Farm population estimates

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Farm population estimates
Series Title:
AMS
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service. -- Economic Development Division
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Farm Population Branch
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service. -- Human Resources Branch
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Economic Development Division.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Creation Date:
1947
Frequency:
annual
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Farmers -- Statistics -- United States   ( lcsh )
Population, Rural -- Statistics -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Issuing Body:
Issued --1950-59 by U.S. Agricultural Marketing Service; 1910-62 by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service; 1963-64 by the Economic Research Service, Farm Population Branch; 1965-72 by the Economic Research Service, Human Resources Branch.
General Note:
Issues for --1950-59 are U.S. Agricultural Marketing Service AMS 80; 1910-62--1973 are U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. ERS 130 etc.; 1974- are Agricultural economic report no. 319, etc.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004703719
oclc - 02977293
Classification:
lcc - HB2385 .A42
System ID:
AA00009497:00006

Full Text

s:KK.August 1947

,p I' flES tFARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
reau q Agrifiltural Economi"e L--
S.! Washington, D. C.

*RM POPULATION ESTIMATES
UNITEDO: STAT5 AMD MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, 1940-1947
STATES, 1940-1945

S i n of the United States increased for the second successive
P in l fahd reached a total of 27,550,000 by January 1947, according to
at:.' :the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. The number of people living
S.i Or.a i ,uary was 2,360,000 higher than 2 years earlier, when the farm
lidLtdll Ms Athe lowest it had been for many decades, but less than half of
...A. declinee in farm p.ition had been regained. The figure was
S d i erthew prewar level of 30,269,000 in January 1940.

'-.. med forces.- Men returning to farms after being discharged
4:!Med Kferoees made up the most important source of increase in the
.Eoation in the last 2 years. The -number of men returning directly to
60is the armed forces exceeded the number who left farms to enter the
jdween' January 1945 and JanuarK 1947 by 1,250,000. -It is estimated
the. a spage of the Selective service Act in September 1940 up to
'A04'. a total of 2,400,000 men who were living -on farms just prior to
olt.ar induction entered the armed forces. This figure may include
c4tionh because of persons who reenlisted. It should be noted that
.does ot represent the number of agricultural workers who served
'imdC for.des -Many of the young men entering from the farm population
t. mag on rinonfanrm jobs just before induction, even though they were
;m mand many others were in school. Also it should be noted that
'er-were .never auay at any one time some came back before
PI e-i. The -largest number from the farm population were found in
fe .bes'.in January 1945,- when the total reached 1,850,000.

4nuary 1947, a total of 1,800,000 men are estimated to have gone to
8azs iediately after they were discharged from the forces. This
obdbtitd. by adding together the arrivals reported for the -preceding
$irn "oh aanmoal survey. Not all of these men are still in the farm
itip, for some of them moved to cities and towns after living on farms
e..On the other hand, some world d i Lar II veterans not included in
na6te diay have been'living gn farms in January 1947 -- those who went
efter they were discharged and who later moved to farms.

& 00,O0 men who went to live on farms directly from the armed forces -
i ^ r'niajority.of,. these were living on farms immediately before induction
r lie"at are subtracted from the 2,400,000 men who left farms to enter
t&ebjd forces, the remainder is 600,000. This is art indication of approx-
Shenot Xos s .sustained by the farm population through mobilization
iztob tidza up through the year 1946. Some of these men are in the
,icer e ;but most of them have been demobilized. hoVqrer, three out
eySfr am men'who went to -rwar had returned tl.the farm to live by
l 1 1,i9 i Although not all of them were still on Afarms at that date'.
INN7,attl f18000mn r siae t hv oet





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,reas vas a
A ans'ga 4
"Per4,04"', ketual rit t It
ut'a snia le gr.
-194 f4X
p#-A. s Orae
o,,ahd from f ip ,wAs' milich'gr 0,er",o4r-t
Jlion peopl ed in qa CU

Tbp net g4in, ila'ifa= popUlat-lOP.`thiqAgh,,
Ioffset only, 12,, perpont, of -tha, 5 1
` ibrougti, M" V3'.Uarl mi
an4 1,945' 9'r

by'
iii 'the fara p'opulation, rjjn6e,:' ha b
t'he 'country as .. o,, wb6-ie. Be-tveen,
ah d a decird,4se alqdbetweon
SOtels sh d an, inqrea3,e,.
end,,of


7,4rtim Aarpasqs In the" farm, j>opvl4,tl6l,4.ldri t
'VMS a, reau4 n, olf 3 287, QQQ betv,,, "Igo"
Sta'te'4 'had," IIoe h:L ghe `.,t, ia.,q
tU avijion, vas roducedly i6ore
hot, he jp''3 st,'-wa ',ki
t 1, W,4 Southern OlVisi
,4 popul VAdl
0- -tiop $iq `5 'If, It
an East'56uUt.Centtail
mduqtlon. Contira
onq-, rd', of, thel 't60 r 9a
than ixi, Japuary
The p
th CentalUkyl`ksions
Soi;thlln' rate Of 4603 -b'Am ifarft
divis i' ns 'the rv-t lp'
Fqr thd*I area aa a wholel,,abouf on
repiaeid,, res4 Ing in ";3" '-vtdppr

Tho tv,AA t hd' tv
'41
perient. ."Agicitlxr&e
t
dar axb##"j ti
-1, I '" W9
01*1 641
fartlis "ty,tho beginrAt*
mbuntaj., t h
ear


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R'ew. &gland States 'had very little decrease in farm population during the
~ andhas had a marked increase sinee but the gain Whown between 1945 and
sthoduld be interpreted with caution. It may reflect largely a movement
.f crowded cities of persons who keep their city jobs but live on units
*it e open country that meet the rules for classification as farms. Moreover,
estimates are less reliable for the smaller geographic divisions than for
1e larger (see the following note on method).
Note on Revisions and Method of Deriving Estimates

esions.- For the United States, the estimates shown in table 1 of changes
.the ear 1945 and of the farm population level for January 1946 have been
.visod on'the basis of improved data and the revised estimates supersede those
s'hed- in Farm Population Estiuates, United States and Major Geographic
vilns, .1910-1946, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, June 1946. The United
e 'estimates for January 1945 and all prior dates have not been revised.

*.:..the 9 major geographic divisions, all estimates for dates after January
0 hAve been revised and the revised estimates supersede those issued in
Ie,5 of the report cited above. It should be noted that the estimates for
2-40 contained in table 6 of that report have not been revised. Estimates
r these earlier years are not repeated in this report.

2U.i estimates by States for the years 1920-40 have not been revised, they are
te h'same as those issued in a release called Annual Estimates of the Farm Pop-
tidh, by States, 1920-1940, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, February 1944.
'c4 timates for the years 1941-45 are new and have not been published before.

uetLod .-. The estimates contained in this report are based on bench-mark data
4rorm the Censuses of Population and Agriculture, current enuuerative sample
urveys, and mailed questionnaires returned by farmers. For. January 1944 and
X2i er dates the estimates are adjusted to the level of farm population of the
i4ied States, as estimated jointly by the. Bureau of the Census and the Bureau
o;0f Agricultural Economics on the basis of enumerative surveys and published in
',he Census-BAE series. For January 1945, the geographic distribution of the
am population is based on the returns from the 1945 Census of Agriculture,
ousted to the total level of farm population shorn in the Census-BAE series.
l .discussion of the comparability of the farm population data from the 1945
flDensus 6f Agriculture v.ith the current estimates may be found in Census-BAE
'.o-9.'. Utilization of the new 1945 Census bench-mark data was the basis for
;iThision of the geographic-division estimates for the years 1941-45.

For .January 1947, the geographic distribution of the fana population is based
ibaon the BAE January 1947 Survey of Agriculture, adjusted to the total level of
arn. population shown in the Census-BAE series. All other estimates of the
*. farm population of "'ajor geographic divisions are interpoletions on the basis -
1w of 6.il.ed questionnaire returns between the 1940, 1945, 1947 estimates. Also,
.,all'.etiiates of moves to. and from farns and other kinds Df chengQs'-in the
f.arm population are based on mailed questionnaire returns adjusted to the
population totals.





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K, W

a Area ,, A
: 'and .A s asoP:;:...
year.. K. a, t
... _. :.an ":^ '.'U. :."
"000 (09, I" ."
New England ..
19 753 .
1945 604 6 13 7 '.
1944 603 4 12 *8 -
1943 607 7' 13 .-- .
1942 614 4 f.11 :-7.E
1 .1 .616 5 .12 .
1940 4/ 637 3 11 -8
9l.ddle Atlantio
1947 1,623
1946 1,599 19 37 418
1945 X1,543 12- 31 --19
.1944. 1,539 13 32 .--19.. .
1943 1,590 14 32- 4 -- -4
1942 1,719 14 33 AL-I -.41
1941 1,767 13 32 '9 .-64
1940 4/ -1,772 12 32 -20
l East North Central .
1947 4,077
1946 4,020 48 93 45-:
: 945 3,886 41 81 A -40 ,4":
194 3,844 40 80 -40 .* j
1943 -4,026' '29 7 .5 t2:3, '.
1942 4,431. 35 83 48 4
1941' 4,569 41 a 85' 4 '
1940 / .4,589 38 Ow84 46 -
West North Central
1947 4,258 ,
1946 4,187 71 106 35 5
1945 4,016 59 93- 3: ::
1944 4,087* 60 95- .35
1943 4,234 61 94 33
1942 4,532 .- 60 99 39
1941 4,641. .'59 9 '6
*19404 J 4,676- 53 :89 -6 .
South Atlantic ,
1947 5,671
.1946 -4.75>: 104 r X
1945 5.,01 14 889 I 1:. ,
1944 5,115 8 ... ...
1943 5,334 799 2 -
1942 5,8. a* e
1941 ,.
1... .-
A ,V ." .". :












"* ". : .""

:- .. ..population
.. .: on
S '. -January 1


r ral







Central


F'.



1r :


S4,777
4,621
4,250
4,330
4,553
4,970
5,173
5,238

4,128
4,008
3,723
3,858
4,158
4,693
4,911
5,008

.1, 011
1,012
1,016
1,022
1,030
1,077
1,099
1,102


: Change through : Change through :
: natural increase : migration :__ Change
: : : : : :through
: : : : To : From :farm-to-
:Total:Births:Deaths: Total : farms : farms :farm
; : : : 1I/ 2/ : 2J/ : I_/ :movement 3/
(ooo-00) (o-oo) 73oo) o(000 (--ooo (OO-O) -Co-00)


116
106
107
117
123
143
143


105
96
92
107
116
120
124


1,252
1,219
1,141
1,123
1,127
1,204
1,228
1,242


-44
-41
-41
-43
-44
-52
-52


-37
-39
-37
-38
-41
-45
-46


-9
-10
-9
-9
-10
-10
-11


-11
-9
-8
-12
-11
-12
-13


94
335
-129
-292
-493
-284
-138


44
215
-200
-379
-602
-265
-145


-27
-28
-26
-26
-73
-48
-28


15
55
0
-24
-98
-35
-20


297
487
119
121
88
89
83


308
454
123
177
119
132
108


57
44
71
108
100
77
41


112
126
82
119
96
77
58


-203
-152
-248
-413
-581
-373
-221


-264
-239
-323
-556
-721
-397
-253


-84
-72
-97
-134
-173
-125
-69


-97
-71
-82
-143
-194
-112
-78


-10
-29
-17
-5
-3
-10
-18


8
13
10
10
-8
-28
-30


atlu.des persons who entered the armed forces.
1iBludes persons who returned from the armed forces.
ti.T. net movement of persons from farms in one geographic division to farms in
'dyi.sions.
population January 1, adjusted on the basis of Census enumeration of


e :Pge.3.for note on revisions and method of deriving estimates.


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Table 4.- Annual esatee of the fran pqopaLonlby States. Jas : 1ia ,

Division and State 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 .1 5 1W26; 2 ;l
(O) (000oo) (0oo) (000oo) (000oo) (oDD) (Doo) (000o) .e:'.
UNITED STATES 31,614 31,763 31,749 31,130 30,817 30,830 30,619 30,170 30,:8 i
Now England 626 629 623 608 604 610 604 589 .."
Maine 198 197 195 189 187 188 185 179 :
New Hampshire 76 76 74 72 71 71 69 66 :.
Vermont 125 126 124 121 120 121 119 117 "
Massachusetts 119 121 121 120 120 123 124 -.22 123
Rhode Island 15 15 36 15 16 16 16 16 16":'i.
Connecticut 93 94 93 91 90 91 91 89 ..80
Middle Atlantic 1,893 1,912 1,891 1,852 1,825 1,807 1,791 1,748 1 73 $
New York 801 809 800 782 770 763 755 737
New Jersey 144 145 344 141 139 137 137 134 2
Pennsylvania 948 958 947 929 916 907 899 877 969
East North-Central 4,914 4,826 4,698 4,621 4,587 4,598 4,550 4,477 4,47:.
Ohio 1,140 1,115 1,085 1,063 1,055 1,051 1,037 1,021 1,01 ...::.': :"
Indiana 907 893 864 850 839 841 833 815 817 ,
Illinois 1,098 1,076 1,048 1,031 1,023 1,024 1,015 998 1,001.
Michigan 849 835 813 799 794 800 792 779 : '1 .
Wisconsin 920 907 888 878 876 882 873 864 q87q- 44.
West North Central 5,171 5,226 5,223 5,163 5,133 5,134 5,098 5,055 5, .:1.,..
Minnesota 897 909 915 903 898 902 897 890 S,:;, :
Iowa 985 993 999 985 981 984 979 971 962::.:':
Missouri 1,211 1,218 1,208 1,186 1,170 1,164 1,152 1,134 1,118" '
North Dakota 395 397 397 397 395 394 393 390 391
South Dakota 362 371 371 371 375 378 377 380 38 :.
Nebraska 584 591 591 588 585 584 581 577 577 .
Kansas 737 747 742 733 729 728 719 713 707,]ii
South Atlantic 6,417 6,471 6,474 6,242 6,125 6,136 6,013 5,880 5,910*':' .P :
Delaware 51 51 52 50 49 49 48 47 47:
Maryland 280 284 279 269 257 258 253 241 2)9 '- .
Virginia 1,065 1,074 1,068 1,025 1,005 1,007 980 953 958
West Virginia 478 478 479 469 459 460 451 441 449
North Carolina 1,501 1,539 1,560 1,531 1,525 1,546 1,539 1,529 1,560
South Carolina 1,075 1,074 1,068 1,018 992 988 962 935 928.
Georgia 1,685 1,687 1,677 1,599 1,556 1,546 1,503 1,458 1,448
Florida 282 284 291 281 282 282 277 276 278
East South Central 5,183 5,239 5,227 5,135 5,088 5,089 5,057 4,979 4,992
Kentucky 1,305 1,311 1,296 1,262 1,240 1,231 1,208 1,180 1,173 .
Tennessee 1,272 1,279 1,275 1,246 1,235 1,231 1,224 1,200 1,202
Alabama 1,336 1,353 1,354 1,334 1,322 1,324 1,..10 1,304 1,306
Mississippi 1,270 1,296 1,302 1,293 1,291 1,303 1,305 1,295 1,311 .
West South Central 5,228 5,270 5,392 5,338 5,305 5,302 5,343 5,245 5,243
Arkansas 1,147 1,147 1,171 1,153 1,142 1,135 1,142 1,117 1,110
Louisiana 786 795 815 811 807 981 822 808 812
Oklahoma 1,017 1,027 1,047 1,036 1,030 1,029 1,030 1,012 1,010.
Texas 2,278 2,301 2,359 2,338 2,326 2,327 2,349 2,308 2,311
Mountain 1,168 1,152 1,155 1,124 1,109 1,108 1,100 1,109 1,12
Montana 226 221 220 212 208 207 204 204 203
Idaho 201 197 198 191 189 187 185 186 186
Wyoming 67 68 68 68 67 68 68 69 70.
Colorado 266 265 268 263 262 264 265 269 272
New Mexico 161 159 160 155 153 153 153 154 355
Arizona 91 90 91 90 90 91 90 92 93
Utah 140 136 334 129 125 123 120 319 118
Nevada 26 16 16 16 15 25 15 16 15
Pacific 1,014 1,038 1,066 1,047 1,041 1,046 1,063 1,088 1,10
Washington 283 289 294 288 284 285 288 293 297:
Oregon 214 217 222 216 214 212 214 217 219 '
California 517 532 550 543 543 549 561 578 592
(Continued) ..
.. .. .. .. .... .:' A







"" -9-

table 4.- Annual estimates of the farm'population by Stages, January 1 dates 1920-45 ./ (Continued)

Division and State 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 I 1936 1937
(0OM) (o000) (o000) (o000) (o000) (o000) (ow000) (o000) (o000)
UNITED STATES 30,220 30,169 30,485 31,028 32,033 31,945 31,801 31,377 30,906


New England
Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
Middle Atlantic
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
East North Central
Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Michigan
Wisconsin
West North Central
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska
Kansas
South Atlantic
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia
Florida
East South Central
Kentucky
Tennessee
Alabama
Mississippi
West South Central
Arkansas
Louisiana
Oklahoma
Texas
Mountain
Montana
Idaho
Wyoming
Colorado
New Mexico
Arizona
Utah
Nevada
Pacific
Washington
Oregon
California


583 568
175 170
64 62
115 112
124 122
16 16
89 86
1,714 1,692
722 713
132 130
860 849
4,429 4,442
1,004 1,003
806 S04
986 989
770 774
863 872
5,034 5,030
891 889
971 971
1,112 1,106
393 394
383 387
579 581.
705 702
5,900 5,864
47 46
236 236
956 945
448 447
1,575 1,591
921 911
1,434 1,410
283 278
5,027 5,052
1,171 1,167
1,207 1,205
1,317 1,329
1,332 1,351
5,290 5,275
1,118 1,109
920 822
1,017 1,014
2,335 2,330
1,130 1,122
205 202
199 186
71 72
279 279
157 156
96 97
117 114
16 16
1,113 1,124
296 298
219 219
598 607


605
176
66
116
132
17
98
1,768
741
136
891
4,516
1,030
817
998
786
885
5,007
891
961
1,112
386
380
576
701

5,935
47
237
967
468
1,595
919
1,412
290
5,103
1,194
1,225
1,337
1,347
5,262
1,116
826
1,005
2,315
1,147
203
190
73
282
164
99
120
16
1,112
306
226
610


640 691 712 711
181 191 191 185
69 74 76 76
120 126 126 122
143. 154 161 163
19 21 22 22
110 125 136 143
1,815 1,931 1,930 1,904
757 803 799 785
140 147 147 144
918 981 984 975
4,608 4,829 4,813 4,769
1,060 1,120 1,126 1,127
830 869 861 853
1,009 1,053 1,040 1,018
806 845 847 840
903 942 939 931
5,088 5,167 5,158 5,109
911 930 934 928
972 987 980 968
1,245 1,173 1,186 1,184
392 393 392 386
376 377 366 358
585 589 588 581
707 718 712 704
6,004 6,196 6,187 6,204
48 50 50 49
240 242 241 242
991 1,028 1,040 1,053
492 520 539 562
1,603 1,648 1,635 1,624
925 954 948 948
1,411 1,444 1,424 1,406
294 310 310 320
5,178 5,314 5,304 5,335
1,227 1,270 1,284 1,302
1,248 1,291 1,294 1,308
1,357 1,387 1,384 1,386
1,346 1,366 1,342 1,333
5,341 5,463 5,416 5,388
1,143 1,175 1,175 1,180
839 863 856 859
1,020 1,038 1,029 1,016
2,339 2,387 2,356 2,333
1,101 1,214 1,202 1,188
207 206 202 195
199 203 203 199
76 77 76 75
289 290 284 276
175 185 188 190
101 103 102 100
128 134 137 138
16 16 16 15
1,163 1,228 1,217 1,193
316 338 340 336
233 249 249 248
614 641 628 609


675 649
179 175
73 71
116 112
156 150
20 19
131 122
1,845 1,807
758 741
242 141
945 925
4,732 4,663
1,118 1,100
843 829
1,009 992
843 843
919 899
5,005 4,866
923 910
958 934
1,163 1,144
371 355
346 331
562 540
682 652
6,207 6,160

50 49
242 240
1,048 1,029
558 548
1,637 1,645
949 936
1,407 1,399
316 314
5,291 5,276
1,291 1,282
1,291 1,282
1,370 1,361
1,339 1,351
5,281 5,160
1,157 1,130
850 841
993 965
2,281 2,224
1,154 1,123
188 182
197 194
73 72
266 258
185 150
101 162
129 120
15 15
1,187 1,202
331 332
246 248
610 622

(Continued)

























Chio 1,085 1,081 1,071 1,080 1,057
Indiana 8.7 814 808 808 780
Illinois 978 975 968 964 935
Michigan 845 855 862 848 83
Wisconsin 886 878 874 869 836 784.
West North Central 4,716 4,684 4,676 4,641 4,532 4234
i;nne I sota 891 899 908 909 884 88 ,
lowa 915 913 924 921 907
Mis.ouri 1,113 1,113 1,117 1,117 1,087 94
North Dakota 340 332 325 319 14 29.0
South Dakota 316 309 305 304 297 281
Nebraska 514 505 495 484 464 4as
an. sa 627 613 602 593 579 5l4
South Atlantic 6,345 6,096 6,025 5,984 5,808 5,334 5.1
Delaware 49 49 46 45 45 45 :
Maryland 246 244 244 242 233 216
Virginia 1,020 1,001 981 964 946 881
West Virginia 547 537 530 525 517 475 .",
North Carolina 1,653 1,660 1,650 1,622 1,579 1,455 .
South Carolina 934 921 911 924 895 990
Georgia 1,389 1,379 1,360 1,353 1,310 1,213 V1
Florida 307 305 303 309 293 255
East South Central 5,283 5,293 5,238 5,173 4,970 4,553 4,j
Kentucky 1,273 1,270 1,250 1,229 1,159 1,057' 1
Tennessee 1,284 1,281 1,269 1,249 1,199 1,110 J.... ,1 .
Alabama 1,352 1,350 1,332 1,302 1,246 1,119 ,1:a5
o.usissisppi 1,374 1,392 1,391 1,393 1,366 1,2&67 I,2 .:
West South Central 5,114 5,066 5,008 4,911 4,693 4,158 3, 58
Arkansas 1,125 1,115 1,102 1,067 1,049 960
Louisiana 844 846 846 839 798 719
Oklahoma 951 937 921 898 857 77T 10
Texas 2,194 2,168 2,139 2,107 1,989 1,-08 :A 4
Mountain 1,101 1,102 1,102 1,099 1,077 1,0l3 1:i ::a :
Montana 176 175 174 167 157 349 7..3,
Idaho 194 196 200 199 194 184 *O8
Wyaming 71 72 72 72 71 68 ..
Colorado 251 250 249 253 245 214; 2 3
New Mexico 176 177 176 178 170 263 2.1..
Arisona 105 108 113 114 123 125 3
Utah 213 108 103 104 106 .3 ..
Nevda 15 16 15 22 21 ...
Pacific 1,2.8 1,222 1,242 1,228 1,204. 1,12
washington 333 331 333 333 330 .. ., 5
Oregon 251 251 253 351 249
California 634 640 656 644 626
Es.. timates for years 1920-40 identical with those publshAed in i
Population, by States, 1920-40," Burea of IAgroUac*rL floaxct Fbt'sq
year 1941-45 based on revised etlastmas for majo geograimB iiatsur.
see page 3. ..*
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