U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. ERS 130 etc.; 1974- are Agricultural economic report no. 319, etc.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004703719
oclc - 02977293
Classification:
lcc - HB2385 .A42
System ID:
AA00009497:00007

Full Text


[ June 1948

~~W.. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
..... l...' ? O .f1 Agricultural Ec nflSmi




u) ttARK MTOPUIATIOn ESTIMATES, JANUARY 1948
4..... the farm population of the United-States was halted
CA.jo:. tdt-g0- to estimates of-the Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
:A b$ e _p. giving #en,.arms in January 1948 was 27,440,000, not appre-
r thenmber a year earlier. This record of no significant
SrpaQpulattoc during 1947 contrasts with the gain in the number
iving'. -farms that took place in the two preceding.years. From the
.25.,190000 reached in January 1945 at the peak of World lar II,
b ^ pul onh increased by nearly 10 percent to a level of 27,550,000 in
as demobilized veterans and some civilian migrants returned to
I.b.lng the ending of the war.
....i.ility. in the total number-of persons living on farms at the beginning
t .1...e a.nd of 1947 donceals important changes that took place in the farm
n e y ver.. Births to farm residents exceeded, deaths by nearly a
:At"tna .n- -thO 'highest annual natural increase recorded since 1925, when
b-Ui5satim. was about a tenth larger than at present. An estimated
es were .6rn.in farm families during 1947, when birth rates were
.0el.d e r the country.
Z gratiohaof civilians from farms to nonfarm places amounted to 640,000 in
.As aual, the' net change in population from migration resulted from
erably larIger streams of migration in both directions. Nearly a million
*a:e estimated to have moved on to farms from cities, towns, and
Securing the-year, whereas more than a million and a half moved away
rms. The population loss from civilian migration was offset to only a
Sextent by the net increase of 47,000 resulting from the excess of return-
berdns.bver the number of farm men who entered the armed forces in 1947.
fleto in farm population from all types of movement exceeded the gain
u2-ion due to natural increase by 110,000, leaving the farm population
if.action. of a percent smaller than at the beginning of 1947.

gh there iere no marked increases or decreases in the farm population
.major- area,of the country, the resumption of the downward trend in
population wia clearest in the areas rhich had lost most heavily during
5 d 1atII. ThW.ive geographic divisions in the central part of the
~. ted States s-iie .slight decreases, while the divisions on the east and
jtstoasrts showed slight gains or no appreciable change. The 20 States in
% the. stral divisions of the -United States (East and W7est North Central and
Ea@p atid est ISuth Central) and the 8 States in the Mountain Division have
had an ver-all nte decline of 12.3 percent in their farm population since
-940 Cither'divisidns have had recent gains and a net reduction of only 3.0
p. rcent since 194 Q A factor influencing the movement of people to farms in
t s fbaniAed Sthtes of the coastal divisions seems to have been the scarcity
..'k n hs.ing in cities.
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liable. 3-Annual estimates of the farm population, births and deaths occurring
in the farm population, and number of persons moving to and from
farms for geographic divisions, 1940-48 (Continued)
ii',... ;.:.. .


S: Change through : Change through :
". .. : natural increase : migration :Change
ea : Farm : : : : : through
:and. population : : : : : To : From :farm-to-
yea. on :Total:Births:Deaths.: Total : farms : farms :farm
: Januaty 1.:. : : : / / 2/ / :movement 3/
1...00 1.000 1 .ooo ,ooo 1,000 _1i0o 1,ooo ~iooo
., At'lantic
5,714
( 671 r11n C 57 i n 0 &Z1 _13


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5,475
5,011
..... .. 5,115
5,334
5,808
5,984
"* 6,025


104
88
.78
79
99
108
102


153
139
.127
129
150
168
166


-'-
-49
-51
-49
-50
-51
-60
-64


128
427
-135
-237
-527
-253
-132


321
631
119
142
90
114
100


-193
-204
-254.
-379
-617
-367
-232.


-36
-51
.-47...
-61
-46
-31
-11


4/


-9
0 .

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4,725
-.*.. 4,777
4,621
* 4,250
4,330
: 4,553
4,970
5,173
5,238
al
4,071
4,128
4,008
3,723
3,858
4,158
4,693
4,911
5,008


998
1,011
1,012'
1,016
1,022
1,030
1,077
1,099
1,102


(Continued)


I


86
72
65.
66
74
79
91
91



80
68
57
55
69
75
75
78


139
- 116
106
107
117
123
143
143


115
105
96
92
107
116
120
124


-53
-44
-41
-41
-43
-44
-52
-52



-35
-37
-39
-37
-38
-41
-45
-46


-6
'-9
-10
-9
-9
-10
-10
-11


-127
94
335
-129
-292
-493
-284
-138



-150
44
215
-200
-379
-602
-265
-145


-22
-427
-28
-26
-26
-73
-48
-28


139
297
487
119
121
88
89
83


180
308
454
123
177
119
132
108


71
57
44
' 71
108
100
77
41


-266
-203
-152
-248
-413
-581
-373
-221



-330
-264
-239
-323
-556
-721
-397
-253


-93
-84
-72
-97
-134
-173
-125
-69


-11
-10
-29
-17
-5
-3
-10
-18



13
8
13
10
10
-8
-28
-30


-14
9
10
5
5
12
10
10


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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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