Current industrial reports

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Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Copper controlled materials
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly with annual summary
quarterly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Copper industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1st quarter 1979-
Issuing Body:
2nd quarter 1979- issued jointly with the Bureau of Industrial Economics.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 1987- issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development.
General Note:
Previously classed C 3.158:DIB-9008
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320831
oclc - 04506691
notis - AGH1707
issn - 0197-8624
System ID:
AA00009166:00013

Related Items

Preceded by:
Copper-base mills and foundry products.

Full Text
C ~~


CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS



S \ Copper Controlled

Materials
*rTES 0*
U.S. Department of Commerce SUMMARY FOR 1985
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS ITA9008(85)-5
INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION Issued April 1986


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS level of 5.4 billion pounds. Copper wire mill shipments decreased
by 14 percent in 1985 to 1.9 million pounds compared to 2.1
The statistics in this publication are based on a survey of all million pounds in 1984. Within this category, bare wire
known producers of brass mill products, copper-based powder decreased by 8 percent to 119 million pounds; insulated com-
products, and a 95-percent sample of producers of wire mill munication wire decreased by 5 percent to 304 million pounds;
products. The figures represent total U.S. shipments of copper- and other insulated wire and cable increased slightly to 1,457
base mill and foundry products. million pounds. A description of the survey methodology and
In 1985, total shipments of copper-base and foundry products related information appears on page 4.
decreased by 13 percent to 4.9 billion pounds from the 1984





Table 1. SUMMARY OF SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1981 TO 1985
(Millions of pounds--metal weight)
Brass mill products Copper wire mill products
Brass and
Quarter and year Insulated Other bronze Copper-base
communi- insulated foundry powder mill
Total Alloyed Unalloyed Bare wire cation wire wire products products3
1985
Total................................ 4,784 1,366 997 119 304 1,457 4541 X)
Fourth quarter... ........................... 1,152 316 233 30 71 374 128 (X)
Third quarter................................. 1,151 323 239 32 80 349 4128 (X)
Second quarter............................... 1,243 352 265 28 94 357 4147 (X)
First quarter................................. 1,238 375 260 29 59 377 4138 (X)
1984................................... 5,427 1,661 1,056 219 469 1,450 572 (X)
19836............... ............ ...... 54,899 1,245 871 236 509 1,540 7498 32
1982................................... 54,885 1,247 767 267 594 1,532 7444 34
1981................................... 56,082 1,695 927 328 755 1,764 7566 47
Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.


rRevised by 5 percent or more from previously published figures.


(X) Not applicable.


2Represents copper content weight, rather than metal weight.
3Represents uninsulated, bare tinned, and/or alloy coated wire.
3Beginning with the first quarter 1984, copper-base powder mill products were not collected.
Source: Bureau of the Census Current Industrial Report, M33E(86)-1, Nonferrous Castings, issued April 1986.
5These figures have been revised from previously published data based on changes reflected in the copper and copper-base alloy category
of the Current Industrial Report, M33E(84-13), '. I.- rr._ .:, Summary for 1984, issued February 1986.
6For 1983, this report was collected on an .w.,- rIu,--r r.., quarterly basis.
7Source: Bureau of the Census Current Industrial Report, M33E(84)-13, Nonferrous Castings, Summary for 1984, issued February 1986.


Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, I
D.C. 20230, or to the Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Pamela Glekas.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.








Table 2. SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1985

(Millions of pounds--metal weight)

Product description Total First quarter Second quarter Third quarter Fourth quarter

Total................................................. 4,784 1,238 1,243 1,151 1,152

Brass mill products ......................................... 2,363 635 617 562 549
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip2 ........................................ 540 144 140 130 126
Rod, bar, and wire...................................... 732 206 188 169 169
Tube and pipe........................................... 94 25 24 24 21
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip......................................... 180 48 47 43 42
Rod, bar, and wire3...................................... 95 25 26 22 22
Tube and pipe........................................... 722 187 192 174 169

Copper wire5mill products ................................ 1,880 465 479 461 475
Bare wire ............................................... 119 29 28 32 30
Insulated communication wire.............................. 304 59 94 80 71
Other insulated wire...................................... 1,457 377 357 349 374

Brass and bronze foundry products6 7........................ 541 138 147 128 128

Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

IShipments by brass mills and copper wire mills include all controlled materials orders shipped by the respondent for his own account, by other
copper controlled material producers for the respondent's account, or by the responding company under toll arrangements for the account of controlled
materials consumers.
2Military ammunition cups and discs are included on a net-weight basis, i.e., excluding the weight of the webbing scrap generated in the cupping
and discing operation.
3Does not include electrical wire.
4Reported in copper content weight rather than metal weight.
6Wire, uninsulated, bare, tinned, and/or alloy coated.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments for own use. Shipments for own use represent
copper and copper-base alloy castings for use by the reporting company or an affiliate, subsidiary, or parent company. Also includes castings
produced and consumed at the same location In the production of finished products.
7Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report, M33E(86)-1, Nonferrous Castings, issued April 1986.


Table 3A. SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS,


AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1985

(Quantity in millions of pounds)


Percent Percent
Product description Exports of exports to imports to
Manufacturers' domestic manufacturers' Imports for Apparent apparent
shipments merchandise 2 shipments consumption 3 consumption4 consumption

Total ...................................... 2,482 117 5 463 2,828 13

Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip.............................. 540 16 4 209 1,435 15
Rod, bar, and wire.......................... 732 30 4
Tube and pipe................................ 94 10 11 63 147 43
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip.............................. 180 11 6 82 332 25
Rod, bar, and wire.......................... 95 14 15 8
Tube and pipe................................ 722 10 1 65 777 8

Copper wire mill products, bare wire............ 119 26 22 44 137 32

See footnotes at end of table 3B.








Table 3B. SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1981 TO 1985

(Quantity in millions of pounds)

Percent Percent
Quarter and year Exports of exports to imports to
Manufacturers' domestic manufacturers' Imports for Apparent apparent
shipments merchandise 2 shipments consumption 3 consumption4 consumption

1985

Total5 6.................................... 2,482 117 5 463 2,828 13
Fourth quarter..................................... 579 20 3 99 658 15
Third quarter....................................... 594 29 5 110 675 16
Second quarter..................................... 645 24 4 120 741 16
First quarter...................................... 664 44 7 134 754 18

19845........................................ 2,945 109 4 556 3,392 16
19835........................................ 2,384 115 5 386 2,655 15
19825........................................ 2,315 112 5 305 2,508 12
19815........................................ 2,997 127 4 355 3,225 11


Comparison of domestic manufacturers' shipment, export numbers, and import numbers for copper-base mill and wire products is shown in
table 4.
2Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 546, U.S. Exports.
3Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 145-X, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports.
4Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
5This total excludes insulated wire products and brass and bronze foundry produ, ts.
6Detail for percent exports to manufacturers shipments and percent imports to apparent consumption are not intended to add to total but
rather only represent a percentage total for each quarter of 1985.


Table 4. COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS, SCHEDULE B EXPORT NUMBERS, AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS FOR COPPER-BASE MILL PRODUCTS: 1985


Product description Export number Import number

Copper mill products:
Copper-base alloy: ftn?. .cl? :500,612.3600,612.3800,612.3920,612.3940,
Sheet, strip, and plate...................... 612.3360,612.3370,612.3380 i. .. .480,612.4000,612.4100,612.4300,612.4410,
Rod, bar, and wirel.......................... 612.4620 'i ..f I -.4510,612.4520,612.5200,612.6100,612.6200,
i 1... *,,, ..6410,612.6420,612.8100,612.8200
Tube and pipe................................ 613.0520,613.0530 613.0600.613.0800,613.1000,613.1100,613.1200

Unalloyed copper:
Sheet, strip, and plate ...................... 612.3320 612.3000,612.3120,612.3140.,612.3160.612.3200,
Rod, bar, and wire .......................... 612.4640 612.5000,612.6000,612.8000
Tube and pipe................................. 613.0540,613.0550 613.0200,613.0300,613.0400

Copper wire mill products, bare wire ............. 612.7420,612.7440 612.7000,612.7100,612.7220.612.7240,612.7260,612.7300


IThe import and export numbers for this line do not include wire.








DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY


Scope of Survey. This survey covers producers of selected copper
controlled materials, i.e., brass mill and copper wire mill and
foundry products.

Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication on copper-
base mill products were collected by mail on Bureau of the
Census and International Trade Administration Form ITA9008,
Copper Controlled Materials. The survey panel is based on a list
of all known producers of copper-base mill shapes supplied by
the International Trade Administration (ITA), Department of Com-
merce. It also includes manufacturers who produce about 95 per-
cent of wire mill products based on studies made by ITA. The
data for wire mill products include estimates for small producers
in order to represent 100 percent coverage. Approximately 83
companies are included in the mail panel.
Also included in this publication are estimates for foundry
products, which are derived from Current Industrial Reports
Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings. A description of the
methodology for the survey from which these data are derived
can be found in the Summary for 1984 and January 1985 publica-
tions fr r this series.

Reliability of Data. Survey error may result from several sources:
(1) inability to obtain information about all cases in the survey;
(2) response errors; (3) definitional difficulties; (4) differences
in the interpretation of questions; (5) mistakes in recording or
coding the data obtained; and (6) other errors of collection,
response, coverage, and estimation for missing data. These non-
sampling errors also occur in complete censuses. Although no
direct measurement of the biases due to nonsampling errors has
been obtained, precautionary steps were taken in all phases of
the collection, processing, and tabulation of the data in an effort
to minimize their influence.
A major source of bias in the published estimates is due to
imputing data for nonrespondents, for late reporters, and for data
which fail logic edits. Missing figures are imputed based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms. Imputa-
tion generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for any one
data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10 percent
are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the potential
error in published figures due to nonresponse, because the ac-
tual quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may not
closely agree with the imputed movements. The range of dif-
ference between the actual and imputed figures is not precisely
known, but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncertainty
regarding the accuracy of the published data, however, increases
as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.

Revisions to Previous Period Data. Quarterly data and data for
prior years may be revised as the result of corrected figures from
respondents or other corrections. Figures which have been
revised by more than 5 percent from previously published figures
are indicated by footnotes


Shipments. Shipments include all copper-base mill product con-
trolled materials. Both products produced by the company which
owns the materials and products produced for others under toll
agreements are included.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both
shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments (production) for
own use. Shipments for own use represents copper and copper-
base alloy castings for use by the reporting company or by a sub-
sidiary, parent, or other affiliated company. Also included are
castings produced and consumed at the same location in the pro-
duction of finished products.

Definitions of Copper Controlled Materials:

Copper-Base Mill Products. Products produced by rolling, draw-
ing, and extruding copper, brass, bronze, and other copper-base
alloy basic shapes. Drawing and insulating of copper wire are
also included. All other intermediate shapes are excluded. An in-
termediate shape is any product which has been rolled, drawn,
or extruded from refined copper or brass, and which will be reroll-
ed, redrawn, insulated, or further processed into finished brass
mill or copper wire mill products (or into another intermediate
shape) by other producers of intermediate or finished shapes of
copper controlled materials.

Controlled Materials. Domestic and imported steel, copper,
aluminum, and nickel alloys, in the forms and shapes specified
in DPAS regulation, whether new, remelted, rerolled, or redrawn.

Rated Order. Prime contract, subcontract, or a purchase order
in support of an authorized program which requires preferential
treatment in accordance with provisions of the DPAS regulation.

DPAS. Defense Priorities and Allocations System.


COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import commodity
classifications were developed independently. This results in con-
siderable difficulty in comparing the three types of data for many
commodity areas. The domestic output classification is based
on type of industry; on the other hand, the export and import
classification system is more materials oriented. Also, there are
a substantial number of imported commodities which have no
comparable domestic output classification. The relationships
shown in this report should be considered only as approxima-
tions, since, in addition to the problems mentioned above, there
are also the following problems affecting the comparability of
the three sets of data.

Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for the three
types of data:


EXPLANATION OF TERMS









* Domestic Output- Valued at the point of production. It in-
cludes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.

* Exports- Valued at the point of exportation. It includes the
selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight, insurance
and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing plant
to the export point.

* Imports- Valued at the first port of entry in the United States.
It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty, and other
charges to the import point.


Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because producers'
shipments of some commodities may be used as materials for
incorporation into other commodities, combinations of data for
such commodities may contain a certain amount of duplication.
Thus, percentages of exports to output or imports to apparent
consumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-digit
or broader levels may be understated. Where duplication is known
to be substantial, the output data are appropriately noted in the
table.


Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed commodity
information is not included for individual export shipments valued
at not more than $1,000. Generally, detailed commodity infor-
mation is not included for individual import shipments valued at
not more than $1,000. For textiles and textile products, gloves,
footwear, and miscellaneous rubber and plastics products,
detailed commodity information is not included for individual
import shipments valued at not more than $250. This is believed
to have only negligible effects on the statistics for the bulk of
the commodities.

Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The value of
manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level often
includes a small amount which is not distributed among the in-
dividual five-digit product classes. Export and import percentages
at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be slightly overstated.

Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a lag be-
tween the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
figures.

"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports. Export and
import data do not include materials which are incorporated in-
to other more finished products and exported or imported in
finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports and imports,
the relation of exports to output and imports to apparent


consumption for intermediate products is considerably
understated.

Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt com-
modities are classified in the same import or export codes as is
new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the extent
that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.

Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data reflect the
movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory (in-
cludes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico).



HISTORICAL NOTE

Data on copper-controlled materials have been collected by
the Bureau of the Census since 1951. Historical data may be ob-
tained from Current Industrial Reports (called Facts for Industry
before 1959) available at your local Federal Depository Library.
A list of these libraries may be obtained from the Bureau of the
Census regional offices:


Office


Telephone


Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


(404) 881-2271
(617) 223-2327
(704) 371-6162
(312) 353-6251
(214) 767-0625
(303) 234-3924
(313) 226-7742
(816) 374-4601
(213) 824-7317
(212) 264-3860
(215) 597-4920
(206) 442-7080


RELATED REPORTS

A quarterly Current Industrial Report is published in this series.
The Bureau of the Census also pubishes the following related
reports:


Series


Frequency


Current Industrial Reports


M33E

MA33L


Monthly

Annual


Nonferrous Castings

Insulated Wire and Cable


Other Industrial Reports


M3-1


Monthly


Manufacturers' Shipments,
Inventories, and Orders








Series Frequency Title


Monthly


IM145X Monthly


Annual Survey of Manufac-
tures (ASM)

Census of Manufactures


U.S. Exports-Schedule B-
Commodity by Country

U.S. Imports for Consump-
tion and General Imports


Census/ASM

To order a Census
Bureau publication

Foreign Trade
publication

International Trade
Administration


Dale Gordon


(301) 763-7304


Customer Services (301) 763-4100
(DUSD)


Joyce Ware


Robert Reiley


(301) 763-5140


(202) 377-0575


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS


Subject Area

Current Industrial
Report ITA9008


Contact

Pamela J. Glekas


Manufacturers' Ship- Ruth Runyan
ments, Inventories,
and Orders


Phone Number

(301) 763-2529


(301) 763-2502


This report was prepared in the Industry Division, Bureau of
the Census, under the direction of Malcolm Bernhardt, Chief,
Current Durables Branch, and Jesse Havard, Chief, Metals
Section. Pamela Glekas was directly responsible for the review
of the data and preparation of the report. Gaylord E. Worden,
Chief of the Division, and Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Assistant Chief
for Current Industrial Reports, provided overall direction and coor-
dination to this project.


Annually


Quinquennially


Foreign Trade Reports


EM546


Subject Area


Contact Phone Number


































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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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