Current industrial reports

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Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Copper controlled materials
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly with annual summary
quarterly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Copper industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1st quarter 1979-
Issuing Body:
2nd quarter 1979- issued jointly with the Bureau of Industrial Economics.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 1987- issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development.
General Note:
Previously classed C 3.158:DIB-9008
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320831
oclc - 04506691
notis - AGH1707
issn - 0197-8624
System ID:
AA00009166:00022

Related Items

Preceded by:
Copper-base mills and foundry products.

Full Text
1 3.5 :T AJ : >-


U.S. Department of Commerce
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

The statistics in this publication are based on a survey
of all known producers of brass mill products, and a
95-percent sample of producers of wire mill products.
The figures represent total U.S. shipments of copper-
base and foundry products.
In 1987, total shipments of copper-base and foundry
products increased by 10 percent to 5.1 billion pounds
from the 1986 level of 4.6 billion pounds. Copper wire


CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS

Copper Controlled

Materials


SUMMARY FOR 1987
ITA9008(87)-5
Issued April 1988


mill shipments increased by 5 percent in 1987 to 1.9
million pounds compared to 1.8 million pounds in 1986.
Within this category, bare wire increased by 16 percent
to 161 million pounds; insulated communication wire
decreased by 23 percent to 281 million pounds; and
other insulated wire and cable increased by 11 percent
to 1,480 million pounds

A description of the survey methodology and related
information appears on page 4.


I This report has been discontinued due to budgetary limitations. This is the final report in this series.


Table 1. SUMMARY OF SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1985 TO 1987


(Millions of pounds--metal weight)
Brass mill products Copper wire mill products1
Brass and
Quarter and year Insulated Other bronze
2 communi- insulated foundry
Total Alloyed Unalloyed Bare wire cation wire wire products3
1987
Total................................ 5,074 1,576 1,048 161 281 1,480 528
Fourth quarter............................. 1,233 354 263 61 42 378 135
Third quarter.............................. 1,214 351 247 28 81 376 131
Second quarter............................. 1,255 369 268 38 80 365 135
First quarter.............................. 1,372 502 270 34 78 361 127
1986.................................. 4,588 1,359 959 136 345 1,311 478
1985.................................. 4,657 1,366 997 119 293 1,412 470
Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

2Represents copper content weight, rather than metal weight.
3Represents uninsulated, bare tinned, and/or alloy coated wire.
Source: Bureau of the Census Current Industrial Report, M33E(86)-13, Nonferrous Castings, Summary for 1986, issued
October 1987.


Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, Materials Division, Washington
D.C. 20230, or to the Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Carol Beasley, (301) 763-5434.
For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.










Table 2. SHIPMENTS OF *0PPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1987

(Millions of pounds--metal weight)

Product description Total irst quarter Second quarter Third quarter Fourth quarter

Total................................................ 5,074 h 1,372 1,255 1,214 1,233

Brass mill products1......................................... 2,624 772 637 598 617
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip2........................................ 710 274 148 143 145
Rod, bar, and wire.................. .................. 778 203 198 184 193
Tube and pipe.......................................... 88 25 23 24 16
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip.......................................... 216 55 57 50 54
Rod, bar, and wire3.............................................. .. 72 17 17 19 19
Tube and pipe........................ ,............... 760 198 194 178 190

Copper wire mill products 4................................ 1,922 473 483 485 481
Bare wire ........................................ .................. 161 34 38 28 61
Insulated communication wire............................. 281 78 80 81 42
Other insulated wire...................................... 1,480 361 365 376 378

Brass and bronze foundry products6 7.............................. 528 127 135 131 135

Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

1Shipments by brass mills and copper wire mills include all controlled materials orders shipped by the respondent for his own account, by other
copper controlled material producers for the respondent's account, or by the responding company under toll arrangements for the account of controlled
materials consumers.
2Military ammunition cups and discs are included on a net-weight basis, i.e., excluding the weight of the webbing scrap generated in the cupping
and discing operation.
3Does not include electrical wire.
5Reported in copper content weight rather than metal weight.
6Wire, uninsulated, bare, tinned, and/or alloy coated.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments for own use. Shipments for own use represent
copper and copper-base alloy castings for use by the reporting company or an affiliate, subsidiary, or parent company. Also includes castings
produced and consumed at the same location in the production of finished products.
7Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report, M33E(88)-1, Nonferrous Castings, issued March 1988.


Table 3A. SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1987

(Quantity in millions of pounds)

Percent Percent
Product description1 Exports of exports to imports to
Manufacturers' domestic manufacturers' Imports for Apparent apparent
shipments merchandise 2 shipments consumption1 3 consumption4 consumption

Total5..................................... 2,785 124 4 456 3,117 15

Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip............. ................. 710 17 2 115 808 14
Rod, bar, and wire........................... 778 16 2 64 826 8
Tube and pipe................................ 88 12 14 61 137 45
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip .............................. 216 9 216
Rod, bar, and wire ......... .................. 72
Tube and pipe................................. 760 15 2 100 845 12

Copper wire mill products, ba wirwire ............. 161 34 21 47 174 27

See footnotes at end of table Il.










Table 3B. SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1983 TO 1987

(Quantity in millions of pounds)

Percent Percent
Quarter and year Exports of exports to imports to
Manufacturers' domestic manufacturers' Imports for Apparent apparent
shipments merchandiseI 2 shipments consumption 3 consumption4 consumption

1987

Total5 6................................... 2,785 124 4 456 3,117 15
Fourth quarter................................... 678 35 5 125 768 16
Third quarter..................................... 626 28 4 111 709 16
Second quarter................................... 675 31 5 112 756 15
First quarter..................................... 806 30 4 108 884 12

19865....................................... 2,454 95 4 484 2,843 17
19855 .................................... 2,482 117 5 463 2,828 16
1984 ................................. 22,860 109 4 556 3,307 17
1983 .......................................* 2,312 115 5 386 2,583 15


IFor comparison of domestic manufacturers' shipment, export numbers, and import numbers for copper-base mill and wire products, see
table 4.
2Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 546, U.S. Exports.
3Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 146, U.S. Imports for Consumption.
4Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
5This total excludes insulated wire products and brass and bronze foundry products.
6Detail for percent exports to manufacturers shipments and percent imports to apparent consumption are not intended to add to total but
rather only represent a percentage total for each quarter of 1987.










Table '. COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS, SCHEDULE 8 EXPORT NUMBERS, AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS FOR COPPER-BASE MILL PRODUCTS: 1987


Product description Export number Import number

Copper mill products:
Copper-base alloy: r12.3400,612.3500,612.3600,612.3800,612.3920,612.3940,
Sheet, strip, and plate...................... 612.3360,612.3370,612.3380 612.3960,612.3980,612.612.461.4100,612.4300,612.4410,
Rod, bar, and wire ......................... 612.4620 612.4430,612.4510,612.4520,612.5200,612.6100,612.6200,
612.6300,612.6410,612.6420,612.8100,612.8200
Tube and pipe................................ 613.0520,613.0530 613.0600,613.0800,613.1000,613.1100,613.1200

Unalloyed copper:
Sheet, strip, and plate...................... 612.3320 612.3000,612.312 ,612.3140,612.3160,612.3200
Rod, bar, and wire......................... 612.4640 612.5000612.6000,612.000
Tube and pipe................................ 613.0540,613.0550 613.0200,613.0300,613.0400

Copper wire mill products, bare wire............. 612.7420,612.7440 612.7000,612.7100,612.7220,612.7240,612.7260,612.7300


IThe import and export numbers for this line do not include wire.








DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY

Scope of Survey. This survey covers producers of selected
copper controlled materials, i.e., brass mill and copper wire
mill and foundry products.

Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication on
copper-base mill products were collected by mail on Bureau
of the Census and International Trade Administration Form
ITA9008, Copper Controlled Materials. The survey panel is
based on a list of all known producers of copper-base mill
shapes supplied by the International Trade Administration
(ITA), Department of Commerce. It also includes manufac-
turers who produce about 95 percent of wire mill products
based on studies made by ITA. The data for wire mill
products include estimates for small producers in order to
represent 100 percent coverage. Approximately 76 com-
panies are included in the mail panel.
Also included in this publication are estimates for foundry
products, which are derived from Current Industrial Reports
Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings. A description of the
methodology for the survey from which these data are
derived can be found in the Summary for 1986 and
January 1988 publications for this series.

Reliability of Data. Survey error may result from several
sources: (1) inability to obtain information about all cases
in the survey; (2) response errors; (3) definitional difficul-
ties; (4) differences in the interpretation of questions; (5)
mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and (6)
other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estima-
tion for missing data. These nonsampling errors also occur
in complete censuses. Although no direct measurement of
the biases due to nonsampling errors has been obtained,
precautionary steps were taken in all phases of the collec-
tion, processing, and tabulation of the data in an effort to
minimize their influence.
A major source of bias in the published estimates is due
to imputing data for nonrespondents, for late reporters,
and for data which fail logic edits. Missing figures are
imputed based on quarter-to-quarter movements shown by
reporting firms. Imputation generally is limited to a maxi-
mum of 10 percent for any one data cell. Figures with
imputation rates greater than 10 percent are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the
potential error in published figures due to nonresponse,
because the actual quarterly movements for nonrespon-
dents may or may not closely agree with the imputed
movements. The range of difference between the actual
and imputed figures is not precisely known, but is assumed
to be small. The degree of uncertainty regarding the
accuracy of the published data, however, increases as the
r.-'rcentdqe of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.

Revisions to Previous Period Data. Quarterly data and data
for prior years may be revised as the result of corrected


figures from respondents or other corrections. Figures
which have been revised by more than 5 percent from
previously published figures are indicated by footnotes


EXPLANATION OF TERMS

Shipments. Includes all copper-base mill product controlled
materials. Both products produced by the company which
owns the materials and products produced for others under
toll agreements are included.

Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both
shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments (produc-
tion) for own use. Shipments for own use represents
copper and copper-base alloy castings for use by the
reporting company or by a subsidiary, parent, or other
affiliated company. Also included are castings produced
and consumed at the same location in the production of
finished products.

Definitions of Copper Controlled Materials:

Copper-Base Mill Products. Products produced by rolling,
drawing, and extruding copper, brass, bronze, and other
copper-base alloy basic shapes. Drawing and insulating of
copper wire are also included. All other intermediate shapes
are excluded. An intermediate shape is any product which
has been rolled, drawn, or extruded from refined copper or
brass, and which will be rerolled, redrawn, insulated, or
further processed into finished brass mill or copper wire
mill products (or into another intermediate shape) by other
producers of intermediate or finished shapes of copper
controlled materials.

Controlled Materials. Domestic and imported steel, copper,
aluminum, and nickel alloys, in the forms and shapes
specified in DPAS regulation, whether new, remelted,
rerolled, or redrawn.

Rated Order. Prime contract, subcontract, or a purchase
order in support of an authorized program which requires
preferential treatment in accordance with provisions of the
DPAS regulation.

DPAS. Defense Priorities and Allocations System.


COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used
for domestic output and the statistical export and import
commodity classifications were developed independently.
This results in considerable difficulty in comparing the
three types of data for many commodity areas. The domes-
tic output classification is based on type of industry; on the
other hand, the export and import classification system is









more materials oriented. Also, there are a substantial
number of imported commodities which have no compa-
rable domestic output classification. The relationships shown
in this report should be considered only as approximations,
since, in addition to the problems mentioned above, there
are also the following problems affecting the comparability
of the three sets of data.

Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for the
three types of data:
* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It
includes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts
and allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise
taxes.
* Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes
the selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight,
insurance and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also
been developed. These values more closely approximate
the values reported for domestic output because they
exclude freight, insurance, and other charges applied
from the producing plant to the export point.
* Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United
States. It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight),
duty, and other charges to the import point.


Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because
producers' shipments of some commodities may be used
as materials for incorporation into other commodities,
combinations of data for such commodities may contain a
certain amount of duplication. Thus, percentages of exports
to output or imports to apparent consumption (output plus
imports minus exports) at four-digit or broader levels may
be understated. Where duplication is known to be substan-
tial, the output data are appropriately noted in the table.


Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed com-
modity information is not included for individual export
shipments valued at not more than $1,500. Generally,
detailed commodity information is not included for individ-
ual import shipments valued at not more than $1,000. For
textiles and textile products, gloves, footwear, and miscel-
laneous rubber and plastics products, detailed commodity
information is not included for individual import shipments
valued at not more than $250. This is believed to have only
negligible effects on the statistics for the bulk of the
commodities.


Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The
value of manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit indus-
try level often includes a small amount which is not
distributed among the individual five-digit product classes.
Export and import percentages at the more detailed levels
might, therefore, be slightly overstated.


Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by
the producer and the time it is actually exported, especially
when intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
figures.
"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports.
Export and import data do not include materials which are
incorporated into other more finished products and exported
or imported in finished form. Thus, by showing only direct
exports and imports, the relation of exports to output and
imports to apparent consumption for intermediate prod-
ucts is considerably understated.
Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt
commodities are classified in the same import or export
codes as is new merchandise. Percentages are thus over-
stated to the extent that used or rebuilt products are
significant in trade.
Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data
reflect the movement of merchandise into and out of U.S.
foreign trade zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S.
customs territory (includes the 50 States, the District of
Columbia, and Puerto Rico).

HISTORICAL NOTE
Data on copper-controlled materials have been collected
by the Bureau of the Census since 1951. Historical data
may be obtained from Current Industrial Reports (called
Facts for Industry before 1959) available at your local
Federal Depository Library. A list of these libraries may be
obtained from the Bureau of the Census regional offices:


Office
Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


Telephone
(404) 347-2271
(617) 223-2327
(704) 371-6162
(312) 353-6251
(214) 767-0625
(303) 236-2200
(313) 226-7742
(816) 374-4601
(213) 824-7317
(212) 264-3860
(215) 597-4920
(206) 442-7080


Historical data are also available on microfiche. For further
information contact the Bureau of the Census, Data User
Services Division, (301) 763-4100.

RELATED REPORTS
A quarterly Current Industrial Report is published in this
series. The Bureau of the Census also publishes the follow-
ing related reports:









Series Frequency

Current Industrial Reports
M33E Monthly
MA33L Annually

Other Industrial Reports
M3-1 Monthly

(AS) Annually

(MC) Quinquennially

Foreign Trade Reports
EM 546 Monthly
FT 446 Annually
IM 146 Monthly
FT 246 Annually


Title


Nonferrous Castings
Insulated Wire and Cable



Manufacturers' Shipments,
Inventories, and Orders
Annual Survey of Manufac-
tures (ASM)
Census of Manufactures



U.S. Exports-Schedule B-
Commodity by Country
U.S. Imports for
Consumption TSUSA -
Commodity by Country


Subject Area
Classification
Systems
Comparability
Census/ASM
To order a
Current Industrial
Report
To subscribe to a
Census Bureau
publication
Foreign Trade


International
Trade
Administration


Contact
James Kristoff
(ESD)

Kenneth Hansen
Superintendent
of Documents
(GPO)
Superintendent
of Documents
(GPO)
Trade Data
Inquiries Staff
(FTD)
Robert Reiley


Phone Number
(301) 763-1935


(301) 763-7304
(202) 783-3238


(202) 275-3054


(301) 763-5140


(202) 377-0575


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS


Subject Area
Current Industrial
Report ITA9008
Manufacturers'
Shipments, Inven-
tories, and Orders


Contact
Carol Beasley

Ruth Runyan


Phone Number
(301) 763-5434

(301) 763-2502


This report was prepared in the Industry Division, Bureau
of the Census, under the direction of Malcolm Bernhardt,
Chief, Current Durables Branch. Carol Beasley was directly
responsible for the review of the data and preparation of
the report. Gaylord E. Worden, Chief of the Division, and
Robert N. Tinari, Assistant Chief for Current Industrial
Reports, provided overall direction and coordination to this
project.







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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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POSTAGE & Fb:b iVAIU
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PERMIT No. G-58