Current industrial reports

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Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Copper controlled materials
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly with annual summary
quarterly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Copper industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1st quarter 1979-
Issuing Body:
2nd quarter 1979- issued jointly with the Bureau of Industrial Economics.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 1987- issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development.
General Note:
Previously classed C 3.158:DIB-9008
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320831
oclc - 04506691
notis - AGH1707
issn - 0197-8624
System ID:
AA00009166:00010

Related Items

Preceded by:
Copper-base mills and foundry products.


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Full Text
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CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS

/"0F\ Copper Controlled


\o Materials

U.S. Department of Commerce FIRST QUARTER 1985
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS ITA9008(85)-1
INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION Issued June 1985


The statistics in this publication are based on a survey of all A description of the survey methodology and related informa-
known producers of brass mill products, and a 95-percent sample tion appears on page 5.
of producers of wire mill products. The figures represent total
U.S. shipments of copper-base and foundry products.




Table 1. SUMMARY OF SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1985 AND 1984

(Millions of pounds--metal weight)

Brass mill products Copper wire mill products1
Brass and
Quarter and year Insulated Other bronze
2 communi- insulated foundry
Total Alloyed Unalloyed Bare wire cation wire wire products

1985

First quarter............................ 1,247 372 274 50 70 332 149

1984

Total............................... 5,481 1,661 1,056 219 469 1,450 626
Fourth quarter........................... 1,241 362 249 44 106 330 150
Third quarter............................ 1,295 386 259 45 117 338 150
Second quarter........................... 1,437 458 268 64 116 363 168
First quarter............................ 1,508 455 280 66 130 419 158

Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
2Represents copper content weight, rather than metal weight.
3Represents uninsulated, bare, tinned, and/or alloy coated wire.
Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report, M33E(85)-1, issued April 1985.


Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, Materials Division, Washington,
D.C. 20230, or to the Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Nathaniel Shelton, (301) 763-5547.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.










Table 2. SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS

(Millions of pounds--metal weight)

First Fourth
Product description quarter quarter
1985 1984

Total shipments ...................................... 1,247 1,241

Copper-base mill products.................................. 646 611
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and stripI ....................................... 141 169
Rod, bar, and wire..................................... 207 170
Tube and pipe.................................... ...... 24 23

Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip ......................................... 48 53
Rod, bar, and wire2 .................................... 42 35
Tube and pipe............................. .............. 184 161

Copper wire mill products3 ................................. ...452 480
Bare wire4 ................................................ 50 44
Insulated communication wire ............................. 70 106
Other insulated wire..................................... 332 330

Brass and bronze foundry products5 ......................... 149 150

Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

IMilitary ammunition cups and discs are included on a net-weight basis, i.e., excluding the weight of the
webbing scrap generated in the cupping and discing.
2Does not include electrical wire.
3Reported in copper content weight rather than metal weight.
4Represents uninsulated, bare, tinned, and/or alloy coated wire.
5Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report M33E, Nonferrous Castings.










Table 3. SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1985 AND 1984

(Quantity in millions of pounds)

Percent Percent
Exports of exports to imports to
Product description Manufacturers' domestic manufacturers' Imports for Apparent apparent
shipments merchandise 2 shipments consumption 3 consumption4 consumption

FIRST QUARTER 1985

Copper-base mill products5 ........................... 696 50 7 134 780 17
Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip............................ 141 3 265 392 17
Rod, bar, and wire......................... 207 18 9 392 17
Tube and pipe............................... 24 2 8 17 39 44
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip............................. 48 7 1524 98 24
Rod, bar, and wire ...........I.............. 42 9 21 J
Tube and pipe............................... 184 3 2 17 198 9

Copper wire mill products, bare wire ........... 50 8 16 11 53 21

FOURTH QUARTER 1984

Copper-base mill products5..................... 655 31 5 126 750 17
Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip............................. 169 3 2 66 396 17
Rod, bar, and wire.......................... 170 6 4 66 396 17
Tube and pipe............................... 23 3 13 14 34 41
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip............................. 53 2 4
Rod, bar, and wire......................... 35 8 23 19 97 20
Tube and pipe............................... 161 2 1 13 172 8

Copper wire mill products, bare wire ........... 44 7 16 14 51 28

1For comparison of domestic manufacturers' shipment, export numbers, and import numbers for copper-base mill and foundry products, see
table 4.
2Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 546, U.S. Exports.
3Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 145-X, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports.
4Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
5This total does not include either insulated wire and cable or brass and bronze foundry products.


C ;3,*1 :~ ~~










Table 4. COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS, SCHEDULE B EXPORT NUMBERS, AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS FOR COPPER-BASE MILL PRODUCTS: 1985


Product description Export number Import number

Copper mill products:
Copper-base alloy: 12.3400,612.3500,612.3600,612.3800,612.3920,612.3940,
Sheet, strip, and plate...................... 612.3360,612.3370,612.3380 612.3960,612.3982,612.3986,612.4000,612.4100,612.4300,
612.4410,612.4430,612.4510,612.4520,612.5200,612.6100,
Rod bar, and wire .......................... 612.4620 612.6205,612.6290,612.6300,612.6410,612.6420,612.8100,
612.8200

Tube and pipe................................ 613.0520,613.0530 613.0600,613.0800,613.1000,613.1100,613.1200

Unalloyed copper:
Sheet, strip, and plate ...................... 612.3320 612.3000,612.3120,612.3140,612.3160,612.3200,
Rod, bar, and wire .......................... 612.4642,612.4645 612.5000,612.6000,612.8000
Tube and pipe................................. 613.0540,613.0550 613.0210,613.0290,613.0300,613.0400

Copper wire mill products, bare wire ............. 612.7420,612.7440 612.7000,612.7100,612.7220,612.7240,612.7260,612.7300


1The import and export numbers for this line do not include wire.








DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY

Scope of Survey. This survey covers producers of selected
copper controlled materials, i.e., brass mill and copper wire mill
and foundry products.


Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication on copper-
base mill products were collected by mail on Bureau of the
Census and International Trade Administration Form ITA9008,
Copper Controlled Materials. The survey panel is based on a list
of all known producers of copper-base mill shapes supplied by
the International Trade Administration (ITA), Department of Com-
merce. It also includes manufacturers who produce about 95
percent of wire mill products based on studies made by ITA. The
data for wire mill products include estimates for small producers
in order to represent 100 percent coverage. Approximately 80
companies are included in the mail panel.
Also included in this publication are estimates for foundry
products, which are derived from Current Industrial Reports
Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings. A description of the
methodology for the survey from which these data are derived
can be found in the January 1985 publication for this series.


Reliability of Data. Survey error may result from several sources:
(1) inability to obtain information about all cases in the survey;
(2) response errors; (3) definitional difficulties; (4) differences
in the interpretation of questions; (5) mistakes in recording or
coding the data obtained; and (6) other errors of collection,
response, coverage, and estimation for missing data. These non-
sampling errors also occur in complete censuses. Although no
direct measurement of the biases due to nonsampling errors has
been obtained, precautionary steps were taken in all phases of
the collection, processing, and tabulation of the data in an effort
to minimize their influence.
A major source of bias in the published estimates is due to
imputing data for nonrespondents, for late reporters, and for data
which fail logic edits. Missing figures are imputed based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms. Imputa-
tion generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for any one
data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10 percent
are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the poten-
tial error in published figures due to nonresponse, because the
actual quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may not
closely agree with the imputed movements. The range of dif-
ference between the actual and imputed figures is not precisely
known, but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncertainty
regarding the accuracy of the published data, however, increases
as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.

Revisions to Previous Period Data. Statistics for previous quarters
may be revised as the result of corrected data from respondents,
including the receipt of late reports for which imputations were
made as described above. Figures which have been revised by
more than 5 percent from previously published figures are in-
dicated by footnotes.


EXPLANATION OF TERMS

Shipments. Shipments include all copper-base mill product
controlled materials. Both products produced by the company
which owns the materials and products produced for others
under toll agreements are included.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both
shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments (production) for
own use. Shipments for own use represents copper and copper-
base alloy castings for use by the reporting company or by a
subsidiary, parent, or other affiliated company. Also included
are castings produced and consumed at the same location in the
production of finished products.


Definitions of Copper Controlled Materials:

Copper-Base Mill Products. Products produced by rolling,
drawing, and extruding copper, brass, bronze, and other copper-
base alloy basic shapes. Drawing and insulating of copper wire
are also included. All other intermediate shapes are excluded.
An intermediate shape is any product which has been rolled,
drawn, or extruded from refined copper or brass, and which will
be rerolled, redrawn, insulated, or further processed into finished
brass mill or copper wire mill products (or into another in-
termediate shape) by other producers of intermediate or finished
shapes of copper controlled materials.

Controlled Materials. Domestic and imported steel, copper,
aluminum, and nickel alloys, in the forms and shapes specified
in DPAS regulation, whether new, remelted, rerolled, or redrawn.

Rated Order. Prime contract, subcontract, or a purchase order
in support of an authorized program which requires preferential
treatment in accordance with provisions of the DPAS regulation.

DPAS. Defense Priorities and Allocations System.

COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import commodity
classifications were developed independently. This results in con-
siderable difficulty in comparing the three types of data for many
commodity areas. The domestic output classification is based
on type of industry; on the other hand, the export and import
classification system is more materials oriented. Aside from the
differences in the basic commodity classifications, there are
additional problems involving import data, since there are a
substantial number of imported commodities which are not
produced in the United States or which are produced only in very
small quantities and which, therefore, have no comparable
domestic output classification. The relationships shown in this
report should be considered only as approximations, since, in
addition to the problems mentioned above, there are also the
following problems affecting the comparability of the three sets
of data.







Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for the three
types of data:

* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It in-
cludes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.

* Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes the
selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight, insurance
and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing plant
to the export point.

* Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United States.
It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty, and other
charges to the import point.

Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because producers'
shipments of some commodities may be used as materials for
incorporation into other commodities, combinations of data for
such commodities may contain a certain amount of duplication.
Thus, percentages of exports to output or imports to apparent
consumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-digit
or broader levels may be understated. Where duplication is
known to be substantial, the output data are appropriately noted
in the table.

Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed commodity
information is not included for individual export shipments valued
at not more than $1,000. Generally, detailed commodity infor-
mation is not included for individual import shipments valued at
not more than $ 1,000. For textiles and textile products, gloves,
footwear, and miscellaneous rubber and plastics products,
detailed commodity information is not included for individual
import shipments valued at not more than $250. This is believed
to have only negligible effects on the statistics for the bulk of
the commodities.



Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The value of
manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level often
includes a small amount which is not distributed among the in-
dividual five-digit product classes. Export and import percentages
at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be slightly
overstated.

Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a lag be-
tween the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
figures.

"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports. Export
and import data do not include materials which are incorporated
into other more finished products and exported or imported in


finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports and imports,
the relation of exports to output and imports to apparent con-
sumption for intermediate products is considerably understated.

Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt com-
modities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the
extent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.

Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data reflect the
movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory
(includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
Rico).


RELATED REPORTS

An annual Current Industrial Report also is published in this
series. The annual report summarizes quarterly figures and in-
corporates known revisions for both the current and previous
years. It also provides a single reference copy to replace the
quarterly publications.
The Bureau of the Census also publishes the following related
reports:


Series


Frequency


Title


Current Industrial Reports


M33E

MA33L


Monthly

Annual


Nonferrous Castings

Insulated Wire and Cable


Other Industrial Reports


M3-1



(AS)


(MC)


Monthly


Annually


Quinquennially


Manufacturers' Shipments,
Inventories, and Orders

Annual Survey of Manufac-
tures (ASM)

Census of Manufactures


Foreign Trade Reports


EM546


Monthly


IM145X Monthly


U.S. Exports- Schedule B-
Commodity by Country

U.S. Imports for Consump-
tion and General Imports


CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS


Subject Area

Current Industrial
Report ITA9008


Contact

Nathaniel A.
Shelton


Phone Number

(301) 763-5547








Subject Area Contact
Manufacturers' Ship- Ruth Runyan
ments, Inventories,
and Orders


Census/ASM


To order a Census
Bureau publication


Dale Gordon


Phone Number
(301) 763-2502



(301) 763-7304


Customer Services (301) 763-4100
(DUSD)


Subject Area


Foreign Trade
publication


Contact


Joyce Ware


International Trade Robert Reiley
Administration


Phone Number


(301) 763-5140



(202) 377-0575







Superintendent of Documents
U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402

Official Business
Penalty for Private Use, $300


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


3 1262 08589 1694
CENSUS
PERMIT No. G-58




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