Research and development board ..


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Research and development board ..
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United States -- Dept. of Defense. -- Research and Development Board
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Statement of Responsibility:
1 January 1949.

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University of Florida
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This booklet lists the members of the Research and Development
Board and the Executive Council, with short biographical sketches, and
includes a list of chairmen of Committees and Panels.
Brief statements of the functions of the Board and the Committees are
also presented.
A register, which will include biographical data on chairmen and exec-
utive directors of committees, and panel chairmen, is being prepared.
The leaflet The Chairman of the Committees of RDB, with biographical
sketches of committee chairmen as of 15 March 1949, is available.


Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2011 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and the Sloan Foundation



Dr. KARL T. COMPTON, Chairman
Chairman of the Corporation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chief, Army Field Forces

Deputy Director for Research and
Development, Logistics Division
General Staff, U. S. Army

Rear Admiral ALBERT G. NOBLE
Chief, Bureau of Ordnance

Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air)

Commanding General, Air Materiel
Command, Wright-Patterson Air
Force Base

Brigadier General D. L. PUTT
Deputy Chief of Staff, M.cericl.
U. S. Air Force


Executive Secretary

Deputy Executive Secretary

Brigadier General J. F. PHILLIPS
Air Force Secretary

Director, Planning Division

Navy Secretary

Brigadier General R. W. CRICHLOW, Jr.
Army Secretary

Director, Programs Division


Committee on Aeronautics

Dr. George P. Baker
Professor of Transportation
Harvard University
Graduate School of
Business Administration
Mr. Edwin L. Zivi (Executive Director)
Panel Chairmen
Mr. Don R. Berlin
Dr. H. L. Dryden
Mr. William C. Lawrence
Mr. Russell G. Robinson
Mr. P. B. Taylor

Committee on Atomic Energy
Mr. William Webster,2 Vice President
New England Electric System
Col. J. B. Knapp 3
Panel Chairman
Dr. C. P. Boner

Committee on Basic Physical Sci-
Dr. W. V. Houston, President
Rice Institute
Dr. Martin Grabau
Panel Chairmen
Dr. William E. Hanford
Dr. Gaylord P. Harnwell
Committee on Biological Warfare
Dr. Ira L. Baldwin, Vice President
University of Wisconsin
Dr. H. I. Cole
Panel Chairmen
Dr. Ira L. Baldwin
Dr. Kenneth F. Maxcy

Committee on Chemical Warfare
Dr. W. Albert Noyes, Jr.
Professor of Chemistry
University of Rochester

Dr. Harlan N. Worthley
Panel Chairman
Dr. Randolph T. Major

Committee on Electronics
Mr. D. A. Quarles, Vice President,
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.
Mr. Edwin A. Speakman
Panel Chairmen
Mr. J. F. Byrne
Mr. F. J. Gaffney
Dr. Ivan A. Getting
Mr. F. J. Given
Dr. A. G. Hill
Mr. Hugh S. Knowles
Dr. James S. Owens
Mr. Haraden Pratt
Prof. A. L. Samuel
Dr. H. M. Trueblood
Dr. L. C. Van Atta

Committee on Equipment and Ma-
Mr. E. P. Brooks
Vice President in Charge of Factories
Sears, Roebuck & Co.
Mr. E. Bryan Williams
Panel Chairmen
Mr. Carl L. Bausch
Dr. Kenneth H. Condit
Dr. L. E. Grinter
Mr. Meyer Kestnbaum
Mr. E. J. McMahon
Mr. David C. Prince
Mr. H. C. Ramsey
Mr. Thomas M. Rector
Dr. H. Foster Robertson

' Auing Executive Director.
2 Chairman of the Military Liaison Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission.
SSecretary of the Military Liaison Committee of the Atomic nri-r r Commission.

Committee on Fuels and Lubricants
Mr. W. M. Holaday
Director of Research
Socony-Vacuum Oil Co.
Mr. Donald B. Brooks

Committee on Geophysics and
Dr. W. E. Wrather, Director
U. S. Geological Survey
Dr. H. E. Landsberg
Panel Chairmen
Dr. Henry Houghton
Dr. C. F. Jones
Dr. Philip Kissam
Dr. J. B. Macelwane
Dr. Walter H. Newhouse
Dr. Louis O. Quam
Dr. A. C. Redfield
Dr. Philip C. Rutledge
Dr. Lorenz G. Straub
Dr. E. H. Vestine
Dr. A. Lincoln Washburn

Committee on Guided Missiles
Dr. Clark B. Millikan,
Acting Director of the Guggenheim
Aeronautical Laboratory, California
Institute of Technology
Mr. Fred A. Darwin
Panel Chairmen
Dr. J. C. Boyce
Dr. C. C. Furnas
Mr. R. R. Gilruth
Dr. George L. Haller
Mr. Wilbur S. Hinman, Jr.
Dr. A. Kossiakoff
Mr. Edwin A. Link
Dr. William H. Pickering
Dr. R. W. Porter
Mr. Harry Sutton
Dr. M. J. Zucrow

Committee on Human Resources
Dr. Donald G. Marquis, Chairman
Department of Psychology
University of Michigan
Dr. Raymond V. Bowers
Panel Chairmen
Mr. Charles Dollard
Dr. Philip M. Hauser
Dr. Lyle H. Lanier
Dr. Robert L. Thorndike
Dr. Harold G. Wolff

Committee on Medical Sciences
Dr. Francis G. Blake
Sterling Professor of Medicine
Yale University
Dr. Joseph F. Sadusk, Jr.
Panel Chairmen
Dr. Joseph C. Aub
Dr. E. J. Baldes
Dr. Frank B. Berry
Dr. EuFeene F. DuBois
Dr. Carl F. Schmidt

Committee on Navigation
Dr. M. J. Kelly
Executive Vice President
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.
Mr. W. J. Merchant
Panel Chairmen
Mr. C. M. Jansky, Jr.
Mr. A. G. McNish
Mr. Wilbur L. Webb

Committee on Ordnance
Mr. F. C. Crawford, President
Thompson Products, Inc.
Mr. R. B. Wright
Panel Chairmen
Dr. R. W. Cairns
Mr. L. W. Fischer
Mr. John C. Miller
Mr. Robert F. Nelson
Mr. F. L. Snyder
Mr. J. R. Townsend
Mr. Fordyce E. Tuttle

Special Committee on Technical
Dr. Detlev W. Bronk, President
John Hopkins University
Mr. Norman T. Ball
Panel Chairmen
Mr. John C. Green
Dr. Chauncey D. Leake
Dr. J. Murray Luck




The Research and Development Board, authorized by section 214 of the National
Security Act of 1947, was formally set up within the Naiional Military Establish-
ment upon appointment by the President of Dr. Vannevar Bush as Chairman on
30 September 1947. Following the resignation of Dr. Bush on 15 October 1948,
Dr. Karl T. Compton became the second Chairman.
In addition to the civilian Chairman, the Board is composed of two represent-
atives each from the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force who are desig-
nated by the Secretaries of their respective Departments.
Under the provisions of the National Security Act the Board is directed:
"(1) to prepare a complete and integrated program of research and development
for military purposes;
"(2) to advise with regard to trends in scientific research relating to national se-
curity and the measures necessary to assure continued and increasing prnrec,.
"(3) to recommend measures of coordination of research and development among
the military Departments, and allocation among them of responsibilities for specific
programs of joint interest;
"(4) to formulate policy for the Na.iion.l Milirjar Establishment in connection
with research and development matters invol in, agencies outside the National
Military Establishment;
"(5) to consider the interaction of research and development and r.traeLrv, and
to advise the Joint Chiefs of Staff in connection therewith; and
"(6) to perform such other duties as the Sciretcar of Defense may direct."
The directive outlining the terms of reference under which the RDB operates
was approved by the Secretary of Defense on 18 December 1947.
The RDB was preceded by an earlier agency, the Joint Research and Develop-
ment Board, which had been organized directly under the Secretaries of War and the
Navy by charter 6 June 1946 to coordinate the research programs of the \\.ir and
Navy Departments and to carry on some of the functions of the Joint Committee
on Necv Weapons and Equipment of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, which it superseded.
The organizational structure of the RDB is similar to that of the former JRDB.
However, the duties and responsibilities of the Board were considerably broadened
under the Nationial Security Act of 1947. In addition to its coordinating and allo-
cating functions, the Board was charged with the responsibility of preparing a com-
plete and integrated program of research and development for military purposes and
of advising the Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding the relationship of research and devel-
opment with strategy. The Board's responsibilities were further amplified by the
directive which the Secretary of Defense issued to it on 18 December 1947. This

SRDB 1/5.
838385 OF 49 2

directive authorizes the RDB to act for the Office of Secretary of Defense on all
research and development matters except those involving major policy.
The major supporting agencies of the Board are:
(1) Committees andpanels to consider specific problems in the many fields of science
and weapon technology. Gener.illy, the objective of committees is the continuing
study, evaluation, improvement and allocation of the broad problems and programs
of research and development in relation to the over-all aims of the national defense
effort and to the available and potential store of scientific information, personnel and
facilities, leading to the formulation of integrated programs in the respective fields.
The work of each committee and its panels is implemented by a committee secre-
tariat consisting of an executive director and representatives from each of the three
military Departments, along with professional and other personnel necessary to
perform the staff work incidental to the discharge of its responsibilities.
(2) The Secretariat of the Board to provide executive and administrative action re-
quired in the conduct of the Board and in the implementation of policies and direc-
tives in accordance with approved procedures. The Secretariat consists of the
Executive Secretary, the Deputy Executive Secretary, and the three military secre-
taries of the Board, together with two supporting divisions: the Planning Division
and the Programs Division. The Executive Council. consisting of the five secre-
taries of the Board and the directors of the Planning and Programs Divisions, aids
and advises the Executive Secretary and acts as a board of review of committee
actions to assure that assignments have been fully completed.


Committee on Aeronautics

The principal function of the Committee on Aeronautics is to explore new possi-
bilities in the general aviation field and to coordinate the efforts of the three military
Departments toward investigating such possibilities and developing new and im-
proved aerial weapons. To this end it must establish a unitary program of research
and development in the aeronautical field and maintain a continuing evaluation of
budgetary projects to implement that program.

Committee on Atomic Energy

The purpose of the Committee on Atomic Energy is to assist the Board in con-
nection with atomic energy aspects of the Board's complete and integrated program
of research and development for military purposes. Since the Committee is com-
posed of all the members of the Military Liaison Committee of the Atomic Energy
Commission, together with civilian scientists, coordination of research and devel-
opment activities of the National Military Establishment with those of the Atomic
Energy Commission and the integration of such activities with all other matters
relating to atomic energy are facilitated.

Committee on Basic Physical Sciences

The Committee on Basic Physical Sciences evaluates Service programs of research
and development in the fields of mathematics, physics, mechanics, chemistry, and
metallurgy, the latter two fields including the development of basic metallic and
nonmetallic materials and substances. Its field also includes analogue and digital
computing devices designed for rapid, large-scale computation, as well as the related
development of mathematical formulations of large problems.

Committee on Biological Warfare

The Committee on Biological Warfare is concerned with research and develop-
ment related to biological warfare in the interests of national defense.

Committee on Chemical Warfare

The Committee on Chemical Warfare is responsible for a continuous survey of
research and development activities both within and without the National Military
Establishment in the field of chemical warfare, including toxic agents, screening
smokes, flames, incendiaries, specialized weapons and munitions for their use, and
techniques of protection of both the military and civilian populations The

Committee, aided by its panels and special consultants, is responsible also for the
preparation of an integrated program of research and development in the field of
chemical warfare for military purposes.

Committee on Electronics

The Committee on Electronics evaluates and coordinates the research and devel-
opment progri ms of the three Departments in the field of electronics, including
radar, communications, electron tubes, infrared, acoustics, countermeasures, inter-
ference reduction, and propagation. The Committee periodically presents to the
Board its recommendations concerning the research and development programs and
facilities under its cognizance including means whereby maximum advantage may
be taken of new advances in the art. The Committee also recommends to the Board
allocations of responsibility among the military Departments for research and devel-
opment programs in its field. The elimination of waste, neglect, and unjustifiable
duplication is given constant consideration.

Committee on Equipment and Materials

The Committee on Equipment and Materials is responsible for the continuous
survey, analysis, and evaluation of all research and development activities, both mili-
tary and civilian, of interest to the National Military Establishment in its field; for
coordination of Army, Navy, and Air Force research and development programs in
its field; and for the preparation of an adequate integrated program covering the
needs of the three Departments. The field of interest of the Committee shall in-
clude techniques, materials, components, instrumentation, and equipment pertain-
ing to: photography and optics; food, considered as packaged items, except in its
nutritional aspects; clothing and personal equipment; camouflage; service and
maintenance; rescue and salvage; generation, storage, and use of electricity; heavy
equipment for earth moving and stabilization, and special purpose vehicles; pack-
ing, packaging, and preservation; mechanical equipment; and organic. inorganic.
and fibrous materials, and minerals in aspects pertaining to their manufacture,
testing, and applications for use.

Committee on Fuels and Lubricants

The Committee on Fuels and Lubricants is concerned with the study, evaluation.
collation, and coordination of research and development activities of the National
Militar\ Ftablishmcnr, which pertain to fuels and lubricants derived from natural
and synthetic ,ouric~. except those depending on nuclear energy. The field of fuels
and lubricants to be considered by this Committee includes organic and inorganic
liquids, solid, and gaseous fuels; lubri.i ing agents: hydraulic tfuids; instrument
oils; and antifreeze compounds; as well as cquipmcnt and techniques for their pro-
duction, storage, handling, and JdipcniIng The objective of this Committee is to
implement the policies and directives of the Research and Development Board in
the field of fuels and lubricants and related subjects.

Committee on Geophysics and Geography

The Committee on Geophysics and Ge, gra ph\ plan,. evaluates, and coordinates
Service programs resting to the earth science including such important studies as
weather and climate. strategic mineral,. water supplies and .onr.irmin.iion. and stud-
ies of the ocean, its circulation, and the structure of the ocean floor. The Committee
also considers exploratory expeditions and other types of field research and the geo-
graphical nature and use of areas of the earth's surface with emphasis on the c f-ct
of ph sical and cultural elements of the environment on man and his activities.
Other subjects within its purview include map content and .. .cra. c, the discovery
and availability of natural resources of known or potential strategic inrtrcrt, and the
instruments and techniques empl, ed for the study and elucidation of these subjects.
Liaison is maintained with other government agcni i-s. academic institution,, and
industrial establishments interested in research and development activities in gC,-e
physics and geography.

Committee on Guided Missiles

The Committee on Guided Missiles is responsible for the preparation of an inte-
grated national program of research and development in the field of guided mi lsi cs
and for coordination of the work of the three military Departments to this end.
Aided b\ its panels and special ionsulranrt. the Committee studies the actual and
potential technical contributions of c\istinfl guided missile and related projects,
intelligence information on foreign developments, future technical probabilities
leading to the establishment of reasonable pcrfirmance goals, and questions of suit-
able and necessary facilities to support the entire program. Recommendations are
made regarding the effort necessary in the related scientific fields of .lerod' naimics.
propulsio-n. guidance, control, warheads, fuzes, laun.hin and range instrumenta-
tion to the end that a proper balance in emphasis will be achieved in an over-.ill
program of guided missile research and development that is sound from military,
technical. and budgetary standpoint,

Committee on Human Resources

The Committee on Human Resources is responsible for surveying. evaluating,
and coordinating all aspects of research and development in the Military Establish-
ment relating to human behavior and problems of manpower, and for preparing an-
nually an integrated program of military research activities in these fields. Through
appropriate panels it studies programs and projects in the following areas: human
engineering and psychophysiology, including human factors in the design and oper-
ation of equipment. sensory and motor functions and skills, and the influence of
the military environment on these; assessment, assit.inmtnt. and training of per-
-onncl. and the maintenance of personal .idiurmcntr. manpower requirements,
re-ourice', and mobilization methods, and problems concerning scientific and spe-
cialized personnel: social and psychological aspects of military morale and leader-
ship. militarN government, pv-chological r warfare, strategic planning and intelligence,
and civil defense.

Committee on Medical Sciences

The Committee on Medical Sciences is responsible for a continuous survey, anal-
ysis, and evaluation of all research and development actic itics, both military and
civilian, of interest to the National Military Establishment in the following areas:
research in the entire field of aviation medicine; research in shipboard and submarine
medicine; research in physiology, including the measurement and description of the
individual's normal phvhiological capacities and limitations, reactions to environ-
ment, and requirements for food, water, and clothing, as well as the developmental
problems pertinent to the practical application of these principles in the military
field; research in the field of psychiatry, particularly mental hygiene for the preven-
tion of psychiatric casualties and mental psychiatric rehabilitation; and research in
the medical aspects of atomic warfare, in conjunction with the Committee on Atomic
Fnerg), particularly human tolerance to radiation, protection against radioactivity,
decontamination of exposed individuals, and treatment of radiation casualties.

Committee on Navigation

The Committee on Navigation evaluates and coordinates the research and devel-
opment planning and programs of the National Military Establishment in the field
of navigation. The objectives of these research and development activities are to
improve and evolve devices, systems, and techniques for air, land, and marine navi-
gation and traffic control. In addition to the implementation of the directive of
the Board in the field of navigation, the Committee is responsible for the coordi-
nation of the research and development programs of the National Military Estab-
lishment in the field of navigation with those of the Department of Commerce and
the Treasury Department (U. S. Coast Guard). By joint agreement of the Secre-
taries of Commerce and Defense, the Committee makes recommendations with re-
spect to research and development plans, policies, and programs for the guidance
of the Air Navigation Development Board, Department of Commerce, to insure
the integration of national defense and civil requirements in the development of
an air navigation and traffic control system.

Committee on Ordnance

The Committee on Ordnance evaluates the research and development
of ordnance weapons and countermeasures of the three military Departments and
makes recommendations to insure that major effort is placed on the most urgent or
important phases. It assesses the adequacy of the progranm- including the avail-
ability of technical personnel, facilities, and equipment, determines whether there
are gaps in the programs, both in plan and e\ccution; and seeks to eliminate unde-
sirable duplication, if such should exist. The Committee's field of interest excludes
atomic energy but includes other types of explosives, land or water mines, and means
and devices for planting and countering them; ammunition; bombs; rockets; and
projectiles (excluding guided missiles); launching devices and equipment; conven-
tional torpedoes and tubes; depth charges and projectors; armor; guns; gun mounts;

fire-control \sterm,, ballistics; chemical weapons; pyrotechnics; and other equip-
ments and material identified in the field of ordnance.

Special Committee on Technical Information

The Special Committee on Technical Information promotes the effective exchange
of technical information among the agencies of the National Military Establishment.
It studies the problems of collecting, correlating, reproducing, and disseminating
technical information potentially useful in the research and development programs
of the National Military Establishment. Similar activities in other government
agencies and in universities and industrial organizations are followed, and active
research into the scientific bases of information organization is encouraged. The
Committee will study procedures for increasing usefulness of technical reports and
will recommend more effective methods as they are brought to light.



Chairman of the Board

Dr. Karl T. Compton was appointed by President Truman to succeed Dr. Vannevar
Bush as Chairman of the National Military Establishment Research and Develop-
ment Board on 15 October 1948. To undertake this assignment he resigned from
the presidency of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a post which he had
held since 1930. He remains with the Institute, however, as Chairman of the
From 1939 to 1940, Dr. Compton was a member of the War Resources Board.
One of the original members of the National Defense Research Committee, formed
during 1940, he later served as Chief, Office of Field Service, Office of Scientific Re-
search and Development, and was Chairman of the U. S. Radar Mission to the
United Kingdom in 1943. His other wartime activities included membership on
the Secretary of War's Special Advisory Committee on the Atomic Bomb during
1945 and the Baruch Rubber Survey Committee. He was also a member of the
Scientific Intelligence Mission to Japan in 1945. In 1946 he became a member of
the War Department Research Advisory Panel, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff Evaluation Board on Atomic Bomb Tests, and a member of the Naval Research
Advisory Committee. He also served as Chairman of the President's Advisory
Commission on Universal Training from 1946 to 1947. A member of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science, Dr. Compton was president in 1935
and served on the executive committee from 1931 to 1940.
Active in many phases of the national life, Dr. Compton has been on the Board
of Trustees of the Brookings Institution since 1940, of the Edison Foundation and
the Ford Foundation since 1946. He is on the Board of Trustees of the Sloan Foun-
dation and is a member of the Rockefeller Foundation. By virtue of being chair-
man of the Research and Development Board, he is a member of the National
Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Dr. Compton was graduated from the College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio, in
1908 with a Bachelor of Philosophy degree, and received a Master of Science degree
from there in 1909. He received his Ph. D. degree from Princeton University in
The many honors bestowed upon Dr. Compton include a long list of honorary
degrees: the Medal for Merit awarded in 1946; the Washington Award, 1947 (West-
ern Society of Engineers); and the Marcellus Hartley Public Welfare Medal of the
National Academy of Sciences, 1947. In 1948 he was made Honorary Commander
of the Civil Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire and Com-
mander of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav.

General, United States Army
Member of the Board

General Devers, chief of the Army Field Forces, has had a distinguished Army
career. Just prior to Pearl Harbor, he was chief of the Armored Force at Fort Knox.
In May 1943 he was named commanding general of the U. S. Forces in the European
Theater. He assumed the command of the North African Theater of Operations
in December 1943, becoming deputy commander-in-chief, Allied Force Headquar-
ters; and deputy supreme commander, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, in Jan-
ua.ry 1944. When the brunt of the war shifted to the European Theater, General
Devers was made commanding general, 6th Army Group in France, September 1944.
He has been commanding general of the Army Field Forces (formerly Army
Ground Forces) since July 1945. The headquarters of the Army Field Forces was
moved in September 1946 from Washington to Fort Monroe, Va., where the General
has charge of important activities relating to training and organizational planning.

Major General, United States Army
Member of the Board

Major General Helmick became Deputy Director for Research and Development,
Logistics Division, General Staff, U. S. Army, in March 1949 upon completion of a
tour of duty as Deputy Military Governor, U. S. Army Military Government in
In World War II General Helmick commanded the V Corps Artillery in the
European campaigns of Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes, Germany, and
Central Europe.
Following graduation from the United States Naval Academy in 1913 he was
commissioned Ensign and shortly thereafter resigned and was appointed Second
Lieutenant in the Field Artillery of the United States Army. During the first World
War he served in France with the 15th Field Artillery of the Second Division in the
Aisne-Marne offensive and the Marne defensive. He served in various Field Artil-
lery commands and in the War Department General Staff in 1933-37 and 1941-42.

Rear Admiral, United States Navy
Member of the Board

Rear Admiral Noble was graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy in March 1917.
After graduation he joined the U. S. S. Delaware, which operated with the British
Grand Fleet during World War I. He served on that battleship until June 1921.
Following study in ordnance engineering at the Postgraduate School, Annapolis,
and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he received the Master of Science
degree in mechanical engineering in 1923 from M. I. T

Admiral Noble was with the fleet from 1924 until 1940, commanding the destroy-
ers U. S. S. Dallas and U. S. S. Cassin, among other assignments. From 1940 to 1943
he served in the Bureau of and then assumed command of the cruiser
U. S. S. Phoenix. During 1944 he served as chief of staff to the commander of the
Seventh Amphibious Force.
In January 1945, he was assigned command of Amphibious Group Eight with the
Pacific Fleet, which carried out operations for the capture of Mindanao in the Philip-
pinrc,. and B.ilikp.ipan. Borneo.
Admiral Noble commanded the Amphibious Task Force which landed the First
Corps. U. S. ArmI in occupation at \Wk.i.~ama. Honshu N1land. in September 1945.
In November 19i, he reported to the Seventh Fleet for duty in China. in support
of the Korean oIc.up.aion. He assumed the position of Chief of Ordnance in
September 1947.

Vice Admiral. United States Nav\
Member of the Board

Vice Admiral Price, deputy chief of Naval Operations (Air) since January 1948,
has served continuously with naval aviation since 1920. E.rlv in World War II
he assumed command of the Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Fla., and in 1943 was
ordered to duty as commander, Fleet Wing Two, which participated in the Marshall
Islands ca-mpaiin *-
In April 1945 he assumed command of Fleet Air Wing One which employed the
"Bat" (the first fully automatic guided missile to be used successfully in combat by
any nation). In July 1945 Admiral Price was ordered to duty as commandant,
Naval Operating Base, Okinawa, and military governor, Okinawa, and in February
1946 returned to the United States as commander. Fleet Air, Alamed.i. Calif. On
31 August 19-16. he became commander, Air Force, Pacific Fleet, and on 19January
1948 became deputy chief of Njaal Operations (Air).
Following flight training in 1920, Admiral Price served in various ornmands.
including McCook Field, Dja ron, Ohio, where he was naval representative in avia-
tion experiments and in 1922 was designated inspector of naval aircraft. In 1923,
while in command of the airplane D. H.- -, he broke existing flight endurance
records. and in 1925 he was commended by the Secretary of the Navy for experi-
mental fl\ ing aboard the aircraft carrier U. S. S. Langley.
Admiral Price holds the Nivy's highest award, the Navy Cross, as well as the
Dijtin.uihcd Flying Cross and two Combat Legions of Merit.

General. United States Air Force
Member of the Board

General McNarney, commanding general. Air Mjtrriel Command, Wright-
Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, has served more than thirty years with
the United States Air Force and is a combat veteran of both world wars. In January
1942 General McNarney was appointed chairman of a \ir Department committee
to effect a reorganization of the Army, and in the following March was designated
deputy chief of staff of the United States Army.
Named deputy supreme allied commander in the Mediterranean Theater of Oper-
ations and commanding general of the United States Armm Forces in that theater
in October 1944, he became acting supreme allied commander in the Mediterranean
Theater in September 1945. The following December he succeeded General of
the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower as commanding general of the U. S. Forces in the
European Theater and commander-in-chief of the U. S. Forces of Occupation in
Germany. On 15 March 1947, General McNarney became senior member of the
United Nations Military Staff Committee, with headquarters in New York City.
He was assigned as commanding general, Air Materiel Command, on 1 October 1947.

Brigadier General, United States Air Force
Member of the Board

Brigadier General Putt, Director of Research and Development at Air Force
Headquarters since September 1948, has served in the Air Force since Mjy 192-' He
was appointed a deputy member of the Research and Development Board in Sep-
tember 1948, serving in this capacity until March 1949, when he became a member
of the Board. In December 1946 he became Deputy Chief of the Engineering Divi-
sion, Air Materiel Command, at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, a post which he
held until assuming his present duties at Air Force Headquarters. In October 1945
he was appointed Deputy Commanding General for Intelligience, Air Mat&riel Com-
mand, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.
He served overseas from January to June of 1945, first as Director of Technical
Services of the Air Technical Service Command in Europe, and later as officer in
charge of the Hermann Goering Aeronautical Research Establishment in Bruns-
wick, Germany. From June 1938 until his assignment overseas General Putt was
stationed at Wright Field, where he was Chief of the Bombardment Branch, Engl-
neering Division. In this position he supervised the initiation, development, and
procurement of all Army Air Force experimental bombardment aircraft.
General Putt received his B. S. degree in electrical engineering from Carnegie
Institute of Technology, and his M. S. degree in aeronautical engineering from Cali-
fornia Institute of Technology. He is a member of the National Advisory Com-
mittee for Aeronautics.


Executive Secretary of the Board

Dr. Rinehart, who is on leave from the Case Institute of Technology, Cleveland,
Ohio, where he is a Professor of Mathematics, came to the Board in July 1948 as
Director of the Planning Division, a position which he held until becoming Execu-
tive Secretary in February 1949.
During the war, Dr. Rinehart was with the Office of Field Service, Office of Scien-
tific Research and Development as a member of the Operations Research Group,
which was engaged in scientific and mathematical analysis of problems of naval
tactics and strategy, principally in submarine and antisubmarine warfare. Joining
the group in April 1942, he served as its representative to the staff of the Commander,
Caribbean Sea Frontier, and later as the leader of a group on the staff of the Com-
mander, Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet, initiating the first operations research work
in prosubmarine warfare. In April 1945 he was placed in charge of the Washington
branch of the Submarine Operations Research Group.
Among awards Dr. Rinehart received for his war work are the Medal of Freedom
from the War Department in 1946 for his work in antisubmarine warfare in the
Caribbean Area, and the Medal for Merit for his work with the Submarine Force.
He received his Ph. D. degree in mathematics from Ohio State University.

Deputy Executive Secretary of the Board

A staff member of the Radiation Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, Mr. Richardson actively participated in the original development of
radar equipment. In 1942, with the rank of colonel, he was assigned the responsi-
bility for staff supervision of electronics research for the Army Air Forces. Upon
separation from the Army in 1946, Mr. Richardson became director of the Cambridge
Field Station, an Army Air Corps installation engaged in electronics research. In
November 1946 he became administrative secretary for the Joint Research and
Development Board, continuing with the Board following its reorganization under
the National Security Act of 1947 as deputy executive secretary.
A Canadian by birth, Mr. Richardson served in World War I as an RAF pilot.
He holds a degree in engineering from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Brigadier General, United States Army
Army Secretary of the Board

Brigadier General Crichlow has served almost continuously with the Coast Artil-
lery Corps during his Army career. From 1932 until 1936 he served as instructor
in antiaircraft gunnery at the Coast Artillery School, Fort Monroe, Va. In Septem-
ber 1939 he was designated a member of the Coast Artillery Board at Fort Monroe
and served in that capacity until July 1942 when he became president of the Anti-
aircraft Artillery Board, Camp Davis, N. C. In April 1943 he assumed command
of the 57th Antiaircraft Brigade, Camp Haan, Calif. He was appointed assistant
chief of the Requirements Section, Headquarters, Army Ground Forces in March
1944. In September 1945 General Crichlow was designated assistant chief of staff,
G-5, USASCOM "C" Yokohama, Japan, becoming deputy commander and chief of
staff in December 1945. In March 1946 he assumed command of Kobe Base, Kobe,
Japan. Upon his return to the United States in April 1948 he was designated Army
secretary of the Research and Development Board.

Rear Admiral, United States Navy
NavY Secretary of the Board

From July 1944 to June 1946 Rear Admiral Carson commanded the U. S. Naval
Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I., upon which the Bureau of Ordnance conferred
the "Naval Ordnance Development Award" in recognition of the distinguished
service of the station in the research and development of naval ordnance. On 27
July 1946 Admiral Carson assumed command of Transport Squadron One, Amphibi-
ous Forces, Pacific Fleet, and during November and December units of this squadron
participated in the first full scale peacetime amphibious training exercises. In Feb-
ruary 1947 Admiral Carson reported to duty as commander, Cruiser Division 15,
U. S. Pacific Fleet, and on 15 March 1948 was designated N.ivy secretary of the
Research and Development Board.
Admiral Carson served in World War I and has served in all types of naval vessels
in various capacities. Following World War I he completed a postgraduate course
in ordnance and obtained a Master of Science degree at the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology. He served two tours of shore duty at the Naval Proving Ground,
Dahlgren, Va. On 31 January 1941 he reported for duty as operations officer on the
staff of the Commander, Cruisers, Battle Force, and was serving in this capacity,
aboard the U. S. S. Honolulu during the Pearl Harbor attack; then he served with
southwest Pacific forces in Australian waters for fifteen months. In 1943 he assumed
command of the cruiser U. S. S. Boston which joined the famous Task Force 58 in the
Pacific in January 1944.

Brigadier General, United States Air Force
Air Force Secretary of the Board

Brigadier General Phillips has long been associated with military aeronautical
research and development. From 1929 to 1935 he was engaged in experimental
work in aerial photography and mapping at Wright Field, Day ton, Ohio. Follow-
ing duty with the Air Corps Detachment CWS Research and Development at Edge-
wood Arsenal and on engineering and technical inspection at Kelly Field, Tex., from
1937 to 1940, he served until August 1945 as staff officer in A-4, Air Corps head-
quarters, his special concern being staff supervision of Air Corps research and devel-
opment activities and the production of aircraft. On completion of this assignment
he became commanding general, Philippine Air Materiel Area, Nichols Field, and
in September 1946 became assistant chief of staff, A-4, Pacific Area Command,
Tokyo, Japan.
Upon his return to the United States, General Phillips was assigned as assistant
chief, Procurement Group, S. S. & P. Division, Army General Staff, serving in this
capacity from March 1947 until he assumed the duties of Air Force secretary of the
Research and Development Board on 16 December 1947.

Director of the Planning Division

Dr. Cornell, director of the Planning Division, has been associated with the Board
since November 1946 as a member of the Planning Division and for a short while
as acting executive director of the Committee on Guided Missiles. He came to the
Board from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, where he was deputy secretary of the Com-
mittee on Guided Missiles.
During the war he was on active duty with the Navy and was assigned to the
Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet, and the Office of the
Chief of Naval Operations. In these assignments he was concerned with the devel-
opment and production of an antiaircraft tracer fire-control trainer, known as Gun-
nery Trainer Mark 1, and in new weapons research and development. Entering on
duty as a lieutenant (j. g.) he rose to the temporary rank of commander before
-crurning to inactive duty in 1946.
Dr. Cornell was graduated from Yale University, magna cum ljd.,,. with honors
in physics. He held a Sloane-Silliman graduate fellowship at Yale for three years,
receiving his Ph. D. in physics in 1938. From 1938 to 1942, he was a physicist in
the Development Department of the Eastman Kodak Company.

Director of the Programs Division

Mr. Clark was called to active duty with the Navy in 1942 and was assigned Head
of the Countermeasures Section, Electronics Division, Bureau of Aeronautics. Upon
his return to inactive duty in 1946, he joined the secretariat of the Joint Research
and Development Board as it was being organized, and has been in the position of
Director of the Programs Division since the Board's inception, continuing when
the Board was reconstituted under the National Security Act of 1947.
In 1930 Mr. Clark, who is a graduate in electrical engineering of Michigan State
College, was appointed radio inspector with the Radio Division of the Department
of Commerce and later served in this capacity with the Federal Radio Commission,
and Federal Communications Commission in Detroit, Mich. In 1935 he transferred
to Washington, D. C., as radio engineer with the Broadcast Division, Engineering
Department, Federal Communications Commission.
Mr. Clark became a partner in the firm of Ring and Clark, Consulting Radio
Engineers in 1941, leaving in 1942 to enter military service.

Prepared by:
Editorial Branch
Research and Development Board


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