Jobs for the handicapped

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Title:
Jobs for the handicapped a program guide for use in planning and preparing state and local programs. National employ the physically handicapped week Oct. 5-11, 1947
Physical Description:
iii, 19 p. : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
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United States -- Interagency committee for the employment of the physically handicapped
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U.S. Govt. print. off.
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

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Subjects / Keywords:
Vocational rehabilitation   ( lcsh )
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federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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aleph - 004969308
oclc - 27093416
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AA00009331:00001


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Full Text
7, 77 / '/ .7 4 Sep'47
For Use of Staff Members and Advisors


P1I 011


for the Handicapped






A Program Guide
for use in planning and preparing
State and local programs


NATIONAL EMPLOY THE PHYSICALLY
HANDICAPPED WEEK
Oct. 5-11, 1947

Interagency Committee for the
S Employment of the Physically Handicapped
: Washington, D. C.




SI

























Program Guide


CONTENTS


Page


INTRODUCTION --------------------
PART I. NEPH WEEK-Origin and Purpose
PART II. Program Objectives--------------
PART III. How Many Handicapped? ---------------------
PART IV. The Handicapped as Workers (Results of Surveys)-
PART V. What Can Be Done (In States and Local Communi-
ties) --------------


Address All Communications for Interagency Committee for the
Employment of the Handicapped to U. S. Department of Labor,
Washington, D. C.














































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in 2011 wilh lunding from
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OCT. 5-11 1947

INTRODUCTION

The purpose of this Program Guide is fourfold: (1) To stimulate
the widest possible interest in National Employ the Physically Han-
dicapped Week, October 5-11; (2) to encourage wide-spread under-
standing, of the employment problem of physically impaired per-
:sons; (3) to outline steps that are being taken by Federal and private
agencies in Washington to coordinate plans for NEPH Week; and
(4) to.s;t patterns which may be adaptable in the field for the stimu-
lation of employment of the handicapped.
The 1946 NEPH Week campaign was successful. Placements of
handicapped persons by the local public employment offices increased
37 percent during the month of October over the previous month.
The "Week" spearheaded a permanent year-round campaign for the
employment of impaired men and women, including disabled vet-
erans. Millions of people discovered that there not only is an em-
ployment problem concerning the physically impaired, but that some-
thing can be done about it. Reports from all States demonstrated
that newspapers and radio networks and stations cooperated enthu-
siastically in the 1946 NEPH Week campaign. In many communi-
ties civic and veterans' organizations, service clubs, business, labor,
and Federal, State, and local governmental agencies formed local com-
mittees, held mass meetings, luncheons, employer institutes, and con-
ducted other activities.
An Interagency Committee of Federal and private agencies is con-
tinuing to coordinate NEPH Week efforts of all Government agencies
in Washington. It will promote such activities as will be beneficial
in Nation-wide observance of National Employ the Physically Han-
dicapped Week. These include radio broadcasting, fact sheets and
scripts, newspaper and magazine articles, pamphlets, leaflets, and
pattern displays. A subcommittee has the responsibility of inform-
ing Federal, State, and local agencies of plans of individual agencies
and of materials prepared and being prepared by individual Federal
agencies.
Federal agencies represented on the Interagency Committee include:
The Department of Agriculture; Department of Commerce; Depart-
ment of Labor, United States Employment Service, Veterans Em-
ployment Service, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and Division of Vet-
erans' Reemployment Rights; Civil Service Commission; and Federal





Security Agency, Bureau of Employment Security, Office of Voca-
tional Rehabilitation, and United States Public Health Service;
Veterans' Administration. All mail to the Interagency Committee
should be addressed care of the Department of Labor.
Private agencies represented are: The American Federation of the
Physically Handicapped, Disabled American Veterans, and the Na-
tional Association for the Employment of the Physically Handi-
capped.
The goal of the Interagency Committee is to make the observance
of 1947 NEPH Week the most productive in the proper placement of
physically handicapped persons.
The following pages provide basic information needed to stimu-
late programs in States and communities where the real job of re-
habilitation, vocational training, and employment of handicapped
workers is done.
To make NEPH Week an outstanding success requires hard work-
work which must be done to assure millions of disabled Americans a
chance to use their abilities to increase the Nation's production.











OCT. 5-11 1947

1. NEPH Week-Origin and Purpose

National Employ the Physically Handicapped Week is observed
annually during the first week in October of each year. It was author-
ized by Public Law 176, Seventy-ninth Congress, approved August 11,
1945. The legislation was prepared by the American Federation of
the Physically Handicapped and supported by it and the Disabled
American Veterans with the support of numerous other interested
S organizations.
Congress, in the joint resolution, declared the purpose of the annual
"week" to be to "enlist public support for an interest in the employ-
ment of otherwise qualified but physically handicapped persons."
Public Law 176 specifically states that:
During the said week, appropriate ceremonies are to be held throughout the
Nation The President is hereby requested to issue a suitable proclama-
tion-each year, and the Governors of the States, mayors of cities, and heads of
other instrumentalities of Federal, State, and local government, as well as leaders
of industry, educational, and religious groups, labor, veterans, women, farm,
scientific and professional, and other organizations and individuals are invited
to participate.

Third Annual NEPH Week
October 5-11 will mark the third annual observance of the "week.'
The 1945 and 1916 campaigns laid the groundwork for national under-
standing of the job problems of physically impaired persons.
During 1946 extensive organizational steps were taken in thousands
of communities throughout the Nation which aided the program. In
many local communities joint action programs were set up. Many
communities carried on special activities in observance of the "week."
All local placements of impaired workers in all States during October
were 29,157, compared with 21,350 for September, a gain of 37 percent.
Gains were reported in placements of handicapped workers in all but
2 States. Twenty-one States reported more than 500 total placements
of handicapped workers during the month.
S The Interagency Committee was organized initially in 1946 under
S the auspices of the Retraining and Reemployment Administration,
now liquidated. Prior to the liquidation of RRA temporary officers
"of the Interagency Committee were appointed to carry on. In 1947
S Federal and private agency representatives decided that although






the Interagency Committee lost its official standing as the result of
the abolition of RRA, there was need for a committee to/coordinate
NEPH Week activities in Washington. It was therefore decided to
continue the committee.
The subcommittee of the Interagency Committee at a subsequent
meeting arranged to publish this program guide for the 1947 "Week"
for the information and guidance of the agencies represented on the
Interagency Committee, and their affiliates.
The subcommittee also allocated the responsibility for certain activ-
ities to specific agency representatives. This applies specifically to
national radio network programs, which will be arranged by the In-
formation Service of the Veterans' Administration, and national mag-
azine contacts, which will be handled by the Office of Information,
Department of Labor. Each agency will supplement materials pre-
pared and distributed by the committee with materials for its own
field, such as posters, pattern news releases, etc. The Department of
Labor agreed to publish the Program Guide and to supply posters
with the imprint of the Department.
Program materials will be forwarded to the field as early as
possible.
The following is a partial list of materials and services which are,
or will be, available through the agencies represented on the Inter-
agency Committee.

I. Pamphlets and Folders
Department of Labor, United States Employment Service:
a. Hire the Handicapped-It's Good Business. A revised edition
with new cover of "Mr. Employer-Hire the Handicapped." Two
colors, illustrated, carrying data contained in latest Department of
Labor survey of employment of handicapped workers in 109 plants.
b. Q and A folder on NEPH Week.

Department of Labor, Veterans Employment Service:
a. A folder concerning employment of disabled veterans.
NOTE.-The nbove USES and YES pamphlets will be distributed through State
Bureau of Employment Security agencies.

Federal Security Agency, Office of Vocational Rehabilitation:
a. Vocational Rehabilitation for Civilians (available in quantity).
Basic document which explains the "who, what, why, where, and how"
of the State-Federal program of vocational rehabilitation.
b. Opportunities for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (of general
interest). Explains special services available for this segment of
the disabled population.






c. The Doctor and Vocational Rehabilitation. For medical groups
only. Directed to medical profession and explains various aspects of
program such as methods by which medical services are purchased,
fee schedules, value and necessity of medical reports of examination
and diagnosis. (AMA has distributed to every member.)
d. Efficiency of the Impaired Worker (available in quantity).
Study which convincingly shows that disabled men and women are
outstanding workers (of interest to employers).
e. Civilian Amputees in Action. Illustrated booklet which tells
amputees about State-Federal vocational rehabilitation, emphasizing
importance of psychological preparation, postoperative procedure,
exercises, etc.
f. Opportunities for the Tuberculous. Outlines services available
for this portion of the disabled population.
NoTE.-The above OVR materials may be obtained from State divisions of
vocational rehabilitation agencies.

Disabled American Veterans:
a. Man-Job-Mlatching method. Devoted to selective placement
of disabled veterans.
b. They Say Disabled are Valuable (quotations of employers and
officials).
c. Sales Talk to Employers on Hiring Disabled Veterans by the
Man-Job--Matching Method.
NoTE.-Above items available from DAY, 1701 Eighteenth Street, NW., Wash-
ington, D. C., or local DAV.

II. Posters and Placards
Department of Labor, United States Employment Service:
a. One poster and one streamer on NEPH Week (available gen-
erally through State and local public employment offices after Sep-
tember 1.

Federal Security Agency, Office of Vocational Rehabilitation (for
year-round use) :
a. Set of four placards designed to inform disabled men and women
of the services available to help them overcome job handicaps.
b. Set of five placards (must be used as set) informing employers
of the value of rehabilitated workers.
c. Set of four placards addressed to doctors, hospitals, and other
medical personnel to stimulate cooperation. Posters point up physical
restoration.
d. Set of four placards pointing to the value of blind persons as
workers.


750587-47--2






e. Single poster (addressed to employers) Hire Rehabilitated
Workers-It's Good Business (available only through State divisions
of Vocational Rehabilitation).

Ill. Radio
Veterans' Administration:
a. Coordinates Advertising Council cooperation in network pro-
gra ins.
b. Coordinates network programs-prepares radio fact sheet and
scripts for national broadcasts (fact sheet available through VA
Branch offices).
c. Prepares "spot" announcements for Interagency Committee
(available through VA Branch offices).
d. Arranges local live announcements on VA transcribed series.
NOTrE.-Agencies in the field should make usual arrangements for regional
and local network and station programs, but in each case the nearest branch
office of the Veterans' Administration should be notified of arrangements in
advance. Branch offices are located in Boston, Mass.; New York City; Phila-
delphia, Pa,; Richmond, Va.; Atlanta, Ga.; Columbus, 0.; Chicago, Ill.; St.
Paul, Minn.; St. Louis, Mo. Dallas, Tex.; Seattle. Wash.; San Francisco, Calif.;
Denver, Colo.; and Los Angeles, Calif. (See check list sec. V for address and
phone numbers.).
Veterans Employment Service:
a. A 141/2-minute recorded program dramatizing actual placements
of disabled (distributed through VERs).
NOTE.-The United States Employment Service will include pattern radio
scripts as part of its NEPH Week materials.

Federal Security Agency, Office of Vocational Rehabilitation (for
year-around use) :
a. David Felton, Counselor-a new series of 13 transcriptions, each
with 141/, minutes of real life stories illustrating vocational rehabili-
tation of impaired persons into paid jobs (available through State di-
visions of vocational rehabilitation).

IV. Mats
a. Mats and copy for sponsored display advertising (full and
quarter page) will be distributed direct to newspapers by the Moyer
Both agency and to advertisers by representatives of the Veterans
Employment Service. Mats and copy will be for both disabled veter-
ans and nonveteran handicapped persons.
b. The United States Employment Service will supply mats of the
symbol of the "Week," captioned, "Hire the Handicapped-It's Good
Business." This is the same symbol which was used last year and
which was widely used in newspapers for news, features, and advertis-
ing "drop-ins."







V. Window Displays
The United States Employment Service is preparing examples of
window displays as suggestions for use. The OVR has placards listed
under posters suitable for window display purposes.

VI. Idea Exchange
The United States Employment Service has prepared a special
issue of its IDEA EXCHANGE to reach public employment offices during
August and carrying examples of outstanding news, features, and
editorials which were used during the 1946 NEPH Week campaign,
as well as examples of displays, radio, scripts, speeches, and other
campaign techniques, including community activities.
The Disabled American Veterans national office will prepare its
own kit of materials, including survey and activity projects, news,
features, speeches, and radio scripts for use by its chapters.

VII. Motion Pictures
The motion-picture industry has been requested to produce a mo-
tion-picture short for theatrical distribution.
"Comeback"-2- 9 reels, 16 mm. sound, color picture. Designed to
show employers through actual scenes in industry and business that
physically impaired men and women who have been properly trained
and placed make outstanding workers. (Available through State
divisions of vocational rehabilitation.)

VIII. News Reels
The Interagency Committee on public information will coordinate
the shooting of news reels in Washington, calling on various agencies
for assistance if necessary.

IX. Speech Material
Drafts of speech material will be supplied by the United States
Employment Service and the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation to
their respective affiliates.
Agency members of the Interagency Committee will make all efforts
to get informational materials to the field during the first week in
September. In some instances delays due to preparation and ship-
ping may be occasioned, but these will be minimized whenever pos-
sible.











OCT. 5-11 1947


II. PROGRAM OBJECTIVES OF NEPH WEEK

Throughout the United States there are impaired men and women,
including disabled veterans, who want to work but who cannot find
jobs. Sometimes their failure to find employment is due to lack of
understanding on the part, of employers of the skills and abilities of
handicapped persons. Sometimes the handicapped do not have the
ability to "sell" their services. Informing employers concerning em-
ployability and availability of the handicapped is Point No. 1 in the
big job of preparing for 1947 NEPH Week.
The second point in NEPH Week in each community is to supply
impaired men and women with factS they need to know about services,
both governmental and private, which are available to them for job
placement, rehabilitation, and training.
Impaired or handicapped men and women are human beings. They
must live. They must work or be supported by public funds if they
cannot support themselves by other means. When they are em-
ployed in useful work, they help not only themselves but contribute
to the community output of goods and services. More than that,
they contribute to the Nation's economy. When they are supported
by public funds, they are charges on the community and the economy
of the Nation. This is Point No. 3, which needs to be driven home in
every local community.
Every unemployed handicapped worker is a potential producer in
some job. This is Point No. 4. When he is placed in the right job, his
impairment is neutralized. The right job may be in the shop of the
butcher, the baker, or the candlestick maker--anywhere in manufac-
turing plants, agriculture, the service trades, building construction,
in department stores, offices, banks, and even in newspaper plants or
radio stations.

Specific Program Objectives
1. To promote employer acceptance of men and women with im-
pairments as workers in jobs for which they have been prepared
through vocational rehabilitation and for which they are qualified
by experience, aptitude, and training.






2. To promote favorable attitudes toward these workers on the part
of the general public and especially employers, public officials, labor,
civic, and welfare agencies in every community.
3. To make known the available rehabilitation services for men and
women of working age who have physical impairments resulting from
accident, illness, or other causes in order to put their abilities to work.
4. To inform these men and women .of their rights under the law
to vocational rehabilitation services, training services, and placement
services; and to acquaint them with the services available through
governmental, community, and private agencies which will assist them
in preparing for and obtaining suitable employment.
5. To promote the continued employment of the millions of handi-
capped workers who are presently employed.
6. To promote the employment of all disabled veterans as well as
civilians who have disabilities.
7. To build up the morale of handicapped job applicants.










Oct. 5-11, 1947

III. HOW MANY HANDICAPPED?

How many handicapped citizens-including disabled veterans-are
there in 1947?
No one knows exactly. A census has never been taken. Some spe-
cialists think a census is next to an impossibility because of tech-
nicalities.
It is much easier to determine the number of handicapped persons
locally than nationally.
Numbers? Here are the best estimates on the national problem:
A. Of the total population-including men, women and children,
140,000,000-it has been estimated there are as many as 25,000,000 per-
sons with physical impairments of one sort or another. Some estimates
run as high as 28,000,000.
B. Estimates in relation to the current labor force (in June there
were 62,500,000 in the civilian labor force, with 60,000,000 employed,
and 2,500,000 unemployed), indicate:

Handicapped Persons in Labor Force
a. It is estimated that currently in the labor force there are roughly
6,000,000 persons, or 10 percent who are physically impaired.
b. Up to 500,000 of these physically impaired persons are presently
unemployed. This figure includes approximately 130,000 disabled
veterans currently registered with the local public employment offices.
Others may be seeking work who are not registered.

Handicapped Persons Not in Labor.Force
a. It is estimated that outside the labor force there are a minimum
of 1,000,000 physically handicapped persons, including disabled vet-
erans, who can be rehabilitated for gainful employment, but whose
rehabilitation would be meaningless if jobs are unavailable. This
estimate includes persons injured or disabled as a result of war; those
injured in industrial, traffic, and other types of accidents; and persons
disabled as a result of disease or born with physical afflictions.
b. In addition to the above group of 1,000,000, there are many
thousands of disabled veterans in hospitals or in the process of re-
habilitation, who in the future will be ready to seek employment.
No estimates are available as to the total number of disabled veterans,






exclusive of those included in the 1,000,000 estimate above, who some
day will be available for full-time employment. It is known, how-
ever:, that the number is considerable.

Here is the NEPH Week Goal:
Thus the job facing the cooperating groups interested in promoting
employment of the physically handicapped is to-
a. Promote acceptance among all employers of qualified physically
impaired persons.
b. Find jobs at once for the estimated 500,000 qualified and avail-
able :disabled veterans or civilian handicapped workers now unem-
ployed.
c. Effect better job adjustments for those among the millions of
handicapped workers now employed, who need such readjustment to
insure they are properly placed.
d. Develop rehabilitation, training, and job opportunities for the
1,000,000 handicapped persons who can be made employable through
physical rehabilitation.
Estimates of the total numbers of handicapped persons include (a)
those persons whose impairments are no serious bar to their employ-
ment and (b) those physically impaired persons whose handicaps do
cause special employment, rehabilitation, and training problems. The
latter are the ones with which NEPH Week is concerned for, if they
are able to work, the handicapped willnot be handicapped in the right
jobs. It is the kind of jobs that count-not their handicaps.
As a Nation, we haven't dohe so well in understanding the employ-
ment problem of the handicapped. As to their numbers-we know
there are many of them, a great many who haven't jobs, and plenty of
men and women of employable age who need a chance to make a con-
tribution to production in their communities.











OCT 5-11, 1947


IV. THE HANDICAPPED AS WORKERS-IT'S THEIR
ABILITIES THAT COUNT

There is now a substantial body of fact that can be used during the
1947 NEPH Week campaign to drive home to the manufacturer, the
retailer, wholesaler, service manager-all employers-and the general
public to the effect that physically impaired persons, when prepared
for and properly placed in jobs, are as good or better workers than
unimpaired persons.
First, there are the facts resulting from an Employer opinion
survey conducted by the Department of Labor in 1946. This survey
showed that, in the opinion of 450 employers who employed 88,600
handicapped persons, they were getting better results from physically
impaired men and women than from nonhandicapped workers.
It was found: 51 percent of the handicapped workers had better
safety records 38 percent had the same safety records as non-
disabled persons .. only 11 percent had poorer accident records
than nonhandicapped.
Records proved: 48 percent had better than average absence rec-
ords 44 percent had average records for absence from the job .
only 7 percent were absent from the job more frequently than non-
handicapped persons.
The surveys proved: 58 percent of the handicapped workers stay at
their jobs longer 31 percent have average records for turn-over
. only 11 percent had poorer records for staying at their jobs.

The New Survey
Now in 1947, a new Department of Labor survey, conducted in co-
operation with the Veterans' Administration, brings out facts that
leave nothing to the imagination concerning the value of physically
impaired workers.
Here, in brief, are the results of the new Department of Labor
survey: (1) It proved that so-called handicapped or impaired work-
ers, when properly placed in their jobs, are as good all-around workers
as unimpaired employees.






(2) Nondisabling injuries.-Impaired persons had the same non-
disabling accident rates as nonhandicapped workers. In other words,
physically impaired workers do not sustain any more injuries than
unimpaired workers when performing work under identical work
conditions.
(3) Disabling injuries.-Impaired persons sustain fewer disabling
injuries than nonimpaired persons exposed to the same work hazards.
(4) Absenteeism.-The physically impaired and unimpaired work-
ers surveyed had the same absenteeism records. Rates of absenteeism
attributable to specific reasons were nearly identical among 11,000
impaired workers and 18,000 matched unimpaired workers.
(5) Production efficiency.-Impaired workers, as a group, produce
at slightly higher rates than unimpaired workers on the same jobs.
Of the survey group, 73 percent produced at a rate as good or better
than their unimpaired fellow workers on the same jobs.
(6) Quit rate.-There is no significant difference between the volun-
tary quit rate of impaired workers and ablebodied workers.

Types of Disabilities Covered
.1
The latest Department of Labor survey-it has been in progress
for more than 2 years-covered nine serious types of impairments.
They are:
1. Orthopedic.
2. Vision.
3. Hearing.
4. Hernia.
5. Cardiac.
6. Arrested tuberculosis.
7. Diabetic.
8. Epilepsy.
9. Peptic ulcers.

Industries Covered
The survey included the following industries:
Food and kindred products.
Tobacco manufacture.
Textile mill products.
Apparel and finished textile products.
Furniture and finished lumber products.
Printing, publishing, and allied industries.
Chemicals and allied products.
Petroleum and coal products.
Rubber products.
Leather and leather products.





Stone, clay, and glass products.
Iron and steel and their products.
Nonferrous metals and their products.
Machinery, including electrical.
Transportation equipment, including automobiles.
Miscellaneous industries.
The survey disclosed that: *
1. Impaired workers are found in all sorts of industrial activity-
from the lightest to the heaviest.
2. Impaired workers are adaptable to a great variety of occupa-
tions-from the unskilled job to the most highly skilled machinist
classifications.
3. Practically any job-in any plant-is potentially a job for an
impaired worker.
4. Placement of an impaired worker is a specific problem. The
abilities of the individual impaired job applicant-his skills, experi-
ence, temperament, and his personality-must be weighed against
the requirements of the specific job. BUT THIS IS TRUE ALSO
IN PLACEMENT OF ANY INDIVIDUAL, not just an impaired
person. The physical impairment becomes an additional consideration
in the case of a severely handicapped person. Impairment may not
count at all when the impairment is of a minor nature.
5. Jobs such as watchman and janitor no longer need constitute
the major employment opportunities for those handicapped persons
who have even the more severe limitations placed upon them physically
by accident, illness; or war.
6. Extensive and expensive re-engineering of jobs in a given plant is
not necessary for the employment of sizable numbers of physically
impaired persons.
7. Each employer planning to employ physically impaired persons
DOES NOT have to undertake elaborate and expensive research
study as a preliminary. For the most part, the techniques used for
the intelligent placement of so-called "normal" workers are all that
are required for the effective placement of impaired workers. THE
ONE ESSENTIAL CONSIDERATION IS THAT THE NATURE
OF THE IMPAIRMENT BE CLEARLY UNDERSTOOD.
8. The person with a severe physical impairment MUST HAVE
A SKILL which will make it worth while for an employer to hire
him. The contractor, for instance, can .afford to hire the severely
impaired person because of certain skills he possesses, regardless of
his impairment.
9. If the severely handicapped person does not have skills to sell
to an employer, he should seek rehabilitation and training services.
It is of utmost importance that the handicapped person who has no
skills acquire specialized skills if he is to find a good job.










Oct. 5-11, 1947.

V. WHAT CAN BE DONE

Reports on the 1946 National Employ the Physically Handicapped
Week highlighted two points:
(1) That excellent results in terms of placements of handicapped
persons in jobs and wide public understanding of the employment
problems of impaired persons were obtained by those States which
developed planned State-wide programs for observance of the "Week."
(2) That newspapers, radio stations, business groups, labor or-
ganizations, department stores, women's organizations, church groups,
service organizations, and other community groups are willing and
anxious to cooperate when they are ififormed of the things they can
do to help solve the. employment problems of handicapped persons.
The 1946 NEPH Week results indicate the importance of State-
wide programs which will coordinate all State groups, and provide
direction, guidance, and assistance to the men and women in the
local community who come to grips with the basic problems involved
in getting handicapped workers placed in jobs, including those prob-
lems dealing with rehabilitating and retraining those impaired persons
who require special services.
Among the things which State groups can do are the following:
(1) Make contacts with groups having a stake in the employment
problems of the handicapped and secure their cooperation and par-
ticipation in State-wide activities and on the local level. These
groups include: Chambers of Commerce, luncheon clubs, women's
organizations, church groups, labor organizations, farm groups, etc.
* (2) Conduct surveys to determine financial resources and mate-
rials available for NEPH Week observance, including State funds,
and funds which may be contributed by private organizations or em-
ployers. In some instances employers may be willing to bear at least
part of the expense of such items as window displays and expositions
of the handicapped and their products.
(3) Make surveys-of the materials to be supplied by Washington
agencies and arrange for distribution to local communities.
(4) Arrange for a proclamation or a statement by the governor
on the observance of NEPH Week.
(5) Determine the number of handicapped persons in the State.
(Statisticians in agencies and the State rehabilitation agencies may
be able to develop estimates of the number of handicapped persons,






those seeking employment, those seeking rehabilitation and training,
etc.)
(6) Develop a program of information activities for the State
level, fact sheets, check lists, and pattern news materials for the local
community level, for newspapers, radio, and specialized publications.
(7) Arrange for special informational materials, such as posters,
carrying the text of the Governor's proclamation, and model store
window exhibits for use in the local communities.
(8) Arrange for poster and essay contests to stimulate broad public
interest. Such contests were used effectively last year in a number of
States.
(9) Contact employers and arrange for photos of employed physi-
cally handicapped workers for use in window displays, etc.
(10) Discuss with editors of newspapers the feasibility of reporter
tours of plants for feature stories concerning the employment of Physi-
cally impaired workers.
(11) Arrange for rubber stamps, "Hire the Handicapped-It's
Good Business," for the stamping of outgoing mail.
(12) Make arrangements for series of speeches to be delivered by
heads of cooperating agencies and for talks to such groups as Kiwanis
and Rotary clubs.
The following is a suggested check list of things which can be done
in States and local communities to promote a better understanding
by the public and by employers of the problem:
1. Stcates.-(a) Arrange for committee. (In many States, Govern-
ors have already appointed permanent committees on employment of
the handicapped.)
(b) Arrange for State program.
1. Contacts with organizations, such as civic, employer, busi-
ness, veterans, church, farm, women's, and other groups to obtain
their active interest and participation in the campaign, through
letters to local groups, etc.
2. Inform the Governor of what has been done and obtain
issuance of proclamation.
3. 3Inform mayors of principal cities and request issuance of
proclamation.
(c) Get information to:
1. Newspapers and wire services.
2. State and regional radio networks, for use of transcriptions,
panels, radio talks, spot announcements, etc.
3. Other publications-church, business, farm, labor, veterans,
etc.
(d) Release of news concerning the program.
(1) State-wide.






(2) Proclamation.
(3) Plans of agencies such as public employment service
and the State rehabilitation agency.
(4) Numbers of handicapped persons in State, if available,
numbers employed, jobs available, etc.
(e) Arrange, if possible, State or local exhibit showing handi-
capped persons at work and the products they make.
(f) Arrange for outline of local community activities and the dis-
tribution .of campaign materials, including pamphlets, leaflets,
posters, exhibit patterns, radio transcriptions, and other special infor-
mational materials.
A check list of local activities follows:
1. Development of conununity program through a committee em-
bracing the principal governmental and private agencies interested in
employment of the handicapped.
2. Proclamation by the mayor.
3. Contacts with employer groups, civic, business, veterans, noon-
day clubs, church, farm, women's, and other organizations to obtain
participation in campaign.
4. Contacts with newspapers and radio executives to assure under-
standing of campaign and to enlist support through news and feature
stories, editorial and advertising columns, radio programs, announce-
ments, etc., to insure broad public understanding of the employment
problems of the handicapped.
5. Arrange for day-by-day informational activities preceding and
during the "Week."
(a) Arrange through news releases or press interviews for news
stories (suggested theme: abilities-not disabilities-count).
1. Announcement of the program for the "Week."
2. Announcement of special activities.
3. Stories on numbers of handicapped in the community (a)
working; (b) unemployed but in the local labor force; (c) those
not in the labor force.
S 4. Numbers and kinds of jobs to be filled.
5. Public employment office plans to help physically impaired
persons.
(a) Counseling.
(b) Placement.
(c) Referral to rehabilitation agencies.
(d) Referral to training agencies such as vocational
schools or sheltered workshops.
6. Plans of rehabilitation agencies to help physically impaired
persons through:
(a) Rehabilitation devices.






(b) Numbers needing rehabilitation.
(c) Referral to public employment office.
(d) Referral to training agencies.
7. Work of the local veterans' organizations in assisting dis-
abled veterans.
8. Interviews with Veterans' Administration officials as to
numbers of disabled veterans.
9. Interviews with heads of such organizations as welfare agen-
cies dealing with blind and other physically handicapped per-
sons.
10. Interviews with heads of sheltered workshops.
11. Interviews with heads of business organizations and local
industries concerning the numbers of physically impaired persons
employed and types of work.
12. Interviews with safety specialists and medical experts con-
cerning employment of the handicapped.
(b) Feature stories (newspapers will develop them) showing:
1. Handicapped persons at work.
2. Records of handicapped persons showing that they are ef-
ficient workers.
3. Firms which employ handicapped persons and what they
have discovered about their abilities and on-the-job production,
etc.
4. Numbers placed since 1940.
5. Suggest to editors that reporters be assigned to do series
of feature stories.
(c) Editorials.-Editors of local newspapers may be supplied facts
for editorials.
(d) Radio.
1. Spot. announcements.
2. Transcriptions.
3. Panels on handicapped problems.
4. Mention on regular programs.
(a) It is advisable to sit down and discuss the "Week" with
station managers. requesting their advice and cooperation.
To assure the greatest returns for radio activities please
notify Chief of Radio Section, Public Relations Division,
nearest branch office, Veterans' Administration, of advance
arrangements or ideas for regional network aiid local pro-
gram. The 13 branch offices with addresses and telephone
numbers are given below. Washington agencies should clear
all network programs and ideas prior to commitment with
the Radio Division, Public Relations Division, Veterans'
Administration, Phone Executive 4120, Branches 2445-6 and
2037.






Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 1, 55 Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 8, Fort
Tremont Street, Boston 8, Mass. (LA- Snelling, St. Paul 11, Minn. (DESOTO
FAYETTE 8600). 5571).
Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 2, 346 Vet. Arm. Branch Office No. 9, Boat-
Broadway, New York 13, N. Y. (REC- men's Bank Building, 420 Locust Street,
TOR 2-8000). St. Louis 2, Mo. (CHESTNUT 8738).
Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 3, 5000 Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 10, 1114
Wissahicken Avenue, Philadelphia 1, Commerce Street, Dallas 2, Tex. (RIV-
Pa. (TENNESSEE 9-6000). ERSIDE 6951).
Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 4, 900 Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 11, 821
North Lombardy Street, Richmond 20, Second Avenue, Seattle 4, Wash. (SEN-
Va. (RICHMOND 6-3841). NECA 4352).
Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 5, At- Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 12, 180
]anta 3, Ga. (JACKSON 6141). New Montgomery Street, San Francisco
Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 6, 52 5, Calf. (GARFIELD 8125).
South Starling Street, Columbus 8, Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 13, Den-
Ohio (MAIN 6361). ver Federal Center, P. O. Box 1260,
Vet. Adm. Branch Office No. 7, 226 Denver 1, Colo. (TABOR 2181).
West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago 6, 11. VA Regional Office, 1031 South Broad-
(ANDOVER 3600, Sun.: Andover 3656). way, Los Angeles 5, Calif. (PR 4711).
(e) Advertising.
1. Full pages.
2. Half pages.
3. Quarter pages.
VES will supply through VERs and local public employment
offices mats and copy for 2 types of full and greater page sponsored
display advertising-disabled veterans and civilian handicapped
persons.
("Hire the Handicapped-It's Good Business," is a continuing
slogan. Mats available for drop-ins will be supplied to States
by the United States Employment Service. They may also be
used in news stories. Sizes; column; 1 column; 11/2 colunm.
Same as last year.)'
(f) Church cooperation.-See as many ministers, priests, and rab-
bis as possible or through Ministerial Alliance meetings suggesting
pulpit announcement and bulletin mention of local handicapped week
problems.
(g) Window displays.-Arrange for window displays in depart-
ment stores using display materials available and any ideas developed
Sby store employees in cooperation with the committee. Arrange for
dry mounting of Department of Labor posters for effective use in
window displays.
(A) Employer institutes.-During 1946 several States used the em-
ployer institute idea successfully to promote understanding of the
problem, and services available.


U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1947


8''

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 08858 9220

Sketch of A Colorful NEPH Week Poster

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NATIONAL EMPLOY THE PHYSICALLY '

HANDICAPPED WEEK .
OCTOBER 5-11, 1947 |
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