Current industrial reports

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Current industrial reports
Portion of title:
Copper controlled materials
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of the Census
United States -- Bureau of Industrial Economics
Publisher:
The Bureau :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Frequency:
quarterly with annual summary
quarterly
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Copper industry and trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Chemical abstracts
Citation/Reference:
American statistics index
Citation/Reference:
Predicasts
Statement of Responsibility:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
1st quarter 1979-
Issuing Body:
2nd quarter 1979- issued jointly with the Bureau of Industrial Economics.
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 1987- issued jointly with the Bureau of Domestic Business Development.
General Note:
Previously classed C 3.158:DIB-9008
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001320831
oclc - 04506691
notis - AGH1707
issn - 0197-8624
System ID:
AA00009166:00009

Related Items

Preceded by:
Copper-base mills and foundry products.

Full Text












imerce


BURI


)E ADMINISTRATION


SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

The statistics in this publication are based on a survey of all
known producers of brass mill products, copper-based powder
products, and a 95-percent sample of producers of wire mill
products. The figures represent total U.S. shipments of copper-
base mill and foundry products.
In 1984, total shipments of copper-base and foundry prod-
ucts increased by 10 percent to 5.5 billion pounds from the


CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS


Copper Controlled

Materials



SUMMARY FOR 1984
ITA9008(84)-5
Issued April 1985


1983 level of 5.0 billion pounds. Copper wire mill shipments de-
creased by 6 percent in 1984 to 2.1 million pounds compared to
2.3 million pounds in 1983. Within this category, bare wire
decreased by 7 percent to 219 million pounds; insulated com-
munication wire decreased by 8 percent to 469 million pounds;
and other insulated wire and cable decreased by 6 percent to
1,450 million pounds. A description of the survey methodology
and related information appears on page 3.


Table 1. SUMMARY OF SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1980 TO 1984
(Millions of pounds--metal weight)
Brass mill products Copper wire mill products1
Brass and
Quarter and year Insulated Other bronze Copper-base
communi- insulated foundry powder mill
Total Alloyed Unalloyed Bare wire2 cation wire wire products products3
1984
Total................................ 5,481 1,661 1,056 219 469 1,450 4626 (X)
Fourth quarter.............................. 1,241 362 249 44 106 330 4150 (X)
Third quarter............................... 1,295 386 259 45 117 338 4150 (X)
Second quarter............................. 1,437 458 268 64 116 363 4168 (X)
First quarter............................... 1,508 455 280 66 130 419 4158 (X)
19835................................. 4,985 1,245 871 236 509 1,540 6552 32
1982.................................. 4,897 1,247 767 267 594 1,532 6456 34
1981................................. 6,097 1,695 927 328 755 1,764 6581 47
1980.................................. 5,889 1,508 959 293 797 1,693 6592 47
Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.
(X) Not applicable.
2Represents copper content weight, rather than metal weight.
3Represents uninsulated, bare tinned, and/or alloy coated wire.
4Beginning with the first quarter 1984, copper-base powder mill products were not collected.
5Source: Bureau of the Census Current Industrial Report, M33E(85)-1, Nonferrous Castings, issued April 1985.
6For 1983, this report was collected on an annual rather than a quarterly basis.
Source: Bureau of the Census Current Industrial Report, M33E(83)-13, Nonferrous Castings, issued February 1985.


Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call
Nathaniel A. Shelton, (301) 763-5547.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.










Table 2. SHIPMENTS OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1984

(Millions of pounds--metal weight)

Product description Total First quarter Second quarter Third quarter Fourth quarter

Total ........................................... .... 5,481 1,508 1.437 1,295 1,241

Brass mill products ....................................... 2,717 735 726 645 611
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip2....................................... 718 179 194 176 169
Rod, bar, and wire.................................... ........ 848 249 240 189 170
Tube and pipe.......................................... 95 27 24 21 23
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip........................................ 214 56 50 55 53
Rod, bar, and wire3.................................... 146 41 33 37 35
Tube and pipe .......................................... 696 183 185 167 161

Copper wire5mill products 4 ................................ 2,138 615 543 500 480
Bare wire ............................................... 219 66 64 45 44
Insulated communication wire ............................. 469 130 116 117 106
Other insulated wire........................................... 1,450 419 363 338 330

Brass and bronze foundry products 7 ....................... 626 158 168 150 150

Note: Detail may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

Shipments by brass mills and copper wire mills include all controlled materials orders shipped by the respondent for his own account, by other
copper controlled material producers for the respondent's account, or by the responding company under toll arrangements for the account of controlled
materials consumers.
2Military ammunition cups and discs are included on a net-weight basis, i.e., excluding the weight of the webbing scrap generated in the cupping
and discing operation.
3Does not include electrical wire.
5Reported in copper content weight rather than metal weight.
Wire, uninsulated, bare, tinned, and/or alloy coated.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both shipments for sale (to the trade) and shipments for own use. Shipments for own use represent
copper and copper-base alloy castings for use by the reporting company or an affiliate, subsidiary, or parent company. Also includes castings
produced and consumed at the same location in the production of finished products.
7Source: Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial Report M33E(85)-1, Nonferrous Castings, Issued April 1985.






Table 3. SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF COPPER-BASE MILL AND FOUNDRY PRODUCTS: 1984 AND 1983

(Quantity in millions of pounds)

Percent Percent
Exports of exports to imports to
Product description Manufacturers' domestic manufacturers' Imports for Apparent apparent
shipments merchandise 2 shipments consumption 3 consumption4 consumption

1984

Total5 ..................................... 2,936 111 4 556 3,381 16

Brass mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet and strip............................. 718 12 2284 1821 16
Rod, bar, and wire .......................... 848 17 2 284 1.821 16
Tube and pipe............................... 95 10 11 72 157 46
Unalloyed copper:
Sheet and strip............................. 214 10 5
Rod, bar, and wire.......................... 146 27 19 87 410 21
Tube and pipe............................... 696 9 1 66 753 9

Copper wire mill products, bare wire ............ 219 26 12 47 240 20

19835 6 ................................... 2,384 115 5 386 2,655 15


IComparison of domestic manufacturers' shipment, export numbers, and import numbers for copper-base ml
table 4.
2Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 546, U.S. Exports.
3Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 145-X, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Imports.
4Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
5This total does not include either insulated wire and cable or brass and bronze foundry products.
6Data for 1983 include figures for copper base powder mill products.


ill and wire products is shown in


T.hl. 4. COMPARISON OF DOMESTIC MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS, SCHEDULE B EXPORT NUMBERS, AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS FOR COPPER-BASE MILL PRODUCTS: 1984


Product description Expo

Copper mill products:
Copper-base alloy:
Sheet, strip, and late ...................... 612.
Rod, bar, and wire..........................

Tube and pipe................ ...............

Unalloyed copper:
Sheet, strip, and plate ......................
Rod, bar, and wire .........................
Tube and pipe................................

Copper wire mill products, bar* wire.............


IThe import and export numbers fir thi,. 1 im *t t nc l1mhr wire.


'rt number



360,612.1370,612.1380
612.4620

613t.0520,613.0530


612.3120
612.4640
613.00. ,611.0150

612.7420,612.7440


Import number


612340,62,.1510,612.O3600.612. 3800,612.1920612. 3940,
612. 39m(),612.3980,612.4 00,612.41 00 ,612. 4300,612.441 0,
612.44 0,612.4510,612.4120,612.5200.612.6100,6l2.6200,
6 b2.s6300.61[2.6. t10,612. 642n,612.B1006, 612.8200
613.O600.6 1.0a00,613.1000.613. 100,613.1200


612.3000,612.3120,612.3140.612.> 160,612.3200.
612.5000,612.6000.612.800
613.0200,613.0300,613.01400

612. 000,612. 7100.612.7220,612. 7240,612.7260,612.7300


I









DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY


Scope of Survey-This survey covers producers of selected
copper controlled materials, i.e., copper-base mill and foundry
products.

Survey Methodology-The statistics in this publication on
copper-base mill products were collected by mail on Bureau of
the Census and International Trade Administration Form
ITA9008,, Copper Controlled Materials. The survey panel is
based on a list of all known producers of copper-base mill
shapes and powder products supplied by the International Trade
Administration, Department of Commerce. It also includes
manufacturers who produce about 95 percent of wire mill
products based on studies made by ITA. The data for wire mill
products include estimates for small producers in order to
represent 100 percent coverage. Approximately 190 companies
are included in the mail panel.
Also included in this publication are estimates for foundry
products, which are derived from Current Industrial Reports
Series M33E, Nonferrous Castings. A description of the meth-
odology for the survey from which these data are derived can
be found in the Summary for 1983 and January 1984 publica-
tion for this series.

Reliability of Data-Survey error may result from several
sources: (1) inability to obtain information about all cases in
the survey, (2) response errors, (3) definitional difficulties, (4)
differences in the interpretation of questions (5) mistakes in
recording or coding the data obtained, and (6) other errors of
collection, response, coverage, and estimation for missing data.
These nonsampling errors also occur in complete censuses.
Although no direct measurement of the biases due to non-
sampling errors has been obtained, precautionary steps were
taken in all phases of the collection, processing, and tabulation
of the data in an effort to minimize their influence.
A major source of bias in the published estimates is due to
imputing data for nonrespondents, for late reporters, and for
data which fail logic edits. Missing figures are imputed based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms.
Imputation generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for
any one data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10
percent are footnoted.
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the poten-
tial error in published figures due to nonresponse because the
actual quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may
not closely agree with the imputed movements. The range of
difference between the actual and imputed figures is not pre-
cisely known but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncer-
tainty regarding the accuracy of the published data increases
as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.


Revisions to Previous Period Data-Quarterly data and data
for prior years may be revised as the result of corrected figures
from respondents or other corrections. Figures which have
been revised by more than 5 percent from previously published
figures are indicated by footnotes.


Shipments-Shipments include all copper-base mill and
foundry product controlled materials. Both products produced
by the company which owns the materials and products pro-
duced for others under toll agreements are included.
Shipments by brass and bronze foundries include both ship-
ments for sale (to the trade and shipments (production) for own
use. Shipments for own use represent copper and copper-base
alloy castings for use by the reporting company or by a sub-
sidiary, parent, or other affiliated company. Also included are
castings produced and consumed at the same location in the
production of finished products.




Definitions of Copper Controlled Materials:


Copper-Base Mill Products-Products produced by rolling,
drawing, and extruding copper, brass, bronze, and other copper-
base alloy basic shapes. Drawing and insulating of copper wire
are also included. Intermediate shapes of powder mill products
are included. All other intermediate shapes are excluded. An
intermediate shape is any product which has been rolled, drawn,
or extruded from refined copper or brass, and which will be
rerolled, redrawn, insulated, or further processed into finished
brass mill or copper wire mill products (or into another inter-
mediate shape) by other producers of intermediate or finished
shapes of copper controlled materials.


Controlled Materials-Steel, copper, aluminum, and nickel
alloys, either domestic or imported, in the forms and shapes
specified in Defense Materials Systems, regulation 1, as revised,
whether new, remelted, rerolled, or redrawn.



COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import com-
modity classifications were developed independently. This
results in considerable difficulty in comparing the three types of
data for many commodity areas. The domestic output classifica-
tion is based on type of industry; on the other hand, the export
and import classification system is more materials oriented.
Aside from the differences in the basic commodity classifica-
tions, there are additional problems involving import data, since
there are a substantial number of imported commodities which
are not produced in the United States or which are produced
only in very small quantities and which, therefore, have no
comparable domestic output classification. The relationships
shown in this report should be considered only as approxi-
mations, since, in addition to the problems mentioned above,
there are also the following problems affecting the com-
parability of the three sets of data.


EXPLANATION OF TERMS








Valuation-There are different methods of valuation for the
three types of data:

Domestic Output-Valued at the point of production. It
includes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.



Exports-Valued at the point of exportation. It includes
the selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight,
insurance, and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing
plant to the export point.



Imports-Valued at the first port of entry in the United
States. It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty,
and other charges to the import point.



Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output-Because
producers' shipments of some commodities may be used as
materials for incorporation into other commodities, combina-
tions of data for such commodities may contain a certain
amount of duplication. Thus, percentages of exports to output
or imports to apparent consumption (output plus imports minus
exports) at four-digit or broader levels may be understated.
Where duplication is known to be substantial, the output data
are appropriately noted in the table.



Low-Value Export and Import Transactions-Detailed com-
modity information is not included for individual import ship-
ments valued at not more than $250 or for individual export
shipments valued at not more than $500. This is believed to
have only negligible effects on the statistics for the bulk of the
commodities.



Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind-The value
of manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level
often includes a small amount which is not distributed among
the individual five-digit product classes. Export and import
percentages at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be
slightly overstated.


Time Lag Between Output and Exports-There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
figures.


"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports-
Export and import data do not include materials which are
incorporated into other more finished products and exported or
imported in finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports
and imports, the relation of exports to output and imports to
apparent consumption for intermediate products is considerably
understated.



Used Commodities-With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt
commodities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the
extent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.



Geographic Area of Coverage-Import and export data reflect
the movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory
(includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
Rico).




HISTORICAL NOTE

Data on copper-controlled materials have been collected by
the Bureau of the Census since 1951. Historical data may be
obtained from Current Industrial Reports (called Facts for
Industry before 1959) available at your local Federal Depository
Library. A list of these libraries may be obtained from the
Bureau of the Census regional offices:


Office


Telephone


Atlanta, Georgia
Boston, Massachusetts
Charlotte, North Carolina
Chicago, Illinois
Dallas, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Detroit, Michigan
Kansas City, Kansas
Los Angeles, California
New York, New York
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Seattle, Washington


(404) 881-2271
(617) 223-2327
(704) 371-6142
(312) 353-6251
(214) 767-0625
(303) 234-3924
(313) 226-7742
(816) 3744601
(213) 824-7317
(212) 264-3860
(215) 5974920
(206) 442-7080


RELATED REPORTS

A quarterly Current Industrial Report is published in this
series. The Bureau of the Census also publishes the following
related reports:


Series


Frequency Title


Current Industrial Reports

M33E Monthly


Nonferrous Castings









Frequency Title


Annual


Monthly


Annually


Quin-
quennially


Insulated Wire and Cable


Manufacturers' Shipments, In-
ventories, and Orders

Annual Survey of Manufactures
(ASM)

Census of Manufactures


Subject Area


Series


MA33L


Contact


Ruth Runyan


Manufacturers' Ship-
ments, Inventories,
and Orders

Census/ASM

To order a Census
Bureau publication

Foreign Trade
publication

International Trade
Administration


Phone Number


(301) 763-2502


(301) 763-7304

(301) 763-4100


(301) 763-5140


(202) 377-0575


U.S. Exports ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


IM 145-X Monthly


U.S. Imports for Consumption
and General Imports


CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS


Subject Area

Current Industrial
Report ITA9008


Contact

Nathaniel A.
Shelton


Phone Number

(301) 763-5547


This report was prepared in the Industry Division, Bureau
of the Census, under the direction of Malcolm Bernhardt, Chief,
Current Durables Branch, and Jesse Havard, Chief, Metals
Section. Nat Shelton was directly responsible for the review of
the data and preparation of the report. Gaylord E. Worden,
Chief of the Division, and Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Assistant
Chief for Current Industrial Reports, provided overall direction
and coordination to this project.


Dale Gordon

Customer Services
(DUSD)

Joyce Ware


Robert C. Reiley


Other Industry Reports


M3-1


(MC)


Foreign Trade Reports


EM 546


Monthly


































Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2012 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and the Sloan Foundation


http://www.archive.org/details/currentindustria1900unit








Census of
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BUREAU OF THE CENSUS







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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


3 1262 08589 1900

CENSUS
PERMIT No. G-58